As 400 Book | Command Line Interface | Library (Computing)

Introductory Reference to the IBM AS/400

Introduction to the AS/400

The IBM Application System/400 popularly known as AS/400 is a family of mid-range business computing systems, that supersedes IBM's highly successful System/3X family. The AS/400 is available in three different types the 9402, 9404, and the 9406. Currently, here at Minnesota State University, Mankato, the Computer Services is supporting a dual processor IBM AS/400 9406 model D80, that contains 192 Megabytes of primary memory and 7.1 Gigabytes of mirrored secondary storage. The AS/400 systems exclusively use the IBM Operating System/400 (OS/400). It is a multi user operating system that works with the Licensed Internal Code (LIC) instructions to implement the functions that are basic to the AS/400 architecture. OS/400 can perform tasks under direct control of both the user and an application program. The AS/400 system differs from the traditional systems in several ways. They offer more compatibility across the product line since only one operating system and architecture is used consistently across the entire family. The system offers very high performance compared to the earlier System/3X computers. This is achieved by a combination of faster processors, extended storage and improved fixed disk systems. The software architecture is different from that of more traditional systems. Implementing functions such as security, database and communications in microcode, and providing a one-piece operating system resulted in improved efficiency, consistency and simplicity.

Now, to take a look into the highlights of the system
AS/400's standard functions plus the many communications options and supporting software provide users with flexibility for various communications environments. The AS/400 application programming interface provides some new capabilities not found in earlier operating systems. The basic architecture of AS/400 systems makes for a very productive program development environment. The built-in database and single-level storage provide high-level structures and consistency. This along with the programming tools available for AS/400 can increase programmer productivity. The programmer has the flexibility to choose one of the following programming languages for their application programs:


y y y y y y y y

C CL command language COBOL X3.23-1974 & X3.23-1985 FORTRAN Pascal PL/I REXX RPG II & III

The AS/400 marks a new beginning in the business computing world. This new generation of systems with advanced technology and advanced applications serve as a growth platform for the customer to expand in application, size and network complexity.

Signing On to the AS/400
PC Support/400
y y y y y y

Reboot the PC by pressing <Ctrl><Alt><Delete>at the same time. Press this key combination twice. Select the option that indicates PC Support and/or AS/400. Answer "Enter common user ID:" with your username Answer "Enter password for common user ID:" with your password. If there is a beep or a message press <Enter>to bypass the message. At this point you should have the following screen:
Sign On System . . . . . : MKTAS400 Subsystem . . . . : QINTER Display . . . . . : PCnnnnS1 User . . . . . . . Password . . . . . Program/procedure. Menu . . . . . . . Current library. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . __________ __________ __________ __________

y y y y

Type your username in the "User" blank. Press the <Tab>key. Type your password. The password will not be displayed. Press the <Enter>key.

If for some reason you can not longer type, press the <Reset>key. On the Microterms or PCVT this would be the <Esc>key then R. On PC Support/400 this would be the left <Ctrl>key. If this is the first time you signed on continue with the Changing your password section of this manual.

Changing Your Password
The first time you log on the AS/400 you will be forced to change your password before continuing.
y y

y y

y y

y y y

Press <Enter>to change your password. At the "Current Password" field, type `xx' followed by the last six digits of your social security number (ie. xx999999) NOTE: nothing you type on this screen will be displayed to ensure that no one views your password as you type it. Press <Tab>or <Field Exit>. For the "New Password" field, type the password you would like to use when you sign on to the computer. It must not exceed 10 characters, it must begin with a alphabetic character and the remaining characters may be any combination of alphabetic, numeric characters. Note: Try not to make it too difficult, you will need to know it to sign on the AS/400 again. Press <Tab>or <Field Exit> At the "New Password (to verify)" field, type in your new password for a second time to make sure you have entered it correctly. If you have entered it incorrectly you will get an error message and your initial password will still be `xx' followed by the last four digits of your social security number. Press <Enter> Upon completion, the following message will be displayed: Password changed successfully Read the following screens, pressing <Enter>to exit each one, until you reach the AS/400 Main Menu screen.

Later on when you want to change your password, type CHGPWD on the command line and go through the same steps.

Signing Off of the AS/400
y y

Press <F3>until you see a command prompt, ===>. At the command prompt type SIGNOFF.

Getting Online Help
AS/400 provides extensive On-line help, and a simple method of accessing the help information. On-line help information is provided for all system displays. The type of help provided depends on the location of the cursor. For all displays, the following information is provided:
y y y y y

What the display is used for How to use the display How to use the command line if there is one How to use the entry fields and parameter line if any What function keys are active and what they do.

If the <Help>key is pressed when the cursor is in an area where specific on-line help information is available, the help text for that area of the display is shown. If the <Help>key is pressed when the cursor is in an area for which no specific information is available, information for the entire display is shown. Then you can page forward or backward through the information for the entire display and for each area. If the <Help>key is pressed while a help display is shown, a description of the types of help that are available on the displays, and how to get each type of help is shown. The <Help>key on the PC Support stations is labeled <Scroll Lock>. On the VT -100 or PCVT stations the key sequence for < Help>is <ESC>h. If <F11>=Search index is shown at the bottom of the display, you can press <F11>to see the Search Help Index display. On that display, you can request information about any topic you specify.

The start search index command is used when you would like to get help on a specific or general topic. To use the index search facility type STRSCHIDX and hit <Return>. Type your subject topic, or topics on the bottom subject line. When you hit <Return>again your topic will be searched for and the topics found will be displayed on the screen above the topic line. To display the information you are looking for type 5 in the option field by the topic line press <Return>. To get out of the index search facility press <F3>until exited.

CD-ROM Manuals
If you are attached to the AS/400 using PC Support/400 you have the ability to look at a hypertext version of a subset of the complete AS/400 manual set. To start the hypertext book reader type the command MANUALS at any AS/400 prompt. This guide is laid out like a library. The library contains bookshelves. These bookshelves contain books. For example our library contains a bookshelf name Languages. We select the bookshelf by using the arrow keys to place the highlighted cursor over it and press <Enter>. On this bookshelf there are several books on languages. One of the books is titled "COBOL/400 Reference". Once again we use the arrows and cursor to select the item. Now that we have the book it opens up a "Table of Contents" for the book. By using this search and select procedure you can look through the book like a book you'd check out at the library.

More Help
There are three ways to get help on the READ/DOS book reader (AS/400 command MANUALS):
y y y

Start the book reader and select the bookshelf entitled BookManager READ/DOS. Press <F1>anywhere you're in question about your current options. Press <Alt>h (or <F10>h) and select the appropriate help selection for your current problem.

Using the Prompt Facility
AS/400 provides interactive command prompting for any command supplied with the system or created by the user. On the command entry screen notice the option F4 = Prompt at the bottom of the screen. You can type the command name only, and press <F4>to see the prompt display for the command. Usually, a command may require many parameters before it can be executed. The prompt displays provide a convenient method of supplying that parameter information. For example, type SNDMSG on any command line and press <F4>. The following prompt display is shown:
Send Message (SNDMSG) Type choices, press Enter. Message text . . . . . . . . . . ________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________ _______________________ ___________________________________________________ __________________________________ To user profile . . . . . . . . . __________ Name , *SYSOPR, *ALLACT...

F3=Exit F4=Prompt F5=Refresh F10=Additional parameters F12=cancel F13=How to use this display F24=More keys

To execute the command, supply the required information for Message text and user profile and press <Enter>. Most of the parameters used on commands have default values that are used if no other value is specified. You may change the default values if you desire to do so. If <F4>= Prompt is shown on the prompt display, you can press < F4>to request a list of predefined values (such as *SYSOPR and *ALLACT in the above display) that are permitted in the field where the cursor is currently positioned. In relation to the SNDMSG command, you can use DSPMSG at any time to display messages in your message queue.

Organization of OS/400 Objects
On the AS/400, everything that can be stored or retrieved is stored in an object. Examples of objects are libraries, files, executable programs, queues, and more. Objects share some common attributes such as name, type, size, description, date created, and owner. The concept of an object allows the system to perform certain standard operations, such as authorization management, on all objects types. The object types that we will be primarily concerned with in this manual are:

*LIB Libraries

It is usually created using the "Create Source Physical File" (CRTSRCPF) command (more information about this command will be given later). or a group of related records that are handled as a unit. for example an employee master file. There are basically three general categories of libraries: 1. Files A file is an object. MS-DOS. such as an input file to a program. A source physical file is actually a special type of data physical file. System supplied libraries NOTE:all IBM-supplied library names begin with the letter "Q" or "#" 3. 2. unlike these systems.y y y *FILE Files *PGM Compiled programs *OUTQ Output queues Libraries Every object is contained in a library. a data physical file is a data file. we are primarily interested in two kinds of physical files: 1. and 6 for the date field. the default record length is 92 (80 for the source data field.) . User-created libraries. A physical file contains actual data stored on the system. of type *LIB. Refer to the section on the SEU editor for the meanings of these fields. It has a fixed-length record format. which "contains" all libraries on the system). of type *FILE. A data physical file normally has a record format. An interesting implication of the non-hierarchical nature of libraries is that two users cannot have libraries with the same name. the system master library. that contains data in the form of a database.the library that contains all other libraries. that contains a group of objects. A library is an object. For example. In this manual. device data. QSYS . There are two types of database files: 1. It is similar to the "root" or top-level directory on Unix. we are primarily concerned with database files. In this manual. The CRTSRCPF command creates a physical file with attributes appropriate for source physical files. This record format is defined using Data Description Specifications (DDS is a language that is used to describe database files to the system). A source physical file (*FILE PF-SRC) contains source statements. a library cannot "contain" other libraries (with the exception of QSYS. This description is then compiled to produce a *FILE object with attribute PF-DTA. 6 for the sequence number field. In conventional terms. A data physical file (*FILE PF-DTA) contains data that cannot be compiled. for example the source statements of a Pascal or COBOL program. data physical files 2. However. logical files. and VAX/VMS. A source physical file has the attribute "PFSRC". physical files 2. source physical files.

. __________ Type options. In a data physical file (PF-DTA). . . Members have an attribute associated with them. A data physical file may contain one or more members. as in the above example. for example. the member(s) contains data for use by programs.The data records in a data physical file can be grouped into members. you may want to keep all your RPG source programs in a PF-SRC file called. and "QCLSRC" for the various PF-SRC files. . . press Enter. you will probably want to store source programs of the same type in a separate source physical file.) the AS/400 editor. These members are not objects themselves but subsets of an object. 2=Edit 7=Rename Opt __ __ __ __ __ Member NAMEEMP CLPRO G RPGPROG EMPMAST SCRNMBR 3=Copy 4=Delete 8=Display description Type LF CLP RPG PF DSPF Text Sample Sample Sample Sample Sample 5=Display 9=Save 6=Print 13=Change text . For example. the member's name is the . "RPGSRC" and DDS source in a PFSRC file called. source members of different types are stored in the same source physical file. each member contains source statements for a program or DDS source. In a PF-SRC file. Normally. it "knows" that it should invoke the COBOL compiler. "DDSSRC". . This attribute is specified when creating the member. a PF-DTA file will only have one member (by default. .. for example. Library . Once. will format the program as a COBOL program. However. SRCFILE___ YOURLIB___ Position to . An example of a PF SRC file and its members is shown below (we will explain how to get to this screen in the section on PDM): Work with Members Using PDM File . . and allows compilation to be totally automatic. and it is contained in the library YOURLIB. Although. and when PDM (Program Development Manager) is given the instruction to compile the file. .. you may choose to include source members of different types belonging to the same application in the same PF-SRC file. . You may also use the standard IBM-supplied names such as "QRPGSRC". in the above example. "QDDSSRC". which in the case of PF-SRC members. DDS Source for a Logical File Control Language Source Program RPG Source Program DDS Source for a Physical File DDS Source for a Display File Parameters or command ===> ___________________________________________________________ F3=Exit F9=Retrieve F4=Prompt F10=Command entry F5=Refresh F23=More options F6=Create F24=More keys The name of the source physical file is SRCFILE. . This implies that all members of an object share the same basic characteristics with the other members in the object such as ownership and security. a member has been specified as having an attribute of CBL (for COBOL program. for example. SEU. determines how the various systems programs (such as the editor and compilers) on the AS/400 treat the member.

The relationships between the various objects that have been discussed in this section are as follows: QSYS (*LIB) [special library] | | contains | Library (*LIB) | . each month's data can be processed separately by processing one member at a time. Refer to the section "Printing Procedure" in this manual for more information on printing spooled files. A printer file can be created using the "Create Printer File" (CRTPRTF) command. A display file describes what information is to be displayed and where it is to be displayed on the screen of a display station. Another *FILE object type that you may encounter in your programming courses is the device file. For example. On the AS/400. Other Object Types A program object (*PGM) is a compiled program. such as the length and width of a printed page. An important object type on the AS/400 is the output queue (*OUTQ). An output queue has already been created for you with the creation of your user profile. contains DDS source that defines a physical file. The spooled file stays in the output queue until it is directed to a printer or removed. when a COBOL source program is compiled. the output goes to an output queue and it stays there as a spooled file. you may want to group the records in a sales transactions file so that each member contains data for each month. In this way. The name of the output queue is normally the same as that of your user profile. When this source member is compiled (using CRTPF or option 14 in the "Work with Members using PDM" screen). In the "Work with Members using PDM" screen above. It is similar to the concept of a "view" in SQL. For instance. A spooled files. Two common types of device files are printer files (*FILE PRTF) and display files (*FILE DSPF). the "PF" member. a *FILE object with the attribute LF-DTA is produced. It is important to understand. at this point. "EMPMAST". the difference between "source" and "data" in regards to data physical files. A printer file describes the attributes that printed output will have. A data logical file is described to the system using DDS.same as the file name). One way of defining and creating a display file is with the Screen Design Aid (SDA) utility. it is possible to include multiple members in a single PFDTA file. The attribute for a *PGM object indicates the language the program was written in. whenever something is printed. but provides a different method of viewing the data of an accompyning data physical file(s) which it internally references. When the DDS source is compiled. However. like a member. A data logical file (*FILE LF-DTA) is a data file that contains no actual data. This compiled object is the actual file that is used to hold data records. A device file contains a description how data is to be presented to a program from a device or vice versa. it produces an object with a type of *PGM with the attribute CBL. it will produce a *FILE object with attribute PF-DTA. is not an object itself but a subset of an object.

