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# 1. A group of student carried out an experiment to determine the population of Helianthus sp. in Padang Merdeka.

## The result of their experiment were recorded in Diagram 1.1.

(a) Name the technique used in studying the distribution of Helianthus sp. _______________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________ __ [3 marks] (b) (i) Based on the information in Diagram 1.1 complete Table 1. Quadrate 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 Cover of Helianthus sp. Table 1 (ii) Calculate the percentage cover of Helianthus sp. 8 9 10

[3 marks]

[3 marks] (c) (i) Based on the information in Diagram 1.1 complete Table 2 on the frequency of Helianthus sp. Quadrate 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 Helianthus present or absent Table 2 [3 marks] (ii) Calculate the percentage for the frequency of Helianthus sp.

[3 marks] (iii) Based on the frequency, what inference can be made? _______________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________ __ [3 marks] (d) Complete Table 3 based on the experiment that was carried out. Variables Particulars to be determine Manipulated variable: How to implement the manipulated variable:

Responding variable:

## How to determine the responding variable:

Controlled variable:

## How to maintain the controlled variable:

Table 3 [6 marks] (e) What can be done to make the results obtained more accurate? _______________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________ __ [3 marks] (f) Give one conclusion from this experiment. _______________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________ __ [3 marks] (g) This group of students plan to carry out another experiment to study the population of snails in Padang Merdeka. Can the students use the same technique? Give a reason for your answer. _______________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________ __ [3 marks]

Answer. 1 (a) Quadrate sampling technique. (b)(i) Quadrate Cover of Helianthus sp. 1 0.6 2 0.4 3 0.4 4 0.5 = 40% 5
Present

5 0.5

6 0.5

7 0.2

8 0.3

9 0.2

10 0.4

(ii) Percentage cover of Helianthus sp. (c)(i) Quadrate Helianthu s present or absent 1
Present

2
Present

3
Present

4
Present

6
Present

7
Present

8
Present

9
Present

10
Present

(ii) Percentage of frequency = 10/10 X 100% = 100% (iii) Helianthus can be found in all areas of Padang Merdeka. The distribution of Helianthus in Padang Merdeka is consistent. (d) Variables Manipulated variable: Location of quadrate Responding variable: Coverage of quadrate Controlled variable: Size of quadrate Particulars to be determine How to implement the manipulated variable: Systematic sampling is chosen How to determine the responding variable: Make sure every area covered by Helianthus sp. in the quadrate in measured How to maintain the controlled variable: Make sure all the quadrate must be separated and measure at 1m X 1m

(e) More quadrate set up to cover more area in Padang Merdeka. (f) The percentage coverage of Helianthus sp. in Padang Merdeka is 40% and the percentage frequency is 100%. (g) This technique cannot be used to study the population of snail in Padang Merdeka. This is because snails move around and will not stay immobile in Padang Merdeka.