Introductory Reference to the IBM AS/400

Introduction to the AS/400

The IBM Application System/400 popularly known as AS/400 is a family of mid-range business computing systems, that supersedes IBM's highly successful System/3X family. The AS/400 is available in three different types the 9402, 9404, and the 9406. Currently, here at Minnesota State University, Mankato, the Computer Services is supporting a dual processor IBM AS/400 9406 model D80, that contains 192 Megabytes of primary memory and 7.1 Gigabytes of mirrored secondary storage. The AS/400 systems exclusively use the IBM Operating System/400 (OS/400). It is a multi user operating system that works with the Licensed Internal Code (LIC) instructions to implement the functions that are basic to the AS/400 architecture. OS/400 can perform tasks under direct control of both the user and an application program. The AS/400 system differs from the traditional systems in several ways. They offer more compatibility across the product line since only one operating system and architecture is used consistently across the entire family. The system offers very high performance compared to the earlier System/3X computers. This is achieved by a combination of faster processors, extended storage and improved fixed disk systems. The software architecture is different from that of more traditional systems. Implementing functions such as security, database and communications in microcode, and providing a one-piece operating system resulted in improved efficiency, consistency and simplicity.

Now, to take a look into the highlights of the system
AS/400's standard functions plus the many communications options and supporting software provide users with flexibility for various communications environments. The AS/400 application programming interface provides some new capabilities not found in earlier operating systems. The basic architecture of AS/400 systems makes for a very productive program development environment. The built-in database and single-level storage provide high-level structures and consistency. This along with the programming tools available for AS/400 can increase programmer productivity. The programmer has the flexibility to choose one of the following programming languages for their application programs:


y y y y y y y y

C CL command language COBOL X3.23-1974 & X3.23-1985 FORTRAN Pascal PL/I REXX RPG II & III

The AS/400 marks a new beginning in the business computing world. This new generation of systems with advanced technology and advanced applications serve as a growth platform for the customer to expand in application, size and network complexity.

Signing On to the AS/400
PC Support/400
y y y y y y

Reboot the PC by pressing <Ctrl><Alt><Delete>at the same time. Press this key combination twice. Select the option that indicates PC Support and/or AS/400. Answer "Enter common user ID:" with your username Answer "Enter password for common user ID:" with your password. If there is a beep or a message press <Enter>to bypass the message. At this point you should have the following screen:
Sign On System . . . . . : MKTAS400 Subsystem . . . . : QINTER Display . . . . . : PCnnnnS1 User . . . . . . . Password . . . . . Program/procedure. Menu . . . . . . . Current library. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . __________ __________ __________ __________

y y y y

Type your username in the "User" blank. Press the <Tab>key. Type your password. The password will not be displayed. Press the <Enter>key.

If for some reason you can not longer type, press the <Reset>key. On the Microterms or PCVT this would be the <Esc>key then R. On PC Support/400 this would be the left <Ctrl>key. If this is the first time you signed on continue with the Changing your password section of this manual.

Changing Your Password
The first time you log on the AS/400 you will be forced to change your password before continuing.
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y y

y y

y y y

Press <Enter>to change your password. At the "Current Password" field, type `xx' followed by the last six digits of your social security number (ie. xx999999) NOTE: nothing you type on this screen will be displayed to ensure that no one views your password as you type it. Press <Tab>or <Field Exit>. For the "New Password" field, type the password you would like to use when you sign on to the computer. It must not exceed 10 characters, it must begin with a alphabetic character and the remaining characters may be any combination of alphabetic, numeric characters. Note: Try not to make it too difficult, you will need to know it to sign on the AS/400 again. Press <Tab>or <Field Exit> At the "New Password (to verify)" field, type in your new password for a second time to make sure you have entered it correctly. If you have entered it incorrectly you will get an error message and your initial password will still be `xx' followed by the last four digits of your social security number. Press <Enter> Upon completion, the following message will be displayed: Password changed successfully Read the following screens, pressing <Enter>to exit each one, until you reach the AS/400 Main Menu screen.

Later on when you want to change your password, type CHGPWD on the command line and go through the same steps.

Signing Off of the AS/400
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Press <F3>until you see a command prompt, ===>. At the command prompt type SIGNOFF.

Getting Online Help
AS/400 provides extensive On-line help, and a simple method of accessing the help information. On-line help information is provided for all system displays. The type of help provided depends on the location of the cursor. For all displays, the following information is provided:
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What the display is used for How to use the display How to use the command line if there is one How to use the entry fields and parameter line if any What function keys are active and what they do.

If the <Help>key is pressed when the cursor is in an area where specific on-line help information is available, the help text for that area of the display is shown. If the <Help>key is pressed when the cursor is in an area for which no specific information is available, information for the entire display is shown. Then you can page forward or backward through the information for the entire display and for each area. If the <Help>key is pressed while a help display is shown, a description of the types of help that are available on the displays, and how to get each type of help is shown. The <Help>key on the PC Support stations is labeled <Scroll Lock>. On the VT -100 or PCVT stations the key sequence for < Help>is <ESC>h. If <F11>=Search index is shown at the bottom of the display, you can press <F11>to see the Search Help Index display. On that display, you can request information about any topic you specify.

The start search index command is used when you would like to get help on a specific or general topic. To use the index search facility type STRSCHIDX and hit <Return>. Type your subject topic, or topics on the bottom subject line. When you hit <Return>again your topic will be searched for and the topics found will be displayed on the screen above the topic line. To display the information you are looking for type 5 in the option field by the topic line press <Return>. To get out of the index search facility press <F3>until exited.

CD-ROM Manuals
If you are attached to the AS/400 using PC Support/400 you have the ability to look at a hypertext version of a subset of the complete AS/400 manual set. To start the hypertext book reader type the command MANUALS at any AS/400 prompt. This guide is laid out like a library. The library contains bookshelves. These bookshelves contain books. For example our library contains a bookshelf name Languages. We select the bookshelf by using the arrow keys to place the highlighted cursor over it and press <Enter>. On this bookshelf there are several books on languages. One of the books is titled "COBOL/400 Reference". Once again we use the arrows and cursor to select the item. Now that we have the book it opens up a "Table of Contents" for the book. By using this search and select procedure you can look through the book like a book you'd check out at the library.

More Help
There are three ways to get help on the READ/DOS book reader (AS/400 command MANUALS):
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Start the book reader and select the bookshelf entitled BookManager READ/DOS. Press <F1>anywhere you're in question about your current options. Press <Alt>h (or <F10>h) and select the appropriate help selection for your current problem.

Using the Prompt Facility
AS/400 provides interactive command prompting for any command supplied with the system or created by the user. On the command entry screen notice the option F4 = Prompt at the bottom of the screen. You can type the command name only, and press <F4>to see the prompt display for the command. Usually, a command may require many parameters before it can be executed. The prompt displays provide a convenient method of supplying that parameter information. For example, type SNDMSG on any command line and press <F4>. The following prompt display is shown:
Send Message (SNDMSG) Type choices, press Enter. Message text . . . . . . . . . . ________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________ _______________________ ___________________________________________________ __________________________________ To user profile . . . . . . . . . __________ Name , *SYSOPR, *ALLACT...

F3=Exit F4=Prompt F5=Refresh F10=Additional parameters F12=cancel F13=How to use this display F24=More keys

To execute the command, supply the required information for Message text and user profile and press <Enter>. Most of the parameters used on commands have default values that are used if no other value is specified. You may change the default values if you desire to do so. If <F4>= Prompt is shown on the prompt display, you can press < F4>to request a list of predefined values (such as *SYSOPR and *ALLACT in the above display) that are permitted in the field where the cursor is currently positioned. In relation to the SNDMSG command, you can use DSPMSG at any time to display messages in your message queue.

Organization of OS/400 Objects
On the AS/400, everything that can be stored or retrieved is stored in an object. Examples of objects are libraries, files, executable programs, queues, and more. Objects share some common attributes such as name, type, size, description, date created, and owner. The concept of an object allows the system to perform certain standard operations, such as authorization management, on all objects types. The object types that we will be primarily concerned with in this manual are:

*LIB Libraries

Files A file is an object. There are two types of database files: 1. A data physical file (*FILE PF-DTA) contains data that cannot be compiled. It is usually created using the "Create Source Physical File" (CRTSRCPF) command (more information about this command will be given later). such as an input file to a program. source physical files. System supplied libraries NOTE:all IBM-supplied library names begin with the letter "Q" or "#" 3. 2. A source physical file has the attribute "PFSRC". In this manual. There are basically three general categories of libraries: 1. A source physical file is actually a special type of data physical file. Refer to the section on the SEU editor for the meanings of these fields. A data physical file normally has a record format. It has a fixed-length record format. and VAX/VMS. that contains a group of objects. a library cannot "contain" other libraries (with the exception of QSYS. The CRTSRCPF command creates a physical file with attributes appropriate for source physical files.y y y *FILE Files *PGM Compiled programs *OUTQ Output queues Libraries Every object is contained in a library. of type *FILE. logical files. This description is then compiled to produce a *FILE object with attribute PF-DTA. User-created libraries. This record format is defined using Data Description Specifications (DDS is a language that is used to describe database files to the system). physical files 2. A physical file contains actual data stored on the system. and 6 for the date field. For example. we are primarily interested in two kinds of physical files: 1. However.the library that contains all other libraries. which "contains" all libraries on the system). A library is an object. of type *LIB. that contains data in the form of a database. It is similar to the "root" or top-level directory on Unix. An interesting implication of the non-hierarchical nature of libraries is that two users cannot have libraries with the same name. A source physical file (*FILE PF-SRC) contains source statements. a data physical file is a data file. for example the source statements of a Pascal or COBOL program. unlike these systems. 6 for the sequence number field. data physical files 2.) . In conventional terms. In this manual. we are primarily concerned with database files. device data. the default record length is 92 (80 for the source data field. for example an employee master file. QSYS . or a group of related records that are handled as a unit. the system master library. MS-DOS.

However.. will format the program as a COBOL program. Normally. Once. and "QCLSRC" for the various PF-SRC files. . . In a data physical file (PF-DTA). a member has been specified as having an attribute of CBL (for COBOL program. "DDSSRC". for example. Although. This attribute is specified when creating the member. An example of a PF SRC file and its members is shown below (we will explain how to get to this screen in the section on PDM): Work with Members Using PDM File . each member contains source statements for a program or DDS source. Members have an attribute associated with them. A data physical file may contain one or more members. you may want to keep all your RPG source programs in a PF-SRC file called. in the above example.. . . you will probably want to store source programs of the same type in a separate source physical file. which in the case of PF-SRC members. . the member's name is the . __________ Type options. a PF-DTA file will only have one member (by default. for example. . . This implies that all members of an object share the same basic characteristics with the other members in the object such as ownership and security. and allows compilation to be totally automatic. . you may choose to include source members of different types belonging to the same application in the same PF-SRC file. it "knows" that it should invoke the COBOL compiler. . for example. press Enter. . determines how the various systems programs (such as the editor and compilers) on the AS/400 treat the member. Library . For example. and it is contained in the library YOURLIB. as in the above example. You may also use the standard IBM-supplied names such as "QRPGSRC".) the AS/400 editor. and when PDM (Program Development Manager) is given the instruction to compile the file. "RPGSRC" and DDS source in a PFSRC file called. SRCFILE___ YOURLIB___ Position to . 2=Edit 7=Rename Opt __ __ __ __ __ Member NAMEEMP CLPRO G RPGPROG EMPMAST SCRNMBR 3=Copy 4=Delete 8=Display description Type LF CLP RPG PF DSPF Text Sample Sample Sample Sample Sample 5=Display 9=Save 6=Print 13=Change text . SEU. . In a PF-SRC file.The data records in a data physical file can be grouped into members. "QDDSSRC". These members are not objects themselves but subsets of an object. DDS Source for a Logical File Control Language Source Program RPG Source Program DDS Source for a Physical File DDS Source for a Display File Parameters or command ===> ___________________________________________________________ F3=Exit F9=Retrieve F4=Prompt F10=Command entry F5=Refresh F23=More options F6=Create F24=More keys The name of the source physical file is SRCFILE. the member(s) contains data for use by programs. source members of different types are stored in the same source physical file.

