Topic: Francis Bacon¶s and its applications in today¶s society

The early modern era introduced the scientific revolution and changed the expectations of European scientists towards nature, learning and changed the way of thinking by bringing in new methods of learning. The new learning era derived from the age of scientific discovery was pioneered by a few prominent historical figures which include Francis Bacon, René Descartes et cetera. It is in the era where there is a heightened demand for knowledge and a great emphasis on learning. The hunger for knowledge comes from the aspiration of artist-scientists to control nature1. In this paper, we will look into the scientists of the new learning and their contributions particularly with Sir Francis Bacon and its advocate on empirical method of learning and reasoning along with analyses of his writings. The latter part of the paper discuss on the application Bacon¶s new method of learning in today¶s society.

Sir Francis Bacon and analysis of his writings Francis Bacon was an English philosopher, scientist, politician and writer best known for his founding of the modern empirical method, also known as ³the major prophet of the Scientific Revolution2´. He based his reasoning through scientific study of clear-cut methods, analyzing data obtained through observation and experimentation of nature and the physical world3. The more one can observe and experiment from its surrounding nature, the more capable he or she is. As quoted in Bacon¶s writing Novum Organum, ³Man, being the servant and interpreter of Nature, can do and understand so much and so much only as he has observed in fact or in thought of the course of nature. Beyond this he neither knows anything nor can do anything.´ Bacon emphasized on the importance of knowledge in its applications towards the individual and the society today as a whole. Bacon¶s method of new learning, also known as the Baconian method, puts an emphasis on inductive method of reasoning which calls for the confirmation through our senses4. ³I open and lay out a new and certain path for the mind to proceed in, starting directly from the simple sensuous perception´ (Novum Organum). The Baconian method« From Bacon¶s Of Studies, he stated the purpose and usage of knowledge for different individuals in the society is ±³«for delight, ornament, and for ability´² and that certain

Chapter 23 The Scientific Revolution and the New Learning, pg 77 3 Chapter 23 The Scientific Revolution and the New Learning, pg 80 4 Chapter 23 The Scientific Revolution and the New Learning, pg 79

to be taken in for granted but to analyze appropriately. Benefits in terms of defining a ³Man´ by its ability to read. it should not be clouded by established facts and beliefs set previously but to start from an unbiased stand. These attributes round out a man's intelligence. Idols of Cave. in a quest of acquiring of knowledge and in the process of reasoning. Bacon too pointed out studying too much is detrimental as he describes as a ³sloth´ (Of Studies). knowledge increases understanding. Wisdom is the mark of a full man. Meditationes Sacræ. ³Reading maketh a full man. write or confer. Reading brings in knowledge. conference a ready man. Bacon always calls for separation of the truth from traditional notions and religion. In his writing Novum Organum.professions require the studying for knowledge. That is. and in terms of being the medicine for any ³impediment in the wit´ and by giving ³receipts´ to ³every defect of the mind´. The benefits of studying are Bacon¶s final approach. or to be used to strike a conversation. 1597). being smart is not enough to become a full man. Idols of the Marketplace and the Idols of the Theatre. Bacon pointed out that it is important to know reading and studying for knowledge should be taken as a part of reasoning and considering (Of Studies). and writing an exact man´ (Of Studies). understanding is the basis of wisdom. He classified into four categories of factors which could potentially obstruct clear thinking and influence the outcome of reasoning. . De Hæresibus. Bacon pointed out four classes of ³false notions´ clouding clear and unbiased reasoning which he classified as the ³Idols´ namely Idols of Tribe. Knowledge is important to every individual as it makes a man know himself fully for ³knowledge is power´ (Sir Francis Bacon. It is best not to be applied in raising disputes. However.

Meditationes Sacræ. (1597). <http://refspace.Reference Sir Francis>.uk/pages/quotes/quotes/quotes-knowledge. <http://www. <http://www.html>. De Hæ>.net/dscrtbacn.thingsrevealed. <http://www.htm>. .quotationspage.

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