Introductory Reference to the IBM AS/400

Introduction to the AS/400

The IBM Application System/400 popularly known as AS/400 is a family of mid-range business computing systems, that supersedes IBM's highly successful System/3X family. The AS/400 is available in three different types the 9402, 9404, and the 9406. Currently, here at Minnesota State University, Mankato, the Computer Services is supporting a dual processor IBM AS/400 9406 model D80, that contains 192 Megabytes of primary memory and 7.1 Gigabytes of mirrored secondary storage. The AS/400 systems exclusively use the IBM Operating System/400 (OS/400). It is a multi user operating system that works with the Licensed Internal Code (LIC) instructions to implement the functions that are basic to the AS/400 architecture. OS/400 can perform tasks under direct control of both the user and an application program. The AS/400 system differs from the traditional systems in several ways. They offer more compatibility across the product line since only one operating system and architecture is used consistently across the entire family. The system offers very high performance compared to the earlier System/3X computers. This is achieved by a combination of faster processors, extended storage and improved fixed disk systems. The software architecture is different from that of more traditional systems. Implementing functions such as security, database and communications in microcode, and providing a one-piece operating system resulted in improved efficiency, consistency and simplicity.

Now, to take a look into the highlights of the system
AS/400's standard functions plus the many communications options and supporting software provide users with flexibility for various communications environments. The AS/400 application programming interface provides some new capabilities not found in earlier operating systems. The basic architecture of AS/400 systems makes for a very productive program development environment. The built-in database and single-level storage provide high-level structures and consistency. This along with the programming tools available for AS/400 can increase programmer productivity. The programmer has the flexibility to choose one of the following programming languages for their application programs:
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BASIC

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C CL command language COBOL X3.23-1974 & X3.23-1985 FORTRAN Pascal PL/I REXX RPG II & III

The AS/400 marks a new beginning in the business computing world. This new generation of systems with advanced technology and advanced applications serve as a growth platform for the customer to expand in application, size and network complexity.

Signing On to the AS/400
PC Support/400
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Reboot the PC by pressing <Ctrl><Alt><Delete>at the same time. Press this key combination twice. Select the option that indicates PC Support and/or AS/400. Answer "Enter common user ID:" with your username Answer "Enter password for common user ID:" with your password. If there is a beep or a message press <Enter>to bypass the message. At this point you should have the following screen:
Sign On System . . . . . : MKTAS400 Subsystem . . . . : QINTER Display . . . . . : PCnnnnS1 User . . . . . . . Password . . . . . Program/procedure. Menu . . . . . . . Current library. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . __________ __________ __________ __________

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Type your username in the "User" blank. Press the <Tab>key. Type your password. The password will not be displayed. Press the <Enter>key.

If for some reason you can not longer type, press the <Reset>key. On the Microterms or PCVT this would be the <Esc>key then R. On PC Support/400 this would be the left <Ctrl>key. If this is the first time you signed on continue with the Changing your password section of this manual.

Changing Your Password
The first time you log on the AS/400 you will be forced to change your password before continuing.
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Press <Enter>to change your password. At the "Current Password" field, type `xx' followed by the last six digits of your social security number (ie. xx999999) NOTE: nothing you type on this screen will be displayed to ensure that no one views your password as you type it. Press <Tab>or <Field Exit>. For the "New Password" field, type the password you would like to use when you sign on to the computer. It must not exceed 10 characters, it must begin with a alphabetic character and the remaining characters may be any combination of alphabetic, numeric characters. Note: Try not to make it too difficult, you will need to know it to sign on the AS/400 again. Press <Tab>or <Field Exit> At the "New Password (to verify)" field, type in your new password for a second time to make sure you have entered it correctly. If you have entered it incorrectly you will get an error message and your initial password will still be `xx' followed by the last four digits of your social security number. Press <Enter> Upon completion, the following message will be displayed: Password changed successfully Read the following screens, pressing <Enter>to exit each one, until you reach the AS/400 Main Menu screen.

Later on when you want to change your password, type CHGPWD on the command line and go through the same steps.

Signing Off of the AS/400
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Press <F3>until you see a command prompt, ===>. At the command prompt type SIGNOFF.

Getting Online Help
AS/400 provides extensive On-line help, and a simple method of accessing the help information. On-line help information is provided for all system displays. The type of help provided depends on the location of the cursor. For all displays, the following information is provided:
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What the display is used for How to use the display How to use the command line if there is one How to use the entry fields and parameter line if any What function keys are active and what they do.

If the <Help>key is pressed when the cursor is in an area where specific on-line help information is available, the help text for that area of the display is shown. If the <Help>key is pressed when the cursor is in an area for which no specific information is available, information for the entire display is shown. Then you can page forward or backward through the information for the entire display and for each area. If the <Help>key is pressed while a help display is shown, a description of the types of help that are available on the displays, and how to get each type of help is shown. The <Help>key on the PC Support stations is labeled <Scroll Lock>. On the VT -100 or PCVT stations the key sequence for < Help>is <ESC>h. If <F11>=Search index is shown at the bottom of the display, you can press <F11>to see the Search Help Index display. On that display, you can request information about any topic you specify.

STRSCHIDX
The start search index command is used when you would like to get help on a specific or general topic. To use the index search facility type STRSCHIDX and hit <Return>. Type your subject topic, or topics on the bottom subject line. When you hit <Return>again your topic will be searched for and the topics found will be displayed on the screen above the topic line. To display the information you are looking for type 5 in the option field by the topic line press <Return>. To get out of the index search facility press <F3>until exited.

CD-ROM Manuals
If you are attached to the AS/400 using PC Support/400 you have the ability to look at a hypertext version of a subset of the complete AS/400 manual set. To start the hypertext book reader type the command MANUALS at any AS/400 prompt. This guide is laid out like a library. The library contains bookshelves. These bookshelves contain books. For example our library contains a bookshelf name Languages. We select the bookshelf by using the arrow keys to place the highlighted cursor over it and press <Enter>. On this bookshelf there are several books on languages. One of the books is titled "COBOL/400 Reference". Once again we use the arrows and cursor to select the item. Now that we have the book it opens up a "Table of Contents" for the book. By using this search and select procedure you can look through the book like a book you'd check out at the library.

More Help
There are three ways to get help on the READ/DOS book reader (AS/400 command MANUALS):
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Start the book reader and select the bookshelf entitled BookManager READ/DOS. Press <F1>anywhere you're in question about your current options. Press <Alt>h (or <F10>h) and select the appropriate help selection for your current problem.

Using the Prompt Facility
AS/400 provides interactive command prompting for any command supplied with the system or created by the user. On the command entry screen notice the option F4 = Prompt at the bottom of the screen. You can type the command name only, and press <F4>to see the prompt display for the command. Usually, a command may require many parameters before it can be executed. The prompt displays provide a convenient method of supplying that parameter information. For example, type SNDMSG on any command line and press <F4>. The following prompt display is shown:
Send Message (SNDMSG) Type choices, press Enter. Message text . . . . . . . . . . ________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________ _______________________ ___________________________________________________ __________________________________ To user profile . . . . . . . . . __________ Name , *SYSOPR, *ALLACT...

F3=Exit F4=Prompt F5=Refresh F10=Additional parameters F12=cancel F13=How to use this display F24=More keys

To execute the command, supply the required information for Message text and user profile and press <Enter>. Most of the parameters used on commands have default values that are used if no other value is specified. You may change the default values if you desire to do so. If <F4>= Prompt is shown on the prompt display, you can press < F4>to request a list of predefined values (such as *SYSOPR and *ALLACT in the above display) that are permitted in the field where the cursor is currently positioned. In relation to the SNDMSG command, you can use DSPMSG at any time to display messages in your message queue.

Organization of OS/400 Objects
Objects
On the AS/400, everything that can be stored or retrieved is stored in an object. Examples of objects are libraries, files, executable programs, queues, and more. Objects share some common attributes such as name, type, size, description, date created, and owner. The concept of an object allows the system to perform certain standard operations, such as authorization management, on all objects types. The object types that we will be primarily concerned with in this manual are:
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*LIB Libraries

the system master library. It is similar to the "root" or top-level directory on Unix. A source physical file is actually a special type of data physical file. In this manual. There are two types of database files: 1. This description is then compiled to produce a *FILE object with attribute PF-DTA. However. A source physical file has the attribute "PFSRC". physical files 2. such as an input file to a program. for example the source statements of a Pascal or COBOL program. This record format is defined using Data Description Specifications (DDS is a language that is used to describe database files to the system). and 6 for the date field. The CRTSRCPF command creates a physical file with attributes appropriate for source physical files. or a group of related records that are handled as a unit. In conventional terms. MS-DOS. that contains a group of objects. we are primarily interested in two kinds of physical files: 1. source physical files. Files A file is an object. It is usually created using the "Create Source Physical File" (CRTSRCPF) command (more information about this command will be given later). 2. A library is an object. System supplied libraries NOTE:all IBM-supplied library names begin with the letter "Q" or "#" 3. A source physical file (*FILE PF-SRC) contains source statements. the default record length is 92 (80 for the source data field. a data physical file is a data file. QSYS . 6 for the sequence number field. device data. There are basically three general categories of libraries: 1. of type *LIB. we are primarily concerned with database files. that contains data in the form of a database. In this manual. A data physical file normally has a record format. It has a fixed-length record format.) . which "contains" all libraries on the system). and VAX/VMS.the library that contains all other libraries. logical files. a library cannot "contain" other libraries (with the exception of QSYS.y y y *FILE Files *PGM Compiled programs *OUTQ Output queues Libraries Every object is contained in a library. A data physical file (*FILE PF-DTA) contains data that cannot be compiled. An interesting implication of the non-hierarchical nature of libraries is that two users cannot have libraries with the same name. A physical file contains actual data stored on the system. unlike these systems. Refer to the section on the SEU editor for the meanings of these fields. for example an employee master file. of type *FILE. data physical files 2. For example. User-created libraries.

These members are not objects themselves but subsets of an object. for example. Members have an attribute associated with them. you may choose to include source members of different types belonging to the same application in the same PF-SRC file. __________ Type options. SRCFILE___ YOURLIB___ Position to . Once. . For example. 2=Edit 7=Rename Opt __ __ __ __ __ Member NAMEEMP CLPRO G RPGPROG EMPMAST SCRNMBR 3=Copy 4=Delete 8=Display description Type LF CLP RPG PF DSPF Text Sample Sample Sample Sample Sample 5=Display 9=Save 6=Print 13=Change text . In a PF-SRC file. . Although.The data records in a data physical file can be grouped into members. and "QCLSRC" for the various PF-SRC files. .. for example. In a data physical file (PF-DTA). a member has been specified as having an attribute of CBL (for COBOL program. as in the above example. SEU.) the AS/400 editor. . You may also use the standard IBM-supplied names such as "QRPGSRC". in the above example. it "knows" that it should invoke the COBOL compiler. An example of a PF SRC file and its members is shown below (we will explain how to get to this screen in the section on PDM): Work with Members Using PDM File . . This attribute is specified when creating the member. However. you will probably want to store source programs of the same type in a separate source physical file. DDS Source for a Logical File Control Language Source Program RPG Source Program DDS Source for a Physical File DDS Source for a Display File Parameters or command ===> ___________________________________________________________ F3=Exit F9=Retrieve F4=Prompt F10=Command entry F5=Refresh F23=More options F6=Create F24=More keys The name of the source physical file is SRCFILE. Library . . "RPGSRC" and DDS source in a PFSRC file called. . a PF-DTA file will only have one member (by default. press Enter. A data physical file may contain one or more members. . . and allows compilation to be totally automatic. . . and when PDM (Program Development Manager) is given the instruction to compile the file. and it is contained in the library YOURLIB. which in the case of PF-SRC members. source members of different types are stored in the same source physical file. will format the program as a COBOL program. "DDSSRC". This implies that all members of an object share the same basic characteristics with the other members in the object such as ownership and security. the member's name is the . for example. each member contains source statements for a program or DDS source. you may want to keep all your RPG source programs in a PF-SRC file called. determines how the various systems programs (such as the editor and compilers) on the AS/400 treat the member.. "QDDSSRC". the member(s) contains data for use by programs. Normally.

when a COBOL source program is compiled. However. A data logical file is described to the system using DDS. A data logical file (*FILE LF-DTA) is a data file that contains no actual data. each month's data can be processed separately by processing one member at a time. Another *FILE object type that you may encounter in your programming courses is the device file. whenever something is printed. a *FILE object with the attribute LF-DTA is produced. One way of defining and creating a display file is with the Screen Design Aid (SDA) utility. the difference between "source" and "data" in regards to data physical files. When the DDS source is compiled. It is similar to the concept of a "view" in SQL. contains DDS source that defines a physical file. Other Object Types A program object (*PGM) is a compiled program. In this way. A device file contains a description how data is to be presented to a program from a device or vice versa. but provides a different method of viewing the data of an accompyning data physical file(s) which it internally references. A display file describes what information is to be displayed and where it is to be displayed on the screen of a display station. The spooled file stays in the output queue until it is directed to a printer or removed. The relationships between the various objects that have been discussed in this section are as follows: QSYS (*LIB) [special library] | | contains | Library (*LIB) | . The name of the output queue is normally the same as that of your user profile. When this source member is compiled (using CRTPF or option 14 in the "Work with Members using PDM" screen). at this point. An important object type on the AS/400 is the output queue (*OUTQ). is not an object itself but a subset of an object. it will produce a *FILE object with attribute PF-DTA. A printer file can be created using the "Create Printer File" (CRTPRTF) command.same as the file name). it produces an object with a type of *PGM with the attribute CBL. It is important to understand. it is possible to include multiple members in a single PFDTA file. Refer to the section "Printing Procedure" in this manual for more information on printing spooled files. "EMPMAST". like a member. For instance. On the AS/400. For example. the "PF" member. you may want to group the records in a sales transactions file so that each member contains data for each month. A spooled files. An output queue has already been created for you with the creation of your user profile. the output goes to an output queue and it stays there as a spooled file. A printer file describes the attributes that printed output will have. This compiled object is the actual file that is used to hold data records. such as the length and width of a printed page. Two common types of device files are printer files (*FILE PRTF) and display files (*FILE DSPF). The attribute for a *PGM object indicates the language the program was written in. In the "Work with Members using PDM" screen above.

