Biochemistry Biochemistry is the central discipline of modern molecular life science.

It is the organic chemistry of compounds and processes occurring in organisms; It is an effort to understand biology within the context of chemistry. What is Biochemistry? Biochemistry is defined as the chemistry of biology. The science of biochemistry has also been called physiological chemistry and biological chemistry. Biochemistry is concerned chiefly with the chemistry of biological processes; it attempts to utilize the tools and concepts of chemistry, particularly organic and physical chemistry, for elucidation of the living system. Biochemistry can also be defined as the study of the molecular basis of cellular function. It has evolved into the common language for translating the advances of molecular genetics into cellular and chemical terms. Biochemists study a broad range of cellular functions from gene transcription to the structure and function of macromolecules. What you study in Biochemistry? You study such things as : - the structures and physical properties of biological molecules, including proteins, carbohydrates, lipids, and nucleic acids; - The mechanisms of enzyme action; - The chemical regulation of metabolism; - The chemistry of nutrition; - The molecular basis of genetics (inheritance); - The chemistry of vitamins; - Energy utilization in the cell; and - The chemistry of the immune response. (The study of the chemistry of the immune response offers the possibility of treatment and cure for such diseases as AIDS.) The biochemist studies biological systems at the level of molecules and atoms, the level of molecular biology. Fields closely related to biochemistry include biophysics, cell biology, and molecular biology. Biophysics applies to biology the techniques of physics. Cell biology is concerned with the organization and functioning of the individual cell. Molecular biology, a term first used in 1950, it overlaps biochemistry and is principally concerned with the molecular level of organization. This science has been variously referred to as physiological chemistry and as biological chemistry. Molecular biology, a term first used in 1950, is used to describe the

As the study of life forms demonstrated similar or even identical processes occurring in widely divergent species. from genetics to molecular biology and from agriculture to medicine. in principle. The subject. The related field of biophysics brings to biology the techniques and attitudes of the physicist. it has taken the biochemist to unravel the underlying chemical basis for these phenomena. the findings of biochemistry are used in many areas. describes how a living cell maintains the structure of its specific molecules and reproduces itself.area of research. The first application of biochemistry was probably the making of bread using yeast. Today. . Cell biology is concerned with the organization and functioning of the individual cell and depends greatly on biochemical techniques. closely related to and often overlapping biochemistry. about 5000 years ago. conducted by biologists whose approach to and interest in biology are principally at the molecular level of organization.

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