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.

NATIONAL

CODES & STANDARDS

OF RUSSIA

Corrosion Protection of Building Components and Structures

SNIP 3.04.03-85

SNIP 3.04.03-85, CORROSION PROTECTION OF BUILDING COMPONENTS

AND STRUCTURES

ATTENTION! IF THIS DOCUMENT HAS BEEN TRANSLATED EXPLICITLY FOR YOU OR YOUR ORGANIZATION, YOU ARE AUTHORIZED TO PHOTOCOPY THIS .DOCUMENT FOR PERSONAL USE, TRANSMIT BY FACSIMILE ANDIOR DISTRIBUTE TO INTERNAL EMPLOYEES ONLY. PUBLIC DISTRIBUTION, RESALE, MODIFICATION, TRANSLATION TO FOREIGN LANGUAGES, CREATION OF DERIVATIVE WORKS, STORAGE IN RETRIEVAL SYSTEMS (WITH THE EXCEPTION OF CONVENTIONAL LIBRARIES) FOR ANY PURPOSE, IN PART OR AS A WHOLE, ANDIOR OTHER UNAUTHORIZED ACTIONS RESULTING IN COPYRIGHT INFRINGEMENT ARE STRICTLY PROHIBITED. IF THIS DOCUMENT HAS BEEN ACQUIRED AS A CATALOG ITEM, THE USE OF THIS PUBLICATION SHALL NOT BE GOVERNED BY THE PROVISIONS DESCRIBED ABOVE AND SHALL BE SUBJECT TO SNIP LICENSE AGREEMENT (ENCLOSED WITH THIS DOCUMENT). To ensure that you have latest revision of this document, please contact us
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In Russia:
Federal Registry of National Building Codes & Standards of Russia 123238 Moscow Dmitrovskoye Shosse, 46-2 RUSSIA

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NO INSERTS

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SNIP 3.04.03-85,

CORROSION PROTECTION

OF BUILDING COMPONENTS

AND STRUCTURES

SUMMARY
The provisions of this Code shall apply to the construction, expansion, reconstruction, and modernization of facilities, buildings, and structures. The provision of this Code sball be observed when applying corrosion control coatings to metal, concrete, reinforced concrete, and masonry surfaces, as well as to industrial equipment requiring protection against corrosion caused by corrosive production environment or by groundwater. This Code provides general technical execution at a construction site. requirements for work

PHONETIC EQUIVALENTS
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Weather-resistant coatings intended for protection against solar radiation, atmospheric precipitation/dust, and maritime atmosphere shall be applied in accordance with building code and standard requirements for roofs, waterproofing, dampproofing, and thermal insulation systems, as well as for finishes for building components. The provisions of this Code shall not apply to corrosion protection of • • • • • • • • Underground metal structures constructed in permafrost soil and rock. Cased steel pipes, piles, and industrial equipment, for which special technical specification are developed. Structures of tunnels and subways. Power transmission cables. Underground metal and reinforced concrete structures subjected to corrosion caused by electric stray currents. Trunk pipelines transporting petroleum products and gas. Service lines and casing strings of wells at oil and gas fields. Piped energy distribution piping.

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The provisions of this Code shall no! apply to industrial equipment, to which a protective coating is applied by a manufacturer in accordance with GOST 24444-80. As a rule, industrial equipment shall have shop-applied protective coating. Protective coating may be applied to industrial equipment in field, at a place of installation, where the following protective materials and methods are used: • Acid-resistant unit materials; chemically resistant materials, including polymer sheets and plastic laminates (fiberglass, chlorine fabric, etc.); sealants, paints, and coatings based on epoxy and other resins. Vulcanization conducted in field for custom-built equipment fabricated at an installation site.

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In-field protective coatings shall be applied to steel pipelines and reservoirs erected in cities and other populated areas for storage and transportation of liquefied gas. It shall be permitted to apply in-field protective coatings to steel pipelines and reservoirs where • • Insulation of welded joints and small shaped parts is required. Minor repair of damaged protective coating is required. Reservoirs are constructed of individual elements at a construction site.

v

SNIP 3.04.03·85, CORROSION PROTECTION OF BUILDING COMPONENTS AND STRUCTURES

INTENTIONALLY LEFT BLANK

VI

SNIP 3.04.03-85, CORROSION PROTECTION OF BUILDING COMPONENTS

AND STRUCTURES

1.

GENERAL PROVISIONS
1.1. Operations on corrosion protection of building components and structures, as well as of industrial equipment, gas conduits, and piping shall be performed upon the completion of all preliminary construction and installation operations to avoid protective coating damage.
A production schedule shall be developed to specify the following: • • Procedures for applying corrosion control coatings to the above-mentioned their installation in the design position. elements prior to

Protection of the top (supporting) portion offoundations prior to installation operations.

1.2. Corrosion protection of equipment shall be conducted, as a rule, prior to the installation of detachable internal parts (mixers, heating elements, bubblers, etc.). Such parts shall be removed prior to applying corrosion control coating where equipment arrives from a manufacturer fully assembled.

