User’s Manual Wireless Broadband Router Model No.

: SP916GK

http://www.micronet.info

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Table of Contents
Chapter 1 Introduction................................................................................. 1 1.1 Package Contents .......................................................................................... 1 1.2 Key Features ................................................................................................. 1 1.3 Minimum Requirements ............................................................................... 2 1.4 Specifications ................................................................................................ 2 Chapter 2 Physical Description .................................................................. 3 2.1 Back Panel..................................................................................................... 3 2.2 Front Panel .................................................................................................... 3 2.3 Hardware Setup............................................................................................. 4 Chapter 3 Basic Configuration ................................................................... 5 3.1 Configuring IP Addresses ............................................................................. 5 3.2 Accessing Web-Based User Interface......................................................... 10 Chapter 4 Web-Based User Interface ....................................................... 12 4.1 Quick Setup Wizard.................................................................................... 12 4.2 General Settings .......................................................................................... 21 4.3 System......................................................................................................... 23
4.3.1 Time Zone ........................................................................................................23 4.3.2 Password Setting ............................................................................................24 4.3.3 Remote Management .....................................................................................25

4.4 WAN ........................................................................................................... 26
4.4.1 DNS ...................................................................................................................27 4.4.2 DDNS ................................................................................................................28

4.5 LAN ............................................................................................................ 29 4.6 Wireless....................................................................................................... 30
4.6.1 Basic Settings ..................................................................................................31 4.6.2 Advanced Settings ..........................................................................................35 4.6.3 Security Settings..............................................................................................37 4.6.4 Access Control.................................................................................................42

4.7 QoS.............................................................................................................. 43

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4.7.1 Edit QoS Rule ..................................................................................................44

4.8 NAT ............................................................................................................ 45
4.8.1 Port Forwarding ...............................................................................................47 4.8.2 Virtual Server ...................................................................................................48 4.8.3 Special Applications........................................................................................49 4.8.4 UPnP Settings..................................................................................................51 4.8.5 ALG Settings ....................................................................................................52 4.8.6 Static Routing...................................................................................................53

4.9 Firewall ....................................................................................................... 54
4.9.1 Access Control.................................................................................................55 4.9.2 URL Blocking ...................................................................................................57 4.9.3 DoS....................................................................................................................58 4.9.4 DMZ ...................................................................................................................59

4.10 Status ......................................................................................................... 60
4.10.1 Status and Information ...................................................................................61 4.10.2 Internet Connection.........................................................................................62 4.10.3 Device Status ...................................................................................................63 4.10.4 System Log ......................................................................................................64 4.10.5 Security Log .....................................................................................................65 4.10.6 Active DHCP Client .........................................................................................66 4.10.7 Statistics............................................................................................................67

4.11 Tool............................................................................................................ 68
4.11.1 Configuration Tools .........................................................................................69 4.11.2 Firmware Upgrade ..........................................................................................70 4.11.3 Reset .................................................................................................................71

Chapter 5 Appendix ................................................................................... 72 5.1 Manually find PC’s IP and MAC Address ................................................. 72 Chapter 6 Glossary .................................................................................... 73

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it provides advanced firewall function and NAT to protect whole LAN from outside attack. In addition.1 Package Contents Prior to the installation of the device.Chapter 1 Introduction Micronet SP916GK. 1. is compatible with IEEE 802. Wireless Broadband Router. please verify the following items are in the package: SP916GK Wireless Broadband Router Quick Installation Guide Manual CD Accessories Power Adapter 1. This Wireless Broadband Router is a cost-effective IP Sharing Router that enables multiple users to share the internet service through an ADSL or cable modem. please read the following procedures carefully. Before installation. This user guide is aimed at easy installation procedures of this device.2 Key Features Compliant with IEEE 802.11g/b wireless standards High Internet Access throughput (50M) Allow multiple users to share a single Internet line Support up to 253 users Internet Access via Cable or xDSL modem Access Private LAN Servers from the Public Network Equipped with 4 x LAN ports (10/100M) and 1 x WAN port (10/100M) Supports DHCP (Server/Client) for easy setup 1 .11g standard and supports data transfer rate up to 54 Mbps.

1.7 or higher) 1. 1A 10% .11g 54/48/36/24/18/12/11/5.11b/ 802. Netscape Navigator 4. Virtual Servers. System Log.Support advance features such as: Special Applications. Remote Management allows configuration and upgrades from a remote site (via Internet).5/2/1Mbps auto fallback WAN Port: 1 x Port 10/100Mbps UTP LAN Ports: 4 x Port 10/100Mbps UTP Detachable dipole antenna (R-SMA connector) 18dBm (Typical) DHCP Server & Client DMZ Virtual Servers Access Control QoS WEP (64/128 bit) WPA & WPA2 WPA RADIUS IEEE 802.4 Standards Data Rate Interface Antenna Specifications IEEE802.3 Minimum Requirements One External xDSL (ADSL) or Cable modem with an Ethernet port (RJ-45) Network Interface Card (NIC) for each Personal Computer (PC) PCs with a Web-Browser (Internet Explorer 4.90% (Non-condensing) 32~122 °F (0 ~ 50°C) 174 x 122 x 32 mm FCC. Access Control and Firewall. DMZ. Easy to use Web-based GUI for configuration and management. Security Log and Device/Connection Status.11x DHCP Client Log System Log Security Log Device/Connection Status Web-based Interface 12VDC. Allow users to monitor the router’s status such as: DHCP Client Log. CE Transmit Power DHCP Advance Features Security Features Status Log Management Power Humidity Temperature Dimension Certification 2 .0 or higher.

WAN Reset 2.1 Back Panel Parameter LAN Description The Broadband router’s 4 LAN ports are where users can connect LAN’s PCs. Press and hold <Reset> button for longer than 4 seconds to revert all settings back to factory default.2 Front Panel LED PWR WAN 10/100M Light Status ON ON Description Router’s power supply is on WAN port 100Mbps is connected 3 . printer servers.Chapter 2 Physical Description 2. The WAN port is the segment connected to user’s xDSL or Cable modem and is linked to the Internet. hubs and switches etc. and press the button for less than 4 seconds to restart device with the same settings.

Connect all computers and network devices to the LAN port (1~4) of the router.3 Hardware Setup Attach the AC adapter to the ‘Power’ socket of the router and wall socket. 4 . Connect the xDSL / cable modem to the WAN port of router by Ethernet cable. Press and hold <Reset> button for longer than 4 seconds to revert all settings back to factory default. and press the button for less than 4 seconds to restart device with the same settings.OFF ON WAN LNK/ACT OFF Flashing LAN 10/100M (Port 1-4) ON OFF ON LAN LNK/ACT (Port 1-4) OFF Flashing ON WLAN-G OFF Flashing WAN port 10Mbps is connected WAN is connected No WAN connection WAN port has Activity (ACT) and data is being sent LAN port speed is 100Mbps LAN port speed is 10Mbps LAN is connected No LAN connection LAN port has Activity (ACT) and data is being sent Wireless LAN has been activated Wireless LAN is disabled Wireless LAN port has Activity (ACT) and data is being sent 2.

Check the list of Network Components. then click <Control Panel>. Windows CD may be needed to complete the installation. The Network window will appear. b) Windows XP.3). 5. go back to the Network dialog box. 3.1 Configuring IP Addresses By default the broadband router’s DHCP is enabled. c) Windows 2000 and d) Windows NT. If TCP/IP is installed. 4. The Control Panel window will appear. For other operating systems (Macintosh. 1. 5 . 6. If TCP/IP is not installed. User needs to set the LAN PC clients so that it can obtain an IP address automatically. click the <Add> button to install it.). In the Select Network Protocol dialog box.Chapter 3 Basic Configuration This is a step-by-step instruction on how to start using the router and get connected to the Internet. go to step 6. which means the LAN devices can obtain an IP address automatically once it is configured to obtain an IP address automatically. 2. After installing TCP/IP. select <Protocol> and click <Add> button. Double-click on <Network> icon. The following is a step-by-step illustration on how to configure your PC to obtain an IP address automatically for a) Windows 95/98/Me. 3. In the Network Component Type dialog box. 2000 or NT operating systems. Click the Start button and select <Settings>. Sun. follow the manufacturer’s instructions. etc. 2. Check each of the tabs and verify the following settings: 7. All LAN clients require an IP address. Setup the network as shown in the hardware setup diagram (Section 2. a) Windows 95/98/Me 1. select <Microsoft> and <TCP/IP> then click the <OK> button to start installing the TCP/IP protocol. Select <TCP/IP> from the list of Network Components and then click the <Properties> button. This section will provide a tutorial on configuring the PC so that it can obtain an IP address automatically for either Windows 95/98/Me.

