You are on page 1of 6; New Discovery: Pollutants Inhibit Fluxes of Chemical Elements. S.A.

[Series: Fundamental Legendary Discoveries. Item 7]; additional key words: biogeochemistry, pellets, new, chemical elements, fluxes, methodology, bivalves, mollusks, molluscs, detergents, surfactants, inhibit, ecotoxicology, environmental chemistry, water, sustainability; aquatic, ecosystems, freshwater, marine, resources, ecosafety, biodiversity, protection, conservation, services, hydrosphere, pollution, control, carbon, nitrogen, phosphorus, silicon, aluminum, C, N, P, Si, Al, climate, change, global, warming, prevention, environment, protection, Lymnaea stagnalis, Unio, Innovation / Discovery Why it is useful Which questions were answered Where this innovation / discovery was published
Ostroumov S. A., Kolesnikov M. P. Biocatalysis of matter transfer in a microcosm is inhibited by a contaminant: effects of a surfactant on Lymnaea stagnalis. Doklady Biological Sciences, Vol. 373, 2000, p. 397399. Full text free: 9065530/ ; Translated from: Doklady Akademii Nauk (DAN, ), Vol. 373, No. 2, 2000, p. 278280. [in Rus.: .ru/?p=65; : Lymnaea stagnalis // (). 2000. . 373. 2. . 278-280 ]

The first discovery that surfactants inhibit the production of the pellets and, by doing so, the fluxes of the chemical elements (C, N, P, Si, and Al) via feeding and the pellets produced by aquatic mollusks; A discovery of the fact that synthetic surfactants (part of detergents) slow down (decrease, inhibit) the geochemical fluxes of chemical elements in the biosphere: they slow down or interrupt the vertical (downward) fluxes of chemical elements toward the bottom of freshwater ecosystems, via pellets of mollusks (including Lymnaea stagnalis); , () ( ),

The author in the paper discovered new very hazardous phenomenon: man-made inhibition of biogeochemical fluxes of chemical elements in the aquatic and global environments. This discovery calls for key changes in modeling, and prognostication of climate -forming factors (e.g. global carbon cycling). This is a necessary step toward measures to stop, prevent or mitigate global changes and global warming. Application: To improve modeling of global environment, global change, and climate change; to ensure sustainability , and prevent global warming.

Which questions were answered : The following questions were answered in the paper: Are there any manmade (anthropogenic) factors that decrease or inhibit the natural fluxes of chemical elements in the biosphere and ecosystems? More specifically, are there any anthropogenic factors that could inhibit the fluxes of the chemical elements ( C, N, P, Si, and Al) via feeding and the pellets produced by aquatic mollusks?

S. A. Ostroumov; M.P. Kolesnikov. Pellets of Some Mollusks in the Biogeochemical Flows of C, N, P, Si, and Al. Doklady Biological

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Sciences, 2001, v.379, p.378-381. PMID: 12918380; 04; doc/45911730;; In Russian, -: . . , . . . , N, P, Si, Al // . 2001. . 379. . 3, .426-429. http://www.moip.msu.r u/?p=165

OTHER EXAMPLES OF KEY DISCOVERIES in ecology, environmental sciences, biology: [Series: Fundamental Legendary Discoveries. Item 1]; Innovative conceptualization of how ecosystems improve water quality (water self-purification); additional key words: ecotoxicology, environmental chemistry, water, sustainability; aquatic, ecosystems, freshwater, marine, resources, ecosafety, biodiversity, protection, conservation, services, hydrosphere, pollution, control, prevention, habitats, decontamination, [Series: Fundamental Legendary Discoveries. Item 2]; New facts on hazardous biological and toxic effects of surfactants and detergents ; additional key words: book, detergents, surfactants, [Series: Fundamental Legendary Discoveries. Item 3]; Inhibitory analysis: New method to explore top-down control in ecosystems: eutrophication, algal bloom, self-purification;; [Series: Fundamental Legendary Discoveries. Item 4]; New: a solution to the problem of criteria for ecohazards of chemicals, and negative anthropogenic effects on organisms and biota.; [Series: Fundamental Legendary Discoveries. Item 5]: A new solution to the problem of eutrophication: [Series: Fundamental Legendary Discoveries. Item 6]: New Measurements. Role of Pellets of Mollusks in Fluxes of Chemical Elements.; 2