1.3. Application of corrosion control coating to fully assembled equipment shall be permitted upon coordination with a contractor responsible for corrosion protection.
1.4. Fabricated steel and industrial equipment shall be accepted upon testing the corrosion control coatings for compliance with standards or technical specifications. 1.5. Welding operations performed inside and outside of metallic apparatus, gas conduits, and piping, inclusive of welding of fasteners for thermal insulation systems, shall be completed prior to the beginning of corrosion protection operations. 1.6. All equipment shall be pressure tested immediately following the enclosure installation and preparation of metallic surfaces for corrosion protection in accordance with Section 2.1. 1.6.1. Surfaces of concrete and reinforced concrete structures intended for liquid containment (including pans of sprinkling refrigerators) shall be prepared for the application of corrosion control coatings prior to their pressure testing in accordance with SNIP 3.05.04-85. 1.7. All joints in nonreinforced and reinforced unit masonry shall be pointed prior to applying sealants. Masonry surfaces shall be plastered prior to applying paints and coatings. 1.8. Protective coatings shall be applied, as a rule, at the following temperatures of the surrounding air, protective materials, and surfaces to be protected:
• 10°C - for paints and coatings based on natural resins; silicate-based sealants and putty coatings; adhesive-based bitumen roll materials, polyisobutylene plates, plates "Butilkor-S'', doubled polyethylene; vulcanized coatings; facing and lining on acid-resistant silicate putties/ammonium sulfobituminolate adhesives; acid-resistant concrete and silicate polymer concrete. 15°C - for reinforced and non-reinforced paints and coatings, including fluid-applied synthetic resins; sealant coatings made of chloroprene rubber and synthetic rubber-based sealants; polymer sheets; facing and lining on orsamit and furancor putties, polyether, epoxy, and combined epoxy resins; polymer concrete; cement-polystyrene, cement-perchlorvinyl, and cement-casein daubs. 25 °C - coatings "Polan",

If necessary, some protective coatings shall be permitted to be applied at lower temperatures upon compliance with technical documents especially developed and approved for such conditions.

1

SNIP 3.04.03-85, CORROSION PROTECTION OF BUILDING COMPONENTS AND STRUCTURES

1.9. At freezing temperatures, corrosion protection operations shall be conducted within heated spaces or in shelters, The temperature of air, protective materials, and surfaces to be protected shall thereby confirm to the requirements of Section 1.8.
Prior to application at freezing temperatures, all polymer adhesive tapes and wrapping materials used for insulation of piping and reservoirs shall be kept for 48 hours at a room temperature but not less than 15 DC.

1.10. No protective coatings shall be applied to outdoor equipment, structures, piping, gas conduits, and building components during atmospheric precipitation. Prior to application of protective coatings, all surfaces to be coated shall be dry. 1.11. Areas of coating damaged during emergency access shall be repaired using the same kind of coating. Glued coatings shall be thereby reinforced by an additional layer, which shall extend for not less than 100 mm beyond edges of damaged areas. 1.12.
surfaces. Materials designed for protective coating shall not be permitted to be used for leveling of concrete

1.13. During work execution on applying and drying protective coatings, as well as during storage and transportation of coated building components and equipment, all protective coatings shall be protected against contamination, moistening, mechanical and other damages. 1.14.
The following procedures shall be followed when conducting corrosion protection operations: • • • • • Preparing of the surfaces to be protected for application ofthe protective coating. Preparing of materials. Applying of primers, which shall provide for the cohesion of successive layers of protective coatings with the surface to be protected. Applying of the protective coating. Drying or thermal treatment of the coating.

1.1 S.

Acid-resistant concrete shall be treated in accordance with SNIP II-15-76.

2

SNIP 3.04.03-65, CORROSION

PROTECTION OF BUILDING COMPONENTS

AND STRUCTURES

2.

SURFACE PREPARATION
2.1. Metallic surfaces to be protected shall not have burrs, sharp edges, weld metal splashes, rolls, bumthroughs, flux remains, defects of rolling and casting in the form of nonmetallic particles, cavities, cracks, irregularities, as well as salts, greases, and contamination. 2.2.
Oxides shall be removed from steel surfaces of building components, equipment, gas conduits, and piping by jet blowing with shot blasting devices, mechanical brushes, or rust converters. Methods for surface cleaning shall be specified in technical documents.

2.3. Peeling rust or loose oxide shall be removed from steel surfaces of building components specified for treatment with rust converters (modifiers). The maximum thickness of corrosion products to be subjected to treatment by modifiers shall be 100 mkm. 2.4.
Oxides cleaning degree for metallic surfaces of building components and equipment requiring corrosion protection shall be determined from Table 1.

TABLE 1
Protective coatings Paints and coatings based on resins: natural synthetic Sealants, putty, and fluid-applied coatings: inorganic based on sodium silicate organic based on resins: natural synthetic Glued coatings: rubber and bitumen rubber sealants synthetic adhesives asbestos with sodium silicate Vulcanization Facing and lining on binding agents based on: sodium silicate synthetic resins natural resins "Polan-M" "Polan-2M" Cleaning degree in accordance with GOST 9.402-80 second third fourth

+

-

+

-

-

-

+

-

+ +
-

+

+ +

-

-

-

-

+

-

+

+ +

-

-

-

-

-

+ +

-

2.5.
80.

Compressed air used for cleaning shall be dry, clean, and shall meet the requirements of GOST 9.010At abrasive cleaning, no formation of condensate on a treated surface shall be allowed. Mechanical means or solvents shall be used to remove dust from cleaned metallic surfaces.

2.6. 2.7.

