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C111 Practice Final Exam with Answer Key
Chapter 1

Fall 2003

1. Butane (lighter fluid) has a density of 0.6012 g/cm3 at 273.15 K. What is the volume of a 12.00 g sample, at this temperature? a) 19.96 mL
Chapter 2

b) 7.21 mL

c) 13.68 mL

d) 12.00 mL

e) 0.050 L

2. Which of the following symbols represents an atom with 7 protons , 9 neutrons and 10 electrons? 1 6 N 3− a) 7 F 3− b) c) 16 N 3+ d) 16 S3+ e)
16

S 3−

3. The elements Li, Na, K and Cs are in a group collectively referred to as: a) transition metals b) halogens e) lanthanides c) chalcogenides d) alkali metals f) inner transition metals 4. An imaginary element, Boisium, Bo, has only two hypothetical isotopes, exact masses as shown below. The average atomic mass is 269.443 amu. Compute the percent abundance of each isotope. 267 270 o o 127 B : mass = 266.9927 127 B : mass = 269.8136 letter choice a) b) c) d) %
267 127

%
B o
270 127

B o

13.1 27.3 34.2 78.3

86.9 72.7 65.8 21.7

5. What is the chemical name of the compound Fe(ClO4)2? a) iron chloride
Chapter 3.

b) iron (II) chlorate c) iron (III) chlorite d) ferrium (II) chlorate e) iron (II) perchlorate

6. How many moles of fluorine gas, F2, are in a sample having a mass of 1.2345 g? a) 0.0325 moles b) 0.065 moles c) 0.083 moles

d) 0.137 moles

7. How many atoms of krypton (Kr, atomic number 36) are there in a 4.0 x 10 6 mole sample? a) 4.0 x 1023 b) 2.4 x 1018 d) 3.27 x 1021 e) 2.0 x 1020 c) 8.7 x 1019

8. Compute the molar mass of Mg3(AsO4)2, as grams per mole (g/mol). The atomic number of arsenic, As, is 33. a) 115.2 b) 163.8 c) 266.9 d) 275.8 e) 350.8

6. The Hall method for obtaining aluminum from bauxite ore is to plate the aluminum onto an electrode according to the equation: 2 Al2O3 → 4 Al + 3 O2 How many moles of aluminum metal and O2 gas are produced when 15.25 45. a compound used in acne medications. Vanadium (V) ion forms a binary compound with phosphorous having a formula of: a) VP b) V3(PO4)5 c) V3P5 d) VP5 12.64 % ( atomic mass of phosphorous = 30.126 mol . 12.00 15.0838 mol e) 0.2 9. Refer to the following reaction: 3 Tc(NO3) + 2 Bi (s) + 2 H2O → 3 Tc (s) + 2 BiONO3 + 4 HNO3 -2 How many moles of Tc (s) are produced when 4. 2. The molar mass of a molecule is found by mass spectrometry to be 70 g/mol. 13.97376 g/mol) % oxygen = 56. Choose the answer that shows the integer value coefficients for the reaction. the values of 1. p.00 moles O2 gas 3.00 22.00 60. when it is correctly balanced.00 45.9994 g/mol) a) PO2 b) PO3 c) P2O3 d) P2O5 e) PO4 f) P4O10 11. 13. 15. s. Resorcinol. q. 12.00 60.00 moles of Al2O3 are reduced in this way? letter choice (a) (b) (c) (d) (e) moles Al metal 4. The percent composition by mass of an oxide of phosphorous is given below. 13. r. 12.19 x 10 moles of Bi (s) completely react ? a) 0.0279 mol b) 0. Which of the following is the empirical formula of the compound? a) CH b) CH2 c) C2H3d) C5H10 10. is oxidized according to the equation below. in order 3 6 3 6 14. __p_C6H6O2 + __q_O2 → __r_ CO2 + __s_ H2O letter choice (a) (b) (c) (d) Chapter 4.36 % (atomic mass of oxygen = 15. 2. 2.0419 mol c) 0.00 30. What is the empirical formula for this compound? % phosphorous = 43.50 11.0629 mol d) 0.00 13.

