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By Ad Versteeg
E V I D E N T
This presentation has been specially commissioned in English by
Is everything possible by screen printing?
There are three screen printing categories:
Industrial Graphics Textile
Yes, everything is possible!
Some examples of
well-known products of the screen printer are printed T-shirts, jackets and caps.
Where do we come across screen printing? Screen printed art is a product that many people are aware of but there's more. much more… .
The screen printing technique is used far more often than most people are aware.Screen printing is everywhere. .
. the Japanese came up with techniques to strengthen vulnerable stencils by using hair. We have been stencilling for a very long time. Approximately 300 years ago.It is a stencil technique. This technique is very old.
.Open and closed areas. The stencils are created photographically. The screen consists of a tightly stretched polyester mesh on an aluminium frame.
. Developments followed rapidly. especially after the Second World War. The first techniques that are somewhat similar to modern screen printing came into being at the end of the 19th century.First patents.
Every category has its own machines. . Modern-day screen printers use highly advanced machines and equipment.Modern machines.
A lot is done automatically. but often manually as well. .Manually or fully automatic.
There is a special ink for everything. . Not only in every colour imaginable. but also for every desired material and all possible effects.
. Between the pieces of pancake on your plate and on the T-shirt that you wear.You come across it everywhere in your life.
Also at school. Solving screen printed puzzles. . It already begins in kindergarten.
The screen printer prints the colours one by one. layer upon layer.One colour at a time. .
One colour at a time.
The original design
is divided by colour and then rebuilt during the printing process.
As many prints as necessary.
A separate screen is
made for each colour, a tightly stretched mesh including the stencil with the open and closed areas.
Ink on the screen.
amount of ink is placed on the mesh and pushed back and forth by the squeegee.
From simple to very complicated and fine printed matter.Clear colours. Everything is possible. .
For interiors and clothing. If patterns are not woven in then they are usually printed. .
Very fast machines. This type of very fast printing machine is used primarily for graphic work. .
. Paper. is inserted automatically on one side and comes out printed and dried on the other side.Fully automatic. or any other material that needs to be printed.
The machine does the work. This is done in a very quick and efficient manner. .
In principle this is not much more than a synthetic blade in a aluminium holder.The squeegee. .
The principle of screen printing. The squeegee ensures that the mesh openings filled with ink in the stencil touch the material to be printed. . The material ‘sucks’ the ink from the mesh openings.
The mesh is glued with a two component adhesive onto the aluminium frame.Mesh glued onto the frame. .
.But first getting the tension right. with up to 180 threads per linear centimetre. The mesh. is set to the right tension with special tensioning apparatus before gluing.
The tension is high. The tension can be increased to 30 Newton and must be the same for all the screens that are used for the same order. .
.The screens last a long time. the stencil and any leftover ink are washed off the mesh and the screen can be reused. After printing.
.A new stencil each time. Modern stencils are created photographically.
Different types of mesh. Every order type has its own specific type of mesh. .
Editions vary. . The numbers to be printed can vary from just a few to tens of thousands.
The squeegee is the heart of the screen printing machine.The heart of the machine. .
All possible substrates. A good ink is available for every material to be printed. . More or less any substrate can be printed upon.
The pigments must be rolled very finely so as to be able to get through the small mesh openings. .Ink manufacturing. Screen printing ink is not the same as letterpress ink or offset ink and it is definitely not a paint.
. The screen printer can mix all imaginable colours and in between tones himself with the inks available.Many standard colours.
. This can be measured simply by eye or automatically by using a computer and established measurements.Mixing colours.
Additives. Special additives need to be added to most inks. .
The printer checks. .The machine prints.
the squeegees back and forth and the substrate to be printed moves on and off the print surface. .Moving parts. The screen goes up and down.
.Colours on top of each other. Transparent colours printed on top of each other automatically result in a mixed colour.
Printed matter that is printed with transparent ink in combination with small dots of different sizes gives the impression of a photographic work. .Organised optical illusion.
they were printed by using only three. Seen through a magnifying glass. Although all colours and tones are visible.The four colour process. . small dots of transparent ink are printed on top of each other.
Process Yellow and Cyan. yellow and blue or as they are called in graphic terms: Magenta. . And Process Black to finish it off. Red.Primary colours.
Not only flat surfaces. The material or object to be printed does not always need to be flat. Round shapes are printed on special printing machines. .
.Big and small. Printing round shapes directly is possible in all sizes.
the sleeve turns around and the substrate is fed underneath. . The squeegee remains stationary inside. It is a hollow sleeve of perforated nickel material.Rotary screen printing With rotary screen printing the screen is round.
Textile carousel printing machine. so many screens and squeegees. So many colours to be printed. colour after colour. without moving the fabric at any time in between. Special machines have been developed for this. . T-shirts must be printed ‘wet on wet’.
.Every craftsman knows his trade. Special machines and inks are necessary for every type of product.
. Usually a company is specialised in one or the other. Textile printing and graphic screen printing usually do not go well together.Casual clothing.
Besides the T-shirts and caps. the textile printer often also prints complete sports outfits as well as bags. .More than just T-shirts. umbrellas and all other types of merchandising.
often with companies having their own screen printing departments that are bigger than many ‘real’ screen print shops. . A huge industry has sprung up to deal with the demand for gambling machines.Glass printing.
the glass goes into the oven. . High temperatures ensure that the ink becomes one with the material. Special glass inks are used to print on glass. After printing.Glass ink.
these types of specialised companies will also have to do the finishing such as laser cutting. Besides printing wooden puzzles.Wooden jigsaw puzzles. .
