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Common MCQs & Essays in Microbiology 2009 – 2010
1- Scalded skin syndrome is caused by a toxin secreted by staph.aureus which is called : a- Leukocidin b- α-toxin c- β- toxin d- exfoliation e- gamma- toxin 2- Pathogenicity of staphylococci is determined by production of : a- Haemolysin b- Pigment c- Coagulase d- Catalase 3- One is false about staphylococcus epidermidis : a- A common cause of food poisoning b- Coagulase negative c- Normal skin flora d- A common cause of prosthatic heart valve infection 4- Failure of treatment of staphylococcus aureus infection with penicillin is due to : a- In ability of penicillin to penetrate the membrane of staph. aureus b- Production of penicillinase by staph.aureus c- Lack of penicillin binding site d- Allergic reaction caused by staphylococcus aureus 5- The best labratory evedince of potential pathogenicity of a staphylococcus is producing: a- pigment b- catalase c- coagulase d- DNAse 6- Staphylococcus epidermidis is the etiological factor of: a- Urinary tract infection among children & elderly males. b- Enteritis. c- Osteomylitis. d- Pneumonia. e- Acute bacterial endocarditis. 7- In a patient suffering from influenza or measles staph. Aureus carried in the nose may cause fatal pneumonia becouse of : a- destruction of cilliated epithelial cells b- resistant of staphylococcus to penicillin c- acquiring of a plasmid by staphylocooci d- integration of the viral nucleic acid into the bacterial chromosome
Classify staphylococci and enumerate the diseases caused by one of them. Lab diagnosis of one disease caused by staphylococci. Classify Staphylococcus into species and outline the characteristic features of each one. Enumerate toxic mediated diseases caused by the most pathogenesis species and mention a method used for tracing source of outbreak?
1. The nephrogenic strains that lead to acute glomerulonephritis are frequently streptococci which cause : a- Impetigo b- Scarlet fever c- Rheumatic fever d- Post - partum infection e- Wound infection 2. The serologic grouping of β-hemolytic streptococci depends on: a- C-carbohydrate b- M-protein c- T-protein d- Teichoic acid 3. High ASO titer indicated recent infection by streptococcus : a- Viridance b- Pyogenes c- Faecalis d- Agalactae 4. The use of sulfonamide for treatment of β-hemolytic streptococcal infection : a- Eradicates completely the organism b- Suppresses organism & prevent occurrence of late nonsuppurative complication c- Suppresses organism but does not prevent occurrence of late nonsuppurative complication d- Absolute not effective 5. Cure from one attack of scarlet fever: a- does not protect from further infection with streptococci b- give lifelong immunity against this disease c- Does not result in any degree of immunity d- results in increase in susceptibility to his disease 6. Immunity to one type of streptococci : a- Group specific b- direct against M protein c- directed against c carbohydrate antigen
1-a 7-a 2-a 8-d 3-b 9-d 4-c 10-d 5-a 11-b 6-b Essays: Discuss the morphological classification of streptococci and talk about the diagnosis of one of them.Never acting as a source of scarlet fever. d.Catalase negative d.Usually occur in chains b.D 8.Having a history of previous attack of scarlet fever & possessing antierythrogenic toxin.B c.All of the above 9.May become infected with a group A-erythrogenic toxin producing streptococcus of a type which anti-M protein immunity has not been acquired.Lack cytochromes c.Inulin fermentation d.Bile solubility test b. One is FALSE for pneumococci: a. Bacitracin is inhibitory to the following group of streptocooci: a. Differentiation of streptococcus pneumoniae from other a-hemolytic streptoccci is done by : a.Grows best in a markedly acid PH 10.C d. The pneumococcus: a.means protection against all other types 7.d.Causes B-haemolysis on blood agar 11.Not showing the rash after infection. c. b.A b.Require enriches media for growth b.Is motile with one terminal flagellum d.Capsules are produced by virulent forms e.Is a spore forming organism c. Which is false for person with antitoxic imunity to scarlet fever a.Optochin sensitivity test c. 5 .
Under 10% CO2 c. and what is the diagnosis. Isolated from joint fluid is more likely to be: a.An optic nerve inflammation 4.pathogenesis) _____________________________________________________________________ Neisseriae 1.Neisseria meningitidis b.Under 10% NO2 d.An infection of eye due to N.All the above 2.Neisseria flavescens d.An infection of eye due to N. treatment .Causative agent of neonatal meningitis c.Caused by Haemophilus egypticus bacilli b.Neisseria sicca c.Waterhouse-Friderichsen syndrome is caused by: a.Staphylococcus pyogenes c.Streptococcal pneumonia d.Aerobically 3. Talk about the diseases caused by B-hemolytic streptococci.Lab diagnosis.Neisseria gonorrhoeae 6.- Classification of streptococcus and mention its diseases Diagnosis of beta-hemolytic Streptococci Give an account on extra cellular toxins of streptococci.aureus c. Enumerate diseases caused by alpha-hemolytic streptococci and complications.Staphylococcus aureus b.An optic nerve inflammation d. Streptococcus pneumonia ( complications .Transmitted by ingestion b.Isolated from urine of patient suffering from meningitis e.Can be effectively treated with neomycin c.Neisseria spp.gonococcus 5.An infection of eye due to staph.An infection of the eye due to Neisseria gonorrheae d.Carried in the nasopharynx by some healthy people d. meningococcus b.Ophthalmia neonatarum is : a.Neisseria gonorrhea grows best when inoculated: a.Neisseria meningitis is : a.Neisseria meningitides 6 .Ophthalmia neonatorum is: a.Anaerobically b.
