Name: Princess Diana Lifespan: July 1, 1961 - August 31, 1997 Country: England Occupation: Royalty, Cultural Icon Best
known for: Princess of England and married Prince Charles. Submitted to bmitted By Prof. Lawanya aja sekaran 10 –psw - 60 Loyola College e: 30/07/2011 Su L. R Dat
Diana was born to an aristocratic family who links to the Royal Family. Her fath er was Edward Spencer, Viscount Anthrop. Edward Spencer was a direct descendent of Charles II.. Her mother was Frances Viscount’s Anthrop. Her mother was distantl y related with the Queen Mother, and was also of American descent. When Diana wa s young, her parents divorced with her father winning a bitter battle for custod y of the children. Diana grew up in the family home of Park House, before moving to Anthrop in 1975. Diana did not shine as a student, but did well in music and ballet. When she met her future husband, Diana was working as a part time assis tant in a nursery school in London In 1981, Diana married Prince Charles. Diana was 13 years the junior, at an age of just 20, Charles by contrast was 33 at the time of the wedding. The general p ublic soon warmed to the innocence and beauty of Princess Diana, and the wedding was watched by over 1 billion people world wide. During their marriage they had two sons, Prince William and Prince Harry. However, in the mid 1980s, strains s tarted to appear in the marriage, and under much publicity the marriage broke up leading to a divorce in 1992. During this period Diana is said to have suffered various health problems such as bulimia and depression. Date of Birth 1 July 1961, Park House, Sandringham, Norfolk, England, UK Date of Death 31 August 1997, Paris, France (road accident) Birth Name Diana Frances Spencer Nickname The People s Princess Princess Di The Queen of Hearts Lady Di Height 5 10" (1.78 m) Mini Biography Princess Diana was born July 1, 1961 at 7:45 PM weighing 7lb 12oz at Park House, Sandringham, Norfolk, England, UK. She had her christening at Sandringham Churc h in Norfolk. Her full name is Lady Diana Frances Spencer. On July 29, 1981 she married her Prince Charming - Prince Charles of Wales, the eldest son of Queen E lizabeth II. On June 21 1982 her first son was born - Prince William Arthur Phil lip Louis Windsor. Two years later, on September 15 1984, Diana s second and you ngest son was born - Prince Henry Charles Albert David Windsor. Later on she sai d that the time she was expecting Harry was the best time she and Charles ever h ad they were getting along so well. On August 26 1996, the "Fairy-Tale" marriage was over. A year later on August 31 1997, much of the world was in a state of m ourning - their beloved Princess died in a car accident with boyfriend Dodi Faye d, along with the driver of the car. The only survivor was Dodi s bodyguard-Trev
or Rhys-Jones. Diana today is still remembered by many as the "people s princess ". She will always be remembered. Mini Biography Princess Diana was born Diana Frances Spencer on July 1, 1961. Her parents were Edward John and Frances Spencer Viscount and Viscountess Althorp, later Earl and Countess Spencer. When she was 6 her parents split up and her mother got marrie d to Peter Shand-Kydd. Diana lived with her father her two older sisters and her younger brother Charles. When she was about 8 she was sent to boarding school. After that she went to ano ther boarding school and then finally to a school in Switzerland where only Fren ch was spoken. She was not what one would call an academic, and actually would b e considered a high school drop out. When she was at her final boarding school i n England she met Prince Charles for the first time. He was dating Diana s siste r Sarah at the time and Diana was so exited about finally meeting him that she c ould not concentrate on her O level exams the following week. It was only when her grandfather died that she inherited the title of Lady. Dian a lived in an apartment with roommates and was a nanny and a school teacher when she got engaged to the Prince of Wales, Prince Charles. They got married in the summer of 1981 and on July 21 1982, Prince William Arther Phillip Louis was bor n. On September 15 1984, she had Prince Henry Charles Albert David. Her marriage started to fail then. In 1992 she and Prince Charles separated and in 1996 they divorced. She then lost the privilege of being called Her Royal Highness. In 19 96 she fell in love with Dodi Fayed, the son of the owner of Harrods Department Store in London. On the night of August 31 1997, they were both tragically kille d in a motor accident when the car they were in collided with a beam on the Pont D Alma near the Eiffel Tower in Paris, France. Her funeral was held on Septembe r 6 1997, just 9 days before Henry s 13th birthday. She is buried on an island a t her ancestral home at Althorp. Education Diana was not a particularly bright student. She was educated at home till the a ge of 9, went to boarding school Riddlesworth Hall in Norfolk (age 9-12), and to the exclusive West Health Girls School in Kent (age 12-16), where she was rega rded as a poor student. She failed all of her O-levels twice and later dropped out at the age of 16. She would pack her bags and try Institut Alpin Videmanette , a finishing school in Switzerland, but also quit after a term. It was about th is time when she first met Prince Charles, who was at that time dating her eldes t sister, Lady Sarah. Highlights: • eduated at home until age of 9 • Riddlesworth Hall (age 9-12) • West Health (age 12-16) = dropped out • Institut Alpin Videmanette = dropped out • failed O-levels Sports & Hobbies "When I am older, I will be a dancer" ________________________________________ She may not have been popular academically, but Diana shone in other disciplines . Though shy, she had a heart for helping others at a young age and was popula r among peers. And while she reportedly excelled in swimming, diving and hockey , her foremost passion was ballet. She studied ballet and longed to become a bal lerina for a time. "When I am older, I will be a dancer," she once said. But a las she grew to a height of 5 10" and became too tall to become a professional.
