Introductory Reference to the IBM AS/400

Introduction to the AS/400

The IBM Application System/400 popularly known as AS/400 is a family of mid-range business computing systems, that supersedes IBM's highly successful System/3X family. The AS/400 is available in three different types the 9402, 9404, and the 9406. Currently, here at Minnesota State University, Mankato, the Computer Services is supporting a dual processor IBM AS/400 9406 model D80, that contains 192 Megabytes of primary memory and 7.1 Gigabytes of mirrored secondary storage. The AS/400 systems exclusively use the IBM Operating System/400 (OS/400). It is a multi user operating system that works with the Licensed Internal Code (LIC) instructions to implement the functions that are basic to the AS/400 architecture. OS/400 can perform tasks under direct control of both the user and an application program. The AS/400 system differs from the traditional systems in several ways. They offer more compatibility across the product line since only one operating system and architecture is used consistently across the entire family. The system offers very high performance compared to the earlier System/3X computers. This is achieved by a combination of faster processors, extended storage and improved fixed disk systems. The software architecture is different from that of more traditional systems. Implementing functions such as security, database and communications in microcode, and providing a one-piece operating system resulted in improved efficiency, consistency and simplicity.

Now, to take a look into the highlights of the system
AS/400's standard functions plus the many communications options and supporting software provide users with flexibility for various communications environments. The AS/400 application programming interface provides some new capabilities not found in earlier operating systems. The basic architecture of AS/400 systems makes for a very productive program development environment. The built-in database and single-level storage provide high-level structures and consistency. This along with the programming tools available for AS/400 can increase programmer productivity. The programmer has the flexibility to choose one of the following programming languages for their application programs:


y y y y y y y y

C CL command language COBOL X3.23-1974 & X3.23-1985 FORTRAN Pascal PL/I REXX RPG II & III

The AS/400 marks a new beginning in the business computing world. This new generation of systems with advanced technology and advanced applications serve as a growth platform for the customer to expand in application, size and network complexity.

Signing On to the AS/400
PC Support/400
y y y y y y

Reboot the PC by pressing <Ctrl><Alt><Delete>at the same time. Press this key combination twice. Select the option that indicates PC Support and/or AS/400. Answer "Enter common user ID:" with your username Answer "Enter password for common user ID:" with your password. If there is a beep or a message press <Enter>to bypass the message. At this point you should have the following screen:
Sign On System . . . . . : MKTAS400 Subsystem . . . . : QINTER Display . . . . . : PCnnnnS1 User . . . . . . . Password . . . . . Program/procedure. Menu . . . . . . . Current library. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . __________ __________ __________ __________

y y y y

Type your username in the "User" blank. Press the <Tab>key. Type your password. The password will not be displayed. Press the <Enter>key.

If for some reason you can not longer type, press the <Reset>key. On the Microterms or PCVT this would be the <Esc>key then R. On PC Support/400 this would be the left <Ctrl>key. If this is the first time you signed on continue with the Changing your password section of this manual.

Changing Your Password
The first time you log on the AS/400 you will be forced to change your password before continuing.
y y

y y

y y

y y y

Press <Enter>to change your password. At the "Current Password" field, type `xx' followed by the last six digits of your social security number (ie. xx999999) NOTE: nothing you type on this screen will be displayed to ensure that no one views your password as you type it. Press <Tab>or <Field Exit>. For the "New Password" field, type the password you would like to use when you sign on to the computer. It must not exceed 10 characters, it must begin with a alphabetic character and the remaining characters may be any combination of alphabetic, numeric characters. Note: Try not to make it too difficult, you will need to know it to sign on the AS/400 again. Press <Tab>or <Field Exit> At the "New Password (to verify)" field, type in your new password for a second time to make sure you have entered it correctly. If you have entered it incorrectly you will get an error message and your initial password will still be `xx' followed by the last four digits of your social security number. Press <Enter> Upon completion, the following message will be displayed: Password changed successfully Read the following screens, pressing <Enter>to exit each one, until you reach the AS/400 Main Menu screen.

Later on when you want to change your password, type CHGPWD on the command line and go through the same steps.

Signing Off of the AS/400
y y

Press <F3>until you see a command prompt, ===>. At the command prompt type SIGNOFF.

Getting Online Help
AS/400 provides extensive On-line help, and a simple method of accessing the help information. On-line help information is provided for all system displays. The type of help provided depends on the location of the cursor. For all displays, the following information is provided:
y y y y y

What the display is used for How to use the display How to use the command line if there is one How to use the entry fields and parameter line if any What function keys are active and what they do.

If the <Help>key is pressed when the cursor is in an area where specific on-line help information is available, the help text for that area of the display is shown. If the <Help>key is pressed when the cursor is in an area for which no specific information is available, information for the entire display is shown. Then you can page forward or backward through the information for the entire display and for each area. If the <Help>key is pressed while a help display is shown, a description of the types of help that are available on the displays, and how to get each type of help is shown. The <Help>key on the PC Support stations is labeled <Scroll Lock>. On the VT -100 or PCVT stations the key sequence for < Help>is <ESC>h. If <F11>=Search index is shown at the bottom of the display, you can press <F11>to see the Search Help Index display. On that display, you can request information about any topic you specify.

The start search index command is used when you would like to get help on a specific or general topic. To use the index search facility type STRSCHIDX and hit <Return>. Type your subject topic, or topics on the bottom subject line. When you hit <Return>again your topic will be searched for and the topics found will be displayed on the screen above the topic line. To display the information you are looking for type 5 in the option field by the topic line press <Return>. To get out of the index search facility press <F3>until exited.

CD-ROM Manuals
If you are attached to the AS/400 using PC Support/400 you have the ability to look at a hypertext version of a subset of the complete AS/400 manual set. To start the hypertext book reader type the command MANUALS at any AS/400 prompt. This guide is laid out like a library. The library contains bookshelves. These bookshelves contain books. For example our library contains a bookshelf name Languages. We select the bookshelf by using the arrow keys to place the highlighted cursor over it and press <Enter>. On this bookshelf there are several books on languages. One of the books is titled "COBOL/400 Reference". Once again we use the arrows and cursor to select the item. Now that we have the book it opens up a "Table of Contents" for the book. By using this search and select procedure you can look through the book like a book you'd check out at the library.

More Help
There are three ways to get help on the READ/DOS book reader (AS/400 command MANUALS):
y y y

Start the book reader and select the bookshelf entitled BookManager READ/DOS. Press <F1>anywhere you're in question about your current options. Press <Alt>h (or <F10>h) and select the appropriate help selection for your current problem.

Using the Prompt Facility
AS/400 provides interactive command prompting for any command supplied with the system or created by the user. On the command entry screen notice the option F4 = Prompt at the bottom of the screen. You can type the command name only, and press <F4>to see the prompt display for the command. Usually, a command may require many parameters before it can be executed. The prompt displays provide a convenient method of supplying that parameter information. For example, type SNDMSG on any command line and press <F4>. The following prompt display is shown:
Send Message (SNDMSG) Type choices, press Enter. Message text . . . . . . . . . . ________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________ _______________________ ___________________________________________________ __________________________________ To user profile . . . . . . . . . __________ Name , *SYSOPR, *ALLACT...

F3=Exit F4=Prompt F5=Refresh F10=Additional parameters F12=cancel F13=How to use this display F24=More keys

To execute the command, supply the required information for Message text and user profile and press <Enter>. Most of the parameters used on commands have default values that are used if no other value is specified. You may change the default values if you desire to do so. If <F4>= Prompt is shown on the prompt display, you can press < F4>to request a list of predefined values (such as *SYSOPR and *ALLACT in the above display) that are permitted in the field where the cursor is currently positioned. In relation to the SNDMSG command, you can use DSPMSG at any time to display messages in your message queue.

Organization of OS/400 Objects
On the AS/400, everything that can be stored or retrieved is stored in an object. Examples of objects are libraries, files, executable programs, queues, and more. Objects share some common attributes such as name, type, size, description, date created, and owner. The concept of an object allows the system to perform certain standard operations, such as authorization management, on all objects types. The object types that we will be primarily concerned with in this manual are:

*LIB Libraries

and 6 for the date field. A data physical file (*FILE PF-DTA) contains data that cannot be compiled. There are two types of database files: 1. of type *LIB. A source physical file is actually a special type of data physical file.) . A physical file contains actual data stored on the system. A source physical file has the attribute "PFSRC". unlike these systems. User-created libraries. a data physical file is a data file. QSYS . the default record length is 92 (80 for the source data field. It is usually created using the "Create Source Physical File" (CRTSRCPF) command (more information about this command will be given later). It has a fixed-length record format. which "contains" all libraries on the system). that contains data in the form of a database. for example the source statements of a Pascal or COBOL program.the library that contains all other libraries. System supplied libraries NOTE:all IBM-supplied library names begin with the letter "Q" or "#" 3. Files A file is an object. The CRTSRCPF command creates a physical file with attributes appropriate for source physical files. a library cannot "contain" other libraries (with the exception of QSYS. Refer to the section on the SEU editor for the meanings of these fields. An interesting implication of the non-hierarchical nature of libraries is that two users cannot have libraries with the same name. we are primarily concerned with database files. However. 2. that contains a group of objects. In this manual. A library is an object. It is similar to the "root" or top-level directory on Unix. A data physical file normally has a record format. This description is then compiled to produce a *FILE object with attribute PF-DTA. 6 for the sequence number field. device data. and VAX/VMS. logical files. or a group of related records that are handled as a unit. the system master library. For example. There are basically three general categories of libraries: 1. physical files 2. data physical files 2. for example an employee master file. of type *FILE. such as an input file to a program. This record format is defined using Data Description Specifications (DDS is a language that is used to describe database files to the system). In conventional terms.y y y *FILE Files *PGM Compiled programs *OUTQ Output queues Libraries Every object is contained in a library. A source physical file (*FILE PF-SRC) contains source statements. MS-DOS. In this manual. we are primarily interested in two kinds of physical files: 1. source physical files.

. . . for example. which in the case of PF-SRC members. DDS Source for a Logical File Control Language Source Program RPG Source Program DDS Source for a Physical File DDS Source for a Display File Parameters or command ===> ___________________________________________________________ F3=Exit F9=Retrieve F4=Prompt F10=Command entry F5=Refresh F23=More options F6=Create F24=More keys The name of the source physical file is SRCFILE. a PF-DTA file will only have one member (by default. in the above example. for example. each member contains source statements for a program or DDS source. Once. and "QCLSRC" for the various PF-SRC files. as in the above example. A data physical file may contain one or more members. . determines how the various systems programs (such as the editor and compilers) on the AS/400 treat the member. In a PF-SRC file. a member has been specified as having an attribute of CBL (for COBOL program. for example. Normally. . . These members are not objects themselves but subsets of an object. the member(s) contains data for use by programs. 2=Edit 7=Rename Opt __ __ __ __ __ Member NAMEEMP CLPRO G RPGPROG EMPMAST SCRNMBR 3=Copy 4=Delete 8=Display description Type LF CLP RPG PF DSPF Text Sample Sample Sample Sample Sample 5=Display 9=Save 6=Print 13=Change text .. and when PDM (Program Development Manager) is given the instruction to compile the file. "DDSSRC". press Enter. you may choose to include source members of different types belonging to the same application in the same PF-SRC file. An example of a PF SRC file and its members is shown below (we will explain how to get to this screen in the section on PDM): Work with Members Using PDM File . You may also use the standard IBM-supplied names such as "QRPGSRC". . For example. the member's name is the .The data records in a data physical file can be grouped into members. will format the program as a COBOL program. "QDDSSRC". source members of different types are stored in the same source physical file. SEU. and allows compilation to be totally automatic. Members have an attribute associated with them. it "knows" that it should invoke the COBOL compiler. However. This attribute is specified when creating the member. __________ Type options. Although.) the AS/400 editor. . you may want to keep all your RPG source programs in a PF-SRC file called. "RPGSRC" and DDS source in a PFSRC file called. . and it is contained in the library YOURLIB. Library . In a data physical file (PF-DTA). you will probably want to store source programs of the same type in a separate source physical file. . This implies that all members of an object share the same basic characteristics with the other members in the object such as ownership and security.. . SRCFILE___ YOURLIB___ Position to .

It is similar to the concept of a "view" in SQL. you may want to group the records in a sales transactions file so that each member contains data for each month. A printer file can be created using the "Create Printer File" (CRTPRTF) command. An output queue has already been created for you with the creation of your user profile. In the "Work with Members using PDM" screen above. such as the length and width of a printed page. it produces an object with a type of *PGM with the attribute CBL. The relationships between the various objects that have been discussed in this section are as follows: QSYS (*LIB) [special library] | | contains | Library (*LIB) | . it will produce a *FILE object with attribute PF-DTA. the difference between "source" and "data" in regards to data physical files. "EMPMAST". Two common types of device files are printer files (*FILE PRTF) and display files (*FILE DSPF). An important object type on the AS/400 is the output queue (*OUTQ). at this point. A display file describes what information is to be displayed and where it is to be displayed on the screen of a display station. The attribute for a *PGM object indicates the language the program was written in. In this way. it is possible to include multiple members in a single PFDTA file.same as the file name). However. A data logical file is described to the system using DDS. The name of the output queue is normally the same as that of your user profile. The spooled file stays in the output queue until it is directed to a printer or removed. When the DDS source is compiled. On the AS/400. For instance. A spooled files. Other Object Types A program object (*PGM) is a compiled program. Another *FILE object type that you may encounter in your programming courses is the device file. each month's data can be processed separately by processing one member at a time. is not an object itself but a subset of an object. the "PF" member. For example. Refer to the section "Printing Procedure" in this manual for more information on printing spooled files. When this source member is compiled (using CRTPF or option 14 in the "Work with Members using PDM" screen). whenever something is printed. the output goes to an output queue and it stays there as a spooled file. but provides a different method of viewing the data of an accompyning data physical file(s) which it internally references. when a COBOL source program is compiled. a *FILE object with the attribute LF-DTA is produced. like a member. A data logical file (*FILE LF-DTA) is a data file that contains no actual data. One way of defining and creating a display file is with the Screen Design Aid (SDA) utility. A printer file describes the attributes that printed output will have. A device file contains a description how data is to be presented to a program from a device or vice versa. This compiled object is the actual file that is used to hold data records. contains DDS source that defines a physical file. It is important to understand.

