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# SOUTH AUSTRALIAN MATRICULATION

MATHEMATICAL STUDIES
Name : _____________________________________ Pages : 21 Questions: 9

## Lecturers Name : ____________________________

Mid Year Examination 2008 Semester 1 Examination (January 2008 Intake) Semester 2 Examination (July 2007 Intake)
Tuesday 20 May 2008 : 11:30 a.m. Time: 2 hours Examination material: one 21-page question booklet
Approved dictionaries, notes, calculators and computer software may be used

Instructions to Candidates 1. You will have 5 minutes to read the paper. You must not write in your question booklet or use a calculator during this reading time but you may make notes on the scribbling paper provided. 2. Answer each question in the space provided in this question booklet. You may write on pages 19 and 20 if you need more space, making sure to label each answer clearly 3. The total mark is approximately 94. The allocation of marks is shown below: Question 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 Marks 13 5 5 6 8 9 12 13 23 4. Appropriate steps of logic and correct answers are required for full marks. 5. Show all working in this booklet. (You are strongly advised not to use scribbling paper. Work that you consider incorrect should be crossed out with a single line.) 6. Use only black or blue pens for all work other than graphs and diagrams, for which you may use a sharp dark pencil. 7. State all answers correct to three significant figures, unless otherwise stated or as appropriate. 8. Diagrams, where given, are not necessarily drawn to scale. 9. The list of mathematical formulae is on page 21. You may remove the page from this booklet before the examination begins. 10. Write your name, student number, lecturers name and group in the space provided at the top of this page.

QUESTION 1 There is no need to simplify your answers to parts (a), (b), (c) and (d). (a) Find
3 dy if y ! x 3  4 x 2 x 2  2 x . dx

## (3 marks) (b) Find

x2 dy if y ! 2 x . dx e

(3 marks)

(c) Find

dy for y ! ln x 2 e e dx

2x
3

dx. . 2 3x  1 1

(3 marks)

## QUESTION 2 Find, from first principles, the derivative of f ( x ) !

3x  5 . x9

(5 marks)

QUESTION 3 Find the value of k algebraically given that the area of the shaded region below is equal to y 4

8 units2. 3

y ! 4x  x2

(5 marks)

QUESTION 4 A tank in the shape of an inverted cone is filled with water so that the radius of the water surface r (in metres) is always equal to a quarter of its depth x (in metres). Water is running out of the bottom of the tank at a constant rate of 2 cubic metres per minute.

x For parts (a), (b) and (c) below, leave all your answers in T form.

(a) Show that the volume of the water V is given by the function V x !

Tx 3 . 48

## (2 marks) (b) Find an expression for

dV in terms of x. dx

(1 mark)

(c) How fast is the water level falling at the point when the water is 8 metres deep? dV dV dx ! (Hint: ) dt dx dt

(3 marks)

## QUESTION 5 Given 2 x 2  5 xy  3 y 2 ! ln x  2 . (a) Show that

dy 1  4 x 2  5 xy . ! dx x 6 y  5 x

(4 marks) (b) Is the tangent at the point ,0 a horizontal tangent? Prove your answer. 1

(2 marks)

## (c) Hence find the equation of the tangent.

(2 marks)

QUESTION 6 open A vase made of glass of uniform thickness has a square base of side x cm and a fixed volume of 192 cm3. This vase is to be made of two different types of coloured glass joined together, the upper portion being glass with a floral motif, and the lower to be glass of a solid colour. The height of the floral upper portion of the vase is to be twice the height of the solid coloured lower portion. Let the height of the solid coloured portion be h cm. Additionally, the cost of the glass with the floral motif is 1.5 times the cost of the solid coloured glass (you may ignore the thickness of the glass and the cost of joining the two types of glass). x x

(a) Show that the height of the solid coloured portion is given by h !

64 cm. x2

(1 mark) (b) Given that the cost of producing the solid coloured portion is p dollars per cm2, show that the cost of making the whole vase, C x , is given by C x ! p x 2 

1024 dollars. x

(3 marks)

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(c) What value of x would minimize the cost of producing the vase? Show all working to obtain x below and prove that your answer does give the minimum cost.

(3 marks) (d) In the space provided below, sketch the diagram of the vase and label it with the dimensions that would minimize its production cost.

(2 marks)

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QUESTION 7 An object is launched upwards at a speed of 19.6 metres per second ( ms 1 ) from a 58.8 metre tall platform. The function for the object's height, s at time t seconds after launch is s t ! 4.9t 2  19.6t  58.8 , where s is in metres. (a) Find the expressions for its velocity and acceleration at any instant and draw sign diagrams for both functions.

(4 marks) (b) At what time interval(s) is the objects: (i) speed decreasing?

(1 mark)

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## (c) When does the object strike the ground?

(2 marks) (d) Draw the motion diagram for the object, and calculate the total distance travelled by the object when it strikes the ground.

(4 marks)

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QUESTION 8 Consider the function f x ! 2 x 3  3 x 2  12 x  2 . (a) Show algebraically that f x has two stationary points, and find and classify these points.

## (6 marks) (b) Find the inflection point(s) of f x .

(2 marks)

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(c) Sketch the graph of y ! f x in the space provided below, clearly labelling all the points found above.

(3 marks) (d) On the graph you have drawn in (c), (i) label one point M where f d " 0 . x (ii) label one point N where f x 0 . (1 mark) (1 mark)

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0
1

8x x 4
2

dx ! 4 ln

4 . 3

## (4 marks) (b) Consider the function f x !

x  8x  4 x2  4
2

(i) Show that f x has no stationary point. (Your working should include the sign diagram of f d ). x

(5 marks)

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Bx x 4
2

## and hence identify the vertical asymptotes of

(2 marks) (c) Sketch the graph of f x ! in the space provided below. Clearly show the axes x2  4 intercepts and the vertical asymptotes on your graph. y
x 2  8x  4

(3 marks)

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(d) For the interval  1 e x e 0 , (i) draw two upper rectangles with an equal width of 0.5 units each onto the graph in (c). (1 mark) (ii) calculate the total area of the upper rectangles you have drawn in (c), bringing your answer to 2 decimal places.

(2 marks) (e) Using your results from (a) to help you, find the exact area below the graph of f x for  1 e x e 0 .

(4 marks) (f) Comment on the answers you obtained in (d)(ii) and (e) by making a comparison and justifying your conclusion.

(2 marks)

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You may write on this page if you need more space to finish your answers. Make sure to label each answer carefully (e.g Question 4(c) continued).

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You may write on this page if you need more space to finish your answers. Make sure to label each answer carefully (e.g Question 4(c) continued).

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