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Shri Gaudapadacharya Math

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, Shri Saunstn Gau apdchrya Math), also known as Shri Gaudapadacharya Math (^ [ Kavale Math, located in Kavale, Ponda, Goa is the oldest math or Aadi Math (Hindu monastery) of the Dakshinatya (South Indian) Saraswat Brahmins.[2][3] It was founded by Vivarananda Saraswati Swami Gaudapadacharya in around 740 AD, whose guru was Govinda Bhagavatpada (Guru of Adi Shankaracharya) who in turn disciple of Adi Guru Gaudapadacharya.[4] There is also a belief that, Adi guru Gaudapadacharya himself established the Shri Gaudapadacharya Math when he lived in Gomantak (Goa). Thus, the math came to be known as Shri Saunstan Gaudapadacharya Math. Unlike other maths, Shri Gaudapadacharya Math is not a polemical center established to influence the faith of all Hindus, its jurisdiction is limited to only Dakshinatya Saraswat Brahmins. The peethadhipati (head monk of the math) of this math is called Shri Gaudapadacharya. Rajapur Saraswat Brahmins (RSB) and Smarta Gowd Saraswat Brahmin (GSB) sects are the main disciples of this Math.[5]

Shri Saunstn Gau apdchrya Math

Contents
1 History 1.1 Aadi-Math of Saraswats 1.2 Other Saraswat Maths 2 Gaudapadacharya 3 Shri Govinda Bhagavatpadaacharya 4 Deities 5 Birudvali or Title 6 Guru Parampara 6.1 Divine Group[36] 6.2 Semi-Divine Group[37] 6.2.1 Vamsarsi-parampara 6.2.2 Manava Guru-Sampradaya 6.3 Gaudapadacharyas 7 Branches (Ashrams) 8 Branch Maths having Temples within their Precincts 9 Other Saraswath Maths 10 See also 11 External links 12 References

Adi Guru Shri Gau apdchrya, the grand guru of Shri Adi Shankaracharya and the first historical exponent of Advaita Vedanta,[1] also believed to be the founder of Shri Gaudapadacharya Math.

History
Shri Saunstan Gaudapadacharya Math, was founded in 740 AD [6] at Kushasthali near Keloshi (Quelshim) in Goa by Shri Vivarananda Saraswati, who along with Adi Shankaracharya was a disciple of Govinda Bhagavatpadacharya, who in turn was Gaudapadacharya's disciple. There is also belief among people that the Math was established by Gaudapadacharya. During the Portuguese rule in Goa in 15th and 16th century, Hindus were forcibly converted to Christianity,[7][8] and many Hindu temples and Maths were destroyed.[9] In 1564,[10] the Gaudapadacharya Math at Keloshi was destroyed by the Portuguese. Challenged by the Portuguese atrocities, to safeguard the tradition, legacy of the Math and the Sanatan Dharma, 57th guru Shrimat Purnananda Saraswati Swami Gowdapadacharya had to leave Goa and find shelter at the Golvan Math ashram. 58th Guru Shrimat Sahajananda Saraswati Swami Gau apdchrya and 59th Guru Shrimat Vidyananda Saraswati Swami Gau apdchrya also stayed at the Golvan Math. 60th Guru Shrimat Ramananda Saraswati Swami Gau apdchrya stayed in Chinder Math. 61st Guru Shrimat Sadananda Saraswati Swami Gau apdchrya left for Varanasi along with his disciple the 62nd Guru Shrimat Bhavananda Saraswati Swami Gau apdchrya, as the hostile situation in Goa did not improve for Hindus.
Present 77th Mathadipati: H.H. Shrimat Shivananda Saraswati Swami Gau apdchrya. Formation Founder About 740 AD Adi guru Shri Gau apdchrya / Shrimat Vivarananda Saraswati Swami Gau apdchrya. Religion Philosophy Followers Hinduism Advaita Vedanta Rajapur Saraswat Brahmins (RSB) and Smarta Gowd Saraswat

Brahmins (GSB). Later as the peace returned to Goa, Shri Vittal Shyama Sharma Shenavi Ranganekar of Kaundinya Gotra from Kushasthali along with a group of Saraswats went to Varanasi to persuade the 62nd Guru to return to Goa from Varanasi. During those times, it Main Kavale, Ponda, Goa. used to take 6 months or more to reach Varanasi and return to Goa. The guru listened to the plea's to return to Goa, but politely Math refused to oblige due to his old age and his desire to spend his remaining life in sacred place of Varanasi, abode of god Shiva. Website http://www.shrikavalemath.org.in/ This forced the group of people to return to Goa; however, Ranganekar decided to remain with the guru and serve him in order to get some more time to persuade him to return to Goa. Unrelenting, Ranganekar later one day threatened to go on fast-untodeath if the guru would not return to Goa. When several requests of the guru to Ranganekar to reverse his decision did not yield any results, in presence of several important Hindu religious leaders and Sants and Sadhus of Varanasi, performed the religious rituals and gave Sanyasa deeksha to Ranganekar and made him his disciple and renamed him Shrimat Sachidananda Saraswati Swami Gau apdchrya.

