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Rea5rmed 1989 (( Reaffirmed 2004 ))

18 I 19262 1982 l

Indian Standard
RECOMMENDED GUIDELINES FOR CONCRETE MIX DESIGN
Fifth Reprint MARCH 1998

UDC 666.972.1.031.1

BUREAU

OF

INDIAN

STANDARDS

MANAK BHAVAN,

9 BAHADUR SHAH ZAFAR MARG NEW DELHl 110002

Gr 6

Fehcary

1983

IS:10262(Reaffirmed

1982
1989)

Indian Standard
RECOMMENDED GUIDELINES FOR CONCRETE MIX DESIGN
Cement and Concrete Sectional Committee, BDC 2
CJtairman Rafmsmting DR H. C. VXEIVESVABAYA Cement Research Institute of India, New Delhi Members ADDITIONAL DI~~OTOB, SFANDARD~ Research, Designs & Standards Organization ( Ministry of Railways ), Lucknow (B&S) DEPUTY DIBXOTOB, STANDARDI SHE1 d BPY.!:&~r ) Lamon & Toubro Ltd, Bombay SE& ri~nrau N. MA~ANI ( Altemtts ) SH~I S. IL BANE~JEE National Test House, Calcutta SERI R. N. BANEAL Beas Designs t+gan.zzation, Nangal Township DR N. S. BHAL Structt~rengmeerrng Research Centre ( CSIR) , CHIEB ENCUNEER DES~NE) ( EXEO~TIVZQ EN~IN~PER ( DELU~NS III ( Altmuts ) ) CHIEF ENOINEE~( PROJEOTE ) Central Public Works Department, New Delhi Irrigation Department, Chandigarh Government of Punjab,

DIREOTOR, IPRI ( Alternate ) Central Water Commiraion, New Delhi DI~ECTOB(CSMRS ) DEPUTY DIBEOTO~ CSMRS ) ( ( Alternate ) SHBI T. A. E. DSA The Concrete Association of India, Bombay SHR~ N. C. DUGGAL( Al&mute ) SHRI V, K. GUPTA Engineer-in-Chief I Branch, Army Headquarters, New Delhi Sam S. N. PANDZ ( Allmala ) Hyderabad Asbestos Cement Products Ltd, SERI A. K. GUPTA Hyderabad Engineering Research Laboratories, Hyderabad Dn IQBAL ALI The Associated Cement Companies Ltd, Bombay SERI P. J. JAWS M. N. Dartur 8: Co Pvt Ltd, Calcutta Sam S. R. KUCKARNX The Institution of Engineers ( India ), Calcutta SHRI S. K. LAIIA SEW B. T. UNWALLA ( Affmafr ) ( Conlinucdon Poga 2 ) 0 wiht 1983

BUREAU OF INDIAN STANDARDS Thia publication ir protected under the Indiaa Cofryrilif Act ( XIV of 4957 ) and reproduction in whole or in part hy any mean8 except with written permission of the puhlieher shall be deemed to be an infringement of copyright under the raid Act.

18 I 10262 - 1982
( Confinucdjrom 1 ) pugs Memhers Dn MOEIAN RAI
SHRI K. K. NAMBIAR

Rqmscnling Cent;o~r3e$lding ) Research Institute (CSIR),

DR S. S. RzHSt ( &rfnotc

SERI H. S. PABRICEA SRRI C. S. MISHRA ( Alfnnatc) SERI ?I. R. PHoLL SERI Y. R. PHULL

In personal capacity ( Romnnolnya II First Cresreat Park Road, Gandhinagar, Adyar, Madras ) Hindustan Prefab Ltd, New Delhi

Indian Roads Congress, New Delhi Central Road Research Institute ( CSIR ), New Delhi SIIRI M. R. CEATTERJZE ( Altnaarc I ) SERI K. L. SETEI ( Alternuts II ) Structural Engineering Research Centre (CSIR), DR M. RAMAIAH Madras _ SHRI A. V. RA~ANA Dalmia Cement ( Bharat ) Ltd, New Delhi SERI G. RAUDAS Directorate General of Supplies and Disposals, New Delhi DR A. V. R. RAO National Buildings Organization, New DCIhi SHRI J. SEN GUPTA ( Alternate ) SARI R. V. CHALAPAT~Z RAO Geoloeical Survev of India. Calcutta SERI S. ROY ( Alternate ) SHRI T. N. S. RAO Gammon India Ltd, Bombay SERI ARJUN R~JHSIN~~ANI Cement Corporation of India Ltd, New Delhi SHEI K. VITHAL RAO ( Alternate ) SECRETARY Central Board of Irrigation and Power, NW Delhi DEPUTY SZORETARY (I) ( Alfcrnate ) SERI N. thVAQUP.U Roads Wing, Ministry of Shipping and Transport, New Delhi SHRI R. L. KAPOOR ( A~ferna~c ) The India Cements Ltd, Madras PHRI K1 A. SUBRAMANIAM SHRI P. S. RAMACEANDRAN ( Alfcrnate ) Works Department, Government 01 S u P E n I N T E N D I N o ENGINEER Public ( DIXU~NS ) Tamil Nadu, Madras EXECUTIVE RNOINEER ( SM & R DIVISION ) ( Alrarnaf~) SHRI L. SWAROOP Orissa Cement Ltd, New Delhi Director General, IS1 ( Ex-o$icio Mcrnber )

