I NFORMATION B ULLETIN

All India Competitive Examination for ICAR’s Senior Research Fellowship for pursuing Ph.D. Programmes 2011

SRF-Examination Cell National Academy of Agricultural Research Management Rajendranagar, Hyderabad - 500 407

CONTENTS
S.No. Description Important Information at a glance Directions for Candidates 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... Page No. i ii 1 1-2 3 3 4 4 4-5 5 5 6 6

Introduction ... Discipline-wise/Subject-wise groups, Subject Code and Tentative number of Senior Research Fellowships Conditions for Grant of Award ... Eligibility Requirements ... Age ... Procedure for Applying ... General Instructions for Filling up of Application Form. . . Selection of the Candidates ... Value and Tenure of Fellowship ... Legal Jurisdiction ... Examination Procedure ...

TABLES 1. Major Subject Groups, Sub-subjects with Codes and Total Number of SRF 2. State of Domicile and Codes of States/ Union Territory. . . ... 3. College from where Postgraduation was done ... ... 4. Stream in Postgraduate Degree with Code Number . . . ... 5. Examination Centres (City Centre, Code Name and Code Number) ... 6. Employment Status of In-service Candidates ... ... 7. Lists of SAUs/ DUs/ CAUs/ CUs having Faculty of Agriculture ... ANNEXURES I Syllabus for Different Disciplines II SC/ ST Certificate III OBC Certificate Sample of OMR Answer Sheet Identity Verification Form

1-2 6 7 7 7 8 8-9

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10-62 63 64

National Academy of Agricultural Research Management
Rajendranagar, Hyderabad - 500 407 (Andhra Pradesh)

Controller of Examination, ICAR-SRF(PGS) National Academy of Agricultural Research Management (NAARM) Rajendranagar Hyderabad - 500 407 (Andhra Pradesh) Tel No. : 040-24015318 Fax No. : 040-24015912

ALL CORRESPONDENCE REGARDING GRANT OF ICAR SENIOR RESEARCH FELLOWSHIP FOR PURSUING Ph.D. DEGREE SHOULD BE ADDRESSED TO THE CONTROLLER OF EXAMINATION, ICAR-SRF (PGS), NATIONAL ACADEMY OF AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH MANAGEMENT, RAJENDRANAGAR, HYDERABAD - 500 407 (ANDHRA PRADESH)

This information Bulletin should not be treated as a legal document

Important Information at a glance:

Download of Application Form from NAARM Website: http://www.naarm.ernet.in & http://www.icar.naarm.ernet.in or from ICAR Website: http://www.icar.org.in. Demand Draft of Rs.1200/- for General/OBC and Rs.600/- for SC/ST/PH categories should be drawn in favour of “ICAR Unit Account NAARM” andpayable at Hyderabad should be sent along with the application form.

July 19 to August 16, 2011

IMPORTANT DATES (i) (ii) Last date for receipt of filled in applications Last date for receipt of filled in applications from remote areas; namely Assam, Meghalaya, Arunachal Pradesh Mizoram, Manipur, Nagaland, Tripura, Sikkim, Laddakh Division of J&K State, Lahaul & Spiti district and Chamba district of Himachal Pradesh, Andaman & Nicobar Island, and Lakshdweep Date of Examination (Change, if any, will be notified) Likely date of declaration of result August 30, 2011 September 6, 2011

(iii) (iv)

December 4, 2011 (Sunday) End of March 2012

i

will be rejected 5.500 407 (Andhra Pradesh) Contact Numbers Phone No. 4. along with D. without accompanying documents indicated above.Directions for Candidates 1. 6.30 PM 3. Duration : Paper I : 10. Day and date of examination (Change.wherever applicable) (c) Identity Verification Form (d) Attested photocopy of i) UG Degree ii) PG Degree iii) UG Marks iv) PG Marks CANDIDATES ARE ADVISED NOT TO FOLD THE FILLED-IN APPLICATION FORM.00 Noon Paper II : 2. will be notified) : Sunday.D. DOCUMENTS SENT ALONG WITH APPLICATION SHOULD NOT BE STAPLED TO THE APPLICATION FORM. (a) Please verify before mailing the application that: (i) The application. ii) Applications received after the due date will not be considered at all. Please Note: i) The Academy shall not be held responsible for non-receipt of applications within time schedule due to postal delay or any other reason for delay. Controller of Examination National Academy of Agricultural Research Management Rajendranagar. : 040-24015318 Fax No. in duplicate. SUITABLE ENVELOPES MAY BE USED ACCORDINGLY. Incomplete application forms. the 4th December 2011 2. (b) Caste certificate (SC / ST / PH / OBC . Application Form is to be despatched by Speed Post / Registered Post well in advance so as to reach on or before 30-08-2011 and from remote areas as specified in the Information Bulletin by 06-09-2011. in the scheme of examination will be notified. if any. if any. to be sent in duplicate. Minor changes. has been signed at specified places on the Form (ii) Recent photographs (passport size) have been pasted in the space earmarked (b) Please arrange application in the following order: (a) Application form.00 PM to 4. Hyderabad .30 AM to 12. : 040-24015912 i .

The competitive examination would be conducted at 12 centres in the country to enable a large number of students to appear for this examination in different disciplines of Agriculture. the country has 44 State Agricultural Universities (SAUs). BACKGROUND Agricultural education plays an important role in the overall development of the country. which includes 75% weightage for the marks obtained in written examination and 25% weightage for past academic performance.000 graduates.INTRODUCTION 1. 2. In order to make the National Agricultural Research and Education System more effective. of Fellowships(SRF) General SC A A A A B B B B B C C C C D D D D – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – 1 2 3 4 1 2 3 4 5 1 2 3 4 1 2 3 4 Agronomy Genetics Plant Breeding Seed Technology Soil Science Pedology Soil Chemistry/Fertility/Soil Microbiology Soil Physics/Soil and Water Conservation Agricultural Chemistry/ Agric. the first State Agricultural University was established in 1960 at Pantnagar on the pattern of the Land Grant Colleges of the United States. Thus.D. and 1. TABLE 1 Major Major Subject Subject Group Code A Plant Sciences Sub-Subjects in Ph.000 Ph./ Plant Sciences) Microbiology (Agriculture) Plant Physiology Horticulture (Fruit Crops/ Pomology) Horticulture (Floriculture) Horticulture (Vegetable Science) Forestry/Agro Forestry/Silviculture 9 5 7 2 2 4 2 2 2 3 7 5 4 3 3 4 3 2 1 2 – -1 1 – – 1 1 1 1 – 1 1 1 ST 1 1 1 – – -1 – – 1 1 ---1 – -PH – 1 – – – – – – – --1 – 1 – – Total 12 7 11 2 2 5 4 2 2 5 9 6 6 3 6 5 4 B Soil Science & Agricultural Chemistry C Biochemistry & Biotechnology D Horticultural Sciences and Forestry 1 .Ds annually.D. in different disciplines of agricultural and allied sciences. Considering the importance of agricultural education. SUBJECT CODE AND TENTATIVE NUMBER OF SENIOR RESEARCH FELLOWSHIPS NOTE: Candidates are advised to select one major subject group for appearing in the Examination based on compatibility with their subject area at Postgraduation level. the National Agricultural Research and Education System of India is one of the largest in the world.D. Veterinary and Allied Sciences. with Sub-Subject code Total No./ Plant Sciences) Biotechnolgy (Agric. Today. DISCIPLINE/SUBJECT-WISE GROUPS.500 post-graduates. the Indian Council of Agricultural Research awards 202 Senior Research Fellowships to the candidates who will be selected through this competitive Examination and will take admission for Ph. 4 Deemed Universities (DUs). 4 Central Universities (CUs) having faculty of agriculture and a Central Agricultural University. the Education Commission in 1948 recommended the establishment of Rural Universities in the country. to improve standards of education and to develop human resources to meet the requirement of the 21st century. Senior Research Fellowships (SRF) for pursuing Ph. degree will be awarded in different disciplines based on merit. 7. training more than 15. degree programmes with partial course work. Chemicals Agricultural Meteorology Biochemistry (Agric. As a result of the recommendation made under the Chairmanship of Dr S Radhakrishnan.

2 . of Fellowships(SRF) General SC ST 1 – 1 – -– – 1 – – – – – -1 1 – – – -– – – – – 1 – 1 – – – – -– – – 1 -– 15 PH -– 1 1 – -– -– – – – -– -– – – – 1 – – -– -– – – – – – – – – – – – – – 6 Total 10 2 11 4 3 4 2 3 1 2 2 2 2 2 4 3 2 2 1 4 1 2 2 2 2 2 2 3 2 2 2 2 2 2 5 2 4 4 2 202 E – 1 E – 2 E – 3 1 2 3 4 5 6 1 2 3 4 5 6 1 2 3 4 5 6 Agricultural Entomology Nematology (Agriculture) Plant Pathology Animal Genetics and Breeding Animal Reproduction and Gynaecology Livestock Production and Management Livestock Products Technology Poultry Science Veterinary Extension Education Animal Nutrition Animal Physiology Biochemistry(Animal Science) Biotechnology (Animal Science) Veterinary Microbiology Veterinary Pathology Veterinary Medicine Veterinary Parasitology Veterinary Pharmacology Veterinary Public Health Veterinary Surgery Veterinary Anatomy Dairy Food Dairy Dairy Dairy Chemistry Science & Technology Microbiology Processing Engineering 8 2 7 2 2 3 2 2 1 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 1 2 1 2 1 1 2 2 1 1 1 – 2 1 1 1 – – – – -– – -1 -1 – – 1 – 1 – -1 – – -1 1 – -– 1 1 – -1 -30 F Veterinary & Animal F – Sciences – I F – F – F – F – F – Veterinary & Animal G – Sciences – II G – G – G – G – G – Veterinary & Animal H – Sciences – III H – H – H – H – H – G H J Dairy Science. with Sub-Subject code Total No.Statistics N – 2 and Extension N – 3 Education Note 1: Eligibility qualification is M.Major Major Subject Subject Group Code E Plant Protection & Related Sciences Sub-Subjects in Ph. Dairy J – 1 Technology & Food J – 2 Science J – 3 J – 4 J – 5 Agricultural Engineering K – 1 K – 2 K – 3 K Agricultural Structures & Process 2 Engineering/ Process & Food Engineering Farm Machinery & Power 2 Soil & Water Conservation Engineering 1 Child Development Food & Nutrition Home Management/ Family Resource Management Home Science Extension Education Textile and Clothing Fisheries Science Fish Processing Technology Agricultural Economics Agricultural Extension Agricultural Statistics Total 1 2 2 2 1 4 2 3 3 2 151 L Home Science L – 1 L – 2 L – 3 L – 4 L – 5 M Fisheries Science & Technology M – 1 M – 2 N Agricultural N – 1 Economics. in the relevant subject.D.Sc.

Sc./ M. and Nagaland University. programmes in the field of Agriculture and Allied sciences. SAUs.D. If already registered as full time Ph. viz. No TA and DA will be paid to the candidates for appearing in the Examination at the Centres or for joining the University. who is in receipt of full/partial leave salary from his/her parent organization. In case of an in-service candidate./ M. Aligarh Muslim University (AMU).E.Sc.3. ELIGIBILTY REQUIREMENTS Candidates having completed their Master’s Degree programme with a minimum of 55 per cent marks or equivalent OGPA from any recognized university in India and abroad would be eligible. viz. eligibility conditions of the admitting University/ Institute will be applicable. 3 . The award of ICAR-SRF (PGS) can be availed within a period of one year from the date of issue of this award letter for seeking admission in Ph. Viswa Bharti. degree. Candidates appearing in the final semester would also be eligible provided they complete the Postgraduate degree in all respects by the date of examination and produce the degree-completion certificate from the Registrar to this effect.D. The candidates who have already joined Ph. degree from an Agricultural University (AU) other than the Agricultural University (AU) of completing M. The fellowship will NOT be available for admission in any university other than the AUs as mentioned above. whichever is later. the University/ Institute where the candidate gets admission. (iii) Candidates will have to take admission on their own and there will not be any responsibility of ICAR/NAARM in securing admission for the candidates. The above condition will also apply to in-service candidates./ M. CONDITIONS FOR THE GRANT OF AWARD (i) ICAR-SRF (PGS) will be awarded on the basis of merit in the All India Competitive Entrance Examination for ICAR-SRF (PGS) and admission to Ph.D. programme in any Agricultural University (SAUs. D. Manipur). D.Deemed to be Universities. (vi) The in-service candidates will be those working in ICAR Institutes. IARI (New Delhi) / IVRI (Izatnagar) / NDRI (Karnal) / CIFE (Mumbai) / SHIATS (Allahabad). where needed. viz. ICAR DUs. It will not be extended in any case. It is the sole responsibility of the candidate to check his/her eligibility for admission before applying. The equivalence of OGPA to per cent marks. The candidate has to meet the prescribed eligibility conditions of the University where admission is sought. CAU or CUs having faculty of agriculture) or effective from the date ICARSRF (PGS) is awarded. the Universities have diversified eligibility conditions. SRF will be awarded subject to verification of credentials by award administration authority. (ii) (iii) (iv) (v) (vi) (vii) (viii) (ix) (x) (xi) 4. Central Government/State Government Departments dealing in agriculture and allied sectors and Public Sector Undertakings dealing with agriculture and allied sectors. In case of in-service candidates. the amount of ICAR-SRF shall be limited to Rs. herein-after referred to as the Agricultural Universities (AUs).D.3000/. Only those candidates will be eligible for SRF who come in the merit list and join the University within stipulated time. programme in the qualifying subject at any Agricultural University (AU). Duration of ICAR-SRF (PGS) will be three years and in no case it will be extended beyond the period of three years. NAARM will not be held responsible for refusing ICAR-SRF(PGS) to any non-eligible candidates. (ii) Merely qualifying the examination will not guarantee SRF.pm in addition to the research contingency as available to fresh candidates. Banaras Hindu University (BHU).D. The awardee joins/has joined the University/Institute where Ph.Tech. Fellowship would be granted only when the candidate gets eventually admitted and pursues Ph. For SC/ST and Physically Handicapped candidates.D. Central Agricultural University (Imphal. NOTE 2: (i) Senior Research Fellowship is a financial assistance given by ICAR for pursuing Ph. will be certified by the Registrar of the concerned University and must have to be produced by the candidates.V. the minimum per cent of marks will be relaxed by 5 per cent or equivalent OGPA. Deemed Universities. and have completed more than two years as on the date of examination are not eligible to apply for Senior Research Fellowship. (iv) In many courses. the awardee joins/has joined the University/Institute other than where he/she is working. degree programme at State Agricultural Universities (SAUs). For admissions. Scholar. The fellowship will be admissible to persons of Indian Nationality as defined in the Constitution of India or persons domiciled in India. (v) The in-service candidates qualifying for SRF will themselves arrange for study leave/leave of the kind due from their respective organizations themselves and that ICAR/NAARM will not intervene in this regard. and Central Univerisities having faculty of agriculture. except for ICAR . CAU. ICAR-SRF (PGS) is effective from the date of registering in the Ph. he/she should not have completed two years on the date of examination. CUs having faculty of agriculture. programme consists of both course work and research.

7. (A) PROCEDURE FOR APPLYING (i) The course and the sub-subject (with code) to which the admission is sought. If suitable candidates are not found for reserved seats for PH candidates. (ii) The Information placed in web contains the following. RESERVATION 15% of the total SRF are reserved for SC candidates. must be quoted in all correspondence. the maximum age limit shall be 45 years in all cases. ICAR-SRF (PGS). Rajendranagar. Relaxation in upper age limit of 5 years will be admissible to candidates from SC/ST and PH categories.5% for ST candidates and 3% for PH candidates subject to their being otherwise suitable.D. For in-service candidates. Candidates seeking age relaxation should submit an attested copy of the Caste Certificate issued by the prescribed authority of Government of India in the form given in the bulletin at Annexure – II (for SC/ ST) candidate and at Annexure III for OBC. For candidates belonging to OBC. DOCUMENTS SENT ALONG WITH THE APPLICATION SHOULD NOT BE STAPLED TO THE APPLICATION FORM. along with D. AGE The minimum and maximum age limit shall be 21 years and 30 years respectively for General Category.500 407. SUITABLE ENVELOPES MAY BE USED ACCORDINGLY. The crucial date for determining the minimum and maximum age limit for all categories will be the date of examination.5. the same will be filled as per merit from general category. The (a) (b) (c) (d) candidate has to send the following documents: Filled-in application form. CANDIDATES ARE ADVISED NOT TO FOLD THE FILLED-IN APPLICATION FORM. Caste certificate (SC / ST / PH / OBC . A Physically Handicapped (PH) and Visually Handicapped (VH) person seeking to apply for this examination should submit an attested copy of certificate about being handicapped from a Government Hospital/ Medical Board alongwith his/ her application form.wherever applicable) Identity Verification Form Attested photocopy of i) UG Degree ii) PG Degree iii) UG Marks iv) PG Marks Applications sent without the accompanying documents indicated above will not be considered. The responsibility of verification of the genuineness of SC/ST/OBC and PH certificates will be of the concerned Agricultural University (AU) where the candidate has been granted admission. the fellowships will not be awarded/transferred to another category. National Academy of Agricultural Research Management. 4 . (iv) The Application Form (filled neatly and correctly by the applicant as per the instructions) should be sent by Registered Post to The Controller of Examination. in duplicate. (a) Application Form (b) Specimen copy of answer sheet (OMR sheet) (c) Caste certificate (d) Identity verification form (iii) A candidate can apply for ICAR-SRF for one Major Subject Group only. 7. relaxation in upper age limit for 3 years will be admissible. 6. No change would be allowed thereafter. Hyderabad . In case sufficient number of candidates of a category are not available to fill up the seats.

G. roll number. Signature shall be put with black pen within the box. 7. NOTE 3: If a candidate gives wrong information in the Application Form. 11. 9.naarm. centre. Details of examination fee paid l l l l l 1. STD Code and Telephone No: Write the telephone Number clearly. No change of examination center will be allowed as it creates problems and confusion for the candidate.D. 10.. 8. HIS/HER ADMISSION in Ph.ernet. degree on the basis of merit in this Competitive Examination and his/her past academic performance. WILL BE CANCELLED EVEN DURING THE COURSE OF STUDY. if competes for the SRF examination 5 . 17. category etc. The weightage for academic performance in U.in 7. or enters wrong information in the OMR sheet about his name.G. (U. 14. 6. The marks of Paper-I and Paper-II both will be added for total score in the Examination. 13.Sc. 15.in and http://www. 5. level) (ii) If P. It will be scanned and used for all correspondence with the candidate.(v) IF A CANDIDATE FURNISHES WRONG INFORMATION OR SUPPRESSES ANY RELEVANT INFORMATION. likely date of completion College from where Post Graduation was done (refer Table 3) Stream at Masters level (refer Table 4) Code of the University last attended (refer Table 7) Employment : Status of in-service candidates (for this use Codes as in Table 6) Major subject group code for SRF (refer Table 1 and select appropriate major subject group code) Sub-Subject code for SRF (refer Table 1 and select appropriate Sub-Subject code within the group) Appropriate Sub-Subject Code (Refer Table 1) Choice from the list of City Centre Codes where the Examination Centres will be located as given in Table 5 may be given by the candidates. For example a candidate scoring 64% marks (or equivalent CGPA/OGPA) in U. who have submitted their application form complete in all respects by the due date. is not completed. 12. Admit Cards for the Examination will be sent by Post in advance to all eligible candidates. if any candidate does not receive the Admit Card in time. Merit weightage would be: 75% for the examination and 25% for academic performance. (P.G. However. he/she may get it downloaded from NAARM website http://www.ernet. SELECTION OF THE CANDIDATES Candidates will be selected for the award of ICAR Senior Research Fellowship for pursuing Ph.G.G. 3. month in next set and year in the last set in figures Sex : Male M Female F Category : GN/ SC/ ST/ PH/OB Nationality : Indian 1 Others 2 (i) Percentage of marks secured in B. 16. 4. his/her candidature will stand cancelled.naarm. Mailing Address: Write clearly with black ball pen. will be 10% and 15% for P. 19. Verification Card.D.Sc. No subsequent request for corrections in this regard will be entertained. Please use black pen and write clearly) Use only CAPITAL LETTERS Write only one character/number in one box Start writing from first box on the left of each group Leave one box blank between two words Item specific columns of the Application form are as under: Roll number : To be filled by Office Name of the applicant Father’s name: Give father’s name in full State of Domicile: For State use the codes as in Table 2 Date of Birth : Write date in first set of blocks. 18. 8.G. level) & M.icar. 2. (B) GENERAL INSTRUCTIONS FOR FILLING UP OF APPLICATION FORM (This form will be scanned by computer.

The weightage of this paper will be 50%.he/ she gets (64) × (10/100) = 6. Central Agricultural University or any other approved University/ Institute where Ph. No request for re-evaluation. The candidates are advised to fill OMR Sheet strictly as per instructions.specific multiple choice OMR based questions. Plant Breeding.m. It will be of one and a half hour (90 minutes) duration having 100 objective type questions with multiple choice answers.G.000/. Central Universities having faculty of agriculture. ICAR. It will contain questions on General Knowledge in Agriculture. if he/ she has scored 70% marks (or equivalent CGPA) in M.m. (fixed) for 1st & 2nd year.. This paper will be of two and a half hours (150 minutes) duration.V. The in-service candidates will be awarded SRF. etc. i.9 marks will be added to his marks scored in written examination (The written examination will have weightage of 75%). These 200 questions in each major subject paper would cover questions from all the sub-subjects listed under each major subject.5 marks. The paper will be evaluated through computer scanning. Candidates who have not produced attested copies of their degree and final mark sheets will not be considered at all.D.D. Paper – II: This paper will also be objective type having subject . but do not come in the merit list for award of SRF will also be prepared and circulated to the Agricultural Universities to facilitate their admissions in Ph. including current events and such matters of every day observation and experience as may be expected to be known to a research scholar.p. Whereas. making a total of 200 questions.m. Paper – II will be evaluated of those candidates only who qualify in Paper – I.. in the major subject of Plant Sciences. (fixed) for 3rd year. without grant of SRF. VALUE AND TENURE OF FELLOWSHIP The Fellowship will be awarded to meritorious candidates seeking admission in the listed State Agricultural Universities. 11. 10. Any wrong information in the OMR sheet regarding Roll No. 15000/. Genetics. Rs. Code etc. it may sue or be sued in the name of Secretary.5 = 16. 6 . The fellowship will be at the following rates: Postgraduate other than in Veterinary Science Rs. 12000/.4 + 10. and Seed Technology. Ranking would be arrived at with the top ranks for highest score and subsequent ranks for lesser scores./ M. There will be two papers in written examination.p. Animal Husbandry.per year for procurement of essential chemicals.D.p. for a total of 200 marks. 6. Degree programme consists of course work with definite credit hours and research work/thesis. A list of those candidates who qualify as per cut-off marks. etc. Final ranking for SRF would be drawn subject area-wise on the basis of marks obtained by a candidate in the written examination (25% weightage for Paper I and 50% weightage for Paper II) and his/her academic performance at undergraduate and postgraduate level (25% weightage). The examination will be in English. Rs. Cut-off percentage for Paper – I would be decided at the time of evaluation. ICAR Deemed Universities. The questions will be designed to test the ability of candidate’s awareness of the environment around him / her and its application to the society. 14000/.e. will be entertained. Fisheries and Allied Sciences. In case of a tie in total score. (Contingent grant of Rs. For example. The paper will be evaluated through computer scanning. books. for a total of 100 marks.m. there will be equal distribution of questions from the sub-subjects Agronomy. Postgraduate in Veterinary Science Rs. Paper – I: will be a composite paper on General Knowledge common for all subjects. (fixed) for 3rd year. only if they come in the overall merit list of their concerned subject areas. etc. having a total of 200 objective type questions with multiple choice answers. the candidate with higher marks in this examination will be ranked senior. will be (70) × (15/100) = 10. Paper – I & Paper – II. 14000/. Dairying. 9.Sc. and travel connected with research work will also be paid to all the awardees). his score for P. There will be negative marking (–25%) for each wrong answer. degree programme conducted by the ICAR shall fall within the jurisdiction of Hyderabad Courts only. and also carelessness on the part of candidates in filling the bubbles of OMR sheet will result in cancellation of his/her candidature. 10.p. As per Rules and Bye-laws of ICAR. EXAMINATION PROCEDURE The candidate who fulfills the eligibility requirement may appear in the written competitive examination. The total of these two i. LEGAL JURISDICTION All disputes pertaining to the conduct of examination and any other issue relating to All India Competitive Examination for SRF leading to Ph.4 marks on this account. (fixed) for 1st & 2nd year. The weightage of this paper will be 25%. No request for re-evaluation of papers will be entertained.e.Sc.

& Marketing Basic Sciences Dairy Science/Technology Engineering/Technology Fisheries Forestry Home Science Horticulture Veterinary Science Sericulture Computer Science Biotechnology Food Science Any other (specify) Code No.TABLE 2 State or Union Territory Andaman & Nicobar islands (UT) Andhra Pradesh Arunachal Pradesh Assam Bihar Chandigarh (UT) Chhatisgarh Dadara & Nagar Havelli. 01 02 03 04 05 06 07 08 09 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 State or Union Territory Lakshadweep (UT) Madhya Pradesh Maharashtra Manipur Meghalaya Mizoram Nagaland Orissa Pondicherry (UT) Punjab Rajasthan Sikkim Tamil Nadu Tripura Uttar Pradesh Uttarakhand West Bengal Others (if any) TABLE 4 Code No. (UT) Daman & Diu (UT) Delhi Goa Gujarat Haryana Himachal Pradesh Jammu & Kashmir Jharkhand Karnataka Kerala TABLE 3 Code No. 01 02 03 04 05 06 07 08 09 10 11 12 13 14 15 College of Agricultural Engineering and Technology 04 College of Forestry College of Fisheries College of Home Science College of Basic Sciences and Humanities Others 05 06 07 08 09 TABLE 5 Examination Centres Name of the City Anand Bhubaneshwar Chennai Delhi Guwahati Hyderabad Jodhpur Kolkata Ludhiana Nagpur Patna City Centre Code Name AND BBR CHN DEL GUH HYD JDR KOL LDH NAG PAT Code Number 01 02 03 04 05 06 07 08 09 10 11 7 . College of Agriculture College of Horticulture College of Veterinary and Animal Sciences 01 02 03 Stream in Postgraduate degree Agriculture Agricultural Coop. 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 College from where post-graduation was done Code No.

Jabalpur-482 004 Rajmata Vijayaraje Scindia Krishi Vishwavidyalaya. Tirupati-517 502 Andhra Pradesh University of Horticulture. Pusa-848 125 Indira Gandhi Krishi Viswa Vidyalaya. 8. 4. Parbhani-431 402 RAU (P) IGKVV AND JAU NAU SDA CCSHAU HPKVV YSPUH&FS SKUAS&T-J SKUAS&T-S BAU UAS (B) UAS (D) KVA KAU JNKVV RVSKV KKV MA & FSU MAU 05 06 07 08 09 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 Code Name AAU ANGRAU SVV APUH Code 01 02 03 04 8 . 3. 14.474 002 . Bidar-585 401 Kerala Agricultural University. Dapoli-415 712 Maharashtra Animal & Fisheries Sciences University. Sarwan Kumar Krishi Viswa Vidyalaya. Navsari-396 450 Sardar Krushinagar Dantiwada Agricultural University. State Agricultural Universities 1. 7. Nagpur-440 006 Marathwada Agricultural University. CAU and CUs having faculty of agriculture Central Government Departments dealing in agriculture and allied sectors State Government Departments dealing in agriculture and allied sectors Public Sector Undertaking dealing in agriculture and allied sectors Any other organization Not serving in any of the above organizations Code Number 1 2 3 4 5 6 9 TABLE 7 List of SAUs /DUs /CAU/ CUs S. Anand-388 110 Junagarh Agricultural University. 25. Hisar-125 004 Ch. 19. Gwalior . 18. Srinagar-191121 Birsa Agricultural University. 11. 24. 2. Ranchi-834 006 University of Agricultural Sciences.P. 15. West Godawari . Solan-173 230 Sher-e-Kashmir University of Agricultural Sciences & Technology. Dantiwada-385 506 Chaudhary Charan Singh Haryana Agricultural University. Jammu-180 004 Sher-e-Kashmir University of Agricultural Sciences & Technology. Animal and Fisheries Sciences University. Bangalore-560 065 University of Agricultural Sciences. Dr Balasahib Sawant Konkan Krishi Vidyapeeth. 5. 21. Jorhat-785 013 Acharya NG Ranga Agricultural University. 17. 22. 20. Raipur-492 012 Anand Agricultural University. Dharwad-580 005 Karnataka Veterinary. Assam Agricultural University.) Rajendra Agricultural University. 6. Venkataramannagudam. 23. 9. M.P. Hyderabad-500 030 Sri Venkateswara Veterinary University.TABLE 6 Employment status of in-service candidates Institutes/Agric. Yashwant Singh Parmar University of Horticulture & Forestry. 13. 12. Thrissur-680 656 Jawaharlal Nehru Krishi Viswa Vidyalaya. Junagarh Navsari Agricultural University. 16. Palampur-176 062 Dr. 10.534 101 ( A.No. Universities/Other Organizations ICAR Institutes and ICAR Institute based Deemed-to-be Universities State Agricultural Universities including Veterinary Universities.

Jabalpur-482 004 (MP) University of Horticultural Sciences. Bhagalpur. Hisar. 32. Allahabad-211 007 Chandra Shekhar Azad University of Agriculture & Technology. Sriniketan . Faizabad-224 229 Sardar Vallabh Bhai Patel University of Agriculture &Technology. 41. Imphal. 60. Bikaner . State Agricultural Universities 26. Coochbehar-736 165 West Bengal University of Animal & Fishery Sciences. Deendayal Circle. Mathura-281 001 Acharya Narendradeo University of Agriculture &Technology. Sector. 27. 33.110 012 Indian Veterinary Research Institute. Akola-444 104 Orissa University of Agriculture & Technology. New Delhi. Izatnagar-243 122 National Dairy Research Institute. 35. 30. 29. 46. Kolkata-700 037 Central Agricultural University. Meerut-250 110 Govind Ballabh Pant University of Agriculture & Technology. 58. Udaipur-313 001 Swami Keshwanand Rajasthan Agricultural University. 43. Bikaner-334 002 Tamil Nadu Agricultural University. 38. 61. Mohanpur-741 252 Uttar Banga Krishi Viswa Vidyalaya. 40. 47. Panangad.. Bagalkot-587 102 University of Agricultural Sciences. Pantnagar-263 145 Bidhan Chandra Krishi Viswa Vidyalaya.No. Bijay Bhawan Palace Complex. 55. 45. Bhubaneshwar-751 003 Punjab Agricultural University. 56. 52. Kanpur-208 002 UP Pandit Deen Dayal Upadhaya Pashu Chikitsa Vigyan Vishwa Vidyalaya Evam Go Anusandhan Sansthan. 60. 53. Sabour .334 006 (Rajasthan) Bihar Agricultural University. P. Ludhiana-141 004 Maharana Pratap University of Agriculture & Technology. Ludhiana-141 004 Guru Angad Dev Veterinary and Animal Sciences University. Kochi-682 506 Kerala Veterinary and Animal Sciences University.731236 Nagaland University (School of Agriculture Sciences & Rural Development) Medziphema-797 106 Others NU OTH 60 99 RUV&AS BAU MPPCVV UHS UAS IARI IVRI NDRI CIFE AMU BHU VISWA 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 SHIATS CSAUA&T 35 36 Code Name MPKV PDKV OUA&T PAU GADVASU MPAU RAU (B) TNAU TNVASU Code 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 PDDPCVVV NDUA&T SVBPUAT 37 38 39 GBPUA&T BCKVV UBKVV WBUA&FS CAU KUFOS KV&ASU LLRUVAS 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 ICAR Deemed to be Universities Central Universities having faculty of Agriculture 9 . 48. 54. Raichur . Varanasi Visva Bharati (Palli Siksha Bhavana).. Karnal-132 001 Central Institute of Fisheries Education. Mahatma Phule Krishi Vidyapeeth. 57. Coimbatore-641 003 Tamil Nadu Veterinary& Animal Sciences University. Rahuri-413 722 Dr Panjabrao Deshmukh Krishi Viswa Vidyalaya.O. Naini. 34. Near Pt. 49. 39.584 102 (Karnataka) Indian Agricultural Research Institute.) S. 59. Chennai-600 051 Sam Higginbottom Institute of Agriculture Technology & Sciences. 37. Aligarh Banaras Hindu University.813210 Distt. Manipur-795 004 Kerala University of Fisheries and Ocean Studies.Table 7 (Contd. (Bihar) Madhya Pradesh Pashu Chikitsa Vigyan Vishwavidalaya. 42. Navanagar. 44. Wayanad-673 576 Lala Lajpat Rai University of Veterinary & Animal Sciences. Pookot. Mumbai-400 061 Aligarh Muslim University. 28. 51. 50. (Haryana) Rajasthan University of Veterinary & Animal Sciences. 36. Modipuram. 31.

time and depth. chemical and biological factors affecting growth and development of field crops. Consumptive use of water and methods of computation including empirical formulae. PLANT SCIENCE A 1. parasitic and aquatic weeds and their management in crops. medicinal and masticatory crops. Major irrigation projects in India and irrigation project planning. Crop yields and ecological optima. • Current trends and achievements in science and scientific research on the global scene. Soil moisture stress and plant growth. • Quantitative analysis of data relating to agriculture/animal sciences/fisheries. Information on production and major recent achievements. Ecological factors affecting crop growth. • General Awareness. Books. Crop yield and agro-meteorological relationships. Agro-climatic and agro-ecological zones. Section 3: Weed Management Scope and principles of weed management. Herbicides-classification. • Famous personalities and their achievements in Arts/Science/Social life and trends of thought. Drawing of conclusions from data. Crop yield components. Modern concepts of tillage. Water movement in saturated and unsaturated soils. formulation.ANNEXURE I SYLLABUS FOR THE COMPETITIVE EXAMINATION FOR THE SELECTION OF ICAR SENIOR RESEARCH FELLOWS PAPER-I GENERAL KNOWLEDGE Section 1: • History and Geography of India—Events of significance with specific reference to scientific. Environmental factors affecting distribution and adoptation of crops. PAPER-II A. Crops and their production. Section 4: Water Management Soil-water-plant relationships. Weed-classification. Cropping patterns and systems. sports and athletics. rural development etc. Integrated weed management. persons. authors. vegetables. Agro-ecological and agroclimatic regions. • Major development programmes in India relating to poverty alleviation. Special weeds. Biological weed control. agricultural. Laws of agrobiology. Recent scientific achivements of significance in the country in major areas and their impact on agriculture. Plant growth analysis. Section 2: • Agriculture in India. Origin and distribution of field crops. mode of action. and non-cropped lands. bio-herbicides and myco-herbicides. cropping systems. Section 2: Crop Ecology and Geography Geography of cereals. Plant population. selectivity and resistance. forestry. industry. Major breeds of livestock and their geographic distribution. • Policies in India relating to science. spices and condiment crops. agricultural inputs and their use. Five-Year Plans and their achievements—changes in the economic policies in the country and their impact on the agricultural scenario. Persistence of herbicides in soils and plants. Physical. places. AGRONOMY Section 1: Basic Principles Evaluation of scientific agriculture in India and the world. based upon reasoning and logic. biology. Current events and analysis of their significance. History of water resources development in India. Soil and groundwater pollution by fertilizers and herbicides. agriculture. Basic information and data on the natural resources of the country. Application-methods and equipment. projects. Constraints in crop production and factors for crop yield maximization. ecology and allelopathy. Methods of determining water and irrigation requirements of field crops. Adverse climatic factors and crop productivity. • Basic information on animal sciences and fisheries. Crop weed competition. commercial. World trade agreement and its possible impact on Indian agriculture. fodders and forages. Modern concepts in irrigation management. 10 . sowing techniques. • Nutrition and agriculture—Basic information on foods and human nutrition. legumes. Root development and distribution. oilseeds. cultural and economic life in India. awards. animal and fisheries.

