KPI evaluation 3G WCDMA

Krishna K Jayachandran

Source: Huawei

All Rights Reserved © Alcatel-Lucent 2008

KPI Structure

All Rights Reserved © Alcatel-Lucent 2008

CS Call set up diagram Source: T Mobile documentation ( Public) All Rights Reserved © Alcatel-Lucent 2008 .

PS Call set up diagram Source: T Mobile documentation ( Public) All Rights Reserved © Alcatel-Lucent 2008 .

defines type of service Main KPIs CSV Access Failure Rate. RRC ( Radio Resource Control) RAB ( Radio Access Bearer).Accessibility Ability of user to obtain the requested service from the system. HSDPA Access Failure Rate. PS Access Failure Rate. RRC Congestion Ratio All Rights Reserved © Alcatel-Lucent 2008 . CS RAB set up success ratio. PS RAB set up success ratio. HSUPA Access Failure Rate. CSD Access Failure Rate.

RAB Failure / DL Pwr RAB Failure / DL Code RAB Failure / Hardwar e Resource All Rights Reserved © Alcatel-Lucent 2008 . RAB Access Failures are due to both radio and core network reasons.Troubleshooting flow chart Voice Access Failure RRC or RAB? CS Voice RRC Failure Voice RAB Failure CS RRC Setup or RRC Access? Voice RAB Setup or RAB Access? CS RRC Setup Failure CS RRC Access Failure Voice RAB Setup Failure Voice RAB Access Failure RRC&RAB Setup Failure Cause Analysis RRC Failure / Adm Control RRC Failure / License RRC&RAB Failure / TN Blocking RRC Access Failures are mostly due to radio reasons.

Sample formula All Rights Reserved © Alcatel-Lucent 2008 .

All Rights Reserved © Alcatel-Lucent 2008 . CE capacity increased from 30 to 192. RAB failures. codes.  Admission control: Main causes : power. Channel elements.  Uplink issues.  Example of Mumbai circle with wrong test license loaded on 2 cells.Failure causes RRC failures causes:  Admission control.

Example # 1 ( Accessibility) Alarm: System dynamic traffic exceeding licensed limit All Rights Reserved © Alcatel-Lucent 2008 .

Remedial action Congestion. CPICH ( only when absolutely necessary) for power. addition of HW for codes.EDT/MDT. All Rights Reserved © Alcatel-Lucent 2008 . checking SW licenses for Channel elements.

PS R99 call drop ratio. low quality. HSUPA call drop ratio. HSDPA Call drop ratio. Key issues are missing neighbors.Retainability Ability of a user to retain its requested service for the desired duration once connected. Hw issues and alarms. Transport issues. CSD Drop Rate. Main KPIs: CSV Drop Rate. All Rights Reserved © Alcatel-Lucent 2008 .

Voice Drop Drop Cause Missing Neigh Check neighbor cell availability Analyze existing neighbors with 3G-3G cell relation report Analyze cell coverage by RF Planning tool or Drivetest Down tilts or other physical optimizatio n RL Add Failure UL Sych IRAT Drop Iur Drop Other Drop Check BTS HW Alarms Investigatin g the UE TxPwr by using Drivetest Analyze cell coverage by RF Planning tool or Drivetest determine the number of Event 6a or number of Event 2d Check Transmissio n Errors Check Cell Availability Neighbor List cleaning/ deletion GSM coverage area verification for IRAT Reneighbors prioritizatio n the neighbor list based on usage Check Iur drop per Iur link Transport Issue RBS / RNC HW issue RF issues outside of provided counters UE issues All Rights Reserved © Alcatel-Lucent 2008 .

All Rights Reserved © Alcatel-Lucent 2008 .

of CS RAB releases * 100%.Sample formula: CS service drop ratio= Number of CS RAB abnormal releases/Total no. VP Call drop ratio= Number of VP RAB abnormal releases/Total no. All Rights Reserved © Alcatel-Lucent 2008 . of VP RAB releases * 100%.

53 E Drill down: Due to RF causes ( RL synchronous failure) All Rights Reserved © Alcatel-Lucent 2008 .Example # 2 ( Retainability) Cell W_DL_Delhi_240_10@1 with CSV failure rate of 19% and voice traffic of 0.