we will create another library and use this library as an example throughout the manual. Member(s) | | [Reorginized data] Source Data Physical Physical File File (PF-SRC) (PF -DTA) | | contains | | contains | | Member(s) Member(s) [Program source] [Actual Data] Creating a Library A library has already been created for during user profile creation. . . The name of this library is normally the same as that of your user profile.^--. In this section. . Create Library (CRTLIB) Type choices. the library that has the same name as that as your user profile. . to store all your application objects. . | | | | Programs (*PGM) Outqueues (*OUTQ) Files (*FILE) Other [Executable] | | objects | contains | Spooled Files | [Output intended for Printer] | | . . . Library type . .------^-----.-----------------. . | | Physical Data Logical file file (PF) (LF -DTA) | ^ contains .| contains | . . . . .---------------. To create a library.+----^----------------. . . . Note that you can use your default library. press Enter.e. F3=Exit F4=Prompt F5=Refresh F13=How to use this display YOURLIB__ Name *PROD____ *PROD. Text 'descrip tion' . . . .. Type in the name of the library and enter a brief description for the library. *TEST Sample_Library__________________ F10=Additional parameters F24=More keys F12=Cancel .--------. . Leave the library type as *PROD (a production library is one that is used for normal processing). . . . Library . type the CRTLIB ("Create Library") on a command line and press <F4>to prompt on it. . . i. .

. . If you get this message.. . . . . *CURLIB 92_______ Number *NONE_____ Name. If you see the message "Library . *NONE.. Your default library. . You can display your library list by typing DSPLIBL and press <Enter> on a command line. SRCFILE___ Name YOURLIB___ Name. The following is the library list for the user "JOHNDOE". press Enter. already exists". . . is automatically included in your library list. . . . . if desired Text 'description' . . type CRTSRCPF and press <F4> to prompt on it. . Creating a Source Physical File Now. . . .. that is the library that has the same name as that as your user profile. . created in library . Create Source Physical File (CRTSRCPF) Type choices. . It specifies which libraries are to be searched and the order in which they are searched when the system looks for an object. created". . . . . Below... Library .. . . . Press < Enter> and you should see the message "File .. Display Library List System: MKTAS400 .Press <Enter>. . let's create a source physical file in the library that we have just created. . . *FILE Sample_Source_File___________________ F10=Additional parameters F24=More keys F12=Cancel F3=Exit F4=Prompt F5=Refresh F13=How to use this display Library Lists You may have noticed in the previous screen that the "Library" field defaults to the value *CURLIB. . . Other commands that operate on libraries are: y y y DSPLIB (Display Library) DLTLIB (Delete Library) WRKLIB (Work with Library). meaning the current library. . . . we first explain what a library list is. You should see a message at the bottom of the screen saying "Library . we show the display for creating a source file called "SRCFILE" in the library "YOURLIB". . . File . . Member. . A library list is similar in concept to the "PATH" in Unix and MS-DOS." at the bottom of your screen. Record length . Note: All libraries are on the same "level" with only QSYS above them.. The current library is tied closely to the concept of a library list. try another name for the library. . . Supply the names for the source file and the library that will hold it. . A default library list is automatically created by OS/400 for each job started by a user. it means that some other user already has a library by the same name. . . Before we discuss what the current library is. A library list is identified by the value *LIBL. To create a source physical file.

pre ss Enter. the libraries in the library list are searched for the object (starting with the system libraries. This is because "YOURLIB" is currently not in the library list. As you can see.Type options. In addition. type the "Add Library List Entry" (ADDLIBLE) command. If. assume that the user "JOHNDOE" has an executable program (*PGM object) called "TESTPROG" in the library "YOURLIB". Some user libraries. user portion which consists of libraries that holds user objects. such as QTEMP. the library "JOHNDOE"). For example. A message will appear stating that the program is not found in the library list. is the library that has the same name as your user profile (in this case. QGPL. followed by the library name (or prompt on the command) ADDLIBLE YOURLIB . If "JOHNDOE" now issues the the unqualified CALL command. however. "TESTPROG" is qualified by "YOURLIB" as CALL YOURLIB/TESTPROG then the program can be found and executed. the user can create their own libraries and add them to their library list. The current library is the first user library that is searched before the rest of the user libraries in the list.. the program can now be located and executed since the library that contains the program is now in the library list.created by SQL F3=Exit F12=Cancel F17=Top F18=Bottom Note that you may not have all the libraries in the above list. You can edit your library list using the EDTLIBL command and remove a library list entry using . a library list is divided into three parts: system portion which consists of the libraries that are required to run system functions current library which by default. 5=Display objects in library Opt __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ Library QSYS QHLPSYS QUSRSYS JOHNDOE QTEMP QGDDM QGPL QMSU QPAS MBNLQ ONLINE Type SYS SYS SYS CUR USR USR USR USR USR USR USR Text System Library *IN USE JOHN DOE's default library GENERAL PURPOSE LIBRARY MSU generated commands and programs Common Library for MBNLQ . To add a library to the library list. and the user libraries). COLLECTION . User "JOHNDOE" wants to run the program (using the CALL command) and issues the command CALL TESTPROG . the current library. and QGDDM come with the system while others are locally supplied. If a user does not specify a library name when requesting an operation on an object.

Object attribute . *ALL. that both commands (ADDLIBLE and CHGCURLIB) are only effective for a particular session.) which will produce a menu of options for the level on which the user wishes to work (libraries. . compilation and program execution. editing. . Type WRKOBJPDM and press <F4> to prompt on it. Library . . . .the RMVLIBLE command. Note. . . . *PRV. This allows the user to work with objects inside a library. . Using the Program Development Manager (PDM) The Program Development Manager (PDM) is a set of utilities under OS/400 designed to simplify the creation and development of software.) or using one of three commands which indicate the level at which the user would like to work: y y y WRKLIBPDM -. . . F3=Exit F4=Prompt F24=More keys F5=Refresh F12=Cancel F13=How to use this display The *PRV value on the "Library" field indicates that the default is to work on the library the user last worked with. however. . Next time. "YOURLIB" can be made the current library by typing CHGCURLIB YOURLIB .Work with libraries using PDM WRKOBJPDM -. It automates file and member creation.. Some commands automatically default to the current library (*CURLIB). The . These may be replaced with the name of a specific library. . . . . name. when "JOHNDOE" signs on. . . *PRV. . *PRV______ *ALL______ *ALL______ *ALL______ *PRV.. . *ALRTBL. . . . *generic. objects. "YOURLIB" will no longer be in their library list and hence. attribute... . Starting PDM PDM may either be started using the command STRPDM (for Start PDM. and allows the programmer to manage their environment from a set of standard menus. no longer the current library. . *CURLIB name. .Work with objects using PDM WRKMBRPDM -. In the section "Steps in Developing a Program". . . *PRV. Object type . . . *AUTL.. press Enter. . . . . *generic. . . . Object . or members. we will create an "initial program" that will automatically run these commands when a user signs on the system. such as the CRTSRCPF command. Work with Objects Using PDM (WRKOBJPDM) Type choices. .Work with file members using PDM Work with Objects One of the most commonly used commands to start PDM is WRKOBJPDM. .

. see Table 1 at the end of this section. Type options. . . press Enter. is shown below. . *ALRTBL. . . Type WRKOBJPDM and prompt with <F4>.. . . . there should be just one object in the library. . *generic*. . . F3=Exit F4=Prompt F24=More ke ys F5=Refresh F12=Cancel F13=How to use this display The screen resulting from command WRKOBJPDM. *AUTL. . *PRV. Work with Objects Using PDM (WRKOBJPDM) Type choices. . . . . .. __________ Position to type . . . . PDM Options Options are displayed across the top of the screen (for a list of all the options available in PDM. . press Enter.. Object . *PRV. . name. and *ALL on the other options. . . . __________ 4=Delete 9=Save Attribute PF -SRC 5=Display 10=Restore 7=Rename 11=Move . . . . *generic. . This method of specifying actions on a form listing the objects available is consistent throughout PDM. . 2=Change 3=Copy 8=Display description Opt __ Object SRCFILE Type *FILE Text Sample Source File Bottom Parameters or command ===> ________________________________________________________________ F3=Exit F9=Retrieve F4=Prompt F10=Command entry F5=Refresh F23=More options F6=Create F24=More keys Presently. . . *CURLIB na me. . . the source physical file "SRCFILE" that you have just created. Library . . . . YOURLIB___ *ALL______ *ALL______ *ALL______ *PRV. Object type . Work with Objects Using PDM Library ."Object" and "Object type" options allow the user to limit which objects will be displayed. . . . . Object attribute . attribute. . . . . . . . *PRV. . . with the library specified as YOURLIB. . *ALL. YOURLIB___ Position to ..) Each option is an action which may be performed on an object by placing its number on the "Opt" line next to the object and pressing the < Enter> key.. ..

assume we have two source files in "YOURLIB". . allowing the user to work with spooled files. press Enter. File Position to . . If the item is of type *PGM. . You can type "5" (Display) against one and type "7" (Rename) against the other. YOURLIB___ __________ Type options. . To use the prompting facility. .) If the item is of type *OUTQ. 2=Edit 7=Rename Opt Member 3=Copy 4=Delete 8=Display description Type Text 5=Display 6=Print 9=Save 13=C hange text . Placing a 12 on the line next to an item on this display will: y y y If the item is of type *FILE. When working with a source physical file at this level. SRCFILE___ Library .There are two important special features which this method of specifying actions offers: First. the "2=change" option is no longer valid.. simply press <F4> while an option number is on one of the "Opt" lines. . Type "12" against "SRCFILE" to work with it. More on PDM levels Moving down levels in PDM is accomplished using the "12" (Work With. go to the WRKMBRPDM display for that file (there are different types of WRKMBRPDM displays for source and data files. Work with Members The WRKMBRPDM display is the bottom level of PDM.. and second. option 2 runs the STRSEU command to begin editing a member and 14 calls the compiler for a program of that type (if specific compiler options are needed. PDM will present the prompt screen for the command associated with that option number. pressing <Enter> or <F12> (cancel) with no options on the screen returns to the previous level. . the "18" option may be invoked to modify the file using DFU (Data File Utility). for instance the *DEBUG option to include debugging information in the program. The following "Work with Members using PDM" screen appears: Work with Members Using PDM .. change its attributes. .) option. For example. the options support the prompting facility. present a display allowing the user to call the program.) When this method of changing levels is used. At the WRKOBJPDM screen. the action of this option depends on the file type. multiple objects may be operated on in succession. Pressing <Enter> causes PDM to process each option in turn. Multiple objects may be operated on sequentially by placing numbers on more than one Opt line. (programs may also be called from the WRKOBJPDM screen by using the 16 option..) When working with a physical data file. go to the "Work With Output Queue" display. . However. . . . etc. remember that the prompting facility may be invoked on any PDM option.

