Vowels: "a" "ya" "eo" "yeo" "o


second category is casual, intimate or informal language. Most sentences that ending "yo" or "ni-da"... So "yo" and "ni-da" is polite and formal language...We should learn polite language before we learn informal language, so we might not get in trouble. =) 2. (gam-sa-hap-ni-da) Thank You can also be broken down into (gam-sa) and (hap-ni-da). "d" or "t" " r " or " l " "m" gam-sa means "appreciate" or "thanking someone", hap-ni-da means "I do" (in the most polite way). So it is a polite language, because it is ending with (ni-da)... ^^

"yo" "oo" or "u" "yoo" or "yu" Consonants:



"g" or "k"


"b" or "p"



" ch "

" ch' " In english, people can say "thanks"...But usually most of the time, people say "thank (you)"... In korean, we don't have to say gam-sa-hap-ni-da (you), or (you) gam-sa-hap-ni-da... xD So we just say gam-sa-hap-ni-da~ ^^

" g'" or" k'"

" d' "

" p' "


P/S: Note that " ' " means the letter is aspirated, i.e a sharp sound. pronounced HanGuk meaning Korea + + = han h a n + + = guk g u k Lesson 1:

In korean, there are many more korean expresion that are not inclusive the subject in the sentence... We no need to say the subject, because we are probably understand we were actually refering to each other. ^^ Lesson 2:

In this lesson, you can learn how to say Korean.

Hello. in . [ne] = Yes. . [aniyo] = No Ne and a-ni-yo is formal language.But in Korean, when people say , it is not the same as saying Yes. in English. The same goes for too. This is because the Korean expresses your agreement to what the other person said. And expresses your disagreement or denial to what the other person said. (ne) is "that's right", "I'm agree", "sound good" OR what you said is correct. (aniyo) is "that's not right", "I'm not agree" OR what you said is not correct. Example: A: Do you like coffee? B: , . (Ne, joh-a-hae-yo) Yes, I like coffee. A: You don't like coffee? B: , . (Ne, an-joh-a-hae-yo) Yes, I don't like coffee.


(An-nyeong-ha-se-yo) Hello

For example: This morning when you meet your friend, you should say (Hello)~ [an-nyeong-ha-se-yo] is the most common way to greet people in korean. So can be broken down into (an-nyeong) and (ha-se-yo). An-nyeong means "peace" or "well-being".Ha-se-yo means "you do" or "do you", depending on whether is a question or noun... When you write it, you can write it as . OR ? (with question mark). Either of them is okay...It was a originally question asking "are you doing well?", "are you at peace?", "are you...living well?" xD But seems it is an expression that is SO commonly used, people kind of started not expected any special answer anymore... Example: When you ask your friend "what's up?", do you really expect your friend's answer about what is going on? You might also hear back "What's up?" too, right? So when you say you also.. ^^ to your friend, your friend might say to

But, before you learn anymore, pls REMEMBER that in korean there are a fewpoliteness level...

Therefore, when you ask "you don't like coffee?" in korean, if the person answering doesn't like coffee, he or she will say "No" in english but "Yes"(ne) in korean... Because he or she agree into what you just said... If the person does like coffee, he or she will say "Yes" in english but "No"(aniyo) in korean.. Because he or she disagree into what you just said... It was quite confusing, but after practice, you will get use to it.. ^^

It is very important to know this politeness level... But sometimes it is intimidating for beginners to find out that there are politeness level, but is not difficult to master... Politeness level can divided them mainly into two category: First category is polite or formal language.

Yes(ne) can use in many places... So it doesn't really mean "yes" or "you're right"...Yes(ne) it can mean "ok","ya","oh","I got it","ah ha","Oh I see","I understand" or "I'm here"....