SHRI (3. RAYAN, Director ( Civ Engg )

Secretory SARI M. N. NE~LAKANDHAN Assistant Director ( Civ Engg ), IS1

( Confinasd on page 21 )

IS 8 10262 1912 -

Indian Standard
RECOMMENDED GUIDELINES FOR CONCRETE MIX DESIGN 0. FOREWORD
0.1 This Indian Standard was adopted by the Indian Standards Institution on 30 July 1982, after the draft finalized by the Cement and Concrete Sectional Committee had been approved by the Civil Engineering Division Council. 0.2 Considerable need has been felt for formulating standard recommendThe need has ations for guidelines on proportioning of concrete mixes. been further emphasized by the importance given to design mix concrete Having recognized this need, Cement and according to IS : 456-1978*. Concrete Sectional Committee decided to evolve a standard recommended guidelines for concrete mix design. 043 The proportioning of concrete mixes consists of determination of the quantities of respective ingredients necessary to produce concrete having adequate, but not excessive, workability and strength for the particular loading and durability for the exposure to which it will be subjected. Emphasis is laid on making the most economical use of available materials so as to produce concrete of the required attributes at the minimum cost, 0.4 Concrete has to be of satisfactory quality in both the fresh and hardened states. The task of proportioning concrete mixes is accomplished by the use of certain established relationships which afford reasonably accurate guidance for selecting the best combination of ingredients so as to achieve the desirable properties of the fresh and hardened concrete. Out of all the physical characteristics of concrete, compressive strength is often taken as an index of its quality in terms of durability, impermeability and waterTherefore, the mix design is generally tightness and is easily measurable. carried out for a particular compressive strength of concrete, coupled with adequate workability, so that the fresh concrete can be properly placed In addition, the mix proportions are also checked against and compacted. the requirements of adequate durability for the type of exposure condition anticipated in service.
*Code of practice for plain and reinforced concrete ( bird mision ).

IS : 10262 - 1982 0.5 The basic assumption made in mix design is that the comprrssive strength of workable concrete is, by and large, governed by the waterAnother most convenient relationship applicable to normal cement ratio. concretes is that for a given type, shape, size and grading of aggregates, the amount of water determines its workability. However, there are various other factors which affect the properties of concrete, for example, the quality and quantity of cement, water and aggregates; batching; transportation; placing; compaction; curing; etc. Therefore, the specific relationships that are used in proportioning concrete mixes should be considered only as a basis for trial,, subject to modifications in the light of experience as well as for the particular materials used at the site in each case. 0.6 This standard does not debar methods of mix design. 0.7 For standard sing the with IS off value the adoption of any other accepted

the purpose of deciding whether a particular requirement of this is complied with, the final value, observed or calculated, expresresult of a test or analysis, shall be rounded off in accordance : 2-1960. The number of significant places retained in the rounded should be the same as that of the specified value in this standard.

1. SCOPE 1.1 This standard lays down the recommended procedure for desi.gning concrete mixes for general types of construction using the concreting materials normally available. The design is carried out for a desired compressive strength and workability of concrete, using continuously graded aggregates. This standard does not include the design of concrete mixes for flexural strength or when gap-graded aggregates or various admixtures and pozzolana are to be used. 1.2 All requirements of IS : 456-1978t and IS : 1343-1980:, they apply, shall be deemed to form part of this standard otherwise laid down in this standard. 2. DATA FOR MIX DESIGN basic data are required to be specified for design of a in so far as except where

2.1 The following concrete mix:

a) Characteristic compressive strength ( that is, below which only a specified proportion of test results are allowed to fall ) of concrete at 28 days (fck ), b) Degree of workability desired,
*Rules for rounding off numerical values ( raGed). *Code of practice for plain and reinforced concrete ( third r&ion #Code of practice for prestressed concrete (jr~t reoision ). ).

c) Limitations on the water-cement ratio and the minimum cemcn~ c&tent to eusure adequate durabiJity (GM Appeadii A OS IS : 456.1978+ ), d) Type and maximum size of aggregate to be used, and e) Standard deviation ( s ) of compressive strength of concrete.
NOTE - Standard deviation of concrete of each grade shall be determined separately accor&ing ta IS : 4561978e. When, results of sufficiaat number of teats (at least 30) are not available, then, depending upon the degree of quality control expected to be exercised at .the site, the value of standard deviation given in Table 1 may be adopted for guidance,

GRADE OB

CONCRsra?