BASP. . . Later on. . .. . . name *PRV. . . *PRV *LIBL. press <F6> (Create). . . . press <F3> to quit and type "Y" in the "Change/Create member" field to save the source member. SRCMBR____ Source type . Enter the name of the new source member and for its source type. To do that. . . . name. . . .. *PRV *PRV. . Start Source Entry Utility (STRSEU) Type choices. . .. . . . . .. . . you will notice that "SRCMBR" is now in "SRCFILE". Type this command and press <F4> to prompt on it. . .. . in the section on SEU we will use this source member. *CURLIB. . . Text 'description' . . . . . . Member . . enter "TXT" (i. . . . This will automatically invoke the SEU editor. . . Library . Member type . > YOURLIB___ Source member . Work with Members Using PDM (WRKMBRPDM) Type choices. . . . . . . . . . . . press Enter. *generic.e. File . . . Name. . The "Work with Members using PDM" screen can be accessed directly using the WRKMBRPDM command. Bottom F3=Exit F4=Prompt F24=More keys F5=Refresh F12=Cancel F13=How to use this display You will now be inside the SEU editor. Source file . there are no members in "SRCFILE". . *SELECT *SAME. To work with the member that we have just created. . . . Let's create a member. . type. . *CURLIB *PRV. . . press Enter. > SRCFILE___ Library . enter the names of the library and file as shown below. SRCFILE___ YOURLIB___ *ALL______ *ALL______ *PRV. . . . Name. Press <Enter> . you can use the "Member" and/or "Member Type" fields to narrow down the number of members to work with. . . . . For now. . Name. .. . . . *LIBL. TXT_______ C. . . the source member will contain only plain text). . . . If you have many members in your file.(No members in file) Parameters or command ===> ________________________________________________________________ F3=Exit F9=Retrieve F4=Prompt F10=Command entry F5=Refresh F23=More options F6=Create F24=More keys Presently. BAS. Sample_Source_Member____________________ Name. . . *PRV. On return to the WRKMBRPDM screen. . *generic. name. . .

the WRKLIBPDM command lets you work with a library or libraries. or member Recall a previous command to the command line Display an OS/400 command entry screen Switch to/from brief display mode Cancel an operation Copy an option number to all lines Switch between date and type display in PF -SRC Cha nge member list sort criteria Specify user -defined commands to PDM Limit the list on the screen to certain types Change PDM user settings Print the object list on the screen Display more PDM option numbers. if available Control Language Command Syntax .) 2: 3: 4: 5: 6: 7: 8: 9: 10: 11: 12: 13: 14: 15: 16: 17: 18: 25: Change Copy Delete Display Print Rename Display Descrip.F3=Exit F4=Prompt F24=More keys F5=Refresh F12=Cancel F13=How to use this display Work with Libraries Briefly. You can work with the contents of a library by typing 12 against it. You will probably use this command least among the three PDM commands. if available Display more function keys. Save Restore Move Work With Change Text Compile Copy File Run Change Using SDA Change Using DFU Find String Modify an obj ect or edit a source member Duplicate an object Remove an object from storage Display the contents of an object Copy a source member to an output queue Change an object's name Show summary information about an object Save an object to offline storage Retrieve an object from offline storage Move an object to another library Perform operations on the contents of an object Change the text description line for an object Compile a source physical file member Copy a *FILE object (has special options) Run an object of type *PGM Change a screen design (in a PF -SRC) using SDA Use DFU to change a PF -DTA member Find a s tring of characters in an object Table 2: Function Keys in PDM F1: F3: F4: F5: F6: F9: F10: F11: F12: F13: F14: F15: F16: F17: F18: F21: F23: F24: Help Exit Prompt Refresh Create Retrieve Command Entry Display Toggle Cancel Repeat Source Type Toggle Sort User Options Subset Change Defaults Print List More Options More Keys Obtain help on an area of PDM Exit PDM or current operation Display prompt screen for options on screen Redraw the screen with updated information Create a library. file. Table 1: Options in PDM (Some options may not be valid at some levels. This will bring up the "Work with Objects using PDM" screen for that library.

Move o RMV .Retrieve o RVK . A command is made made up of two components: 1.Remove item o RST . SLTCMD CR* will list all commands starting with CR).Create o DLT .Set o SND .Revoke o SET .Work with Objects Using PDM STRPDM .Send o STR . A command may have some parameters that are required and some that are optional. The command GO CMDxxx can be used to get a menu of commands related to xxx (where xxx can be a verb or subject). This will bring up the "Command Grouping Menu" where each option represents a group of related commands.Restore o RTV . a CL command is a way of of invoking functions and calling system services.Create Source Physical File WRKOBJPDM . a SUBJECT.The purpose of this section is to provide a more formal presentation of CL commands.Work with The subject component of the command specifies the item that the verb acts on. one. A CL command is made up of two parts: (1) a command name and (2) parameters.Start PDM ADDLIBLE . Command Structure First.Copy o CRT .Add Library List Entry CL commands can be found in several ways. Parameters A CL command can have zero. The first option SLTCMD ("Select Command by Name") can be used to obtain a list of commands using a wildcard character (e.Delete o DSP . Some examples of verb/subject combinations are: y y y y CRTSRCPF .Add Item o CHG . or more parameters.Grant o MOV . A system-defined default value . Another way of finding commands is to press <F4> on any command line. a VERB and 2. The verb consists of three characters and is the "action" component of the command. Some common verbs and their meanings are shown below: o ADD .Change o CPY . As you would probably know by now.Start (a program or utility) o WRK . let's consider the command name.Stop a program which was started with a STR o GRT .g.Display item o END .

Another way of specifying parameters is the free format or command line method. we have been using the <F4> prompt facility for specifying parameters. can be entered in the position of that parameter. WRKOBJPDM LIB(YOURLIB) OBJ(SRCFILE) There must not be any blanks between the keyword and the left parenthesis. which in this case is *ALL. If the reference is to a file in a specific library. Using the SEU Editor Introduction The IBM AS/400 provides an integrated set of Application Development Tools (ADT) to design. WRKOBJPDM YOURLIB *N *FILE *N will map to the default value for that parameter. Parameters in keyword form can be specified in any order. a combination of both. The above example can be specified in positional form as follows WRKOBJPDM YOURLIB SRCFILE . the following is invalid WRKOBJPDM LIB(YOURLIB) SRCFILE . for example WRKMBRPDM YOURLIB/SRCFI LE MBRTYPE(TXT) . the following command will display all objects of type *FILE in the library YOURLIB. the file name must be qualified with a slash. For example. You may want to use this method if you remember exactly what parameter information is needed for a command. develop and maintain applications. So far in this manual. The parameter values must be positionally matched with the keywords in the parameter set for that command. Note that when using the WRKMBRPDM command. "/". keyword form.(prefixed by "*") is usually assigned to an optional parameter if the user does not specify a value for it. or 3. Positional parameters are often limited to the first three or four parameters. is omitted. For example. 2. For example. Note that the "Member" parameter. the file name and library name fields are actually one parameter (a file name plus a library qualifier). Using this method. A CL command can use a combination of both positional and keyword parameters. parameters can be specified in: 1. which is in between the second and third parameters in the parameter set. A parameter that is specified in keyword form will have a keyword followed immediately by a value (or list of values). positional form. One such tool is the Programming Development Manager (PDM) that offers the following: . the system-defined value. character in both keyword and positional forms WRKMBRPDM YOURLIB/SRCFILE SRCMBRWRKMBRPDM FILE(YOURLIB/SRCFILE) MBR(SRCMBR) If only the file name is specified. In the positional form. If you do not want to specify a value for one of the parameters. *N. parameters are specified without keywords. One restriction of this mixed form of specifying parameters is that positional parameters cannot follow keyword parameters. as in the following statement WRKMBRPDM SRCFILE the library qualifier will default to the library list (*LIBL).

.. Type 2 on the "Opt" line to edit the source member "SRCMBR".. The "Work with members" screen shows up... Columns . 4 .. You are now in the full-screen EDIT mode. 3 ... 3 ..+. 1 .. In this SEU tutorial.. .: 1 80 SEU==> _______________________________________________________ FMT ** Edit SRCMBR .... You can also reach this screen by typing WRKMBRPDM (Work with members using PDM) on any command line and pressing <F4> .+. Starting the Editor Type STRPDM (Start Program Development Manager) on any command line. *************** Beginning of data ********************************* ****************** End of data ************************************ F3=Exit F10=Top F4=Prompt F11=Bottom F5=Refresh F24=More keys . .+.. 5.. Extendable interface to tools through user-defined options... 1 ...+... 4 . Press <Enter> .. List-oriented selection of items for development or maintenance. and press <Enter> . 6 . Another tool is the Source Entry Utility (SEU) that offers a full screen editor providing syntax checking of source statements.......... ..+.y y y Integrated application development environment..+.: 1 80 SEU==>_______________________________________________________ FMT ** ''''''' ''''''' ''''''' ''''''' ''''''' ''''''' ''''''' ****************** End of data *********** ************************ F3=Exit F10=Top F4=Prompt F11=Bottom F5=Refresh F24=More keys Edit SRCMBR . In either case...+.+...+. PDM is one tool that may be used to access the SEU. we will use the source member we created in the previous section... *************** Beginning of data ******************************** If you press <Enter> without typing anything. ... supply the necessary source file (SRCFILE) and library (YOURLIB) information and press Enter.. Choose option 3 to Work with members. . 2 . 5. 2 .....+.+... the screen readjusts as shown: Columns .+. 6 .+.+. The PDM menu is displayed.... .

To save the current member and exit SEU follow the following procedure 'Exiting the Editor.+. The exit display shows up: Exit Type choices. *************** Beginning of data ********************************* 0001.00 End First Block....+... 2 .00 ****************** End of data ************************************ Notice the sequence numbers of records at the extreme left. . 4 .. ... 5. N=No ..+.: 1 80 Edit SRCMBR SEU==> ____________ _____________________________________________ FMT ** .+....00 Text for second block ..00 Begin Second Block..+.. .+.... 1 .' Exiting the Editor To exit SEU press <F3>. The sequence number field of a record is used to specify the line commands.+.+... . .Type I (for insert) on the first line as shown and press <Enter> . ... . 0002..00 0007. Below... 4 . I *************** Beginning of data ********************************* ****************** End of data ************************************ Now. . 0009....00 0003... 6 ..00 Begin First Block. Change/create member ....+. 5.. 0006....00 THIS IS A TEXT DOCUMENT.. we show a sample TEXT document that will be used in the next section for illustrating the use of various SEU line commands.00 End Second Blo ck.+.00 Text for the first block ... 0008. 0004.+.. Columns ... .. you may start typing in the desired text. For more information on line commands see 'Using SEU line commands'. 6 . . 3 .. 0005. Y Y=Yes.+.... ....+. 2 . 3 . Columns . 1 . press Enter. .: 1 80 Edit SRCMBR SEU==> _______________________________________________________ FMT ** .. 0010..+...

. Return to editing . . . . . . otherwise N. . . . . . . . command C is used to copy lines. . . . . . Use the tab keys to position the cursor at the desired member. . . . N=No N Y=Yes. . note the following: y y y If you have decided not to quit the editor. This returns you back to the editing mode. The edit display for this member is shown: . . SRCMBR____ Name SRCFILE___ Name YO URLIB___ Name Description_for_the_member. .9999. . type WRKMBRPDM YOURLIB/SRCFILE on any command line._____ Y Y=Yes. . . Using Line Commands SEU supports various line commands that guide us in editing an existing member. . . . reach the 'Work with members using PDM' display. and then you decide to cancel it. . . . . . . File . . . . The default values supplied for most of the options above are self-explanatory. . . For example.01 . . The screen for editing that member will show up. . . . . However. . if syntax errors do persist. . . . . . Resequence member Start . Go to member list . In the following discussion. if your member did not have any syntax errors. Print member . . command M for moving lines and so on. if the member is modified. . . . . . .Member . . . . . . . F3=Exit . . To edit a member that has already been created. N=No 0001. . . . . . N=No N Y=Yes.00___ 0000. and press < Enter> . N=No F5=Refresh F12=Cancel If you wish to save the changes you have made. .99 N Y=Yes. . . . . . The default value for 'Change/create member' is Y. . . and type option 2. . . type option 2 in front of member SRCMBR and press <Enter> . However. Text . . . . you may simply press < Enter> .00____ 00. . Note: If you type a line command. The default value for 'Return to editing' option is N. Library . the system supplies Y in this field and returns back to the editing mode ( unless you explicitly type N and force it to exit ). use <F5> to refresh the screen. . . . Increment . . . . . y y Use the command WRKMBRPDM as explained in the previous section.01 . a sample TEXT document is used to illustrate the use of the various commands. For example. The SEU line commands are entered over the digits that make up the sequence number of a record. . to edit the member SRCMBR created before. . .99. . . . . From the "Work with members using PDM" display. . press <F12> to cancel the exit display. . . Type N in this field only if you do not want to save changes made to your member. .99 01. .

. . Begin First Block.: 1 71 Edit YOURLIB/SRCFILE SEU==> _________________________________________________________ SRCMBR FMT CB .. 0009.-A+++B+++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++ + *************** Beginning of data **** **************************** 0001.00 End First Block... . 0010. Type in the line to be inserted and press <Enter> . type I (insert) on the sequence number field of that record. 0004... Text for the first block . ****************** End of data *********************************** F4=Prompt F11=Bottom F5=Refresh F24=More keys The screen adjusts as shown below. . Text for second Second Block. 0006... ....00 Text for second block .00 0007...00 0004.: 1 71 Edit YOURLIB/SRCFILE SEU==> ________________________________________________________ SRCMBR FMT CB .00 0005. ''''''' PROGRAM -ID. 0005.00 THIS IS A TEXT DOCUMENT.. .00 0002. 0008.00 0007. block .00 F3=Exit F10=Top THIS IS A TEXT DOCUMENT. *************** Beginning of data ******************************** I001.00 End Second Block.00 THIS IS A TEXT DOCUMENT.00 Begin First Block. End First Block.00 Text for the first block . and press <Enter> ..00 Begin Second Block..00 0009.00 0006.00 ****************** End of data ************************** ********* F3=Exit F10=Top F4=Prompt F11=Bottom F5=Refresh F24=More keys Inserting a line To insert a line after a particular record.00 0003.-A+++B++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++ *************** Beginning of data ******************************** 0001. Columns . Begin End Second Block.00 0008. .00 0003. ..00 0010.00 Begin First Block. 0002.Columns . SAMPLE.. 0002.00 0003.