Which statement below best describes what is happening when the following reaction takes place in water: a) b) c) d) e) Chapter 5. The partial pressure of N2 is 35.312 d) 0.0 mL 18. AND Na ClO4 precipitate − d) the ions Na+ and ClO4 AND Ag2S precipitate e) both Na ClO4 precipitate AND Ag2S precipitate 17. A solution of Na2S is added to a solution of AgClO4 .1 M acetic acid d) 0. − I is the reducing agent and Co2+ is the oxidizing agent.120 M moles of N2 present. N2 and O2 gases are confined in a vessel.00 g of the salt? (The molar mass of K2SO4 is 174. Which of the following solutions is expected to be the most conductive? a) 0. What is the oxidation number of iodine (I) in the ion IO4 ? a) − 1 b) 0 c) +1 d) +3 − e) +5 f) +7 21.65 mol .8 % of the total pressure.335 mol e) 4.38 mL c) 60. What is the concentration of Cl ion in a 0.250 M solution of ZnCl2 ? a) 0. − I is the oxidizing agent and Co2+ is the reducing agent. 22.250 M c) 0.79 mL b) 26. There are 0.15x10 3 mol − b) 0. S2 .00 mL of 0.1 M alcohol b) 0.3 15.) a) 15 mL b) 75 mL c) 115 mL d) 383 mL e) 534 mL f) 261 mL 20. I2 (aq) + Co (s) → 2I − (aq) + Co2+ (aq) I2 is being oxidized and Co is being reduced Co is being oxidized and I2 is being reduced I2 and Co are both being oxidized and water is being reduced.? − − a) the ions Na+.215 mol c) 0..65 mL d) 116.0723 M HNO3? a) 13. Ag+ and ClO4 − b) the ions Na+. The result is a new solution containing ….2097 M KOH would be required to exactly neutralize 40.2 g. How many moles of O2 are present? a) 2. AND H2S gas − c) the ions S2 and Ag+. Ag+ and ClO4 .500 M d) 0. What volume of 0.1M Na3PO4 c) 0.125 M b) 0.750 M − 19. How many milliliters of a 0.300 M solution of K2SO4 could be prepared from 20.1 M NaCl 16.

What is the pressure of the gas.2 atm c) 0. b) − 822 kJ c) − 411 kJ d) − 294 kJ e) − kJ 74 29. if it took 233. moles are constant. b) 134 g/mol c) 123 g/mol d) 814 g/mol 27. Calculate the specific heat (in units of J/g.7 g block by 52.K) of an iron alloy. with container walls. 6. Which of the following statements must be true? a) They have the same average particle velocity.90 x 10-19 J d) 4. When equilibrium is reached after a process.15 x 10 11 J 30. a) 0. a) 0. A photon of red light has wavelength 615 nm.0 oC. in atmospheres? a) 6.305 b) 0.4 L container at 62 oC. If an electron has principle quantum number 2 and l quantum number 1.2 x 10-19 J e) 6. Compute final pressure in the container.1 J to raise the temperature of a 14.25 L gas sample is initially at 0.87 atm d) 190 atm 24.50 L and the temperature is 18.2 atm b) 1.0 oC.05 d) 3.5 nB 26. At a certain temperature. Calculate the heat given off when 10 g of Fe (s) rust in air according to 4 Fe (s) + 3 O2 (g) → 2 Fe2O3 (s) ∆H = − 1644 kJ a) − 1644 kJ Chapter 7. the volume is only 4.5 oC. A carbon monoxide gas sample. what kind of orbital is it in? a) 2p b) 2s c) 2d d) 1p e) 3p f) 3d .04 atm d) 1.999 atm c) 1.4 23. A B helium neon TA = TB = 300K VA = 2 VB nA = 0. b) they have the same collision frequency with container walls.23 28.2 x 10-28 J b) 4. d) They have the same average kinetic energy.9 moles. c) molecules collide with same average force.81 % vrms for N2.488 c) 2.38 atm 25. e) Pressure in B is twice pressure in A.875 atm at 25. is confined in a 30. A 5. vrms for a particular chlorofluorocarbon gas is 22. The energy of this one photon is: a) 3.87 x 1014 J − c) 3.755 atm b) 0. Consider the two gas samples at the right. What is the molar mass of the compound? a) 538 g/mol Chapter 6.

Which of the following bonds is expected to be the longest? a) H− F b) C=C c) C≡ N d) Au− Si− Ie) H . for the highest energy (outermost) electrons of an Ar atom? Its ground state electron configuration is: 1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6 a) 0 b) 2 c) 6 d) 8 35.5 31. Based on the data in the table. B a) Li− S b) K− I absolute value. Z*. S electron affinity of Boron. 34. Which of the following elements has the lowest 1st ionization potential? a) He b) Li c) C d) Be e) Cs 38. Which of the following representations most resembles the electron density of a d-orbital? a) b) c) d) Chapter 8.) property and element 1st ionization potential of C 1st ionization potential of Li 1st ionization potential of K electron affinity of Iodine. kJ/mol 1086 520 419 295 200 27 c) C− B d) C− I e) K− B 37. which bond is most likely to form? (Note. The pair is not necessarily the whole compound. Which of the following atoms or ions will NOT be paramagnetic (it WILL be diamagnetic)? a) V+ b) N c) Sc2+ d) Al3+ e) Ni2+ 33. What is the effective nuclear charge. What element has the ground state configuration 1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p2? a) magnesium b) silicon c) argon d) aluminum e) nitrogen 36. I electron affinity of Sulfur. you are only considering one bond. Bonds may be covalent or ionic. Which of the following sets of four quantum numbers IS allowed? letter choice a) b) c) d) e) n= 1 2 4 2 3 l = 0 1 0 1 3 ml = 1 1 − 1 − 2 − 2 ms = +1 − 1/2 +1/2 − 1/2 − 2 32.