(1)
M 10 M 15 M 20 ,M 25 M 30 M 35 M 40 M 45 M50 M 55 a4603
NOTE - Appendix control to be expected, the construction site.

(2)
2.0
2.5 3.6 4.3 5.0 5.3 5.6 6-O 6.4 67 6%?

(3) 2.3 3.5 4-6 5.3 6.0 6.3 6.6 7.Q 7.4 7-7 7.8

(4) 3.3 4.5 5.6 6.3 7-O 7.3 7.6 8*0 8.4 a-7 a.8

A provides guidance regarding the different degrees ofquaIity depending upon the infrastructure and practices adopted at

8.2 Target Strength for IHis Deei - In order that not more than the specified proportion of test results are likely to fall below the charactz&tic strength, the concrete mix has to be designed for a sornewkat higher target average compressive strength (fok ). The margin over the characterirtic strength depends upon the quality control (expressed by the stlodrad
*Code of practice for plain and reinforced concrete ( &rd rrnL&o~ ),

IS I lo262 - 1982 deviation ) and the accepted proportion of results of strength the characteristic strength (for ), given by the relation: %k where
tests Wow

-fcr + t x J

f\k = target average compressive strength at 28 days,

= f ek

characteristic

compressive strength at 28 days, and

s - standard

deviation,

t = a statistic, depending

upon the accepted proportion of low results and the number of tests; for large number of tests, the value of c is given in Table 2.

to IS : 456-1978* and IS : 134%1980t, the characteristic NOTE -According strength isdefined as that value below which not more than 5 percent ( 1 in 20 ) results are expected to fall. In such case, the above equation will reduce to: r-fos + 1.65 8 OF I

TABLE 2 VALUES
( cIou.se 2.2 ) ACOE~TED PROPORTION OF Low REWJLTS 1 in 5 1 in 10 1 in 15 1 in 20 1 in40 1 in 100

f 0.84 1.28 150 165 1.86 233

3. SELECTION

OF MIX PROPORTIONS

3.1 Selection of Water Cement Ratio- Since different cements and aggregates of different maximtim size, grading, surface texture, shape and other characteristics may produce secretes of different compressive strength for the same free water-cement ratio, the relationship between stren,ath and free w-cter-cement ratio should preferably be established for the materials actually to br; used. in the absence of such data, the preliminary free water-cement ratio ( by mass ) corresponding to the target strength at 28 days may be selected from the relationships shown in Fig. 1.
*Code t&de of practice of practice for plain and reinforced for prestressed concrete concrete ( third reuision ), (Jrsf rerki~ I-

0.30

0.35

040

045

0.50

0.60

WATER-CEMENT RATIO Fm. 1 GENERALISED RELATION BETWEEN FREEWATER-CEMENT RATIO AND COMPRESSIVESTREN&H OF CONCRETE

3.1.1 Alternately, the preliminary free water-cement ratio (by mass ) corresponding to the target average strength ,may be selected from the relationships shown in Fig. 2 using the curve corresponding to the 28 days cement strength to be used for the purpose.
NOTE -The method described in A pendix B involving determination of compressive strength of concrete cubes cureB by accelerated method, may be uaed for

rapid estimation of free water-cement

ratio.

3.1.2 The free water-cement ratio selected according to 3.1 or 3.1.1 should be checked against the limiting water-cemeat ratio for the requirements of durability, and the iowcr of the two values adopted. 7

0.30

0.35

0-m

O.&S WATER-CEMENT

om RATIO

045

0.60

0.65

MY

~m&of d = B= C9 E = F -

cnrmt, Aucsrsfh 40 a : 4&v-1968 TMod

31*9-36.8 N/ntm~ ( 325-515tgpma ) 36.8-41.7 .N/mtri* ( 3B425 kg/~&) 4J*7-466 N/mm8 ( 425-475 kg/cd J G,EJ15 N/rnmr ( 4%!i& kg~czn~) 51*5-56.4 N/md ( &?5&54/.zd ) %X-61*3 N/mm% ( 575-625 kgjcmr )

IS I 10262 - 1982 3.2 astirnation of Air Content -Approximate

to be expected

in normal
TABLE 3

( non-air-entrained
APPROXIMATE SIZE

amount of entrapped air ) concrete is given in Table 3.

