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This is my first tutorial on anything so bear with me; I will try to be as complete as possible. I decided to write this tuto rial for two reasons; firstly to benefit those in the online CG community who have helped me get started with their wonderful tutorials and advice as well as those just starting to find their way in CG, and secondly because I could not find any simila r tutorials that yielded what I would consider satisfactory results.
As we all know 3Ds Max does not come with a decent precious or semi -precious metal material. Originally I tried making my own gold by modifying the dark gold material that comes with 3Ds Max, but as you may imagine that did not turn out well. So going online I found many tutorials dealing with gold, a few that included copper, and one or two that included brass. They were all needlessly complex, took forever to put together, delivered results that were less than spectacular, too k too long to render, or had some combin ation of the afore-mentioned problems. So having a little more experience in 3Ds Max and being fed up with trying to follow tutorials that were not giving the results I liked; I went back to my own drawing board.
The metals will all be shown initially in a polished state in order to display the Material without any effects from the different surfaces I will show you at the end of the tutorial. Also despite my complaint about long render times, be aware th at if you follow my instructions in setting up the test scene for the Materials it will take a minute or two to render. This is because I jacked up the triangle count on the teapot (160,000) in order to give it a very smooth surface so that the Material s could be shown without any deformation due to blocky geometry. One final note before I get into it, I will assume that all the menus and panels are in their default placements, if you are advanced enough to have re -arranged the layout I will assume you are advanced enough to find where you put the different parts of the interface. I will not get too into the physics of light reflection/refraction because lets face it, if thats what you wanted you would have bought a book on color theory.
The tutorial will be split up into several parts:
1) 2) 3) 4) 5)
Immediately following on this page is a very basic scene to display our work and the Materials we will create Gold and Copper Materials Brass and Bronze Materials Platinum and Silver Materials Four basic finishes that are ap propriate for use with each of the metals and some considerations for aging the metals
The Material/Map Browser Window will close and you will be looking at the settings for the Checker Map. In the Coordinates rollout set the Tiling for both U and V to 100. Click on the first sphere and where it says 01 -Default select the text and type in Floor. Now click in the Perspective viewport and then click the Maximize Viewport Toggle to maximize it. The Material/Map Browser Window will open double click Checker in the list to select the checker map. this time double clic k Falloff Map to select it and close the Material/Map Browser Window. and Z then close the dialog by clicking the large X to the right of the title bar. Left click the new terminator coming off the right side of the line and drag it to the top left corner of the graph. Now click the Select and Move button again and press F12 to bring up the Move Transform Type -In dialog again and . Now click the create panel aga in to leave the Modify panel and press M on your keyboard to bring up the Material Editor. we will set that now. In the Create Panel make sure Standard Primitives are selected in the drop down box. In the Create Panel click Teapot and click and drag in the viewport to create a Teapot in the middle of the scene any size yo u want. One last thing and we are done with the scene.If you have not already. Now scroll down to the Mix Curve rollout. Leave Blinn as the shader and in the Blinn Basic Parameters rollout in the Specualr Highlights section enter 67 for Specular Level and 42 for Glossiness. Next with the plane still selected click the Modify panel and where it sa ys Length enter 1000. It should look like the image below. Now click the long grey button that says None next to Reflection. Right click both terminators on the line drawn on the graph and select Bezier Corner. go ahead and start up 3Ds Max. Leave the defaults alone and click the Go To Parent Button to go back to the Falloff m ap options and change the Falloff Type to Fresnel. Next Left click the new terminator coming off the left side of the line and drag it all the way to the left of th e graph and about two thirds of the way up. Now you will notice a short line and a black terminatior extending from eac h terminator on the line. Click on the long gr ey button that says None next to Diffuse Color. Do not worry about where to make it or how big. Now scroll down to the maps rollout and click where it says Maps to expand it if it is not already expanded. In the Absolute:World group ent er 0 for X. Y. Leave everything else here as it is and press the Go To Parent Button. do the same for the Width box. Set the angle for W to 45. Next click the Plane primitive and click and drag in the viewport to cre ate a plane. With the Plane still selected click the Select & Move button on the top toolbar then press F12 to bring up the Move Transform Type-In dialog. Once again the Material/Map Browser Window will open. Click the long grey None button next to the second color and in the list and double click Raytrace.
