Introductory Reference to the IBM AS/400

Introduction to the AS/400

The IBM Application System/400 popularly known as AS/400 is a family of mid-range business computing systems, that supersedes IBM's highly successful System/3X family. The AS/400 is available in three different types the 9402, 9404, and the 9406. Currently, here at Minnesota State University, Mankato, the Computer Services is supporting a dual processor IBM AS/400 9406 model D80, that contains 192 Megabytes of primary memory and 7.1 Gigabytes of mirrored secondary storage. The AS/400 systems exclusively use the IBM Operating System/400 (OS/400). It is a multi user operating system that works with the Licensed Internal Code (LIC) instructions to implement the functions that are basic to the AS/400 architecture. OS/400 can perform tasks under direct control of both the user and an application program. The AS/400 system differs from the traditional systems in several ways. They offer more compatibility across the product line since only one operating system and architecture is used consistently across the entire family. The system offers very high performance compared to the earlier System/3X computers. This is achieved by a combination of faster processors, extended storage and improved fixed disk systems. The software architecture is different from that of more traditional systems. Implementing functions such as security, database and communications in microcode, and providing a one-piece operating system resulted in improved efficiency, consistency and simplicity.

Now, to take a look into the highlights of the system
AS/400's standard functions plus the many communications options and supporting software provide users with flexibility for various communications environments. The AS/400 application programming interface provides some new capabilities not found in earlier operating systems. The basic architecture of AS/400 systems makes for a very productive program development environment. The built-in database and single-level storage provide high-level structures and consistency. This along with the programming tools available for AS/400 can increase programmer productivity. The programmer has the flexibility to choose one of the following programming languages for their application programs:
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BASIC

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C CL command language COBOL X3.23-1974 & X3.23-1985 FORTRAN Pascal PL/I REXX RPG II & III

The AS/400 marks a new beginning in the business computing world. This new generation of systems with advanced technology and advanced applications serve as a growth platform for the customer to expand in application, size and network complexity.

Signing On to the AS/400
PC Support/400
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Reboot the PC by pressing <Ctrl><Alt><Delete>at the same time. Press this key combination twice. Select the option that indicates PC Support and/or AS/400. Answer "Enter common user ID:" with your username Answer "Enter password for common user ID:" with your password. If there is a beep or a message press <Enter>to bypass the message. At this point you should have the following screen:
Sign On System . . . . . : MKTAS400 Subsystem . . . . : QINTER Display . . . . . : PCnnnnS1 User . . . . . . . Password . . . . . Program/procedure. Menu . . . . . . . Current library. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . __________ __________ __________ __________

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Type your username in the "User" blank. Press the <Tab>key. Type your password. The password will not be displayed. Press the <Enter>key.

If for some reason you can not longer type, press the <Reset>key. On the Microterms or PCVT this would be the <Esc>key then R. On PC Support/400 this would be the left <Ctrl>key. If this is the first time you signed on continue with the Changing your password section of this manual.

Changing Your Password
The first time you log on the AS/400 you will be forced to change your password before continuing.
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Press <Enter>to change your password. At the "Current Password" field, type `xx' followed by the last six digits of your social security number (ie. xx999999) NOTE: nothing you type on this screen will be displayed to ensure that no one views your password as you type it. Press <Tab>or <Field Exit>. For the "New Password" field, type the password you would like to use when you sign on to the computer. It must not exceed 10 characters, it must begin with a alphabetic character and the remaining characters may be any combination of alphabetic, numeric characters. Note: Try not to make it too difficult, you will need to know it to sign on the AS/400 again. Press <Tab>or <Field Exit> At the "New Password (to verify)" field, type in your new password for a second time to make sure you have entered it correctly. If you have entered it incorrectly you will get an error message and your initial password will still be `xx' followed by the last four digits of your social security number. Press <Enter> Upon completion, the following message will be displayed: Password changed successfully Read the following screens, pressing <Enter>to exit each one, until you reach the AS/400 Main Menu screen.

Later on when you want to change your password, type CHGPWD on the command line and go through the same steps.

Signing Off of the AS/400
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Press <F3>until you see a command prompt, ===>. At the command prompt type SIGNOFF.

Getting Online Help
AS/400 provides extensive On-line help, and a simple method of accessing the help information. On-line help information is provided for all system displays. The type of help provided depends on the location of the cursor. For all displays, the following information is provided:
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What the display is used for How to use the display How to use the command line if there is one How to use the entry fields and parameter line if any What function keys are active and what they do.

If the <Help>key is pressed when the cursor is in an area where specific on-line help information is available, the help text for that area of the display is shown. If the <Help>key is pressed when the cursor is in an area for which no specific information is available, information for the entire display is shown. Then you can page forward or backward through the information for the entire display and for each area. If the <Help>key is pressed while a help display is shown, a description of the types of help that are available on the displays, and how to get each type of help is shown. The <Help>key on the PC Support stations is labeled <Scroll Lock>. On the VT -100 or PCVT stations the key sequence for < Help>is <ESC>h. If <F11>=Search index is shown at the bottom of the display, you can press <F11>to see the Search Help Index display. On that display, you can request information about any topic you specify.

STRSCHIDX
The start search index command is used when you would like to get help on a specific or general topic. To use the index search facility type STRSCHIDX and hit <Return>. Type your subject topic, or topics on the bottom subject line. When you hit <Return>again your topic will be searched for and the topics found will be displayed on the screen above the topic line. To display the information you are looking for type 5 in the option field by the topic line press <Return>. To get out of the index search facility press <F3>until exited.

CD-ROM Manuals
If you are attached to the AS/400 using PC Support/400 you have the ability to look at a hypertext version of a subset of the complete AS/400 manual set. To start the hypertext book reader type the command MANUALS at any AS/400 prompt. This guide is laid out like a library. The library contains bookshelves. These bookshelves contain books. For example our library contains a bookshelf name Languages. We select the bookshelf by using the arrow keys to place the highlighted cursor over it and press <Enter>. On this bookshelf there are several books on languages. One of the books is titled "COBOL/400 Reference". Once again we use the arrows and cursor to select the item. Now that we have the book it opens up a "Table of Contents" for the book. By using this search and select procedure you can look through the book like a book you'd check out at the library.

More Help
There are three ways to get help on the READ/DOS book reader (AS/400 command MANUALS):
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Start the book reader and select the bookshelf entitled BookManager READ/DOS. Press <F1>anywhere you're in question about your current options. Press <Alt>h (or <F10>h) and select the appropriate help selection for your current problem.

Using the Prompt Facility
AS/400 provides interactive command prompting for any command supplied with the system or created by the user. On the command entry screen notice the option F4 = Prompt at the bottom of the screen. You can type the command name only, and press <F4>to see the prompt display for the command. Usually, a command may require many parameters before it can be executed. The prompt displays provide a convenient method of supplying that parameter information. For example, type SNDMSG on any command line and press <F4>. The following prompt display is shown:
Send Message (SNDMSG) Type choices, press Enter. Message text . . . . . . . . . . ________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________ _______________________ ___________________________________________________ __________________________________ To user profile . . . . . . . . . __________ Name , *SYSOPR, *ALLACT...

F3=Exit F4=Prompt F5=Refresh F10=Additional parameters F12=cancel F13=How to use this display F24=More keys

To execute the command, supply the required information for Message text and user profile and press <Enter>. Most of the parameters used on commands have default values that are used if no other value is specified. You may change the default values if you desire to do so. If <F4>= Prompt is shown on the prompt display, you can press < F4>to request a list of predefined values (such as *SYSOPR and *ALLACT in the above display) that are permitted in the field where the cursor is currently positioned. In relation to the SNDMSG command, you can use DSPMSG at any time to display messages in your message queue.

Organization of OS/400 Objects
Objects
On the AS/400, everything that can be stored or retrieved is stored in an object. Examples of objects are libraries, files, executable programs, queues, and more. Objects share some common attributes such as name, type, size, description, date created, and owner. The concept of an object allows the system to perform certain standard operations, such as authorization management, on all objects types. The object types that we will be primarily concerned with in this manual are:
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*LIB Libraries

such as an input file to a program. A source physical file is actually a special type of data physical file. An interesting implication of the non-hierarchical nature of libraries is that two users cannot have libraries with the same name. 2. A source physical file has the attribute "PFSRC". A data physical file normally has a record format. that contains data in the form of a database. for example the source statements of a Pascal or COBOL program. a data physical file is a data file. we are primarily interested in two kinds of physical files: 1. or a group of related records that are handled as a unit. a library cannot "contain" other libraries (with the exception of QSYS. System supplied libraries NOTE:all IBM-supplied library names begin with the letter "Q" or "#" 3. Refer to the section on the SEU editor for the meanings of these fields. device data. The CRTSRCPF command creates a physical file with attributes appropriate for source physical files. This record format is defined using Data Description Specifications (DDS is a language that is used to describe database files to the system). In this manual. A source physical file (*FILE PF-SRC) contains source statements. and 6 for the date field. There are two types of database files: 1. the system master library. QSYS . There are basically three general categories of libraries: 1. for example an employee master file. It is similar to the "root" or top-level directory on Unix. and VAX/VMS. unlike these systems. of type *FILE.) . physical files 2. User-created libraries. source physical files. the default record length is 92 (80 for the source data field. In this manual. 6 for the sequence number field.the library that contains all other libraries. Files A file is an object. In conventional terms. data physical files 2. we are primarily concerned with database files. However. that contains a group of objects. logical files. A physical file contains actual data stored on the system. It has a fixed-length record format.y y y *FILE Files *PGM Compiled programs *OUTQ Output queues Libraries Every object is contained in a library. MS-DOS. A library is an object. For example. This description is then compiled to produce a *FILE object with attribute PF-DTA. of type *LIB. which "contains" all libraries on the system). It is usually created using the "Create Source Physical File" (CRTSRCPF) command (more information about this command will be given later). A data physical file (*FILE PF-DTA) contains data that cannot be compiled.

as in the above example. the member's name is the . DDS Source for a Logical File Control Language Source Program RPG Source Program DDS Source for a Physical File DDS Source for a Display File Parameters or command ===> ___________________________________________________________ F3=Exit F9=Retrieve F4=Prompt F10=Command entry F5=Refresh F23=More options F6=Create F24=More keys The name of the source physical file is SRCFILE. . "RPGSRC" and DDS source in a PFSRC file called. . . "DDSSRC". You may also use the standard IBM-supplied names such as "QRPGSRC".) the AS/400 editor. . for example. . These members are not objects themselves but subsets of an object. . "QDDSSRC". For example. This attribute is specified when creating the member. and it is contained in the library YOURLIB. A data physical file may contain one or more members. you will probably want to store source programs of the same type in a separate source physical file. in the above example. SRCFILE___ YOURLIB___ Position to . press Enter. each member contains source statements for a program or DDS source. a member has been specified as having an attribute of CBL (for COBOL program. In a PF-SRC file. Library . SEU.The data records in a data physical file can be grouped into members. . Normally. for example. which in the case of PF-SRC members. will format the program as a COBOL program. source members of different types are stored in the same source physical file. Although. . it "knows" that it should invoke the COBOL compiler. the member(s) contains data for use by programs. you may want to keep all your RPG source programs in a PF-SRC file called. However. . __________ Type options. for example. 2=Edit 7=Rename Opt __ __ __ __ __ Member NAMEEMP CLPRO G RPGPROG EMPMAST SCRNMBR 3=Copy 4=Delete 8=Display description Type LF CLP RPG PF DSPF Text Sample Sample Sample Sample Sample 5=Display 9=Save 6=Print 13=Change text . This implies that all members of an object share the same basic characteristics with the other members in the object such as ownership and security. determines how the various systems programs (such as the editor and compilers) on the AS/400 treat the member. . An example of a PF SRC file and its members is shown below (we will explain how to get to this screen in the section on PDM): Work with Members Using PDM File . In a data physical file (PF-DTA). and when PDM (Program Development Manager) is given the instruction to compile the file. and allows compilation to be totally automatic. Once. you may choose to include source members of different types belonging to the same application in the same PF-SRC file. Members have an attribute associated with them. a PF-DTA file will only have one member (by default. and "QCLSRC" for the various PF-SRC files... .

In this way. A spooled files. It is important to understand. Refer to the section "Printing Procedure" in this manual for more information on printing spooled files. For example. it will produce a *FILE object with attribute PF-DTA. This compiled object is the actual file that is used to hold data records. a *FILE object with the attribute LF-DTA is produced. "EMPMAST". When this source member is compiled (using CRTPF or option 14 in the "Work with Members using PDM" screen). Other Object Types A program object (*PGM) is a compiled program. when a COBOL source program is compiled. Another *FILE object type that you may encounter in your programming courses is the device file. The relationships between the various objects that have been discussed in this section are as follows: QSYS (*LIB) [special library] | | contains | Library (*LIB) | . An output queue has already been created for you with the creation of your user profile. A data logical file is described to the system using DDS. you may want to group the records in a sales transactions file so that each member contains data for each month. contains DDS source that defines a physical file. The spooled file stays in the output queue until it is directed to a printer or removed. whenever something is printed. Two common types of device files are printer files (*FILE PRTF) and display files (*FILE DSPF). but provides a different method of viewing the data of an accompyning data physical file(s) which it internally references. such as the length and width of a printed page. A device file contains a description how data is to be presented to a program from a device or vice versa. An important object type on the AS/400 is the output queue (*OUTQ). When the DDS source is compiled.same as the file name). it produces an object with a type of *PGM with the attribute CBL. A display file describes what information is to be displayed and where it is to be displayed on the screen of a display station. the output goes to an output queue and it stays there as a spooled file. it is possible to include multiple members in a single PFDTA file. One way of defining and creating a display file is with the Screen Design Aid (SDA) utility. A data logical file (*FILE LF-DTA) is a data file that contains no actual data. each month's data can be processed separately by processing one member at a time. The name of the output queue is normally the same as that of your user profile. For instance. at this point. It is similar to the concept of a "view" in SQL. The attribute for a *PGM object indicates the language the program was written in. However. the difference between "source" and "data" in regards to data physical files. is not an object itself but a subset of an object. In the "Work with Members using PDM" screen above. A printer file describes the attributes that printed output will have. the "PF" member. A printer file can be created using the "Create Printer File" (CRTPRTF) command. On the AS/400. like a member.