-----------------. Library type . . Member(s) | | [Reorginized data] Source Data Physical Physical File File (PF-SRC) (PF -DTA) | | contains | | contains | | Member(s) Member(s) [Program source] [Actual Data] Creating a Library A library has already been created for during user profile creation. . . | | | | Programs (*PGM) Outqueues (*OUTQ) Files (*FILE) Other [Executable] | | objects | contains | Spooled Files | [Output intended for Printer] | | . The name of this library is normally the same as that of your user profile. Note that you can use your default library. press Enter. type the CRTLIB ("Create Library") on a command line and press <F4>to prompt on it. .^--. .--------. Leave the library type as *PROD (a production library is one that is used for normal processing). | | Physical Data Logical file file (PF) (LF -DTA) | ^ contains . . . F3=Exit F4=Prompt F5=Refresh F13=How to use this display YOURLIB__ Name *PROD____ *PROD. . . .+----^----------------. Create Library (CRTLIB) Type choices. In this section. . Library . . . to store all your application objects. i.---------------.| contains | . . we will create another library and use this library as an example throughout the manual.e. . Type in the name of the library and enter a brief description for the library. *TEST Sample_Library__________________ F10=Additional parameters F24=More keys F12=Cancel . the library that has the same name as that as your user profile. . . . . . . .------^-----. . To create a library. . . Text 'descrip tion' .. .

. Create Source Physical File (CRTSRCPF) Type choices. Note: All libraries are on the same "level" with only QSYS above them. The following is the library list for the user "JOHNDOE". The current library is tied closely to the concept of a library list. Supply the names for the source file and the library that will hold it. If you see the message "Library . . . .. Before we discuss what the current library is. . . . . press Enter. it means that some other user already has a library by the same name. meaning the current library. . . . . we show the display for creating a source file called "SRCFILE" in the library "YOURLIB". created". . You can display your library list by typing DSPLIBL and press <Enter> on a command line.. . type CRTSRCPF and press <F4> to prompt on it.. . . Other commands that operate on libraries are: y y y DSPLIB (Display Library) DLTLIB (Delete Library) WRKLIB (Work with Library). Your default library. . Library . . . . created in library . Record length . A library list is similar in concept to the "PATH" in Unix and MS-DOS. . . .. already exists".. . . It specifies which libraries are to be searched and the order in which they are searched when the system looks for an object. . File . if desired Text 'description' . Creating a Source Physical File Now. A default library list is automatically created by OS/400 for each job started by a user. *FILE Sample_Source_File___________________ F10=Additional parameters F24=More keys F12=Cancel F3=Exit F4=Prompt F5=Refresh F13=How to use this display Library Lists You may have noticed in the previous screen that the "Library" field defaults to the value *CURLIB. If you get this message. . Display Library List System: MKTAS400 .Press <Enter>. *CURLIB 92_______ Number *NONE_____ Name. . . . . Below. *NONE. SRCFILE___ Name YOURLIB___ Name. . . . we first explain what a library list is. . . ." at the bottom of your screen. is automatically included in your library list. . Member. . . try another name for the library. Press < Enter> and you should see the message "File .. that is the library that has the same name as that as your user profile.. . You should see a message at the bottom of the screen saying "Library . . . let's create a source physical file in the library that we have just created. . . A library list is identified by the value *LIBL. To create a source physical file.

is the library that has the same name as your user profile (in this case. A message will appear stating that the program is not found in the library list. pre ss Enter. followed by the library name (or prompt on the command) ADDLIBLE YOURLIB . QGPL. COLLECTION . If a user does not specify a library name when requesting an operation on an object. the program can now be located and executed since the library that contains the program is now in the library list. "TESTPROG" is qualified by "YOURLIB" as CALL YOURLIB/TESTPROG then the program can be found and executed.. user portion which consists of libraries that holds user objects. the user can create their own libraries and add them to their library list. 5=Display objects in library Opt __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ Library QSYS QHLPSYS QUSRSYS JOHNDOE QTEMP QGDDM QGPL QMSU QPAS MBNLQ ONLINE Type SYS SYS SYS CUR USR USR USR USR USR USR USR Text System Library *IN USE JOHN DOE's default library GENERAL PURPOSE LIBRARY MSU generated commands and programs Common Library for MBNLQ .Type options. the libraries in the library list are searched for the object (starting with the system libraries. however. To add a library to the library list. and the user libraries). a library list is divided into three parts: system portion which consists of the libraries that are required to run system functions current library which by default. the library "JOHNDOE"). type the "Add Library List Entry" (ADDLIBLE) command. The current library is the first user library that is searched before the rest of the user libraries in the list. If. As you can see. For example. In addition. You can edit your library list using the EDTLIBL command and remove a library list entry using .created by SQL F3=Exit F12=Cancel F17=Top F18=Bottom Note that you may not have all the libraries in the above list. assume that the user "JOHNDOE" has an executable program (*PGM object) called "TESTPROG" in the library "YOURLIB". If "JOHNDOE" now issues the the unqualified CALL command. This is because "YOURLIB" is currently not in the library list. and QGDDM come with the system while others are locally supplied. the current library. Some user libraries. User "JOHNDOE" wants to run the program (using the CALL command) and issues the command CALL TESTPROG . such as QTEMP.

*ALRTBL. *PRV.. . "YOURLIB" can be made the current library by typing CHGCURLIB YOURLIB . *PRV. . however. . . Next time. Work with Objects Using PDM (WRKOBJPDM) Type choices. . Note. *ALL.Work with file members using PDM Work with Objects One of the most commonly used commands to start PDM is WRKOBJPDM. Object type . "YOURLIB" will no longer be in their library list and hence. . These may be replaced with the name of a specific library.. Type WRKOBJPDM and press <F4> to prompt on it..) or using one of three commands which indicate the level at which the user would like to work: y y y WRKLIBPDM -. . . . . . *AUTL. . Some commands automatically default to the current library (*CURLIB). . . In the section "Steps in Developing a Program". that both commands (ADDLIBLE and CHGCURLIB) are only effective for a particular session. we will create an "initial program" that will automatically run these commands when a user signs on the system. name. This allows the user to work with objects inside a library. . . . *PRV______ *ALL______ *ALL______ *ALL______ *PRV. . . and allows the programmer to manage their environment from a set of standard menus. F3=Exit F4=Prompt F24=More keys F5=Refresh F12=Cancel F13=How to use this display The *PRV value on the "Library" field indicates that the default is to work on the library the user last worked with. Object .) which will produce a menu of options for the level on which the user wishes to work (libraries. . no longer the current library. *generic. . editing. . Starting PDM PDM may either be started using the command STRPDM (for Start PDM. or members. *CURLIB name. .. . when "JOHNDOE" signs on. The . .. Object attribute . Using the Program Development Manager (PDM) The Program Development Manager (PDM) is a set of utilities under OS/400 designed to simplify the creation and development of software.Work with objects using PDM WRKMBRPDM -. . . . .Work with libraries using PDM WRKOBJPDM -. . . . Library . . . attribute. *generic. compilation and program execution. . objects. It automates file and member creation. . . such as the CRTSRCPF command. . press Enter. . *PRV.the RMVLIBLE command.

Object . *AUTL. . . and *ALL on the other options. . *generic. .) Each option is an action which may be performed on an object by placing its number on the "Opt" line next to the object and pressing the < Enter> key. *CURLIB na me. . YOURLIB___ Position to . press Enter. . . .. . . *generic*. PDM Options Options are displayed across the top of the screen (for a list of all the options available in PDM. . . This method of specifying actions on a form listing the objects available is consistent throughout PDM. . . .. with the library specified as YOURLIB. Type WRKOBJPDM and prompt with <F4>. Object attribute . Type options. __________ 4=Delete 9=Save Attribute PF -SRC 5=Display 10=Restore 7=Rename 11=Move . press Enter. . . . attribute. F3=Exit F4=Prompt F24=More ke ys F5=Refresh F12=Cancel F13=How to use this display The screen resulting from command WRKOBJPDM. . Library . . . . . there should be just one object in the library. . . . . . . YOURLIB___ *ALL______ *ALL______ *ALL______ *PRV. . Work with Objects Using PDM Library . *PRV. .. *PRV. . . . . is shown below. see Table 1 at the end of this section. __________ Position to type . . name. . . . . . . . Work with Objects Using PDM (WRKOBJPDM) Type choices. *ALRTBL. .. .. . . *ALL. . Object type .. . . the source physical file "SRCFILE" that you have just created. . 2=Change 3=Copy 8=Display description Opt __ Object SRCFILE Type *FILE Text Sample Source File Bottom Parameters or command ===> ________________________________________________________________ F3=Exit F9=Retrieve F4=Prompt F10=Command entry F5=Refresh F23=More options F6=Create F24=More keys Presently. ."Object" and "Object type" options allow the user to limit which objects will be displayed. *PRV..

Type "12" against "SRCFILE" to work with it.) When working with a physical data file. For example. . When working with a source physical file at this level. YOURLIB___ __________ Type options. The following "Work with Members using PDM" screen appears: Work with Members Using PDM . the "2=change" option is no longer valid. . SRCFILE___ Library . for instance the *DEBUG option to include debugging information in the program. allowing the user to work with spooled files. (programs may also be called from the WRKOBJPDM screen by using the 16 option. simply press <F4> while an option number is on one of the "Opt" lines. Multiple objects may be operated on sequentially by placing numbers on more than one Opt line.There are two important special features which this method of specifying actions offers: First. option 2 runs the STRSEU command to begin editing a member and 14 calls the compiler for a program of that type (if specific compiler options are needed. . To use the prompting facility. . . However. assume we have two source files in "YOURLIB". 2=Edit 7=Rename Opt Member 3=Copy 4=Delete 8=Display description Type Text 5=Display 6=Print 9=Save 13=C hange text . . At the WRKOBJPDM screen.. the "18" option may be invoked to modify the file using DFU (Data File Utility).) option. More on PDM levels Moving down levels in PDM is accomplished using the "12" (Work With. and second. . . remember that the prompting facility may be invoked on any PDM option. press Enter. pressing <Enter> or <F12> (cancel) with no options on the screen returns to the previous level. File Position to . go to the WRKMBRPDM display for that file (there are different types of WRKMBRPDM displays for source and data files. present a display allowing the user to call the program. .. . Work with Members The WRKMBRPDM display is the bottom level of PDM. You can type "5" (Display) against one and type "7" (Rename) against the other. PDM will present the prompt screen for the command associated with that option number. etc.. If the item is of type *PGM.) When this method of changing levels is used. multiple objects may be operated on in succession. Pressing <Enter> causes PDM to process each option in turn. go to the "Work With Output Queue" display.) If the item is of type *OUTQ. change its attributes. . the options support the prompting facility. Placing a 12 on the line next to an item on this display will: y y y If the item is of type *FILE. . the action of this option depends on the file type..

*PRV. . . . . . Name. The "Work with Members using PDM" screen can be accessed directly using the WRKMBRPDM command. press Enter. . . in the section on SEU we will use this source member. . . . there are no members in "SRCFILE". .(No members in file) Parameters or command ===> ________________________________________________________________ F3=Exit F9=Retrieve F4=Prompt F10=Command entry F5=Refresh F23=More options F6=Create F24=More keys Presently. *generic. . . . . Library . . . Member type . name. . name *PRV. . you will notice that "SRCMBR" is now in "SRCFILE". .. . . > YOURLIB___ Source member . . . . Type this command and press <F4> to prompt on it. File . .. *PRV *PRV. . To work with the member that we have just created. . TXT_______ C. Name. press Enter. . . . press <F3> to quit and type "Y" in the "Change/Create member" field to save the source member. SRCMBR____ Source type . enter the names of the library and file as shown below. *PRV *LIBL. . . . Enter the name of the new source member and for its source type. . . . Press <Enter> . you can use the "Member" and/or "Member Type" fields to narrow down the number of members to work with. *SELECT *SAME. . . Member . For now. Sample_Source_Member____________________ Name.. . . . . Start Source Entry Utility (STRSEU) Type choices. This will automatically invoke the SEU editor. To do that. . . . . . > SRCFILE___ Library . . . . enter "TXT" (i. . . . . *CURLIB. .. . press <F6> (Create). *generic. . . Text 'description' . If you have many members in your file. Work with Members Using PDM (WRKMBRPDM) Type choices. . . *LIBL. . . . . . Bottom F3=Exit F4=Prompt F24=More keys F5=Refresh F12=Cancel F13=How to use this display You will now be inside the SEU editor. . . type. . . . . . . . On return to the WRKMBRPDM screen. . . *CURLIB *PRV. . .. . . the source member will contain only plain text). Later on. Let's create a member. .e. .. BASP. Name. . name. . . BAS. Source file . SRCFILE___ YOURLIB___ *ALL______ *ALL______ *PRV. .