2.8. Cleaning degree for metallic surfaces shall conform to Table I and shall be checked immediately before applying a protective coating.
PREPARATION OF CONCRETE SURFACES
cavities, pits, rolls,

2.9. Concrete surfaces to be protected shall not have protruding reinforcement, chipping-off ribs, oil spots, dirt, or dust.

3

SNIP 3.04.03-85, CORROSION PROTECTION OF BUILDING COMPONENTS

AND STRUCTURES

Inserts shall be firmly fixed in concrete. Insert covers shall be flushed with the surface to be protected. Floor surfaces adjacent to columns, equipment foundations, walls, and other vertical elements shall be sealed with cast-in-place concrete. Supports of metal structural members shall be protected with cast-in-place concrete. Moisture content within concrete shall not exceed 4% in the surface layer of a thickness of 20 mm.

2.10.

Concrete surfaces earlier exposed to acidic corrosive mediums shall be washed with clean water, neutralized with an alkali solution or 4-5 % soda ash solution, repeatedly washed, and dried off.

2.11.
Table 2.

Depending on the kind ofthe protective coating, all concrete surface to be protected shall conform to

TABLE 2
Quality degree for surfaces to be Drotected Properties paints and coatings sealants, putty and fluid· applied synthetic resins 2-111 glued coatings facing and lining

1. Roughness roughness Class

3-111

3·111

shall be specified depending on the coating sublayer

total area of individual cavities and recesses per 1 m2 (%} at cavity depths: up to 2 up to 3 surface porosity (%) up to 0.2

up to 5

up to 0.2 up to 20

up to 0.2 up to 10

. .

-

2. Surface moisture content (% by up to 4 up to 4 up to 4 up to 4 weight) Table 2 - Note 1. MOIsture content for concrete prepared for coating with water-soluble compositions shall not be rated,
however no visible water film shall be seen on the surface.

Tab I e 2 - Not e 2. Roughness Class according

to

Table 3.

TABLE 3
Roughness Class Distance between bulges and hollows (mm) 2.5 to 5.0 1.2 to 2.5 Roughness Class Distance between bulges and hollows (mm)

1-111
2-111

3-111 4-111

0.6 to 1.2 0.3 to 0.6

4

SNIP 3.04.03-85, CORROSION

PROTECTION OF BUILDING COMPONENTS

AND STRUCTURES

3.

PAINTS AND COATINGS
3.1.
The following procedures shall be followed when applying paints and coatings: • • • • Applying and drying of primers. Applying and drying of putties (when necessary). Applying and drying of covering layers. Observing stand-up time for each applied coating and thermal treatment.

3.2. Application method, thickness of individual layers, air humidity during drying of each layer, and total thickness of a protective coating shall be determined from technical documents developed in accordance with GOST 21.513-83 and this Code. 3.3. Prior to use, all paints and coatings shall be mixed, filtered, and shall have a viscosity conforming to a method of their application. 3.4.
The following procedures shall be followed when applying reinforced paints and coatings: • • • • • Applying and drying of primers. Applying of adhesives with simultaneous gluing and rolling-on of the reinforcing cloth. Observing material stand-up time for a period of 3 to 4 hours. Impregnating the glued cloth with the appropriate composition and its drying. Applying of protective compositions with drying of each layer. Observing stand-up time for each applied coating.

3.5. A fiberglass cloth shall be prepared by cutting out strips considering the overlapping by 100-120 mm in the longitudinal and by 150-200 mm in the transversal seams.

5

SNIP 3.04.03-85, CORROSION PROTECTION OF BUILDING COMPONENTS

AND STRUCTURES

4.

SEALANTS, PUTTY, AND FLUID-APPLIED PROTECTIVE COATINGS
4.1.
Sealants, putty, and fluid-applied protective coatings shall be applied as follows: • • • Gluing of a fiberglass cloth in places of conjunction of protected surfaces followed by fluidapplied coating. Applying and drying of primers. Applying and drying of sealants, putty, and fluid-applied coatings,

For underground pipelines and reservoirs, bitumen and reinforced wrappings shall be applied by layers.

4.2.

The composition and number of the layers, drying time, and total thickness of the protective coating shall be determined from technical documents developed in accordance with GOST 21.513-83 and this Code, The following shall be applied by layers, each not thicker than 3 rrun: • • • Sealant coatings based on natural and synthetic resins. Fluid-applied coatings and putties based on polymer compositions. Putties based on soluble glass.

4.3.

4.4.

Prior to commissioning, all fluid-applied protective coatings shall be protected from mechanical damages during a period of 2 days from application and shall be kept not less than 15 days at a temperature not lower than 15°C.

4.5. Protective coatings based on hot bitumen or carbonaceous sealant shall be protected from external mechanical effects until they reach a temperature of the surrounding air. 4.6. The following coating materials shall have a consistence, which allows their complete application in just one operation with a layer not less than 0.5 mm in thickness:
• • • • Coatings used for protection of steel inserts in prefabricated reinforced concrete members. Cement-polystyrene. Cement-perchlorvinyL Cement-casein.

The minimum thickness of a zinc-based coating shall be 0.15 mill.

4.7.

Each coating layer shall be dried at a temperature not lower than 15 DC as follows: • • • Cement-polysterene coatings - 30 min. Cement-casein coatings - 2 h. Cement-perchlorvinyl coatings and metallic primers - 4 h.

