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**Midterm Test 1 October 14, 2010 Duration: 75 Minutes
**

Section: 001 - La Croix (12:30-1:20) 004 - La Croix (1:30-2:20) Instructions: 1. Please indicate your section above.

Family Name: Given Name: ID #: Signature:

002 - Moshksar (12:30-1:20) 005 - Moshksar (1:30-2:20)

003 - Struthers (10:30-11:20)

2. You may use a pink tie calculator for this exam, but a calculator is not required. 3. Show your work where possible. Part marks cannot be awarded for work that is not shown. 4. If you experience diﬃcultly with one part of a question, but would like to use its answer in a subsequent part, use an unknown to represent the answer, and show how you would ﬁnish the problem if you had this extra information. 5. You may tear oﬀ the attached piece of scrap paper. It should not be handed in.

1. [2 marks] Let A and B be two events with P(A) = 0.4 and P(B) = 0.3. Find P(A ∪ B) if (a) A and B are mutually exclusive.

(b) A and B are independent.

2. [3 marks] A researcher has heard that 10% of students have cheated on an examination, and wishes to conﬁrm this result with a conﬁdential study. The researcher prepares a box containing 100 cards, 75 of which contain Question A and 25 of which contain Question B. Question A: “Have you ever cheated on an examination?” Question B: “Do you think the Leafs will win the Stanley Cup this decade?” Each student draws a card from the box, answers the question it contains and returns the card back to the box without showing it to the researcher. Since only the student knows which question is being answered, there is little incentive to lie. A separate study determines that 20% of students think the Leafs will win this decade. (a) What is the probability that a student answers ‘yes’ ?

(b) What is the probability that a student who answers ‘yes’ was responding to Question B?

(Page 1 of 4)

1 iii. and use your list to compute P(C). [5 marks] Andy. for this experiment such that all outcomes are equally likely.Midterm 1 Name: 3. an event G such that C and G are independent and P(G) = 2 . 2 i.STAT 230 . an event F such that C and F are independent and 1 2 < P (F ) < 1. Let C be the event that exactly one person is given the correct bill. and Chris go to a restaurant for dinner. Beverly. S. (a) List the elements of a sample space.) (b) List the outcomes from S that are in C. or prove that no such event exists. ii. Since the waiter forgot who ordered which meal. (c) For each of the following parts. (Page 2 of 4) . their bills are given to them at random. an event E such that C and E are mutually exclusive and P(E) = 3 . (Your list should probably consist of 6 outcomes. ﬁnd an event with the listed properties. Explain your notation for full marks.

d.f. or (a) y=1 F (x) = y=0 0 if x < 0 x2 if x ≥ 0 • compute P(0 < X ≤ 1). (Page 3 of 4) .’s that is not satisﬁed by F (x). [3 marks] Let C and D be two events. if F (x) is the c. One function is the cumulative distribution function of the random variable you are interested in. [4 marks] Suppose that you are studying a random variable X. and need to determine P (0 < X ≤ 1).f. For each of the following functions either: • state a property of c. A government employee provides you with graphs of three functions. but the other two were drawn by his three year old nephew.Midterm 1 Name: 4.STAT 230 . 1 (b) y=1 F (x) = y=0 arctan(x) 1 + π 2 1 (c) y=1 if x if F (x) = 1 if 2 1 if 0 √ x<0 0≤x<1 1≤x<2 x≥2 y=0 1 2 5. Prove that C and D are independent events if and only if C and D are independent events. of a random variable X.d.

[7 marks] Five tourists plan to attend Oktoberfest. Transylvania Club (7 locations in total).STAT 230 . Each attends a location selected at random from the choices of Alpine Club. Concordia Club. Queensmount. Kitchener Memorial Auditorium. and 3 attend a diﬀerent location? (d) What is the probability that at least one of the tourists attends Queensmount? (e) What is the probability that both Queensmount and Concordia are unattended by the tourists? (f) What is the probability that at least one of the tourists attends Queensmount and at least one of the tourists attends Concordia Club? (g) If at least one tourist attends Concordia Club. Schwaben Club. (a) What is the probability they all attend diﬀerent locations? (b) What is the probability that they all attend the same location? (c) What is the probability that 2 attend one location.Midterm 1 Name: 6. Bingemans. then what is the probability that at least one tourist attends Queensmount? (Page 4 of 4) .

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