This will bring up the "Work with Objects using PDM" screen for that library.F3=Exit F4=Prompt F24=More keys F5=Refresh F12=Cancel F13=How to use this display Work with Libraries Briefly. or member Recall a previous command to the command line Display an OS/400 command entry screen Switch to/from brief display mode Cancel an operation Copy an option number to all lines Switch between date and type display in PF -SRC Cha nge member list sort criteria Specify user -defined commands to PDM Limit the list on the screen to certain types Change PDM user settings Print the object list on the screen Display more PDM option numbers. if available Control Language Command Syntax . You can work with the contents of a library by typing 12 against it. Table 1: Options in PDM (Some options may not be valid at some levels.) 2: 3: 4: 5: 6: 7: 8: 9: 10: 11: 12: 13: 14: 15: 16: 17: 18: 25: Change Copy Delete Display Print Rename Display Descrip. the WRKLIBPDM command lets you work with a library or libraries. Save Restore Move Work With Change Text Compile Copy File Run Change Using SDA Change Using DFU Find String Modify an obj ect or edit a source member Duplicate an object Remove an object from storage Display the contents of an object Copy a source member to an output queue Change an object's name Show summary information about an object Save an object to offline storage Retrieve an object from offline storage Move an object to another library Perform operations on the contents of an object Change the text description line for an object Compile a source physical file member Copy a *FILE object (has special options) Run an object of type *PGM Change a screen design (in a PF -SRC) using SDA Use DFU to change a PF -DTA member Find a s tring of characters in an object Table 2: Function Keys in PDM F1: F3: F4: F5: F6: F9: F10: F11: F12: F13: F14: F15: F16: F17: F18: F21: F23: F24: Help Exit Prompt Refresh Create Retrieve Command Entry Display Toggle Cancel Repeat Source Type Toggle Sort User Options Subset Change Defaults Print List More Options More Keys Obtain help on an area of PDM Exit PDM or current operation Display prompt screen for options on screen Redraw the screen with updated information Create a library. if available Display more function keys. You will probably use this command least among the three PDM commands. file.

a VERB and 2.Copy o CRT .Add Item o CHG . let's consider the command name.Create Source Physical File WRKOBJPDM . or more parameters.Display item o END . As you would probably know by now.Restore o RTV . Another way of finding commands is to press <F4> on any command line. one. The first option SLTCMD ("Select Command by Name") can be used to obtain a list of commands using a wildcard character (e.Remove item o RST .Start PDM ADDLIBLE .Create o DLT .Add Library List Entry CL commands can be found in several ways.Grant o MOV . SLTCMD CR* will list all commands starting with CR). Some common verbs and their meanings are shown below: o ADD . The command GO CMDxxx can be used to get a menu of commands related to xxx (where xxx can be a verb or subject). A command is made made up of two components: 1.Change o CPY .Delete o DSP . Command Structure First.Send o STR . Some examples of verb/subject combinations are: y y y y CRTSRCPF .Retrieve o RVK .Stop a program which was started with a STR o GRT .The purpose of this section is to provide a more formal presentation of CL commands. The verb consists of three characters and is the "action" component of the command. a SUBJECT.Move o RMV .Work with The subject component of the command specifies the item that the verb acts on. This will bring up the "Command Grouping Menu" where each option represents a group of related commands.Revoke o SET .Work with Objects Using PDM STRPDM .g.Start (a program or utility) o WRK . A CL command is made up of two parts: (1) a command name and (2) parameters. A command may have some parameters that are required and some that are optional. A system-defined default value . Parameters A CL command can have zero. a CL command is a way of of invoking functions and calling system services.Set o SND .

"/". develop and maintain applications. One restriction of this mixed form of specifying parameters is that positional parameters cannot follow keyword parameters. For example. a combination of both. You may want to use this method if you remember exactly what parameter information is needed for a command. *N. which in this case is *ALL. the following is invalid WRKOBJPDM LIB(YOURLIB) SRCFILE . Positional parameters are often limited to the first three or four parameters. parameters can be specified in: 1. positional form. In the positional form. If the reference is to a file in a specific library. character in both keyword and positional forms WRKMBRPDM YOURLIB/SRCFILE SRCMBRWRKMBRPDM FILE(YOURLIB/SRCFILE) MBR(SRCMBR) If only the file name is specified. we have been using the <F4> prompt facility for specifying parameters. A CL command can use a combination of both positional and keyword parameters. as in the following statement WRKMBRPDM SRCFILE the library qualifier will default to the library list (*LIBL). Note that when using the WRKMBRPDM command. the file name must be qualified with a slash. 2. the file name and library name fields are actually one parameter (a file name plus a library qualifier). The parameter values must be positionally matched with the keywords in the parameter set for that command. keyword form. If you do not want to specify a value for one of the parameters. WRKOBJPDM LIB(YOURLIB) OBJ(SRCFILE) There must not be any blanks between the keyword and the left parenthesis. Another way of specifying parameters is the free format or command line method.(prefixed by "*") is usually assigned to an optional parameter if the user does not specify a value for it. WRKOBJPDM YOURLIB *N *FILE *N will map to the default value for that parameter. Parameters in keyword form can be specified in any order. or 3. Using the SEU Editor Introduction The IBM AS/400 provides an integrated set of Application Development Tools (ADT) to design. for example WRKMBRPDM YOURLIB/SRCFI LE MBRTYPE(TXT) . One such tool is the Programming Development Manager (PDM) that offers the following: . A parameter that is specified in keyword form will have a keyword followed immediately by a value (or list of values). can be entered in the position of that parameter. Using this method. the system-defined value. The above example can be specified in positional form as follows WRKOBJPDM YOURLIB SRCFILE . So far in this manual. For example. which is in between the second and third parameters in the parameter set. Note that the "Member" parameter. parameters are specified without keywords. the following command will display all objects of type *FILE in the library YOURLIB. is omitted. For example.

...: 1 80 SEU==> _______________________________________________________ FMT ** Edit SRCMBR . ...+.. 3 .+.y y y Integrated application development environment..+.. and press <Enter> . the screen readjusts as shown: Columns ..: 1 80 SEU==>_______________________________________________________ FMT ** ''''''' ''''''' ''''''' ''''''' ''''''' ''''''' ''''''' ****************** End of data *********** ************************ F3=Exit F10=Top F4=Prompt F11=Bottom F5=Refresh F24=More keys Edit SRCMBR .... 3 .. 5.. supply the necessary source file (SRCFILE) and library (YOURLIB) information and press Enter.+. Type 2 on the "Opt" line to edit the source member "SRCMBR".+..... You can also reach this screen by typing WRKMBRPDM (Work with members using PDM) on any command line and pressing <F4> ..+.+.. 1 . ..... Extendable interface to tools through user-defined options. 4 .. You are now in the full-screen EDIT mode.. Columns .+.. 1 ..+. 2 . 5. . In either case. 4 ... . *************** Beginning of data ********************************* ****************** End of data ************************************ F3=Exit F10=Top F4=Prompt F11=Bottom F5=Refresh F24=More keys . List-oriented selection of items for development or maintenance. Press <Enter> . *************** Beginning of data ******************************** If you press <Enter> without typing anything. Another tool is the Source Entry Utility (SEU) that offers a full screen editor providing syntax checking of source statements... The "Work with members" screen shows up... Starting the Editor Type STRPDM (Start Program Development Manager) on any command line. 6 .. 6 . PDM is one tool that may be used to access the SEU.. .. Choose option 3 to Work with members..+.+.+. The PDM menu is displayed......... we will use the source member we created in the previous section.....+. . 2 . In this SEU tutorial...+.

.... 3 . . 0006..+.... 0002.. 0005. .+. 2 . 1 ..+. Columns ...+. Y Y=Yes. . For more information on line commands see 'Using SEU line commands'.. we show a sample TEXT document that will be used in the next section for illustrating the use of various SEU line commands.. *************** Beginning of data ********************************* 0001....00 0003. 0009. I *************** Beginning of data ********************************* ****************** End of data ************************************ Now...+.+.. To save the current member and exit SEU follow the following procedure 'Exiting the Editor... The exit display shows up: Exit Type choices. press Enter.+. . .00 Text for the first block . .. 5... 1 .: 1 80 Edit SRCMBR SEU==> _______________________________________________________ FMT ** .+.. .. ...00 End First Block..+.. Columns . .' Exiting the Editor To exit SEU press <F3>.00 Begin Second Block. 0004. Change/create member .+.00 THIS IS A TEXT DOCUMENT. N=No .00 ****************** End of data ************************************ Notice the sequence numbers of records at the extreme left.+..00 Text for second block ....00 End Second Blo ck.....Type I (for insert) on the first line as shown and press <Enter> . 0010. 4 ...+. you may start typing in the desired text. .00 0007. 2 ...: 1 80 Edit SRCMBR SEU==> ____________ _____________________________________________ FMT ** . 0008.... The sequence number field of a record is used to specify the line commands. 3 .+.. 6 ... .. 4 . 6 . Below... 5. ..+..00 Begin First Block...

. . if syntax errors do persist. . . . . . . . . Return to editing . . Note: If you type a line command. File . . . . . . However. . . . . Increment . . . .99. . command M for moving lines and so on. . . if the member is modified. press <F12> to cancel the exit display. The default values supplied for most of the options above are self-explanatory. . For example. . . you may simply press < Enter> . . . . SRCMBR____ Name SRCFILE___ Name YO URLIB___ Name Description_for_the_member. . . . . Using Line Commands SEU supports various line commands that guide us in editing an existing member. use <F5> to refresh the screen.99 N Y=Yes. The default value for 'Return to editing' option is N. the system supplies Y in this field and returns back to the editing mode ( unless you explicitly type N and force it to exit ). . . command C is used to copy lines. . Text .00____ 00. The SEU line commands are entered over the digits that make up the sequence number of a record. . . . . Use the tab keys to position the cursor at the desired member. . otherwise N. . . . type WRKMBRPDM YOURLIB/SRCFILE on any command line. . . . . a sample TEXT document is used to illustrate the use of the various commands. . The default value for 'Change/create member' is Y. . N=No F5=Refresh F12=Cancel If you wish to save the changes you have made. and then you decide to cancel it. . . However. . . F3=Exit . . reach the 'Work with members using PDM' display. .Member . . ._____ Y Y=Yes. type option 2 in front of member SRCMBR and press <Enter> . . This returns you back to the editing mode. . . note the following: y y y If you have decided not to quit the editor. . . To edit a member that has already been created. and press < Enter> . . From the "Work with members using PDM" display. . . N=No N Y=Yes. N=No 0001. . Print member . Library . . . . .01 . .01 . . . . For example.00___ 0000. . In the following discussion. .99 01. Go to member list . . . The edit display for this member is shown: . . . . Resequence member Start . . . . . . Type N in this field only if you do not want to save changes made to your member. . . . y y Use the command WRKMBRPDM as explained in the previous section. if your member did not have any syntax errors. . . . . . . .9999. . and type option 2. . . The screen for editing that member will show up. to edit the member SRCMBR created before. N=No N Y=Yes. .

.00 THIS IS A TEXT DOCUMENT..00 0005.00 0003.: 1 71 Edit YOURLIB/SRCFILE SEU==> _________________________________________________________ SRCMBR FMT CB ...00 0007. 0009.00 Text for the first block . ..00 0009.00 0007. 0002. ...00 Begin First Block. and press <Enter> .. 0008.00 End First Block.. type I (insert) on the sequence number field of that record. .. Begin End Second Block.00 0006.00 0003.00 THIS IS A TEXT DOCUMENT. Text for the first block .00 Text for second block .. 0006.00 0002. SAMPLE. Text for second Second Block.. 0004. Columns . block .00 Begin Second Block..00 ****************** End of data ************************** ********* F3=Exit F10=Top F4=Prompt F11=Bottom F5=Refresh F24=More keys Inserting a line To insert a line after a particular record. 0005....00 End Second Block. ****************** End of data *********************************** F4=Prompt F11=Bottom F5=Refresh F24=More keys The screen adjusts as shown below.00 0010.00 Begin First Block.00 F3=Exit F10=Top THIS IS A TEXT DOCUMENT.. Begin First Block.. *************** Beginning of data ******************************** I001.Columns . . ''''''' PROGRAM -ID. .00 0008.: 1 71 Edit YOURLIB/SRCFILE SEU==> ________________________________________________________ SRCMBR FMT CB . End First Block. . Type in the line to be inserted and press <Enter> .-A+++B+++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++ + *************** Beginning of data **** **************************** 0001.-A+++B++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++ *************** Beginning of data ******************************** 0001.. 0002. 0010.00 0004.00 0003.