4.8. Metallic coatings may be used at both nonfreezing and freezing (down to negative 20°C) temperatures. Applied metallic coatings shall be allowed to stand for not less than
• • • 3 h at nonfreezing temperatures. 24 h at freezing temperatures down to negative 15°C. 48 h - at freezing temperatures below negative 15 DC.

6

SNIP 3.04.03-85, CORROSION

PROTECTION OF BUILDING COMPONENTS

AND STRUCTURES

5.

FLUID .. PPLIED ELASTOMERIC PROTECTIVE COATINGS A
5.1. The following procedures shall be followed when applying fluid-applied e1astomeric protective coatings:
• • • Applying of primers. Applying of coatings. Vulcanization or drying the coatings.

5.2. 5.3.

The thickness of the coating shall be determined by design. Surfaces to be protected shall be primed as follows: • • • • For coatings made of potassium guaiacol sulfonate sealant (U-30M) - with adhesives 88-N, 88NP, 78-BCS-P, and epoxy potassium guaiacol sulfonate, chloride potassium guaiacol sulfonate. For coatings made of epoxy potassium guaiacol sulfonate sealant (U-30 MES-5) - with a diluted sealant U-30 MES-lO. For coatings made of chloroprene rubber compositions (chloroprene rubber NT) - with chloride chloroprene rubber. For divinyl styrene sealant (Type 51G-l 0) - with diluted divinyl styrene sealant.

Coatings based on sealants U-30M, U-30 MES-5 and on the vulcanized composition based on chloroprene rubber NT shall be vulcanized after all layers have been applied. Vulcanization shall be specified in technical documents. Coatings based on sealant 51G-l 0 shall be dried off at a temperature of 20°C.

5.4.

5.5.

The following procedures shall be followed when applying a coating "Polan-M": • • • Applying of two priming layers using adhesives 88-N or 78-BCS-P. Applying of one layer of the intermittent composition "P". Applying of protective layers of the composition "Z".

The following procedures shall be followed when applying a coating "Polan-2M": • • Applying of two layers of the adhesive composition "A". Applying of protective layers of the composition "Z".

The following procedures shall be followed when applying a coating "Polan-B'': • • • • Applying of a layer of the adhesive composition "A". Applying of a layer of the cementitious adhesive composition based on cement Grade 400 and adhesive composition "A". Applying ofa layer of the intermittent composition "P". Applying of protective layers of the composition "Z".

5.6. All compositions "Polan" shall be applied layer by layer, drying each layer in accordance with application instructions.
5.7. Applied "Polan coating shall be standing for 2 days at a surface temperature not lower than 20 DCprior
to instal1ing the lining.

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SNIP 3.04.03-85, CORROSION PROTECTION OF BUILDING COMPONENTS AND STRUCTURES

6.

GLUED PROTECTIVE COATINGS
6.1.
Glued protective coatings shall be applied as follows: • • • • Applying and drying of primers. Gluing materials layer by layer. Treating of the joints (welding or gluing). Drying (standing) of the glued coating.

6.2.

Bitumen-based primers shall be applied to surfaces to be protected prior to gluing bitumen-based roll materials. Primers based on synthetic adhesives shall be used for polymer-modified roll materials. Surfaces of piping and reservoirs to be protected shall be primed with polymer or bitumen polymer primers, preparing them for gluing polymer adhesive tapes.

6.3. The first layer of bitumen-based primer shall be dried off until tack-free state, the second - for 1-2 h. Each layer of primers based on varnish BT-783 shall be dried off for 24 h. The first layer of synthetic adhesive primer shall be dried off for 40-60 min, the second layer - until tack-free. Polymer and bitumen polymer primers shall be dried off until tack-free. 6.4. Prior to be glued, dried off, and cut in blanks, all roll materials shall be cleaned from mineral, all sheet materials shall be washed with soapy and clean water (flexible polyvinyl chloride shall be degreased with acetone). Sheets of polyisobutylene "Butilkor-S" and reinforced polyvinylchloride film shall be unfolded for at least 24 h, and flexible polyviny1chloride shalt be heated up to a temperature of 60°C. 6.5. Blanks of sheet material shall be primed two times with the adhesive of the same composition as the surfaces to be protected. The first primer layer shall be dried for 40-60 min, the second shall be dried until tack-free. 6.6.
mm. Seams of blanks of protective coatings shall be located not less than 80 mm from metal welds. The thickness of bitumen primer for sheet and roll materials shall not exceed 3 mm, for adhesives - 1

6.7.

Sheet and roll material strips shall overlap as follows: • • • 25 mm - for flexible polyvinylchloride used on structures, on which fluid-applied liquids shall be used. Where used on floors, flexible polyviny1chloride shall be permitted to be butt-glued. 40 mm - for polyisobutylene sheets on synthetic adhesives and with joints welding. 50 mm - for fiberglass cloth materials on synthetic resins, activated polyethylene films, polyisobutylene sheets on synthetic adhesives sealed with polyisobutylene paste; for one-layer coating with sheets "Butilkor-S" on synthetic adhesives. 100 mm - for doubled polyethylene, hydroisol (waterproofing material), polyisobutylene plates on bitumen, roofing felt, glass roofing felt. 200 mm - for "Butilkor-S" on synthetic adhesives for the second layer reinforced with polyvinyl film.