At Riddlesworth, Diana was honoured for winning countless swimming competitions and received an honourable prize for "helpfulness". She would continue these pa ssions until her days with the Royal Family, when she swam every morning to keep fit. She also played tennis and was an accomplished skier. Yearly ski trips were not unusual for wealthy families. Riding? Not so much. Diana took a tumble as a chi ld and has avoided horse riding for much of her young life. Highlights: • wanted to be a ballerina • excelled in swimming, diving, tennis, skiing • developed fear of riding after falling off a horse Princess Diana Facts: Proper title is Diana, Princess of Wales, rather than Princess Diana, though the latter is how so much of the world knows her. Dates: July 1, 1961 - August 31, 1997 Occupation: consort, Charles, Prince of Wales; charity worker; celebrity Known for: charity work; press focus on her fashion image; public scandals Also known as: Lady Diana Frances Spencer, Lady Diana, Lady Di, Princess Diana. (Princess Diana, the name by which many knew and know her, was not her proper ti tle; it was "Diana, Princess of Wales") Princess Diana s Family Background: • Diana Spencer was a direct descendant of King Charles II • Father: (Edward) John Spencer, Viscount Althorpe, later Earl Spencer. He was a p ersonal aide to King George VI and to Queen Elizabeth II, and was a godson of Qu een Mary • Mother: the Hon. Frances Shand-Kydd, formerly the Hon. Frances Ruth Burke Roche • Parents divorced in 1969. Mother ran away with a wealthy heir, and father gained custody of the children. Father later married Raine Legge, whose mother was Bar bara Cartland, a romance novelist. • Diana was the third of four children. Her siblings: o Lady Sarah, married Neil McCorquodale; before she married, Sarah and Pri nce Charles dated o Lady Jane, married Robert Fellowes, assistant secretary to Queen Elizabe th II o Charles Spencer, Earl Spencer: godson of Queen Elizabeth II Princess Diana s Education: spotty, undistinguished educational career • educated at home to age 9 • Riddlesworth Hall (age 9-12) • West Heath School (Kent) (age 12-16); dropped out • finishing school in Switzerland, Chateau d Oex; left after a few months Marriage, Children: • husband: Charles, Prince of Wales (married July 29, 1981; divorced August 28, 19 96; heir-apparent to the throne of Great Britain) • children: o William Arthur Philip Louis, Prince William, born June 21, 1982 o Henry Charles Albert David, Prince Harry, born September 15, 1984 About Diana, Princess of Wales: Diana Spencer was born into British aristocracy, though a commoner, not royal. S he grew up practically next door to Queen Elizabeth II and her family, at Park H ouse, a mansion next to the Sandringham estate of the royal family. Prince Charl es was 12 years older, but Prince Andrew was closer to her age and was a childho od playmate. After Diana s parents divorced bitterly when Diana was eight, her father gained custody of the four children. Diana did not get along well with her stepmother, nor did she do well in school, finding an interest in ballet and, according to s
ome reports, Prince Charles, whose picture she had on the wall of her room at sc hool. When Diana was 16, she met Prince Charles again. He had dated her older si ster Sarah. She made some impression on him, but she was still too young for him to date. After Diana left school, she moved to London, and worked as a housekeeper, nanny , and kindergarten teacher s aide. She lived in a house purchased by her father, and had three roommates. In 1980, Diana and Charles met again when she visited her sister, whose husband worked for the queen. They began to date, and six mont hs later he proposed. They were married July 29, 1981, in what s been called the "wedding of the century." She was the first British citizen to marry an heir to the British throne in almost 300 years. • Princess Diana s Wedding Diana immediately began making public appearances, despite her awkwardness with being in the public eye. One of her first official visits was to the funeral of Princess Grace of Monaco. Diana became pregnant, giving birth to Prince William in 1982 and then to Prince Henry in 1984. Dropping in weight by thirty pounds af ter the birth of Prince William, she began to struggle with bulimia, but also be came more popular as a fashion figure. Early in their marriage, Diana and Charles were seen to be publicly affectionate ; by 1986, their time apart and coolness when together were obvious. The 1992 pu blication of Andrew Morton s biography of Diana revealed the story of Charles l ong affair with Camilla Parker Bowles, and alleged that Diana had made suicide a ttempts. By December, the couple, obviously