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HUAWEI BSC6000 Base Station Subsystem BSS Feature Description

6 Power Control

6
About This Chapter

Power Control

6.1 Overview This describes the definition and purposes of the power control. The network uses the power control mechanism to control the transmit power required by MS or BTS while maintaining the quality of the radio links. When the transmit power levels are minimized, interference to cochannel users is reduced. 6.2 Availability This lists the NEs and software required for the implementation of power control. 6.3 Technical Description This describes the technical aspects of the power control, such as classification, procedure, and algorithm of the power control. 6.4 Capabilities None. 6.5 Implementation This describes how to activate and configure the power control. 6.6 Maintenance Information This describes the counters concerning the power control. 6.7 References

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6.1 Overview
This describes the definition and purposes of the power control. The network uses the power control mechanism to control the transmit power required by MS or BTS while maintaining the quality of the radio links. When the transmit power levels are minimized, interference to cochannel users is reduced.

Definition
Power control is an important method for radio link control. The BSC decides whether the transmit power required by the MS and the BTS should be changed, based on the expected value set on the BSC6000 Local Maintenance Terminal, and measurement reports on uplink/ downlink receive level and signal quality sent by the BTS. The principles of power control are as follows:
l

If receive level or signal quality is higher than the expected value, the power is reduced to some extent. If receive level or signal quality is lower than the expected value, the power is increased to some extent. Improve the accuracy and effectiveness of the power control on the overall basis of receive level and signal quality.

Purposes
Power control is used to control the transmit power required by MS or BTS while maintaining the quality of the radio links. When the transmit power levels of the MS or BTS are minimized, interference to co-channel users is reduced.

Terms
Terms Call connection Definition Completes the establishment and release of various call services, including speech calls, short messages, VGCS/ VBS, CS data services, and GPRS/EDGE services. Implements BSSMAP and RR procedures, including system information, paging, immediate assignment, assignment, handover, location update, and A interface circuit management. Maximum transmit power

Pn

Acronyms and Abbreviations


Acronyms and Abbreviations MS
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Full Spelling Mobile Station

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Acronyms and Abbreviations BSC MR BTS CIR FS HS

Full Spelling Base Station Controller Measure report Base Transceiver Station Carrier to Interference Ratio Full-rate Speech Half-rate Speech

6.2 Availability
This lists the NEs and software required for the implementation of power control.

Network Elements Involved


Table 6-1 lists the NEs involved in the power control. Table 6-1 NEs involved in the power control MS
NOTE
l -: not involved l : involved

BTS

BSC

MSC -

MGW -

SGSN -

GGSN -

HLR -

Software Releases
Table 6-2 lists the versions of GBSS products that support power control. Table 6-2 GBSS products and software versions Product BSC BTS BSC6000 BTS2X BTS3X Double-transceiver BTS Version V900R003C01 and later releases V100R006 and later releases V100R006 and later releases V100R006 and later releases

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Miscellaneous
None.

6.3 Technical Description


This describes the technical aspects of the power control, such as classification, procedure, and algorithm of the power control. 6.3.1 Classification This describes the classification of power control. The power control is classified into uplink power control and downlink power control, namely, MS power control and BTS power control. 6.3.2 Procedure for Power Control This describes the procedure for power control. The procedure consists of three reporting periods at least. In the first period, the BTS sends the MS a power control command message. In the second period, the MS completes the power changing. In the third period, the MS notifies the BTS of the changed power. 6.3.3 Huawei II Power Control Algorithm This describes the procedures and features of Huawei II power control algorithm. 6.3.4 Huawei III Power Control Algorithm This describes the procedures and features of Huawei power control algorithm.

6.3.1 Classification
This describes the classification of power control. The power control is classified into uplink power control and downlink power control, namely, MS power control and BTS power control. 6.3.1.1 Power Control for MS This describes the power control for the MS. If the transmit power of the MS is controlled properly, the BTS can maintain stable receive levels and the co-channel interference is minimized. 6.3.1.2 Power Control for BTS This describes the power control for the BTS. If the transmit power of the BTS is controlled properly, the MS can maintain stable receive levels, the co-channel interference is minimized, and the power consumption of the BTS is reduced.