Oxidase reaction 8. diagnosis.Plagues d.The portal of entry of meningococci is the: a. clinical findings.Metachromatic granules are outstanding characteristic of the bacillus: a. Discuss briefly the pathogenesis.Tuberculosis 7 . meningitis by : a. pathogenecity.genitalia 1-c 5-d 2-b 6-d 3-c 7-b 4-d 8-b Essays: Give an account about gonorrhea (causative agent. prevention. ___________________________________________________________________ Gram-positive Rods 1. control and treatment. Enumerate its virulence factors.Broad spectrum antibiotic d.Toxoid c.The best treatment of diphtheria is : a.Antitoxic serum e. treatment and control=vaccine) Name and describe the general properties of the causative agent of gonorrhea.Neisseria gonorrhea can be differentiated from N.None of the above 2. treatment and control of epidemic cerebrospinal meningitides - What is the causative agent of the “epidemic meningitis “? Discuss its pathogenesis.Glucose fermentation b.Anthrax c.7.Maltose fermentation c. mention its pathogenesis. complication and diagnosis.skin d.Diphtheria b.Penicillin b.mouth b.nasopharynx c.Nitrate reduction d. diagnosis.
Pleomorphic d.They produce one distinct clinical form 8.Facultative anaerobe c.Depends on spore forming c.Listeria monocytogenus is : a.They are gram positive d.a non motile gram positive bacilli b.Is directed only against the exotoxin b.Not transmitted even by pasteurized milk 6.Motile d.A common cause of meningitis in renal transplant recipient e.Always present in nasopharynx 5.One is false for listeria monocytogenes : a.Which is NOT a property of Bacillus anthracis: a.Non motile diphtheroid d.Does not exist e.Is directed only against the organism itself 8 .None of the above 4.They grow aerobically b.All the following is true about bacillus cereus EXCEPT: a.Gram negative bacillus b.Inhalation d.Lysogenic c.They are spore forming c.A strict human parasite d.A toxigenic strain of Corynebacterium diphtheria : a.Ingestion b.3.Spore bearer 9.Easily isolated on ordinary medium c.They are found in soil e.Capsulated b.Immunity against tetanus: a.An insect vector e.Is only of the active type d.Sexual intercourse c.Gram positive bacillus c.Gram positive b.Small bacillus 7.Corynebacterium diphtheria is transmitted by : a.
Mention its pathogenesis.Clostridium botulinium c. pathogenesis and treatment of botulism.The most potent toxin produced by any known bacterium is that of: a.Dysentery b.Manifested by spastic contraction 11. epidemiology.A disease only of animals c.Causing an epizoonotic in rodents 13.Vomiting d.10. Epidemiology and pathogenesis of listeriosis Give an account on the Anthrax its causative agent.One is FALSE for tetanus: a.Clostridium tetani 1-d 8-c 2-a 9-a 3-c 10-c 4-b 11-d 5-d 12-a 6-c 13-b 7-e Essays: 9 Discuss Pseudomemberanous Colitis (Causative organism. Fill in the blank: . treatment and prevention? Mechanism of action of tetanus toxins Mention the causative agent. diagnosis.Lock jaw 12. lab diagnosis.Corynebacterium diphtheria b. Mention its pathogenesis.Tetanus toxin produces the following characteristic symptom: a. Give an account on gas-gangrene.Also called lock-jaw disease b. diagnosis. pathogenesis. pathogenesis and treatment) Name and describe the general properties of the causative agent of Diphtheria. treatment and prevention.Easily to be diagnosed by blood culture d.Zoonotic b.Shigella dysentriae d. treatment and control=vaccine.A disease only of man d.Constipation c. Name and describe the general properties of the causative agent of tetanus.Results from contaminated wound c. prevention and treatment. diagnosis.Anthrax is: a. pathogenesis.
Complete cure of tuberculosis c.The best specimen for investigation of urogenital T.Serum from tuberculous patients e.Mycobacterium tuberculosis has the following character: a.Prophylaxis against tuberculosis is achieved by: a.Actinomyces b.Urine collected any time c.B is: a.Histoplasma 4.The cell wall has low concentration of lipid d.Circulating antibodies d.Mid stream urine b.Increased susceptibility to infection 5.Penicillin 3Acid fast genus other than T.Delayed hypersensitivity to tubercle bacilli b.Conversion from negative to positive tuberculin reaction is indication of: a.Diphteria makes disease by: Exotoxin ___________________________________________________________________________ Mycobacteria 1.Nocardia c.G.No infection with tubercle bacilli at all C.Recent exposure to M.Corynebacteria e.C. tuberculosis d.Purified protein derivative d.Whole early morning urine d.Killed mycobacterium bacilli b.B.Colonies require 3-6 weeks to appear e.Loss of sensitivity to tuberculin 6. vaccine c.Urine collected over 24 hours 10 .Produce B-hemolysis on blood agar b.It is a photochromogen c.A positive tuberculin test means that the person has: a.It is stained easily by gram stain 2.Aspergillus d.B is: a.Activation of an old tuberculous focus b.
The caseous material in the lesion inactivates the antituberculous drugs c.Antibodies against the bacilli antagonize the drugs 8. Mention its treatment and prevention? Give an account about Tuberculin test.Bacilli are intracellular b. ___________________________________________________________________ Gastrointestinal Gram-negative Rods 1.E.Prolonged treatment of tuberculosis is needed because: a. diseases they cause and their mode(s) of transmission.tuberculoid) Describe the causative agent(s) of tuberculosis.c 8-d Essays: Discuss Tuberculosis (causative agent . What are the clinical forms of T. and pathogenesis of them? Discuss the pathogenesis of tuberculosis (TB).A new born child who was lethargic with bulging anterior fontanelle who was suspected to have meningitis the causative organism maybe: a.What statement about atypical mycobacteria is FALSE: a.The lesion is chronic so that bacilli are metabolically inactive d. Name the specimens to be taken for their diagnosis and the vaccine used for prophylaxis.They are more antibiotic sensitive than M.They are opportunistic pathogens for man d.Human to human transmission rarely if even occur c. prophylaxis and treatment.Culture characteristics differ from those of M.coli b.Niesseria meningitis d. treatment and control=vaccine) Name and describe the causative agent of pulmonary TB enumerate its virulence factors.Mycobacterium tuberculosis 11 .Streptococcus pneumonia c. tuberculosis 1-d 2-b 3-b 4-a 5-c 6-c 7-a.Hemophilus influenza e.tuberculosis b. Difference between both types of leprosy (leptomatous.B.pathogenesis. diagnosis.7.