. Leave the library type as *PROD (a production library is one that is used for normal processing). . . . To create a library. . | | Physical Data Logical file file (PF) (LF -DTA) | ^ contains . . . .. In this section. . . Member(s) | | [Reorginized data] Source Data Physical Physical File File (PF-SRC) (PF -DTA) | | contains | | contains | | Member(s) Member(s) [Program source] [Actual Data] Creating a Library A library has already been created for during user profile creation. we will create another library and use this library as an example throughout the manual. F3=Exit F4=Prompt F5=Refresh F13=How to use this display YOURLIB__ Name *PROD____ *PROD.| contains | . . . Library . Text 'descrip tion' .e. Note that you can use your default library. . The name of this library is normally the same as that of your user profile. . . | | | | Programs (*PGM) Outqueues (*OUTQ) Files (*FILE) Other [Executable] | | objects | contains | Spooled Files | [Output intended for Printer] | | .------^-----. . . Library type . type the CRTLIB ("Create Library") on a command line and press <F4>to prompt on it. i. press Enter. to store all your application objects. Create Library (CRTLIB) Type choices. the library that has the same name as that as your user profile.--------.-----------------. Type in the name of the library and enter a brief description for the library.+----^----------------. *TEST Sample_Library__________________ F10=Additional parameters F24=More keys F12=Cancel . . .---------------.^--. . . . . . . .

. . . *FILE Sample_Source_File___________________ F10=Additional parameters F24=More keys F12=Cancel F3=Exit F4=Prompt F5=Refresh F13=How to use this display Library Lists You may have noticed in the previous screen that the "Library" field defaults to the value *CURLIB. Before we discuss what the current library is. let's create a source physical file in the library that we have just created. . ... . . You can display your library list by typing DSPLIBL and press <Enter> on a command line. A library list is identified by the value *LIBL. Supply the names for the source file and the library that will hold it. .. . .Press <Enter>. You should see a message at the bottom of the screen saying "Library . . . Create Source Physical File (CRTSRCPF) Type choices. Member. created". Display Library List System: MKTAS400 .. . SRCFILE___ Name YOURLIB___ Name. . *NONE. . . . meaning the current library. . try another name for the library. . If you get this message. . . A library list is similar in concept to the "PATH" in Unix and MS-DOS. Your default library.. . . Below. . The following is the library list for the user "JOHNDOE". we first explain what a library list is. It specifies which libraries are to be searched and the order in which they are searched when the system looks for an object. To create a source physical file. Library . . . already exists". it means that some other user already has a library by the same name. A default library list is automatically created by OS/400 for each job started by a user." at the bottom of your screen. type CRTSRCPF and press <F4> to prompt on it. . Record length . . we show the display for creating a source file called "SRCFILE" in the library "YOURLIB". . that is the library that has the same name as that as your user profile. Other commands that operate on libraries are: y y y DSPLIB (Display Library) DLTLIB (Delete Library) WRKLIB (Work with Library). .. . *CURLIB 92_______ Number *NONE_____ Name. . . . . Creating a Source Physical File Now. . . . created in library . Note: All libraries are on the same "level" with only QSYS above them. . . if desired Text 'description' . Press < Enter> and you should see the message "File . .. . . If you see the message "Library . The current library is tied closely to the concept of a library list. press Enter. is automatically included in your library list. . File . .

type the "Add Library List Entry" (ADDLIBLE) command. QGPL. You can edit your library list using the EDTLIBL command and remove a library list entry using . and QGDDM come with the system while others are locally supplied. If a user does not specify a library name when requesting an operation on an object. a library list is divided into three parts: system portion which consists of the libraries that are required to run system functions current library which by default. such as QTEMP. the library "JOHNDOE"). A message will appear stating that the program is not found in the library list. If "JOHNDOE" now issues the the unqualified CALL command. The current library is the first user library that is searched before the rest of the user libraries in the list. followed by the library name (or prompt on the command) ADDLIBLE YOURLIB . the program can now be located and executed since the library that contains the program is now in the library list. the libraries in the library list are searched for the object (starting with the system libraries. In addition.Type options. To add a library to the library list. and the user libraries).. assume that the user "JOHNDOE" has an executable program (*PGM object) called "TESTPROG" in the library "YOURLIB". Some user libraries. 5=Display objects in library Opt __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ Library QSYS QHLPSYS QUSRSYS JOHNDOE QTEMP QGDDM QGPL QMSU QPAS MBNLQ ONLINE Type SYS SYS SYS CUR USR USR USR USR USR USR USR Text System Library *IN USE JOHN DOE's default library GENERAL PURPOSE LIBRARY MSU generated commands and programs Common Library for MBNLQ . the user can create their own libraries and add them to their library list. User "JOHNDOE" wants to run the program (using the CALL command) and issues the command CALL TESTPROG . As you can see. is the library that has the same name as your user profile (in this case. however. COLLECTION . If.created by SQL F3=Exit F12=Cancel F17=Top F18=Bottom Note that you may not have all the libraries in the above list. the current library. user portion which consists of libraries that holds user objects. pre ss Enter. This is because "YOURLIB" is currently not in the library list. For example. "TESTPROG" is qualified by "YOURLIB" as CALL YOURLIB/TESTPROG then the program can be found and executed.

Object attribute . Type WRKOBJPDM and press <F4> to prompt on it.Work with file members using PDM Work with Objects One of the most commonly used commands to start PDM is WRKOBJPDM. Work with Objects Using PDM (WRKOBJPDM) Type choices. Object type . Note. . name. *ALL. . and allows the programmer to manage their environment from a set of standard menus. . however. . Library . F3=Exit F4=Prompt F24=More keys F5=Refresh F12=Cancel F13=How to use this display The *PRV value on the "Library" field indicates that the default is to work on the library the user last worked with. objects. . .the RMVLIBLE command. or members.. . . . . "YOURLIB" can be made the current library by typing CHGCURLIB YOURLIB .) which will produce a menu of options for the level on which the user wishes to work (libraries. Starting PDM PDM may either be started using the command STRPDM (for Start PDM.. compilation and program execution. . . . we will create an "initial program" that will automatically run these commands when a user signs on the system. no longer the current library. . These may be replaced with the name of a specific library. *PRV. *generic. . *PRV______ *ALL______ *ALL______ *ALL______ *PRV. In the section "Steps in Developing a Program". when "JOHNDOE" signs on.. . It automates file and member creation. . . . Some commands automatically default to the current library (*CURLIB). . *CURLIB name. *PRV.. . . . *generic. . editing. that both commands (ADDLIBLE and CHGCURLIB) are only effective for a particular session. such as the CRTSRCPF command. . press Enter. Using the Program Development Manager (PDM) The Program Development Manager (PDM) is a set of utilities under OS/400 designed to simplify the creation and development of software. . . The . . *AUTL. .) or using one of three commands which indicate the level at which the user would like to work: y y y WRKLIBPDM -. . . Next time. .. . *PRV. *ALRTBL. . . Object . .Work with libraries using PDM WRKOBJPDM -. .Work with objects using PDM WRKMBRPDM -. . This allows the user to work with objects inside a library. attribute. . "YOURLIB" will no longer be in their library list and hence.

. . .. Object type . . Type WRKOBJPDM and prompt with <F4>. . *CURLIB na me. . . . . . . and *ALL on the other options. . see Table 1 at the end of this section. *AUTL. . . 2=Change 3=Copy 8=Display description Opt __ Object SRCFILE Type *FILE Text Sample Source File Bottom Parameters or command ===> ________________________________________________________________ F3=Exit F9=Retrieve F4=Prompt F10=Command entry F5=Refresh F23=More options F6=Create F24=More keys Presently.. . __________ Position to type . . . . . press Enter. Library . F3=Exit F4=Prompt F24=More ke ys F5=Refresh F12=Cancel F13=How to use this display The screen resulting from command WRKOBJPDM. . Work with Objects Using PDM (WRKOBJPDM) Type choices. is shown below. . PDM Options Options are displayed across the top of the screen (for a list of all the options available in PDM. YOURLIB___ *ALL______ *ALL______ *ALL______ *PRV. . .. . . . Type options. the source physical file "SRCFILE" that you have just created. Object . *ALL. press Enter. . YOURLIB___ Position to . . *PRV. . Work with Objects Using PDM Library . . . Object attribute . *generic*.. . . . name. . . *PRV. . with the library specified as YOURLIB. *PRV. . *generic. . there should be just one object in the library.. . . . . . .. *ALRTBL. . This method of specifying actions on a form listing the objects available is consistent throughout PDM. . ."Object" and "Object type" options allow the user to limit which objects will be displayed. .) Each option is an action which may be performed on an object by placing its number on the "Opt" line next to the object and pressing the < Enter> key. . . attribute. __________ 4=Delete 9=Save Attribute PF -SRC 5=Display 10=Restore 7=Rename 11=Move .. .

. . present a display allowing the user to call the program. for instance the *DEBUG option to include debugging information in the program. However. More on PDM levels Moving down levels in PDM is accomplished using the "12" (Work With. (programs may also be called from the WRKOBJPDM screen by using the 16 option. assume we have two source files in "YOURLIB". the options support the prompting facility. simply press <F4> while an option number is on one of the "Opt" lines.. go to the WRKMBRPDM display for that file (there are different types of WRKMBRPDM displays for source and data files. SRCFILE___ Library . If the item is of type *PGM. remember that the prompting facility may be invoked on any PDM option. . Placing a 12 on the line next to an item on this display will: y y y If the item is of type *FILE. . the action of this option depends on the file type. . Pressing <Enter> causes PDM to process each option in turn.) option. the "18" option may be invoked to modify the file using DFU (Data File Utility). To use the prompting facility.. When working with a source physical file at this level. etc. pressing <Enter> or <F12> (cancel) with no options on the screen returns to the previous level. and second. You can type "5" (Display) against one and type "7" (Rename) against the other.. the "2=change" option is no longer valid. For example. PDM will present the prompt screen for the command associated with that option number. .) If the item is of type *OUTQ. YOURLIB___ __________ Type options. 2=Edit 7=Rename Opt Member 3=Copy 4=Delete 8=Display description Type Text 5=Display 6=Print 9=Save 13=C hange text . allowing the user to work with spooled files. Work with Members The WRKMBRPDM display is the bottom level of PDM. Multiple objects may be operated on sequentially by placing numbers on more than one Opt line. option 2 runs the STRSEU command to begin editing a member and 14 calls the compiler for a program of that type (if specific compiler options are needed. . Type "12" against "SRCFILE" to work with it.) When this method of changing levels is used. . go to the "Work With Output Queue" display. change its attributes.. multiple objects may be operated on in succession. .) When working with a physical data file. press Enter. . . File Position to . At the WRKOBJPDM screen.There are two important special features which this method of specifying actions offers: First. . The following "Work with Members using PDM" screen appears: Work with Members Using PDM .