0005..01 It illustrates the use of SEU line commands. 0001.00 End Second Block...0004.. Text for second Second Block.: 1 71 Edit YOURLIB/SRCFILE SEU==> __________________________________________________________ SRCMBR FMT CB . 0009.. This results in the pending line to be copied after the line you have indicated.00 End Second Block.00 Text for second block . .00 Text for second block . 0009. 0006. 0008......00 THIS IS A TEXT DOCUMENT.. . 0002.00 ****************** End of data *********************************** Type A (after) on the last line as shown.... 0004. Begin End ****************** End of data *********************************** F4=Prompt F11=Bottom F5=Refresh F24=More keys Copying a line To copy the "Begin First Block" line to the end of the program. Columns . type C (copy) in the sequence number field. 0006. 0010.00 C Begin First Block. block .00 End First Block.-A+++B++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++ *************** Beginning of data ******************************** 0001.00 Begin Second Block...00 C Begin First Block.00 0010.00 0007. 0002.01 It illustrates the use of SEU line commands..00 Begin Second Block. Columns . 0001..00 0005. First Block.00 0008.-A+++B++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++ *************** Beginni ng of data******************************** 0001. and press Enter.00 End First Block. . . 0005. . . Note the message on the top that indicates a pending Copy line command..00 Text for the first block ..00 F3=Exit F10=Top End Text for the first block .00 0007.00 0007. 0008.00 THIS IS A TEXT DOCUMENT. . Second Block.: 1 71 Edit YOURLIB/SRCFILE SEU==> _________________________________________________________ SRCMBR FMT CB .00 0006. and press Enter. 0004...00 0009.00 Text for the first block .

Begin End Second Block... It illustrates the use of SEU line commands. type D (delete) in front of it and press <Enter> .01 0002. It illustrates the use of SEU line commands.00 0006. and press <Enter> .00 D011. type MM at the beginning and the end of the block.00 0010. the first block of text being moved after the second one.00 0004.01 0002. Text for second Second Block.00 0008. The Block Move is illustrated below. block . Begin First Block. 0001. 0001.00 0005. block .00 0004.00 0010.. End First Block. End First Block.00 0007. *************** Beginning of data ******************************** THIS IS A TEXT DOCUMENT. ****************** End of data *********************************** Block Move To move a block. To move a single line.01 .00 0005.00 0011.00 Begin First Block.. Text for second Second Block. *************** Beginning of data ******************************** THIS IS A TE XT DOCUMENT.. 0001. Text for the first block .00 Begin First Block.00 0003. It illustrates the use of SEU line commands.00 0003. Begin End Second Block. use the command M (move) and follow the procedure as explained above for copy.00 0009.00 0009. the target for the move has to be specified. The line that was just copied may be deleted as shown below: *************** Beginning of data***************************** THIS IS A TEXT DOCUMENT.00 0008..00 ****************** End of data ************************************ The program looks as shown below.00 0001.00 0001. Now.00 0007..A010.00 0006. ****************** End of data *********************************** Deleting a line To delete a line. Text for the first block . after the copy. Begin First Block..00 0001.

that B is specified as the target. Note below. block . End First Block.00 Begin First Block. 0001. 0001.00 0009.00 0010..0002.00 0010.00 Begin First Block. Begin End Second Block..00 0008. It illustrates the use of SEU line commands. Text for second Second Block. block . Text for the first block . It illustrates the use of SEU line commands. The block copy resembles the block move explained above. Begin First Block. Text for the first block .00 A010. to copy the block before the indicated line. *************** Beginning of data ******************************** THIS IS A TEXT DOCUMENT.01 0002.00 0001..00 0008.00 0012. ****************** End of data *********************************** Block Copy Enclose the block to be copied within CC commands... ****************** End of data *********************************** Type A on the last line to move the block to the end of the program.. Text for second Second Block.00 .00 MM 0007. block . Text for second Second Block..00 MM 0004.00 0007.. 0001.00 0014.00 0005. Begin End Second Block.00 0008. Text for the fi rst block ..00 0005.00 0009...00 0011. and specify the target.00 ****************** End of data *********************************** Here is the member after the move: *************** Beginning of data ******************************** THIS IS A TEXT DOCUMENT.01 0002.00 0013.00 MM 0007.00 MM 0004.00 0009.00 0001. *************** Beginning of data ******************************** THIS IS A TEXT DOCUMENT. End First Block.. Begin End Second Blo ck. End First Block.

.00 0010.00 0012... End First Block.01 0002.. block . block .00 CC 0011.03 DD 0014. ****************** End of data *********************************** The source member looks as follows. Begin First Block.00 0008.00 0011. 0001. Begin Second Block.00 0010. Text for second Second Block.00 0011.00 0014. Begin End Second Block.00 0001..00 Begin First Block.00 0012. Text for the first block .00 0013. Text for second Second Block. It illustrates the use of SEU line commands.00 0009..01 0002. Text for the first block .00 0009. ****************** End of data *********************************** ...02 0013.01 0002.00 0007. It illustrates the use of SEU line commands.. Text for second blo ck . End First Block.. after our experimentation with the above line commands: *************** Beginning of data ******************************** THIS IS A TEXT DOCUMENT.00 DD 0013. End First Block. Begin End Second Block.00 0008.00 CC 0008. Text for the first block .0001.00 Begin First Block. Begin End Second Block..00 0007..00 0012. ****************** End of data *********************************** Block Delete To delete a block.00 0013. enclose it within DD commands and press <Enter> . 0001..00 0009.00 B It illustrates the use of SEU line commands. Text for second Second Block.00 0013. block . End Second Block. The block that was just copied may be deleted as shown: *************** Beginning of data ******************************** THIS IS A TEXT DOCUMENT.00 0001..

L] [X. CHANGE Find all occurrences of a character string and replace it with another string.P. If the string contains embedded blanks. The syntax of FIND is FIND string [N. BOTTOM Go to the last page of the work screen. it should be enclosed in quotation marks.A. FILE [ [ [ library/ ] file ] member ] CANCEL Cancel session and exit session.NX] [column parameter] . The syntax is CHANGE fstring cstring [N. Examples: y y y y F XYZ F 'hello there' F *ERR A find all syntax errors F "'XYZ'" Use the F16 "Repeat Find" key to find the next occurrence of a string.A. SEU Commands SEU commands are entered in the "SEU==>" field at the top of the screen.To get a complete list of commands for SEU place the cursor on the sequence number list and press the help key. The scope of the search can be specified using search parameters: X (excluded records) and NX (nonexcluded records).P. FIND Search for an occurrence of a character string.NX] [column parameter] TOP Go to the first page of the work screen.F. SAVE Save changes and continue editing. Several direction parameters are available: N (Next). L (Last). and A (All). P (Previous). SAVE [ [ [ library/ ] file ] member ] FILE Save changes and exit from edit session. or quotation marks.F. apostrophes. SET .L] [X. F (First).

PDM will fill in the default values. F3 Exit End the current task. F18 DBCS Conversion Perform DBCS conversion. F10 Cursor Moves the cursor from the data area to the SEU command line. the Edit display supports a diverse set of function keys that allow you to perform specific tasks. F20 Right View the info.See the IBM SEU manual for more information. F14 Find/Change Options Go the Find/Change Options display. to the left of the current display. C=Copy Line Copy this line to a specified target. B=Before Move or copy records before this record. F17 Repeat Change Perform change or repeat current change function. and from the SEU command line to the data area. SEU returns to the EDIT Session and displays the prompt after you make a selection. F15 Browse/Copy Options Go the Browse/Copy Options dis play. . to the right of the current display. returns to previous entry point. F24 More keys View the other function keys available for the current display. F5 Refresh Refresh the current display. Bn=Before with repeat n times Move or copy records before this record and repeat these records n times. F16 Repeat Find Perform find or repeat current find. F4 Prompt Provides assistance for the options selected in the list or a command on a command line. F19 Left View the info. F13 Change Session Go to the Change Session Defaults Defaults display. ___________________________________________________________________________ ___ Key Name Function ___________________________________________________________________________ ___ F1 Help Press the help key for details about the display. type the command over the digits that make up the sequence number. F23 Select Prompt Go to the Select Prompt display. Summary of Line Commands The Sequence_number field displays the sequence number of the record and is used for entering SEU line commands. To use a line command. An=After with repeat n times Move or copy records after this record and repeat these records n times. Rebuilds display and shows it again. F11 Previous Record Places the previous record in the prompt. Function Keys in SEU When a member is being edited. The following is a list of all the valid commands: y y y y y A=After Move or copy records after this record.

On=Overlay n lines Overlay this line and the following n-1 lines with the first n lines defined by the move. M=Move a line Move a line to a specified target. Ln=Shift data n chars left Shift data in this record n character positions to the left without losing data. Rn=Shift data n chars right Shift data in the current record n character positions to the right without losing data. CCR=Copy block records and retain command Copy the block of records defined by a pair of CCR commands to the specified targets and keep this command on the display. D=Delete Delete the current line. . or copy repeated line command. Dn=Delete n lines Delete the current line and the next n-1 lines. Copy n records to the specified targets and keep this command on the display. without losing data. copy. copy. RR=Block shift 1 char to the right Shift data defined by the boundary between and including the two RR line commands one character position to the right without losing data. CC=Block Copy Copy all lines between the boundaries formed by the two CC commands CR=Copy records and retain command Copy this record to the specified targets and keep this command on the display. or copy repeated line command. O=Overlay Overlay the current line with the first line defined by the move. copy. In=Insert n lines Insert n blank lines after this record. R=Shift data 1 char right Shift data in the current record one character position to the right without losing data. IP=Insert line and prompt Insert a blank line and display the line in a prompt. DD=Block Delete Delete all lines between the two DD boundaries. Mn=Move n lines Move the current line and the following n-1 lines to a specified target. or copy repeated line command. MM=Block Move Move all records between and including the boundaries defined by the MM line commands to a specified target. RRn=Block shift n chars to the right Shift data defined by the boundary between and including the RRn and RR line commands n character positions to the right. I=Insert a line Insert a blank line after the current record. LL=Shift block 1 char to the left Shift data defined by the boundary between and including the two LL line commands one character position to the left without losing data. OO=Block overlay Overlay all the records between and including the boundaries defined by two OO line commands with the lines defined by the move. P=Display prompt Type P to display this line in a prompt. LLn=Shift block n chars to the left Shift data defined by the boundary between and including the LLn and LL line commands n character positions to the left. L=Shift data 1 char left Shift data in this record one character position to the left without losing data. F=Display format line Display a format line.y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y Cn=Copy n lines Copy this line plus the next n-1 lines to the specified target. CRn=Copy n records and retain command.

Steps in Developing a Program In this section. The following creates a PF-SRC file in the library ALIBRARY. Wn=Display member from column n Display the member beginning in column n.(minus sign)=Roll member backward 1 line Roll the member backward one line. The intention here is not to teach CL programming. The command line form of issuing CL commands will be used in this section (you may want to use the <F4>prompt facility to assist you if you are not familiar with the commands). RPPn=Block repeat Repeat all lines defined by the boundary between the two RPP line commands n times. n=Absolute Positioning Position the line identified by the sequence number(n) as the first record on the display. W=Display member from column 1 Display the member beginning in column 1. CLP for the source type (to see what source types are available. This will start the SEU editor. We will also demonstrate how to find compilation errors when they occur. we are going to use a simple Control Language (CL) program to illustrate the steps in developing. X=Exclude Exclude the current record from the display. all it does is make the library that you have created (in my case. let's create a source physical (PF-SRC) file called QCLSRC (the IBM-supplied name for a CL source physical file). YOURLIB) the current library while retaining the existing current library on the library list. ALIBRARY represents the library that has the same name as your user profile or your other library. RPn=Repeat line n times Repeat the current line n times before the following line. Once you have entered all the necessary . and how to obtain information about certain compilation and runtime errors. Xn=Exclude plus Exclude the the current record and the next n-1 records. Enter TEST for the name of the source member. CRTSRCPF FILE(ALIBRARY/QCLSRC) Once the PF-SRC file has been created. . + (plus sign)=Roll member forward 1 line Roll the member forward one line. SF=Show first record Show the first record of the exclude group. +n=Roll member forward n lines Roll the member forward n lines. and running a program on the AS/400. and a brief description of the source member. SFn=Show first n records Show the first n records of the exclude group. -n=Roll member backward n lines Roll the member backward n lines. First. put the cursor on the "Source type" field and press <F4> ). work with the file by typing: WRKMBRPDM FILE(ALIBRARY/QCLSRC) Then create a source member called TEST in QCLSRC by pressing <F6> . SL=Show last record Show the last record of the exclude group SLn=Show last n records Show the last n records of the exclude group. XX=Block Exclude Exclude all lines between the boundaries formed by the two XX line commands.y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y RP=Repeat line Repeat the current line once before the following line. that is the one you created in an earlier section. RPP=Block repeat Repeat all lines defined by the boundary between the two RPP line commands. compiling. The CL program is very simple.

denotes that &MYVAR is a variable. You will enter a SEU editing session. "&". press <Enter> . to help you in selecting a CL command. A CL program begins with the PGM command. Notice that we have intentionally introduced an error in this statement. the IP line command can help enormously in coding such programs). We have mistakenly prefixed YOURLIB with "&". This variable will be used to save the name of the existing current library. Put the parameters back on the DCL statement. on the fourth statement. indicating that there is a syntax error. Moreover. The variable will be used to hold a character string with a maximum length of 10.00 0007. . which is optional if the CL program does not receive any parameters.00 0005. The CHGCURLIB command. is used to retrieve the name of the job's existing current library. and press <Enter> . are "fixed-format". that is we really want CHGCURLIB CURLIB(YOURLIB) instead of CHGCURLIB CURLIB(&YOURLIB) . the PGM statement is coded as: PGM PARM(&MYVAR). Note that SEU provides syntax checking for CL programs. Also. In this case. is used to make YOURLIB the new current library (where "YOURLIB" is any existing library that you have access to).00 0003. the variable &MYVAR has to be declared using the DCL command.00 0004. SEU will not let you exit an editing session that has syntax errors unless you explicitly specify that you want to exit in the exit screen. note that CL programs are "free format" in that components of CL statements do not have to be placed in particular columns on the screen (some source types. IP (insert line and prompt).information. on the third statement. The reason for this step will be explained shortly. such as RPG. The ampersand symbol. The RTVJOBA command. saving it in the variable &OLDCURLIB. and the modules "Creating a Control Language Program" and "How to Use Error Handling Facilities" in the "Facilities and Implementation" course.00 0006.00 *************** Beginning of data ******************************** PGM DCL VAR(&OLDCURLIB) TYPE(*CHAR) LEN(10) RTVJOBA CURLIB(&OLDCURLIB) CHGCURLIB CURLIB(&YOURLIB) /* intentional error */ ADDLIBLE LIB(&OLDCURLIB) ENDPGM ****************** End of data ****************************** ***** You can use the SEU line command. &MYVAR will be used to hold the parameter's value. Type in the following program: 0002. the reader is referred to the IBM "CL Programmer's Guide" or the online education modules: "AS/400 Control Language Programming" in the "Tutorial Support System" course. Remove the parameters of DCL so that the statement contains only "DCL". SEU will highlight that statement.) For more information. The second statement declares a CL variable called &OLDCURLIB. (Aside: If a CL program has a parameter named &MYVAR.