2.Toxic shock syndrome 3.Hydrolysis of urea c.Weil-felix reaction is negative in: a.Endemic typhus e.Non motile 8.Vibrio cholera b.Urinary tract infection d.A causative agent of burn infection d.Pasteurella multocida 5.A causative agent of eye infection 4.E.A slow lactose fermenter b.Proteus does NOT cause: a.Chronic otitis media 7.Q fever 6.coli causes the following diseases EXCEPT: a.Septicacemia c.Production of H2S d.Gastroenteritis d.Neonatal meningitis b.Black death is caused by: a.All the following are characteristics of Pseudomonas aeurginosa EXCEPT: a.The main differentiating characteristics of the proteus group is: a.An opportunistic pathogen b.Brucella abortus c.Francisella tularensis e.Brucella suis b.A primary pathogen e.Yersinia pestis d.Epidemic typhus b.Vibrio parahaemolyticus 12 .A causative agent of urinary tract infection c.Rocky mountain spotted fever d.Scrub typhus c.Urinary tract infection e.Fermentation of lactose b.Food poisoning due to ingestion of raw of partially cooked sea food is due to: a.Oxidase positive e.Swarming growth c.
Morphologically similar to campylobacter 14.The production of enterotoxin 10.Grows on alkaline media 13.Strongly urease positive c.Vibrio cholera is characterized by the following EXCEPT: a.an ouchterlony technique e.One is FALSE for bacteroids: a.Opportunistic pathogen d.Fermentation of lactose b.a direct agglutination reaction b.Helicobacter pylori is characterized by the following EXCEPT: a.Its invasive power d.Gram negative slender rods b.Shigella flexneri 9.Proteus does NOT cause: a.Aerobic c.Swarming growth on nutrient agar plate c.Causes chronic gastritis d.c.Urinary tract infection d.Salmonella typhimurium d.Gram-negative spirally shaped bacterium b.Small curved Gram-negative bacilli b.The virulence of vibrio cholera is due to: a.Causes lung and brain abscess 13 .a complete fixation test 11.The Widal test is an example of: a.Facultative anaerobes c.The presence of flagella c.a neutralization reaction c.Epidemics of infantile diarrhea 12.an indirect agglutination reaction d.Non-motile d.Its resistance to alkali b.
Normal flora of the oropharynx c. treatment and control) Discuss Vibro Cholera (morphology. pathogenesis. diagnosis and treatment Give an account on Widal test Discuss Shigella (morphology. d.Mention the mode of its transmission. pathogenesis.Treatment) Discuss plague (causative agent.It is gram negative rods. non motile b. source of infection. Blood culture revealed non-lactose fermenting gram-negative rods. treatment and control) Compare between Compylobacter and Shigella Compare between Campylobacter and Helicobacter Compare between Salmonella and Shigella. What are the diseases caused by salmonella.Forms endo-spores which allow it to survive in soils e. Helicobacter (Pathogenesis . Give an account on Enteric fever causative agent . Constipation.Mention the different laboratory method used in diagnosis. On examination hepatosplenomegaly and rose spots were detected on the abdomen. treatment and control=vaccine) Name four sites of pseudomonas A 30 years old man had 10 days symptoms of high fever.What is your provisional diagnosis? b.c 15-d 8-b Essays: Mention the main tests used for Enterobacteriase Discuss the mechanism of toxin production in gastroenteritis caused by E. (Answer the following question) a. and its treatment. pathogenesis. pathogenesis. pathogenesis.coli Discuss the mechanism of production of diarrhea by Enteropathologenic E.Name drugs that are commonly used in treatment 14 . e.coli List the diseases caused by salmonella species and sort of samples and discuss the diagnosis for one of them. delirium. headache. malaise.Diagnosis . sweating and marked abdominal discomfort.Name and describe the causative organism.?Each of the following concerning bacteriodes melaninogenicus is correct EXCEPT: a. diagnosis “widal reaction “. diagnosis. c.diagnosis.Produces brownish pigment on blood agar 1-a 9-d 2-e 10-a 3-d 11-a 4-c 12-c 5-e 13-d 6-a 14-b 7-b.15.Is found in pulmonary abscess d. diagnosis.
Can be diagnosed by blood culture c.Urinary tract c.Does not require either X.or V.Infection may be acquired through the conjunctiva e.Haemophilus ducreyi is the causative agent of: a.Bordetella pertussis: a.One is FALSE for Bordetella pertussis: a.The causative agent of Whooping cough b.Produce a capsule when virulent b.Syphilis b.Require only X-factor for growth d.Non enteric Rods 1One is FALSE about bordetella pertusis: a.Chancroid (soft chancre) d.Maybe stained directly from patient's specimen with fluorescent labeled antibody c.Lymphogranuloma venereum e.One is false about brucellosis: a.Bordetella species produce infection of: a.Requires only x-factor for growth d.Other Gram-negative Rods .Respiratory tract d.Blood b.Lymphogranuloma injuinale 15 .Gastrointestinal tract 5.It is zoonotic d.May be stained directly from patient's specimen with fluorescent labeled antibody c.Hard chancre c.Infection may be acquired through the skin 4.Infection is acquired only by ingestion b.Cause whooping cough b.factor for growth e.Highly invasive organism 3.Does not require either x or v factor for growth 6.The vaccine used is merthiolate killed c.Sensitive to erythromycin d.Is a short coccobacilli 2.
