The Smartphone Era

Definition
A smartphone is a mobile phone that offers more advanced computing ability and connectivity than a contemporary feature phone. Smartphones and feature phones may be thought of as handheld computers integrated with a mobile telephone, but while most feature phones are able to run applications based on platforms such as Java ME, a smartphone allows the user to run and multitask applications that are native to the underlying hardware. Smartphones run complete operating system software providing a platform for application developers. Thus, they combine the functions of a camera phone and a personal digital assistant (PDA). Growth in demand for advanced mobile devices boasting powerful processors, abundant memory, larger screens, and open operating systems has outpaced the rest of the mobile phone market for several years. According to a study by ComScore, over 45.5 million people in the United States owned smartphones in 2010 out of 234 million total subscribers. Despite the large increase in smartphone sales in the last few years, smartphone shipments only make up 20% of total handset shipments, as of the first half of 2010. In March 2011 Berg Insight reported data that showed global smartphone shipments increased 74% from 2009 to 2010.

History
The first smartphone was the IBM Simon; it was designed in 1992 and shown as a concept product that year at COMDEX, the computer industry trade show held in Las Vegas, Nevada. It was released to the public in 1993 and sold by BellSouth. Besides being a mobile phone, it also contained a calendar, address book, world clock, calculator, note pad, e-mail, send and receive fax, and games. It had no physical buttons to dial with. Instead customers used a touchscreen to select telephone numbers with a finger or create facsimiles and memos with an optional stylus. Text was entered with a unique on-screen "predictive" keyboard. By today's standards, the Simon would be a fairly low-end product, lacking for example the camera now considered usual. However, its feature set at the time was highly advanced. The Nokia Communicator line was the first of Nokia's smartphones starting with the Nokia 9000, released in 1996. This distinctive palmtop computer style smartphone was the result of a collaborative effort of an early successful and costly personal digital assistant (PDA) by Hewlett-Packard combined with Nokia's bestselling phone around that time, and early prototype models had the two devices fixed via a hinge. The Nokia 9210 was the first color screen Communicator model which was the first true smartphone with an open operating system; the 9500 Communicator was also Nokia's first cameraphone Communicator and Nokia's first Wi-Fi phone. The 9300 Communicator was the third dimensional shift into a smaller form factor, and the latest E90 Communicator includes GPS. The Nokia Communicator model is remarkable for also having been the most costly phone model sold by a major brand for almost the full life of the model series, costing easily 20% and sometimes 40% more than the next most expensive smartphone by any major producer. In 1997 the term 'smartphone' was used for the first time when Ericsson unveiled the concept phone GS88, the first device labelled as 'smartphone'.

In February 2011 Nokia announced a plan to make Microsoft Windows Phone 7 its high end smartphone operating system." Microsoft originally defined its Windows Smartphone products as lacking a touchscreen and offering a lower screen resolution compared to its sibling Pocket PC devices. email. It was one of the first mobile phones to be mainly controlled through a touchscreen. and the device would dial that contact's phone number. Inc. It was the first device to use the new Symbian OS. This device combined the features of a personal digital assistant (PDA) with a wireless phone that operated on the Verizon Wireless network. a user could select a name from the PDA contact list. introduced its first iPhone. The device also supported limited web browsing. Apple Inc. In 2007 Nokia launched the Nokia N95 which integrated a wide range of features into a consumer-oriented smartphone: GPS. In early 2001. the first device to use the new Symbian^3 OS. Initially lacking the capability to execute and multitask native applications. reducing MeeGo to a research platform while still keeping Symbian for mid range and low range products. the first smartphone to be deployed in widespread use in the United States. Palm. It was the first device marketed as a 'smartphone'. It was a groundbreaking device since it was as small and light as a normal mobile phone. In 2002 it was followed up by P800. 3G and Wi-Fi connectivity and TV-out. the first camera smartphone. calendar. utilizing a full keyboard that combined wireless web browsing. priced at $500 for the cheaper of two models on top of a two year contract.Symbian. In the next few years these features would become standard on high-end smartphones. In December 1999 the magazine Popular Science appointed the Ericsson R380 Smartphone to one of the most important advances in science and technology. In 2010 Nokia released the Nokia N8 smartphone. In 2001 Microsoft announced its Windows CE Pocket PC OS would be offered as "Microsoft Windows Powered Smartphone 2002. It was initially costly. Android and iPhone The original iPhone (2007) In 2007. Windows and BlackBerry In 2000 the touchscreen Ericsson R380 Smartphone was released. many reviewers considered the originally-released device to be more akin to a featurephone than a smartphone. a 5 megapixel camera with autofocus and LED flash. It combined the functions of a mobile phone and a personal digital assistant (PDA). introduced the Kyocera 6035. For example. Palm. and contact organizer with mobile third-party applications that could be downloaded or synced with a computer. and satellite navigation that Mobile Choice described as the best on any phone. the others being the LG Prada and the . In early 2002 Handspring released the Palm OS Treo smartphone. In 2002 RIM released the first BlackBerry which was the first smartphone optimized for wireless email use and had achieved a total customer base of 32 million subscribers by December 2009. It featured a camera that Mobile Burn described as the best camera in a phone. The device received a very positive reception from technology publications.