A list of other fundamental discoveries:; CITATION: Scientists of which countries cited those discoveries:; Scientists of which institutions cited those discoveries: A list of who cited those discoveries:; Citation of publications authored by S.A.Ostroumov / ... .. Updt/; OTHER EVALUATIONS of works of this author: Evidence of merit. Comments in published editions, reviews; other forms of evaluation of publications and works by Dr. S. A. Ostroumov:; On the book: Ostroumov S.A. Introduction to Biochemical Ecology. Moscow University Press, 1986:; Reviews, evaluations of books by Dr. S. Ostroumov:; About the publications by S.A. Ostroumov (opinion of a member of Russian Academy of Sciences):; Opinion on and rating of Dr. S.A. Ostroumovs works: comments of international experts of 10+ countries, citation in scientific literature worldwide. Updated April 26, 2011 :; About the author:; On Twitter:; ** More key words in other languages: , , , , , , , , , - , , , , , ; , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , C, N, P, Si, Al, , , , , , , , ; Biogeochemie, Pellets, neue, chemische Elemente, Flussmittel, Methodik, Muscheln, Weichtieren, Waschmittel, Tenside, hemmen, kotoxikologie, Umwelt-Chemie, Wasser, Nachhaltigkeit, aquatische, 3

kosysteme, Swasser-, Meeres-, Ressourcen, ecosafety, Biodiversitt, Schutz, Erhaltung, Dienstleistungen, Hydrosphre, Umweltverschmutzung, Steuer-, Kohlenstoff, Stickstoff, Phosphor, Silizium, Aluminium, C, N, P, Si, Al, Klimawandel, globale, Erwrmung, Prvention, Umwelt-, Schutz-, ecosafety CNPSi ; ; biogeoqumica, pellets, nuevos, elementos qumicos, los flujos, la metodologa, los bivalvos, moluscos, detergentes, surfactantes, inhibir, ecotoxicologa, qumica ambiental, el agua, la sostenibilidad, acuticos, los ecosistemas de agua dulce, marinos, recursos, seguridad ambiental, la biodiversidad, la proteccin, conservacin , los servicios, la hidrosfera, la contaminacin, control, carbono, nitrgeno, fsforo, silicio, aluminio, C, N, P, Si, Al, el clima, el cambio, el calentamiento global, la prevencin, medio ambiente, proteccin, biogochimie, des pastilles, de nouvelles, les lments chimiques, des flux, la mthodologie, les bivalves, les mollusques, les dtergents, tensioactifs, inhiber, l'cotoxicologie, la chimie de l'environnement, l'eau, la durabilit; aquatiques, les cosystmes d'eau douce, marins, les ressources, la scurit environnementale, biodiversit, la protection, la conservation , les services, l'hydrosphre, la pollution, le contrle, carbone, azote, phosphore, silicium, aluminium, C, N, P, Si, Al, le climat, le changement, rchauffement global, la prvention, l'environnement, la protection, C N P ; Additional references and sites: a series of relevant papers by the same author, in Doklady Biological Sciences and other journals:; List of relevant papers with sites, abstracts, and key words online free (39 pages):; List of relevant papers with sites, some of them with abstracts, and key words online free (6 pages):; EDUCATION : 4

The discoveries and made by this author, and the new factual data generated have a proved innovative potential to be used as a refreshing addition to the following lecture courses and educational seminars on a number of subjects including: Environmental monitoring; Environmental sciences ; Environmental studies ; Environmental chemistry ; Environmental toxicology ; Environmental ethics ; Environmental protection ; Environmental conservation ; Environmental policy ; Environmental management ; Environmental engineering ; Ecology ; Ecotoxicology; Aquatic science; Sustainability ; Biotechnology ; Limnology ; Zoology ; Pollution ; Water quality ; Biosphere ; Aquatic bioresources ; Biodiversity conservation ; Conservation biology ; Biochemical ecology ; Chemical ecology ; Ecological chemistry ; Bioassay ; Assessment of environmental hazards ; Man-made effects ; Anthropogenic impact ; Natural resources ; Eco-ethics ; Nanomaterials ; Nanoscience ; Biogeochemistry ; Geochemistry ; Phytotechnology ; Phytoremediation ; Aquatic ecosystems ; Biological oceanography ; Water resources ; Water pollution ; Organic pollutants ; Soil, water and air pollution ; 5

Inorganic pollutants ; Applied ecology ; Xenobiology ; Xenobiotics ; Invertebrates ; Freshwater biology ; Marine biology ; Plant-animal interactions ; Conservation of nature ; Hydrobiology ; Aquatic ecology ; Biotesting ; Phytotest ; Plant biology ; Biotransformation ; Global change ; Interations among organisms ; Toxicology of environment ; Protected areas ; Some of Dr. S. Ostroumovs scientific results were used in lectures delivered to university students in the U.S.A., Germany, Netherlands, and other countries. More detail on how Dr. S. Ostroumovs publications are being used to modernize education:;;