After giving deeksha, Shri Bhavananda Saraswati ordered Shri Sachidananda Saraswati to return to Goa and perform the duties of dharma guru of Saraswats according to the Shri Saunstan Gau apdchrya Maths tradition. In his journey, on the way to Goa Shri Sachidananda Saraswati Swamiji was felicitated and assisted to make his journey comfortable by the kings and general public. Mean time news of Ranganekar taking Sanyasa deeksha spread among Saraswat Brahmins in Goma, but some people refused to believe that as truth which led to division of Saraswat Brahmins into 2 groups. There was couple of reasons why people refused to believe because as per the tradition, only a brahmachari can take Sanyasa deeksha and Ranganekar was a Grahastashrami and the Sanyasa deeksha was not performed in presence of the disciples from Goa. So some people believed that Ranganekar is trying to enjoy the special status and power of being Mathadipati and thereby own the property of the Math. Moreover Shrimat Sachidananda Saraswati Swami Gau apdchrya was not carrying any documents signed by Shri Bhavananda Saraswati authenticating his new status. All these developments forced Shrimat Sachidananda Saraswati swami Gau apdchrya to return to Varanasi in mid-way and appraised Shrimat Bhavananda Saraswati Swami Gau apdchrya about the situation. Then Shrimat Bhavananda Saraswati Swami Gau apdchrya invited the religious leaders of Varanasi to a gathering at Mukthi Mantap to discuss the matter and wrote a letter stating that Shri Sachidananda Saraswati swamij Gau apdchrya was indeed his disciple and Uttaradhikari of Shri Saunstan Gau apdchrya Math in Goa and he would be the spiritual guru of Saraswat Brahmins of Gomantak region and which was signed along with other religious leaders gathered there and handed over to Shrimat Sachidananda Saraswati Swami Gau apdchrya.

Shrimat Sachidananda Saraswati Swami Gau apdchrya then decided to stay few more days with his guru Shrimat Bhavananda Saraswati Swami Gau apdchrya in Varanasi and later returns to Goa where a grand welcome awaited him and he stayed in Sonavade Math in Ratnagiri. As peace prevailed in Goa region, in 1630 new Math building was built in Kavale, Ponda, Goa, which in those days was a part of Sonde Kingdom, under Hindu rule. The land for this Math was gifted by then ruler Shri Basavalinga Soundha. After the Math building was built, Shrimat Satchidananda Saraswati Swami Gau apdchrya who was staying in Sonavade Math moved to this new Math and became the first Mathadipati to stay in this Math and it was made the headquarters of the Shri Saunstan Gau apdchrya Math. The group of Shenavi Saraswat Brahmins, who still refused to acknowledge Shrimat Satchidananda Saraswati Swami Gau apdchrya as the new Guru, split from larger Saraswat community and later founded new Math called Chitrapur Math in 1708.

Aadi-Math of Saraswats
Since Shri Saunstan Gau apdchrya Math was established in Goa, it remained Aadi-Math (first math) and sole spiritual authority among Southern Saraswat Brahmins also called as Dakshinatya Saraswats, viz., Sashtikar (Dorke including Bardeshkars), Shenvis (Karbharis), Chitrapur Saraswats (Bhanaps), Bhalavalikar/Rajapur Saraswat Brahmins, Kudaldeshkar gaud Brahmins who were all known as Gauda Saraswat Brahmins and followed Smarta tradition.[11]

Other Saraswat Maths


Since Shri Saunstan Gau apdchrya Math was established, all Dakshinatya or southern Saraswat Brahmins were the disciples of this Math and all Saraswat Brahmins were followers of Smarta tradition. In 12th Century A.D. Madhvacharya propagated the Dvaita philosophy and promoted Bhakti movement centred around god Krishna which gave fillip to Vaishnava sect and a large section of Saraswat Brahmins converted to Vaishnavism.[12] Later in 1476 A.D. Shree Gokarna Partagali Math Saunstan and in 1542 A.D. Shree Kashi Math Saunstan was founded under Vaishnava sampradaya and those Saraswat Brahmin coverts to Vaishnavism started following these new Maths.