Energy and fuel wood plantations. Translation. Transcription and RNA processing. square tests. Section 6: Mutation Induction. haploids. Integrated nutrient management. Organic matter and organic manures. saline and alkali soils. Chromosome labelling and in situ hybridization. randomised block design. maize. DNA restriction and modification. Conjunctive use of water. Bioenergetics of crop production systems. Cropping systems and soil fertility relationships. and mitochondrial genomes. replication and repair. conservation and utilization. Tests of significance-t. cotton. inversions. male sterility and incompatibility. Factors affecting water use efficiency. rice. Problem soils and their distribution in India. Section 3: Chromosomes Structure. potato and sugarcane. legumes. Cropping systems/patterns on poorly drained soils. Linkage and crossing over. extent and causes of wastelands. and component technology. Excess salt and water tolerant crops. Contingency crop planning for aberrant weather conditions. crop selection criteria for drylands. Concept of intercropping/ mixed cropping in drylands. Geneenzyme relationships. season. completely randomised. Methods of irrigation-merits and limitations. Correlation and response function. Principles and methods of fertilizer application. uses and seed production techniques. genome organization and repetitive DNA. Extra-chromosomal inheritance. Polyploids. Transposon-induced mutations. tobacco. fodder and pasture crops including history. Fertilizer use efficiency in different situations. Wide hybridization. GENETICS Section 1: Basic Genetic Principles Mendelian inheritance. detection and estimation of linkage. distribution. media and mode. Concepts of soil fertility and productivity. Designs of experiments—basic principles. Section 2: Genetic Material Structure. Shifting cultivation. availability and reaction products in relation to crop nutrition. Crop production techniques in problem soils. Fertilizer materials. Scheduling of irrigation under assured and limited water supply. factorial and simple confounding designs. Section 9: Agricultural Statistics Frequency distribution. their availability. Molecular mechanisms of mutation. Agricultural and agoindustrial residues and their recycling/safe disposal. detection and utilization of mutation. Gene mapping in prokaryotes and eukaryotes. Section 6: Dryland Agronomy History and development of dryland agriculture in India. adaptability. Gene regulation in prokaryotes and eukaryotes. organization and division of cells. mean. Directed mutagenesis. latin square split. Mutagens. Physical basis of heredity. Vigna. Section 5: Soil and Fertilizer Use History of soil fertility and fertilizer use. f and chi. Section 10: Sustainable Land Use Systems Concept of sustainability. sugarcane. oilseeds. transposable elements. Excess soil water and plant growth. their classification. climate. Green manuring. A 2. mineralization. Gene amplification. Types. duplications and deletions. Dynamic genome—insertion sequences. Water management in field crops and cropping systems. Allelopathy and biomass production. Structure. strip. 11 . Chromosomal differentiation and banding techniques. Cropping patterns and crop diversification in dryland. Chloroplast. Gene concept. quality characteristics. potato. management and diagnostic techniques. composition. History and concept of agroforestry. Precipitation-collection. Section 7: Crop Production in Problem Areas Principles of field drainage. function. Fertilizer management in dryland crops. Section 5: Genome Analysis and Cytogenetics of Crop Plants Wheat. aneuploids and their utility. Section 4: Structural and Numerical Variations of Chromosomes Interchanges. Sex linkage and sex determination. Section 8: Crop Production Crop production techniques for cereals. Differential gene expression. Genetic code. Artificial chromosomes. Alternate land use systems. Crop production under moisture stress situations.Quality of irrigation water. Karyotype. Cytogenetic techniques for gene location and gene transfer. onion. fibre crops. Special types of chromosomes. Brassica. Concept of essentiality of plant nutrients. soil and water requirements. allelism and fine structure of the gene. function and replication. Nucleo-cytoplasmic interaction. Use of mulches and transpiration suppressants. Primary and secondary structures of DNA and RNA. Management of acid. Chromosomal manipulation. Types of agro-forestry systems. Section 7: Genetics of Development Genome constancy in development.

gametogenesis and fertilization. Chromosomal aberrations and polyploidy. New domestication and new adaptation. Concept of plant ideotype and its role in crop improvement. Section 5: Breeding plans Basic schemes: Pure lines and inbred lines. Concept of breeding value. A 3. Section 8: Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology Artificial synthesis of gene. Nucleic acid hybridization and immune-chemical detection. Genetic basis of heterosis and development of hybrid cultivars. Apomixis. Mating systems. Assessment of genotype x environment interactions. RAPD. Inbreeding and systems of inbreeding. RFLP. Genetic load. Breeding for quality traits and for resistance to heat. Seed storage protein synthesis. Incompatibility and male sterility systems and their use in plant breeding. Intra-and inter-population improvement methods. Combining ability and heritability. Single-seed descent method. Selection of testing locations. Methods of maintenance. Multilines. Mechanisms for disease and insect resistance. Breeder Seed multiplication. Heterosis. cell and tissue culture. Section 9: Genetic Resources and Germplasm Conservation Centers of origin. Genetic transformation and transgencies. Genotype x environmental interactions. CRD. DNA sequencing. somaclonal variation. Embryo and endosperm development. cross-pollinated plants and clones. Hybrid seed production. Sexual and asexual reproduction. wide-hybridization. Linkage disequilibrium. Section 11: Statistics Frequency distribution. Correlation. Section 4: Quantitative Inheritance and Selection Drift. Heritability. Linkage and crossing over. Homeotic genes. PLANT BREEDING Section 1: Role of Plant Breeding in Agriculture Objectives of plant breeding. Mutation. Need for conservation strategy. Design of trials and trial systems. Section 2: Reproductive Systems Cell division. Extrachromosomal inheritance. Stability of genotype performance and its estimation. aneuploids. tissue differentiation and pattern formation. Random and fixed effect models. D2 Design of experiments-basic principles. Concept of natural. Identification and release of varieties. QTL and molecular marker assisted selection. Section 8: Special Techniques for Plant Improvement Use of cytogenetical and biotechnological tools and techniques-haploids. Molecular markers for crop improvement. Transposon tagging. probability theory and its implications in genetics. Component and transgressive breeding. and correlated response to selection. 12 . drought and soil stresses. Section 3: Genetic Principles Mendelian principles of inheritance. Multiple factor inheritance. Section 10: Release. Measures of central tendency. Allocations of resources. RAPD and PCR approaches. RBD and Split plot. Combining ability. inbreeding depression and heterosis. idealized and non-idealized populations. Mating designs-diallel and line x tester. Early plant breeders and their~ accomplishments. Development of plant breeding from ancient time. Inbreeding. linear. Plant Breeder’s right and variety protection. Double fertilization. partial and multiple regression. Seed certification and regulatory agencies. Small populations and genetic drift. types of selection. Breeding methods for improvement of self-pollinated plants. Chromosome walking RFLP. gene tagging and antisense RNA technology. flood. Human genetic disorders. polygenic variation. Recombinant DNA technology. embryoculture. Genomic and c-DNA library. Breeding for specific resistance and general resistance. Gene cloning and vectors. Polymorphism. Section 9: Population Genetics Gene and genotypic frequencies and forces changing gence frequency. Antisense RNA and ribozymes. Components of variance and their partitioning. Characteristics improved by plant breeding. basic concepts and estimation of gene effects. Section 6: Genotype × Environment Interactions Types of interactions. Backcrossing. Hardy-Weinberg Law. Seed Production and Distribution of Cultivars Objectives and types of trials. Estimation of variance components and covariance among relatives. Section 10: Quantitative and Biometrical Genetics Quantitative character.Cell determination. probability distributions and tests of significance. Section 7: Breeding for Biotic and Abiotic Stresses Kinds of resistance. Selection response. Genetic divergence. Development of synthetics and composites. protoplast fusion. meristem culture. Responses to selection. production of parental lines. frost.

tea rose. seed treater. embryogenesis. dahlia. Seed processing machines like cleaner-cum-grader. Data collection and interpretation. phases and minimum certification standards. Inspection at harvesting threshing and processing. plum. and seed production and clonal propagation of annual and perennial flowers like rose. Pre-and post. soybean and cowpea.quality testing for genetic purity. Market survey. semi-Government. okra. organization. treating. Important storage pests. Section 7: Seed Marketing Economics of seed production. chrysanthemum. fibre crops. physiological and biochemical changes. pearlmillet and maize. Mode and mechanism of transmission of micro-organisms-fungi. seed crops management. tolerance tests and equipments. and true seed production in potato with reference to land requirements. Section 6: Seed Health Significance of seed health.Section 11: Statistical Methods and Field Plot Techniques Sources of variation. biochemical techniques namely electrophoresis of proteins and isoenzymes and DNA finger printing. Short-and mediumterm storage. Operation and management of seed stores. pineapple. isolation. demand forecasting. pulses. Section 4: Seed Quality Control Seed legislation-Seed Act. role in seed quality control. pulses like chickpea. self incompatibility and their role in hybrid seed production. release and notification. blackgram. rubber. betelvine. co-operative and private sectors in seed trade. Field plot techniques and methods for increasing accuracy of field experiments. parthenocarpy. seed vigour tests. seed rules. 13 . Clonal standards and degeneration. insect pollinators. Storage behaviour of orthodox. sugarcane. methods to overcome. Seed production technology of plantation crops like coffee. bacteria and viruses. Section 2: Seed Production Introduction to crop breeding methods. Important seed-borne diseases of cereals. Testing of treated and pelleted seeds. and factors responsible for deterioration of varieties. Cryo preservation. concept. fibre crops like cotton and Jute. weighing and bagging machines. specific gravity separator. Seed structure of monocot and dicot. augmented design. development and spread. Factors affecting seed storage and role of moisture. natural enemies and management. Field inspection principles and methods. grape. Seed production agencies. Seed certification-history. indented cylinder. Maintenance breeding. Botanicals for seed treatment. oilseeds. supplementary pollination. chilli. grid and honeycomb designs. Ecological factors. Tests of significance (t. their operation and maintenance. and packaging. guava. paddy. seed moisture testing. Quarantine and international procedures for phytosanitory certificate. fertilization. fruit and seed development. apple. sapota. equipment. pear. Principles and methods of seed production of varieties and hybrids of cereals like wheat. bud dormancy. monitoring and detection. colocasia. Generation system of seed multiplication. factors affecting. Chemical composition of seeds. temperature. important forages legumes and grasses. rogueing. A 4. vegetables and their control measures. seedling and plant characters. pollination. planning and sales production. time of harvesting. Apomixis. Compact area approach in seed production. purity analysis. unreplicated evaluation. Storage structures. apricot. and moisture equilibrium. polyembryony and somatic embryoids. biology. important cole and cucurbitaceous crops. theories and methods of control. tapioca. Principles of fumigation and safe use of fumigants. Seed testing—concepts and objectives. humidity. greengram. Seed drying—principles and methods Pre-cleaning. concept. Packaging materials and hermetic packing. Seed Control Order and seed law enforcement. sesame. Male sterility. Methods of detection of seed -borne diseases. fruit crops like mango. Section 3: Seed Processing Principles of seed processing. sporogenesis. pigeonpea. Seed import and export. germination testing. Buyer behaviour and role of Government. citrus. Identification of seed production areas and factors affecting. recalcitrant and intermediary seeds. Hill plots. Germplasm storage. Disease-free clonal propagation of crops like potato. mechanisms in induction and release. Seed vigour—concept. Factors affecting pollination and seed set—temperature. Correlation and regression. cardamom and pepper. RH. oilseeds like groundnut. mode of infection. brinjal. sunflower and castor. and significance in agriculture. Important insecticides and their uses. marigold. Variety testing. Seed quality maintenance during processing. sweet potato. Seed invigoration procedures. peach. seed sampling. Responsibilities of seed companies and dealers in Seed Act. banana. Complete and incomplete block design. Seed dormancy—types. Seed production planning. significance in productivity and storage. mode of reproduction. botanicals. Controlled storage. vegetable crops like tomato. cocoa. Seed deterioration causes. nature and extent of damage. Design of experiments and analysis of variance. Factorial schemes. tea. gladiolus. Design features of short-medium-and long-term seed storage buildings. and role of hormones. F and chi-square). Genetic purity. Quick viability tests. Procedures for seed health test and rules. brassica. Externally and internally seed-borne pathogens. imbibition pattern. Methods of stacking and their impact. mycotoxins and their harmful effects. grading. ET value. Use of fungicides. Section 5: Seed Storage Need for storage. sorghum. threshing/extraction methods. Testing for genuineness of varieties-principles and methods based on seed. pricing policies: marketing channels. Carry over infestation. flex and petunia. wind velocity. input and manpower requirement. causes. their identification. SEED TECHNOLOGY Section 1: Seed Biology Floral biology. Seed germination-requirements.

and available nutrients. exchangeable cations. base maps arid mapping units. diagnostic subsurface horizons and other diagnostic characteristics. SOIL SCIENCE—Pedology Section 1: Soil Genesis Pedology in relation to other disciplines. Land capability and land irrigability classification. Section 7: Soil Chemistry Chemical composition of soil. USDA Soil Taxonomy— epipedons. Principles of computer use. biofertilizers and their use. Pedon. Rocks. Soil fertility evaluation—soil testing. Weathering of rocks and mineral. Mapping and Cartography Soil survey techniques. Mechanism of ion absorption by plants. soil reaction. Soil micromorphology-importance. Geomorphology in soil mapping. distribution and fertility status. sub-orders. Soil orders. Mycorrhiza and plant nutrition. Principles of soil and water conservation. Quality control of fertilizers. Interpretation of soil resources information for agricultural and non-agricultural uses. SOIL SCIENCE & AGRICULTURAL CHEMISTRY B1 . alkaline earth carbonates. sodic. soil moisture and temperature regimes. heat content and heat flow in soil. Soil organisms. X-ray diffractometry. Orders. biological N-fixation and nutrient transformations. potentiometry. 14 . Correlation and regression. Types of soil surveys. great groups and other categories of taxonomic classification. Soil formation. Mass-volume relationships in soil. humus formation and role in soil fertility. Weathering of rocks and minerals.E. Section 6: Soil Physics Soil texture and soil structure—indices and evaluation. Genesis and transformation of clay minerals. Fertilizers and Manures Essential elements in plant nutrition. Non-crystalline components of soils. Chemical composition of soils. minerals and other soil-forming materials. characteristics and fertility status of major soil groups of India. water movement in soil. processing of field sheet. Concept of bench-mark soils for agrotechnology transfer. conductimetry.C. Soil air and aeration status. composition and characteristics. ion exchange-adsorption and desorption. Manures.B. Basic concepts of soil genesis. Section 10: Statistics Measures of central tendency and dispersion. horizons and their nomenclature. Soil reaction. Soil-landscape relationships. Section 5: Soil Correlation and Land-Use Planning Soil correlation-concepts and correlation at various levels. Soil moisture retention characteristics. Section 9: Methods of Soil Analysis Methods of soil analysis—particle size distribution. soil water balance. FAO/UNESCO world soil reference system. and their interpretation for soil genesis and classification. Section 3: Soil Survey. Land evaluation and land use planning. Section 8: Soil Fertility. energetics of soil water in relation to its availability to plants. Development. Distribution. Isotopes and their use in agriculture. Soil colloids. Soil survey. Geomorphic processes in land evolution. plant tissue tests and biological tests. Factors of soil formation. Q/I relationship of nutrient ions. Section 2: Soil Mineralogy Structure. Tests of significance—t and F tests. moisture constants. bulk and particle density. Major soil groups of India—their characteristics. Instrumental methods. classification and mapping. fertilizers. profile. acid and water logged soils. Soil organic matter decomposition. flame photometry. characteristics and management of saline. Rocks and minerals: their classification. Different types of soil erosion and its control. Land-use classification. absorption spectrophotometry.. categories of the system and their criteria. thermal analysis and polarising microscopy. SOIL CHEMISTRY/ SOIL FERTILITY/SOIL MICROBIOLOGY Section 1 Soil as a natural body. polypedon. fixation and release of ions. organic carbon. Soil development. B2. compilation and abstraction of maps in different scale. C. soil and other interpretive maps. Soil temperature. characteristics and identification of soil minerals. ion activity and ionic equilibria in soils. Remote-sensing techniques including aerial photo interpretation for soil resource inventorization Cartography-techniques for preparation of base maps. Section 4: Soil Classification Basic concepts and history of soil classification. Soils of India and their placement in Soil Taxonomy. thin section studies for identification of diagnostic horizons and other pedological features. Pedogenic processes.

Buffer capacity of soils. Organic matter and humus complexes. Section 5 Soil organisms. Mechanisms of humus formation. Soil sickness due to biological agents. Biology of root-soil interface. Solubility equilibria for carbonates. Mechanism of nutrient losses from soil and control measures. Biological equilibria in soil. K. constitution and role in soil formation. oxide and hydroxide minerals. Chemistry of waterlogged soils. Statistical measures of central tendency and dispersion. alumino-silicates. Energetics of soil water in relation to its availability to plants. Charge development on clays and organic matter. conductimetry and X-ray diffractometry. Experimental designs for pot culture and field experiments. Heavy metal toxicity and soil pollution. Ion exchange and ionic equilibria in soils. pesticides and fertilizers. plant and tissue tests. Soil temperature-heat content and heat flow in soil. Soil organisms and pedogenesis. Methods of fertilizer application for their efficient use. Soil profile. Soil pollution through industrial effluents. Mycorrhiza and plant nutrition. Section 4 Ion exchange and sorption phenomena. spectrophotometry. Tests of significance—t and F tests. SOIL PHYSICS. Radio active contamination of soil. Boltzman distribution. 15 . constitution of clay minerals. Diagnostic horizons. Acid sulphate soils. Bio-amelioration of pesticide contaminated soils. Soil colloids—clay. Soil classification. Amphoteric nature of soil colloids. Transport of nutrient ions in soil—mass flow and diffusion. Adsorption isotherms. Mn) in soil. Section 10 Interaction of soils and pesticides. and measures. S. Soil texture. Section 2 Chemical composition of soil. Correlations and regressions. soil fertility and plant growth. Soil degradation through anthropogenic activity. Transformation of nutrients (N. Section 9 Nature. genesis of clay minerals amorphous clays and other non-crystalline silicate minerals. Fertilizer mixtures. sewage. Fixation and release of nutrient ions in soil. Direct. IR. zeta potential and streaming potential. Soil reaction. visible. Manures and fertilizers. B3. composition. their role in organic matter decomposition and nutrient trasformations. toxins and antibiotic production in soil. Chemistry of production of different fertilizers. Section 7 Modem methods of soil. Quality control of fertilizers. and biological methods. Essential elements in plant nutrition. Section 3 Chemical composition of soil. Common soil test methods for fertilizer recommendation. Rocks and minerals in relation to soil development. residual and cumulative effect of fertilizers.P. Soil colloids-structure. Lime and gypsum requirements of soils. Soil moisture retention characteristics. Mechanisms of ion absorption by plants—active and passive mechanisms. UV. Soil organic matter. Fe. Slow release fertilizers and nitrification retarders. Mass-volume relationship of soil. phosphates and iron. Principles of computer use. SOIL AND WATER CONSERVATION Section 1 Soil as a natural body. Soil aeration. Manures and fertilizers and their uses. Use of isotopic tracers in soil research. Mechanism of ion absorption by plants. BASIC language and its use in simple programming. SAR. structure and consistence. Section 6 Essential elements in plant nutrition. oxidation-reduction equilibria. Water and solute movement in Soil. lonic activity in soil and its measurement. Biofertilizers. Section 8 Soil fertility evaluation—soil testing. saturation index and specifications. Soil enzymes. organic matter and clay-humus complexes. redox potential and nutrient availability. plant and fertilizer analyses—principles and use of flame photometry. AAS. Soil test crop response correlations. Double layer theory. Cation exchange equations and ratio law. potentiometry.Section 2 Soil physical properties—their evaluation and relation to plant growth. Donnan distribution of ions and its thermodynamic treatment. Electro-kinetic phenomena-electro-osmosis. Soil factors in emission of greenhouse gases. BSC. pH-charge relationships. properties and development of acid. Clay minerals—structure characteristics and identification. electrophoresis. Major soil groups of India—their characteristics and distribution. saline and sodic soils and their management. etc. factors affecting soil erosion. its nature. Irrigation water quality: EC. Principles of soil and water conservation—types of soil erosion. Chemical equilibria in soils— acid base equilibria. Weathering and soil formation.

Soil water balance and measurement of its components. Solute’ transport in soil. Soil physical properties in relation to water erosion. Essential oils and terpenes. Effect of saline. Soil structure-classification. Fick’s laws of diffusion. swelling. Hydrologic cycle. ionic products. grasses and afforestation for soil and water conservation. Stoke’s law. chi-square test. hydraulic conductivity and diffusivity. Biofertilizers and their use. Flame photometry and atomic Section 2: Organic Chemistry Section 3: Analytical Chemistry 16 . Rain water harvesting and recycling. Management of highly permeable. Measures of central tendency and dispersion. Pathways of humus formation. Soil as a three-phase disperse system. and soil aeration in relation to plant growth. Different types of soil erosion. Soil physical properties under different cropping systems. proteins. renewal of soil air. Land capability classification. Quality of irrigation water. Methods of quantitative analysis and separations. AGRICULTURAL CHEMISTRY/AGRICULTURAL CHEMICALS Section 1: Inorganic and Physical Chemistry Atomic structure. hydration. Measurement of soil temperature. Soil moisture conservation under rainfed and limited water supply. coprecipitation. saline. Principles of computer use. Section 4 Section 5 State of soil water. Donnan membrane equilibrium. Universal soil loss equation and evaluation of its parameters. Use of mulches. Irrigation scheduling. thermal conductivity and diffusivity of soil. Osmosis. Irrigation water management under adequate and limited water supply. osmotic pressure and surface phenomena. Water erosion. Section 6 Soil water availability in relation to plant growth. Sand-dune formation and stabilization. shrinkage hardening and cracking. Soil and water as natural resources. Principles of soil and water conservation. Thermochemistry and free energy concept. Experimental designs-randomised. ionic equilibria. Control of water erosion including gullies and ravines. Formation and properties of precipitates. land use—land cover mapping using conventional and remote sensing techniques. shifting cultivation. Soil moisture constants. Principles of analytical chemistry. Solid-liquid-vapour equilibria. Section 8 Section 9 Section 10 B4. Soil water potential. nature of chemical bonds. Dynamic properties of soils—soil consistency. sodic and waterlogged soils. Spatial statistics-variogram and Kriging techniques. their role in organic matter decomposition and nutrient transformation. Soil temperature in relation to plant growth. Water flow—Darcy’s law. Heat flow in soil. split-plot and factorial designs. isotopes and isobars. estimation of runoff and sedimentation yield. slowly permeable and compacted soils. and factors affecting it. characterization of soil aeration status including ODR and redox potential measurement. carbohydrates and fat metabolism in plants. Volumetric analysis and theory of the indicators. and management of their soil physical properties. Measurement of soil-water content and potential using conventional and modern techniques. Watershed concept—its characterization and management. Estimation of evapo-transpiration. sodic and industrial effluents on soil properties and crop growth. pore-size distribution. Shelter belts and windbreaks. Water-use efficiency. radiations and remote-sensing techniques in soil physics investigations. Kinetic theory of gases. Gibbs free energy and thermodynamic concept of soilwater potential. and factors affecting it. Latin square. Wind erosion—equation and evaluation of parameters. indices an evaluation. Use of organic reagents in inorganic analysis. Laws of thermodynamics. genesis and theory of aggregate formation. Assessment of soil fertility. Rainfall-runoff relationships. soil testing. Biological nitrogen fixation. Isolation of plant products. and soil erodibility. Plant hormones and pigments.Section 3 Soil organisms. valency. Infiltration redistribution and evaporation of soil water. lipids. Productivity rating. factors affecting. plant tissue tests and biological tests. Control of soil water evaporation. Root growth in relation to soil physical properties. Adsorption. Water use-yield relationships. and fractional precipitation. vitamins. heat capacity. conductimetry and chromatographic techniques. processes and control. Photosynthesis and enzymes. Instrumental methods of soil chemical analysis—flame photometry spectrophotometry. Land degradation—acid. alkaloids. Composition. Soil tilth and tillage. Soil moisture characteristics and hysteresis. Use of isotopes. t and F test. Binomial distribution. radioactivity and co-ordination compounds. theories of saturated and unsaturated flow. Soil structure and plant growth. Soil conservation survey. Section 7 Soil air—composition. isolation and properties of humus. Soil colloids and colloidal electrolytes. Correlation and regression. nature and extent of the problem in India. solubility products and hydrogen ion activity. Sources of soil heat and heat balance. Mass-volume relationships. Soil texture—mechanical analysis. soil crust afflicted seeding emergence. Soil texture in relation to plant growth.

Vapour pressure. sewage and sludges—their forms and behaviour. Wein’s displacement Law. Bergeron-Findeison theory. Residual effects of manures and fertilizers. quality control. Green manures. IR. Plant tissue analysis. Section 5: Manures Sources and production of organic manures. organophosphates. secondary and micro-nutrients). consumption and trade statistics of pesticides. gas liquid. P and S). Quality control of feedstuffs. ridge. correlation and regression.). Condensation process. Proximate analysis. general properties and uses of major conventional.artificial rain making. AGRICULTURAL METEOROLOGY Section 1: General Meteorology Sun. Section 10: Chemistry of Feeds and Fodders Carbohydrates. Fertilizer practices in relation to soil types and crops. Vapour pressure deficit. Section 6: Fertilizers Production. haze. LC-NMR. Slow acting fertilizers and liquid fertilizers. FYM. potassic and complex fertilizers. T-phi gram. Solar constant. Analysis of gases (CH4. Extra tropical cyclones. Nutrient requirement of plants. H2S etc. Tandem techniques (GC-MS. and their metabolism. Concepts of latent and sensible heat. BeerLambert and Lambert Law. relative humidity. fog. synthetic pyrethroids etc. Waste disposal and soil health. Computer applications in agricultural chemistry.absorption spectro photometry. soil and formulated products. Land and sea breeze. structures. NMR. Lime and gypsum requirements of soil. GC-MS. metabolism and environmental fate of pesticides. Contour charts. Storage and handling of fertilizers. virtual temperature and potential temperature. cyclones and anti-cyclonic motions. and natural and synthetic plant growth regulators. Production. Tropical cyclones and their structures. Section 8: Soil Amendments and Reclamation Chemistry of problem soils (saline. Atmospheric motion under balanced forces. safety aspects.). frost. first and second laws of thermodynamics. Analytical Chemistry including application of latest techniques like GC. Protein value of feed. Importance of trace minerals in animal nutrition. compost. Radiant flux and flux density. Moist and dry adiabatic processes. ion-exchange. synthetic and natural agrochemicals including plant production chemicals. Synthetic soil conditioners. MS-MS. carbamates. Nutrient interactions. Air masses and fronts. Determination of available nutrients in soil. NMR. alkali and acidic soils). Planck’s. hydrostatic equation and its application. Atmospheric and astronomical factors effecting depletion of solar radiation received on earth. and fertilizer mixtures. ’ Dew. Foliar fertilization. Experimental designs and analysis. Relation of feed value to chemical composition. Production of biogas and manurial value of spent slurry. Kirchoff’s Law. high performance liquid. and mass spectrometry) and chromatographic (thin layer. Ion exchange and fixation. Methods of fertilizer recommendation and application. Application of calorimetric. Section 4: Statistics Standard distributions. SO2. nitrification inhibitors. gradient and cyclostrophic winds. flash and supercritical fluid chromatography) techniques. Chelation and plant nutrition. Essential plant nutrients (major. Heavy metal pollution. purification and structure elucidation. Chronological development. UV and visible. absolute humidity and dew point. Soil testing service. Chemical changes during silage making. Spectroscopic and Chromatographic Techniques including principles. Soil solution and mechanism of ion absorption by plant roots. gel. Soil reaction and liming. Tests of significance. conduction and radiation. Heat transfer-convection. mist. Fohn and Chinook winds. Raleigh and Mie scattering. thunderstorm and hail. GC-MS-MS and LC-MS for estimation of pesticide residue in crops. use of anhydrous ammonia and urea solution. chemical hybridizing agents and hydrogels. proteins and fats. manufacture and uses of various forms of nitrogenous. humidity mixing ratio. Thermal wind. Clouds. isobars. entropy. Persistence. their description and classification. Sampling of soils. nitrogen. Vertical stability of atmosphere. Fertilizer control Order. Stephan-Boltzman. Concepts of specific heat at constant volume and pressure. Chemical evaluation of feeds and forages. Wet bulb temperature. length of day. Coriolis force. GC-MS-IR. HPLC. Mountain and valley winds. classification. IR. pesticide poisoning and antidotes. Selective absorption by constituents of atmosphere. Psychrometric equation. Gas laws. fertilizers and manures: Principles and practices in the use of isotopes (stable and radioactive) in the study of soil-plant relationships. Determination of nutrient requirements of crops by chemical and biological methods. LC-MS. Recycling of organic wastes. Pressure systems. instrumentation and application of spectroscopic (UV. ICP and mass spectrometric techniques for analysis of plant constituents. Geostrophic. Section 7: Plant Nutrients Plant nutrient cycles (carbon. trough. Formulation. 17 . Characterization and amelioration of problem soils. Protein. plants. Laws of radiation. Direct and diffuse radiation. specific humidity. organic matter in relation to soil quality. vitamin and mineral supplements. earth and seasons. B5. GC-IR) with reference to isolation. soils and rocks. pesticides of plant origin. pressure gradiant. Integrated plant nutrient systems. phosphatic. Section 9: Agricultural Chemicals and Soil Health Chemistry of synthetic pesticides (chlorinated hydrocarbons. Nutrient deficiencies and their correlation.