Meningitis due to Haemophilus influenzae occurs most frequently in: a.Is the cause of influenza d.Yersinia pestis is characterized by the following EXCEPT: a.Treated by teatracyclines d.Obligatory anaerobe 12.Best specimen for diagnosis of brucellosis in human include: a.Highly invasive organism b. d.Sputum c.Infants under 2 months of age b.Transmitted by rat bite 11.C.Can cause meningitis b.Gram negative short bacilli c.Gram negative cocco-bacilli c.7.Commensal in human throats 8.Patients with debilitating disease 10.S.Faeces 9.The causative agent of undulant fever b.It causes epidemics d.One abcdis FALSE regarding chancroid: The initial lesion is soft and painful More common in topical countries Associated with regional lymphadenophathy Can be treated with penicillin 16 .The following are TRUE for Brucella abortus EXCEPT: a.Can be transmitted by ingestion of contaminated milk c.Children between 6 months & 3 years c.The followings are TRUE for Haemophilus influenza type b EXCEPT: a.Blood culture b.Urine e.F.Adults d.
pathogenesis. diagnosis. treatment and control for Hemophilus influenza . prophylaxis. pathogenesis. treatment and control=vaccine) ___________________________________________________________________________ - SPIROCHAETES 1.The following are TRUE for Legionella pneumophilia EXCEPT: a. diagnosis.VDRL test c. diagnosis.13.Wasserman test 2.Fusiform bacilli c.Which of the following is NOT a serological test for syphilis: a.TPI test e.Fluorescent antibody test c. treatment and control=vaccine) . clinical findings.Discuss the epidemiology. treatment and control=vaccine) .Borrelia recurrentis b.List the clinical infections produced by Haemophilus influenza.Wasserman test b.VDRL test d.Not transmitted from person to person b.It is a cause of nosocomial infection c.Khan's test e.Sensitive to penicillin and cephalosporin d. prophylaxis and control .Rapid plasma regain test (RPR) 3.Vincent's angina is a mixed infection caused by treponema Vincentii and ? a.Causes Pontiac fever 1-c 8-a 2-d 9-b 3-a 10-d 4-c 11-d 5-d 12-d 6-c 13-c 7-c Essays: Enumerate the diseases caused by Haemophilus species and give diagnosis for one of them .Frei test b.Discuss Tularaemia (causative agent.Discuss Malta fever (causative agent.Borrelia duttoni 17 .Discuss Whooping Cough (causative agent. pathogenesis.A specific test used for serodiagnosis of syphilis is: a.Fluorescent treponemal antibody absorption test (FTA-ABS) d. mention the treatment of these infections.
Stain well with giemsa stain c. Discuss Syphilis (Types. _______________________________________________________________________ Mycoplasma 1.Treponema pertenue 1-a 2-c 3-b Essays: Compare between Syphilis and soft Chancre Mention the different types of genus treponema and diseases produced by each of them.Cannot culture on artificial media e. clinical finding and treatment of this infection.Lack of rigid cell wall b. Mention the outstanding features and disease(s) caused by each one of them What is the disease caused by trepanoma pallidum? What are the stages of these diseases? Discuss briefly its diagnosis.Produce atypical pneumonia 2.Treponema carateum e. diagnosis) What is the disease caused by treponema pallidum. yaws and pinta Give an account about sero-diagnosis of syphilis spirochetes (groups. discuss the pathogenicity.Are resistant to penicillin d. pathogenesis and treatment for leptospirosis Borrelia-relapsing fever Classify spirochaetes into different genera. treatment and diagnosis) List the cause of the following diseases and treatment: Bejel.The following are true for mycoplasma EXCEPT: a-has no cell wall b-is a pathogenic fungus c-Causes atypical pneumonia d-Resistant to penicillin 18 . Name and describe the causative agent of leptospirosis. What are the stages of the disease? Discuss briefly its diagnosis.All the following are associated with mycoplasmas EXCEPT: a.d. Discuss the causative agents.
The drug of choice for treatment of rickettsial disease is: a.Viruses 19 .Which of the following rickettsial disease is acquired primarily by inhalation: a.Rickettsia best grow on: a.Rickettsial pox b.Blood agar b.Penicillin d.Is best treated with sulfonamide d.Q.Mosquitoes 3.Small rods or cocci c.Epidemic typhus 4.Ticks b.Fungi c.Tetracyclin b.Yolk sac of chick embryos d.Transmitted by vectors 2.The rickettsiae are considered as: a.Special media supplemented with 20% horse serum 5.Obligate intracellular parasites b.Yeast b.Fever e.Cephalosporine 6.Lice d.Liquid medium c.1-d 2-b _____________________________________________________________________ Rickettsia – Coxiella 1.Fleas e.Aminoglycoside e.Having typical bacterial cell wall e.Mites c.Endemic typhus c.Sulfonamide c.Rocky mountain spotted fever is usually transmitted to man by: a.Rocky mountain spotted fever d.Rickettsia can be characterized by all of the following EXCEPT: a.
diagnosis.Are sensitive to penicillin d.Rickettsiae: a.Transmitted mainly by a vector c.Is not associated with skin rash b.fever d.Is stable outside the host cell e.Are associated with skin rashes 10.Is the causative agent of Q.Bacteria e.Are disseminated by respiratory droplets c.Fever d.Transmitted by inhalation d.d.Epidemic typhus c.Is associated with skin rashes 1-c 6-d 2-a 7-b 3-d 8-d 4-c 9-d 5-a 10-c Essays: 1.Brill's zinsser disease b.Write about Q.Rickettsial pox 9.fever (causative agent.Q. treatment and control=vaccine) 4.Cannot survive outside host cells b.Endemic typhus e.Q fever is different from other rickettsial infections by all the following EXCEPT: a.Enumerate diseases of Ricickettsiae (causative agent.Fleas serve as a vector for: a.Can grow on ordinary media b.Compare between Rickettsia and Coxiella _____________________________________________________________________ 20 . vector and its reservoir) 2.Coxiella burnetii: a.None of the above 7.Does not give a weil-felix reaction 8.Talk about Ricickettsial diagnosis 3. pathogenesis.Can be isolated from saliva c.