Gaudapadacharya
In Kali Yuga Sri Gaudapadcharya is the first preceptor to imbibe the Vedanta Wisdom and imparted it to his disciples, thus he is the first historical exponent of Advaita Vedanta.[13][14][15][16][17] He is the guru of Govinda Bhagavatpadacharya (the Guru of Adi Shankaracharya), thus he is the grand guru of Adi Shankaracharya. Gau apdchrya authored Ma-n.d.ukya Ka-rika- which is known by several names such as Gaud.apa-da Ka-rika-, Mandookya Vartika, Mandukopanishad Gaudapada Vakyan, Aagama Granth, Upadesha Granth and also by the name A-gama S'a-stra a commentary on Mandukya Upanishad. Gau apdchrya describes the subtle meanings locked in the mantras of Mandukya Upanishad, one of the shortest but most profound Upanishads, or mystical Vedas, consisting of just 13 prose sentences. Although it is a small book by its length, its philosophical contents are very profound and far reaching, and it is considered one of the greatest works of fundamental philosophy by all scholars. Gaud.apa-da Ka-rika- is an example of the rational epistemics of ultimate reality and it is the earliest known systematic exposition of Advaita Vedanta.[18] That is why this book is also known as 'Vedanta Moola' meaning the basis of Vedanta philosophy. He explained the illusionary nature (Maya) of the world and the reality of the Parabhrahman.[19] Gaudapadcharya also wrote commentary on S khya Krik of Ivarak bhasya, Uttargeeta-bhasya, Chidananda Kelivilas.[20] a (3rd century) and his other works included AnurgeetaDecorated idol of Bhagvan Shri Bhavani Shankar along with Vishnu, Devi, Surya and Ganesha at Shri Saunstan Gau apdchrya Math, Kavale, Goa

Adi Shankaracharya at the end of his famous commentary to the Gaud.apa-da Ka-rika- addresses the following salutation to Gau apdchrya as his 'Parama Guru' (Grand teacher) and compliments him for recovering Advaita Vedanta from Vedas, that verse in Sanskrit goes like this[21]: Prajn-vaishkha-vaighashrubhit-Jalanidhe-vaidn-mnontarastam | Bhutnylokya magnnya-virat-janan-agrahdhore samudre | Karuna-yadudhrdh-dharamrat-amidam-marairdhurlabham bhuthetoho | Yastam poojybhipujyam paramaguru-mamun pdpatairnimmi ||

Above verse if translated to English it means: 'I prostrate before the Master of my Master (ParamaGuru), the most venerable among the venerable who, seeing the beings immersed in the ocean of this world, ocean infested by frightening sharks such as birth and death, has given, out of compassion towards all beings, this nectar difficult to drink even by the gods and that is hidden in the depths of the great sea of the Vedas, Vedas that he reveals by the power of his enlightened intellect'. Though there is not much written details of history about Gaudapadcharya's past life, according to a Legend[22] Gaudapadacharya was born to Shri Vishnudatta and Gunavathi in a devout Saraswat Brahmin family at Bhupalam near Vitta in the present district of Sangli and his name was Shukadatt,.[23][24] He renounced his life at a very younger age and went to the nearby hill forest in quest of spiritual wisdom. There he was instructed by God through Nabhovani (Inner voice) to march towards North for fulfilling his spiritual wisdom. Dattadeva received the wisdom of Vedanta through the grace of Lord Narayana and the blessings of Shri Vedavyasa at Badrikashrama.

Shri Govinda Bhagavatpadaacharya


Govinda Bhagavatpadacharya (IAST Govinda Bhagavatpda) was the Guru of the Advaita philosopher, Adi Shankara,[25] and it is mentioned in all the traditional accounts (Shankara Vijayams). He is also mentioned in the very first verse of Shri Adi Shankaracharya's Prakara a grantha (treatise) Viveka Chudamani. Shri Adi Guru Gaudapadacharya was his Guru (Teacher).[26] In around 780 AD, Adi Guru Shri Gau apdchrya was on a pilgrimage to Kashi (Varanasi) with his Sishya Shri Govinda Bhagavatpadacharya, and they stayed at a tapovan where he established a ashram inside a cave on the banks of the Narmada River. At the same time, a boy called Shankara who was in search of a Guru, learnt from people about Shri Gau apdchrya as a great Yogi living in a cave on the river bank in deep meditation. Shankara soon reached the ashram and stood before the entrance of the cave singing some verses. Hearing the verses Shri Govinda Bhagavatpadacharya asks from the cave who was standing near the cave and Shankara reples in the form of 10 slokas ending with the refrain "Sivahkevaloham". These ten slokas constitute the famous Dasasloki of the Acharya.[27] After some conversations Shankara expressed his desire to be initiated into Sanyas and Shri Govinda Bhagavatpadacharya conveyed it to his Guru Shri Gau apdchrya. Shri Gau apdchrya from his power of Tapasya found out that this Shri Shankra was an incarnation of Lord Shiva and born to uplift the Vedas and thus Sanatana Dharma and instructs his Sishya Shri Govinda Bhagavatpadacharya to give deeksha to Shri Shankara and later Govinda Bhagavatpadacharya initiated Shri shankara into Sanyasa and named him as Shri Shankara Bhagavatpadacharya.[28] After giving deeksha, Shri Govinda Bhagavatpadacharya instructed Shri Shankarachaya to write a commentary on the Brahma Sutras and propagate the Advaita philosophy. Shri Shankarachaya stays with his Guru for some more years and mastered the Vedanta. Shri Govinda Bhagavatpadacharya also gave deeksha to another vatu and named him Shri Vivarananda, who returned to head Shri Gau apdchrya Math at Keloshi in Goa.

