253 views

Uploaded by nik mohamad solehin

- Rolemaster Spell List Record Sheet
- Physics-Lesson 2.8Analysing forces in equilibrium
- motion graph
- Forces
- Domestic Ventilation Solutions
- Understanding Central Heating Systems
- Understanding Work, Energy, Power and Efficiency
- Exercise Chapter 2 Physics Form 4
- Physical Quantities and Measurement
- Electromagnetism
- Mid Year AddMathsP1_F4@2012
- Carbonyl Compounds Aldehyde and Ketones
- ControlDampers Catalog
- Steel Grades
- HVAC Calculation (Room)
- Heat
- SPM 2010
- Force and Pressure
- PFN305 - Lashing Forces 1
- f&Pressure

You are on page 1of 18

FORCES IN EQUILIBRIUM A. Equilibrium 1. Forces in equilibrium happen if the net force is zero. This means the resultant force acting on the object is zero. 2. When the forces are in equilibrium, the object will either stay at rest or move with uniform velocity. 3. Example:

Weight, W W+T=0

Weight, W W+R=0

Friction,P P P + F= 0 F

B. Newtons Third Law of motion. 1. This law states that for every acting force, there is an equal acting force from the opposite direction.

2. Example:

Weight of book exerted on the table. The table reacts with the same magnitude but from the opposite direction, which is acting upwards.

C. Resultant Force 1. A resultant force is a single force that represents the combined effect of two or more forces in magnitude and direction. i) Two forces that act along the same direction.

F1 = 8 N F = 11 N

Is the same as

F2 = 3 N

F2 = 3 N F1 = 8N F= 5N

Is the same as The resultance force is found by determining the differences in the magnitudes of the two forces. Two forces with magnitudes 8 N and 3 N acting respectively in opposite direction Resultant force, F = F1 + (- F2)

iii)

Two forces acting at a point at an angle to each other. According to the parallelogram law, resultant force F for force F1 and F2 acting at an angle, are represented by diagonal which passes through that point of parallelogram.

Steps in constructing a scaled drawing of the parallelogram of forces to determine the resultant of two forces :

1. Using a ruler and protractor, draw the two forces, F1 and F2 from a point . Consider the two forces to be the adjacent sides of a parallelogram.

3. Draw the diagonal of the parallelogram. The diagonal represents the resultant force, F in magnitude and direction

D. Resolution of Forces.

1. Force resolving is a separation process of a single force into two perpendicular forces (90 to each other ) F1 F F

2. The magnitudes of F1 and F2 can be calculated by using trigonometry. F1 = sin F2 F F F2 = F cos F1 = F sin Worked Example The figure shows a groundsman pushing a concrete roller along a field with a force of 120 N. Calculate the horizontal and vertical components of the force.What is the function of each component ?.

Solution

F 120

= cos 40

40

Fx

F y = sin 40 120 Fy = 120 x sin 40 = 77.1 N

40 Fy

The horizontal component of 91.9 N pushes the roller forward while the vertical component of 77.1 N helps to press the roller onto the ground. E. Analysing Forces in Equilibrium. 1. The addition and resolution of forces can help us analyse forces in equilibrium. 2.

The above figure shows the forces acting on the box on the inclined plank and is considered in equilibrium. The resultant of the normal reaction,R and the friction, F must be a force acting vertically upwards and having a magnitude equal to the weight,W so that the resultant of all the three forces is zero. The normal reaction can be resolved into i) horizontal component, R sin ii) vertical component, R cos

FORCES IN EQUILIBRIUM 4

ACTIVITY ( 50 minutes)

1.

The figure shows a load of mass 3 kg pulled by a horizontal force 52 N and tension T. When the system is in equilibrium, what is the value of T?

T

30

52 N

3 kg

2.

A frame picture is suspended by strings as shown in the figure. What is the weight of the framed picture?

8N string 30

8N string

picture

3.

A football is kicked simultaneously by two players with forces 140 N and 200 N respectively, as shown in Figure 1.Calculate the magnitude of the resultant force.

140 N 90

200 N

Two forces with magnitudes 13 N and 6 N act along a straight line. With the aid of diagrams, determine (a) the maximum possible value and (b) the minimum possible value of the resultant force.

5.

Using a parallelogram diagram with suitable scale, find the resultant force of each of the following: (a)

6N

(b)

8 N

60 8N 10 N

6.

A small aeroplane flies horizontally at a constant speed. The forward force due to the thrust of the engines is 60 kN. A strong wind exerts a force of 30 kN on the aeroplane as shown in Figure 2. By drawing a parallelogram of forces according to the scale , determine the resultant of these two forces and the direction of the flight of the aeroplane.

30 kN 50 60 kN

W S

7.