. Special tools have been developed to print on umbrellas. for example.Special equipment.
Ceramics. Such work can be printed directly or using the transfer technique. .
You can see such products in most schools. .Learning aids.
limited editions and rare spectacular designs. ties of pure silk. This is a separate branch of the industry.Ties. . often printed with a multitude of colours.
.Industrial screen printing. Manufacturers of washing machines have their own screen printing department.
The screen printing technique is often combined with other techniques to achieve the desired result. .A combination of techniques.
Technical printed matter. . Another example of round screen printing.
Special effects.. This is a high-gloss UV ink. There are a lot of inks that are intended for certain effects. .
Security ink is printed on bank notes. .Screen printing on bank notes. among other things.
Screen printing ink is able to withstand harsh weather conditions. .For inside and outside.
Such colourful pictures are also composed using very fine halftones.Fine dots. .
Halftones also used on textile. T-shirts printers also use halftones a lot. .
Enamelled advertising signs. . Special inks are also used here. Very colourful and very durable.
The crates have been designed in such a way that it is possible to print on them directly. .Beer crates.
Clock and watch faces. Not only are the clocks at the railway stations decorated using this technique. but the faces of most watches as well. .
They are printed directly using very large size screens and squeegees.Lorry canvas. .
The layer that looks like leather is screen printed on the textile carrier. Special pastes are used for this. .Artificial leather.
The same applies to the text and the black border covering the adhesive layer. .Rear window demister. The ‘wires’ of the rear window demister are printed on the glass.
Printed on special foils and by using techniques that ensure that everything can be easily read during the daytime as well as the night time.The dashboard. .
the car industry cannot survive without screen printing. Clearly recognisable.Logos and brand names. .
.Tiles for on the floor or the wall. The design may look like it is made from natural stone but in fact it is fake.
Printed with special glass inks. Also here a choice has to be made: either print directly or use the transfer technique.Glasses and bottles. .
. in this case. after which the glass still needs to go into the oven. The ink is then transferred from the paper onto the glass. Transfers are sheets of special paper on which. printing takes place using glass ink.Transfers.
Also in this case transfers are used. .Clogs. Wooden shoes are rarely painted by hand anymore.
Track and cells. . probably the most common screen printing work.Electronics industry.
. Very high demands are set to the dimensional stability and the thickness of the printed lines. The screen printing technique is literally carried out within a square centimetre.Printed circuits.
The list with equipment that contains such screen printed work is extensive. .Printed circuit boards. These are also called ‘printed wiring boards’.
.Solar cells. Made from a thin layer of silicon. Metal layers on one side and a pattern of small metallic lines on the other. printed by using the screen printing technique.
Drawing sheets. Millimetre patterns printed for the architect and technical drawer. Wear resistant and printed on strong. . water resistant synthetic materials.
. Often composed using a multitude of prints and colours.Printed art. Quality printed matter on the best materials and limited editions. Signed and numbered by the artist.
. Decoration on crockery for example. It is difficult to print directly onto bent or hollow shapes. mostly produced via a transfer technique.Decoration.
Many transfers are
printed at the same time and applied to the crockery one by one.
This is also a type of
screen printing. This is a lot less permanent than the real deal.
Inks for toys need
to meet special conditions.
. This is a very large fully automatic screen printing machine that prints several colours at the same time.Very large sizes.
They are often printed on reflective materials. Clear colours must be visible from far away.Traffic signs. .
Clear designs. .Not to be missed. the best materials and visible from far away.
The screen printer has all the necessary techniques.Gluing is also possible. then selfadhesives are used. If it is not possible to print on an object. .
.Striking stickers. then this is possible. If a sticker needs to really stand out.
Digital printing. Most graphic screen printers nowadays have digital printers that they can use to quickly print a picture with photo quality. . Only one copy is not a problem.
.Printers in all sizes. The digital printers are available in very large sizes and are used on flexible material as well as on thick. rigid surfaces.
Pad printing technique. In the case of really difficult shapes that need to be printed. . the screen printer will use the pad printing technique.
Difficult shapes. . The pad printing technique works with silicon cushions that take the shape of the object to be printed so that the picture can be transferred perfectly.
Embroidery. . The textile printer often uses an embroidery machine.
in all possible colours and every imaginable effect.If it needs to be a bit more chic. This can be done quickly. with multiple T-shirts at the same time. The printer of T- shirts and the like can also often embroider. .
the T of Tshirts. the B of billboards or the S of stickers. . look in the telephone directory or on the internet. Under the S of screen printing. the P of posters.Where can we find them? When you need to find a screen printer.
It can be ordered via the site of ‘Het Zeefdruk Instituut’. www.nl .Everything is possible at the screen printer This presentation is based on the informative Dutch booklet ‘Alles Kan bij de zeefdrukker’. among other places.zeefdrukinfo.
.All rights reserved. No part of this content or the data or information included therein may be reproduced. Ad Versteeg. the Netherlands. republished or redistributed in any form. without the prior written consent of Evident. Copyright © 2010 Evident.