Users should see Internet Protocol [TCP/IP] on the list. Click the <Start> button and select <Settings>. In the Internet Protocol (TCP/IP) Properties window. then click <Network Connections>. b) Windows XP 1. Proceed to Web-based User Interface once IP address is correctly configured. 3. Select it and click the <Properties> button. 2. Double-click <Local Area Connection> icon. Gateway: All fields are blank. 9. The Network connections window will appear. Please make sure that the Broadband router’s DHCP server is the only DHCP server available on the LAN network. IP Address: Select Obtain IP address automatically. select <Obtain an IP address automatically> and <Obtain DNS server address automatically> as shown on the following screen. 10. 8. Reboot the PC. Check the list of Network Components. WINS Configuration: Select Disable WINS Resolution. DNS Configuration: Select Disable DNS. 4. 6 . The Local Area Connection window will appear.Bindings: Check Client for Microsoft Networks and File and printer sharing for Microsoft Networks. PC will now obtain an IP address automatically from the Broadband Router’s DHCP server.

5. Click the <Start> button and select <Settings>. Users should see Internet Protocol [TCP/IP] on the list. The Control Panel window will appear. 7. Select it and click the <Properties> button. c) Windows 2000 1. 6. In the Network and Dial-up Connection window. In the Local Area Connection window. Check the list of Network Components. 3. Click <OK> to confirm the setting. 7 . In the Internet Protocol (TCP/IP) Properties window. double-click on <Local Area Connection> icon. The Local Area Connection window will appear. Proceed to Web-based User Interface once IP address is correctly configured. 2. PC will now obtain an IP address automatically from the Broadband Router’s DHCP server.5. Double-click <Network and Dial-up Connections> icon. then click <Control Panel>. 4. select <Obtain an IP address automatically> and <Obtain DNS server address automatically> as shown on the following screen. click the <Properties> button. Please make sure that the Broadband router’s DHCP server is the only DHCP server available on the LAN network.

4. If TCP/IP is not installed. 8 . click the <Add> button to install. go to step 5.6. then click <Control Panel>. go back to the Network window. Please make sure that the Broadband router’s DHCP server is the only DHCP server available on the LAN network. If TCP/IP is installed. Double-click <Network> icon. 3. 6. Windows CD may be needed to complete the installation. After installing TCP/IP. The Control Panel window will appear. Check each of the tabs and verify the following settings: IP Address: Select Obtain an IP address from a DHCP server. 7. Click <OK> to confirm the setting. 2. Click the <Start> button and select Settings. 5. DNS: Let all fields are blank. The PC will now obtain an IP address automatically from the Broadband Router’s DHCP server. d) Windows NT 1. 8. Proceed to Web-based User Interface once IP address is correctly configured. select the <TCP/IP Protocol> and click the <OK> button to start installing the TCP/IP protocol. Select <TCP/IP> from the list of Network Protocols and then click the <Properties> button. Select the <Protocol> tab from the Network window. In the Select Network Protocol window. Check the TCP/IP Protocol is on the list of Network Protocols. The Network window will appear.

Proceed to Web-based User Interface once IP address is correctly configured. Routing: Let all fields are blank. 9. 8. The PC will now obtain an IP address automatically from the Broadband Router’s DHCP server.WINS: Let all fields are blank. Click <OK> to confirm the setting. 9 . Please make sure that the Broadband router’s DHCP server is the only DHCP server available on the LAN network. 7.

By default the Broadband Router’s DHCP server is enabled so that you can obtain an IP address automatically. The Home Page is divided into four sections. Once the PC has obtained an IP address from the router. 3. Please make sure that the Broadband router’s DHCP server is the only DHCP server available on the LAN network.2 Accessing Web-Based User Interface Once PCs are configured to obtain an IP address automatically. General Setup. enter the default IP address 192. 10 . the router’s DHCP server will automatically give LAN clients an IP address. 1.1 (broadband router’s IP address) into the web browser and press <Enter>. To see if the network device has obtained an IP address. If there is another DHCP on the network.2. By default the user name is “admin” and the password is “1234”.168. then it is necessary to switch one of the DHCP servers off. see Appendix. Status Information and Tools. The HOME page screen will appear. Quick Setup Wizard. Enter the “User Name” and “Password” and then click <OK> to login. 2.3. The login screen below will appear.

Configuration tools allow users to backup. Virtual Server. The Firmware Upgrade allows user to upgrade the broadband router's firmware. Access Control. This section contains the broadband router’s tool set: Configuration tools. System Log. The RESET tool allows user to reset the broadband router.Parameter Quick Setup Wizard General Setup Description Select the Internet connection type and then input the configurations needed to connect to the Internet Service Provider (ISP). Internet Connection. users can see the Broadband router's system information. or restore to Factory Default for the broadband router. Device Status. Click on <Quick Setup Wizard> start configuring settings required by the ISP so that users can start accessing the Internet. Special applications and other functions to meet the LAN requirements. 11 . The other sections (General Setup. Hacker Attack Prevention. Firmware upgrade and Reset. In this section. Selecting logout will return the user to the LOGIN page. This section contains configurations for the Broadband router’s advance functions such as: Address Mapping. restore. DMZ. Status Information and Tools) do not need to be configured unless users wish to implement/monitor more advance features/information. Status Information Tools Logout 4. Security Log and DHCP client information.

In the Quick Setup. users are required to fill in only the information necessary to access the Internet. This will affect functions such as Log entries and Firewall settings.1 Quick Setup Wizard The Quick Setup section is designed to get the broadband router running as quickly as possible. Step 1: Time Zone The Time Zone allows router to base its time on the settings configured in this section. 12 . the following screen will appear.Chapter 4 Web-Based User Interface 4. Once user clicks on the <Quick Setup Wizard> in the HOME page.

please check with the ISP as to the type of connection it requires. Step 2 Broadband Type In this section users have to select one of four types of connections that it will be using to connect to broadband router WAN port to the ISP (see screen below). The router can also take Daylight savings into account. 13 . Select the period in which to start the daylight savings time. tick the enable box to initiate daylight saving configuration. Select the period in which to end the daylight savings time.Parameter Set Time Zone Time Server Address Enable Daylight Savings Start Daylight Savings Time End Daylight Savings Time Description Select the time zone for the country where the user resides. Click on <NEXT> to proceed to the next page: Broadband Type. Different ISPs require different methods of connecting to the Internet. The router will set its time based on user’s selection. Users can manually assign time server address if the default time server is not functioning. If users wish to use this function.

ISP requires using a Point-to-Point Protocol over Ethernet (PPPoE) connection.Parameter Cable Modem Fixed-IP xDSL PPPoE PPTP L2TP Telstra Big Pond Description ISP will automatically provide an IP address. Click on <Back> to return to the previous screen. Some ISP’s may also require users fill in additional information such as Host Name and MAC address (see screen below). Step 2. 14 . ISP requires using a Point-to-Point Tunneling Protocol (PPTP) connection. ISP requires using a Layer Two Tunneling Protocol (L2TP) connection. This Protocol only used for Australia’s ISP connection. ISP has given users an IP address already. Click on one of the WAN type and then proceed to the manual’s relevant sub-section. The Host Name and MAC address section is optional and users can skip this section if the ISP does not require these settings for Internet connection.1 Cable Modem Choose Cable Modem if ISP will automatically provide an IP address.

type in the host name provided by the ISP.255. otherwise leave it blank.255. Click <OK> to complete the Quick Setup Wizard and start using the broadband router.2 Fixed-IP xDSL Select Fixed-IP xDSL if the ISP has given user a specific IP address. Step 2. ISP’s IP address gateway.0). ISP’s DNS server IP address. Enter the Subnet Mask provided by the ISP (e. Type in this MAC address in this section or use the “Clone MAC Address” button to replace the WAN MAC address with the MAC address of that PC. Parameter IP Gateway IP DNS Subnet Mask Description IP address provided by ISP.g. 15 .Parameter Host Name Description If the ISP requires a Host Name. MAC Address Click <OK> to complete the Quick Setup Wizard and start using the broadband router. ISP may require a particular MAC address in order for users to connect to the Internet. The ISP should provide all the information required in this section. 255. This MAC address is the PC’s MAC address that the ISP had originally used to connect to the Internet.

