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under them missionary jurisdiction of the Jesuits, from 1892 to 1896. This four-year inter regnum in his
life was tediously unexciting, but was abundantly fruitful with varied achievements. He practiced medicine, pursued scientific studies, continued his artistic and literary works, widened his knowledge of languages, established a school for boys, promoted community development projects, invented a wooden machine for making bricks, and engaged in farming and commerce. Beginning of Exile in Dapitan The streamer Cebu which brought Rizal to Dapitan carried a letter from Father Pablo Pastells, Superior of the Jesuits parish priest of Dapitanthat stated the conditions that enable Rizal to live in Dapitan. 1."That Rizal publicly retract/withdraw his errors concerning religion, and make statements that were clearly pro-Spanish and against revolution".
2."That he perform the church rites and make a general confession of his past life".
3.That henceforth he conduct himself in an exemplary manner as a Spanish subject and a man of religion." Rizal did not agree with these conditions. Instead, he lived in the house of the commandant Captain Carnicero whom he had a warm and a friendly relations. Carnicero gave good feedbacks to the governor about his prisoner. In his custody, rizal had a complete freedom to do what he wants like: y y y go anywhere reporting only once a week at his office and permitted him to ride a chestnut horse.
rizal admired the kind and generous Spanish captain. the sea where I have small boats. feed the chickens. awaken my people and put them in movement. and a third octagonal. entitled ³a Don Ricardo Carnicero´. guayabanos. Describing his life in Dapitan. His Catholicism. I have rabbits. I see the seashore . and wrote a poem for him during the Captains birthday on august 26. I have many fruit trees. At half-past seven we breakfast . dogs. Rizal¶s life in dapitan His family still visited him in Dapitan. mangoes. in the octagonal live my boys or some good youngsters whom I teach arithmetic. Spanish and English. cats. Although Rizal did not subscribe to Pastells' religious interpretation of Catholic dogmas.cism that inquires and enlightens. Rizal-Pastells Debate on Religion During his stay. Rizal had scholarly debates withfather pastels regarding the religion. 1892) -Rizal won a lottery ticket whish he jointly owned with the captain. In the square house we live. and in the hexagonal live my chickens. the "Catholicism of Renan and Teilhard de Chardin". I rise early . and the rest were invested in an agriculktural land in hongkong. one square. a nephew and I. as they say here.visit my plants. lanzones.Because of this. two canoes or barotos. etc. sister Trinidad. my mother . From my house I hear the murmur of a crystal clear brook which comes from the high rocks . baluno. however was the Catholi.at five . he continued to be Catholic. and Francisco Equilior (Spanish resident of nearby town): -it was worth 20 000 pesos. Wins in Manila Lottery (sept 21. I have three houses. 1892. He hears mass at the Catholic Church of Dapitan and celebrate Christmas and other religious fiestas in the Catholic way. another hexagonal. and his share from it was 6200.etc. Rizal wrote to Blumentritt on Dec. nangka. 1893: ³ I shall tell you how we live here. all of bamboo. wood and nipa. 19. He gave 2000 to his father and 200 to his friend.
Rizals fame as a physician particularly as an eye specialist pave way to patients from different parts of the Philippines from Luzon.with tea. In August 1893 his mother and sister (Maria) arrived in Dapitan and lived with him for one year and a half. I dress. y y But rich patients paid him well. and devote the after. In Dapitan. Bohol. he prescribed the local medicinal plants.M. He studied their curative values for the poor patients who could not afford to buy imported medicine. P500 from an Englishman and a cargo of sugar given as payment by a rich hacendero in Aklan. He operated on his mother's right eye. pastries. Don Florencio Azacarraga who was cured of eye ailment. and return at 12 when my luncheon awaits me. Later I treat my poor patients who come to my land. sweetmeats.rongin for the restoration of his sight. He had many patients but most of them were poor so that he even gave them free medicine. The operation was successful but Dona Teodora ignored her son's instruc.tions by removing the bandages from her eyes. ´ As Physician in Dapitan y Rizal practiced medicine in Dapitan. and Mindanao and even from Hong Kong. Negros. Water System for Dapitan Rizal held the title of expert surveyor (peritoagrimensor). treat the people there. t hereby causing the wound to be infected. Then I teach the boys until 4 P. Rizal became interested in local medicine and the use of medicinal plants.noon to agriculture. Because of his ophthalmic skill he was paid P3000 by Don Ignacio Tuma. He supplemented his training as a surveyor by reading engineering books. I spend the night reading and studying. etc. which he obtained from Ateneo. I go to the town in my baroto. Panay. he . Cebu. cheese.