The figure shows two forces 12 N and 5 N acting perpendicularly to each other at a point. Find the resultant force F and its direction by calculation.

12 N

5N

ASSESSMENT ( 40 minutes) 1. Three forces of 3 N, 4N and 5 N act at a point O.Which of the following figures shows the three forces in a state of equilibrium? A.

5N

C.

5N 4N

4N 3N 3N

B.

5N 3N

D.

5N

4N 4N 3N

2.

8N

4N

12 N

2N

The above figure shows four forces acting in different directions. What is the resultant force? A. B. 0N 5N C. D. 10 N 14 N

3.

Two forces with magnitudes 7 N and 15 N act on a point such that the angle between the forces can change from 0 to 180 . Which of the following values of force is not a possible value of the resultant force? A. B. C. D. E. 9N 13 N 17 N 21 N 25 N

4.

Which of the following diagrams represents the three forces in the above figure? A.

R R F

C.

B.

R

D.

W

R F

10

5.

The figure below shows a ball with weight W, is hung by an elastic light string. A force F acts on the ball pulling it away until it makes an angle of with the vertical line.

T

F

11

6.

The above figure shows a student pushing a lawn mower of 50 kg mass on a smooth surface. He pushes the machine with the force of 200 N and at angle of 30 from the surface. (a)What is the weight of the machine?

( 1 mark)

( 2 marks)

( 2 marks)

12

(c)Calculate the resultant force acting on the machine to move it along the surface.

( 1 mark)

7.

The figure below shows a weight of 5 N that is attached to strings hanging between two walls. Determine the forces T and F by using parallelogram drawing according to scale 1 cm : 5 N

T 30 F

5N

( 4 marks)

13

(ii)

8N 10 N O 30

Explain how the resultant force for the forces that act on the object O in the above figure can be obtained. State the magnitude and direction of the resultant force.

( 3 marks)

14

FORCES IN EQUILIBRIUM

ACTIVITY

Answer Scheme

1.

T 30 T cos 30

T sin 30 T cos 30 52 N

T cos 30 = 52 . (1) T sin 30 = 30 ..(2) Dividing equation (2) by equation (1) T sin 30 = 30 T cos 30 52 T tan 30 = 0.576 T = 1.0 N 2. 8 N is resolved into two components 8 sin 30 30 8 cos 30 30 8 cos 30

8 sin 30

x component : 8 cos 30 + (- 8 cos 30) =0N y component : 8 sin 30 + 8 sin 30 = 8 (0.5) + 8 (0.5) =8N Therefore weight = 8 N

15

3. magnitude =

16

ASSESSMENT

Answer Scheme

1. D 2. C 3. E 4. A 5. A 6. (a) weight = 50(10) = 500 N (b) (i)F2 = F cos 60 = F sin 30 = 200 (0.5) = 100 N (c)F =F2 = 173 N 7. Using scale 1 cm : 1 N F 5N 5N

30

T

30

F 8 (a) (i) The resultant force is the net force that acts on an object when two on more forces act on it. (ii) The resultant of the forces shown can be obtained by drawing to scale a parallelogram of forces using tip to tail method as shown below.

magnitude

F = 5 N , = 52 0

17

- Rolemaster Spell List Record SheetUploaded byOralden
- Physics-Lesson 2.8Analysing forces in equilibriumUploaded byRais Rahimi
- motion graphUploaded bychekgu_2007
- ForcesUploaded bySandhu Guriqbal
- Domestic Ventilation SolutionsUploaded byDragan
- Understanding Central Heating SystemsUploaded byDiana Alexandra Comaromi
- Understanding Work, Energy, Power and EfficiencyUploaded byAzian Abdul Aziz
- Exercise Chapter 2 Physics Form 4Uploaded byafiqiman89
- Physical Quantities and MeasurementUploaded byAzim Memeng
- ElectromagnetismUploaded byBjorn Low
- Mid Year AddMathsP1_F4@2012Uploaded byHayati Aini Ahmad
- Carbonyl Compounds Aldehyde and KetonesUploaded byJason Raquin Roque
- ControlDampers CatalogUploaded bydaviko313
- Steel GradesUploaded byEngineernadeemshahid
- HVAC Calculation (Room)Uploaded byKurniadi Setyanto
- HeatUploaded bylilysuhany
- SPM 2010Uploaded bylilysuhany
- Force and PressureUploaded bylilysuhany
- PFN305 - Lashing Forces 1Uploaded byindoseafarer
- f&PressureUploaded bylilysuhany
- INTRODUCTION_TO_PHYSICSUploaded bylilysuhany
- 2.4 Analysing MomentumUploaded byshu_nee
- LightUploaded bylilysuhany
- EQUIVALENT STEEL GRADES.docUploaded byBhushan Verma
- Mind Map (Chapter 2)Uploaded bycho_1107
- Section b AllUploaded bylilysuhany
- 11. Load Fastening, Lashing, SupportingUploaded byDsn Sarma
- f&motionUploaded bylilysuhany