Inclusion conjunctivitis can be differentiated from trachoma by: a.Tetracycline is the drug of choice for its treatment e.Demonstration of inclusion bodies b.Is a chlamydial disease caused by Chlamydia psittaci 4.Is a chronic kerato-conjuctivitis 2.Can be treated with sulfonamide and tetracycline b.The following is true for Psittacosis EXCEPT: a.Chlamydia differ from true viruses by the following EXCEPT: a.Human usually contact the disease from infected birds c.All are correct about psittacosis EXCEPT: a.More marked involvement of upper eyelid c.The causative organism cannot be isolated on artificial media 3.The major source of infection is by eating infected meat of birds d.They multiply by binary fission d.They possess bacterial-type cell wall 5.Can occur in animal c.Chlamydiae 1.More marked involvement of lower eyelid d. symptoms and treatment 21 .They are obligate intracellular parasite c.They possess both DNA & RNA b.Is obligate intracellular parasite b.Is caused by Chlamydia organizem.Produce atypical pneumonia d.Method of culture 1-b 2-c 3-d 4-b 5-d Essays: 1.Equal involvement of both eyelids e.A disease limited to human e.Chylamida trachomatis pathogenecity.They are sensitive to antibiotics e.Is a systemic infection of birds b. c.Is easily treated with sulfonamide e.All are correct about Trachoma EXCEPT: a.Caused by chlamdiae d.
Are anaerobic organism c.Actinomycetes are characterized by the followings EXCEPT: a.They actually are filamentous bacteria 2. treatment and sort of samples submitted to the lab for diagnosis of trachoma 5.Discuss Lymphogranuloma Venereum 4.They can occur normally in the oral cavity c.Gram positive long filamentous c.Are sensitive to penicillin 1-d 2-c 3-a Essay: Give an account on Actinomycosis _____________________________________________________________________ Mixed 22 . pathogenesis.Are Gram negative b.All the following are true about actinomycetes EXCEPT: a.All are true about Norcardia spp. classify into species.Comment on the epidemiology.Sulfonamide is the drug of choice e.Produce sulfur granules d.Describe the general features of Chlamydia.They possess branched mycelia d.What is the causative agent of trachoma? How does these microorganism produce blindness (the mechanism).Sulfur granules inducers d. What is the diagnosis and treatment? 3.They are gram positive b. Except: a.Treated with sulfadiazines 3. ___________________________________________________________________________ Actinomyces 1.2.Are partially acid fast b. diagnosis and treatment of one of them. Name diseases caused by each species.
Escherichia coli b.Botulism 6.Diphtheria e.Urinary tract infection may be caused by the following EXCEPT: a.Klebsiella pneumonia c.Scarlet fever b.1.Mycobacterium tuberculosis e.Tetanus e.Proteus mirabilis e.Escherichia coli c.Yersinia pestis 5.Syphilis 23 .Staphylococcus saprophyticus c.The following disease is NOT a toxemia: a.Escherichia coli b.Proteus mirabilis 3.Proteus mirabilis 4.Streptococcus faecalis d.Shigella dysentriaeum 2.Urinary tract infection is NOT caused by: a.Salmonella entertidis c.Tetanus c.Plague d.Shigella sonnei b.Compylobacter faetus d.Urinary tract infection may be caused by the following EXCEPT: a.Shigella flexneri b.Klebsiella spp d.Botulism c.Streptococcus viridans e.The man is the only host for: a.The following diseases are due to toxemia EXCEPT: a.Brucella abortus e.Scolded skin syndrome d.Pseudomonas aeruginosa d.Diphtheria b.
7.Mycobacterium tuberculosis b.Escherichia coli 10.Enteric fever 9Aseptic meningitis is caused by: a.The following organism does NOT circulate in blood: a.Escherichia coli b.Coxiella burnetri d.Acid alcohol fast bacilli d.Plague d.Gram positive cocci b.Anthrax bacillus b.Which of the following is always of clinical significance when present in sputum smear: a.The following disease in NOT a septicemia: a.Shigella flexneri 11.Which one of the following is always of clinical significance when present in sputum: a.Salmonella typhi c.Pneumococcus c.Haemophilus influenzae c.Diphtheria c.Bacillus anthracis d.Corynebacterium diphtheria b.Mycobacterium tuberculosis e.Candida e.Virus infection d.Neisseria meningitidis e.Gram negative coccobacilli c.Yersinia pestis d.Corynebacterium diphtheria 24 .Puerperal sepsis e.Staphylococcus aureus 8.Streptococcus pyogens c.Ordinary milk pasteurization may NOT always eliminate all of the following EXCEPT: a.Subacute bacterial endocarditis b.Gram negative bacilli 12.
Mycoplasma pneumoniae c.Urine culture is performed on: a.Brucelliasis e.Burn infection is often associated with: a.mid stream specimen b.The first few mls of urine c.The following disease will be presented as pyrexia of unknown origin EXCEPT: a.Infective endocarditis c.Total 24 hours specimen d.Enteric fever 15.Haemophilus influenzae c.13.Neisseria meningitides d.Clostridium hystolyticum 14.Bacillus cereus b.Blood culture should be sent to micro lab for investigation of: a.Pseudomonas aeruginosa b.Haemophilus influenzae e.Diphtheria c.Escherichia coli b.Bacteroids 25 .Clostridium perfringes d.Salmonalla 18.Acute epiglottitis 17.The most common cause of neonatal meningitis is: a.Over 95% of the normal flora of the faeces consists of: a.Influenza d.Escherichia coli b. e.Corynebacterium diphtheriae d.Rheumatic fever b.The following bacteria are causative agents of diarrhea EXCEPT: a.Tetanus d.Miliary tuberculosis b.Vibrio parahaemolyticus c.Campylobacter jejani.Streptococcus faecalis 19.The last few mls of urine 16.