Deities

Bhavanishankar, an aspect of Shiva is the aradhya devata (tutelary deity) of the math.[29] Daily trikal (Morning, Afternoon, and Evening) Puja is offered by the Mathadipati (head monk)[30] to Bhavanishankar along with deities Vishnu, Devi, Surya and Ganesha according to Smarta tradition of Panchayatana (five deity) puja system.

Birudvali or Title
Vivarananda Swami founded the math's tradition that the name of every Swami of the line should carry the suffix 'Anand', honorific 'Saraswati', designation 'Swami' and the name of his grand guru Gaudapadacharya as the math is also named after him. Similar to how a King is addressed when he enters the royal court with his Birudvali (Title), Mathadhipatis of the math are also addressed in Sanskrit. The Birudvali of Shree Swami goes like this.

Shrmat-paramhans-parivrjak-chrya-pdvkya-pramn-parwar-parin yam-niyam-san-prnym-pratyhar-dhyn-dhrana-samdhya-ashtnga yoganushtn-nagarishtha-nishthn-di-guru-parampar-prapt nigam-gam-sr shruti-mrg-prakshak sarva-tantra swatantra shrimajjmad-agni-tanuj tapahswadhyy-adyrtha vinirmit shuparik mahkshetra gomant-achal gomati-tir-sannihit kushasthali-nagar mahmuth-di-pratistpana-chrya sakal-surmukut-mani-neerjit divya-shri-bhavni-shankar-pd-aravind-ardhar shreemat-atmnanda-saraswati-kar-kamal-sanjt shreemat-poornnanda-saraswatianugrahit shreemat-satchitnand-saraswati shree-padai ||
The name of Shree Swami and his guru and grand guru mentioned in above Birudvali will change depending on the Swami addressed.

Guru Parampara
The following well-known 'Parampara-stotra' among Smarthas in Sanskrit has the list of early Advaita teachers in their order and that is recited at the beginning of the study of Commentaries,[31][32][33] Nryanam Padmabhuvam Vasishtam shakti ca tatputra Parsharam ca | Vysam Shukam Gaudapda Mahantam Govindam Yogindram athasya shishyam | Shri Shankarchrya mathasya Padmapdam ca hastamalakam ca shishyam | Tam trotakam vartika karamanyan asmad guru-nsantat-amanato smi || It means: 'To Narayana, to the lotus-born Brahma, to Vasistha, to Shakti Maharshi and to his son Parashara, to Vyasa, to Shuka, to great Gaudapada, to Govinda-Yogindra and to his disciple Sri Shankaracarya, then to his disciples Padmapada, Hastamalaka, Totraka and Vartikakara [Suresvara], to these our Masters we pay our respectful obeisance now and forever'. From this verse we can understand that, first teacher being Lord Narayana himeself and line of descent from father to son up-to Sri Shuka Acharya. From Lord Narayana to Sri Shuka Acharya the line of succession is known as 'Vamsarsi-parampara' and from Sri Gaudapadcharya starts the descent of Sanyasins and known as 'Manava-Guru-Shishya-parampara'.[34] To bifurcate Acharyas according to the Yuga[35]: A) In Satya or Krata Yuga 1) Lord Narayana 2) Lord Sadashiva and 3) Lord Brahma. B) In Treta Yuga 1)Vasishta Maharishi 2)Shakti Maharishi and 3) Parashara Maharishi. C) In Dvapara Yuga 1) Veda Vyasa and 2) Sri Shuka Acharya D) In Kali Yuga 1) Acharyas start with Sri Gaudapada Acharya.
H.H. Shrimad Shivananda Saraswati Swami Gau apdchrya, Present Mathadipati of Shri Saunstan Gau apdchrya Math performing daily Puja to Shri Bhavani Shankar

Divine Group[36]
Lord Narayana Lord Sadashiva Lord Brahma

H.H. Shrimad Shivananda Saraswati Swami Gau apdchrya, Present Mathadipati of Shri Saunstan Gau apdchrya Math, Kavale, Goa

Semi-Divine Group[37]
Vamsarsi-parampara Vasishta Maharishi Shakti Maharishi Parashara Maharishi Veda Vyasa Sri Shuka Acharya Manava Guru-Sampradaya Sri Gaudapada Acharya Sri Govinda Bhagavatpadaacharya Shri Adi Shankaracharya
H.H.Shivaikya Shrimad Sachidananda Saraswati Swami Gau apdchrya, 76th Mathadipati of Shri Saunstan Gau apdchrya Math, Kavale, Goa