with the consent of the Queen and co nsultation with government officials, had agreed to a legal separation, though d isclaiming plans for a divorce. But by 1996, dueling television interviews by Charles and then Diana, revealing photographs, and continuing scandal coverage by the press, it was clear that a d ivorce was imminent. Diana announced her agreement to a divorce in February, sur prising the Queen whom she had not informed before making the announcement. The divorce was final in August of 1996. Settlement terms reportedly included ab out $23 million for Diana, plus $600,000 per year. She and Charles would both be active in their sons lives. She continued to live at Kensington Palace, and wa s permitted to retain the title "Princess of Wales" but not "Her Royal Highness. " At her divorce, she also gave up most of the charities she d been working with , limiting herself to five, working with homelessness, AIDS, leprosy, the ballet , a hospital for children, and a cancer hospital. In 1996, Diana became involved in the campaign to ban landmines. She visited sev eral nations in her involvement with the anti-landmine campaign, an activity mor e political than the norm for the British royal family. In early 1997, Diana was linked romantically with the 42-year-old playboy "Dodi" Fayed (Emad Mohammed al-Fayed). His father, Mohammed al-Fayed, owned Harrod s d epartment store and the Ritz Hotel in Paris, among other holdings. Both had some what spotty ethical reputations. Late on August 30, 1997, Diana and Dodi left the Ritz Hotel in Paris, accompanie d in a car by an al-Fayed family driver and Dodi s bodyguard. They were pursued by paparazzi, and crashed in a tunnel in Paris. Diana died in the early hours of August 31. • Princess Diana s Death Diana s funeral on September 6, 1997, was seen by billions worldwide via televis ion. She is buried on an island on the Spencer family estate. • Princess Diana s Funeral • Family: • Diana was the youngest daughter of Viscount and Viscountess Althorp. She became Lady Diana Spencer when her father succeeded to the earldom in 1975 and became t he 8th Earl Spencer. She married Charles, Prince of Wales in 1981. They had two sons, Prince William (Arthur Philip Louis) (1982– ) and Prince Henry (Charles Albe rt David) (1984– ), known as Prince Harry. Charles and Diana divorced on Febuary 2 8th, 1996. • Education: • Lady Diana was educated at the preparatory school Riddlesworth Hall at Diss, Nor
folk and later attended the boarding school West Heath, near Sevenoaks, Kent. At school, she showed a particular interest in music and dancing. After West Heath , she went to finishing school at the Institut Alpin Videmanette in Rougemont, S witzerland. • Career: • Upon leaving school, Diana first worked looking after the child of an American c ouple and then as a kindergarten teacher at the Young England School in Pimlico. She is best known, however, for her charity work with AIDS and land mine awaren ess efforts that she conducted during and after her marriage to Prince Charles. • Depression: • For years, the public believed that Diana was living a fairy tale life, married to her real life Prince Charming. However, this was far from the truth. Accordin g to "Diana: The Last Word" by Simone Simmons, late in her first pregnancy Diana threw herself down a staircase trying to draw attention to her pain. She said o f the incident, "I wanted Charles to put his arms around me and say he loved me, but all he ever did was give me a pat on the back." In a 1995 interview conduct ed by the BBC, Diana revealed that she had suffered from post-natal depression a fter her first son, Prince William was born. She admitted to self-injuring due t o the pressure she felt trying to adapt to her role as Princess of Wales, but sa id it backfired since rather than getting her the help she needed, it made peopl e believe she was attention-seeking and unstable. She also confessed to secret b inging and purging of food to help her deal with her marriage problems, includin g the fact that her husband was still in love with a former girlfriend, Camilla Parker Bowles. • When it comes to celebrities it can be hard sometimes to tell whether the celebr ity has an actual mental illness or they are just playing it up for the press an d the public. Sometimes though these mental illnesses that occur in celebrities are the real thing; and they do seek help to cope with their problems. We are go ing to take a look at some celebrities that are suffering from mental illnesses What religion did Princess Diana belong to? She was married Anglican. No British Monarch or heir is allowed to marry in the Roman Catholic Church or be Catholic. But the Anglican Chruch and Catholic churc hes are