Lobar pneumonia 26.Escherichis b.Only 3-4% of the normal intestinal flora are species of: a. vaccine is: a.Staphylococcus aureus 26 . Epidermidis b.A urine sample collected by suprapubic puncture from a healthy individual will contain: a.Klebsiella pneumonia b. coli c.Pseudomonas d.Enteric fever d.The following diseases are example of atypical pneumonia: a.psittacosis c.Opportunistic pathogens as E.Nonpathogenic diphtheroids of the urethra d.Salmonella cholerasuis c.C.Mycoplasma pneumonia c.Q.Escherichia coli b.killed bacteria b.living attenuated bacteria c.capsular polysaccharide 25.Rheumatic fever c.A normal flora as Staph.Bacteroids 21.fever b.B.Subacute bacterial endocarditis b.Legionnaires' disease d.No microorganisms 23.Blood culture is used for the investigation of: a.Cholera 24.Enterobacter 20.purified protein derivative d.Enterobacter c.G.Streptococcus faecalis d.What is the most common causative agent of primary atypical pneumonia: a.Osteomyelitis in patients with sickle cell anaemia is usually associated with infection by: a.Pseudomonas aeruginosa 22.fluid toxoid e.c.Streptococcus viridance d.
coli c.haemophilus influenzae e.Mycobacterium tuberculosis d.The bacteria are pneumococci. c. Clostridium tetani d.streptococcus pneumonia c. Staphylococci b. which one is the most frequent bacteria cause of pharyngitis: a. Streptococcus pyogens c.Thayer – Martin medium is suitable for transporting : a. pneumococci d. enterococci c. which one is the most frequent bacteria cause of acute osteomylitis: a. what would you determine? a.The bacteria are neither streptococci nor staphylococci.Anaerobic bacteria: a.The organism capable of spore formation is: a.The bacteria are E. 32. viridans streptocooci b.The bacteria are streptococci.staphylococcus aureus 30. If you found the catalase test to be negative.The bacteria are staphylococci. b. A gram stain smear shows gram positive cocci. coli.Streptococci b. Meningococci d.Clostridium 28. Haemophilus 29. d.β-hemolysis is cauesd by a.Streptococcus pyogens 27. streptococcus pyogens 31.Corynebacterium diphtheria 27 . e.Streptococcus pneumonia b.Diplococcus pneumonia e.d.streptococcus pyogens b.pseudomonud aeruginosa d. Streptococcus pneumonia 33.E.Of the organisms listed below .A culture of skin lesions from a patient with pyoderma shows numerous colonies surrounded by a zone of B-hemolysis on a blood agar plate. Pneumococci c.Of the organisms listed below. Staphylococcus aureus b.
c.Streptococcus pyogens e.Name and describe the causative agent of subacute bacterial (infective) endocarditis. Inducing fecal pollution of water____________ Used as a major agent of bioterrorism_________________ Lacking cell wall___________ Cannot be cultivated or grown on laboratory____________ -Name an organism that can cause: a.Haemophilus influenza 1-e 2-a 3-d 4-a 5-c 6-e 7-d 8-b 9a&c 19-a 10-c 11-c 12-d 13-e 14-c 15-a 16-d 17-a 18-a 20-a 21-d 31-b 22-d 32-c 23-a 33-d 24-b 25-c 26-b 27-d 28-c 29-e 30-d Essays: .Name an organism that is: a. d.staphylococcus aureus d. . c. c. Mention its pathogenesis. a) What is your diagnosis? b) What is the causative organism? c) What is the control and treatment of this disease? 28 . laboratory diagnosis and treatment.Causes of atypical pneumonia and talk about one of them . b. Laboratory diagnosis showed non-motile. pseudomembranous colitis_______________ Infection of implanted hip joint prosthesis________________ Necrotizing fasciitis (flesh eating bacteria__________________ Proctitis____________ waterhouse fredreichsen syndrome____________ Answer the following clinical cases: A young 6-years old boy brought to the clinic by his mother. nonlactose fermenter bacilli. clinical diagnosis showed abdominal pain and mucoid bloody diarrhea. d. e. b.
It started in the muscles of the mastication and he had difficulty in opening his mouth. a) b) c) d) What is your provisional diagnosis? Mention the causative organism. A patient has chills. a) What is your provisional diagnosis? b) Mention the causative organism. A history reveals that he raises chickens and parrots and approximately two weeks ago lost a large number of them due to undiagnosed disease. What is the pathogenesis of this case? Mention the control of this disease. Sputum gram-stain revealed clear. He had a deep lacerated wound in his leg. a) What is your provisional diagnosis of this infection? b) Describe the pathogenesis and treatment of this infection. On examination. The physician gave immediate antitoxic serum. headache. Stool culture on alkaline peptone water revealed rapid growth of a surface pellicle.A 6-years old child was seen by the physician because of low grade fever with sore throat. c) What measures are appropriate to prevent this infection? 29 . a) What is the probably clinical diagnosis of this case b) Mention the pathogenesis of diarrhea and describe the main treatment. fever. c) What is the best choice for treatment? A 66 years old man was seen in the clinic because of diarrhea. The spastic paralysis extended in descending order together with convulsions. c) How to control this disease? A 35-years old man had a car accident. cough and chest pain. a grayish membrane was seen covering one of the tonsils. but the child fall down in a sudden hypotension and shock. After three days he developed fever and spastic paralysis of voluntary muscles. The stools were watery and thin.
Virology 30 .