. > TEST Name. .g. . a message will return saying that the job has ended abnormally. . . . . . . will invoke the CRTCLPGM (Create CL Program) command. . which is the job queue for batch jobs. adds the name of the former current library (which we saved in the variable &OLDCURLIB in the RTVJOBA statement) to the library list. . . .e. . This is because when the CHGCURLIB command is executed. . ENDPGM. . and to add it back on the library list using ADDLIBLE. If there are no compilation errors. > QCLSRC Name Library . . . . Option 14 will invoke a different "create program" command for a different source type (e. . . *PGM Generation severity level . you will see a message at the bottom of the screen saying that the compilation job has been submitted to QBATCH. This name defaults to name of the source member. > TEST Name. if the source type is CBL. . . . . . in this case. . Option 14. . you will receive a message saying that the job completed normally. This step is needed if we want this library to stay on the library list. on the fifth statement. accept the defaults. . . If you prompt on the option (ie. Program . . the "old" current library will not be retained on the library list. indicates the end of the CL program. . . . *PGMID Library . The default is the library that contains the source member. . *LIBL. The last statement. meaning there are compilation errors. . > *YES *NO. . This is an error because if we intended &YOURLIB to be a variable. . . . The ADDLIBLE command. Note that SEU cannot detect this kind of error. Compiling a Program In the "Work with Members using PDM" screen. with the error). . Press <Enter>to continue. . *CURLIB Source member . . . exit and save the program as it is (i. . . it must be declared in a DCL statement. . it will invoke the CRTCBLPGM command). . . > ALIBRARY Name. the need to use RTVJOBA to save the name of that library. *YES Bottom F3=Exit F4=Prompt F5=Refresh F13=How to use this display F10=Additional parameters F24=More keys F12=Cancel The "Program" field specifies the name of the *PGM object that will be created if the compilation is successful. . . *SRCMBRTXT Additional Parameters Replace program . Now. press Enter. . . Since there is an error in the above program. . . . Unless you want to rename the *PGM object or put it in another library. . enter option 14 to compile the member that contain the CL source program. > ALIBRARY Name. . This error will be detected during compilation. . . *CURLIB Source file . . 29 0 -29 Text 'description' . you will see the following screen: Create CL Program (CRTCLPGM) Type choices. . You can change these default values. . press <F4> when you use option 14). .A name with "&" as its prefix denotes that it is a CL variable. Hence. The "Library" field specifies the library that will contain the *PGM object. On pressing <Enter> .

it is not the cause of the compilation failure. Using SEU to Find Compilation Errors . For example. The second error is only an information message. There should be a spooled file with the same name as your source member (the compiler listing) and a job log (QPJOBLOG). A segment of that listing is presented here: 200300400500* CPD0727 40 600700* * 5738SS1 V2R1M1 YOURLIB/TEST 920306 Control Language Cross Reference Declared Variables Name De fined &OLDCURLIB 300 * CPD0791 00 * 5738SS1 V2R1M1 920306 Control Language Message Summary Total 90-99 2 Severity 0 -9 10-19 1 0 20-29 0 30-39 0 40-49 1 50-59 0 60-69 70-79 0 0 80-89 0 0 YOURLIB/TEST Type *CHAR Length 10 References 400 600 PGM DCL RTVJOBA CHGCURLIB Variable '&YOURLIB ADDLIBLE ENDPGM * * VAR(&OLDCURLIB) TYPE(*CHAR) LEN(10) CURLIB(&OLDCURLIB) CURLIB(&YOURLIB) ' is referred to but not declared. Type 5 to display the contents of the compiler listing of the program. Maximum error severity 40. You can use the DSPMSGD (Display Message Description) command to get more information about a compilation error. * * * * * E N D O F C R O S S R E F E R E N C E Program TEST not created in library YOURLIB. LIB(&OLDCURLIB) * * * E N D O F S O U R C E * * * No labels used in program. There should be a message stating that the program was not created because of compilation error. Type 5 against QPJOBLOG to display it. it is the cause of the failure. to get more details about the error CPD0727 DSPMSGD RANGE(CPD0727) MSGF(QCPFMSG) where QCPFMSG is the system message file and CPD0727 is the message ID. Press <Enter> to exit this display. The message will refer you to the compiler listing of the program. type WRKSPLF to see what's in your output queue.Finding Compilation Errors To find out the cause of the compilation error. The meaning of first error is evident. There are two errors in the listing (errors are marked with "*" in column 1): the first with a severity of 40 and the second with severity of 0. Let's go back to the source member and fix the problem.

you can run the program by using the CALL command (in fact.You may want to use SEU to view your compiler listing instead of the way discussed above. Enter 2 in the selection field. edit the source member to remove the ampersand.) Diagnosing Runtime Errors In any case. you should see a split screen with the member you are editing on top and the spooled file on the bottom. option 16 invokes the CALL command). If your program takes more than one input parameter. To make the situation more interesting. "&". (C D I R) Type reply. let's introduce another type of error. An advantage of using SEU for this purpose is that you can see both the source member and the compiler listing on the same screen. from YOURLIB. and make the corrections to the source member on the spot.. Respond with a "Y"). F *ERR). You can also us pass parameters using the command line method. type CALL TEST on a command line. CALL MYPROG PARM(parameter1 parameter2 . If the library that contains the *PGM object is in your library list. Compile the source member (you will probably be asked if you want to delete the existing *PGM object. On return to the editing session. especially if the compiler listing is too lengthy to scan by eye. Place the cursor on the "Browse/copy spool file" field and press <F4>. In the ADDLIBLE statement. This will bring another screen that allows you to enter multiple parameters. . you can still run the program by qualifying it with the library name CALL ALIBRARY/TEST The example program used here does not take any input parameters. we specify a nonexistent library called DOGNAP. To view a spooled file while you are in SEU. that is ADDLIBLE DOGNAP . . you can pass the parameter value(s) by prompting on either the option 16 or the CALL command. In our example. For example. press Enter. you will get a runtime or object error message similar to the one below: Display Program Messages Job 287471/T03/DSP02 started on 07/20/92 at 13:48:44 in subsystem QINTER CPF2110 received by TEST at 600. The program should compile normally after this change. Running a Program Use the WRKOBJPDM command to work with the library that contain the *PGM object that was created. Alternatively. type '+' on the "Parameters" field and press <Enter> . Using SEU. when you run the program. ________________________________________________________ . If the library is not in your library list. But if you created a program that requires an input parameter(s). press <F15> (Browse/Copy). The rest of the source remain the same as before (except for removing the ampersand character).. specify some library name that you do not own or one that you are not authorized to use. To find compilation errors. Type 16 against the *PGM object to run/execute it. in the bottom screen type FIND *ERR on the SEU command line (or simply. The program should compile normally. SEU provides special support for locating compilation errors. The *PGM object will be created in the library that contains your source file unless you specified otherwise. Select the appropriate spool file. Reply .

choose a reply value. . . . D -. . . To continue. place the cursor on the message id (in this case CPF2110) and press <F1>.: 0000 To program . . . . the library with the same name as your user profile) and it has to be named INITIALPGM. . : C -.: 14: 00:05 Instruction . . . in this case. . and recompile. : : : : CPA0701 INQUIRY 07/20/92 QCLXERR Severity . You see a screen similar to the one below. . it should run without any problems. . . . .. I -. : *EXT Instruction . you . From program . .: 99 Time sent . . . Sometimes you can obtain additional messages by pressing <F10> to display messages in the job log. the library DOGNAP was not found. The next time you run the program. . . . . . . . . .e. . . . . For example. .BAT file in MS-DOS. . i. . . . : Control language (CL) program TEST inlibrary YOURLIB detected an error at statement number 600. Recovery . . . . Go back to the source member. . (C D I R) Cause . .Dump the CL p rogram variables and cancel the CL program. . . . . Monitor for the error (MONMSG command) and perform error recovery within the program.: 0000 Message . . Possible choices for replying to message . . the DSPMSGD ("Display Message Description") command can be used to obtain more information about the error. : CPF2110 received by TEST at 600. ..Cancel the CL program. fix the error. For instance. indicated clearly what the problem is. More. . F3=Exit F10=Display messages in job log F12=Cancel Again. Message type Date sent . .e. It is executed when the user logs on. . . . . Press <Enter> to cancel the program. Press Enter to continue. .Ignore the failing command. . DSPMSGD RANGE(CPF2110) MSGF(QCPFMSG) where QCPFMSG is the system message file and CPF2110 is the message ID. . . Additional Message Information Message ID . Type DSPLIBL to check whether the library has been added and whether it has been made the current library.F3=Exit F12=Cancel To find out the cause of the error. The initial program has to reside in your default library (i. The message text. Message text for CPF2110 is: Library DOGNAP not found. Creating an Initial Program An initial program is similar to the AUTOEXEC. . . . : This inquiry message can be avoided bychanging the program.

can make the above CL program your initial program. if objects are to be shared or used between users. press < F4>to prompt on it. Data Authorities Data authority is the authority to access data contained in an object. when you recompile it using the option 14. *OBJMGT provides the authority to specify the security (grant/revoke object authority). The user with this authority can delete. Specify your default library as the library where the *PGM object is to be stored. Likewise. or delete records. *DLT provides the authority to remove entries from an object. *OBJOPR provides the authority to look at the description of an object and use the object as determined by the data authority that the user has to the object. control read and write access to an object. *UPD provides the authority to change the entries in an object. and add members to database file. If you created the source member in a another library. Combinations of Object and Data Authorities . save. Rename the source member to INITIALPGM and recompile it. These authorities must be set to secure object to the level of security required. and transfer ownership of the object. or control an object's existence. Understanding Object Authorities Introduction To maintain security of data and/or program objects the AS/400 offers a variety of options available to limit access to object. *OBJEXIST provides the authority to control the object existence and ownership. move or rename the object. *ADD provides the authority to add entries to an object. update. add. for example records in a database file. Authorities and their meanings Object Authorities Object authority is used to control access to an object including the ability to see an object description. the object authorities must be relaxed correctly to maintain object integrity. *READ provides the authority to get the contents or an entry in an object or to run a program. This includes the ability to view. This section is designed to help users maintain correct authorities and to understand the authorities on the objects that they own.

*CURLIB *ALRTBL. > YOURLIB Library . . . *EXCLUDE authority prevents the user from accessing the object even if *PUBLIC is authorized.. . > *LIB Name Name. Note that the owner of "YOURLIB" has *ALL authority on the object. . . . . Edit Object Authority (EDTOBJAUT) Type choices. . Fill in the blanks for object. . . . users can create customized combinations of object and data authorities. *CFGL. and object type (*LIB) and press <Enter> . press Enter. . . . . i. . : YOURLIB QSYS Object type Owner . EDTOBJAUT. . . : *LIB JOHNDOE . Edit Object Authority Object . library. They reduce the time required to assign specific authorities to users. each representing predefined combination of object and data authorities. . .Data----------Read X Add X Update Delete X X . . the library that has the same name as your user profile. is normally owned by your security officer so you cannot change its authorities). . press Enter. .e. . .. press <F11>. . . Type EDTOBJAUT on a command line and press <F4>. *USE provides *OBJOPR authority and data read authority. . . . . . (Note that your default library. . . To see the detail screen as shown below. . . . *LIBL Object type . In this example. we use the "Edit Object Authority".These are keywords. . : Type changes to curr ent authorities. we need to allow the user to have access to the library "YOURLIB". . . : Library . . In addition to these. . . . . Object . . . . Object secured by authorization list Object User JOHNDOE Authority *ALL ----Object----Opr X Mgt X Exist X . . . To do that. command to edit the authority on "YOURLIB". .: *NONE ---------. *CHANGE provides *OBJOPR authority and all data authority. . *ALL allows the user to perform all authorized operations (object and data) on the object. . . First of all. Changing authorities with EDTOBJAUT We use an example here to illustrate the use of some of the types of authorities discussed above. *AUTL. we want to allow a certain user to copy a member from the file "SRCFILE" which is stored in the library "YOURLIB". . . . *LIBL. . . . .

