Introductory Reference to the IBM AS/400

Introduction to the AS/400

The IBM Application System/400 popularly known as AS/400 is a family of mid-range business computing systems, that supersedes IBM's highly successful System/3X family. The AS/400 is available in three different types the 9402, 9404, and the 9406. Currently, here at Minnesota State University, Mankato, the Computer Services is supporting a dual processor IBM AS/400 9406 model D80, that contains 192 Megabytes of primary memory and 7.1 Gigabytes of mirrored secondary storage. The AS/400 systems exclusively use the IBM Operating System/400 (OS/400). It is a multi user operating system that works with the Licensed Internal Code (LIC) instructions to implement the functions that are basic to the AS/400 architecture. OS/400 can perform tasks under direct control of both the user and an application program. The AS/400 system differs from the traditional systems in several ways. They offer more compatibility across the product line since only one operating system and architecture is used consistently across the entire family. The system offers very high performance compared to the earlier System/3X computers. This is achieved by a combination of faster processors, extended storage and improved fixed disk systems. The software architecture is different from that of more traditional systems. Implementing functions such as security, database and communications in microcode, and providing a one-piece operating system resulted in improved efficiency, consistency and simplicity.

Now, to take a look into the highlights of the system
AS/400's standard functions plus the many communications options and supporting software provide users with flexibility for various communications environments. The AS/400 application programming interface provides some new capabilities not found in earlier operating systems. The basic architecture of AS/400 systems makes for a very productive program development environment. The built-in database and single-level storage provide high-level structures and consistency. This along with the programming tools available for AS/400 can increase programmer productivity. The programmer has the flexibility to choose one of the following programming languages for their application programs:
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BASIC

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C CL command language COBOL X3.23-1974 & X3.23-1985 FORTRAN Pascal PL/I REXX RPG II & III

The AS/400 marks a new beginning in the business computing world. This new generation of systems with advanced technology and advanced applications serve as a growth platform for the customer to expand in application, size and network complexity.

Signing On to the AS/400
PC Support/400
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Reboot the PC by pressing <Ctrl><Alt><Delete>at the same time. Press this key combination twice. Select the option that indicates PC Support and/or AS/400. Answer "Enter common user ID:" with your username Answer "Enter password for common user ID:" with your password. If there is a beep or a message press <Enter>to bypass the message. At this point you should have the following screen:
Sign On System . . . . . : MKTAS400 Subsystem . . . . : QINTER Display . . . . . : PCnnnnS1 User . . . . . . . Password . . . . . Program/procedure. Menu . . . . . . . Current library. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . __________ __________ __________ __________

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Type your username in the "User" blank. Press the <Tab>key. Type your password. The password will not be displayed. Press the <Enter>key.

If for some reason you can not longer type, press the <Reset>key. On the Microterms or PCVT this would be the <Esc>key then R. On PC Support/400 this would be the left <Ctrl>key. If this is the first time you signed on continue with the Changing your password section of this manual.

Changing Your Password
The first time you log on the AS/400 you will be forced to change your password before continuing.
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Press <Enter>to change your password. At the "Current Password" field, type `xx' followed by the last six digits of your social security number (ie. xx999999) NOTE: nothing you type on this screen will be displayed to ensure that no one views your password as you type it. Press <Tab>or <Field Exit>. For the "New Password" field, type the password you would like to use when you sign on to the computer. It must not exceed 10 characters, it must begin with a alphabetic character and the remaining characters may be any combination of alphabetic, numeric characters. Note: Try not to make it too difficult, you will need to know it to sign on the AS/400 again. Press <Tab>or <Field Exit> At the "New Password (to verify)" field, type in your new password for a second time to make sure you have entered it correctly. If you have entered it incorrectly you will get an error message and your initial password will still be `xx' followed by the last four digits of your social security number. Press <Enter> Upon completion, the following message will be displayed: Password changed successfully Read the following screens, pressing <Enter>to exit each one, until you reach the AS/400 Main Menu screen.

Later on when you want to change your password, type CHGPWD on the command line and go through the same steps.

Signing Off of the AS/400
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Press <F3>until you see a command prompt, ===>. At the command prompt type SIGNOFF.

Getting Online Help
AS/400 provides extensive On-line help, and a simple method of accessing the help information. On-line help information is provided for all system displays. The type of help provided depends on the location of the cursor. For all displays, the following information is provided:
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What the display is used for How to use the display How to use the command line if there is one How to use the entry fields and parameter line if any What function keys are active and what they do.

If the <Help>key is pressed when the cursor is in an area where specific on-line help information is available, the help text for that area of the display is shown. If the <Help>key is pressed when the cursor is in an area for which no specific information is available, information for the entire display is shown. Then you can page forward or backward through the information for the entire display and for each area. If the <Help>key is pressed while a help display is shown, a description of the types of help that are available on the displays, and how to get each type of help is shown. The <Help>key on the PC Support stations is labeled <Scroll Lock>. On the VT -100 or PCVT stations the key sequence for < Help>is <ESC>h. If <F11>=Search index is shown at the bottom of the display, you can press <F11>to see the Search Help Index display. On that display, you can request information about any topic you specify.

STRSCHIDX
The start search index command is used when you would like to get help on a specific or general topic. To use the index search facility type STRSCHIDX and hit <Return>. Type your subject topic, or topics on the bottom subject line. When you hit <Return>again your topic will be searched for and the topics found will be displayed on the screen above the topic line. To display the information you are looking for type 5 in the option field by the topic line press <Return>. To get out of the index search facility press <F3>until exited.

CD-ROM Manuals
If you are attached to the AS/400 using PC Support/400 you have the ability to look at a hypertext version of a subset of the complete AS/400 manual set. To start the hypertext book reader type the command MANUALS at any AS/400 prompt. This guide is laid out like a library. The library contains bookshelves. These bookshelves contain books. For example our library contains a bookshelf name Languages. We select the bookshelf by using the arrow keys to place the highlighted cursor over it and press <Enter>. On this bookshelf there are several books on languages. One of the books is titled "COBOL/400 Reference". Once again we use the arrows and cursor to select the item. Now that we have the book it opens up a "Table of Contents" for the book. By using this search and select procedure you can look through the book like a book you'd check out at the library.

More Help
There are three ways to get help on the READ/DOS book reader (AS/400 command MANUALS):
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Start the book reader and select the bookshelf entitled BookManager READ/DOS. Press <F1>anywhere you're in question about your current options. Press <Alt>h (or <F10>h) and select the appropriate help selection for your current problem.

Using the Prompt Facility
AS/400 provides interactive command prompting for any command supplied with the system or created by the user. On the command entry screen notice the option F4 = Prompt at the bottom of the screen. You can type the command name only, and press <F4>to see the prompt display for the command. Usually, a command may require many parameters before it can be executed. The prompt displays provide a convenient method of supplying that parameter information. For example, type SNDMSG on any command line and press <F4>. The following prompt display is shown:
Send Message (SNDMSG) Type choices, press Enter. Message text . . . . . . . . . . ________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________ _______________________ ___________________________________________________ __________________________________ To user profile . . . . . . . . . __________ Name , *SYSOPR, *ALLACT...

F3=Exit F4=Prompt F5=Refresh F10=Additional parameters F12=cancel F13=How to use this display F24=More keys

To execute the command, supply the required information for Message text and user profile and press <Enter>. Most of the parameters used on commands have default values that are used if no other value is specified. You may change the default values if you desire to do so. If <F4>= Prompt is shown on the prompt display, you can press < F4>to request a list of predefined values (such as *SYSOPR and *ALLACT in the above display) that are permitted in the field where the cursor is currently positioned. In relation to the SNDMSG command, you can use DSPMSG at any time to display messages in your message queue.

Organization of OS/400 Objects
Objects
On the AS/400, everything that can be stored or retrieved is stored in an object. Examples of objects are libraries, files, executable programs, queues, and more. Objects share some common attributes such as name, type, size, description, date created, and owner. The concept of an object allows the system to perform certain standard operations, such as authorization management, on all objects types. The object types that we will be primarily concerned with in this manual are:
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*LIB Libraries

A library is an object. In this manual. A source physical file has the attribute "PFSRC".y y y *FILE Files *PGM Compiled programs *OUTQ Output queues Libraries Every object is contained in a library. User-created libraries. the system master library. There are two types of database files: 1.) . we are primarily concerned with database files. the default record length is 92 (80 for the source data field. that contains data in the form of a database. Files A file is an object. Refer to the section on the SEU editor for the meanings of these fields. for example an employee master file. we are primarily interested in two kinds of physical files: 1. This description is then compiled to produce a *FILE object with attribute PF-DTA. A data physical file (*FILE PF-DTA) contains data that cannot be compiled. or a group of related records that are handled as a unit. In this manual. a library cannot "contain" other libraries (with the exception of QSYS. System supplied libraries NOTE:all IBM-supplied library names begin with the letter "Q" or "#" 3. 2. QSYS . A source physical file is actually a special type of data physical file. data physical files 2. It is similar to the "root" or top-level directory on Unix. 6 for the sequence number field. MS-DOS. logical files. unlike these systems. There are basically three general categories of libraries: 1. such as an input file to a program. physical files 2. A physical file contains actual data stored on the system. An interesting implication of the non-hierarchical nature of libraries is that two users cannot have libraries with the same name. For example. In conventional terms. A source physical file (*FILE PF-SRC) contains source statements. A data physical file normally has a record format. It has a fixed-length record format. It is usually created using the "Create Source Physical File" (CRTSRCPF) command (more information about this command will be given later).the library that contains all other libraries. a data physical file is a data file. However. that contains a group of objects. and VAX/VMS. for example the source statements of a Pascal or COBOL program. of type *LIB. of type *FILE. This record format is defined using Data Description Specifications (DDS is a language that is used to describe database files to the system). device data. which "contains" all libraries on the system). The CRTSRCPF command creates a physical file with attributes appropriate for source physical files. source physical files. and 6 for the date field.

for example. . You may also use the standard IBM-supplied names such as "QRPGSRC". . the member's name is the . press Enter. This attribute is specified when creating the member. . SRCFILE___ YOURLIB___ Position to . A data physical file may contain one or more members. "RPGSRC" and DDS source in a PFSRC file called. it "knows" that it should invoke the COBOL compiler. These members are not objects themselves but subsets of an object. However. SEU. as in the above example. you may want to keep all your RPG source programs in a PF-SRC file called. and "QCLSRC" for the various PF-SRC files. In a PF-SRC file. the member(s) contains data for use by programs. for example. . An example of a PF SRC file and its members is shown below (we will explain how to get to this screen in the section on PDM): Work with Members Using PDM File . 2=Edit 7=Rename Opt __ __ __ __ __ Member NAMEEMP CLPRO G RPGPROG EMPMAST SCRNMBR 3=Copy 4=Delete 8=Display description Type LF CLP RPG PF DSPF Text Sample Sample Sample Sample Sample 5=Display 9=Save 6=Print 13=Change text . in the above example. . Once. determines how the various systems programs (such as the editor and compilers) on the AS/400 treat the member. a PF-DTA file will only have one member (by default. DDS Source for a Logical File Control Language Source Program RPG Source Program DDS Source for a Physical File DDS Source for a Display File Parameters or command ===> ___________________________________________________________ F3=Exit F9=Retrieve F4=Prompt F10=Command entry F5=Refresh F23=More options F6=Create F24=More keys The name of the source physical file is SRCFILE. Although. and it is contained in the library YOURLIB. for example. . which in the case of PF-SRC members. . "QDDSSRC". Normally. In a data physical file (PF-DTA). you will probably want to store source programs of the same type in a separate source physical file. . "DDSSRC". . you may choose to include source members of different types belonging to the same application in the same PF-SRC file. . __________ Type options. a member has been specified as having an attribute of CBL (for COBOL program.The data records in a data physical file can be grouped into members.. This implies that all members of an object share the same basic characteristics with the other members in the object such as ownership and security.. For example. source members of different types are stored in the same source physical file. . Members have an attribute associated with them.) the AS/400 editor. each member contains source statements for a program or DDS source. and when PDM (Program Development Manager) is given the instruction to compile the file. and allows compilation to be totally automatic. Library . will format the program as a COBOL program.

A printer file can be created using the "Create Printer File" (CRTPRTF) command. When the DDS source is compiled. In this way. like a member. the "PF" member. is not an object itself but a subset of an object. A data logical file is described to the system using DDS. The attribute for a *PGM object indicates the language the program was written in. The spooled file stays in the output queue until it is directed to a printer or removed. A spooled files. the output goes to an output queue and it stays there as a spooled file. Two common types of device files are printer files (*FILE PRTF) and display files (*FILE DSPF). the difference between "source" and "data" in regards to data physical files. Another *FILE object type that you may encounter in your programming courses is the device file. In the "Work with Members using PDM" screen above. It is important to understand. It is similar to the concept of a "view" in SQL. it produces an object with a type of *PGM with the attribute CBL. This compiled object is the actual file that is used to hold data records. a *FILE object with the attribute LF-DTA is produced. whenever something is printed.same as the file name). A printer file describes the attributes that printed output will have. it is possible to include multiple members in a single PFDTA file. contains DDS source that defines a physical file. A device file contains a description how data is to be presented to a program from a device or vice versa. The relationships between the various objects that have been discussed in this section are as follows: QSYS (*LIB) [special library] | | contains | Library (*LIB) | . it will produce a *FILE object with attribute PF-DTA. you may want to group the records in a sales transactions file so that each member contains data for each month. For example. A display file describes what information is to be displayed and where it is to be displayed on the screen of a display station. For instance. However. such as the length and width of a printed page. A data logical file (*FILE LF-DTA) is a data file that contains no actual data. when a COBOL source program is compiled. One way of defining and creating a display file is with the Screen Design Aid (SDA) utility. Other Object Types A program object (*PGM) is a compiled program. each month's data can be processed separately by processing one member at a time. Refer to the section "Printing Procedure" in this manual for more information on printing spooled files. On the AS/400. at this point. When this source member is compiled (using CRTPF or option 14 in the "Work with Members using PDM" screen). An output queue has already been created for you with the creation of your user profile. An important object type on the AS/400 is the output queue (*OUTQ). "EMPMAST". The name of the output queue is normally the same as that of your user profile. but provides a different method of viewing the data of an accompyning data physical file(s) which it internally references.