• •

6.8. Joints of glued flexible polyviny1chloride shall be welded using joint rolling under hot air jet at a temperature of 200±15 °C. The glued blanks made of flexible polyviny1chloride shall be held at least 2 h before subsequent treatment. 6.9.
8
A method of sealing the joints of polyisobutylene sheets shall be specified in the design documents.
._./

SNIP 3.04.03-85, CORROSION PROTECTION OF BUILDING COMPONENTS

AND STRUCTURES

6.10. When gluing sheets of polyisobutylene arranged in one layer, the overlapping joint shall be reinforced with polyisobutylene strips 100-150 mm wide with their edges welded with or glued to main coating with polyisobutylene paste. 6.11. 6.12.
For one-layer coatings, a glued joint of "Butilkor-S" shall be additionally smeared with two layers of "Butilkor-S" paste with complete drying of each layer (approximately 3 h at a temperature of 15°C).

Joints in the coating made of a reinforced polyvinylchloride shalI be additionally glued with a strip 100-120 mm wide made of the same material or of non-reinforced polyvinylcIoride film with a layer of adhesive GIPK-21-11 preliminarily applied and dried for 8-10 min.

6.13. Protective coatings made of roll materials glued on bitumen compositions shall be puttied with bitumen sealant. The sealant shall be applied to horizontal surfaces by layers of a thickness not more than 10 mm, to vertical surfaces - by layers ofa thickness of2-3 mm for each layer. 6.14. Coatings that shall be consequently protected by materials based on silicate and cementitious compositions shall be sanded with coarse quartz sand over the layer of fresh bitumen sealant or synthetic resin.
In 24 hours after applying a reinforced polyvinylchloride film coating, it shall be treated with a single coat of adhesive followed by immersing dry sand of a l-mm to 2.5-mm fraction. Application of subsequent coatings shall be permitted in 24 h.

6.15.

6.16.

A putty of the same material as a binding composition shall be used on a glued coating prior to the beginning of facing and lining operations.

A one layer of a 100-mm adhesive tape shall be applied to a primer for additional protection at the locations of welded joints when using adhesive tapes on piping and reservoirs. Thereafter, the tape shall be wrapped in three layers with tension and pressure. The tape shall not reach by 2-3 mm the wrapping that has a higher moisture content. Thereafter, the adhesive polymer tape shall be covered with a protective wrapping.

6.17.

6.1S.

When using polymer tapes as protective coatings for joints and damaged areas, the tape shall smoothly blend with the existing coating, and the overlapping shall not be less than 100 mm.

9

SNIP 3.04.03-85. CORROSION PROTECTION OF BUILDING COMPONENTS

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7.

VULCANIZED PROTECTIVE COATINGS
7.1.
Vulcanized coatings shall be applied as follows: • • • • Covering of the surfaces to be protected with rubber blanks. Controlling the coverings for tightness with a flaw detector. Preparing for vulcanization. Vulcanization.

7.2.

Strips up to 50 mm wide and keys made of vulcanized material shall be glued to the welding joints, comers, and other protruding parts of the surface to be protected.

7.3.

The execution of vulcanization shall conform to the requirements of the process instructions.

7.4. Prior to gluing vulcanized material, all surfaces to be protected shall be cleaned with gasoline, dried, and covered with adhesives, the grade of which shall correspond to vulcanized materials.
Prior to gluing, all blanks shall be covered with adhesive and shall stand for 40-60 min. Blanks shall overlap by 40-50 mm, or shall be butt-joined and pressed with a roller to remove air bubbles. All butt joints shall be covered with a 40-mm tape. The joints of the first layer shall be located not less than 80 mm from metal welds.

7.5.

7.6. As a rule, cut blanks shall be laminated in pairs before gluing. Air bubbles formed between the sheets shall be punctured with a thin needle wetted with adhesive and carefully rolled with a toothed roller. It shall not be recommended to laminate rubber in more than 3 layers. Where a 6-mm covering thickness shall be achieved, it is recommended to perform vulcanization in two steps, layer by layer.
7.7. The application of elastomeric coatings shall begin with internal surfaces, then connection points, branch pipes, access openings and other penetration points.

7.8.

Live steam, hot water, or 40% calcium chloride solution shall be used for open vulcanization of a coating. Live steam shall be used for closed vulcanization under pressure.

10

SNIP 3.04.03-85, CORROSION PROTECTION

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8.

METALLIC AND COMPOSITE PROTECTIVE COATINGS
8.1. Surface cleaned by shot blasting shall be evaluated by a roughness value, which shall be in the range between 6.3 and 55 mkrn. 8.2. Time period between the end of the shot blasting and the beginning of the metallic coating application shall be as follows:
• • • In enclosed spaces at a relative air humidity up to 70% - not longer than 6 h. Outdoors, under conditions excluding forming condensate on metallic surfaces - not longer than 3 h. At relative air humidity exceeding 90% under a shed or inside of the apparatus under the conditions that exclude moisture formation on the surface to be protected - not longer than 0.5 h.

8.3. At the construction site, all metallic coatings shall be applied manually using gas-flame and electric-arc methods. 8.4.
Wire to be used in metallic coating assembly shall be smooth, clean, shall have no bends or puffed-up oxides. Solvents shall be used to remove preserving lubricants from wire's surface. Dirt shall be removed with sand paper No. 0 where necessary.