Power Control for MS


This describes the power control for the MS. If the transmit power of the MS is controlled properly, the BTS can maintain stable receive levels and the co-channel interference is minimized. The power control for the MS consists of two phases: initial adjustment phase and stable adjustment phase. 1. Initial adjustment phase Initial adjustment takes place when a call connection is established. To establish a call connection, the MS transmits at the maximum transmit power MS_TXPWR_MAX_CCH specified in System Information 3. System Information 3 is broadcast on the BCCH of the serving cell. Before receiving a power adjustment command, the MS transmits at the
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maximum transmit power. Figure 6-1 shows the configuration of MS_TXPWR_MAX_CCH. Figure 6-1 Configuration of MS_TXPWR_MAX_CCH

If the MS does not support a power level. it transmits at the proximate supported power level. As the BTS supports multiple calls simultaneously, it must minimize the receive level of a new call to ensure the quality of other calls. In addition, the strong interference from one cell has impacts on the QoS of the calls in other cells. The purpose of power adjustment in the initial phase is to decrease the transmit power of the MS as soon as possible until measurement reports on stable transmit power are obtained. Then, the MS can adjust its transmit power based on the power control algorithms for stable power adjustment.
NOTE

The Class 3 DCS1800 MS requests to access the network with the transmit power MS_TXPWR_MAX_CCH + POWER OFFSET.

The POWER OFFSET has four levels: 0 through 3.


l l l l

Level 0 indicates 0 dB. Level 1 indicates 2 dB. Level 2 indicates 4 dB. Level 3 indicates 6 dB.
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The POWER OFFSET is broadcast in System Information 3. Figure 6-2 shows the configuration of the POWER OFFSET. Figure 6-2 Configuration of the POWER OFFSET

If the transmit power after filtering is lower than the expected initial power, the power control is not performed. If the transmit power after filtering is higher than the expected initial power, the transmit power of the MS is adjusted according to the following formula: Power to be decreased = (initial power expected initial power) x compensation factor of UL path loss Power after adjustment = current power power to be decreased 2. Stable adjustment phase Stable adjustment is a common way to perform the power control. After receiving a certain number of UL measurement reports, The BTS performs interpolation and filtering to get the actual UL receive level and signal quality, which are compared with the ideal UL receive level and signal quality. According to the power control algorithms, the BTS calculates the power level that the MS should adjust. If the calculated power level is different from the transmit power of the MS and meets application restrictions (such as the step restrictions of power adjustment, the restrictions of the transmit power range for the MS), the BTS sends a power adjustment command to the MS. The UL power adjustment enables the actual UL receive level and signal quality to approach the ideal UL receive level and signal quality that are configured on the OMC. The purpose of interpolation and filtering is to handle the lost measurement reports and to ensure the stability of power control algorithms.
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The difference between the power control in the initial phase and that in the stable phase is that the length of the filter, expected UL receive level, and expected UL signal quality are different from those in the stable phase. In addition, the transmit power of the MS is only decreased in the initial phase.

Power Control for BTS


This describes the power control for the BTS. If the transmit power of the BTS is controlled properly, the MS can maintain stable receive levels, the co-channel interference is minimized, and the power consumption of the BTS is reduced. The power control for the BTS is an optional function, which is similar to the power control for the MS. The power control for the BTS only uses the power control algorithm for stable power adjustment. The mandatory parameter in the power control is DL RX_LEV Upper Threshold and DL RX_LEV Lower Threshold. The receive level has 64 levels numbered from 0 to 63.
l l

Level 0 indicates the lowest receive level. Level 63 indicates the highest receive level.

The power control for the BTS consists of static power control and dynamic power control. 1. Static power control Huawei BSC static power has 11 levels numbered from 0 to 10. The difference between two adjacent static power levels is 2 dBm. For example, the maximum transmit power of the BTS is 46 dBm, and the power values corresponding to the static power levels are listed as Table 6-3. Table 6-3 Definition of static power Static Power Level Power (dBm) 0 46 1 44 2 42 3 40 4 38 5 36 6 34 7 32 8 30 9 28 10 26

You can set the Power Level parameter to configure the static power level on the Device Attributes tab page in the Configure TRX Attributes dialog box, as shown in Figure 6-3.

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Figure 6-3 Configure TRX Attributes dialog box

2.