. .e. . . . . i. press Enter. we will create another library and use this library as an example throughout the manual. . . . type the CRTLIB ("Create Library") on a command line and press <F4>to prompt on it. . .-----------------. Type in the name of the library and enter a brief description for the library.------^-----.+----^----------------. *TEST Sample_Library__________________ F10=Additional parameters F24=More keys F12=Cancel . . Member(s) | | [Reorginized data] Source Data Physical Physical File File (PF-SRC) (PF -DTA) | | contains | | contains | | Member(s) Member(s) [Program source] [Actual Data] Creating a Library A library has already been created for during user profile creation. . to store all your application objects.| contains | . .^--. To create a library.. . . the library that has the same name as that as your user profile. In this section. . . .--------. . | | Physical Data Logical file file (PF) (LF -DTA) | ^ contains . | | | | Programs (*PGM) Outqueues (*OUTQ) Files (*FILE) Other [Executable] | | objects | contains | Spooled Files | [Output intended for Printer] | | . Leave the library type as *PROD (a production library is one that is used for normal processing). . Library type . The name of this library is normally the same as that of your user profile.---------------. . . . Create Library (CRTLIB) Type choices. . Text 'descrip tion' . F3=Exit F4=Prompt F5=Refresh F13=How to use this display YOURLIB__ Name *PROD____ *PROD. Library . . Note that you can use your default library.

.. . created in library . . Below.. press Enter. let's create a source physical file in the library that we have just created. . Your default library. You should see a message at the bottom of the screen saying "Library . . . . . meaning the current library. . that is the library that has the same name as that as your user profile.. it means that some other user already has a library by the same name. type CRTSRCPF and press <F4> to prompt on it.. . Other commands that operate on libraries are: y y y DSPLIB (Display Library) DLTLIB (Delete Library) WRKLIB (Work with Library).. .. You can display your library list by typing DSPLIBL and press <Enter> on a command line. Display Library List System: MKTAS400 . Creating a Source Physical File Now. . . File . Note: All libraries are on the same "level" with only QSYS above them. . *CURLIB 92_______ Number *NONE_____ Name. . . try another name for the library. *NONE. Library . . if desired Text 'description' .. . we first explain what a library list is. If you get this message. . SRCFILE___ Name YOURLIB___ Name. Press < Enter> and you should see the message "File . . . To create a source physical file. Record length . If you see the message "Library . . Member. ." at the bottom of your screen. A library list is similar in concept to the "PATH" in Unix and MS-DOS.. . created". It specifies which libraries are to be searched and the order in which they are searched when the system looks for an object. . Create Source Physical File (CRTSRCPF) Type choices. . A library list is identified by the value *LIBL. . . A default library list is automatically created by OS/400 for each job started by a user. . . . . . The following is the library list for the user "JOHNDOE". *FILE Sample_Source_File___________________ F10=Additional parameters F24=More keys F12=Cancel F3=Exit F4=Prompt F5=Refresh F13=How to use this display Library Lists You may have noticed in the previous screen that the "Library" field defaults to the value *CURLIB. is automatically included in your library list.Press <Enter>. . Supply the names for the source file and the library that will hold it. . Before we discuss what the current library is. . . . . . we show the display for creating a source file called "SRCFILE" in the library "YOURLIB". . . already exists". The current library is tied closely to the concept of a library list. . .

assume that the user "JOHNDOE" has an executable program (*PGM object) called "TESTPROG" in the library "YOURLIB". "TESTPROG" is qualified by "YOURLIB" as CALL YOURLIB/TESTPROG then the program can be found and executed. You can edit your library list using the EDTLIBL command and remove a library list entry using . If "JOHNDOE" now issues the the unqualified CALL command.Type options. A message will appear stating that the program is not found in the library list. the libraries in the library list are searched for the object (starting with the system libraries. User "JOHNDOE" wants to run the program (using the CALL command) and issues the command CALL TESTPROG . user portion which consists of libraries that holds user objects. however. To add a library to the library list. the user can create their own libraries and add them to their library list. followed by the library name (or prompt on the command) ADDLIBLE YOURLIB . and QGDDM come with the system while others are locally supplied. type the "Add Library List Entry" (ADDLIBLE) command. and the user libraries). such as QTEMP. For example. the current library. QGPL. As you can see. is the library that has the same name as your user profile (in this case.. COLLECTION . pre ss Enter. a library list is divided into three parts: system portion which consists of the libraries that are required to run system functions current library which by default. the library "JOHNDOE"). If a user does not specify a library name when requesting an operation on an object. This is because "YOURLIB" is currently not in the library list. 5=Display objects in library Opt __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ Library QSYS QHLPSYS QUSRSYS JOHNDOE QTEMP QGDDM QGPL QMSU QPAS MBNLQ ONLINE Type SYS SYS SYS CUR USR USR USR USR USR USR USR Text System Library *IN USE JOHN DOE's default library GENERAL PURPOSE LIBRARY MSU generated commands and programs Common Library for MBNLQ . Some user libraries. The current library is the first user library that is searched before the rest of the user libraries in the list.created by SQL F3=Exit F12=Cancel F17=Top F18=Bottom Note that you may not have all the libraries in the above list. In addition. If. the program can now be located and executed since the library that contains the program is now in the library list.

. when "JOHNDOE" signs on. .Work with file members using PDM Work with Objects One of the most commonly used commands to start PDM is WRKOBJPDM. Object .Work with objects using PDM WRKMBRPDM -. or members. . *CURLIB name. we will create an "initial program" that will automatically run these commands when a user signs on the system. Object attribute . . however. . Work with Objects Using PDM (WRKOBJPDM) Type choices. *PRV______ *ALL______ *ALL______ *ALL______ *PRV. . *PRV. objects. Type WRKOBJPDM and press <F4> to prompt on it. These may be replaced with the name of a specific library. . attribute. . It automates file and member creation. such as the CRTSRCPF command. . . . Next time. no longer the current library. *ALRTBL. .) which will produce a menu of options for the level on which the user wishes to work (libraries. *PRV. that both commands (ADDLIBLE and CHGCURLIB) are only effective for a particular session. The . . . "YOURLIB" will no longer be in their library list and hence. . .. . editing.. Note. . . *PRV. . *generic. . . . F3=Exit F4=Prompt F24=More keys F5=Refresh F12=Cancel F13=How to use this display The *PRV value on the "Library" field indicates that the default is to work on the library the user last worked with. . . *AUTL. . and allows the programmer to manage their environment from a set of standard menus. . . In the section "Steps in Developing a Program".. Library . . . compilation and program execution.. . . . . .) or using one of three commands which indicate the level at which the user would like to work: y y y WRKLIBPDM -. Object type . *ALL. Using the Program Development Manager (PDM) The Program Development Manager (PDM) is a set of utilities under OS/400 designed to simplify the creation and development of software. This allows the user to work with objects inside a library. name.. Starting PDM PDM may either be started using the command STRPDM (for Start PDM. press Enter. . *generic.Work with libraries using PDM WRKOBJPDM -. .the RMVLIBLE command. Some commands automatically default to the current library (*CURLIB). . "YOURLIB" can be made the current library by typing CHGCURLIB YOURLIB . .

. . name. Work with Objects Using PDM (WRKOBJPDM) Type choices. YOURLIB___ Position to . . *PRV. . .. ."Object" and "Object type" options allow the user to limit which objects will be displayed. . see Table 1 at the end of this section. . attribute. . PDM Options Options are displayed across the top of the screen (for a list of all the options available in PDM. there should be just one object in the library. . *ALRTBL. Object .) Each option is an action which may be performed on an object by placing its number on the "Opt" line next to the object and pressing the < Enter> key. *PRV. *ALL. *generic*. . Work with Objects Using PDM Library . . . . . YOURLIB___ *ALL______ *ALL______ *ALL______ *PRV. . the source physical file "SRCFILE" that you have just created. . . Object attribute . . F3=Exit F4=Prompt F24=More ke ys F5=Refresh F12=Cancel F13=How to use this display The screen resulting from command WRKOBJPDM. . . press Enter. 2=Change 3=Copy 8=Display description Opt __ Object SRCFILE Type *FILE Text Sample Source File Bottom Parameters or command ===> ________________________________________________________________ F3=Exit F9=Retrieve F4=Prompt F10=Command entry F5=Refresh F23=More options F6=Create F24=More keys Presently. . .. Object type . . . . *CURLIB na me. and *ALL on the other options. is shown below. . .. . *PRV. Type options.. . . . Type WRKOBJPDM and prompt with <F4>. . . . . with the library specified as YOURLIB. . . Library . press Enter. . . . . . *AUTL. . . __________ Position to type . This method of specifying actions on a form listing the objects available is consistent throughout PDM. . *generic. . . ... . . __________ 4=Delete 9=Save Attribute PF -SRC 5=Display 10=Restore 7=Rename 11=Move . . .

the action of this option depends on the file type. When working with a source physical file at this level. . For example. File Position to . option 2 runs the STRSEU command to begin editing a member and 14 calls the compiler for a program of that type (if specific compiler options are needed. If the item is of type *PGM. . and second. . . Type "12" against "SRCFILE" to work with it. etc. multiple objects may be operated on in succession. The following "Work with Members using PDM" screen appears: Work with Members Using PDM .. 2=Edit 7=Rename Opt Member 3=Copy 4=Delete 8=Display description Type Text 5=Display 6=Print 9=Save 13=C hange text . go to the WRKMBRPDM display for that file (there are different types of WRKMBRPDM displays for source and data files. the "18" option may be invoked to modify the file using DFU (Data File Utility). Placing a 12 on the line next to an item on this display will: y y y If the item is of type *FILE. YOURLIB___ __________ Type options. However. More on PDM levels Moving down levels in PDM is accomplished using the "12" (Work With. ..There are two important special features which this method of specifying actions offers: First.. At the WRKOBJPDM screen.) When this method of changing levels is used.. (programs may also be called from the WRKOBJPDM screen by using the 16 option. PDM will present the prompt screen for the command associated with that option number. Multiple objects may be operated on sequentially by placing numbers on more than one Opt line. go to the "Work With Output Queue" display. change its attributes. pressing <Enter> or <F12> (cancel) with no options on the screen returns to the previous level. the "2=change" option is no longer valid. SRCFILE___ Library . present a display allowing the user to call the program. allowing the user to work with spooled files. press Enter. You can type "5" (Display) against one and type "7" (Rename) against the other. Pressing <Enter> causes PDM to process each option in turn. . Work with Members The WRKMBRPDM display is the bottom level of PDM. remember that the prompting facility may be invoked on any PDM option. assume we have two source files in "YOURLIB". .) If the item is of type *OUTQ.) When working with a physical data file. simply press <F4> while an option number is on one of the "Opt" lines. . . . . the options support the prompting facility. . To use the prompting facility.) option. for instance the *DEBUG option to include debugging information in the program.

Library . . in the section on SEU we will use this source member. . Press <Enter> . . SRCFILE___ YOURLIB___ *ALL______ *ALL______ *PRV. . there are no members in "SRCFILE". enter the names of the library and file as shown below. . Member . *CURLIB *PRV. *LIBL. This will automatically invoke the SEU editor. Later on. . Enter the name of the new source member and for its source type. Let's create a member.. > YOURLIB___ Source member . . . . . . . . . . *generic.. . . . . . TXT_______ C. . name *PRV. Name. . . . enter "TXT" (i. . . *CURLIB. File . BAS. . To work with the member that we have just created.. If you have many members in your file. . . . . . . .e. press <F6> (Create). . . . . . . Name. . Source file . . . . . Work with Members Using PDM (WRKMBRPDM) Type choices. SRCMBR____ Source type . For now. . . . *PRV. . To do that. . . . . . . press Enter. . . you can use the "Member" and/or "Member Type" fields to narrow down the number of members to work with. *PRV *PRV. . . name. Sample_Source_Member____________________ Name. Member type . . . press Enter. . . the source member will contain only plain text). . .. . . . . . . . *PRV *LIBL. Text 'description' . . On return to the WRKMBRPDM screen. . . type. Start Source Entry Utility (STRSEU) Type choices. you will notice that "SRCMBR" is now in "SRCFILE". > SRCFILE___ Library . press <F3> to quit and type "Y" in the "Change/Create member" field to save the source member. BASP.(No members in file) Parameters or command ===> ________________________________________________________________ F3=Exit F9=Retrieve F4=Prompt F10=Command entry F5=Refresh F23=More options F6=Create F24=More keys Presently. The "Work with Members using PDM" screen can be accessed directly using the WRKMBRPDM command. . . Type this command and press <F4> to prompt on it. .. *generic. Bottom F3=Exit F4=Prompt F24=More keys F5=Refresh F12=Cancel F13=How to use this display You will now be inside the SEU editor. name. . Name. .. . . . . . *SELECT *SAME. . .