If you select “Continuous”.Step 2. the router will not auto-connect to the ISP. Enter the password provided by the ISP for the PPPoE connection. Users can specify the maximum size of the transmission packet to the Internet. the router will always connect to the ISP. This is optional. the router will connect to ISP only when click “Connect” manually from the Web user interface. If the WAN line breaks down and links again. The WAN connection will not disconnect due to the idle timeout. the routers will auto-reconnect to the ISP. The router will close the WAN connection if the idle time period exceeds the “Idle Time”. Enter the Service name should the ISP requires it. If users select “Connect on Demand”. If the WAN line breaks down and links again. This is optional. The ISP should provide all the information required in this section. If users select “Manual”. the router will autoconnect to the ISP when someone wants to use the Internet and keep connected until the WAN idle timeout.3 PPPoE Select PPPoE if the ISP requires the PPPoE protocol to connect to the Internet. Parameter Username Password Service Name MTU Description Enter the username provided by the ISP for the PPPoE connection. otherwise leave it blank. Connection Type 16 . Leave it blank if users do not wish to set a maximum packet size.

Parameter Obtain an IP address Automatically Use the following IP address IP Address Subnet Mask Gateway Description The ISP requires user to obtain an IP address by DHCP before connecting to the PPTP server.255.g.4 PPTP Select PPTP if the ISP requires the PPTP protocol to connect to the Internet. This “idle timeout” function may not work due to abnormal activities of some network application software.255.Idle Time Users can specify an idle time threshold (minutes) for the WAN port. Enter the IP address of the ISP Gateway 17 . computer virus or hacker attacks from the Internet. The ISP gives user a static IP to be used to connect to the PPTP server. Enter the Subnet Mask provided by the ISP (e. Step 2. This means if no packets have been sent during the specified period. The ISP should provide all the information required in this section. Click <OK> to complete the Quick Setup Wizard and start using the broadband router. 255.0). This is the IP address that the ISP has given to user to establish a PPTP connection. the router will automatically disconnect the connection with the ISP.

Connection Type Idle Time Click <OK> to complete the Quick Setup Wizard and start using the broadband router. If the WAN line breaks down and links again. the router will connect to ISP only when click “Connect” manually from the Web user interface. This means if no packets have been sent during the specified period. If the WAN line breaks down and links again. If you select “Continuous”. If users select “Manual”. then enter that PPTP gateway IP address here. the routers will auto-reconnect to the ISP.User ID Password PPTP Gateway Connection ID BEZEQ-ISRAEL Enter the Username provided by the ISP for the PPTP connection. This “idle timeout” function may not work due to abnormal activities of some network application software. Users can specify an idle time threshold (minutes) for the WAN port. the router will always connect to the ISP. the router will not auto-connect to the ISP. Enter the Password provided by the ISP for the PPTP connection. If users select “Connect on Demand”. 18 . This is the ID given by ISP. Sometimes called a Connection ID. The WAN connection will not disconnect due to the idle timeout. computer virus or hacker attacks from the Internet. Select this item if users are using the service provided by BEZEQ in Israel. This is optional. The router will close the WAN connection if the idle time period exceeds the “Idle Time”. the router will automatically disconnect the connection with the ISP. the router will autoconnect to the ISP when someone wants to use the Internet and keep connected until the WAN idle timeout. If the LAN has a PPTP gateway. If users do not have a PPTP gateway then enter the ISP’s Gateway IP address above.

Enter the IP address of the ISP Gateway Enter the Username provided by the ISP for the L2TP connection.255. Sometimes called a Connection ID. If the LAN has a L2TP gateway. This is the IP address that the ISP has given to users to establish a L2TP connection.0). then enter that L2TP gateway IP address here.Step 2. 255.255.g. Parameter Obtain an IP address Automatically MAC Address Use the following IP address IP Address Subnet Mask Gateway User ID Password L2TP Gateway Description The ISP requires user to obtain an IP address by DHCP before connecting to the L2TP server. The ISP should provide all the information required in this section. If users do not have a L2TP gateway then enter the ISP’s Gateway IP address above.5 L2TP Select L2TP if the ISP requires the L2TP protocol to connect to the Internet. Type in this MAC address in this section or use the "Clone MAC Address" button to replace the WAN MAC address with the MAC address of that PC. 19 . The ISP may require a particular MAC address in order for users to connect to the Internet. The ISP gives user a static IP to be used to connect to the L2TP server. Enter the Password provided by the ISP for the L2TP connection. Enter the Subnet Mask provided by the ISP (e.

The WAN connection will not disconnect due to the idle timeout. The ISP should provide all the information required in this section. If you select “Continuous”. Users can specify the maximum size of the transmission packet to the Internet.6 Telstra Big Pond Select Telstra Big Pond if the ISP requires the Telstra Big Pond protocol to connect to the Internet. the router will not auto-connect to the ISP. If the WAN line breaks down and links again. Users can specify an idle time threshold (minutes) for the WAN port. This means if no packets have been sent during the specified period. This “idle timeout” function may not work due to abnormal activities of some network application software. The router will close the WAN connection if the idle time period exceeds the “Idle Time”. Step 2. If users select “Connect on Demand”. If users select “Manual”. the router will connect to ISP only when click “Connect” manually from the Web user interface. 20 .MTU Connection Type Idle Time This is optional. If the WAN line breaks down and links again. the router will always connect to the ISP. the router will autoconnect to the ISP when someone wants to use the Internet and keep connected until the WAN idle timeout. Click <OK> to complete the Quick Setup Wizard and start using the broadband router. the router will automatically disconnect the connection with the ISP. computer virus or hacker attacks from the Internet. Telstra Big Pond protocol is used by the ISP in Australia. Leave it blank if users do not wish to set a maximum packet size. the routers will auto-reconnect to the ISP.

DMZ and other functions.Parameter Username Password User Decide Login Server Manually Login Server Description Enter the username provided by the ISP for the Telstra Big Pond connection. Special Applications. it is not necessary to configure anything in the ‘General Setup’ screen for Internet connection. Virtual Server. The ‘General Setup’ contains advanced features that allow the router to meet network’s needs such as: Wireless.2 General Settings Once users click on the <General Setup> button at the Home Page. Access Control. 4. 21 . Enter the password provided by the ISP for the Telstra Big Pond connection. If users have already configured the Quick Setup Wizard. the browser will load the interface below. The IP address of the login server. Address Mapping. Hacker Attack Prevention. Select if users want to assign the IP of Telstra Big Pond’s login server manually. Click <OK> to complete the Quick Setup Wizard and start using the broadband router.

enable/disable DHCP and an IP range for the LAN. Hacker Prevention and DMZ. Click on one of the ‘General Setup’ selections and then proceed to the manual’s relevant sub-section. Users can specify the LAN segment’s IP address. This section allows user to select the connection method in order to establish a connection with the ISP. Users can setup the following wireless information: LAN’s SSID. Users can setup the QoS bandwidth control policy. The Firewall section allows user to configure Access Control. Users can configure the Address Mapping. subnet Mask. Password and Remote Management Administrator. This allows user to specify what user/packet can pass the router’s NAT. WEP key and MAC filtering. 22 .Parameter System WAN LAN Wireless QoS NAT Firewall Description This section allows user to set the following system configuration: Time Zone. Virtual Server and Special Applications functions in this section.

