Supreme Leader of Iran

AyatollahSeyed Ali HoseyniKh mene¶i was born at 17 July 1939) is an Iranian politician as the figurehead of the Muslim Conservative establishment in Iran. He was president of Iran from 1981 to 1989, and has been supreme leader of Iran since June 1989 when the Assembly of Experts appointed him to succeed Ayatollah RuhollahKhomeni He has been described as one of only three people having "important influences" on the Islamic Republic of Iran (the other two being the founder of the republic, Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini, and the president of Iran for much of the 1990s, Ayatollah Akbar Hashemi Rafsanjani) So far, the biggest challenge to his leadership has been the mass protests following the June 2009 presidential elections. Khamenei, however, continued to strongly support Mahmoud Ahmadinejad¶s policies and re-election. Khamenei was the victim of an attack aimed to assassinate him in June 1981 which paralyzed his right hand.According to documents released via Wikileaks, Khamenei was believed to have terminal leukemia and to be likely to die in a few months. However, the report in question occurred in August of 2009, more than a year ago. Ayatollah Khamenei the Supreme Leader of the Islamic Revolution met today with the officials in charge of hajj affairs. Speaking at the meeting, His Eminence referred to the good measures taken by hajj officials this year and reiterated that hajj officials should consolidate the useful and effective measures taken during this year's hajj. Supreme Leader of Iran News & Iranian Information The source for Iran news, "Supreme Leader Iran" has been created with the goal of shedding light on modern day Persia, offering historical insight into the ancient land of the past and the modern day nation that is the Islamic Republic of Iran. Within this site, you can find information on the history of Iran, the Iranian Government, its President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad, the Supreme Leader of Iran - the Ayatollah Kameinei. Regular

also carry broad responsibilities to monitor the government and ensure the legislation follows both the constitution and Islamic law. including the president. The Council of Guardians has particular power over the Majlis through its authority to approve or disqualify potential parliamentary candidates. Supervisory bodies -.are selected and supervised by the president and are also subject to confirmation by the parliament. According to Iran's constitution. and the Iranian leader. who succeeded revolutionary leader Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini. Council of Guardians and the Assembly of Experts -. known as the Majlis or National Assembly. The parliament introduces and passes laws that are ultimately subject to approval from the Council of Guardians. Parliament The parliament. members of the Iranian Cabinet -. its President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad. hold much less authority. has 290 members elected by popular vote to four-year terms. Each member represents a geographic constituency. You will find information on street protests in Iran. The legislative body has the power to summon and impeach Cabinet-level ministers. The Expediency Council mediates between the Council of Guardians and the parliament when they disagree on an issue. The parliament is often a key venue for confrontation between reformer politicians and their conservative counterparts. its supreme leader. Council of Ministers Although not elected directly. . Iran's constitution was written in 1979 and amended in 1989. The supreme leader holds influence in the decisionmaking of some of the most critical posts. missile tests and Iran's plans and efforts regarding Israel and the United States Government Profile: Iran The very structure of Iran's government is built upon a foundation split by a power struggle between reformists and Islamic hard-liners. holds the majority of the power. Elected leaders. some eight vice presidents and 22 Cabinet ministers serve under the president. its military strategy and size. In all. including President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad and members of parliament.visitors can also stay up to date with new developments via our Iran News Video page.including the Expediency Council. We cover the Iranian nuclear program. Do not miss our regular column offering interesting insight into current Iranian events. the nuclear program of Iran. Ayatollah Ali Khamenei. It is also responsible for approving the country's budget and ratifying international treaties. We also invite you to partake in debate on our Iran message board forum.also known as the Council of Ministers -.

He also appoints leaders of the judiciary.Assembly of Experts The Assembly of Experts is composed of some 86 clerics. The nominations are then subject to parliamentary approval. and the judiciary nominates the six legal experts. At times the council has struck down up to 40 percent of laws parliament has passed. Armed Forces and National Security The Iranian military includes two groups: the regular army and the Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps. . The council also approves all candidates for parliament. The group vets all bills the legislature passes. the state media. The Assembly of Experts appoints the supreme leader and reconfirms him periodically. the lawmakers must revise it. The group is responsible for monitoring his performance and removing him if necessary. while the Revolutionary Guard protects the Islamic revolution and its achievements. the supreme leader is responsible for supervising the "general policies of the Islamic Republic of Iran" and directs all the country's foreign and domestic policy. Only two men have held the position of Iran's supreme leader: Ayatollah Ali Khamenei and Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini. He alone has the power to declare war. These representatives have the authority to intervene in any matter on the supreme leader's behalf. and they report directly to him. The group usually meets for one week once or twice a year. As with Iran¶s other publicly elected bodies. to ensure they adhere to the constitution and Islamic principles. The supreme leader appoints the six theologians. whom the public elects for eight-year terms. The supreme leader appoints all top military commanders. a powerful oversight committee. the Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps and six of the 12 members of the Council of Guardians. The supreme leader is represented throughout the government through representatives that serve as field liaisons. According to Iran's constitution. The regular army defends the country and maintains order. the father of the Iranian Revolution. the Council of Guardians must approve all candidates for the Assembly of Experts. The council has wide influence. The supreme leader also controls the military and Iran's intelligence operations. Appointed or Approved Supreme Leader The supreme leader is Iran's top decision-maker. and has final say in all matters of state. If the council rejects a bill. Council of Guardians Composed of six religious members and six lawyers. the Council of Guardians is a highly influential part of the Iranian government. the presidency and the Assembly of Experts.

the ministry is responsible "gathering. chief of the combined general staff of the armed forces. about which little is publicly known. Judiciary The supreme leader appoints the head of the judiciary. and classification of necessary information inside and outside the country. Expediency Council The Expediency Council. Another element of Iran's national security is the Ministry of Intelligence and Security. The president guides the council in executing the supreme leader's foreign policy directives. Cabinet members and parliamentary leaders also serve as temporary members when issues under their jurisdictions are under review. which is law framed around interpretations of the Islamic holy text. Its members include heads of the three government branches. wields influence through its role as national policy adviser to the supreme leader. which is accountable to the supreme leader and -. which Ayatollah Khomeini created in 1988. the Supreme Court revoked all laws deemed un-Islamic and new laws were established based on Sharia. head of judiciary. Public courts deal with civil and criminal offenses. the clerical members of the Guardian Council and various other members appointed by the supreme leader for threeyear terms. After the Islamic revolution. procurement.crimes allegedly committed by clerics and occasionally lay people. which includes the speaker of parliament. Decisions from the revolutionary courts or the clerical court are final and cannot be appealed. the Koran. . The judiciary nominates the six lay members of the Guardian Council who are usually lawyers. who in turn appoints the Supreme Court head and the top public prosecutor. According to law.outside of the judicial structure -. analysis.The president heads the Supreme National Security Council. The council also mediates legislative disputes between the parliament and the Guardian Council. Separate "revolutionary" courts try other categories of offenses such as crimes against national security or offenses that threaten the Islamic republic. A Special Clerical Court. key cabinet ministers and commanders of the regular military and Revolutionary Guard." A law also specifies that the head of the ministry be a cleric.

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