actually very close. There is as much if not more pomp and ceremony in t he Anglican Church as there is in the Catholic Church, especially when the Royal ty is involved in England. Much of it is like (I guess) what the Catholic Mass a nd other services were in the time of Henry VIII, but may have been revised in m ore recent times. She was Anglican all of her life. There were some stories she was considering be coming a Catholic after her divorce. (Her mother, I believe was a Catholic conve rt) and even rumors she might turn Muslim because of her Arab boyfriend, but the re is no evidence she was ever anything but a member of the Church of England. Diana s was a story complete with royal intrigue, infidelity and a winning smile . A pretty and alluring, but not beautiful, girl from an aristocratic background , she enjoyed the one-in-a-billion fortune of marrying the crown prince of Great Britain. From the beginning she knew her duty was to play charming princess and child-bearer to an awkward and staid prince whose heart was elsewhere. Upon divorce, Princess Diana received a $ 26.5 million-dollar settlement, or $ 6 00,000 a year. Because she was lonely and depressed, her folk legend asked us to feel sorry for the best-dressed and most photographed woman in history. However , the real tragedy of her life was that she was a mother who left behind two chi ldren early in life. The Diana, Princess of Wales Memorial Fund also comprises a series of initiative s, including the Refugee and Asylum Seekers Initiative that works with selected partner organizations in the United Kingdom to change legislation and policy to meet international standards on children’s rights. It also helps ensure that refug ees and people seeking asylum are treated with fairness and humanity. The Palliative Care Initiative, meanwhile, focuses on nine countries in sub-Saha ran Africa and works to ensure that the crucial role of palliative care is recog nized by national governments, their citizens and the international development
community. The Fund follows in the spirit of Diana and focuses on marginalized p eople, providing them with support, a voice and opportunity. Family Princess Diana had 2 older sisters and one younger brother. She had two sister a nd one brother; their names were Jane, Sarah, and Charles. Her parent s names we re Earl Spencer and Mrs. Shand-Kydd. She married Prince Charles in 1981. Her fir st son, William, was born on June 21, 1982. Her second son, Henry (also known as Harry) was born September 15, 1984. William was the very first royal to go to a normal kindergarten, not a private school with a private teacher. In 1987, Harr y started nursery school. Even though Diana seemed very happy all the time, stop ping for tea wherever she went, she really was not. In the book Diana: Her true Story, Diana admits that her relationship with Prince Charles was very cold and distant. She always believed that he loved Camilla Parker-Bowels, someone he had fallen for years before. Charles later admitted that he and Camilla had had an extra-marital affair. The also told about the half-hearted suicide attempts in h er early years of marriage. It also explained her struggle of having bulimia. In December of 1992, Charles and Diana officially announced their divorce. It just isn t possible to love one person and marry another- and make it last. The 15-y ear marriage ended with a halt. Basic Life Diana Frances Spencer (July 1, 1961- August 31, 1997) was born at Park House (ne ar Sandringham, Norfolk). She was the youngest of four children, with two older sisters, Jane and Sarah, and one younger brother, Charles. Her parent s names we re Earl Spencer and Mrs. Shand-Kydd, and they were married at Westminster Abby i n 1952. It was one of the social events of the year. Even though they were deepl y in love then, the Spencers got divorced when Diana was six years old. Earl lat er remarried Barbara Cartland s daughter. Also when Diana was six years old, she was sent to a boarding school, and excelled in sports, especially swimming. Whe n she graduated from school, she worked as a nanny, a cook, and an assistant at Young England Kindergarten, all in or around London. After she worked she met Pr ince Charles. He was thirteen years older than Diana was. They became officially engaged on February 24, 1981. There was just one problem. At the engagement pho to shoot, Charles still did not love Diana. He confided this in a friend. He als o told the friend he was sure that he could love her. However, he could not, bec ause years later, there was a divorce. Princess Diana Charity Work Quotes by Princess Diana "I would like to be a queen in the hearts of the people." “The worst illness of our time is that so many people