Table 1: Options in PDM (Some options may not be valid at some levels. if available Control Language Command Syntax . file. You will probably use this command least among the three PDM commands. This will bring up the "Work with Objects using PDM" screen for that library.F3=Exit F4=Prompt F24=More keys F5=Refresh F12=Cancel F13=How to use this display Work with Libraries Briefly. You can work with the contents of a library by typing 12 against it. Save Restore Move Work With Change Text Compile Copy File Run Change Using SDA Change Using DFU Find String Modify an obj ect or edit a source member Duplicate an object Remove an object from storage Display the contents of an object Copy a source member to an output queue Change an object's name Show summary information about an object Save an object to offline storage Retrieve an object from offline storage Move an object to another library Perform operations on the contents of an object Change the text description line for an object Compile a source physical file member Copy a *FILE object (has special options) Run an object of type *PGM Change a screen design (in a PF -SRC) using SDA Use DFU to change a PF -DTA member Find a s tring of characters in an object Table 2: Function Keys in PDM F1: F3: F4: F5: F6: F9: F10: F11: F12: F13: F14: F15: F16: F17: F18: F21: F23: F24: Help Exit Prompt Refresh Create Retrieve Command Entry Display Toggle Cancel Repeat Source Type Toggle Sort User Options Subset Change Defaults Print List More Options More Keys Obtain help on an area of PDM Exit PDM or current operation Display prompt screen for options on screen Redraw the screen with updated information Create a library. or member Recall a previous command to the command line Display an OS/400 command entry screen Switch to/from brief display mode Cancel an operation Copy an option number to all lines Switch between date and type display in PF -SRC Cha nge member list sort criteria Specify user -defined commands to PDM Limit the list on the screen to certain types Change PDM user settings Print the object list on the screen Display more PDM option numbers. the WRKLIBPDM command lets you work with a library or libraries.) 2: 3: 4: 5: 6: 7: 8: 9: 10: 11: 12: 13: 14: 15: 16: 17: 18: 25: Change Copy Delete Display Print Rename Display Descrip. if available Display more function keys.

let's consider the command name.Copy o CRT .Remove item o RST .Create o DLT . Some examples of verb/subject combinations are: y y y y CRTSRCPF . The first option SLTCMD ("Select Command by Name") can be used to obtain a list of commands using a wildcard character (e. As you would probably know by now. The verb consists of three characters and is the "action" component of the command.Retrieve o RVK .Start PDM ADDLIBLE . a SUBJECT. a VERB and 2. This will bring up the "Command Grouping Menu" where each option represents a group of related commands. Command Structure First.g.Display item o END .Work with Objects Using PDM STRPDM .Add Library List Entry CL commands can be found in several ways. a CL command is a way of of invoking functions and calling system services.Add Item o CHG . A command is made made up of two components: 1.Grant o MOV .Send o STR . The command GO CMDxxx can be used to get a menu of commands related to xxx (where xxx can be a verb or subject).Change o CPY .Set o SND .The purpose of this section is to provide a more formal presentation of CL commands. or more parameters. SLTCMD CR* will list all commands starting with CR).Work with The subject component of the command specifies the item that the verb acts on.Delete o DSP .Restore o RTV . Parameters A CL command can have zero. A system-defined default value . Some common verbs and their meanings are shown below: o ADD .Create Source Physical File WRKOBJPDM . A command may have some parameters that are required and some that are optional. one.Move o RMV . Another way of finding commands is to press <F4> on any command line.Revoke o SET .Stop a program which was started with a STR o GRT . A CL command is made up of two parts: (1) a command name and (2) parameters.Start (a program or utility) o WRK .

a combination of both. the system-defined value. One such tool is the Programming Development Manager (PDM) that offers the following: . 2. WRKOBJPDM YOURLIB *N *FILE *N will map to the default value for that parameter. For example. If the reference is to a file in a specific library. character in both keyword and positional forms WRKMBRPDM YOURLIB/SRCFILE SRCMBRWRKMBRPDM FILE(YOURLIB/SRCFILE) MBR(SRCMBR) If only the file name is specified. Another way of specifying parameters is the free format or command line method. You may want to use this method if you remember exactly what parameter information is needed for a command. WRKOBJPDM LIB(YOURLIB) OBJ(SRCFILE) There must not be any blanks between the keyword and the left parenthesis. can be entered in the position of that parameter. The above example can be specified in positional form as follows WRKOBJPDM YOURLIB SRCFILE . For example. Parameters in keyword form can be specified in any order. parameters are specified without keywords. the file name must be qualified with a slash. A CL command can use a combination of both positional and keyword parameters. One restriction of this mixed form of specifying parameters is that positional parameters cannot follow keyword parameters. which is in between the second and third parameters in the parameter set. as in the following statement WRKMBRPDM SRCFILE the library qualifier will default to the library list (*LIBL). Positional parameters are often limited to the first three or four parameters. for example WRKMBRPDM YOURLIB/SRCFI LE MBRTYPE(TXT) . parameters can be specified in: 1. A parameter that is specified in keyword form will have a keyword followed immediately by a value (or list of values). The parameter values must be positionally matched with the keywords in the parameter set for that command. For example. keyword form. the following command will display all objects of type *FILE in the library YOURLIB. Note that the "Member" parameter. Using the SEU Editor Introduction The IBM AS/400 provides an integrated set of Application Development Tools (ADT) to design. So far in this manual.(prefixed by "*") is usually assigned to an optional parameter if the user does not specify a value for it. which in this case is *ALL. we have been using the <F4> prompt facility for specifying parameters. Note that when using the WRKMBRPDM command. "/". is omitted. develop and maintain applications. the file name and library name fields are actually one parameter (a file name plus a library qualifier). positional form. *N. In the positional form. Using this method. If you do not want to specify a value for one of the parameters. or 3. the following is invalid WRKOBJPDM LIB(YOURLIB) SRCFILE .

+.+.+.+.... Choose option 3 to Work with members. Extendable interface to tools through user-defined options. Press <Enter> ..... PDM is one tool that may be used to access the SEU... Starting the Editor Type STRPDM (Start Program Development Manager) on any command line.. Type 2 on the "Opt" line to edit the source member "SRCMBR"... .. 2 ... the screen readjusts as shown: Columns .+.. supply the necessary source file (SRCFILE) and library (YOURLIB) information and press Enter. 2 . we will use the source member we created in the previous section. 3 ...... In either case. The "Work with members" screen shows up. Another tool is the Source Entry Utility (SEU) that offers a full screen editor providing syntax checking of source statements. and press <Enter> ..+...: 1 80 SEU==> _______________________________________________________ FMT ** Edit SRCMBR . .y y y Integrated application development environment... 5.: 1 80 SEU==>_______________________________________________________ FMT ** ''''''' ''''''' ''''''' ''''''' ''''''' ''''''' ''''''' ****************** End of data *********** ************************ F3=Exit F10=Top F4=Prompt F11=Bottom F5=Refresh F24=More keys Edit SRCMBR . 6 ...+. .. ..+... The PDM menu is displayed. You can also reach this screen by typing WRKMBRPDM (Work with members using PDM) on any command line and pressing <F4> . . *************** Beginning of data ******************************** If you press <Enter> without typing anything.... In this SEU tutorial. 1 .+. You are now in the full-screen EDIT mode. 6 ... Columns . 3 ... 4 ...+.. 5.. ....+.. List-oriented selection of items for development or maintenance.. *************** Beginning of data ********************************* ****************** End of data ************************************ F3=Exit F10=Top F4=Prompt F11=Bottom F5=Refresh F24=More keys .. 1 .+...+..+. 4 .

+.+. .. N=No ...00 Text for the first block . .+. 3 . Columns .. 2 .. 4 .. 4 . . 1 .00 ****************** End of data ************************************ Notice the sequence numbers of records at the extreme left. ... Columns .+. .+. . we show a sample TEXT document that will be used in the next section for illustrating the use of various SEU line commands. .+. I *************** Beginning of data ********************************* ****************** End of data ************************************ Now.+.00 0007.... . .. .00 End Second Blo ck. press Enter.00 Text for second block ... 6 ..+..: 1 80 Edit SRCMBR SEU==> _______________________________________________________ FMT ** .00 0003..... ...+...00 Begin First Block. Y Y=Yes.. The sequence number field of a record is used to specify the line commands. 5... 0004......00 THIS IS A TEXT DOCUMENT.+.....+. .. Change/create member .Type I (for insert) on the first line as shown and press <Enter> .. 0006. 0002. 3 .. 0005. you may start typing in the desired text... 0009.. *************** Beginning of data ********************************* 0001. 0008. 5. To save the current member and exit SEU follow the following procedure 'Exiting the Editor.+.' Exiting the Editor To exit SEU press <F3>.. For more information on line commands see 'Using SEU line commands'.+... 0010.. 6 . 1 ..+. 2 .. Below.: 1 80 Edit SRCMBR SEU==> ____________ _____________________________________________ FMT ** .... The exit display shows up: Exit Type choices....00 End First Block...00 Begin Second Block.

. . The screen for editing that member will show up. and then you decide to cancel it. . . .9999. press <F12> to cancel the exit display. . .99 N Y=Yes. Type N in this field only if you do not want to save changes made to your member. . . . .01 . . . .00___ 0000. . . . . . . . . However. . . . . . . and type option 2. . . . . y y Use the command WRKMBRPDM as explained in the previous section. if your member did not have any syntax errors. . . . command C is used to copy lines. Text .99. The edit display for this member is shown: . To edit a member that has already been created.99 01. . . reach the 'Work with members using PDM' display. . N=No 0001.01 . . . . . N=No F5=Refresh F12=Cancel If you wish to save the changes you have made. . you may simply press < Enter> . The SEU line commands are entered over the digits that make up the sequence number of a record. if the member is modified. This returns you back to the editing mode. Print member . . . . . . . Resequence member Start . . . . . . . .Member . . . command M for moving lines and so on. . Go to member list . . note the following: y y y If you have decided not to quit the editor. to edit the member SRCMBR created before. . . . type option 2 in front of member SRCMBR and press <Enter> . . . . . . . . Increment ._____ Y Y=Yes. . . the system supplies Y in this field and returns back to the editing mode ( unless you explicitly type N and force it to exit ). . . use <F5> to refresh the screen. . . In the following discussion. . N=No N Y=Yes. . . . . . . . For example. Library . . . . . if syntax errors do persist. . Use the tab keys to position the cursor at the desired member. For example. and press < Enter> . . . . . N=No N Y=Yes. From the "Work with members using PDM" display. . F3=Exit . However. . . a sample TEXT document is used to illustrate the use of the various commands. . File . Return to editing . The default value for 'Change/create member' is Y. .00____ 00. Using Line Commands SEU supports various line commands that guide us in editing an existing member. . The default value for 'Return to editing' option is N. . . . . otherwise N. . type WRKMBRPDM YOURLIB/SRCFILE on any command line. SRCMBR____ Name SRCFILE___ Name YO URLIB___ Name Description_for_the_member. Note: If you type a line command. The default values supplied for most of the options above are self-explanatory.

00 Text for second block ..: 1 71 Edit YOURLIB/SRCFILE SEU==> _________________________________________________________ SRCMBR FMT CB .00 Begin Second Block. 0005. Begin End Second Block. Text for second Second Block... Begin First Block. 0002.00 0007.-A+++B+++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++ + *************** Beginning of data **** **************************** 0001. ''''''' PROGRAM -ID. Text for the first block .... SAMPLE. ****************** End of data *********************************** F4=Prompt F11=Bottom F5=Refresh F24=More keys The screen adjusts as shown below..00 F3=Exit F10=Top THIS IS A TEXT DOCUMENT. . 0009. Columns .00 THIS IS A TEXT DOCUMENT.00 Begin First Block. . and press <Enter> . 0004.00 0004. 0008. *************** Beginning of data ******************************** I001. . End First Block. 0002...00 0009.00 THIS IS A TEXT DOCUMENT. .. 0006.Columns .. .00 End Second Block. 0010.00 0006...00 Begin First Block. .00 0005.00 Text for the first block .00 0003.: 1 71 Edit YOURLIB/SRCFILE SEU==> ________________________________________________________ SRCMBR FMT CB .00 End First Block. Type in the line to be inserted and press <Enter> .00 0002.00 0008..00 0003.00 0003.-A+++B++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++ *************** Beginning of data ******************************** 0001....00 0007. type I (insert) on the sequence number field of that record.00 ****************** End of data ************************** ********* F3=Exit F10=Top F4=Prompt F11=Bottom F5=Refresh F24=More keys Inserting a line To insert a line after a particular record.. .00 0010. block .