Units for measurement of momentum. and combination approaches. Irrigation scheduling based on evapotranspiration. meso. Advection and its effect on water use by crops and yield. Monsoon onset and rainfall forecasts. consumptive use. arid and semi-arid climate. Meteorological factors associated with incidence and development of crop pests and diseases such as rust diseases.I. Section 6: Crop-Weather Modelling Concepts of mechanistic and deterministic models. dry matter production and crop yields. Remote sensing: spectral indices. Cyclones and cyclonic tracks over the Indian region. Energy balance equation and significance of the components and their estimation.and macro-meteorology. frictional velocity. respiration. light intensity and water vapour. Section 7: Weather Forecasting for Agriculture Crop weather calendars. temperature. Angstroms formula and estimation of radiation parameters. Climatology of India: principal weather phenomena occurring in four main seasons of India. Reyionds analogy. crop water stress index and crop stress detection. Advantages and limitations of modelling. evaporation. Physiological stress in crops. Adaptation and acclimatization of animals of new environment. power. water vapours. extinction coefficient. sunshine. soil water potential infiltration and hydraulic conductivity. sunshine and dew. work. Frost protection.G. forced and free convection. variability. Boundary layer. radiation. and monsoon breaks. humidity and precipitation. Windbreaks and shelterbelts. Available soil water. Drought climatology: rainfall and its variability. and zeroplane displacement. Climatic aspects of animal production and nutrition. surface tension. Synoptic charts and synoptic approach to weather forecasting. Soil heat flux and soil temperature. Protection of animals from adverse weather and immunity against animal diseases and parasitic afflictions. Section 3: Agricultural Climatology Meaning and scope. direct. Shearing stress. Assured rainfall probability analysis using normal. measures of cental tendency. greenhouse effect. water use efficiency. Comfort zones for different species and breeds of animals. canopy temperature technique of estimation of evapotranspiration. molecular and eddy diffusion. Concepts of texture. North-western and western disturbances. rainfall. global warming. resistance. Section 5: Evapotranspiration Hydrologic cycle and concept of water balance. CO2 and heat. Vent Hoff’s Law. infra red thermometer. solar energy conversion efficiency and relative water content. force. Heat unit concept and related parameters. wind. Markov-chain probability and its application. etc. soil temperature. and their impact on agriculture. potato blight. aridity and moisture indices. diffuse and photosynthetically active radiation. exchange coefficients. Climatic change. photo-nycto temperatures. and S. Continental maritime and monsoon climates. systems of units and their conversion. Phenology of crops. bulk density and moisture characteristics of soil. Bowen ratio method and empirical methods—Dalton’s approach. pressure over India. Advantages and limitation of different methods. Yield functions. Use of satellite cloud imageries in weather forecasting. and their effect on modification of microclimate. light interception by crop canopies as influenced by leaf area index. Orthogonal polynomial techniques for crop yield estimation. water and CO. role of physiography and rainfall distribution. medium and long range weather forecasting. correlation. General features of dynamical and statistical modelling techniques. exposure conditions and operation of meteorological equipment in agrometeorological observatory Principles and working of instruments for measurement of solar radiation. pressure. thermal conductivity and diffusivity. atmospheric and soil drought.Section 2: General Climatology Weather and climate. wind and CO. leaf arrangement and leaf transmissibility. Moisture availability indices Heat and cold waves. potential and actual evapotranspiration. soil heat flux. Locust meteorology. Climatic classification-Koppen and Thornthwaite. groundnut red hairy caterpillar. Section 8: Agrometeorological instruments Principles. Section 9: Supporting Disciplines and Topics C. apple scab. Light intensity. Weather data-based and physiology-based approaches to modelling of crop growth and yield. 18 . Lysimetry-types and principles. Thermal and moisture balance of animals. mechanism of Indian monsoons. thermoperiodism. spectral radiometer and net radiometer. Section 4: Micrometeorology Concept of micro-. Water use. in relation to photosynthetic rates and efficiency. evapotranspiration. binomial and incomplete gamma distributions. Section 10: Statistical Techniques in Agroclimatology Frequency distribution. Spectral properties of vegetation. and Thomthwaite’s climatic water balance method. roughness length. Concepts of evaporation. fluxes of momentum. Temperature. Micrometerological processes near bare ground and crop surfaces. temperature. profiles in crop canopies. net assimilation. Photosynthesis. Richardson number. structure. Inversion and its effect on smoke plume distribution. Effects of thermal environment on growth and yield of crops. Cardinal temperatures. Gaussen and Emberger systems. Short.S. Automatic weather station. CO increase. Heat conduction and thermal diffusivity in soils. Weather forecasting and agro-advisories. Climatological elements. wind speed and direction. Seasonal distribution of radiation. eddy correlation. Aerodynamic.

pyrimidines and nucleotides. polymerase chain reaction and chromosome walking. Coenzymes. Isolation of genes and methods of gene transfer-plasmids. Biological oxidation-electron transfer. Classification. Dark reactions. Mode of action and biochemical functions of vitamins and hormones. Cell disruption. Immune response-humoral and cell mediated. Density. SDS-PAGE. Chloroplast morphology. Genetic code. Chemical bonding in biological systems. fluorimetry. and free energy changes in biological reactions. Molecular mechanism of plant growth. Cell fractionation. immunodiffusion. Plant Growth and Development 19 . Regulation of enzyme activity. Protoplast fusion. HPLC.C. Replication of viruses. Anti-nutritional factors and toxic constituents. Allosteric regulation. Splicing techniques. Organ and tissue slice techniques. and glyoxylate pathway. Isolation. Anabolism. Gene expression-operon model. hormone action. TCA cycle. kinetics and mechanism of action of enzymes. standard error. Molecular basis of male sterility. immune-fluorescence and fluorescence immunoassay. Cryopreservation. test. Section 1: Biomolecules and Biophysical Principles Section 2: Intermediary Metabolism Section 3: Nutrition Section 4: Enzymes Section 6: Biotechnology/Genetic Engineering Section 7: Immunology Section 8: Techniques Section 9: Photosynthesis and Photorespiration Section 10: Nitrogen Fixation. BIOCHEMISTRY AND BIOTECHNOLOGY C1. catabolism and their regulation. lipids and nucleic acids. photorespiration and crop productivity. Chlorophyll. and mechanisms of oxidative phosphorylation. Immunologies! techniquesprecipitation. Chemiosmotic coupling. inducible and repressive enzymes Mitochondrial genomes. proteins. gibberelins. RIA. pulsed field gel electrophoresis. structure. structure and biochemical anatomy chlo-roplasts. The immune system. Avidin-biotin mediated immunoassay. Sulphate reduction. Biological value. atomic absorption Spectrophotometry. Electrophoresis. oxidative phosphorylation. Assimilation of fixed nitrogen by plants. Lipid metabolism-degradation and biosynthesis of fatty acids and sterol biosynth’esis. Centrifugation-principles of sedimentation. chemoautotrophy in rhizobia and nitrifying bacteria. Balanced diet. degradation and biosynthesis of individual amino acids. auxins. Metabolism of nucleic acidsdegradation and biosynthesis of purines. Photorespiration. HMP pathway. antigens and transplantation. complement systems and antigen antibody reaction. Mutation. DNA sequence analysis. flow cytofluorimetry and fluorescence activated cell sorting (FACS). bases and buffers. Membrane structure and composition. DNA finger and foot printing. fluorescence and electron microscopy. Nutritional value of cereals and legumes. ELISA. Acids. Biochemical and physiological role of hydrogenase. Blotting and hybridization. phase contrast. anova. Photophosphorylation. BIOCHEMISTRY (Plant Science) Scope and importance of biochemistry in plants. Redox reactions. Lymphokines and interleukins. Phytohormones. Replication. Post-transcriptional and translational modification. Secondary metabolites. Preliminary methods of statistical analysis as applied to agricultural data-standard deviation. differential centrifugation. Principles. nutritional requirements in general and for special groups. ethylene. Ribozymes. cytokinins. General principles of gene cloning. Transgenic plants-methods of development. Amino acid metabolism-general reactions. Antisense RNA. antigens. Nitrate and nitrite reduction. symbiotic ‘and non-symbiotic nitrogen fixation. Plant cell and tissue culture. Thermodynamics and bioenergetics-concept of entropy. Genetics and mechanism of nitrogen fixation. Membrane transport. and viruses as vectors. Application of recombinant DNA technology. Ion fluxes and conformational changes during photosynthesis. isoenzymes and immobilised enzymes. Photosystems. Radioisotopic techniques-detection and measurement of radioactivity and its application in biological sciences. carbon-cycle and its regulation C3 and C1 pathways. Cell organelles. denitrification. turbidimetry and. chemistry and properties of carbohydrates. purification and measurement of enzyme activity. Transcriptional and translational control of prokaryotes and eukaryotes. correlation and regression. transcription and translation. DNA damage and repair. Regulation of protein synthesis in prokarvotes and eukarvotes. Immunity-innate and acquired. Monoclonal antibodies and hybridoma technology Western blotting. Principles of optical. electrophoresis. gradient and ultracentrifugation. Role of high energy phosphates. Metabolism of carbohydrates -glycolytic pathway. Growth regulation in plants. Enzyme units. Relationship between photosynthesis. Immunization practices. Essential amino acids. Spectrophotometry UV and Vis.general principles and applications. antibodies. Restriction fragment length polymorphism. Section 5: Molecular Biology Structure of DNA and RNA. Restriction enzymes. Cell sorting and counting. Histocompatability antigens and transplantation-lmmunological. isoelectric focussing. Benefits of gene manipulations in agriculture. Nitrogen cycle. abscissic acid and phenolic inhibitors. Classification. Enzyme inhibition and activation. Photosynthesis-basic equation and photosynthetic pigments.

syntheses of carbohydrate. gene mapping. Section 7: Gene Cloning Restriction enzymes. Section 9: Plant Genetic Engineering Isolation of genes of interest. Cell wall and plasma membrane. transduction. Section 10: Fermentation Technology Principles of fermentation processes. Section 6: Molecular Biology Techniques Isolation and hybridization of nucleic acids. citric acid cycle. enhance sequences and other regulatory elements in prokaryotes and eukaryotes. their classification. Microbial degradation of waste and biogas production. Cot analysis. enzymelinked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). heat and cold. stress resistance and post-harvest. peroxisomes. Biopesticides. nitrate reductase. Section 3: Molecular Genetics Concept of gene mutation. Section 2: Biomolecules and Metabolism Structure. purine and pyrimidine biosynthesis. Hybrid embryo culture. characterization and functions of carbohydrates. Function of mitochondrial and chloroplast genome. exon intron. HMP. Application of tissue culture in crop improvement. ER. gene tagging and targetting. Protein engineering.e. recombination. and genetics of nif genes. Plant bioreactors and production of industrial compounds. phagmids and cosmids: expression vectors. Salient features and uses of most commonly used vectors i. Organisation of prokaryotic and eukaryotic genes and genomes including operon. Cell division. DNA base composition. procaryotes and archaebacteria. lipids. Current status of transgenics. basic enzyme kinetics. Current methods of radioactive and nonradioactive labelling of proteins and nucleic acids. somatic hybridization and hybridization. inhibition. Plant genetic vectors. metabolic regulation. Molecular biology of various stresses. pest and herbicide resistance. Cyloskelton. Single cell proteins. catalytic ste. proteins and nucleic acids. 20 . monoclonal and polyclonal antibodies. Signal transduction. plastids. salt. conjugation and transpositon. direct and vector mediated. C3. Molecular mechanism of nitrogen fixation. galgi apparatus. post-translational modification and their significance.. Gene constructs for tissue specific expression. genome mapping. Section 4: Gene Expression Replication. BIOTECHNOLOGY (Agriculture Science) Section 1: Cell Structure and Function Ultrastructure of prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells. Different methods of gene transfer to plants viz. drought. etc. Potential applications to crop improvement through plant genetic engineering. randomly amplified polymorphic DNA sequences (RAPD). Cloning. sub-cloning strategies and transformation. glyoxisomes. DNA modification and repair mechanism.e. Catabolism. mechanism of action. i. antisense RNA methodology. Concept of cellular totiopotency. isolation and purification of enzymes. Section 8: Tissue Culture Basic technizues in cell culture and somatic cell genetics. Different stages of mitosis and meiosis. Storage protein quality. southern. nucleic acid hybridization. regulation of enzyme activity. Cell organelles including vacuoles. etc. DNA sequencing. Molecular biology of light and dark reaction of photosynthesis. Theory of spontaneous generation. bioreactors and biosensors. Section 2: Microbial Taxonomy Eucaryotes. transformation. their organization and function. northern and western blottings and hybridization. radioimmune assay. Techniques used in identification and classification of bacteria-numerical taxonomy. specific and non-specific resistance (defence) genes to disease. Anther and pollen culture for haploid and double haploid production. RNA processing and posttranscriptional modifications. MICROBIOLOGY (Agriculture) Section 1: History of Microbiology Evolution of microbial life. Contributions of various scientists to the development of different areas of microbiology. bioenergetics. Oxidative phosphorylation and substrate level phosphorylation. Gemplasm conservation and exchange. plasmids. Construction and screening of genomic and DNA libraries. Kingdom procaryote and detailed classification of precaryotes. somatoclonal and gametoclonal variations. Applications of fermentation technology.C2. bacteriophages. Clonal propagation. transcription and transposition of genetic material prokaryotes and eukaryots. immobilized enzymes and their application. viz. Restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP).. polymerase chain reaction (PCR). DNA synthesis. glycolysis. ribozyme. production of secondary metabolites and alien proteins. Bioleaching. Section 5: Biophysical Photoregulation and phytochrome regulation of nuclear and chloroplastic gene expression.

Mutations-spontaneous. parasitism. alcohols. spore forming bacteria and actinomycetes. Adoption of micro-organism to various ecosystems. Correlation and regression. akinetes. Microbial interactions-symbiosis. etc. antibiotics. Chromosomal and plasmid DNA isolation and characterization. positive and negative regulatory control (lac operon) and ryptophan operon. thermophiles. Section 3: Morphology and Cytology Cell structure-procaryotes and eucaryotes. Microbiological tests for potability of water. Biochemistry and genetics of nitrogen fixation. production and treatment of sewage. Biofertilizers and their role in sustainable agriculture. hemicellulose. lignin and protein. Plant viruses. DNA damage and repair. commensalism. Section 9: Soil Microbiology Distribution of microorganisms in soil. pickles. cheese. chemoautotrophic bacteria. mean. Sources of pollution and their impact on environment. air and water. cytoplasmic membrance. Regulation of gene expression-operator. water—fresh and marine. Microbiology of sewage and industrial effluents and their safe disposal. Plasmid and transposons. chemical and site directed mutagens. replisomes. fluorescent.RNA sequencing and cataloguing. Microbiology of ecosystems—soil. Growth curve of viruses. milk and water. Spoilage of fruits. and air. vectors. Manipulation of rhizosphere microflora in plant productivity. vegetables and processed foods. Kinetics of growth—continuous and batch culture. Section 8: Food Microbiology Microbiology of various foods. organic solvents. Types of bioreactors. cytoplasmic inclusions. capsule. Section 10: Environmental Microbiology Micro-organism pollution of soil. biofertilizers. Role of microbes in fermented and processed foods—sauerkraut bread. Colorimetry. halophiles. phyllosphere. Oxidative. Recombinant DNA technology (RDT). amino acids and antibiotics. Section 11: Microbiological Techniques Isolation and preservation of different types of microorganisms. amino acids. Section 12: Statistics Elementary principles of statistics. promoter. Production of single cell proteins. nitrification and denitrification. Structure and classification of viruses. Food-born diseases and intoxication. amensalism. acidophiles and methanogens. biogas. Transformations of sulphur. Restriction enzymes. mode and median. bottled and canned foods. pill. nitrogenfixing bacteria and cyanobacteria. bio-pigments. mushrooms and silage. cysts. Diauxic and synchronous growth. Experimental designs. substrate level and photo-phosphorylation. DNA cloning and eDNA cloning. Heterotrophic bacteria — enterobacteria. analysis of variance and chisquare test. Methods for estimation of microbial biomass and nitrogen fixation. antagonism and predation. Decomposition of plant and animal residues—cellulose. Biological nitrogen fixation—symbiotic. spectrophotometry. gyrase and heliase. Microbial biomass. Section 5: Microbial Physiology Bacterial growth and growth curve. bio-flavours. Important groups of procaryotes-photosynthetic bacteria. Gene transferconjugation. Methods of food preservation. lactic acid bacteria. and industrial effluents. induced and site directed. Microbial nutrition. dark field and electron microscopy. hormones. rhizosphere. Control of fermentation processes—batch. proteins and nucleic acid. nuclear material and other specialized cell structures-endospore. vinegar. Microbiological assay of vitamins. 21 . Optical phase contrast. flagella. Section 6: Microbial Genetics Replication of DNA-primosomes. Importance of RDT over conventional genetic techniques. transduction and transformation. heterocysts. Methods of sterilization and disinfection. vitamins and enzymes. chromatography and gel electrophoresis. Section 7: Microbial Biotechnology Industrial production of metabolites—organic acids. biopesticides. Physical. Humus-role in soil fertility. electron transport chain. Section 4: Microbial Ecology Principles of microbial ecology and their application to different ecosystems. ribosomes. Chemical composition. Transformation of nitrogen in soil ammonification. Mycorrhizal symbiosis (ecto and endo)—role in agriculture and forestry. centrifugation. synergism. Phosphorus transformations-solubilization and mobilization by bacteria and fungi. Root exudates and rhizosphere effects. Biosynthesis of macromolecules-bacterial cell wall. Lytic and lysogenic cycles. Biochemical genetics-elucidation of biochemical pathways using auxotrophic mutants. Bacterial metabolism—aerobic and anaerobic respiration. Management of solid and liquid organic wastes-composting. feedback and continuous. Biodegradation of pesticides. operon. and serological analysis. Biological control of insect pests and plant pathogens. associative symbiotic and asymbiotic. Down—stream processing in fermentation industry. structure and function of cell wall.

and mechanism of tolerance. cytoskeleton and cell wall. Screening for drought resistance-empirical and analytical techniques. mechanism and significance. detection and assay. nucleus. 22 . mechanisms of their translocation. flavonoids. Importance of mitochondrial genome. free energy and chemical potential. Light stress: High and low light stresses. Scope and tolerance). foliar nutrition and hydroponics. Mechanism of light absorption. terpenes. Growth and maintenance. Nutrient-use efficiency. Temperature stress: High temperature stress. PLANT PHYSIOLOGY (Agriculture and Horticultural Crops) Section l: Structure and Function of Plant Cell and Organelles Biological membrane. Physiological and biochemical functions affected by water stress. Adaptive strategies for drought resistance (avoidance. salt-stress injury. cytokinins. Chloroplast genome and its expression. partitioning and harvest and harvest index. Phytochrome as a photoreceptor. Factors governing transpiration and antitranspirants. Salt stress: Saline and alkaline soils. Chlorophylls and other pigments. soil-water relationships. redox reactions. germination. Diagnosis of nutrient disorders by visual symptoms. and electro-chemical potential. Amino acid metabolism and protein synthesis. Nitrate metabolism. Tissue culture techniques and their applications. quanifiction of soil-water relations and soilwater-atmosphere continum. chilling and frost injury. Factors affecting respiration rate. and halophytes. respiration and its significance in crop improvement. Role of plant growth regulators on rooting of cuttings. Concept of water potential. Section 9: Environmental and Stress Physiology Environmental factors influencing plant growth and productivity. Section 8: Secondary Plant Products Cutin. Properties of RuBisco structure. photo-alexins. Sulphate uptake and reduction. Section 10: Plant Growth Regulators Auxins. Other endogenous growth regulators-brassinosteroids. ripening. Mechanism of water uptake and transport. Approaches to breeding drought resistance. Waterlogging and its effect on plant growth. Spherosomes. Water balance under field conditions. glucosinolates. suberin. dormancy. Photosystems—their structure and function. Role of essential elements. Drought—its definition and quantification. Anatomical and ultrastructure aspects of growth. senescence and abscission. Source-sink relationships. Concept of hormone action—hormone receptors. air and gaseous pollutants and their effect on plant growth. Section 6: Respiration and Lipid Metabolism Pathways of glucose oxidation in plants. salicylic acid and essential oils. triacontanol and growth retardants. photosynthetic electron transport chain. Effect of heavy metals on plant growth and development. Interaction of chloroplast and nuclear genes. assembly and regulation. Soil and plant factors affecting mineral availability Mechanism of uptake and translocation of ions. C4 and CAM pathways and their distinguishing features. Photorespiration and its significance. microbodies. gibberellins. mechanism of salt tolerance. Section 3: Water and Plant Reactions Cell-water relations. glycosides. ethylene—site or synthesis. tannins. Chemical fertilizers. Enzyme classification and action. flower and fruit retention. Stomata-structure and function. apical dominance. Biosynthetic path-ways and metabolism and their influence on plant growth. anthocyanins. heat shock proteins. Soil and plant tissue analysis. Mitochondrial electron transport chain and its role. UV-B effect on plant growth and development. Herbicide physiology. Cyanide-resistant pathway. Importance of osmoregulation and stress responsive proteins. Section 7: Nitrogen and Sulphur Metabolism Dinitrogen fixation by symbiotic and free-living organism. alkaloids. Section 11: Photo-morphogenesis and Seed Physiology Cellular basis of growth and morphogenesis. its uptake and assimilation. Commercial applications of growth promoters and retardants in agricultural and horticultural crops. Water stress: Water deficits and plant growth. Synthesis of sucrose and starch. Gene expression and protein turnover. photo phosphorylation and quantum yield concept. Structure and properties of phytochrome. phloem loading and unloading. Measurements of respiration. Significance of water-use efficiency. Genetics of plant nutrition. organic farming. Section 5: Photosynthesis Chloroplast structure. Importance of secondary products in plants. Translocation of photosynthates. Biosynthesis of plant lipids and their importance. Section 2: Energy and Enzymes Energy and work. and phenolic compounds—lignin. mechanism of stomatal opening and closing. abscisic acid. Polarity Molecular basis of differentiation.C4. Environmental influence on plant water relationships. Climatic changes—greenhouse gases and global warming. Morphogenesis in roots and shoots. Carbon metabolism— C3. waxes. Fats and oils. Transpiration and evapo-transpiration. Nutrient mobilization by mycorrhiza. Pollutants and heavy metal stress: Chemical. Water-use efficiency Section 4: Mineral Nutrition Mineral nutrients and their classification. Herbicide resistance. movement and loss of water in plants. factors affecting enzyme action and kinetics. Classification of herbicides based on mode of action. Microclimate and its effect. genome size. sex modification.

Physiology of major field crops. development. and concept of source-sink relationships. oilplam. propagation. morphactin and other growth retardants in fruit production. and yield prediction. ethylene. Fruit bud differential and fruit set. pineapple. Section 14: Statistics Frequency distribution. Classification of edible parts. disease and pest control including IPM and other orchard management practices of important fruit crops e. eg. Method of improvement e. disease and pest control including IPM of important plantation crops. model testing. area. Tests of significance. Seed germination. problems and prospects of fruit breeding. Advances in micropropagation. canopy architecture.g. soil sterization. containers. banana. Regions of cultivation. nutrition and irrigation. Experimental design and analysis. apromixis and polyembryony. clonal selection. Breeding objectives. Section 3: Growth and Development Definition of growth and development. Role of auxins. aonla and pomegranate. grape. Plant ideotypes. internal breakdown and bitter pit in apple. transplanting. granulation and decline in citrus. cocoa. mutation breeding. guava. Packing and transport of nursery plants.g. Vernalization-mechanism and practical application of the process. mango. Photoperiodism-classification of plants and mechanism of flowering in photoperiodic-sensitive plants. stone fruits. arid zone crops. hybridisation. barrenness in grapes and coconut wilt. shoot tip grafting. Plant growth analysis techniques. grape. Origin. gibberellins. Theories related to flowering. Endogenous substances and lowering. Computer applications in Plant Physiology. papaya. cashew. Crop growth models—empirical models. guava. Measures of central tendency.dark reversion and destruction. Section 12: Control of Flowering Effect of plant age. etc. Section 4: Fruit Breeding Principles. fruit drop and fruit cracking in citrus. Section 5: Plantation Crop Breeding Principles. mango. planting and planting density. Section 6: Fruit Production Modern production technology of fruit covering soil and clin propagation varieties. varieties. training and pruning. Standard distributions. clonal selection. Importance of rootstocks. sapota. Adaptative and ecological advantages and seed viability. Breeding objectives. mutation breeding. not beds and cold frames. fruit drop and its control. litchi and pomegranate. spongy tissue in mango. ber. arecanut. production and productivity. arecanut. Role of chemicals in seed germination. Maturity and ripening.g. cytokiins. tea and coffee. and apical changes. Breeding of stock and scion. raising of seedings. etc. Recent propagation techniques. layout and management of nurseries. Control of flowering. method and time of propagation of different crops. coconut. Methods of improvement e. light interception. Export potential of different fruits. pathenocarpy and seedlessness. Dormancy. D. Section 8: Special Problems Causes and recent advances in the control of alternate bearing. HORTICULTURE-FRUIT SCIENCE Section 1: Importance of Fruit Crops Importance. Potoperiod and tuberization. apple pear. citrus. problems and advances made in plantation crops e. introduction. Section 13: Crop Productivity and Modelling Crop growth analysis. citrus. litchi. guava wilt. Propagation structures like mist chambers. planting and population density. coffee. Section 2: Nursery Management and Propagation Planning. Gene expression and flowering. sub-tropical. pomegranate. weed. soil mixtures. Physiology of flowering and chemical induction of flowering. weed. nutrition and irrigation. Allometric growth relationships. oilpalm cashew. partitioning efficiency and harvest index. papaya. 23 . apple. HORTICULTURAL SCIENCES AND FORESTRY D1. nutritional value and importance in national economy of fruit and plantation crops. etc. polyploidy and heterosis breeding. problems and advances made in important crops like mango. transition from vegetative to reproductive stage. introduction. key growth parameters. malformation. Stionic incompatibility. bunchy top in banana. polyploidy and heterosis breeding. development and dormancy. Section 7: Plantation Crop Production Modern production technology of plantation crops covering soils and climate. banana. tea. problems and prospects of breeding of plantation crops. tropical. hybridisation. inter crops. and methods of breaking dormancy. theoretical and actual yields.g. interstocks. and phytochrome—induced whole plant responses.Standard deviation. root induction and seedling growth. yield analysis. Correlation and regression. coconut. rest period chilling requirements and heat units. Flower mechanism in relation to crop productivity. training and pruning. Biochemical changes associated in fruit ripening. distribution and classification of fruits/plantation crops into temperate.

grading packing. scented geranium. environmental factors for seed set.g. introduction. Solanum. hybridization for specific purposes. digitalis. aromatic and medicinal plants. pruning and staking. tulip. Catharanthus. Maturity indices for harvesting and ripening. storing. pulsing and holding solution. pulsing and holding solutions. clonal selection. citronela. cold frame. pot plants and aromatic and medicinal plants and classification of ornamental plants e. Section 4: Aromatic and Medical Plant Breeding Principles. vetiver. basic principles. seed harvesting. Solanum. gladiolus. tests of significance. D2. nutrition. Section 8: Post Harvest Technology of Flowers Factors affecting bud development. plastic tunnels and green houses. Use of propagation of structures. hedges. Transplanting pruning. problems and prospects of ornamental plant breeding. marigold. principles of seed production. introduction. Regions of cultivation. problems and prospects of ornamental plant breeding. training. stages of harvest of commercial flowers. stages of harvest of commercial flowers. palmarosa. packing and marketing. rosemary and patchouli and medicinal plant like Dioscorea. hybridization for specific purposes. layout. Section 2: Nursery Management and Propagation Selection of site. e. cut. gladiolus. senna. Plantago ovata. loose. split plot tactorial and simple confounding designs. basil. carnation. dawana. development. digitalis. flower development and senescence physiology and biochemical change during flower senescence. decline in vase life. polyploidy and heterois breeding. rooting media and its sterilization.g. disease and pest control of important aromatic plants. chrysanthemum. Section 3: Ornamental Plant Breeding Principles. HORTICULTURE-FLORICULTURE Section 1: Importance of Flower. area. Section 6: Aromatic and Medicinal Plant Production Soil and climate varieties. anthurium. lavendar. tulip. hot bed. Latin square. storage and transportation of cut flower. recent propagation techniques stock and scion relationship (rose). production and productivity. floral preservaties.e. decline in vase life. edges. skin coatings and growth regulators for control of spoilage during storage and transit. vista and axis. population density (seed rate) and planting. irrigation. like jasmine. citronella. like jasmine. Hybrid seed production. f and chi-tests experimental designs. effect of preharvest factors on harvest qualify of cut flower. biennials. Papaver somniferum. Importance in national economy of flower. lilies. cleaning. Methods of improvement i. Visual aspects of plants arrangement view. rose. mean. mentha. standard. iris. styles of gardening. pruning and staking. polyploidy and heterosis breeding. begonia and bougainvillea. saffron and cinchona. cactus and water loving plants. climbers. foliage plants.g. packing and transportation. various types of storage and storage temperatures. population density (seed rate) and planting. aster. rosemary and patchouli and medicinal plants like Dioscorea. weed. weed. rogueing and certification. partial and multiple regression and regression coefficient. senna. Plantago ovata. disease and pest control of important flower e. cymbopogan. marigold. succulents. dawana. physiology of flowering and biochemical changes during flower senescence. grading. effect of preharvest factors on post harvest quality of cut flowers. isolation. normal and biomial distribution. grading packing. t. irrigation training. orchids. saffron and cinchona. Role of chemicals in seed germination. storage and transportation of cut flowers. root induction and seedling growth.e. precooking. Papaver somniferum. Section 10: Statistics Frequency distribution. basil. tuberose. orchids. Origin. grading. Dormancy and rest period. Aromatic and Medicine Plants Importance. gerebra. Section 7: Growth and Development Definition of growth and development. Atropa belladona. lotus. Raising or seedlings. path co-efficient analysis. correlation. mentha. ‘Completely randomised block design (CRBD). Japanese. their principles and practices with special reference to Mughal. floral preservatives. cymbopogan. Breeding for stock and scion (rose). mutation breeding. packing and marketing. Breeding objectives and advances made in important aromatic plants. shrubs. carnation. Method and time of propagation. Section 9: Gardening History of gardening in India. nutrition. mutation breeding. clonal selection. dry flowers. lilies. lavender. annuals. scenied geranium. vetiver. distribution and classification of flowers e.g. Methods of improvement i. chrysanthemum. and English gardens. medium and mode. Section 5: Flower Production Soil and climate varieties. and 24 . mist propagation chamber. pollination system. aster. lotus and begonia. Storage disorders and use of chemicals. catharanthus. trees bulbous plant. Atropa belladona. Breeding objectives and advances made in important crops like rose.Section 9: Post Harvest Technology Importance of post harvest handling in fruit and plantation crops. import and export. Garden parts (features) their materials. palmarosa.