Calendar. Android-equipped phones sold seven times more than in the prior year due to customers' increased preference for a device that can access websites while bypassing traditional computers. Apple also created the App Store with both free and paid applications. Google initially removed that feature from the Nexus One. with 32. that form the Open Handset Alliance. to name a few). The Android operating system for smartphones was released in 2008. The App Store has been a huge success for Apple and by April 2010 hosted more than 185. ARM. Smartphones make up 19 percent of all mobile phones. Android surpassed Symbian as the most common operating system in smartphones. but it was added through a firmware update on February 2. It was the first mobile phone to use a multi-touch interface. and Gmail. an analyst at CCS Insight said in March 2011 that "Console wars are moving to the mobile platform". including both free and paid apps. Motorola and Samsung. Third-party apps are available via the Android Market (released October 2008). Although Android has multi-touch abilities. Google launched the Nexus One smartphone using its Android OS.HTC Touch (also released in 2007). The first phone to use Android was the HTC Dream. 2010.3 percent of total mobile phone sales. whereas sales for all mobile phones only increased by 31. total smartphone sales doubled in one year and now smartphones represent 19. such as Maps.8 percent. In the same month.0 million. The App Store hit three billion application downloads in early January 2010. has raced to the top of the smartphone market and also surpassing Apple iPhone. According to Canalys. and a full HTML web browser. HTC.1 percent from the prior year. In June of 2010. Released with it. and it featured a web browser that Ars Technica then described as "far superior" to anything offered by that of its competitors. A process called jailbreaking emerged quickly to provide unofficial third-party applications. In Q1 2011 Google Android market share was 35 percent and increased significantly from 10 percent last year. The software suite included on the phone consists of integration with Google's proprietary applications. Apple introduced multitasking capability to iOS. The App Store can deliver applications developed by third parties directly to the iPhone or iPod Touch over Wi-Fi or cellular network without using a PC to download.9 million units sold versus 31. Steve Jobs publicly stated that the iPhone lacked 3G support due to the immaturity. Android supports the execution of native applications and a preemptive multitasking capability (in the form of services). along with major hardware and software developers (such as Intel. the iPhone gained one of the two key smartphone features that it lacked: the capability to install and execute native applications. In the fourth quarter of 2010. Apple introduced its second generation iPhone with a lower list price and 3G support. Over late 2009 and 2010 Android's smartphone market share increased very rapidly. Google. which offers its software to phone makers for free. power use. an Android high-end smartphone which can produce 3D effects with no need for special glasses (autostereoscopy) was announced by LG Electronics. .000 applications. In July 2008. Smartphone sales increased in 2010 by 72. With the introduction of the App Store. and 10 billion by January 2011. According to Gartner in their report dated November 2010. branded for distribution by T-Mobile as the G1. and physical size requirements of 3G chipsets at the time. while Nokia Symbian dropped to 26 percent from 46 percent last year. Android is an open-source platform backed by Google. In January 2010. Concerning the Xperia Play smartphone.

IPhone on the other hand got features that originally set the trend for smart phones. With every new release of OS. Android on the other hand being an open source. there are new features. Android with its open source nature is more developer friendly than iPhone. The fact that Google supports Android development works favorably for that OS. This is because various smartphone manufacturing companies use Android OS because of its open source nature on their devices. which make your smartphone to acquire more capabilities. Also there are lot of applications available that makes these devices even smarter. . From a developer's perspective. then Android development is going to be very easy to follow. iPhone application development means learning Cocoa development environment and Objective C and you have to rely on a Mac OS machine for development. so this is not going to be a showstopper. applications can be developed from a Linux or Windows machine and has support from Eclipse IDE support. A smartphone becomes really smart when the operating system is able to leverage the hardware features provided by the device. Both the application development follows of MVC or Model View Controller architecture. It is no surprise that market is flood with these incredible devices manufactured by different companies.Conclusion The smartphone has changed the way we think and live. If you know core java. but the number of users for Android is on a steep rise. In fact the hardware is designed around the operating system. Whether you should go for iPhone or Android is a matter of personal choice. As the two major players in the smartphone markets Android and iPhone operating systems have plenty in offering.

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