. Gold and Copper Materials Gold and Copper are closely related and the only real difference here is going to be the colors we use. Set the Diffus e Level to 25. Gold Click an empty material slot and rename it Gold the same way we renamed the Floor material.once again enter 0 for X. Y. Set the following values Red = 170. Now go to the Modify Panel again and set Segments to 50. and Z. In the Shader Basic Parameters rollout choose Multi -Layer from the dropdown box. the Teapot will be the object we apply our metal Materials to. We are done with the basic scene. Blue = 0 and then click the Close button. Now in the Multi-Layer Basic Parameters rollout leave the Ambient and Diffuse colors locked and click the colored box next to Diffuse. Green = 80.
click the grey None button. Green = 75. Copper . Still in the First Specular Layer section set Level to 75. and double click Falloff in the list. Go down to where it says Reflection. Now click the s econd None button and double click Raytrace leave everything at the default settings and click the Go To Parent button. and Blue = 23 then click the Close button. Still in the Second Specular Layer section set Level to 100. Blue = 41 and then click the Close button. lastly scroll down to the Mix Curve rollout and using the same method as described above make the curve match the image below and then click the Go To Parent button again. and Anisotropy to 90. Keep the Material Editor open because the material we just created is the basis for all the others. Now apply the material to the Teapot by either clicking and dragging the material from the Material Editor to the Teapot or selecting the Teapot and clicking the Assign Material To Selection button. Green = 236. Glossiness to 25. Now scroll down to the Second Specular Layer section click the colored box and set the following values Red = 188. Render and voila! Convincing polished gold.In the First Specular Layer section click the colored box and enter the following values Red = 255. and Or ientation to 90. Set the Falloff Type to Fresnel. Next scroll down to the maps section and if necessary click where it says Maps to expand the rollout. Glossi ness to 30.
Green = 102. Now onto Brass and Bronze. with different metallurgic properties and very different colors. Leave the Ambient and Diffuse colors as they are and go to the First Specular Layer section. Click the colored box and set the following values Red = 190. if not keep clicking the Go To Parent button until it goes grey. Green = 105. Blue = 78 and click th e Close button. Both are Copper alloys but are made up differently. and yes they are different metals. apply the material to the Teapot and render shiny copper goodness. The mix results in a pale washed out gold coloration. Leave everything else alone. Brass has a lesser percentage of Copper with Zinc added and sometimes a few other metals as well. Blue = 55 and click the Close button. Most people use the terms interchangeably but they are different metals.If you followed the previous steps you should be at the parent material already. In the Second Specular Layer section click the colored block and set the following values Red = 255. Brass and Bronze Now we will create Brass and Bronze. .
Green = 214. the only things we are going to change are the colors in the main material. There are a few other results of the different combinations of metals in Brass and Bronze but Ill get to that in the last section of this tutorial. In the window that comes up set the following values Red = 214.Bronze is at least 50% copper and sometimes more with the remainder made up of Tin and very ra rely are any other metals mixed in. . Click and drag this color to the colored block in the First Specular Layer section and in the window that comes up click Copy to copy the c olor to this slot. Now go down to the Second Specular Layer section and click the colored block. Blue = 66 and then click the Close button. This mix results in a richer more copper reddish coloration. Blue = 66 and click the Close button. Brass Most of the settings remain the same here as they did for Gold and Copper. Click the colored box next to Diffuse and set the following values Red = 181. Green = 166.
In the First Specular Layer section click the colored box and in the window that opens set the following values Red = 144. render . Green = 61. Once again apply the material to the Teapot and render for a beautiful Bronze teapot. In the Second Specular Layer section click the colored box and in the window that opens set the following values Red = 196.Apply the material to our Teapot. Bronze Click the colored block next to Diffuse and in the window that opens set the following values Red = 134. brass teapot. Blue = 42 and click the Close Button. . Green = 103. and behold the pretty. Blue = 46 and click the Close button. Green = 73. Blue = 41 and click the Close button.
Blue = 255 and then click the Close button In the First Specular Layer section click the colored box and in the window that opens set the following values Red = 201. Sti ll in the First Specular Layer section change Glossiness to 50. Silver First we will change the colors. Green = 201. Click the colored box next to Diffuse and set the followin g values Red = 255. Green = 255. .Now onto Silver and Platinum Silver and Platinum Silver and Platinum are a little different than the other metals so far and we need to change a few more settings besides the colors to get the metal we are looking for. Blue = 201 and click the Close button.
Platinum Platinum is very close to silver in color. Now copy the Raytrace map we put into the map slot next to the second color and paste it into the slot that says None just above it. Now once again apply the material to the Teapot and render the scene for shiny silver teapot. The colors all stay the same this time so dont change them from the silver settings. Green = 201. . In the Extended Parameters rollout set the Dim Level in the Reflection Dimming section to 0. Green = 77. Blu e = 77 and click the close button. Scroll down to the Maps rollout and click the map we put into the Reflection slot earlier. it is just a bit washed out in comparison. Blue = 201 and click the Close button. Still in the S econd Specular Layer section change Glossiness to 50.5. Click the first colored block and in the window that opens set the following values Red = 77. In the First Specular Layer and Second Specular Layer section s change the Glossiness to 10.In the Second Specular Layer section click the colored box and in the window that opens set the following values Red = 201.
Down in the Maps section click the Falloff map in the Reflection slot and click the top colored block and in the window that opens set the following values Red = 230. . Now yet again apply the material to the Teapot and render and behold the platinum teapot. Green = 230. Blue = 230 and click the Close button.
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