. press Enter. . . When the network file arrives at its destination. . . In the example shown below. . Send Network File (SNDNETF) Type choices. > SNDLIB____ User ID: _ User ID . type "X" under "Mgt" in the detail screen for that user. To do that. . . . *CURLIB Character value Character value Name. . . > RCV_______ Address . . . . > MKTAS400__ + for more values _ Member . Mankato. . the member "SNDMBR" of the physical database file "SNDFILE" (which is contained in the library "SNDLIB") is to be sent to the user "RCV". . To allow them to copy the entire file (i. . . Press <Enter> to return to the previous screen. . . "MKTAS400" is the address of the AS/400 at Minnesota State University. Changing Authorities with GRTOBJAUT and RVKOBJAUT To use GRTOBJAUT and RVKOBJAUT type the command and prompt <F4>. "SRCFILE"). . (Note: If you want to edit a specific authority. . . . . Sending and Receiving Network Files Users can send and receive network files to and from each other. . .) Next. File . . . *FROMFILE_ *FROMFILE. > SNDFILE___ Library . . . . *LIBL. . . . . *OBJMGT must be granted. object type along with the user you are granting authorities and the respective authority being granted. Press <F6> to add the user to the authorization list with *USE authority. . we need to allow the user access to the file "SRCFILE". The "Send Network File" (SNDNETF) command can be used to send a member of a physical database file (PF-DTA or PF-SRC) to another user. . . . . . Type EDTOBJAUT OBJ(YOURLIB/SRCFILE) OBJTYPE(*FILE) or use the prompt to fill in the parameters. . . Type in the name of the user and *USE for the object authority. This will allow them to do perform various operations on "SRCFILE" including copying members from the file. . . . . a message is sent to both the sender and receiver. Use EDTOBJAUT to edit the authority on the file "SRCFILE". . . . Fill in the library name. *DA TA . . . . . .*PUBLIC *EXCLUDE _ _ _ _ _ _ _ F3=Exit F5=Refresh F11=Nondisplay detail F6=Add new users F12=Cancel F10=Grant with reference object F17=To p F18=Bottom Press <F6> to add a user to the list of users authorized to this object. . object name. . *FIRST Additional Parameters To file type . . > SNDMBR____ Name Name. Note that the object authority changes from *USE to USER DEF (meaning a customized authority). . . .e. . . Notice that *USE gives the user *OBJOPR and *READ authorities on "YOURLIB". type "X" in the position relating to that authority to grant authority or a space to delete that authority. At any time press <F1> for more help.

. . . . *HIGH F12=Cancel F13=How to use this display The receiver will have to run the "Work with Network Files" (WRKNETF) command to inspect their network files. . . . . To member . > 'SNDFILE'__ Character value . > 'SNDMBR'__ Character value. . To data base file . . . *LIBL____ Name. . . E. . . B. . . . press Enter. F. . 1=Receive network file 3=Submit job 4=Delete network file 5=Display physical file member File -------From----------Arrival---Opt File Member Number User ID Addre ss Date __ SNDFILE SNDMBR 1 SENDER MKTAS400 08/26/92 RCV_______ RCV_______ MKTAS400 Time 16:37 F3=Exit F4=Prompt F12=Cancel F5=Refresh F9=Retrieve F11=Display type/records Type 1 in the "Opt" blank in front of the network file to receive and press <F4>to prompt. *CURLIB . Member to be received . . . . Printing Procedure When programs on the AS/400 produce output intended to be printed the material does not go directly to the printer. . The following screen will show up. C. . . . . . Instead the output is bundled together with other output in an object . *FIRST F10=Additional parameters F24=More keys F12=Cancel F3=Exit F4=Prompt F5=Refresh F13=How to use this display Fill in the "To data base file". *ONLY . . . . *FROMMB R____ Name. . . *FROMFILE . . . . . . . Work with Network Files (WRKNETF) User . Receive Network File (RCVNETF) Type choices. and "To member" blanks with the appropriate receiving file. *LIBL. . . . . Note that the receiving file must already exist before trying to receive members. . . I *NORMAL. : Type options. . . press Enter.VM/MVS class . D. Send priority . . . G. . H. . . library and member names and press <Enter>. . . . F3=Exit F4=Prompt F24=More keys F5=Refresh A *NORMAL__ A. From file . . . "Library". : User ID/Address . . . . . . *FROMFILE__ Name. Library . . *FROMMBR. . . . . . .

There are several ways by which spooled files are generated. first you must work with your output queue. 11" 132 Col. This will gives you more features on the screen. then. the spooled file must be placed on a started writer and second. The printer writer names at MSU are: Printer Name PRT01 VAXPRTS2 PS/2 printers Width/Paper 132 Col. you will move your spooled file from your output queue to a printer writer. Moving a Spooled File to a Writer To get a physical copy of a spooled file on your output queue. option 6 in front of the desired member will generate a spooled file that is your program member.5" Printer Type Line Printer Line Printer Dot Matrix Location Morris Hall MSU ACC MSU ACC Lab Rooms If "Save file" is changed from "*NO" to "*YES" the spooled file will not be deleted after the file has been printed. Typing 4 in the option field of spooled file in the WRKSPLF screen will delete the spooled file from your output queue. Spooled files should be deleted as soon as they are not needed to reduce clutter in your output queue. specifying the correct print device name. First. These sub objects are called "spooled files. two facts must be true. By changing the attribute "Print device" from "*OUTQ" to a valid printer (use the WRKWTR command to find out which printers are available). The system automatically generates spooled files in some cases like presenting job log." To send these spooled files to a printer. information on processed records for a database file and abnormal job end conditions. the spooled file must have a status of released. . Typing 3 in the option field of spooled file in the WRKSPLF screen will keep the spooled file from printing if placed on a printer writer and change the status to *HLD. Pressing the Print Screen key (<Shift><Print Screen>on the PS/2 running PC-Support or <Ctrl>p on the ASCII connections) will generate a spooled file of the current display. you will have to press the <Reset>key to clear the message at the bottom of the screen in order to continue your session. Note: If this is the first time that you are using the WRKSPLF command. 11" 132/80 8. change the attributes of the desired spooled file. This screen allows you to do many things with your spooled files. you should change the "assistance level" for this screen.called an "output queue" (*OUTQ). To do this press <F21>and change the assistance level from "basic" to intermediate". Here are some: y y y From the WRKMBRPDM display. Try pressing the <F10>or <F11>keys to obtain different views of your spooled files. Typing 2 in the option field of spooled file in the WRKSPLF screen will change the spooled file's attributes. The attributes that you will be interested in are the "Print device" and "Save file". To work with your spooled files on your output queue type WRKSPLF and press <Enter>. Note that if you do a print screen.

Make sure that the printer you want to print to has been started. If not.e. Typing 6 in the option field of spooled file in the WRKSPLF screen will will release a file that is held to become available to print and will change its status to *RDY. type WRKWTR ("Work with Writers"). This will refresh the screen to show you the current status of your spooled files. "P" + "C" + zero) + the number of the PS/2 to which the printer is connected + "S2" (e. Common Problems . PC0614S2). the PS/2 workstation that is connected to the printer must be signed on to the AS/400. For the printer to be started. This will bring you back to the work with spool file screen. Press <Alt><Esc>on the computer that is attached to the printer to display the status of the printer. make sure it says "Ready". Press the <F5>key. select the "stop" option and then select "start". make sure that the printer is ready for printing. This will permit you to change the spool file attributes. This will move the file to the printer writer. This will mark the spool file for displaying. The printer will never say it is started although it actually is. Printing to a PS/2 Printer To see which PS/2 printers are available for printing from the AS/400. The name of the printer is: "PC0" (i. Press <Enter> . Press <Enter>. Also. More Printing Help For more help on printing type STRSCHIDX <Enter>then type SPOOLED QUEUES <Enter>. Type 5 in the option field. Press 2 <Enter>. If you printed to VAXPRTS2. VAXPRTS2 is a printer that is connected to VAX1. Normally you will not be authorized to print to writer PRT01.g. If the status is HLD then release it by typing a 6 in the option field of the spooled file and press <Enter>. your printouts can be picked up in the ACC printer area at any time. Type in the name of the printer <Enter>. Step by Step Printing Example Type WRKSPLF { or OQ } Press <Enter>. This will display the spool file. Use the <Field EXIT>key or <Tab>to move to the desired spool file.Typing 5 in the option field of spooled file in the WRKSPLF screen will allow you to view your spooled file. This printer is the system printer. If the STS (status) is RDY or WTR the printer will print your spooled file. Also make sure the printer's status is "ONLINE". This will allow you to work with your spooled files. This will move us to the correct spool file option field.

Note: You can also press <Alt><Print Screen>and press <Enter>to display a menu of system requests.Note that the command keys used in this section are those of the PS/2 running PC Support. The reader must substitute the appropriate names for source physical file and library. SEU. This can be done by typing WRKMBRPDM YOURLIB/SRCFILE on any command line. The locally-defined alias for WRKACTJOB. can also be used. The first step is to to reach the 'Work with members using PDM' display. This will cause the system to run very slowly. To end the disconnected job: y y y On a command line. type option 4 (End) against the job that is causing the loop and press <F4>to prompt on the option. type in *IMMED i. to end the job immediately. When you have exceeded (or nearly exceeded) your storage quota and you try to start. where applicable. In the "How to end" field. We will continue to use SRCFILE in library YOURLIB for explanation. you must clear the *PGM objects from library QRPLOBJ. for example. You can see this information by typing: DSPUSRPRF username. AJ. To stop your infinite loop: y y y y Press <Left Ctrl> (this will reset any keyboard errors) Press <Alt><Print Screen>(this sequence is call "System Request") Type 2. Stopping Infinite Loops/Ending a Previous Request If you have issued a command and it is taking too long finish it may be an infinite. endless. DDS and Data Files on the AS/400 Creating a data file The following discussion assumes that you already have a source physical file in your current library. type the "Work with Active Jobs" command: WRKACTJOB and press <Enter> . and then select the appropriate command. To do this type WRKOBJPDM QRPLOBJ .e. you may get an error message "Error found on SEU command".) Press <Enter> . Because OS/400 retains every version of a *PGM object that results from a compilation. Ending Disconnected Jobs with Infinite Loops If for some reason you have been disconnect from the system while executing an infinite loop request the job may continue to execute. On the "Work with Active Jobs" display. Out of Storage Quota Errors Depending on the specific class that requires use of the AS/400 there is a maximum storage quota allocated to your user profile. The command will clear your objects out regaurdless of the error. To deal with this problem. You may get an authority problem do to the fact that you do not own all of the object in that library. loop. your storage can be used up very quickly. . (This is the option on System Request to end a previous request. Press <Enter>.

. . . *PRV. . . fill in the fields as shown: Start Source Entry Utility (STRSEU) Type choices.. . BAS.. . Source file .. *PRV______ __________ *PRV______ *SAME_____ Name. . . TESTDATA__ Source type . . . .. . . . . . . . *CURLIB. . . *PRV. *BLANK. .. Text 'description' . p ress Enter. 6 *BLANK_________________________________ The Source type for a data file must be specified as PF. . .A.. . . .. . *PRV Name. Library . . .. .. . . *LIBL. 2. . *BLANK____ Text 'description' . .. . 5. . BASP. .______ Name.. . .Functions++++++++++++++++++ *************** Beginning of data ************************************* 0001. . . For example. .. *SAME. . It is convenient to use the prompt facility for defining the DDS source.T. . 5. Press <F4> to invoke the prompter and <F12>to cancel it. . _________ ____________________________________________ TESTDATA FMT PF . C. . . Name. . . Name. . Option .... . you have to start the Source Entry Utility. . . . PF________ C.. *BLANK____ *BLANK. BAS.Name++++++RLen++TDpB. *CURLIB. . . . . Your_description_for_the_member_. . . . .. . . . . to create a data file called TESTDATA in the source file SRCFILE in library YOURLIB. . . .. . .. ..To create a data file member. The following screen shows up: Start Source Entry Utility (STRSEU) Type choices. . ' '. . . . . . . . . the screen looks as shown: Find . . The prompter helps you to supply the source information in the correct format.. *PRV Name. ' '. *PRV Source member . . Source type . . *LIBL. . *SAME. *SELECT Name. Source file . . . . . . 2. .. . . YOURLIB___ *PRV Source member . . . . .00 ****************** End of data **************************************** . . . press Enter.. . .. SRCFILE___ Library . . Option . *SELECT Name. . . When the prompter is invoked. this type denotes aPhysical File. . . 6 The Edit display shows up. . BASP. . Press <F6> from the 'Work with members using PDM' display or type STRSEU on any command line and press <F4>. .

B for zoned binary data. R Type R in column 17 to indicate a record format name. or a binary field. for Packed decimal the range is 1-31 digits and so on. The maximum length allowed is 10 characters. beginning in column 19. . . K Type K in column 17 to indicate a key field name. .Prompt type . a zoned decimal. field. . Reference (*) Type R in this field to use the reference function to copy attributes of a previously defined named field to the field you are now defining. Data_Type Choose one of the following: A for character data. S for zoned decimal data. . Name Type _ Name ____ _ PF Ref _ Sequence number . for Character type the range is 1-32766.00 Decimal Positions ___ Use _ Functions ___________________________ F3=Exit F11=Bottom F4=Prompt F12=Cancel F5=Refresh F24=More keys F10=Top An explanation of the different fields shown above follows: The fields marked with * are not commonly used. Length ______ Data Type _ 0001. Name_Type Choose one of the following: Blank Leave the field blank to indicate a field name. For example. H for hexadecimal data. or key field name in this position. a floating point. F for floating point data. Length Type a value to indicate the number of characters in a character field or the number of digits in a numeric field. so for normal applications you may conveniently ignore them. Decimal_Positions Type a value from 0 through 31 to indicate the number of decimal positions to the right of the decimal point within a packed decimal. P for packed decimal data. Name Type a record format.