have to suffer from never be ing loved.” “Your patron has never been happier to see you. Whatever uncertainties the last fe w weeks may have brought I want you to be certain of this our work together will continue unchanged. Especially at Christmas. The sick, the old, the handicapped and the homeless, the lonely, the confused and the simply unloved who are needi ng your help more than ever." “2 things stand like stone Kindness in another trouble courage in your own” Charity Work of Princess Diana Throughout her life Diana was something of a rebel. Her work with victims of AID S could in some ways be seen in this regard. She was one of the first very high profile people to be pictured touching those afflicted with AIDS this had a sign ificant impact in changing people’s opinions and attitudes to the disease it was c ertainly a charity not following the protocol and tradition of the Royal family. AS Princess Diana said: “HIV does not make people dangerous to know. You can shake their hands and give th em hug heaven knows they need it" Diana had a very personable touch. She was very at ease in meeting people from a
ny background and even if they were ill or in hospices. The patients would reac t very favourably to her meetings, they warmed to her life energy and heartfelt sympathy. Part of her appeal was her sympathy and natural compassion. She could empathise with people’s suffering, having suffered much herself. To the media Diana often portrayed a very stoic and positive energy, but an aid suggested that at the same time these engagements often drained Diana emotionall y at the end of some engagements she felt depleted. As well as working on charities such as AIDS she lent her name to the campaign t o bad landmines. Her personal support is said to have been a significant factor in encouraging Britain and then other countries to support the Ottawa Treaty whi ch sought to introduce a ban on the use of anti – personnel landmines. When Robin Cook brought the second reading of the landmines bill to the house in 1998 he ma de a point of paying tribute to the contribution of Princess Diana. Diana Princess of Wales - Charities Landmines & Explosive Remnants of War Continuing the commitment of Diana, Princess of Wales we champion the issue of l andmines, supporting the campaign for a worldwide ban and speaking up for those whose everyday lives are blighted by landmines. Prisoners Families The Fund supports young people in prisoners’ families – an invisible group stigmatis ed by society and judged guilty for a crime they did not themselves commit. Palliative Care Enabling people to die with dignity and with the least possible amount of pain. For this reason it has launched a £5 million initiative on Palliative Care. http://www.theworkcontinues.org/index.asp Call her a rebel with a cause. Since the day Princess Diana stepped into the roy al limelight, she was known as an independent thinker. Always a champion of the underdog, Diana used her position as a member of the royal family to shine the s potlight on major world issues. Princess Diana s causes Having struggled with bulimia, depression and thoughts of suicide, Lady Di manag ed to rise above her personal challenges to bring attention to disabled children , homeless people, children around the globe and those suffering from HIV or ful l-blown AIDS. Helping victims of Landmines After divorcing Prince Charles in 1996, Diana focused intensely on a handful of charities and expanded her efforts to help victims of landmines, particularly ch ildren. She organized and participated in protests and fundraisers across countr ies in Europe, Asia and Africa -- hotbeds for landmines left over from previous wars. In 1997, she spoke at an anti-landmines conference and lobbied in Washingt on DC. During this time, she met Mother Teresa, and the two women formed an inse parable bond based on their humanitarian efforts. Helping sick children Humanitarian aid played an important role in Diana’s life, and her personal intere sts were often reflected in the organizations for which she was a volunteer. Her work extended from the Great Ormond Street for Sick Children in London to the L eprosy Mission and the National Aids Trust. fostering Aids awareness Her work with the latter organization brought about controversy. In 1987, she vi sited the Middlesex Hospital in London and was the first to shake hands with an AIDS patient (palace advisors tried hard to dissuade her). Then, in 1991, she tr aveled to Sao Paulo, Brazil, to comfort abandoned children living with AIDS in a local shelter. It was here that she was photographed holding a baby with the di sease. At a time when specifics about the virus were yet unknown, Diana crossed barrier s to offer solace to victims and worked to change the opinions of the general pu blic, something that certainly didn’t follow royal protocol. When asked about her