. press Enter. . . Text 'descrip tion' .--------. *TEST Sample_Library__________________ F10=Additional parameters F24=More keys F12=Cancel . . . . . . .+----^----------------. Member(s) | | [Reorginized data] Source Data Physical Physical File File (PF-SRC) (PF -DTA) | | contains | | contains | | Member(s) Member(s) [Program source] [Actual Data] Creating a Library A library has already been created for during user profile creation. we will create another library and use this library as an example throughout the manual. . Note that you can use your default library. .-----------------.------^-----. . . to store all your application objects. . Library . Library type . . Type in the name of the library and enter a brief description for the library. . . The name of this library is normally the same as that of your user profile.| contains | . Create Library (CRTLIB) Type choices. | | Physical Data Logical file file (PF) (LF -DTA) | ^ contains . . . F3=Exit F4=Prompt F5=Refresh F13=How to use this display YOURLIB__ Name *PROD____ *PROD.e. . Leave the library type as *PROD (a production library is one that is used for normal processing). the library that has the same name as that as your user profile.. . i. | | | | Programs (*PGM) Outqueues (*OUTQ) Files (*FILE) Other [Executable] | | objects | contains | Spooled Files | [Output intended for Printer] | | . .^--. To create a library.---------------. In this section. . . type the CRTLIB ("Create Library") on a command line and press <F4>to prompt on it. . .

You can display your library list by typing DSPLIBL and press <Enter> on a command line. Supply the names for the source file and the library that will hold it. . Create Source Physical File (CRTSRCPF) Type choices. A library list is identified by the value *LIBL. . if desired Text 'description' . . .. If you get this message. . created in library . It specifies which libraries are to be searched and the order in which they are searched when the system looks for an object. . Library . meaning the current library. . .. . . You should see a message at the bottom of the screen saying "Library . Display Library List System: MKTAS400 . it means that some other user already has a library by the same name.Press <Enter>. The following is the library list for the user "JOHNDOE". let's create a source physical file in the library that we have just created. Before we discuss what the current library is. . . SRCFILE___ Name YOURLIB___ Name. Creating a Source Physical File Now. . . . Note: All libraries are on the same "level" with only QSYS above them. File . . . . . created".. . . A default library list is automatically created by OS/400 for each job started by a user. . .. *CURLIB 92_______ Number *NONE_____ Name. . is automatically included in your library list. . . . try another name for the library. Member. we first explain what a library list is. . . .. If you see the message "Library ." at the bottom of your screen. . already exists". Below. that is the library that has the same name as that as your user profile. . . Record length . we show the display for creating a source file called "SRCFILE" in the library "YOURLIB". Your default library. .. . . . To create a source physical file. Press < Enter> and you should see the message "File . press Enter. . .. . type CRTSRCPF and press <F4> to prompt on it. . A library list is similar in concept to the "PATH" in Unix and MS-DOS. *NONE. *FILE Sample_Source_File___________________ F10=Additional parameters F24=More keys F12=Cancel F3=Exit F4=Prompt F5=Refresh F13=How to use this display Library Lists You may have noticed in the previous screen that the "Library" field defaults to the value *CURLIB.. . . The current library is tied closely to the concept of a library list. Other commands that operate on libraries are: y y y DSPLIB (Display Library) DLTLIB (Delete Library) WRKLIB (Work with Library). .

User "JOHNDOE" wants to run the program (using the CALL command) and issues the command CALL TESTPROG . assume that the user "JOHNDOE" has an executable program (*PGM object) called "TESTPROG" in the library "YOURLIB". As you can see.created by SQL F3=Exit F12=Cancel F17=Top F18=Bottom Note that you may not have all the libraries in the above list. followed by the library name (or prompt on the command) ADDLIBLE YOURLIB . such as QTEMP. A message will appear stating that the program is not found in the library list. a library list is divided into three parts: system portion which consists of the libraries that are required to run system functions current library which by default. If "JOHNDOE" now issues the the unqualified CALL command. the libraries in the library list are searched for the object (starting with the system libraries.Type options. user portion which consists of libraries that holds user objects. COLLECTION . 5=Display objects in library Opt __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ Library QSYS QHLPSYS QUSRSYS JOHNDOE QTEMP QGDDM QGPL QMSU QPAS MBNLQ ONLINE Type SYS SYS SYS CUR USR USR USR USR USR USR USR Text System Library *IN USE JOHN DOE's default library GENERAL PURPOSE LIBRARY MSU generated commands and programs Common Library for MBNLQ . "TESTPROG" is qualified by "YOURLIB" as CALL YOURLIB/TESTPROG then the program can be found and executed. however. You can edit your library list using the EDTLIBL command and remove a library list entry using . The current library is the first user library that is searched before the rest of the user libraries in the list. type the "Add Library List Entry" (ADDLIBLE) command. the current library. QGPL. is the library that has the same name as your user profile (in this case. the library "JOHNDOE"). For example. In addition. If. This is because "YOURLIB" is currently not in the library list. and QGDDM come with the system while others are locally supplied. pre ss Enter. the program can now be located and executed since the library that contains the program is now in the library list. If a user does not specify a library name when requesting an operation on an object. To add a library to the library list. the user can create their own libraries and add them to their library list. Some user libraries.. and the user libraries).

*PRV______ *ALL______ *ALL______ *ALL______ *PRV.Work with objects using PDM WRKMBRPDM -. . . . "YOURLIB" can be made the current library by typing CHGCURLIB YOURLIB . . "YOURLIB" will no longer be in their library list and hence. Library . .. objects. . . *PRV. attribute. press Enter. . . we will create an "initial program" that will automatically run these commands when a user signs on the system. Object . . . however. . that both commands (ADDLIBLE and CHGCURLIB) are only effective for a particular session. such as the CRTSRCPF command. *PRV.. These may be replaced with the name of a specific library. . . Next time. . . Object attribute . . . . . . *ALL. when "JOHNDOE" signs on. *AUTL. . . Object type . . *ALRTBL. name. Starting PDM PDM may either be started using the command STRPDM (for Start PDM. . no longer the current library. . . In the section "Steps in Developing a Program". . The . . .Work with file members using PDM Work with Objects One of the most commonly used commands to start PDM is WRKOBJPDM.. F3=Exit F4=Prompt F24=More keys F5=Refresh F12=Cancel F13=How to use this display The *PRV value on the "Library" field indicates that the default is to work on the library the user last worked with.. . . Using the Program Development Manager (PDM) The Program Development Manager (PDM) is a set of utilities under OS/400 designed to simplify the creation and development of software. It automates file and member creation.) which will produce a menu of options for the level on which the user wishes to work (libraries. *generic.) or using one of three commands which indicate the level at which the user would like to work: y y y WRKLIBPDM -. *generic. . This allows the user to work with objects inside a library.the RMVLIBLE command. Note. . Work with Objects Using PDM (WRKOBJPDM) Type choices. .Work with libraries using PDM WRKOBJPDM -. . or members. *PRV. . Type WRKOBJPDM and press <F4> to prompt on it. Some commands automatically default to the current library (*CURLIB).. compilation and program execution. . *CURLIB name. . editing. and allows the programmer to manage their environment from a set of standard menus.

. . attribute. . Object attribute . and *ALL on the other options. . . . press Enter.. . *ALRTBL. __________ Position to type . . .) Each option is an action which may be performed on an object by placing its number on the "Opt" line next to the object and pressing the < Enter> key. . . *AUTL. . see Table 1 at the end of this section. . PDM Options Options are displayed across the top of the screen (for a list of all the options available in PDM.. . . . This method of specifying actions on a form listing the objects available is consistent throughout PDM. . .. with the library specified as YOURLIB. . *generic*. . . . . *ALL. . . YOURLIB___ Position to . Work with Objects Using PDM (WRKOBJPDM) Type choices. F3=Exit F4=Prompt F24=More ke ys F5=Refresh F12=Cancel F13=How to use this display The screen resulting from command WRKOBJPDM. . press Enter. . . Work with Objects Using PDM Library . Type options. . . . . . . *PRV. Object . . .. . . there should be just one object in the library. . Type WRKOBJPDM and prompt with <F4>. . . *CURLIB na me. YOURLIB___ *ALL______ *ALL______ *ALL______ *PRV. . . Library . __________ 4=Delete 9=Save Attribute PF -SRC 5=Display 10=Restore 7=Rename 11=Move . *PRV. *generic. . name. ."Object" and "Object type" options allow the user to limit which objects will be displayed. the source physical file "SRCFILE" that you have just created.. *PRV. . . .. Object type . is shown below. . .. . . 2=Change 3=Copy 8=Display description Opt __ Object SRCFILE Type *FILE Text Sample Source File Bottom Parameters or command ===> ________________________________________________________________ F3=Exit F9=Retrieve F4=Prompt F10=Command entry F5=Refresh F23=More options F6=Create F24=More keys Presently.

. YOURLIB___ __________ Type options.) option. The following "Work with Members using PDM" screen appears: Work with Members Using PDM . assume we have two source files in "YOURLIB". . . option 2 runs the STRSEU command to begin editing a member and 14 calls the compiler for a program of that type (if specific compiler options are needed. present a display allowing the user to call the program. allowing the user to work with spooled files. . If the item is of type *PGM.. . . . Pressing <Enter> causes PDM to process each option in turn.. the options support the prompting facility. Work with Members The WRKMBRPDM display is the bottom level of PDM. . Placing a 12 on the line next to an item on this display will: y y y If the item is of type *FILE. 2=Edit 7=Rename Opt Member 3=Copy 4=Delete 8=Display description Type Text 5=Display 6=Print 9=Save 13=C hange text . go to the "Work With Output Queue" display. . the "18" option may be invoked to modify the file using DFU (Data File Utility). go to the WRKMBRPDM display for that file (there are different types of WRKMBRPDM displays for source and data files.) If the item is of type *OUTQ. Multiple objects may be operated on sequentially by placing numbers on more than one Opt line. To use the prompting facility. multiple objects may be operated on in succession. (programs may also be called from the WRKOBJPDM screen by using the 16 option. the "2=change" option is no longer valid. remember that the prompting facility may be invoked on any PDM option. More on PDM levels Moving down levels in PDM is accomplished using the "12" (Work With.) When this method of changing levels is used.There are two important special features which this method of specifying actions offers: First. . At the WRKOBJPDM screen. for instance the *DEBUG option to include debugging information in the program. PDM will present the prompt screen for the command associated with that option number. File Position to . press Enter. For example. You can type "5" (Display) against one and type "7" (Rename) against the other. When working with a source physical file at this level. and second.) When working with a physical data file. Type "12" against "SRCFILE" to work with it. However. SRCFILE___ Library . . change its attributes.. . simply press <F4> while an option number is on one of the "Opt" lines.. etc. the action of this option depends on the file type. pressing <Enter> or <F12> (cancel) with no options on the screen returns to the previous level.

.. .e. . . . . . If you have many members in your file. . . . . . *PRV. . Library . . SRCFILE___ YOURLIB___ *ALL______ *ALL______ *PRV. Press <Enter> . File . . Enter the name of the new source member and for its source type. Name. On return to the WRKMBRPDM screen. press <F3> to quit and type "Y" in the "Change/Create member" field to save the source member. . BAS. . . . . . *generic. Type this command and press <F4> to prompt on it. . *CURLIB. > YOURLIB___ Source member . . *SELECT *SAME. . Member . . enter "TXT" (i.(No members in file) Parameters or command ===> ________________________________________________________________ F3=Exit F9=Retrieve F4=Prompt F10=Command entry F5=Refresh F23=More options F6=Create F24=More keys Presently. Work with Members Using PDM (WRKMBRPDM) Type choices. Later on. . Name. . . . . . . . type. . . . . Sample_Source_Member____________________ Name. . . . press Enter. *CURLIB *PRV. . . you can use the "Member" and/or "Member Type" fields to narrow down the number of members to work with. . . . .. . in the section on SEU we will use this source member. . . TXT_______ C. To work with the member that we have just created. *PRV *PRV. . The "Work with Members using PDM" screen can be accessed directly using the WRKMBRPDM command. . . . Let's create a member. name. . .. press Enter. Text 'description' . . . . . . name. . . This will automatically invoke the SEU editor. . . Member type . you will notice that "SRCMBR" is now in "SRCFILE". . Start Source Entry Utility (STRSEU) Type choices. Source file . . ... . . > SRCFILE___ Library . . . the source member will contain only plain text). press <F6> (Create). . . Bottom F3=Exit F4=Prompt F24=More keys F5=Refresh F12=Cancel F13=How to use this display You will now be inside the SEU editor. . . . . . .. SRCMBR____ Source type . To do that. *LIBL. . enter the names of the library and file as shown below. there are no members in "SRCFILE". BASP. *generic. Name. name *PRV. . . . . *PRV *LIBL. . . . For now.