If you are leaving."."I'm apologize". majayo. why you want to say sorry to them?? xD They might think you really apolozing and they might assume that something whatever happened was your fault. which is "Joe-song" and "hap-ni-da". when you wanna apologize. "over there" or "look at me". in korean is a little bit different. you used the verb "to be" which is "IS" in this case. "I shouldn't have done that" or "It was my bad". that's right..jinjja?! eotteogeyo?!)... so if you wanna say "It's water". [an-nyeong-hi ga-se-yo] Addition note: (jal ga) is an informal and casual way of saying good-bye . and they don't say " " or " " (mi-an-hap-ni-da) which is "I'm sorry" in informal language. So we add (i-e-yo) after (mul). although "excuse me" is also "Joe-song-hap-ni-da". "being sorry" or "feeling a shame".. there are two basic ways to say Goodbye. It means "Oh really? What you will suppose to do?". they will say " ?! ?!" (oh..So korean ppl say Yes(ne). NOT before (mul). in english you will say "I'm sorry to hear that.". (Ne. between those two noun.." Example: If I tell you that I lose my wallet.. [an-nyeong-hi gye-se-yo] If you are staying... let have a simple example: Water in korean is " "(mul). you will see that ppl keep saying "ne" whatever they can. So.. you can say " "(Jeo-ye-yo)...^^] Joesonghapnida can be broken down into two part too. but the sentence structure that they used it is different. so if you wanna say "Is a bag". >< In korean. you can say " "(mul-i-e-yo)."I got it". so in this situation we should say " "(Jam-si-manyo) OR " "(Jam-kkan-man-yo). Only use it to a close friend.. even when they don't mean to said "yes" or "you're right". So means I'm sorry or I'm apologize. S(ubject) V(erb) O(bject) = SVO (English pattern of a sentence) and SOV (Korean pattern). Which means "Just a moment" or "Just a second". xD If you say "Joe-song-hap-ni-da" when you hear some bad new from someone. In polite/formal Korean.. I know that many ppl will ask how to say "excuse me" when you wanna pass through a group of people. And the other is when you are the one who is staying. Joe-song means "apology".. So... . we will learn this more details in further lesson. you should say (Joesong-hap-ni-da)... and the other person is (or the other people are) staying.. "Excuse me". you can say Good-bye or See you in Korean. you can't say "Joe-song-hap-ni-da". Korean ppl often add this expression (ma-ja-yo) after (ne). In english that's mean "Yes.. >__< In this situation. you can say either ""(ye-yo) and ""(i-e-yo)...".. So (Joe-song-hap-ni-da) is only means "I'm sorry". you can say: .." This is in order to express more strongly and clearly that you are said "you're right" rather than sounding like you are just nodding. When you talk to a stranger OR order something in a restaurant."This is coffee". Me or I in korean is " "(Jeo). if you wanna say "It's me".... both of it is the same. Lesson 3: After this lesson.. they will look at you and think. "(ka-bang-i-e-yo). majayo). you can say: . [an-nyeong-hi ga-se-yo] If both people are leaving.. But don''t worry.. is what I say when someone is not looking at me. and the other person is (or the other people are) leaving. It doesn't make sense.. (Ne. And of course you can say " " (Joe-song-hap-ni-da). To sum up. Example: In english if you wanna say (A is B).. So.. ^^ BUT!! Joe-song-hap-ni-da is not always "I'm sorry. When you want to say "excuse me" but if want to get someone attention by saying that.. So.. and hap-in-da means "I do".... =) Lesson 4: I'm sorry / I'm apologize = (Joe-song-hap-ni-da) [p/s: We pronounce "Joe-song-hap-ni-da" as "Joe-song-haM-nida". we should say: . ^^ Now. eventhough is basically "I'm sorry.) can show you that I really wanna said "Yes" rather than "ah ha". By now. Bag in korean is " you can say " "(ka-bang). So in english we say "Linda is a student". So ""(ye-yo) and ""(i-e-yo) have a similar role to that of the english verb "to be". In korean.. ^^ NEW vocabulary Really (Jinjja) how (eo-tteo-ge) Lesson 5: If you wanna say "This is my sister". Jeo-gi means "hey you". they often say . korean ppl will say " " (Jeo-gi-yo).... you will say "Linda student is". If you watch korean movie or TV show. we don't say "Joe-song-hap-ni-da"."This is my car" OR "This is water".. So. you will say in english "excuse me. I need to talk to that person. you should say " " (Jeo-gi-yo).. One is when you are the one who is leaving. you can never use when you wanna say "I'm sorry to hear that..." But in korean.