work, Diana simply replied: “HIV does not make people dangerous to know. You can s hake their hands and give them a hug. Heaven knows they need it.” the diana, princess of wales Memorial fund Princess Diana’s untimely death in August 1997 shocked the world, and the outpouri ng of sympathy from people around the world was a true indication of the kind of reach and influence she had. As the rest of the world tried to come to terms wi th the loss, Diana’s sons, Princes William and Harry, worked to continue her chari table legacy with the Diana, Princess of Wales Memorial Fund. The independent grant-giving organization was established just a month after her passing with donations from people worldwide and continues her work in the Unit ed Kingdom and overseas. In the first nine years of its existence, the Fund pled ged more than $125 million to more than 350 charities. Legacy: Diana became Lady Diana Frances Spencer at a young age after her parents got divorced. Diana then became the Princess of Wales from Prince Charles, whic h they had got married on July 29, 1981. Diana s legacy has inspired many to giv e to generous causes. She often visited the sick. She helped raise millions of d ollars for numerous causes of the sick and the poor by the giving the effort and time. Such as children dying of cancer, as well as HIV/AIDS victims. After the time of her death, Diana s interest in helping young people led to the creation of the Diana Memorial Award. Thousands of Americans raised more than two million dollars. The Diana, Princess of Wales Memorial Fund was created as a way of con tinuing Diana s work. In 2002, outranking Queen Elizabeth II and other British m onarchs, Diana was ranked 3rd in the Hundred Greatest Britons poll. The fund has $4 million to forty-two youth driven groups in 2003. Circumstances On 30 August 1997, Diana, Princess of Wales, arrived in Paris, France, with Dodi Fayed, the son of Mohamed al-Fayed. They had stopped there en route to London; having spent the preceding nine days together on board Mohamed al-Fayed’s yacht, t he Jonikal, on the French and Italian Riviera. They had intended to stay overnig ht. Mohamed al-Fayed was and is the owner of the Hôtel Ritz Paris. He also owned a n apartment in Rue Arsène Houssaye, a short distance from the hotel and located ju st off the Avenue des Champs Elysées. Henri Paul, the Acting Head of Security at the Ritz Hotel, had been instructed t o drive the hired black 1994 Mercedes-Benz S280 through Paris in order to elude the paparazzi. A decoy vehicle left the Ritz first, attracting a throng of p hotographers. Diana and Fayed would then depart from the hotel s rear entrance. At around 12:20 am on 31 August 1997, Diana and Fayed left the Ritz to return to the apartment in rue Arsène Houssaye. They were the rear passengers in a black Me rcedes-Benz S280, registration number "688 LTV 75", driven by Paul. Trevor ReesJones, a member of the Fayed family s personal protection team, was in the front passenger seat. Princess Diana s Last Day Princess Diana s last day began in the Mediterranean on August 30, 1997, a Satur day. Diana and Dodi were on vacation in Sardinia, and they were going to finish it, but last minute they decided to go to Paris before going to England where Wi lliam and Harry were. Their engagement was going to be announced on Thursday. It was 3:45 PM and they had just arrived at Windsor Place (in Bois de Boulogne). D odi gave Di a tour and then they went to the Ritz until 7:00 PM. They were going to go to Dodi s apartment so a Mercedes and Range Rover pulled up in front so t hat everyone would think that that was where they were going to leave. Diana and Dodi finally escaped into a different Mercedes that Henri Paul was driving. It was 12:20 and supposedly, Henri had been drinking. They sped off and at the end of Cours Albert ler there was a dip and hump and they did a very sharp left turn . This shot them across two westbound traffic lanes and hit a column. This car ( a Mercedes S280) was meant to have the airbags in the front deploy and the whole front of the car is meant to crumple also. This happened. But Henri was forced to push the break and the impact threw them backwards and upwards and the crushe
d the front part of the roof. All of the momentum made the car spin many times. Dodi and the driver were dead. Diana was unconscious and stuck in a gap between the front and rear seats. She also had very bad head and chest injuries. After a n hour of getting her out they rushed her to the hospital. At 4 AM she died. The world was about to go into shock.