In this way. The name of the output queue is normally the same as that of your user profile. On the AS/400. When this source member is compiled (using CRTPF or option 14 in the "Work with Members using PDM" screen). A data logical file (*FILE LF-DTA) is a data file that contains no actual data. it is possible to include multiple members in a single PFDTA file. The attribute for a *PGM object indicates the language the program was written in. This compiled object is the actual file that is used to hold data records. For instance. A data logical file is described to the system using DDS. you may want to group the records in a sales transactions file so that each member contains data for each month. Two common types of device files are printer files (*FILE PRTF) and display files (*FILE DSPF). Another *FILE object type that you may encounter in your programming courses is the device file. For example. contains DDS source that defines a physical file. is not an object itself but a subset of an object. However. It is similar to the concept of a "view" in SQL. like a member. A device file contains a description how data is to be presented to a program from a device or vice versa.same as the file name). The relationships between the various objects that have been discussed in this section are as follows: QSYS (*LIB) [special library] | | contains | Library (*LIB) | . A printer file describes the attributes that printed output will have. at this point. An important object type on the AS/400 is the output queue (*OUTQ). the output goes to an output queue and it stays there as a spooled file. One way of defining and creating a display file is with the Screen Design Aid (SDA) utility. When the DDS source is compiled. when a COBOL source program is compiled. the difference between "source" and "data" in regards to data physical files. the "PF" member. In the "Work with Members using PDM" screen above. it will produce a *FILE object with attribute PF-DTA. Refer to the section "Printing Procedure" in this manual for more information on printing spooled files. such as the length and width of a printed page. A display file describes what information is to be displayed and where it is to be displayed on the screen of a display station. A spooled files. Other Object Types A program object (*PGM) is a compiled program. "EMPMAST". An output queue has already been created for you with the creation of your user profile. whenever something is printed. A printer file can be created using the "Create Printer File" (CRTPRTF) command. but provides a different method of viewing the data of an accompyning data physical file(s) which it internally references. it produces an object with a type of *PGM with the attribute CBL. It is important to understand. The spooled file stays in the output queue until it is directed to a printer or removed. each month's data can be processed separately by processing one member at a time. a *FILE object with the attribute LF-DTA is produced.

. . . . .-----------------. i. To create a library. . . to store all your application objects. . . Text 'descrip tion' . Member(s) | | [Reorginized data] Source Data Physical Physical File File (PF-SRC) (PF -DTA) | | contains | | contains | | Member(s) Member(s) [Program source] [Actual Data] Creating a Library A library has already been created for during user profile creation. .. . . the library that has the same name as that as your user profile.^--. F3=Exit F4=Prompt F5=Refresh F13=How to use this display YOURLIB__ Name *PROD____ *PROD.e. press Enter. The name of this library is normally the same as that of your user profile. | | | | Programs (*PGM) Outqueues (*OUTQ) Files (*FILE) Other [Executable] | | objects | contains | Spooled Files | [Output intended for Printer] | | . Create Library (CRTLIB) Type choices. .---------------. . Library type . we will create another library and use this library as an example throughout the manual. Type in the name of the library and enter a brief description for the library. . .------^-----. . . . . Library . . Leave the library type as *PROD (a production library is one that is used for normal processing). . . . *TEST Sample_Library__________________ F10=Additional parameters F24=More keys F12=Cancel . . In this section. type the CRTLIB ("Create Library") on a command line and press <F4>to prompt on it.--------. Note that you can use your default library. | | Physical Data Logical file file (PF) (LF -DTA) | ^ contains .| contains | . .+----^----------------.

A default library list is automatically created by OS/400 for each job started by a user. meaning the current library. Creating a Source Physical File Now. Member. Supply the names for the source file and the library that will hold it. File . . . . Before we discuss what the current library is. . Below. It specifies which libraries are to be searched and the order in which they are searched when the system looks for an object. it means that some other user already has a library by the same name. . . is automatically included in your library list. Record length ... . . . . . To create a source physical file. type CRTSRCPF and press <F4> to prompt on it. A library list is similar in concept to the "PATH" in Unix and MS-DOS. . Display Library List System: MKTAS400 . . . .. . Other commands that operate on libraries are: y y y DSPLIB (Display Library) DLTLIB (Delete Library) WRKLIB (Work with Library). The current library is tied closely to the concept of a library list. . *FILE Sample_Source_File___________________ F10=Additional parameters F24=More keys F12=Cancel F3=Exit F4=Prompt F5=Refresh F13=How to use this display Library Lists You may have noticed in the previous screen that the "Library" field defaults to the value *CURLIB. we first explain what a library list is. . .. . . we show the display for creating a source file called "SRCFILE" in the library "YOURLIB".. .. created". Your default library. If you see the message "Library . . You should see a message at the bottom of the screen saying "Library . . Note: All libraries are on the same "level" with only QSYS above them. if desired Text 'description' . already exists"." at the bottom of your screen. . . . created in library . . You can display your library list by typing DSPLIBL and press <Enter> on a command line. The following is the library list for the user "JOHNDOE". . SRCFILE___ Name YOURLIB___ Name. . . A library list is identified by the value *LIBL. . .Press <Enter>. *NONE. If you get this message. . . . *CURLIB 92_______ Number *NONE_____ Name. let's create a source physical file in the library that we have just created. . . try another name for the library. press Enter. . Create Source Physical File (CRTSRCPF) Type choices. . that is the library that has the same name as that as your user profile. . Press < Enter> and you should see the message "File .. .. . . Library .

This is because "YOURLIB" is currently not in the library list. type the "Add Library List Entry" (ADDLIBLE) command. 5=Display objects in library Opt __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ Library QSYS QHLPSYS QUSRSYS JOHNDOE QTEMP QGDDM QGPL QMSU QPAS MBNLQ ONLINE Type SYS SYS SYS CUR USR USR USR USR USR USR USR Text System Library *IN USE JOHN DOE's default library GENERAL PURPOSE LIBRARY MSU generated commands and programs Common Library for MBNLQ . user portion which consists of libraries that holds user objects. User "JOHNDOE" wants to run the program (using the CALL command) and issues the command CALL TESTPROG . As you can see. To add a library to the library list. the program can now be located and executed since the library that contains the program is now in the library list.Type options. You can edit your library list using the EDTLIBL command and remove a library list entry using . the user can create their own libraries and add them to their library list.. If "JOHNDOE" now issues the the unqualified CALL command. followed by the library name (or prompt on the command) ADDLIBLE YOURLIB . and the user libraries). For example. the libraries in the library list are searched for the object (starting with the system libraries. the current library. In addition. The current library is the first user library that is searched before the rest of the user libraries in the list. If a user does not specify a library name when requesting an operation on an object. QGPL. the library "JOHNDOE"). pre ss Enter. a library list is divided into three parts: system portion which consists of the libraries that are required to run system functions current library which by default. COLLECTION . If. and QGDDM come with the system while others are locally supplied. Some user libraries. is the library that has the same name as your user profile (in this case. A message will appear stating that the program is not found in the library list.created by SQL F3=Exit F12=Cancel F17=Top F18=Bottom Note that you may not have all the libraries in the above list. "TESTPROG" is qualified by "YOURLIB" as CALL YOURLIB/TESTPROG then the program can be found and executed. however. assume that the user "JOHNDOE" has an executable program (*PGM object) called "TESTPROG" in the library "YOURLIB". such as QTEMP.

) or using one of three commands which indicate the level at which the user would like to work: y y y WRKLIBPDM -. . . . Next time. . when "JOHNDOE" signs on. . . editing. "YOURLIB" can be made the current library by typing CHGCURLIB YOURLIB . . . . . Note. *PRV. *CURLIB name. Using the Program Development Manager (PDM) The Program Development Manager (PDM) is a set of utilities under OS/400 designed to simplify the creation and development of software. This allows the user to work with objects inside a library.Work with file members using PDM Work with Objects One of the most commonly used commands to start PDM is WRKOBJPDM. *PRV.. . *generic.) which will produce a menu of options for the level on which the user wishes to work (libraries.. press Enter. "YOURLIB" will no longer be in their library list and hence. Object attribute . . .the RMVLIBLE command. *generic. . . .Work with objects using PDM WRKMBRPDM -. Some commands automatically default to the current library (*CURLIB). . . These may be replaced with the name of a specific library. .. *ALL. . that both commands (ADDLIBLE and CHGCURLIB) are only effective for a particular session. . attribute. Library .Work with libraries using PDM WRKOBJPDM -. no longer the current library. . such as the CRTSRCPF command. . Type WRKOBJPDM and press <F4> to prompt on it. compilation and program execution. or members. objects. The . . . . It automates file and member creation. *PRV______ *ALL______ *ALL______ *ALL______ *PRV. F3=Exit F4=Prompt F24=More keys F5=Refresh F12=Cancel F13=How to use this display The *PRV value on the "Library" field indicates that the default is to work on the library the user last worked with. . .. . . we will create an "initial program" that will automatically run these commands when a user signs on the system. name. Object . . . . and allows the programmer to manage their environment from a set of standard menus. . Work with Objects Using PDM (WRKOBJPDM) Type choices. . . *ALRTBL. . *PRV. however. Starting PDM PDM may either be started using the command STRPDM (for Start PDM.. Object type . *AUTL. . In the section "Steps in Developing a Program". .

name.) Each option is an action which may be performed on an object by placing its number on the "Opt" line next to the object and pressing the < Enter> key. Type WRKOBJPDM and prompt with <F4>. . *ALL. *AUTL. Object type . . . *generic*. PDM Options Options are displayed across the top of the screen (for a list of all the options available in PDM. . . . . . . . . press Enter. Work with Objects Using PDM Library . the source physical file "SRCFILE" that you have just created. . . . see Table 1 at the end of this section. *PRV. *CURLIB na me. there should be just one object in the library. 2=Change 3=Copy 8=Display description Opt __ Object SRCFILE Type *FILE Text Sample Source File Bottom Parameters or command ===> ________________________________________________________________ F3=Exit F9=Retrieve F4=Prompt F10=Command entry F5=Refresh F23=More options F6=Create F24=More keys Presently. and *ALL on the other options. .. Object attribute . . YOURLIB___ Position to . . .. . . *generic. . with the library specified as YOURLIB. . . . attribute. press Enter. Type options. . *PRV. . .. . . Object . . . . ."Object" and "Object type" options allow the user to limit which objects will be displayed. . . . is shown below. . . . *ALRTBL. .. . F3=Exit F4=Prompt F24=More ke ys F5=Refresh F12=Cancel F13=How to use this display The screen resulting from command WRKOBJPDM. . *PRV. __________ 4=Delete 9=Save Attribute PF -SRC 5=Display 10=Restore 7=Rename 11=Move . Library . YOURLIB___ *ALL______ *ALL______ *ALL______ *PRV. .. . . .. Work with Objects Using PDM (WRKOBJPDM) Type choices. . .. . . . __________ Position to type . This method of specifying actions on a form listing the objects available is consistent throughout PDM. .