Gaudapadacharyas
The Shri Gaudapadacharya Math follows a 'Guru-Sishya' system in which head of the Math appoints a Sishya, who succeeds the Guru. A Sishya is selected at very young age. The existing head of the Math decides upon a worthy disciple, initiates him as a sannysin, and appoints him as the head. The available details of Guru-Shishya parampara of Shri Saunstan Gaudapadacharya Math is as given below,.[38][39]

1. Shri Gau apdchrya 2. Shri Govinda Bhagavatpadacharya 3. Shrimat Vivarananda Saraswati Swami Gau apdchrya & Shri Adi Shankaracharya 4. Shrimat Adinath Paramashivananda Saraswati Swami Gau apdchrya 5. Shrimat Sadashiva Paramashivananda Saraswati Swami Gau apdchrya 6. Shrimat Ishwara Paramashivananda Saraswati Swami Gau apdchrya 7. Shrimat Rudra Pramashivananda Saraswati Swami Gau apdchrya 8. Shrimat Vishnu Paramashivananda Saraswati Swami Gau apdchrya 9. Shrimat Brahma Paramashivananda Saraswati Swami Gau apdchrya 10. Shrimat Sanaka Mahashivananda Saraswati Swami Gau apdchrya 11. Shrimat Sadananda Mahashivananda Saraswati Swami Gau apdchrya 12. Shrimat Sanatana Mahashivananda Saraswati Swami Gau apdchrya 13. Shrimat SanatKumara Mahashivananda Saraswati Swami Gau apdchrya 14. Shrimat Sarika Sujata Mahashivananda Saraswati Swami Gau apdchrya 15. Shrimat Rhibhushita Mahashivananda Saraswati Swami Gau apdchrya 16. Shrimat Dattatreya Mahashivananda Saraswati Swami Gau apdchrya 17. Shrimat Raivata Mahashivananda Saraswati Swami Gau apdchrya 18. Shrimat Vamadeva Mahashivananda Saraswati Swami Gau apdchrya 19. Shrimat Vyasa Mahashivananda Saraswati Swami Gau apdchrya 20. Shrimat Shuka Mahashivananda Saraswati Swami Gau apdchrya 21. Shrimat Nrisimha sadashivananda Saraswati Swami Gau apdchrya 22. Shrimat Mahesha Sadashivananda Saraswati Swami Gau apdchrya 23. Shrimat Bhaskara Sadashivananda Saraswati Swami Gau apdchrya 24. Shrimat Mahendra Sadashivananda Saraswati Swami Gau apdchrya 25. Shrimat Vishnu Sadashivananda Saraswati Swami Gau apdchrya 26. Shrimat Madhava Sadashivananda Saraswati Swami Gau apdchrya 27. Shrimat Mahesh Sadashivananda Saraswati Swami Gau apdchrya 28. Shrimat Advaitha Sadashivananda Saraswati Swami Gau apdchrya 29. Shrimat Paramatmananda Sadashivananda Saraswati Swami Gau apdchrya 30. Shrimat Siddayogeshwarananda Sadashivananda Saraswati Swami Gau apdchrya 31. Shrimat KAivalyananda Sadashivananda Saraswati Swami Gau apdchrya 32. Shrimat Amritananda Sadashivananda Saraswati Swami Gau apdchrya 33. Shrimat Hansananda Sadashivananda Saraswati Swami Gau apdchrya 34. Shrimat Brahmananda Sadashivananda Saraswati Swami Gau apdchrya 35. Shrimat Vimalananda Sadashivananda Saraswati Swami Gau apdchrya 36. Shrimat Sachidananda Sadashivananda Saraswati Swami Gau apdchrya 37. Shrimat Vimalananda Sadashivananda Saraswati Swami Gau apdchrya 38. Shrimat Ramamnda Sadashvananda Saraswati Swami Gau apdchrya 57. Shrimat Poornananda Saraswati Saraswati Swami Gau apdchrya 58. Shrimat Sahajananda Saraswati Saraswati Swami Gau apdchrya 59. Shrimat Vidyananda Saraswati Saraswati Swami Gau apdchrya 60. Shrimat Ramananda Saraswati Saraswati Swami Gau apdchrya 61. Shrimat Sadananda Saraswati Saraswati Swami Gau apdchrya 62. Shrimat Bhavananda Saraswati Saraswati Swami Gau apdchrya 63. Shrimat Sachidananda Saraswati Saraswati Swami Gau apdchrya 64. Shrimat Shivananda Saraswati Swami Gau apdchrya & Shrimat Atmananda Saraswati Swami Gau apdchrya 65. Shrimat Ramananda Saraswati Swami Gau apdchrya 66. Shrimat Jyotirananda Saraswati Swami Gau apdchrya, Shrimat Lilananda Saraswati Swami Gau apdchrya, Shrimat Sadananda Saraswati Swami Gau apdchrya & Shrimat Poornanada Saraswati Swami Gau apdchrya 67. Shrimat Ramananda Saraswati Swami Gau apdchrya 68. Shrimat Shivananda Saraswati Swami Gau apdchrya 69. Shrimat Atmananda Saraswati Swami Gau apdchrya 70. Shrimat Poornananda Saraswati Swami Gau apdchrya 71. Shrimat Ramananda Saraswati Swami Gau apdchrya 72. Shrimat Shivananda Saraswati Swami Gau apdchrya 73. Shrimat Atmananda Saraswati Swami Gau apdchrya 74. Shrimat Poornananda Saraswati Swami Gau apdchrya 75. Shrimat Ramananda Saraswati Swami Gau apdchrya 76. Shrimat Sachidananda Saraswati Swami Gau apdchrya 77. Shrimat Shivananda Saraswati Swami Gau apdchrya [Present Pontiff] There are no records available about the swamiji's from serial number 39 to 56. The records were destroyed by the Portuguese government during their rule in Goa.