8.5. When metallic coating is applied manually, each subsequent round of the coating strip shall overlap a previous one. Coatings shall be applied in several layers with each subsequent layer applied in the direction perpendicular to a previous layer. 8.6.
To improve the quality of sprayed-on metallic coating, the following conditions shall be met: • • • • The distance from the melt point of the wire to the surface to be protected shall be in the range of 80-150 mm. A metal-air j et shall be directed at an angle of 65-80 degrees. Optimum thickness of one layer shall be in the range of 50-60 mkm. The temperature of the surface to be protected shall not exceed 150 DCat warming.

8.7. For composite protective coatings, paints and coatings shall be applied to metallic coatings in
accordance with Chapter 3.

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SNIP 3.04.03-85, CORROSION PROTECTION OF BUILDING COMPONENTS AND STRUCTURES

9.

PROTECTIVE FACING AND LINING
9.1.
The protection of surfaces of building components and structures (facing) and of the equipment (lining) shall be executed as follows: • • • • • Preparing of chemically stable putties (solutions). Applying and drying of primers (at lining of metal equipment without organic substrate) or putties. Installing lining/facing material. Drying off acing or lining. Oxidizing of joints (when necessary).

'

__

Application of compositions having acid hardeners to concrete or steel surfaces shall not be permitted. Concrete and steel surfaces shall be preliminary protected by a layer of protection material prior to applying the above-mentioned composition. Protection material specified in the design documentation.

9.2.

9.3.

Facing and lining unit materials shall be sorted out and gathered according to their sizes. Oxidized and oily materials shall not be permitted for use.

9.4. Unit materials shall be primed on edges and on the rear side with appropriate primers prior to installing on bitumen and polymer compositions. 9.5. Number of facing and lining layers and the type of chemically stable putties (solutions) shall be specified by design. 9.6. 9.7.
Where bitumen adhesives are used, the thickness of a tile shall not be less than 30 mm. Joint sizes shall be as follows: • • 4 mm for installing lining material on acid-resistant solutions. 6 mm for brick.

9.8. A thickness of intermediate layers and joint sizes used in facing!1ining assemblies containing unit materials on a variety of chemically stable putties (solutions) shall be determined from Table 4 for facing and Table 5 for lining. 9.9. Depending on the requirements of the project, lining/facing unit products may be installed on chemically stable silicate potties and cement-sand mortar. Open joints shall be filled using the same mix followed by joint pointing. A combined method may be used with simultaneous application of silicate potty or cement-sand mortar and polymer potty. Filling of the joints between acid-resistant unit materials shall be executed by applying pressure to the material and removing excessive potty (mix). Open joints between unit materials shall be cleaned from remains of putty/mortar, dried, and filled in with the following:
• • 10% alcohol solution of hydrochloride acid for silicate putties. 10% aqueous solution of silicon fluoride magnesium or oxalic acid for cement-sand mortar in case that the polymer putty is finished with a sour hardener.

Joints shall be dried for 24 h prior to filling.

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SNIP 3.04.03-85, CORROSION PROTECTION OF BUILDING COMPONENTS

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TABLE 4
Operations No. horizontal surface 1. Facing on chemically stable silicate putties, including the use of combined methods, applied to waterproofing made of elastomeric and bitumen roll materials Same as above, with joint filling (for open-joint facing) Facing on cement-sand mortar, including combined methods, on substrate or paint reinforced with fiberglass cloths Same as above, with joint filling (for open-joint facing) Facing on cement-sand mortar, including the use of combined methods, on waterproofing made of elastomeric and bitumen roll materials Same as above, with joint filling (for open-joint facing) Facing on organic resins applied to waterproofing made of elastomeric and bitumen roll materials Facing on organic resins on substrate or paint reinforced with fiberolass cloths Facing on bitumen resins applied to waterproofing made of elastomeric and bitumen roll materials Brick Ceramic, slag glass ceramic, and stone-cast tiles 10 vertical surface 10 B (mm) Materials Interiayer thickness (mm) Joint width

S
3

8

2

Brick Ceramic, slag glass ceramic, stone-cast tiles Brick Ceramic, slag glass ceramic, stone-cast tiles Glazed tiles Brick Ceramic, slag glass ceramic, slone-cast tiles Brick Ceramic, slag glass ceramic, stone-cast tiles

10

10

8
10 10

8
10 10 10 10 10 10 10

8 S S 3
3

3

10 10 20 10

4

8 5 S 3

S

6

Brick Ceramic, slag glass ceramic, stone-cast tiles Brick Ceramic, slag glass ceramic, stone-cast tiles Ceramic, slag glass ceramic, stone-cast tiles Brick Ceramic, slag glass ceramic, stone-cast til es

20 10 5 3

10 10

8 S 5
3

7

S 3 3

8

3

3

9

S S

3 3

S 3

9.10. 9.11.

Facing and lining shall be dried layer by layer in accordance with application instructions.

Facing on chemically stable putties shall be dried at a temperature not lower than 10 °C until it reaches the adhesive strength of the acid-resistant silicate putty (1.5-2.0 MPa). The strength shall be 2.0-3.0 MPa for putty "Arsamit-5 used for acid-resistant ceramic products. The strength shall be 3.0-3.5 MPa for coal graphite products. Facing or lining on synthetic resins shall be held standing, as a rule, for 15 days at a temperature of 15-20 QC. Decreasing the stand-up time for facing and lining shall be permitted in accordance with special instructions.

9.12.

9.13. 9.14.