Soft handover success ratio. New site turn ups IRAT ( 3G/2G) HO issues.Mobility Monitor different kinds of handovers. All Rights Reserved © Alcatel-Lucent 2008 . Check 3G/2G neighbor relations. Soft handover.external cell definition BCCH/BSIC to match with internal cell values.defining the right neighbors. Missing neighbors. PS soft handover success ratio. Main KPIs: CSV IRAT failure rate. Look for issues in the target 2G cell. AMR soft handover success ratio.

Sample formula All Rights Reserved © Alcatel-Lucent 2008 .

Example # 3 ( mobility) CSV IRAT Cell ( W_DL_Delhi_351_10@) high IRAT HO failure rate with AMR traffic of 0. Preparation failure.25 Erl Drill down: Iu release from core. Need to check for resource issues. All Rights Reserved © Alcatel-Lucent 2008 .

of Cells). Main KPIs: SHO overhead. of cells with mean RTWP >-98 dbm/ Total No. UL Interference cell ratio= (No. RTWP high/ low? Significance?? All Rights Reserved © Alcatel-Lucent 2008 . UL Interference Cell Ratio SHO overhead -Used to evaluate the consumption of resources due to soft handover. Trade off between resource consumption and soft handover benefits.Coverage Used for monitoring cell interference status and soft handover gain in a RNC or cluster.

Sample formula All Rights Reserved © Alcatel-Lucent 2008 .

HSUPA throughput. HSDPA throughput.Service Integrity Indicates the service capabilities for PS/HSDPA throughput on busy hour in each cell and for evaluating the UL BLER values for each cell. Main KPIs: Average UL Throughput for R99 services. Average DL Throughput for R99 services. All Rights Reserved © Alcatel-Lucent 2008 .

PS Counter example All Rights Reserved © Alcatel-Lucent 2008 .

CQI ‡ Channel Quality Index (CQI) is a measure of the quality of DL radio interface measured at the handset ( between 0 and 30) ‡ The Node B uses this information in the evaluation and assignment of the downlink air interface throughput for the handset every 2ms. ‡ CQI is not the only factor in the evaluation. the higher the achievable throughput. the higher the reported CQI. ‡ CQI is a function of Ec/No. however it is the only factor that can be readily improved through optimization. All Rights Reserved © Alcatel-Lucent 2008 .

CQI All Rights Reserved © Alcatel-Lucent 2008 .Chandigarh example.

Worst Cell Ratio Formula: All Rights Reserved © Alcatel-Lucent 2008 .Availability Measures the availability of resources. Main KPIs: Radio Network Unavailability Ratio.

HSDPA traffic volume. Mean UE number for various kind of services. No.CSLoad. Key KPIs: No. of CS users.RNC: This KPI provides the equivalent Erlang values of all the services in the CS domain in the RNC All Rights Reserved © Alcatel-Lucent 2008 . Example: CS Equivalent Erlang of RNC VS. HSUPA traffic volume.Erlang.Traffic Used to evaluate the circulated traffic such as CS Erlangs. of HSUPA users. of HSDPA users.Equiv. PS Traffic. No. No. of PS R99 users.

AMR.VS.Sample formula No.AMR.TotalBytes All Rights Reserved © Alcatel-Lucent 2008 .10.7.RB.DL.Mean.RB.15+VS.RB.UE.9+VS.DL.RB.DL.75) No.RB.AMR.6.12.Max.HSDPA.MeanChThroughput.2+VS.HSDPA.AMR.95+VS. of HSDPA users= VS.7.DL.2+VS.AMR.DL.AMR. of CS users= (VS.4.4+VS.Cell.DL.7+VS.HSDPA.DL.AM R.Cell.RB.DL.RB.RB.5. HSDPA Traffic volume= VS.5.UE.AMR.

Daily 3G NQI report All Rights Reserved © Alcatel-Lucent 2008 .

Gsmart Tool Level 2 layout All Rights Reserved © Alcatel-Lucent 2008 .

All Rights Reserved © Alcatel-Lucent 2008 .

All Rights Reserved © Alcatel-Lucent 2008 .

All Rights Reserved © Alcatel-Lucent 2008 .

Thank Q All Rights Reserved © Alcatel-Lucent 2008 .

Sign up to vote on this title
UsefulNot useful