Branches (Ashrams)
The Kavale Math has following branches/Ashramas.[40] 1. Shri Sanstan Gau apdchrya Math, (Headquarters), Kavale, Ponda, Goa, Pin- 403 401. This Moola Math (headquarters) was built and inaugurated by 63rd pontiff Shri Sachidananda Saraswati Swamiji. This Math is in close vicinity of Shri Shantadurga temple and there are six Samadhis within the premise. This Math was built about seventy years after the original Math at Keloshi was destroyed by Portuguese. Land for this Math was donated by King Basavalinga Soundha of Sonde Kingdom who ruled at the time. 2. Kashi Math: K22/58, Durga ghat, Varanasi ([Kashi]), U.P., Pin - 221 008. This Math situated on Durgaghat in Kashi and the presiding deity of the Math is Lord Yaduraj. 3. Near Dhruvakila, Brahmavarta, Kanpur, U.P.. Brahmavarta is ancient well known holy place. The Math is in the fort at Dhrub Ghat on the banks of River Ganga. Near to this place stands magnificent palace of King Uttanapada. This Math has a Shri Rama Temple. The Math used to get an annual grant of thousand rupees from the former Indore state.

Headquarters of Shri Gau apdchrya Math Building at Kavale, Ponda, Goa.

4. Nasik, Maharashtra, Pin - 422 011. This Math is located on the banks of the river Godavari in Nasik and close to the Sarkarwada of Shrimant Peshwa, has two Samadhi's in it. The land for this Math was gifted by a Patil during Peshwas rule. In 1657, then ruler Chatrapati Sahu Maharaj made a permanent grant to this math, later Gaekwad of Baroda also made a cash grant of Rs 1525/- a year. Once during 74th Shrimat Poornananda Saraswati Gau apdchrya's stay in the Math, it caught fire and his disciple Vishnu Vinayak Gaitonde saved the life of Shri swamiji by putting his own life in to great risk. In this tragedy several valuable records including grant deeds were destroyed. 5. 91, Banaganga Tank Road, Malabar Hill, Walkeshwar, Mumbai, Pin - 400 006. This Math is on Malabar hill, in Mumbai along the shores of Arabian sea. Thers is famous Banganga lake in front of this Math. The Kashi Math building and the wellknown Shree Walkeshawar temple is also in the close vicinity of this Math. There are three samadhis in this Math. Shri Ramshenvi Lotlikar of Vatsa Gotra had donated the land for this Math. This Math was last rebuilt by 76th Shrimat Sachidananda Saraswati Swami Gau apdchrya. For rebuilding the Math, cornerstone was laid by Shri Kashi Mathadish, Shimat Sudhindra Teertha Swamiji on 28 February 1963 in the devine presence of Shrimat Dwarakanath Teertha Swami Wadiyar of Shri Gokarna Math. This was the first and rare occasion where swainji's of three Saraswat Math's came together. Later the rebuilt Math was ceremonially inaugurated by Shimat Sudhindra Teertha Swamiji of Kashi Math on 28 May 1967. 6. Math Gali, Khanapur, Belgaum, Karnataka, Pin - 591 302. This Math is situated on the banks of Malprabha river in Khanapur village in Belgaon District of Karnataka and it houses three samadhis. This Math was built during Shree Ramananda Saraswati in about 1758 AD. In this Math Panchmuhki idol of Shree Mangesh Shankar (Uma-Maheshwar) is worshiped. The Peshwas donated the township of Marisapur for upkeep of the Math. During the riots of Kittur that swept the area, Math was looted and Gold and Silver were lost worth lakhs of Rupees along with records of grants given to Math. 7. Vithalapur, Sankhali, Goa, Pin- 403 505. This Math is about 17 miles away from Math at Kavale. This Math houses the Samaadhi of Shree Brahmananda Saraswati and Shree Poornananda Saraswati, the 66th Swamiji in this Math. Shri Satroji Rane had built this Math in Saka 1722. 