AIR CONTENT

NOMINAL MAXIMUX OF AQQREQATE mm 10 20 40

ENTRAPPPDAIR,A~PEXCENTAOE
OB VOLuMEQFCO?UXETE 3.0 2.0 1.0

3.3 Selection

of Water

Content

and Pine to Total

Aggregate

Ratio

3.3.1 For the desired workability, the quantity of mixing water per unit volume of concrete and the ratio of fine aggregate to total aggregate by absolute volume are to be estimated from Tables 4 or 3 as applicable, depending upon the nominal maximum size and type of aggregates.
TABLE 4 APPROXIMATE SAND AND WATER CONTENTS PER CUBIC METRE OF CONCRETE FOR GRADES UPTO M 35 WATERCONTENT*,PER CUBIC METIIP: OB CO~CIIETE kg
208
SANI) As hIICRNT Or

NOMINAL MAXI~IUM SIZEOF AQDREQATE mm


10

TO'I'ALi\nc1cvonwX BY ABSOI~U~FIX VOLUME


40

20 40

186 I65

35 30

*Water content corresponding to saturated surface dry aggregate.

TABLE

APPROXIMATE SAND METRE OF CONCRETE

AND WATER CONTENTS PER CUBIC FOR GRADES ABOVE M 35

( Clanscs 3.3.1, 3.3.3,3.3.4 NOMINAL MAXK+UJM SIZEOFAQQREQATE mm 10

and Table 6 )
SAND AB PERCENTOF TOTALAOGREQATEBY ABSOLUTE VOLUME
28

WATERCONTENT', PEP. CUBIC METREOFCONCRETE k

200
180

20
*Water content

25

corresponding

to saturared surface dry aggregate.

IS : 10262 - 1982

3.3.2 Iablc .I, is to be used fc.rr concretes on the followin~ conditions:

grade

up to M 35 and is Lvsed conforming conforming to IS : 383to grading

a) b) 4 d)

Crushed 1970*,

( angular)

coarse

aggregate,

Fine aggregate consisting of natural sand zone 11 of Table 4 of IS : 383-1970*, Water-cement Workability ratio of 0 6 ( by mass ), and g to compacting correspondin

factor

of 0.80. M 35 and to is

3.3.3 Table 5 is to be used for concretes based on the following conditions:

of grades

above

a) Crushed 1970*,

( angular

) coarse

aggregate

conforming conforming

IS : 383to grading

b) Fine aggregate consisting of natural sand zone II of Table 4 of IS : 383-lQiU*, c) Water-cement d) Workability ratio corresponding to compacting

of 0 35 ( by mass ), and factor of 0.80.

3.3.4 For other conditions of workability, water-cement ratio, grading of fine aggregate, and for rounded aggregates, cet tain adjustments in the quantity of mixing water and fine to total aggregate ratio given in Tables 4 and 5 are to be made, according to Table 6.
NOTE - Aggregates should be used in saturated surface dry ( SSD ) condition. If otherwise, when computing the requirement of mixing water, allowance shall be made for the free ( surface ) moisture contributed by the fine and coarse aggregates. The amount of mixing watt=r obtnincd from Tables 4 and 5 shall be reduced by an amount equal to the free moisture contributed by the coarse and fine aggregates. On the other hand, if the aggregates are dry, the amount of mixing water should be increased by an amount equal to the moisture likely to be absorbed by the aggregates. The surface water and percent watrr absorption of aggregates shall be determined according to IS : 2386 ( Part III )-19631.

3.4 Calculation of Cement Content - The cement content per unit volume of concrete may be calculatrd from the free water-cement ratio ( see 3.1 and 3.1.1 ) and the quantity of water per unit volume of concrete ( scle 3.3.1 ). The cement content so calculated shall minimum cement content for the requirements greater of the two values adopted
YSpecification for coarse and fine aggregates
for concrete

be checked against of durability and

the the

revision ) . +Methods of test for aggregates

from natural

sources for concrete

( second

: Part III Specific gravity, density, voids,

absorption

and bulking.

lS:10262c,TABLE
6 ADJUSTMENT OF VALUES IN WATER CONTENT SAND PERCENTAGE FOR OTHER CONDITIONS ( Clauses 3.3.4 CHANGE IN CONDITION FOR TABLES~
AND

1982

AND

and 4.1 ) REQUIRED IN

STIPULATED 5

ADJUSTMENT ~--_--_----h_---__-__-~ Water Content (2) 0

Percent, Sand in Total Aggregate (3) + 1.5 percent for Zone I - l-5 percent for Zone III - 3.0 percent for Zone IV 0 f 1 percent 7 percent ( second