00 Begin Second Block.. 0001.00 0007..00 End Second Block. and press Enter. type C (copy) in the sequence number field.00 End First Block... Second Block.00 0010... Begin End ****************** End of data *********************************** F4=Prompt F11=Bottom F5=Refresh F24=More keys Copying a line To copy the "Begin First Block" line to the end of the program. 0005. ...00 ****************** End of data *********************************** Type A (after) on the last line as shown.00 Text for the first block .00 0009. . .. .: 1 71 Edit YOURLIB/SRCFILE SEU==> __________________________________________________________ SRCMBR FMT CB ..00 0007. 0008..00 0007. 0008.00 0006. Columns . 0009. 0002.-A+++B++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++ *************** Beginni ng of data******************************** 0001. 0006.00 End Second Block. Columns .01 It illustrates the use of SEU line commands.-A+++B++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++ *************** Beginning of data ******************************** 0001.01 It illustrates the use of SEU line commands. 0004. 0005.00 Text for second block .: 1 71 Edit YOURLIB/SRCFILE SEU==> _________________________________________________________ SRCMBR FMT CB ..00 C Begin First Block. This results in the pending line to be copied after the line you have indicated. Text for second Second Block.00 End First Block....00 Text for second block .00 F3=Exit F10=Top End Text for the first block . 0010. 0002.0004..00 0008. block ...00 Begin Second Block. 0006. . .00 C Begin First Block.00 THIS IS A TEXT DOCUMENT.00 Text for the first block . 0001. First Block. 0004.. 0009. . Note the message on the top that indicates a pending Copy line command..00 0005.. and press Enter..00 THIS IS A TEXT DOCUMENT.

. Begin First Block. Text for second Second Block.00 0009.00 0008.. *************** Beginning of data ******************************** THIS IS A TE XT DOCUMENT. the first block of text being moved after the second one.00 0001...00 0009. block . and press <Enter> . Now. after the copy. To move a single line.00 Begin First Block.01 .00 0005.00 0010.00 0007.. ****************** End of data *********************************** Block Move To move a block. End First Block. ****************** End of data *********************************** Deleting a line To delete a line.00 0001. Text for second Second Block.00 0007. End First Block.00 ****************** End of data ************************************ The program looks as shown below.01 0002.00 0011. 0001. The line that was just copied may be deleted as shown below: *************** Beginning of data***************************** THIS IS A TEXT DOCUMENT.00 0004.. Begin End Second Block. the target for the move has to be specified.A010. block .00 0006. Text for the first block .00 0008. 0001.00 0010. 0001.00 0005.00 0003.00 Begin First Block. It illustrates the use of SEU line commands.00 0004. Begin First Block.00 D011. type MM at the beginning and the end of the block.00 0001.00 0006. *************** Beginning of data ******************************** THIS IS A TEXT DOCUMENT.01 0002.. It illustrates the use of SEU line commands. The Block Move is illustrated below. type D (delete) in front of it and press <Enter> .00 0003. Begin End Second Block. Text for the first block . It illustrates the use of SEU line commands.. use the command M (move) and follow the procedure as explained above for copy.

.00 0001.00 MM 0004. *************** Beginning of data ******************************** THIS IS A TEXT DOCUMENT. Begin End Second Blo ck. Text for second Second Block.00 0005. Text for the first block .00 0013.00 0008. Begin First Block. End First Block. Begin End Second Block. that B is specified as the target. Text for the first block .00 MM 0004.. ****************** End of data *********************************** Block Copy Enclose the block to be copied within CC commands.00 0010. It illustrates the use of SEU line commands.00 0009.01 0002.00 0008.00 0005.00 0001. 0001..00 0012.00 Begin First Block. Note below.00 Begin First Block. It illustrates the use of SEU line commands..00 0009..00 A010.00 0009. 0001.00 0008. to copy the block before the indicated line. *************** Beginning of data ******************************** THIS IS A TEXT DOCUMENT. Text for the fi rst block ..00 . block . block . 0001....00 ****************** End of data *********************************** Here is the member after the move: *************** Beginning of data ******************************** THIS IS A TEXT DOCUMENT.0002. The block copy resembles the block move explained above..00 0011. End First Block.00 0007. Text for second Second Block. and specify the target. Begin End Second Block.00 MM 0007.00 0010.. block .00 0014.00 MM 0007. ****************** End of data *********************************** Type A on the last line to move the block to the end of the program.01 0002. Text for second Second Block. End First Block..

****************** End of data *********************************** .01 0002. Text for second blo ck .00 0011. Begin End Second Block.00 0012..00 0008.00 0010.02 0013. Begin End Second Block.00 0009.00 0013.00 0008. It illustrates the use of SEU line commands. ****************** End of data *********************************** The source member looks as follows.00 0014.00 0009.0001.00 0007.00 0011. End Second Block. Text for the first block . block .00 CC 0008.01 0002. Text for the first block . Text for second Second Block. Text for second Second Block. Begin Second Block. Text for the first block . enclose it within DD commands and press <Enter> .00 0001.00 0013.. block . It illustrates the use of SEU line commands.00 0007... End First Block. Begin First Block.00 CC 0011... End First Block.01 0002.. End First Block. 0001. Begin End Second Block.00 0001..00 DD 0013.00 0010.00 Begin First Block.00 B It illustrates the use of SEU line commands.03 DD 0014.. 0001. The block that was just copied may be deleted as shown: *************** Beginning of data ******************************** THIS IS A TEXT DOCUMENT. block .00 0013.00 0012.00 Begin First Block...00 0009. after our experimentation with the above line commands: *************** Beginning of data ******************************** THIS IS A TEXT DOCUMENT.00 0012. Text for second Second Block... ****************** End of data *********************************** Block Delete To delete a block..

FIND Search for an occurrence of a character string. F (First). CHANGE Find all occurrences of a character string and replace it with another string. FILE [ [ [ library/ ] file ] member ] CANCEL Cancel session and exit session. Examples: y y y y F XYZ F 'hello there' F *ERR A find all syntax errors F "'XYZ'" Use the F16 "Repeat Find" key to find the next occurrence of a string.F. The syntax is CHANGE fstring cstring [N.A. P (Previous). The syntax of FIND is FIND string [N. SAVE [ [ [ library/ ] file ] member ] FILE Save changes and exit from edit session.NX] [column parameter] TOP Go to the first page of the work screen. it should be enclosed in quotation marks. SAVE Save changes and continue editing. or quotation marks.P.L] [X. SET . The scope of the search can be specified using search parameters: X (excluded records) and NX (nonexcluded records).P.To get a complete list of commands for SEU place the cursor on the sequence number list and press the help key. apostrophes.L] [X.F. Several direction parameters are available: N (Next). If the string contains embedded blanks. and A (All).NX] [column parameter] . BOTTOM Go to the last page of the work screen. SEU Commands SEU commands are entered in the "SEU==>" field at the top of the screen. L (Last).A.

. and from the SEU command line to the data area. Rebuilds display and shows it again. F4 Prompt Provides assistance for the options selected in the list or a command on a command line. Summary of Line Commands The Sequence_number field displays the sequence number of the record and is used for entering SEU line commands. returns to previous entry point. Bn=Before with repeat n times Move or copy records before this record and repeat these records n times. Function Keys in SEU When a member is being edited. F15 Browse/Copy Options Go the Browse/Copy Options dis play. C=Copy Line Copy this line to a specified target. F16 Repeat Find Perform find or repeat current find. To use a line command. F19 Left View the info. F17 Repeat Change Perform change or repeat current change function. F11 Previous Record Places the previous record in the prompt. SEU returns to the EDIT Session and displays the prompt after you make a selection. F10 Cursor Moves the cursor from the data area to the SEU command line. B=Before Move or copy records before this record. type the command over the digits that make up the sequence number. F5 Refresh Refresh the current display. F18 DBCS Conversion Perform DBCS conversion. The following is a list of all the valid commands: y y y y y A=After Move or copy records after this record. An=After with repeat n times Move or copy records after this record and repeat these records n times. to the right of the current display. ___________________________________________________________________________ ___ Key Name Function ___________________________________________________________________________ ___ F1 Help Press the help key for details about the display.See the IBM SEU manual for more information. to the left of the current display. F14 Find/Change Options Go the Find/Change Options display. F20 Right View the info. F3 Exit End the current task. F24 More keys View the other function keys available for the current display. F13 Change Session Go to the Change Session Defaults Defaults display. PDM will fill in the default values. F23 Select Prompt Go to the Select Prompt display. the Edit display supports a diverse set of function keys that allow you to perform specific tasks.

D=Delete Delete the current line. copy. or copy repeated line command. RR=Block shift 1 char to the right Shift data defined by the boundary between and including the two RR line commands one character position to the right without losing data. P=Display prompt Type P to display this line in a prompt. or copy repeated line command. I=Insert a line Insert a blank line after the current record. Dn=Delete n lines Delete the current line and the next n-1 lines. CRn=Copy n records and retain command. On=Overlay n lines Overlay this line and the following n-1 lines with the first n lines defined by the move. M=Move a line Move a line to a specified target. CCR=Copy block records and retain command Copy the block of records defined by a pair of CCR commands to the specified targets and keep this command on the display. or copy repeated line command. LLn=Shift block n chars to the left Shift data defined by the boundary between and including the LLn and LL line commands n character positions to the left. Rn=Shift data n chars right Shift data in the current record n character positions to the right without losing data.y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y Cn=Copy n lines Copy this line plus the next n-1 lines to the specified target. CC=Block Copy Copy all lines between the boundaries formed by the two CC commands CR=Copy records and retain command Copy this record to the specified targets and keep this command on the display. IP=Insert line and prompt Insert a blank line and display the line in a prompt. Ln=Shift data n chars left Shift data in this record n character positions to the left without losing data. Copy n records to the specified targets and keep this command on the display. OO=Block overlay Overlay all the records between and including the boundaries defined by two OO line commands with the lines defined by the move. L=Shift data 1 char left Shift data in this record one character position to the left without losing data. LL=Shift block 1 char to the left Shift data defined by the boundary between and including the two LL line commands one character position to the left without losing data. copy. F=Display format line Display a format line. . DD=Block Delete Delete all lines between the two DD boundaries. Mn=Move n lines Move the current line and the following n-1 lines to a specified target. R=Shift data 1 char right Shift data in the current record one character position to the right without losing data. copy. RRn=Block shift n chars to the right Shift data defined by the boundary between and including the RRn and RR line commands n character positions to the right. MM=Block Move Move all records between and including the boundaries defined by the MM line commands to a specified target. In=Insert n lines Insert n blank lines after this record. O=Overlay Overlay the current line with the first line defined by the move. without losing data.

Enter TEST for the name of the source member. YOURLIB) the current library while retaining the existing current library on the library list. SF=Show first record Show the first record of the exclude group. and a brief description of the source member. The CL program is very simple.y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y RP=Repeat line Repeat the current line once before the following line. . and running a program on the AS/400. work with the file by typing: WRKMBRPDM FILE(ALIBRARY/QCLSRC) Then create a source member called TEST in QCLSRC by pressing <F6> . W=Display member from column 1 Display the member beginning in column 1. let's create a source physical (PF-SRC) file called QCLSRC (the IBM-supplied name for a CL source physical file). CLP for the source type (to see what source types are available. The following creates a PF-SRC file in the library ALIBRARY. we are going to use a simple Control Language (CL) program to illustrate the steps in developing. Once you have entered all the necessary . that is the one you created in an earlier section. -n=Roll member backward n lines Roll the member backward n lines. The intention here is not to teach CL programming. Xn=Exclude plus Exclude the the current record and the next n-1 records. n=Absolute Positioning Position the line identified by the sequence number(n) as the first record on the display. RPP=Block repeat Repeat all lines defined by the boundary between the two RPP line commands. all it does is make the library that you have created (in my case. X=Exclude Exclude the current record from the display. Wn=Display member from column n Display the member beginning in column n. This will start the SEU editor. The command line form of issuing CL commands will be used in this section (you may want to use the <F4>prompt facility to assist you if you are not familiar with the commands). Steps in Developing a Program In this section. RPPn=Block repeat Repeat all lines defined by the boundary between the two RPP line commands n times.(minus sign)=Roll member backward 1 line Roll the member backward one line. put the cursor on the "Source type" field and press <F4> ). First. +n=Roll member forward n lines Roll the member forward n lines. CRTSRCPF FILE(ALIBRARY/QCLSRC) Once the PF-SRC file has been created. We will also demonstrate how to find compilation errors when they occur. SFn=Show first n records Show the first n records of the exclude group. SL=Show last record Show the last record of the exclude group SLn=Show last n records Show the last n records of the exclude group. + (plus sign)=Roll member forward 1 line Roll the member forward one line. XX=Block Exclude Exclude all lines between the boundaries formed by the two XX line commands. RPn=Repeat line n times Repeat the current line n times before the following line. ALIBRARY represents the library that has the same name as your user profile or your other library. and how to obtain information about certain compilation and runtime errors. compiling.

such as RPG. press <Enter> . SEU will not let you exit an editing session that has syntax errors unless you explicitly specify that you want to exit in the exit screen. A CL program begins with the PGM command.) For more information.00 0004. are "fixed-format". . the PGM statement is coded as: PGM PARM(&MYVAR). the variable &MYVAR has to be declared using the DCL command. Remove the parameters of DCL so that the statement contains only "DCL". is used to retrieve the name of the job's existing current library.00 0006.00 0007. The second statement declares a CL variable called &OLDCURLIB. This variable will be used to save the name of the existing current library. that is we really want CHGCURLIB CURLIB(YOURLIB) instead of CHGCURLIB CURLIB(&YOURLIB) . which is optional if the CL program does not receive any parameters. Notice that we have intentionally introduced an error in this statement.00 0003. and press <Enter> . The variable will be used to hold a character string with a maximum length of 10. In this case. on the third statement. The ampersand symbol. "&". indicating that there is a syntax error. You will enter a SEU editing session. &MYVAR will be used to hold the parameter's value. The RTVJOBA command. saving it in the variable &OLDCURLIB. SEU will highlight that statement. The reason for this step will be explained shortly. to help you in selecting a CL command. and the modules "Creating a Control Language Program" and "How to Use Error Handling Facilities" in the "Facilities and Implementation" course.information.00 *************** Beginning of data ******************************** PGM DCL VAR(&OLDCURLIB) TYPE(*CHAR) LEN(10) RTVJOBA CURLIB(&OLDCURLIB) CHGCURLIB CURLIB(&YOURLIB) /* intentional error */ ADDLIBLE LIB(&OLDCURLIB) ENDPGM ****************** End of data ****************************** ***** You can use the SEU line command. IP (insert line and prompt). the reader is referred to the IBM "CL Programmer's Guide" or the online education modules: "AS/400 Control Language Programming" in the "Tutorial Support System" course. Note that SEU provides syntax checking for CL programs. is used to make YOURLIB the new current library (where "YOURLIB" is any existing library that you have access to). on the fourth statement. (Aside: If a CL program has a parameter named &MYVAR. The CHGCURLIB command. Moreover. the IP line command can help enormously in coding such programs).00 0005. Type in the following program: 0002. Put the parameters back on the DCL statement. denotes that &MYVAR is a variable. note that CL programs are "free format" in that components of CL statements do not have to be placed in particular columns on the screen (some source types. Also. We have mistakenly prefixed YOURLIB with "&".