This will bring up the "Work with Objects using PDM" screen for that library. or member Recall a previous command to the command line Display an OS/400 command entry screen Switch to/from brief display mode Cancel an operation Copy an option number to all lines Switch between date and type display in PF -SRC Cha nge member list sort criteria Specify user -defined commands to PDM Limit the list on the screen to certain types Change PDM user settings Print the object list on the screen Display more PDM option numbers.) 2: 3: 4: 5: 6: 7: 8: 9: 10: 11: 12: 13: 14: 15: 16: 17: 18: 25: Change Copy Delete Display Print Rename Display Descrip. Table 1: Options in PDM (Some options may not be valid at some levels.F3=Exit F4=Prompt F24=More keys F5=Refresh F12=Cancel F13=How to use this display Work with Libraries Briefly. file. the WRKLIBPDM command lets you work with a library or libraries. You can work with the contents of a library by typing 12 against it. Save Restore Move Work With Change Text Compile Copy File Run Change Using SDA Change Using DFU Find String Modify an obj ect or edit a source member Duplicate an object Remove an object from storage Display the contents of an object Copy a source member to an output queue Change an object's name Show summary information about an object Save an object to offline storage Retrieve an object from offline storage Move an object to another library Perform operations on the contents of an object Change the text description line for an object Compile a source physical file member Copy a *FILE object (has special options) Run an object of type *PGM Change a screen design (in a PF -SRC) using SDA Use DFU to change a PF -DTA member Find a s tring of characters in an object Table 2: Function Keys in PDM F1: F3: F4: F5: F6: F9: F10: F11: F12: F13: F14: F15: F16: F17: F18: F21: F23: F24: Help Exit Prompt Refresh Create Retrieve Command Entry Display Toggle Cancel Repeat Source Type Toggle Sort User Options Subset Change Defaults Print List More Options More Keys Obtain help on an area of PDM Exit PDM or current operation Display prompt screen for options on screen Redraw the screen with updated information Create a library. if available Display more function keys. You will probably use this command least among the three PDM commands. if available Control Language Command Syntax .

A CL command is made up of two parts: (1) a command name and (2) parameters. The command GO CMDxxx can be used to get a menu of commands related to xxx (where xxx can be a verb or subject). The verb consists of three characters and is the "action" component of the command.Create o DLT . Command Structure First. As you would probably know by now. Another way of finding commands is to press <F4> on any command line. Some examples of verb/subject combinations are: y y y y CRTSRCPF .Copy o CRT .Display item o END . a SUBJECT.Delete o DSP .Start (a program or utility) o WRK .Stop a program which was started with a STR o GRT .Add Item o CHG . A system-defined default value . one. or more parameters. The first option SLTCMD ("Select Command by Name") can be used to obtain a list of commands using a wildcard character (e.Revoke o SET .Start PDM ADDLIBLE .Restore o RTV .The purpose of this section is to provide a more formal presentation of CL commands.Work with Objects Using PDM STRPDM .Change o CPY .g.Remove item o RST .Retrieve o RVK .Send o STR . let's consider the command name. A command may have some parameters that are required and some that are optional. This will bring up the "Command Grouping Menu" where each option represents a group of related commands.Work with The subject component of the command specifies the item that the verb acts on. A command is made made up of two components: 1.Create Source Physical File WRKOBJPDM . a VERB and 2.Set o SND .Add Library List Entry CL commands can be found in several ways. Parameters A CL command can have zero.Move o RMV . Some common verbs and their meanings are shown below: o ADD . a CL command is a way of of invoking functions and calling system services.Grant o MOV . SLTCMD CR* will list all commands starting with CR).

A CL command can use a combination of both positional and keyword parameters. Positional parameters are often limited to the first three or four parameters. A parameter that is specified in keyword form will have a keyword followed immediately by a value (or list of values). develop and maintain applications. Parameters in keyword form can be specified in any order. WRKOBJPDM YOURLIB *N *FILE *N will map to the default value for that parameter. Using this method. as in the following statement WRKMBRPDM SRCFILE the library qualifier will default to the library list (*LIBL). For example. If the reference is to a file in a specific library. *N. a combination of both. Another way of specifying parameters is the free format or command line method. For example. You may want to use this method if you remember exactly what parameter information is needed for a command. the following is invalid WRKOBJPDM LIB(YOURLIB) SRCFILE . which in this case is *ALL. In the positional form. the file name must be qualified with a slash. For example. can be entered in the position of that parameter. the file name and library name fields are actually one parameter (a file name plus a library qualifier). One restriction of this mixed form of specifying parameters is that positional parameters cannot follow keyword parameters. One such tool is the Programming Development Manager (PDM) that offers the following: . Using the SEU Editor Introduction The IBM AS/400 provides an integrated set of Application Development Tools (ADT) to design. "/". parameters are specified without keywords. is omitted. WRKOBJPDM LIB(YOURLIB) OBJ(SRCFILE) There must not be any blanks between the keyword and the left parenthesis. Note that when using the WRKMBRPDM command. If you do not want to specify a value for one of the parameters. Note that the "Member" parameter. The parameter values must be positionally matched with the keywords in the parameter set for that command. for example WRKMBRPDM YOURLIB/SRCFI LE MBRTYPE(TXT) . 2. the system-defined value.(prefixed by "*") is usually assigned to an optional parameter if the user does not specify a value for it. So far in this manual. keyword form. The above example can be specified in positional form as follows WRKOBJPDM YOURLIB SRCFILE . the following command will display all objects of type *FILE in the library YOURLIB. positional form. or 3. parameters can be specified in: 1. we have been using the <F4> prompt facility for specifying parameters. character in both keyword and positional forms WRKMBRPDM YOURLIB/SRCFILE SRCMBRWRKMBRPDM FILE(YOURLIB/SRCFILE) MBR(SRCMBR) If only the file name is specified. which is in between the second and third parameters in the parameter set.

.. In this SEU tutorial. 5. . You can also reach this screen by typing WRKMBRPDM (Work with members using PDM) on any command line and pressing <F4> ... The "Work with members" screen shows up. we will use the source member we created in the previous section. Another tool is the Source Entry Utility (SEU) that offers a full screen editor providing syntax checking of source statements. You are now in the full-screen EDIT mode..+.. 2 ... 2 . . and press <Enter> ..y y y Integrated application development environment.. 5. 6 . Press <Enter> . 4 ....+. .. 1 ...+.+.: 1 80 SEU==>_______________________________________________________ FMT ** ''''''' ''''''' ''''''' ''''''' ''''''' ''''''' ''''''' ****************** End of data *********** ************************ F3=Exit F10=Top F4=Prompt F11=Bottom F5=Refresh F24=More keys Edit SRCMBR .. Extendable interface to tools through user-defined options. The PDM menu is displayed.+..+...+.. Columns ... 3 ..... . 6 .. 3 .+.. supply the necessary source file (SRCFILE) and library (YOURLIB) information and press Enter... . *************** Beginning of data ******************************** If you press <Enter> without typing anything.+... 1 . List-oriented selection of items for development or maintenance. Choose option 3 to Work with members. Type 2 on the "Opt" line to edit the source member "SRCMBR"... 4 .. In either case...: 1 80 SEU==> _______________________________________________________ FMT ** Edit SRCMBR . Starting the Editor Type STRPDM (Start Program Development Manager) on any command line..+...+...+...+. *************** Beginning of data ********************************* ****************** End of data ************************************ F3=Exit F10=Top F4=Prompt F11=Bottom F5=Refresh F24=More keys ..+.... the screen readjusts as shown: Columns . PDM is one tool that may be used to access the SEU... ..

... To save the current member and exit SEU follow the following procedure 'Exiting the Editor. .. 4 . 2 ... 3 .+....+. 6 .00 Begin First Block.. .... Columns .00 THIS IS A TEXT DOCUMENT. Change/create member . The sequence number field of a record is used to specify the line commands.+. 1 .. we show a sample TEXT document that will be used in the next section for illustrating the use of various SEU line commands.+......+. 0002... 0009.00 Text for the first block .+. 1 .. 0005. 0008.. 2 .. .. .00 Text for second block . I *************** Beginning of data ********************************* ****************** End of data ************************************ Now. 5.....+......+. N=No ..00 0003...... The exit display shows up: Exit Type choices.. 0006...00 Begin Second Block. Below. 6 .... For more information on line commands see 'Using SEU line commands'.00 ****************** End of data ************************************ Notice the sequence numbers of records at the extreme left. .Type I (for insert) on the first line as shown and press <Enter> .: 1 80 Edit SRCMBR SEU==> ____________ _____________________________________________ FMT ** . 5.... . you may start typing in the desired text. Y Y=Yes..+.. .+..: 1 80 Edit SRCMBR SEU==> _______________________________________________________ FMT ** . ..+. 3 .+. . 0010.+. press Enter. .+. 4 . . 0004..00 End First Block.00 End Second Blo ck.00 0007.. *************** Beginning of data ********************************* 0001..' Exiting the Editor To exit SEU press <F3>.. Columns .

. . . and then you decide to cancel it. . . . . Go to member list . command C is used to copy lines. . . N=No N Y=Yes. . . . . Resequence member Start . . . In the following discussion. N=No F5=Refresh F12=Cancel If you wish to save the changes you have made. . . . .9999. .99 N Y=Yes. . . . note the following: y y y If you have decided not to quit the editor. . N=No 0001. the system supplies Y in this field and returns back to the editing mode ( unless you explicitly type N and force it to exit ). if the member is modified. you may simply press < Enter> . . . Print member . y y Use the command WRKMBRPDM as explained in the previous section. . . . use <F5> to refresh the screen. N=No N Y=Yes.01 . . The default value for 'Change/create member' is Y. . . . . . . . The edit display for this member is shown: . . . This returns you back to the editing mode. However. . Library . . For example. . Type N in this field only if you do not want to save changes made to your member. The SEU line commands are entered over the digits that make up the sequence number of a record. .99 01. .00___ 0000. . Using Line Commands SEU supports various line commands that guide us in editing an existing member. . . . a sample TEXT document is used to illustrate the use of the various commands. The default values supplied for most of the options above are self-explanatory. . . For example. . .Member . . However. if syntax errors do persist. . Note: If you type a line command. File . . . . .01 . . . . Text . . . command M for moving lines and so on. . . to edit the member SRCMBR created before. . SRCMBR____ Name SRCFILE___ Name YO URLIB___ Name Description_for_the_member. . Use the tab keys to position the cursor at the desired member. otherwise N. Increment . . F3=Exit . and press < Enter> . . . .00____ 00. . type WRKMBRPDM YOURLIB/SRCFILE on any command line. . . and type option 2. .99. . . type option 2 in front of member SRCMBR and press <Enter> ._____ Y Y=Yes. . Return to editing . . . . . press <F12> to cancel the exit display. . . . . . . From the "Work with members using PDM" display. . The screen for editing that member will show up. . . . . The default value for 'Return to editing' option is N. . . if your member did not have any syntax errors. . . . . To edit a member that has already been created. reach the 'Work with members using PDM' display. . . . . .

.00 0008.. . . Begin First Block. ....00 ****************** End of data ************************** ********* F3=Exit F10=Top F4=Prompt F11=Bottom F5=Refresh F24=More keys Inserting a line To insert a line after a particular record.00 THIS IS A TEXT DOCUMENT.: 1 71 Edit YOURLIB/SRCFILE SEU==> ________________________________________________________ SRCMBR FMT CB ..00 0003.Columns . 0006..00 Text for the first block . . End First Block.00 Begin First Block. 0005. Text for the first block . Begin End Second Block. ''''''' PROGRAM -ID.00 Text for second block . Columns .: 1 71 Edit YOURLIB/SRCFILE SEU==> _________________________________________________________ SRCMBR FMT CB .00 End First Block. and press <Enter> .. 0004. 0002. Text for second Second Block...-A+++B++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++ *************** Beginning of data ******************************** 0001..00 0007.00 0003.00 0006. *************** Beginning of data ******************************** I001.00 0010. type I (insert) on the sequence number field of that record...00 0007. .. 0008.00 Begin First Block.00 Begin Second Block. block . 0002.00 0002. SAMPLE.-A+++B+++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++ + *************** Beginning of data **** **************************** 0001.00 End Second Block. . ****************** End of data *********************************** F4=Prompt F11=Bottom F5=Refresh F24=More keys The screen adjusts as shown below.00 0004.. 0010.00 0009. Type in the line to be inserted and press <Enter> .00 F3=Exit F10=Top THIS IS A TEXT DOCUMENT...00 0003. .00 THIS IS A TEXT DOCUMENT.00 0005.. 0009.