(1) For sand conforming to grading Zone I, Zone III or Zone IV 01 Table 4 of IS : 383-1970* Increase or decrease in the value of compacting factor by 0.1 Each 0.05 increase free water-cement For rounded
ii?vision ).

rfr 3 percent 0

or decrease ratio

in

aggregate

- 15 kg/m3

*Specification

for coarse and fine aggregates

from natural sources for concrete

3.5 Calculation

of Aggregate

Content

3.5.1 With the quantities of water and cement per unit volume of concrete and the ratio of fine to total aggregate already determined, the total aggregate content per unit volume of concrete may be calculated from the following equations:

where V = absolute volume volume of fresh concrete, which is equal to gross ( ms ) minus the volume of entrapped air, mass of water ( kg ) per ms of concrete, ( kg ) per ma of concrete, of cement,

w=

C= mass of cement

sof
89

specific gravity

Siarsea -

to total aggregate by absolute volume, and coarse aggregate ( kg ) Ca a total masses of fine aggregate per ms of concrete respectively, and specific gravities of saturated surface dry fine aggregate and coarse aggregate respectively.
11

P = ratio of fine aggregate

IS : 10262 - 1982 3.6 Combination of Different Coarse Aggregate Fractions -;,The coarse aggregate used should conform to IS : 383-1970*. Coarse aggregates of different sizes should be combined in suitable proportions so as to result in an overall grading conforming to Table 2 of IS : 383-1950* for the particular nominal maximum size of aggregate.

3.7 Calculation of Batch Masses - The masses of the various for concrete of a particular batch size may be calculated. 3.8 An illustrative 4. TRIAL
4.1 The MIXES

ingredients C.

example

of concrete

mix design

is given

in Appendix

calculated mix proportions shall be checked by means of trial batches. Quantities of materials worked out in accordance with 3.1 to 3.7 shall comprise Trial Mix No. 1. The quantity of materials for each trial shall be sufficient for at least three 150 mm size cube concrete specimens and concrete required to carry out workability test according to IS : 119919597. Workability of the Trial Mix No. 1 shall be measured. The mix shall be carefully observed for freedom from segregation and bleeding and its If the measured workability of Trial Mix No. 1 is finishing properties. different from the stipulated value, the water content shall be adjusted according to Table 6 corresponding to the required change in compacting With this adjusted water content, the mix proportions shall be factor. recalculated keeping the free water-cement ratio at the pre-selected value two more Trial Mixes which will comprise Trial Mix No. 2. In addition, No. 3 and 4 shall be made with the water content same as Trial Mix No. 2 and varying the free water cement ratio by f 10 percent of the pre-selected value. For these two additional Trial Mixes No. 3 and 4, the mix proportions are to be recalculated for the altered condition of free water-cement ratio with suitable adjustments in accordance with Table 6. The procedure for trial mixes is explained by an illustrative example in Appendix D, where the starting mix is arrived at according to 3. Mix No. 2 to 4 normally provides sufficient information, including the relationship between compressive strength and water-cement ratio, from which the mix proportions for field trials may be arrived at. Using the relationship so obtained between the compressive strength and water-cement ratio, any change needed in the water-cement ratio to get the required target compressive strength may be easily obtained. The concrete mix proportions shall, however, be recalculated for this changed water-cement ratio, taking *Specification for coarse and fine aggregates from natural ( iwond revision ). tMethods of sampling and analyak of concrete.
12

sources for concrete

fS t 10262 -1982 the water content same as that determined in Trial Mix No. 2. If the size and special requirement of the work so warrant, the trial may be extended to cover larger ranges of mix proportions as well as othrr variables, such as alternative sources of aggregates, maximum sizes and grading of aggregates, and different types and brands of cements.

APPENDIX

( Note Below Table 1 )


DEGREE OF QUALITY DIFFERENT CONTROL EXPECTED SITE CONDITIONS Conditions of Production Fresh cement from single source and regular tests, weighbatching of all materials, aggregates supplied in single sizes, control of aggregate grading and moisture content, control of water added, frequent supervision, regular workabil,ity and strength tests, and field laboratory facilities. Carefully stored cement and periodic tests, weighbatching of all materials, controlled water, graded aggregate supplied, occasional grading and moisture tests, periodic check of workability and strength, intermittent supervision, and experienced workers. . Proper storage gates allowing cement, water and occasional of cement, volume batching of all aggrefor bulking of sand, weigh-batching of content controlled by inspection of mix, supervision and tests. UNDER

Degree of Control Very good

Good

Fair

IS I 10262 - 1982

APPENDIX ( Clawe 3.1.1 )