Funeral Main article: Funeral of Diana, Princess of Wales Flowers left outside Kensington Palace Diana s death was met with extraordinary public expressions of grief, and her pu blic funeral at Westminster Abbey on 6 September drew an estimated 3 million mourners and onlookers in London, as well as worldwide television coverage, whi ch overshadowed the news of the death the previous day of Mother Teresa. Members of the public were invited to sign a book of condolence at St James Pala ce. Throughout the night, members of the Women s Royal Voluntary Service and the Salvation Army combined to provide support for people queuing along the Mall.[2 7] More than one million bouquets were left at her London home, Kensington Palac e, while at her family s estate of Althorp the public was asked to stop bringing flowers, as the volume of people and flowers in the surrounding roads was said to be causing a threat to public safety. By 10 September, the pile of flowers outside Kensington Gardens was 1.5 metres d eep in places and the bottom layer had started to compost. The people were q uiet, waiting patiently in line to sign the book and leave their gifts. There we re a few minor incidents. Fabio Piras, a Sardinian tourist, was given a one-week prison sentence on 10 September for having taken a teddy bear from the pile. Wh en the sentence was later reduced to a £100 fine, Piras was punched in the face by a member of the public when he left the court. The next day, Maria Rigociov a, a 54-year-old secondary school teacher, and Agnesa Sihelska, a 50-year-old co mmunications technician, were each given a 28-day prison sentence for having tak en eleven teddy bears and a number of flowers from the pile outside St. James P alace. This too was later reduced to a fine (of £200 each) after they had spen t two nights in prison. Royal family The reaction of the Royal Family to Diana s death caused unprecedented resentmen t and outcry. They were at their summer residence at Balmoral Castle, and their initial decision not to return to London or to mourn more publicly was much crit icised at the time. Their rigid adherence to protocol, and their concern to care for Diana s grieving sons, was interpreted by some[specify] as a lack of compas sion. In particular, the refusal of Buckingham Palace to fly the Royal Standard at hal f-mast provoked angry headlines in newspapers. "Where is our Queen? Where is her Flag?" asked The Sun. The Palace s stance was one of royal protocol: no fla g could fly over Buckingham Palace, as the Royal Standard is only flown when the Queen is in residence, and the Queen was then in Scotland. Furthermore, the Roy al Standard never flies at half-mast as it is the Sovereign s flag and there is never a dead Sovereign (the new monarch immediately succeeds his or her predeces sor). Finally, as a compromise, the Union Flag was flown instead, at half-mast, as the Queen left for Westminster Abbey on the day of Diana s funeral. This set a prec edent, and Buckingham Palace has subsequently flown the Union Flag when the Quee n is not in residence. The Queen, who returned to London from Balmoral, agreed to a television broadcas t to the nation. Public reactions Over a million people lined the four-mile (6 km) route from Kensington Palace to Westminster Abbey. Outside the Abbey and in Hyde Park crowds watched and li stened to proceedings on giant outdoor screens and huge speakers as guests filed in, including representatives of the many charities of which Diana was patron.
Notable attendants included Hillary Rodham Clinton; Bernadette Chirac, wife of t he French President, Jacques Chirac; and other celebrities, including Italian te nor Luciano Pavarotti and Diana s good friends singers George Michael and Elton John – the latter performed a rewritten version of his song, "Candle in the Wind", that was dedicated to her. The service was televised live around the world. Protocol was disregarded when the guests applauded the speech by Diana s younger brother Earl Spencer, who strongly criticised the press and indirectly criticis ed the Royal Family for their treatment of her. The funeral is estimated to have been watched by 31.5 million viewers in Britain. Precise calculation of the worldwide audience is not possible. After the end of the ceremony, the coffin was driven to Althorp in a Daimler hea rse. Mourners cast flowers at the funeral procession for almost the entire l ength of its journey and vehicles even stopped on the opposite carriageway of th e M1 motorway as the cars passed on the route to Althorp. In a private cerem ony, Diana was buried on the Althorp estate on an island in the middle of a lake . In her casket, she wears a black Catherine Walker dress and is clutching a ros ary in her hands. A visitors centre is open during summer months, allowing visi tors to see an exhibition about her and to walk around the lake. All profits mad e are donated to the Diana, Princess of Wales Memorial Fund. During the four weeks following her funeral, the overall suicide rate in England and Wales rose by 17% and cases of deliberate self harm by 44.3%, compared with the average reported for that period in the four previous years. Researchers su ggest that this was caused by the "identification" effect, as the greatest incre ase in suicides was by people most similar to Diana: women aged 25 to 44, whose suicide rate increased by over 45%. Royal Family Order of Queen Elizabeth II The Royal Family Order of Queen Elizabeth II is a high honour bestowed as a mark of personal esteem on titled female members of the British Royal Family for per sonal service to Queen Elizabeth II. It is not automatically awarded and there i s no public announcement of the