Example: A: Is this a chair? " ?" (ui-ja-ye-yo?) B: Yes. you can say " " (Ka-me-ra-ye-yo). So we are not saying "This" ( [i-geo] or [i-geot]) as "This beautiful girl". you can say " " (jeo-re-seu-to-rang). If you wanna say "It's a camera". " . we introducing the pre-noun.) If the last letter of the noun that comes before has a consonant.To determine whether a word follow by ""(i-e-yo) is very simple. you can say " " (i-kame-ra).] =) Example: When you wanna say "that computer". " " (jeo) is used to refering something that is far away from both of you. it is follow by ""(i-e-yo). So we should say " " (jeo-cha). Because the car is far away from both of us.. Chair in korean is " "(ui-ja). If it doesn't have one.. you can say " "(sa-mu-sil-i-e-yo). please go and refer to the note "Level 1 Lesson 5". You just add a question mark at the end of the sentence. but you need to use different words in Korean. it become " "(mwo-ye-yo) Let us learn the MODIFIERS first. if you wanna say "This is a chair". Office in korean is " "(sa-mu-sil).) Before the lesson end. but korean ppl usually used [i-geo]. I would like to introduce one phrase that is very useful in any conversation. [p/s: remember. this and that can work as both modifiers and pronouns. Car in korean is " " (cha). The modifier that we use here is "that" (jeo). you can say " ?" (mwo-ye-yo?). If you wanna say "What is it?" or "What's that?" in korean. ui-ja-ye-yo."This handsome boy"."this one". Example: Let's say you and me are standing together. x) Let see more example: 1. " "(jeo) is a modifiers. In korean. you can say " "(ui-ja-ye-yo). This ( [i-geo] or [i-geot]) are the same thing. is we add " What is it? ^^ Lesson 6: In this lesson you can review a little bit of what you learned in the previous lesson (very important stuff!).. . So what is the different between " " (jeo) and " " (keu)?? " " (keu) is used when you talking to the other person and that object is near that other person and far away from you. you can say" " (i-beo-seu).. if you wanna say "What is THIS?" in korean. we say " ?"(mwo-ye-yo?) " " is "what". if you wana say "It's an office". you can say " "(I-geo ka-me-ra-ye-yo). not a modifies. When you wanna say "that table". When you wanna say "that restaurant". and we look at the car and say "the car" or "that car".. A book in korean is (chaeg). If you wanna say "It's a book". ^^ When THIS as a modifier. If you wanna say "This is a camera". you can say " "(chaeg-i-e-yo).. This = [i-geo] or What is this? = [i-geot] ? [i-geo mwo-ye-yo?] ". So here with "This" ( [i-geo] or [i-geot]). 2. When you wanna say "this pizza". When you wanna say "this bus."This book" or "This man". You can change this sentence into a question easily. "this item". you can say " " (Igeo chaeg-i-e-yo). Example: A: What is this? " B: This is a coffee. this is a chair. And you can also learn how to say this in Korean."this thing". we use " "(i) this for something that is NEAR you when you're pointing something that in front of you. how to ask What is this? and how to answer with This is ABC. you can learn how to say this that it and the in Korean. If you pointing something that FAR AWAY from you. p/s: If you don't remember the root behind (chaeg) being follow by (i-e-yo) and (ka-me-ra) being follow by (ye-yo). but in korean we say " "(jeo). =) . So. you can say " " (i-keo-pi).. it is follow by ""(ye-yo). But actually. That is " " (keu). you can say " " (jeo-te-ibeul). you can say " " (i-pi-ja). It is to make it easier to pronounce things. Example: 1."(ne. cause it is far away. "that" is a modifier. you can say " " (jeokeom-pyu-teo).. 2. ?" (I-geo-mwo-ye-yo?) " (I-geo-keo-pi-ye-yo. there is ONE MORE WORD that you can use to talk about something far away from you. In English.. A camera in korean is (ka-me-ra). we see a car passing by.". Example:When you wanna say "this coffee. When you wanna say "this camera". If you wanna say "This is a book". That is "What is it?". you might found that it is a lot of mouth movement. you say "that" or "the" in english. you can say " ?" (I-geo-mwo-ye-yo?). " NEW vocabulary Book (chaeg) Camera (ka-me-ra) Coffee (keo-pi) Lesson 7: In this lesson.". It's more easier to pronounce~ ^^ But here the word This ( [i-geo] or [i-geot]) is a prenoun. ^^ "(ye-yo) or ""what" in korean is (mwo).. it is follow by something else. Example: If you put ""(i-e-yo) behind the word " "(Jeo).