METHOD OF RAPID ESTIMATION OF WATERCEMENT RATIO B-l. Use of Fig. 2 will necessitate testing of the cement for its 28 day comand another 28 days are pressive strength according to IS : 4031-1968* needed to obtain the compressive strength of concrete according to the As an alternative, a rapid method of concrete mix design trial mixes. The procedure which will take only 3 days for trials is described in B-2. is based on the use of accelerated curing ( boiling water ) method for determination of compressive strength of concrete according to IS : 9013-19787.
B-2. PROCEDURE the accelerated strength ( boiling water method ) of a reference concrete mix having water-cement ratio c 0.35 and workability ( compacting factor ) c 0.80 with the cement proposed to be used, The nominal maximum size of aggregate of on 150 mm cube specimens, the c reference concrete shall be 10 mm and fine aggregate used shail cotiform to Zone II of Table 4 of IS : 383-1970f. B-2.2 Corresponding cement ratio for the Fig. 3. check the workability to this accelerated strength, determine required target strength of the concrete mix proportions of the trial mix. according the watermix from

B-2.1 Determine

B-2.3 Work out the remaining

to 3.2 to 3.7 and

B-2.4 Determine the accelerated compressive strength of the trial mix ( boiling water method ) and estimate the 28 day compressive strength with the help of correlations between .accelerated and 28 day strengths of concrete, of the type of Fig. 2 of IS : 9013-1978t.

-*Methods of physical tests for hydraulic cement. TMethods of making, curing and determining compressive strength of acceleratedaxed concrete test specimens. SSpecificatioo for coarse and fine aggregates from natural sources for concrete ( sscond rmisim ) .

14

18-: 10262- 1982

0.30

0.35

O-40

0.45 WATER-CEMENT

0.50 AAllC

0*55

O-60

0.

Accelerated Strength ( Tested According to IS : 9013-1978 ) of Reference Mix A = 12*3-15.2 N/mmS ( 125.155 kg/cmS )

B = 15.2-18-l N/mti ( 155-185 kg/cm* C = 18.1-21-l N/mmS ( 185-215 kg/cmS D = 21.1-24-O N/mmS ( 215 245 kg/cm E = 2&O-27*0 N/mms ( 245-275 kgjcmS F = 27-O-29.9 N/mmS ( 275-305 kg/cmS FIG. 3

) ) ) ) )

RELATXON BETWEEN FREE WATER-CEMENT RATIO AND COMPRESSIVE STRENGTH CONCRETE OF FORDIFFERENT CEMENT STRXNQTHS DETERMINED REFERENCE ON CONCKBTE MIXES ( ACC;TJX.RATED TEST-BOILINGWATER METUOD ) 15

KS : 16262 -

l!MJ2 APPENDIX ( Clause 3.8 ) C

ILLUSTRATIVE C-O. An example is given below:

EXAMPLE ON CONCRETE MIX DESIGN


the mix design for a concrete of M 20 grade

illustrating

C-l. DESIGN STIPULATIONS

b) Cl Degree

Characteristic compressive strength red in the field at 28 days Maximum size of aggregate of workability of quality of exposure control

requi-

20 N/mms 20 mm ( angular) 0.90 compacting factor Good Mild

d)

Degree

e) Type

C-2. TEST DATA FOR MATERIALS


Portland cement a) Cement used -ordinary satisfying the requirements of IS : 269-1976* b) Specific gravity of cement 3.15 2.60 2.60 0.5 percent 1 *Opercent Nil ( absorbed moisture also nil ) 2.0 percent c) Specific gravity 1) Coarse aggregate 2) Fine aggregate d) Water absorption 1) Coarse aggregate 2) Fine aggregate e) Free ( surface ) moisture 1) Coarse aggregate

2) Fine aggregate f) Sieve analysis 1) Coarse aggregate

#Specjfication

for ordinary

and low heat Portland

cement

( third reoision )4

16

IS t 10262- 1982

IS Sieve
Sizes

mm

Analvris of Coarse Agpegute Fraction ( Percent Passing ) I II

Percentage of D$rent Fractions h-_----_~ c-------

Remark

I 60 percent 60 0

II 40 per\cent 40 28.5 3.7

Combined 100 percent 100 28.5 37 Conforming to Table 2 of IS : 3831970*


Remark

20 10 4.75 2.36

100 0

100 71.20 9.40 0 Aggregate

2) Fine
IS Sieve Sizes 4.75 mm

Fine Aggregate ( Percent Passing )