Dynamic power control Dynamic power control refers to the fine tuning on power based on static power control. Based on a certain static power (Pn) as the maximum value, the dynamic power has 15 levels with the step 2 dBm by tuning the static power value downwards. Table 6-4 lists the dynamic power values in case that Pn is equal to 42. Table 6-4 Definition of dynamic power Dynam ic Power Level Power (dBm)

0 4 2

1 4 0

2 3 8

3 3 6

4 3 4

5 3 2

6 3 0

7 2 8

8 2 6

9 2 4

1 0 2 2

1 1 2 0

1 2 1 8

1 3 1 6

1 4 1 4

1 5 1 2

NOTE

l l

When the maximum dynamic power cannot meet the requirements, the static power level should be accordingly adjusted to increase the maximum dynamic power Pn. The BTS has no initial power control but only the stable power control. When the BTS receives enough MRs and decides that the BTS enters the stable state, the power control for the BTS is performed.

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6.3.2 Procedure for Power Control


This describes the procedure for power control. The procedure consists of three reporting periods at least. In the first period, the BTS sends the MS a power control command message. In the second period, the MS completes the power changing. In the third period, the MS notifies the BTS of the changed power. Figure 6-4 shows the procedure for power control. Figure 6-4 Procedure for power control
SACCH is sent in the 12th frame of the 26 multiframe SA 0 SACCH MR period: 4x26=104 frames (480 ms) SA 3 SA 0 SA 1 SA2 SA 3

SA 1 SA 2 SA 3 SA 0 SA 1 SA 2 MS starts to use new power and TA

BTS sends power control and TA command in the header of SACCH

MS starts to send the MR in previous multiframe

MS receives SACCH message block

MS starts to construct the header of new SACCH to report the new TA and power control information

BTS receives the MR

1.

In the first reporting period, the MS receives the power control information sent in the header of each downlink SACCH message block. The MS starts to change the transmit power at the first TDMA frame belonging to the next reporting period. In the second reporting period, the power change starts. The MS changes to the new level at a maximum rate of one nominal 2 dB power control step every 13 TDMA frames (60 ms). If the step is set to 8, namely, 8 x 2 dB = 16 dB, the power change requires 104 TDMA frames (480 ms, a measurement report period). If the step is set to 16, namely, 16 x 2 dB = 32 dB, the power change requires 208 TDMA frames (960 ms, two measurement report periods). In the third reporting period, the current transmit power (actually used by the MS for the last burst of the previous SACCH period) is saved and is reported to the BTS at the next SACCH uplink measurement report.

2.

3.

6.3.3 Huawei II Power Control Algorithm


This describes the procedures and features of Huawei II power control algorithm. 6.3.3.1 Procedures for Huawei II Power Control Algorithm This describes the procedures for Huawei II power control algorithm. Huawei II power control algorithm consists of four parts, which are preprocessing of MRs (interpolation/filtering), power control based on the receive level, power control based on the receive quality, and comprehensive power control decision. 6.3.3.2 Features of Huawei II Power Control Algorithm
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This describes the features of Huawei II power control algorithm. The features include MR compensation, prediction filtering, dual-threshold power control algorithm, variable step power control, adaptive power control, bad quality signal strength upper threshold adjustment, and detachment of uplink and downlink power control.

Procedures for Huawei II Power Control Algorithm


This describes the procedures for Huawei II power control algorithm. Huawei II power control algorithm consists of four parts, which are preprocessing of MRs (interpolation/filtering), power control based on the receive level, power control based on the receive quality, and comprehensive power control decision. Figure 6-5 shows the procedure for Huawei II power control decision. Figure 6-5 Procedure for Huawei II power control decision
Start

Processing MR

Power control based on receive level Power control based on receive quality Comprehensive power control decision End

1.

Power control based on the receive level If the uplink (downlink) receive level is between the value of UL/DL RX_LEV Upper Threshold and the value of UL/DL RX_LEV Lower Threshold, the receive level does not require power control. If the receive level is beyond the range, power control is required.
l

If the receive level is less than UL/DL RX_LEV Lower Threshold, the power needs to be increased. The variation value = (upper threshold + lower threshold)/2 receive level If the value exceeds the value of MAX Up Adj. PC Value by RX_LEV, take the value of MAX Up Adj. PC Value by RX_LEV instead.

If the receive level is greater than UL/DL RX_LEV Lower Threshold, the power needs to be decreased. The variation value = receive level (upper threshold + lower threshold)/2 This value must be in the corresponding quality strip maximum power control range. If the value exceeds the range, take the maximum value instead.