8. Sonvade, Kudal, Taluk Sindhudurg, Maharashtra, Pin - 416 520. This Math is situated in Sonavade village of Kudal in Sawantwadi. There are three samadhis in this Math including that of 63rd Guru Shree Satchidananda Saraswati. Prince of Wadi Bhonsale donated the land for this Math along with agricultural land for maintenance of the Math. 9. Chinder, Malvan Taluk, Sindhudurg Dist, Maharashtra, Pin - 416 602. This Math was established and inaugurated by Shree Poornananda Saraswati, the 66th Swamiji. Shree Ramanand Saraswati, disciple of Shri Vidyananda Saraswati lived here. 10. Golvan, Golvan Taluk, Sindhudurg Dt., Maharashtra. This Math is in Golvan village, Golvan taluka, Maharashtra. There are three samadhis in this math, of those Shri Poornananda Saraswati, Shri Sahajananda Saraswati and Shri Vidyananda Saraswati. 11. Chinchewada, Sadashivgad, Karwar, North Karnataka, Pin - 581 352. This Math was built during then Mathadish Shree Shivanand Swamiji in Saka 1793, about 3 km from Karvar, north Karnataka. The main deity Shree Sharadamba devi is worshipped in this Math along with Shiva Linga of black stone marked with concentric circles. When Rudrabhisheka is done to this Shiva Linga, one can hear the booming sound of 'Aum'. This Math also houses samadhi of Shree Shivanand Saraswati swamiji the 73rd swaimiji. 12. Halage, Dhol, Karwar District, North Karnataka, Pin - 581 328. In this Math idol of Shree Vithal Vishveshwar is installed and worshipped. Land for this Math was donated by Ramachandra Marthoba Nadkarni Malapurkar and his brothers ob 16 February 1890. This is the birth place of Shree Atmananda Saraswati Swamiji, the seventy fourth Swamiji. 13. Main Road, Shree Kshetra Gokarna, North Canara, Karnataka Pin - 581 326. This Math was constructed in between Saka 1830 - 1841 and the marble idol of Shri Chakravarti Shivalinga was installed in it on Phlalguna Shukla Dashami ( 29 th February 1920). The land for the Math was donated by Annapurnabai Shabaji Kulkarni of Chendiye, Karvar Taluk to Shri Atmananda Saraswati in Saka 1753. 14. E-70, Greater Kailash Part - I, New Delhi, Pin - 110 048. This Math was inaugurated on 16th Feb, 1978 by Kashi Math Swamiji. Shri Sachidananda Saraswati Swami Gau apdchrya installed the Shri Shantadurga idol. Swamiji's from Shri Gokarn Math and Chtrapur Math were also present at the occasion. Shri B.D.Jatti, then vice-president of India visited the Math and offered respects to Shri Swamijis. 15. 45, Somavar Pet, Tilakwad, Belgaum, Karnataka, Pin - 590 006. 16. Lakshmeshwar, Ankola, North Canara, Karnataka, Pin - 581 314.

Headquarters of Shri Gau apdchrya Math Building at Belgaum, Karnataka.

Shri Gau apdchrya Math branch at Chinchewada, Sadashivgad, Maharashtra.

Shri Gau apdchrya Math branch at Gokarna, Karnataka.

Shri Gau apdchrya Math branch at Ankola, Karnataka.

Branch Maths having Temples within their Precincts


The following branches of Shri Gau apdchrya Math have temple within their precincts. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. Shr Vithal Rakhumai temple at Kavale Math. Shr Uma Maheshwar temple at Khanapur Math. Shr Mahakali and Muralidhar Gopalakrishna temple at Walkeshwar Math, Mumbai. Shr Bhavanishankar temple Sonavade Math, Sindhudurg. Shr Sita Ramachandra temple at Brahmavart Math, U.P. Shr Bhavanishankar temple at Chindar Math, Kankavali. Shr Venu Gopal at Kashi Math, Varanasi, U.P. Shr Vithal Vishveshwar temple at Halage Math, Sadashivgad. Shr Sharadamba temple at Sadashivgad Math. Shr Chakravarti Shivaling at Gokarna Math, North Canara, Karnataka. Shr Shree Datta Mandir at Ankola Math.
Shri Gau apdchrya Math branch at Halage, Karvar, Karnataka.