100

Conforming to grading Zone III of Table 4 of IS : 383- 1970*

2.36 mm 1.18 mm 600 micron 300 micron 150 micron C-3. TARGET MEAN

100 93 60 12 2 STRENGTH OF CONCRETE

C-3.1 For a tolerance factor of 1.65 and using Table 1, the target mean strength for the specified characteristic cube strength is 20 + 4.6 x 1.65 27.6 N/mm:. C-4. SELECTION OF WATER CEMENT RATIO

C-4.1 From Fig 1, the free water-cement ratio required for the target mean strength of 27.6 N/mm* is 0.50. This is lower than the maximum value of 0.65 prescribed for Mild exposure in Appendix A of IS : 4561978t. C-5. SELECTION OF WATER AND SAND CONTENT

C-5.1 From Table 4, for 20 mm nominal maximum size aggregate and sand conforming to grading Zone II, water content per cubic metre of concrete = 186 kg and sand content as percentage of total aggregate by absolute volume = 35 percent.
(

*Specification for coarse and fine aggregatea second rcvisivn ) .


Wade of practice for plain ad reinforced

from

natural

sources

for

concrete

conctete

( tid

revSen ).

17

IS I 10262- 1982 For change in values in water-cement sand belonging to Zone III, the following
Change in Condition ( RPf Table 6 )

ratio, compacting factor adjustment is required:


Adjustment Required in r--__---h--__---_-~

and

Water Content Percent For decrease in water-cement ratio by (0.60 - 0.50 ) that is 0.1 For increase in compacting ( O-9 - 0.8 ) that is 0.10 factor f3 0 + 3 percent 0

Percentage Sand in Total Aggregate 2.0 0 1.5 3.5 by

For sand conforming to Zone III of Table 4 of IS : 383-1970 Total Therefore, absolute volume Required water

required sand content as percentage - 35 - 3.5 = 31.5 percent content = 186 +

of total

aggregate

186 x 3 loo= 106 + 5.58 = CONTENT

191.6 l/ms

C-6. DETERMINATION Water Water Cement This cement ding to Appendix C-7.

OF CEMENT cement ratio = 0.50 =

191.6 1

191.6 = -5 383 kglms 0.50 content is adequate for mild exposure condition, A of IS : 456-1978*. OF COARSE AND FINE AGGREGATE

accor-

DETERMINATION CONTENT

C-7.1 From Table 3, for the specified maximum size of aggregate of 20 mm, the amount of entrapped air in the wet concrete is 2 percent. Taking this into account and applying equations from 3.5.1,

and 0.98 ms pi orfa

191.6 +

$ and

A. 0.683

> 2.60

x -!1000

= 546 kg/ms, 1 187 kg/ma

c, =

Code of practice for.plain and reinforced concrete (third mision ). 18

IS : 10262 - 1982 The mix proportion


Water

then becomes:
Fine Aggregate Coarse Aggregate

Cement

191.6 1 or 0.50

383 kg 1

546 kg 1.42 REQUIRED

1187 kg 3.09

C-S. ACTUAL QUANTITIES OF CEMENT

FOR THE MIX PER BAG For 50 kg of cement,

C-8.1 The mix is 0.50 : 1 : 1.42 : 3.09 ( by mass ). the quantity of materials are worked out as below: a) Cement = 50 kg b) Sand = 710kg c) Coarse aggregate

= 154.5 kg ( Fraction I = 92.7 kg, fraction II c 61.8 kg ) ratio of 0.50 quantity = 25.0 litres

d) Water 1) For water-cement of water

2) Extra quantity of water to be added for = ( + )0*77 1 absorption in case of coarse aggregate, at 0.5 percent by mass 3) Quantity of water to be deducted for = ( free moisture present in sand, at 2 percent by mass 4) Actual quantity of water to be added after ) 1.42 1

= 25.0 + 0.77 = 24.35 1 = 71 *O + 1.42 72.42 kg

1.42

e) Actual quantity of sand required allowing for mass of free moisture

f) Actual quantity of coarse aggregate required: 1) Fraction I - 92.7 - 0.46 = 92.24 kg 2) Fraction II = 61.8 - 0.3 1 = 61.49 kg Therefore, the mix are: the actual quantities Water : Cement : Sand : Fraction I Fraction II of different constituents 24.35 kg 50.00 kg 72*42 kg c 92.24 kg = 61.49 kg required for

Coarse aggregate:

19

ISr10262.1982

APPENDIX ( Clause 4.1 )


DETAILS OF TRIAL

MIX properties of of laboratory

D-I. A typical test programme to establish concrete making materials obtained from the site of construction by means trials is given below:

