1-GENERAL The CONTRACTOR shall furnish and install manholes of the type shown on the Contract Drawings and as specified herein. The work shall include the required inlet and outlet pipe connections whether for new or existing sewers, frames and covers, masonry, concrete, reinforcing steel, special pipe fittings, precast units, and all other materials, tools and equipment necessary to produce complete manholes. Associated work such as excavation, backfilling, grading, paving, etc., is specified elsewhere. Manholes shall be watertight, and shall be so tested in accordance with the Section entitled, "Underground Sewer Piping." Precast reinforced concrete sections utilized to construct manholes shall be produced in a plant approved by the ENGINEER. The plant shall be currently approved by the NYSDOT for the manufacture of concrete pipe. The manufacturer shall provide the ENGINEER with a shop drawing certifying that all precast concrete manhole sections furnished to this project shall conform to the requirements of the Contract Documents and shall conform to ASTM Specification C-478, except as modified and/or supplemented in this section of the specifications. Aggregates shall be from NYSDOT-approved sources.

2-PRECAST CONCRETE BASES Manhole bases shall be precast concrete. Their design and fabrication shall conform to the general requirements of this section and the provisions of ASTM Specifications C-478. The bases shall conform to the basic dimensions shown on the Contract Drawings, and the CONTRACTOR shall submit shop drawings prior to construction, showing typical design, reinforcing, and manufacturing details. The horizontal joint at the top of the base shall be compatible with that of the precast wall sections. The precast bases shall be uniformly supported on a compacted, level, foundation of Type D-R-1 run-of-crusher stone per the Section entitled, "Excavation and Backfill," which in turn shall bear on sound undisturbed earth. The minimum depth of the stone foundation shall be six (6) inches throughout, but shall vary to the depth necessary to reach a sound undisturbed earth. Minimum diameter of the stone foundation shall be the outside diameter of the base plus two (2) feet. The precast bases shall be manufactured to contain openings in the wall, of minimum size, to receive the ends of the pipe, such openings being accurately set to conform with line and grade of sewer. All sanitary sewer connections between manholes and pipes shall be made with flexible connectors meeting all material and performance requirements of A.S.T.M. Standard C-923 titled "Resilient Connectors Between Reinforced Concrete Manhole Structures And Pipes". The ends of the pipe shall be accurately positioned in the openings, properly secured against movement. All precast concrete bases shall be free from cracks, damaged joints, exposed reinforcing, aggregate pockets, spalls, and dimensional distortions or other irregularities. Any units rejected by the ENGINEER shall be tagged and removed from the job site immediately.


MANHOLES 3-PRECAST CONCRETE WALLS D MANHOLE TOPS Precast concrete walls shall be made up using straight, circular sections and eccentric tops if manhole steps are required. The total height of precast wall required for each manhole shall be determined in the field, and shall be such that the vertical distance between the top of the assembled precast units and the bottom of the installed cast iron manhole frame is a minimum of four (4) inches and a maximum of twelve (12) inches, to allow for masonry work or precast concrete grade rings. All precast units shall be laid up plumb and level. Minimum longitudinal and circumferential reinforcing steel shall be in conformance with ASTM Specification C-478. All precast concrete sections shall be free from cracks, damaged joints, exposed reinforcing, aggregate pockets, spalls, dimensional distortions, or other irregularities. Any units rejected by the ENGINEER shall be tagged and removed from the job site immediately. All tongue-and-groove (or male and female) joints in the precast wall, including the joint at the top of the base, shall be made up using the "Snap-On" Type "O"-ring gasket, and shall conform to ASTM Specification C-443; except that joint taper shall not exceed 3-1/2 degrees. The precast sections shall be provided with a special groove (cast into the male end) to receive and hold the gasket in position during joint assembly. After joint assembly the gap between sections shall be packed on the inside and outside with Anti-Hydro "Axpandaretes," Masterflow 713 by Master Builders; or Five Star Grout by U.S. Grout Corp., and shall be troweled smooth so that no projections remain on the inside. There shall be concrete bearing between the various sections, and the gasket shall not support the weight of the section. Joints may also be made up using Butyl joint sealant rope material in lieu of the "O"-ring gasket. Precast reinforced concrete slab tops for manholes shall be manufactured in accordance with ASTM Specification C-478, except they shall be 8 inches thick, and with reinforcing as shown on the Contract Drawings. Openings shall be eccentric when manholes are furnished with steps and concentric with no steps and of the proper diameter to receive the frame specified. Slab tops shall be set in a full bed of mortar, in accordance with the applicable requirements of Clause entitled "Masonry Work and Grade Rings" in this section. 4-MASONRY WORK AND GRADE RINGS The manhole frame shall be supported and adjusted to finished grade using solid, brick masonry as shown for the various types of manholes. Precast concrete grade rings may be utilized, in lieu of brick, to support and adjust manhole frames. Grade rings shall conform to ASTM Specification C-478, and shall be carefully set in a full bed of mortar. Materials shall conform to the following requirements: Item Brick Concrete Block Portland Cement Sand Lime ASTM Specification C-62 C-90 C-150 C-144 C-207 Remarks Grade "SW" Grade "U-I" Type I or III --Type "N"


MANHOLES Water --Clear and free from all deleterious materials Type "M" (min.2500 psi strength) 1 part cement 1/4 part hydrated lime 3 parts sand