00 End First Block...01 It illustrates the use of SEU line commands. 0004. 0009.00 0007.00 Begin Second Block.: 1 71 Edit YOURLIB/SRCFILE SEU==> __________________________________________________________ SRCMBR FMT CB .00 C Begin First Block.. 0001. Columns .. .00 THIS IS A TEXT DOCUMENT. Note the message on the top that indicates a pending Copy line command.00 Text for second block . and press Enter. 0001. 0005.-A+++B++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++ *************** Beginni ng of data******************************** 0001.0004. This results in the pending line to be copied after the line you have indicated. 0002.00 ****************** End of data *********************************** Type A (after) on the last line as shown..00 0005. 0008. and press Enter....00 0006. . 0005. 0002. block . .00 THIS IS A TEXT DOCUMENT.00 Text for the first block ... Columns . .: 1 71 Edit YOURLIB/SRCFILE SEU==> _________________________________________________________ SRCMBR FMT CB . 0006. type C (copy) in the sequence number field.. 0008.00 End First Block.00 C Begin First Block..00 Begin Second Block.00 0007.00 0008.00 F3=Exit F10=Top End Text for the first block .. . . Text for second Second Block.-A+++B++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++ *************** Beginning of data ******************************** 0001.. Begin End ****************** End of data *********************************** F4=Prompt F11=Bottom F5=Refresh F24=More keys Copying a line To copy the "Begin First Block" line to the end of the program.00 0009. .00 0010..00 End Second Block.. Second Block... 0004.00 End Second Block... 0010. 0006.00 Text for second block . First Block.00 0007. 0009...00 Text for the first block .01 It illustrates the use of SEU line commands.

0001. use the command M (move) and follow the procedure as explained above for copy. and press <Enter> . Begin First Block. It illustrates the use of SEU line commands.00 0008..00 0001. To move a single line. ****************** End of data *********************************** Block Move To move a block.00 0010.01 0002. Text for second Second Block.01 .00 0009. ****************** End of data *********************************** Deleting a line To delete a line. the target for the move has to be specified..00 0011...01 0002.00 0006.00 Begin First Block.00 D011. after the copy. Text for the first block .00 0007. Begin End Second Block.00 0003.00 0008. The Block Move is illustrated below. Begin First Block.00 0005. Now.00 0005.00 0001. The line that was just copied may be deleted as shown below: *************** Beginning of data***************************** THIS IS A TEXT DOCUMENT. the first block of text being moved after the second one. 0001.00 0004.. *************** Beginning of data ******************************** THIS IS A TE XT DOCUMENT. block . End First Block.A010. type MM at the beginning and the end of the block.00 0010.00 Begin First Block.. Text for second Second Block. It illustrates the use of SEU line commands..00 0009.00 0001. It illustrates the use of SEU line commands.00 0006.00 0003. block .00 0007. type D (delete) in front of it and press <Enter> . *************** Beginning of data ******************************** THIS IS A TEXT DOCUMENT.00 0004. 0001.. End First Block. Begin End Second Block. Text for the first block .00 ****************** End of data ************************************ The program looks as shown below.

Text for the first block . Begin First Block. block .00 A010..00 0009.01 0002.00 0013. 0001.0002. Note below. Begin End Second Block.00 0011.. Text for second Second Block.00 0007.00 0009.00 MM 0007. Text for second Second Block.00 0008. *************** Beginning of data ******************************** THIS IS A TEXT DOCUMENT. *************** Beginning of data ******************************** THIS IS A TEXT DOCUMENT..01 0002..00 ****************** End of data *********************************** Here is the member after the move: *************** Beginning of data ******************************** THIS IS A TEXT DOCUMENT.00 0008.00 MM 0004. Text for the first block . Begin End Second Block.00 .. 0001.00 0014.. End First Block.. ****************** End of data *********************************** Type A on the last line to move the block to the end of the program..00 Begin First Block.00 0005. that B is specified as the target. block . to copy the block before the indicated line.00 0001.00 0010. ****************** End of data *********************************** Block Copy Enclose the block to be copied within CC commands. End First Block. Text for second Second Block... End First Block.00 Begin First Block.00 0005.00 0001. The block copy resembles the block move explained above. 0001.00 MM 0004.00 0010..00 0009. Text for the fi rst block .00 0008. block . It illustrates the use of SEU line commands.00 0012.00 MM 0007. Begin End Second Blo ck. and specify the target. It illustrates the use of SEU line commands..

****************** End of data *********************************** The source member looks as follows.. Text for the first block .00 0008.00 0009. 0001. The block that was just copied may be deleted as shown: *************** Beginning of data ******************************** THIS IS A TEXT DOCUMENT.01 0002.00 0009.00 0012.00 0011.01 0002. End First Block.00 B It illustrates the use of SEU line commands..... Begin First Block. End First Block. Begin Second Block.00 0013...00 0001. Text for second Second Block. block .01 0002.00 0012.00 0013. after our experimentation with the above line commands: *************** Beginning of data ******************************** THIS IS A TEXT DOCUMENT. Begin End Second Block. enclose it within DD commands and press <Enter> . 0001.. Begin End Second Block.00 Begin First Block...00 0010.00 CC 0011. block .00 0014.00 CC 0008.00 0007.03 DD 0014. ****************** End of data *********************************** . Text for second blo ck ..00 0001. Text for second Second Block. End First Block.. It illustrates the use of SEU line commands. End Second Block.00 0012.00 0010..00 0011. Begin End Second Block.00 0007. Text for second Second Block. block . ****************** End of data *********************************** Block Delete To delete a block. Text for the first block .00 0013.00 0008.00 0009.00 Begin First Block.00 DD 0013.02 0013.. Text for the first block .0001. It illustrates the use of SEU line commands.

CHANGE Find all occurrences of a character string and replace it with another string. SET . and A (All).L] [X. L (Last). FILE [ [ [ library/ ] file ] member ] CANCEL Cancel session and exit session. it should be enclosed in quotation marks.F. FIND Search for an occurrence of a character string.To get a complete list of commands for SEU place the cursor on the sequence number list and press the help key. Examples: y y y y F XYZ F 'hello there' F *ERR A find all syntax errors F "'XYZ'" Use the F16 "Repeat Find" key to find the next occurrence of a string. Several direction parameters are available: N (Next).NX] [column parameter] . or quotation marks.P. If the string contains embedded blanks. SAVE [ [ [ library/ ] file ] member ] FILE Save changes and exit from edit session. BOTTOM Go to the last page of the work screen. The scope of the search can be specified using search parameters: X (excluded records) and NX (nonexcluded records).L] [X.F.NX] [column parameter] TOP Go to the first page of the work screen. SEU Commands SEU commands are entered in the "SEU==>" field at the top of the screen.A.A. The syntax is CHANGE fstring cstring [N. The syntax of FIND is FIND string [N. P (Previous).P. F (First). apostrophes. SAVE Save changes and continue editing.

to the right of the current display. F17 Repeat Change Perform change or repeat current change function. F4 Prompt Provides assistance for the options selected in the list or a command on a command line. Summary of Line Commands The Sequence_number field displays the sequence number of the record and is used for entering SEU line commands. F15 Browse/Copy Options Go the Browse/Copy Options dis play. C=Copy Line Copy this line to a specified target. . B=Before Move or copy records before this record. F19 Left View the info. the Edit display supports a diverse set of function keys that allow you to perform specific tasks. SEU returns to the EDIT Session and displays the prompt after you make a selection. An=After with repeat n times Move or copy records after this record and repeat these records n times. F10 Cursor Moves the cursor from the data area to the SEU command line. F16 Repeat Find Perform find or repeat current find. Bn=Before with repeat n times Move or copy records before this record and repeat these records n times. F5 Refresh Refresh the current display. F11 Previous Record Places the previous record in the prompt. The following is a list of all the valid commands: y y y y y A=After Move or copy records after this record. F24 More keys View the other function keys available for the current display. F14 Find/Change Options Go the Find/Change Options display. Rebuilds display and shows it again. to the left of the current display. and from the SEU command line to the data area. Function Keys in SEU When a member is being edited. F13 Change Session Go to the Change Session Defaults Defaults display. To use a line command. type the command over the digits that make up the sequence number. returns to previous entry point. PDM will fill in the default values. F18 DBCS Conversion Perform DBCS conversion. F3 Exit End the current task. F20 Right View the info. F23 Select Prompt Go to the Select Prompt display.See the IBM SEU manual for more information. ___________________________________________________________________________ ___ Key Name Function ___________________________________________________________________________ ___ F1 Help Press the help key for details about the display.

y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y Cn=Copy n lines Copy this line plus the next n-1 lines to the specified target. D=Delete Delete the current line. P=Display prompt Type P to display this line in a prompt. or copy repeated line command. copy. OO=Block overlay Overlay all the records between and including the boundaries defined by two OO line commands with the lines defined by the move. copy. Rn=Shift data n chars right Shift data in the current record n character positions to the right without losing data. MM=Block Move Move all records between and including the boundaries defined by the MM line commands to a specified target. IP=Insert line and prompt Insert a blank line and display the line in a prompt. Copy n records to the specified targets and keep this command on the display. F=Display format line Display a format line. R=Shift data 1 char right Shift data in the current record one character position to the right without losing data. I=Insert a line Insert a blank line after the current record. RRn=Block shift n chars to the right Shift data defined by the boundary between and including the RRn and RR line commands n character positions to the right. L=Shift data 1 char left Shift data in this record one character position to the left without losing data. or copy repeated line command. RR=Block shift 1 char to the right Shift data defined by the boundary between and including the two RR line commands one character position to the right without losing data. O=Overlay Overlay the current line with the first line defined by the move. or copy repeated line command. Dn=Delete n lines Delete the current line and the next n-1 lines. M=Move a line Move a line to a specified target. Ln=Shift data n chars left Shift data in this record n character positions to the left without losing data. . copy. DD=Block Delete Delete all lines between the two DD boundaries. CC=Block Copy Copy all lines between the boundaries formed by the two CC commands CR=Copy records and retain command Copy this record to the specified targets and keep this command on the display. LLn=Shift block n chars to the left Shift data defined by the boundary between and including the LLn and LL line commands n character positions to the left. Mn=Move n lines Move the current line and the following n-1 lines to a specified target. CRn=Copy n records and retain command. In=Insert n lines Insert n blank lines after this record. without losing data. On=Overlay n lines Overlay this line and the following n-1 lines with the first n lines defined by the move. LL=Shift block 1 char to the left Shift data defined by the boundary between and including the two LL line commands one character position to the left without losing data. CCR=Copy block records and retain command Copy the block of records defined by a pair of CCR commands to the specified targets and keep this command on the display.

+n=Roll member forward n lines Roll the member forward n lines. compiling. SL=Show last record Show the last record of the exclude group SLn=Show last n records Show the last n records of the exclude group. Xn=Exclude plus Exclude the the current record and the next n-1 records. work with the file by typing: WRKMBRPDM FILE(ALIBRARY/QCLSRC) Then create a source member called TEST in QCLSRC by pressing <F6> . + (plus sign)=Roll member forward 1 line Roll the member forward one line. SF=Show first record Show the first record of the exclude group. This will start the SEU editor. n=Absolute Positioning Position the line identified by the sequence number(n) as the first record on the display.(minus sign)=Roll member backward 1 line Roll the member backward one line. RPPn=Block repeat Repeat all lines defined by the boundary between the two RPP line commands n times. we are going to use a simple Control Language (CL) program to illustrate the steps in developing. X=Exclude Exclude the current record from the display. ALIBRARY represents the library that has the same name as your user profile or your other library. Wn=Display member from column n Display the member beginning in column n. and running a program on the AS/400. let's create a source physical (PF-SRC) file called QCLSRC (the IBM-supplied name for a CL source physical file). XX=Block Exclude Exclude all lines between the boundaries formed by the two XX line commands. Steps in Developing a Program In this section. We will also demonstrate how to find compilation errors when they occur. The following creates a PF-SRC file in the library ALIBRARY. SFn=Show first n records Show the first n records of the exclude group. YOURLIB) the current library while retaining the existing current library on the library list. The intention here is not to teach CL programming. The command line form of issuing CL commands will be used in this section (you may want to use the <F4>prompt facility to assist you if you are not familiar with the commands). and how to obtain information about certain compilation and runtime errors. CLP for the source type (to see what source types are available. Once you have entered all the necessary . First. -n=Roll member backward n lines Roll the member backward n lines. that is the one you created in an earlier section.y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y RP=Repeat line Repeat the current line once before the following line. RPn=Repeat line n times Repeat the current line n times before the following line. The CL program is very simple. CRTSRCPF FILE(ALIBRARY/QCLSRC) Once the PF-SRC file has been created. W=Display member from column 1 Display the member beginning in column 1. Enter TEST for the name of the source member. RPP=Block repeat Repeat all lines defined by the boundary between the two RPP line commands. put the cursor on the "Source type" field and press <F4> ). all it does is make the library that you have created (in my case. and a brief description of the source member. .