Preparation and management of shrubbery. Introduction. fertigation. important cucurbits and cole crops. chillies. chilli. distribution: classification of vegetables. capsicum. Recent advances in breeding including biotechnological approaches. resistance to biotic and abiotic stresses and processing. Introduction. D3. insect nematode and disease control including IPM and organic farming of important vegetables e. cole and bulb crops. nutritional requirements. mean. Tests of significance-F. cassava. irrigation spacing. Correlation-partial and multiple. HORTICULTURE-VEGETABLE SCIENCE Section 1: Importance of vegetables & Spices Importance. tuber and spice production. production and productivity. cole crops. fennel. Origin. solanaceous. ginger. development.g. shading. Section 10: Statistics Frequency distribution. cucubitaceous. roguing and certification. brinjal. containers. completely randomised design. types of vegetable growing. and mode. coriander. nutritional requirement. Breeding objectives and advances made in potato. seedlessness and biochemical changes associated with fruit ripening. irrigation. physiology of flowering. Off-season production of vegetables. brinjal. cytokinins. parthenocarpy. fruit drop. Section 7: Growth and Development Definition of growth and development. basic principles. foliage and water loving plants. annuals. etc. selection of rhizomes in cardamom. shrubs. herbaceous borders. 25 . children. brocolli. Classification and utilization of ornamental trees. Experimental designs. mutation breeding. cardamom etc. asparagus. randomised block design. fruit set and development. black pepper. bulb and root. dormancy and rest period. onion. Section 5: Tuber Crops and Spices Production Soil and climatic seed rate. Breeding objectives and advances made in important vegetables like tomato. brussels sprout. structures including low cost polyhouses/green houses and other structures in vegetable. climbers.’ Pest and disease including IPM and organic farming of potato and other tuber crops and spices including hops and chicory. spacing. t and chi-square tests. turmeric. tuber and spices crop production. Use of vegetative propagation. gherkin and other important vegetables. Section 3: Tuber and Spice Crop Breeding Principles problems and prospects of tuber and spice crops improvement. mutation breeding. Section 8: Hi-tech Production Technology Use of plastics. lawn and bonsai. etc. Planning of road side. turmeric and ginger Saffron cultivation Nursery management. tuber crops and spices. deficiency disorders and corrective measures. Standard. watering and plant protection practices. important varieties. Seed production in poly/green houses. problems and prospects of vegetable improvement. deficiency disorders and corrective measures. nutritional value and importance of vegetable. succulents and cactus. onion. environmental factors responsible for belting and flowering. Section 4: Vegetable Crop Production Soil and climate. In national economy. median. sweet potato. selection including clonal selection and hybridization. hedges. factorial randomised experiment. regression coefficient. Section 6: Seed Production of Vegetable and Spice Crops Seed morphology. cumin. okra. important varieties.. area. polyploidy and heterosis breeding for specific purposes like productivity. Section 2: Vegetable Crop Breeding Principles. storage and viability in important crops like tomato. gibberellins. isolation. split plot and simple confounding designs. selection including clonal selection and hybridization. coriander. preparation of soil mixtures. Weed. resistance to biotic and abiotic stresses and processing. okra. watermelon. cole crops. Drip and sprinkler irrigation. ethlene and other growth regulators including retardants in vegetable. polyploidy and heterosis breeding for specific purposes like productivity. latin square. Role of auxins. pollination systems. soil sterilization. Nursery establishment. normal and binomial distribution. Production of F1 hybrid seeds in solanaceous. chemical induction of flowering. multiple regression and path coefficient regression. edges. bulbous. Stages in the production of certified seed. Recent advances in breeding including biotechnological approaches. and seed spices like fenugreek. cucumber. selection of shoots in pepper and nutmeg.methods of development including garden ornament. amusement and zoological parks. home gardens. hydroponics and other production technologies for enhancing productivity and off-season production of high value vegetable crops like tomato. cucurbits. leguminous vegetables and okra. Seed legislation. fenugreek. seed rate. sex expression and alteration. regions of cultivation and export and import of these commodities.

felling. Field plot techniques for the evaluation of agroforestry systems. Section 10: Statistics Frequency distribution. Section 5 Forest mensuration. path coefficient analysis. germinability. Soil mixture. thinning and crop hygiene. Section 6 Definition and scope of silviculture. standard. Section 8 Forest management. co-dominant. Spacing. Silvicultural systems of forest management with special reference to species suitable for soil and water conservation. hardy fruits. nutrient cycling. regeneration felling. environment and rural economy. Site selection. selection and other improvement techniques. light demanders and shade bearing. transport. physiographic and biotic factors affecting regeneration and growth of trees. factorial experiments (FRBD). essential oils. evaluation. Elite seed tree. improvement felling. inventory preparation and photointerpretation. raw material for plant based cottage industries. Soil working techniques for various edaphic and climatic conditions. nomial and binomial distribution. hoeing and aftercare. Pre and post harvest treatments to control disorders. Seed dormancy.Section 9: Post Harvest Technology Harvesting with reference of maturity indices. fodder and fibre. Study of genecology and adaptation in trees for use in agro-forestry. plant per cent and grading. Monoculture v/s mixed farming. girding etc. sowing. Climatic edaphic. Growth Strategies of trees for suitable use in agro-forestry. Diagnosis and design of agroforestry systems. Role of forests in national economy—protective and productive. Tree-crop interactions including fruit trees. Section 4 Extent and causes of land denudation. cleaning. Techniques for tissue culture. Biomass production for fuel wood. test of significance ‘t’ and ‘f’ and chi square test. species composition and functions on agroforestry. Management systems for agro-forestry plantations and monocultures. partial and multiple correlations. Practices such as thinning-ground thinning. Section 7 Afforestation techniques: Phenology of important tree species in agroforestry. 26 . Seed testing. pruning. completely randomised block design (CBRD). Forest regeneration: natural and artificial. Shifting cultivation. preferably nitrogen fixers. tribal and rural welfare. Types of containers. pasture and silvi-pastoral management. Layout and design of beds. land degradation. manuring and fertilizer application. entomology and plantation farming of species used by rural community. Seed collection and nursery techniques: Criteria for site selection for nursery. value addition and export of vegetables. surveys. mist chamber etc. Silvi-pastoral management. Different methods of storage. Sowing techniques. Regeneration potential and coppicing ability with high calorific value. pretreatment and germination. drug plants. Seed viability. pathology. irrigation/ moisture conservation techniques. Productivity. Silviculture. minor forest products such as gums. Section 2 Concepts and definition of agro/social/community/farm forestry/Taungya plantations. maintenance and evaluation of germplasm. and root and light competition in agroforestry systems. D4. felling cycle. Succession and concept of climatic and polyclimax. silvicultural thinning. fruiting. Section 3 Biomass. regression coefficients. Lopping of top-feed species such as frequency and intensity of lopping. Tending operations: weeding. median and mode. germplasm and agroforestry system evaluation: Collection. storage temperatures disorders. and protection. Planning techniques. Forest types of India: distribution of forest cover types. Integration of trees with agricultural operation. for propagation of difficult species. Utilization of denuded low fertility soils for agro-industrial use of woody biomass. FORESTRY Section 1 National Forest Policy. Forest economics. packing including consumer packaging. resins and tannins. Section 9 Techniques for free crop improvement and mass propagation: Tree breeding. basic principles and analysis of randomised block design (RBD). Selection of superior trees with multiple uses like fuel. Association of species. Seed test weight. epigeal and hypogeal germination. plant per cent. manuring and fertilization in nursery. simple. Tree-crop interactions. dominant. small timber. Effects of deforestation on soil erosion. Gregarious and sporadic flowering. mean. Conservation and management of natural resources including wild life. Forest environment. Coppice management and energy plantations. grading. Integration of trees with agricultural operations. seed maturity and seed availability. Plant protection in nursery from environmental and biological agents. tuber crops and spices.

PLANT PROTECTION AND RELATED SCIENCES E1. Population models. termites. musculature and insect sense organs (mechano-. Bacterial. wheat. Nutrition of insects. fluoro compounds. Latin square and split-plot designs. Experimental designs—basic principles. photo-and chemo-receptors). predators and pathogens. Hostparasitoid relationships. protozoans and viruses. Environment and its components. Principles and components of integrated pest management. Insecticide resistance and resurgence. plantation crops such as tea. International code of zoological nomenclature. carbohydrates. modification and physiology of different systems. colouration and special integumentary structures. AGRICULTURAL ENTOMOLOGY Section 1: Systematics History and development of entomology. Management of vectors. Volatiles and secondary plant substances. Surveillance and forecasting. fungi. Bioassay methods. white grubs and hairy caterpillars and non-insect pests (mites. binomial and Poisson distribution. Classification of insects up to order level. Toxicity and structure activity relationships. Extra and intra-cellular microorganisms. Section 4: Biological Control Principles and scope of biological control. Toxicogenic insects and phytotoxemia. cartap. Action thresholds. viral. Computer modelling. Conservation and augmentation. cashew. Section 6: Toxicology Principles of toxicology. Tests of significance—F and chi-square tests. Legs: segmentation and types. Section 7: Insect Vectors of Plant Diseases Role of insect vectors: aphids. Economic thresholds. ornamental plants. Breeding for insect-resistance in crop plants. Regression coefficients and multiple regression. Case histories in IPM. fruits. Section 5: Insect-Host Plant Relationships Chemical ecology. Case histories. Mean. barley. Mass production techniques and economics. Systemic insecticides. Role of bacteria. Thorax sclerites and pterothorax. habitat and distinguishing characters of different orders. carbamates. Detection and estimation of infestation. Use of parasitoids. pulses. Phytoxicity. nutmeg and chillies. types of mouth parts and antennae. tobacco. abundance and natural balance. cotton and other fibre crops. Registration and quality control of insecticides. nature. Effect of biotic and abiotic factors on bionomics. Normal. vegetables. Evaluation and efficacy of storage structures. Management of stored product pests. digestive. venation. snails. Development of biotypes and measures to combat them. extent of damage and control of pests of paddy. chloridimeform etc. structure. Habit. Insecticides Act 1968. Position of insects in the phylum Arthropoda. 27 . thrips. Dispersal and migration. Genitalia and their modifications. plant products (rotenoids. domestic animals and wild life. Wings. mode and standard deviation. Causes of insect outbreaks. Field release and evaluation. median. arecanut. Distinguishing characters of families of economic importance. nicotinoids. Physiology of moulting. Economic injury levels. fungal and mycoplasma diseases and their transmission. IPM for important field and horticultural crops. Role of mechano. role of vitamins. reproductive. Section 2: Internal Anatomy and Physiology of Insects Structure. clove. Completely randomised. sugarcane. mode of entry. cuticular outgrowths. circulatory. Life table studies. mode of action. Section 9: Useful Insects Honey bees. Gain thresholds. Introduction of exotic natural enemies. coffee. coconut. Classification of pesticides based on chemical structure. birds and rats). and mode of action. Polyphagous pests-locusts. relationship with other arthropods.and chemoreceptors. Body regions: sclerites and segmentation. neem). Section 8: Pests of Crops and Stored Products and their Control Biology. mass production. wing coupling and mechanism of flight. Inter-and intra-specific relationships. Gene transfer. organophosphates. distribution. natural and synthetic pyrethroids. avermectcin. Role of enzymes in growth and metamorphosis. chlorinated hydrocarbons.Section 10 Frequency distribution. leaf-hoppers. dinitrophenol. Plant protection appliances. maize. cardamom. whiteflies. sorghum. Mode of action and therapeutic methods for control of poisoning of arsenicals. Systems approach. Types of metamorphosis. respiratory. antagonism and synergism. Factors affecting toxicity of insecticides. oilseeds. Head: structure. Compatability. cocoa. Tritrophic relation. Pesticide formulations. E. Hazards of pesticides to humans. lac insect and silk worms. Embryonic and post-embryonic development. Body wall: structure. grass-hoppers and mites. millets. plant-hoppers. lipids and minerals. Abdomen: segmentation and appendages. spices and condiments like pepper. Section 3: Ecology Principles of ecology. randomised block. excretory. nervous. formulation and field application. proteins. Correlations-partial and multiple. Exploitation of wild species. Stored products pests.

Trichodorous. economics and control of plant parasitic nematodes of economic importance (Pratylenchus. Integrated nematode management. and histopathology of nematode infected tissues. its principles and types. correlation. nervous system. Section 7: Nematode Physiology Principles of nematode physiology—Nutrition. standard deviation etc. General morphology. porosity. excretory. Standard. activity and multiplication. Rhadinaphelenchus. Community analysis. bacteriology. biology. E3. Anatomy-musculature. Paratrichodorus. Physiology of growth. distribution. Basic principles of completely reandomised. mode. preserving. Section 9: Disease Complexes Caused by nematodes and Other Pathogens Interaction of nematodes with other nematodes (predatory and parasitic). Injury caused by various groups of plant parasitic nematodes. their taxonomic position and relationship with other organisms. Aphelenchoides. Physiological specialization and host specificity. moisture. Bursaphelenchus. Measures of central tendency and dispersion-mean. Correlations-partial and multiple. staining and mounting of nematodes including TEM and SEM. histochemistry and culturing of nematodes including axenic methods. Tylenchorhynchus. Experimental techniques for proving pathogenicity. Concept of host resistance for nematode control including their mechanisms. Techniques for histopathology. Experimental designs—basic principles of randomized block. biological. Longidorus. Rotylenchulus. Hirschmanniella. latin square and split-plot designs. Physiology of respiration. E2. Classification of soil and plant-parasitic nematodes and their relationship. Mechanisms of resistance in plants. means. Phylogeny. t. Tests of significance: t. digestion and assimilation. Radopholus. Detailed classification of plants-parasitics nematodes up to generic level with emphasis on economic importance. Globodera and other cyst forming nematodes. Methods of extraction of nematodes from soil and plant material. Rules of nomenclature. Estimation of crop losses. Microscopy. Reproduction and development of nematodes. Groundwater pollution. Helicotylenchus. Anguina. binomial and poisson. NEMATOLOGY (Agriculture) Section l: History and Morphology of Nematodes History and economic importance of nematology. fungi. Characters of phylum Nematoda. Effect of host on population of nematodes. Xiphinema. viruses and mycorrhiza. Population distributions-normal. soil type. Nacobbus. Nematode systematics. F and chi-square test. Section 10: Statistics Frequency distribution. randomized block. soil chemicals and pH on nematode survival. partial and multiple regression. mechanisms involved. Various systems—digestive. cultural. Nematodes as biological indicators of toxic environmental contaminants. Section 6: Plant Nematode Relationships Host-parasite relationships. Screening of crop germplasm/genotypes for resistance. Origin of parasitism among nematodes and types of parasitism. normal. binomial and Poisson’s distribution. Design of experiments. median. Meloidogyne. Section 5: Nematode Ecology Ecological classification and dispersal of nematodes. F and Chi-square tests. Hoplolaimus. Development of chemical. Tylenchulus. legislative and chemical methods. applications and mode of action. Section 3: Nematological Techniques Survey and sampling of nematodes. Methods of killing. Nematicides—their formulations. Rotylenchus. Section 8: Nematode Management Principles and methods of nematode management-physical. Scutellonema. metabolism and excretion.Section 10: Statistics Frequency distribution. PLANT PATHOLOGY Section 1: History and Principles of Plant Pathology Milestones in phytopathology with special reference to mycology. virology and mycoplasmatology. Section 4: Plant Diseases Caused by Nematodes Diseases caused by plant-parasitic nematodes-symptomatology. Criconematids etc. Changes in physiology and biochemistry of plants due to nematodes. Adaptations to parasitic mode of life. Heterodera. physiological and molecular plant pathology. nervous and sensory responses and behaviour. History of development of epidemilogical. Nematicide screening—residual analysis in plants and soil. Regression—simple and multiple. fixing. Physiology of muscles. Pseudocoelom and function of transport. Latin square and split plot designs. Effect of soil factors like temperature. Interaction with other disease causing agents like bacteria.). Test of significance. Ditylenchus. Section 2: Nematode Taxonomy Principle and basis of taxonomy. legislative and biological 28 . Probit analysis. cuticle (finer) structures. etc. Role of pheromones in communication. median and mode. Soil as environment for nematodes. organic matter. reproduction and development.

methods for screening for resistance in a segregating population. Development of disease in plant population. light and electron microscopy Stains and staining. fruits. Seed certification. Bioassay of fungicides. Commercial production of disease-free seeds. Elementary genetic engineering. Section 4: Mycology and Fungal Physiology Economic mycology. Histopathological changes induced by viruses in plants. deleterious rhizobacteria (DRB). plant growth-promoting bacteria (PGPB). Enzymes and toxins in relation to plant diseases. transformation. Post-harvest diseases in transit and storage. and transposon. fibre. epidemiology and management. in vitro selection for disease resistance.protection measures including breeding for disease resistance. Properties of viruses. Laboratory equipments and their use: autoclave. MLOs and other fastidious prokaryotes. Bacterial genetics and variability. Mode of transmission. Section 9: Bacterial and Vival Diseases of Crop Plants Crop diseases of cereals. Section 8: Fungal Diseases of Crops Fungal diseases of cereals. and their management. methods of inoculation. gene and gene hypothesis. Groups of fungicides and antibiotics. primary disease determinant. 29 . phytoalexins. metabolism. Maintenance and preservation of micro-organisms in pure culture. and cross protection. Section 5: Bacteriology and Virology Morphology and structure of prokaryotic cell in relation to function. spectrophotometer. identification and classification of bacteria. fastidious prokaryotes. oilseeds. Diseases due to unfavourable soil environment. Mechanism of resistance. Origin. Biological and Legislative General principles of plant quarantine: domestic and International quarantine. Influence of fungicides on environment. hypovirulence. Purification using single spore. media. physical. disease cycle. Nature. Tissue culture: production of disease-free plants. and symptomatology. breeding for disease resistance. pulses. Transmission of viruses. plantation and fibre crops caused by bacteria. Survey. replication. result of infection. hot air oven. Classification of fungi. virus-vector relationships. Nomenclature and classification of viruses. serological and molecular methods. Infrastructure and chemical composition. Section 10: Management of Plant-Diseases Chemical. Inter-relationships between various plant pathogens and their hosts. Compatibility of fungicides with other agricultural chemicals. growth curve and nutrition. Growth. reproduction and dispersal of plant pathogens. Selective media. Spraying and dusting of fungicides. laminar flow. Spraying and dusting equipments. Mycorrhizal associations. electrophoretic apparatus. Colonization of infected plant. Mode of action of fungicides and antibiotics. metachromatical detection. surveillance and forecasting of diseases and assessment of losses. single hyphal tip isolation. Fungal cell and its structure. millets. pH meter. movement and accumulation. somaclonal variation. Resistance and tolerance to fungicides. ilytic and lysogenic cycles. genetics and variation. and dilution/streak planting. Section 2: Laboratory and Analytical Techniques Preparation and sterilization of common. and assay of plant viruses including biological. High and low sugar pathogens. Tissue culture. edible fungi. Molecular mechanisms of pathogenesis. Variability in viruses and viroids. Abiotic stresses. Epidemics analysis and prediction. Factors affecting spore formation. and entomogenous fungi. recognition phenomenon. composition and architecture of viruses and viroids. Prokaryotic inhibitors and their mode of action. Exotic pathogens and pathogens introduced into India. Life cycles of fungi. maturation and dormancy. oilseeds and pulses. somatic hybridization. their care and maintenance. conjugation. Disease resistance. Section 6: Plant Disease Epidemiology Concepts in epidemiology. epidemiology and management. vegetables. and plantation. genetic basis of pathogenicity. transduction. Micro-organisms antagonistic to plant pathogens in soil. Factors influencing infection. antibiotics. Inclusion bodies. Nature and classification of plant diseases. Section 7: Phanerogamic Diseases and Abiotic Stress Diseases caused by phanerogamic parasites and their management. germination. fruits and vegetables. Purification of viruses. Molecular detection of pathogens. invasion. role of macro/micro-elements and vitamins. penetration. plasmid biology. conductivity bridge. Methods of isolation of plant pathogens. Techniques used in diagnosis. Integrated management. Bacteriophages. Koch’s postulates. Role of environment and meteorological factors in the development of plant disease epidemics. atmospheric pollution and nutritional deficiencies. functions and chemical composition. spices and ornamental crops with special reference to the etiology. viruses and viroids. Cell organelles. rhizosphere and phyllosphere. Behaviour of viruses in plants including infection. fungal toxins and enzymes. chemical. Bdellovibrio. Section 3: Physiological and Molecular Plant Pathology Altered metabolism of plants under biotic and abiotic stresses. Entry of pathogens into plant. perennation. Virus-vector relationships. Fungal nutrition and metabolism. their morphology. genetic basis of diseases resistance. Economic uses of bacteria. Use of microorganisms in the control of plant diseases.

Blood groups and their significance. t. Normal. Different methods of sire evaluation. Realized heritability. Indirect selection and correlated response. Genetic control of hormone coordination. meat. nucleic acid hybridization etc. Gene modifiers.Section 11: Statistics Frequency distribution. Penetrance and expressivity. Estimation of variances and covariances. Biotechnology and its role in improving animal and poultry production. VETERINARY AND ANIMAL SCIENCES-I F1. Latin square and split-plot designs and their analysis. Section 8: Genetic Laboratory Techniques Culturing Drosophila stock. Experimental designs—basic principles. Study of Drosophila with markers. Measurement of inbreeding and relationship. and procedures. Estimation of variances and covariances. Measurement of degree of inbreeding and relationship. Reciprocal and reciprocal recurrent selection. Section 4: Genetic Properties of Population Population versus individual. Inheritance and continuity of population. Bases of selection.e. completely randomized. Selection experiments in livestock and poultry. Description of animal populations. Translocation. Section 9: Techniques for Research in Quantitative Animal Genetics Biometrical. Measurement of improvement. Isolating mechanisms and origin of species and sup-species—their adaptation. Designing efficient breeding experiments for testing effectiveness of reciprocal recurrent selection. hybridization and evolution. Effective population size. ANIMAL GENETICS AND BREEDING Section 1: Overview of Genetics History and development of genetics. Chromosomal mapping. Section 5: Population Genetics Gene and genotype frequencies and factors affecting them. Estimation of genetic and environmental correlations and their interpretations. Split gene. Diallel and Plyallele crossing. Linear arrangement of genes. its uses and measurement. mean. Devising efficient selection programmes. protein synthesis. Efficiency of different methods of sire evaluation: Designing efficient field progeny-testing programmes. Scientific animal husbandry for more milk. Heterosis. rotational crossing. Heritability. DNA replication. genetic code and DNA cloning. Non-chromosomal genes and their inheritance. Evolution of genetic systems. Section 3: Overview of Breeding Brief history of domestication of farm livestock. Selection differential and intensity of selection. Correlations. Standard deviation. Chromosomes in heredity. Mendelism and its deviations. Cryogenic preservation of animal germplasm. Outbreeding-grading. Genetic engineering and its applications. Genetic and phenotypic consequences of outbreeding. 30 . Resemblances between relatives. Estimation of heritability. diallel and polyallele crossing and inbreeding programmes. Hardy Weinberg Law. Section 7: Selection Experiments Long-and short-term objectives. cross-breeding. Purpose-based selection and breeding of domestic animals and avians. Artificial transmutation of genes. Transgenics. recombinant DNA technology. Effect of selection on variance. F and Chi-square tests. Genetic and phenotypic consequences of inbreeding. F. biochemical polymorphism. Inbreeding. Recombinant DNA technology. egg. Application of immunogenetics. regression coefficients. repeatability. Probit analysis. Estimation of genetic divergence and its implication in livestock improvement. Gene and mechanism of gene action. Gene sequencing. and multiple regression. Selection: response to selection and its prediction.Blood group typing. genetic. Role of artificial insemination with liquid and frozen semen. Basic concepts of genetic engineering. Section 6: Breeding Systems Various mating systems used in different species of livestock and poultry. central dogma. power. randomized block. i.. Tests of significance. and their partitioning. Outlines of analysis of experimental observations assuming a linear model and normally distributed varieties. possible biases and precision. Multiple factor inheritance. chromosomal studies in livestock improvement programmes. phenotypic and environmental correlations-methods of their estimation. Variation in natural populations. Improvement of response. Combining ability. Sex in relation to chromosome and gene. Metric characters under natural selection. metabolism and metabolic disease. Selection for disease resistance for developing resistant strains/breeds. median and mode. pashmina and mohair. wool. Linkage and crossing over. Classic researchers and pioneer scientists in genetics. Multiple ovulation and embryo transfer technology in livestock improvement programmes. Open nucleus breeding systems in livestock improvement with special reference to tropical countries. Section 2: Advanced Genetics Fine structure of chromosomes and chromosomal banding. Index selection. Gene bank concept. Prediction of response. Threshold characters. binomial and Poisson distributions. uses.

Adaptation. lacerations and contusions of birth canal. Induction of parturition. Regulatory mechanism. Seminiferous epithelial cycle. Obsterocal equipments. Reproductive health management of herds. Pregnancy and parturition. Endocrine control of testicular function. Sexual behaviour. hypothalamus and hypothalamic hormones. Obsretrical operations for relieving dystoica. in vitro fertilization. Section 7: Artificial Insemination Advantages and limitations.. foetal maceration. Transuterine migration of ova. Differential diagnosis. Bacteriological aspects of semen quality and diseases transmissible through semens. hydrops of foetal membranes. Post-partum infections of genital tract. cleavage and implantation. Rationale of hormonal therapy in endocrine disorder. Physical and biochemical characteristics of semen in different species. Repeat breeder. Methods of collection of semen. intersexualiry. Fertilization. puberty and libido. Gestation and parturition. endocrine control of reproduction-origin. Enhancement of puberty. and pregnancy toxaemia. Signs and stages of parturition. Reproductive behaviour and courtship. Ovarian hypolasia. Functions of epididymis and accessory sex glands. mummification. Sexual maturity. Sperm capacitation. Gross and histological features of hypothalamus. Sterilization of artificial insemination equipments. Evaluation of semen. Insemination techniques. and in the female reproductive tract. Puerperalmetritis. Maternal recognition of pregnancy. gonadal and placental hormones. Survival of sperm in vivo. Treatment and prevention of different types of infertility. Section 6: Reproductive Pattern in Males Comparative structure. Secondary sex characteristics. Testicular neoplasms. Amniocentesis. in vitro. Genetic transport in female genital tract. Cryopreservation and micro manipulation of embryos. Sex determination. super-fecundation. Function of epididymis. Endocrine and neural mechanism of sexual behaviour. Clinical application of hormones. Methods of pregnancy diagnosis. Semen and its components. Termination of pathological gestation. Post-partum aversion of uterus. Nutritional and other managemental factors causing infertility. Intra-uterine therapy. Types and causes of dystocia. Fertilizable life of sperm. ANIMAL REPRODUCTION/ GYNAECOLOGY Section 1: Development and Functional Anatomy of Reproductive organs Pre-natal and post-natal development of reproductive organs. Methods of hormone assay. Section 2: Reproductive Cycle Puberty and sexual maturity. Prostaglandins and synthetic hormones. Clinical assessment. uterine hernia. Diseases and care of the new born. maturation and storage. Superfetation. Principles and techniques of freezing of spermatozoa. Semenology: Light and electron microscopic structure of sperm. Uterine involution. Section 5: Obstetrics Obstetrical anatomy of pelvis. Neuro-endocrine control of oestrus and oestrus cycle. Fate of unejaculated spermatozoa. Section 8: Infertility and Sterility in Males Methods to evaluate reproductive soundness of males-testicular hypoplasia. care and management of newly born young one.F2. functional anatomy and histology of male reproductive organs in different species. Infections of male reproductive organs. monstrosities. hypophysis. hydrometra pyometra. Contribution of gonads and accessory sex glands to semen ejaculate. MMA syndrome. 31 . Pureperal diseases and genital injuries. Fetotomy and caesarian section. Vices in male animals. Measures of reproductive efficiency. ultrasound. Treatment and prevention of common reproductive disorders affecting individual animal and herds. Storage and transportation of semen. ovulation. Metabolism of spermatozoa. Factors affecting fertilizing capacity of sperms. prolapse of vagina. paraplagia ante-partium. Post-partum haemorrhage. Superovulation and embryo transfer. Role of thyroid. Anaesthesia and analgesia. White heifer’s disease. Sexual health diagnosis and control. Use of modern diagnostic aids such as laparoscopy. prolapse of vagina. testicular degeneration. Section 3: Infertility and Sterility in Female Animals Congenital and hereditary defects affecting fertility. parapragia ante-partium. Anoestrus ovarian tumours. Induction and synchronization of oestrus. Dose. Functional anatomy and histology of reproductive organs. aboration. Silent oestrus. Care of the dam after parturition. Dimorphism of sperm. Section 4: Techniques for improving efficiency Oestrus detection aid. Dystocia. Sperm transport. folliculo-genesis and ovulation. Pheromones. Spermatogenesis. Free martinism. Downer’s cow syndrome. adrenal and pineal glands in reproduction. Insufficient dilation of cervix. Management and training of males for use in artificial insemination. time and site of insemination. Conception rates. Retention of foetal membranes. ante-partium. Uterine inertia. Early post-partum breeding. Oogenesis. pseudopregnancy teratology. structure. Oestrous and oestrous cycle. Infectious and pathological causes of infertility. Extension of unfrozen semen and use of extenders. Metabolism of semen. Oestrous cycle. Rupture of uterus. adrenal thyroid and pineal glands. Torsio-uteri. Approach and procedure for handling old dystocia. functions and mechanism of action of hypophyseal. Early embryonic death. pathology of testis and accessory sex glands and its effect on semen and fertility. Endocrine control of puberty. Passage of sperm through excurrent ducts. Nutritional infertility. Cystic ovaries Nymphomania. vagina and bladder. hormone assay and tubal patency test. uterine hernia. Pelvimetry. Principles of sperm preservation.

F3. Housing. Artificial insemination. Oestrous prediction and synchronization. Light management. Selection of breeds and breeding systems for improving pig production. trails of economic importance and their inter-relationships. selection of site and arrangement of animal and poultry houses. Characteristics of draft animals. Agnostic behaviour. Section 6: Health Management General approach to livestock health programmes. . Mutton and wool production from sheep. Culling of laying flocks. Production and management of replacement pullets. Importance methods of selection and systems of breeding in farm animals and birds. Concept of heritability. Care and management of pregnant sows and unweaned piglets. service period etc. Microclimatic changes and modifications in animal houses. Important infectious diseases of livestock and poultry and their control. Rearing of calves. Role of management in calf mortality. Wild life health control. Estimating draft capacity of different species. Important breeds of cattle and buffalo. Care of neonate. hatchery management. ICAR and BSI standards of feeding livestock and poultry. meat and milk. lndustrial uses of animal and poultry by products. Present status and future prospects of livestock and poultry development in India. Trends in swine production and population and factors affecting them. Section 2: Breeding Management Basic principles of inheritance. Summer and winter management problems and their solutions. Care and management of dry cows and breeding bulls. Sheep and goat: Selection of breeds and breeding systems for improving wool. 32 . Section 5: Shelter Management Including Hygiene and Sanitation Housing systems. Feeding practices for economic rearing or sheep and goat. Rabbit: Economic importance. Sheep and goat reproduction. Accidental health disorders and their control. Processing and storage of conventional and nonconventional feed ingredients. Importance of applied feed biotechnology in relation to animal productivity. Symptoms of ill health. Internal and external parasites and their control. Production trends of sheep and goat including important breeds and their economic importance. Section 8: Wild Life Management: Status of Wild Life in lndia and its Conservation Biological and ecological basis of management of wild life. Feeding principles in birds and their differences from ruminant feeding. laying and breeding flocks. Poultry shows and poultry judging. Disposal of carcasses. feeding and watering. Section 3: Feeding Management Nutritional requirements and feeding management of different categories of livestock and poultry. Systems of feeding livestock and birds. Milking. Section 4: Reproduction Management Effect of climate and nutrition on male and female reproduction. Feeding strategies for pigs. Disposal of animal wastes under urban and rural conditions. repeatability and selection. Management of camel with special reference to rearing. Improving the existing farm structures. Scope of reproductive biotechnology in augmenting animal productivity. Computation and formulation of ration for various categories of livestock and poultry. Space requirement for livestock and poultry. growing. Methods of heat detection. Housing designs based on different agro-climatic regions. Principles of biotechnology in animal improvement. Common disinfectants and santizers used on animal farms. Important fur and meat type breeds. Important ailments associated with reproduction. Mating behaviour in various species of livestock and poultry. Health and sanitation problems and their control. Role of management in fertility of dairy animals. Economics of draft animals visa-vis machine power. Maintaining breeding records and their scientific interpretation. Reproduction programmes in lndia with special reference to weaker sections of society. Engineering aspects and sub-tropics. Breeding and feeding of wild life in captivity. Segregation and quarantine management for large animals and birds. Importance of early pregnancy diagnosis. Lay-out plans of buildings for different species and categories. watering. Nutritional and metabolic disease of livestock and birds. Chick sexing. Animal behaviour vis-à-vis adaptation and production: Principles of domestication and behavioral factors favouring domestication. Management strategies for attaining early maturity in heifers. Scope of intensive milk and meat production from goat. General Review of animal production systems in different parts of country. breeding management. feeding. Antibiotic and probiotic feeding in farm animals and birds. NRC. Effect of seasons at carving on various reproductive traits (postpartum. Management factors affecting reproductive efficiency. Causes of disturbed fertility and its prevention in farm animals. Swine: Importance of pig as meat animal. Male and female reproductive organs of birds. LIVESTOCK PRODUCTION AND MANAGEMENT Section 1. care and management of draft animals. Livestock and poultry development programmes currently in operation in the county. Vaccination schedules in animals and poultry. Prenatal and post-natal care and management of cow and buffalo. Health management packages for optimizing sheep and goat production. Linear programming and least-cost ration formulation for maximum profits in farm animals. Structure and composition of egg. Section 7: Production and Management of other Animals Draft animals: Population dynamics of various categories of draft and work animals in India. Cattle and buffalo production trends in the last two decades and factors affecting them. Egg formation. Concepts of first aid at farms. mohair. Feeding. sanitation and health care of rabbits.). handling. feeding and grazing. Low-cost shelter management for sheep and goat. Poultry: Management of chicks. Feeding of draft and meat animals. Behavioural studies of various draft animals. BlS standards for livestock and poultry housing. Maintenance of farm records.

