LIVER ENZYMES #Albumin (Alb

)

Renal #BUN (Blood Urea Nitrogen)

3.5 to 5.5 g/Dl
#Alanine transaminase (ALT)

7 - 18 mg/dl
#CREATININE Creatinine, serum

9 to 40 IU/L
#Aspartate transaminase (AST)

10 to 35 IU/L
#Alkaline phosphatase (ALP)

0.6 - 1.2 mg/dl
Creatinine, Urine (male) ±

30 to 120 IU/L
#Total bilirubin (TBIL)

0.8 - 2.4 g/24 h
Creatinine, Urine (female) ± Bilirubin)

0.2±1.2 mg/dL
#Direct bilirubin (Conjugated

0.6 - 1.8 g/24 h
Creatinine clearance (male) ±

0.1±0.4 mg/dL
#Gamma glutamyl transpeptidase (GGT)

97 - 137 mL/min
Creatinine clearance (female) ±

0 to 42 IU/L

88 - 128 mL/min
URIC ACID Uric Acid, serum

3.0 - 8.2 mg/dL

147 mEq/L Magnesium 1.5 mEq/L .46 meq/L 95 .5 mg/dL 3.Calcium Calcium.5 .4.2.5 mEq/ L 2. ionized Chloride Phosphate Potassium Sodium 8.5 .8 .5 mEq/L 135 .5 .107 mEq/L 2.2.24 .10.5.55.3 mg/dL (4.

15.5.5 16.44 4.0 36 .0 .50 4.100 26 .5 .000 to 450.0 .9 80 .34 31 .37 100.5 12.5 < 14.000 .Complete blood count (CBC) Adults Male Hemoglobin (g/dl) Hematocrit (%) RBC's ( x 106 /ml) RDW (RBC distribution width) MCV MCH MCHC % Platelet count Female 13.4.5 41 .

5% (above 8% indicates left shift) 0 .6 (3 .0.7%) .000 54 .33%) 3 .10.500 .1 (0 .3%) 24 .44 (25 .75%) 0 .62% 3 .3 (1 .WBC + differential WBC (cells/ml) Segmented neutrophils Band forms Basophils Eosinophils lymphocytes Monocytes 4.

P= 8-12 HRS.2 µmol/L) µg/mL (>32. D= 6-8 HRS. LONG ACTING INSULIN Kinds of Insulin y RAPID ACTING ± LISPRO ( HUMALOG ) O= 10 ± 15 MINS.5 ± 2 ng/ml y O=2-4 HRS. y GLARGINE ( LANTUS ) NO PEAK LEVEL ± 24 HRS. INTERMEDIATE ACTING ± NPH (LENTE) MILKY IN COLOR Barbiturates Critical Values: Digoxin greater than 300 ng/mL Normal Values : 0.Warfarin y SHORT ACTING ± REGULAR Normal Values: 2-5 Critical Values: >10 µg/mL (6.4 µmol/L) y O= 30 MINS ± 1 HR P= 2-4 HRS.5-16. D= 12-16 HRS. DURATION . D= 3 HRS. P= 1 HR.

black widow spider bites hydrofluoric acid heavy metal poisoning cyanide poisoning serotonin syndrome Iron poisoning . or thiosulfate) Cyproheptadine Deferoxamine mesylate used for many oral toxins organophosphate and carbamate inse cticides. sodium nitrite.ANTIDOTES Agent Indication Activated charcoal with sorbital Atropine Beta Blocker Calcium chloride Calcium gluconate Chelators such as EDTA. and 2. penici llamine.3-dimercaptosuccinic acid (DMSA. some mushrooms theophylline calcium channel blockers. succimer) Cyanide antidote (amyl nitrite. dimercaprol (BAL).

Digoxin Immune Fab antibody (Digibind and Digifab) Diphenhydramine hydrochloride and benztropine mesylate Ethanol or fomepizole Flumazenil Glucagon 100% oxygen or hyperbaric oxygen therapy (HBOT) Insulin Leucovorin Methylene blue digoxin poisoning Extrapyramidal reactions associated with antipsychotic ethylene glycol poisoning and methanol poisoning benzodiazepine poisoning beta blocker poisoning and calcium channel blocker poisoning carbon monoxide poisoning and cyanide poisoning beta blocker poisoning and calcium channel blocker poisoning methotrexate and trimethoprim treatment of conditions that cause methemoglobinemia fritz pogi .

Naloxone hydrochloride N-acetylcysteine Octreotide Pralidoxime chloride (2-PAM) Protamine sulfate Prussian blue Physostigmine sulfate Pyridoxine Phytomenadione (vitamin K) and fresh frozen plasma Sodium bicarbonate opioid poisoning Paracetamol (acetaminophen) poisoning oral hypoglycemic agents organophosphate insecticides Heparin poisoning Thallium poisoning anticholinergic poisoning Isoniazid poisoning. TCAs with a wide QRS . ethylene glycol warfarin poisoning and indanedione ASA.

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