Institutions, data and tools for

effective urban management
2011. 6.

Daejong Kim, Ph.D (djkim@krihs.re.kr) National Infrastructure & GIS Research Division

Section 4. Means of implementation, Agenda 21

• …Countries and international organizations should make use of new techniques of data collection, including satelli te-based remote sensing…
• …Should set up continuous and accurate data-collection systems and make use of geographic information system s, expert systems, models and a variety of other techniq ues for the assessment and analysis of data…

1st NGIS Master Plan

2nd

3rd

4th

National land planning and utilization act Act on the est. and use of NGIS Too many acts for land use regulation NSDI Act

Framework act on land use regulation

F. act on the N. Land

(1996) Underground facility information management system
(1998) LMIS (2004) KLIS

(1996) PBLIS (1999) NGIC

LNG explosions

Digitalization of topographic maps

Framework data 3D image NSDI (2001) UPIS (2006) KOPSS (2007) LURIS

LMIS: Land Management Information System PBLIS: Parcel-Based Land Information System KLIS: Korea Land Information System NGIC: National Geographic Information Clearinghouse NSDI: National Spatial Information System UPIS: Urban Planning Information System KOPSS: KOrea Planning Support System LURIS: Land Use Regulation Information System
3

1995

2000

2005

2010

Address Area One-stop land use information service Officially assessed land price Land classification

• Zoning types on all parcels
• Legal information about land regulation • Land development process for 303 land use types • 130 Questions and answers regarding land use

Zoning type

Zoning type

Scale

One-stop urban planning information service
• Searching the relevant department • communication • Information notification • Citizen participation

Governance Supporting system

Internet Service
• Urban planning basic data

Decision making management

UPIS
Execution management

Data management

• Current state of affairs statics

• Zoning

• Urban public facilities
• Urban development planning

• Urban facilities
• District unit planning • Urban development planning

5

Time series mapping: Urbanization rate

1960
~20% ~40% ~60% ~80% ~100%

1966

1970

1975

1980

Equitable development

1985

1990

1995

2000

2005

~10% ~20% ~30% ~40% 40% -

1965

1985

2005

Eyeballs tend to organize a pattern… SUBJECTIVE! Decision making may have been made in a political context

How to measure equitable development
Moran’s

Positive I (>0)

Random pattern (0)

Negative I (<0)

high value
low value

Moran’s I of urbanization rate
0.2

0.15

0.1

0.05

0 1960 -0.05 1966 1970 1975 1980 1985 1990 1995 2000 2005

0.45
0.4 0.35 0.3 0.25 0.2 0.15

Moran’s I of employment rate

1960

1985

2005

Spatial decision support system for

Urban regeneration planning Regional planning

Landscape planning

Land use planning

Public facility planning

KOPSS
URPSUM LAPSUM LUPSUM

Integrated RIS
Invest. Planning Permiss. Implem. Evaluat.

REPSUM PFPSUM

REDIS

RIS

Open API

AIS

Statistics Evaluation

Regional dev. proj.

Statistics
Housing sites Nat. land index SPINKS INDY

Off-line

KOPSS Datamart

IRIS Data-mart

Coupled integrated
Housing sites

Enterprise location

Traffic

NSDI
Admin.

ILIS

Etc.

On-line

Industry location

Etc.

LURIS

KLIS

UPIS

New address

UIS

EGIS

CHGIS

Etc.

Land regulation

Framework data

Urban planning

New address

Road

Ecological natureness

Cultural heritage

Etc.

Thank you!

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