. . . . name. press Enter. BASP. . Start Source Entry Utility (STRSEU) Type choices. . . *SELECT *SAME. . in the section on SEU we will use this source member. . . . File . . *generic. . For now. . > SRCFILE___ Library . . Member type . TXT_______ C.. press <F3> to quit and type "Y" in the "Change/Create member" field to save the source member. . *CURLIB *PRV. . . To work with the member that we have just created. > YOURLIB___ Source member . . Member .. . SRCMBR____ Source type . . .. Later on. . *PRV *PRV. . . . *LIBL.. . . . Sample_Source_Member____________________ Name. . there are no members in "SRCFILE". . . SRCFILE___ YOURLIB___ *ALL______ *ALL______ *PRV. . . Name. . . . This will automatically invoke the SEU editor. Let's create a member. . enter the names of the library and file as shown below.. you will notice that "SRCMBR" is now in "SRCFILE". . . name *PRV. . . press <F6> (Create). . . you can use the "Member" and/or "Member Type" fields to narrow down the number of members to work with. . Name. Type this command and press <F4> to prompt on it. . Enter the name of the new source member and for its source type. . BAS. . . *PRV. . *PRV *LIBL. .(No members in file) Parameters or command ===> ________________________________________________________________ F3=Exit F9=Retrieve F4=Prompt F10=Command entry F5=Refresh F23=More options F6=Create F24=More keys Presently. . . . . . . . . The "Work with Members using PDM" screen can be accessed directly using the WRKMBRPDM command. . . . . . name. . . . . Text 'description' . *generic. press Enter. . . . *CURLIB. . .. Press <Enter> . . . . . . . . Library . On return to the WRKMBRPDM screen. type. . . . . If you have many members in your file. Name. . . enter "TXT" (i. Work with Members Using PDM (WRKMBRPDM) Type choices. the source member will contain only plain text). Bottom F3=Exit F4=Prompt F24=More keys F5=Refresh F12=Cancel F13=How to use this display You will now be inside the SEU editor.e. Source file . . To do that.

the WRKLIBPDM command lets you work with a library or libraries. Save Restore Move Work With Change Text Compile Copy File Run Change Using SDA Change Using DFU Find String Modify an obj ect or edit a source member Duplicate an object Remove an object from storage Display the contents of an object Copy a source member to an output queue Change an object's name Show summary information about an object Save an object to offline storage Retrieve an object from offline storage Move an object to another library Perform operations on the contents of an object Change the text description line for an object Compile a source physical file member Copy a *FILE object (has special options) Run an object of type *PGM Change a screen design (in a PF -SRC) using SDA Use DFU to change a PF -DTA member Find a s tring of characters in an object Table 2: Function Keys in PDM F1: F3: F4: F5: F6: F9: F10: F11: F12: F13: F14: F15: F16: F17: F18: F21: F23: F24: Help Exit Prompt Refresh Create Retrieve Command Entry Display Toggle Cancel Repeat Source Type Toggle Sort User Options Subset Change Defaults Print List More Options More Keys Obtain help on an area of PDM Exit PDM or current operation Display prompt screen for options on screen Redraw the screen with updated information Create a library. if available Display more function keys. file. This will bring up the "Work with Objects using PDM" screen for that library. You will probably use this command least among the three PDM commands. if available Control Language Command Syntax . Table 1: Options in PDM (Some options may not be valid at some levels.) 2: 3: 4: 5: 6: 7: 8: 9: 10: 11: 12: 13: 14: 15: 16: 17: 18: 25: Change Copy Delete Display Print Rename Display Descrip. You can work with the contents of a library by typing 12 against it.F3=Exit F4=Prompt F24=More keys F5=Refresh F12=Cancel F13=How to use this display Work with Libraries Briefly. or member Recall a previous command to the command line Display an OS/400 command entry screen Switch to/from brief display mode Cancel an operation Copy an option number to all lines Switch between date and type display in PF -SRC Cha nge member list sort criteria Specify user -defined commands to PDM Limit the list on the screen to certain types Change PDM user settings Print the object list on the screen Display more PDM option numbers.

Command Structure First.Start (a program or utility) o WRK .The purpose of this section is to provide a more formal presentation of CL commands. Parameters A CL command can have zero.Create Source Physical File WRKOBJPDM . As you would probably know by now. Some common verbs and their meanings are shown below: o ADD .Work with Objects Using PDM STRPDM .Start PDM ADDLIBLE . A command is made made up of two components: 1. SLTCMD CR* will list all commands starting with CR).Create o DLT .Move o RMV .Work with The subject component of the command specifies the item that the verb acts on.Grant o MOV .Add Library List Entry CL commands can be found in several ways.Display item o END . Some examples of verb/subject combinations are: y y y y CRTSRCPF .g.Delete o DSP .Retrieve o RVK .Add Item o CHG . a VERB and 2. The command GO CMDxxx can be used to get a menu of commands related to xxx (where xxx can be a verb or subject). A CL command is made up of two parts: (1) a command name and (2) parameters. A system-defined default value . a CL command is a way of of invoking functions and calling system services. The first option SLTCMD ("Select Command by Name") can be used to obtain a list of commands using a wildcard character (e. A command may have some parameters that are required and some that are optional.Change o CPY . The verb consists of three characters and is the "action" component of the command.Remove item o RST .Set o SND . Another way of finding commands is to press <F4> on any command line. This will bring up the "Command Grouping Menu" where each option represents a group of related commands.Copy o CRT . a SUBJECT.Revoke o SET .Stop a program which was started with a STR o GRT . one.Restore o RTV .Send o STR . let's consider the command name. or more parameters.

can be entered in the position of that parameter. Parameters in keyword form can be specified in any order. the file name must be qualified with a slash. which in this case is *ALL. If you do not want to specify a value for one of the parameters. WRKOBJPDM YOURLIB *N *FILE *N will map to the default value for that parameter. For example. Note that when using the WRKMBRPDM command. Another way of specifying parameters is the free format or command line method. for example WRKMBRPDM YOURLIB/SRCFI LE MBRTYPE(TXT) . One restriction of this mixed form of specifying parameters is that positional parameters cannot follow keyword parameters.(prefixed by "*") is usually assigned to an optional parameter if the user does not specify a value for it. You may want to use this method if you remember exactly what parameter information is needed for a command. The parameter values must be positionally matched with the keywords in the parameter set for that command. Note that the "Member" parameter. is omitted. keyword form. parameters can be specified in: 1. the following is invalid WRKOBJPDM LIB(YOURLIB) SRCFILE . positional form. WRKOBJPDM LIB(YOURLIB) OBJ(SRCFILE) There must not be any blanks between the keyword and the left parenthesis. as in the following statement WRKMBRPDM SRCFILE the library qualifier will default to the library list (*LIBL). or 3. *N. One such tool is the Programming Development Manager (PDM) that offers the following: . Using the SEU Editor Introduction The IBM AS/400 provides an integrated set of Application Development Tools (ADT) to design. A CL command can use a combination of both positional and keyword parameters. parameters are specified without keywords. A parameter that is specified in keyword form will have a keyword followed immediately by a value (or list of values). the system-defined value. we have been using the <F4> prompt facility for specifying parameters. the file name and library name fields are actually one parameter (a file name plus a library qualifier). For example. For example. 2. Using this method. "/". Positional parameters are often limited to the first three or four parameters. The above example can be specified in positional form as follows WRKOBJPDM YOURLIB SRCFILE . So far in this manual. If the reference is to a file in a specific library. which is in between the second and third parameters in the parameter set. develop and maintain applications. a combination of both. In the positional form. the following command will display all objects of type *FILE in the library YOURLIB. character in both keyword and positional forms WRKMBRPDM YOURLIB/SRCFILE SRCMBRWRKMBRPDM FILE(YOURLIB/SRCFILE) MBR(SRCMBR) If only the file name is specified.

. 3 .+. Starting the Editor Type STRPDM (Start Program Development Manager) on any command line. 4 .: 1 80 SEU==> _______________________________________________________ FMT ** Edit SRCMBR . . 6 . supply the necessary source file (SRCFILE) and library (YOURLIB) information and press Enter... The PDM menu is displayed..+. 5...+.....+. List-oriented selection of items for development or maintenance.+... Extendable interface to tools through user-defined options....+... You are now in the full-screen EDIT mode.. Another tool is the Source Entry Utility (SEU) that offers a full screen editor providing syntax checking of source statements. 6 . *************** Beginning of data ******************************** If you press <Enter> without typing anything.. 3 ..+. 1 . . *************** Beginning of data ********************************* ****************** End of data ************************************ F3=Exit F10=Top F4=Prompt F11=Bottom F5=Refresh F24=More keys .+.. ...+. Choose option 3 to Work with members... The "Work with members" screen shows up. 4 . In this SEU tutorial. .+.. PDM is one tool that may be used to access the SEU.+...... .+. 2 ... You can also reach this screen by typing WRKMBRPDM (Work with members using PDM) on any command line and pressing <F4> . 2 .....: 1 80 SEU==>_______________________________________________________ FMT ** ''''''' ''''''' ''''''' ''''''' ''''''' ''''''' ''''''' ****************** End of data *********** ************************ F3=Exit F10=Top F4=Prompt F11=Bottom F5=Refresh F24=More keys Edit SRCMBR . 5..+.. Press <Enter> ... . 1 . Type 2 on the "Opt" line to edit the source member "SRCMBR". In either case. Columns ..y y y Integrated application development environment... the screen readjusts as shown: Columns .... and press <Enter> ..+... we will use the source member we created in the previous section...

+..+.' Exiting the Editor To exit SEU press <F3>. 5.00 0007.+. 3 . 0006.. 0008. N=No .. . 0004..00 Begin Second Block. 0010. 1 . .. ..00 Begin First Block..00 End Second Blo ck. 6 . 6 .... ... To save the current member and exit SEU follow the following procedure 'Exiting the Editor..00 Text for the first block . press Enter..: 1 80 Edit SRCMBR SEU==> ____________ _____________________________________________ FMT ** ..+.. Y Y=Yes.00 THIS IS A TEXT DOCUMENT. .+. 0002. . The exit display shows up: Exit Type choices. 4 . *************** Beginning of data ********************************* 0001..+... The sequence number field of a record is used to specify the line commands. . 0005..... Columns .....+..+. Columns . I *************** Beginning of data ********************************* ****************** End of data ************************************ Now.+.00 Text for second block .... 0009... . . .... 3 . . you may start typing in the desired text. 1 .+.Type I (for insert) on the first line as shown and press <Enter> ..: 1 80 Edit SRCMBR SEU==> _______________________________________________________ FMT ** ... Change/create member .. .......+.+.00 ****************** End of data ************************************ Notice the sequence numbers of records at the extreme left.00 End First Block...+. 4 .. 2 . 5... For more information on line commands see 'Using SEU line commands'... 2 ...00 0003.. we show a sample TEXT document that will be used in the next section for illustrating the use of various SEU line commands.+. Below.

y y Use the command WRKMBRPDM as explained in the previous section. . . . . . F3=Exit .01 . .00____ 00. . . . For example. . . and then you decide to cancel it. This returns you back to the editing mode. . . . . . . . SRCMBR____ Name SRCFILE___ Name YO URLIB___ Name Description_for_the_member. The default values supplied for most of the options above are self-explanatory. . . . . The edit display for this member is shown: . type WRKMBRPDM YOURLIB/SRCFILE on any command line. N=No 0001. . The default value for 'Return to editing' option is N. . the system supplies Y in this field and returns back to the editing mode ( unless you explicitly type N and force it to exit ). . . . Use the tab keys to position the cursor at the desired member. .01 . . Library .9999. . . press <F12> to cancel the exit display. . . However. N=No N Y=Yes. . . . Type N in this field only if you do not want to save changes made to your member. to edit the member SRCMBR created before. . .Member . reach the 'Work with members using PDM' display. N=No F5=Refresh F12=Cancel If you wish to save the changes you have made. . . . . . Print member . . . . The screen for editing that member will show up. Resequence member Start . . . . . if your member did not have any syntax errors. Text . . if syntax errors do persist. From the "Work with members using PDM" display. N=No N Y=Yes. . .00___ 0000. . . . . . . Return to editing . .99 N Y=Yes. . note the following: y y y If you have decided not to quit the editor. a sample TEXT document is used to illustrate the use of the various commands. Increment ._____ Y Y=Yes. command C is used to copy lines. if the member is modified. .99. . In the following discussion. . Note: If you type a line command. . . . . type option 2 in front of member SRCMBR and press <Enter> . . . The SEU line commands are entered over the digits that make up the sequence number of a record. . For example. use <F5> to refresh the screen. . . Go to member list . and press < Enter> . File . . . The default value for 'Change/create member' is Y. and type option 2. To edit a member that has already been created. . . . . . . . . . Using Line Commands SEU supports various line commands that guide us in editing an existing member. command M for moving lines and so on. otherwise N. . . . you may simply press < Enter> . . .99 01. . . . . . . . . . . . . However. . . .

0006.. type I (insert) on the sequence number field of that record. . . *************** Beginning of data ******************************** I001.00 0003. 0009.00 0003. 0002. ''''''' PROGRAM -ID.00 0002. 0005..00 0010.00 Begin Second Block..00 Begin First Block..00 Begin First Block.00 Text for second block . .. Text for second Second Block. ****************** End of data *********************************** F4=Prompt F11=Bottom F5=Refresh F24=More keys The screen adjusts as shown below.00 ****************** End of data ************************** ********* F3=Exit F10=Top F4=Prompt F11=Bottom F5=Refresh F24=More keys Inserting a line To insert a line after a particular record.00 End First Block..Columns . End First Block.: 1 71 Edit YOURLIB/SRCFILE SEU==> ________________________________________________________ SRCMBR FMT CB .00 0007. 0004. Text for the first block . .-A+++B+++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++ + *************** Beginning of data **** **************************** 0001. block .00 0008.00 THIS IS A TEXT DOCUMENT. Begin First Block. 0002. . Columns .00 0004.00 F3=Exit F10=Top THIS IS A TEXT DOCUMENT.00 0006.00 End Second Block.00 Text for the first block .... 0008..: 1 71 Edit YOURLIB/SRCFILE SEU==> _________________________________________________________ SRCMBR FMT CB .00 0005.. Type in the line to be inserted and press <Enter> .00 0009.. 0010.-A+++B++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++ *************** Beginning of data ******************************** 0001.. Begin End Second Block. .00 0007.00 0003. SAMPLE..00 THIS IS A TEXT DOCUMENT. and press <Enter> ... ...