Default: 192.18 The router can also take Daylight savings into account. 4. Users can manually assign time server address if the default time server is not functioning.3.43. Parameter Set Time Zone Time Server Address Enable Daylight Savings Start Daylight Savings Time Description Select the time zone for the country where the user resides.1 Time Zone The Time Zone allows router to base its time on the settings configured in this section.4. tick the enable box to initiate daylight saving configuration. 23 . Password and Remote Management Administrator. The router will set its time based on user’s selection. This will affect functions such as Log entries and Firewall settings. Select the period in which to start the daylight savings time.3 System This section allows user to set the following system configuration: Time Zone.244. If users wish to use this function.

it will be necessary to reset the router to the factory default (No password) with the reset button (see router’s back panel). 24 . If users forget the password. there is no password. So please assign a password to the Administrator as soon as possible. Click <Apply> at the bottom of the screen to save the above configurations. Click <Apply> at the bottom of the screen to save the above configurations. and are case sensitive. Passwords can contain 0 to 12 alphanumeric characters.End Daylight Savings Time Select the period in which to end the daylight savings time. Parameter Current Password New Password Confirmed Password Description Enter user’s current password for the remote management administrator to login to your Broadband router. Enter the new password again for verification purposes. By default. Default: no password Enter the new password. and store it in a safe place.2 Password Setting Users can change the password for logging into the broadband router's system webbased management.3. 4.

10.0.0. Host Address Click <Apply> at the bottom of the screen to save the above configurations. then it will be able to configure this router remotely.0. When users want to access the web-based management from a remote site.g.g.3. 25 . Parameter Description This is the IP address of the host in the Internet that will have management/configuration access to the Broadband router from a remote site.3 Remote Management The remote management function allows user to designate a host in the Internet with the ability to configure the router from a remote site. it is necessary to enter the router’s WAN IP address (e.0. If the Host Address is left 0.1:8080).0.4. Users also need to know the password set in the Password Setting screen in order to access the router’s web-based management.1) into your web-browser followed by port number 8080 (e.0. This means if users are at home and the home IP address has been designated the Remote Management host IP address for this router (located in your company office).0. Enter the designated host IP Address in the Host IP Address field. 10. it would mean anyone can access the router’s web-based configuration from a remote location. provided password is known.

The WAN settings offer the following selections: Dynamic IP. Follow section 4. ISP has given user an IP address already. Telstra Big Pond. DNS and DDNS. The WAN Settings screen allows user to specify the type of WAN port connection to establish with the ISP. Static IP Address.1 “Cable Modem” for detail information. PPTP. Parameter Dynamic IP address Description ISP will automatically give user an IP address. PPPoE.1 “PPTP” for detail information.4. Static IP address Follow section 4. Follow section 4.1 “Fixed IP” for detail information. ISP requires using a Point-to-Point Tunneling Protocol (PPTP) connection. L2TP. Follow section 4.1 “PPPoE” for detail information. PPPoE PPTP L2TP 26 . ISP requires using a Layer Two Tunneling Protocol (L2TP) connection. ISP requires using a Point-to-Point Protocol over Ethernet (PPPoE) connection.4 WAN Use the WAN Settings screen if users have already configured the Quick Setup Wizard section and would like to change Internet connection type.

Users can specify a DDNS server and configure the username and password provided by the DDNS service provider. 27 .4. Telstra Big Pond Follow section 4. However.This Protocol only used for Australia’s ISP connection.1 DNS A Domain Name System (DNS) server is like an index of IP addresses and Web addresses. 4. Most ISPs provide a DNS server for speed and convenience. it is likely that the DNS server IP address is provided automatically.router. DNS DDNS Users can specify a DNS server.com. it is necessary to specify the IP address of that DNS server in this section. If users type a Web address into the browser.1 “Telstra Big Pond” for detail information. if there is a DNS server that the user would rather use. If the Service Provider connects the user to the Internet with dynamic IP settings. such as www. a DNS server will find that name in its index and the matching IP address. Click <More Configuration> at the bottom of the screen and proceed to the manual’s relevant sub-section.

User’s static domain name that use DDNS. 4. Users must get an account. Click <Apply> at the bottom of the screen to save the above configurations. Users can specify preferred DNS server IP address. 28 . Parameter Enable/Disable Provider Domain name Description Enable or Disable the DDNS function of this router. Users can enter another DNS server’s IP address as a backup.4.Parameter Domain Name Server (DNS) Server Secondary DNS Address (optional) Description This is the DNS server IP address provided by ISP. This router supports DynDNS. TZO and other common DDNS service providers.2 DDNS DDNS allows user to map the static domain name to a dynamic IP address. password and static domain name from the DDNS service providers. This is optional. Default: ‘Disable’ Select a DDNS service provider. The secondary DNS will be used should the primary DNS fail.

Parameter IP address Description This is the router’s LAN port IP address (LAN clients default gateway IP address). Click <Apply> at the bottom of the screen to save the above configurations.0 If 802. Default: 192.5 LAN The LAN Port allows user to specify a private IP address for the router’s LAN ports as well as a subnet mask for the LAN segment.1d Spanning Tree 29 .255. this router will use the spanning tree protocol to prevent from network loop happening in the LAN ports.255.168.1 Specify a Subnet Mask for the LAN segment. Default: ‘Disable’ 802.1d Spanning Tree function is enabled. 4. The password set for the DDNS service account above.Account/E-mail Password/Key The account that the DDNS service provider assigned to user. IP Subnet Mask Default: 255.2.

Default: ‘Enable’ The DHCP when enabled will temporarily give the LAN clients an IP address.2. It supports WEP and WPA2 encryption to enhance the security of the wireless network.DHCP Server Users can enable or disable the DHCP server.168. Users can select a particular IP address range for the DHCP server to issue IP addresses to LAN Clients. 30 . By default the IP range is from: Start IP 192.2. In the Lease Time setting.168.2. Make sure the LAN Client is in the same subnet as this broadband router for the router to be your LAN client’s default gateway. If users want the PC to have a static/fixed IP address then it is necessary to choose an IP address outside this IP address Pool.11b or 801.2.6 Wireless Wireless Access Point builds a wireless LAN and can let all PCs equipped with IEEE 802. users can specify the time period that the DHCP lends an IP address to the LAN clients.199. By enabling the DHCP server. Lease Time IP Address Pool Domain Name Click <Apply> at the bottom of the screen to save the above configurations. If the DHCP is not enabled then users will have to manually set the LAN client’s IP addresses.168. The DHCP will change the LAN client’s IP address when this time threshold period is reached.11g wireless network adaptor connect to the Intranet. 4.100 End IP: 192.199 Users can specify a Domain Name for the LAN network.100 to End IP 192. the router will automatically give LAN clients an IP address.168. Default: Start IP: 192.

1 Basic Settings Users can set parameters that are used for the wireless stations to connect to this router. ESSID. 4.Parameter Enable or Disable Wireless Module Function Description Users can select to enable or disable the wireless connection of this device. Click <Apply> at the bottom of the screen to save the above configurations. The parameters include Mode. Channel Number and Associated Client. Mode: AP 31 .6.

Mode: Station-Ad Hoc Mode: Station-Infrastructure 32 .

Mode: AP Bridge-Point to Point Mode: AP Bridge-Point to Multi-Point 33 .

11b and 802. Station. This is the MAC address used by the Wireless interface of this AP when it is in station modes.11b or 802. ESSID Channel Number Associated Clients WLAN MAC Clone MAC 34 . All devices in the same wireless LAN should use the same channel. This is the name of the wireless LAN.11g connection automatically.11g mode. Users also can select B+G mode to allow the AP to select between 802. Bridge or WDS mode. Users can see the status of all active wireless stations that are connecting to the access point. It allows user to set the AP to be fixed at 802. for an “Active Wireless Client Table” to pop up.Mode: AP Bridge-WDS Parameter Mode Band Description It allows user to set the following mode: AP. Default: ‘11’ Click <Show Active Clients> button. Click on the <Clone MAC> button to copy the MAC address of the current PC used to configure the AP to be the WLAN MAC. All the devices in the same wireless LAN should have the same ESSID. Default: ‘default’ The channel used by the wireless LAN.