The default is the library that contains the source member. . . press <F4> when you use option 14). This is because when the CHGCURLIB command is executed. . . . . . . . . Program . . Option 14. . > ALIBRARY Name. . > QCLSRC Name Library . If you prompt on the option (ie. the "old" current library will not be retained on the library list. *SRCMBRTXT Additional Parameters Replace program . *PGMID Library . if the source type is CBL. . . . . Note that SEU cannot detect this kind of error. . 29 0 -29 Text 'description' . . . on the fifth statement. Press <Enter>to continue. enter option 14 to compile the member that contain the CL source program. with the error). adds the name of the former current library (which we saved in the variable &OLDCURLIB in the RTVJOBA statement) to the library list. . meaning there are compilation errors. . . it must be declared in a DCL statement. . This error will be detected during compilation. press Enter. The last statement. . If there are no compilation errors. accept the defaults. . exit and save the program as it is (i. *LIBL. *PGM Generation severity level . you will see the following screen: Create CL Program (CRTCLPGM) Type choices. . ENDPGM. Since there is an error in the above program. . . a message will return saying that the job has ended abnormally. > *YES *NO. . . you will receive a message saying that the job completed normally. This is an error because if we intended &YOURLIB to be a variable.g. . *YES Bottom F3=Exit F4=Prompt F5=Refresh F13=How to use this display F10=Additional parameters F24=More keys F12=Cancel The "Program" field specifies the name of the *PGM object that will be created if the compilation is successful. you will see a message at the bottom of the screen saying that the compilation job has been submitted to QBATCH. . . . . > ALIBRARY Name. . . . . . in this case. . . . . > TEST Name. . Now. The ADDLIBLE command. . the need to use RTVJOBA to save the name of that library. . . *CURLIB Source file . . This step is needed if we want this library to stay on the library list. . This name defaults to name of the source member. . > TEST Name.A name with "&" as its prefix denotes that it is a CL variable. You can change these default values. indicates the end of the CL program. . The "Library" field specifies the library that will contain the *PGM object. . .e. . . . and to add it back on the library list using ADDLIBLE. Hence. . Unless you want to rename the *PGM object or put it in another library. which is the job queue for batch jobs. . Option 14 will invoke a different "create program" command for a different source type (e. . On pressing <Enter> . . Compiling a Program In the "Work with Members using PDM" screen. it will invoke the CRTCBLPGM command). . will invoke the CRTCLPGM (Create CL Program) command. *CURLIB Source member . .

Maximum error severity 40. to get more details about the error CPD0727 DSPMSGD RANGE(CPD0727) MSGF(QCPFMSG) where QCPFMSG is the system message file and CPD0727 is the message ID. For example. The second error is only an information message. You can use the DSPMSGD (Display Message Description) command to get more information about a compilation error. Type 5 to display the contents of the compiler listing of the program. A segment of that listing is presented here: 200300400500* CPD0727 40 600700* * 5738SS1 V2R1M1 YOURLIB/TEST 920306 Control Language Cross Reference Declared Variables Name De fined &OLDCURLIB 300 * CPD0791 00 * 5738SS1 V2R1M1 920306 Control Language Message Summary Total 90-99 2 Severity 0 -9 10-19 1 0 20-29 0 30-39 0 40-49 1 50-59 0 60-69 70-79 0 0 80-89 0 0 YOURLIB/TEST Type *CHAR Length 10 References 400 600 PGM DCL RTVJOBA CHGCURLIB Variable '&YOURLIB ADDLIBLE ENDPGM * * VAR(&OLDCURLIB) TYPE(*CHAR) LEN(10) CURLIB(&OLDCURLIB) CURLIB(&YOURLIB) ' is referred to but not declared. There are two errors in the listing (errors are marked with "*" in column 1): the first with a severity of 40 and the second with severity of 0. it is the cause of the failure. Press <Enter> to exit this display. Let's go back to the source member and fix the problem. The meaning of first error is evident. The message will refer you to the compiler listing of the program. type WRKSPLF to see what's in your output queue.Finding Compilation Errors To find out the cause of the compilation error. * * * * * E N D O F C R O S S R E F E R E N C E Program TEST not created in library YOURLIB. it is not the cause of the compilation failure. There should be a message stating that the program was not created because of compilation error. LIB(&OLDCURLIB) * * * E N D O F S O U R C E * * * No labels used in program. Type 5 against QPJOBLOG to display it. There should be a spooled file with the same name as your source member (the compiler listing) and a job log (QPJOBLOG). Using SEU to Find Compilation Errors .

Enter 2 in the selection field. The program should compile normally after this change. SEU provides special support for locating compilation errors. Running a Program Use the WRKOBJPDM command to work with the library that contain the *PGM object that was created. type '+' on the "Parameters" field and press <Enter> . especially if the compiler listing is too lengthy to scan by eye. that is ADDLIBLE DOGNAP . But if you created a program that requires an input parameter(s). we specify a nonexistent library called DOGNAP. CALL MYPROG PARM(parameter1 parameter2 . For example.You may want to use SEU to view your compiler listing instead of the way discussed above. in the bottom screen type FIND *ERR on the SEU command line (or simply. Alternatively. when you run the program. (C D I R) Type reply. This will bring another screen that allows you to enter multiple parameters. If the library that contains the *PGM object is in your library list. To make the situation more interesting. If the library is not in your library list. You can also us pass parameters using the command line method. Place the cursor on the "Browse/copy spool file" field and press <F4>. To view a spooled file while you are in SEU.. from YOURLIB. ________________________________________________________ . . If your program takes more than one input parameter. you will get a runtime or object error message similar to the one below: Display Program Messages Job 287471/T03/DSP02 started on 07/20/92 at 13:48:44 in subsystem QINTER CPF2110 received by TEST at 600. Using SEU. In our example. press <F15> (Browse/Copy). you should see a split screen with the member you are editing on top and the spooled file on the bottom. specify some library name that you do not own or one that you are not authorized to use. press Enter. The *PGM object will be created in the library that contains your source file unless you specified otherwise. Type 16 against the *PGM object to run/execute it. . F *ERR). In the ADDLIBLE statement. you can run the program by using the CALL command (in fact. An advantage of using SEU for this purpose is that you can see both the source member and the compiler listing on the same screen. Reply . edit the source member to remove the ampersand. "&".) Diagnosing Runtime Errors In any case. let's introduce another type of error. Select the appropriate spool file. On return to the editing session. Respond with a "Y"). The program should compile normally. you can still run the program by qualifying it with the library name CALL ALIBRARY/TEST The example program used here does not take any input parameters. type CALL TEST on a command line.. The rest of the source remain the same as before (except for removing the ampersand character). option 16 invokes the CALL command). Compile the source member (you will probably be asked if you want to delete the existing *PGM object. you can pass the parameter value(s) by prompting on either the option 16 or the CALL command. To find compilation errors. and make the corrections to the source member on the spot.

in this case. The initial program has to reside in your default library (i. . : Control language (CL) program TEST inlibrary YOURLIB detected an error at statement number 600. To continue. place the cursor on the message id (in this case CPF2110) and press <F1>. fix the error. (C D I R) Cause . . . . . Type DSPLIBL to check whether the library has been added and whether it has been made the current library. Message text for CPF2110 is: Library DOGNAP not found. . Possible choices for replying to message . . .e. : CPF2110 received by TEST at 600. It is executed when the user logs on. The next time you run the program. Recovery . . . . . . . it should run without any problems. .e. You see a screen similar to the one below. . you . . Message type Date sent . D -. Monitor for the error (MONMSG command) and perform error recovery within the program. . . . . Creating an Initial Program An initial program is similar to the AUTOEXEC. . The message text. : *EXT Instruction . . Sometimes you can obtain additional messages by pressing <F10> to display messages in the job log. . . and recompile. Press <Enter> to cancel the program. . . . . . . . choose a reply value. Press Enter to continue. . .BAT file in MS-DOS. . . .: 99 Time sent .: 0000 Message . . F3=Exit F10=Display messages in job log F12=Cancel Again.: 14: 00:05 Instruction . . . . . : : : : CPA0701 INQUIRY 07/20/92 QCLXERR Severity . . . . . the library DOGNAP was not found.. Additional Message Information Message ID .. . For instance. . . I -. . . . i. More. . For example. indicated clearly what the problem is.F3=Exit F12=Cancel To find out the cause of the error. DSPMSGD RANGE(CPF2110) MSGF(QCPFMSG) where QCPFMSG is the system message file and CPF2110 is the message ID. . From program . : C -. the library with the same name as your user profile) and it has to be named INITIALPGM. . . . . . . : This inquiry message can be avoided bychanging the program. .Dump the CL p rogram variables and cancel the CL program. .Ignore the failing command.Cancel the CL program. Go back to the source member. . the DSPMSGD ("Display Message Description") command can be used to obtain more information about the error.: 0000 To program .

or control an object's existence. move or rename the object. Specify your default library as the library where the *PGM object is to be stored. *READ provides the authority to get the contents or an entry in an object or to run a program. *OBJMGT provides the authority to specify the security (grant/revoke object authority). *DLT provides the authority to remove entries from an object. Understanding Object Authorities Introduction To maintain security of data and/or program objects the AS/400 offers a variety of options available to limit access to object. when you recompile it using the option 14. Authorities and their meanings Object Authorities Object authority is used to control access to an object including the ability to see an object description. *UPD provides the authority to change the entries in an object. and transfer ownership of the object. update. press < F4>to prompt on it. Rename the source member to INITIALPGM and recompile it. *OBJEXIST provides the authority to control the object existence and ownership. save. Combinations of Object and Data Authorities . if objects are to be shared or used between users. or delete records. This section is designed to help users maintain correct authorities and to understand the authorities on the objects that they own. Data Authorities Data authority is the authority to access data contained in an object.can make the above CL program your initial program. These authorities must be set to secure object to the level of security required. If you created the source member in a another library. for example records in a database file. This includes the ability to view. The user with this authority can delete. the object authorities must be relaxed correctly to maintain object integrity. and add members to database file. add. control read and write access to an object. Likewise. *ADD provides the authority to add entries to an object. *OBJOPR provides the authority to look at the description of an object and use the object as determined by the data authority that the user has to the object.

.: *NONE ---------. . *CFGL. each representing predefined combination of object and data authorities. . To do that. (Note that your default library. i. . . . . . In addition to these. *ALL allows the user to perform all authorized operations (object and data) on the object. press Enter. library. . Note that the owner of "YOURLIB" has *ALL authority on the object. They reduce the time required to assign specific authorities to users. Edit Object Authority (EDTOBJAUT) Type choices. . . . press <F11>. and object type (*LIB) and press <Enter> . *EXCLUDE authority prevents the user from accessing the object even if *PUBLIC is authorized. . . : Library . *LIBL Object type . Object secured by authorization list Object User JOHNDOE Authority *ALL ----Object----Opr X Mgt X Exist X . . . . Type EDTOBJAUT on a command line and press <F4>. . : Type changes to curr ent authorities. > YOURLIB Library . . *USE provides *OBJOPR authority and data read authority. .. . : *LIB JOHNDOE .Data----------Read X Add X Update Delete X X . . . . we want to allow a certain user to copy a member from the file "SRCFILE" which is stored in the library "YOURLIB". Fill in the blanks for object. . . .. : YOURLIB QSYS Object type Owner . . . . . To see the detail screen as shown below. . the library that has the same name as your user profile. . . Changing authorities with EDTOBJAUT We use an example here to illustrate the use of some of the types of authorities discussed above. Edit Object Authority Object . . . press Enter. . . First of all. . EDTOBJAUT. . . we use the "Edit Object Authority". . . *LIBL. . > *LIB Name Name. . *CURLIB *ALRTBL. . command to edit the authority on "YOURLIB". . . . . . Object . . . . In this example. *AUTL.e.These are keywords. is normally owned by your security officer so you cannot change its authorities). . . . . *CHANGE provides *OBJOPR authority and all data authority. . . . we need to allow the user to have access to the library "YOURLIB". users can create customized combinations of object and data authorities.