- trebuchet mathUploaded byreader27
- ding Thethe Effects of a ForceUploaded bynik mohamad solehin
- 2.6 Effect of the ForceUploaded bynik mohamad solehin
- ImpulseUploaded bynik mohamad solehin
- ImpulseUploaded bynik mohamad solehin
- 2.9 Equilibrium in ForcesUploaded bynik mohamad solehin
- Bernoulli's PrincipleUploaded bynik mohamad solehin
- 3 6 Bernoulli s Principle 2Uploaded bynik mohamad solehin
- Understanding PressureUploaded bynik mohamad solehin
- F4C3-ForcesAndPressureUploaded bynik mohamad solehin
- 3.1 Understanding PressureUploaded bynik mohamad solehin
- Nota Padat Fizik F4 forces and pressure notesUploaded byslokkro
- 3.4 Applying des PrincipleUploaded bynik mohamad solehin
- Chapter 4.1Uploaded bynik mohamad solehin
- 4.1 Understanding HeatUploaded bynik mohamad solehin
- Chapter 4 Heat 4.2Uploaded bynik mohamad solehin
- Modul 5 - SPM 2005 SkemaUploaded bynik mohamad solehin
- Modul 5 - Spm 2005 k1Uploaded bynik mohamad solehin
- Skema Modul 6Uploaded bynik mohamad solehin
- Modul 6 - K1Uploaded bynik mohamad solehin
- Kedah-answer Physics P1 P2 P3-Trial SPM 2009Uploaded bykamalharmoza
- JSI S1000 MODUL 6Uploaded bynik mohamad solehin
- Spm Trial 2010 Phy Q&A (Sbp)Uploaded bySimPor
- TRIAL TRGANU 2010 FIZIK SKEMAUploaded byAiman Dash D
- SPM Trial 2010 Phy TerengganuUploaded bySimPor
- SKEMATRIALKELANTAN2010PHYSICSEDIT1Uploaded bynik mohamad solehin

- Olympus 36DL OperatingManualUploaded bybenderman1
- Artificial Lift CompanyUploaded byابومحمد نايف
- Lecture03.pdfUploaded bytesfu zewdu
- Using PI to Exchange PGP Encrypted Files in a B2B ScenarioUploaded byssyed13
- HerzbergUploaded byputegrain
- RP-HPLC Method Development and Validation for the Analysis of Methyl Phenidete Hydro Chloride in Pharmaceutical Dosage FormsUploaded byjamonline
- Chapter 5 Hand-outUploaded byJu Nice Valcurza Marban
- KF875_KFLABMK2_DS_en_V13Uploaded byJose Enar
- Using Java ChartsUploaded bytheopowers
- Serial Communication using AVR lab 8.pdfUploaded bylovelyosmile253
- Hypheanted Techniques in GCUploaded byGabriel Salazar Robles
- Lecture 04Uploaded byBen
- ARIMA Modelling in RUploaded byamme_puspita
- FormulasUploaded byRishit Mevada
- 303.pdfUploaded byFrena1
- Torque Comparisons on 3d ModelsUploaded byanon_768201406
- Ubc 2016 February Varaprasadkoppisetti NagaraghavendrasuryaUploaded bySamira Mujkic Mujcinovic
- Calculation of Heat and Mass BalanceUploaded byJitendra Bhatia
- Note in WRC 107 Lifting Lug Calculation (Horizontal Vessel) - Intergraph CADWorx & AnalysisUploaded byDinesh Vaghela
- Appendix2 FATEK Communication ProtocolUploaded byCarlos G. Duque
- Grabowska-OlszewskaUploaded byWong Pei Yin
- q 31106110Uploaded byAnonymous 7VPPkWS8O
- Sunscreen Testing According to COLIPA 2011 FDA Final Rule 2011 Using UV Vis LAMBDA SpectrophotometersUploaded bySergio Alberto Bernal Chavez
- q-learning in c++Uploaded byGuru Mekala
- Chapter 6Uploaded byAli Nawaz
- Littlefield Report #1 - Team MoneyUploaded byHaochen Xu
- MH CET Medical 2015 Sample PaperUploaded byMT
- Acer_Extensa_5235_5635_5635Z_Quanta_ZR6_sch_[ET]Uploaded byszviki
- Habasit.4051bro.acc En0514usaUploaded byAndres Flores Garcia
- Brain Computer InterfaceUploaded byEr. Amar Kumar