"you're welcome" in korean is " " (cheonman-e-yo)." (jeo-hak-saeng-a-ni-eyo). you can learn how to say that something is NOT something. we will say " " (jeogeo) or " " (jeo-geot). Words ending with a last consonant + - Examples: [ga-bang] + [jeo] = I + [neun] = [eun] as the subject of the sentence.. you can say " " (jeo-a-ni-e-yo). if you want to say that something is NOT something you say the noun and add the expression [a-ni-e-yo]at the end. What if it is not there. If you wanna say "It's not me". 2. which is " " (geot). so the concept might be very new. So [a-ni-e-yo] is the present tense form in the formal language of the verb (a-ni-da). If you wanna say "It's not a cat. Vocabulary: Milk " " (u-yu) water " " (mul) Student " " (hak-saeng) Cat " " (go-yang-i) Lesson 9: In this lesson. It's easy. 3." (geu-geo-go-yang-i-a-ni-e-yo). "water" in korean is " " (mul). BUT!!!! there is one more important thing that we need to cover before the lesson end. "Cat" in korean is " " (goyang-i). "Student" in korean is " " (hak-saeng).Now. 3. If we didnt see that things. we are ready to talk about "this". they don't pronounce the last consonant."That is not my friend". Example: 1. So. I work. If you wanna say "It's not milk". that person in our sight. If you wanna say "this person". just use the word " =D " (keu-geo) or " " (keu-geot). but once you get used to them. the "t" sound. you just add one of the modifier. you can say " " (u-yu-a-ni-e-yo). Addition note: When someone say "thank you" to you. you can say " ."I'm not". you can say " " (geu-sa-ram). [nae-il-eun jeo-neun il-hae-yo] = As for tomorrow. In Korean." (i-geo-u-yu-a-ni-e-yo). and topic marking particles are attached after nouns.*** When you wanna say "that" or "it" as a pre-nouns. BUT!!! Korean ppl usually will say " " (a-ni-e-yo). "This" in korean is " " (i-geot). "milk" in korean is " " (u-yu). you can say " " (jeo-sa-ram). you can say " . just add the word " "(geo) or " " (geot) after the modifier. [jeo-neun] = as for me / (I am talking) me But the uniqueness of the Korean language can be found in the following sample sentence."that" and "it" as a PRENOUNS in korean. you can say " " (i-sa-ram).. ^^ NEW vocabulary: Person (sa-ram) Table (jeo-te-i-beul) Restauant (jeo-re-seu-to-rang) Computer (jeo-keom-pyu-teo) Pizza (i-pi-ja) Bus (i-beo-seu) Lesson 8: In this lesson. or It s not a book. 2. [a-ni-e-yo]. that objects.". So when you wanna say "this" as a pre-nouns. you can just add the word at the beginning of the sentence. like It s not me. . it's mean "it's not. But how to say "This is not my water". you will say "you're welcome" right? In dictionary."It is not a cat"?? It is very simple. Most languages don t have subject marking particles or topic marking particles in their sentences. "Me" in korean is " " (jeo)."there're not". you can say " " (mul-a-ni-e-yo). ^^ Example: 1. If the object is far away from both of us. you are going to learn about the topic marking particles and the subject marking particles in Korean. If you say a noun + noun)".. you can say " ."I'm not a student". you can say "It's not (the Topic marking particles [eun] / [neun] The main role of topic marking particles is letting the other people know what you are talking about or going to talk about. knowing how to use these particles will come very much in handy.."you're not". What if you wanna say "that person" who is either near other person but far away from you OR just not there. It is very easy. If you wanna say "This is not milk". If you wanna say "that person" that far away from both of us. we will say " " (keu-geo) or " " (keu-geot). "It" in korean is " " (geu-geot). But usually korean ppl use " " (geo). Here. we will say (i) + (geo) = " " (i-geo) or " " (i-geot) *** you can't say " " (i-geo) when you point at a person. let's see one example: "person" in korean is " " (sa-ram). If you wanna say "I'm not a student". we can't point it!! >__< So how to say that??! HEHE. So before this " "(geo) or " " (geot). we are going to have a look at one way to make a negative sentence. If you wanna say "It's not water".