. . type "X" in the position relating to that authority to grant authority or a space to delete that authority. . . In the example shown below. . a message is sent to both the sender and receiver. . . . . . > SNDFILE___ Library . . "MKTAS400" is the address of the AS/400 at Minnesota State University. "SRCFILE"). . . . . . . . Type EDTOBJAUT OBJ(YOURLIB/SRCFILE) OBJTYPE(*FILE) or use the prompt to fill in the parameters. . At any time press <F1> for more help. *CURLIB Character value Character value Name. > RCV_______ Address . *FROMFILE_ *FROMFILE. .e. > SNDLIB____ User ID: _ User ID . . . . Type in the name of the user and *USE for the object authority. . The "Send Network File" (SNDNETF) command can be used to send a member of a physical database file (PF-DTA or PF-SRC) to another user. . . (Note: If you want to edit a specific authority. . . . . . . > MKTAS400__ + for more values _ Member . . . To do that. . . Notice that *USE gives the user *OBJOPR and *READ authorities on "YOURLIB". Press <F6> to add the user to the authorization list with *USE authority. . . object name. . . . we need to allow the user access to the file "SRCFILE". *LIBL. . Use EDTOBJAUT to edit the authority on the file "SRCFILE". . . *OBJMGT must be granted. type "X" under "Mgt" in the detail screen for that user. . Note that the object authority changes from *USE to USER DEF (meaning a customized authority).) Next. Changing Authorities with GRTOBJAUT and RVKOBJAUT To use GRTOBJAUT and RVKOBJAUT type the command and prompt <F4>. Press <Enter> to return to the previous screen. . Fill in the library name. . . . . Send Network File (SNDNETF) Type choices. object type along with the user you are granting authorities and the respective authority being granted. . . Mankato. . . . . . the member "SNDMBR" of the physical database file "SNDFILE" (which is contained in the library "SNDLIB") is to be sent to the user "RCV". . *FIRST Additional Parameters To file type . . . press Enter. . Sending and Receiving Network Files Users can send and receive network files to and from each other. File . When the network file arrives at its destination. > SNDMBR____ Name Name. To allow them to copy the entire file (i. . . *DA TA . . This will allow them to do perform various operations on "SRCFILE" including copying members from the file.*PUBLIC *EXCLUDE _ _ _ _ _ _ _ F3=Exit F5=Refresh F11=Nondisplay detail F6=Add new users F12=Cancel F10=Grant with reference object F17=To p F18=Bottom Press <F6> to add a user to the list of users authorized to this object.

. . . Note that the receiving file must already exist before trying to receive members. . : Type options. . Receive Network File (RCVNETF) Type choices. . . . . . . *CURLIB . *HIGH F12=Cancel F13=How to use this display The receiver will have to run the "Work with Network Files" (WRKNETF) command to inspect their network files. 1=Receive network file 3=Submit job 4=Delete network file 5=Display physical file member File -------From----------Arrival---Opt File Member Number User ID Addre ss Date __ SNDFILE SNDMBR 1 SENDER MKTAS400 08/26/92 RCV_______ RCV_______ MKTAS400 Time 16:37 F3=Exit F4=Prompt F12=Cancel F5=Refresh F9=Retrieve F11=Display type/records Type 1 in the "Opt" blank in front of the network file to receive and press <F4>to prompt. . library and member names and press <Enter>. . press Enter. . *FROMMBR. . . . .VM/MVS class . . . *FIRST F10=Additional parameters F24=More keys F12=Cancel F3=Exit F4=Prompt F5=Refresh F13=How to use this display Fill in the "To data base file". . . . . . . *LIBL. . press Enter. . . . . . . . . E. . D. . Printing Procedure When programs on the AS/400 produce output intended to be printed the material does not go directly to the printer. . *ONLY . From file . *FROMFILE__ Name. H. B. Member to be received . . Work with Network Files (WRKNETF) User . G. . . . . . . > 'SNDMBR'__ Character value. . Instead the output is bundled together with other output in an object . . and "To member" blanks with the appropriate receiving file. . : User ID/Address . I *NORMAL. . . . . . > 'SNDFILE'__ Character value . . . . F3=Exit F4=Prompt F24=More keys F5=Refresh A *NORMAL__ A. . *FROMFILE . To member . . To data base file . . . Library . . . The following screen will show up. . Send priority . . C. . . *FROMMB R____ Name. F. *LIBL____ Name. . . . "Library".

then. specifying the correct print device name. . Moving a Spooled File to a Writer To get a physical copy of a spooled file on your output queue.5" Printer Type Line Printer Line Printer Dot Matrix Location Morris Hall MSU ACC MSU ACC Lab Rooms If "Save file" is changed from "*NO" to "*YES" the spooled file will not be deleted after the file has been printed. Try pressing the <F10>or <F11>keys to obtain different views of your spooled files." To send these spooled files to a printer. the spooled file must have a status of released. Spooled files should be deleted as soon as they are not needed to reduce clutter in your output queue. first you must work with your output queue. To work with your spooled files on your output queue type WRKSPLF and press <Enter>. 11" 132 Col. These sub objects are called "spooled files. you should change the "assistance level" for this screen. you will move your spooled file from your output queue to a printer writer. Typing 2 in the option field of spooled file in the WRKSPLF screen will change the spooled file's attributes. There are several ways by which spooled files are generated. Typing 4 in the option field of spooled file in the WRKSPLF screen will delete the spooled file from your output queue. two facts must be true. you will have to press the <Reset>key to clear the message at the bottom of the screen in order to continue your session. change the attributes of the desired spooled file. The system automatically generates spooled files in some cases like presenting job log.called an "output queue" (*OUTQ). The attributes that you will be interested in are the "Print device" and "Save file". This will gives you more features on the screen. Note: If this is the first time that you are using the WRKSPLF command. First. Typing 3 in the option field of spooled file in the WRKSPLF screen will keep the spooled file from printing if placed on a printer writer and change the status to *HLD. The printer writer names at MSU are: Printer Name PRT01 VAXPRTS2 PS/2 printers Width/Paper 132 Col. Note that if you do a print screen. To do this press <F21>and change the assistance level from "basic" to intermediate". Pressing the Print Screen key (<Shift><Print Screen>on the PS/2 running PC-Support or <Ctrl>p on the ASCII connections) will generate a spooled file of the current display. By changing the attribute "Print device" from "*OUTQ" to a valid printer (use the WRKWTR command to find out which printers are available). information on processed records for a database file and abnormal job end conditions. option 6 in front of the desired member will generate a spooled file that is your program member. Here are some: y y y From the WRKMBRPDM display. the spooled file must be placed on a started writer and second. 11" 132/80 8. This screen allows you to do many things with your spooled files.

The name of the printer is: "PC0" (i. More Printing Help For more help on printing type STRSCHIDX <Enter>then type SPOOLED QUEUES <Enter>. This printer is the system printer. Use the <Field EXIT>key or <Tab>to move to the desired spool file. Normally you will not be authorized to print to writer PRT01. If you printed to VAXPRTS2. Type in the name of the printer <Enter>. "P" + "C" + zero) + the number of the PS/2 to which the printer is connected + "S2" (e. This will allow you to work with your spooled files. This will bring you back to the work with spool file screen. Press 2 <Enter>. This will mark the spool file for displaying. This will move us to the correct spool file option field. the PS/2 workstation that is connected to the printer must be signed on to the AS/400. Type 5 in the option field. Also make sure the printer's status is "ONLINE". Make sure that the printer you want to print to has been started. type WRKWTR ("Work with Writers"). If the STS (status) is RDY or WTR the printer will print your spooled file. This will display the spool file. Printing to a PS/2 Printer To see which PS/2 printers are available for printing from the AS/400.Typing 5 in the option field of spooled file in the WRKSPLF screen will allow you to view your spooled file. select the "stop" option and then select "start". make sure that the printer is ready for printing. Common Problems .g. Typing 6 in the option field of spooled file in the WRKSPLF screen will will release a file that is held to become available to print and will change its status to *RDY. make sure it says "Ready". This will refresh the screen to show you the current status of your spooled files. Press <Enter> . This will move the file to the printer writer. PC0614S2). This will permit you to change the spool file attributes. For the printer to be started. If the status is HLD then release it by typing a 6 in the option field of the spooled file and press <Enter>. Press <Alt><Esc>on the computer that is attached to the printer to display the status of the printer. your printouts can be picked up in the ACC printer area at any time. The printer will never say it is started although it actually is. Press <Enter>. Press the <F5>key. Step by Step Printing Example Type WRKSPLF { or OQ } Press <Enter>. VAXPRTS2 is a printer that is connected to VAX1.e. If not. Also.

We will continue to use SRCFILE in library YOURLIB for explanation. The reader must substitute the appropriate names for source physical file and library. Stopping Infinite Loops/Ending a Previous Request If you have issued a command and it is taking too long finish it may be an infinite. In the "How to end" field. The first step is to to reach the 'Work with members using PDM' display. where applicable.e. . type option 4 (End) against the job that is causing the loop and press <F4>to prompt on the option. SEU. loop. This will cause the system to run very slowly. for example. You may get an authority problem do to the fact that you do not own all of the object in that library. The command will clear your objects out regaurdless of the error. endless. you must clear the *PGM objects from library QRPLOBJ. and then select the appropriate command. Because OS/400 retains every version of a *PGM object that results from a compilation. The locally-defined alias for WRKACTJOB.Note that the command keys used in this section are those of the PS/2 running PC Support. your storage can be used up very quickly. type the "Work with Active Jobs" command: WRKACTJOB and press <Enter> . When you have exceeded (or nearly exceeded) your storage quota and you try to start. you may get an error message "Error found on SEU command".) Press <Enter> . Press <Enter>. You can see this information by typing: DSPUSRPRF username. DDS and Data Files on the AS/400 Creating a data file The following discussion assumes that you already have a source physical file in your current library. On the "Work with Active Jobs" display. To do this type WRKOBJPDM QRPLOBJ . type in *IMMED i. To stop your infinite loop: y y y y Press <Left Ctrl> (this will reset any keyboard errors) Press <Alt><Print Screen>(this sequence is call "System Request") Type 2. (This is the option on System Request to end a previous request. can also be used. Ending Disconnected Jobs with Infinite Loops If for some reason you have been disconnect from the system while executing an infinite loop request the job may continue to execute. To deal with this problem. AJ. This can be done by typing WRKMBRPDM YOURLIB/SRCFILE on any command line. to end the job immediately. Out of Storage Quota Errors Depending on the specific class that requires use of the AS/400 there is a maximum storage quota allocated to your user profile. To end the disconnected job: y y y On a command line. Note: You can also press <Alt><Print Screen>and press <Enter>to display a menu of system requests.

. ' '. .. *SAME. . . . . . . *CURLIB. . . *SELECT Name. PF________ C. . . *PRV. . Library . Press <F4> to invoke the prompter and <F12>to cancel it. .______ Name.. *SELECT Name. . 5. . . ' '. *PRV______ __________ *PRV______ *SAME_____ Name. . . . *LIBL. . . *BLANK____ *BLANK. . . *PRV Name.Functions++++++++++++++++++ *************** Beginning of data ************************************* 0001. Option .. this type denotes aPhysical File. you have to start the Source Entry Utility.. . . . . BASP. .. Name.. . ... .A. . *CURLIB. Source type . YOURLIB___ *PRV Source member ... . press Enter. The following screen shows up: Start Source Entry Utility (STRSEU) Type choices. C. . . .. . *LIBL. . Source file ... . the screen looks as shown: Find . BAS. . . BASP. . .. Text 'description' . . . . .. . .. Your_description_for_the_member_.T. . . . . .00 ****************** End of data **************************************** . .. Source file . Name. . . Press <F6> from the 'Work with members using PDM' display or type STRSEU on any command line and press <F4>. . . . . . . Option . . . The prompter helps you to supply the source information in the correct format. . . .. . . . BAS. . . . . . . *BLANK. . . *PRV Source member . . .. *BLANK____ Text 'description' . . . . 6 *BLANK_________________________________ The Source type for a data file must be specified as PF. . . ... For example. ... . *PRV. . . . . . 2. _________ ____________________________________________ TESTDATA FMT PF . . . TESTDATA__ Source type ..Name++++++RLen++TDpB. SRCFILE___ Library . When the prompter is invoked. . . . . fill in the fields as shown: Start Source Entry Utility (STRSEU) Type choices. . 2. p ress Enter. . . . to create a data file called TESTDATA in the source file SRCFILE in library YOURLIB. It is convenient to use the prompt facility for defining the DDS source. 6 The Edit display shows up. . . 5. .To create a data file member. *PRV Name. *SAME. . .

P for packed decimal data. The maximum length allowed is 10 characters. or key field name in this position. S for zoned decimal data.00 Decimal Positions ___ Use _ Functions ___________________________ F3=Exit F11=Bottom F4=Prompt F12=Cancel F5=Refresh F24=More keys F10=Top An explanation of the different fields shown above follows: The fields marked with * are not commonly used. Data_Type Choose one of the following: A for character data. Length ______ Data Type _ 0001. so for normal applications you may conveniently ignore them. . Decimal_Positions Type a value from 0 through 31 to indicate the number of decimal positions to the right of the decimal point within a packed decimal. B for zoned binary data. Length Type a value to indicate the number of characters in a character field or the number of digits in a numeric field. For example. or a binary field. beginning in column 19. . field. Reference (*) Type R in this field to use the reference function to copy attributes of a previously defined named field to the field you are now defining. K Type K in column 17 to indicate a key field name. F for floating point data. . . Name_Type Choose one of the following: Blank Leave the field blank to indicate a field name. for Packed decimal the range is 1-31 digits and so on. Name Type _ Name ____ _ PF Ref _ Sequence number . R Type R in column 17 to indicate a record format name. a zoned decimal. . H for hexadecimal data. for Character type the range is 1-32766. a floating point. Name Type a record format.Prompt type .