00 0006.00 End First Block. Text for second Second Block..00 C Begin First Block..00 ****************** End of data *********************************** Type A (after) on the last line as shown. 0008...00 0007.00 0009.00 Text for second block . .00 0010. 0004..00 0008..-A+++B++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++ *************** Beginni ng of data******************************** 0001... 0006.00 THIS IS A TEXT DOCUMENT..-A+++B++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++ *************** Beginning of data ******************************** 0001. 0009.: 1 71 Edit YOURLIB/SRCFILE SEU==> _________________________________________________________ SRCMBR FMT CB . 0006. and press Enter.00 End Second Block. 0002..00 0007. 0010. 0005.00 Begin Second Block..00 Begin Second Block. type C (copy) in the sequence number field.. First Block. . .0004. 0002. 0001. . and press Enter..00 End First Block.01 It illustrates the use of SEU line commands. block . This results in the pending line to be copied after the line you have indicated. Second Block. Columns ....00 0007.. Begin End ****************** End of data *********************************** F4=Prompt F11=Bottom F5=Refresh F24=More keys Copying a line To copy the "Begin First Block" line to the end of the program. ..00 C Begin First Block..00 End Second Block..00 Text for the first block .00 0005. Columns .00 Text for second block . . 0008.00 F3=Exit F10=Top End Text for the first block . 0005. 0009.. 0001. .01 It illustrates the use of SEU line commands..00 Text for the first block .: 1 71 Edit YOURLIB/SRCFILE SEU==> __________________________________________________________ SRCMBR FMT CB . 0004. Note the message on the top that indicates a pending Copy line command.00 THIS IS A TEXT DOCUMENT.

01 0002.01 .00 0001..00 Begin First Block. It illustrates the use of SEU line commands. To move a single line..A010. Text for the first block . The Block Move is illustrated below.00 0001.. block .00 0007..00 0005.00 0005.01 0002. type D (delete) in front of it and press <Enter> ... End First Block.00 0007.00 0009. Text for second Second Block.00 0004.00 0008.00 0004. block .00 0006.00 0008. Begin End Second Block. Begin First Block.00 ****************** End of data ************************************ The program looks as shown below. It illustrates the use of SEU line commands.00 0011.00 0003. Now.00 0010.. 0001. ****************** End of data *********************************** Block Move To move a block.00 Begin First Block. *************** Beginning of data ******************************** THIS IS A TEXT DOCUMENT. after the copy.00 D011.00 0006. 0001. 0001. use the command M (move) and follow the procedure as explained above for copy.. End First Block. Text for second Second Block. Text for the first block . the target for the move has to be specified. ****************** End of data *********************************** Deleting a line To delete a line. It illustrates the use of SEU line commands. *************** Beginning of data ******************************** THIS IS A TE XT DOCUMENT.00 0010. Begin End Second Block. type MM at the beginning and the end of the block.00 0003. the first block of text being moved after the second one. The line that was just copied may be deleted as shown below: *************** Beginning of data***************************** THIS IS A TEXT DOCUMENT. and press <Enter> .00 0009. Begin First Block.00 0001.

Begin End Second Block.00 Begin First Block. Text for the fi rst block .. Text for the first block . 0001. Begin End Second Block. ****************** End of data *********************************** Block Copy Enclose the block to be copied within CC commands.00 0009. End First Block...00 0013.00 0005.00 0005. block .00 . 0001.. End First Block. The block copy resembles the block move explained above. End First Block.....0002.00 0001.00 0008.00 ****************** End of data *********************************** Here is the member after the move: *************** Beginning of data ******************************** THIS IS A TEXT DOCUMENT.00 0007.00 Begin First Block.. Begin End Second Blo ck. that B is specified as the target. Begin First Block. Note below... to copy the block before the indicated line.01 0002.00 0011.00 0008..00 MM 0004. Text for the first block . and specify the target. *************** Beginning of data ******************************** THIS IS A TEXT DOCUMENT. It illustrates the use of SEU line commands.00 0014.00 0008.00 0009. *************** Beginning of data ******************************** THIS IS A TEXT DOCUMENT. ****************** End of data *********************************** Type A on the last line to move the block to the end of the program.00 MM 0007. Text for second Second Block. Text for second Second Block. It illustrates the use of SEU line commands.00 0001. block .00 MM 0004.00 A010.00 0010.00 0010.01 0002.00 0009. block .00 MM 0007. Text for second Second Block. 0001.00 0012.

It illustrates the use of SEU line commands.00 B It illustrates the use of SEU line commands...00 0011.01 0002. Text for second blo ck . ****************** End of data *********************************** .01 0002.00 0012.00 Begin First Block. enclose it within DD commands and press <Enter> . 0001.00 0009. after our experimentation with the above line commands: *************** Beginning of data ******************************** THIS IS A TEXT DOCUMENT. Text for the first block .00 CC 0008. It illustrates the use of SEU line commands.. Text for second Second Block.00 0007. Text for the first block ..00 0013.00 0009. The block that was just copied may be deleted as shown: *************** Beginning of data ******************************** THIS IS A TEXT DOCUMENT....00 0014. End First Block. Begin First Block.00 0009.00 0011. ****************** End of data *********************************** Block Delete To delete a block..00 0007. ****************** End of data *********************************** The source member looks as follows. block .. Begin End Second Block.. Text for second Second Block.00 0013.00 0001. End Second Block.00 CC 0011..00 0008. Begin End Second Block. Begin End Second Block..0001.. block .00 0012.00 DD 0013. Begin Second Block.00 0013..01 0002. End First Block. End First Block.03 DD 0014. block . 0001.00 0001.02 0013.00 Begin First Block. Text for the first block . Text for second Second Block.00 0010.00 0010.00 0008.00 0012.

To get a complete list of commands for SEU place the cursor on the sequence number list and press the help key. If the string contains embedded blanks. apostrophes. or quotation marks. The syntax of FIND is FIND string [N.NX] [column parameter] . FILE [ [ [ library/ ] file ] member ] CANCEL Cancel session and exit session.NX] [column parameter] TOP Go to the first page of the work screen. SET .L] [X. L (Last). The syntax is CHANGE fstring cstring [N.F. The scope of the search can be specified using search parameters: X (excluded records) and NX (nonexcluded records). SAVE [ [ [ library/ ] file ] member ] FILE Save changes and exit from edit session. SAVE Save changes and continue editing.F. BOTTOM Go to the last page of the work screen.P. it should be enclosed in quotation marks. Examples: y y y y F XYZ F 'hello there' F *ERR A find all syntax errors F "'XYZ'" Use the F16 "Repeat Find" key to find the next occurrence of a string. P (Previous). F (First).P.A. SEU Commands SEU commands are entered in the "SEU==>" field at the top of the screen. Several direction parameters are available: N (Next). FIND Search for an occurrence of a character string. and A (All).L] [X.A. CHANGE Find all occurrences of a character string and replace it with another string.

Summary of Line Commands The Sequence_number field displays the sequence number of the record and is used for entering SEU line commands. F15 Browse/Copy Options Go the Browse/Copy Options dis play. Function Keys in SEU When a member is being edited. F10 Cursor Moves the cursor from the data area to the SEU command line. F19 Left View the info. the Edit display supports a diverse set of function keys that allow you to perform specific tasks. The following is a list of all the valid commands: y y y y y A=After Move or copy records after this record. type the command over the digits that make up the sequence number. F20 Right View the info.See the IBM SEU manual for more information. PDM will fill in the default values. F11 Previous Record Places the previous record in the prompt. returns to previous entry point. Rebuilds display and shows it again. F5 Refresh Refresh the current display. C=Copy Line Copy this line to a specified target. F17 Repeat Change Perform change or repeat current change function. ___________________________________________________________________________ ___ Key Name Function ___________________________________________________________________________ ___ F1 Help Press the help key for details about the display. F13 Change Session Go to the Change Session Defaults Defaults display. B=Before Move or copy records before this record. To use a line command. F14 Find/Change Options Go the Find/Change Options display. SEU returns to the EDIT Session and displays the prompt after you make a selection. F18 DBCS Conversion Perform DBCS conversion. F23 Select Prompt Go to the Select Prompt display. Bn=Before with repeat n times Move or copy records before this record and repeat these records n times. and from the SEU command line to the data area. F24 More keys View the other function keys available for the current display. An=After with repeat n times Move or copy records after this record and repeat these records n times. . to the left of the current display. F3 Exit End the current task. F4 Prompt Provides assistance for the options selected in the list or a command on a command line. F16 Repeat Find Perform find or repeat current find. to the right of the current display.

RRn=Block shift n chars to the right Shift data defined by the boundary between and including the RRn and RR line commands n character positions to the right. D=Delete Delete the current line. without losing data. Dn=Delete n lines Delete the current line and the next n-1 lines. Copy n records to the specified targets and keep this command on the display. OO=Block overlay Overlay all the records between and including the boundaries defined by two OO line commands with the lines defined by the move. LL=Shift block 1 char to the left Shift data defined by the boundary between and including the two LL line commands one character position to the left without losing data. CC=Block Copy Copy all lines between the boundaries formed by the two CC commands CR=Copy records and retain command Copy this record to the specified targets and keep this command on the display. CRn=Copy n records and retain command. MM=Block Move Move all records between and including the boundaries defined by the MM line commands to a specified target. M=Move a line Move a line to a specified target.y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y Cn=Copy n lines Copy this line plus the next n-1 lines to the specified target. I=Insert a line Insert a blank line after the current record. F=Display format line Display a format line. or copy repeated line command. R=Shift data 1 char right Shift data in the current record one character position to the right without losing data. copy. DD=Block Delete Delete all lines between the two DD boundaries. In=Insert n lines Insert n blank lines after this record. Ln=Shift data n chars left Shift data in this record n character positions to the left without losing data. On=Overlay n lines Overlay this line and the following n-1 lines with the first n lines defined by the move. L=Shift data 1 char left Shift data in this record one character position to the left without losing data. Mn=Move n lines Move the current line and the following n-1 lines to a specified target. IP=Insert line and prompt Insert a blank line and display the line in a prompt. O=Overlay Overlay the current line with the first line defined by the move. P=Display prompt Type P to display this line in a prompt. or copy repeated line command. copy. or copy repeated line command. RR=Block shift 1 char to the right Shift data defined by the boundary between and including the two RR line commands one character position to the right without losing data. Rn=Shift data n chars right Shift data in the current record n character positions to the right without losing data. LLn=Shift block n chars to the left Shift data defined by the boundary between and including the LLn and LL line commands n character positions to the left. copy. CCR=Copy block records and retain command Copy the block of records defined by a pair of CCR commands to the specified targets and keep this command on the display. .

SFn=Show first n records Show the first n records of the exclude group. and how to obtain information about certain compilation and runtime errors. and running a program on the AS/400. we are going to use a simple Control Language (CL) program to illustrate the steps in developing. . YOURLIB) the current library while retaining the existing current library on the library list. +n=Roll member forward n lines Roll the member forward n lines. First. that is the one you created in an earlier section. Steps in Developing a Program In this section. work with the file by typing: WRKMBRPDM FILE(ALIBRARY/QCLSRC) Then create a source member called TEST in QCLSRC by pressing <F6> . Enter TEST for the name of the source member.y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y RP=Repeat line Repeat the current line once before the following line. CRTSRCPF FILE(ALIBRARY/QCLSRC) Once the PF-SRC file has been created. compiling. RPPn=Block repeat Repeat all lines defined by the boundary between the two RPP line commands n times. The following creates a PF-SRC file in the library ALIBRARY. all it does is make the library that you have created (in my case. SF=Show first record Show the first record of the exclude group. SL=Show last record Show the last record of the exclude group SLn=Show last n records Show the last n records of the exclude group. The intention here is not to teach CL programming. ALIBRARY represents the library that has the same name as your user profile or your other library. and a brief description of the source member. put the cursor on the "Source type" field and press <F4> ). RPP=Block repeat Repeat all lines defined by the boundary between the two RPP line commands. X=Exclude Exclude the current record from the display. RPn=Repeat line n times Repeat the current line n times before the following line. Once you have entered all the necessary . + (plus sign)=Roll member forward 1 line Roll the member forward one line.(minus sign)=Roll member backward 1 line Roll the member backward one line. We will also demonstrate how to find compilation errors when they occur. The CL program is very simple. The command line form of issuing CL commands will be used in this section (you may want to use the <F4>prompt facility to assist you if you are not familiar with the commands). -n=Roll member backward n lines Roll the member backward n lines. let's create a source physical (PF-SRC) file called QCLSRC (the IBM-supplied name for a CL source physical file). Xn=Exclude plus Exclude the the current record and the next n-1 records. XX=Block Exclude Exclude all lines between the boundaries formed by the two XX line commands. W=Display member from column 1 Display the member beginning in column 1. Wn=Display member from column n Display the member beginning in column n. CLP for the source type (to see what source types are available. n=Absolute Positioning Position the line identified by the sequence number(n) as the first record on the display. This will start the SEU editor.