you can add more flavor and more concrete meanings to your Korean sentences when you want to emphasize WHO did something. WHICH ONE is good. although and are generally topic marking particles. but not the subject of the erb [il-ha-da]. and subject marking particles ( / ) show what the subject of the sentence is. / will be more commonly used. to work because it is not tomorrow that works but I that work. so add . [i-geo sa-gwa-ye-yo] = This is an apple. tomorrow. When you want to talk about what people HAVE/DON T HAVE. but THIS ONE. in general. So in Korean. but the roles of / as a contrast factor is much stronger. with and . [o-neul nal-ssi jot-ne-yo] The weather s good today. it means "TO BE". when you form complex sentences (i. as for something. [o-neul nal-ssi-NEUN jot-ne-yo] (Today. and etc.. [i-geo] = this / [sa-gwa] = apple / [ye-yo] = to be / is . not ABC. [i-geo keo-pi-ye-yo] (= This is coffee) ..) ? [i-geo-NEUN mwo-ye-yo?] (= And what about this one? What is it?) As you can see from this example. [ABC jo-a-yo] = ABC is good. What more is there about the particles / / / ? (1) In addition to marking topics.) Subject marking particles [i] / [ga] The role of subject marking particles is relatively simple compared to that of role of topic marking articles. So. you can use these expressions. is followed by [eun]. if you want to say The weather s nice today. or I like it. If you are talking about someone or something existing in a specific place.. topic marking particles ( / ) express what the topic of the sentence is. 2) . Often times / / / can be dropped. you can say it in many ways. you can ask WHAT is good? or What are you talking about? In order to express your curiosity as to WHAT is good. Lesson 10: In this lesson. basically. But if you are not quite sure WHAT is good. / and / both have different roles.) . [i-geo-NEUN sa-gwa-ye-yo] = (The other things are not apples. not ABC. when used inside a complex sentence. For example. is a topic.e. [i-geo-NEUN mul-i-e-yo] (= That was coffee. but when you need particles to clarify the meaning. and it basically expresses that something exists. in Korean. . by saying: ABC ? XYZ ! [ABC jo-a-yo? XYZ-GA jo-a-yo] So.) 3) . ABC . / has the role of emphasizing the topic of the sentence by giving it the nuance of that one is .. ends in a vowel. (Don t worry about the entire sentence here. [jo-a-yo] = it s good / [mwo] = what / / [i/ga] = subject marking particles Imagine that one says . not necessarily everything else too. [nae-il]. You can express your opinion that the subject of being good should be XYZ. .). but TODAY. and also about things that EXISTS/DOESN T EXIST. [o-neul-EUN nal-ssi jot-ne-yo] (The weather hasn t been so good lately. [i] / [ga] has the nuance of none other than nothing but and also. Just focus on the use of / . Words ending with a last consonant + Words ending with a vowel + - So THAT s how powerful and useful the topic marking particles ( / ) can be in changing the nuance of your Korean sentences! ^^ Let s look at some examples of (2). And if you disagree and you think XYZ is good. If one says. it s water. Examples: [ga-bang] + [hak-gyo] + [i] [ga] So. You can add / to this. . and/but THIS ONE is. but) THIS is an apple. [eun] / [neun] has the nuance of about something. we are going to have a look at the expressions [i-sseo-yo] and [eop-sseo-yo]. you can ask: ? [mwo-GA jo-a-yo?] Here the word [ga] emphasize what the subject of the verb to be / is. [i-sseo-yo] comes from [it-da]. the role of marking the subject without emphasizing it too much. it s good. but that s not everything.Here. because you can change the topic of a sentence with / . As you can see from above. but at least the weather is good. people often save / for really emphasizing the topic in contrast to the other parts of the sentence. I think the book that you bought is more interesting than the book I bought. [i-geo-NEUN o-ren-ji-ju-seu-ye-yo] (= And THIS ONE. or even unlike other things or different from other things. So sometime it is unnatural to used / in every sentence you say. Let s look at some examples of (1).. it s orange juice. / is not so commonly used all over the sentences. So you can imagine someone talking like this: . [jo-a-yo] and that means It s good.) 1) . and in this case the subject. it s different again. (2) In addition to marking subjects.