Corona virus.Coxsackie B virus. c. d.Throat & nasal swabs from a 4 months old infant suffering from acute lower respiratory infection. This is: a.Not inactivated by gastric fluid.Hepatitis B virus.Rubella virus. c.Delta agent. 3. b.All picorna viruses are: a. d. d. b. Their laboratory examination revealed a large enveloped helical virus.Yellow fever virus. e.Not enveloped.Chicken pox rashes are: a.Parainfluenza virus. b.A virus which causes AIDS is: a. e.Centrifugal in distribution. c.A virus commonly transmitted by use of contaminated surgical tools & needles produces a disease called serum hepatitis.Hepatitis A virus. d.Heeled without disfigurement.HIV-II virus. 31 . The virus is probably: a.Rhinovirus. e. b.Caused by variola minor. d.Human pathogens. e.Monomorphic in shape.Small pox virus. 4.Non A non B (hepatitis C) virus.1.Respiratory syncitial virus. c.Immunologically cross acting. 2.Mumps virus. The infected cell cultures revealed on staining multinucleate giant cells with cytoplasmic inclusions.Deeply seated in location. c. b. 5.Adenovirus.
b.Release of the virus from the cell. 32 .Can occur in synthetic media.Penetration of the virus into the cell.A virus which is commonly associated with a mild disease called hand.Paul-Bunnell.Widal.Viral replication: a.Translation of the viral mRNA to proteins. 7. This virus is: a. foot & mouth disease which appears in epidemic of families is: a.Replication of the viral nucleic acid.Wasserman.Requires host cell macromolecules.A febrile viral disease characterized by infection & swelling of the parotid salivary glands is produced by a large enveloped helical virus which produce hemadsorption of erythrocytes to infected cells. b.B virus.The antiviral effect produced by interferon is associated with inhibition of: a.ECHO virus.Rubella virus. d. b.Foot & mouth disease virus.Herpes simplex I. e.Virus adsorption on the cell.A helpful test in diagnosis of infectious mononucleosis is the: a. c. c.6.Occurs within the host cell lysosomes. 10. 8.Coxsackie A16. b. d. e. d. c. d.Coxsackie virus. e.Varicella-zoster.E. c. c.Cytomegalovirus.Can be prevented by antibiotics. e.Blood culture. e. b. 9.Mumps virus.Weil-felix.Occurs by binary fission. d.
Hepatitis B infection. d.Neurofibromatoma. 15. c. 12.Adenine arabinoside (Ara-A). 13.ECHO virus. d. Non B hepatitis. excessive salivation & fever.Burkitt's lymphoma.Hepatitis A virus.In tropical Africa most malignant tumors occurring in children are represented by: a. b. d. 33 .Herpes simplex virus. vesicles were observed & the gingivae were reddish & swollen.Hepatitis B virus.Hepatitis A infection.Kaposi sarcoma. c.Paul-Bunnell test is used in diagnosis of the following viral infection a. d. b. d. b. c.Adamantanamide.Cytomegalovirus.Non A. c.Penicillin.11. The laboratory examination of the vesicular fluid revealed a large icosahedral enveloped virus. b.A 7 years old boy suffering from sore mouth.Coxsackie B virus. c.Thiosemicarbitone.E.Dendritic corneal ulcer can be treated with: a. & in cell cultures the CPE was in the form of microplaques. The virus is probably: a.Yellow fever. e. b.B virus.Dene particle can be isolated from: a.Hodgkin's disease.Coxsackie A virus. On examination of the mouth. 14.Epstein-barr virus. by electron microscopy small pock lesion in the chorioallantoic membrane of chicken eggs.
Small pox virus. d. e. b.Nucleocapsid.Capsomer.Influenza virus. c.Respiratory syncitial virus. c.Herpes viruses.Capsid.Influenza virus.16. e.Fecal-oral route. b.A virus which contains a hemagglutinin & a neuraminidase is: a.Envelope.The protein core which surrounds the nucleic acid of animal viruses is called: a. d. e. d.Rhino viruses.Hepatitis A virus (HAV) is usually transmitted by: a.Mosquitoes.Contact with blood.Latency is an outcome particularly characteristic of which of the following viruses: a. c. 17. b.ECHO viruses. 20. b. d. b.Reo virus.Respiratory syncitial virus. 18. d.Human immunodeficiency virus. c.Rubella virus.Polio viruses.Influenza viruses.Heson. e. 34 . c.Adenovirus. 19.Sexual contact.Virus which contains the enzyme reverse transcriptase: a. e.Rota virus.Respiratory secretions.
b.AIDS.Measles virus.It can be diagnosed by Negri bodies.Are found cultivated in chick embryo.Acyclovir is relatively safe & effective in the treatment of: a.Are found in hepatitis non A. e. 23. 25.Dene particles: a. d.Adenoviruses.Hepatitis B infection.Positive Paul-Bunnell test is the diagnosis of one of the following: a.Respiratory syncitial viral infection. c.Influenza. d. b.Herpes viruses.E.Are found in hepatitis A virus infection. e.Patients have excessive salivation.Rubella virus.Are found cultivated on tissue culture.Pox viruses.In all DNA containing viruses. c.It has short incubation period. d. 22.Papovaviruses.Varicella-zoster virus. b. non B virus infection.All the following statements are true for rabies EXCEPT: a. 24. 35 .Cytomegalovirus.B virus. d. c. DNA is synthesized in the nucleus EXCEPT for: a.Parvoviruses. c. e.21.It is also known as hydrophobia. d.Are found in hepatitis B virus infection. b. e.Herpes encephalitis. e. c. b.It can be treated by successful vaccine.
Hepatitis A viruses. d.It is an enveloped virus.The following viruses spread by fecal-oral route EXCEPT: a.ECHo viruses.Viruses require specific receptors to infect cells. b. b.Small pox virus.Adenovirus. 28. d. c. d. c.Rabies virus.The following statements are true for heres simplex virus EXCEPT: a.Measles virus. c. e. d.Narwalk agent.Polioviruses.Viruses multiply by binary fission.It produces intracytoplasmic inclusion bodies. e.Corona virus.One of the following statements is NOT true for viruses: a.Yellow fever virus.It can produce fatal encephalitis.Viruses lack mitochondria.26.Polyomyelitis virus.Cytomegalovirus. e.One of the following viruses produce eosinophilic intracytoplasmic inclusion bodies called Negri bodies: a.Viruses contain a protein coat. e. 29. d.It is associated with cervical cancer. 30.Rabies virus. 36 . c. b. b.Rubella virus. b. c. 27.Herpes simplex virus.It can produce genital lesions.Viruses contain either DNA or RNA. e.One of the following viruses is transmitted by mosquitoes: a.