01 0001. The following screen shows up: Update Data with Temp Program (UPDDTA) Type choices.A.. .... look into your spooled file (WRKSPLF) and identify the problem. . RECFMT1 is the record format name. and FIELD2 is a packed decimal of length 5 with 2 decimal positions.. The last line of the member declares FIELD1 to be the key field. the file TESTDATA will be created in YOURLIB. press Enter..Use (*) Type B or leave the field blank to indicate a field used for both input and output. .. If the compilation is successful. The member TESTDATA that was just created contains only the definition of the data file and hence our the next step is to actually create the file... There are two fields in the data file. . Type UPDDTA on any command line and press <F4>. Find TST1 . Loading a data file To load a data file. __________ *LIBL_____ Name Name.00 R RECFMT1 0002.. Functions (*) Type in keyword entries valid for defining physical files in positions 45 through 80 of this field. __________________________________________________________ FMT PF . The DDS source for TESTDATA is shown below. . . .00 ****************** End of data **************************************** F3=Exit F10=Top F4=Prompt F11=Bottom F5=Refresh F24=More keys Press <F3>and hit <Enter>to save the member TESTDATA. For more details about exiting SEU refer to the section 'How to exit SEU'..Functions++++++++++++++++++ *************** Beginning of data ************************* ************ 0000.00 K FIELD1 0005. Data base file . FIELD1 and FIELD2. .. . . .00 FIELD2 5P 2 0004. . . ...T. *CURLIB . and choose option 14 (compile).00 FIELD1 10A 0003.. This can be done by compiling the member we have just created. Library . use the command UPDDTA (Update Data Area)... position the cursor at member TESTDATA. . . . . .. Otherwise. FIELD1 is of character data type with length 10.Name++++++RLen++TDpB. . From the 'Work with members using PDM' display. *LIBL.

. . This section will only cover those aspects of screen design not related to interfacing with applications. For example. To create the screen design member. . Data base file . . .Member . Starting SDA The first steps in creating a set of screens for a program are the same as those for creating a program source member. . create a menu. Screen Design Using SDA To aid in the creation of user interfaces on the AS/400. *CURLIB Name. To stop the process of loading the data file. . . . . . press <F3>and press < Enter>. . . see the manual for the language of the application source. . TESTDATA__ YOURLIB__ *FIRST____ Name Name. . A source physical file must be created (or one already in existence may be used) and a member must be created in the PF-SRC to hold the screens. . . Member . A menu of options will appear which allow you to create a screen. . the operating system includes a utility called SDA (Screen Design Aid). . . defining input and output fields and special text attributes. . *FIRST______ Name. *FIRST Bottom F3=Exit F4=Prompt display F24=More keys F5=Refresh F12=Cancel F13=How to use this Supply the values for the data base file to be loaded and the library it is contained in. . . This system allows a programmer to "paint" screens and menus used by a program from within a simple editor. . . . . . . . These screens may then be called from an application program. Library . issue the command STRSDA (for STaRt SDA) from a command line. . *LIBL. press Enter. to populate our file TESTDATA we would fill in the values as shown: Update Data with Temp Program (UPDDTA) Type choices. or test a design. . . . . Choosing the first option brings the following screen: . allowing the program to have all the features of the AS/400 user interface without direct programming of the appearance of the interface. . For information on this area. and press <Enter>. . . . . . . *FIRST Bottom F3=Exit display F4=Prompt F5=Refresh F12=Cancel F13=How to use this Enter the values for different fields and press Enter>.

__________ . . . _ 1=Select 2=Select 3=Select 4=Select file keywords record keywords subfile keywords subfile control keywords 5=Define screen image (fields) 6=Save DDS source. . . . create object Record . . create object Record . . . a source file must be provided. . press Enter. . . F4 for Member list DSPF. . . __________ Work Screen) . . . . Source type . press Enter. . Library . F4 for Record list Name Name Name. it is necessary to first create one using the "5" option on the "Design option line". Design option . . . Finally. Library . . . Source type .Design Screens Type choices. . . . . . Also. . . . . . . F3=Exit F4=Prompt . . and a member specified. Since each member can have several records. __________ . . . . . . a record name must be given. It will default to the proper type for SDA. . it will be created. . . . . . Member . 5 1=Select file keywords 2=Select record keywords 3=Select subfile keywords 4=Select subfile control 5=Define screen image (fields) 6=Save DDS source. *LIBL. . . . . . . . Additional records . . Blank for default Since no screen design exists yet. . F4 for Record list Name Name Name. (to be displayed on Source file . . . F3=Exit F4=Prompt . . SCREEN1___ __________ SRCFILE___ YOURLIB___ SCRNMBR___ __________ Name. *LIBL_____ . QDDSSRC___ . . ____ ______ F12=Cancel Name. the screen should look like this: Design Screens Type choices. . . . . . . *LIBL. *CURLIB Name. . *CURLIB Name. F4 for Member list DSPF. . . . . Design option . Member . . Additional records (to be displayed on Work Screen) Source file . If the member does not yet exist. Blank for default keywords F12=Cancel The "SOURCE TYPE" field may be left blank. . Once the information is entered. . . . . . . . with each one given a distinct record name. . a single screen design member could contain any number of screens. .

and add or remove attributes and colors. Defining fields on the ruler may cause unpredictable results. F4=Prompt Press <F4> to have the Work with Fields display appear. type + followed by I (input). 6 (output). and remove fields. F15=Subfile Prompt Press <F15>to Display a prompt on the bottom row of the Work Screen that allows you to change the subfile line (SFLLIN) and subfile page (SFLPAG) sizes that were in effect for the current record being defined. or B (both) for alphabetic fields. You indicate the length of a field by the number of characters following +. F14=Ruler Press <F14>to place a vertical and horizontal ruler on the Work Screen where you position the cursor. shift. To add a floating point field. F17=Print Press <F17> to Print the current contents of the Work Screen. or 9 (both) for numeric fields and press Enter. place fields you have selected from a database. <F1> is active on all displays but does not appear in the function key area. F3=Exit Press <F3> to have the Design Screens display appear. You can use uppercase or lowercase letters. O (output). The ruler does not interfere with your data. F10=Database Press <F10> to have the Select Data Base Files display appear. You can also perform additional operations. On the Work Screen you can add fields and constants. Pressing <Enter> will bring up the main SDA display.These options will start SDA on a screen named SCREEN1 in the member SCRNMBR of file SRCFILE in library YOURLIB. You can use the following function keys on the Work Screen: F1=Help Press <F1> to show the same information as the help key. Using The Work Screen Use the Work Screen to design the display you are creating. copy. F6=Condition Press <F6> to have the Condition Work Screen display appear. . This is simply a blank "pasteboard" on which you may place text and fields. move. F12=Cancel Press <F12>to save your work and continue to the Design Screens display. F11=Switch Press <F11>to display a list of selected database fields on the bottom row of the Work Screen. or by the length specified in brackets after the first character. add a numeric field followed by E (single-precision) or D (double-precision) and press Enter. such as requesting extended field definition. Press <F14>to remove the ruler. or followed by 3 (input). Press <F11>to switch back and forth between the list of selected data base fields and the list of not selected database fields. Adding Fields To add a user-defined field.

type ? in front of the field. SDA will replace each pair with a shift in and a shift out pair when you press <Enter>.2)e Single-precision.3)D Double-precision. Surround several constants with single quotation marks to redefine them as one constant. The fields begin in the position where you type &. When you press Enter. Adding Fields from a Data Base File The fields you select from a database file. both (input and output). To add system date or time fields. Use a double quotation mark to end one constant and start a new constant while taking up only one position.The following examples illustrate user-defined fields: +BBB or +b(3) Three-character. alphabetic. You move fields from the bottom line to your display by typing & followed by the field number. the Define Message Constant display appears. floating-point field with three significant digits and two decimal positions. Surround a character string with single quotation marks to define a single constant. input field with two decimal positions (set by an edit word). Type constants with single quotation marks to define separate constants for each character string (word) that is followed by a blank. A blank character ends the constant. The following examples illustrate moving fields to your display: .33E or +3(3. +3. You can then type DBCS data between the delimiters. floating-point field with five significant digits and three decimal positions. +MMM or +(M3) The Define Message Constant display appears. appear on the bottom row of the Work Screen. type + followed by M. +99. and the column heading position and pressing Enter. +66. Adding Constants To add a new constant or change an existing constant: y y y y y y y y Type a constant. Use the at sign (@) in pairs to delimit a DBCS (Double Byte Character Set) constant. 'xxx YYY zzz' Combines three constant fields into one field. You cannot use a DBCS insert key on the Work Screen. type *DATE or *TIME. Press < F12>to return to the Work Screen.2) Four-character. The following examples illustrate constant fields: 'xxx"YYY' Defines two constant fields.999d or +9(5.66 or +6(4. To add a MSGCON (MeSsaGe CONstant) field. both (input and output) field. To work with a MSGCON field. numeric. if you are in multiple mode. input.

&nR Places field. &P Adding or Removing Attributes and Colors To add or remove display attributes or colors on the Work Screen.in the position preceding the field (the attribute byte of the field) and type = where you want the field to appear. type one of following commands (in uppercase or lowercase) in the position preceding the field (the attribute byte of the field): Command Add Remove H R S B N U -H -R -S -B -N -U -A Attribute High intensity Reverse image Column separators Blink Nondisplay Underscore Remove all attributes Command Add Remov e CB CG CP CR CT CW -CB -CG -CP -CR -CT -CW -CA Color Blue Green Pink Red Turquoise White Remove all colors You can carry out the above operations by typing * in the position preceding the field (the attribute byte of the field). &nL Places field. Does not add column heading. pressing < Enter>.Single Field Mode Mode &&n &L &R &C Symbol Multiple Field Meaning Field Places field. Adds a column above the field. Left-aligns column heading f or an alphabetic field and right -aligns column heading for a numeric fields. = Type . and working with the field keyword displays that appear. Moving. &nP Places the column heading only. -. &nC Places field. Adds a column heading to the left of the field. Copying. == . and Shifting Fields Reposition fields on the Work Screen by typing one of the following and pressing <Enter>: -. Adds a column heading to the right of the field.

to shift the field left or right as far as the signs extend. You can change the message number. Display MSGCON field definition Type ? in the position preceding the field to show the Define Message Constant display. and type == where you want a copy of the group of fields to appear. -. Removing Fields Remove fields from the Work Screen by typing one of the following and pressing <Enter>DO NOT use the <Delete>key to delete items on the work screen: Blanks Type a blank in the position preceding the field (the attribute byte of the field). Display field length and description Type ? in the position preceding the field to display field length and text or column heading description on the last row of the Work Screen. and library. You can rename the field by changing the name on the last row. D Type D in the position preceding the field (the attribute byte of the field). -.Type . or type >>> after the field (over the first attribute byte). and over the entire field.in any position after the last field. Additional Features Extended field definition Type * in the position preceding the field (the attribute byte of the field) to add field-level attributes and keywords. == Type . Date and time keywords Type *DATE or *TIME to define special constants on the display where the system date and time will be automatically substituted. <<<. type .in any position preceding the field. Subfile Field Definition You can define fields for a subfile similar to nonsubfile fields with the following considerations: . >>> Type <<< in the position preceding the field (the attribute byte of the field). file.in the position preceding the field (the attribute byte of the field) and type == where you want a copy of the field to appear.

THE MODIFICATIONS WILL NOT BE SAVED. . . . . . . 10 . . . . . . . Create display file . . Using the "6" option for a screen produces the following display: Save DDS . Replace existing member . . Choosing the "6" option on the Design Option line saves the source file for the screen and compiles it into a screen file which may be used by a program. press < F15>to display the subfile prompt line. . 20. . . Compiling And Testing Screens Once the screen design is complete and <F3>is pressed. These options will compile all the screen records in member SCRNMBR of file SRCFILE in library YOURLIB to a *FILE object called SCRNFIL in YOURLIB. Create file if DDS message severity (GENLVL) is less than . . . press Enter. . . . .y y y You can modify fields on the first record of the subfile. . It may be advantageous to test screen designs before using them with programs. Any field that you define for the subfile will appear the number of times specified by the SFLPAG keyword. Member . . . .) followed by a prompt screen for values for the output fields. . . . . .. . . . PDM returns to the "Design Screens" menu shown above. . . This can be accomplished using the "Test Display Files" option from the initial SDA menu. That file may then be used by user programs. .. . . . . (CRTDSPF) Display file . . . .Create Display File Type choices. . . . . Note that it isn't necessary to save a file after every RECORD created. . . .. . The screen test program will request the name of a screen and display file (created using the compilation procedure above. . . Submit create job in batch . . . . . . . *LIBL . . To modify the values of the SFLPAG (number of records on the display) and SFLLIN (number of spaces between fields). . Anything you type is assumed to be a definition of the first record. IF THIS OPTION IS NOT CHOSEN AFTER THE SCREEN DESIGN IS COMPLETE. .. . Y SRCFILE___ YOURLIB___ SCRNMBR___ Y Y SCRNFIL___ YOURLIB_ __ Y 20 Y QBATCH____ QGPL______ Y=Yes Name Name. . F3=Exit F12=Cancel . . . SDA displays the screen with the values supplied. . . . . . <F15>is allowed only for subfile records. . . . Source file . .. . . . . . However. . . . . . . . . . . Y=Yes Y=Yes 0. 30 Y=Yes Name Name. . . . . . display listing . . . *LIBL . .. . . . . . . Job description . . . . . . . . Library . . . . . . . Library . . . . F4 for list Y=Yes Y=Yes F4 for prompt Name Name. . Save generated DDS source . . . Replace existing file . If create fails. *LIBL . . Library . . . . . Several screens from a single member can be created before compilation. the file must be compiled before exiting SDA.