4. 35 . Click <Apply> at the bottom of the screen to save the above configurations. Users have to enter the MAC addresses of other access points that join the bridging work. it is necessary to set this access point in the following modes: “AP Bridge-Point to Point mode”. “AP Bridge-Point to Multi-Point mode” or “AP Bridge-WDS mode”. Click the <Set Security> button for “WDS Security Settings” window to pop up. Users can set the security parameters used to bridge access points together when the AP is in AP Bridge modes.MAC address Set Security If users want to bridge more than one network together with wireless LAN. Avoid changing these parameters unless the effect of the changes will have on this router is known.6.2 Advanced Settings Users can set advanced wireless LAN parameters for this router.

11b and 802. If “Broadcast ESSID” is enabled.11g Protection Click <Apply> at the bottom of the screen to save the above configurations.11g wireless stations. enabling this feature is recommended. When the packet size is smaller the RTS threshold. The interval of time that this wireless router broadcast a beacon. the wireless router will not use the RTS/CTS mechanism to send this packet. 36 . When the protection mode is enabled. the wireless client can associate with this wireless router by using any one of these two authentication types. Disabling “Broadcast ESSID” can provide better security. wireless stations can associate with this wireless router without WEP encryption. It is recommended to enable the protection mechanism.Parameter Description When users select "Open System". If "Auto" is selected. it will allow wireless station roaming between IAPP enabled access points within the same wireless LAN. Beacon is used to synchronize the wireless network. This mechanism can decrease the rate of data collision between 802. the throughput of the AP will be a little lower due to many of frame traffic should be transmitted. while the “Short Preamble” can provide better wireless LAN performance. The “Long Preamble” can provide better wireless LAN compatibility. users should also setup WEP key in the "Encryption" page. it will result in bad performance. If users set this value too low. If users enable “IAPP”. This is also called CTS Protection. The “Data Rate” is the rate this access point uses to transmit data packets. "Fragment Threshold" specifies the maximum size of packet during the fragmentation of data to be transmitted. every wireless station located within the coverage of this access point can discover this access point easily. Authentication Type Fragment Threshold RTS Threshold Beacon Interval Data Rate Preamble Type Broadcast ESSID IAPP 802. Wireless stations should use WEP encryption in the authentication phase to associate with this wireless router. When you select "Shared Key". If users are building a public wireless network. The access point will use the highest possible selected transmission rate to transmit the data packets.

6. Default: 64-bit Select one of the four keys to encrypt the data.11x. Default Key 37 . WPA with pre-shared key and WPA with RADIUS.3.1 WEP only When users select 64-bit or128-bit WEP key. Enter four WEP keys and select one of them as default key and the router can receive any packets encrypted by one of these four keys.3 Security Settings This Access Point provides complete wireless LAN security functions. including WEP. Larger WEP key length will provide higher level of security. IEEE 802. IEEE 802. users can prevent the wireless LAN from unauthorized access. Only the key selected in the "Default key" will take effect.11x with WEP. it is necessary to enter WEP keys to encrypt data.6. 4.4. 64-bit or 128-bit. With these security functions. but the throughput will be lower. Parameter Key Length Description Users can select the WEP key length for encryption. Please make sure the wireless stations use the same security function.

"a-f" and "0-9" range) or 5-digit ASCII character as the encryption keys. but it does not encrypt the data during communication.6. The service port of the external RADIUS server.1x is an authentication protocol and every user must use a valid account to login before accessing the wireless LAN.Key 4 64-bit WEP: input 10-digit Hex values (in the "A-F". 128-bit WEP: input 26-digit Hex values (in the "A-F". Parameter RADIUS Server IP address RADIUS Server Port RADIUS Server Password Description The IP address of external RADIUS server. The authentication is processed by a RADIUS server.The WEP keys are used to encrypt data transmitted in the wireless network. 38 . Click <Apply> at the bottom of the screen to save the above configurations. Fill the text box by following the rules below.3.1x only IEEE 802.1x. 4. The password used by external RADIUS server. Key 1 .2 802. This mode only authenticates user by IEEE 802. "a-f" and "0-9" range) or 13-digit ASCII characters as the encryption keys. Click <Apply> at the bottom of the screen to save the above configurations.

1x configurations. This mode also uses WEP to encrypt the data during communication.4 WPA Pre-shared key Wi-Fi Protected Access (WPA) is an advanced security standard.3.1x is an authentication protocol and every user must use a valid account to login before accessing the wireless LAN.3. 4.6. It uses TKIP or CCMP (AES) to change the encryption key frequently. So the encryption key is not easy to be broken by hackers. Users can use a preshared key to authenticate wireless stations and encrypt data during communication. 39 . Refer to relevant sections for WEP and 802. The authentication is processed by a RADIUS server.6.4.1x WEP Static key IEEE 802.3 802.

Click <Apply> at the bottom of the screen to save the above configurations. “a-f” and “0-9” range) or at least 8 character pass phrase as the pre-shared keys. Users may select to a pass phrase (alphanumeric format) or Hexadecimal Digits (in the “A-F”. 40 . Fill in the text box by following the rules below. “a-f” and “0-9” range) to be the Pre-shared Key. This use CCMP protocol to change encryption key frequently. This will use TKIP or AES based on the other communication peer automatically. Pre-shared Key Format Pre-shared Key Hex WEP: input 64-digit Hex values (in the “A-F”. For example: Pass phrase: iamguest Hexadecimal Digits: 12345abcde The Pre-shared key is used to authenticate and encrypt data transmitted in the wireless network.Parameter WPA(TKIP) WPA2(AES) WPA2 Mixed Description TKIP can change the encryption key frequently to enhance the wireless LAN security. AES can provide high level encryption to enhance the wireless LAN security.

Click <Apply> at the bottom of the screen to save the above configurations.6.4.3. Users can use an external RADIUS server to authenticate wireless stations and provide the session key to encrypt data during communication. It uses TKIP or CCMP (AES) to change the encryption key frequently.5 WPA Radius Wi-Fi Protected Access (WPA) is an advanced security standard. Parameter WPA(TKIP) WPA2(AES) WPA2 Mixed RADIUS Server IP address RADIUS Server Port RADIUS Server Password Description TKIP can change the encryption key frequently to enhance the wireless LAN security. The service port of the external RADIUS server The password used by external RADIUS server. AES can provide high level encryption to enhance the wireless LAN security. This use CCMP protocol to change encryption key frequently. The IP address of external RADIUS server. 41 . This will use TKIP or AES based on the other communication peer automatically.

Fill in the "MAC Address" and "Comment" of the wireless station to be added. Remove MAC address from the list Click <Apply> at the bottom of the screen to save the above configurations. which prevents the unauthorized MAC addresses from accessing the wireless network. If users want to remove a MAC address from the "Current Access Control List ". Parameter Enable wireless access control Add MAC address into the list Description Allow enabling of access control for wireless connection.6. 42 . Click <Reset> will clear current selections. Click <Add> to for this wireless station to be added into the "Current Access Control List". select the MAC addresses to be deleted and click <Delete Selected>.4 Access Control This wireless router provides MAC Address Control. Click <Clear> for both "MAC Address" and "Comment" fields to be cleared. Click <Delete All> button to remove all MAC addresses.4.

Lower priority applications will get bandwidth after higher priority applications get enough bandwidth. Parameter Enable/Disable QoS Add a QoS rule into the table Remove QoS rules from the table Edit a QoS rule Adjust QoS rule priority Description Allow enable or disable of QoS function. Click <Reset> will clear the current selections. This can let users have a better experience in using critical real time services like Internet phone. 43 . If users want to remove a QoS rules from the table. Select the rule and click <Move Down> to make the priority lower. To remove all QoS rules from the table. video conference …etc. Users can select the rule and click <Move Up> to make the priority higher. Adjust the priority of the rules by moving each entry up or down. then it will enter the detail form of the QoS rule. Click <Add> to enter the form page for the QoS rule. The packets of application with higher priority will always go first.4. click <Delete All> button. select the QoS rules and click <Delete Selected>. Click <Apply> after editing the form and the rule will be saved. the rule with larger priority number has lower priority. Click <Apply> after filling out the form and the rule will be added into the table.7 QoS The QoS can let users classify Internet application traffic by source/destination IP address and port number. It can assign priority and reserve bandwidth for each type of application. The rule with smaller priority number has higher priority. All the applications not specified by users are classified as rule name “Others”. Select the rule to edit and click <Edit>.