If the item is of type *PGM. for instance the *DEBUG option to include debugging information in the program.. The following "Work with Members using PDM" screen appears: Work with Members Using PDM . However.) option. SRCFILE___ Library . the "18" option may be invoked to modify the file using DFU (Data File Utility). Work with Members The WRKMBRPDM display is the bottom level of PDM. . . the action of this option depends on the file type. ..) When this method of changing levels is used. Pressing <Enter> causes PDM to process each option in turn. When working with a source physical file at this level.. . Type "12" against "SRCFILE" to work with it. . pressing <Enter> or <F12> (cancel) with no options on the screen returns to the previous level. (programs may also be called from the WRKOBJPDM screen by using the 16 option. PDM will present the prompt screen for the command associated with that option number. . For example. press Enter. YOURLIB___ __________ Type options. . . go to the "Work With Output Queue" display. assume we have two source files in "YOURLIB". To use the prompting facility. You can type "5" (Display) against one and type "7" (Rename) against the other. change its attributes. Multiple objects may be operated on sequentially by placing numbers on more than one Opt line. allowing the user to work with spooled files. present a display allowing the user to call the program. . and second. More on PDM levels Moving down levels in PDM is accomplished using the "12" (Work With.) If the item is of type *OUTQ. Placing a 12 on the line next to an item on this display will: y y y If the item is of type *FILE. . 2=Edit 7=Rename Opt Member 3=Copy 4=Delete 8=Display description Type Text 5=Display 6=Print 9=Save 13=C hange text . At the WRKOBJPDM screen.. . the options support the prompting facility. option 2 runs the STRSEU command to begin editing a member and 14 calls the compiler for a program of that type (if specific compiler options are needed. go to the WRKMBRPDM display for that file (there are different types of WRKMBRPDM displays for source and data files. File Position to .) When working with a physical data file. simply press <F4> while an option number is on one of the "Opt" lines.There are two important special features which this method of specifying actions offers: First. multiple objects may be operated on in succession. etc. remember that the prompting facility may be invoked on any PDM option. the "2=change" option is no longer valid. .

. . . *generic. Member . . . *CURLIB *PRV. If you have many members in your file. . . .(No members in file) Parameters or command ===> ________________________________________________________________ F3=Exit F9=Retrieve F4=Prompt F10=Command entry F5=Refresh F23=More options F6=Create F24=More keys Presently. . . > YOURLIB___ Source member . . Later on. Type this command and press <F4> to prompt on it. Name. you can use the "Member" and/or "Member Type" fields to narrow down the number of members to work with. . . For now. the source member will contain only plain text). . To do that. . . . . Press <Enter> . . enter the names of the library and file as shown below. Bottom F3=Exit F4=Prompt F24=More keys F5=Refresh F12=Cancel F13=How to use this display You will now be inside the SEU editor. name *PRV. . *PRV *LIBL. . . . Let's create a member. . there are no members in "SRCFILE". . . . *CURLIB. . . . . *PRV. press <F6> (Create). press Enter. . press <F3> to quit and type "Y" in the "Change/Create member" field to save the source member. . . Library . . BASP. SRCMBR____ Source type . . BAS. . . type. . On return to the WRKMBRPDM screen. Sample_Source_Member____________________ Name. . . Member type . . . . .. in the section on SEU we will use this source member. . . .. . . . File . . . Name.. TXT_______ C. . *generic. . name. . To work with the member that we have just created. . name. . .e. . . . . Enter the name of the new source member and for its source type. . . . . .. Work with Members Using PDM (WRKMBRPDM) Type choices. This will automatically invoke the SEU editor. . Text 'description' . press Enter. *LIBL. . Source file . . *SELECT *SAME. . . SRCFILE___ YOURLIB___ *ALL______ *ALL______ *PRV. Name. . Start Source Entry Utility (STRSEU) Type choices. . . . . . . *PRV *PRV. you will notice that "SRCMBR" is now in "SRCFILE". .. . . . > SRCFILE___ Library . The "Work with Members using PDM" screen can be accessed directly using the WRKMBRPDM command. . .. enter "TXT" (i. .

This will bring up the "Work with Objects using PDM" screen for that library. Save Restore Move Work With Change Text Compile Copy File Run Change Using SDA Change Using DFU Find String Modify an obj ect or edit a source member Duplicate an object Remove an object from storage Display the contents of an object Copy a source member to an output queue Change an object's name Show summary information about an object Save an object to offline storage Retrieve an object from offline storage Move an object to another library Perform operations on the contents of an object Change the text description line for an object Compile a source physical file member Copy a *FILE object (has special options) Run an object of type *PGM Change a screen design (in a PF -SRC) using SDA Use DFU to change a PF -DTA member Find a s tring of characters in an object Table 2: Function Keys in PDM F1: F3: F4: F5: F6: F9: F10: F11: F12: F13: F14: F15: F16: F17: F18: F21: F23: F24: Help Exit Prompt Refresh Create Retrieve Command Entry Display Toggle Cancel Repeat Source Type Toggle Sort User Options Subset Change Defaults Print List More Options More Keys Obtain help on an area of PDM Exit PDM or current operation Display prompt screen for options on screen Redraw the screen with updated information Create a library.F3=Exit F4=Prompt F24=More keys F5=Refresh F12=Cancel F13=How to use this display Work with Libraries Briefly.) 2: 3: 4: 5: 6: 7: 8: 9: 10: 11: 12: 13: 14: 15: 16: 17: 18: 25: Change Copy Delete Display Print Rename Display Descrip. You can work with the contents of a library by typing 12 against it. or member Recall a previous command to the command line Display an OS/400 command entry screen Switch to/from brief display mode Cancel an operation Copy an option number to all lines Switch between date and type display in PF -SRC Cha nge member list sort criteria Specify user -defined commands to PDM Limit the list on the screen to certain types Change PDM user settings Print the object list on the screen Display more PDM option numbers. You will probably use this command least among the three PDM commands. if available Display more function keys. file. Table 1: Options in PDM (Some options may not be valid at some levels. if available Control Language Command Syntax . the WRKLIBPDM command lets you work with a library or libraries.

The purpose of this section is to provide a more formal presentation of CL commands. A CL command is made up of two parts: (1) a command name and (2) parameters.Work with The subject component of the command specifies the item that the verb acts on. or more parameters.Start PDM ADDLIBLE .Move o RMV . one. A system-defined default value .Add Item o CHG . Some examples of verb/subject combinations are: y y y y CRTSRCPF .Restore o RTV .Display item o END . a SUBJECT. The first option SLTCMD ("Select Command by Name") can be used to obtain a list of commands using a wildcard character (e. Some common verbs and their meanings are shown below: o ADD . Command Structure First.Set o SND . SLTCMD CR* will list all commands starting with CR).Revoke o SET .Retrieve o RVK .Create o DLT .Add Library List Entry CL commands can be found in several ways.Copy o CRT .Stop a program which was started with a STR o GRT . A command is made made up of two components: 1. a CL command is a way of of invoking functions and calling system services. A command may have some parameters that are required and some that are optional.Change o CPY . let's consider the command name.g. Parameters A CL command can have zero.Send o STR .Delete o DSP . As you would probably know by now. The command GO CMDxxx can be used to get a menu of commands related to xxx (where xxx can be a verb or subject).Work with Objects Using PDM STRPDM . This will bring up the "Command Grouping Menu" where each option represents a group of related commands.Create Source Physical File WRKOBJPDM . a VERB and 2.Grant o MOV .Start (a program or utility) o WRK .Remove item o RST . Another way of finding commands is to press <F4> on any command line. The verb consists of three characters and is the "action" component of the command.

the file name and library name fields are actually one parameter (a file name plus a library qualifier). is omitted. Another way of specifying parameters is the free format or command line method. which is in between the second and third parameters in the parameter set. Parameters in keyword form can be specified in any order. For example. 2. keyword form. character in both keyword and positional forms WRKMBRPDM YOURLIB/SRCFILE SRCMBRWRKMBRPDM FILE(YOURLIB/SRCFILE) MBR(SRCMBR) If only the file name is specified. the following is invalid WRKOBJPDM LIB(YOURLIB) SRCFILE . So far in this manual. The parameter values must be positionally matched with the keywords in the parameter set for that command. WRKOBJPDM YOURLIB *N *FILE *N will map to the default value for that parameter. One such tool is the Programming Development Manager (PDM) that offers the following: . "/". If you do not want to specify a value for one of the parameters. Using this method. parameters can be specified in: 1. In the positional form. One restriction of this mixed form of specifying parameters is that positional parameters cannot follow keyword parameters. positional form. the system-defined value. Positional parameters are often limited to the first three or four parameters. If the reference is to a file in a specific library. Note that the "Member" parameter. develop and maintain applications. Note that when using the WRKMBRPDM command. which in this case is *ALL. *N. For example. as in the following statement WRKMBRPDM SRCFILE the library qualifier will default to the library list (*LIBL). You may want to use this method if you remember exactly what parameter information is needed for a command. A parameter that is specified in keyword form will have a keyword followed immediately by a value (or list of values). a combination of both. the file name must be qualified with a slash. we have been using the <F4> prompt facility for specifying parameters. The above example can be specified in positional form as follows WRKOBJPDM YOURLIB SRCFILE . or 3.(prefixed by "*") is usually assigned to an optional parameter if the user does not specify a value for it. can be entered in the position of that parameter. the following command will display all objects of type *FILE in the library YOURLIB. A CL command can use a combination of both positional and keyword parameters. Using the SEU Editor Introduction The IBM AS/400 provides an integrated set of Application Development Tools (ADT) to design. For example. parameters are specified without keywords. for example WRKMBRPDM YOURLIB/SRCFI LE MBRTYPE(TXT) . WRKOBJPDM LIB(YOURLIB) OBJ(SRCFILE) There must not be any blanks between the keyword and the left parenthesis.