Where oxidizing is required by design, twofold daubing with 20-40 % solution of sulfuric acid or 10 Facing of the equipment shall be executed with the binding of the joints.

% solution of hydrochloric acid shall be executed after facing or lining drying.

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SNIP 3.04.03-85, CORROSION PROTECTION OF BUILDING COMPONENTS AND STRUCTURES

9.15.

Prior to installation, equipment and unitized parts of gas conduits and piping shall be permitted to be lined with acid-resistant unit materials. Additional calculation of the above-mentioned elements for installation loads shall be required.

TABLE 5
No. 1 Operations Facing on chemically stable silicate putties, including the use of combined methods Brick Ceramic tiles (straight and shaped), slag ceramic glass, stone-cast tiles Brick Ceramic, slag ceramic glass, stone-cast tiles Brick Ceramic tiles (straight and shaped), slag ceramic glass, stone-cast tiles Brick Ceramic, slag ceramic glass, stone-cast tiles Brick, coal graphite blocks. Ceramic tiles (straight and shaped), slag ceramic glass, stone-cast tiles, ATM-1 Materials Interlayer thickness, mm 10 B Joint width, mm

5 3

2

Facing on chemically stable silicate putties, including the use of combined methods, with joint filling (for open-joint facing) Facing on cement-sand combined methods mortar, including the use of

10

8 15 15

8 5 8
3

3

4

Facing on cement-sand mortar, including the use of combined methods, with joint filling (for open-joint facing) Facing on Arsamit, epoxy, and organic resins.

15 15 5 3

8 5 5
3

5

Tab Ie 5 - Note 1. The depth of the joints not filled with a putty (a mix) shall not exceed 20 mm for brick and tiles more than 50
mm thick, 15 mm for tiles of 20 to 50 mm thick when laying vpustoshku.

Tab I e 5 - Not e 2. Joints between facing and lining shall not be finished if the tile thickness is less than 20 mm.

9.16.

When lining of the equipment with conic bottoms, brick shall be laid in rings, beginning from the center of the cone toward the walls of the apparatus. Stretcher and feather-edged bricks shall be alternated.

9.17. Flooring shall be installed in layers using origins, which shall be replaced at the end of the work by specified materials.

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SNIP 3.04.03-85, CORROSION PROTECTION

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10.

QUALITY CONTROL OF COMPLETED WORK
10.1. Production quality control shall be performed at all stages of preparation and execution of corrosion protection work. 10.1.1.
• • • All incoming items shall be checked as follows: Working documents - for availability and completenes. Materials - for confonnance to state standards and technical specifications. Shop-applied protective coatings on building components and industrial equipment shall be inspected.

10.1.2.
• • • • •

The following shall be controlled at work execution: Preparation of surfaces. Conformity to work execution requirements (temperature and humidity of surrounding air and of surfaces to be protected, cleanness of compressed air). Thickness of individual layers and total thickness of completed protective coatings. Sizes and filling completeness of the joints between lining/facing units. Standing-up time for individual layers and completed protective coatings. The following shall be controlled at acceptance of protective coatings: Uniformity, Cohesion between coatings and surfaces to be protected. Coating thickness. Waterproofing oflayers and welds of wrapping. Sizes and filling completeness of the joints between lining/facing units. Smoothness of facing.

10.1.3.
• • • • • •

When necessary, the protective coatings may be uncovered. Each uncovering shall be recorded in a log book of corrosion protection work. A format of the log book shall be in accordance with Appendix I.

10.1.4.

Results of inspection shall be recorded in the log book of corrosion protection work.

10.2. Each phase of corrosion protection shall be formally accepted. Corrosion protection operations shall be phased out as follows:
• • • • • Pre-application preparation of surfaces to be protected. Priming (irrespective of a number of primer layers applied). Installation/application of impermeable substrate layer for a protective coating. Each completed layer of the protective coating (irrespective of a number of layers applied). Special treatment of the protective coating (vulcanization, oxidizing of joints).

10.3. Acceptance results shall be recorded in a form of a report in accordance with the requirements set forth in SNIP 3.01.01-85.

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SNIP 3.04.03-85, CORROSION PROTECTION OF BUILDING COMPONENTS AND STRUCTURES

10.4. Upon the completion of all work on corrosion protection, the protective coating as a whole shall be examined and formally accepted with an issuance of a certificate. A format of the certificate in accordance with Appendix 2. 10.5.
Protective coating quality control methods in accordance with Appendix 3.

16

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SNIP 3.04.03-85, CORROSION PROTECTION

OF BUILDING COMPONENTS

AND STRUCTURES

APPENDIX 1
(Mandatory)

LOG BOOK OF CORROSION PROTECTION
Facilityname Legal base of work execution
(contract. work execution order)

WORK
_ _ __

Contractor Beginning date Completion date Total number of pages in the book: _ _ -

Seal of the organization Signature of executive officer of the organization that issued the book

Date (DD, MM, YY)/ shift

Description of work and materials (per operation)

Volume of work

Temperature during work execution ( °C)

Materials used

Number of layers applied and thickness (mm)

Temperature (OC) and drying time per layer (h)

Namaofa foreman (specia-list) responsible for work execution

Date and file number of the examination report

Notes

surface of the material

surroundin g air not more than 1 m from the surface

GOST, Passport OST. TU number

Test file number

17

SNIP 3.04.03-85, CORROSION PROTECTION OF BUILDING COMPONENTS AND STRUCTURES

APPENDIX 2
(Mandatory)