. denotes that &MYVAR is a variable. which is optional if the CL program does not receive any parameters. such as RPG. and press <Enter> . Note that SEU provides syntax checking for CL programs. This variable will be used to save the name of the existing current library. Also. is used to retrieve the name of the job's existing current library. are "fixed-format". SEU will highlight that statement. A CL program begins with the PGM command. Remove the parameters of DCL so that the statement contains only "DCL". indicating that there is a syntax error.00 0004. The CHGCURLIB command. (Aside: If a CL program has a parameter named &MYVAR. The second statement declares a CL variable called &OLDCURLIB. Put the parameters back on the DCL statement. The ampersand symbol.00 0007. to help you in selecting a CL command. The reason for this step will be explained shortly.00 0003. We have mistakenly prefixed YOURLIB with "&". Moreover. the reader is referred to the IBM "CL Programmer's Guide" or the online education modules: "AS/400 Control Language Programming" in the "Tutorial Support System" course. the PGM statement is coded as: PGM PARM(&MYVAR). Type in the following program: 0002.) For more information. Notice that we have intentionally introduced an error in this statement.00 *************** Beginning of data ******************************** PGM DCL VAR(&OLDCURLIB) TYPE(*CHAR) LEN(10) RTVJOBA CURLIB(&OLDCURLIB) CHGCURLIB CURLIB(&YOURLIB) /* intentional error */ ADDLIBLE LIB(&OLDCURLIB) ENDPGM ****************** End of data ****************************** ***** You can use the SEU line command.00 0005. the variable &MYVAR has to be declared using the DCL command. "&". on the fourth statement.information. press <Enter> . and the modules "Creating a Control Language Program" and "How to Use Error Handling Facilities" in the "Facilities and Implementation" course.00 0006. note that CL programs are "free format" in that components of CL statements do not have to be placed in particular columns on the screen (some source types. is used to make YOURLIB the new current library (where "YOURLIB" is any existing library that you have access to). SEU will not let you exit an editing session that has syntax errors unless you explicitly specify that you want to exit in the exit screen. on the third statement. You will enter a SEU editing session. The variable will be used to hold a character string with a maximum length of 10. that is we really want CHGCURLIB CURLIB(YOURLIB) instead of CHGCURLIB CURLIB(&YOURLIB) . In this case. the IP line command can help enormously in coding such programs). &MYVAR will be used to hold the parameter's value. The RTVJOBA command. IP (insert line and prompt). saving it in the variable &OLDCURLIB.

indicates the end of the CL program. . . .e. Option 14. On pressing <Enter> . *CURLIB Source member . press Enter. > ALIBRARY Name. it must be declared in a DCL statement. . accept the defaults. Now. > QCLSRC Name Library . . . . . . the need to use RTVJOBA to save the name of that library. Option 14 will invoke a different "create program" command for a different source type (e. . . . . press <F4> when you use option 14). meaning there are compilation errors. . . the "old" current library will not be retained on the library list. *PGMID Library . exit and save the program as it is (i. . > TEST Name. Note that SEU cannot detect this kind of error. This error will be detected during compilation. You can change these default values. . will invoke the CRTCLPGM (Create CL Program) command. This step is needed if we want this library to stay on the library list. . The last statement. . you will receive a message saying that the job completed normally. a message will return saying that the job has ended abnormally. . *PGM Generation severity level . you will see the following screen: Create CL Program (CRTCLPGM) Type choices. . . . . Since there is an error in the above program. on the fifth statement. . . > *YES *NO. . . . it will invoke the CRTCBLPGM command). . . . . . enter option 14 to compile the member that contain the CL source program. . in this case. . ENDPGM. . . . > ALIBRARY Name. which is the job queue for batch jobs. . If you prompt on the option (ie. . . .g. . adds the name of the former current library (which we saved in the variable &OLDCURLIB in the RTVJOBA statement) to the library list. . . Unless you want to rename the *PGM object or put it in another library.A name with "&" as its prefix denotes that it is a CL variable. The default is the library that contains the source member. and to add it back on the library list using ADDLIBLE. . *CURLIB Source file . The "Library" field specifies the library that will contain the *PGM object. if the source type is CBL. *YES Bottom F3=Exit F4=Prompt F5=Refresh F13=How to use this display F10=Additional parameters F24=More keys F12=Cancel The "Program" field specifies the name of the *PGM object that will be created if the compilation is successful. . . . > TEST Name. . . you will see a message at the bottom of the screen saying that the compilation job has been submitted to QBATCH. If there are no compilation errors. Hence. . This is because when the CHGCURLIB command is executed. This is an error because if we intended &YOURLIB to be a variable. . This name defaults to name of the source member. . The ADDLIBLE command. with the error). . . . Program . . . . *SRCMBRTXT Additional Parameters Replace program . . Compiling a Program In the "Work with Members using PDM" screen. Press <Enter>to continue. . . *LIBL. 29 0 -29 Text 'description' .

it is the cause of the failure. Maximum error severity 40. type WRKSPLF to see what's in your output queue. There should be a spooled file with the same name as your source member (the compiler listing) and a job log (QPJOBLOG). to get more details about the error CPD0727 DSPMSGD RANGE(CPD0727) MSGF(QCPFMSG) where QCPFMSG is the system message file and CPD0727 is the message ID. The message will refer you to the compiler listing of the program. * * * * * E N D O F C R O S S R E F E R E N C E Program TEST not created in library YOURLIB. Type 5 to display the contents of the compiler listing of the program. You can use the DSPMSGD (Display Message Description) command to get more information about a compilation error. The meaning of first error is evident. A segment of that listing is presented here: 200300400500* CPD0727 40 600700* * 5738SS1 V2R1M1 YOURLIB/TEST 920306 Control Language Cross Reference Declared Variables Name De fined &OLDCURLIB 300 * CPD0791 00 * 5738SS1 V2R1M1 920306 Control Language Message Summary Total 90-99 2 Severity 0 -9 10-19 1 0 20-29 0 30-39 0 40-49 1 50-59 0 60-69 70-79 0 0 80-89 0 0 YOURLIB/TEST Type *CHAR Length 10 References 400 600 PGM DCL RTVJOBA CHGCURLIB Variable '&YOURLIB ADDLIBLE ENDPGM * * VAR(&OLDCURLIB) TYPE(*CHAR) LEN(10) CURLIB(&OLDCURLIB) CURLIB(&YOURLIB) ' is referred to but not declared. LIB(&OLDCURLIB) * * * E N D O F S O U R C E * * * No labels used in program. There should be a message stating that the program was not created because of compilation error. Let's go back to the source member and fix the problem. The second error is only an information message. There are two errors in the listing (errors are marked with "*" in column 1): the first with a severity of 40 and the second with severity of 0. Press <Enter> to exit this display. For example. Using SEU to Find Compilation Errors .Finding Compilation Errors To find out the cause of the compilation error. it is not the cause of the compilation failure. Type 5 against QPJOBLOG to display it.

Place the cursor on the "Browse/copy spool file" field and press <F4>. To view a spooled file while you are in SEU. This will bring another screen that allows you to enter multiple parameters. Reply . SEU provides special support for locating compilation errors. Respond with a "Y"). Running a Program Use the WRKOBJPDM command to work with the library that contain the *PGM object that was created. press <F15> (Browse/Copy). (C D I R) Type reply. You can also us pass parameters using the command line method.You may want to use SEU to view your compiler listing instead of the way discussed above. press Enter. Using SEU. To make the situation more interesting. The *PGM object will be created in the library that contains your source file unless you specified otherwise. . If the library is not in your library list. and make the corrections to the source member on the spot. Type 16 against the *PGM object to run/execute it. Enter 2 in the selection field. when you run the program. Compile the source member (you will probably be asked if you want to delete the existing *PGM object. To find compilation errors. Alternatively. CALL MYPROG PARM(parameter1 parameter2 . especially if the compiler listing is too lengthy to scan by eye. . But if you created a program that requires an input parameter(s). you will get a runtime or object error message similar to the one below: Display Program Messages Job 287471/T03/DSP02 started on 07/20/92 at 13:48:44 in subsystem QINTER CPF2110 received by TEST at 600. let's introduce another type of error. In the ADDLIBLE statement. If your program takes more than one input parameter. you can still run the program by qualifying it with the library name CALL ALIBRARY/TEST The example program used here does not take any input parameters. type CALL TEST on a command line. For example. Select the appropriate spool file. from YOURLIB. The rest of the source remain the same as before (except for removing the ampersand character). specify some library name that you do not own or one that you are not authorized to use.. type '+' on the "Parameters" field and press <Enter> . option 16 invokes the CALL command). An advantage of using SEU for this purpose is that you can see both the source member and the compiler listing on the same screen. in the bottom screen type FIND *ERR on the SEU command line (or simply. you should see a split screen with the member you are editing on top and the spooled file on the bottom. If the library that contains the *PGM object is in your library list. The program should compile normally. In our example.) Diagnosing Runtime Errors In any case. The program should compile normally after this change. ________________________________________________________ . you can pass the parameter value(s) by prompting on either the option 16 or the CALL command. we specify a nonexistent library called DOGNAP. you can run the program by using the CALL command (in fact.. that is ADDLIBLE DOGNAP . edit the source member to remove the ampersand. "&". F *ERR). On return to the editing session.

Press Enter to continue. F3=Exit F10=Display messages in job log F12=Cancel Again. . place the cursor on the message id (in this case CPF2110) and press <F1>. : *EXT Instruction . . . it should run without any problems.BAT file in MS-DOS.: 99 Time sent . More. Go back to the source member. . Press <Enter> to cancel the program. choose a reply value. . For example. . It is executed when the user logs on. . I -. the DSPMSGD ("Display Message Description") command can be used to obtain more information about the error. : Control language (CL) program TEST inlibrary YOURLIB detected an error at statement number 600. . : This inquiry message can be avoided bychanging the program. Recovery .e. . . . . . Message text for CPF2110 is: Library DOGNAP not found. You see a screen similar to the one below.Ignore the failing command. . . . . Creating an Initial Program An initial program is similar to the AUTOEXEC. . the library with the same name as your user profile) and it has to be named INITIALPGM. .: 0000 Message . . indicated clearly what the problem is..F3=Exit F12=Cancel To find out the cause of the error. . the library DOGNAP was not found. Possible choices for replying to message . . . . . . fix the error. . The message text. . : CPF2110 received by TEST at 600. in this case.. . . .: 14: 00:05 Instruction . The initial program has to reside in your default library (i. Monitor for the error (MONMSG command) and perform error recovery within the program. . D -. you . . : : : : CPA0701 INQUIRY 07/20/92 QCLXERR Severity . . . . . From program . . . (C D I R) Cause . . . Sometimes you can obtain additional messages by pressing <F10> to display messages in the job log.Dump the CL p rogram variables and cancel the CL program. . .Cancel the CL program. The next time you run the program. For instance. . . . Additional Message Information Message ID . . . . . . . .: 0000 To program . and recompile. . To continue. . . DSPMSGD RANGE(CPF2110) MSGF(QCPFMSG) where QCPFMSG is the system message file and CPF2110 is the message ID. . . Type DSPLIBL to check whether the library has been added and whether it has been made the current library. . . i. . : C -. Message type Date sent . .e. .

Combinations of Object and Data Authorities . and transfer ownership of the object. *OBJEXIST provides the authority to control the object existence and ownership. move or rename the object. If you created the source member in a another library. Data Authorities Data authority is the authority to access data contained in an object. press < F4>to prompt on it. These authorities must be set to secure object to the level of security required. *DLT provides the authority to remove entries from an object. *ADD provides the authority to add entries to an object. Rename the source member to INITIALPGM and recompile it.can make the above CL program your initial program. control read and write access to an object. or delete records. This includes the ability to view. or control an object's existence. *OBJOPR provides the authority to look at the description of an object and use the object as determined by the data authority that the user has to the object. if objects are to be shared or used between users. Specify your default library as the library where the *PGM object is to be stored. add. for example records in a database file. save. The user with this authority can delete. *READ provides the authority to get the contents or an entry in an object or to run a program. Authorities and their meanings Object Authorities Object authority is used to control access to an object including the ability to see an object description. Likewise. when you recompile it using the option 14. the object authorities must be relaxed correctly to maintain object integrity. *OBJMGT provides the authority to specify the security (grant/revoke object authority). and add members to database file. This section is designed to help users maintain correct authorities and to understand the authorities on the objects that they own. update. *UPD provides the authority to change the entries in an object. Understanding Object Authorities Introduction To maintain security of data and/or program objects the AS/400 offers a variety of options available to limit access to object.