based on Coulomb's law? (Hint: consider size and charge of the ions) a) CdSe b) NaCl c) BeO d) CsI e) LiClO3 40.-C=O-N− N-S− C-C− Oonly -N− N-N− N-S− C-C− O-N≡ N. which is strongest and which one(s) allow(s) free rotation around the bond axis? -N− N-N≡ N-C=O-S− C-C− Oletter choice a) b) c) d) e) strongest -N≡ N-C=O-C=O-N≡ N-S− Pallows free rotation -N≡ N. Which of the following species HAS a net dipole.-C=O- 44. What are the electronic and molecular geometries of ammonia NH3 according to VSEPR theory? letter choice a) b) c) d) e) f) electronic geometry tetrahedral tetrahedral tetrahedral trigonal coplanar square planar trigonal bipyramidal molecular geometry trigonal coplanar trigonal pyramidal bent (V-shaped) bent (V-shaped) T-shaped linear : : . based on Lewis rules. Of the following covalent bonds.6 Chapter 9. Which of the following structures is the most reasonable. for the compound N2O (nitrous oxide. "laughing gas") All of the structures have the correct total number of electrons. 39. Which of the single bonds below has the largest dipole moment (greatest polarity)? a) C− H b) C− O c) C− N d) C− Br e) C− F 41. Which of the following salts is expected to have the largest attractive force between the ions. according to its shape as predicted by Lewis dot structure and VSEPR theory? (hint: draw the Lewis dot structures!) a) CH4 b) NH4+ c) SF4 d) BF4 − 42. : : : : a) :N=N=O: b) :N ≡ N− : O c) e) : : :N−N ≡ O: : O : : d) : : : N−N = O : : N = N−O : f) :N=N: : 43.

What are the formal charges on the three different oxygen atoms in ozone. How many sigma (σ ) and pi (π ) bonds are in the molecule illustrated? a) 2 σ . Atoms M and Q have a bond between them. 2 π b) 2 σ . which of the following orbital combinations is responsible for the bond between them: letter choice a) b) c) d) e) orbitals on M sp2 sp sp3d2 sp3d sp3d orbitals on Q sp sp2 s sp2 sp M− Q = : : . formal charge on Ox 0 +1 − 1 − 1 +1 formal charge on Oy 0 − 1 +1 0 0 formal charge on Oz 0 0 0 +1 − 1 : : : :Ox − Oy= Oz 46. and z. 4 π c) 4 σ . The other bonds they are involved in are shown without the bonded atoms. letter choice (a) (b) (c) (d) (e) Chapter 10. y. O3 ? The oxygens are distinguished by the subscripts x. According to valence bond theory. What are the actual bond angles Br− C and Si− Si− C=N in the molecule (illustrated) below? letter choice a) b) c) d) e) angle Br−Si−C 109o 109 90 135 135 angle Si−C=N 120o 109 120 90 109 H F H− Si Br C=N 48. 2 π H− C− N: C≡ C≡ d) 4 σ .7 45. 4 π 47.

pz4 σ 2px2 π ∗ electron in the π ∗ py. B 21. B 13. Show the electrons in their appropriate orbitals. A 28.4 Copper conc.8 Free Response Questions. B 16. C 12. B 25.5 − 50. − σ 2px π 2py. (a) σ 1s2 σ *1s2 σ 2s2 σ *2s2 π py. The data below is from such an experiment. B 37. D 33.81 x 10 4 M 8. B 45. (4 pts) In the spectrophotometric analysis of copper (which you did in the lab) an analytical working curve is generated by measuring standard solutions whose concentrations are accurately known. C 30. D 3 (B) paramagnetic. B 36. A 2. B 14. C 35. because one unparied py. (c) bond order = 1. B 22. E 38. C 42. D 39.pz U 1 . 5.2 ANSWER KEY 1. A 31. D 26. B 32. E 9. D 4. B 40. 2pz _____ _____ _____ _____ _____ _____ _____ _____ _____ b) (1 pt) The species O2 is (circle one) paramagnetic diamagnetic. 49. = (show units) 1. C 46. D 11. B 43. Determine the concentration of a copper solution whose absorbance was 0. C 47. D 49. D 20. F 27. C 15. A 18. Concentrations in unknown solutions may then determined from this curve (or line). A 34. B. E 29. (a) (2 pts) Fill in the molecular orbital (MO) diagram to represent − the anion O2 . E 6.pz orbital. A 24. B C. E 41. No credit will be given if no work is shown. 2pz σ * 2s σ 2s σ * 1s c) (1 pt) What is the bond order for the anion O2 ? _____ σ 1s 50.735. − σ * 2px π * 2py. A 7. A 48. 10. D 44. Points as indicated. Show all work. A 5. D 17. B 23. 1. C 19.