Community Projects for Dapitan When Rizal arrived in Dapitan. designed and constructed by Dr.. he spent many months in draining the marshes in order to get rid of malaria that infested Dapitan. he decided to improve it. Mindanao. Mr. one cannot help but honor a man. An American engineer. H. Rizal during his banishment in that municipality by the Spanish authorities. and it winds in and out among the rocks and is carried across gullies in bamboo pipes upheld by rocks or brick piers to the distribution reservoir. Rizal and . who against adverse conditions. this supply comes from a little mountain stream across the river from Dapitan and follows the contour of the country for the whole distance. praised Rizal's engineering feat in the following words: Another famous and well-known water supply is that of Dapitan. Pastells: " I want to do all I can do for this town. In front of the church. he succeeded in giving good water system to Dapitan. When one considers that Doctor Rizal had no explosives with which to block the hard rocks and no resources save his own ingenuity. He wrote to Fr. The P500 which an English patient paid him was used by him to equip the town with its lighting system which consist of coconut oil lamps placed in dark streets of Dapitan. The beautification and remodeling of the town plaza with the help of Father Sanchez enhances the beauty as jokingly remarked that it could "rival the best in Europe".. Without any aid from the government. and to awaken the civic consciousness of its people. Cameron. had the courage and tenacity to construct the aqueduct which had for its bottom the fluted tiles from the house roofs. and was covered with concrete made from limed burned from the sea coral. The length of this aqueduct is several kilometers.applied his knowledge in engineering by constructing a system of waterworks in order to furnish clean water to the townspeople. F." Aside from constructing the towns first water system. to the best of his God-given talents. Electric lighting was unknown then in the Philippines not until 1894 when Manila saw the first electric lights.
refused to marry them without the permission of the Bishop of Cebu. Instead. Rizal was often sad. his good friends in foreign lands. hence. Sanchez made a huge relief map of Mindanao out of earth. stones. they agree to marry but for Fr.Fr. They presented to Rizal a card of introduction by Julio Llorente. Rizal. Rizal and Josephine Bracken In the silent house of the night after the days hard work. After a whirlwind romance of one month. he flared up in violent rage trying to commit suicide but Rizal prevented him from killing himself. No ophthalmic specialist in Hong Kong could cure Mr. priest of Dapitan. he had the opportunity to make and try his ideas concerned with education. They lived as man and wife. they held hands together and married themselves before the eyes of God. with blue eyes. Taufer heard of their projected marriage. with an atmosphere of light gayety". Taufer and Josephine seek the services of the famous ophthalmic surgeon. The blind man went away uncured because his ailment was venereal in nature. and Elizabeth Jane MacBride which died during her childbirth and so Josephine was an adopted daughter by Mr. To avoid tragedy. In God's own time. He needed somebody to cheer him up in his lonely exile. He taught them from 2 to 4 in the afternoon while he was sitting on a swing. While he was in dapitan. Obach. He only accepted selected boy kids who come from very prominent families. . Dr. He missed his family and relatives. Josephine went away with Taufer to Manila. a chestnut blond. the exhilarating life in the cities of Europe and his happy days in Calamba.1876 of Irish parents James Bracken. Josephine Bracken an Irish girl of sweet eighteen. The death of Leonora Rivera on August 28. born in Hong Kong on October 3. dressed with elegant simplicity. Mr. Taufer returned alone in Hong Kong and Josephine stayed in Manila with Rizal's family. "slender. George Taufer who later became blind. and grass. Later she returned to Dapitan and since no priest would marry them. his friend and schoolmate. Taufer's blindness and so Mr. Rizal and Josephine fell in love with each other at first sight. He had 16 students whom he did not ask any payment from. This map still adorns the town plaza of Dapitan. a corporal in the British garrison. these kids were made to work in his farm and other projects as a return for their free education. When Mr. incurable. Rizal as a teacher Rizal knew the importance of education. 1893 left a poignant void in his heart.
Narcisa. Many wept especially the other pupils who were poor to accompany their beloved teacher to Manila. 1896. and I shall enjoy the happy life. Angelica (Narcisa's daughter). and six pupils. DAPITAN On July 31. if by chance men are unjust to me. At midnight of that date. Happen what may. thirteen days. my present and my future. When he could no longer see the dim shoreline . the town brass band strangely played the dolorous Funeral March of Chapin. his three nephews. my loves. Rizal gazed for the last time on Dapitan waving in farewell salute to its kind and hospitable folks and with a crying heart filled with tears of nostalgic memories. I have sacrificed all of these for love of her. Rival's four-year exile in Dapitan came to an end. "I have always loved my poor country. my life. Adios. my past.Rizal and Josephine lived happily in Dapitan and for him Dapitan was a heaven of bliss. As the steamer pushed out into the sea. As farewell music. Almost all Dapitan folks. contented in the thought that all I have suffered. He was accompanied by Josephine. In the early part of 1896 Rizal and Josephine was expecting a baby but unfortunately she prematurely gave birth to an eight month old baby boy who lived only for three hours. I shall die blessing her and desiring the dawn of her redemption. my pleasures. and I am sure that I shall love her until death. he embarked on board the steamer España. The lost son was named "Francisco" in honor of Don Fraancisco (the hero's father) and was buried in Dapitan. and a few hours". he sadly went to his cabin and wrote in his diary: "I have been in that district four years. were at the shore to bid him goodbye." . young and old .