*SYSTEM String temporary threshold . . .. Source member . . *CURLIB . . . . . . . . . . . editing. . This will show the initial options screen for the compiler. To specify these options at compilation time. . since the debugger does not list source lines as the program executes. Library . . . this tool allows the user to view and change the values of variables and step through the program by using breakpoints which interrupt program execution and return control to the debugger. Called the EPM (Extended Program Model) debugger. include debugging information in the executable program (so the debugger has access to variable and routine names) and produce a source output listing from the compiler. . . . . . the source program must be compiled with the *DEBUG and *SOURCE options. . > SRCFILE___ Name . . . . Text 'description' . *NOLIST. . . . . . and compiling programs. it is necessary to prompt for more options by pressing <F10>. F3=Exit F4=Prompt display F24=More keys F5=Refresh *DEBUG____ *SOURCE___ *EXTENDED__ 2046____ F12=Cancel *LIST. . . To enter the compiler options. . . first prompt on the compile option on the Work with Members Using PDM display (or on the CRT___PGM command for the language of the source file) by pressing < F4>(PROMPT) with the "14" (COMPILE) option on the options line of the file you wish to compile. press Enter. Starting the debugger Before using the debugger. . This source output should be printed before starting the debugger.Debugging Programs on the AS/400 In addition to the utilities provided for creating. . . the AS/400 provides a facility to aid in the debugging of programs as they are running. . . . . . other languages will have similar prompt displays. . > YOURLIB___ Name. These will. . as the compiler adds its own line numbers to the source which will be necessary in referencing specific lines while using the debugger. *LIBL. which reveals the following screen: Create Pascal Program (CRTPASPGM) Type choices. . > YOURLIB___ Name. . *SRCMBRTXT_____________________________ Additional Parameters Compiler options . > TEST______ Name. . . respectively. Program . *PGM . + for more values Language level . . . . . 256 -32767 F13=How to use this The above example is from a Pascal source member. . > TEST______ Name . *CHECK. . Source file . Library . . . *CURLIB . . . *ANSI83. The source output is also useful as a hardcopy reference while the program is executing. However. . . . . . *EXTENDED. . . ..

4. 20 and 30. The command ADDBKP is used to set breakpoints. The simplest form of ADDBKP takes the following form: where n1. ' addbkp stmt(10 20 30) ' will set the breakpoints at statements 10. For example. Phase 2 (Add Breakpoints) A Breakpoint is a place in a program where the system stops the processing of that program and gives control to the display station user or to a specified program.. Display the program variables with DSPPGMVAR command: . This will take you to the command entry screen.. the next step is to run the program using the CALL command. Using the debugger The process of Debugging essentially consists of four phases: 1. You may specify 1 to 10 statement numbers where the breakpoint should occur. Start the Debugger Add breakpoints Call the program to be debugged and End the Debugger These phases are discussed in detail below: Phase 1 (Start the Debugger) The command to start the debugger is: ===> strdbg YOURLIB/TEST where TEST is the program in library YOURLIB. ===> call YOURLIB/TEST You will notice that the program stops execution when the breakpoint is reached. ===> addbkp stmt(n1 n2 .Placing the *DEBUG and *SOURCE options on the "Compiler options" lines will cause the compiler to produce a source listing and place it in the output queue and will include debugging information in the output program. 3. Pressing <Enter>once all options are entered will submit the compilation. that you intend to debug. From the 'Display Break Point' screen. n10 are the statement numbers where the breakpoint is to occur... The program breaks before processing a statement specified as a breakpoint. n2 . 2.) the source listing should be printed and used with the next steps. you can check the values of the program variables as explained below: y y Press <F10>(command entry) on the 'Display Breakpoint' screen. n10) Phase 3 (Calling the Program) Once the breakpoints are set. After the member has been compiled (assuming there are no errors in compilation.

This may be done by pressing the S key. save the changes you have made to the SETUP so that you will not have to repeat this setup the next time you use PC-VT.VT-100 to PS/2 (PC Support) Keyboard Mapping . 2.0 for use with the IBM AS/400 via a port selector connection. You may use the <ESC>key to exit the setup mode and return to the emulator mode from which you may access the port selector. You should next set the modem speed to 9600. Feature switch settings: 1 2101 2 0X11 3 0000 4 1110 5 0001 6 0110 7 1X10 8 000X 9 XXXX 0 XXXX 6. 3.Terminal Setup PC-VT 9. Ending the Debugger Once you are done with debugging. This may be done with menu option 7. Start PC-VT and immediately go into the setup by pressing CTRL-F1. Select option 5. To exit the command entry press <F3>. Next set the data bits to 8 and the stop bits to 2. 4. the blocks of 4 characters at the bottom of the screen. 1. Confirm that your copy of PC-VT is V9. Control is transferred back to the breakpoint. 7. This may be done with menu option P. APPENDIX B . Select Modem Speed. 'Go to SETUP B'. Select Data/Parity Bits. This may be confirmed by starting PC-VT and noting the version number on the initial screen or by entering the setup A screen.0.0 will not support the cursor keys during an AS/400 session. 8. Press <Enter>to resume execution of the program. it is very important that you end the Debugger.0 Terminal Setup Instruction The following should assist you in setting up PC-VT V9. so that they match those given below. The program will stop at the next breakpoint if any. You should now change the feature switches. you can check for as many variables as you want to from the command entry screen. before you issue any other command. This may be done by placing the cursor above each feature switch you wish to change and pressing the 6 key to toggle the switch to the correct value. or will terminate.===> dsppgmvar VARNAME where VARNAME is the variable name you intend to display. 9. The command to do it is: ===> enddbg APPENDIX A . Finally. Versions prior to V9. 5. y y Using the above command.

Using On-line Education (EDU) Introduction Online education is a facility provided by IBM to assist the user in learning about the AS/400. There is a quiz at the end of most modules. so the next time he/she is using education. This facility is set up for the user to work through any topic he/she is interested in. This facility is self-paced so the user can work the modules when it is convenient. which gives feedback on how much information the user retained from that module. Special Char <ESC><CTRL>w Indicator Toggle <ESC><CTRL>a Refresh screen <Left Ctrl><ESC>r or <CTRL>r Reset term. the system will automatically return the user to the place where they left off. err. Getting Started .PS/2 Key Nam Micro -Term Key Sequence Typical use <F1><ESC>1 Help <F2><ESC>2 Switch View <F3><ESC>3 Exit <F4><ESC>4 Prompt <F5><ESC>5 Refresh Screen <F6><ESC>6 <F7><ESC>7 Roll Down <F8><ESC>8 Roll Up <F9><ESC>9 Get Previous Cmd <F10><ESC>0 Move to top <F11><ESC> List Toggle <F12><ESC>+ Cancel <F13><ESC>! or <ESC><SHIFT>1 User support <F14><ESC>@ or <ESC><SHIFT>2 <F15><ESC># or <ESC><SHIFT>3 <F16><ESC>$ or <ESC><SHIFT>4 Main menu <F17><ESC>% or <ESC><SHIFT>5 <F18><ESC>+ or <ESC><SHIFT>6 <F19><ESC>& or < ESC><SHIFT>7 Scroll left <F20><ESC>* or <ESC><SHIFT>8 Scroll right <F21><ESC>( or <ESC><SHIFT>9 <F22><ESC>) or <ESC><SHIFT>0 <F23><ESC>_ or <ESC><SHIFT> Scrl Option <F24><ESC>= or <ESC><SHIFT>= Scrl Menu <DEL><DEL> Delete chara cter <Shift><Insert><CTRL>d Duplicate <Enter><RETURN> Send screen <Backspace><ESC>i <Right Ctrl><LINEFEED> or <CTRL>j Field exit <Home><ESC>H <Insert><ESC><DEL> Insert mode <Page up><ESC>u <Page down><E SC>d <Shift><Pt Scn><CTRL>p Print Screen <Tab><TAB> Next field <Shift><Tab><ESC><TAB> Previous field <ESC><ESC>a or <CTRL>a Attention <Alt><F7><ESC>(grave accent) Ins. using the bookmark utility to keep track of where the user has left off. <Alt><Pt Scn><ESC>s System Request APPENDIX C .

When the screen has been captured you will see a message at the bottom of your screen. This can consist of questions from the module or examples that you walk through. and press <Enter>. This will change the status from not assigned to a printer. Select 4 to select an audience path for the course <Enter>. Select 5. when you are finished with the quiz.1. 4. there is a quiz. exiting and marking it complete or go to a topic/subtropic menu for the module. At the end of most modules. to clear this message and continue your session. To display a description about a course select 8 in front of that particular course. or a combination of both. 2. This will give you a choice of exiting the module. To check your screen print type WRKSPLF (work with your spool files). you can either select 1 to start the first module in the selected audience path of the course or 3 to select any module < Enter>within the selected course. Type 1 to select one of them <Enter>. For the CS175 class. The COMS 175---Command Language audience path is customized for the CS175 class. 6. If you forget to get a screen print. you need to go through the quiz again to get to that screen. change. press <F4>on this line. Next. You can select all modules or one of the listed categories. obtain a screen print of the screen that tells you how many you answered correctly on the first try. There are several courses in online education but the most useful ones in terms of using the AS/400 are: o Tutorial Support System o Facilities and Implementation o Application Design and Development Tools Type 1 to select the desired course <Enter>. exiting and setting a bookmark. type a 2. To see a list of all started printers. Your most recent screen print will be located at the bottom of the list and it will be titled QSYSPRT. To exit in the middle of a module press <F3> where this option is available. Follow the directions and read each screen carefully. Press the <Reset>(at the bottom left hand corner of the keyboard). Select course <Enter> 3. 7. type the name of the printer you would like to send your printout to and press <Enter>. To Obtain a Screen Print Press the <SHIFT>and PRINT SCREEN key (towards the upper right hand corner of your keyboard) at the same time. At the Printer to use prompt. Exit online education by pressing a series of <F3>keys until you have reached a command line. 5. To assign it to a printer. which tells you that it has been sent to the default printer device. From any command line type ==>STREDU <Enter> STREDU is an abbreviation for Start Education. This will give you a list of all started printers and from here you can select one by typing a 1 on . to assigned to a printer.

0. Page to bottom of file. Choose option 5 . Note if there are any warnings or errors or fatal errors. spool file. WRKSPLF 1. Go to step III. PAS. 1. For more information on printing. Press <Enter>again to accept this printer. Wait for compilation to complete. Look for error and statement number.How to program on an AS/400 The following outline details the basic steps of program development on the AS/400..the line before the desired printer. o Does program need data files . o Does program need other programs . In PDM: <F6> . Since there may be multiple ways to complete a task. Execute the program. Start source entry utility . BAS. o Option 14 from the PDM lines. 3. Press <Enter> to select this printer. Move cursor to error description . If there are errors or fatal errors go to to step III and correct.STRSEU 2. C.CRTLIB 2. Create a library (optional) . 1. Type source into physical file member. Create a source physical file (optional) .create a member.DISPLAY. Log in. Check for dependencies. 4. 0. 5.. Work in program development manager  STRPDM  WRKLIBPDM  WRKOBJPDM  WRKMBRPDM 3.if so create or attain.if so create or attain them. Correct error. 4.hit <F1> (help) 1. some more appropriate than others depending on the situation. see the section "Printing Procedure" in this manual. 4. You will return to the screen where you pressed <F4>.DSPMSG Check spool file to see if any Fatal errors or warnings. If there are any warnings determine if they are important and if deemed so go to step III and correct. If program gives a run-time error. Compile the source member to attain object and compiled.CRTSRCPF 3. Cross reference statement number with source line number with spool file WRKSPLF 3. .where ___ can be CBL. 2. o CALL library/programname o Option 16 from a WRKOBJPDM screen. 2.. PAS. o CRT___PGM . various ways of doing essentially the same thing are shown under each outline heading. Display message to see if completed successfully . 2. etc. APPENDIX D . Setup area for source 1.

After you have completed this form send it in the campus mail to: AS/400 Staff Computer Services Box 45 Today's Date: Your Name: Your Phone No. Mankato © 1992. subject matter. this is the form to use. appearance) or make suggestions for improvement. Be sure to print your name and address below if you would like a reply.Log off. or if you want to express your opinion about it (such as organization.1995 Last modified: Thu Sep 18 00:28:14 CDT 2003 Jeffrey Hundstad .06 Copyright Minnesota State University. If you have found errors in it. Reader's Comments Use this form to tell us what you think about this manual.: Your Address: Your Comments: Version 2.

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