on the fourth statement.00 0004. Note that SEU provides syntax checking for CL programs.00 *************** Beginning of data ******************************** PGM DCL VAR(&OLDCURLIB) TYPE(*CHAR) LEN(10) RTVJOBA CURLIB(&OLDCURLIB) CHGCURLIB CURLIB(&YOURLIB) /* intentional error */ ADDLIBLE LIB(&OLDCURLIB) ENDPGM ****************** End of data ****************************** ***** You can use the SEU line command. The CHGCURLIB command. note that CL programs are "free format" in that components of CL statements do not have to be placed in particular columns on the screen (some source types. saving it in the variable &OLDCURLIB. The second statement declares a CL variable called &OLDCURLIB. press <Enter> . are "fixed-format". and the modules "Creating a Control Language Program" and "How to Use Error Handling Facilities" in the "Facilities and Implementation" course. that is we really want CHGCURLIB CURLIB(YOURLIB) instead of CHGCURLIB CURLIB(&YOURLIB) . Put the parameters back on the DCL statement. the IP line command can help enormously in coding such programs). The ampersand symbol. to help you in selecting a CL command.00 0005. The reason for this step will be explained shortly. In this case. is used to make YOURLIB the new current library (where "YOURLIB" is any existing library that you have access to). &MYVAR will be used to hold the parameter's value. denotes that &MYVAR is a variable.00 0003. the variable &MYVAR has to be declared using the DCL command. This variable will be used to save the name of the existing current library.) For more information. Notice that we have intentionally introduced an error in this statement. Remove the parameters of DCL so that the statement contains only "DCL". (Aside: If a CL program has a parameter named &MYVAR. Moreover. . The variable will be used to hold a character string with a maximum length of 10.information. IP (insert line and prompt). indicating that there is a syntax error. the reader is referred to the IBM "CL Programmer's Guide" or the online education modules: "AS/400 Control Language Programming" in the "Tutorial Support System" course. on the third statement.00 0007. is used to retrieve the name of the job's existing current library. SEU will not let you exit an editing session that has syntax errors unless you explicitly specify that you want to exit in the exit screen. We have mistakenly prefixed YOURLIB with "&". the PGM statement is coded as: PGM PARM(&MYVAR). Type in the following program: 0002. SEU will highlight that statement. Also. The RTVJOBA command.00 0006. and press <Enter> . You will enter a SEU editing session. A CL program begins with the PGM command. "&". such as RPG. which is optional if the CL program does not receive any parameters.

you will see the following screen: Create CL Program (CRTCLPGM) Type choices.g. . . enter option 14 to compile the member that contain the CL source program. Program . . press <F4> when you use option 14). *PGM Generation severity level . . . with the error). . This is because when the CHGCURLIB command is executed. . > ALIBRARY Name. . . . . will invoke the CRTCLPGM (Create CL Program) command. This error will be detected during compilation. . you will see a message at the bottom of the screen saying that the compilation job has been submitted to QBATCH. . . accept the defaults. . . Unless you want to rename the *PGM object or put it in another library. . in this case. . *PGMID Library . This step is needed if we want this library to stay on the library list. . Hence. . a message will return saying that the job has ended abnormally. Compiling a Program In the "Work with Members using PDM" screen. . . if the source type is CBL. *YES Bottom F3=Exit F4=Prompt F5=Refresh F13=How to use this display F10=Additional parameters F24=More keys F12=Cancel The "Program" field specifies the name of the *PGM object that will be created if the compilation is successful. . . *SRCMBRTXT Additional Parameters Replace program . . meaning there are compilation errors. and to add it back on the library list using ADDLIBLE. adds the name of the former current library (which we saved in the variable &OLDCURLIB in the RTVJOBA statement) to the library list. . . . . . exit and save the program as it is (i. > ALIBRARY Name. . The last statement. . . > TEST Name. > TEST Name. If you prompt on the option (ie. press Enter.A name with "&" as its prefix denotes that it is a CL variable. *LIBL. on the fifth statement. Note that SEU cannot detect this kind of error. . Since there is an error in the above program. . You can change these default values. it will invoke the CRTCBLPGM command). . .e. . On pressing <Enter> . 29 0 -29 Text 'description' . *CURLIB Source member . . . Option 14. . . . . the "old" current library will not be retained on the library list. . . you will receive a message saying that the job completed normally. . . . . This name defaults to name of the source member. The default is the library that contains the source member. . . . The ADDLIBLE command. Option 14 will invoke a different "create program" command for a different source type (e. If there are no compilation errors. . which is the job queue for batch jobs. it must be declared in a DCL statement. The "Library" field specifies the library that will contain the *PGM object. Press <Enter>to continue. . . . the need to use RTVJOBA to save the name of that library. indicates the end of the CL program. This is an error because if we intended &YOURLIB to be a variable. . . Now. . > *YES *NO. *CURLIB Source file . . > QCLSRC Name Library . . ENDPGM. . .

There are two errors in the listing (errors are marked with "*" in column 1): the first with a severity of 40 and the second with severity of 0. Type 5 to display the contents of the compiler listing of the program. The message will refer you to the compiler listing of the program. Let's go back to the source member and fix the problem. Type 5 against QPJOBLOG to display it. Using SEU to Find Compilation Errors . There should be a message stating that the program was not created because of compilation error. Press <Enter> to exit this display. The meaning of first error is evident. to get more details about the error CPD0727 DSPMSGD RANGE(CPD0727) MSGF(QCPFMSG) where QCPFMSG is the system message file and CPD0727 is the message ID. it is the cause of the failure.Finding Compilation Errors To find out the cause of the compilation error. it is not the cause of the compilation failure. LIB(&OLDCURLIB) * * * E N D O F S O U R C E * * * No labels used in program. For example. There should be a spooled file with the same name as your source member (the compiler listing) and a job log (QPJOBLOG). type WRKSPLF to see what's in your output queue. * * * * * E N D O F C R O S S R E F E R E N C E Program TEST not created in library YOURLIB. Maximum error severity 40. The second error is only an information message. A segment of that listing is presented here: 200300400500* CPD0727 40 600700* * 5738SS1 V2R1M1 YOURLIB/TEST 920306 Control Language Cross Reference Declared Variables Name De fined &OLDCURLIB 300 * CPD0791 00 * 5738SS1 V2R1M1 920306 Control Language Message Summary Total 90-99 2 Severity 0 -9 10-19 1 0 20-29 0 30-39 0 40-49 1 50-59 0 60-69 70-79 0 0 80-89 0 0 YOURLIB/TEST Type *CHAR Length 10 References 400 600 PGM DCL RTVJOBA CHGCURLIB Variable '&YOURLIB ADDLIBLE ENDPGM * * VAR(&OLDCURLIB) TYPE(*CHAR) LEN(10) CURLIB(&OLDCURLIB) CURLIB(&YOURLIB) ' is referred to but not declared. You can use the DSPMSGD (Display Message Description) command to get more information about a compilation error.

you can run the program by using the CALL command (in fact. you can pass the parameter value(s) by prompting on either the option 16 or the CALL command. from YOURLIB. . Running a Program Use the WRKOBJPDM command to work with the library that contain the *PGM object that was created. type '+' on the "Parameters" field and press <Enter> . option 16 invokes the CALL command). ________________________________________________________ . Reply . "&". and make the corrections to the source member on the spot. you should see a split screen with the member you are editing on top and the spooled file on the bottom.) Diagnosing Runtime Errors In any case. Compile the source member (you will probably be asked if you want to delete the existing *PGM object. To view a spooled file while you are in SEU. that is ADDLIBLE DOGNAP . especially if the compiler listing is too lengthy to scan by eye. you will get a runtime or object error message similar to the one below: Display Program Messages Job 287471/T03/DSP02 started on 07/20/92 at 13:48:44 in subsystem QINTER CPF2110 received by TEST at 600. If the library that contains the *PGM object is in your library list. type CALL TEST on a command line. press <F15> (Browse/Copy). CALL MYPROG PARM(parameter1 parameter2 . specify some library name that you do not own or one that you are not authorized to use. To find compilation errors.You may want to use SEU to view your compiler listing instead of the way discussed above. An advantage of using SEU for this purpose is that you can see both the source member and the compiler listing on the same screen. On return to the editing session. when you run the program. Alternatively. let's introduce another type of error. The program should compile normally after this change. edit the source member to remove the ampersand. (C D I R) Type reply. SEU provides special support for locating compilation errors. you can still run the program by qualifying it with the library name CALL ALIBRARY/TEST The example program used here does not take any input parameters. Enter 2 in the selection field. In the ADDLIBLE statement. we specify a nonexistent library called DOGNAP.. Select the appropriate spool file. You can also us pass parameters using the command line method. If your program takes more than one input parameter. This will bring another screen that allows you to enter multiple parameters. If the library is not in your library list. F *ERR). Type 16 against the *PGM object to run/execute it. For example. In our example. But if you created a program that requires an input parameter(s). in the bottom screen type FIND *ERR on the SEU command line (or simply. press Enter.. To make the situation more interesting. Respond with a "Y"). The rest of the source remain the same as before (except for removing the ampersand character). . The *PGM object will be created in the library that contains your source file unless you specified otherwise. Place the cursor on the "Browse/copy spool file" field and press <F4>. The program should compile normally. Using SEU.

Ignore the failing command. . : C -. For example. .e. Sometimes you can obtain additional messages by pressing <F10> to display messages in the job log. . (C D I R) Cause . . You see a screen similar to the one below. .BAT file in MS-DOS. . . . . Recovery . . .Cancel the CL program. choose a reply value. . . .: 0000 Message . From program . . . F3=Exit F10=Display messages in job log F12=Cancel Again. . To continue. . Press Enter to continue. The initial program has to reside in your default library (i. . Monitor for the error (MONMSG command) and perform error recovery within the program. Go back to the source member. . .. . . . . . . .F3=Exit F12=Cancel To find out the cause of the error. ..e. . More. Press <Enter> to cancel the program. . and recompile. . . . . The next time you run the program. Possible choices for replying to message .: 99 Time sent . . . . . it should run without any problems. It is executed when the user logs on. . . . . place the cursor on the message id (in this case CPF2110) and press <F1>. . . . : : : : CPA0701 INQUIRY 07/20/92 QCLXERR Severity . . . . The message text. Additional Message Information Message ID . . i. Creating an Initial Program An initial program is similar to the AUTOEXEC. : This inquiry message can be avoided bychanging the program. . fix the error. . . D -. : Control language (CL) program TEST inlibrary YOURLIB detected an error at statement number 600. . . : CPF2110 received by TEST at 600.Dump the CL p rogram variables and cancel the CL program. . .: 14: 00:05 Instruction . . : *EXT Instruction . the library DOGNAP was not found. .: 0000 To program . you . the library with the same name as your user profile) and it has to be named INITIALPGM. Message text for CPF2110 is: Library DOGNAP not found. Message type Date sent . the DSPMSGD ("Display Message Description") command can be used to obtain more information about the error. For instance. DSPMSGD RANGE(CPF2110) MSGF(QCPFMSG) where QCPFMSG is the system message file and CPF2110 is the message ID. . . indicated clearly what the problem is. in this case. . Type DSPLIBL to check whether the library has been added and whether it has been made the current library. . I -.

Understanding Object Authorities Introduction To maintain security of data and/or program objects the AS/400 offers a variety of options available to limit access to object. Data Authorities Data authority is the authority to access data contained in an object. add. save. or control an object's existence. *OBJOPR provides the authority to look at the description of an object and use the object as determined by the data authority that the user has to the object. This includes the ability to view. This section is designed to help users maintain correct authorities and to understand the authorities on the objects that they own. the object authorities must be relaxed correctly to maintain object integrity. Specify your default library as the library where the *PGM object is to be stored. *OBJEXIST provides the authority to control the object existence and ownership. press < F4>to prompt on it. These authorities must be set to secure object to the level of security required. if objects are to be shared or used between users.can make the above CL program your initial program. *OBJMGT provides the authority to specify the security (grant/revoke object authority). Likewise. Rename the source member to INITIALPGM and recompile it. Combinations of Object and Data Authorities . Authorities and their meanings Object Authorities Object authority is used to control access to an object including the ability to see an object description. and transfer ownership of the object. control read and write access to an object. when you recompile it using the option 14. *ADD provides the authority to add entries to an object. If you created the source member in a another library. for example records in a database file. The user with this authority can delete. or delete records. update. *UPD provides the authority to change the entries in an object. and add members to database file. move or rename the object. *DLT provides the authority to remove entries from an object. *READ provides the authority to get the contents or an entry in an object or to run a program.

. . (Note that your default library. . . press Enter.: *NONE ---------. we want to allow a certain user to copy a member from the file "SRCFILE" which is stored in the library "YOURLIB". *ALL allows the user to perform all authorized operations (object and data) on the object.These are keywords. . each representing predefined combination of object and data authorities. . . . .. . . . . . : Type changes to curr ent authorities. . . .Data----------Read X Add X Update Delete X X . *CFGL. users can create customized combinations of object and data authorities. . . *USE provides *OBJOPR authority and data read authority. . press <F11>. Edit Object Authority Object . . *EXCLUDE authority prevents the user from accessing the object even if *PUBLIC is authorized. . . Changing authorities with EDTOBJAUT We use an example here to illustrate the use of some of the types of authorities discussed above. . .. . we need to allow the user to have access to the library "YOURLIB". In addition to these. . They reduce the time required to assign specific authorities to users. . press Enter. . To see the detail screen as shown below. . *LIBL Object type . library. . . . . > YOURLIB Library . . . . . . .e. . . . Note that the owner of "YOURLIB" has *ALL authority on the object. *CURLIB *ALRTBL. Edit Object Authority (EDTOBJAUT) Type choices. . . Object . > *LIB Name Name. : *LIB JOHNDOE . . . . . is normally owned by your security officer so you cannot change its authorities). To do that. . : YOURLIB QSYS Object type Owner . i. In this example. . : Library . . *CHANGE provides *OBJOPR authority and all data authority. . . First of all. Fill in the blanks for object. . . Object secured by authorization list Object User JOHNDOE Authority *ALL ----Object----Opr X Mgt X Exist X . . Type EDTOBJAUT on a command line and press <F4>. the library that has the same name as your user profile. *AUTL. . . *LIBL. and object type (*LIB) and press <Enter> . . EDTOBJAUT. we use the "Edit Object Authority". command to edit the authority on "YOURLIB". .

