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Math Info.

Order of Operations Info

Rule 1: First perform any calculations inside


parentheses.
Rule 2: Next perform all multiplications and
divisions, working from left to right.
Rule 3: Lastly, perform all additions and
subtractions, working from left to right.

However, the problem above includes an exponent, so

we cannot solve it without revising our rules.

Rule 1: Simplify all operations inside parentheses.


Rule 2: Simplify all exponents, working from left to
right.
Rule 3: Perform all multiplications and divisions,
working from left to right.
Rule 4: Perform all additions and subtractions,
working from left to right.

We use the sentence: Please Excuse My Dear

Aunt Sally to help us remember these rules:


1. Simplify all operations inside Parentheses.
2. Simplify all Exponents, working from left to right.
3. Perform all Multiplications and Divisions, working
from left to right.
4. Perform all Additions and Subtractions, working
from left to right.

Students generally use the acronym PEMDAS or


BEDMAS to help them remember the order in which
they complete multi-operation questions. The 'P' or 'B'
in the acronym stands for parentheses or brackets. All
operations within brackets get completed first. The 'E'
refers to any exponents; all exponents are calculated
after the parentheses. The 'M' and 'D' are
interchangeable as one completes the multiplication
and division in the order that they appear from left to
right. The fourth and final step is to solve for the
addition and subtraction in the order that they appear
from left to right.

Decimal Info
The thousandth grid is a useful tool in
representing and operations with decimals. Each small
rectangle represents a thousandth. Each square
represents a hundredth. Each row or column
represents a tenth. The entire grid represents one
whole.
To write a percent as a decimal, follow these steps:
1. Remove the percent symbol.

2. Move the decimal point two places to the left,


adding in zeros as needed.
Summary: To write a decimal as a percent,
multiply it by 100, and then add on
the % symbol. To multiply a decimal
by 100, move the decimal point two
places to the right. Do not forget to
include the percent symbol when
writing a percent.
Summary: To write a fraction as a percent, we
can convert it to an equivalent fraction
with a denominator of 100. Another
way to write a fraction as a percent is
to divide its numerator by its
denominator, then convert the
resulting decimal to a percent.
Summary: To write a percent as a fraction in
lowest terms, follow these steps:

1. Write the percent as a fraction


with a denominator of 100.

2. Reduce the fraction to lowest


terms.
Definition: A percent is a ratio whose second
term is 100. Percent means parts per
hundred. The word percent comes
from the Latin phrase per centum,
which means per hundred. In
mathematics, we use the symbol %
for percent.

Decimal

Addition/Subtraction
Try the following mental addition strategy for
decimals. Begin by ignoring the decimals in the
addition question. Add the numbers as if they were
whole numbers. For example, 3.25 + 4.98 could be
viewed as 325 + 498 = 823. Use an estimate to
decide where to place the decimal. In the example,
3.25 + 4.98 is approximately 3 + 5 = 8, so the
decimal in the sum must go between the 8 and the
2 (i.e. 8.23