The priority of this rule will be applied to packets that match classification criteria of this rule. The parameters that users leave as blank will be ignored. It can limit the maximum bandwidth consumed by this rule by selecting “Maximum”.168.3 – 192. Local IP Address 44 . Parameter Rule Name Bandwidth Description The name of this rule.2. local port range and remote port range parameters.5.4.168. It can limit bandwidth consumed by packets that match this rule or guarantee bandwidth required by packets that match this rule. Enter the local IP address range of the packets that this rule will apply.3.2. 192. protocol.168. it would mean 3 IP addresses: 192.4 and 192.2.168. If users assign 192.5. Users can assign the download or upload bandwidth in the unit of Kbps (1024 bit per second). remote IP range.168. Reserve enough bandwidth for this rule by selecting “Guarantee”.2.1 Edit QoS Rule Users can assign packet classification criteria by its local IP range.7.2. traffic type.

3 – 192. List of some popular applications is already available for easing the configuration. The two numbers are separated by a dash “-“. 45 . Users can assign a single port number here or assign a range of port numbers by assigning the first port number and the last port number of the range.168.3. Click <Apply> at the bottom of the screen to save the above configurations. Users can assign a single port number here or assign a range of port numbers by assigning the first port number and the last port number of the range.5. 4.168.2. for example “101-150” means from port number 100 to port number 150 – the range of 50 port numbers. 192.2. Select the protocol type of the packets that this rule will apply. If users assign 192.168.2. Select the traffic type of the packets that this rule will apply.2.168. The two numbers are separated by a dash “-“.168. Enter the remote IP address range of the packets that this rule will apply. for example “101-150” means from port number 100 to port number 150 – the range of 50 port numbers.2.5. NAT provides firewall protection from hacker attacks and has the flexibility to allow users to map Private IP Addresses to Public IP Addresses for key services such as Websites and FTP. Apply and exit the form. Users also can get the same result by using other parameters.4 and 192. Enter the remote port range of the packets that this rule will apply.8 NAT Network Address Translation (NAT) allows multiple users at the local site to access the Internet through a single Public IP Address or multiple Public IP Addresses. Clear the content of this form. it means 3 IP addresses: 192.Local Port Range Remote IP Address Remote Port Range Traffic Type Protocol Apply Reset Enter the local port range of the packets that this rule will apply.

After user enable the UPnP feature. Users can have different services (e. It allows the Enable or Disable UPnP feature. Users can select special applications that need “Application Layer Gateway”. Internet telephony and others. The Port Forwarding allows users to redirect a particular range of service port numbers (from the Internet/WAN Ports) to a particular LAN IP address. The NAT Traversal function provided by UPnP can let applications that support UPnP smoothly connect to Internet sites without any incompatibility problem due to the NAPT port translation. Some applications require multiple connections. email. email. FTP. Users can disable NAT function and setup the routing rules manually.) going to different service servers/clients in the LAN. such as Internet games. FTP. In this section users can configure the router to support these types of applications. Virtual Server Special Applications UPnP Setting ALG Setting Static Routing 46 . like Windows XP.Parameter Port Forwarding Description Users can have different services (e. all client systems that support UPnP. The Virtual Server allows users to redirect a particular service port number (from the Internet/WAN Port) to a particular LAN IP address and its service port number. can discover this router automatically and access the Internet through this router without any configuration. Web etc.g.) going to different service servers/clients in the LAN. video conferencing. Web etc.g.

8. Users will need to give the LAN PC clients a fixed/static IP address for Port Forwarding to work properly. This is the protocol type to be forwarded. Parameter Enable Port Forwarding Private IP Type Port Range Comment Add Port Forwarding into the table Remove Port Forwarding into the table Description Allow port forwarding to be enabled. Click <Clear> and the fields will be cleared. Users can choose to forward “TCP” or “UDP” packets only or select “both” to forward both “TCP” and “UDP” packets. Click <Apply> at the bottom of the screen to save the above configurations. “Port Range” and "Comment" of the setting and click <Add>. Click <Reset> to clear the current selection. 47 . The range of ports to be forward to the private IP. select the Port Forwarding setting and click <Delete Selected>. This Port Forwarding setting will be added into the "Current Port Forwarding Table". If users want to remove some Port Forwarding settings from the "Current Port Forwarding Table". Fill in the "Private IP". This is the private IP of the server behind the NAT firewall. It helps user to host some servers behind the router NAT firewall.1 Port Forwarding The Port Forwarding allows user to redirect a particular range of service port numbers (from the Internet/WAN Ports) to a particular LAN IP address.4. “Type”. Click <Delete All> button to remove all settings. The description of this setting.

then leave it to default. Users need to give the LAN PC clients a fixed/static IP address for Virtual Server to work properly. Private Port Type Public Port 48 .4. This is the port number (of the above Private IP host) that the below Public Port number will be changed to when the packet enters the LAN (to the LAN Server/Client IP). If users are unsure.) from the Internet. Web server etc. Computers use port numbers to recognize a particular service/Internet application type. This is the LAN client/host IP address that the Public Port number packet will be sent. Email. FTP. Select the port number protocol type (TCP. Enter the service (service/Internet application) port number from the Internet that will be redirected to the above Private IP address host in the LAN. Parameter Enable Virtual Server Private IP Description Allow Virtual Server to be enabled.8. The Virtual Server allows users to redirect a particular service port number (from the Internet/WAN Port) to a particular LAN private IP address and its service port number.g.2 Virtual Server Use the Virtual Server function for different servers/clients in the LAN to handle different service/Internet application type (e. UDP or both). Virtual Server function will have priority over the DMZ function if there is a conflict between the Virtual Server and the DMZ settings.

Then this Virtual Server setting will be added into the "Current Virtual Server Table". "Type". Click <Reset> to clear the current selection. 49 . Fill in the "Private IP". Click <Delete All> button to remove all settings. “Public Port” and "Comment" of the setting to be added and click <Add>. 4. If users want to remove some Virtual Server settings from the "Current Virtual Server Table". Click <Apply> at the bottom of the screen to save the above configurations. video conferencing. such as Internet games. select the Virtual Server setting and click <Delete Selected>. In this section users can configure the router to support multiple connections for these types of applications.3 Special Applications Some applications require multiple connections. Internet telephony and others. "Private Port".Comment Add Virtual Server Remove Virtual Server The description of this setting. Click <Clear> and the fields will be cleared.8.

Select an application from the Popular Applications. Select the Inbound port protocol type: “TCP”. “UDP” or both. Click <Delete All> button to remove all settings. select a location (1-10) in the ‘Copy to’ selection box and then click the <Copy to> button. 47624). This is the out going (Outbound) range of port numbers for this particular application. “Public Port”. Click <Clear> and the fields will be cleared.Parameter Enable Trigger Port Trigger Port Trigger Type Description Allow Special Applications function to be enabled. Individual port numbers are separated by a comma (e. If users want to add a popular application. Click <Reset> to clear the current selection. This Special Application setting will be added into the "Current Trigger-Port Table". 2300-2400).g. This will automatically list the Public Ports required for this popular application in the location (110) specified. 50 .g. "Public Type". "Trigger Type”.g. etc. Public Port Public Type Comment Popular applications Add Special Application Remove Special Application Click <Apply> at the bottom of the screen to save the above configurations. If users want to remove Special Application settings from the "Current Special Application Table". "Public Port" and "Comment" of the setting then click <Add>. 6541. To input a port range use a “dash” to separate the two port number range (e. select the “Popular Application” and click <Add>. Once users have selected an application.). “UDP” or both. The description of this setting. This section lists the more popular applications that require multiple connections. Enter the In-coming (Inbound) port or port range for this type of application (e. 5775. Select whether the outbound port protocol is “TCP”. 2300-2400. Fill in the "Trigger Port". select the Special Application setting and click <Delete Selected>. 47624.

all client systems that support UPnP. 51 . UPnP Feature Click <Apply> at the bottom of the screen to save the above configurations. Parameter Description Users can enable or disable the UPnP feature.4. all PCs in the Intranet will discover this router automatically. Enable the UPnP feature. like Windows XP. The NAT Traversal function provided by UPnP can let applications that support UPnP smoothly connect to Internet sites without any incompatibility problem due to the NAPT port translation. So users do not have to do any configuration for the PC and can access the Internet through this router easily.4 UPnP Settings With UPnP.8. can discover this router automatically and access the Internet through this router without any configuration.