[si-gan eop-sseo-yo] = There is no time..Ex) I am here. There is an orange. . ? [si-gan i-sseo-yo?] = Is there time? / Do you have time? / Do they have time? And just by replacing [i-sseo-yo] with [eops-eo-yo] you get sentences in the opposite meanings. Time is what I don t have. that becomes . [jae-mi] = fun + = literally means fun exists but it means to be interesting **Notice how the two words are even written without any space inbetween.? or Is there . and at the same time emphasize the contrast between the topic of the sentence and the other things. They have some apples. ? . Example) TTMIK interesting! Lesson 11: In this lesson we are going to study how to ask Do you have . There is no orange. .? Is there . That s because it has already become an expression used daily. [i-sseo-yo] I have . ----------...? Examples [sa-gwa i-sseo-yo] = I have an apple. There is no apple.. You don t have . / They have time. you can say that simply by add [eun] or [neun] at the end of [si-gan] (but in this case. please. There is ... Do you remember how to say I have . Now. or I d like to have . ! [jae-mi-i-sseo-yo] = TTMIK is fun! / TTMIK is 1. it means to have Ex) I have a sister. ? [sa-gwa i-sseo-yo] = Do you have an apple? Do you have apples? ? [sa-gwa i-sseo-yo] = You don t have any apple? There is no apple? Let s take some other nouns for example.. if you want to ask whether someone has something or not or whether something exsits? Simply by raising the tone at the end of the sentence.. <--> [i-sseo-yo] [eop-sseo-yo] Let s look at more examples! [i-sseo-yo] And in our examples.? ? [eop-seo-yo?] = Don t you have . [chin-gu eop-sseo-yo] = I don t have friends. / I have water. ? [i-sseo-yo?] = Do you have ... [mul i-sseo-yo] = There is water... [sa-gwa eop-seo-yo] = I don t have an apple. ? [chin-gu i-sseo-yo?] = Do you have friends? / Do they have friends? 5.. or There is . There are some apples. the subject marking particles? and mark the topic of a sentence. . Examples [sa-gwa] = apple [sa-gwa i-sseo-yo] = I have an apple. [si-gan i-sseo-yo] = There is time. There are apples. since there is this independent verb in Korean ( ) for expression non-existence..? and also how to say Give me . and it comes from the verb [eop-da]. 2.. / I have time. it s more convenient to use rather than saying or (we ll learn these form in a later lesson to come. [si-gan] = time ? [si-gan i-sseo-yo?] = Do you have some time? ? [si-gan eop-seo-yo?] = You don t have time? . There isn t . / Water exists.. / I am at home now. .. I have other things but just TIME is not what I have. If you are talking about something (or someone in some cases) in your possession..? There isn t . / Do you have a private airplane? And [eop-sseo-yo] is the opposite.Review Time ------------Do you remember the usages of / [eun/neun]. and can be used to form many interesting and frequently used expressions in Korean.. using and making into a negative sentence.. .. / There are friends... you can make it a question. / I don t have time... And if someone asks you What is it that you don t have? What are you saying that you don t have? you can answer that [o-ren-ji] = orange [o-ren-ji i-sseo-yo] = I have an orange.. let s use the following words: [mul] = water / [chin-gu] = friend / [si-gan] = time You simply add to. [eop-seo-yo] I don t have . [si-gan eops-eo-yo] that means I don t have time. You have .. [eop-sseo-yo] 1. / They have water. . and that can be expressed through . the topic marking particles and / [i/ga]..) So. So if you say ... [o-ren-ji eop-seo-yo] = I don t have an orange. ends with a last consonant so is used)... Even though there IS a way to say the same thing. [chin-gu i-sseo-yo] = I have friends.. 4. / It s over there. You have . 6.. please. / I have eleven dogs.. ? [mul i-sseo-yo?] = Is there water? / Do you have water? / Do they have water? 3. in conclusion. 2. at the end of the noun that you are referring question by saying TIME. / I have a friend. / We don t have time. and if you want to say.