0001.00 Text for second block . block . 0001. Begin End ****************** End of data *********************************** F4=Prompt F11=Bottom F5=Refresh F24=More keys Copying a line To copy the "Begin First Block" line to the end of the program. 0004. 0002. Columns ... Text for second Second Block. Columns .....-A+++B++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++ *************** Beginning of data ******************************** 0001.00 0006.00 F3=Exit F10=Top End Text for the first block .. 0006... .01 It illustrates the use of SEU line commands. Note the message on the top that indicates a pending Copy line command..00 ****************** End of data *********************************** Type A (after) on the last line as shown.00 C Begin First Block.0004.-A+++B++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++ *************** Beginni ng of data******************************** 0001.. 0009. . and press Enter. 0008. 0006.00 THIS IS A TEXT DOCUMENT..00 0008. Second Block.00 0005.01 It illustrates the use of SEU line commands.. .00 0010.00 0007..00 End Second Block..00 0009.00 0007... 0002. type C (copy) in the sequence number field.00 Text for the first block . 0009.00 0007. . This results in the pending line to be copied after the line you have indicated.00 C Begin First Block.00 Text for the first block .00 THIS IS A TEXT DOCUMENT.00 End Second Block.. .: 1 71 Edit YOURLIB/SRCFILE SEU==> _________________________________________________________ SRCMBR FMT CB . 0005.. 0005.00 Begin Second Block. and press Enter.: 1 71 Edit YOURLIB/SRCFILE SEU==> __________________________________________________________ SRCMBR FMT CB . . First Block. 0008. 0004. .00 Text for second block .00 End First Block. 0010..00 End First Block..00 Begin Second Block..

00 0003.. type MM at the beginning and the end of the block. *************** Beginning of data ******************************** THIS IS A TEXT DOCUMENT. the first block of text being moved after the second one.00 0004. Now. It illustrates the use of SEU line commands.00 0003..00 0006. after the copy.A010. 0001. block .00 Begin First Block.01 . 0001. use the command M (move) and follow the procedure as explained above for copy..00 0001. The Block Move is illustrated below.00 0006.00 0008.00 0001. ****************** End of data *********************************** Block Move To move a block. It illustrates the use of SEU line commands. block .00 0005. Text for the first block . Begin End Second Block.00 0008.00 0009. and press <Enter> . The line that was just copied may be deleted as shown below: *************** Beginning of data***************************** THIS IS A TEXT DOCUMENT.00 0007.00 0001.. *************** Beginning of data ******************************** THIS IS A TE XT DOCUMENT.00 ****************** End of data ************************************ The program looks as shown below. Begin First Block.00 Begin First Block.00 0009.01 0002. 0001. End First Block.. ****************** End of data *********************************** Deleting a line To delete a line.00 D011. End First Block. Begin End Second Block. Begin First Block. Text for second Second Block.00 0004. the target for the move has to be specified..00 0007. It illustrates the use of SEU line commands..00 0010..01 0002. Text for the first block .00 0005.00 0011. Text for second Second Block.00 0010. To move a single line. type D (delete) in front of it and press <Enter> .

00 0005. Text for the fi rst block .00 0009. Text for the first block .00 ****************** End of data *********************************** Here is the member after the move: *************** Beginning of data ******************************** THIS IS A TEXT DOCUMENT. Begin End Second Block. End First Block.00 0008. Text for second Second Block.01 0002.00 MM 0004. Text for the first block .00 0014. block . block .00 0013. It illustrates the use of SEU line commands. 0001... Begin End Second Blo ck.. Text for second Second Block.00 0001.00 0007.00 MM 0007.00 0009. It illustrates the use of SEU line commands. ****************** End of data *********************************** Block Copy Enclose the block to be copied within CC commands.00 0008. End First Block. and specify the target. Begin End Second Block. End First Block.00 . to copy the block before the indicated line.00 0005. block .. The block copy resembles the block move explained above.00 0011. Begin First Block..00 0012.. *************** Beginning of data ******************************** THIS IS A TEXT DOCUMENT.0002. 0001.01 0002. Note below. *************** Beginning of data ******************************** THIS IS A TEXT DOCUMENT.00 0001..00 MM 0007. that B is specified as the target.00 Begin First Block.00 0010..00 0009..00 A010.00 MM 0004...00 Begin First Block. ****************** End of data *********************************** Type A on the last line to move the block to the end of the program. Text for second Second Block..00 0008.00 0010. 0001.

00 0010.0001.00 0012. Text for second Second Block.00 0011.01 0002.00 0009..00 0012. Text for the first block . block . Text for the first block . Begin End Second Block.00 0009.00 0013. 0001....00 0013. It illustrates the use of SEU line commands.00 0008.00 Begin First Block. Text for second Second Block..00 0009.02 0013..03 DD 0014.00 0014. ****************** End of data *********************************** The source member looks as follows. The block that was just copied may be deleted as shown: *************** Beginning of data ******************************** THIS IS A TEXT DOCUMENT. 0001.01 0002. End Second Block.00 B It illustrates the use of SEU line commands.00 0007.. ****************** End of data *********************************** .00 0001. Text for second blo ck . ****************** End of data *********************************** Block Delete To delete a block. block .00 0010. End First Block. Text for the first block .00 0011.. It illustrates the use of SEU line commands.01 0002. Text for second Second Block. Begin End Second Block.00 0008.00 0012. End First Block. Begin End Second Block..00 CC 0008.. End First Block.00 0007. block . Begin First Block.00 Begin First Block.00 DD 0013. Begin Second Block.00 0013..00 CC 0011.00 0001. after our experimentation with the above line commands: *************** Beginning of data ******************************** THIS IS A TEXT DOCUMENT. enclose it within DD commands and press <Enter> ....

apostrophes.NX] [column parameter] TOP Go to the first page of the work screen.A. The syntax is CHANGE fstring cstring [N. Several direction parameters are available: N (Next).To get a complete list of commands for SEU place the cursor on the sequence number list and press the help key. If the string contains embedded blanks. FILE [ [ [ library/ ] file ] member ] CANCEL Cancel session and exit session.L] [X. SEU Commands SEU commands are entered in the "SEU==>" field at the top of the screen. and A (All). The scope of the search can be specified using search parameters: X (excluded records) and NX (nonexcluded records). CHANGE Find all occurrences of a character string and replace it with another string.P. BOTTOM Go to the last page of the work screen.A.L] [X. Examples: y y y y F XYZ F 'hello there' F *ERR A find all syntax errors F "'XYZ'" Use the F16 "Repeat Find" key to find the next occurrence of a string. SAVE [ [ [ library/ ] file ] member ] FILE Save changes and exit from edit session.NX] [column parameter] .P.F. F (First). or quotation marks. SAVE Save changes and continue editing. P (Previous).F. L (Last). it should be enclosed in quotation marks. The syntax of FIND is FIND string [N. FIND Search for an occurrence of a character string. SET .

F19 Left View the info. F4 Prompt Provides assistance for the options selected in the list or a command on a command line. to the left of the current display. and from the SEU command line to the data area.See the IBM SEU manual for more information. the Edit display supports a diverse set of function keys that allow you to perform specific tasks. Summary of Line Commands The Sequence_number field displays the sequence number of the record and is used for entering SEU line commands. PDM will fill in the default values. F11 Previous Record Places the previous record in the prompt. to the right of the current display. B=Before Move or copy records before this record. Rebuilds display and shows it again. F14 Find/Change Options Go the Find/Change Options display. ___________________________________________________________________________ ___ Key Name Function ___________________________________________________________________________ ___ F1 Help Press the help key for details about the display. F17 Repeat Change Perform change or repeat current change function. SEU returns to the EDIT Session and displays the prompt after you make a selection. F18 DBCS Conversion Perform DBCS conversion. F3 Exit End the current task. F24 More keys View the other function keys available for the current display. F10 Cursor Moves the cursor from the data area to the SEU command line. Bn=Before with repeat n times Move or copy records before this record and repeat these records n times. Function Keys in SEU When a member is being edited. F13 Change Session Go to the Change Session Defaults Defaults display. C=Copy Line Copy this line to a specified target. The following is a list of all the valid commands: y y y y y A=After Move or copy records after this record. To use a line command. F5 Refresh Refresh the current display. F20 Right View the info. returns to previous entry point. type the command over the digits that make up the sequence number. An=After with repeat n times Move or copy records after this record and repeat these records n times. F15 Browse/Copy Options Go the Browse/Copy Options dis play. F23 Select Prompt Go to the Select Prompt display. . F16 Repeat Find Perform find or repeat current find.

R=Shift data 1 char right Shift data in the current record one character position to the right without losing data. F=Display format line Display a format line. Dn=Delete n lines Delete the current line and the next n-1 lines. Copy n records to the specified targets and keep this command on the display. copy. IP=Insert line and prompt Insert a blank line and display the line in a prompt. L=Shift data 1 char left Shift data in this record one character position to the left without losing data. Rn=Shift data n chars right Shift data in the current record n character positions to the right without losing data. copy. D=Delete Delete the current line. without losing data. or copy repeated line command. . or copy repeated line command. CC=Block Copy Copy all lines between the boundaries formed by the two CC commands CR=Copy records and retain command Copy this record to the specified targets and keep this command on the display. I=Insert a line Insert a blank line after the current record. Mn=Move n lines Move the current line and the following n-1 lines to a specified target. On=Overlay n lines Overlay this line and the following n-1 lines with the first n lines defined by the move. copy. MM=Block Move Move all records between and including the boundaries defined by the MM line commands to a specified target. P=Display prompt Type P to display this line in a prompt.y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y Cn=Copy n lines Copy this line plus the next n-1 lines to the specified target. RR=Block shift 1 char to the right Shift data defined by the boundary between and including the two RR line commands one character position to the right without losing data. LL=Shift block 1 char to the left Shift data defined by the boundary between and including the two LL line commands one character position to the left without losing data. CRn=Copy n records and retain command. O=Overlay Overlay the current line with the first line defined by the move. DD=Block Delete Delete all lines between the two DD boundaries. In=Insert n lines Insert n blank lines after this record. or copy repeated line command. OO=Block overlay Overlay all the records between and including the boundaries defined by two OO line commands with the lines defined by the move. RRn=Block shift n chars to the right Shift data defined by the boundary between and including the RRn and RR line commands n character positions to the right. CCR=Copy block records and retain command Copy the block of records defined by a pair of CCR commands to the specified targets and keep this command on the display. M=Move a line Move a line to a specified target. Ln=Shift data n chars left Shift data in this record n character positions to the left without losing data. LLn=Shift block n chars to the left Shift data defined by the boundary between and including the LLn and LL line commands n character positions to the left.

RPn=Repeat line n times Repeat the current line n times before the following line. put the cursor on the "Source type" field and press <F4> ). let's create a source physical (PF-SRC) file called QCLSRC (the IBM-supplied name for a CL source physical file). YOURLIB) the current library while retaining the existing current library on the library list. work with the file by typing: WRKMBRPDM FILE(ALIBRARY/QCLSRC) Then create a source member called TEST in QCLSRC by pressing <F6> . First. Xn=Exclude plus Exclude the the current record and the next n-1 records. . we are going to use a simple Control Language (CL) program to illustrate the steps in developing. and how to obtain information about certain compilation and runtime errors. Enter TEST for the name of the source member. CLP for the source type (to see what source types are available.y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y RP=Repeat line Repeat the current line once before the following line. Steps in Developing a Program In this section. Once you have entered all the necessary . SFn=Show first n records Show the first n records of the exclude group. The command line form of issuing CL commands will be used in this section (you may want to use the <F4>prompt facility to assist you if you are not familiar with the commands). + (plus sign)=Roll member forward 1 line Roll the member forward one line. Wn=Display member from column n Display the member beginning in column n. ALIBRARY represents the library that has the same name as your user profile or your other library.(minus sign)=Roll member backward 1 line Roll the member backward one line. SF=Show first record Show the first record of the exclude group. n=Absolute Positioning Position the line identified by the sequence number(n) as the first record on the display. +n=Roll member forward n lines Roll the member forward n lines. -n=Roll member backward n lines Roll the member backward n lines. XX=Block Exclude Exclude all lines between the boundaries formed by the two XX line commands. The following creates a PF-SRC file in the library ALIBRARY. that is the one you created in an earlier section. compiling. and running a program on the AS/400. CRTSRCPF FILE(ALIBRARY/QCLSRC) Once the PF-SRC file has been created. The CL program is very simple. W=Display member from column 1 Display the member beginning in column 1. RPP=Block repeat Repeat all lines defined by the boundary between the two RPP line commands. The intention here is not to teach CL programming. We will also demonstrate how to find compilation errors when they occur. RPPn=Block repeat Repeat all lines defined by the boundary between the two RPP line commands n times. and a brief description of the source member. This will start the SEU editor. all it does is make the library that you have created (in my case. SL=Show last record Show the last record of the exclude group SLn=Show last n records Show the last n records of the exclude group. X=Exclude Exclude the current record from the display.