Parameter Enable Description Users can enable “Application Layer Gateway”. Click <Apply> at the bottom of the screen to save the above configurations.8.4. and the router will let that application correctly pass though the NAT gateway.5 ALG Settings Users can select applications that need “Application Layer Gateway” support. 52 .

The DMZ function of firewall will not work if static routing is enabled. Subnet Mask The next stop gateway of the path toward the destination LAN. "Subnet Mask”. “Default Gateway”. Click <Reset> and the fields will be cleared. The interface that goes to the next hop (router). The number of hops (routers) to pass through to reach the destination LAN. Then this rule of Static Routing will be added into the "Static Routing Table". "Hop Count" and "Interface" of the rule and click <Add>.4. This is the IP of the neighbor router that this router should communicate with on the path to the destination LAN. Users have to enable the Static Routing function before the routing rules take effect. With Static Routing. the router can forward packets according to routing rules. The network address of destination LAN.8. Fill in the "Destination LAN IP". 53 .6 Static Routing This router provides Static Routing function when NAT is disabled. The IP sharing function will not work any more in Static Routing mode. Parameter Enable Static Routing Destination LAN IP Subnet Mask Default Gateway Hop Count Interface Add a Rule Description Static Routing function is default disabled.

Select <Enable> and click <Apply> to initiate the firewall. 4. Click <Apply> at the bottom of the screen to save the above configurations. Click <Reset> to clear the current selection.Remove a Rule If users want to remove routing rule settings from the "Static Routing Table". users can configure a specific client/server as a Demilitarized Zone (DMZ). Click <Delete All> button to remove all settings. The Broadband router's firewall can block common hacker attacks and can log the attack activities. thus limiting the risk of hacker attack. The DMZ function allows user to redirect all packets going to the WAN port IP address to a particular IP address in your LAN. for applications that require unrestricted access to the Internet.9 Firewall The Broadband router provides extensive firewall protection by restricting connection parameters. URL Blocking allows user to specify which URLs cannot be accessed by users. select the Static Routing setting and click <Delete Selected>. However. Parameter Access Control URL Blocking DoS DMZ Description Access Control allows user to specify which hosts that the users can or cannot have access to certain Internet applications. and defending against a wide array of common Internet attacks. 54 .

4. email. Parameter Deny Allow Filter client PCs by IP Add PC Remove PC Filter client PC by MAC address Add PC Description If select <Deny> then all PCs will be allowed to access Internet besides the PCs in the list below. Users can control which PC client have access to these services. Fill in “IP Filtering Table” to filter PC clients by IP. Click <Reset> to clear the all fields. Check <Enable MAC Filtering> to enable MAC Filtering. select the PC and click <Delete Selected>. Access Control allows users to define the traffic type permitted in the LAN. If select <Allow> then all PCs will be denied to access Internet except for the PCs in the list below. Internet websites. 55 .1 Access Control Restrict users from accessing certain Internet applications/services via this interface (e. Click <Delete All>" button to remove all PCs from the list. Users can click <Add> PC to add an access control rule for users by IP addresses. Fill in “Client PC MAC Address” and “Comment” of the PC that is allowed to access the Internet and click <Add>.g.9. If users want to remove some PC from the "IP Filtering Table". FTP etc.).

4. Click <Apply Changes> to save the setting. Click <Reset> to clear all fields. TCP or both protocol types to block. including IP address and service type. Parameter Client PC Description Client PC IP Addresses Client PC Service Protocol Port Range Apply Changes Reset Description The description for this client PC rule. Users can block the clients from accessing some Internet services by checking the services to block. select the PC and click <Delete Selected>. It can be assign up to five port ranges.1 Access Control: Add PC This page allows users to define service limitation of client PC. Click <Delete All> button to remove all PCs from the table. Enter the IP address range to apply this Access Control rule. 56 .9.1. Users need to give the LAN PC clients a fixed/static IP address for the Access Control rule to work properly. This allows users to select UDP. The router will block clients from accessing Internet services that use these ports. Click <Apply> at the bottom of the screen to save the above configurations.Remove PC If users want to remove some PC from the "MAC Filtering Table". Click <Reset> to clear all selections.

9.2 URL Blocking Users can block access to some websites from particular PCs by entering a full URL address or just keyword of the Web site. just click <Reset>. Fill in “URL/Keyword” and then click <Add>. Click <Reset> to clear all fields. Users can enter the full URL address or the keyword of the web site to be blocked. If users want to remove a URL keyword from the "Current URL Blocking Table". To clear the selection. Click <Delete All> button to remove all entries. Remove URL Keyword 57 . select the URL keyword to remove and click <Delete Selected>. Parameter Enable URL Blocking Add URL Keyword Description Allow URL Blocking to be enabled.4.

The router’s WAN port will not respond to any Ping requests.3 DoS The Broadband router's firewall can block common hacker attacks.9. Parameter Ping of Death Discard Ping From WAN Port Scan Sync Flood Description Protections from Ping of Death attack.4. Port Scan and Sync Flood. Ping of Death. Protect the router from port scan. Protect the router from Sync Flood attack. When Internet attacks occur. 58 . the router can log the events. including Denial of Service.

The IP address of the WAN port or any other Public IP addresses given by the user’s ISP. websites) to a particular LAN client/server. Games) properly from behind the NAT firewall. whereas DMZ re-directs all packets (regardless of services) going to your WAN IP address to a particular LAN client/server. 59 . The DMZ function allows re-direct of all packets going to the WAN port IP address to a particular IP address in the LAN. then Virtual Server function will have priority over the DMZ function.g. Users need to give the LAN PC clients a fixed/static IP address for DMZ to work properly. If there is a conflict between the Virtual Server and the DMZ setting. Input the IP address of a particular host in the LAN that will receive all the packets originally going to the WAN port/Public IP address above.4 DMZ If users have a local client PC that cannot run an Internet application (e. the router can open the client to an unrestricted two-way Internet access by defining a DMZ Host.4. Parameter Enable DMZ Public IP Address Client PC IP Address Description Allow the DMZ to be enabled.9. FTP.g. The difference between the virtual server and the DMZ function is that the virtual server redirects a particular service/Internet application (e.

Use the Status page to monitor following information: The connection status of the broadband router WAN/LAN interfaces. View any attempts that have been made to illegally gain access to the network. View the broadband router’s current setting status. View the LAN client's information that is currently linked to the broadband router's DHCP server.10 Status The Status section allows user to monitor the current status of the router. Any illegal attempts to access the network. and information on all DHCP client PCs currently connected to the network. 60 .4. View the broadband router’s current Internet connection status and other related information. Shows the statistics. View the broadband router’s system log. The current firmware and hardware version numbers. Parameter Status and Information Internet Connection Device Status System Log Security Log Active DHCP Client Statistics Description Shows the router’s system information.

61 . Boot code Version and Runtime code Version. Serial Number. Parameter Information Description Users can view the router’s system information such as the router’s LAN MAC Address.4.10. WAN MAC Address.1 Status and Information The Status and Information section allows user to view the router’s system information. Hardware version.

4. Parameter Internet Connection Description This page displays whether the WAN port is connected to a Cable/DSL connection. and ISP Gateway as well as the Primary DNS and Secondary DNS being used. Subnet Mask. It also displays the router’s WAN port: WAN IP address.2 Internet Connection View the broadband router’s current Internet connection status and other related information. 62 .10.

The Device Status displays the configuration settings users have configured in the Quick Setup Wizard/General Setup section.3 Device Status View the broadband router’s current configuration settings. Parameter Device Status Description This page shows the broadband router’s current device settings.4.10. 63 . This page displays the Broadband router LAN port’s current LAN IP Address and Subnet Mask. It also shows whether the DHCP Server function has being enabled or disabled.