Type in the name of the user and *USE for the object authority. . . To do that. . . . . . > MKTAS400__ + for more values _ Member . *OBJMGT must be granted. . . > SNDLIB____ User ID: _ User ID . object name. In the example shown below. . > RCV_______ Address . Press <Enter> to return to the previous screen. . . Use EDTOBJAUT to edit the authority on the file "SRCFILE". . we need to allow the user access to the file "SRCFILE". When the network file arrives at its destination. . . . . . > SNDMBR____ Name Name. . *CURLIB Character value Character value Name. . This will allow them to do perform various operations on "SRCFILE" including copying members from the file. . . . .*PUBLIC *EXCLUDE _ _ _ _ _ _ _ F3=Exit F5=Refresh F11=Nondisplay detail F6=Add new users F12=Cancel F10=Grant with reference object F17=To p F18=Bottom Press <F6> to add a user to the list of users authorized to this object. . Mankato. *DA TA . "MKTAS400" is the address of the AS/400 at Minnesota State University. . .e. .) Next. . *LIBL. . type "X" under "Mgt" in the detail screen for that user. (Note: If you want to edit a specific authority. . Fill in the library name. . "SRCFILE"). . . type "X" in the position relating to that authority to grant authority or a space to delete that authority. . . . . . press Enter. Send Network File (SNDNETF) Type choices. *FIRST Additional Parameters To file type . . At any time press <F1> for more help. The "Send Network File" (SNDNETF) command can be used to send a member of a physical database file (PF-DTA or PF-SRC) to another user. . . a message is sent to both the sender and receiver. . File . . Sending and Receiving Network Files Users can send and receive network files to and from each other. Changing Authorities with GRTOBJAUT and RVKOBJAUT To use GRTOBJAUT and RVKOBJAUT type the command and prompt <F4>. . . . object type along with the user you are granting authorities and the respective authority being granted. . . *FROMFILE_ *FROMFILE. . . To allow them to copy the entire file (i. . . > SNDFILE___ Library . . . the member "SNDMBR" of the physical database file "SNDFILE" (which is contained in the library "SNDLIB") is to be sent to the user "RCV". . . . . . . Press <F6> to add the user to the authorization list with *USE authority. . Note that the object authority changes from *USE to USER DEF (meaning a customized authority). . Type EDTOBJAUT OBJ(YOURLIB/SRCFILE) OBJTYPE(*FILE) or use the prompt to fill in the parameters. Notice that *USE gives the user *OBJOPR and *READ authorities on "YOURLIB". .

Instead the output is bundled together with other output in an object . . . . . . . . . . . library and member names and press <Enter>. . *FROMMBR. Send priority . To member . H. . . *FROMMB R____ Name. . . . . . > 'SNDFILE'__ Character value . Work with Network Files (WRKNETF) User . . . 1=Receive network file 3=Submit job 4=Delete network file 5=Display physical file member File -------From----------Arrival---Opt File Member Number User ID Addre ss Date __ SNDFILE SNDMBR 1 SENDER MKTAS400 08/26/92 RCV_______ RCV_______ MKTAS400 Time 16:37 F3=Exit F4=Prompt F12=Cancel F5=Refresh F9=Retrieve F11=Display type/records Type 1 in the "Opt" blank in front of the network file to receive and press <F4>to prompt. press Enter. . . *ONLY . . . . . . *FROMFILE__ Name. . . . *CURLIB . . . I *NORMAL. . . . press Enter. . "Library". From file . .VM/MVS class . Library . . . . . *FROMFILE . . . . . . . . . Member to be received . C. . Printing Procedure When programs on the AS/400 produce output intended to be printed the material does not go directly to the printer. . *LIBL____ Name. F. F3=Exit F4=Prompt F24=More keys F5=Refresh A *NORMAL__ A. *LIBL. . . : Type options. *HIGH F12=Cancel F13=How to use this display The receiver will have to run the "Work with Network Files" (WRKNETF) command to inspect their network files. . . To data base file . . . . E. The following screen will show up. G. D. . . B. *FIRST F10=Additional parameters F24=More keys F12=Cancel F3=Exit F4=Prompt F5=Refresh F13=How to use this display Fill in the "To data base file". . . . . . and "To member" blanks with the appropriate receiving file. . Receive Network File (RCVNETF) Type choices. > 'SNDMBR'__ Character value. Note that the receiving file must already exist before trying to receive members. : User ID/Address . . . .

specifying the correct print device name. Moving a Spooled File to a Writer To get a physical copy of a spooled file on your output queue. There are several ways by which spooled files are generated. Pressing the Print Screen key (<Shift><Print Screen>on the PS/2 running PC-Support or <Ctrl>p on the ASCII connections) will generate a spooled file of the current display. change the attributes of the desired spooled file. Try pressing the <F10>or <F11>keys to obtain different views of your spooled files. 11" 132/80 8. The printer writer names at MSU are: Printer Name PRT01 VAXPRTS2 PS/2 printers Width/Paper 132 Col. To do this press <F21>and change the assistance level from "basic" to intermediate". information on processed records for a database file and abnormal job end conditions. you should change the "assistance level" for this screen.called an "output queue" (*OUTQ). first you must work with your output queue. Here are some: y y y From the WRKMBRPDM display. 11" 132 Col. Spooled files should be deleted as soon as they are not needed to reduce clutter in your output queue. Note that if you do a print screen. then. the spooled file must be placed on a started writer and second. two facts must be true. the spooled file must have a status of released. you will move your spooled file from your output queue to a printer writer. These sub objects are called "spooled files.5" Printer Type Line Printer Line Printer Dot Matrix Location Morris Hall MSU ACC MSU ACC Lab Rooms If "Save file" is changed from "*NO" to "*YES" the spooled file will not be deleted after the file has been printed. The attributes that you will be interested in are the "Print device" and "Save file". . you will have to press the <Reset>key to clear the message at the bottom of the screen in order to continue your session. By changing the attribute "Print device" from "*OUTQ" to a valid printer (use the WRKWTR command to find out which printers are available). To work with your spooled files on your output queue type WRKSPLF and press <Enter>. Typing 4 in the option field of spooled file in the WRKSPLF screen will delete the spooled file from your output queue." To send these spooled files to a printer. Note: If this is the first time that you are using the WRKSPLF command. First. Typing 2 in the option field of spooled file in the WRKSPLF screen will change the spooled file's attributes. The system automatically generates spooled files in some cases like presenting job log. This will gives you more features on the screen. This screen allows you to do many things with your spooled files. option 6 in front of the desired member will generate a spooled file that is your program member. Typing 3 in the option field of spooled file in the WRKSPLF screen will keep the spooled file from printing if placed on a printer writer and change the status to *HLD.

g. Type in the name of the printer <Enter>. Common Problems . If you printed to VAXPRTS2. If not. This will bring you back to the work with spool file screen. Printing to a PS/2 Printer To see which PS/2 printers are available for printing from the AS/400. select the "stop" option and then select "start". Press <Alt><Esc>on the computer that is attached to the printer to display the status of the printer. The name of the printer is: "PC0" (i. your printouts can be picked up in the ACC printer area at any time. This printer is the system printer. Step by Step Printing Example Type WRKSPLF { or OQ } Press <Enter>. This will move us to the correct spool file option field. More Printing Help For more help on printing type STRSCHIDX <Enter>then type SPOOLED QUEUES <Enter>. For the printer to be started. type WRKWTR ("Work with Writers"). make sure that the printer is ready for printing. Press <Enter>. Press 2 <Enter>. Press <Enter> . the PS/2 workstation that is connected to the printer must be signed on to the AS/400. Press the <F5>key. If the status is HLD then release it by typing a 6 in the option field of the spooled file and press <Enter>. make sure it says "Ready". If the STS (status) is RDY or WTR the printer will print your spooled file. PC0614S2). Typing 6 in the option field of spooled file in the WRKSPLF screen will will release a file that is held to become available to print and will change its status to *RDY. Make sure that the printer you want to print to has been started. The printer will never say it is started although it actually is. This will move the file to the printer writer. Type 5 in the option field.e. This will allow you to work with your spooled files. This will refresh the screen to show you the current status of your spooled files. This will display the spool file. Also make sure the printer's status is "ONLINE". This will mark the spool file for displaying.Typing 5 in the option field of spooled file in the WRKSPLF screen will allow you to view your spooled file. "P" + "C" + zero) + the number of the PS/2 to which the printer is connected + "S2" (e. Use the <Field EXIT>key or <Tab>to move to the desired spool file. Also. VAXPRTS2 is a printer that is connected to VAX1. Normally you will not be authorized to print to writer PRT01. This will permit you to change the spool file attributes.

and then select the appropriate command. can also be used. This can be done by typing WRKMBRPDM YOURLIB/SRCFILE on any command line. To end the disconnected job: y y y On a command line. We will continue to use SRCFILE in library YOURLIB for explanation. You can see this information by typing: DSPUSRPRF username. to end the job immediately. . DDS and Data Files on the AS/400 Creating a data file The following discussion assumes that you already have a source physical file in your current library. for example. You may get an authority problem do to the fact that you do not own all of the object in that library. Stopping Infinite Loops/Ending a Previous Request If you have issued a command and it is taking too long finish it may be an infinite. The reader must substitute the appropriate names for source physical file and library. Press <Enter>.) Press <Enter> . To deal with this problem. Out of Storage Quota Errors Depending on the specific class that requires use of the AS/400 there is a maximum storage quota allocated to your user profile. type in *IMMED i. Ending Disconnected Jobs with Infinite Loops If for some reason you have been disconnect from the system while executing an infinite loop request the job may continue to execute.e. you must clear the *PGM objects from library QRPLOBJ. The command will clear your objects out regaurdless of the error. The locally-defined alias for WRKACTJOB. SEU. The first step is to to reach the 'Work with members using PDM' display. Because OS/400 retains every version of a *PGM object that results from a compilation. (This is the option on System Request to end a previous request. To do this type WRKOBJPDM QRPLOBJ . type the "Work with Active Jobs" command: WRKACTJOB and press <Enter> . where applicable. endless. Note: You can also press <Alt><Print Screen>and press <Enter>to display a menu of system requests. To stop your infinite loop: y y y y Press <Left Ctrl> (this will reset any keyboard errors) Press <Alt><Print Screen>(this sequence is call "System Request") Type 2.Note that the command keys used in this section are those of the PS/2 running PC Support. When you have exceeded (or nearly exceeded) your storage quota and you try to start. On the "Work with Active Jobs" display. you may get an error message "Error found on SEU command". your storage can be used up very quickly. In the "How to end" field. AJ. This will cause the system to run very slowly. loop. type option 4 (End) against the job that is causing the loop and press <F4>to prompt on the option.

Name++++++RLen++TDpB. p ress Enter. . . the screen looks as shown: Find . .. . *SELECT Name.. *BLANK____ Text 'description' . Option . .. . *SAME. . Your_description_for_the_member_. .. . . Press <F4> to invoke the prompter and <F12>to cancel it. 2.. . . . . . . 2.00 ****************** End of data **************************************** . this type denotes aPhysical File. . .. ... *PRV______ __________ *PRV______ *SAME_____ Name. PF________ C. .. . . 5. . . BAS. . . . .. .. . . . .______ Name.. press Enter. . . . . .. . *PRV. . . BASP. _________ ____________________________________________ TESTDATA FMT PF .. fill in the fields as shown: Start Source Entry Utility (STRSEU) Type choices. YOURLIB___ *PRV Source member . When the prompter is invoked. . Library . . .. . . ' '. .. *LIBL. .. .A. . . . *PRV Name. . . Name. . . . *CURLIB. ' '. .. . *BLANK. . *PRV Source member .. . . .. C. . Option .To create a data file member. . . *PRV.. to create a data file called TESTDATA in the source file SRCFILE in library YOURLIB. . . . The following screen shows up: Start Source Entry Utility (STRSEU) Type choices. . . . . . For example. . *CURLIB. . . . BAS. . . Press <F6> from the 'Work with members using PDM' display or type STRSEU on any command line and press <F4>. . . Source type . .Functions++++++++++++++++++ *************** Beginning of data ************************************* 0001.. . . .. . SRCFILE___ Library . . you have to start the Source Entry Utility. *PRV Name. . 6 *BLANK_________________________________ The Source type for a data file must be specified as PF. *SELECT Name.. BASP. . Source file . Text 'description' . Source file . . . . . . .T. . . . . . TESTDATA__ Source type . Name. . . . . . 6 The Edit display shows up. 5. *BLANK____ *BLANK. *SAME. . . *LIBL. It is convenient to use the prompt facility for defining the DDS source. . The prompter helps you to supply the source information in the correct format. .

a floating point. Reference (*) Type R in this field to use the reference function to copy attributes of a previously defined named field to the field you are now defining. . S for zoned decimal data. For example. Decimal_Positions Type a value from 0 through 31 to indicate the number of decimal positions to the right of the decimal point within a packed decimal. or key field name in this position. B for zoned binary data. H for hexadecimal data. a zoned decimal. so for normal applications you may conveniently ignore them.Prompt type . for Character type the range is 1-32766. Length Type a value to indicate the number of characters in a character field or the number of digits in a numeric field. field. K Type K in column 17 to indicate a key field name. Name Type a record format. Name_Type Choose one of the following: Blank Leave the field blank to indicate a field name.00 Decimal Positions ___ Use _ Functions ___________________________ F3=Exit F11=Bottom F4=Prompt F12=Cancel F5=Refresh F24=More keys F10=Top An explanation of the different fields shown above follows: The fields marked with * are not commonly used. P for packed decimal data. R Type R in column 17 to indicate a record format name. F for floating point data. . Length ______ Data Type _ 0001. . Name Type _ Name ____ _ PF Ref _ Sequence number . beginning in column 19. Data_Type Choose one of the following: A for character data. The maximum length allowed is 10 characters. . or a binary field. for Packed decimal the range is 1-31 digits and so on. .