. Library .. The last line of the member declares FIELD1 to be the key field..... FIELD1 and FIELD2. . . . look into your spooled file (WRKSPLF) and identify the problem.Functions++++++++++++++++++ *************** Beginning of data ************************* ************ 0000.. The member TESTDATA that was just created contains only the definition of the data file and hence our the next step is to actually create the file. *LIBL. __________ *LIBL_____ Name Name. . Find TST1 .. __________________________________________________________ FMT PF .. .. Data base file . The DDS source for TESTDATA is shown below.00 ****************** End of data **************************************** F3=Exit F10=Top F4=Prompt F11=Bottom F5=Refresh F24=More keys Press <F3>and hit <Enter>to save the member TESTDATA.T. This can be done by compiling the member we have just created. .. For more details about exiting SEU refer to the section 'How to exit SEU'. .01 0001. Functions (*) Type in keyword entries valid for defining physical files in positions 45 through 80 of this field. .00 FIELD1 10A 0003. and choose option 14 (compile). . Loading a data file To load a data file. . . the file TESTDATA will be created in YOURLIB.A.. RECFMT1 is the record format name. . . There are two fields in the data file.. . The following screen shows up: Update Data with Temp Program (UPDDTA) Type choices. ..Use (*) Type B or leave the field blank to indicate a field used for both input and output.. If the compilation is successful. . and FIELD2 is a packed decimal of length 5 with 2 decimal positions.00 R RECFMT1 0002. . Otherwise. From the 'Work with members using PDM' display. FIELD1 is of character data type with length 10.00 K FIELD1 0005. . use the command UPDDTA (Update Data Area). press Enter...00 FIELD2 5P 2 0004. position the cursor at member TESTDATA. .Name++++++RLen++TDpB.. Type UPDDTA on any command line and press <F4>. *CURLIB . .

This system allows a programmer to "paint" screens and menus used by a program from within a simple editor. . . . . . Member . . create a menu. . . . . This section will only cover those aspects of screen design not related to interfacing with applications. defining input and output fields and special text attributes. . TESTDATA__ YOURLIB__ *FIRST____ Name Name. . . allowing the program to have all the features of the AS/400 user interface without direct programming of the appearance of the interface. *FIRST Bottom F3=Exit F4=Prompt display F24=More keys F5=Refresh F12=Cancel F13=How to use this Supply the values for the data base file to be loaded and the library it is contained in. . . or test a design. . . *LIBL. . *FIRST______ Name. . . . . . . and press <Enter>. A source physical file must be created (or one already in existence may be used) and a member must be created in the PF-SRC to hold the screens. . . the operating system includes a utility called SDA (Screen Design Aid). . . A menu of options will appear which allow you to create a screen. . . For example. To stop the process of loading the data file. Starting SDA The first steps in creating a set of screens for a program are the same as those for creating a program source member. . . . For information on this area. Library . press <F3>and press < Enter>. . . Choosing the first option brings the following screen: . These screens may then be called from an application program. see the manual for the language of the application source. . . press Enter. To create the screen design member. .Member . issue the command STRSDA (for STaRt SDA) from a command line. . *CURLIB Name. . . Screen Design Using SDA To aid in the creation of user interfaces on the AS/400. . *FIRST Bottom F3=Exit display F4=Prompt F5=Refresh F12=Cancel F13=How to use this Enter the values for different fields and press Enter>. Data base file . to populate our file TESTDATA we would fill in the values as shown: Update Data with Temp Program (UPDDTA) Type choices.

. F4 for Member list DSPF. Blank for default keywords F12=Cancel The "SOURCE TYPE" field may be left blank. create object Record . and a member specified. with each one given a distinct record name. .Design Screens Type choices. F3=Exit F4=Prompt . Once the information is entered. . . . . _ 1=Select 2=Select 3=Select 4=Select file keywords record keywords subfile keywords subfile control keywords 5=Define screen image (fields) 6=Save DDS source. . QDDSSRC___ . . . . . press Enter. . SCREEN1___ __________ SRCFILE___ YOURLIB___ SCRNMBR___ __________ Name. Since each member can have several records. . . . F4 for Member list DSPF. . Design option . . __________ . . If the member does not yet exist. a single screen design member could contain any number of screens. . . . ____ ______ F12=Cancel Name. . . . . create object Record . Additional records . . __________ Work Screen) . __________ . . a source file must be provided. Member . . . . It will default to the proper type for SDA. . Library . F4 for Record list Name Name Name. . *CURLIB Name. *CURLIB Name. . Member . Source type . . . Design option . . Finally. . . F3=Exit F4=Prompt . . Additional records (to be displayed on Work Screen) Source file . . . . . . Source type . it is necessary to first create one using the "5" option on the "Design option line". F4 for Record list Name Name Name. . . (to be displayed on Source file . . . *LIBL_____ . . Library . . . a record name must be given. press Enter. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 1=Select file keywords 2=Select record keywords 3=Select subfile keywords 4=Select subfile control 5=Define screen image (fields) 6=Save DDS source. . . Also. . . it will be created. . . *LIBL. *LIBL. . . . Blank for default Since no screen design exists yet. . . the screen should look like this: Design Screens Type choices. .

Pressing <Enter> will bring up the main SDA display. Using The Work Screen Use the Work Screen to design the display you are creating. F14=Ruler Press <F14>to place a vertical and horizontal ruler on the Work Screen where you position the cursor. Adding Fields To add a user-defined field. Press <F11>to switch back and forth between the list of selected data base fields and the list of not selected database fields. F6=Condition Press <F6> to have the Condition Work Screen display appear. F3=Exit Press <F3> to have the Design Screens display appear. To add a floating point field. or by the length specified in brackets after the first character. place fields you have selected from a database. 6 (output). You indicate the length of a field by the number of characters following +. You can also perform additional operations. copy. Press <F14>to remove the ruler. F12=Cancel Press <F12>to save your work and continue to the Design Screens display. This is simply a blank "pasteboard" on which you may place text and fields. F17=Print Press <F17> to Print the current contents of the Work Screen. The ruler does not interfere with your data. F11=Switch Press <F11>to display a list of selected database fields on the bottom row of the Work Screen. move. F15=Subfile Prompt Press <F15>to Display a prompt on the bottom row of the Work Screen that allows you to change the subfile line (SFLLIN) and subfile page (SFLPAG) sizes that were in effect for the current record being defined. F10=Database Press <F10> to have the Select Data Base Files display appear. O (output). add a numeric field followed by E (single-precision) or D (double-precision) and press Enter. You can use uppercase or lowercase letters. You can use the following function keys on the Work Screen: F1=Help Press <F1> to show the same information as the help key. . type + followed by I (input). and remove fields. or 9 (both) for numeric fields and press Enter. or followed by 3 (input). Defining fields on the ruler may cause unpredictable results. <F1> is active on all displays but does not appear in the function key area.These options will start SDA on a screen named SCREEN1 in the member SCRNMBR of file SRCFILE in library YOURLIB. F4=Prompt Press <F4> to have the Work with Fields display appear. shift. such as requesting extended field definition. On the Work Screen you can add fields and constants. and add or remove attributes and colors. or B (both) for alphabetic fields.

33E or +3(3. Adding Constants To add a new constant or change an existing constant: y y y y y y y y Type a constant. if you are in multiple mode. You cannot use a DBCS insert key on the Work Screen. The following examples illustrate constant fields: 'xxx"YYY' Defines two constant fields. The fields begin in the position where you type &. When you press Enter. SDA will replace each pair with a shift in and a shift out pair when you press <Enter>.The following examples illustrate user-defined fields: +BBB or +b(3) Three-character. 'xxx YYY zzz' Combines three constant fields into one field. and the column heading position and pressing Enter. Surround several constants with single quotation marks to redefine them as one constant. type *DATE or *TIME. both (input and output).2) Four-character.2)e Single-precision. type ? in front of the field. Adding Fields from a Data Base File The fields you select from a database file. +66. You move fields from the bottom line to your display by typing & followed by the field number. Surround a character string with single quotation marks to define a single constant. input. numeric.999d or +9(5. To work with a MSGCON field. To add system date or time fields. input field with two decimal positions (set by an edit word). Use the at sign (@) in pairs to delimit a DBCS (Double Byte Character Set) constant. floating-point field with five significant digits and three decimal positions. The following examples illustrate moving fields to your display: . Press < F12>to return to the Work Screen. +99. Type constants with single quotation marks to define separate constants for each character string (word) that is followed by a blank. type + followed by M. +3. floating-point field with three significant digits and two decimal positions. A blank character ends the constant. You can then type DBCS data between the delimiters. To add a MSGCON (MeSsaGe CONstant) field. the Define Message Constant display appears.3)D Double-precision. alphabetic. both (input and output) field. Use a double quotation mark to end one constant and start a new constant while taking up only one position. appear on the bottom row of the Work Screen. +MMM or +(M3) The Define Message Constant display appears.66 or +6(4.

pressing < Enter>. == . &nC Places field. -.in the position preceding the field (the attribute byte of the field) and type = where you want the field to appear.Single Field Mode Mode &&n &L &R &C Symbol Multiple Field Meaning Field Places field. Left-aligns column heading f or an alphabetic field and right -aligns column heading for a numeric fields. &P Adding or Removing Attributes and Colors To add or remove display attributes or colors on the Work Screen. Adds a column heading to the left of the field. Copying. &nP Places the column heading only. Does not add column heading. Adds a column above the field. Moving. and Shifting Fields Reposition fields on the Work Screen by typing one of the following and pressing <Enter>: -. &nR Places field. type one of following commands (in uppercase or lowercase) in the position preceding the field (the attribute byte of the field): Command Add Remove H R S B N U -H -R -S -B -N -U -A Attribute High intensity Reverse image Column separators Blink Nondisplay Underscore Remove all attributes Command Add Remov e CB CG CP CR CT CW -CB -CG -CP -CR -CT -CW -CA Color Blue Green Pink Red Turquoise White Remove all colors You can carry out the above operations by typing * in the position preceding the field (the attribute byte of the field). = Type . &nL Places field. and working with the field keyword displays that appear. Adds a column heading to the right of the field.

You can change the message number.Type .in the position preceding the field (the attribute byte of the field) and type == where you want a copy of the field to appear. Display field length and description Type ? in the position preceding the field to display field length and text or column heading description on the last row of the Work Screen. Additional Features Extended field definition Type * in the position preceding the field (the attribute byte of the field) to add field-level attributes and keywords. >>> Type <<< in the position preceding the field (the attribute byte of the field). == Type . and over the entire field. D Type D in the position preceding the field (the attribute byte of the field). to shift the field left or right as far as the signs extend. and library. <<<. Date and time keywords Type *DATE or *TIME to define special constants on the display where the system date and time will be automatically substituted. Subfile Field Definition You can define fields for a subfile similar to nonsubfile fields with the following considerations: . file. or type >>> after the field (over the first attribute byte). -. type . Removing Fields Remove fields from the Work Screen by typing one of the following and pressing <Enter>DO NOT use the <Delete>key to delete items on the work screen: Blanks Type a blank in the position preceding the field (the attribute byte of the field). You can rename the field by changing the name on the last row. Display MSGCON field definition Type ? in the position preceding the field to show the Define Message Constant display.in any position after the last field.in any position preceding the field. and type == where you want a copy of the group of fields to appear. -.

. Anything you type is assumed to be a definition of the first record. . . . . . . 30 Y=Yes Name Name. . .. . . Y=Yes Y=Yes 0. . *LIBL . . . . . the file must be compiled before exiting SDA. 10 .. . .y y y You can modify fields on the first record of the subfile. Note that it isn't necessary to save a file after every RECORD created. . . . . . . . . To modify the values of the SFLPAG (number of records on the display) and SFLLIN (number of spaces between fields). . . . . (CRTDSPF) Display file . . Library . . . . THE MODIFICATIONS WILL NOT BE SAVED. . press < F15>to display the subfile prompt line. . . . . Y SRCFILE___ YOURLIB___ SCRNMBR___ Y Y SCRNFIL___ YOURLIB_ __ Y 20 Y QBATCH____ QGPL______ Y=Yes Name Name. . . . . . . .. *LIBL . . . . . . Using the "6" option for a screen produces the following display: Save DDS . . . . *LIBL . . . . Several screens from a single member can be created before compilation. . . . Save generated DDS source . . . . . . . . . Replace existing member . . . . . . . . SDA displays the screen with the values supplied. Any field that you define for the subfile will appear the number of times specified by the SFLPAG keyword. . . . <F15>is allowed only for subfile records. . Submit create job in batch . . . . . . However. . . . . . The screen test program will request the name of a screen and display file (created using the compilation procedure above. . Source file . . .. . . . . Member . IF THIS OPTION IS NOT CHOSEN AFTER THE SCREEN DESIGN IS COMPLETE.. . . .) followed by a prompt screen for values for the output fields. Job description . Library . Choosing the "6" option on the Design Option line saves the source file for the screen and compiles it into a screen file which may be used by a program. Create file if DDS message severity (GENLVL) is less than . . F3=Exit F12=Cancel . 20. . F4 for list Y=Yes Y=Yes F4 for prompt Name Name. . Library . These options will compile all the screen records in member SCRNMBR of file SRCFILE in library YOURLIB to a *FILE object called SCRNFIL in YOURLIB. PDM returns to the "Design Screens" menu shown above. . display listing . . . This can be accomplished using the "Test Display Files" option from the initial SDA menu. . . Create display file . . . . . Compiling And Testing Screens Once the screen design is complete and <F3>is pressed. . . . . . That file may then be used by user programs. .Create Display File Type choices. . . . . It may be advantageous to test screen designs before using them with programs. .. Replace existing file . . press Enter. . If create fails. . . . . . .