Economics of processing and product development. biochemical and nutritive aspects. Meat in human health. hides and skin. Assessment of microbial condition and wholesomeness of different livestock products. Cost concepts. Pasture development and management. Antemortem and Postmortem inspection. freezing. 33 . Production. labelling and marketing of fish and fish products. resources and product combinations. dehydration. Annual and perennial fodder crops. glands and other byproducts. Section 9: Forage Production and Conservation Feed and fodder resources used for feeding of livestock and poultry. Section 6: Packaging Principles of packaging. restructured meat. poultry and fish product development and preservation. Condemnation and disposal of unfit material. smoking. Adaptation of livestock and poultry in tropics. design. applied. Types of packaging materials. curing. Designing experimental programmes and application of experimental techniques in animal production. fish. Price spread in marketing of livestock and its products. Municipal and other regulations pertaining to meat trade. Meat Food Products Order. Judging of animals for breeding. Fabrication of meat. Characterization. methods and systems of packaging. fish and eggs. milk and draft purposes. standardization and marketing of wool mohair and fur. New product development. Section 5: Wool. pre-slaughter care and slaughtering techniques for different animals and birds. Feed analysis techniques. Conservation and preservation of feeds and fodders. quality control. Sanitation. Adulteration and misrepresentation of meat. operation and maintenance of abattoirs and poultry processing plants. microbiological and organoleptic qualities of livestock products. LIVESTOCK PRODUCTS TECHNOLOGY Section 1: Basic and General Aspects of Livestock Products Present status and future prospects. regulation and inspection of processed meat foods. construction. Social order in farm animals. Shearing. F4. Strategies for round-the-year fodder production.causes and control. processing. Sanitation. plant operation and maintenance. Sanitary standards for meat packing plants. Intermediate moisture foods. operational and adaptive research related to livestock production and management. Cooking methods including micro-wave cooking. Enrichment of poor-quality roughages. Postmortem aspects of muscle as meat. poultry and eggs. composition. slaughter house and poultry plant offals. Structure. General principles of spoilage. Lay out. fat. pasteurisation. Application of biotechnology in meat. Processing and utilisation of various animal and poultry by-products. Different approaches to marketing of livestock and its products. grading. Section 11: Research Methodology in Livestock Production and Management Basic. Project formulation for setting up livestock farms. Production functions. and functional properties of different kinds of meat. Insurance and financing of livestock enterprises. Tenderization and use of enzymes for processed foods. Section 3: Processing and Preservation Principles of preservation of livestock products. integrated and specialized farming systems. hair. Section 4: Fish Products Fishery resources. Sensory evaluation and organoleptic properties of livestock products. Effects of processing on nutritional. Standardization and quality control of packaging material. Techniques of measurement and evaluation of animal behaviour. Marine and freshwater fish. Chemical and deteriorative changes caused by microorganisms. and in stress. deserts cold and high altitudes. Food poisoning and food-borne infections. processing. Determination of prices of livestock products. Present status of cattle fairs and methods of selling livestock. canning. packaging. Market news and information. Contamination and spoilage of meat. National and International microbial standards. Farm size. and convenient food products of livestock origin. Methods of determination of egg. meat and milk quality. horns. Disposal of slaughter house effluents. fermented foods. Methods of utilization of blood. standards. Judging and grading of animals and birds of foot and on rail. use of chemical additives and antibiotics. freeze drying. arable farming. grading. chemical. Nutritive value of feeds and fodders. transportation. irradiation. Mohair and Fur Basic aspects of wool science. Efficient criteria in use of resources in livestock production. physical and chemical characteristics. Equipment and technology for processing and preservation. preservation. Ageing of meat and chemical changes. organization. hooves. physical. Maintenance and evaluation of different production records. Farming systems: Mixed farming. Utilization of fish processing waste. Industrial food preservation: chilling. Importance and utilization of by-products in industry. yeasts and moulds important in food microbiology. Bacterial. wool. Vertical integration in livestock products industries. Section 2: Abattoir and Poultry Processing Plants Origin and source of animal foods. Section 10: Economics and Marketing of Livestock and Poultry and their Products Economic principles as applied to livestock production. feathers. State.

Individual selection and family selection. turkeys and other species of poultry. Relative merits and demerits of different methods of selection. egg weight. Different methods of selection for genetic improvement natural. Genetic correlations. Development of transgenic chicken. antimicrobials. colouring agents and other non-nutrient feed additives. albumen and yolk quality assessment. Section 8: Marketing Livestock production and supply characteristics. Naturally occurring toxicants. geese. Weight and quality grades of egg as per B. livability. Endocrine control of reproduction. Selection of hatching eggs. Blood group systems. Fast food chains and super markets. marketing boards. toxicity. Recurrent and reciprocal recurrent selection. proteins. Physical. Climatic factors and their influence on birds. Quality control and B. Section 2: Poultry Nutrition Various nutrients and their role in poultry. Morphology of semen. their computation and application. operation and sanitation of meat. Inheritance of egg number. Preparation of various egg products and their uses. pen mating and block mating. pair mating. Nutrient requirements of different species of poultry as per Bureau of Indian Standards and National Research Council of the USA. Detection of antibiotics. performance-promoters. antioxidants. Sex linked and sex influenced traits. Non-nutrient feed additives. Immunogenetics. Clutch. retail and future trends. Meat consumption and related demands. fats. Inheritance of comb. Construction of selection indices. Major constraints facing the poultry industry. Economically important traits and their mode of inheritance. packing. directional. Different methods of preservation of table eggs and their relative merits and demerits. Partition of energy. Cross-breeding. Broodiness.E and T. Cut-up parts. their adverse effect on poultry production and methods to overcome them. Different systems of feeding. Egg formation and factors influencing egg formation and production. poultry. In crossbreeding. their inheritance and usefulness. Regulatory and inspection methods—Municipal and State laws. Modern trends in commercial poultry breeding. dry mash. Processing and utilization of egg and poultry waste products. Biochemical polymorphism and its usefulness in poultry breeding. and popularization of new products. Inheritance of qualitative traits in poultry and their usefulness. Part record versus complete records selection. Section 4: Poultry Products Technology Structure. synergism and antagonism. wet mash. Inbreeding and out breeding. Further processing and fast food preparation. Bureau of Indian Standards and lnternational Standards for fresh meat and poultry including their products and by-products. Dwarf gene and its usefulness in broiler breeding. Various measures of egg qualilty. Selection for specific characters. Development of chicks.I. laying cycle and oviposition. fertility. and embryonic mortality. Agmark and USDA standards. chemical residues. flavouring agents. and methods to overcome them. microbial and organoleptic evaluation of meat quality. Physiological changes during stress. Nutrients deficiency. Egg processing and storage. F5. Antibiotics—direct feed microbials. Male separate feeding. class. education and awareness. Gene action influencing the traits. Utilization of hybrid vigour in improving economic traits. Types of market and trends in marketing livestock products and by-products: wholesale. Mass selection. chemical. heavy metals and toxins in meat.Section 7: Quality Control Grades and grading of livestock products. ducks. Care 34 . Sheel. Mendelian traits in poultry. breed. Practical breeding programmes for developing broilers and layers. Different mating systems Diallel mating. Corporate bodies in regulating markets. specifications for feed ingredients. Gene-type and environment interaction. internal trade and development of international market for livestock products. plumage and other qualitative traits. Quantitative traits. Organization. chemical composition and nutritive value of egg. disruptive and stabilizing. Lethal and semi-lethal traits in poultry and their mode of inheritance. Essential and critical amino acids and their interrelationships. Factors influencing the feed intake. growth rate. Fungal exotoxins of feed origin. preservation and grading of poultry. Thermoregulator mechanism in poultry. Unconventional feed stuffs and their utilization for economic feed formulation. extraembryonic membranes. Factors influencing egg quality and quality deterioration. POULTRY SCIENCE Section 1: Poultry Genetics and Breeding Phylogeny of poultry species. their adverse effects on poultry. anticoccidials. Evaluation of protein quality Essential fatty acids. Consumer aptitude.E. fish and egg retailing units. Heritability and their estimates. Pureline breeding. crumble and pellet feeding. Spermatogenesis. Estimation of M. Artificial insemination collection and insemination techniques. Selection for disease resistance. its growth and future prospects. Restricted feeding programme.S.I. egg quality and other economic traits.S. 3-way and 4-way crossing and development of hybrids.. Principles of incubation. Feed ingredients and sources of various nutrients. hatchability. dilution. Section 5: Poultry Management Poultry industry in India. artificial. Physiology of growth and reproduction. Section 3: Avian Physiology Digestion and metabolism of carbohydrates. Least cost formulation and linear programming. Changes taking place during egg quality deterioration. combined selection and indirect selection. Female reproduction. Exploitation of additive and non-additive gene effects. Essential vitamins and minerals and their functions. Hybridization and hybrid vigour. co-operative agencies. vitamins and minerals. Male reproduction. Genetic engineering and its usefulness in future breeding programmes. Factors influencing fertility. variety and strain of chickens. Processing.M. diluents and cryopreservation of semen. Feed formulation for different age groups and species. Respiration.

key village scheme. etc. definition. Models of communication with special and efficient feedback. sources of errors. reliability and validity. Deworming programme. Testing of eggs. Cold shock. -ICDP. Management during growing period. Lay out of a modern hatchery. stratified random. laying nests. estimation of samples size. Sexing and chicks. Control of coccidiosis. Maintenance and evaluation of different production records. Methods of incubation. feed mill. Various marketing channels. Role of veterinarians as a social scientist. Transportation of eggs and chicken. nature and scope of communication for animal husbandry and dairy development. Hatchery business. Stress control. feeding and watering. Environmentally controlled and open poultry houses. Concept of modern hatcheries. Cross-ventilation and ridge ventilation. questionnaire. Prerequisite of good hatchery. Marketing approaches. guinea fowl and pigeon. F6. Design of poultry houses like brooder. grower. rearing. Gaushala scheme and T&V system and TOT projects of ICAR. Acquiring communication skills for development of local leaders and key communicators for livestock development. Methods of data collection. quails. philosophy. Vices of poultry and their control. Production and requirement of poultry products in India and for exports. Photo acceleration and embryonic growth. Farm location and site selection. Equipments required in a modern hatchery. Production function. Surveys in the field of animal husbandry and dairying. two stage. Broodiness and forced moulding in layers. Cleaning and disinfection of poultry houses. feeders. formulation of null hypothesis and its testing. Types of communication media and their utilization for specific jobs related to veterinary extension activities. socio-economic surveys and review of studies conducted in social research. layer and cage houses. Metabolic diseases and disorders. efficient criteria in use of resources in poultry production. challenges and problems in promotion of Veterinary extension in rural areas. Operational Flood in its historical perspective. Light management. Social research designs ex post facto and experimental. Importance of study of Veterinary extension by veterianarians. Price spread in marketing of poultry and poultry products. Packaging and handling of chicks. Specific aims. Approaches and models of extension education. Prevention of starving of turkey poults. purposive. Management of layers.e. Vaccination programme. History of Veterinary Extension programme developed and implemented by HAU. Ammonia control-type of brooders. Poultry processing unit. History taking and follow-up appraisal on prognosis and treatment on scientific lines. Veterinary Extension. General farm sanitation and hygiene. Horizontal and vertical integration in poultry industry and their importance. Diffusion and Adoption of Innovations Definition. Project formulation for setting up of poultry farms and hatcheries. Nature and types of variables. simple random. Techniques for preparation of schedule. observations. Diffusion of Veterinary innovations.and storage of hatching eggs. forms and importance. multi stage and cluster sampling. systematic. waters. Brooding of quails and ducklings. Insurance and financing of poultry enterprises. Role of extension education in development and socioeconomic upliftment of vulnerable sections of the society. adopter categories and their characteristics. IVRI. Section 2: Communication. Heat stroke. State Departments with special reference to animal husbandry and veterinary services. Litter management. High altitudes and hatchability of eggs. models of diffusion and adoption. broiler. Drawing of scientific inferences. Ideal layout of poultry houses for different systems of rearing. their prevention. Section 6: Economics and Marketing Economic principles as applied to poultry production. research process. Drinking water sanitation. Medication procedures. semi-urban and urban livestock owners. NDRI and other institutions and organisations. Safe disposal of dead birds and farm waste. worms. Summer and winter management. Extension systems in State Agricultural Universities. fungal. Effect of pollution on production performance of birds. Debeaking. ducks. Agricultural extension Vs. VETERINARY EXTENSION EDUCATION Section 1: Fundamentals of Extension Education Extension Education in India and abroad as a discipline. Farm size resources and product combinations. Concept. Sampling from a finite and infinite population. Overcrowding. control and treatment. Sampling with probability proportional to size. Factors essential for incubation of eggs. animal husbandry and dairying students. Hatchery hygiene. Management of turkey. cages etc. and case studies. Types of construction materials used. Section 3: Research Methodology Scope and nature of social research. Development of efficient linkages between research and extension. Prevention of hatchery borne diseases. dubbing and other farm routines. Utilization and disposal of hatchery waste. Principles and methods of breeding. Automation in poultry production. Sampling versus complete enumeration. Cost concept. attributes of innovation. Analyzing hatchability problems. ectoparasites and flies. Rapport building with clientele. parasitic and other emerging diseases of poultry. Single and multi-stage incubators. Section 7: Poultry Health Management Common viral diseases of poultry and their control. Diffusion process. Management of replacement pullets for egg production and breeding stock. hypothesis. principles and scope of extension education in livestock development. Problems and barriers in communication. Factors influencing hatchability and production of quality chicks. communication with rural. Important researches in veterinary extension. Embryonic communication. Steps involved in the conducting of survey. Fumigation procedure. Space requirement for brooding. Common bacterial. adoption process. Utilization of internet for promoting advanced veterinary and animal husbandry practices. protozoan. Special animal husbandry promotion programmes i. Culling. Factors influencing adoption. Preparation of brooder house to receive young chicks. objectives and philosophy of veterinary extension. concept. 35 .

and sampling techniques. Feeding systems. Dietary lipids. Methanogenesis and its control. milk. work motivation. Rumen development. secondary and references groups. impact studies on animal husbandry development programmes and schemes. Models of management. Concept of training and education and their interrelationship. Proteins—their evaluation and utilization. Metabolic faecal-N and endogenous urinary-N. Factors affecting 36 . correlation. Rumen micro-organisms. organizing campaigns. Historical background and present status of training programmes in various institutions and organizations in India. Section 2: Minerals. Vitamins: Sources. Mineral. basic rural social institutionsfamily kinship. Nature-and types of leadership. Energy retention. Organizational climate and organizational renewal. Mean. field days. absorption and metabolism. lipids and proteins. primary. VETERINARY & ANIMAL SCIENCES-II G1. theories of Management. Scope and importance of training. Cone of experience. vitamin and water requirements. growth. Handling and operation of different audio-visual aids and equipments. Ruminal biohydrogenation and utilization of plant lipids. Cell wall constituents. marriage. simple. Organizational development. Mode and Median Normal distribution. Defaunation and its effect on feed utilization and animal productivity. compilation and report writing. starch. Significance of undergradable proteins. Protection of lipids and proteins for their efficient utilization. Mineral toxicity and its effects. Rumen protozoa and their role. Rural social systems as differentiated from urban social systems. VFA production. hormones and other growth-promoting factors. Basal metabolic rate. co-operatives etc. Path analysis. Social structure: groups. mass vaccination programmes and variety of extension activities. milk. Individual and group behaviour. fat. group and mass approach. work and woo! production by different ruminant species. Section 8: Extension Methods and A. exhibition. their digestion. Essential fatty acids. Nitrogen cycle. Nutritive requirements. Glycolysis and oxidative phosphorylation. Feed additives. Partitioning of feed energy. ANIMAL NUTRITION Section 1: Energy and Proteins Mono-and hetero-polysaccharides of nutritional significance. soluble carbohydrates. panchayat.V. their role and significance. Section 5: Veterinary Extension Management Definition of Management. Planning. wool and egg production. Rumen dysfunctions. Factors affecting social changes in rural areas—indicators and types of social change. Factors affecting energy utilization. Utilization of fibre. partial and multiregression. Respiratory exchange and carbon-nitrogen balance techniques. minerals and vitamins in poultry and swine. Selection. Interrelationships among minerals and vitamins. Non-Protein Nitrogen (NPN) and protein degradation in rumen. interconversion and utilization. Social stratification. Preparation and presentation of different projected and non-projected audio-visual aids.Section 4: Social Statistics Types of hypothesis. Preparation of radio/ video script. tours etc. concept. Principles of photography and its use in extension. Rumen movements. Section 3: Rumen Eco-system and Function Rumen environment. Socialization and social control. G. Decision making. Personnel management in animal husbandry organizations. conflicts in organizations. need hierarchy. Social change Vs animal development. scope and its relation with other social sciences including Veterinary extension. rural educational institution. Available energy from carbohydrates. Section 6: Rural Sociology Definition. evaluation of veterinary extension programmes. Aids Understanding teaching-learning process. Selection of effective extension teaching methods individually and in combination. Extension teaching methods: Individual. Inter-relationships-synergism and antagonism. Chi-square test. Section 5: Nutrient Requirements Energy and protein requirements for maintenance. Manipulation of microbial composition for optimum rumen fermentation. Factors affecting energy and protein requirements. Section 4: Non-ruminant Nutrition Comparative gastro-intestinal physiology and metabolism of carbohydrates. Section 7: programme Planning for Livestock Development Steps in programme planning for livestock development. farmers’ fairs. reproduction. protein. physiological functions and deficiency symptoms. Dietary fat and milk composition. ANOVA. Vitamins and Feed Additives Minerals: Sources. production and use of audio/video cassettes.. Efficiency of energy and protein utilization for growth. Nutritional factors affecting quality of the products. planning and use of different extension teaching methods like demonstration. Deamination and microbial protein synthesis. organizational communication. Antibiotics: Probiotics. Concept of social systems and their major elemental and master social processes. physiological functions and deficiency symptoms. Protein-energy inter-relationships. Essential amino acids. hyper-vitaminosis.

Different methods of feed evaluation. ANIMAL PHYSIOLOGY Section 1: Biophysical and Biochemical Principles Related to Physiology Animal cell-ultra structure. 37 . Neurotransmitters. Physiology of pain. pulmonary. Use of agroindustrial by products for economic feed formulation. Gaseous transport and exchange. Special senses. Section 2: Blood and Circulation Blood coagulation. ARC. Environmental effect on nutrient requirements. Hormonal and renal regulation of body fluids and electrolyte balance. Section 8: Antimetabolites and Toxic Principles Natural occurrence and metabolism of herbage toxins like alkaloids. Electrophysiology of muscles. Ascending and descending tracts. Cerebral cortex. Section 4: Excretion Modern concepts of urine formation. Excitation contraction coupling. Autoregulation mechanisms in the heart. Body defense mechanism and immunogenesis. Feed formulation based upon least cost. Chemical and physical changes in feed and by-products during processing and their effects on feed utilization. Body fluid and its dynamics. Anaemias. Work and exercise physiology. Gastric hormones and reflexes in the control of digestive functions. Molecular basis of muscle contraction. Electro-cardiography-principles and interpretation. its role in motor and sensory functions. Section 9: Elements of Research Methodology Principles of experimentation. NRC and Indian. Section 7: Feed Processing and Technology Feed processing techniques. Secretion and absorption in renal tubules. Junctional transmission. Excitability and transmission of impulse. Capillary fluid exchange and lymphatic circulation. Reticular activating system—sleep and wakefulness. mixing and pelleting. Myopathies. Significance of BIS standards. Circulatory shock and hypertension. Methods of making silage and hay making. Detoxification of various antimetabolites/toxic principles. glycoproteins and phenolic compounds. Aflatoxins and Salmonella poisoning. Haemoglobin and its polymorphism. Section 7: Nervous System General organization of nervous system. Section 6: Forage Conservation and Evaluation Common forages and their composition. Reticulo-endothelial system. Reflex action. composition and functions. Autonomic nervous system. Section 3: Respiration Mechanics of respiration. Use of biotechnological and radiotracer techniques in animal nutrition. Physiology of hypo-barrism and high altitude. Blood Brain barrier. Physio-chemical laws and membrane phenomena. its biochemical and ionic mechanisms. Control of renal circulation. Functions of spinal cord. Electrophysiology of heart. Physiology of micturition. Control of rumen motility. Use of feed binders. Quality control of feed ingredients and finished products. Neural and humoral control of heart and blood vessels. Genetic-nutrient and parasiticnutrient interactions. Uremia and other renal disorders. Metabolic evaluation of feeds. Regulation of acid-base balance by blood buffers. Physiology of rumen disorders. Cardiac output and vascular reflexes. Significance of forage conservation. glycosides. physical and biological treatment of feeds and crop residues for improving their quality. lungs and kidneys. Neuron structure and function. Factors affecting quality of silage and hay. nylon bag and in vitro degradability of feeds. Handling and storage of raw materials and finished products. Chemical. cerebral. Initiation of impulses from sense organ/receptors. Insecticide and pesticide residues in feeds. muscle. Neuromuscular junction. Limbic system and cerebral cortex. Nutritional inter-relationships. EEC. Feeding standards—Morrison. G2. Hemodynamics and concerned biophysical principles. Feeding livestock under scarcity conditions. Hypoxia. Physiology of learning and memory. Manipulation of rumen microflora to enhance fibre digestion and microbial protein synthesis. Section 6: Muscle Physiology Muscle types and their intra-cellular contractile mechanisms. Hypothalamus and its autonomic functions in endocrine and visceral regulation. Chemical treatment of crop residues for improving their feeding value.feed intake. Nitrogen recycling and rumen bypass mechanism. Digestion in ruminant and monogastric animals. kidney and skin. Feed grinding. Methodology of partitioning of carbohydratesWeende’s and detergent methods. Regional circulation —coronary. brain stem and cerebellum. Absorption from rumen and the digestive tract. Statistical designs for conducting feeding trials. Renal function in birds. Neural and chemical control of respiration. Section 5: Digestion Control of motility and secretion of alimentary canal. Post-ruminal digestion. Avian digestion (different features).

Accessory sex glands. oxytocin and gonadal hormones. Oestrous synchronization. Feedback control of hormone secretion. Maintenance of pregnancy. Oocyte culture. Ovarian hormones-estrogen-progesterone. Zygote as an endocrine and immunogenic structure. Sexual behaviour-erection. Lipids of physiological significance. BIOCHEMISTRY (Animal Science) Section 1 Fundamental principles governing structure of biomolecules. transport and excretion. G3. Gonadal hormonal output and their functions in males and females. glycoproteins. Hormonal control of mammary gland growth before puberty. Hormone action. PGs. Catabolism of carbon skeletons of amino acids. their digestion and absorption. RNA synthesis. DNA organization and replication. Metabolism of purine and pyrimidine nucleotides. Photoperiodicity and biological rhythms. Myoglobulin and haemoglobulin. Milk precursors and synthesis of milk constituents. Oestrus cycle and pregnancy. Enzyme inhibition. preservation and transport of semen dilutors. Metabolism of glycerides and sphingolipids. Endocrine disorders. Thyroid hormones. Hormones of hypophysis and all other endocrine glands. Overview of intermediary metabolism. Conversion of amino acids into specialized products. Mechanism of adaptation. Section 6 Biochemistry of extra-cellular and intra-cellular communication. Control of fertility. Structure. Catabolism of proteins and amino acid nitrogen. function and replication of informational macromolecules. Neuro-endocrinegondal axis and feedback mechanisms. Glyconeogenesis and control of blood sugar. oncogenes and growth hormones. Metabolism of unsaturated fatty acids. amino acids. Section 3 Bioenergetics and metabolism of carbohydrates and lipids. Pheromones. cancer. processing and metabolism. Synthesis and breakdown of haemoglobin. ejaculation etc. Prostaglandins. Section 2 Enzymes-general properties. biomembranes. Sperm capacitation and acrosomal reaction. maintenance and cessation of lactation. Effects of stress on production and reproduction. porphyrins and bile pigments. Structure determination of proteins and nucleic acids and protein evolution. Section 7 Structure and functions of water-soluble vitamins. Mechanisms of different hormone actions. Storage and structural polysachharides. Section 10: Physiology of Growth Concept and definition. Metabolism of xenobiotics. and mechanism of action. Recombinant DNA technology. Nucleotides. Regulatory enzymes. Protein synthesis and genetic code. Ketogenesis. Factors affecting semen production and evaluation. Citric acid cycle. Embryo transfer-collection. nucleotides and nucleic acids. Section 9: Reproduction Hormonal control gametogenesis. Hormonal control of milk secretion. kinetics. Hormone receptors. Super-ovulation. lipoproteins. Control of initiation.Section 8: Endocrinology Hormones. Carbohydrates of physiological significance. Section 4 Metabolism of proteins and amino acids. Integration of metabolism and provision of tissue fuels. Lipid transport and storage. prostaglandins. In vitro fertilization. Neural and hormonal regulation of body temperature in homeotherms. Pituitary and hypothalamic hormones. Hormones that regulate catabolism. Hormones of pancreas and gastro-intestinal tract. Milk let-down. properties and functions of monosachharides. Role of growth in production. Freezing of semen. Section 11: Climatology Physiology of climatic stress. Nucleic acid Structure and function. Mammary gland involution. immunoglobulins. transport and transplantation of embryos. catabolism of acetyl CoA. Artificial insemination-collection. preservation. Releasing and inhibiting factors. Physiology of parturition. Role of ATP Biological oxidation. Cholesterol synthesis. Section 5 Structure. during pregnancy and after parturition. Biosynthesis and oxidation of fatty acids. Respiratory chain and oxidative phosphorylation. Role of hormones and nutrients in milk production. lipids.Fertilization. globulin and fibrous proteins. Structure and functions of lipid-soluble vitamins. Pineal gland and its hormones. Glycoproteins. Sperm and ovum transport in female genital tract. Growth regulation and factors of affecting prenatal and post-natal growth. Male spermatogenesis: Androgens. Physiology of placenta. Liver function tests. Role of adrenal corticoids. relaxin and prosterglandins. Hormones of adrenal cortex and medulla. Oogenesis ovulation: Corpus luteum. Regulation of gene expression. Implantation. Regulation of enzyme activities. Membrane structure. assembly and function. 38 . Pentose phosphate pathway and other pathways of hexose metabolism. Biosynthesis of nutritionally nonessential amino acids. Mechanism of hormone action at cellular and sub-cellular levels.

and amino acid activation. Characterization of DNA clones. Brucella. Carbohydrate. Mycoplasm. Transformation of bacterial and animal cells. plant and microbial metabolism. Staphylococus. Nucleases. Campylobacter. Rickettsia. Safety aspects of genetic engineering. Involution forms. Bordetella. Bacillus. Paper column and thin layer chromatography. Bacterial enzymes. Nocardia. Citrobacter. function and chemistry of bacterial nuclear apparatus. Protein biosynthesis. Molecular mechanisms of DNA repair. Section 2: Molecular Biology Recombination in bacteria and fungi. Effect of various pollutants on animal. Somatic cell hybrids and their applications in monoclonal antibody production and gene mapping. Short-term lymphocyte culture. BIO TECHNOLOGY (Animal Science) Section 1: Cell Biology Prokaryotic and eukaryotic cell architecture. Bacterial vaccines and toxins. Regulation of transcription. Use of radio-isotopes in metabolic studies. Restriction endonucleous digestion of DNA and restriction regiment analysis of DNA by gel electrophoresis. staining and microscopy. Recombinant DNA applications in animal health and industry. Proteus. Fibroblast culture. differentiation and metabolism. Genetics of mitochondria. Bacterial variations including transduction. L-forms. G5. protein fat and nucleic acid metabolism in bacteria. nucleolus and sub-nuclear structures. Moraxella. Genetic code. Growth and nutritional requirements of bacteria. Pseudomonas. Cytoplasmic membrane. adenoviruses as cloning vectors. water. Cell wall.Section 8 Biochemical techniques of food. natural and defined media. Plasmids. Section 6: Technique of Biotechnology Isolation and purification of DNA from prokaryotes and eukaryotes. RNA biosynthesis. DNA repair and recombination. Section 5: Animal Tissue Culture Development of tissue culture techniques. Haemophilus. Pusobacterium. Rhodococcus. Actenobacillus. Reproduction and growth phases of bacteria. Mechanisms of suppression. Enterobacter. function and mechanism of action of major trade elements. Image analyser and its applications. Salmonella. capripox and herpes. retroviruses. Electrophoresis of proteins and nucleic acids. Cytoplasm. Respiration in bacteria. Clostridiu. Actinomycetes. Behaviour of cells in terms of growth. G4. tRNA. Structure. Corynebacterium. ribosomes. Molecular mechanism of spontaneous and induced mutations. lysosomes. and its applications. Cell growth and differentiation in unicellular and multicellular organisms. 39 . Molecular mechanism of genetic recombination. Isolation. Biotechnology in pollution control. Molecular organization cell membrane and transport across membranes. and growth supplements. Leptospira. Section 10 Classes of environmental pollutants. their sources and impact on animals. Chalmydia. Organization of the cytoplasm. golgi complex. Enzymatic methods for estimation of metabolites. Acholeplasma. Translational control mechanisms and post-translation modifications. Characterization and maintenance of cell lines. conjugation and transduction. electrolytes and acid-base balance. Klebsiella. Section 2: Systematic Bacteriology Systematic study of bacteria belonging to genera Borrelia. Pasteurella. Spheroplasts. purification and quantification of native DNA and RNA. Use of GLC and HPLC. Effect of chemical and physical agents and antibiotics. Section 4: Recombinant DNA Technology and Genetic Engineering Generation of DNA fragments. Biochemical bases of pollutant tolerance. DNA splicing. Chemical synthesis of DNA (oligonucleotide synthesis). Cryopreservation of cells. Listeria. cell organelles endoplasmic reticulum. Media for culturing cells and tissues. Transformation. In situ hybridization in cells and micromanipulation. Site-directed mutagenesis. Biochemistry of detoxication. Yerinia. In vitro mutagenesis. Cell division. Escherichia. Cloning vectors. Intracellular granules. Effect of various pollutants on animal. Vibrio. Structure. mitochondria. Nutritional needs of mammalian cells in tissue culture. Mycobacterium and Neisseria. organization and functioning of Is and Tn elements. Section 9 Biochemistry of body fluids. Bacterial stains. Erysipelothrix. Section 3: Gene Structure and Expression Gene structure. Streptococcus. DNA replication. Culture of different tissues and organs. transformation and conjugation. Organization of prokaryotic and eukaryotic genome. blood and urine analysis. Control of proliferation. Quantitation of nucleic acids. Use of animal viruses like vaccinia. VETERINARY MICROBIOLOGY Section 1: General Bacteriology Classification and nomenclature of bacteria. Shigell.

etiology and cardinal signs. lnjuries due to electricity. Mechanisms of action. purulent. Classification and study of pathogenic fungi-Epidermophyton. haemorrhagic. Mechanism of interaction of antigen and antibody. Section 3: Inflammation. subsets and nature of receptor. Peracute. Candida. Coccidioides. cold and decreased atmospheric pressure. Arthus type reaction. morphology and behaviour of neoplasms. hyperplasia. Monoclonal antibodies. history and scope of pathology and its relation with other disciplines. amyloid infiltration. Healing and fever. Haptens and carriers. Cryptococcus. ossification disturbances of pigment metabolism. persistent and chronic viral infections. Use of DNA probe in animal diseases diagnosis. Purification and concentration of viruses.Section 3: General Virology Historical development of virology. Serological reactions: agglutination. Theories of antibody formation. colour. Hypersensitivity reactions . Epidemiology ·and methods of spread of viral infection. Oncogenic role of viruses. gout. cytotoxic antibody reaction. Retroviruses. Synthesis. Major: Histocompatibility complex: organization. Idiotypes. RNA viruses: Reviruses. surveillance and elimination of foreign and abnormal cells. Viral replications. auto-immunity and immunological tolerance. Heat. Arboviruses. Section 4: Immunopathology Immunopathology. hyaline degeneration. Allotypes. Histoplasma. Paramyxoviruses. Birnaviruses. History and Etiology Introduction. Aspergillus. Langerhans cells. Viral vaccines. circulatory and cellular changes. 40 . Physical agents. and immune-complex. Herpesviruses. Papovaviruses. fatty changes. Qualitative and quantitative assay of viruses. Etiology of diseases and concept of multiple-factor etiology. precipitaion. Properties and specificity of antigens. Maedie. exudate. mucinous and mucoid degeneration. anomalies and monsters. Recombinant DNA vaccines and their uses in animal diseases. Picornaviruses. Virus-host cell relationships. Extrinsic or environmental factors in relation to disease. their pathological features and diagnosis. Degenerations and Necrosis Disturbances of circulation/hemodynamic derangements-hyperemia. RIA etc. interference and interferon. DNA viruses: Poxviruses. Heterophile antigens. infraction. hypoplasia. Cells involved in the immune response-B lymphocytes. T lymphocytes. necrosis and gangrene. Predisposing factors of disease. Factors determining antigenicity. pathogenesis and pathology of viral infections. Contaminating fungi. sex. Poisoning caused by exogenic and endogenous poisons. CIEE. Cultivation of viruses and their growth pattern in cell culture. atrophy. Immune mechanism in viral diseases. Microsporum. Intrinsic factors of species age. Definitions. Classification of inflammation: serous. fibrinous. Rhinosporidiu. The complement system. ELISA. Section 6: Immunology Historical perspective’s. heredity. Icterus. Hypersensitivity to chemicals. Calciviruses. Photosensitization. classical and alternate pathways. Monoclonal antibodies. Adjuvants. Section 7: Molecular Cell Biology Probes—preparation of cDNA. nature of antigens and MHC restriction. granulomatous and allergic. Orthomyxoviruses. structure and function. Slow viruses Scrapiev. CFTT. infiltration. classification and nomenclature of viruses. Types of antigens. Nucleic acid hybridization. phagocytosis and body defences. Chemical agents as causes of disease. Various benign and malignant neoplastic conditions in domestic animals. Mucor and Penicillium. secondary and circulation of lymphocytes. Rotaviruses. Trichophyton. Etiology. Coronaviruses. Latent. General principles of laboratory diagnosis of viral diseases. embolism. dysplasia. Circoviruses. classification. Blastomyces. Macrophages. Arterioviruses. Arenaviruses. Mechanical injuries. hypertrophy. acute. FAT. Chemotherapy of viral infections. Evolution. Rhizopus. thrombosis. Purification of antibodies.cell swelling. Section 5: Oncology and Malformations Disturbances and cellular adaptations of growth—aplasia. metaplasia.anaphylaxis. edema and shock. Dendritic reticular cells. Neoplasm-growth. Immunoglobulins-their classes and sub classes. Bunyaviruses. mucous. Cell mediated immune response. Immunodeficiencies. Section 4: Systematic Virology Systematic study of RNA and DNA viruses in livestock and poultry. calcification. Parvoviruses. Healing and Fever Inflammation: Introduction. Injuries due to light. Auto-immune type hypersensitivity reactions. Generation of diversity. Unclassified viruses. G6. VETERINARY PATHOLOGY Section 1: Introduction. Lymphoid organs: primary. Delayed hypersensitivity. sub-acute and chronic inflammations. Genes coding for Igs. glycogen. ischemia. haemorrhage. Application of monoclonal antibodies for diagnosis of animal diseases. Host-parasite relationships. Biophysical and biochemical characteristics of viruses. Iridoviruses. Hypersensitivity-immediate and delayed types. lymphocytic. Antigens. Togaviruses. Preparation of monoclonal antibodies. Hepadnaviruses. Adenaviruses. chemical mediators. and mechanism of hypersensitivity. definition. Section 5: Mycology General characteristics of fungi. Disturbances of cell metabolism. Section 2: Hemodynamic Derangements. embryonated eggs and experimental animals. Cellular interactions. Filoviruses. sludges blood. and their uses. Rhabdoviruses. Mechanism of immunity. classification.