honour. Usually the only way it can be known if it has been awarded is by viewing photos or film from State Visit banquets or ot her formal similar evening occasions requiring the wearing of honours and awards . Appearance The Royal Family Order depicts a young Queen Elizabeth II in evening dress weari ng the ribbon and star of the Order of the Garter. The miniature, painted on ivo ry, is bordered by diamonds and surmounted by a Tudor crown in diamonds and red enamel. The reverse, in silver-gilt, is patterned with rays and depicts the roya l cypher and St. Edward s Crown in gold and enamel. The watered silk ribbon is c hartreuse yellow and formed into a bow. It is worn pinned to the dress of the re cipient on the left shoulder. Bulimia: The Princess Diana Eating Disorder Perhaps the most famous thing about bulimia is that it was the princess Diana ea ting disorder. According to doctors and therapists, princess Diana’s secret battle has led to a greater public awareness of the disorder, and a better understandi ng of bulimia. The ‘Diana Effect’ Bulimia was revealed as Diana’s “secret disease” in 1992 in Andrew Morton’s book, Diana: Her True Story. In the book, Diana explains how she first struggled with bulimi a in 1981, and was still suffering from it during the late ‘80s when she sought tr eatment. During the mid- and late-1990s, after this news became public, there was a sharp incline in the number of bulimia cases. Some people quickly speculated that the news of the princess Diana eating disorder was causing more cases of bulimia to occur. However, another fact was soon revealed: it was because of princess Dian a’s admission of her struggle with food that many people, about 90% of them women, were able to come forward and admit that they, too, had an eating disorder.
Because of Princess Diana’s courage to combat her eating disorder, many other peop le have found it in themselves to confront their problem and seek treatment. Thi s movement has come to be known as the ‘Diana Effect.’ Causes of the princess Diana eating disorder: • Princess Diana admitted that she began to follow a strict diet after people made comments on TV and in magazines about her “pudgy” appearance. Once she started diet ing, she couldn’t stop. • Her eating problems were further exacerbated when her marriage underwent great u pheaval, and food became the answer to the emptiness she felt. How a Princess helped us understand bulimia Due to Diana’s openness and willingness to communicate, we have a better understan ding of the princess Diana eating disorder, bulimia. Here are some of the lesson s that we can learn from Diana‘s public confessions about her problems with eating and food: • That bulimia can be the response to great pressure in one’s life, especially for t hose with perfectionist tendencies and expectations. • An eating disorder is often a cry for help or a plea for attention; a person wit h bulimia, the princess Diana eating disorder, often needs people to understand them, but does not know how to attract their attention in a positive way. • Eating disorders often arise when a person does not like him- or herself; low se lf worth causes them to do things to injure themselves, such as bingeing on food and then purging it later. • Overeating, or bingeing, can provide a sense of comfort when a person feels alon e or helpless. The ensuing guilt and shame then often causes the person to try t o get rid of the extra calories through vomiting, using laxatives or water pills , or excessive exercise. A final thought about the princess Diana eating disorder When Diana spoke about her bulimia, she wanted people to know that those with ea ting disorders are often misunderstood. While the media led people to believe th at her bulimia was the problem, she asserted that bulimia was only a symptom, an d that the true problem was the emptiness she felt in her marriage. She was usin g food as a way to fill her emptiness, and her eating disorder as an escape mech anism. A princess for the people Many eating disorders therapists credit Princess Diana’s bravery with saving the l ives of many people who suffer from bulimia. Princess Diana allowed her personal battle with bulimia to become public, which is only one reason that she is so b eloved and will continue to be influential, even after her death in 1997. One of the most successful treatment centers that specialize in treating eating disorders is the Rader Program. They have over 25 years experience treating all types of eating disorders, and their programs help both the affected individual, and their family. You can follow this link to the Rader Program Website to le arn more, and see if they may be right for you. When most people hear of someone with an eating disorder they almost automatical ly assume the person has a problem with food. Eating disorders are not a sign t hat a person has a problem with food, rather eating disorders are actually only the symptoms of underlying problems in that person s life. With proper treatmen t, people can fully recover. This section will provide you with definitions, signs and symptoms and physical/ medical complications for anorexia nervosa, bulimia nervosa, binge eating disord er and compulsive eating. This section will also provide you with information i n regards to the dangers associated with certain products used in an attempt to lose weight and who s at risk.
Did Princess Diana overcome? Her mother leaving home when Diana was six, and failing to find happiness or sta bility after that. Marrying a man not in love with her - when every other man on earth was. The disorienting effect of the never-ending media frenzy. She also struggled with bulimia for many years.