CERTIFICATE NO. ACCEPTANCE OF THE PROTECTIVE COATING
City of Facility
(facility "arne)

Date

_

_

The Commission consisting of representatives of Subcontractor
{company TWine)

___

(positionand name of the representative}

Owner
(company name)

_

(position

and name oj the representative)

General Contractor
(company name)

__

(position and name: r:Jj,he.representative}

Do hereby consent to the following: 1.
(designation. and

bnef tecnntcal description

of the apparatus,

gas conduits,

structure,

building

componens)

2.
(de:scdption of the completed protective coating)

3. Volume of completed work 4. Beginning date of work execution 5. Date of completion __ _

All of the operations are completed in accordance with working documents, standards, building codes, and are in conformity to acceptance requirements.

18

SNIP 3.04.03-85, CORROSION PROTECTION OF BUILDING COMPONENTS

AND STRUCTURES

Quality of work completed

_

Representative of the Contractor
(Signature)

Representative of the Owner
(Signature)

Representative of the General Contractor
(Signature)

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SNIP 3.04.03-85, CORROSION PROTECTION OF BUILDING COMPONENTS

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APPEND.X3
(Mandatory)

PROTECTIVE
No. 1 Protective coating type Paints and coatings Appearance

COATING QUALITY CONTROL METHODS
Test methods Visual inspection Allowable deviations Drippings, streaking, bubbles, inclusions, and mechanical damages shall not be permitted Thickness deviations in the range of ±10% shall be permitted

Quality Indexes for protective coatings

Thickness

Using a thickness gauge on the metallic surface in accordance with ST SEV 391582 On concrete surface: visually or using a micrometer for samples (foil) painted simultaneously with the surface to be protected

Uniformity

On metallic surface: using electric-spark flaw defector On concrete surface: visual inspection

-

Adhesion

On metallic surface: using the method of lattice shaped incisions in accordance with GOST 15140-78 (for paints and coatings) Visual inspection See Item 1

-

2

Reinforced paints and coatings

Appearance

Thickness Uniformity , Adherence to the surface to be protected Hardening completion 3 Sealant coatings Appearance

See Item 1 See Item 1 Rapping with a wooden hammer

-

Sound shall not change; not more than two exfoliation locations with a surface area up to 20 cm2 shall be permitted for each 1 m2 Paint and coating material shall no remain on the plug Cracks, drippings, hillocks, open pores, extraneous inclusions, and mechanical damages shall not be permitted -

By surface rubbing with a plug wetted in a solvent (with exception of perchlorvinyl resins) Visual inspection

Thickness Uniformity

On metallic surface: using magnetic thickness gauge On electric wire coatings: visual inspection On nonelectric wire coatings: using electric-spark flaw detector

Adherence to the surface to be protected Hardening completion 4 Glued coatings Appearance

Rapping with a small steel hammer

Sound shall not change

Drawing lines with a metallic putty knife or trowel on the coatino surface Visual inspection

Strip of light colors shall remain Mechanical damages and blank spaces in the joints (hermetic sealing of the joints) shall not be permitted

20

SNIP 3.04.03-85, CORROSION PROTECTION

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Uniformity

One time pouring water up to the operating level and holding for 24 h (for equipment and structures designed for containment of liquid media) for protective coating made of polyisobutylene; visual - for all other coatings Rapping with a small wooden hammer

-

Adherence to the surface to be protected 5 Coatings made of fluidapplied elastomeric compositions Appearance

Sound shall not change

Visual inspection

Bubbles, mechanical damages, and extraneous inclusions shall not be permitted

Thickness

With a thickness gauge on the metallic surface in accordance with ST SEV 391582

Abundance of a thickness not more than 4 mm and surface area up to 20 cm2 per 1 m2, but not more than 5% of total coating area shall be permitted for coatings "Polan"

Uniformity Hardening completion

On metallic surface: with electric-spark flaw defector By surface rubbing with a plug wetted in a solvent Visual inspection With electric-spark flaw detector Visual inspection; rapping with a small wooden hammer

Material of the coating shall not remain on the plug Mechanical damages and extraneous inclusions shall not be permitted Only one exfoliation of a surface area up to 20 cm2 on an area 1 m2 shall be permitted on the surface. Such an area shall not exceed 5 % of the total coating area

6

Vulcanized coatings

Appearance Uniformity Adherence to the surface to be protected

Hardness 7 Facing and lining Filling degree and sizes of joints

Rubber hardness gauge Type 2033 TIR in accordance with GOST 263-75 Visual inspection. By metallic gauge. By metallic ruler Hollows, cracks, spallings, extraneous inclusions shall not be permitted, 10 % of the joints shall be permitted to have a size exceeding by 1 mm the designed size Deviation of the facing surface from the plane shall not exceed: - 4 mm for acid-resistant units of a thickness exceeding 50 mm - 2 mm for acid-resistant thickness up to 50 mm units of a

Evenness offacing

Two meter long batten

A drop between adjacent elements of the coatings shall not exceed: - 2 mm for acid-resistant units of a thickness exceeding 50 mm - 1 mm for acid-resistant thickness I.IP to 50 mm 8 Metallic coatings Quality control of protective coatings in accordance with GOST 9.304-84 units of a

21

""_,

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