2.
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Power control based on the receive quality


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If the uplink (downlink) receive quality is between the value of UL/DL Qual.Upper Threshold and the value of UL/DL Qual Lower Threshold, the receive quality does not require power control. If the receive quality is beyond the range, power control is required.
l

If the receive quality is greater than UL/DL Qual Lower Threshold, the power needs to be increased. The variation value is MAX Up Adj. PC Value by Qual. If the receive quality is less than UL/DL Qual.Upper Threshold, the power needs to be decreased. The variation value is MAX Down Adj. PC Value by Qual.

In power control based on the receive quality, the power is adjusted with fixed values. While the power based on the receive level is adjusted with formulas. 3. Comprehensive power control decision Table 6-5 shows the comprehensive power control decision. Table 6-5 Comprehensive power control decision Level and Quality Good level and good quality Good level and poor quality Good level and normal quality Poor level and good quality Poor level and poor quality Poor level and normal quality Normal level and good quality Normal level and poor quality Normal level and normal quality Power Control Based on Receive Level AdjStep_Lev AdjStep_Lev AdjStep_Lev AdjStep_Lev AdjStep_Lev AdjStep_Lev No action No action No action Power Control Based on Receive Quality AdjStep_Qul AdjStep_Qul No action AdjStep_Qul AdjStep_Qul No action AdjStep_Qul AdjStep_Qul No action Comprehensive Power Control MAX(AdjStep_Lev, AdjStep_Qul) No action AdjStep_Lev AdjStep_Lev MAX(AdjStep_Lev, AdjStep_Qul) AdjStep_Lev AdjStep_A AdjStep_B No action

The parameters in the table are described as follows.


l

AdjStep_A

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When Uplink (Downlink) receive level AdjStep_Qul < UL/DL RX_LEV Lower Threshold, AdjStep_A = 0. Power control is not required. When Uplink (Downlink) receive level AdjStep_Qul UL/DL RX_LEV Upper Threshold, AdjStep_A = AdjStep_Qul.

The purpose is to avoid unnecessary power control in case of normal level and good quality. If the power is adjusted in case of normal level and good quality, the level becomes poor and another power control procedure is performed. Thus, frequent occurrences of power control are caused.
l

AdjStep_B

When AdjStep_Qul + Uplink (Downlink) receive level > UL/DL RX_LEV Upper Threshold, AdjStep_B = UL/DL RX_LEV Upper Threshold UL/DL receive level. Thus, the adjusted level does not exceed the level upper threshold. When AdjStep_Qul + UL/DL receive level UL/DL RX_LEV Upper Threshold, AdjStep_B = AdjStep_Qul.

The purpose is to avoid unnecessary power control in case of normal level and poor quality. If the power is adjusted in case of normal level and poor quality, the level becomes good and another power control procedure is performed. Thus, frequent occurrences of power control are caused.

Features of Huawei II Power Control Algorithm


This describes the features of Huawei II power control algorithm. The features include MR compensation, prediction filtering, dual-threshold power control algorithm, variable step power control, adaptive power control, bad quality signal strength upper threshold adjustment, and detachment of uplink and downlink power control.

MR Compensation
Upon a power control decision, the power control module extracts the receive level and receive quality from the history reports of different transmit power to ensure the accuracy of receive level in use. If the power level changes in the MRs, the receive level in the history reports before the power level changes must be compensated. If the currently interpolated MRs and the compensated MRs are filtered together, the power control decision can be more effective. The specific compensation algorithm is as follows.
l

If the reported power class of the MS (BTS) is greater than last time (that is, power level decreases), the uplink (downlink) receive level in all the MR is subtracted from the variation value of the power of the MS (BTS) (variation of power class x 2 dBm). If the reported power class of the MS (BTS) is smaller than last time (that is, power level increases), the uplink (downlink) receive level in all the MR is added to the variation value of the power of the MS (BTS) (variation of power class x 2 dBm).
NOTE

Power control algorithm compensates only the level, not the quality.

Prediction Filtering
Because there exists an interval between power control decision and power adjustment, the MR that power control decision is based on cannot accurately reflect the radio environment when power adjustment occurs, but misses the latest changes of receive level and receive quality. Therefore, there exists a hysteresis for power adjustment.
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Prediction filtering enables the MR that power control decision is based on to accurately reflect the radio environment when power adjustment occurs. Thus, the hysteresis for power adjustment can be minimized. The principle of prediction filtering is that the variation of receive level and receive quality maintains continuity in a short period of time. Prediction filtering samples N MRs, applies weighting filter to them, and gives prediction on 03 MRs from the current time onwards. Generally, the interval between power control decision and power adjustment is three MRs (about 1.5s). Prediction filtering can ensure the accuracy of prediction. Power control decision is implemented by filtering the predicted MR along with the interpolated MR or compensated MR.
NOTE

Prediction filtering is applied only on the receive level. If the filter length is less than 5 or the number of predicted MRs is 0, the mean value filtering is applied.