4 System Log View the operation log of the system.4. The system log can be cleared by clicking <Clear> button. It displays any event occurred after system start up. click on <Refresh> button. System Log 64 . the system log will disappear if not saved to a local file. Parameter Description This page shows the current system log of the broadband router. the system log can be saved via <Save> button to a local file for further processing. When the system is powered down.10. At the bottom of the page. Refresh the interface to update current situation.

click on <Refresh> button. At the bottom of the page. Parameter Description This page shows the current security log of the broadband router. Security Log 65 . the security log will disappear if not saved to a local file. Refresh the interface to update current situation. The security log can be cleared by clicking <Clear> button. the security log can be saved via <Save> button to a local file for further processing. When the system is powered down. It displays any illegal attempts to access your network.10.5 Security Log View any attempts that have been made to illegally gain access to the network.4.

6 Active DHCP Client View the LAN client's information that is currently linked to the broadband router's DHCP server. Use the <Refresh> button to get the most updated situation 66 .10. The “Active DHCP Client Table” displays the IP address. Parameter Active DHCP Client Description This page shows all DHCP clients (LAN PCs) currently connected to the network. the MAC address and Time Expired of each LAN Client.4.

Parameter Statistics Description Shows the counters of packets sent and received on WAN. 67 . LAN and Wireless LAN. LAN and Wireless LAN.7 Statistics View the statistics of packets sent and received on WAN.10.4.

11 Tool This page includes the basic configuration tools. 68 . Firmware Upgrade (upgrade system firmware) and Reset. restore the router’s saved configuration files and restore the router’s factory default settings. such as Configuration Tools (save or restore configuration settings). Users can reset the router’s system should any problem exist.4. Parameter Configuration Tools Firmware Upgrade Reset Description Users can save the router’s current configuration. This page allows user to upgrade the router’s firmware.

bin" on the PC. users can use the "Restore to Factory Defaults" tool to force the Broadband router to perform a power reset and restore the original factory settings. If extreme problems occur. it can be reloaded to the saved configuration through the Restore selection. Configuration Tools 69 .1 Configuration Tools The Configuration Tools screen allows user to save the router’s current configuration setting. Saving the configuration settings provides an added protection and convenience should problems occur with the router being reset to factory default. users can use the ‘Restore to Factory Defaults’ selection. which will set all configurations to its original default settings.11. Alternatively. Users can use the "Restore" tool to restore the saved configuration to the broadband router. When users save the configuration setting.4. Parameter Description Use the "Backup" tool to save the Broadband router current configuration to a file named "config.

4.11.2

Firmware Upgrade

This page allows user to upgrade the router’s firmware.

Parameter

Description
This tool allows user to upgrade the broadband router’s system firmware. To upgrade the firmware of the broadband router, users need to download the firmware file to the local hard disk. Enter that file name and path in the appropriate field on this page. Alternatively, use the <Browse> button to find the firmware file.

Firmware Upgrade

Click <Apply> at the bottom of the screen to save the above configurations.

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4.11.3

Reset

Users can reset the router’s system should any problem exist. The reset function essentially re-boots the router’s system.

Parameter

Description
In the event that the system stops responding correctly or in some way stops functioning, users can perform a reset. The settings will not be changed. To perform the reset, click on the <Apply> button. Users will be asked to confirm your decision. The reset will be complete when the power light stops blinking. Once the reset process is complete users may start using the router again.

Reset

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Chapter 5 Appendix
5.1 Manually find PC’s IP and MAC Address

1) In Windows, open the ‘Command Prompt Program’

2) Type ipconfig /all and press <Enter>.

PC’s IP address is the one entitled IP address (192.168.1.77). The router’s IP address is the one entitled Default Gateway (192.168.1.254). PC’s MAC Address is the one entitled Physical Address (00-50-FC-FE-02-DB).

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2. the device has to send the packet to its default gateway.Broadbandrouter. An IP address consists of a series of four numbers separated by periods that identifies a single.45.34. An ISP is a business that provides connectivity to the Internet for individuals and other businesses or organizations. which will then send it out towards the destination. The DNS server IP address used by the computers on the home network is the location of the DNS server assigned by the ISP. A DSL modem uses the existing phone lines to transmit data at high speeds. and move data around at up to 10/100 million bits per second (Mbps). It consists of 2 portions: the IP network address. DNS Server IP Address: DNS stands for Domain Name System. When the device sends out an IP packet. ISP: Internet Service Provider. Ethernet networks are connected by special cables and hubs.1. A DNS server keeps a database of Internet servers and their respective domain names and IP addresses.Chapter 6 Glossary Default Gateway (Router): Every non-router IP device needs to configure a default gateway’s IP address. Idle Timeout: Idle Timeout is designed so that when there is no traffic to the Internet for a pre-configured amount of time. and the host identifier. Ethernet: A standard for computer networks. DHCP: Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol. ISP Gateway Address: (see ISP for definition). which allows Internet servers to have a domain name (such as www. the user is sent to the proper IP address. This protocol automatically gives every computer on the home network an IP address. 73 . IP Address and Network (Subnet) Mask: IP stands for Internet Protocol. the connection will automatically be disconnected. The ISP Gateway Address is an IP address for the Internet router located at the ISP's office.8).com) and one or more IP addresses (such as 192. Example: 192. DSL Modem: DSL stands for Digital Subscriber Line. unique Internet computer host in an IP network. if the destination is not on the same network.168. so that when a domain name is requested.

NAT: Network Address Translation. A LAN is a group of computers and devices connected together in a relatively small area (such as a house or an office). It is a communications protocol for transmitting information over Ethernet between different manufacturers. MAC Address: MAC stands for Media Access Control. A MAC address is the hardware address of a device connected to a network. The MAC address is a unique identifier for a device with an Ethernet interface. Port: Network Clients (LAN PC) uses port numbers to distinguish one network application/protocol over another. users can access the Internet from any computer on the home network without having to purchase more IP addresses from the ISP.LAN: Local Area Network. The home network is considered a LAN. Below is a list of common applications and protocol/port numbers: Application Telnet FTP SMTP POP3 H. 74 . plus 3 bytes that are often used as the product’s serial number. Point-to-Point Protocol is a secure data transmission method originally created for dial-up connections and PPPoE is for Ethernet connections. This process allows all of the computers on the home network to use one IP address. It is comprised of two parts: 3 bytes of data that corresponds to the Manufacturer ID (unique for each manufacturer). PPPoE relies on two widely accepted standards. Using the broadband router’s NAT capability.323 SNMP SNMP Trap HTTP PPTP Protocol Port Number TCP TCP TCP TCP TCP UCP UDP TCP TCP 23 21 25 110 1720 161 162 80 1723 5631 5632 PC Anywhere TCP PC Anywhere UDP PPPoE: Point-to-Point Protocol over Ethernet. Ethernet and the Point-to-Point Protocol.

WAN: Wide Area Network. different buildings. 75 . Subnet Mask: A subnet mask.255. a network layer protocol. Web-based management Graphical User Interface (GUI): Many devices support a graphical user interface that is based on the web browser. UDP on the other hand is not reliable. TCP/IP. Both run on top of the IP (Internet Protocol).g.g.Router: A router is an intelligent network device that forwards packets between different networks based on network layer address information such as IP addresses. which must be assigned by InterNIC). TCP performs proper error detection and error recovery. 255. This means the user can use the familiar Netscape or Microsoft Internet Explorer to Control/configure or monitor the device being managed. Both TCP and UDP are transport layer protocol. which may be a part of the TCP/IP information provided by the ISP. The Internet is a wide area network. cities. and thus is reliable. countries). A network that connects computers located in geographically separate areas (e. TCP/IP is the standard protocol for data transmission over the Internet. is a set of four numbers (e.0) configured like an IP address. UDP: Transmission Control Protocol/Internet Protocol (TCP/IP) and Unreliable Datagram Protocol (UDP).255. It is used to create IP address numbers used only within a particular network (as opposed to valid IP address numbers recognized by the Internet.

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