. . . . . press <F11>. .e. . Type EDTOBJAUT on a command line and press <F4>. command to edit the authority on "YOURLIB". . . *CHANGE provides *OBJOPR authority and all data authority. press Enter. . EDTOBJAUT. .: *NONE ---------. . . . library. . Edit Object Authority (EDTOBJAUT) Type choices. . . . *CURLIB *ALRTBL. . . . . First of all. is normally owned by your security officer so you cannot change its authorities). . *CFGL. To see the detail screen as shown below. . . Note that the owner of "YOURLIB" has *ALL authority on the object. . . press Enter. . . . . . In addition to these. . > *LIB Name Name. . . Changing authorities with EDTOBJAUT We use an example here to illustrate the use of some of the types of authorities discussed above. each representing predefined combination of object and data authorities. . . *USE provides *OBJOPR authority and data read authority. In this example. (Note that your default library. we want to allow a certain user to copy a member from the file "SRCFILE" which is stored in the library "YOURLIB". *EXCLUDE authority prevents the user from accessing the object even if *PUBLIC is authorized. : *LIB JOHNDOE . . *LIBL Object type . . users can create customized combinations of object and data authorities. . : Library . . *AUTL. . the library that has the same name as your user profile.These are keywords. and object type (*LIB) and press <Enter> . Object . . To do that. . we need to allow the user to have access to the library "YOURLIB". *LIBL. . Fill in the blanks for object. . . we use the "Edit Object Authority". .Data----------Read X Add X Update Delete X X . . .. . i. : YOURLIB QSYS Object type Owner . . . . . . *ALL allows the user to perform all authorized operations (object and data) on the object.. Edit Object Authority Object . . > YOURLIB Library . They reduce the time required to assign specific authorities to users. Object secured by authorization list Object User JOHNDOE Authority *ALL ----Object----Opr X Mgt X Exist X . . . . . : Type changes to curr ent authorities.

we need to allow the user access to the file "SRCFILE". . . . *LIBL. . . *FIRST Additional Parameters To file type . . .e. . . . object type along with the user you are granting authorities and the respective authority being granted. . . . > SNDMBR____ Name Name. . . . . Type EDTOBJAUT OBJ(YOURLIB/SRCFILE) OBJTYPE(*FILE) or use the prompt to fill in the parameters. *DA TA . . . type "X" in the position relating to that authority to grant authority or a space to delete that authority. *CURLIB Character value Character value Name. . press Enter. To do that. . "MKTAS400" is the address of the AS/400 at Minnesota State University. . . . . . . . . "SRCFILE"). . . (Note: If you want to edit a specific authority. . File . . .) Next. . . . type "X" under "Mgt" in the detail screen for that user. At any time press <F1> for more help. > SNDFILE___ Library . . Press <Enter> to return to the previous screen. . . . *FROMFILE_ *FROMFILE. Changing Authorities with GRTOBJAUT and RVKOBJAUT To use GRTOBJAUT and RVKOBJAUT type the command and prompt <F4>. The "Send Network File" (SNDNETF) command can be used to send a member of a physical database file (PF-DTA or PF-SRC) to another user. Fill in the library name. . . Press <F6> to add the user to the authorization list with *USE authority. . . . . Note that the object authority changes from *USE to USER DEF (meaning a customized authority). . . . *OBJMGT must be granted. This will allow them to do perform various operations on "SRCFILE" including copying members from the file. . . Mankato. Send Network File (SNDNETF) Type choices. . Type in the name of the user and *USE for the object authority. > SNDLIB____ User ID: _ User ID . . > RCV_______ Address . . In the example shown below. the member "SNDMBR" of the physical database file "SNDFILE" (which is contained in the library "SNDLIB") is to be sent to the user "RCV". Use EDTOBJAUT to edit the authority on the file "SRCFILE". . . . Notice that *USE gives the user *OBJOPR and *READ authorities on "YOURLIB".*PUBLIC *EXCLUDE _ _ _ _ _ _ _ F3=Exit F5=Refresh F11=Nondisplay detail F6=Add new users F12=Cancel F10=Grant with reference object F17=To p F18=Bottom Press <F6> to add a user to the list of users authorized to this object. When the network file arrives at its destination. Sending and Receiving Network Files Users can send and receive network files to and from each other. . > MKTAS400__ + for more values _ Member . . . To allow them to copy the entire file (i. . . object name. . a message is sent to both the sender and receiver.

Instead the output is bundled together with other output in an object . . "Library". > 'SNDMBR'__ Character value. . . *FROMMB R____ Name. . . . . . G. F3=Exit F4=Prompt F24=More keys F5=Refresh A *NORMAL__ A. press Enter. : User ID/Address . press Enter. *LIBL____ Name. . Receive Network File (RCVNETF) Type choices. . *CURLIB . *FROMMBR. . The following screen will show up. Member to be received . B. From file . . . . *FROMFILE . .VM/MVS class . . Send priority . 1=Receive network file 3=Submit job 4=Delete network file 5=Display physical file member File -------From----------Arrival---Opt File Member Number User ID Addre ss Date __ SNDFILE SNDMBR 1 SENDER MKTAS400 08/26/92 RCV_______ RCV_______ MKTAS400 Time 16:37 F3=Exit F4=Prompt F12=Cancel F5=Refresh F9=Retrieve F11=Display type/records Type 1 in the "Opt" blank in front of the network file to receive and press <F4>to prompt. . H. *FIRST F10=Additional parameters F24=More keys F12=Cancel F3=Exit F4=Prompt F5=Refresh F13=How to use this display Fill in the "To data base file". *FROMFILE__ Name. . . . To data base file . *HIGH F12=Cancel F13=How to use this display The receiver will have to run the "Work with Network Files" (WRKNETF) command to inspect their network files. . . . F. . . . Work with Network Files (WRKNETF) User . . . . . . library and member names and press <Enter>. . E. . . . . . and "To member" blanks with the appropriate receiving file. . . . . : Type options. Note that the receiving file must already exist before trying to receive members. . . . . . I *NORMAL. To member . . . . . . . > 'SNDFILE'__ Character value . *LIBL. D. . C. . . . . . . . . . . Printing Procedure When programs on the AS/400 produce output intended to be printed the material does not go directly to the printer. . Library . *ONLY . . . . . .

information on processed records for a database file and abnormal job end conditions. These sub objects are called "spooled files. Here are some: y y y From the WRKMBRPDM display. The attributes that you will be interested in are the "Print device" and "Save file". then. Try pressing the <F10>or <F11>keys to obtain different views of your spooled files. The printer writer names at MSU are: Printer Name PRT01 VAXPRTS2 PS/2 printers Width/Paper 132 Col. Pressing the Print Screen key (<Shift><Print Screen>on the PS/2 running PC-Support or <Ctrl>p on the ASCII connections) will generate a spooled file of the current display.5" Printer Type Line Printer Line Printer Dot Matrix Location Morris Hall MSU ACC MSU ACC Lab Rooms If "Save file" is changed from "*NO" to "*YES" the spooled file will not be deleted after the file has been printed. To work with your spooled files on your output queue type WRKSPLF and press <Enter>. To do this press <F21>and change the assistance level from "basic" to intermediate". first you must work with your output queue. Moving a Spooled File to a Writer To get a physical copy of a spooled file on your output queue. First. you will have to press the <Reset>key to clear the message at the bottom of the screen in order to continue your session. Spooled files should be deleted as soon as they are not needed to reduce clutter in your output queue. Note that if you do a print screen. you will move your spooled file from your output queue to a printer writer. This screen allows you to do many things with your spooled files. Typing 4 in the option field of spooled file in the WRKSPLF screen will delete the spooled file from your output queue. The system automatically generates spooled files in some cases like presenting job log. ." To send these spooled files to a printer. This will gives you more features on the screen. Note: If this is the first time that you are using the WRKSPLF command. change the attributes of the desired spooled file. 11" 132 Col. specifying the correct print device name. you should change the "assistance level" for this screen. the spooled file must have a status of released. two facts must be true. option 6 in front of the desired member will generate a spooled file that is your program member. Typing 2 in the option field of spooled file in the WRKSPLF screen will change the spooled file's attributes. the spooled file must be placed on a started writer and second.called an "output queue" (*OUTQ). Typing 3 in the option field of spooled file in the WRKSPLF screen will keep the spooled file from printing if placed on a printer writer and change the status to *HLD. 11" 132/80 8. There are several ways by which spooled files are generated. By changing the attribute "Print device" from "*OUTQ" to a valid printer (use the WRKWTR command to find out which printers are available).

your printouts can be picked up in the ACC printer area at any time.g. This will refresh the screen to show you the current status of your spooled files. type WRKWTR ("Work with Writers"). The name of the printer is: "PC0" (i. This will mark the spool file for displaying. "P" + "C" + zero) + the number of the PS/2 to which the printer is connected + "S2" (e. This will move the file to the printer writer. If not. If the status is HLD then release it by typing a 6 in the option field of the spooled file and press <Enter>. More Printing Help For more help on printing type STRSCHIDX <Enter>then type SPOOLED QUEUES <Enter>. Typing 6 in the option field of spooled file in the WRKSPLF screen will will release a file that is held to become available to print and will change its status to *RDY. This will permit you to change the spool file attributes. Type in the name of the printer <Enter>. For the printer to be started. Press <Enter>. Press 2 <Enter>. Press the <F5>key. the PS/2 workstation that is connected to the printer must be signed on to the AS/400. PC0614S2).Typing 5 in the option field of spooled file in the WRKSPLF screen will allow you to view your spooled file. The printer will never say it is started although it actually is. Step by Step Printing Example Type WRKSPLF { or OQ } Press <Enter>. select the "stop" option and then select "start". Normally you will not be authorized to print to writer PRT01. Printing to a PS/2 Printer To see which PS/2 printers are available for printing from the AS/400. Press <Enter> . VAXPRTS2 is a printer that is connected to VAX1. Also make sure the printer's status is "ONLINE". This will bring you back to the work with spool file screen. This printer is the system printer. Type 5 in the option field. Press <Alt><Esc>on the computer that is attached to the printer to display the status of the printer. make sure it says "Ready". make sure that the printer is ready for printing. Common Problems .e. This will move us to the correct spool file option field. This will allow you to work with your spooled files. This will display the spool file. Also. If you printed to VAXPRTS2. Make sure that the printer you want to print to has been started. If the STS (status) is RDY or WTR the printer will print your spooled file. Use the <Field EXIT>key or <Tab>to move to the desired spool file.

The first step is to to reach the 'Work with members using PDM' display. . AJ. type in *IMMED i. To stop your infinite loop: y y y y Press <Left Ctrl> (this will reset any keyboard errors) Press <Alt><Print Screen>(this sequence is call "System Request") Type 2. The reader must substitute the appropriate names for source physical file and library. (This is the option on System Request to end a previous request. Note: You can also press <Alt><Print Screen>and press <Enter>to display a menu of system requests. The locally-defined alias for WRKACTJOB. We will continue to use SRCFILE in library YOURLIB for explanation. DDS and Data Files on the AS/400 Creating a data file The following discussion assumes that you already have a source physical file in your current library. endless.e. You may get an authority problem do to the fact that you do not own all of the object in that library. type option 4 (End) against the job that is causing the loop and press <F4>to prompt on the option. you may get an error message "Error found on SEU command". your storage can be used up very quickly. Press <Enter>. The command will clear your objects out regaurdless of the error. SEU. In the "How to end" field. for example.) Press <Enter> . you must clear the *PGM objects from library QRPLOBJ. can also be used. and then select the appropriate command. To deal with this problem. Out of Storage Quota Errors Depending on the specific class that requires use of the AS/400 there is a maximum storage quota allocated to your user profile. This can be done by typing WRKMBRPDM YOURLIB/SRCFILE on any command line. To end the disconnected job: y y y On a command line. You can see this information by typing: DSPUSRPRF username. type the "Work with Active Jobs" command: WRKACTJOB and press <Enter> . where applicable. Ending Disconnected Jobs with Infinite Loops If for some reason you have been disconnect from the system while executing an infinite loop request the job may continue to execute. Stopping Infinite Loops/Ending a Previous Request If you have issued a command and it is taking too long finish it may be an infinite. Because OS/400 retains every version of a *PGM object that results from a compilation. When you have exceeded (or nearly exceeded) your storage quota and you try to start. This will cause the system to run very slowly.Note that the command keys used in this section are those of the PS/2 running PC Support. To do this type WRKOBJPDM QRPLOBJ . loop. to end the job immediately. On the "Work with Active Jobs" display.

BAS. . . For example. . . . . . *PRV Name. *SAME. . .. . .Name++++++RLen++TDpB. . . the screen looks as shown: Find . Name.. . When the prompter is invoked. 2... The prompter helps you to supply the source information in the correct format. . Text 'description' .. . . . . . .A. .. . . *LIBL. *PRV. Your_description_for_the_member_. . . . . ' '. . . . press Enter.. 5. . Source type . *PRV Source member . Option . . . . .. . p ress Enter... . . *PRV Name. . . The following screen shows up: Start Source Entry Utility (STRSEU) Type choices. PF________ C. . .. . Press <F6> from the 'Work with members using PDM' display or type STRSEU on any command line and press <F4>. 6 *BLANK_________________________________ The Source type for a data file must be specified as PF. . *LIBL. C. . . fill in the fields as shown: Start Source Entry Utility (STRSEU) Type choices. *SELECT Name. BAS. . . . . . *SELECT Name. .. . *CURLIB.. . . . . . *CURLIB. . Library . . . Source file . *BLANK____ Text 'description' . BASP. . .. . . Name. . .To create a data file member. . ..T. *BLANK. . . . It is convenient to use the prompt facility for defining the DDS source. to create a data file called TESTDATA in the source file SRCFILE in library YOURLIB.... .. Option . 2. . . . YOURLIB___ *PRV Source member . Press <F4> to invoke the prompter and <F12>to cancel it. .00 ****************** End of data **************************************** . . . BASP. . you have to start the Source Entry Utility. this type denotes aPhysical File. .. . . .Functions++++++++++++++++++ *************** Beginning of data ************************************* 0001. . . 5. . 6 The Edit display shows up. . TESTDATA__ Source type . . . *PRV______ __________ *PRV______ *SAME_____ Name. *BLANK____ *BLANK.. . . Source file . ' '.. . . . . . . . *SAME. _________ ____________________________________________ TESTDATA FMT PF . . . SRCFILE___ Library . .______ Name.. *PRV. . .. . . . . .

for Packed decimal the range is 1-31 digits and so on. K Type K in column 17 to indicate a key field name.00 Decimal Positions ___ Use _ Functions ___________________________ F3=Exit F11=Bottom F4=Prompt F12=Cancel F5=Refresh F24=More keys F10=Top An explanation of the different fields shown above follows: The fields marked with * are not commonly used. beginning in column 19.Prompt type . B for zoned binary data. P for packed decimal data. . . a zoned decimal. Length Type a value to indicate the number of characters in a character field or the number of digits in a numeric field. Length ______ Data Type _ 0001. for Character type the range is 1-32766. Name Type a record format. Name Type _ Name ____ _ PF Ref _ Sequence number . Decimal_Positions Type a value from 0 through 31 to indicate the number of decimal positions to the right of the decimal point within a packed decimal. a floating point. F for floating point data. Data_Type Choose one of the following: A for character data. Name_Type Choose one of the following: Blank Leave the field blank to indicate a field name. . S for zoned decimal data. or key field name in this position. For example. The maximum length allowed is 10 characters. . or a binary field. so for normal applications you may conveniently ignore them. . Reference (*) Type R in this field to use the reference function to copy attributes of a previously defined named field to the field you are now defining. field. R Type R in column 17 to indicate a record format name. H for hexadecimal data.