Type UPDDTA on any command line and press <F4>. __________________________________________________________ FMT PF .01 0001.. . .00 FIELD1 10A 0003. The following screen shows up: Update Data with Temp Program (UPDDTA) Type choices. From the 'Work with members using PDM' display. This can be done by compiling the member we have just created.. *CURLIB . .. Find TST1 . The DDS source for TESTDATA is shown below. FIELD1 is of character data type with length 10. Library .. ... There are two fields in the data file.. . .00 K FIELD1 0005. . . Otherwise.. look into your spooled file (WRKSPLF) and identify the problem.00 ****************** End of data **************************************** F3=Exit F10=Top F4=Prompt F11=Bottom F5=Refresh F24=More keys Press <F3>and hit <Enter>to save the member TESTDATA. The member TESTDATA that was just created contains only the definition of the data file and hence our the next step is to actually create the file.. . .Name++++++RLen++TDpB.T. Loading a data file To load a data file. use the command UPDDTA (Update Data Area). Data base file . press Enter.. The last line of the member declares FIELD1 to be the key field.. . ..Functions++++++++++++++++++ *************** Beginning of data ************************* ************ 0000.A.. For more details about exiting SEU refer to the section 'How to exit SEU'.00 FIELD2 5P 2 0004.. .Use (*) Type B or leave the field blank to indicate a field used for both input and output. FIELD1 and FIELD2. Functions (*) Type in keyword entries valid for defining physical files in positions 45 through 80 of this field. position the cursor at member TESTDATA. ... and choose option 14 (compile). RECFMT1 is the record format name. . ..00 R RECFMT1 0002. . . *LIBL. __________ *LIBL_____ Name Name. If the compilation is successful. and FIELD2 is a packed decimal of length 5 with 2 decimal positions. .. the file TESTDATA will be created in YOURLIB. .

. . issue the command STRSDA (for STaRt SDA) from a command line. the operating system includes a utility called SDA (Screen Design Aid). . . . . . Screen Design Using SDA To aid in the creation of user interfaces on the AS/400. . . . . . allowing the program to have all the features of the AS/400 user interface without direct programming of the appearance of the interface. . . to populate our file TESTDATA we would fill in the values as shown: Update Data with Temp Program (UPDDTA) Type choices. see the manual for the language of the application source. . . A source physical file must be created (or one already in existence may be used) and a member must be created in the PF-SRC to hold the screens. . Data base file . and press <Enter>. or test a design. A menu of options will appear which allow you to create a screen. . . . . . To create the screen design member. . *FIRST Bottom F3=Exit F4=Prompt display F24=More keys F5=Refresh F12=Cancel F13=How to use this Supply the values for the data base file to be loaded and the library it is contained in. . . For information on this area. *CURLIB Name. Starting SDA The first steps in creating a set of screens for a program are the same as those for creating a program source member. . . . *LIBL. . TESTDATA__ YOURLIB__ *FIRST____ Name Name. Choosing the first option brings the following screen: . . *FIRST______ Name. . For example. This system allows a programmer to "paint" screens and menus used by a program from within a simple editor. defining input and output fields and special text attributes. . . create a menu. . *FIRST Bottom F3=Exit display F4=Prompt F5=Refresh F12=Cancel F13=How to use this Enter the values for different fields and press Enter>. press <F3>and press < Enter>. . . . . . . This section will only cover those aspects of screen design not related to interfacing with applications. To stop the process of loading the data file. These screens may then be called from an application program. Member . Library . . press Enter.Member . .

. Member . a source file must be provided. Additional records (to be displayed on Work Screen) Source file . . . . a single screen design member could contain any number of screens. . _ 1=Select 2=Select 3=Select 4=Select file keywords record keywords subfile keywords subfile control keywords 5=Define screen image (fields) 6=Save DDS source. . Library . . . . F3=Exit F4=Prompt . F4 for Member list DSPF. and a member specified. with each one given a distinct record name. . Source type . *LIBL. . Additional records . . . . *CURLIB Name. Blank for default Since no screen design exists yet. . . . . . . Blank for default keywords F12=Cancel The "SOURCE TYPE" field may be left blank. . . . . (to be displayed on Source file . *LIBL. . Since each member can have several records.Design Screens Type choices. . F4 for Record list Name Name Name. Design option . the screen should look like this: Design Screens Type choices. Library . . . . . __________ Work Screen) . . . . ____ ______ F12=Cancel Name. . . . . . . . . . Source type . . press Enter. . . press Enter. . *CURLIB Name. F4 for Member list DSPF. . *LIBL_____ . . . . . . SCREEN1___ __________ SRCFILE___ YOURLIB___ SCRNMBR___ __________ Name. . it will be created. . . Design option . . . If the member does not yet exist. a record name must be given. it is necessary to first create one using the "5" option on the "Design option line". . Also. . . . __________ . . . . QDDSSRC___ . . F4 for Record list Name Name Name. Finally. . . Once the information is entered. . . . create object Record . . create object Record . . . 5 1=Select file keywords 2=Select record keywords 3=Select subfile keywords 4=Select subfile control 5=Define screen image (fields) 6=Save DDS source. __________ . . It will default to the proper type for SDA. . . . F3=Exit F4=Prompt . . . Member .

. place fields you have selected from a database. F15=Subfile Prompt Press <F15>to Display a prompt on the bottom row of the Work Screen that allows you to change the subfile line (SFLLIN) and subfile page (SFLPAG) sizes that were in effect for the current record being defined. F10=Database Press <F10> to have the Select Data Base Files display appear. Pressing <Enter> will bring up the main SDA display. and remove fields. such as requesting extended field definition. F17=Print Press <F17> to Print the current contents of the Work Screen. You can use uppercase or lowercase letters. Adding Fields To add a user-defined field. type + followed by I (input). 6 (output). F6=Condition Press <F6> to have the Condition Work Screen display appear. To add a floating point field. shift.These options will start SDA on a screen named SCREEN1 in the member SCRNMBR of file SRCFILE in library YOURLIB. F11=Switch Press <F11>to display a list of selected database fields on the bottom row of the Work Screen. This is simply a blank "pasteboard" on which you may place text and fields. or B (both) for alphabetic fields. Press <F14>to remove the ruler. F4=Prompt Press <F4> to have the Work with Fields display appear. F14=Ruler Press <F14>to place a vertical and horizontal ruler on the Work Screen where you position the cursor. Defining fields on the ruler may cause unpredictable results. or by the length specified in brackets after the first character. move. <F1> is active on all displays but does not appear in the function key area. You can also perform additional operations. O (output). Press <F11>to switch back and forth between the list of selected data base fields and the list of not selected database fields. and add or remove attributes and colors. add a numeric field followed by E (single-precision) or D (double-precision) and press Enter. or 9 (both) for numeric fields and press Enter. On the Work Screen you can add fields and constants. Using The Work Screen Use the Work Screen to design the display you are creating. The ruler does not interfere with your data. You can use the following function keys on the Work Screen: F1=Help Press <F1> to show the same information as the help key. or followed by 3 (input). F12=Cancel Press <F12>to save your work and continue to the Design Screens display. copy. F3=Exit Press <F3> to have the Design Screens display appear. You indicate the length of a field by the number of characters following +.

Press < F12>to return to the Work Screen. A blank character ends the constant. type + followed by M. +MMM or +(M3) The Define Message Constant display appears. To work with a MSGCON field. To add system date or time fields. Surround a character string with single quotation marks to define a single constant.33E or +3(3. numeric. alphabetic. floating-point field with five significant digits and three decimal positions.2) Four-character. type ? in front of the field.The following examples illustrate user-defined fields: +BBB or +b(3) Three-character. The fields begin in the position where you type &. Type constants with single quotation marks to define separate constants for each character string (word) that is followed by a blank.999d or +9(5. Adding Constants To add a new constant or change an existing constant: y y y y y y y y Type a constant. 'xxx YYY zzz' Combines three constant fields into one field. You cannot use a DBCS insert key on the Work Screen.3)D Double-precision. You can then type DBCS data between the delimiters. When you press Enter. if you are in multiple mode. Adding Fields from a Data Base File The fields you select from a database file. type *DATE or *TIME. To add a MSGCON (MeSsaGe CONstant) field. The following examples illustrate moving fields to your display: . input field with two decimal positions (set by an edit word). SDA will replace each pair with a shift in and a shift out pair when you press <Enter>. Use the at sign (@) in pairs to delimit a DBCS (Double Byte Character Set) constant. and the column heading position and pressing Enter. The following examples illustrate constant fields: 'xxx"YYY' Defines two constant fields. You move fields from the bottom line to your display by typing & followed by the field number. +99. input. both (input and output). both (input and output) field. floating-point field with three significant digits and two decimal positions. Use a double quotation mark to end one constant and start a new constant while taking up only one position. appear on the bottom row of the Work Screen.66 or +6(4. the Define Message Constant display appears. +66.2)e Single-precision. +3. Surround several constants with single quotation marks to redefine them as one constant.

&nC Places field. Adds a column heading to the right of the the position preceding the field (the attribute byte of the field) and type = where you want the field to appear. Adds a column above the field. &nL Places field. Does not add column heading. and Shifting Fields Reposition fields on the Work Screen by typing one of the following and pressing <Enter>: -.Single Field Mode Mode &&n &L &R &C Symbol Multiple Field Meaning Field Places field. Copying. and working with the field keyword displays that appear. &nR Places field. Moving. type one of following commands (in uppercase or lowercase) in the position preceding the field (the attribute byte of the field): Command Add Remove H R S B N U -H -R -S -B -N -U -A Attribute High intensity Reverse image Column separators Blink Nondisplay Underscore Remove all attributes Command Add Remov e CB CG CP CR CT CW -CB -CG -CP -CR -CT -CW -CA Color Blue Green Pink Red Turquoise White Remove all colors You can carry out the above operations by typing * in the position preceding the field (the attribute byte of the field). &nP Places the column heading only. Adds a column heading to the left of the field. -. pressing < Enter>. Left-aligns column heading f or an alphabetic field and right -aligns column heading for a numeric fields. = Type . &P Adding or Removing Attributes and Colors To add or remove display attributes or colors on the Work Screen. == .

-. Display MSGCON field definition Type ? in the position preceding the field to show the Define Message Constant display. You can rename the field by changing the name on the last the position preceding the field (the attribute byte of the field) and type == where you want a copy of the field to appear. or type >>> after the field (over the first attribute byte). to shift the field left or right as far as the signs extend. Additional Features Extended field definition Type * in the position preceding the field (the attribute byte of the field) to add field-level attributes and keywords. file. Date and time keywords Type *DATE or *TIME to define special constants on the display where the system date and time will be automatically substituted.Type . == Type . and type == where you want a copy of the group of fields to appear. D Type D in the position preceding the field (the attribute byte of the field). Removing Fields Remove fields from the Work Screen by typing one of the following and pressing <Enter>DO NOT use the <Delete>key to delete items on the work screen: Blanks Type a blank in the position preceding the field (the attribute byte of the field). type . -. >>> Type <<< in the position preceding the field (the attribute byte of the field).in any position preceding the field. You can change the message number. <<<.in any position after the last field. and library. Subfile Field Definition You can define fields for a subfile similar to nonsubfile fields with the following considerations: . and over the entire field. Display field length and description Type ? in the position preceding the field to display field length and text or column heading description on the last row of the Work Screen.

. . Note that it isn't necessary to save a file after every RECORD created. PDM returns to the "Design Screens" menu shown above. .Create Display File Type choices. . These options will compile all the screen records in member SCRNMBR of file SRCFILE in library YOURLIB to a *FILE object called SCRNFIL in YOURLIB. . Anything you type is assumed to be a definition of the first record. <F15>is allowed only for subfile records. . . . . F4 for list Y=Yes Y=Yes F4 for prompt Name Name. . . . If create fails. . . Y=Yes Y=Yes 0. . Using the "6" option for a screen produces the following display: Save DDS .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . THE MODIFICATIONS WILL NOT BE SAVED. Submit create job in batch . Any field that you define for the subfile will appear the number of times specified by the SFLPAG keyword. . . . . . . . . .) followed by a prompt screen for values for the output fields. Library . . However.. . . Save generated DDS source . . . . . . . . . . Source file . . . . . . . . . Library . . . . press < F15>to display the subfile prompt line. . Member . . . 20. . To modify the values of the SFLPAG (number of records on the display) and SFLLIN (number of spaces between fields). press Enter. . . Y SRCFILE___ YOURLIB___ SCRNMBR___ Y Y SCRNFIL___ YOURLIB_ __ Y 20 Y QBATCH____ QGPL______ Y=Yes Name Name. . . . . display listing . . . . IF THIS OPTION IS NOT CHOSEN AFTER THE SCREEN DESIGN IS COMPLETE. Create file if DDS message severity (GENLVL) is less than . . . . . . . . This can be accomplished using the "Test Display Files" option from the initial SDA menu. . Replace existing file . . 10 . . . . . . . . . Choosing the "6" option on the Design Option line saves the source file for the screen and compiles it into a screen file which may be used by a program. . . . . . Job description . . . Replace existing member .y y y You can modify fields on the first record of the subfile. . Create display file . . . Several screens from a single member can be created before compilation. .. . . . . . . the file must be compiled before exiting SDA. It may be advantageous to test screen designs before using them with programs. . That file may then be used by user programs. 30 Y=Yes Name Name. . . . . . *LIBL . . . . (CRTDSPF) Display file . Compiling And Testing Screens Once the screen design is complete and <F3>is pressed.. F3=Exit F12=Cancel . .. . . . *LIBL . . *LIBL . . . . SDA displays the screen with the values supplied. . Library . The screen test program will request the name of a screen and display file (created using the compilation procedure above. .