. (when ordering in a restaurant) . if you want to thank someone for the meal. ** Please note that there is no strict disctinction between plural and singular in Korean nouns. [ju-se-yo] can be used in many different situations: when you ask someone to hand something over to you. you can also say ! [jal meogeul-ge!] which implies that you are thanking them because they are going to treat you. .. after figuring whether someone has something or not.] = Yes. you get the expression [ma-si-sseo-yo] which means It s delicious. and It s not delicious. Now. [gim-chi ju-se-yo] = Please give us some kimchi here. It tastes awful. So by putting and together. [jeo ke-ik ma-si-sseo-yo] = That cake is delicious.. when you are ordering something in a restaurant.. please. we learned how to say Please give me . [ne. [sam-gyeop-sal ma-si-sseo-yo] = Samgyupsal (Korean barbecue) is delicious. When it is NOT followed by any word. And you can use this expression ( ) to order something in a restaurant or to ask for more side dishes while you are eating. [jal meo-geo-sseum-ni-da] Once you have finished a meal. A: ? [keo-pi i-sseo-yo?] = Do you have coffee? B: . [ne. please. ? [mwo-ga ma-si-sseo-yo?] = What s delicious? Now. [eop-seo-yo] is the expression. [u-yu ju-se-yo. Note that the pronunciation of the last letter in . In this lesson.) but it really means Thank you for the food. [ju-se-yo] = Please give me [mat] = taste [mat] means taste in Korean. But in case someone in particular is paying for the meal for the other(s). [an-i-yo. (when ordering in a restaurant) . . Now. [bul-go-gi ju-se-yo] = Bulgogi. When it is followed by . [jal meok-ge-sseum-ni-da] [jal meok-ge-sseum-ni-da] literally means I am going to eat well. [sa-gwa ju-se-yo. (Don t worry about the grammar that is used here yet. [haem-beo-geo ju-se-yo] = Please give me a hamburger. Just learn this as a set phrase for the time being. or I d like to have . when attached to a verb (which we will learn how to do in a later lesson) . please.. the other(s) will say to the person who s buying.] = Give me (an/some) apple(s). [i-geo ma-si-sseo-yo] = This is delicious. Examples [ju-se-yo] comes from the verb [ju-da] which means to give so literally. Examples ? [i-geo ma-deop-seo-yo?] = Does this taste awful? . [bap ju-se-yo] = Please give me rice. making pronounced as [ma-deop-seo-yo]. you can use this expression. A: ? [u-yu i-sseo-yo?] = Do you have milk? B: . only means please give in the polite/formal language regardless of to whom or by whom. [bul-go-gi ju-se-yo] = Please give me some bulgogi. please. . usually regardless who s paying for the meal. . Examples A: ? [sa-gwa i-sseo-yo?] = Do yo have apples? B: ... keo-pi eop-seo-yo] = No. It is delicious. / I d like to have . . Lesson 12: In the previous lesson. it becomes a [D] sound. when are asking for an item in a shop. .. A: . to ask someone to do something for you. . or. This is very important especially if someone is treating you or if you are invited to someone s house. So by putting and together. When you eat with your friends to whom you don t use polite/formal language. you know how to say It s delicious. When it is followed by . u-yu i-sseo-yo. literally means I have eaten well (Again. we have apples.. and when you want to joke that your friend should buy you food. More Examples [a-i-seu-keu-rim ju-se-yo] = Please give me some ice cream. you might as well want to ask for some of it.[keo-pi] = coffee ? [keo-pi i-sseo-yo?] = Do you have coffee? ? [keo-pi eop-seo-yo?] = Don t you have coffee? You don t have coffee? Now.. Please give me food. It s not delicious. do you also remember how to say there isn t or I don t have in Korean? Yes. sa-gwa i-sseo-yo] = Yes.. changes according to the word that follows it.. . let us have a look at how to say It tastes good. A: . or just thank for the meal in general.) And this expression is used very frequently among Koreans when they are about to start eating a meal. (when asking for some (more) side dishes in a restaurant) . It s time to learn a phrase that you can say to thank for a meal before and after you eat. do you remember how to say there is or I have ? Yes! [i-sseo-yo] is the expression. [mad-eop-seo-yo] = It s not tasty. .] = Give me some milk. you get the expression [ma-deop-seo-yo]. [gim-chi ju-se-yo] = Please give me some kimchi. it becomes an [S] sound. [i cha ma-deop-seo-yo] = This tea tastes awful. [gim-bap ju-se-yo] = Kimbap. we don t have coffee. which is . ending the word there. Do you remember the expression? [ju-se-yo] = Please give me . making pronounced as [ma-si-sseo-yo]. it s pronounced as [t]. or I will eat well. by saying Please give me . we have milk. don t worry about the grammar here. which means It doesn t taste good. or I d like to have . please in Korean. [ma-si-sseo-yo] = It s tasty. It s delicious. and also how to thank for a meal or food before and after the meal.