. For more details about exiting SEU refer to the section 'How to exit SEU'. Find TST1 . *LIBL. Functions (*) Type in keyword entries valid for defining physical files in positions 45 through 80 of this field. .. . look into your spooled file (WRKSPLF) and identify the problem. .. . Otherwise.. Data base file . .. . Type UPDDTA on any command line and press <F4>.00 R RECFMT1 0002. The member TESTDATA that was just created contains only the definition of the data file and hence our the next step is to actually create the file. .. The DDS source for TESTDATA is shown below.A.. .Use (*) Type B or leave the field blank to indicate a field used for both input and output... RECFMT1 is the record format name. and choose option 14 (compile)... Library . The following screen shows up: Update Data with Temp Program (UPDDTA) Type choices. . . the file TESTDATA will be created in YOURLIB. __________________________________________________________ FMT PF . Loading a data file To load a data file.Name++++++RLen++TDpB. FIELD1 and FIELD2. .00 FIELD2 5P 2 0004. ...01 0001.00 K FIELD1 0005.. The last line of the member declares FIELD1 to be the key field. position the cursor at member TESTDATA.T.. and FIELD2 is a packed decimal of length 5 with 2 decimal positions.. FIELD1 is of character data type with length 10. use the command UPDDTA (Update Data Area).Functions++++++++++++++++++ *************** Beginning of data ************************* ************ 0000. If the compilation is successful. . __________ *LIBL_____ Name Name. . .00 FIELD1 10A 0003.00 ****************** End of data **************************************** F3=Exit F10=Top F4=Prompt F11=Bottom F5=Refresh F24=More keys Press <F3>and hit <Enter>to save the member TESTDATA. .. ... *CURLIB . . This can be done by compiling the member we have just created. . From the 'Work with members using PDM' display. There are two fields in the data file. press Enter.

. . For example. To create the screen design member. . . A menu of options will appear which allow you to create a screen. To stop the process of loading the data file. press Enter. *FIRST Bottom F3=Exit F4=Prompt display F24=More keys F5=Refresh F12=Cancel F13=How to use this Supply the values for the data base file to be loaded and the library it is contained in. For information on this area. A source physical file must be created (or one already in existence may be used) and a member must be created in the PF-SRC to hold the screens. . Library .Member . Data base file . . . . . *FIRST______ Name. . issue the command STRSDA (for STaRt SDA) from a command line. . or test a design. . see the manual for the language of the application source. Member . . . and press <Enter>. . . . . . . . . . This section will only cover those aspects of screen design not related to interfacing with applications. *LIBL. . . . Choosing the first option brings the following screen: . . *CURLIB Name. allowing the program to have all the features of the AS/400 user interface without direct programming of the appearance of the interface. *FIRST Bottom F3=Exit display F4=Prompt F5=Refresh F12=Cancel F13=How to use this Enter the values for different fields and press Enter>. . This system allows a programmer to "paint" screens and menus used by a program from within a simple editor. These screens may then be called from an application program. Starting SDA The first steps in creating a set of screens for a program are the same as those for creating a program source member. . . press <F3>and press < Enter>. . Screen Design Using SDA To aid in the creation of user interfaces on the AS/400. . to populate our file TESTDATA we would fill in the values as shown: Update Data with Temp Program (UPDDTA) Type choices. the operating system includes a utility called SDA (Screen Design Aid). TESTDATA__ YOURLIB__ *FIRST____ Name Name. create a menu. . . . . . . . defining input and output fields and special text attributes. . . .

. Since each member can have several records. . Design option . Blank for default keywords F12=Cancel The "SOURCE TYPE" field may be left blank. . . press Enter. . . 5 1=Select file keywords 2=Select record keywords 3=Select subfile keywords 4=Select subfile control 5=Define screen image (fields) 6=Save DDS source. . . ____ ______ F12=Cancel Name. . . . __________ . . . Member . Source type . If the member does not yet exist. *LIBL. . Additional records (to be displayed on Work Screen) Source file . . . . . _ 1=Select 2=Select 3=Select 4=Select file keywords record keywords subfile keywords subfile control keywords 5=Define screen image (fields) 6=Save DDS source. . . . . . . it is necessary to first create one using the "5" option on the "Design option line". . It will default to the proper type for SDA. . . . the screen should look like this: Design Screens Type choices. . . . . it will be created. . . (to be displayed on Source file . *CURLIB Name. create object Record . . F4 for Member list DSPF. Also. . . . . . Library . F4 for Record list Name Name Name. . Source type . . *LIBL_____ . . . SCREEN1___ __________ SRCFILE___ YOURLIB___ SCRNMBR___ __________ Name. . . F4 for Record list Name Name Name. Library . . . Finally. a source file must be provided. . . . . __________ Work Screen) . Once the information is entered. . Design option . F3=Exit F4=Prompt . . . . *LIBL. . . with each one given a distinct record name. a record name must be given. . F4 for Member list DSPF.Design Screens Type choices. . . . a single screen design member could contain any number of screens. create object Record . Additional records . . . . . F3=Exit F4=Prompt . . . Member . . press Enter. Blank for default Since no screen design exists yet. . . . . . and a member specified. . . . . QDDSSRC___ . *CURLIB Name. . __________ .

You can use uppercase or lowercase letters. 6 (output). add a numeric field followed by E (single-precision) or D (double-precision) and press Enter. To add a floating point field. You can also perform additional operations. You can use the following function keys on the Work Screen: F1=Help Press <F1> to show the same information as the help key. <F1> is active on all displays but does not appear in the function key area. such as requesting extended field definition. F11=Switch Press <F11>to display a list of selected database fields on the bottom row of the Work Screen. Using The Work Screen Use the Work Screen to design the display you are creating. or followed by 3 (input). On the Work Screen you can add fields and constants. Adding Fields To add a user-defined field. place fields you have selected from a database. . You indicate the length of a field by the number of characters following +. and add or remove attributes and colors. The ruler does not interfere with your data. F14=Ruler Press <F14>to place a vertical and horizontal ruler on the Work Screen where you position the cursor.These options will start SDA on a screen named SCREEN1 in the member SCRNMBR of file SRCFILE in library YOURLIB. Press <F14>to remove the ruler. O (output). Defining fields on the ruler may cause unpredictable results. copy. F10=Database Press <F10> to have the Select Data Base Files display appear. F4=Prompt Press <F4> to have the Work with Fields display appear. Pressing <Enter> will bring up the main SDA display. F12=Cancel Press <F12>to save your work and continue to the Design Screens display. F3=Exit Press <F3> to have the Design Screens display appear. or 9 (both) for numeric fields and press Enter. type + followed by I (input). or by the length specified in brackets after the first character. Press <F11>to switch back and forth between the list of selected data base fields and the list of not selected database fields. shift. move. This is simply a blank "pasteboard" on which you may place text and fields. F17=Print Press <F17> to Print the current contents of the Work Screen. F15=Subfile Prompt Press <F15>to Display a prompt on the bottom row of the Work Screen that allows you to change the subfile line (SFLLIN) and subfile page (SFLPAG) sizes that were in effect for the current record being defined. and remove fields. F6=Condition Press <F6> to have the Condition Work Screen display appear. or B (both) for alphabetic fields.

+66. Use a double quotation mark to end one constant and start a new constant while taking up only one position. To add a MSGCON (MeSsaGe CONstant) field. The following examples illustrate moving fields to your display: .3)D Double-precision. if you are in multiple mode. type *DATE or *TIME. You cannot use a DBCS insert key on the Work Screen.33E or +3(3. A blank character ends the constant. type + followed by M. Type constants with single quotation marks to define separate constants for each character string (word) that is followed by a blank. +MMM or +(M3) The Define Message Constant display appears. alphabetic. +3. and the column heading position and pressing Enter. SDA will replace each pair with a shift in and a shift out pair when you press <Enter>.2) Four-character. floating-point field with three significant digits and two decimal positions. To add system date or time fields. Use the at sign (@) in pairs to delimit a DBCS (Double Byte Character Set) constant. +99. numeric. Adding Fields from a Data Base File The fields you select from a database file. The fields begin in the position where you type &. The following examples illustrate constant fields: 'xxx"YYY' Defines two constant fields. When you press Enter.999d or +9(5. appear on the bottom row of the Work Screen. 'xxx YYY zzz' Combines three constant fields into one field.66 or +6(4. To work with a MSGCON field. Surround several constants with single quotation marks to redefine them as one constant. Press < F12>to return to the Work Screen.The following examples illustrate user-defined fields: +BBB or +b(3) Three-character. Surround a character string with single quotation marks to define a single constant. floating-point field with five significant digits and three decimal positions. both (input and output). You move fields from the bottom line to your display by typing & followed by the field number. the Define Message Constant display appears. You can then type DBCS data between the delimiters. input field with two decimal positions (set by an edit word). type ? in front of the field.2)e Single-precision. both (input and output) field. Adding Constants To add a new constant or change an existing constant: y y y y y y y y Type a constant. input.

Single Field Mode Mode &&n &L &R &C Symbol Multiple Field Meaning Field Places field. and working with the field keyword displays that appear. Adds a column heading to the left of the field. pressing < Enter>. = Type . &nC Places field. Does not add column heading. -. Adds a column above the field. Moving.in the position preceding the field (the attribute byte of the field) and type = where you want the field to appear. Left-aligns column heading f or an alphabetic field and right -aligns column heading for a numeric fields. Adds a column heading to the right of the field. &nR Places field. &nP Places the column heading only. == . type one of following commands (in uppercase or lowercase) in the position preceding the field (the attribute byte of the field): Command Add Remove H R S B N U -H -R -S -B -N -U -A Attribute High intensity Reverse image Column separators Blink Nondisplay Underscore Remove all attributes Command Add Remov e CB CG CP CR CT CW -CB -CG -CP -CR -CT -CW -CA Color Blue Green Pink Red Turquoise White Remove all colors You can carry out the above operations by typing * in the position preceding the field (the attribute byte of the field). and Shifting Fields Reposition fields on the Work Screen by typing one of the following and pressing <Enter>: -. &nL Places field. &P Adding or Removing Attributes and Colors To add or remove display attributes or colors on the Work Screen. Copying.

-.in any position after the last field. and type == where you want a copy of the group of fields to appear.in any position preceding the field. Display field length and description Type ? in the position preceding the field to display field length and text or column heading description on the last row of the Work Screen. and over the entire field. type . Display MSGCON field definition Type ? in the position preceding the field to show the Define Message Constant display. D Type D in the position preceding the field (the attribute byte of the field). <<<. Subfile Field Definition You can define fields for a subfile similar to nonsubfile fields with the following considerations: . Removing Fields Remove fields from the Work Screen by typing one of the following and pressing <Enter>DO NOT use the <Delete>key to delete items on the work screen: Blanks Type a blank in the position preceding the field (the attribute byte of the field). Additional Features Extended field definition Type * in the position preceding the field (the attribute byte of the field) to add field-level attributes and keywords. You can change the message number. or type >>> after the field (over the first attribute byte).in the position preceding the field (the attribute byte of the field) and type == where you want a copy of the field to appear. file. == Type . -. >>> Type <<< in the position preceding the field (the attribute byte of the field). You can rename the field by changing the name on the last row. to shift the field left or right as far as the signs extend.Type . and library. Date and time keywords Type *DATE or *TIME to define special constants on the display where the system date and time will be automatically substituted.