Dual-Threshold Power Control Algorithm


Dual-threshold power control algorithm adopts the following strategies.
l

Adjusting the power step based on the receive level The ultimate goal of power control is to obtain good speech quality at a minimized level. The transmit power cannot be too low because of the external interference and the instability of the radio link. Therefore, Huawei power control algorithm uses the dual-threshold power control strategy so that the receive level can possibly be within the scope of the dual threshold.

Adjusting the power step based on the receive quality The change in the receive quality is generally related to the interference. The major interference in GSM is the intra-frequency interference during frequency reuse. The interference is mutual. The increase in the power of a call is equivalent to the enhancement of interference in another call. The following case should be avoided: If the power of the first call is increased, the interference in a second call is enhanced so that the receive quality of the second call gets poor. To get a better quality, the transmit power of the second call may be increased. By analogy, the group effect may occur. The threshold of the receive quality is also set to a dual threshold. If the receive quality is within the threshold band, adjusting the transmit power is not required. If the receive quality is beyond the threshold band, adjusting the transmit power is required. For the power adjustment caused by quality-related reasons, use a fixed step to avoid oscillation.

Adjusting the power control based on the receive level and receive quality The effect on power control of both level and quality is considered. On one hand, the requirements of both level and quality are met to the maximum extent. On the other hand, in case difference in quantity or opposite requirements for level and quality, the stability of the algorithm should be fully considered to prevent an unstable adjustment procedure.

Variable Step Power Control


This algorithm controls power in variable step. When the level or the quality is far from the expected value, large step of the power is adopted for adjustment. When the level or the quality is close to the expected value, small step of the power is adopted for adjustment. Thus, the power can be adjusted with rapidity and accuracy.
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Adaptive Power Control


Adaptive power control changes the power control strategy based on the communication environment, making the power control effective and stable. This algorithm consists of two elements.
l

Automatically changing the maximum variable step of the power control based on the communication environment. Adopting corresponding power control strategy based on the communication environment.

Bad Quality Signal Strength Upper Threshold Adjustment


The dual-threshold power control algorithm is used to control the power. For the level, there exist uplink (downlink) signal strength upper threshold and uplink (downlink) signal strength lower threshold.
l

When the receive quality is bad (greater than uplink (downlink) poor quality enabling threshold), Increase the value of UL/DL RX_LEV Upper Threshold (plus the value of UL/DL Qual Bad Up LEVDiff).

When the receive quality is good, Decrease the value of UL/DL RX_LEV Upper Threshold to reduce the transmit power of the MS (BTS).

When the receive quality is bad, Increase the value of UL/DL RX_LEV Upper Threshold to improve the call quality.

Detachment of Uplink and Downlink Power Control


The detached configuration of power control step in upward and downward directions enables flexible and fast power control based on the actual situation on the network. When the uplink (downlink) signal quality or the receive quality becomes poor immediately, the power control can be performed in upward direction quickly. Thus call drop can be avoided.

6.3.4 Huawei III Power Control Algorithm


This describes the procedures and features of Huawei power control algorithm. 6.3.4.1 Procedures for Huawei III Power Control Algorithm This describes the procedures for Huawei power control algorithm. Huawei power control algorithm consists of three parts, which are preprocessing of MRs, power control decision, and power control execution. 6.3.4.2 Features of Huawei III Power Control Algorithm This describes the features of Huawei III power control algorithm. Based on Huawei power control algorithm, Huawei III power control algorithm has the following enhancements: exponential filtering, interpolation optimization, comprehensive decision, different thresholds, and FH gain.

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Procedures for Huawei III Power Control Algorithm


This describes the procedures for Huawei power control algorithm. Huawei power control algorithm consists of three parts, which are preprocessing of MRs, power control decision, and power control execution. Figure 6-6 shows the procedure for Huawei power control decision. Figure 6-6 Procedure for Huawei power control decision
Start

Preprocessing MR

Power control decision on the MS and the BTS

Power control execution

End

NOTE

The power control decision on the BTS and the power control decision on the MS are implemented simultaneously.