d. b.Envelope.Blocking their penetration to cells. c. 33. b.Mumps virus. d.Core. b. c. 37 .ECHO virus.The linear molecule of ss DNA.Coxsackie virus.Cytomegalovirus.31. d.Herpes simplex virus.Hepatitis B virus. v.Small pox virus.Mumps virus.HIV virus.Supercoiled DNA: a.All the following viruses produce rash EXCEPT: a. c.A property of the brick-shaped big pox virus. 32. d. e. e. 36.A virus which produces pocks in the chorioallantoic membrane of embryonated chicken eggs is: a. 34.A character of papova viruses.Blocking their absorption to cells. d.All the following viruses are secreted in the saliva EXCEPT: a.Adenovirus.The genetic character of the virus is carried on the: a.Vericella-zoster virus.Influenza virus. c. c.Rota virus.Non metabolic enzymes. 35. b.Inhibiting their intracellular multiplication.Rabies virus.Cleaving their nucleic acid.Capsid. b.Interferon prevents infection with viruses by: a. d.The linear molecule of ds DNA.Hepatitis A virus. e. c.
d. Are found cultivated in chick embryo.Cytomegalovirus. b. 39.non B virus infection .Respiratory tract infection. Are found cultivated on tissue culture.Skin rash.Variola virus 40-Dene Particles: abcdeAre found in hepatitis A virus infection. d.Ureaplasma.The following agents are considered as the cause of sexually transmitted diseases EXCEPT: a. Are found in hepatitis non A.Condyloma acuminatum. 38. c. b.Varicella-zoster virus.Hepatitis B virus.Diarrhea.Coliform. c. 38 .37. d. b. c.Clinical syndrome caused by ECHO viruses include the following EXCEPT: a. Are found in hepatitis B virus infection.Which of the following viruses does NOT contain DNA: a.Respiratory syncitial virus.Congenital fetal defects.
Question 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 Answer E B D E C D C D B A E A C C B Question 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 Answer D D D B C B C C C A D D D E E Question 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 Answer E C D B A B B D C B 39 .
clinical picture. list the different skin rashes causes .Give an account on the small pox (causative agent.Give an account on AIDS ( causative agent. mode of transmission.Give 2 examples of possible association of DNA viruses with malignancy.Mention difference between Ag drift & Ag shift & discuss the theories explaining the major Ag changes ? 2. clinical picture .Yellow fever pathogenesis ? 10.Compare between hepatitis A&B? 7. give incidence for this association? 8.diseased caused and LAB diagnosis. diagnosis and treatment)? 6.Give an account on the herps simplex ( clinical picture .Give an account on measles (causative agent.Viruses secreted in the saliva & discuss one ? 13. mode of transmission.describe the pathogenesis of measles . diagnosis and treatment )? 4. control and treatment)? 5. diagnosis and control )? 9. pathogenesis. What are the complication? Discuss how to prepare a media for cultivation of viruses . give the name of the virus and the name of skin rash. diagnosis .Enumerate members of picorna viride & talk about one (clinical picture . clinical picture. 40 .Enumerate members of paramyoxviride &talk about one (characters .control and treatment )? 6.Diseases caused by coxsaki viride ? 8. diagnosis & treatment)? 11.Essays: DNA viruses 1. show different culture cell lines and discuss the assay of viruses.Basis of classification of paramyoxviride according to the presence of spikes on the envelop? 4. mode of transmission. symptoms.give the mode of transmission.Give an account on the chicken pox (causative agent.Enumerate members of herps viride and talk about one ? 2. diagnosis and control )? 3. mode of infection. mode of transmission.Compare between Salk vaccine & Sabin vaccine? 7.Dingo fever ( agent.pathogenesis.Give an account on Rabies virus (clinical picture . diagnosis.Give an account on the cytomegalovirus (clinical picture. diagnosis and control )? 5. route of infection.According to Ebstin-Bar Virus ( EBV). RNA viruses 1.diagnosis and treatment )? 3. mode of transmission & clinical picture )? 12.
Mycology 41 .
B. C. E. Sporoathrix schenckii Blastomyces dermatidis Histoplasma Encapsulatum Geotricum candidum Candida albicans 5-Which of the following disease starts as an allergy (asthma) to the fungus itself: A. histoplasmosis mycotoxicosis abdominal actinomycosis blastomycosis coccidioidmycosis 2. B. C. E. C. D. D.1-The following is a disease produced as a result of consumption food contamination: A. B. E. E. Histoplasmosis Aspergillosisis Zygomycosis Candidioses Blastomycosis 42 . D. B. B. C. D. C. E. Nutrient agar sabouraud's dextrose Chocolate agar loeffler's serum MacConkey agar 4.A dimorphic fungus is the one that : A.Which of the following Fungi commonly acquired by inhalation of spores from soil contaminated with bird droping: A. Produce artyro spores and chlamydospors Invade hair and skin Can grow as yeast and as mold Reproduce both sexually and asexually None of the above 3-the most satisfactory medium for isolation of fungus is: A. D.
Discuss Oral Candidiasis? 3. It has short incubation period It can be diagnosed by Negri bodies It can be treated as hydrophobia Patients have excessive salivation Short Essays: 1.diagnosis and treatment) 2.Write short essay on candidiasis (types of infection. B.6. C.Discuss Dermatophytosis ? 5. D. 6.Write about Candida Albican (types of infection. Treatment.Give an account on dermatophytes disease. laboratory diagnosis and treatment) 2.In regard to dermatophytes: What are dermatophytes? How it spread Discribe the typical dermatophytes Name these lesions according to their location on body Mention the treatment of dermatophytes 43 . name of skin lesions and treatment.Give an account on Mycotoxicosis ? 4.About dermatophytes: What are dermatophytes? How they can spread? Discribe the shape for the lesion and list different features with their site. 7.All the following statements are true for rabies EXCEPT: A.
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