. 5..+. 5...... You can also reach this screen by typing WRKMBRPDM (Work with members using PDM) on any command line and pressing <F4> ..+.... 1 . List-oriented selection of items for development or maintenance. Starting the Editor Type STRPDM (Start Program Development Manager) on any command line. In this SEU tutorial.. 2 . The PDM menu is displayed. . PDM is one tool that may be used to access the SEU. ......+..y y y Integrated application development environment. The "Work with members" screen shows up. Another tool is the Source Entry Utility (SEU) that offers a full screen editor providing syntax checking of source statements...+... Extendable interface to tools through user-defined options.. supply the necessary source file (SRCFILE) and library (YOURLIB) information and press Enter.+.+.. You are now in the full-screen EDIT mode.... Choose option 3 to Work with members..: 1 80 SEU==> _______________________________________________________ FMT ** Edit SRCMBR . 6 .: 1 80 SEU==>_______________________________________________________ FMT ** ''''''' ''''''' ''''''' ''''''' ''''''' ''''''' ''''''' ****************** End of data *********** ************************ F3=Exit F10=Top F4=Prompt F11=Bottom F5=Refresh F24=More keys Edit SRCMBR .. 6 . 3 .... 3 ..+.. .. *************** Beginning of data ********************************* ****************** End of data ************************************ F3=Exit F10=Top F4=Prompt F11=Bottom F5=Refresh F24=More keys . In either case.. ..+. we will use the source member we created in the previous section. and press <Enter> .... 2 . .+. Press <Enter> .+. *************** Beginning of data ******************************** If you press <Enter> without typing anything. the screen readjusts as shown: Columns .. Type 2 on the "Opt" line to edit the source member "SRCMBR"... ..+..+. Columns ..+.. 1 .. 4 ..+. 4 ....

0010.00 THIS IS A TEXT DOCUMENT. To save the current member and exit SEU follow the following procedure 'Exiting the Editor.. ...+.00 Text for second block .. .. 5.. Y Y=Yes. Below. Change/create member . 0004... Columns . The sequence number field of a record is used to specify the line commands.. 3 .. 1 . 6 .: 1 80 Edit SRCMBR SEU==> _______________________________________________________ FMT ** .00 ****************** End of data ************************************ Notice the sequence numbers of records at the extreme left. I *************** Beginning of data ********************************* ****************** End of data ************************************ Now. ...00 End First Block. 2 . . 4 .. ..... 3 ..+. 4 ..+...+. For more information on line commands see 'Using SEU line commands'.: 1 80 Edit SRCMBR SEU==> ____________ _____________________________________________ FMT ** .+. press Enter.. .. 0008...... 6 . *************** Beginning of data ********************************* 0001.. ..' Exiting the Editor To exit SEU press <F3>.Type I (for insert) on the first line as shown and press <Enter> . .+. .00 Begin Second Block.+.. we show a sample TEXT document that will be used in the next section for illustrating the use of various SEU line commands.. ... 2 ..... 1 .+.00 Begin First Block... N=No ..00 Text for the first block . .. Columns ...+. 0009.. 5..00 0007. 0005....+. you may start typing in the desired text..+.+.00 End Second Blo ck. 0006..+.+. ...00 0003. 0002.... The exit display shows up: Exit Type choices.

. . press <F12> to cancel the exit display. . type option 2 in front of member SRCMBR and press <Enter> . . and then you decide to cancel it. This returns you back to the editing mode. reach the 'Work with members using PDM' display. . . if syntax errors do persist. . . Use the tab keys to position the cursor at the desired member. . if your member did not have any syntax errors. SRCMBR____ Name SRCFILE___ Name YO URLIB___ Name Description_for_the_member. . . . .00___ 0000. .99 N Y=Yes. . Return to editing . . N=No F5=Refresh F12=Cancel If you wish to save the changes you have made. Using Line Commands SEU supports various line commands that guide us in editing an existing member. . However.Member . . . . . . . N=No N Y=Yes. note the following: y y y If you have decided not to quit the editor. . .01 . Resequence member Start . . Library . . . . N=No 0001. . . . if the member is modified. . . and type option 2.99 01. . The SEU line commands are entered over the digits that make up the sequence number of a record. . . . File . . Increment . Go to member list . For example. . In the following discussion. F3=Exit . . . . . . . . However. . . . . . . From the "Work with members using PDM" display. The edit display for this member is shown: . . . . . ._____ Y Y=Yes. . To edit a member that has already been created. otherwise N. a sample TEXT document is used to illustrate the use of the various commands. . Text . . The default values supplied for most of the options above are self-explanatory. . . . . . Note: If you type a line command. The screen for editing that member will show up. .9999. The default value for 'Change/create member' is Y. . command M for moving lines and so on. For example. . . . . Print member . . . . . . . .01 . . .99. N=No N Y=Yes. . . The default value for 'Return to editing' option is N. .00____ 00. . . . and press < Enter> . y y Use the command WRKMBRPDM as explained in the previous section. command C is used to copy lines. . . . to edit the member SRCMBR created before. . type WRKMBRPDM YOURLIB/SRCFILE on any command line. . . . use <F5> to refresh the screen. . . you may simply press < Enter> . . the system supplies Y in this field and returns back to the editing mode ( unless you explicitly type N and force it to exit ). . . . . . . Type N in this field only if you do not want to save changes made to your member. .

.: 1 71 Edit YOURLIB/SRCFILE SEU==> ________________________________________________________ SRCMBR FMT CB . 0002. End First Block. Begin First Block.-A+++B++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++ *************** Beginning of data ******************************** 0001. type I (insert) on the sequence number field of that record.. SAMPLE. block .. 0009.00 0005...Columns .00 0007..00 Begin Second Block.00 THIS IS A TEXT DOCUMENT.. Type in the line to be inserted and press <Enter> . Text for second Second Block.00 Begin First Block..00 0007.00 0009.00 End Second Block.00 0006. 0006.00 0003. Columns . 0004.00 0003.00 ****************** End of data ************************** ********* F3=Exit F10=Top F4=Prompt F11=Bottom F5=Refresh F24=More keys Inserting a line To insert a line after a particular record. . 0010.-A+++B+++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++ + *************** Beginning of data **** **************************** 0001.00 0010.00 0008.00 Text for second block ... . .00 Text for the first block . Text for the first block . 0008.00 End First Block.. *************** Beginning of data ******************************** I001. ''''''' PROGRAM -ID.. .. ****************** End of data *********************************** F4=Prompt F11=Bottom F5=Refresh F24=More keys The screen adjusts as shown below.00 Begin First Block. Begin End Second Block. 0005.00 0004. 0002. ..00 0003..: 1 71 Edit YOURLIB/SRCFILE SEU==> _________________________________________________________ SRCMBR FMT CB . and press <Enter> . ..00 0002....00 F3=Exit F10=Top THIS IS A TEXT DOCUMENT.00 THIS IS A TEXT DOCUMENT.

type C (copy) in the sequence number field.-A+++B++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++ *************** Beginning of data ******************************** 0001... 0006.00 0007.00 End First Block. First Block. 0006.00 C Begin First Block. .. This results in the pending line to be copied after the line you have indicated.0004. .00 THIS IS A TEXT DOCUMENT.-A+++B++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++ *************** Beginni ng of data******************************** 0001. ..00 ****************** End of data *********************************** Type A (after) on the last line as shown...00 F3=Exit F10=Top End Text for the first block .00 Begin Second Block.00 THIS IS A TEXT DOCUMENT.00 Text for the first block . Note the message on the top that indicates a pending Copy line command. 0004. 0009.. 0010..00 0006. . ..00 0005.00 End Second Block. 0005.00 C Begin First Block.00 0007. 0005. Columns .: 1 71 Edit YOURLIB/SRCFILE SEU==> __________________________________________________________ SRCMBR FMT CB . 0001... Columns .00 Text for the first block .00 End Second Block. Begin End ****************** End of data *********************************** F4=Prompt F11=Bottom F5=Refresh F24=More keys Copying a line To copy the "Begin First Block" line to the end of the program.00 Text for second block . 0001.. and press Enter.00 0008.. Text for second Second Block.. 0008..01 It illustrates the use of SEU line commands. 0002.00 0010. Second Block. and press Enter. 0002.. 0009.. 0008..00 0007.00 Begin Second Block. .00 End First Block..00 Text for second block .. 0004.01 It illustrates the use of SEU line commands.00 0009.. block ..: 1 71 Edit YOURLIB/SRCFILE SEU==> _________________________________________________________ SRCMBR FMT CB . .

A010. Text for the first block . Text for second Second Block.00 0007.00 0004.. End First Block. block . and press <Enter> . the target for the move has to be specified.00 0010. 0001.. Begin End Second Block.00 0008.. type D (delete) in front of it and press <Enter> .00 0005. after the copy. The line that was just copied may be deleted as shown below: *************** Beginning of data***************************** THIS IS A TEXT DOCUMENT.00 0010.00 0011. the first block of text being moved after the second one. type MM at the beginning and the end of the block. To move a single line. use the command M (move) and follow the procedure as explained above for copy.00 0006. Begin First Block. It illustrates the use of SEU line commands. End First Block.01 ..00 Begin First Block. *************** Beginning of data ******************************** THIS IS A TEXT DOCUMENT.00 0009.01 0002. Text for the first block ..00 0001. ****************** End of data *********************************** Block Move To move a block.00 0005.. Now.00 0001. It illustrates the use of SEU line commands. 0001.00 0008. The Block Move is illustrated below.01 0002.00 0001. Text for second Second Block.00 0003. Begin End Second Block.00 0006.. block .00 0009.00 0007.00 0003.00 0004.00 ****************** End of data ************************************ The program looks as shown below.. ****************** End of data *********************************** Deleting a line To delete a line. 0001. It illustrates the use of SEU line commands. Begin First Block.00 D011. *************** Beginning of data ******************************** THIS IS A TE XT DOCUMENT.00 Begin First Block.

00 ****************** End of data *********************************** Here is the member after the move: *************** Beginning of data ******************************** THIS IS A TEXT DOCUMENT. It illustrates the use of SEU line commands.0002..00 0011.. 0001.00 0008. Text for second Second Block. and specify the target. block .00 0001.00 A010. block . Text for the first block .00 0010.00 Begin First Block.00 0008.00 0014.00 0013.. ****************** End of data *********************************** Type A on the last line to move the block to the end of the program..00 0001. End First Block. to copy the block before the indicated line. Begin End Second Block. Text for the first block ..00 0005.00 MM 0004.00 MM 0007. 0001.00 0009.00 0008. Text for second Second Block.00 0010.. block ..01 0002. End First Block. Begin End Second Block. The block copy resembles the block move explained above.00 0005.. Begin End Second Blo ck.00 0007. Text for the fi rst block . Text for second Second Block.00 0012.00 MM 0004.01 0002. ****************** End of data *********************************** Block Copy Enclose the block to be copied within CC commands. *************** Beginning of data ******************************** THIS IS A TEXT DOCUMENT.00 0009. Begin First Block.00 MM 0007. End First Block. that B is specified as the target.. Note below.00 ... *************** Beginning of data ******************************** THIS IS A TEXT DOCUMENT.00 0009. It illustrates the use of SEU line commands. 0001..00 Begin First Block.

01 0002. ****************** End of data *********************************** The source member looks as follows.00 0012..00 CC 0011.01 0002..00 0010. after our experimentation with the above line commands: *************** Beginning of data ******************************** THIS IS A TEXT DOCUMENT. Text for second Second Block. Begin Second Block. End First Block. Text for the first block . It illustrates the use of SEU line commands.00 0013. ****************** End of data *********************************** .00 0001. Text for the first block .00 B It illustrates the use of SEU line commands.00 CC 0008.00 0010.. Begin End Second Block.02 0013.00 0007. End First Block. block . It illustrates the use of SEU line commands.. block .00 0014.00 0009.00 0012.00 0008.00 Begin First Block.00 0007.. ****************** End of data *********************************** Block Delete To delete a block.00 0013.. 0001.00 DD 0013. Text for second Second Block.00 0001.. The block that was just copied may be deleted as shown: *************** Beginning of data ******************************** THIS IS A TEXT DOCUMENT.00 0008.01 0002.00 0009.. End Second Block. End First Block.. Text for the first block . Begin End Second Block. enclose it within DD commands and press <Enter> .. Text for second Second Block.00 0011. Begin First Block.00 0013..00 0011.00 Begin First Block. 0001.03 DD 0014. block .00 0009. Begin End Second Block...0001.. Text for second blo ck .00 0012.