. To modify the values of the SFLPAG (number of records on the display) and SFLLIN (number of spaces between fields). . press < F15>to display the subfile prompt line. . 10 . . . . . . . F3=Exit F12=Cancel . . Job description . . . Y=Yes Y=Yes 0. . . *LIBL . . . F4 for list Y=Yes Y=Yes F4 for prompt Name Name. . . . . . . . . . . press Enter. . . . It may be advantageous to test screen designs before using them with programs. Create display file . . Y SRCFILE___ YOURLIB___ SCRNMBR___ Y Y SCRNFIL___ YOURLIB_ __ Y 20 Y QBATCH____ QGPL______ Y=Yes Name Name. . . . . . . . .. . . . *LIBL . . . . Replace existing file . Submit create job in batch . PDM returns to the "Design Screens" menu shown above. . .. .Create Display File Type choices. . . . . *LIBL . . . . Library . . . . . . . Library . . . . . Several screens from a single member can be created before compilation. . . . . . Note that it isn't necessary to save a file after every RECORD created. Source file . THE MODIFICATIONS WILL NOT BE SAVED. . . . the file must be compiled before exiting SDA. <F15>is allowed only for subfile records. .. These options will compile all the screen records in member SCRNMBR of file SRCFILE in library YOURLIB to a *FILE object called SCRNFIL in YOURLIB. . . . The screen test program will request the name of a screen and display file (created using the compilation procedure above.) followed by a prompt screen for values for the output fields. .. . . . . . Any field that you define for the subfile will appear the number of times specified by the SFLPAG keyword. . . Save generated DDS source . Member . . . . . . . . If create fails. . . . . . . Library . That file may then be used by user programs. . . Create file if DDS message severity (GENLVL) is less than . . . . . SDA displays the screen with the values supplied. . .. . . . . . . . IF THIS OPTION IS NOT CHOSEN AFTER THE SCREEN DESIGN IS COMPLETE. . . . This can be accomplished using the "Test Display Files" option from the initial SDA menu. display listing . . (CRTDSPF) Display file . . . Choosing the "6" option on the Design Option line saves the source file for the screen and compiles it into a screen file which may be used by a program. . . . .y y y You can modify fields on the first record of the subfile. 30 Y=Yes Name Name. However. .. . . Anything you type is assumed to be a definition of the first record. . . Compiling And Testing Screens Once the screen design is complete and <F3>is pressed. Replace existing member . Using the "6" option for a screen produces the following display: Save DDS . . . 20. .

first prompt on the compile option on the Work with Members Using PDM display (or on the CRT___PGM command for the language of the source file) by pressing < F4>(PROMPT) with the "14" (COMPILE) option on the options line of the file you wish to compile. . . . + for more values Language level . . and compiling programs. . . . .. Starting the debugger Before using the debugger. . . this tool allows the user to view and change the values of variables and step through the program by using breakpoints which interrupt program execution and return control to the debugger. > YOURLIB___ Name. . The source output is also useful as a hardcopy reference while the program is executing. F3=Exit F4=Prompt display F24=More keys F5=Refresh *DEBUG____ *SOURCE___ *EXTENDED__ 2046____ F12=Cancel *LIST.Debugging Programs on the AS/400 In addition to the utilities provided for creating. . . Program . . . > YOURLIB___ Name. . . Library . . Library . . *PGM . *LIBL. . . . . the AS/400 provides a facility to aid in the debugging of programs as they are running. . . . *NOLIST. . respectively. . other languages will have similar prompt displays. . > TEST______ Name . . . . To specify these options at compilation time. To enter the compiler options. > SRCFILE___ Name . . . . However. . . . > TEST______ Name. . it is necessary to prompt for more options by pressing <F10>. . . . . since the debugger does not list source lines as the program executes. editing. press Enter. Called the EPM (Extended Program Model) debugger. . . . .. . . . 256 -32767 F13=How to use this The above example is from a Pascal source member. . . . *CURLIB . . the source program must be compiled with the *DEBUG and *SOURCE options. Source file . . This source output should be printed before starting the debugger. . . *SRCMBRTXT_____________________________ Additional Parameters Compiler options . . which reveals the following screen: Create Pascal Program (CRTPASPGM) Type choices. These will. *SYSTEM String temporary threshold . as the compiler adds its own line numbers to the source which will be necessary in referencing specific lines while using the debugger. . This will show the initial options screen for the compiler. . *CURLIB . Text 'description' . *EXTENDED. . . Source member . . *CHECK. . . *ANSI83. . include debugging information in the executable program (so the debugger has access to variable and routine names) and produce a source output listing from the compiler. .

Pressing <Enter>once all options are entered will submit the compilation. For example. that you intend to debug. ===> addbkp stmt(n1 n2 . Start the Debugger Add breakpoints Call the program to be debugged and End the Debugger These phases are discussed in detail below: Phase 1 (Start the Debugger) The command to start the debugger is: ===> strdbg YOURLIB/TEST where TEST is the program in library YOURLIB. n10) Phase 3 (Calling the Program) Once the breakpoints are set. 4. This will take you to the command entry screen. ===> call YOURLIB/TEST You will notice that the program stops execution when the breakpoint is reached. After the member has been compiled (assuming there are no errors in compilation. From the 'Display Break Point' screen. The program breaks before processing a statement specified as a breakpoint. Using the debugger The process of Debugging essentially consists of four phases: 1. The simplest form of ADDBKP takes the following form: where n1. Phase 2 (Add Breakpoints) A Breakpoint is a place in a program where the system stops the processing of that program and gives control to the display station user or to a specified program. Display the program variables with DSPPGMVAR command: .) the source listing should be printed and used with the next steps. 20 and 30... 3. 2. ' addbkp stmt(10 20 30) ' will set the breakpoints at statements 10. n10 are the statement numbers where the breakpoint is to occur.Placing the *DEBUG and *SOURCE options on the "Compiler options" lines will cause the compiler to produce a source listing and place it in the output queue and will include debugging information in the output program... you can check the values of the program variables as explained below: y y Press <F10>(command entry) on the 'Display Breakpoint' screen. n2 . The command ADDBKP is used to set breakpoints. the next step is to run the program using the CALL command. You may specify 1 to 10 statement numbers where the breakpoint should occur.

This may be done with menu option P. To exit the command entry press <F3>. 'Go to SETUP B'. Feature switch settings: 1 2101 2 0X11 3 0000 4 1110 5 0001 6 0110 7 1X10 8 000X 9 XXXX 0 XXXX 6. Confirm that your copy of PC-VT is V9. Versions prior to V9.0 will not support the cursor keys during an AS/400 session. Select Modem Speed. You may use the <ESC>key to exit the setup mode and return to the emulator mode from which you may access the port selector. it is very important that you end the Debugger. Next set the data bits to 8 and the stop bits to 2.0 for use with the IBM AS/400 via a port selector connection. You should now change the feature switches. the blocks of 4 characters at the bottom of the screen. 4. 2. This may be done with menu option 7. Finally. Ending the Debugger Once you are done with debugging. so that they match those given below. 1. You should next set the modem speed to 9600. Start PC-VT and immediately go into the setup by pressing CTRL-F1. 9.Terminal Setup PC-VT 9. Press <Enter>to resume execution of the program. APPENDIX B . or will terminate. This may be done by placing the cursor above each feature switch you wish to change and pressing the 6 key to toggle the switch to the correct value. This may be confirmed by starting PC-VT and noting the version number on the initial screen or by entering the setup A screen. 5. The program will stop at the next breakpoint if any.===> dsppgmvar VARNAME where VARNAME is the variable name you intend to display. Control is transferred back to the breakpoint. 7. 3. you can check for as many variables as you want to from the command entry screen. This may be done by pressing the S key. Select Data/Parity Bits. The command to do it is: ===> enddbg APPENDIX A .VT-100 to PS/2 (PC Support) Keyboard Mapping .0 Terminal Setup Instruction The following should assist you in setting up PC-VT V9. save the changes you have made to the SETUP so that you will not have to repeat this setup the next time you use PC-VT.0. y y Using the above command. 8. Select option 5. before you issue any other command.

There is a quiz at the end of most modules. This facility is self-paced so the user can work the modules when it is convenient. which gives feedback on how much information the user retained from that module. so the next time he/she is using education. the system will automatically return the user to the place where they left off.PS/2 Key Nam Micro -Term Key Sequence Typical use <F1><ESC>1 Help <F2><ESC>2 Switch View <F3><ESC>3 Exit <F4><ESC>4 Prompt <F5><ESC>5 Refresh Screen <F6><ESC>6 <F7><ESC>7 Roll Down <F8><ESC>8 Roll Up <F9><ESC>9 Get Previous Cmd <F10><ESC>0 Move to top <F11><ESC> List Toggle <F12><ESC>+ Cancel <F13><ESC>! or <ESC><SHIFT>1 User support <F14><ESC>@ or <ESC><SHIFT>2 <F15><ESC># or <ESC><SHIFT>3 <F16><ESC>$ or <ESC><SHIFT>4 Main menu <F17><ESC>% or <ESC><SHIFT>5 <F18><ESC>+ or <ESC><SHIFT>6 <F19><ESC>& or < ESC><SHIFT>7 Scroll left <F20><ESC>* or <ESC><SHIFT>8 Scroll right <F21><ESC>( or <ESC><SHIFT>9 <F22><ESC>) or <ESC><SHIFT>0 <F23><ESC>_ or <ESC><SHIFT> Scrl Option <F24><ESC>= or <ESC><SHIFT>= Scrl Menu <DEL><DEL> Delete chara cter <Shift><Insert><CTRL>d Duplicate <Enter><RETURN> Send screen <Backspace><ESC>i <Right Ctrl><LINEFEED> or <CTRL>j Field exit <Home><ESC>H <Insert><ESC><DEL> Insert mode <Page up><ESC>u <Page down><E SC>d <Shift><Pt Scn><CTRL>p Print Screen <Tab><TAB> Next field <Shift><Tab><ESC><TAB> Previous field <ESC><ESC>a or <CTRL>a Attention <Alt><F7><ESC>(grave accent) Ins. err. Special Char <ESC><CTRL>w Indicator Toggle <ESC><CTRL>a Refresh screen <Left Ctrl><ESC>r or <CTRL>r Reset term. using the bookmark utility to keep track of where the user has left off. Getting Started . This facility is set up for the user to work through any topic he/she is interested in. <Alt><Pt Scn><ESC>s System Request APPENDIX C .Using On-line Education (EDU) Introduction Online education is a facility provided by IBM to assist the user in learning about the AS/400.

There are several courses in online education but the most useful ones in terms of using the AS/400 are: o Tutorial Support System o Facilities and Implementation o Application Design and Development Tools Type 1 to select the desired course <Enter>. exiting and marking it complete or go to a topic/subtropic menu for the module. Your most recent screen print will be located at the bottom of the list and it will be titled QSYSPRT. 4. This will give you a list of all started printers and from here you can select one by typing a 1 on . Exit online education by pressing a series of <F3>keys until you have reached a command line. Select course <Enter> 3. At the Printer to use prompt. change. exiting and setting a bookmark. Follow the directions and read each screen carefully. If you forget to get a screen print. press <F4>on this line. To exit in the middle of a module press <F3> where this option is available. Next. This will give you a choice of exiting the module. when you are finished with the quiz. Select 4 to select an audience path for the course <Enter>. Type 1 to select one of them <Enter>. type the name of the printer you would like to send your printout to and press <Enter>. The COMS 175---Command Language audience path is customized for the CS175 class. At the end of most modules. To assign it to a printer.1. you need to go through the quiz again to get to that screen. there is a quiz. to clear this message and continue your session. To check your screen print type WRKSPLF (work with your spool files). From any command line type ==>STREDU <Enter> STREDU is an abbreviation for Start Education. to assigned to a printer. 2. To Obtain a Screen Print Press the <SHIFT>and PRINT SCREEN key (towards the upper right hand corner of your keyboard) at the same time. This can consist of questions from the module or examples that you walk through. obtain a screen print of the screen that tells you how many you answered correctly on the first try. Select 5. 7. and press <Enter>. You can select all modules or one of the listed categories. you can either select 1 to start the first module in the selected audience path of the course or 3 to select any module < Enter>within the selected course. or a combination of both. This will change the status from not assigned to a printer. type a 2. To display a description about a course select 8 in front of that particular course. 6. To see a list of all started printers. 5. When the screen has been captured you will see a message at the bottom of your screen. For the CS175 class. Press the <Reset>(at the bottom left hand corner of the keyboard). which tells you that it has been sent to the default printer device.

Work in program development manager  STRPDM  WRKLIBPDM  WRKOBJPDM  WRKMBRPDM 3. For more information on printing. 4.DISPLAY.CRTLIB 2. Setup area for source 1. various ways of doing essentially the same thing are shown under each outline heading. 2. Look for error and statement number. Start source entry utility . 3. Check for dependencies.where ___ can be CBL. Press <Enter>again to accept this printer. 0.create a member. 5..CRTSRCPF 3. Log in. If program gives a run-time error. Compile the source member to attain object and compiled. Type source into physical file member.if so create or attain. PAS.DSPMSG Check spool file to see if any Fatal errors or warnings. You will return to the screen where you pressed <F4>.STRSEU 2. If there are any warnings determine if they are important and if deemed so go to step III and correct. Execute the program. APPENDIX D . Choose option 5 . If there are errors or fatal errors go to to step III and correct.if so create or attain them. C. o Does program need data files . Display message to see if completed successfully . o Does program need other programs . WRKSPLF 1. Note if there are any warnings or errors or fatal errors. o CRT___PGM . 1. Correct error. BAS. o Option 14 from the PDM lines. 0. Go to step III. 4. spool file. Create a source physical file (optional) . 2. Cross reference statement number with source line number with spool file WRKSPLF 3.hit <F1> (help) 1. Press <Enter> to select this printer.How to program on an AS/400 The following outline details the basic steps of program development on the AS/400. . 1. Create a library (optional) .. etc. some more appropriate than others depending on the situation. 4.the line before the desired printer. Wait for compilation to complete. see the section "Printing Procedure" in this manual.. 2. Since there may be multiple ways to complete a task. o CALL library/programname o Option 16 from a WRKOBJPDM screen. Page to bottom of file. PAS. Move cursor to error description . In PDM: <F6> .

subject matter. Be sure to print your name and address below if you would like a reply. Reader's Comments Use this form to tell us what you think about this manual. this is the form to use. Mankato © 1992. or if you want to express your opinion about it (such as organization. After you have completed this form send it in the campus mail to: AS/400 Staff Computer Services Box 45 Today's Date: Your Name: Your Phone No. appearance) or make suggestions for improvement.Log off.06 Copyright Minnesota State University.1995 Last modified: Thu Sep 18 00:28:14 CDT 2003 Jeffrey Hundstad . If you have found errors in it.: Your Address: Your Comments: Version 2.

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