Other Saraswath Maths


Sri Kashi Math (Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh) Sri Chitrapur Math (Shirali, Karnataka) Shri Gokarna Math (Partagali, Goa)

See also
Adi Guru Shri Gau apdchrya Shri Govinda Bhagavatpadacharya Shri Shankaracharya Mandukya Upanishad

Advaita Rajapur Saraswat Brahmins

External links
Official Website of Shri Saunstan Gaudapadacharya Math (http://www.shrikavalemath.org.in/) Shree Shantadurga Devi , Kavale, Ponda, Goa, Official Website (http://www.shreeshantadurga.com/homepage.asp) Rajapur Saraswat Brahmin Website (http://www.rsbnet.com/)

References
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. 17. 18. 19. 20. 21. 22. 23. 24. 25. 26. 27. 28. 29. 30. 31. 32. 33. 34. 35. 36. 37. 38. 39. 40. ^ http://members.upnaway.com/~bindu/anantayogaweb/gaudapada/gaudapada.htm ^ Shri Gowdapadacharya & Shri Kavale Math (A Commemoration volume). p. 10. ^ http://www.shrikavalemath.org.in/ ^ http://www.vidya-ashramvidyaorder.org/index.V.html | Under Page: Biographical Notes About Sankara And Gaudapada ^ http://www.shrikavalemath.org.in/, Title: About Kavale Math. ^ http://www.gsbkerala.com/chronology.htm ^ http://www.mapsofindia.com/maps/goa/geography-and-history/early-history-of-goa.html ^ http://www.gsbkerala.com/gsbhistory.htm | Section : The Second Exodus (16th century) ^ http://www.gsbkerala.com/gsbhistory.htm : Under Section : The founding of Gaudapadacharya or Kavale Mutt ^ http://www.gsbkerala.com/gsbhistory.htm : Under Section : The founding of Gaudapadacharya or Kavale Mutt ^ http://www.gsbkerala.com/gsbhistory.htm | Section : Conversion to Vaishnavism ^ http://www.gsbkerala.com/gsbhistory.htm | under sub section - Conversion to Vaishnavism ^ http://books.google.co.in/books?id=6AV8N_TGWYC&pg=PA273&dq=Gaudapada&hl=en&ei=Ans5TLicHoyCrAff58m3CA&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=3&ved=0CC0Q6AEwAg#v=onepage&q=Gaudapada&f=false ^ http://www.advaita-vedanta.org/avhp/gaudapada.html ^ http://www.vidya-ashramvidyaorder.org/index.V.html | Under Page: The place of Gaudapada in the Advaita Tradition. ^ http://www.kheper.net/topics/Vedanta/AdvaitaVedanta.htm ^ http://members.upnaway.com/~bindu/anantayogaweb/gaudapada/gaudapada.htm ^ Sharma, C. (1997). A Critical Survey of Indian Philosophy, Delhi: Motilal Banarsidass, ISBN 81-208-0365-5, p.239 ^ Gau apda crya; a karcrya; Nikhilananda, Swami; V Subrahmanya Iyer (1990). M kyopani ad : with Gau apda's Krik and Sa kara's commentary. Calcutta: Advaita Ashrama. ISBN 8175050225. ^ Book: Shri Gowdapadacharya & Shri Kavale Math (A Commemoration volume). p. 43 &44. ^ http://www.vidya-ashramvidyaorder.org/index.V.html | Under Page: The place of Gaudapada in the Advaita Tradition. ^ Rajapura Saraswata Brahmanara Sanskrita Itihasa, Kannada book. Authro: Kadtala M.Shrinivasa Hariappa Nayak, Parkala. ^ Shri Gaudapadacharya Math Guru Parampara ^ Book: Shri Gowdapadacharya & Shri Kavale Math, Page No:78 ^ http://www.kamakoti.org/peeth/origin.html?PHPSESSID=b4a7e9106de7c68f43baf0dec3752993 ^ http://www.sringeri.net/jagadgurus ^ http://www.kamakoti.org/peeth/origin.html ^ http://www.kamakoti.org/peeth/origin.html ^ http://www.shrikavalemath.org.in/default.htm ^ http://www.shrikavalemath.org.in/default.htm ^ http://www.advaita-vedanta.org/kramakrishna/unit_1.html |An Introduction to advaita vedanta |publisher = encyclopedia of authentic hinduism ^ Book: Shri Gowdapadacharya & Shri Kavale Math (A Commemoration volume). P. 38. ^ http://www.vidya-ashramvidyaorder.org/index.V.html | Under Page: Biographical Notes About Sankara And Gaudapada ^ http://www.vidya-ashramvidyaorder.org/index.V.html | Under Page: The place of Gaudapada in the Advaita Tradition. ^ Book: Shri Gowdapadacharya & Shri Kavale Math (A Commemoration volume). P. 62. ^ http://www.sringeri.net/jagadgurus ^ http://www.sringeri.net/jagadgurus ^ Book Shree Gowdapadacharya samsthan kaivalyapur mahamuth samagra itihasa ^ Book Saraswath Sudha, Under Section Kaivalya Math, Authored by Late Shri K.Ramachandra shyama Nayak. ^ Book: Shri Gowdapadacharya & Shri Kavale Math (A Commemoration volume), Page No 96.

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