The ampersand symbol. the reader is referred to the IBM "CL Programmer's Guide" or the online education modules: "AS/400 Control Language Programming" in the "Tutorial Support System" course.00 0005. The second statement declares a CL variable called &OLDCURLIB. In this case. and press <Enter> . such as RPG. The CHGCURLIB command. (Aside: If a CL program has a parameter named &MYVAR.00 0004. is used to retrieve the name of the job's existing current library.00 0003. press <Enter> . The reason for this step will be explained shortly.00 0007. is used to make YOURLIB the new current library (where "YOURLIB" is any existing library that you have access to). Put the parameters back on the DCL statement. the variable &MYVAR has to be declared using the DCL command. Notice that we have intentionally introduced an error in this statement. &MYVAR will be used to hold the parameter's value. Note that SEU provides syntax checking for CL programs. indicating that there is a syntax error. SEU will not let you exit an editing session that has syntax errors unless you explicitly specify that you want to exit in the exit screen. A CL program begins with the PGM command. note that CL programs are "free format" in that components of CL statements do not have to be placed in particular columns on the screen (some source types. "&". are "fixed-format".00 0006. Moreover. the PGM statement is coded as: PGM PARM(&MYVAR).) For more information. . We have mistakenly prefixed YOURLIB with "&". Remove the parameters of DCL so that the statement contains only "DCL". on the third statement. which is optional if the CL program does not receive any parameters.information. that is we really want CHGCURLIB CURLIB(YOURLIB) instead of CHGCURLIB CURLIB(&YOURLIB) . Also. and the modules "Creating a Control Language Program" and "How to Use Error Handling Facilities" in the "Facilities and Implementation" course. The RTVJOBA command.00 *************** Beginning of data ******************************** PGM DCL VAR(&OLDCURLIB) TYPE(*CHAR) LEN(10) RTVJOBA CURLIB(&OLDCURLIB) CHGCURLIB CURLIB(&YOURLIB) /* intentional error */ ADDLIBLE LIB(&OLDCURLIB) ENDPGM ****************** End of data ****************************** ***** You can use the SEU line command. saving it in the variable &OLDCURLIB. the IP line command can help enormously in coding such programs). on the fourth statement. This variable will be used to save the name of the existing current library. You will enter a SEU editing session. The variable will be used to hold a character string with a maximum length of 10. IP (insert line and prompt). Type in the following program: 0002. to help you in selecting a CL command. SEU will highlight that statement. denotes that &MYVAR is a variable.

. . you will see the following screen: Create CL Program (CRTCLPGM) Type choices. . . . it must be declared in a DCL statement. This is because when the CHGCURLIB command is executed. . . . . will invoke the CRTCLPGM (Create CL Program) command. . Option 14. . *PGM Generation severity level . accept the defaults. . The last statement. . . if the source type is CBL. The default is the library that contains the source member. If you prompt on the option (ie. The "Library" field specifies the library that will contain the *PGM object. Option 14 will invoke a different "create program" command for a different source type (e. *LIBL. . . . . enter option 14 to compile the member that contain the CL source program. *CURLIB Source member . in this case. > *YES *NO. . . the "old" current library will not be retained on the library list. . adds the name of the former current library (which we saved in the variable &OLDCURLIB in the RTVJOBA statement) to the library list. . . . . > QCLSRC Name Library . it will invoke the CRTCBLPGM command). . . Now. This step is needed if we want this library to stay on the library list. . > ALIBRARY Name. . . *CURLIB Source file . Compiling a Program In the "Work with Members using PDM" screen. . . . the need to use RTVJOBA to save the name of that library. ENDPGM. > TEST Name. . . 29 0 -29 Text 'description' . with the error). On pressing <Enter> . This error will be detected during compilation. meaning there are compilation errors. Since there is an error in the above program. Unless you want to rename the *PGM object or put it in another library. . . If there are no compilation errors. exit and save the program as it is (i. The ADDLIBLE command. . *YES Bottom F3=Exit F4=Prompt F5=Refresh F13=How to use this display F10=Additional parameters F24=More keys F12=Cancel The "Program" field specifies the name of the *PGM object that will be created if the compilation is successful.g. *SRCMBRTXT Additional Parameters Replace program . . . This name defaults to name of the source member. . You can change these default values. you will see a message at the bottom of the screen saying that the compilation job has been submitted to QBATCH. . . . . press Enter. Note that SEU cannot detect this kind of error. . . > TEST Name. you will receive a message saying that the job completed normally. Hence. . which is the job queue for batch jobs. on the fifth statement. . . . . This is an error because if we intended &YOURLIB to be a variable. . and to add it back on the library list using ADDLIBLE. . . . . . . Program . . . .e. *PGMID Library . . Press <Enter>to continue. press <F4> when you use option 14). . a message will return saying that the job has ended abnormally. > ALIBRARY Name. indicates the end of the CL program.A name with "&" as its prefix denotes that it is a CL variable.

The second error is only an information message. Maximum error severity 40. A segment of that listing is presented here: 200300400500* CPD0727 40 600700* * 5738SS1 V2R1M1 YOURLIB/TEST 920306 Control Language Cross Reference Declared Variables Name De fined &OLDCURLIB 300 * CPD0791 00 * 5738SS1 V2R1M1 920306 Control Language Message Summary Total 90-99 2 Severity 0 -9 10-19 1 0 20-29 0 30-39 0 40-49 1 50-59 0 60-69 70-79 0 0 80-89 0 0 YOURLIB/TEST Type *CHAR Length 10 References 400 600 PGM DCL RTVJOBA CHGCURLIB Variable '&YOURLIB ADDLIBLE ENDPGM * * VAR(&OLDCURLIB) TYPE(*CHAR) LEN(10) CURLIB(&OLDCURLIB) CURLIB(&YOURLIB) ' is referred to but not declared. it is not the cause of the compilation failure. There should be a message stating that the program was not created because of compilation error. LIB(&OLDCURLIB) * * * E N D O F S O U R C E * * * No labels used in program. The meaning of first error is evident. type WRKSPLF to see what's in your output queue. You can use the DSPMSGD (Display Message Description) command to get more information about a compilation error. * * * * * E N D O F C R O S S R E F E R E N C E Program TEST not created in library YOURLIB.Finding Compilation Errors To find out the cause of the compilation error. Type 5 to display the contents of the compiler listing of the program. For example. it is the cause of the failure. Using SEU to Find Compilation Errors . Press <Enter> to exit this display. Type 5 against QPJOBLOG to display it. to get more details about the error CPD0727 DSPMSGD RANGE(CPD0727) MSGF(QCPFMSG) where QCPFMSG is the system message file and CPD0727 is the message ID. There are two errors in the listing (errors are marked with "*" in column 1): the first with a severity of 40 and the second with severity of 0. There should be a spooled file with the same name as your source member (the compiler listing) and a job log (QPJOBLOG). Let's go back to the source member and fix the problem. The message will refer you to the compiler listing of the program.

This will bring another screen that allows you to enter multiple parameters. Respond with a "Y"). "&". The program should compile normally after this change. type CALL TEST on a command line. In our example. Using SEU. Running a Program Use the WRKOBJPDM command to work with the library that contain the *PGM object that was created. Alternatively. To find compilation errors. F *ERR). type '+' on the "Parameters" field and press <Enter> . But if you created a program that requires an input parameter(s). press <F15> (Browse/Copy). For example. To make the situation more interesting. let's introduce another type of error. especially if the compiler listing is too lengthy to scan by eye. In the ADDLIBLE statement. If the library is not in your library list. you should see a split screen with the member you are editing on top and the spooled file on the bottom. On return to the editing session. you can still run the program by qualifying it with the library name CALL ALIBRARY/TEST The example program used here does not take any input parameters.You may want to use SEU to view your compiler listing instead of the way discussed above. . you will get a runtime or object error message similar to the one below: Display Program Messages Job 287471/T03/DSP02 started on 07/20/92 at 13:48:44 in subsystem QINTER CPF2110 received by TEST at 600. ________________________________________________________ . SEU provides special support for locating compilation errors. If your program takes more than one input parameter. The program should compile normally. and make the corrections to the source member on the spot. that is ADDLIBLE DOGNAP . You can also us pass parameters using the command line method. you can run the program by using the CALL command (in fact. Compile the source member (you will probably be asked if you want to delete the existing *PGM object... when you run the program. To view a spooled file while you are in SEU. from YOURLIB. Place the cursor on the "Browse/copy spool file" field and press <F4>. . Select the appropriate spool file. An advantage of using SEU for this purpose is that you can see both the source member and the compiler listing on the same screen. Reply . The *PGM object will be created in the library that contains your source file unless you specified otherwise. press Enter. The rest of the source remain the same as before (except for removing the ampersand character). option 16 invokes the CALL command). Enter 2 in the selection field. specify some library name that you do not own or one that you are not authorized to use. you can pass the parameter value(s) by prompting on either the option 16 or the CALL command. in the bottom screen type FIND *ERR on the SEU command line (or simply. (C D I R) Type reply. we specify a nonexistent library called DOGNAP. edit the source member to remove the ampersand.) Diagnosing Runtime Errors In any case. If the library that contains the *PGM object is in your library list. CALL MYPROG PARM(parameter1 parameter2 . Type 16 against the *PGM object to run/execute it.

.Dump the CL p rogram variables and cancel the CL program. . . . and recompile. . . Message type Date sent . . the DSPMSGD ("Display Message Description") command can be used to obtain more information about the error. . . you .BAT file in MS-DOS. . . . DSPMSGD RANGE(CPF2110) MSGF(QCPFMSG) where QCPFMSG is the system message file and CPF2110 is the message ID. Message text for CPF2110 is: Library DOGNAP not found. More. Creating an Initial Program An initial program is similar to the AUTOEXEC.Ignore the failing command. (C D I R) Cause . Press <Enter> to cancel the program. . Possible choices for replying to message . From program . . F3=Exit F10=Display messages in job log F12=Cancel Again.: 14: 00:05 Instruction . . . . Recovery . The message text. . The initial program has to reside in your default library (i.e. the library DOGNAP was not found. . indicated clearly what the problem is. . To continue. . D -. : *EXT Instruction . . . . .. . . . The next time you run the program. . I -. . .. . . It is executed when the user logs on. . Monitor for the error (MONMSG command) and perform error recovery within the program. . : CPF2110 received by TEST at 600.e.: 99 Time sent . . fix the error. .: 0000 To program . . You see a screen similar to the one below. : C -. it should run without any problems. . Sometimes you can obtain additional messages by pressing <F10> to display messages in the job log. . the library with the same name as your user profile) and it has to be named INITIALPGM. For example. . . . For instance. . . place the cursor on the message id (in this case CPF2110) and press <F1>. . .Cancel the CL program. . . . . . . . .F3=Exit F12=Cancel To find out the cause of the error. Press Enter to continue. : : : : CPA0701 INQUIRY 07/20/92 QCLXERR Severity . choose a reply value. Go back to the source member. . : This inquiry message can be avoided bychanging the program. i. : Control language (CL) program TEST inlibrary YOURLIB detected an error at statement number 600. . . . . Type DSPLIBL to check whether the library has been added and whether it has been made the current library. .: 0000 Message . . . in this case. Additional Message Information Message ID .

*READ provides the authority to get the contents or an entry in an object or to run a program. *OBJEXIST provides the authority to control the object existence and ownership. *DLT provides the authority to remove entries from an object. *ADD provides the authority to add entries to an object. and transfer ownership of the object. save. and add members to database file. add. Rename the source member to INITIALPGM and recompile it. control read and write access to an object. This includes the ability to view. *OBJOPR provides the authority to look at the description of an object and use the object as determined by the data authority that the user has to the object. or control an object's existence. Authorities and their meanings Object Authorities Object authority is used to control access to an object including the ability to see an object description. These authorities must be set to secure object to the level of security required. *OBJMGT provides the authority to specify the security (grant/revoke object authority). Specify your default library as the library where the *PGM object is to be stored. If you created the source member in a another library. move or rename the object. Combinations of Object and Data Authorities . the object authorities must be relaxed correctly to maintain object integrity. press < F4>to prompt on it. Understanding Object Authorities Introduction To maintain security of data and/or program objects the AS/400 offers a variety of options available to limit access to object. if objects are to be shared or used between users. Data Authorities Data authority is the authority to access data contained in an object. for example records in a database file. *UPD provides the authority to change the entries in an object.can make the above CL program your initial program. Likewise. The user with this authority can delete. when you recompile it using the option 14. or delete records. update. This section is designed to help users maintain correct authorities and to understand the authorities on the objects that they own.

*ALL allows the user to perform all authorized operations (object and data) on the object. . each representing predefined combination of object and data authorities. > YOURLIB Library . we use the "Edit Object Authority". . . . To see the detail screen as shown below. . . . . we need to allow the user to have access to the library "YOURLIB". : Type changes to curr ent authorities. . . . Edit Object Authority Object . press Enter. . (Note that your default library. . . library. They reduce the time required to assign specific authorities to users. ..Data----------Read X Add X Update Delete X X . . . . the library that has the same name as your user profile. . . . . *EXCLUDE authority prevents the user from accessing the object even if *PUBLIC is authorized. In addition to these. : Library . EDTOBJAUT. : *LIB JOHNDOE . First of all. . press Enter. . .. Fill in the blanks for object. . *CURLIB *ALRTBL. . . *CHANGE provides *OBJOPR authority and all data authority. . . Object . . . . . . *LIBL Object type . . . > *LIB Name Name. command to edit the authority on "YOURLIB". . *CFGL. . . Type EDTOBJAUT on a command line and press <F4>. i.: *NONE ---------. . . . . *LIBL. . . : YOURLIB QSYS Object type Owner . . . .e. . . Changing authorities with EDTOBJAUT We use an example here to illustrate the use of some of the types of authorities discussed above. we want to allow a certain user to copy a member from the file "SRCFILE" which is stored in the library "YOURLIB". Edit Object Authority (EDTOBJAUT) Type choices. users can create customized combinations of object and data authorities. Object secured by authorization list Object User JOHNDOE Authority *ALL ----Object----Opr X Mgt X Exist X . *USE provides *OBJOPR authority and data read authority. . and object type (*LIB) and press <Enter> . is normally owned by your security officer so you cannot change its authorities). . To do that. . Note that the owner of "YOURLIB" has *ALL authority on the object. *AUTL. .These are keywords. . . . In this example. . . press <F11>. .