echocardiography. Ketosis. Enteritis. Neuritis and paralysis. toxic plants and drugs. biopsy techniques. infectious bronchitis. Colibacillosis. Arthritis. Impetigo. Encephalitis. panzootic. Spirochetosis. Allergic and serological tests including ELISA. H. Avian mycoplasmosis. Cystitis. Pathology of production diseases—milk fever. electrocardiography. Epistaxis. Section 10: Avian Pathology General introduction. coryza. ketosis etc. mycotoxins. endoscopy. Bloat. Colic. Fungal infections. pyaemia. ear. Pancreatitis. Urticaria. Metritis. cestode and protozoan parasites. pesticides. Section 11: Nutritional and Production Pathology Pathology of nutritional diseases. infectious laryngio tracheitis. Section 7: Dermatology Dermatitis. Anaemias. Gastritis. Downer’s cow syndrome. Owdema. Examination of specimens for causative organisms. Radioimmunoassay. Pneumonia. Myocardial astheria. Vices and miscellaneous diseases. toxaemia. avian encephalomyelitis. Myositis. Meningitis. urine and faecal examination in important diseases of livestock and poultry. and egg drop syndrome. Neoplastic diseases—Marek’s disease and Avian leucosis complex. Fowl cholera. Abomasal displacement. Tetany. phonocardiography.Section 6: Postmortem and Histopathologic Techniques Principles and techniques of necropsy of morbid materials. Section 12: Toxic Pathology Pathology of toxicity of heavy metals. Section 8: Systemic Pathology Pathology of cardiovascular. Photosensitization. opthalmoscopy and radiological examination. Drug sensitivity tests. Pulmonary emphysema. Section 9: Infectious Pathology Pathology of bacterial diseases. Section 4: Cardiovascular and Pulmonary Disorders Heart failure. Respiratory diseases—Newcastle disease. Avian pseudotuberculosis. Pasteurellosis. Clinical examination of patients. General systemic states-septicaemia. contagious. Pulmonary congestion and oedema. hoof and nails. sporadic. bacteraemia. urinary. Pleurisy. influenza. Hepatitis. genital. faeces. General principles of control of infectious diseases. Arrhythmias. Hydrocephalus. Disease transmission. Jaundice. Osteodystrophy. Shock. sputum and skin scrapings. Techniques of preservation. Section 3: Gastroenterology Indigestion. Section 5: Urogenital Disorders Nephritis. Disinfection and fumigation. respiratory. Parasitic infections-nematode. Immunity and immune mechanism. PPLO and rickettsial infections and parasitic diseases. Milk fever. mental detection. Ultrasonography. Section 8: Metabolic and Nutritional Disorders Metabolic acidosis and alkalosis. Ascites. VETERINARY MEDICINE Section 1: Diagnostic Approaches to Animal Diseases Anammesis. Alopecia. protein. Special examination procedures-laryngoscopy. Pericarditis. Osteo-myelitis. Antimicrobial therapy. Blood chemistry. Laboratory examination of blood. eye. Chlamydiosis. haemopoietic. VETERINARY AND ANIMAL SCIENCES-III H1. Circulatory failure. skin. Errors of heat regulation. epizootic. Encephalomalcia. Trumatic reticulo-peritinitis. segregation. mycotic infections. milk. Scanning. Acne. Hypomagnesemia. Recombinant DNA strategy. exploratory puncture. blood chemistry. urine. endocrine glands. anaphylaxis and hydration. Disposal of carcasses. CSF. nervous and musculoskeletal systems. Fat cow syndrome. carbohydrate. Salmonellosis. Urolithiasis. Tumours and cysts. enzootic. viral arthritis. Section 7: Clinical Pathology Haematology. Pathology of nutritional diseases. Rickets and osteomalacia. isolation and quarantine. Eczema. infectious bursal disease. Aspergillosis. Brain abscess. allergy. Section 2: General Medicine Definitions of infectious. Laryngits and bronchitis. mineral and vitamin deficiencies. 41 . Pullorum disease. catheterization. Uraemia. zoonosis. magnesium tetany. Avian inflammation. epidermiology. viral disease. Despatch and section cutting. digestive. Deficiencies due to trace minerals and vitamins. Section 6: Musculo-skeletal and Nerbour Disorders Myopathies. fowl pox. Staining and identification of sections prepared from pathological lesions. electroencephalography. Typhoid and paratyphoid. Valvular diseses. Azoturia. exotic. Post-partuient haemoglobinurea.

glanders. Piroplasmosis. Infectious canine hepatitis. Blastomycosis. Ixodidae. Theileriidae and Balantiidae. Ancylostomatidae. Common offences against animals. Acuaridae. Coliform diseases. Necrobacillosis. Leishmaniasis. Myiasis. Eimeriidae. Hydatidosis. veterinary Paediatrics. Tick born fever. chlorinated hydrocarbon. Gid. lndian Veterinary Council Act. Hesbronemiasis. Condidiasis. Anthrax. Rhinosporidiosis Coccidiomycosis. Psychodiadae. parasitic gastro-enteritis. Fluid and electrolyte therapy. Coccidiosis. Service conditions and professional conduct. Palamphistomiasis. Trichuridae Capillariidae. Kumari (cerebrospinal nematodiasis). mode of transmission. theileriasis. aspergillosis. arsenic. heterakidae. Blood transfusion techniques. fluorine. Hexamitidae. and Dictophymatidae. Chronic respiratory diseases. Section 2: Parasitic Pathology It includes pathogenesis. Anisakidae. Bovine virus diarrhoea. Oestridae and Hippoboscidae. Foot-and-Mouth diseases. Trichostronglidae. occurrence and distribution of the parasites of Veterinary importance belonging to the following: A. Heat water disease. Schistosomiasis. trypanosomiasis. Collection and despatch of material of chemical analysis. Swine fever. Equine infections. Common frauds in sale of livestock and livestock products. IIT. H2. lesions. Stongylidae. Opisthorchlidae. Endomoebidae. Section 11: Jurisprudence and Ethics Common law. Sarcospridios. Syngamidae. Physalopteridae. Rabies ailments. Pediculosis. Amoebiasis. Cryptosporidiidae. Examination of vetero-legal cases. Section 12: Special Therapeutic Techniques in Veterinary Practice Physiotherapy. Infectious coryza. Rumen fluid transplantation. Amidostomiae. VETERINARY PARASITOLOGY Section 1 Classification. Linognathidae. Aflatoxicosis. Histoplasmosis. equine influenza. Sarcocystidae. Aspesrgillosis. Taeniasis in birds and mammals. Gnathostomatidae. physiology. Parasitic pneumonia. Warblem. Section 10: Infectious Diseases of Livestock and Poultry Bacterial Diseases: Actinormycosis. (b) Platyhelminthes-Cestoda (c) Nemathelminthes-Nematoda Ascardidae. Brucellosis. Marek’s disease. Helminthology (a) Platyhelminthes-Trematoda: Bicrocoelidate. Tabanidae. Stephanuridae. Ephemeral fever. Anaemia. Listeriosis. Monocercomondadidae. oxyuridae. Onchocercidae. Pediculoididae. Contagious ophthalmia. 42 . Sarcoptidae and Psoroptidae. Actinobacillosis. Paragonimidae. Mycotic Disease Ringworm. Section 3: Parasitic Zoonoses Consideration of these parasites that are of great public health importance globally and for India. Clostridial infections. Filaridae. Parvo virus infection. Pentastomida: Linguatulidae. prosthogenimidae. Tetrameridae. ceratopogonidae. life cycle. Contagious ecthyma. Ischnocera. Dracunculidae. Protozoa Tryanesomatidae. Rhabditidae. Cow Slaughter Act. Duties of veterinarian. Equine viral arteritis. Pleuropneumonia group of disease. Haematopinidae. Dictyocaulidae. Fowl plague. nitrate and nitrite. C. and hematological and biochemical changes of important groups of parasites of great economic importance with particular reference to those widely prevalent in domestic mammals and bird in India. echinostomatidae. Scrapie. IB. Viral and Ricketsial Diseases: Rinderpest PPR. Viral encephalitis.Section 9: Diagnostic and therapeutic Approaches to Common Toxic Conditions of Livestock Lead. Parasitic Diseases: Mange. Ascariasis. Paramphistomataidae. Argasidae. TB. Subuluridae. (d) Acanthocephata-Polymorphidae. Facioliasis. Trichinellidae. Combating radiation hazards. filariasis. Filaroididae. Blue tongue. Babesiidae. pox. Culicidae. B. Strongyloididae. Toxoplasmosis. Haemogregarinidae. Simuliidae. Neo-natal and prenatal diseases. Mastitis. organophorous compounds and urea poisoning. and Schistosomatidae. Anaplasmosis. Notocotylidae. Heterphylidae. Spirochaetosis. Arachidna: Dermanyssidae. Ranikhet disease. Thelazides. Oligacanthorhychidae. pathology clinical symptoms. Mucosal disease complex. Trombiculidae. Setariidae. Protostrongy-lidae. Spiruridae. JD. Plagierchidae. Leptospirosis. structure. TGE. Plasmodidae. Trichonematidae. Each zoonotic disease thus identified should be analyzed in terms of its different components to establish its chain of transmission cycle from animals to man and vice-versa. Demodicidae. mercury. Arthropoda (a) (b) (c) Insecta: Amblycera. Prevention of cruelty to animals. Swine erysepals. Fasciolidae. Metastrongylidae. HCN. Malignant catarrhal fever. African horse sickness. Diseases caused by physical agents and environmental pollutants. Trichomonadidaiae. Louping ill. Legal enactments in IPC related to animals. IBD.

Expectorants. Antispasmodics. self-care and types of antibodies produced against parasites. methods for preparation of antigens and their fractionation. Prostaglandins and leukotreins. preparation and training of blood and organ smears. Drugs used for improving fertility and conception. Various practical measures recommended for controlling common and economically important parasites of domestic mammals and birds. Adrenergic and antiadrenergic drugs including adrenergic neuron blockers. Antitubercular. bioassays. Section 8: Antiseptics and Disinfectants Sulphonamides (gut acting and systemic). Diuretics and antidiuretics. How parasites circumvent the immune-surveillance of the host? (b) Immunoprophylaxis Use of vaccines against some important parasites available so far. Cough sedatives. Antibiotics (natural and semisynthetic) including aminoglycoside. Drug-receptor interaction. Cholinergic and anticholienergic drugs. Bronchodilators. and their rationale. Section 2: Drugs Acting on Central Nervous System Sedatives. Mediators of inflammation and anti-inflammatory drugs. Pharmacopoeia and drug compendia. coprological examination. protozoa. Identification of cysts. Information on auto-immune reactions and other immunopathological conditions in parasitic diseases. Section 6 (a) H3. Carminatives. and ixodid ticks. General principles of electrolyte and fluid therapy. Pharmacokinetics and its application for rational dosage regimen. Dopaminergic and antidopaminergic agents. CNS stimulants. Serotonin and antiserotonins. How it differs from immunity to bacterial and viral infections? Humoral and cellular factors in immunity. Pharmacometrics: organization and screening programme and drug development. Sources and nature of drugs. Antacids. multidimensional screening methods. Ganglion stimulants and ganglion blockers. Cathartics. Local anaesthetics. mass drenching schedules and methods of their formation for organized livestock and poultry farms. Section 5: Drugs Acting on Digestive System Stomachics. and their rationale. Drugs affecting behaviour. Anticonvulsants. Information on different immune-diagnostic tests and their techniques used against different parasites. larval and immature stages and adult parasites. Information on premunition. General anaesthetics. Neuro-humoral transmission. Antihypertensive agents. microclide and surface-acting antibiotics. and insecticides including acaricides. Section 7: Autacoids Histamine and antihistamines. Section 5: Treatment and Control of Parasites (a) (b) Information regarding different anthelmintics. antiviral and antineoplastic drugs. use of laboratory animals: for diagnosis. Tranquillizers. trimethoprim and nitrofurans.Section 4: Parasitic Techniques Laboratory techniques used for diagnosis of parasitic diseases. methods of laboratory culture of preparasitics stages. Section 4: Drugs Acting on Cardio-vascular and Respiratory Systems Drugs acting on heart and blood vessels. eggs. Haematinics. mode of their administration and their therapeutic and prophylactic doses with due precautions wherever applicable. determination of LD50. Section 3: Drugs Acting on Humoral and Autonomic Nervous Systems General considerations of autonomic nervous system. section cutting and staining of tissue sections. Antiprotozoan and anthelmintic drugs. Section 6: Drugs Affecting Uro-genital System Drugs altering fluid balance. Pharmacology of rumen and rumenotoric drugs. Antizymotics. Factors modifying drug action. Drugs used in synchronization of estrus. 43 . Drugs acting on uterus (oxytocics and tocolytics). antiprotozoan compounds. Antidiarrhoeal agents. Peptides. methods of preparation of antisera/hyper-immune sera. Hypnotics. Types and sites of drug action. Drugs acting on hepatobiliary system. Antifungal antibiotics and other emerging antibiotics. their relative specificity and sensitivity. collection of biological materials. ED50 and dose-response relationships. Analgesics and antipyretics. VETERINARY PHARMACOLOGY Section 1: General Pharmacology Development and scope of pharmacology. Analeptics. and problems of drug resistance. Blood coagulants and anticoagulants. Emetics and antiemetics. Muscle relaxants. Haemorrhagic shock and its treatment. Immunity to Parasites Nature and mechanism of immunity to parasites/especially helminths.

drug residues. 44 . Occupational zoonoses and prevention. Various types of milk—standard milk. mycotoxins. Prevention of milk and milk products. Antemortem and post-mortem examination for bacterial and parasitic infections and judgement. insulin and antidiabetic agents. and industrial enterprises. Pesticides. Feed additives. Solid and liquid wastes from farms. seasonal. Meat-borne diseases and their epidemiology. and radioactive substances. vitamin D and other compounds. Agents used in restraining of wild animals and doping. Plants producing photosensitization. toned milk. Classification. and air-borne infections and their prevention. periodic and cyclic trends. Emergency slaughter. Clostridium perfrimgans. gastroenteritis. slaughterhouses. poultry and fish. Chemical pollution. insecticides. Inspection of egg. Toxicology of important inorganic compounds and their treatment. Raising specific pathogen-free. Prevention of contamination by sanitation practices in dairy farms. viral. plant toxins and their residues in milk. gnotobiotic and germfree animals and their specific utility in biomedical research. and enteritis due to Campylobacter species. botulism. prevention of contamination. Hygiene aspects of meat processing. Air-microbiological pollution. Production pharmacology. their prevention of and control. Bacterial. Food safety measures. milk plants. their effect on environment and human health. International organizations and administration of veterinary public health services. Section 4: Food-borne Infection and Intoxication Bacterial food poisoning-salmonellosis. and condensed milk. Drugs affecting calcification . Disposal and reclamation of by-products. thyroid and antithyroid drugs. and sex hormones. lonophore compounds. Production of raw materials and transport. Secondary toxicity. Section 6: Environmental Hygiene Water-sources of contamination. Viral poisoning-infectious hepatitis. pandemic. Epidermiological surveys and surveillance. Toxicology of agrochemicals (insecticides. Toxicology of industrial contaminants/pollutants. Section 2: Milk Hygiene Definition.parathyroid hormone. Agent-host environment and ecological interactions. Sampling methods. Health statistics and demographic methods. principles and scope of epidemiology. Significance and importance of meat hygiene. poliomyelltis. Significance and importance of milk hygiene. milk and meat plants. and animal by-products. Section 3: Meat Hygiene Definition. weedicides and rodenticides). Patterns and trends of disease occurrence—endemic. H4. Section 7: Epidemiology Definition. nitrites and oxalate toxicity. prevention and control. Milk-borne infections. sweetened milk. rickettsial. Principles of diagnosis and therapy (antidotal and non-antidotal) teratogenicity. VETERINARY PUBLIC HEALTH Section l: Veterinary Public Health Definition. Chemical poisoning and radioactive substances. Animal wastes. double-toned milk. Source of contaminations and their public health significance. Section 10: Miscellaneous Topics Hormones including pituitary hormones. Toxicology of poisonous plants-cyanogenic plants. adrenocorticoids. Application of bacteriological and biochemical tests on meat and meat products. Epidemiological investigations of food-borne infections. Water-borne infections.Section 9: Toxicology Principles of selective toxicity. fungicides. Disposal of dead animals and their economical utilization. Mycotoxins and other important toxic plants. Section 5: Zoonoses Definition. Spoilage of milk products. Quality control of milk and milk products. public health significance. Drug control and regulation. Section 8: Experimental Medicine Species of experimental animals. International and national organization and administration of veterinary public health education—methods and channels. Prevention and control of zoonotic diseases. Section 9: Health Education Personal hygiene and health education of workers engaged in animal husbandry activities. Toxicodynamics. and judgement for hygienic quality. antibiotics. monitoring of quality. Pasteurization and sterilization of milk. purification and sterilization of water. inspection and judgement. Variables in epidemiology. Microbiology of milk and milk products. epidemic. slaughter houses. and plants producing nitrates. Metabolism of poisons. collection centres and milk plants. calcitonin. and animal toxins naturally toxic to man. Vibrio parahaemolyticus. and their treatment. Toxic metals. Pesticide and insecticide contamination. Potability standards. Care and management practices. Methane production. Measurement of health and diseases—morbidity and mortality. Staphauereous. parasitic and mycotic zoonoses and their epidemiology.

Code of practice. Surgery of male and female genital organs. Anaesthetic emergencies and their management. Current concepts of inflammation. Inhalant and non-inhalant anaesthetic agents and their administration in small and large animals. Anaesthesia for special surgical procedures and special diseased conditions. General surgical affections—abscess. Achievements of quality of raw materials and processed materials.and post-operative considerations. ear. impaction of omasum. Disinfection and sterilization. BSI standards and Indian legislation. heart and diaphragm in large and small animals. spleen. moisture (water activity). and tail and their surgical management. diagnosis and treatment. Section 3: Radiology Diagnostic X-ray machine and accessories. urinary bladder. Guidelines. Complications and their management. Radiographic interpretation. rectal and anal prolapse. asepsis and antisepsis in surgery. teeth pharynx. Section 7: Abdominal Surgery Different surgical approaches for abdomen. Pre-anaesthetic considerations of patient. Radiographic features of various disease conditions. X-ray hazards. Radiographic quality and factors affecting it. Bones of fore and hind limbs. their symptoms. Fractures. Joints. Tissue repair including biochemical aspects. Hypothermia. Affections of liver. Bone graft and implants. Selection of various anaesthetic and pre-anaesthetic agents and their effect on different body organs. Section 11: Microbiology in Public Health Types of important bacteria in milk. radiographic procedures. Methods of internal and external fixations of fracture. Principles of radiotherapy and physiotherapy. VETERINARY ANATOMY Section 1 Gross anatomy. Different congenital and acquired surgical affections of thoracic wall and thoracic organs viz. skull. and their products. systemic and pulmonary 45 . axial system viz. traumatic reticulitis. Section 2: Anaesthesia History and instrumentation. VETERINARY SURGERY Section 1: General Surgery History. Maintenance of processing. Imaging techniques. H6. Various acquired and congenital surgical affections of abdominal organs viz. exposure. their classification and important joints in ox. lung. and peritonitis. abdomasal displacement. General characters of bacteria. Various foot diseases. peri. Critical points and processing (Hazard analysis critical control point). Various diseases of the vascular system. Growth curve of bacteria. Section 4: Orthopaedics and Lameness Anatomy. Surgical affections of vertebral columns. Food hygiene legislation. Legislation. Radiographic artifacts and their prevention. oxygen. Surgical instrumentations. and formulation of technique chart. Waste materials. haematoma. Cosmetic surgery. Affections of joint. tumour. Anaesthesia for zoo animals. temperature. Dark room techniques. pylorostenosis. Heart. cyst. gangrene. Monitoring of patient during anaesthesia. meat. Commonly used special diagnostic. Myology in general. Thermophiles and psychrophiles. Fracture healing and factors affecting it. definitions and classification of surgery. their diagnosis and treatment. tongue. oesophagus and eye. sinus and fistula. nasal and buccal cavity. Different bone diseases. oesophagus. Indicator organisms. pH. mould. Radiographic positioning. Surgical bacteriology Pre-. ribs and sternum in domestic animals. Ox is taken as a “Type” animal and structures of other domestic animals are to be compared. larynx. Acid-base and electrolytes imbalance. Guidelines and Legislation Concept of microbiological standards. gastric torsion. muscles of appendicular and axial system in ox. yeast and virus. Section 8: Integumentry System Afflictions of horn. intestinal obstruction. H5. Physiopathology of trauma. Lameness and allied surgical conditions of fore and hind limbs. physiology and circulation of long bones. cecal dilation. Section 5: Surgery of Head and Neck Region Surgical affections and management of sinuses. Rehydration fluid therapy. Local and regional anaesthetic procedures. Sutures and suture materials. trachea.Section 10: Standards. Principles of tissue and organ transplantation. Local anaesthetic agents. surgical stress and shock. kidney. X-ray film and its care. Relationship between conformation of the limbs. skin. Electronarcosis. salivary gland. inhibiting substances. Factors influencing bacterial growth—food. toot and its axis. biological effect and protection. urolithiasis and their complications and surgical management. Definition of quality and quality assurance. mediastinum. udder and teat. Role of management. burns and hernia. Operation theatre management. Section 6: Thoracic Surgery Various approaches for thoracic surgery in large and small animals. vertebrae.

Analytical constants and factors affecting them. factors affecting. Effect of variation in composition on market milk industry. Section 6 Cream: Size distribution of fat-globules. Section 4 Milk lipids-classification. respiratory and urogenital system in fowl. stability and importance in dairy processing. When protein concentrates and their functional properties. Primary structure. adsorption of water on various milk constituents and milk products and its effect on shelf life. chemical and biochemical properties. Endocrine glands—pituitary. creaming phenomenon. level in milk and milk products. Sensory organs. oxidation-reduction potential. gross composition. Desi and creamery butter. Light ultrastructural picture of animal cell. DAIRY SCIENCE/ DAIRY TECHNOLOGY AND FOOD SCIENCE J1. Organs of digestive respiratory. thyroid and parathyroid glands of ox. J. isomers. their causes and prevention. electrical conductivity. DAIRY CHEMISTRY Section 1 Composition of milk. Fatty acids-profile. Genesis of flavour. properties and factors affecting. radionuclides. aroma and texture in milk and milk products. and portal circulation in ox. Lactose intolerance. structure and general physical and chemical properties. stomach. Amino acid composition and physico-chemical properties of different fractions of caseins. Microscope and microscopy. oviduct. insecticides. pesticides. Effect of various treatments on salt equilibria. Thymus and spleen in general-Cisterna chyll and major lymphatic ducts of head. Physical properties of milk: acid base equilibria. Respiratory organs. Section 2 Lactose-structure. Basic tissues of the body-epithelium. internal ear and iteguments. physiological functions. foams and gels-tehri formation. Water activity.circulation. Salt balance and its importance in processing of milk. urinary bladder and urethrae. forms. carbonyls. adrenal. thorax and abdomen. urogenital (in male and female) and nervous systems. trachea and lungs. butter and ghee. physical. Casein models. viscosity. cream. Cholesterol-structure. Emulsions. immunoglobulins. Chemistry of milk enzymes and their significance with reference to milk processing and milk products. prevention and measurement. vagina. Sensory evaluation of milk and milk products. refractive index. composition and properties of cream and dry cream. Ghee: Differences in composition and variations in ghee and butter oil. stage of lactation and mastitis. Physical equilibria among milk salts. Organ of sense—eye. Adulteration and methods of detection. and buffer capacity. vulva and mammary glands. and penis. seminal vesicles and bulbo-urethral gland. Superficial lymph-glands of ox in relation to antemortem and postmortem examination. heavy metals. Genital system in female-ovary. Browning mechanisms. Differences in cow and buffalo ghee. intestine. ducats defrens. and aflatoxins in milk and their estimation. distribution. Unsaponifiable matter. standards and defects. Casein micells-structure. Pigments. Specific compositional differences among milk from various species. Section 3 Macro-anatomy-definition of histology and preparation of histological slides. Genital organs of male—testis. Blood supply of fore and hind limbs. Proteose-peptone. Composition. muscular and nervous tissues in general. Immunological. biological significance. neck. tooth. hydrocarbons and gases in milk. viz. theories. importance and level in milk. liver and pancreas. Ghee grading. Section 5 Antibiotics. Ascorbic acid in relation to Eh. connective tissue. nutritional and biological importance of milk proteins. 46 . Anti-oxidants-mechanism of reaction and estimation. Distribution and importance of trace elements of milk. head. feed season. physico-chemical properties and conformation of -lactalbumin and -lactoglobulin. density. Accessory sex glands in male—prostate. and factors affecting their levels. size distribution and stability. Colostrum and abnormal milks. neck. isolation and genetic polymorphic of different milk proteins. Estimation and biosynthesis. levels in milk. lactoterrins. detergents. Section 2 Study of various bones and organs of digestive. Auto-oxidationdefinition. thorax and abdomen. lipoproteins and fat-globule membrance proteins and their importance. freezing point. Antioxidants: natural and synthetics. Significance of carbohydrates in milk and milk products. Topographic location of organs in domestic animals in relation to heir surgical sites and clinical examination. and its important branches in thoracic and abdominal regions. aorta. grading. thermal conductivity. Chemistry of phospholipids and their role in milk and milk products Fat-soluble vitamins-chemistry. microstructure. tongue. epididymis. Section 3 Levels. uterus. Variations in milk composition due to breed. Microanatomy of important organs of digestive system viz. properties. santizers. Hydrolytic and oxidative deterioration of ghee. surface and interfacial tension. Veinous drainage of fore and hind limbs. Biosynthesis of milk fat. NPN. Urinary organs—kidney ureter. Butter: Mechanism of creaming during butter preparation. Water-soluble vitamins-molecular structure. Chemistry of neutralization and ripening. oesophagus.

Dried Milk: Structure. Sampling and specification of finished products and raw material. canning. Scope and functioning of milk supply scheme and various national and international organizations. nutritive value and consumer preferences. Chemistry and manufacture of protein. By products of fruit and vegetable industry. Selection and use of dairy cleaner and sanitizer. Analysis of variance. freezing and hardening. Liquid milk processing. butter oil. Microbiological factors 47 . Food regulatories. rice barley. Milling and parboiling of rice. changes during ageing. evaporated milk. ghee. Curing and smooking of meat. Composition and related quality factors for processing. texture flavour. homogenization. Milk products processing—cream. Quality control. Kulfi composition and differences with ice-cream. nectars. oat. Yoghurt and Acidophillus Milk: Composition and specific differences. filled milk and fermented milk. Section 5: Meat and Meat Products Scope of meat and meat product industry in India. physico-chemical properties and stability of milk powder. Thermal process time evaluation for canned products. pasteurization. Pearling and malting of barley. Antemortem inspection. khoya. Rigor mortis. syrups. Differences in chhana and paneer from cow and buffalo milks. Nature and control of spoilage in pickles. Nutritional and therapeutic significance of fermented milk products. Section 9 Ice-cream and Frozen Products: Composition and physical structure. IR and UV spectrophotometry. transport and distribution of milk. germ oil and corn flakes. canned fruits. Sausage making. Principles and methods of food and vegetable preservation. paneer and similar products. In-plant cleaning system. Milk clotting enzymes of different sources-microbial. freezing. Tests of significance. biscuits. Section 3: Cereal Technology Structure of different grains—wheat. fermentation. animal and plant. Cheese spreads by spray and roller drying techniques. Instantiations. Compositional differences between condensed and evaporated milk. Food attributes—colour. pasteurization. visible. Factors affecting meat quality. butter. ice cream. Infant food. Refrigerated and modified atmosphere storage. Retail and wholesales cuts. flour and its use in bakery products-bread. Utilization of fruit and vegetable juices for the manufacture of beverages such as squashes. Wet and dry milling of corn. maize and millet. Preparation of flour for use as food and in confectionery products. PFA. gel permeation and affinity chromatography. flavour development. Handling and maintenance of dairy plant equipment. Dairy plant sanitation and waste disposal. ion-exchange. Section 10 Principles and applications of dairy chemistry techniques: potentiometry. Probability and probability distributions including multinominal distribution. electrophoresis. clarification. Radio-tracer techniques. chemical changes during fermentation. Milling and preparation of oat flakes. chutneys and sauces. Judging and grading of milk products. Khoa: Composition and changes during manufacture. cheese. pickles. Spoilage of canned products. cakes.Section 7 Heat stability of milk as affected by various milk constituents and additives. porridge and oat meals. Chemistry of rennin action. Section 4 Elements of preservation and processing of foods of animal origin. Role and mechanism of action of stabilizers and emulsifiers. storage. Physical properties of instant powder. renneting and heat on the process of cheese manufacture. Section 8 Cheese: Composition and varietal differences. FOOD SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY Section 1: Introductory Food Technology Introduction to food technology. Methods of food preservation—heat processing. Correlation and regression analysis. standardization. Dairy plant operations-receiving. condensed milk. flame photometry. Changes during manufacture and ripening. cordials. Physical and chemical changes during preparation of concentrated milk and subsequent storage. J2. Basic designs for dairy chemistry experiments. Sanitation in cereal processing factory. whole and skim-milk powder. Dehydration and problems of browning in storage of dried products. rheological properties and defects of cheese. Postmortem examination. TLC. Preparation of corn starch. Milling of grains. grades and standards. Technology of preserved. Market and consumer preference for quality. Problems of milk supply in India. sterilization. channa. aerated and fermented fruits juice. separation. role in jell formation and products like jellies and marmalades. Chemistry and microscopic structure of meat tissue. Influence of acidity. Composition of lassi and buttermilk. Slaughter and dressing of various animals and poultry birds. dehydration. Role and mechanism of stabilizers and emulsifiers. Theories and metabolic pathways of fermentation. doughnut and buns. Paneer and Chhana: composition and changes during manufacture. Filled milk products. irradiation and chemical additives. Spoilage of milk powder and its control. GLC. Specifications and standards in milk processing industry. Dahi. Section 2: Fruit and Vegetable Technology Grading and selection of fruits and vegetables for processing. Rice bran oil. BIS and AGMARK standards of milk and milk-products.