1.

Power control decision In Huawei power control algorithm, the power control decision is based on signal level and signal quality.
l

Whether the UL/DL receive level ranges from HWIII UL/DL RexLev Upper Threshold and HWIII UL/DL RexLev Lower Threshold. Whether the sum of UL/DL receive quality and HWIII MA FreqHop Gain ranges from HWIII UL/DL FS/HS/AFS/AHS Rex Qual.Upper Threshold and HWIII UL/ DL FS/HS/AFS/AHS Rex Qual. Lower Threshold.
NOTE

Obtain HWIII MA FreqHop Gain in the frequency hopping gain table based on the number of frequencies of the MA. If the number of frequencies of the MA is more than 8, use 8 and take the gain value corresponding to 8.

If both the receive level and the receive quality range from the upper threshold and the lower threshold, the power control is not required and the power control step remains unchanged.
NOTE

The step of Huawei power control indicates the offset of the BTS or the MS relative to the maximum transmit power, instead of the step value that needs to be adjusted. This is a major difference between Huawei power control and Huawei power control.

2.
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Power Control for BTS


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The power control adjustment step is generated based on receive quality and receive level in each HWIII Down Link Power Control Adjust Period.
NOTE

l l

The step range needs to be restricted to prevent excessive adjustment. The step adjustment must not exceed the HWIII DL MAX UpStep/DownStep. If the generated step does not equal the last step, the BSC sends to the BTS a power control command to adjust the power level of the BTS.

3.

Power Control for MS The power control adjustment step is generated based on receive quality and receive level in each HWIII Up Link Power Control Adjust Period.
NOTE

l l

The step range needs to be restricted to prevent excessive adjustment. The step adjustment must not exceed the HWIII UL MAX UpStep/DownStep. If the generated step does not equal the last step, the BSC sends to the MS a power control command to adjust the power level of the MS.

Features of Huawei III Power Control Algorithm


This describes the features of Huawei III power control algorithm. Based on Huawei power control algorithm, Huawei III power control algorithm has the following enhancements: exponential filtering, interpolation optimization, comprehensive decision, different thresholds, and FH gain.

Exponential Filtering
Exponential filtering accelerates the processing rate for the filtering based on the MRs. To calculate the filtered signal level (quality), the exponential filtering applies the weighted average method to the signal level (quality) in the MR of this time with the signal level (quality) in the last MR. The weighted coefficient is calculated based on HWIII UL/DL Rex Qual. Exponent Filter Length and HWIII UL/DL RexLev Exponent Filter Length.

Interpolation Optimization
Interpolation optimization is used for the lost values in the MR. Interpolation optimization uses the signal levels in the last MR for the lost signal levels and uses a constant value 7 for the lost signal quality values.
NOTE

If the number of continuously lost MRs is greater than HWIII Number of lost MRs allowed, the BSC stops the power control procedure until it receives an MR.

Comprehensive Decision
Different power control algorithms use different methods for the comprehensive decision based on the receive level and quality. Huawei power control algorithm uses the dual-threshold (level and quality) method and divides the coverage area into smaller areas for separate comprehensive decisions. Huawei power control algorithm uses an universal decision formula that comprehends the receive level and quality. Thus, the rate of the power control decision is accelerated.
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Different Thresholds
The quality threshold is specified based on the service type. Huawei power control algorithm uses corresponding quality thresholds for different rates of services because different rate coding schemes have different requirements for the allowable CIR. When the type of the channel currently occupied is determined, the receive quality threshold is updated to a value corresponding to the rate of the service. For example, the half-rate quality threshold is applied to the calls using half-rate channels, and the full-rate quality threshold is applied to the calls using SDCCH full-rate channels. At present, only the speech services are considered. The quality threshold for CS data services uses either the full-rate or half-rate threshold based on the type of the occupied channel.

FH Gain
With the FH gain, the BTS can detects the frame error rate (FER) of the speech coding. Therefore, the speech quality is significantly improved.

6.4 Capabilities
None.

6.5 Implementation
This describes how to activate and configure the power control. 6.5.1 Activating Power Control This describes how to activate the power control on the BSC6000 Local Maintenance Terminal. 6.5.2 Configuring Power Control This describes how to configure the power control on the BSC6000 Local Maintenance Terminal.