Mix No. 1 ( derived according to procedure given in 3 ) consists of the calculated hatch quantities required per ms of concrete. Since in actual trial, the mix did not have the desired workability of 0.90 in terms of compacting factor, and the mix was undersanded with 31 5 percent sand, adjustments in water and sand contents have been made in subsequent Mix No. 2. Mix No. 3 and 4 have higher and lower water-cement ratio than Mix No. 2 ( by -& 10 percent ), but the water content is held constant. Details of the four trial mixes and observations on the mixes are given in Table 7.
TABLE 7 Mm
No.
p---m-----

TYPICAL TEST RESULTS OF TRIAL MIXES


CONCRBTE _--)L--Workability in Terms of Compacting Factor CHARACTERIBTIOB Visual Observation fob!, 28-day Compressive Strength

QUANTITIES OB MATERIAB PEE CUBIO METRE 0~ Concn~~~


.-A ----------y

Cement

Water

Sand

Coarse Aggregate Type I-----? I II

(1
1.

(2)
kg

(3) 1

(4) kg
i53Y5
percent )

(5)

(6)

(8)
0.80
undersanded Cohesive

(9)
N/mm%

kg
712

kg
475

383 191.6 ( W/C = 0.50 ) 394.6


( W/C+ = 0.50 ) 197.3 197.3

2.

564 ( 33
591

687
)

458

0.9i

28.8

percent

3.

358.7
( W/C*

688

459

0 90

Cohesive

26.0

= 0.55 )

percent )
percent

( 34

4.

438.4 197.3 ( w/c* - 0.45 )


*Water-cement ratio.

535 ( 32

682
)

455

0.89

Cohesive

31.2

20

IS:10262-1982
Costiwedfroti page 2 )

Concrete Subcommittee,
Members
c. R. ALIMCHANDANI SHRI M. C. TANUON (Alternate ) D E P u T Y DIIUXT~I~, STANDARDS kRI

BDC 2 : 2
Repesentin,o

Stup Consultants

Lrd, Bomtay

DIRECTOR, STAN~AI~DS ( M/C ) ( Alternate ) Engineering Research Laboratories, Hyderabad DIRECTOR Central Water Commission, New Delhi DIRECTOR (C & MDD) DEPUTY DIRECTOR ( C & MDD ) ( Alternate ) The Concrete Association of India, Bombay SHRI T. A. E. DSA SHIU N. C. DUQQAL ( Alternate ) Public Works and Housing Department, Bombay SHRI M. P. GAJAPATHY RAO Structural Engineering Research Centre (CSIR), Ssxz V. K. GHANEEA~ Roorkee Engineer-in-Chiefs Branch, Army Headquarters, SHRI V. Ii. GUPTA New Delhi SHRI D. K. DINKAR ( Alternafe ) Associated Consulting Services, Bombay SARI J. S.. HINQO~ANI SEIRI A. P. REX~EDIOS(Alternate) The Associated Cement Companies Ltd, Bombay SHRI P. J. JAGUS SHIU M. I<. VJNAYA~A (Altcrnatc 1 SHRI K. c. KAnAMoilANnANr Engineers India Ltd, New Delhi SRRI N. K. G~PTA ( Alternate ) National Buildings Organization, Ntw Deihi SllRI K. K. KIIANNA SHRI K. S. SXINIVASAN (Alkmat~ ) Hindustan Prefab Ltd, New Delhi SHRI G. K. MAJUMDAR SIIRI hi. KUNDU ( AlterflUte ) The Hindustan Construction Co Ltd, Bombay SURI P. V. NAIK SHRI V. M. MAD~E ( Alternate ) In personal capacity ( Ramonolq~a II First Crescent SHRI K. K. NAMBIAR Park Roan, Gandhinogar, Adyar, Madras ) Central Road Research Institute (CSIK), New SURI Y. R. PnnLL Delhi SHRI M. R. CHATTERJEE ( Aifernote ) StrugayJaingineering Research Centre (CSIR), SARI A. S. PRASADA RAO
ASSISTANT

(B&S)

Designs and Standards Organization Research, ( Ministry of Railways ), Lucknow

DR S. S. RE~SI

Cent;iador~,lding

Research

Institute

( CSIR ),

Snar B. S. GUPTA ( Alternate ) Gammon India Ltd, Bombay SIIRI G. P. SAIIA Roads Wing, Ministry of Shipping and Transport SHR~ S. SEET~A~AM.~~ Slrnx PRAFU~.LA KUMAR ( Alternate ) Central Public Works Department, New Delhi SUPENINTEN~IN~EN~INEER ( DESIGNS ) EXECUTIVE ENQINEER DR H (,~~~pNEd,b~~~~lt~~t~ ) Cement Research Institute of India, New Delhi Drs di. K. MIJLLICX { Alternate )

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