Microbiology of frozen dairy products such as ice creams. mastitic and high somatic cell count milk. Production of starter concentrates. Use of genetic methods for the improvement of dairy starters. Types and numbers of microbes in normal. Industrial and food uses. Prophase and lysogeny in dairy starters. ice. Zoovosic diseases. sanitisers and their mechanism of action. Built detergents. Role of resuscitation in recovery of heatdamaged microbial cells. boiling and UHT sterilization of milk. DAIRY MICROBIOLOGY Section 1 Sources of microbial contamination of raw milk and their relative importance in influencing quality of milk during production. pasteurisation. Microbial and chemical changes in raw milk during chilling and refrigeration. Enumeration of phage particles. storage and transportation of eggs. 48 . Section 2 Bacteriological aspects of bactofugation. Processing and preservation of fish and its products. Changes caused by starters in milk structure during growth. Role of starter culture during preparation and ripening of cheese. Section 5 Bacteriology of starter cultures. J3. production and preservation of starter cultures. Enumeration of pathogens in heated milk. Microbiology of hard. Types of detergents and their mechanisms of soil removal from the surfaces. Plasmids in dairy starters. Types of spoilages in heat—treated milks. Associative growth of starter cultures. shrikhand. Preservation of egg-oil coating. cultural. Probiotic properties of lactobacilli. Packing. Prevention of starter failures due to phages. Utilization of by products. Technology of egg products— egg powder. Efficacy of sanitisers and evaluation of sanitising properties. Enumeration of heat resistant microbes. detergents. machineries and other contact surfaces used in production and processing of milk and milk products. Conventional and rapid bacteriological tests for heated milk. single and multiple strain cultures. limitation of these systems. Concepts of starters growth and metabolism of lactose and citrate. Sources of contamination during production. Factors affecting activity of detergents and sanitisers. flakes and calcium tablets. Role of initial microbial load of milk on the microbiological quality of products. kulfi and desserts. Importance of total quality control management in dairy industry. semi-hard and soft varieties of cheese. Defects in cheese and growth of pathogens in cheese. Value of HACCP in preventing health hazard due to consumption of milk products. Microbes in desi and creamery butter. Factors effecting quality. Bacteriological grading of raw and heat-treated milk. Bacteriophages of dairy starters. Section 7 Disposal of dairy effluents by microbial activity. Preparation of byproducts from dairy effluents by fermentation techniques. Growth and multiplication of pathogenic microbes in indigenous dairy products during storage and marketing. transportation and storage. thermostabilization and antibiotics. and spoilages they cause in these products. Section 3 Types of micro-organisms in raw cream and different varieties of cream. Methods of preventing food poisoning due to infection and intoxication. Methods of enumeration of psychrotrophs.influencing keeping quality of meat. sources of these microbes. and baby foods. Cleaning and sanitization of equipment. and their growth during storage. yoghurt. thermisation. bifidobacteria and fermented products containing lactic and probiotic cultures. Role of lactic cultures in controlling gastrointestinal microflora of man and animals. Anti-microbial systems in milk. Section 8 Microbiological aspects of quality control and quality assurance in production of milk and milk products. biochemical. Section 6: Egg and Egg Products Structure and composition of an egg. spoilage and pathogenic characteristics of commonly occurring microbes in milk and milk products. physiological. Defects in cream and butter due to microbial growth. Section 4 Microbes in indigenous milk products such as khoa and chhana based sweets. milk. and whey based fermented products. koumiss. Section 6 Grown and activity of starters in the preparation of dahi. commercial detergents and combined detergent-sanitisers. kefir. albumen. handling storage and distribution. Ripening of cream. Production of taste and aroma compounds by starters in fermented milk and milk products. Quality measurement. Identification of sources of contamination in heat—treated milks. Morphological. Anti-bacterial and therapeutic properties of probiotic cultures. Modern trends in propagation. Phage-resistant medium for growth of starters. refrigeration. Types of microbes surviving in concentrated and dried milk. cultured butter. Judging of starter activity. Standards of frozen products and their ingredients. Prevention of post-processing contamination in heated milk. Production and use of microbial rennet substitutes. collection. and custom cultures. Naturally occurring and residues of antibiotics.

Role of milk constituents. Sterilized and high fat cream. half and half. Low fat spreads. limitations and impact on the dairy industry in India. Bacterial. Indigenous frozen desserts-kulfi. their production techniques and quality. Packaging. REM. shelf life and detects in ghee. Special problems in handling buffalo milk for manufacture of concentrated and dried milk. Physical properties and chemical composition of cow and buffalo milk and their importance in milk processing. trends and projections for frozen-milk products industry in India. and UHT sterilized concentrated milk. Innovations in ghee production procedures. srikhand. Quality. storage and packaging of dahi. and infant milk foods. and dried milk whole milk powder (WMP. Status and scope of cheese in dairy industry. hydrolysates. Milk production trends and dairy development through successive national plans. Role of starter culture in cheese quality. quality assessment. Preservation of milk by LP system. Theories of homogenization. chemical and biochemical and nutritional effects of UHT processing of milk. manufacturing process. availability and utilization of dairy by-products. Recent policy changes related to dairy sector (MMPO. storage and defects. National Milk Grid. Operation Flood Programmes. Types of UHT processing plants. Theoretical basis for UHT processing. quality attributes. Yield optimization.J4. and factors affecting their efficiency. Health aspects of milk fat. Status. Status of organized and unorganized sectors in the manufacture of these products. changes during manufacture. Fractionation of fat. Treatments of milk for cheese manufacture and their consequences. storage and utilization of butter powder and butter oil. Recent advances in processing. Definition. sodium and calcium caseinates. yoghurt. pasteurization and sterilization. Centrifugal separation. Packaging. composition. Section 4: Cheese and Fermented Milk Products Technology of cheese. Basic principles. EM. packaging and storage of concentrated and dried milks. Legal standards for market milk and other designated milks. Manufacture of casein. lassi and misti doi. Characteristics. Critical evaluation of current status. packaging and storage on ice cream quality. flavoured and filled milk. manufacture. effect on milk constituents and properties. filled and imitation ice cream. Manufacture of Cheddar. PFA and BIS. packaging and latest processing innovations of khoa. other ingredients. shelf life. Milk preservation methods of chilling milk. cheese spread and processed cheese foods. Application of biotechnology and membrane processing in cheese industry. chhana and paneer. reconstituted and recombined. Principles and practices of production of high-quality milk. Section 2: Fat-rich Dairy Products Basic principles of processing and quality aspects of different creams table. defects and remedies. physical-chemical changes during manufacture. clarification and bactofugation. coprecipitates. packaging and storage defects in SCM. handling and transportation of milk to processing dairies. whey protein concentrates. Section 6: Indigenous Milk Products Significance and role of indigenous dairy products in Indian dairy industry and economy. Associated economic and pollution problems. Advances in processing. Modern concepts in accelerating cheese repening. malai-icebaraf. Automatic desludging separators and clarifiers. examination and testing. Section 5: Concentrated and Dried-milk Products Newer concepts in milk quality in relation to processing and manufacture of concentrated and dry milks. Thermal processing of milk principles and methods of thermization. classification and standards of cheese. Technology mission on dairying. Methods of ghee making. Section 7: Utilization of Milk-By Products Status. Technological aspects of ice cream manufacture. Mechanization of cheese-making process. preservation. Homogenization process and its significance in dairy processing. their prospects and constraints. manufacture. and sweets based on these products. Manufacture and use of cream powders. sterilized. Milk production trends and dairy industry in India. Technology for preparation of dried ice cream mix. storage and packing of table butter. Therapeutic value of fermented milk products. Principles and methods of manufacture. fat losses. Status of ghee in India. Manufacture of processed cheese. achievements. Methods of milk procurement. Legal standards. shelf-life. Quality control of ghee and its grading under Agmark. storage. Impact of processing on major and minor constituents of milk. double toned. Methods of production. Section 3: Frozen-milk Products Definition. DAIRY PROCESSING Section 1: Market Milk Status of dairy industry in India. Over run in butter. need for modifications. Recent concepts in processing. composition and legal aspects of various indigenous products. packaging. Marketing federation-their concept. Milk in relation to modern cheese making process. constructional and operational features of butter making equipment. why 49 . utilization and economy in manufacture of fat-rich milk products. Manufacture. classification and composition of ice cream and other frozen desserts. Quality aspects and shelf-life. Conda. Procedures for sampling. preservation. edible casein. Agmark. Physical and chemical changes during cheese ripening. detection of adulterants. Mozzerela and Swiss cheese. and processed cheese. Cholesterol reduced/cholesterol free dairy products. Legal aspects. Status of call and microbial rennets for cheese manufacture. physical. RSCM. processing and marketing of toned. Recent advances in ice cream industry and their impact. GATT) and their impact on dairy industry in the country. newer technologies and formulations for infant foods and weaning foods. PFA and BIS standards and quality control and preservation of table butter. payments. SMP) and instant milk powder. Efficiency of homogenization and factors affecting it. Special milk—principles of production. Ultra high temperature (UHT) processing of milk and aseptic packaging. Manufacture of low fat and low sodium cheese. process steps.

subjective and objective measurement testing. pesticides and weedicides. Accelerated testing. Water activity and states. electrical and optical properties of food products. Theory of ultra filtration 50 . Activation energy of flow. dynamic hardness. Drag coefficient terminal velocity and Reynolds number. Use of dimensional analysis. Effluent disposal Section 10: Advances in Dairy Technology Radiation preservation of milk products. DAIRY ENGINEERING Section 1 Conduction heat transfer through rectangular fins and slabs. Application of membrane processing and other separation/fractionation processes used for milk components. Use of membrane processing in dairy industry. oxygen and light sensitive products. pneumatic handling and conveying of food products. cleaning and sanitizing procedures for dairy equipments. Viscoelasticity Rheological models. Newtonian and non-Newtonian fluids. solution for flow parallel to plates and through tubs. Film coefficients. Package standard. pulses and legumes for incorporation in milk and milk products. Section 5 Mass and energy balance in evaporation and dehydration of foods. Immobilization of enzymes and their use in dairy and food industry. Evaluation of packaging materials and package performance. hardness. Emulsions. Section 8: Advances in Packaging Packaging of milk and milk products status of existing systems. piping material. Theory and application of microwave heating. allowable stresses. Separation and recovery of dried products. Empirical relations in convection heal transfer. laminar and turbulent regions. Effect of water activity on enzymatic and nonenzymatic reactions and microbial growth. inspection tests and quality control. Automation in cleaning and sanitization processes. Choice of detergents and sanitizers guiding principles and limiting factors. Section 3 Transport properties and proportionality constants in momentum energy and mass transfer. system design and calculations. Viscoe!astic characterization of dairy and food materials. Design of single and multi effect evaporators. Process plant piping. Processing of other ingredients such as cereals. design pressures and working temperatures. Methods of measurements. Application of biotechnology in dairy industry-Safety aspects of milk with reference to use of antibiotics. testing and stress evaluation. measurements and calculation of shelf-life for packaged foods. codes and regulation. spray dryer. fabrication requirements. why syrups and lactose. Transport properties of the package and shelf-life. corrosion and corrosion control/ allowance.Strain behaviour creep and stress relaxation. and development/formulation of new products. Methods of texture evaluation. Stress. their effectiveness. Steady state equation. Use of milk solids in bakery and confectionery products. hysteresis and methods of measurement. Velocity. Freeze-concentration and freeze drying methods. Drop-wise and film-wise condensation. Design of condensers and evaporators. graphical. Design calculation for dryers recovery systems and auxiliary equipment. Condensation and boiling heat transfer. Application of aerodynamic properties to the process of separation. sorption isotherms. Shelf-life simulation for moisture. Section 4 Ideal elastic. needs and projections. two dimensional steady and unsteady conduction. mathematical analysis. Friction factors. foams and gels. Use of butter milk. Principles of packaging equipments. analytical and numerical methods and design calculations. temperature and concentration distribution in turbulent transport mechanism. Permeability to gases and vapours in relation to packaging requirements of food products. Section 2 Introduction to design of pressure vessels. continuity equation in different coordinates. strength of food materials and kinetics of biological reactions. codes. costs and selection of the heat exchangers. Design of drying systems and their component—drum dryer. regulations and quality control. Gas liquid mass transfer in microbial systems. overall economic and safety considerations. Local and average heat transfer coefficient. application of dimensional analysis in transport phenomena and boundary layer content. Nusselt number. plastic and viscous behaviour. Instron universal testing machine and theological properties of dairy/food products. analogies among mass heat and momentum transfer. Velocity and temperature distribution in boundary layers. Fouling. Quality of water in detergency. Design problems. Rheology of milk and milk products. firmness. J5.beverages. cleaning and sanitization of UF and RO membrances. thermo-compression system etc. Combination of direct and centrifugal stresses. Critical evaluation of existing systems. shape factors. Structure of dairy foods. Section 6 Introduction to biochemical engineering and biothermal process engineering. Section 9: Cleaning and Sanitization Properties of important dairy detergents and sanitizers. Navier-Stockers equations and their applications. Common heat exchangers and their care and maintenance in dairy/food plants. Hazard analysis and critical control points (HACCP) as applied to quality assurance of milk and milk products. Basic principles in formulating.

Section 7: Environment Control Heat and vapour flow in farm buildings. Underground water supply structures. Section 4: Materials Handling and Transport Section 5: Post-harvest Operations Section 6: Design Steel structures. Waste water treatment-screening. Rural electrification: load estimation. Drop. Poly/ greenhouse. Low-cost sanitary structures. Pressing and expelling. Integrated farming structures. humidity. wheel barrows and trucks. Milk deposits and fouling of surfaces. non-ferrous. Biogas plants. Grain storage structures. Project development: Time. Livestock environment control. Vibrators. Agricultural commodity handling technology. Air conditioning and refrigeration. Electrical fencing. Important pollutants of air and their properties. cleaning and sorting. transmission and distribution of electrical energy. Safety devices including fire fighting. cooling load calculations. Residential structures for a farm family. Commissioning and maintenance. Processing in containers. Low-cost building materials. incineration. Stabilization. Shelling. Techno-economic feasibility. Technology options. AGRICULTURAL STRUCTURES AND PROCESS ENGINEERING Section 1: Farm Structures Farm pond. Design of batch and continuous sterilization cycles. plastic. Materials science—ferrous. Aerobic and anaerobic waste treatment. temperature. Use of transducers in measurement—level. Handling of value added products. 51 . Options for action programme. Kinetics of biological growth. Sterilization classification. Roads. flocculation. Open dug well structure. Trailers. evaporation. dehusking and decorticating. Electricity safety. Function design. Use of psychrometric chart and steam falls. distillation. Hopper chutes. Analysis of data. Engineering properties of biological materials-physical. optical and other types. Kilns and dryers. Solar and biomass equipment. Centrifuges. chute and pipe spillway structures for soil conservation. Extrusion. floatation. sedimentation. Section 8 Physical chemical and biological characteristics of waste water and their measurement. Dryer structures. Controlled atmosphere storage systems. clarification and densification. Pump house. Heat transfer and insulation. FRP and wastes. Washing. Straw walkers. poultry and other livestock structures. Survival and thermal death curve. Drying. Types of membrances. Performance design. Factors effecting spoilage and design of thermal process system. Blowers. Section 7 Introduction to thermal processing. Household electrical wiring. bullock carts. Design of air ducts and room air distribution. radiation. movement. their selection and use in dairy/food industry. Techniques for determination of heat resistance of microorganisms. Waste water recycling structures and oxidation pond. Load estimation for specified design conditions. Crystallization. UHT systems. Sedimentation. vacuum filtration. Layouts. Size reduction. mass. aerodynamic and dielectric. Piggery. Animal products handling. Fermentation and product yield in culture. K. Non-conventional thermal energy design. Case studies. Rat proof godowns. Moisture and temperature variation during storage. and selection of equipment. Conveyance and regulatory structures. Heat and mass transfer. mixing. Air curtain growth chamber. theological. Handling of waste products. Compost pit. magnetic. culverts and nallah structures. RCC structures. Section 2: Off-farm Structures Section 3: Planning Farmstead planning: Survey and data collection for information bank. Fuel efficient stoves. Incubators. Coagulation. adsorption and disinfection. filtration. Losses at different stages. Benefit-cost analysis. chemical precipitation. Milling and polishing. Baling. Structures for perishables. Synchrometrics. Horticultural product handling technology. Illumination. flow velocity. Heat exchangers. Conveyors and material handling units. Pelletization. mixing. Input storage (warehousing). inhibition of corrosion. Hydrological design of percolation ponds. AGRICULTURAL ENGINEERING K1. Particulate pollutants and their properties. Cost estimation and appraisal. Feedstuff storage structures. Transducers-resistive. Physical parameters and heat transfer in microwave heating. Equipment selection and application in dairy and food industry. Bulk handling units. Masonary structures. capacitive. Farm storage structures. motion and input analysis. electrical. Wet scrubbing. Residential time distribution and design of fermentation vessels. thermal. Section 9 Control of temperature and humidity. Analysis of thermal resistance data. inductive. Grading. Mechanical separation. electrical properties. Cryogenics. Transport container design. Cyclones. fabric filters and electrostatic precipitation. pressure.and reverse osmosis. cleaning and sanitizing of evaporators dryers membrane separation plants. Sizing. Granulation and briquetting. Brooder-house and incubation structures. mechanical. Economics of operation. Flow charts and drawings. Process time design. Heating. Humidification and dehumidification. Equilibrium moisture content. Parboiling.

Hydraulic symbols and circuits for tractors and combines. Dynamics and strength of materials. Methods of testing of tillage equipments. separators. Design of heat exchangers. speed. inter-cultivation. Section 6 Tractor: clutches. Section 5 Various systems of spark and compression ignition engines. mechanical. displacement and acceleration on machine elements. crops and operations. chemical and biochemical. animal products. Similarity in model-prototype testing. Operations. Energy conversion. Special equipment for crops such as sugarcane. fertilizer and chemicals applicators. tobacco. filters and miling equipment. Design of structure and equipment for farm products handling including feed and waste. crystallizers. Design of rural sanitation structures. fertilizer application. differential and final drives. Fuels and combustion in internal combustion engines. biofertilizers and bio-pesticide formulations. potato and jute.Section 8: Processing and Processing Equipment Machinery for processing of agricultural products-cereals. Correlation and regression analysis. Theory of machine elements. sprayers. Hand tools used for different kinds of farm work. operation and management. adjustment and trouble shooting on the working of the systems. oilseeds. design considerations and materials for construction. Traction theory. Power availability on the farm. Elementary statistical inference. Common random variable distributions. principles of working. Performance and losses in harvesting and threshing. 52 . plants. planting. unit draft and energy calculations for animal and power operated equipment. torque. seeders. Section 3 Force analysis on machine elements. Elements of statistics. seed-drills. chaff cutting and baling. farm residues. cotton. groundnut. spices and condiments. threshers. pulleys. Similitude and dimensional analysis. design. wind solar. humidifiers. Section 8 Basic concepts of trignometry. Cost analysis of implements and operations. fruits and vegetables. sowing. tubers. Calibrations of seed drills. Downstream chemical engineering-thermo. Design of dryers. PERT and CPM techniques. pulses. Section 9: Design and Management Cost scheduling and appraisal. linear algebra and analytical geometry. Calculations of field capacity. Farm machinery selection for different soils. Fluid flow analysis. heal load and power transmission from piston to the fly wheel. Tractor testing and test codes. Materials science. Pull. Identification of need based priorities of mechanization for various cropping systems. fuel properties and combustion equations. oil palms. belts and simple clutches. Various types of dynamometers. calculus. Application of biotechnology. operation and management of animal-and power-operated equipments for tillage. Machinery systems design. construction. tube and extended surface. K2. Tractor-implement system performance evaluation. Section 4 Source of power on the farm: human. planters. Methods and materials for manufacturing and quality control of farm equipments. Design of dairy equipment. sprayers and fertilizer applicators. apiary. Thermodynamic processes and calculations on energy exchange. threshers. Cost analysis of power-implement systems and their operations. FARM MACHINERY AND POWER Section 1 Status and scope of farm mechanization in India. crops and operations. and combines. Section 7 Hitching systems and hydraulic controls. seed processing. Power tillers: design. gear trains. evaporators. Calculations on horse power. Functional requirements. Tests of hypothesis. Utilization and management of power implement systems for different soils. Section 2 Design and selection of machinery elements: gear. biogas and producer gas. Section 10: Basic Sciences and Allied Engineering Subjects Thermodynamics applied to processing. Testing of hypothesis. Feed plant design and management. firing arrangement and intervals. mowing. speed. torque. chains and sprockets. Measures of central tendency and dispersion. Measurement of forces. Physical and mathematical models. double pipe shell. Multiple regression. Tractor chassis mechanics. harvesters and chaff cutters. land development. capacities and efficiencies of energy utilization from these sources. Lubricants and their properties. Human engineering and safety in power-machine systems. efficiency and rate of seed. draft. Design of engine components.

Criteria for land levelling design methods. Study of emotional aspects. Maintenance. Principles of human growth and development. Soil erosion. Weed problems and control. Section 3: Soil-Plant-Water Relationships Soil physical characteristics influencing irrigation. CHILD DEVELOPMENT Section 1 Major factors influence human growth and development. Salt problems in irrigated agriculture. checking. moral development and values. Study and analysis of significant areas of development. Lining of field channels and water courses. Design and construction of contour bunds. maintenance and contour levelling. Economics of land development. cognitive processes. Design and installation of underground pipeline irrigation systems. Erikson’s stages of psycho-social development. General methods of development. Legal aspects. principles of operation. vegetative measures. Section 6: Special Land Development Problems Reclamation of ravine. Section 2: Water Conveyance and Control Hydraulics of open channels. Critical stages of crop growth in relation to irrigation. Meteorological observations. Section 2 Meaning and significance of child development theories.K3. Classification. Section 3 Administration of pre-schools. Structures to control erosion in gullies and irrigation channels. Land clearing-intermediate and heavy cleaning methods and equipment. Soil maps and their scales. Language development theories of Chomsky and learning theories of Pavlov Skinner. waterlogged and swampy areas. budget and keeping of records. Drainage and irrigated lands in relation to salinity control. Quantitative soil loss estimation. Irrigation with poor quality water. Psychoanalytic theories of Freud. Integrated area development and land use planning for soil and water conservation. Irrigation scheduling. preservation of top-soil. Field practices in controlling erosion by water and wind. Structure for underground pipelines. Drainage: theory of flow in saturated soils. Comparative efficiencies and economics of different methods of irrigation. Interceptor and relief drains and their design. Personality theories of Allport. Principles of curriculum planning. semipermanent and permanent structures for gully control and reclamation and their design. Soil moisture measurement in the unsaturated zone. vegetative and topographic characteristics. social behaviour. Conjunctive use of surface and groundwater. pumps. Interstate projects and their functionaries. Water application methods. Optimization techniques for management. Freudians-Karen Horney. Sprinkler and drip irrigation methods. Design of surface irrigation systems. and Erech Fromm. Evaporation and irrigation requirements on evapo-transpiration basis: Crop factors for different stages of crop growth. and personality development. construction tolerance. Hydraulics of border strip. Drainage characteristics of various types of soils. Earth work—quantities. Piaget’s theory of cognitive development. reconnaissance. Knowledge of command area authorities and land development boards and financial implications. types of drives. orifices and meter gates. Murray and Lewin’s Field theory. Design and installation of surface and subsurface drains. Origin of salts in irrigation waters. infiltration and runoff. physical and motor aspects. Theories of Heinz Werner and Kohlberg. Increasing efficiency in water use. finishing. Measurement of irrigation water velocity-area method. Gully control. terraces and vegetative water courses. Land levelling and construction. Drainage requirements of crops. L. Soil types and depth properties. construction procedures. Jung and the Neo. Watson and Gestalt psychology. Sullivan. Land use capability classification. Maintenance of developed land. performance characteristics and economics. Section 4: Hydrologic Processes Precipitation. saline and alkali areas. SOIL AND WATER CONSERVATION ENGINEERING Section I: Water Resources of India Present status of utilization and scope for additional use. General principles of design of irrigation wells and tanks. Water lifts and irrigation pumps. Parshall flumes. weirs. HOME SCIENCE L1. sea (polders). and indoor and outdoor activities of nursery school. Drainage in relation to salinity control. Farm ponds and reservoirs and their design and construction. Design of farm irrigation channels. coordinate method. Underground pipeline irrigation distribution system. Water rights and command area management. Section 5: Watershed Management Identification and characterization of watersheds based on soil. Conveyance losses in canal systems. Land development machinery and land clearing equipment. 53 . Planning infrastructure and programmes for pre-schools education. temporary. Drain accessories. pump installation. water meters. equipment. Surveying: topographic. Alder. Water table contour maps and isobar maps. check basin and furrow methods of irrigation. Hydraulic principles of water measurement. Thorndike. creativity. learning and motivation. acquisition of language. Drainage investigations.

Section 4
Education in ancient period, middle ages, and during reformation and industrial revolution. Education during British period. Modern education. Historical review of major philosophies of early thinkers like Lock, Owan, Rousseau, Pestallozzi, Froebel and Montessori. Gandhi’s basic education and contributions of Giju Bhai and Tarabai Modak. Importance of preschool education. Models of types of pre- school in India.

Section 5
Definition and needs of exceptional children. Classification of exceptional children: visual impairment, deaf and hard of hearing, speech and language defect, crippled child, socially and emotionally maladjusted and juvenile delinquents. Gitted and mentally retarded children. Psychological problems: necrosis, psychoneurosis, psychoses and schizophrenia. Rehabilitation of exceptional children.

Section 6
Physical, social, intellectual and emotional development during late childhood and their characteristic. Physical, moral, social, emotional and intellectual development during adolescence. Adulthood and old age. psychological, economic and social problems of the aged and rehabilitation of the aged. National and community services for the aged.

Section 7
Concept, need and principles of guidance. Aims and objectives of individual and group guidance. Sources of information and methods of group guidance. Use of psychological tests and criteria for testing and measurements. Guidance services: meaning, scope, principles of counselling services, methods and techniques in counselling service for children, parents and youth.

Section 8
Family in social context. Approaches to study of family: developmental, social, psychological and educational. Modern trends in Indian, urban and rural families and changing family functions. Changing roles and relationships. Influence of socioeconomic status, culture, religion and the role of family in maintaining mental health. Problems of the family related to sexual misbehaviour, aggression and hostility, drug addiction, AIDS etc. Services for family and children: creches, Balwadis and feeding programmes. Services for adolescents and youth. Rehabilitation of juvenile delinquent.

Section 9
Meaning and need for community education. Child rearing practices of community. Objectives and principles of parent education. The disadvantaged family. Problems and needs of the disadvantaged family and child. Subject matter or areas of knowledge for parent education. Role of parents and teachers in children. Methods and procedures of parent and community education.

L2. FOOD AND NUTRITION Section 1
Food production and consumption trends in India and their consequences on nutrition situation. Cereals, millets, pulses, oilseeds, vegetables, fruits, milk, eggs, meat and other animal foods. Nutritional value of these food groups and their contribution towards nutrients in Indian diets.

Section 2
Grain storage practices in India. Quantitative and qualitative losses during post-harvest handling and storage of foodgrains. Improved and scientific methods of storage of foodgrains.

Section 3
Food processing-physical and chemical changes in foods during processing including cooking and preservation with special reference to sensory characteristics and nutritional value. Traditional methods of processing such as steaming, parboiling, germination, malting and fermentation and their nutritional advantages. Food colours, flavours and enzymes, and their importance.

Section 4
Food safety-natural toxicants, pesticide residues, common adultrants and mycotoxins, their harmful effects on health, and methods of eliminating harmful effects.

Section 5
Macro- and micro-nutrients in human nutrition. Carbohydrates, lipids, proteins, vitamins, minerals and trace elements. Requirements, sources., functions and effects of deficiency. Energy-methods of assessing energy requirement and factors influencing requirement. Qualitative differences in food proteins and methods of assessing protein quality. Factors influencing availability of minerals. Nutrients inter-relationships. Importance of fibre in human nutrition. Water and electrolyte balance. Metabolism of carbohydrates, proteins and lipids. Role of vitamins and hormones in metabolism.

Section 6
Major nutrition problems in India—causes, magnitude and distribution. Nutritional problems of vulnerable segments— pregnant and lactating women, and pre-school children.

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Section 7
Food nutrition programmes to combat malnutrition-strategies, targets and progress. Assessment of community nutritional status-anth ropometry, diet survey, biochemical and clinical methods. Indicators/parameters and standards used for assessment by different methods. Growth norms for pre-school children and importance of growth monitoring.

Section 8
Nutritional requirements of pregnant and lactating women, and pre-school children. Consequences of chronic nutritional deficiencies in these groups. Infant and child feeding practices in India and importance of promoting good feeding practices.

Section 9
Nutrition in disease, therapeutic modifications of normal diets and their use in treatment of diseases of gastro-intestinal, cardio-vascular, renal, hepatic, metabolic and febrile disorders. Dietary guidelines and cardiovascular diseases.

L3. HOME MANAGEMENT/FAMILY RESOURCE MANAGEMENT Section 1: Family Resources Management
Interdisciplinary nature of management and systems approach to family management. Philosophy and concepts of management: goal types and goal setting, and value types. Sources of learning values and their importance to family. Standards— type and relationship with values and goals. Process of management-planning, controlling, evaluating, organizing and their application to resource use and resource development. Decision making in use and development of resources. Decision types. Application of management processes to time and energy for work simplification. Application of Mudell’s classes of change in household work and agricultural task.

Section 2: Art Principles and Interior Enrichment
Importance of good taste. Elements and principles of art and their application to interior decoration. Selection of art objects and making of decorative accessories for homes. Flower arrangement.

Section 3: Housing and Space Designing
Identifying family housing needs. Selection of site. Principles of house planning-orientation, space requirements for various activities and room layout. Building materials, their characteristics, selection and suitability for low cost rural and urban housing. Estimating costs of building a house. Advantages of owning and renting.

Section 4: Household Energy and Equipments
Household energy forms: sources, fuels and their classification. Energy crisis, its causes and implications for energy management in homes. National efforts for energy and environmental conservation. Equipments, tools and accessories for rural and urban houses, their selection, maintenance and care. Low cost simple equipments—hay box, water filter, solar cookers. etc.

Section 5: Family Finance and Consumer Education
Family income—types, sources and contributors. Financial planning-guidelines for budgeting, Engel’s law, expenditure, account keeping, investments and savings. Credit—rural credit sources, advantage, disadvantages, selection and repayments. Consumer problems-buying problems, adulteration and substandard goods. Public distribution system. Consumer rights and responsibilities, and consumer protection measures. Consumer organization and their roles.

Section 6: Entrepreneurship Management
Scope for enterprise. Sources of information for projects proposals and kinds of information needed. Role of government and private organization in financing.

Section 7: Markets and Marketing
Types of markets, their functions and pricing. Marketing information systems. Sales management and product promotion.

L4. HOME SCIENCE EXTENSION Section 1: Fundamentals of Extension Education
Home science extension education: concept, principles, philosophy, objectives and approaches. Growth of extension as a discipline and profession. Genesis of rural development programmes in India. Community development and integrated rural development-concept, principles and objectives. Relationship between family and community development.

Section 2: Rural Institutions
Structure and functions of rural institutions, process of activating them, and factors influencing their involvement in rural development. Leadership-concept, types, identification, training and mobilizing local leaders for community participation. Panchayati Raj: philosophy, concept, functioning and scope.

Section 3: Programme planning and Evaluation
Concept, principles and theories of programme planning. Application of programme planing for home science extension. Systematic development of plan of work. Application of PERT and CPM. Evaluation—concept, significance, methods and tools

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for monitoring an evaluation. Five-year plans-critical analysis with special reference programmes for women, children and youth. Development programmes viz. Integrated Child Development Service (lCDS), Integrated Rural Development Programme (lRDP), Development of women and Children in Rural Areas (DWCRA), Training of Rural Youth for Self Employment (TRYSEM), Krishi Vigyan Kendras (KVKs) ect. Role of Non-government Organizations (NGOs) in extension.

Section 4: Extension Management
Meaning, nature, principles, process, functions and scope of administration and management. Critical analysis of organizational set up of extension administration at various levels. Training—principles and importance of extension training, methods of training; factors affecting extension training; identifying training needs; and assessment of training impact.

Section 5 Entrepreneurial Development
Concept, significance and scope. Programmes and agencies promoting women as entrepreneurs.

Section 6: Extension Methods and Communication Techniques
Extension methods and audio-visual aids. Characteristics of adult learning. Teaching-learning process in extension. Individual, group and mass approaches in extension. Audio-visual aids-classification, selection, use and production of low cost audio-visual aids. Traditional media for development. Cost effectiveness of communication media.

Section 7: Communication for Development
Concept, functions, key elements, theories and models of communication. Barriers to communication. Concept and models of development. Diffusion and adoption for social change-concept, process, models and theories. Revolution in communication strategies. Advanced techniques in mass communication and software production.

Section 8: Research Methods in Home Science Extension
Need for social science research. Process and designs of scientific research. Measurement—levels of measurement and corresponding statistical techniques. Validity and reliability of measuring devices. Methods of observation and data collection. Techniques of tabulation and analysis of data. Report writing. Importance of research in extension programmes.

Section 9: Social Statistics
Sampling techniques. Normal distribution. Tests and significance of difference. ANOVA. Correlation and regression— simple, partial and multiple. Path Analysis. Factor Analysis.