6.5.1 Activating Power Control


This describes how to activate the power control on the BSC6000 Local Maintenance Terminal.

Procedure
Step 1 On the BSC6000 Local Maintenance Terminal, right-click a cell on the Management Tree tab page. Then, choose Configure Cell Attributes on the shortcut menu, as shown in Figure 6-7.

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Figure 6-7 Configuring Cells Attributes dialog box (1)

Step 2 Double-click the target cell in the Cell view list box to add it to the Selected cells list box. Step 3 Click Next. A dialog box is displayed, as shown in Figure 6-8. Figure 6-8 Configuring Cells Attributes dialog box (2)

Step 4 In the Cells to be set area, select the target cell, and then click Set Cell Properties. A dialog box is displayed, as shown in Figure 6-9.
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Figure 6-9 Setting cell attributes

Step 5 Click Other Attributes. A dialog box is displayed, as shown in Figure 6-10.

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Figure 6-10 Set Other Parameter dialog box (1)

Step 6 Click Advanced. A dialog box is displayed, as shown in Figure 6-11.

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Figure 6-11 Set Other Parameter dialog box (2)

Step 7 On the Public Channel Control tab page, set PWRC to Yes. Step 8 Click OK. The configuration of parameters is complete. ----End

6.5.2 Configuring Power Control


This describes how to configure the power control on the BSC6000 Local Maintenance Terminal.

Procedure
Step 1 On the BSC6000 Local Maintenance Terminal, right-click a cell on the Management Tree tab page. Then, choose Configure Cell Attributes on the shortcut menu, as shown in Figure 6-12.

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Figure 6-12 Configuring Cells Attributes dialog box (1)

Step 2 Double-click the target cell in the Cell view list box to add it to the Selected cells list box. Step 3 Click Next. A dialog box is displayed, as shown in Figure 6-13. Figure 6-13 Configuring Cells Attributes dialog box (2)

Step 4 In the Cells to be set area, select the target cell, and then click Set Cell Properties. A dialog box is displayed, as shown in Figure 6-14.
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Figure 6-14 Setting cell attributes

Step 5 Click Power Control. A dialog box is displayed, as shown in Figure 6-15.

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Figure 6-15 Setting power control parameters

Step 6 Select Power Control Algorithm Switch. Step 7 Click Advanced, and then set corresponding parameters in the displayed dialog box, as shown in Figure 6-16 and Figure 6-17.
l

For details on the parameters of Huawei II power control, refer to Advanced Power Control Parameters and AMR Power Control. For details on the parameters of Huawei power control, refer to HUAWEI III Power Control.

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Figure 6-16 Setting Huawei II power control parameters

Figure 6-17 Setting Huawei power control parameters

Step 8 Click OK. The configuration of parameters is complete. ----End

6.6 Maintenance Information


This describes the counters concerning the power control.

Alarms
None.
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Counters
Table 6-6 lists the counters related to the power control. Table 6-6 Counters related to power control Counter S3230A S3230B S3231A S3231B S3240 S3241 AS3240 AS3241 H330D H330C AS325B AS325A H330B H330A AS326B AS326A S327B S327A RS327B RS327A TS327B TS327A Description Number of Power Control Increase Messages Sent to MS Number of Power Control Decrease Messages Sent to MS Number of Power Control Increase Messages Sent to BTS Number of Power Control Decrease Messages Sent to BTS MS Power Rank BTS Power Rank Mean Power Rank of MS Mean Power Rank of BTS Downlink Signal Strength Uplink Signal Strength Mean Strength of Downlink Signals Mean Strength of Uplink Signals Downlink Signal Quality Uplink Signal Quality Mean Quality of Downlink SignalsA Mean Quality of Uplink Signals Number of Times (Maximum Downlink Transmit Power) Number of Times (Maximum Uplink Transmit Power) Ratio of Maximum Downlink Power Duration (%) Ratio of Maximum Uplink Power Duration (%) Duration of Maximum Downlink Power Duration of Maximum Uplink Power

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Counter S3280 S3281 S329 AS3280

Description Distance Between MS and BTS Maximum Distance Between MS and BTS Number of Power Control Messages Mean Distance Between MS and BTS

6.7 References
l

GSM 04.08: "Digital cellular telecommunications system (Phase 2+); Mobile radio interface layer 3 specification"

GSM 05.08 (prETS 300 578): "Radio subsystem link control"

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