FILE [ [ [ library/ ] file ] member ] CANCEL Cancel session and exit session. The syntax is CHANGE fstring cstring [N. or quotation marks.P.NX] [column parameter] . FIND Search for an occurrence of a character string. it should be enclosed in quotation marks. F (First). apostrophes. Examples: y y y y F XYZ F 'hello there' F *ERR A find all syntax errors F "'XYZ'" Use the F16 "Repeat Find" key to find the next occurrence of a string.A.F. L (Last).F. BOTTOM Go to the last page of the work screen.To get a complete list of commands for SEU place the cursor on the sequence number list and press the help key.P. SAVE Save changes and continue editing.L] [X. SAVE [ [ [ library/ ] file ] member ] FILE Save changes and exit from edit session. The scope of the search can be specified using search parameters: X (excluded records) and NX (nonexcluded records). SEU Commands SEU commands are entered in the "SEU==>" field at the top of the screen. and A (All). Several direction parameters are available: N (Next). If the string contains embedded blanks. CHANGE Find all occurrences of a character string and replace it with another string.A.NX] [column parameter] TOP Go to the first page of the work screen.L] [X. The syntax of FIND is FIND string [N. SET . P (Previous).

B=Before Move or copy records before this record. F19 Left View the info. F13 Change Session Go to the Change Session Defaults Defaults display. To use a line command. returns to previous entry point.See the IBM SEU manual for more information. PDM will fill in the default values. F20 Right View the info. and from the SEU command line to the data area. SEU returns to the EDIT Session and displays the prompt after you make a selection. to the left of the current display. F10 Cursor Moves the cursor from the data area to the SEU command line. to the right of the current display. Bn=Before with repeat n times Move or copy records before this record and repeat these records n times. An=After with repeat n times Move or copy records after this record and repeat these records n times. F5 Refresh Refresh the current display. F14 Find/Change Options Go the Find/Change Options display. F17 Repeat Change Perform change or repeat current change function. Summary of Line Commands The Sequence_number field displays the sequence number of the record and is used for entering SEU line commands. F23 Select Prompt Go to the Select Prompt display. F11 Previous Record Places the previous record in the prompt. the Edit display supports a diverse set of function keys that allow you to perform specific tasks. F18 DBCS Conversion Perform DBCS conversion. F16 Repeat Find Perform find or repeat current find. type the command over the digits that make up the sequence number. Function Keys in SEU When a member is being edited. C=Copy Line Copy this line to a specified target. Rebuilds display and shows it again. F15 Browse/Copy Options Go the Browse/Copy Options dis play. F24 More keys View the other function keys available for the current display. ___________________________________________________________________________ ___ Key Name Function ___________________________________________________________________________ ___ F1 Help Press the help key for details about the display. F4 Prompt Provides assistance for the options selected in the list or a command on a command line. The following is a list of all the valid commands: y y y y y A=After Move or copy records after this record. F3 Exit End the current task. .

L=Shift data 1 char left Shift data in this record one character position to the left without losing data. O=Overlay Overlay the current line with the first line defined by the move. Mn=Move n lines Move the current line and the following n-1 lines to a specified target. CC=Block Copy Copy all lines between the boundaries formed by the two CC commands CR=Copy records and retain command Copy this record to the specified targets and keep this command on the display. copy.y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y Cn=Copy n lines Copy this line plus the next n-1 lines to the specified target. Ln=Shift data n chars left Shift data in this record n character positions to the left without losing data. without losing data. I=Insert a line Insert a blank line after the current record. RR=Block shift 1 char to the right Shift data defined by the boundary between and including the two RR line commands one character position to the right without losing data. RRn=Block shift n chars to the right Shift data defined by the boundary between and including the RRn and RR line commands n character positions to the right. . LL=Shift block 1 char to the left Shift data defined by the boundary between and including the two LL line commands one character position to the left without losing data. P=Display prompt Type P to display this line in a prompt. In=Insert n lines Insert n blank lines after this record. copy. IP=Insert line and prompt Insert a blank line and display the line in a prompt. CRn=Copy n records and retain command. R=Shift data 1 char right Shift data in the current record one character position to the right without losing data. LLn=Shift block n chars to the left Shift data defined by the boundary between and including the LLn and LL line commands n character positions to the left. On=Overlay n lines Overlay this line and the following n-1 lines with the first n lines defined by the move. or copy repeated line command. Rn=Shift data n chars right Shift data in the current record n character positions to the right without losing data. Copy n records to the specified targets and keep this command on the display. Dn=Delete n lines Delete the current line and the next n-1 lines. CCR=Copy block records and retain command Copy the block of records defined by a pair of CCR commands to the specified targets and keep this command on the display. M=Move a line Move a line to a specified target. or copy repeated line command. or copy repeated line command. MM=Block Move Move all records between and including the boundaries defined by the MM line commands to a specified target. copy. F=Display format line Display a format line. OO=Block overlay Overlay all the records between and including the boundaries defined by two OO line commands with the lines defined by the move. DD=Block Delete Delete all lines between the two DD boundaries. D=Delete Delete the current line.

CRTSRCPF FILE(ALIBRARY/QCLSRC) Once the PF-SRC file has been created. all it does is make the library that you have created (in my case. and how to obtain information about certain compilation and runtime errors. SFn=Show first n records Show the first n records of the exclude group. The command line form of issuing CL commands will be used in this section (you may want to use the <F4>prompt facility to assist you if you are not familiar with the commands). X=Exclude Exclude the current record from the display. Once you have entered all the necessary .(minus sign)=Roll member backward 1 line Roll the member backward one line. SL=Show last record Show the last record of the exclude group SLn=Show last n records Show the last n records of the exclude group. The intention here is not to teach CL programming. n=Absolute Positioning Position the line identified by the sequence number(n) as the first record on the display. let's create a source physical (PF-SRC) file called QCLSRC (the IBM-supplied name for a CL source physical file). RPP=Block repeat Repeat all lines defined by the boundary between the two RPP line commands. that is the one you created in an earlier section. SF=Show first record Show the first record of the exclude group. RPPn=Block repeat Repeat all lines defined by the boundary between the two RPP line commands n times. ALIBRARY represents the library that has the same name as your user profile or your other library. Steps in Developing a Program In this section. XX=Block Exclude Exclude all lines between the boundaries formed by the two XX line commands.y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y RP=Repeat line Repeat the current line once before the following line. and a brief description of the source member. +n=Roll member forward n lines Roll the member forward n lines. + (plus sign)=Roll member forward 1 line Roll the member forward one line. The following creates a PF-SRC file in the library ALIBRARY. Wn=Display member from column n Display the member beginning in column n. Enter TEST for the name of the source member. The CL program is very simple. . First. YOURLIB) the current library while retaining the existing current library on the library list. RPn=Repeat line n times Repeat the current line n times before the following line. CLP for the source type (to see what source types are available. -n=Roll member backward n lines Roll the member backward n lines. W=Display member from column 1 Display the member beginning in column 1. Xn=Exclude plus Exclude the the current record and the next n-1 records. We will also demonstrate how to find compilation errors when they occur. work with the file by typing: WRKMBRPDM FILE(ALIBRARY/QCLSRC) Then create a source member called TEST in QCLSRC by pressing <F6> . This will start the SEU editor. put the cursor on the "Source type" field and press <F4> ). compiling. we are going to use a simple Control Language (CL) program to illustrate the steps in developing. and running a program on the AS/400.

such as RPG.00 0006. Also. Put the parameters back on the DCL statement. and press <Enter> . (Aside: If a CL program has a parameter named &MYVAR. press <Enter> . In this case. "&". on the fourth statement.information. that is we really want CHGCURLIB CURLIB(YOURLIB) instead of CHGCURLIB CURLIB(&YOURLIB) . denotes that &MYVAR is a variable. &MYVAR will be used to hold the parameter's value. A CL program begins with the PGM command. You will enter a SEU editing session. the reader is referred to the IBM "CL Programmer's Guide" or the online education modules: "AS/400 Control Language Programming" in the "Tutorial Support System" course. the PGM statement is coded as: PGM PARM(&MYVAR). . Note that SEU provides syntax checking for CL programs. saving it in the variable &OLDCURLIB. Type in the following program: 0002. The second statement declares a CL variable called &OLDCURLIB. The CHGCURLIB command. is used to retrieve the name of the job's existing current library. The RTVJOBA command. are "fixed-format". Notice that we have intentionally introduced an error in this statement. The variable will be used to hold a character string with a maximum length of 10. SEU will not let you exit an editing session that has syntax errors unless you explicitly specify that you want to exit in the exit screen. on the third statement. IP (insert line and prompt).) For more information. which is optional if the CL program does not receive any parameters. indicating that there is a syntax error. The ampersand symbol. and the modules "Creating a Control Language Program" and "How to Use Error Handling Facilities" in the "Facilities and Implementation" course. the IP line command can help enormously in coding such programs). The reason for this step will be explained shortly.00 0005. to help you in selecting a CL command.00 0004. note that CL programs are "free format" in that components of CL statements do not have to be placed in particular columns on the screen (some source types. We have mistakenly prefixed YOURLIB with "&".00 0007. This variable will be used to save the name of the existing current library. is used to make YOURLIB the new current library (where "YOURLIB" is any existing library that you have access to).00 *************** Beginning of data ******************************** PGM DCL VAR(&OLDCURLIB) TYPE(*CHAR) LEN(10) RTVJOBA CURLIB(&OLDCURLIB) CHGCURLIB CURLIB(&YOURLIB) /* intentional error */ ADDLIBLE LIB(&OLDCURLIB) ENDPGM ****************** End of data ****************************** ***** You can use the SEU line command. the variable &MYVAR has to be declared using the DCL command.00 0003. SEU will highlight that statement. Remove the parameters of DCL so that the statement contains only "DCL". Moreover.