. Just drop the [da] (the last letter in all Korean verbs) and add [-go sipeoyo]. [tel-le-bi-jeon bo-go si-peo-yo] = I want to watch TV.. I will enjoy it. you might as well ask your friends what they want to eat. [swi-da] = to rest / [swi-go si-peo-yo] = I want to rest. [sa-go si-peo-yo] = I want to buy . In the previous lessons. Here are some frequently used Korean verbs. [i-geo sa-go si-peo-yo] = I want to buy this.. Do you remember how to say WHAT in Korean? [mwo] = what Sample conversations: ** Remember: In Korean. you need to change the end of the verb.. in Korean. [meok-go si-peo-yo] = I want to eat . [ja-da] = to sleep / [ja-go si-peo-yo] = I want to sleep. you add the expression want to before the verb. Sample conversation A: ? [mwo meok-go si-peo-yo?] = What do you want to eat? B: . I want to eat this. [deo meok-go si-peo-yo] = I want to eat more. [bo-go si-peo-yo] = I want to see . and also tell them what you want to eat. But before you order something in a restaurant in a coffee shop. In our previous lesson. Lesson 14: to see = Some more useful verbs [ilg-da] = to read / [il-ggo si-peo-yo] = I want to read . . [meok-go si-peo-yo] = I want to eat it. we learned how to say I want to in Korean. [ga-da] = to go [bo-da] = to see [meok-da] = to eat And changing these verbs into the form is very simple. [bo-da] ---> + [bo-go si-peo-yo] I want to see/look/watch..Lesson 13: In this lesson. [haem-beo-geo meok-go si-peo-yo] = I want to eat a hamburger.... [ha-da] = to do [bo-da] = to see [meok-da] = to eat [sa-da] = to buy [ma-si-da] = to drink Do you remember how to change a verb into the I want to + verb form? + (disapeared) + [go si-peo-yo] after Yes.. . we will practice using the structure I want to in context through more sample conversations..... we learned how to say that something is delicious. let s practice. [da] disappears and you add the verb. A: ? [mwo bo-go si-peo-yo] = What do you want to watch? B: . --> --> --> --> --> Now. [jal meok-ge-sseum-ni-da] = Thank you for the food. [nyu-seu bo-go si-peo-yo] = I want to watch the news. [ne. [nol-da] = to hang out. [-go si-peo-yo] = I want to . First. It s not too difficult to do. we are going to study how to say I want to. objects come before verbs. [ma-si-sseo-yo] = It s delicious. [i-geo gim-bap-i-e-yo] = This is gimbap.. [deo] = more Now that you know how to say I want to eat (it) you can say I want to eat more. Don t worry if they are new to you. Here s a useful word to know... and also how to thank for the food you are going to eat. In English. to go = [ga-da] ---> + [ga-go si-peo-yo] I want to go. knowing how to use them is more important than memorizing each and every one of them. . to play / [nol-go si-peo-yo] = I want to play. but in Korean. [ne] = Yeah. let s look at 5 verbs. A: . A: ? [mwo ha-go si-peo-yo?] = What do you want to do? B: . i-geo meok-go si-peo-yo] = Yeah.. . [meok-da] ---> + [meok-go si-peo-yo] I want to eat. [il-ha-da] = to work / [il-ha-go si-peo-yo] = I want to work. A: ? [tel-le-bi-jeon bo-go si-peo-yo?] = You want to watch TV? B: . At this point. In this lesson. [ma-si-go si-peo-yo] = I want to drink . to see = [ha-go si-peo-yo] = I want to do . But don t worry. . B: ? [i-geo-yo?] = This one? A: . B: ? [i-geo mwo-ye-yo?] = What is this? A: . ** Note the word order here. using this word ( ).

you don t have to say one ( ) il + thousand ( ) cehon . you will have to keep practicing using them until they stick. If you want to say 33. And the situations and the contexts in which each system is used are different. Since Korea has received a lot of influence from China. but the truth is. 100.000. you just say TEN + ONE. So over the course of time. If you want to say 99. you say NINE + TEN + NINE. So in this lesson we will introduce the sino-Korean numbers up to 1000. many words in the Korean language have their roots in the Chinese language.Lesson 15: In this lesson. but don t worry. there isn t. il-baek or il-sip . As far as the numbers are concerned. you just say THREE + TEN + THREE. and 10. if you want to say 11. we are going to talk about NUMBERS! We wish we could say that there is a very easy way to learn the Korean numbers once and never forget them. In Korean. You will get used to the two systems and how to differentiate between these two by practicing with us! 1 3 5 7 9 [il] [sam] [o] [chil] [gu] 2 [i] 4 [sa] 6 [ryuk] or 8 [pal] 10 [sip] [yuk] And the rest is easy.000 ( ) cheon + 2 ( ) i + 100 ( ) baek + 3 ( ) sam + 10 ( ) sip + 4 ( ) sa 512 = 5 ( ) o + 100 ( ) baek + 10 ( ) sip + 2 ( ) i Note that for 1. 100 [baek] 1.234 = 1. Sino-Korean numbers We will use the term sino-Korean when a Korean word is based on the Chinese language. Korean people started using both the sino-Korean number system and the native Korean number system.000 [cheon] Can you guess how to say 312 in Korean? THREE + HUNDRED + TEN + TWO + + + [sam-baek-sip-i] Some more examples: 1.

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