However. > YOURLIB___ Name. . . . . . 256 -32767 F13=How to use this The above example is from a Pascal source member. . *NOLIST. other languages will have similar prompt displays. . Text 'description' . + for more values Language level . . . > TEST______ Name. . . . . > YOURLIB___ Name. . Library . . . . Called the EPM (Extended Program Model) debugger. . . *CURLIB . . *ANSI83. . . . . Source file . . .. . . . . . . *LIBL. . > TEST______ Name . . *SYSTEM String temporary threshold . . The source output is also useful as a hardcopy reference while the program is executing. . . . . *EXTENDED. it is necessary to prompt for more options by pressing <F10>. editing. . . . F3=Exit F4=Prompt display F24=More keys F5=Refresh *DEBUG____ *SOURCE___ *EXTENDED__ 2046____ F12=Cancel *LIST. . Library . *PGM . the source program must be compiled with the *DEBUG and *SOURCE options. . as the compiler adds its own line numbers to the source which will be necessary in referencing specific lines while using the debugger. To specify these options at compilation time. . include debugging information in the executable program (so the debugger has access to variable and routine names) and produce a source output listing from the compiler. . . Program . the AS/400 provides a facility to aid in the debugging of programs as they are running. .. . this tool allows the user to view and change the values of variables and step through the program by using breakpoints which interrupt program execution and return control to the debugger. *SRCMBRTXT_____________________________ Additional Parameters Compiler options . . . > SRCFILE___ Name . . respectively. . . Source member . which reveals the following screen: Create Pascal Program (CRTPASPGM) Type choices. . . *CURLIB . . This source output should be printed before starting the debugger. since the debugger does not list source lines as the program executes. press Enter. . and compiling programs. . To enter the compiler options. . . first prompt on the compile option on the Work with Members Using PDM display (or on the CRT___PGM command for the language of the source file) by pressing < F4>(PROMPT) with the "14" (COMPILE) option on the options line of the file you wish to compile. *CHECK. These will. . Starting the debugger Before using the debugger. . . . This will show the initial options screen for the compiler.Debugging Programs on the AS/400 In addition to the utilities provided for creating. . .

===> call YOURLIB/TEST You will notice that the program stops execution when the breakpoint is reached. the next step is to run the program using the CALL command.. Using the debugger The process of Debugging essentially consists of four phases: 1. Display the program variables with DSPPGMVAR command: . The simplest form of ADDBKP takes the following form: where n1. After the member has been compiled (assuming there are no errors in compilation. ===> addbkp stmt(n1 n2 .. ' addbkp stmt(10 20 30) ' will set the breakpoints at statements 10. Phase 2 (Add Breakpoints) A Breakpoint is a place in a program where the system stops the processing of that program and gives control to the display station user or to a specified program.Placing the *DEBUG and *SOURCE options on the "Compiler options" lines will cause the compiler to produce a source listing and place it in the output queue and will include debugging information in the output program.. you can check the values of the program variables as explained below: y y Press <F10>(command entry) on the 'Display Breakpoint' screen. 2. Pressing <Enter>once all options are entered will submit the compilation. n2 . You may specify 1 to 10 statement numbers where the breakpoint should occur. 20 and 30. n10) Phase 3 (Calling the Program) Once the breakpoints are set. n10 are the statement numbers where the breakpoint is to occur. This will take you to the command entry screen. 4. The command ADDBKP is used to set breakpoints. For example. that you intend to debug. 3. From the 'Display Break Point' screen. The program breaks before processing a statement specified as a breakpoint. Start the Debugger Add breakpoints Call the program to be debugged and End the Debugger These phases are discussed in detail below: Phase 1 (Start the Debugger) The command to start the debugger is: ===> strdbg YOURLIB/TEST where TEST is the program in library YOURLIB.) the source listing should be printed and used with the next steps..

or will terminate. Finally. Select Data/Parity Bits. it is very important that you end the Debugger. 3. 7.VT-100 to PS/2 (PC Support) Keyboard Mapping . Versions prior to V9. This may be done by pressing the S key. save the changes you have made to the SETUP so that you will not have to repeat this setup the next time you use PC-VT. Start PC-VT and immediately go into the setup by pressing CTRL-F1. Press <Enter>to resume execution of the program. Control is transferred back to the breakpoint. before you issue any other command. Select option 5. 9. so that they match those given below. This may be done by placing the cursor above each feature switch you wish to change and pressing the 6 key to toggle the switch to the correct value. You may use the <ESC>key to exit the setup mode and return to the emulator mode from which you may access the port selector. 8.===> dsppgmvar VARNAME where VARNAME is the variable name you intend to display.0 for use with the IBM AS/400 via a port selector connection.0. This may be done with menu option P. To exit the command entry press <F3>. 4. Select Modem Speed. Next set the data bits to 8 and the stop bits to 2. Confirm that your copy of PC-VT is V9. Ending the Debugger Once you are done with debugging. This may be done with menu option 7. the blocks of 4 characters at the bottom of the screen. Feature switch settings: 1 2101 2 0X11 3 0000 4 1110 5 0001 6 0110 7 1X10 8 000X 9 XXXX 0 XXXX 6. The command to do it is: ===> enddbg APPENDIX A .0 Terminal Setup Instruction The following should assist you in setting up PC-VT V9.Terminal Setup PC-VT 9. 5. you can check for as many variables as you want to from the command entry screen. This may be confirmed by starting PC-VT and noting the version number on the initial screen or by entering the setup A screen. 'Go to SETUP B'. You should next set the modem speed to 9600. The program will stop at the next breakpoint if any. You should now change the feature switches. 1. APPENDIX B . 2.0 will not support the cursor keys during an AS/400 session. y y Using the above command.

PS/2 Key Nam Micro -Term Key Sequence Typical use <F1><ESC>1 Help <F2><ESC>2 Switch View <F3><ESC>3 Exit <F4><ESC>4 Prompt <F5><ESC>5 Refresh Screen <F6><ESC>6 <F7><ESC>7 Roll Down <F8><ESC>8 Roll Up <F9><ESC>9 Get Previous Cmd <F10><ESC>0 Move to top <F11><ESC> List Toggle <F12><ESC>+ Cancel <F13><ESC>! or <ESC><SHIFT>1 User support <F14><ESC>@ or <ESC><SHIFT>2 <F15><ESC># or <ESC><SHIFT>3 <F16><ESC>$ or <ESC><SHIFT>4 Main menu <F17><ESC>% or <ESC><SHIFT>5 <F18><ESC>+ or <ESC><SHIFT>6 <F19><ESC>& or < ESC><SHIFT>7 Scroll left <F20><ESC>* or <ESC><SHIFT>8 Scroll right <F21><ESC>( or <ESC><SHIFT>9 <F22><ESC>) or <ESC><SHIFT>0 <F23><ESC>_ or <ESC><SHIFT> Scrl Option <F24><ESC>= or <ESC><SHIFT>= Scrl Menu <DEL><DEL> Delete chara cter <Shift><Insert><CTRL>d Duplicate <Enter><RETURN> Send screen <Backspace><ESC>i <Right Ctrl><LINEFEED> or <CTRL>j Field exit <Home><ESC>H <Insert><ESC><DEL> Insert mode <Page up><ESC>u <Page down><E SC>d <Shift><Pt Scn><CTRL>p Print Screen <Tab><TAB> Next field <Shift><Tab><ESC><TAB> Previous field <ESC><ESC>a or <CTRL>a Attention <Alt><F7><ESC>(grave accent) Ins. Getting Started . Special Char <ESC><CTRL>w Indicator Toggle <ESC><CTRL>a Refresh screen <Left Ctrl><ESC>r or <CTRL>r Reset term. the system will automatically return the user to the place where they left off. This facility is set up for the user to work through any topic he/she is interested in. <Alt><Pt Scn><ESC>s System Request APPENDIX C . This facility is self-paced so the user can work the modules when it is convenient. so the next time he/she is using education. err. using the bookmark utility to keep track of where the user has left off.Using On-line Education (EDU) Introduction Online education is a facility provided by IBM to assist the user in learning about the AS/400. which gives feedback on how much information the user retained from that module. There is a quiz at the end of most modules.

type the name of the printer you would like to send your printout to and press <Enter>. 6. Type 1 to select one of them <Enter>. you need to go through the quiz again to get to that screen. When the screen has been captured you will see a message at the bottom of your screen. which tells you that it has been sent to the default printer device. type a 2. From any command line type ==>STREDU <Enter> STREDU is an abbreviation for Start Education. Follow the directions and read each screen carefully. Your most recent screen print will be located at the bottom of the list and it will be titled QSYSPRT. change. To see a list of all started printers. This will give you a list of all started printers and from here you can select one by typing a 1 on . The COMS 175---Command Language audience path is customized for the CS175 class. To exit in the middle of a module press <F3> where this option is available. If you forget to get a screen print. Press the <Reset>(at the bottom left hand corner of the keyboard). Exit online education by pressing a series of <F3>keys until you have reached a command line. when you are finished with the quiz. or a combination of both. Next. This will give you a choice of exiting the module. At the Printer to use prompt. Select 4 to select an audience path for the course <Enter>. Select course <Enter> 3. to assigned to a printer. Select 5. This will change the status from not assigned to a printer. obtain a screen print of the screen that tells you how many you answered correctly on the first try. 7. To assign it to a printer. To Obtain a Screen Print Press the <SHIFT>and PRINT SCREEN key (towards the upper right hand corner of your keyboard) at the same time. press <F4>on this line. To check your screen print type WRKSPLF (work with your spool files).1. exiting and marking it complete or go to a topic/subtropic menu for the module. This can consist of questions from the module or examples that you walk through. you can either select 1 to start the first module in the selected audience path of the course or 3 to select any module < Enter>within the selected course. At the end of most modules. 2. and press <Enter>. There are several courses in online education but the most useful ones in terms of using the AS/400 are: o Tutorial Support System o Facilities and Implementation o Application Design and Development Tools Type 1 to select the desired course <Enter>. 4. You can select all modules or one of the listed categories. To display a description about a course select 8 in front of that particular course. 5. exiting and setting a bookmark. there is a quiz. to clear this message and continue your session. For the CS175 class.

2. o Does program need other programs . 2. C. Choose option 5 .How to program on an AS/400 The following outline details the basic steps of program development on the AS/400. If program gives a run-time error. some more appropriate than others depending on the situation.CRTSRCPF 3. APPENDIX D . Note if there are any warnings or errors or fatal errors. o Option 14 from the PDM lines. spool file. BAS. 3. 5. Compile the source member to attain object and compiled..if so create or attain. Work in program development manager  STRPDM  WRKLIBPDM  WRKOBJPDM  WRKMBRPDM 3.STRSEU 2. If there are errors or fatal errors go to to step III and correct. o CRT___PGM . Create a source physical file (optional) .DSPMSG Check spool file to see if any Fatal errors or warnings. Execute the program. Check for dependencies.. Move cursor to error description . 4.create a member.hit <F1> (help) 1. Setup area for source 1. For more information on printing. 4. Page to bottom of file. o Does program need data files . Press <Enter> to select this printer.if so create or attain them. Correct error. 1. o CALL library/programname o Option 16 from a WRKOBJPDM screen..where ___ can be CBL. Type source into physical file member. WRKSPLF 1. 2. Press <Enter>again to accept this printer. see the section "Printing Procedure" in this manual. Since there may be multiple ways to complete a task. In PDM: <F6> . Log in. 0. various ways of doing essentially the same thing are shown under each outline heading. Cross reference statement number with source line number with spool file WRKSPLF 3. Go to step III. Start source entry utility . Display message to see if completed successfully . Create a library (optional) .CRTLIB 2. 0. 1. If there are any warnings determine if they are important and if deemed so go to step III and correct.DISPLAY. PAS. . You will return to the screen where you pressed <F4>. Wait for compilation to complete. 4. etc.the line before the desired printer. Look for error and statement number. PAS.

subject matter. Reader's Comments Use this form to tell us what you think about this manual.06 Copyright Minnesota State University. Mankato © 1992. or if you want to express your opinion about it (such as organization. If you have found errors in it.1995 Last modified: Thu Sep 18 00:28:14 CDT 2003 Jeffrey Hundstad . Be sure to print your name and address below if you would like a reply.Log off. appearance) or make suggestions for improvement. this is the form to use.: Your Address: Your Comments: Version 2. After you have completed this form send it in the campus mail to: AS/400 Staff Computer Services Box 45 Today's Date: Your Name: Your Phone No.

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