Now. on the fifth statement. > TEST Name. . . > QCLSRC Name Library . > TEST Name. you will see a message at the bottom of the screen saying that the compilation job has been submitted to QBATCH. This is an error because if we intended &YOURLIB to be a variable. 29 0 -29 Text 'description' . *LIBL.A name with "&" as its prefix denotes that it is a CL variable. . .g. if the source type is CBL. . . . This name defaults to name of the source member. . . press <F4> when you use option 14). .e. it will invoke the CRTCBLPGM command). . accept the defaults. . Press <Enter>to continue. you will see the following screen: Create CL Program (CRTCLPGM) Type choices. This is because when the CHGCURLIB command is executed. . *SRCMBRTXT Additional Parameters Replace program . you will receive a message saying that the job completed normally. . Option 14 will invoke a different "create program" command for a different source type (e. *CURLIB Source member . Since there is an error in the above program. . . . . . . . . exit and save the program as it is (i. *PGMID Library . . . . will invoke the CRTCLPGM (Create CL Program) command. *CURLIB Source file . . . . This error will be detected during compilation. the "old" current library will not be retained on the library list. . the need to use RTVJOBA to save the name of that library. . . . . Program . it must be declared in a DCL statement. meaning there are compilation errors. . enter option 14 to compile the member that contain the CL source program. . . and to add it back on the library list using ADDLIBLE. The last statement. . . . . . . . adds the name of the former current library (which we saved in the variable &OLDCURLIB in the RTVJOBA statement) to the library list. The default is the library that contains the source member. Option 14. . *YES Bottom F3=Exit F4=Prompt F5=Refresh F13=How to use this display F10=Additional parameters F24=More keys F12=Cancel The "Program" field specifies the name of the *PGM object that will be created if the compilation is successful. . . On pressing <Enter> . . . . Compiling a Program In the "Work with Members using PDM" screen. If you prompt on the option (ie. a message will return saying that the job has ended abnormally. . You can change these default values. Unless you want to rename the *PGM object or put it in another library. . This step is needed if we want this library to stay on the library list. Hence. . The "Library" field specifies the library that will contain the *PGM object. > *YES *NO. in this case. . . . which is the job queue for batch jobs. with the error). If there are no compilation errors. . > ALIBRARY Name. . . . ENDPGM. > ALIBRARY Name. indicates the end of the CL program. . *PGM Generation severity level . The ADDLIBLE command. . . press Enter. . . Note that SEU cannot detect this kind of error.

The second error is only an information message. it is not the cause of the compilation failure. to get more details about the error CPD0727 DSPMSGD RANGE(CPD0727) MSGF(QCPFMSG) where QCPFMSG is the system message file and CPD0727 is the message ID. A segment of that listing is presented here: 200300400500* CPD0727 40 600700* * 5738SS1 V2R1M1 YOURLIB/TEST 920306 Control Language Cross Reference Declared Variables Name De fined &OLDCURLIB 300 * CPD0791 00 * 5738SS1 V2R1M1 920306 Control Language Message Summary Total 90-99 2 Severity 0 -9 10-19 1 0 20-29 0 30-39 0 40-49 1 50-59 0 60-69 70-79 0 0 80-89 0 0 YOURLIB/TEST Type *CHAR Length 10 References 400 600 PGM DCL RTVJOBA CHGCURLIB Variable '&YOURLIB ADDLIBLE ENDPGM * * VAR(&OLDCURLIB) TYPE(*CHAR) LEN(10) CURLIB(&OLDCURLIB) CURLIB(&YOURLIB) ' is referred to but not declared. LIB(&OLDCURLIB) * * * E N D O F S O U R C E * * * No labels used in program.Finding Compilation Errors To find out the cause of the compilation error. Type 5 to display the contents of the compiler listing of the program. * * * * * E N D O F C R O S S R E F E R E N C E Program TEST not created in library YOURLIB. For example. Using SEU to Find Compilation Errors . Maximum error severity 40. The meaning of first error is evident. Press <Enter> to exit this display. The message will refer you to the compiler listing of the program. type WRKSPLF to see what's in your output queue. You can use the DSPMSGD (Display Message Description) command to get more information about a compilation error. Type 5 against QPJOBLOG to display it. There should be a spooled file with the same name as your source member (the compiler listing) and a job log (QPJOBLOG). Let's go back to the source member and fix the problem. it is the cause of the failure. There are two errors in the listing (errors are marked with "*" in column 1): the first with a severity of 40 and the second with severity of 0. There should be a message stating that the program was not created because of compilation error.

. Compile the source member (you will probably be asked if you want to delete the existing *PGM object. edit the source member to remove the ampersand. To find compilation errors. when you run the program.. press <F15> (Browse/Copy). Running a Program Use the WRKOBJPDM command to work with the library that contain the *PGM object that was created. you can run the program by using the CALL command (in fact. The rest of the source remain the same as before (except for removing the ampersand character). Type 16 against the *PGM object to run/execute it. Select the appropriate spool file. But if you created a program that requires an input parameter(s). option 16 invokes the CALL command). An advantage of using SEU for this purpose is that you can see both the source member and the compiler listing on the same screen. we specify a nonexistent library called DOGNAP. let's introduce another type of error. Respond with a "Y"). Place the cursor on the "Browse/copy spool file" field and press <F4>. you will get a runtime or object error message similar to the one below: Display Program Messages Job 287471/T03/DSP02 started on 07/20/92 at 13:48:44 in subsystem QINTER CPF2110 received by TEST at 600. On return to the editing session. from YOURLIB. specify some library name that you do not own or one that you are not authorized to use. . type '+' on the "Parameters" field and press <Enter> . In the ADDLIBLE statement. The program should compile normally after this change. and make the corrections to the source member on the spot. F *ERR). Reply . type CALL TEST on a command line. that is ADDLIBLE DOGNAP . To make the situation more interesting. This will bring another screen that allows you to enter multiple parameters. If the library that contains the *PGM object is in your library list. If the library is not in your library list. in the bottom screen type FIND *ERR on the SEU command line (or simply. Alternatively. you can still run the program by qualifying it with the library name CALL ALIBRARY/TEST The example program used here does not take any input parameters. you should see a split screen with the member you are editing on top and the spooled file on the bottom. press Enter.You may want to use SEU to view your compiler listing instead of the way discussed above. SEU provides special support for locating compilation errors. Using SEU. For example. ________________________________________________________ . To view a spooled file while you are in SEU. especially if the compiler listing is too lengthy to scan by eye.) Diagnosing Runtime Errors In any case. "&". CALL MYPROG PARM(parameter1 parameter2 . (C D I R) Type reply.. The *PGM object will be created in the library that contains your source file unless you specified otherwise. If your program takes more than one input parameter. you can pass the parameter value(s) by prompting on either the option 16 or the CALL command. The program should compile normally. You can also us pass parameters using the command line method. In our example. Enter 2 in the selection field.

. Type DSPLIBL to check whether the library has been added and whether it has been made the current library. Creating an Initial Program An initial program is similar to the AUTOEXEC. .Ignore the failing command. . Recovery .BAT file in MS-DOS. . The initial program has to reside in your default library (i. : : : : CPA0701 INQUIRY 07/20/92 QCLXERR Severity . : This inquiry message can be avoided bychanging the program. : C -. . . . D -.. . . . I -. .e.Cancel the CL program. . To continue. choose a reply value. . . . Sometimes you can obtain additional messages by pressing <F10> to display messages in the job log.Dump the CL p rogram variables and cancel the CL program. . . i. The next time you run the program. . . indicated clearly what the problem is. . . : *EXT Instruction . it should run without any problems. .F3=Exit F12=Cancel To find out the cause of the error. . Press <Enter> to cancel the program. place the cursor on the message id (in this case CPF2110) and press <F1>. The message text. the DSPMSGD ("Display Message Description") command can be used to obtain more information about the error. More. Go back to the source member. . . . : CPF2110 received by TEST at 600. . .: 0000 Message . . For example. . . . . . . . . It is executed when the user logs on.e. Message type Date sent . You see a screen similar to the one below. . . the library with the same name as your user profile) and it has to be named INITIALPGM. . . DSPMSGD RANGE(CPF2110) MSGF(QCPFMSG) where QCPFMSG is the system message file and CPF2110 is the message ID. . .: 14: 00:05 Instruction . . . . Monitor for the error (MONMSG command) and perform error recovery within the program. . . Message text for CPF2110 is: Library DOGNAP not found. . . (C D I R) Cause . : Control language (CL) program TEST inlibrary YOURLIB detected an error at statement number 600. . . Additional Message Information Message ID . F3=Exit F10=Display messages in job log F12=Cancel Again. .. . fix the error. . Press Enter to continue. . Possible choices for replying to message . the library DOGNAP was not found. and recompile. in this case. you .: 0000 To program . . . For instance. . . . From program . . .: 99 Time sent .

or control an object's existence. and add members to database file. control read and write access to an object. *OBJMGT provides the authority to specify the security (grant/revoke object authority). These authorities must be set to secure object to the level of security required. *OBJEXIST provides the authority to control the object existence and ownership. *UPD provides the authority to change the entries in an object. Specify your default library as the library where the *PGM object is to be stored. If you created the source member in a another library. when you recompile it using the option 14. This section is designed to help users maintain correct authorities and to understand the authorities on the objects that they own.can make the above CL program your initial program. *ADD provides the authority to add entries to an object. This includes the ability to view. add. press < F4>to prompt on it. Authorities and their meanings Object Authorities Object authority is used to control access to an object including the ability to see an object description. if objects are to be shared or used between users. for example records in a database file. *READ provides the authority to get the contents or an entry in an object or to run a program. save. *OBJOPR provides the authority to look at the description of an object and use the object as determined by the data authority that the user has to the object. *DLT provides the authority to remove entries from an object. The user with this authority can delete. Rename the source member to INITIALPGM and recompile it. the object authorities must be relaxed correctly to maintain object integrity. Combinations of Object and Data Authorities . update. Understanding Object Authorities Introduction To maintain security of data and/or program objects the AS/400 offers a variety of options available to limit access to object. and transfer ownership of the object. Likewise. or delete records. move or rename the object. Data Authorities Data authority is the authority to access data contained in an object.

. : *LIB JOHNDOE . . EDTOBJAUT. . . . Type EDTOBJAUT on a command line and press <F4>. . . Edit Object Authority (EDTOBJAUT) Type choices. *CFGL. . . *CURLIB *ALRTBL.These are keywords. . users can create customized combinations of object and data authorities. . *LIBL Object type . . press Enter.. . we want to allow a certain user to copy a member from the file "SRCFILE" which is stored in the library "YOURLIB". . library. . > YOURLIB Library . . . . *EXCLUDE authority prevents the user from accessing the object even if *PUBLIC is authorized. . *CHANGE provides *OBJOPR authority and all data authority. . In addition to these. Fill in the blanks for object. Changing authorities with EDTOBJAUT We use an example here to illustrate the use of some of the types of authorities discussed above. i. . . . . (Note that your default library. command to edit the authority on "YOURLIB". we need to allow the user to have access to the library "YOURLIB". . . we use the "Edit Object Authority". is normally owned by your security officer so you cannot change its authorities). . each representing predefined combination of object and data authorities. . : Type changes to curr ent authorities. .. . . To do that.: *NONE ---------. . . .e. Object secured by authorization list Object User JOHNDOE Authority *ALL ----Object----Opr X Mgt X Exist X . . . In this example. . . . . . They reduce the time required to assign specific authorities to users. . . First of all. *USE provides *OBJOPR authority and data read authority. . Object .Data----------Read X Add X Update Delete X X . press Enter. : YOURLIB QSYS Object type Owner . . . . Edit Object Authority Object . . . . . . . . . *LIBL. : Library . *ALL allows the user to perform all authorized operations (object and data) on the object. . > *LIB Name Name. . To see the detail screen as shown below. . press <F11>. . the library that has the same name as your user profile. Note that the owner of "YOURLIB" has *ALL authority on the object. . and object type (*LIB) and press <Enter> . *AUTL. .