To do that. Note that the object authority changes from *USE to USER DEF (meaning a customized authority). . . This will allow them to do perform various operations on "SRCFILE" including copying members from the file. . . . type "X" in the position relating to that authority to grant authority or a space to delete that authority. . "SRCFILE"). . . . . . . . . . . "MKTAS400" is the address of the AS/400 at Minnesota State University. .e. (Note: If you want to edit a specific authority. Press <F6> to add the user to the authorization list with *USE authority. *OBJMGT must be granted. . . . . the member "SNDMBR" of the physical database file "SNDFILE" (which is contained in the library "SNDLIB") is to be sent to the user "RCV". . Press <Enter> to return to the previous screen. > SNDFILE___ Library . we need to allow the user access to the file "SRCFILE". > RCV_______ Address . The "Send Network File" (SNDNETF) command can be used to send a member of a physical database file (PF-DTA or PF-SRC) to another user. Notice that *USE gives the user *OBJOPR and *READ authorities on "YOURLIB". . . . . File . . Fill in the library name. . . . *LIBL. > SNDMBR____ Name Name. . . . In the example shown below. . . > MKTAS400__ + for more values _ Member . . Type in the name of the user and *USE for the object authority. a message is sent to both the sender and receiver. . . . When the network file arrives at its destination. *FIRST Additional Parameters To file type . *FROMFILE_ *FROMFILE. object type along with the user you are granting authorities and the respective authority being granted. Type EDTOBJAUT OBJ(YOURLIB/SRCFILE) OBJTYPE(*FILE) or use the prompt to fill in the parameters. . . . . To allow them to copy the entire file (i.*PUBLIC *EXCLUDE _ _ _ _ _ _ _ F3=Exit F5=Refresh F11=Nondisplay detail F6=Add new users F12=Cancel F10=Grant with reference object F17=To p F18=Bottom Press <F6> to add a user to the list of users authorized to this object. > SNDLIB____ User ID: _ User ID . . . . . .) Next. . . . *DA TA . . . . . press Enter. Sending and Receiving Network Files Users can send and receive network files to and from each other. . Mankato. object name. . . *CURLIB Character value Character value Name. At any time press <F1> for more help. . . . type "X" under "Mgt" in the detail screen for that user. Send Network File (SNDNETF) Type choices. . . Changing Authorities with GRTOBJAUT and RVKOBJAUT To use GRTOBJAUT and RVKOBJAUT type the command and prompt <F4>. . Use EDTOBJAUT to edit the authority on the file "SRCFILE".

*LIBL____ Name. . . To member . . press Enter. *FIRST F10=Additional parameters F24=More keys F12=Cancel F3=Exit F4=Prompt F5=Refresh F13=How to use this display Fill in the "To data base file". . . *ONLY . *FROMFILE . . . *CURLIB . . C. . . *FROMMB R____ Name. . . . Library . .VM/MVS class . Instead the output is bundled together with other output in an object . library and member names and press <Enter>. *HIGH F12=Cancel F13=How to use this display The receiver will have to run the "Work with Network Files" (WRKNETF) command to inspect their network files. Printing Procedure When programs on the AS/400 produce output intended to be printed the material does not go directly to the printer. . . : User ID/Address . : Type options. . . . press Enter. . . 1=Receive network file 3=Submit job 4=Delete network file 5=Display physical file member File -------From----------Arrival---Opt File Member Number User ID Addre ss Date __ SNDFILE SNDMBR 1 SENDER MKTAS400 08/26/92 RCV_______ RCV_______ MKTAS400 Time 16:37 F3=Exit F4=Prompt F12=Cancel F5=Refresh F9=Retrieve F11=Display type/records Type 1 in the "Opt" blank in front of the network file to receive and press <F4>to prompt. F3=Exit F4=Prompt F24=More keys F5=Refresh A *NORMAL__ A. The following screen will show up. . . . . Work with Network Files (WRKNETF) User . D. . . I *NORMAL. . From file . . and "To member" blanks with the appropriate receiving file. . . . . . > 'SNDMBR'__ Character value. E. . To data base file . . . *LIBL. . B. . . . *FROMFILE__ Name. . . . . "Library". . . . . . . . . . . Send priority . . . . F. . . . . . . > 'SNDFILE'__ Character value . . H. *FROMMBR. . . Receive Network File (RCVNETF) Type choices. G. . . Note that the receiving file must already exist before trying to receive members. Member to be received .

Note: If this is the first time that you are using the WRKSPLF command. Typing 2 in the option field of spooled file in the WRKSPLF screen will change the spooled file's attributes. Try pressing the <F10>or <F11>keys to obtain different views of your spooled files. 11" 132 Col." To send these spooled files to a printer. Typing 4 in the option field of spooled file in the WRKSPLF screen will delete the spooled file from your output queue. Moving a Spooled File to a Writer To get a physical copy of a spooled file on your output queue. These sub objects are called "spooled files. To do this press <F21>and change the assistance level from "basic" to intermediate". the spooled file must have a status of released. Pressing the Print Screen key (<Shift><Print Screen>on the PS/2 running PC-Support or <Ctrl>p on the ASCII connections) will generate a spooled file of the current display. two facts must be true. Note that if you do a print screen. the spooled file must be placed on a started writer and second. Here are some: y y y From the WRKMBRPDM display. then. The printer writer names at MSU are: Printer Name PRT01 VAXPRTS2 PS/2 printers Width/Paper 132 Col. There are several ways by which spooled files are generated. you should change the "assistance level" for this screen. This screen allows you to do many things with your spooled files. The attributes that you will be interested in are the "Print device" and "Save file". change the attributes of the desired spooled file. first you must work with your output queue. First. option 6 in front of the desired member will generate a spooled file that is your program member. you will have to press the <Reset>key to clear the message at the bottom of the screen in order to continue your session. Spooled files should be deleted as soon as they are not needed to reduce clutter in your output queue. By changing the attribute "Print device" from "*OUTQ" to a valid printer (use the WRKWTR command to find out which printers are available).called an "output queue" (*OUTQ). 11" 132/80 8. . you will move your spooled file from your output queue to a printer writer. Typing 3 in the option field of spooled file in the WRKSPLF screen will keep the spooled file from printing if placed on a printer writer and change the status to *HLD. specifying the correct print device name. This will gives you more features on the screen. To work with your spooled files on your output queue type WRKSPLF and press <Enter>.5" Printer Type Line Printer Line Printer Dot Matrix Location Morris Hall MSU ACC MSU ACC Lab Rooms If "Save file" is changed from "*NO" to "*YES" the spooled file will not be deleted after the file has been printed. The system automatically generates spooled files in some cases like presenting job log. information on processed records for a database file and abnormal job end conditions.

The name of the printer is: "PC0" (i. Normally you will not be authorized to print to writer PRT01. Press 2 <Enter>. Make sure that the printer you want to print to has been started. Press the <F5>key. If not. This will bring you back to the work with spool file screen. "P" + "C" + zero) + the number of the PS/2 to which the printer is connected + "S2" (e. For the printer to be started. If the status is HLD then release it by typing a 6 in the option field of the spooled file and press <Enter>. This will mark the spool file for displaying. VAXPRTS2 is a printer that is connected to VAX1. This printer is the system printer. Type 5 in the option field.e. Also make sure the printer's status is "ONLINE". type WRKWTR ("Work with Writers"). Common Problems . This will permit you to change the spool file attributes. the PS/2 workstation that is connected to the printer must be signed on to the AS/400. The printer will never say it is started although it actually is. Typing 6 in the option field of spooled file in the WRKSPLF screen will will release a file that is held to become available to print and will change its status to *RDY.Typing 5 in the option field of spooled file in the WRKSPLF screen will allow you to view your spooled file. make sure that the printer is ready for printing. This will display the spool file. If you printed to VAXPRTS2. select the "stop" option and then select "start". Printing to a PS/2 Printer To see which PS/2 printers are available for printing from the AS/400. Press <Enter>. This will move us to the correct spool file option field. Also. This will move the file to the printer writer.g. This will refresh the screen to show you the current status of your spooled files. make sure it says "Ready". Press <Enter> . More Printing Help For more help on printing type STRSCHIDX <Enter>then type SPOOLED QUEUES <Enter>. PC0614S2). If the STS (status) is RDY or WTR the printer will print your spooled file. your printouts can be picked up in the ACC printer area at any time. Press <Alt><Esc>on the computer that is attached to the printer to display the status of the printer. Use the <Field EXIT>key or <Tab>to move to the desired spool file. This will allow you to work with your spooled files. Step by Step Printing Example Type WRKSPLF { or OQ } Press <Enter>. Type in the name of the printer <Enter>.

Note that the command keys used in this section are those of the PS/2 running PC Support. You may get an authority problem do to the fact that you do not own all of the object in that library. where applicable. and then select the appropriate command. type in *IMMED i.) Press <Enter> . . We will continue to use SRCFILE in library YOURLIB for explanation. Note: You can also press <Alt><Print Screen>and press <Enter>to display a menu of system requests. On the "Work with Active Jobs" display. This can be done by typing WRKMBRPDM YOURLIB/SRCFILE on any command line. Stopping Infinite Loops/Ending a Previous Request If you have issued a command and it is taking too long finish it may be an infinite. can also be used. Out of Storage Quota Errors Depending on the specific class that requires use of the AS/400 there is a maximum storage quota allocated to your user profile. loop. your storage can be used up very quickly. This will cause the system to run very slowly. (This is the option on System Request to end a previous request. The locally-defined alias for WRKACTJOB. The reader must substitute the appropriate names for source physical file and library. To do this type WRKOBJPDM QRPLOBJ . for example. Press <Enter>. The command will clear your objects out regaurdless of the error. To end the disconnected job: y y y On a command line. you may get an error message "Error found on SEU command". endless. Ending Disconnected Jobs with Infinite Loops If for some reason you have been disconnect from the system while executing an infinite loop request the job may continue to execute. Because OS/400 retains every version of a *PGM object that results from a compilation. To deal with this problem. When you have exceeded (or nearly exceeded) your storage quota and you try to start. To stop your infinite loop: y y y y Press <Left Ctrl> (this will reset any keyboard errors) Press <Alt><Print Screen>(this sequence is call "System Request") Type 2. you must clear the *PGM objects from library QRPLOBJ. DDS and Data Files on the AS/400 Creating a data file The following discussion assumes that you already have a source physical file in your current library. The first step is to to reach the 'Work with members using PDM' display. SEU. to end the job immediately. type option 4 (End) against the job that is causing the loop and press <F4>to prompt on the option. AJ.e. type the "Work with Active Jobs" command: WRKACTJOB and press <Enter> . In the "How to end" field. You can see this information by typing: DSPUSRPRF username.

.. .. C. . .. . . this type denotes aPhysical File. . . *BLANK____ Text 'description' . . . . ' '. .. . . . . . *CURLIB. . . ..Functions++++++++++++++++++ *************** Beginning of data ************************************* 0001. Source file . . For example. . . . . . 2. .. *PRV. . . the screen looks as shown: Find .. BASP. . . Press <F6> from the 'Work with members using PDM' display or type STRSEU on any command line and press <F4>. . 6 *BLANK_________________________________ The Source type for a data file must be specified as PF. . 2. . Library . 6 The Edit display shows up. *LIBL.. . .T. *PRV Name. SRCFILE___ Library . . . press Enter. .. Your_description_for_the_member_. *SELECT Name. .. . . *PRV Name. The following screen shows up: Start Source Entry Utility (STRSEU) Type choices. *BLANK____ *BLANK. to create a data file called TESTDATA in the source file SRCFILE in library YOURLIB. It is convenient to use the prompt facility for defining the DDS source. . p ress Enter. . you have to start the Source Entry Utility. _________ ____________________________________________ TESTDATA FMT PF . .. . . *SELECT Name. *BLANK. .. . .. . . . . . . *SAME. . . . 5. .. . . *CURLIB. Source type . . .______ Name. . . . . . .A. . . . . . . *PRV______ __________ *PRV______ *SAME_____ Name. . . . . . fill in the fields as shown: Start Source Entry Utility (STRSEU) Type choices. *LIBL. Option . Press <F4> to invoke the prompter and <F12>to cancel it. . .. YOURLIB___ *PRV Source member . . Name. ' '.. BASP. . TESTDATA__ Source type ... .. . . .. BAS. . .Name++++++RLen++TDpB. Source file . .. . *SAME.To create a data file member. . BAS. Name. . .. . 5. *PRV. *PRV Source member . . . . . Option .. . . . . The prompter helps you to supply the source information in the correct format. PF________ C.00 ****************** End of data **************************************** . . . .. Text 'description' . . When the prompter is invoked. .