L5. TEXTILE AND CLOTHING Section 1
Methods of developing patterns—flat, draping and drafting. Application of special sewing technique in dress designing. Figure irregularities and special problems with reference to apparel designing. Evaluation of finished garments and clothing. Commercial processes in apparel industry. Factors influencing costumes and dress designing. Fashion forecasting. Sociopsychological aspects of clothing. Traditional costumes, textiles and embroideries of India and their influence on modern trends.

Section 2
Manufacture/processing, structure and physical, chemical and biological properties of cotton, silk, rayon and synthetics. Bleaches - types and their commercial application. Special finishes applied to different fibres such as wash-n-wear, water-proof, water repellent, shrink proof, durable press, carbonising for p/c blends. Quantitative estimation of blends and mixtures. Water, detergents—types and their influence on fabric performance.

Section 3
Study of dyes and pigments-composition, properties, advantages and disadvantages. Advanced dyeing and printing methods.

Section 4
Importance of quality testing in textiles and clothing. Fibre, yarn and fabric testing methods. Methods of texturization and their applications. Fabric blending methods and their applications. Role of textile testing standards and methods.

Section 5
Analysis of textile designs. Application of art principles in textile and clothing. Role of colour in textile and garments designs. Classification, characteristics and application of novelty yarns. Types of fabric manufacture—knitted, laced, bonded, needle-punched etc., Woven—special twills leno, double cloth, dobby, jacquard, warp and weft figuring, terry pile weaving, warp and circular knitting. Cloth defects and faulty merchandizing. Textile designing centres and their function.

Section 6
Role of textile industry in Indian economy. Status of textile industry in the last decade with reference to cotton, rayon, jute, silk, wool, garments and hosiery. Domestic and international consumption. Export and import policies of textiles and garments. Five Year Plans and their influence on textile and clothing related policies. Associations and research organisations related to textiles, garments, hosiery and consumer. Sales promotion techniques for textiles and garments. Consumer education and protection methods.

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Transfer of technology. pearlspot. Hatchery and grow out practices for cultivable species of freshwater fishes ( trouts. Fresh fish spoilage and methods of preservation and processing. rivers. aquaranching etc. lakes. reservoirs. white prawn.) and mud crabs. Source of water supply and retentivity. quantitative genetics and population genetics. echinoderms. brackishwater and marine sectors. hyperaemia. philosophy and principles of fisheries extension. Collection and tabulation of data. Nutritional significance of fish as food. prawns ( giant freshwater prawn. Definitions and scope of fisheries statistics. vitamins and minerals. different types of gears. scope and importance of aquaculture. Law of returns. Postmortem changes in fish leading to spoilage-asphysia. crustaceans. Section 7: Fisheries Technology Present status and scope of fishing technology in India. Frequency: distribution. Existing systems of fish marketing. 57 . prawns (tiger prawn. catfishes. snakeheads etc. Section 6: Diseases and their Control Symptoms of different diseases and their aetiology in finfishes and shellfishes. deweeders etc. their maintenance and operation. Important equipments and machineries of aqua farms and hatcheries such as pumps. seepage control. different types of crafts and their maintenance. lagoons. Cryopreservation of gametes and embryos. Prophylactic measures. Effect of malnutrition. FISH AND FISHERY SCIENCE Section 1: Capture Fisheries Fisheries potential of important species/groups of aquatic organisms (fishes. Frog culture. Cultivable organisms for aquaculture and criteria for their selection. Management and conservation of inland fisheries resources. estuaries and seas of India. Modern transportation systems. mahser. Present status of sea farming in India. law of demand and supply. Section 2: Aquaculture History. Exchange. National and International organizations institutions and agencies involved in fisheries extension. banana prawn etc. blowers. riverprawn ). Section 3: Aquaculture Engineering Site survey techniques. lipids. Ecology of inland and marine waters. Principles of engineering design for aqua farms and hatcheries. echinoderms (sea cucumber) and sea-weeds. oysters and mussels ). Economics of fishing operations. Section 8: Economics. Capture fisheries resources in important hill streams. Advertising and modern selling methods. Section 4: Genetical Engineering and Biotechnology Principles of fish genetics. Different systems of aquaculture such as pond culture. pen culture. Impact of aquaculture on environment. biofilters.M. Role of co-operatives in marketing. Nutrient requirements for various lifehistory stages of fishes and prawns. Different extension techniques. Extension communication. Waste water aquaculture. molluscs. Use of unconventional feed as a source of nutrients. Division of fish genetics-cytogenetics. carbohydrates. control and therapeutics. Use of modern marketing and transportation for aqua products. Culture of molluscs (clams. Polyploidy. biochemical genetics. M2.) in freshwater. Fishing craft materials. Gear materials. Foreign exchange regulations. carps. windmills. Graphical and diagrammatic depiction of data. Transgenesis. aerators. Fish stock improvement through selective hybridization. Concept. Deficiency diseases. Principles and methodology of fish handling. Water/soil quality and nutrient status. FISH PROCESSING TECHNOLOGY Section 1: Process Biochemistry Major and minor constituents in fish-moisture. cage culture. Aquaculture practices in different part of the world. seaweeds etc. Pearl culture. Finfish and shellfish in relation to public health. prevention of soil erosion etc. Hatchery and grow out practices for culture of brackishwater fishes ( milkfish. Physical and chemical oceanography and limnology in relation to capture fisheries. Concept of feed efficiency and principles of feed formulation. Export promotion. Fisheries legislation. Meteorology in relation-to fisheries. Disease of epidemic proportion. Androgenesis and gynogenesis. Sex reversal and sterility. Rehabilitation of problem soils. seabars ). proteins. Consumer surplus. rigor mortis. Proximate composition of fish. Basic experimental designs. FISHERIES SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY M1. Integrated aquaculture. autolysis and bacterial action. Section 9: Extension History of fisheries extension in India. International trade. Life history of important pathogens. crustaceans elasmobranchsi and molluscs. Section 5: Nutrition and Feed Formulation Digestive physiology of fish and prawn Sources of nutrients for fishes and prawns. air compressors.). Market and prices. Extractives of fish muscle and their differences in teleost fishes. mullets. Statistics and Marketing Principles of economics as applied to aqua products.

Section 5: Canning of Fish Steel and aluminium cans for packing fish and fish products. drum freezer. Principles of salting. cuttle fish and other commercially important fishes. Types of packs ‘Drypack’. Bacterial mode of life-effect of temperature. Handling of fish onboard ship and onshore. Fish sauce. hypoxanthine. Natural and synthetic flavourings.Section 2: Process Microbiology Differentiation between bacteria. Lethal value of bacterium. Moulds important in spoilage of processed fish products. Shark liver oil. frozen fish. Layout of machinery for wet fish or frozen fish sales counter. rock salt) on bacteria. Total bacterial plate count and other techniques for monitoring bacteria of public health significance. Methods of glazing. Behe-de-mer. Semi-preserved fish and marinated fish. Botulism. Asorbic acid and other inhibitors for moulds and bacteria. and liquid nitrogen freezer unit. Fermented fish products. Total volatile bases nitrogen. Different types of ice including solid carbon dioxide ice. Polyphosphates in fish products. Artificial driers-solar driers. Edible superficial protective coating layer technology. Production of agar. types of smoke. Section 8: Fishery Byproducts Section 9: Minced Fish Technology Section 10: Recent Advances in Process Technology Aseptic packing and sterilization. fish sausage. Fish meal as a feed supplement. yeasts and moulds. Unit steps in canning of fish and shellfish and their functions. Superchilling. Fish paste. Changes in protein and other nitrogenous compounds. oil sauce and ‘natural stype’. Packaging of accelerated freeze dried fish products. Section 4: Freezing and Cold Storage Simple mechanical refrigeration-basic functions of compressor. Quality assessment tests-organoleptic and objective tests. Reverse osmosis. Surimi. Trimethyl amine nitrogen. Liquid fish meal. Fish mince starch based products. Refrigerantscooling load estimate. mass transfer. Irradiation of fish using gamma rays. toughness etc. Transportation systems for fresh fish. fluidized bed freezer. Theory of drying-heat transfer. Packaging and storage of salted dried fish. Quality assurance and HACCP concept in fish handling and processing. Cleaning controls. Merits and demerits of use of refrigeration. discolouration. Chitin. fish meal and byproducts. Indian smoked products. super pressure autoclave. alginic acid and their uses. Prepackaging of chilled wet fresh fish and frozen fish for domestic and overseas market. frozen fish and other fish products. Section 3: Fresh Fish Handling Principles of fresh fish handling-cleanliness. lobsters. Effect of salts (solar salt. isinglass. Anato dyes. Different thawing methods for frozen fish. and smoking units for fish Preparation of fish pickle. ‘Panels’. rate of freezing. Can corrosion. peroxide value. wall heat gain load. Section 11: Quality Control and Commodity Standards Section 12: Packaging. Use of ice of preservation of fish. Redox potential and its application of fish preservation. ‘Springer’. Indian standards specifications for fish and fish products. constant rate of drying. Measurement of freezing time and physicochemical changes during freezing and cold storage of fish and shellfish. Steps in freezing of shrimps. Bacteria of sanitary importance. Production of block ice. Rancification of lipids. condenser. Machinery for canning plant-double seamers. its preparation and uses. steam generators. Preservative action of salt. Laminated flexible retortable pouches and glass containers for canning of fish. chitosan. water activity etc. and receiver. Fish silage. shark finrays. Ice formation. Freezer burn. Quality assessment of fish meal. Dried and other Cured Fish Products Importance of salted and dried fish products. Intermediate moisture fish products. Hyrdle technology. Packaging and storage of surimi. Approved antioxidants. Antibiotics in fish preservation. canned and dried products. Freezing techniques-air blast. Sea water detergents and disinfectants used in fish industry. Modified atmospheric packing. Masmin. contact plate freezer. product load. Principles in accelerated freeze drying. and ‘Perforations’. 58 . and shark skin for leather. product load and miscellaneous load. canning plant. Hyperbaric techniques for processing and preservation. air change load. Biochemical changes during low temperature storage of surimi. First-in-first-out concept in storage. Gaping in fish. care and cooling. evaporator. Fish body oils. fish meal plant and shark liver oil plants. Preparation of coarsely minced deboned fish meat. Styles and packaging of wet fish. meat processed fish. pH. Section 7: Additives in Fish Products Anti-oxidants in foods as stabilizers. Quality control in fish industry. falling rate of drying and phase drying. ‘Dents’. free fatty acid value etc. dehydration. ‘Leaker’. Factors affecting salt uptake in fish. fish ham and fish fingers. Can seam inspection. Robotics in fish processing. thiobarbiluric acid number. their sources and control measures. Food labelling requirements. Production of fish meat-wet and dry reduction processes. K-value for fish. pearl essence. Section 6: Salted. salted dried fish. Kamboko. blanching equipments etc. Spoilage in salted dried fish. Storage and Transport Packaging materials for wet fresh fish. Microorganisms commonly found in frozen. Fish protein concentrates with improved functional properties. Composition of wood smoke. ‘Wetpack’ In brine. Definition of quality. freezing plant. Colour additives.

output and profit maximization effects. Farm cost accounting for managerial analysis. Public expenditure and economic development. Employment policy and choice of technology. poverty alleviation and development strategies. social and religious organizations in national economic development. Foreign trade and foreign capital. Choice of appropriate organization for agricultural development. economic and institutional inter-relationships. neo-socialist and mixed economies. Development of economic theory and models. Economics of ecosystem and environmental quality. duopoly. Special target programmes for backward area/regional/community development. Institutional approaches. subsidy (input and output). activities and strategies for agricultural development. Public debt policy and economic development. Plan programmes. Inflation. 59 . Limitations of fiscal policies. Factor endowment theory. price. nutrition. Measurement of management. AGRICULTURAL ECONOMICS. Balance of payments. co-operative corporate and public sectors. consumers. Theory of income distribution and factor shares. Population policy and economic development. sub-systems. State intervention in factor and product markets. Decision making under different knowledge situations. Types of planning—micro level. Institutional and noninstitutional financing agencies. food production and distribution policies. identification of farming system inputs and outputs. source-wise past experience and expectations. Theory of production and cost optimizing behaviour of firm. Public revenue. Optimality approach for joint products. Private. Pricing and output decisions. Elasticities of demand-substitution and income effects. Characteristics of modern production. Interdependence between agricultural and industrial development in developing economics. Neo-classical. monopoly. socialist. Non-economic factors in economic development. International. Voluntary. Product differentiation applications. Price and income consumption curves. labour. Social sector. regional. constraints and potentials for future planning. Generation and mobilization of agricultural surpluses. energy: water. Cost concepts. Traditional versus modern agriculture. Problems of international monetary systems. capital and machinery. Behaviour of the firm and industry. Comparative economic systems. New economic policy and agricultural/rural development-GATT/WTO and Indian agricultural development. General principles of public finance. Features of planning in capitalist. Characteristics of modern farming. output maximization. Section 4: Farm Management Economics Definition of farm management and its relationship to technical and social sciences. Growth models—Harrod Domar. monetary policy and banking systems. secondary and tertiary sectors in agricultural and economic development. Past experiences and future strategies. Structure of development taxation. Farm inventory with applications to farming enterprises. taxation and subsidy. Role of economic. objectives and problems of resource (common property and private) use and environmental quality. Philosophy. Principle of maximum social advantage. agroclimatic regional planning etc. Linear programming. inflationary gap. output and profit maximization and profit maximization. Systems approach in agriculture. Farming systems. Elasticity of supply-substitution. Education. Instability in agriculture—price and yield. international Economics: Principle of comparative advantage. cost minimization and profit maximization. Farm planning and budgeting-sources of data and illustration. von NeuMann.N. Planning for development. Incidence of tax and financial policies. Decision theory and decision making models. food safety and food quality. education and extension in relation to changing needs. food security. Policy planning and programming for resource use and environmental quality. Microand macroeconomic analysis. resource conservation. Role of primary. Measures of farm efficiency. Farm records and accounts. Market classification—pure and perfect competition. Section 3: Public Finance and International Economics Public Finance: Public and private finance. Review of farm management research. National income accounting. STATISTICS AND EXTENSION EDUCATION N1. Application of IC analysis— rationing. Balanced and unbalanced budgets. Agricultural policies. human resource development and economic development. Theories or development and under-development. fertilizer. Dualism and development. Keynesian and post Keynesian theories of income determination. Basic economics concepts—statistics. Working of macro-economic systems. Supply-demand functions. Export promotion and input substitution. Nature. Development strategies. Management of farm resourcesland. culture. Resource mobilization and inter-sectoral balance. Savings and economic development. Imperfect competition. Theories of consumer behaviour—marginal utility. Production and consumption units and their peculiarities. Problem formulation in farm planning. Price discrimination. Theory of employment-classical. Engel curves. System analysis to find out needed changes in policies and programmes. and the circuitry connecting these systems. Problems of application of economic theory of agriculture. meaning and characteristics of developing and developed economies. Section 2: Economics of Development Concept. Investment policies including capital formation in agriculture and criteria for developing countries. AGRICULTURAL ECONOMICS Section I: Economic Theory Scope and methods of economics and agricultural economics. social and cultural factors and constraints in development. Infrastructural development and development of rural industries. deflation. comparative statics and dynamics equilibrium. Choice of appropriate technology. sectoral. Optimal saving and investments. Existing status. Role of monetary and fiscal policies in India’s economic development. Role and functions of farm management under Indian condition. Evaluation of farm assets and liabilities. Need for planning.methods and techniques of Indian planning with particular reference to agriculture. Elasticity of supply-substitution. monopolistic competition. technological. weaker section. objectives. Economic growth with equity and social justice. Tools and techniques in farm decision making. Physical. Fiscal policy as an instrument of development. indifference curve (IC) and other models of utility maximization.

China and Israel. Comparative analysis of agriculture extension approaches of USA. Resource-product relationships in agriculture. Project appraisal—ex-ante and ex-post. Marketing efficiency. Bureaucracy and co-operatives. Basics of writing news stories. production. fruits. Role of change agents in diffusion and adoption. meaning. Principles of agricultural finance and financial management. Processing. Diffusion and adoption of innovation. Returns to scale and farm size. Principles and practices of co-operation. Nexus between commercial banks and cooperative credit institutions. Project funding. Review of reforms in co-operative structure. Types of production functions. Section 6: Agricultural Finance and Co-operation Role of credit in agricultural and rural development. Credit and saving-legal aspects of credit. Seasonal and spatial variations in prices in agricultural price policy. N2. Concept. layout design and editing. process. Rural credit structure. Role of commission on agricultural costs and prices and parastatal organizations in agricultural marketing. marketing and consumption. commercial crops. computer assisted instructions and micro computers. adult education and distance education. Concept. Regulated markets and other state interventions in agricultural marketing. Project identification and formulation. Recent innovations in extension of credit to agriculture. Project cycle. Radio and TV journalism—script writing. Classification of agricultural credit. Role of public and private sector banks. Modern communication technologies-electronic media. Economic data collection and analysis. National Federations of Co-operative Organizations. livestock and livestock products and inputs. transportation. Section 9: Research Methodology Research and types of research. National and international investment in extension. Environmental protection. Approaches of agricultural extension—farming systems research and extension approach. effective combinations. farm bulletins and folders. their role and functions. scope and theories of development of communication. Agricultural price analysis. Single window approach in agricultural input supply and output marketing. Classification of markets. Farm planning as a basis for extension of agricultural credit. Scientific report writing. General rules of their economics application. Emerging extension issues. storage and warehousing. Extension teaching and learning process. 60 . tele-text. Role of co-operatives under new economic policy. Readability and comprehension testing procedures. preparation and evaluation of audio-visual aids. Resource combinations and cost minimization. Models and theories of communication. Forward trading and speculation. Cooperative marketing. Marketable surplus and marketed surplus. Japan. Equity aspects of marketing. Future markets. Principles of choice and allocation of resources. Successes and failures of cooperative sector in India. Relative importance of farm production economics and farm management in developed and developing countries. Agricultural economics research. Need for project approach for agricultural development. Credit and non-credit institutions. Diffusion and Adoption of Innovations Concept. Project monitoring and mid-course corrections. and co-operatives in development financing. vegetables. Marketing institutions. Conceptual and philosophical similarities and dissimilarities among extension education. planning. Channels of marketing agricultural produce and price spread. Role of information support. Agricultural taxation and subsidies. Extension teaching methods and audio-visual aids— principles of selection. AGRICULTURAL EXTENSION Section 1: Fundamentals of Extension Education and Teaching Methods Meaning and aims of education and their implications in extension education. teleconferencing. Revitalization of co-operative management. Privatization of extension service and implication of World Trade Organization for extension service. Management of co-operative institutions. video-text. Steps in agricultural economic research. Estimates of agricultural credit requirements-investment. Section 7: Agricultural Marketing Nature and scope of marketing in a developing economy. Section 8: Agricultural Project Appraisal and Analysis Definition of project in agriculture. objectives and philosophy of extension education. Effective media mix for rural audience. Credit instruments. Functions of marketing. Market management. Marketing practices and costs—marketing of grains. Strategies to diffuse innovations among resource poor farmers. process and media of communication. empathy and feed back in communication. Growth of extension education as a scientific discipline and profession. Credibility. fidelity. Agricultural exports—problems and prospects. Rural credit supply and credit gap. feature articles. resource allocation and enterprise combination under risk and different risk diffusion mechanism. popular and scientific articles. Types of risks in agriculture. Section 2: Communication. Participatory rural appraisal. pulses. capital in agriculture and sources of capital.Section 5: Agricultural Production Economics Nature and scope of agricultural production economics vis-a-vis farm management. Nature of costs and family farm theory. Agricultural finance as a part of public finance. UK. Multiagency approach and co-ordination of credit structure at different levels. Professionalization of co-operatives. Economics of farm production—resource allocation and use under static and dynamic conditions. Earlier extension efforts and their implications for India’s agricultural extension approaches. models and theories—their limitations under Indian conditions. Derivation of cost and supply functions. Problems of marketing agricultural produce. Technological change and production function analysis. Consequences of innovations. Role of mass media in disseminating farm technologies. Projection worth measures-discounting techniques. Marketing finance—methods and practices. Agricultural credit policy.

Uniformly most powerful test and their construction. lab. Conditional probability. field experiments. Log linear models. Kruskal-Wallis. Concept and meaning of learning. Characteristics of social research. Research design—meaning. Types of plans. ANOVA. Mathematical expectation. and Social and Educational Psychology Rural sociology and social psychology—their scope and importance. Critical analysis of various extension programmes for agricultural and rural development in India since independence including reorganized agricultural extension system. principles. negative binomial and hyper geometric. Central limit theorem. Hotelling T-square and Mahalanobis D-square. Conceptual models of training and current trends in training. Non-parametric tests—Run. Minimum variance unbiased estimate. Estimation of mean vector and dispersion matrix. consistency. N3. principles and processes of developing sound extension programme. Evolution of management thought. Distance education. Validity and reliability. Computer software packages in social research. Ogburn and Darwin. purpose and principles. Contingency tables. appraisal and need assessment. Major functions of extension management process. Poisson. field studies. Canonical correlations. buzz groups. Two kinds of errors: Neyman-Pearson Lommae. meaning and relationship. Psychological factors in organization-needs. Training methods-case methods. partial and multiple correlation coefficient. Principles and theories of learning as applied to adult. Model adequacy. Concept. Various approaches to organizational theories. steps. Concept and theories of rural leadership. Sequential and partial F-tests. Approaches and strategies of adult learning as proposed by Paulo Freire. regression. Bivariate normal distribution. Project designing and planning. behaviour and organizational climate. Discrete distributions-binomial. survey research. t. Organizational developmental training planning. and process work. Entrepreneurial abilities. Psychodrama. hypothesis. Bayes’ theorem. Examination of residuals. MANOVA. Factors affecting change under rural settings. Programme development as a social action process. Multiple regression. work motivation. Self planned individual learning. 61 . role playing. need and prospectus of entrepreneurship developments. Section 7: Training for Development Training and education—concept. Problems of extension management in India. sufficiency and completeness. Cochran and Freidman’s tests. Theories of change-Kurt Lewin. Testing of hypothesis. techniques and criteria. Multidisciplinary Watson test. Step-up and step-down methods. Point estimation-unbiasedness. Planning techniques like PERT and CPM. Basic management issues in extension organizations. Unbiased test. transactional analysis. Section 5: Rural Sociology. Two way and higher order interactions-defining Collapsing and pooling of higher order contingency tables. Moment generating and characteristic functions. leadership. beta and Pearsonian type. Confidence interval estimation. Role of Planning Commission. Linear estimation. Likelihood ratio test. assessment and development. Factor analysis. Programme evaluation—meaning. Section 2: Statistical Methods II Correlation. Basic rural institutions. communication. Multivariate normal distribution. Tests and significance of differences. action research and participatory research. Formulation of Five-year Plans. Correlation and regression—simple. Need assessment techniques like Participatory Rural Appraisal and CONA (Community Oriented Need Assessment). Genesis and growth of agricultural extension administration with special reference to extension services in India. Role of Panchayats in planning. Types of research designs—ex-post-facto research. Rank. Sampling techniques.Section 3: Planning. Process of social change. Sign. random variable. Continuous distributions-normal. Selecting best regression. Section 8: Social Statistics Normal distribution. MannWhitney. Cramer-Rao and Rao-Blackwell theorems. Section 6: Extension Management Nature and scope of management with reference to extension organization. motives. Discriminant analysis. Execution and Evaluation of Extension Programme Importance. discussion. Characteristics of rural society. Factor analysis. etc. sensitivity. partial and multiple. Application of principle component analysis. Group and community learning. Different methods of data collection. Analysis of variance through regression approach. Principle of least squares. t and F. Path analysis. chi-square. Intra-class correlation. Philosophy of adult learning. Microlab business games. Ivan Illic and Malcom Knowle. and F gamma. Product-process oriented evaluation. Socio-psychological factors in extension work. Training facilities available in India and different categories of extension personnel and farmers. Tests of significance based on chi-square. types of variables and levels of measurement. Principles of analysis and interpretation. Types of training. Section 4: Research Methodology Science and scientific approach. AGRICULTURAL STATISTICS Section 1: Statistical Methods I Elements of probability theory. case study methods. Wilcoxin.

Control unit. Interpenetrating sub-samples.Control statement. UNIX. Gauss-Markoff theorem. 62 . Effects of inbreeding. Input/output units. lattice designs. WINDOWS). data types. Allocation in stratified sampling. Transformations of data. Confounding in 2' × 3" factorial experiments. North Carolina designs. Questions relating to recent/current developments taking place in agriculture and allied sciences in general and in the concerned subject areas in particular can also be included in the question papers as may be deemed appropriate by subject-paper experts. fixed and mixed effects. Section 9: Sample Surveys II Sampling with unequal probabilities with and without replacement. Simple random sampling. two-stage and multi-stage sampling. National sample surveys. Estimation and testing. Polygenic systems for quantitative characters. Choice of strata. Younden squares. Systematic sampling. Collapsing of strata. Monitoring systems (DOS. Concepts of breeding value and dominance. Missing plot technique. Random mating and equilibrium in large populations. Memory unit. Programming in BASIC for elementary statistical analysis. Programming in BASIC. Response surface designs. Line x tester analysis. Sub-programme. Arithmetic and logic units. Fractional replications of symmetrical factorials. Factorial experiement-2n and en series and mixed factorial experiments. Confounding in 2" and 3" series. Second order rotatable designs. Nested and crossed classifications. I/Q statements. Polymorphism. Use of auxiliary information in sample survey. Concept of probability sampling. Estimation of heritability. Heterosis. repeatability and genetic correlation. Choice of plots and blocks and their sizes and shapes. Stratified sampling. Partially balanced incomplete block designs with two associate classes. Disequilibrium due to linkage for the pairs of genes and for sex linked genes. Design and organization of pilot and large-scale survey. Section 8: Sample Surveys I Sampling versus complete enumeration. Principles of design of experiments. Balanced incomplete block designs and their analysis with and without recovery of inter block information. Response due to selection. Equilibrium between forces in large population. Construction of strata boundaries. Double sampling and Sampling on successive occasions. mutation and migration. Selection. Gene and genotypic frequencies. Inverse sampling. Non-sampling errors. NOTE 4: The syllabus mentioned above is illustrative only. Sampling schemes with inclusion probabilities proportional to size (IPPS). Experiments on cultivator fields. Epistasis. Section 4: Statistical Genetics II Genetic variance and its partitioning. Ratio and regression methods of estimation. Random. Unbiased ratio and regression type of estimation. Path coefficient analysis. Fisher’s fundamental theorem of natural selection. Section 6: Design of Experiments I Linear models. Genotype and environment interaction. Completely randomised design. Deep stratification. randomised block design. Analysis of covariance. Correlation between relatives. Switch over trials. Selection for improvement. Diallel crosses. Randomized response techniques. Uniformity trial. Section 7: Design of Experiments II Estimation of variance components in random and mixed effects models. History of computers. Prediction of response to individual. Analysis of variance of one-way and two way classifications. Latin square design. Evaluation of absolute and economic optimum in multi-factor experiments. Combined analysis of groups of experiments. Analysis of non-orthogonal data of two-way classification. Regular system of inbreeding. assignment statement. Non-response in surveys. Concepts of general and specific combining abilities. Internal representation of data. family and combined selections. Cluster. Block designs.Section 3: Statistical Genetics I Statistical analysis of segregation and linkage. Split and strip-plot designs. Section 5: Computer Applications Computer organizations.

Darken only ONE circle for each answer as shown in the example below. 7. Use a HB Pencil only for shading the circles on Side .2 of the answer sheet. SIGNATURE OF THE INVIGILATOR BY BALL-POINT PEN ONLY . Major Subject Examination Group (write full name) (write Centre code) 6.1 1. Father’s Name 3. Sub-Subject Code (write Code No). Ο Ο Ο ∅ Wrong l Ο Ο l Wrong Ο Ο Ο l Correct If you wish to change an answer. ERASE completely the already darkened CIRCLE then make a fresh mark. Use your Question booklet for doing the rough work.I 1. 2010 OMR Answer Sheet Side . Please do not make any stray mark on the answer sheet.2 1. 5. 8. 2. Major Subject Code (write Code No). 9–11 of Side 2 are to be darkened with HB pencil only. 4.S u b j e c t Group (write full name) 7. Roll No. Information in serial nos. For answering multiple choice questions. Full Name 2. If you darken more than one circle your answer will be treated as wrong. INSTRUCTIONS FOR FILLING SIDE . 2. SIGNATURE OF THE CANDIDATE BY BALL-POINT PEN ONLY 8. INSTRUCTIONS FOR FILLING SIDE . Write all information in capital letters with a ball point pen under serial nos. Darken the circle completely and uniformly so that the letter/number inside the circle is not visible. Centre of 5. darken only one circle out of the four in every Question Example for Multiple Choice Type A B C D INSTRUCTIONS FOR MARKING ANSWERS 1. Rough work MUST NOT be done on the answer sheet. 3. 6. S u b . If it is not signed Answer Sheet would be rejected. Ο ⊗ Ο Ο Wrong 4. 1 to 5 including your full name as it appears in the application form. Shade the CIRCLE only in the space provided. Signature must tally with signature on application form. 2.ALL INDIA COMPETITIVE EXAMINATION FOR ICAR’S SRF FOR Ph.D. PROGRAMME 2010 Date of Examination: December 12. Put your signature in column number 7 in the bottom with a ball pen only.

.. ANSWER Note: Item 10.. ... .ANSWER SHEET (As sample only) 9.. . ...... .. .. . .. ........... .. ... .. . ...... ... ... ... . .. .... . .No. ..... .. . .. . . .... CATEGORY .. .. ...... ......... . .... ...... ..... .... . ... . ... .. ... .. .. . .. ...... ....... .. MAJOR SUBJECT CODE 10..... . . .. .... . . . .. .... .. . ... ... ..... .. 11 and 12 should be filled using the pattern given as: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A B B B B B B B B B B B B B B B B B B B B B B B B B B B B B B B B B B B B B B B B C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 60 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A B B B B B B B B B B B B B B B B B B B B B B B B B B B B B B B B B B B B B B B B C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A B B B B B B B B B B B B B B B B B B B B B B B B B B B B B B B B B B B B B B B B C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A B B B B B B B B B B B B B B B B B B B B B B B B B B B B B B B B B B B B B B B B C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A B B B B B B B B B B B B B B B B B B B B B B B B B B B B B B B B B B B B B B B B C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D . .. .. .. .... ... . .. .............. .. ..... . .. .....No.... . . .No. ... . . ANSWER COLUMNS Q.No.. . . A B C D E F G H SC J K L PH ST USE HB PENCIL ONLY M N OBC GENERAL 12... .. . ... .... . .. ...... . . . .. . . ... ..... ...... . . .. .. . . . ..... . . ..No.... .... .. .. ... . .... .. . . . .... . . ... ... .. . .. .. ROLL NUMBER 11. ANSWER Q........ . .. . ....... . . ... . . .... ... ANSWER Q.. . . .. . ... ... .... . ... . ... .. . . ..... .... . .. ... . . . . . ...... .... . ..... ..... . ... .. .. .......... ... . ...... SIDE ... . . .... . .. ... . ... . .. ANSWER Q.. . ... . .. ... .. .. . . . ..2 OMR Serial No... .. ... ... . . ANSWER Q. ...

............NATIONAL ACADEMY OF AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH MANAEMENT RAJENDRA NAGAR.5 CMS × 5... Signature of the candidate in full (NOT IN BLOCK LETTERS) ATTESTED BY THE HEAD OF THE INSTITUTION LAST ATTENDED WITH OFFICIAL STAMP OR ANY GOVERNMENT OFFICER POSTAL ADDRESS OF THE CANDIDATE Name Postal Address District State Pin Code Phone or Fax No.. 2010 CENTRE CODE (To be filled in by the Office) (to be filled in by the Office) Major Subject Group Code (To be filled in by the Candidate) Sub-Subject Group Code (To be filled in by the Candidate) RECENT PASSPORT SIZE CLEAR PHOTOGRAPH DULY ATTESTED BY THE DEAN OF THE COLLEGE/ INSTITUTION LAST ATTENDED/GAZETTED OFFICER (APPROX 4..D PROGRAMME 2010 IDENTITY VERIFICATION FORM Roll No........ middle name and surname) Father’s Name ....... (if any) : : : : : : Name and address of attesting Officer Name Postal Address District State Pin Code Phone or Fax No.. (if any) : : : : : : . HYDERABAD 500 407 (ANDHRA PRADESH) APPLICATION FOR ADMISSION TO THE ALL INDIA COMPETITIVE EXAMINATION FOR ICAR’S SRF FOR Ph.5 CMS) PLEASE DO NOT PIN IT NAME OF THE EXAMINATION CENTRE ____________________________________________ ____________________________________________ ____________________________________________ ___________________________________________ (To be filled-in by the office) Name of the Candidate (Leave one space between first name.......... Date of Examination: December 12......

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