the member "SNDMBR" of the physical database file "SNDFILE" (which is contained in the library "SNDLIB") is to be sent to the user "RCV". . Note that the object authority changes from *USE to USER DEF (meaning a customized authority). . . . . Send Network File (SNDNETF) Type choices. (Note: If you want to edit a specific authority. . . Changing Authorities with GRTOBJAUT and RVKOBJAUT To use GRTOBJAUT and RVKOBJAUT type the command and prompt <F4>. . . . . In the example shown below. *FIRST Additional Parameters To file type . Use EDTOBJAUT to edit the authority on the file "SRCFILE". "SRCFILE"). > SNDFILE___ Library . > MKTAS400__ + for more values _ Member . . .) Next. This will allow them to do perform various operations on "SRCFILE" including copying members from the file. . . . . . Type in the name of the user and *USE for the object authority. . *CURLIB Character value Character value Name. . At any time press <F1> for more help. . . *FROMFILE_ *FROMFILE.*PUBLIC *EXCLUDE _ _ _ _ _ _ _ F3=Exit F5=Refresh F11=Nondisplay detail F6=Add new users F12=Cancel F10=Grant with reference object F17=To p F18=Bottom Press <F6> to add a user to the list of users authorized to this object. . . . Mankato. Type EDTOBJAUT OBJ(YOURLIB/SRCFILE) OBJTYPE(*FILE) or use the prompt to fill in the parameters. . . we need to allow the user access to the file "SRCFILE". To allow them to copy the entire file (i. press Enter. . type "X" under "Mgt" in the detail screen for that user. . Notice that *USE gives the user *OBJOPR and *READ authorities on "YOURLIB". . File . Press <Enter> to return to the previous screen.e. When the network file arrives at its destination. *LIBL. . . . . > RCV_______ Address . . . Press <F6> to add the user to the authorization list with *USE authority. . object type along with the user you are granting authorities and the respective authority being granted. . > SNDMBR____ Name Name. . . . To do that. . object name. . type "X" in the position relating to that authority to grant authority or a space to delete that authority. . . Sending and Receiving Network Files Users can send and receive network files to and from each other. "MKTAS400" is the address of the AS/400 at Minnesota State University. . . . . . . . *OBJMGT must be granted. > SNDLIB____ User ID: _ User ID . . Fill in the library name. . . . *DA TA . . The "Send Network File" (SNDNETF) command can be used to send a member of a physical database file (PF-DTA or PF-SRC) to another user. . . . . . . . a message is sent to both the sender and receiver.

. . G. . 1=Receive network file 3=Submit job 4=Delete network file 5=Display physical file member File -------From----------Arrival---Opt File Member Number User ID Addre ss Date __ SNDFILE SNDMBR 1 SENDER MKTAS400 08/26/92 RCV_______ RCV_______ MKTAS400 Time 16:37 F3=Exit F4=Prompt F12=Cancel F5=Refresh F9=Retrieve F11=Display type/records Type 1 in the "Opt" blank in front of the network file to receive and press <F4>to prompt. . . Instead the output is bundled together with other output in an object . Send priority . H. . . . . . . . To data base file . press Enter. press Enter. *ONLY . . . .VM/MVS class . . . . To member . . *HIGH F12=Cancel F13=How to use this display The receiver will have to run the "Work with Network Files" (WRKNETF) command to inspect their network files. . . . . C. > 'SNDFILE'__ Character value . . . Member to be received . . *FROMMB R____ Name. . . . F3=Exit F4=Prompt F24=More keys F5=Refresh A *NORMAL__ A. . . B. *LIBL. Work with Network Files (WRKNETF) User . . . . "Library". . . . . *FROMFILE__ Name. and "To member" blanks with the appropriate receiving file. . From file . . . Note that the receiving file must already exist before trying to receive members. D. . *LIBL____ Name. I *NORMAL. Printing Procedure When programs on the AS/400 produce output intended to be printed the material does not go directly to the printer. . . . Library . . . : Type options. . . . . : User ID/Address . The following screen will show up. Receive Network File (RCVNETF) Type choices. . . . *CURLIB . > 'SNDMBR'__ Character value. . . . . . *FROMFILE . library and member names and press <Enter>. . . F. E. . . . . . . *FROMMBR. . *FIRST F10=Additional parameters F24=More keys F12=Cancel F3=Exit F4=Prompt F5=Refresh F13=How to use this display Fill in the "To data base file". .

Try pressing the <F10>or <F11>keys to obtain different views of your spooled files. 11" 132 Col. the spooled file must be placed on a started writer and second. Pressing the Print Screen key (<Shift><Print Screen>on the PS/2 running PC-Support or <Ctrl>p on the ASCII connections) will generate a spooled file of the current display. By changing the attribute "Print device" from "*OUTQ" to a valid printer (use the WRKWTR command to find out which printers are available). Note: If this is the first time that you are using the WRKSPLF command. Moving a Spooled File to a Writer To get a physical copy of a spooled file on your output queue." To send these spooled files to a printer. These sub objects are called "spooled files. information on processed records for a database file and abnormal job end conditions. then. change the attributes of the desired spooled file. you should change the "assistance level" for this screen. 11" 132/80 8. option 6 in front of the desired member will generate a spooled file that is your program member. The attributes that you will be interested in are the "Print device" and "Save file". two facts must be true. first you must work with your output queue. the spooled file must have a status of released. Note that if you do a print screen. Typing 3 in the option field of spooled file in the WRKSPLF screen will keep the spooled file from printing if placed on a printer writer and change the status to *HLD. To work with your spooled files on your output queue type WRKSPLF and press <Enter>. Typing 4 in the option field of spooled file in the WRKSPLF screen will delete the spooled file from your output queue. To do this press <F21>and change the assistance level from "basic" to intermediate". Spooled files should be deleted as soon as they are not needed to reduce clutter in your output queue. Here are some: y y y From the WRKMBRPDM display. .5" Printer Type Line Printer Line Printer Dot Matrix Location Morris Hall MSU ACC MSU ACC Lab Rooms If "Save file" is changed from "*NO" to "*YES" the spooled file will not be deleted after the file has been printed. specifying the correct print device name. The system automatically generates spooled files in some cases like presenting job log. you will move your spooled file from your output queue to a printer writer. There are several ways by which spooled files are generated.called an "output queue" (*OUTQ). This screen allows you to do many things with your spooled files. First. you will have to press the <Reset>key to clear the message at the bottom of the screen in order to continue your session. Typing 2 in the option field of spooled file in the WRKSPLF screen will change the spooled file's attributes. The printer writer names at MSU are: Printer Name PRT01 VAXPRTS2 PS/2 printers Width/Paper 132 Col. This will gives you more features on the screen.

If you printed to VAXPRTS2. Also make sure the printer's status is "ONLINE". The printer will never say it is started although it actually is. Press <Enter> . make sure that the printer is ready for printing.g. Press <Alt><Esc>on the computer that is attached to the printer to display the status of the printer. Press the <F5>key. PC0614S2). type WRKWTR ("Work with Writers"). This printer is the system printer. If the status is HLD then release it by typing a 6 in the option field of the spooled file and press <Enter>. "P" + "C" + zero) + the number of the PS/2 to which the printer is connected + "S2" (e. This will allow you to work with your spooled files. This will permit you to change the spool file attributes. Step by Step Printing Example Type WRKSPLF { or OQ } Press <Enter>. This will move the file to the printer writer. This will move us to the correct spool file option field. the PS/2 workstation that is connected to the printer must be signed on to the AS/400. This will refresh the screen to show you the current status of your spooled files. If the STS (status) is RDY or WTR the printer will print your spooled file. select the "stop" option and then select "start". Make sure that the printer you want to print to has been started. Use the <Field EXIT>key or <Tab>to move to the desired spool file. your printouts can be picked up in the ACC printer area at any time. Press <Enter>. If not. The name of the printer is: "PC0" (i. This will bring you back to the work with spool file screen. make sure it says "Ready". This will mark the spool file for displaying. Press 2 <Enter>. Normally you will not be authorized to print to writer PRT01.Typing 5 in the option field of spooled file in the WRKSPLF screen will allow you to view your spooled file. Type in the name of the printer <Enter>. More Printing Help For more help on printing type STRSCHIDX <Enter>then type SPOOLED QUEUES <Enter>. This will display the spool file. Printing to a PS/2 Printer To see which PS/2 printers are available for printing from the AS/400. VAXPRTS2 is a printer that is connected to VAX1. Common Problems . Also. For the printer to be started. Type 5 in the option field. Typing 6 in the option field of spooled file in the WRKSPLF screen will will release a file that is held to become available to print and will change its status to *RDY.e.

AJ.Note that the command keys used in this section are those of the PS/2 running PC Support. The command will clear your objects out regaurdless of the error. where applicable. The reader must substitute the appropriate names for source physical file and library. The first step is to to reach the 'Work with members using PDM' display. To do this type WRKOBJPDM QRPLOBJ . You may get an authority problem do to the fact that you do not own all of the object in that library. This can be done by typing WRKMBRPDM YOURLIB/SRCFILE on any command line. your storage can be used up very quickly. type in *IMMED i. This will cause the system to run very slowly. The locally-defined alias for WRKACTJOB. On the "Work with Active Jobs" display. Ending Disconnected Jobs with Infinite Loops If for some reason you have been disconnect from the system while executing an infinite loop request the job may continue to execute. and then select the appropriate command. for example. you may get an error message "Error found on SEU command".) Press <Enter> . type the "Work with Active Jobs" command: WRKACTJOB and press <Enter> . Because OS/400 retains every version of a *PGM object that results from a compilation. To end the disconnected job: y y y On a command line. SEU. . Out of Storage Quota Errors Depending on the specific class that requires use of the AS/400 there is a maximum storage quota allocated to your user profile. When you have exceeded (or nearly exceeded) your storage quota and you try to start. Press <Enter>. type option 4 (End) against the job that is causing the loop and press <F4>to prompt on the option.e. endless. You can see this information by typing: DSPUSRPRF username. To deal with this problem. DDS and Data Files on the AS/400 Creating a data file The following discussion assumes that you already have a source physical file in your current library. We will continue to use SRCFILE in library YOURLIB for explanation. loop. you must clear the *PGM objects from library QRPLOBJ. can also be used. Stopping Infinite Loops/Ending a Previous Request If you have issued a command and it is taking too long finish it may be an infinite. In the "How to end" field. to end the job immediately. To stop your infinite loop: y y y y Press <Left Ctrl> (this will reset any keyboard errors) Press <Alt><Print Screen>(this sequence is call "System Request") Type 2. Note: You can also press <Alt><Print Screen>and press <Enter>to display a menu of system requests. (This is the option on System Request to end a previous request.