F for floating point data. For example. B for zoned binary data. for Packed decimal the range is 1-31 digits and so on. field.Prompt type . a zoned decimal. for Character type the range is 1-32766. H for hexadecimal data. so for normal applications you may conveniently ignore them. a floating point. P for packed decimal data. . R Type R in column 17 to indicate a record format name. K Type K in column 17 to indicate a key field name.00 Decimal Positions ___ Use _ Functions ___________________________ F3=Exit F11=Bottom F4=Prompt F12=Cancel F5=Refresh F24=More keys F10=Top An explanation of the different fields shown above follows: The fields marked with * are not commonly used. Name Type _ Name ____ _ PF Ref _ Sequence number . . S for zoned decimal data. beginning in column 19. . Name_Type Choose one of the following: Blank Leave the field blank to indicate a field name. Length Type a value to indicate the number of characters in a character field or the number of digits in a numeric field. . Data_Type Choose one of the following: A for character data. Reference (*) Type R in this field to use the reference function to copy attributes of a previously defined named field to the field you are now defining. or a binary field. . Name Type a record format. Decimal_Positions Type a value from 0 through 31 to indicate the number of decimal positions to the right of the decimal point within a packed decimal. Length ______ Data Type _ 0001. or key field name in this position. The maximum length allowed is 10 characters.

press Enter. and choose option 14 (compile). Type UPDDTA on any command line and press <F4>. use the command UPDDTA (Update Data Area). RECFMT1 is the record format name.00 K FIELD1 0005.. . Loading a data file To load a data file. Library . From the 'Work with members using PDM' display. The DDS source for TESTDATA is shown below.. __________ *LIBL_____ Name Name. The last line of the member declares FIELD1 to be the key field. The member TESTDATA that was just created contains only the definition of the data file and hence our the next step is to actually create the file. .. . .Name++++++RLen++TDpB. For more details about exiting SEU refer to the section 'How to exit SEU'. The following screen shows up: Update Data with Temp Program (UPDDTA) Type choices. Functions (*) Type in keyword entries valid for defining physical files in positions 45 through 80 of this field.Functions++++++++++++++++++ *************** Beginning of data ************************* ************ 0000.. *LIBL.00 FIELD2 5P 2 0004. . . and FIELD2 is a packed decimal of length 5 with 2 decimal positions. There are two fields in the data file. . look into your spooled file (WRKSPLF) and identify the problem.T.A. __________________________________________________________ FMT PF .. . If the compilation is successful. ..Use (*) Type B or leave the field blank to indicate a field used for both input and output. .00 R RECFMT1 0002. . FIELD1 is of character data type with length 10..... . . . . FIELD1 and FIELD2. the file TESTDATA will be created in YOURLIB.. .. This can be done by compiling the member we have just created.. position the cursor at member TESTDATA.. . Otherwise.00 FIELD1 10A 0003. ...01 0001.. Find TST1 .. Data base file . . *CURLIB .00 ****************** End of data **************************************** F3=Exit F10=Top F4=Prompt F11=Bottom F5=Refresh F24=More keys Press <F3>and hit <Enter>to save the member TESTDATA. .

*CURLIB Name. . . . the operating system includes a utility called SDA (Screen Design Aid). . For information on this area. . . . and press <Enter>. . . . . allowing the program to have all the features of the AS/400 user interface without direct programming of the appearance of the interface. This section will only cover those aspects of screen design not related to interfacing with applications. . . . For example. This system allows a programmer to "paint" screens and menus used by a program from within a simple editor. . . . .Member . . . . . . create a menu. To stop the process of loading the data file. . defining input and output fields and special text attributes. issue the command STRSDA (for STaRt SDA) from a command line. . TESTDATA__ YOURLIB__ *FIRST____ Name Name. . press Enter. . . . Starting SDA The first steps in creating a set of screens for a program are the same as those for creating a program source member. A source physical file must be created (or one already in existence may be used) and a member must be created in the PF-SRC to hold the screens. . . . . . . These screens may then be called from an application program. *FIRST Bottom F3=Exit display F4=Prompt F5=Refresh F12=Cancel F13=How to use this Enter the values for different fields and press Enter>. *LIBL. A menu of options will appear which allow you to create a screen. Screen Design Using SDA To aid in the creation of user interfaces on the AS/400. . . To create the screen design member. Choosing the first option brings the following screen: . Member . *FIRST______ Name. . press <F3>and press < Enter>. . to populate our file TESTDATA we would fill in the values as shown: Update Data with Temp Program (UPDDTA) Type choices. see the manual for the language of the application source. *FIRST Bottom F3=Exit F4=Prompt display F24=More keys F5=Refresh F12=Cancel F13=How to use this Supply the values for the data base file to be loaded and the library it is contained in. or test a design. Library . . . . Data base file .

create object Record . . . Blank for default Since no screen design exists yet. . . . . *LIBL. . . Library . . . . Blank for default keywords F12=Cancel The "SOURCE TYPE" field may be left blank. Member . *LIBL. . . *CURLIB Name. . . . press Enter. . F3=Exit F4=Prompt . it is necessary to first create one using the "5" option on the "Design option line". . . Member . . . . with each one given a distinct record name. F4 for Record list Name Name Name. . . . . Design option . Library . . . SCREEN1___ __________ SRCFILE___ YOURLIB___ SCRNMBR___ __________ Name. the screen should look like this: Design Screens Type choices. . _ 1=Select 2=Select 3=Select 4=Select file keywords record keywords subfile keywords subfile control keywords 5=Define screen image (fields) 6=Save DDS source. . . ____ ______ F12=Cancel Name. Source type . . *LIBL_____ . . Once the information is entered. . . . Additional records (to be displayed on Work Screen) Source file . . . it will be created. . . . (to be displayed on Source file . . . . . and a member specified. Additional records . . . . . . F4 for Record list Name Name Name. . . . . 5 1=Select file keywords 2=Select record keywords 3=Select subfile keywords 4=Select subfile control 5=Define screen image (fields) 6=Save DDS source. F3=Exit F4=Prompt . Also. . . F4 for Member list DSPF. Design option . QDDSSRC___ . __________ Work Screen) . . create object Record . . . . . If the member does not yet exist. a source file must be provided. It will default to the proper type for SDA. Source type . . F4 for Member list DSPF. . . a record name must be given. . Finally. . . . .Design Screens Type choices. . Since each member can have several records. . . __________ . . . . . . a single screen design member could contain any number of screens. . . *CURLIB Name. __________ . press Enter.

. or B (both) for alphabetic fields. You can also perform additional operations. The ruler does not interfere with your data. F17=Print Press <F17> to Print the current contents of the Work Screen. F10=Database Press <F10> to have the Select Data Base Files display appear. F12=Cancel Press <F12>to save your work and continue to the Design Screens display. or by the length specified in brackets after the first character. and remove fields. Adding Fields To add a user-defined field. You can use the following function keys on the Work Screen: F1=Help Press <F1> to show the same information as the help key. O (output). You indicate the length of a field by the number of characters following +. copy. or followed by 3 (input). F4=Prompt Press <F4> to have the Work with Fields display appear. type + followed by I (input). Pressing <Enter> will bring up the main SDA display. shift. F6=Condition Press <F6> to have the Condition Work Screen display appear. This is simply a blank "pasteboard" on which you may place text and fields. or 9 (both) for numeric fields and press Enter. Using The Work Screen Use the Work Screen to design the display you are creating. 6 (output). and add or remove attributes and colors. add a numeric field followed by E (single-precision) or D (double-precision) and press Enter. Press <F14>to remove the ruler. move. F14=Ruler Press <F14>to place a vertical and horizontal ruler on the Work Screen where you position the cursor. On the Work Screen you can add fields and constants. Press <F11>to switch back and forth between the list of selected data base fields and the list of not selected database fields. Defining fields on the ruler may cause unpredictable results. F15=Subfile Prompt Press <F15>to Display a prompt on the bottom row of the Work Screen that allows you to change the subfile line (SFLLIN) and subfile page (SFLPAG) sizes that were in effect for the current record being defined. F11=Switch Press <F11>to display a list of selected database fields on the bottom row of the Work Screen. such as requesting extended field definition. <F1> is active on all displays but does not appear in the function key area.These options will start SDA on a screen named SCREEN1 in the member SCRNMBR of file SRCFILE in library YOURLIB. place fields you have selected from a database. F3=Exit Press <F3> to have the Design Screens display appear. To add a floating point field. You can use uppercase or lowercase letters.

the Define Message Constant display appears. appear on the bottom row of the Work Screen. Use a double quotation mark to end one constant and start a new constant while taking up only one position. Surround a character string with single quotation marks to define a single constant. alphabetic.66 or +6(4.3)D Double-precision.999d or +9(5. Use the at sign (@) in pairs to delimit a DBCS (Double Byte Character Set) constant. To add a MSGCON (MeSsaGe CONstant) field. floating-point field with three significant digits and two decimal positions. input field with two decimal positions (set by an edit word). You can then type DBCS data between the delimiters. +66.The following examples illustrate user-defined fields: +BBB or +b(3) Three-character. and the column heading position and pressing Enter.33E or +3(3. numeric. Press < F12>to return to the Work Screen. A blank character ends the constant. type ? in front of the field. The following examples illustrate moving fields to your display: . +99. When you press Enter. both (input and output) field. You cannot use a DBCS insert key on the Work Screen. +MMM or +(M3) The Define Message Constant display appears. 'xxx YYY zzz' Combines three constant fields into one field. floating-point field with five significant digits and three decimal positions. type + followed by M. The following examples illustrate constant fields: 'xxx"YYY' Defines two constant fields. +3. Adding Constants To add a new constant or change an existing constant: y y y y y y y y Type a constant. SDA will replace each pair with a shift in and a shift out pair when you press <Enter>. Surround several constants with single quotation marks to redefine them as one constant. To add system date or time fields.2) Four-character. To work with a MSGCON field. The fields begin in the position where you type &. type *DATE or *TIME.2)e Single-precision. both (input and output). You move fields from the bottom line to your display by typing & followed by the field number. input. Type constants with single quotation marks to define separate constants for each character string (word) that is followed by a blank. if you are in multiple mode. Adding Fields from a Data Base File The fields you select from a database file.

== . Copying. Moving. &P Adding or Removing Attributes and Colors To add or remove display attributes or colors on the Work Screen. &nL Places field. = Type . -. &nP Places the column heading only. &nR Places field. Does not add column heading. Adds a column heading to the left of the field. and Shifting Fields Reposition fields on the Work Screen by typing one of the following and pressing <Enter>: -. Adds a column above the field. and working with the field keyword displays that appear. &nC Places field. Left-aligns column heading f or an alphabetic field and right -aligns column heading for a numeric fields. Adds a column heading to the right of the field. type one of following commands (in uppercase or lowercase) in the position preceding the field (the attribute byte of the field): Command Add Remove H R S B N U -H -R -S -B -N -U -A Attribute High intensity Reverse image Column separators Blink Nondisplay Underscore Remove all attributes Command Add Remov e CB CG CP CR CT CW -CB -CG -CP -CR -CT -CW -CA Color Blue Green Pink Red Turquoise White Remove all colors You can carry out the above operations by typing * in the position preceding the field (the attribute byte of the field). pressing < Enter>.Single Field Mode Mode &&n &L &R &C Symbol Multiple Field Meaning Field Places the position preceding the field (the attribute byte of the field) and type = where you want the field to appear.

-. the position preceding the field (the attribute byte of the field) and type == where you want a copy of the field to appear. <<<. Display MSGCON field definition Type ? in the position preceding the field to show the Define Message Constant display. and over the entire field. Date and time keywords Type *DATE or *TIME to define special constants on the display where the system date and time will be automatically substituted. file. type . Display field length and description Type ? in the position preceding the field to display field length and text or column heading description on the last row of the Work Screen. >>> Type <<< in the position preceding the field (the attribute byte of the field). You can change the message any position preceding the field. or type >>> after the field (over the first attribute byte). Removing Fields Remove fields from the Work Screen by typing one of the following and pressing <Enter>DO NOT use the <Delete>key to delete items on the work screen: Blanks Type a blank in the position preceding the field (the attribute byte of the field). to shift the field left or right as far as the signs extend. Additional Features Extended field definition Type * in the position preceding the field (the attribute byte of the field) to add field-level attributes and keywords.Type .in any position after the last field. and library. Subfile Field Definition You can define fields for a subfile similar to nonsubfile fields with the following considerations: . You can rename the field by changing the name on the last row. D Type D in the position preceding the field (the attribute byte of the field). == Type . and type == where you want a copy of the group of fields to appear.

. . Member . . . . . display listing . . Choosing the "6" option on the Design Option line saves the source file for the screen and compiles it into a screen file which may be used by a program. . Y=Yes Y=Yes 0. . . . Replace existing file . . . . To modify the values of the SFLPAG (number of records on the display) and SFLLIN (number of spaces between fields). Y SRCFILE___ YOURLIB___ SCRNMBR___ Y Y SCRNFIL___ YOURLIB_ __ Y 20 Y QBATCH____ QGPL______ Y=Yes Name Name. . . Library . . . This can be accomplished using the "Test Display Files" option from the initial SDA menu. It may be advantageous to test screen designs before using them with programs. .) followed by a prompt screen for values for the output fields.. . . . The screen test program will request the name of a screen and display file (created using the compilation procedure above. . Create file if DDS message severity (GENLVL) is less than . Using the "6" option for a screen produces the following display: Save DDS . . . If create fails. . . Submit create job in batch . . . Several screens from a single member can be created before compilation. . . . . . .Create Display File Type choices. . *LIBL . . . . . . . F3=Exit F12=Cancel . . *LIBL . . . . .y y y You can modify fields on the first record of the subfile. . Library . . . . PDM returns to the "Design Screens" menu shown above. . . . 20. . . . . . That file may then be used by user programs. . Compiling And Testing Screens Once the screen design is complete and <F3>is pressed. . . . . . . . . . . . IF THIS OPTION IS NOT CHOSEN AFTER THE SCREEN DESIGN IS COMPLETE. . Source file . . . . . . . Note that it isn't necessary to save a file after every RECORD created. . the file must be compiled before exiting SDA. . . Job description . 10 . . . . <F15>is allowed only for subfile records. . . . SDA displays the screen with the values supplied. .. . F4 for list Y=Yes Y=Yes F4 for prompt Name Name. . . . . Replace existing member . . . . . .. . These options will compile all the screen records in member SCRNMBR of file SRCFILE in library YOURLIB to a *FILE object called SCRNFIL in YOURLIB. . . . .. . . (CRTDSPF) Display file . . .. . . . Save generated DDS source . . .. . . . press Enter. . . 30 Y=Yes Name Name. . . . . . *LIBL . . Any field that you define for the subfile will appear the number of times specified by the SFLPAG keyword. Library . press < F15>to display the subfile prompt line. . . . . . However. THE MODIFICATIONS WILL NOT BE SAVED. Anything you type is assumed to be a definition of the first record. Create display file . . .