. this tool allows the user to view and change the values of variables and step through the program by using breakpoints which interrupt program execution and return control to the debugger. . . . . . Starting the debugger Before using the debugger. since the debugger does not list source lines as the program executes. . . . it is necessary to prompt for more options by pressing <F10>. Library . Program . . . . > YOURLIB___ Name. . *PGM . . . . . respectively. *NOLIST. . . . . first prompt on the compile option on the Work with Members Using PDM display (or on the CRT___PGM command for the language of the source file) by pressing < F4>(PROMPT) with the "14" (COMPILE) option on the options line of the file you wish to compile. . . F3=Exit F4=Prompt display F24=More keys F5=Refresh *DEBUG____ *SOURCE___ *EXTENDED__ 2046____ F12=Cancel *LIST. . . . . . . . . *CURLIB . To specify these options at compilation time. editing. . and compiling programs. . . . . *EXTENDED. *CHECK. > TEST______ Name. Source member . . . . . Source file . This will show the initial options screen for the compiler. . . . . . . . which reveals the following screen: Create Pascal Program (CRTPASPGM) Type choices. *LIBL. . Library . This source output should be printed before starting the debugger.Debugging Programs on the AS/400 In addition to the utilities provided for creating. . . To enter the compiler options. press Enter. Text 'description' . *ANSI83. . The source output is also useful as a hardcopy reference while the program is executing. .. . . . as the compiler adds its own line numbers to the source which will be necessary in referencing specific lines while using the debugger. other languages will have similar prompt displays. . *SYSTEM String temporary threshold . . . > SRCFILE___ Name . These will. . *SRCMBRTXT_____________________________ Additional Parameters Compiler options . . > YOURLIB___ Name. > TEST______ Name . *CURLIB . 256 -32767 F13=How to use this The above example is from a Pascal source member. . . However. . include debugging information in the executable program (so the debugger has access to variable and routine names) and produce a source output listing from the compiler. .. . . the AS/400 provides a facility to aid in the debugging of programs as they are running. Called the EPM (Extended Program Model) debugger. + for more values Language level . the source program must be compiled with the *DEBUG and *SOURCE options. .

From the 'Display Break Point' screen. n2 . For example. n10) Phase 3 (Calling the Program) Once the breakpoints are set. that you intend to debug. Using the debugger The process of Debugging essentially consists of four phases: 1. 2. The program breaks before processing a statement specified as a breakpoint. ' addbkp stmt(10 20 30) ' will set the breakpoints at statements 10. Start the Debugger Add breakpoints Call the program to be debugged and End the Debugger These phases are discussed in detail below: Phase 1 (Start the Debugger) The command to start the debugger is: ===> strdbg YOURLIB/TEST where TEST is the program in library YOURLIB. Display the program variables with DSPPGMVAR command: ..... 4. After the member has been compiled (assuming there are no errors in compilation. you can check the values of the program variables as explained below: y y Press <F10>(command entry) on the 'Display Breakpoint' screen. 20 and 30. The simplest form of ADDBKP takes the following form: where n1. Pressing <Enter>once all options are entered will submit the compilation. ===> addbkp stmt(n1 n2 . Phase 2 (Add Breakpoints) A Breakpoint is a place in a program where the system stops the processing of that program and gives control to the display station user or to a specified program.) the source listing should be printed and used with the next steps.Placing the *DEBUG and *SOURCE options on the "Compiler options" lines will cause the compiler to produce a source listing and place it in the output queue and will include debugging information in the output program. ===> call YOURLIB/TEST You will notice that the program stops execution when the breakpoint is reached. n10 are the statement numbers where the breakpoint is to occur. 3. This will take you to the command entry screen. the next step is to run the program using the CALL command. You may specify 1 to 10 statement numbers where the breakpoint should occur. The command ADDBKP is used to set breakpoints.

Feature switch settings: 1 2101 2 0X11 3 0000 4 1110 5 0001 6 0110 7 1X10 8 000X 9 XXXX 0 XXXX 6.0. the blocks of 4 characters at the bottom of the screen.VT-100 to PS/2 (PC Support) Keyboard Mapping . 4. save the changes you have made to the SETUP so that you will not have to repeat this setup the next time you use PC-VT. You should now change the feature switches.0 will not support the cursor keys during an AS/400 session. y y Using the above command. 8. To exit the command entry press <F3>. Select Data/Parity Bits. 2. 5. Start PC-VT and immediately go into the setup by pressing CTRL-F1. Finally. before you issue any other command. Versions prior to V9.0 for use with the IBM AS/400 via a port selector connection. You should next set the modem speed to 9600.===> dsppgmvar VARNAME where VARNAME is the variable name you intend to display. This may be done with menu option 7. This may be done by pressing the S key. Control is transferred back to the breakpoint. you can check for as many variables as you want to from the command entry screen. or will terminate. 1. 'Go to SETUP B'. The command to do it is: ===> enddbg APPENDIX A . so that they match those given below. Ending the Debugger Once you are done with debugging.0 Terminal Setup Instruction The following should assist you in setting up PC-VT V9. This may be confirmed by starting PC-VT and noting the version number on the initial screen or by entering the setup A screen. 7. APPENDIX B . Next set the data bits to 8 and the stop bits to 2.Terminal Setup PC-VT 9. This may be done by placing the cursor above each feature switch you wish to change and pressing the 6 key to toggle the switch to the correct value. Confirm that your copy of PC-VT is V9. The program will stop at the next breakpoint if any. 9. You may use the <ESC>key to exit the setup mode and return to the emulator mode from which you may access the port selector. Select option 5. Press <Enter>to resume execution of the program. 3. it is very important that you end the Debugger. This may be done with menu option P. Select Modem Speed.

Special Char <ESC><CTRL>w Indicator Toggle <ESC><CTRL>a Refresh screen <Left Ctrl><ESC>r or <CTRL>r Reset term. This facility is set up for the user to work through any topic he/she is interested in. which gives feedback on how much information the user retained from that module. Getting Started . using the bookmark utility to keep track of where the user has left off. err. There is a quiz at the end of most modules. so the next time he/she is using education. the system will automatically return the user to the place where they left off. <Alt><Pt Scn><ESC>s System Request APPENDIX C .PS/2 Key Nam Micro -Term Key Sequence Typical use <F1><ESC>1 Help <F2><ESC>2 Switch View <F3><ESC>3 Exit <F4><ESC>4 Prompt <F5><ESC>5 Refresh Screen <F6><ESC>6 <F7><ESC>7 Roll Down <F8><ESC>8 Roll Up <F9><ESC>9 Get Previous Cmd <F10><ESC>0 Move to top <F11><ESC> List Toggle <F12><ESC>+ Cancel <F13><ESC>! or <ESC><SHIFT>1 User support <F14><ESC>@ or <ESC><SHIFT>2 <F15><ESC># or <ESC><SHIFT>3 <F16><ESC>$ or <ESC><SHIFT>4 Main menu <F17><ESC>% or <ESC><SHIFT>5 <F18><ESC>+ or <ESC><SHIFT>6 <F19><ESC>& or < ESC><SHIFT>7 Scroll left <F20><ESC>* or <ESC><SHIFT>8 Scroll right <F21><ESC>( or <ESC><SHIFT>9 <F22><ESC>) or <ESC><SHIFT>0 <F23><ESC>_ or <ESC><SHIFT> Scrl Option <F24><ESC>= or <ESC><SHIFT>= Scrl Menu <DEL><DEL> Delete chara cter <Shift><Insert><CTRL>d Duplicate <Enter><RETURN> Send screen <Backspace><ESC>i <Right Ctrl><LINEFEED> or <CTRL>j Field exit <Home><ESC>H <Insert><ESC><DEL> Insert mode <Page up><ESC>u <Page down><E SC>d <Shift><Pt Scn><CTRL>p Print Screen <Tab><TAB> Next field <Shift><Tab><ESC><TAB> Previous field <ESC><ESC>a or <CTRL>a Attention <Alt><F7><ESC>(grave accent) Ins.Using On-line Education (EDU) Introduction Online education is a facility provided by IBM to assist the user in learning about the AS/400. This facility is self-paced so the user can work the modules when it is convenient.

At the end of most modules. exiting and marking it complete or go to a topic/subtropic menu for the module. 6. From any command line type ==>STREDU <Enter> STREDU is an abbreviation for Start Education. 4. This will give you a choice of exiting the module. To Obtain a Screen Print Press the <SHIFT>and PRINT SCREEN key (towards the upper right hand corner of your keyboard) at the same time. Next. For the CS175 class. press <F4>on this line. type a 2. This will give you a list of all started printers and from here you can select one by typing a 1 on . To exit in the middle of a module press <F3> where this option is available. To check your screen print type WRKSPLF (work with your spool files). to clear this message and continue your session. At the Printer to use prompt. to assigned to a printer. obtain a screen print of the screen that tells you how many you answered correctly on the first try. This can consist of questions from the module or examples that you walk through. which tells you that it has been sent to the default printer device. When the screen has been captured you will see a message at the bottom of your screen. Type 1 to select one of them <Enter>. Select course <Enter> 3. Select 5. Press the <Reset>(at the bottom left hand corner of the keyboard). To display a description about a course select 8 in front of that particular course. Your most recent screen print will be located at the bottom of the list and it will be titled QSYSPRT. Select 4 to select an audience path for the course <Enter>. there is a quiz. you can either select 1 to start the first module in the selected audience path of the course or 3 to select any module < Enter>within the selected course. 2. change. when you are finished with the quiz. and press <Enter>. you need to go through the quiz again to get to that screen. Follow the directions and read each screen carefully. To see a list of all started printers. This will change the status from not assigned to a printer. You can select all modules or one of the listed categories. 7. or a combination of both. The COMS 175---Command Language audience path is customized for the CS175 class. Exit online education by pressing a series of <F3>keys until you have reached a command line. exiting and setting a bookmark. 5. If you forget to get a screen print. type the name of the printer you would like to send your printout to and press <Enter>. There are several courses in online education but the most useful ones in terms of using the AS/400 are: o Tutorial Support System o Facilities and Implementation o Application Design and Development Tools Type 1 to select the desired course <Enter>.1. To assign it to a printer.

APPENDIX D . Page to bottom of file.CRTLIB 2. Execute the program. Choose option 5 .if so create or attain. 5. Check for dependencies.the line before the desired printer. PAS. 3. .DSPMSG Check spool file to see if any Fatal errors or warnings. Create a source physical file (optional) . If there are errors or fatal errors go to to step III and correct. 4. Cross reference statement number with source line number with spool file WRKSPLF 3.where ___ can be CBL. 1. Move cursor to error description . Look for error and statement number. spool file. If program gives a run-time error. various ways of doing essentially the same thing are shown under each outline heading. Display message to see if completed successfully . 4. Go to step III. Work in program development manager  STRPDM  WRKLIBPDM  WRKOBJPDM  WRKMBRPDM 3. Type source into physical file member. You will return to the screen where you pressed <F4>.STRSEU 2. o CALL library/programname o Option 16 from a WRKOBJPDM screen. Start source entry utility . For more information on printing. In PDM: <F6> .create a member.if so create or attain them. etc. Compile the source member to attain object and compiled. 2. some more appropriate than others depending on the situation. Since there may be multiple ways to complete a task. C. o Does program need data files . o Does program need other programs .CRTSRCPF 3. 2. BAS. 2. o Option 14 from the PDM lines. 1. Create a library (optional) .DISPLAY. 0. Setup area for source 1. Wait for compilation to complete. 4.. Press <Enter> to select this printer. WRKSPLF 1.hit <F1> (help) 1. PAS. 0. see the section "Printing Procedure" in this manual. If there are any warnings determine if they are important and if deemed so go to step III and correct... Press <Enter>again to accept this printer. Note if there are any warnings or errors or fatal errors. Correct error. o CRT___PGM .How to program on an AS/400 The following outline details the basic steps of program development on the AS/400. Log in.

After you have completed this form send it in the campus mail to: AS/400 Staff Computer Services Box 45 Today's Date: Your Name: Your Phone No. or if you want to express your opinion about it (such as organization. this is the form to use.Log off. appearance) or make suggestions for improvement. Mankato © 1992.06 Copyright Minnesota State University.: Your Address: Your Comments: Version 2.1995 Last modified: Thu Sep 18 00:28:14 CDT 2003 Jeffrey Hundstad . Reader's Comments Use this form to tell us what you think about this manual. subject matter. If you have found errors in it. Be sure to print your name and address below if you would like a reply.

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