Mortar Mix


Construction- Brick shall be wetted just prior to being laid. Brick shall be laid in full mortar bed, and mortar for the bed shall be spread to a uniform thickness (not furrowed). All interior joints shall be filled solidly before laying the next course; and all vertical joints shall be shoved tight. All brick is to be laid true to lines, with both sides plumb. Bed joints shall be 3/8-inch to 1/2-inch thick. Mortar on inside and outside joints shall be struck off flush with wall surface and joints shall be so planned that courses will come level with and conform to the overall dimensions required. The interior and exterior face of the brick to be finished smooth with non-shrink grout. Weather Conditions - No masonry work shall be done during heavy rains; or when the temperature is below 40 degrees F; or when in the ENGINEER's judgement a satisfactory job cannot be accomplished. The CONTRACTOR shall protect the CONTRACTOR's work with coverings, plastic envelopes, etc., and shall maintain the air temperature within these coverings at a minimum of 45 degrees F for a period of three days after the masonry has been laid. 5- BENCH WALLS The flow channels in each manhole shall be carefully shaped following the details on the Contract Drawings. They shall match the inverts and size of pipes which connect to the manhole, creating a channel of gradual slope and curvature such that a smooth, uninterrupted flow through the manhole is assured. The inverts of these channels shall be constructed of half sewer pipe sections or concrete. For bends, short sections of half sewer pipe may be cut and used to form the channel. Refer to Contract Drawings for details. The bench surface itself shall extend laterally to the manhole walls, pitching slightly toward the flow channel. Minimum concrete Mix "C" shall be used for bench walls and all exposed surfaces shall receive a steel troweled finish. Horizontal surfaces shall then be brush finished.

6-FRAMES AND COVERS Frames and covers shall have 24-inch opening, as manufactured by Neenah Type R-1642; or Syracuse Casting Model 1030; or equal with non-penetrating pickholes and machined horizontal bearing surfaces and shall conform to the following general requirements: Material - shall be gray cast iron conforming to ASTM Specification A-48, Class 30; or shall be ductile cast iron conforming to ASTM Specification A-536, Grade 60-40-18.

Castings - shall be manufactured true to pattern and shall be of uniform quality, free from blowholes, porosity, hard spots, shrinkage distortion, or other defects. Components shall fit together in a satisfactory manner.


MANHOLES Unless otherwise scheduled, frames and covers shall be heavy duty, non-penetrating pickhole type of non-rocking design, and shall have machined bearing surfaces to prevent rocking and rattling under traffic loads. Covers shall have cast in, 1-1/2 inch wide, raised letters. Sanitary manhole shall have the words "SANITARY SEWER" cast in the covers. Finish - shall be smooth and well-cleaned by shot-blasting or by some other approved method. Frames shall be firmly seated in full bed of mortar and be positioned to conform to the adjacent finished grade or to the specific elevation shown on the Contract Drawings. Frames to be set parallel to surface slopes. Covers shall seat uniformly in any position in the frame without rocking.

7-CONCRETE COLLARS The CONTRACTOR shall furnish and install a Mix"C" concrete collar around all manhole frames installed in paved areas and road shoulder areas including necessary excavation. Refer to Contract Drawings for details. The collar shall not encase the frame but shall be cast to the edge of the flange of the frame such that the frame is laterally supported for its full perimeter, and such that the frame can be lifted vertically off its masonry supports. The top surface of the cast collar shall be screeded off at the correct elevation to receive and support the full depth of the pavement surface course, base course, or other material required for finished grade. 8-DROP SECTIONS Whenever the invert of a pipe entering a manhole is 24 inches or more in height above the invert of the lowest pipe leaving the manhole, it shall be connected to the manhole with an inside drop section for pipe sizes 12 inches and smaller and an outside drop section for 15-inch pipes and larger unless otherwise shown on the Contract Drawings. The manhole shall be a minimum of 6 feet in diameter and be constructed in the normal manner, except that the concrete base shall be extended for outside drop pipes and a straight clean-out pipe shall be connected through the wall, all as detailed on the Contract Drawings. Fittings, and special adapters required for the outside drop section shall be of the same material and class as the sewer pipe entering the manhole. After installation of the outside drop section and pipe connections in to the manhole, the entire vertical, outside assembly shall be encased in concrete, as shown, using concrete mix "C". For inside drop pipes, use polyvinyl chloride (PVC) sewer pipe and fittings (SDR Class 35) with PVC mechanical plug and stainless steel straps as shown on the Contract Drawings.

9-MANHOLE STEPS Manhole steps shall be copolymer polypropylene plastic with 1/2-inch Grade 60 steel reinforcement as manufactured by M.A. Industries, Inc., or equal. Steps are to be cast in or grouted solid into the precast units at intervals of 12 inches. Steps shall be in conformance with OSHA requirements having drop front or equivalent. Bolted-on types are not acceptable.


MANHOLES 10-EXISTING MANHOLES At existing manholes, having new pipe connections, the flow channels and bench walls are to be reconstructed.

11-WATERPROOFING Waterproofing shall consist of a two-coat application of coal tar compound as manufactured by Koppers Bitumastic Super Service Black; Tnemec Heavy Duty Black 46-449; Preco Nitoproof 600; or equal, and shall be applied according to manufacturer's specification. Total thickness of the two-coat application shall not be less than 16 mils.

12-TESTING Manholes shall be watertight. All visible leaks shall be permanently sealed. Leakage tests on sanitary manholes shall be conducted in accordance with the section entitled "Underground Sewer Piping."