# Code No: 53216/MT

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M.Tech. – II Semester Regular Examinations, September, 2008 PRODUCTION AND OPERATIONS MANAGEMENT (Common to Advanced Manufacturing Systems/ Design for Manufacturing) Time: 3hours Answer any FIVE questions All questions carry equal marks --1.a) b) Explain various reasons for the arise of facility location problem. There are four existing facilities which are to be served by a single new facility. The details of the existing facilities are shown in the following table. Existing facility (i) 1 2 3 4 Coordinates (ai,bi) 15,10 10,5 5,15 20,10 No.of trips of 200 100 300 400 loads/year (wi) Max. Marks:60

Find the optimum location of the new facility such that the total cost of material handling is minimized by using Euclidean-Distance method. Make a comment on answer. 2. Consider the following initial layout with unit cost matrix use the CRAFT pair wise interchange technique to obtain the desirable layout. 6 4 4 4 4 A C D 6 B

Initial layout. To A B C D A 2 0 1 B 1 2 4 Flow matrix. Contd……2. C 1 2 3 D 3 1 2 -

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Code No: 53216/MT 3.

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Consider the following assembly network relationships of a product. The number of shifts per day is three and the number of working hours per shifts is 8. The company aims to produce 60 units of the product per day. Group the activities into work stations using RPW method and compute balance efficiency. Operation number 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 Immediate preceding tasks 1 1 2 2 2 3 3 3 4,5 6,7 7,8,9 10,11 11,12 13,14 (RPW: Rank Positional Weight) Duration (Min) 8 12 15 10 14 9 11 16 20 8 13 17 6 5 12

4.a) Explain various capacity planning strategies. b) A system has seven stations. The individual capacity of the critical station is limited to 1000 units per week. If, the actual output of the product line is 800 units per week, find i) The system capacity and ii) System efficiency. 5.a) What are the advantages and disadvantages of specialization of job. b) Explain various approaches to job design. 6. Consider the following data of a project Predecessor (s) A B A C,D C,D,E F Duration(weeks) a m 3 5 6 7 4 5 3 5 4 6 5 8 3 6 1 2 b 8 9 9 8 9 11 9 9

Activity A B C D E F G H

Contd……3.

Code No: 53216/MT a) b)

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Construct the project work What is the probability of completing the project on or before 30 weeks? 7. Consider the manufacture of a toy. The master production schedule to manufacture the toy is given in the following table. Week 1 Demand 200 4 5 6 7 175 300 200 (BOM) The bill of material structure is given in the following figure 2 3 100 8 250

The details of BOM along with economic order quantity and stock on hand for the final product and subassemblies are shown in the following table Past Order No.of units Lead time Stock on required quantity week hand A 350 1 2 200 B 450 1 1 400 C 400 1 1 375 D 375 1 1 250 E 400 1 2 425 Complete the material requirement for the main product A as well as for the subassemblies B,C,D and E. 8.a) b) Explain the concept of value engineering. Explain matrix method of value engineering. ^^^