. since the debugger does not list source lines as the program executes. . However. . which reveals the following screen: Create Pascal Program (CRTPASPGM) Type choices. . . . press Enter. > YOURLIB___ Name. This will show the initial options screen for the compiler. . . it is necessary to prompt for more options by pressing <F10>. . . > SRCFILE___ Name . . . Library . . . . . . . . . . . The source output is also useful as a hardcopy reference while the program is executing. Starting the debugger Before using the debugger. . this tool allows the user to view and change the values of variables and step through the program by using breakpoints which interrupt program execution and return control to the debugger. . > TEST______ Name . *EXTENDED. . . . This source output should be printed before starting the debugger. > YOURLIB___ Name. . . . > TEST______ Name. . + for more values Language level . . . . . . . *SRCMBRTXT_____________________________ Additional Parameters Compiler options . .Debugging Programs on the AS/400 In addition to the utilities provided for creating. . To enter the compiler options. . . . . F3=Exit F4=Prompt display F24=More keys F5=Refresh *DEBUG____ *SOURCE___ *EXTENDED__ 2046____ F12=Cancel *LIST. . These will. . first prompt on the compile option on the Work with Members Using PDM display (or on the CRT___PGM command for the language of the source file) by pressing < F4>(PROMPT) with the "14" (COMPILE) option on the options line of the file you wish to compile.. the AS/400 provides a facility to aid in the debugging of programs as they are running. . . *PGM . Called the EPM (Extended Program Model) debugger. . and compiling programs. Program . *CURLIB . . . the source program must be compiled with the *DEBUG and *SOURCE options. editing. . . .. . To specify these options at compilation time. . Source member . *ANSI83. . respectively. . *CHECK. . . *SYSTEM String temporary threshold . *NOLIST. . Source file . . . . . . *LIBL. as the compiler adds its own line numbers to the source which will be necessary in referencing specific lines while using the debugger. Text 'description' . . Library . *CURLIB . . include debugging information in the executable program (so the debugger has access to variable and routine names) and produce a source output listing from the compiler. other languages will have similar prompt displays. 256 -32767 F13=How to use this The above example is from a Pascal source member.

you can check the values of the program variables as explained below: y y Press <F10>(command entry) on the 'Display Breakpoint' screen. From the 'Display Break Point' screen.) the source listing should be printed and used with the next steps. ===> call YOURLIB/TEST You will notice that the program stops execution when the breakpoint is reached.. This will take you to the command entry screen. the next step is to run the program using the CALL command. You may specify 1 to 10 statement numbers where the breakpoint should occur.. 20 and 30. Using the debugger The process of Debugging essentially consists of four phases: 1. n10) Phase 3 (Calling the Program) Once the breakpoints are set. 2. After the member has been compiled (assuming there are no errors in compilation.Placing the *DEBUG and *SOURCE options on the "Compiler options" lines will cause the compiler to produce a source listing and place it in the output queue and will include debugging information in the output program.. n2 . ' addbkp stmt(10 20 30) ' will set the breakpoints at statements 10. The command ADDBKP is used to set breakpoints. The program breaks before processing a statement specified as a breakpoint. ===> addbkp stmt(n1 n2 . n10 are the statement numbers where the breakpoint is to occur. that you intend to debug. 4. Start the Debugger Add breakpoints Call the program to be debugged and End the Debugger These phases are discussed in detail below: Phase 1 (Start the Debugger) The command to start the debugger is: ===> strdbg YOURLIB/TEST where TEST is the program in library YOURLIB. Phase 2 (Add Breakpoints) A Breakpoint is a place in a program where the system stops the processing of that program and gives control to the display station user or to a specified program. For example.. Display the program variables with DSPPGMVAR command: . The simplest form of ADDBKP takes the following form: where n1. 3. Pressing <Enter>once all options are entered will submit the compilation.

9. The command to do it is: ===> enddbg APPENDIX A . 3. 'Go to SETUP B'. Start PC-VT and immediately go into the setup by pressing CTRL-F1. Confirm that your copy of PC-VT is V9. Feature switch settings: 1 2101 2 0X11 3 0000 4 1110 5 0001 6 0110 7 1X10 8 000X 9 XXXX 0 XXXX 6. This may be done by pressing the S key.===> dsppgmvar VARNAME where VARNAME is the variable name you intend to display.0. Select option 5. or will terminate.0 Terminal Setup Instruction The following should assist you in setting up PC-VT V9. You should next set the modem speed to 9600. The program will stop at the next breakpoint if any. You may use the <ESC>key to exit the setup mode and return to the emulator mode from which you may access the port selector. 1. the blocks of 4 characters at the bottom of the screen. APPENDIX B . 2.0 will not support the cursor keys during an AS/400 session.Terminal Setup PC-VT 9. save the changes you have made to the SETUP so that you will not have to repeat this setup the next time you use PC-VT. This may be done by placing the cursor above each feature switch you wish to change and pressing the 6 key to toggle the switch to the correct value. Press <Enter>to resume execution of the program. To exit the command entry press <F3>. you can check for as many variables as you want to from the command entry screen. 5. You should now change the feature switches. 4. 8. Control is transferred back to the breakpoint. This may be confirmed by starting PC-VT and noting the version number on the initial screen or by entering the setup A screen. so that they match those given below.VT-100 to PS/2 (PC Support) Keyboard Mapping .0 for use with the IBM AS/400 via a port selector connection. This may be done with menu option 7. Finally. Versions prior to V9. Ending the Debugger Once you are done with debugging. 7. y y Using the above command. before you issue any other command. Select Modem Speed. Next set the data bits to 8 and the stop bits to 2. it is very important that you end the Debugger. Select Data/Parity Bits. This may be done with menu option P.

PS/2 Key Nam Micro -Term Key Sequence Typical use <F1><ESC>1 Help <F2><ESC>2 Switch View <F3><ESC>3 Exit <F4><ESC>4 Prompt <F5><ESC>5 Refresh Screen <F6><ESC>6 <F7><ESC>7 Roll Down <F8><ESC>8 Roll Up <F9><ESC>9 Get Previous Cmd <F10><ESC>0 Move to top <F11><ESC> List Toggle <F12><ESC>+ Cancel <F13><ESC>! or <ESC><SHIFT>1 User support <F14><ESC>@ or <ESC><SHIFT>2 <F15><ESC># or <ESC><SHIFT>3 <F16><ESC>$ or <ESC><SHIFT>4 Main menu <F17><ESC>% or <ESC><SHIFT>5 <F18><ESC>+ or <ESC><SHIFT>6 <F19><ESC>& or < ESC><SHIFT>7 Scroll left <F20><ESC>* or <ESC><SHIFT>8 Scroll right <F21><ESC>( or <ESC><SHIFT>9 <F22><ESC>) or <ESC><SHIFT>0 <F23><ESC>_ or <ESC><SHIFT> Scrl Option <F24><ESC>= or <ESC><SHIFT>= Scrl Menu <DEL><DEL> Delete chara cter <Shift><Insert><CTRL>d Duplicate <Enter><RETURN> Send screen <Backspace><ESC>i <Right Ctrl><LINEFEED> or <CTRL>j Field exit <Home><ESC>H <Insert><ESC><DEL> Insert mode <Page up><ESC>u <Page down><E SC>d <Shift><Pt Scn><CTRL>p Print Screen <Tab><TAB> Next field <Shift><Tab><ESC><TAB> Previous field <ESC><ESC>a or <CTRL>a Attention <Alt><F7><ESC>(grave accent) Ins. which gives feedback on how much information the user retained from that module. This facility is set up for the user to work through any topic he/she is interested in. Getting Started . the system will automatically return the user to the place where they left off. so the next time he/she is using education. Special Char <ESC><CTRL>w Indicator Toggle <ESC><CTRL>a Refresh screen <Left Ctrl><ESC>r or <CTRL>r Reset term. <Alt><Pt Scn><ESC>s System Request APPENDIX C . This facility is self-paced so the user can work the modules when it is convenient. err.Using On-line Education (EDU) Introduction Online education is a facility provided by IBM to assist the user in learning about the AS/400. using the bookmark utility to keep track of where the user has left off. There is a quiz at the end of most modules.

The COMS 175---Command Language audience path is customized for the CS175 class. Select 5. For the CS175 class. At the Printer to use prompt. exiting and marking it complete or go to a topic/subtropic menu for the module.1. Next. press <F4>on this line. To exit in the middle of a module press <F3> where this option is available. This will change the status from not assigned to a printer. to clear this message and continue your session. obtain a screen print of the screen that tells you how many you answered correctly on the first try. Type 1 to select one of them <Enter>. you can either select 1 to start the first module in the selected audience path of the course or 3 to select any module < Enter>within the selected course. 7. You can select all modules or one of the listed categories. when you are finished with the quiz. There are several courses in online education but the most useful ones in terms of using the AS/400 are: o Tutorial Support System o Facilities and Implementation o Application Design and Development Tools Type 1 to select the desired course <Enter>. To display a description about a course select 8 in front of that particular course. which tells you that it has been sent to the default printer device. type the name of the printer you would like to send your printout to and press <Enter>. and press <Enter>. At the end of most modules. Press the <Reset>(at the bottom left hand corner of the keyboard). To Obtain a Screen Print Press the <SHIFT>and PRINT SCREEN key (towards the upper right hand corner of your keyboard) at the same time. To check your screen print type WRKSPLF (work with your spool files). change. Select course <Enter> 3. 4. Exit online education by pressing a series of <F3>keys until you have reached a command line. If you forget to get a screen print. 6. From any command line type ==>STREDU <Enter> STREDU is an abbreviation for Start Education. there is a quiz. This will give you a choice of exiting the module. or a combination of both. To see a list of all started printers. This can consist of questions from the module or examples that you walk through. Your most recent screen print will be located at the bottom of the list and it will be titled QSYSPRT. type a 2. to assigned to a printer. exiting and setting a bookmark. you need to go through the quiz again to get to that screen. 2. To assign it to a printer. Select 4 to select an audience path for the course <Enter>. This will give you a list of all started printers and from here you can select one by typing a 1 on . Follow the directions and read each screen carefully. 5. When the screen has been captured you will see a message at the bottom of your screen.

Since there may be multiple ways to complete a task. PAS. o Option 14 from the PDM lines.hit <F1> (help) 1. spool file.CRTSRCPF 3. APPENDIX D .DSPMSG Check spool file to see if any Fatal errors or warnings. You will return to the screen where you pressed <F4>.the line before the desired printer. 4. see the section "Printing Procedure" in this manual. o Does program need other programs . Setup area for source 1. various ways of doing essentially the same thing are shown under each outline heading. . Cross reference statement number with source line number with spool file WRKSPLF 3. Display message to see if completed successfully . Work in program development manager  STRPDM  WRKLIBPDM  WRKOBJPDM  WRKMBRPDM 3. Note if there are any warnings or errors or fatal errors.if so create or attain them. 0. 1. PAS. o CRT___PGM . 3. Compile the source member to attain object and compiled. Type source into physical file member. Create a library (optional) . Log in. WRKSPLF 1.. Execute the program. some more appropriate than others depending on the situation. Press <Enter> to select this printer.. 4. Page to bottom of file. Correct error. Wait for compilation to complete. Check for dependencies.CRTLIB 2. 0. etc. If there are any warnings determine if they are important and if deemed so go to step III and correct. If there are errors or fatal errors go to to step III and correct. Go to step III.. o Does program need data files . Look for error and statement number. 4. Move cursor to error description . Start source entry utility . o CALL library/programname o Option 16 from a WRKOBJPDM screen. 2. Press <Enter>again to accept this printer.How to program on an AS/400 The following outline details the basic steps of program development on the AS/400. Create a source physical file (optional) . 5. BAS. For more information on printing.create a member. 1.STRSEU 2. In PDM: <F6> .if so create or attain.DISPLAY. 2. If program gives a run-time error. 2. C.where ___ can be CBL. Choose option 5 .

this is the form to use. If you have found errors in it.Log off. subject matter. Mankato © 1992. or if you want to express your opinion about it (such as organization.1995 Last modified: Thu Sep 18 00:28:14 CDT 2003 Jeffrey Hundstad . appearance) or make suggestions for improvement. Reader's Comments Use this form to tell us what you think about this manual. After you have completed this form send it in the campus mail to: AS/400 Staff Computer Services Box 45 Today's Date: Your Name: Your Phone No.06 Copyright Minnesota State University.: Your Address: Your Comments: Version 2. Be sure to print your name and address below if you would like a reply.

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