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Demos (People) kratos (R De Dem

Classical Democracy, Developmental Republicanism, Protective Republicanism, Protective Democracy, Legal Democracy, Developmental Democracy, Liberal Democracy, Direct Democracy, Participatory Democracy, Cosmopolitan Democracy, Competitive Elitist Democracy, Social D


(Partial L (Ease of R (Democratic C (A Political

Po Democratic Conso


Political L Political S

Political L


Democratic C

R (R



T Interim P


Total R




People Power M

Incumbent de Klerk G Power-Sharing C


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Humanitarian I

Democratic Autonomous Develop



Initial Transition

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Political L

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Political L

(Authoritarian Breakdown

Civil Political L

Democratic C Partial De

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A Political L

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Political Liberalizati (Ease of R (Authoritarian E

Civil L


Initial T Initial Transition Political Liberaliz

H Political L (End R Political L Liberalizatio A End R (Democratic C

Political L

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Political L

Civil L

Expansion of Public S Political

Political L

Political L () Political L Political Act


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M C Political Softl M Li R


F Intra-Military Factionalism Political L Political L Paradox of S Degradation of Military I

Political Liberalization

Paradox of S Political L

Political L

Political L

Dead E

Political R

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Political L M Political Liberalization O D Political L Democratic Consolidatio O Political Public S

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Political L S Active Civil S


Buffer Z

Political L

Civil Society Civil S

International L Public S Civil S Political L

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"P "P


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Inherent Logic of Strong Civil S Civil Society Political Liberalizati


Political L

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Liber Political

Macro-Economic A

Political L

Political L

Political L Political L


Transition-Induced C

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Supplier-Buyer R Liberalization of Internal Markets, Liberalization of External Markets, Privatization and Rest

Gradual Reform S

Political L

Positive Relationship Adverse E P L Economic L Negative Marginal E Economic G Political

Adverse E B

| 23
Political L

Political L Political L

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Political L L



() Political S

() Political Lib Democratic C Civil S Democratic C Civil S

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() () Initial T () Political L Political L

Political Li Political S


T Initial T

Political L Public S Initial T

Political S

Civil S

E (C

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Autonomous M (Confrontational M R

E Political L

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Initial T Political S Initial

Political Liberali political C Liberal

Initial Transit Political Political S Initial Transiti Political L Liberalizat

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() -

Political L In

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1. ABDELNASSER, Gamal. (2004): Egypt: Succession Politics, Volker Perthes (ed.), Arab Elites: Negotiating the Politics of Change, (ed.), Boulder: Lynne Rienner Publishers. 2. Alesina, Alberto, and Allan Drazen (1991), Why Are Stabilizations Delayed? American Economic

Review 81 (5), 1170-1188.

3. Anderson, Lisa. (1999). Transitions to Democracy. New York: Columbia University Press. 4. Avant, Deborah. (1994) Political Institutions and Military Change: Lessons from Peripheral Wars . Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press 5. Brownlee, Jason. (2007). Authoritarianism in an Age of Democratization. New York, NY: Cambridge University Press. 6. Barro, Robert J. (1996), Democracy and Growth, Journal of Economic Growth 1 (1), 1-27. 7. Campos, Nauro (1999),








of Transition

EconomiesReconsidered, William Davidson Institute Working Paper No. 229, Ann Arbor, MI.
8. Denizer, Cevdet (1997), Stabilization, Adjustment and Growth Prospects in Transition Economies , Policy Research Working Paper No. 1855, The World Bank, Washington, DC. 9. CHASE, Robert S.; HILL, Emily B. ve KENNEDY, Paul (1996): Pivotal States and U.S. Strategy, Foreign Affairs, 75: 33-51.

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10. Finer, Samuel. (1962). The Man on Horseback: The Role of the Military in Politics . New York, NY: Penguin Books. 11. Fitch, J. Samuel. (1998). The Armed Forces and Democracy in Latin America . Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press. 12. GALA, Amin A. (1995): Egypt's Economic Predicament: A Study in the Interaction of External Pressure, Political Folly and Social Tension in Egypt. 1960-1990. New York, E. J. Brill. 13. Heybey, Berta, and Peter Murrel (1999), The Relationship between Economic Growth and the Speed of Liberalization During Transition, Journal of Policy Reform 3 (2), 121-137. 14. Halpern, Manfred. 1963. The Politics of Social Change in the Middle East and North Africa . Princeton: Princeton University Press. 15. KRAMER, Gudrun (1996): The Integration of the Integrists, Ghassan Salame (ed.), Democracy without Democrats, London, New York, I.B. Tauris. 16. LINZ, Juan J. ve STEPAN, Alfred (1996): Problems of Democratic Transition and Consolidation, Southern Europe, South America, and Post-Communist Europe, Baltimore, The Johns Hopkins University Press. 17. Lipset, S.M. (1959), Some Social Requisites of Democracy: Economic Development and Political Legitimacy, American Political Science Review 53, 69-105. 18. Monshipouri, Mahmood. (1995) Democratization, Liberalization and Human Rights in the Third

World. London: Lynne Rienner Publishers

19. Parry, Geraint and Moran, Micheal, eds. (1994) Democracy and Democratization. New York: Routledge 20. Przeworski, Adam, and Fernando Limongi (1993), Political Regimes and Economic Growth,

Journal of Economic Perspectives 7 (3), 51-69.

21. Rodrik, Dani (1995), The Dynamics of Political Support for Reforms in Economies in Transition, Journal of the Japanese and International Economies 9 (4), 403-425. 22. Shleifer, Andrei (1998), Government in Transition, European Economic Review 41 (3-5),385410. 23. Wolff, Holger C. (1999), Transition Strategies: Choices and Outcomes, Princeton Studies in International Finance No. 85 (June), Department of Economics, Princeton University, Princeton, NJ.

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