. *CURLIB. . . press Enter. The following screen shows up: Start Source Entry Utility (STRSEU) Type choices. . SRCFILE___ Library .. . . . ..T. . . *BLANK____ *BLANK. .. . . . *SAME. . Press <F6> from the 'Work with members using PDM' display or type STRSEU on any command line and press <F4>. Source type . . *LIBL. . It is convenient to use the prompt facility for defining the DDS source.. *SELECT Name. . . . . . fill in the fields as shown: Start Source Entry Utility (STRSEU) Type choices.A. . .. . . . . . BASP. the screen looks as shown: Find .. .. Source file . 6 *BLANK_________________________________ The Source type for a data file must be specified as PF. *PRV. . . BAS. .. Press <F4> to invoke the prompter and <F12>to cancel it. . . . 6 The Edit display shows up. . YOURLIB___ *PRV Source member . . . . *PRV______ __________ *PRV______ *SAME_____ Name. .______ Name. you have to start the Source Entry Utility. . . 5.To create a data file member. _________ ____________________________________________ TESTDATA FMT PF .. . . . .. . . .. . . . Your_description_for_the_member_. . . Source file . p ress Enter. ' '. this type denotes aPhysical File. to create a data file called TESTDATA in the source file SRCFILE in library YOURLIB. . *LIBL.. For example. . . BAS. .. PF________ C. BASP. 2. . When the prompter is invoked. ' '. TESTDATA__ Source type . . . *BLANK____ Text 'description' . . . . . Name. . *SAME. . *SELECT Name. . . *PRV. . Option . ... *PRV Name. . C. . . . . .. . . .. . . . . .. .. . . *BLANK.Functions++++++++++++++++++ *************** Beginning of data ************************************* 0001. The prompter helps you to supply the source information in the correct format. ... . . . . .Name++++++RLen++TDpB. . *PRV Source member . Text 'description' . *PRV Name. . . .. Library . Option . . . 2.. Name. . *CURLIB. . . . . .00 ****************** End of data **************************************** . . . . . 5.

For example. Data_Type Choose one of the following: A for character data. Decimal_Positions Type a value from 0 through 31 to indicate the number of decimal positions to the right of the decimal point within a packed decimal. H for hexadecimal data. F for floating point data. Name Type a record format. S for zoned decimal data. so for normal applications you may conveniently ignore them.00 Decimal Positions ___ Use _ Functions ___________________________ F3=Exit F11=Bottom F4=Prompt F12=Cancel F5=Refresh F24=More keys F10=Top An explanation of the different fields shown above follows: The fields marked with * are not commonly used. Length ______ Data Type _ 0001. beginning in column 19. .Prompt type . Name_Type Choose one of the following: Blank Leave the field blank to indicate a field name. Name Type _ Name ____ _ PF Ref _ Sequence number . . . or key field name in this position. The maximum length allowed is 10 characters. a floating point. for Character type the range is 1-32766. B for zoned binary data. Length Type a value to indicate the number of characters in a character field or the number of digits in a numeric field. or a binary field. Reference (*) Type R in this field to use the reference function to copy attributes of a previously defined named field to the field you are now defining. for Packed decimal the range is 1-31 digits and so on. P for packed decimal data. K Type K in column 17 to indicate a key field name. field. . R Type R in column 17 to indicate a record format name. . a zoned decimal.

.00 ****************** End of data **************************************** F3=Exit F10=Top F4=Prompt F11=Bottom F5=Refresh F24=More keys Press <F3>and hit <Enter>to save the member TESTDATA.. . Library . FIELD1 and FIELD2. . . This can be done by compiling the member we have just created.00 FIELD2 5P 2 0004. .. The DDS source for TESTDATA is shown below..00 R RECFMT1 0002. RECFMT1 is the record format name. . The member TESTDATA that was just created contains only the definition of the data file and hence our the next step is to actually create the file.T. . Data base file . *LIBL..A... position the cursor at member TESTDATA.00 K FIELD1 0005. Functions (*) Type in keyword entries valid for defining physical files in positions 45 through 80 of this field.. __________________________________________________________ FMT PF .Name++++++RLen++TDpB. There are two fields in the data file. .. Loading a data file To load a data file.00 FIELD1 10A 0003. From the 'Work with members using PDM' display. the file TESTDATA will be created in YOURLIB.. . . look into your spooled file (WRKSPLF) and identify the problem.Functions++++++++++++++++++ *************** Beginning of data ************************* ************ 0000.. The following screen shows up: Update Data with Temp Program (UPDDTA) Type choices.. . Otherwise. . . Type UPDDTA on any command line and press <F4>. __________ *LIBL_____ Name Name.. . use the command UPDDTA (Update Data Area). For more details about exiting SEU refer to the section 'How to exit SEU'. If the compilation is successful. .. . .01 0001. ... FIELD1 is of character data type with length 10.Use (*) Type B or leave the field blank to indicate a field used for both input and output.. *CURLIB . Find TST1 . and choose option 14 (compile). press Enter.. .. . The last line of the member declares FIELD1 to be the key field. and FIELD2 is a packed decimal of length 5 with 2 decimal positions.

*LIBL. . . . allowing the program to have all the features of the AS/400 user interface without direct programming of the appearance of the interface. . . . . . . Choosing the first option brings the following screen: . defining input and output fields and special text attributes. . A source physical file must be created (or one already in existence may be used) and a member must be created in the PF-SRC to hold the screens. . *CURLIB Name. . the operating system includes a utility called SDA (Screen Design Aid). . These screens may then be called from an application program. TESTDATA__ YOURLIB__ *FIRST____ Name Name. Starting SDA The first steps in creating a set of screens for a program are the same as those for creating a program source member. . . . . . . . . . . . A menu of options will appear which allow you to create a screen. . . or test a design. . This section will only cover those aspects of screen design not related to interfacing with applications. . . For example. . . Screen Design Using SDA To aid in the creation of user interfaces on the AS/400. see the manual for the language of the application source. . . . create a menu. *FIRST Bottom F3=Exit F4=Prompt display F24=More keys F5=Refresh F12=Cancel F13=How to use this Supply the values for the data base file to be loaded and the library it is contained in. Library . press <F3>and press < Enter>. To create the screen design member. . *FIRST Bottom F3=Exit display F4=Prompt F5=Refresh F12=Cancel F13=How to use this Enter the values for different fields and press Enter>. . . *FIRST______ Name. . Member . . issue the command STRSDA (for STaRt SDA) from a command line. . Data base file . To stop the process of loading the data file. . to populate our file TESTDATA we would fill in the values as shown: Update Data with Temp Program (UPDDTA) Type choices. and press <Enter>.Member . For information on this area. press Enter. . This system allows a programmer to "paint" screens and menus used by a program from within a simple editor.

F4 for Record list Name Name Name. F4 for Member list DSPF. Also. . . . . . Additional records . . . . . press Enter. . . *CURLIB Name. __________ . . . . a record name must be given. . It will default to the proper type for SDA. a source file must be provided. with each one given a distinct record name. If the member does not yet exist. . QDDSSRC___ . . . . and a member specified. F3=Exit F4=Prompt . Since each member can have several records. the screen should look like this: Design Screens Type choices. it is necessary to first create one using the "5" option on the "Design option line". . __________ Work Screen) . ____ ______ F12=Cancel Name. *LIBL. . F4 for Member list DSPF. . create object Record . . (to be displayed on Source file . create object Record . . Library . . . . . _ 1=Select 2=Select 3=Select 4=Select file keywords record keywords subfile keywords subfile control keywords 5=Define screen image (fields) 6=Save DDS source. . . . . . Finally. . . . . . F4 for Record list Name Name Name. Design option . a single screen design member could contain any number of screens. . . . . . Source type . . . . . . . . Design option . . *LIBL_____ . . . F3=Exit F4=Prompt . . . Once the information is entered. . Additional records (to be displayed on Work Screen) Source file . SCREEN1___ __________ SRCFILE___ YOURLIB___ SCRNMBR___ __________ Name. *CURLIB Name. . *LIBL. . . it will be created. . . Source type . . . . .Design Screens Type choices. . . . . . . press Enter. . . Blank for default Since no screen design exists yet. . Member . . Blank for default keywords F12=Cancel The "SOURCE TYPE" field may be left blank. __________ . . 5 1=Select file keywords 2=Select record keywords 3=Select subfile keywords 4=Select subfile control 5=Define screen image (fields) 6=Save DDS source. . . . Member . Library .

F14=Ruler Press <F14>to place a vertical and horizontal ruler on the Work Screen where you position the cursor. such as requesting extended field definition. and add or remove attributes and colors. Defining fields on the ruler may cause unpredictable results.These options will start SDA on a screen named SCREEN1 in the member SCRNMBR of file SRCFILE in library YOURLIB. or followed by 3 (input). The ruler does not interfere with your data. F11=Switch Press <F11>to display a list of selected database fields on the bottom row of the Work Screen. 6 (output). copy. shift. F17=Print Press <F17> to Print the current contents of the Work Screen. Using The Work Screen Use the Work Screen to design the display you are creating. <F1> is active on all displays but does not appear in the function key area. Press <F14>to remove the ruler. F12=Cancel Press <F12>to save your work and continue to the Design Screens display. or B (both) for alphabetic fields. Adding Fields To add a user-defined field. F4=Prompt Press <F4> to have the Work with Fields display appear. . or by the length specified in brackets after the first character. To add a floating point field. F15=Subfile Prompt Press <F15>to Display a prompt on the bottom row of the Work Screen that allows you to change the subfile line (SFLLIN) and subfile page (SFLPAG) sizes that were in effect for the current record being defined. place fields you have selected from a database. On the Work Screen you can add fields and constants. F10=Database Press <F10> to have the Select Data Base Files display appear. F6=Condition Press <F6> to have the Condition Work Screen display appear. This is simply a blank "pasteboard" on which you may place text and fields. O (output). You indicate the length of a field by the number of characters following +. You can also perform additional operations. Press <F11>to switch back and forth between the list of selected data base fields and the list of not selected database fields. Pressing <Enter> will bring up the main SDA display. move. type + followed by I (input). F3=Exit Press <F3> to have the Design Screens display appear. add a numeric field followed by E (single-precision) or D (double-precision) and press Enter. You can use the following function keys on the Work Screen: F1=Help Press <F1> to show the same information as the help key. You can use uppercase or lowercase letters. and remove fields. or 9 (both) for numeric fields and press Enter.

Adding Fields from a Data Base File The fields you select from a database file. Surround a character string with single quotation marks to define a single constant.2) Four-character. both (input and output) field. A blank character ends the constant. appear on the bottom row of the Work Screen. The following examples illustrate constant fields: 'xxx"YYY' Defines two constant fields. The following examples illustrate moving fields to your display: . Use the at sign (@) in pairs to delimit a DBCS (Double Byte Character Set) constant. You move fields from the bottom line to your display by typing & followed by the field number. floating-point field with three significant digits and two decimal positions. To add a MSGCON (MeSsaGe CONstant) field. type ? in front of the field. 'xxx YYY zzz' Combines three constant fields into one field. floating-point field with five significant digits and three decimal positions. +99. and the column heading position and pressing Enter. if you are in multiple mode. You cannot use a DBCS insert key on the Work Screen. When you press Enter. Adding Constants To add a new constant or change an existing constant: y y y y y y y y Type a constant. alphabetic. Type constants with single quotation marks to define separate constants for each character string (word) that is followed by a blank. both (input and output). You can then type DBCS data between the delimiters. +3. Surround several constants with single quotation marks to redefine them as one constant. The fields begin in the position where you type &.2)e Single-precision. +MMM or +(M3) The Define Message Constant display appears. +66. input field with two decimal positions (set by an edit word). type *DATE or *TIME.999d or +9(5. Press < F12>to return to the Work Screen. SDA will replace each pair with a shift in and a shift out pair when you press <Enter>. type + followed by M. the Define Message Constant display appears.66 or +6(4. input. numeric.33E or +3(3.The following examples illustrate user-defined fields: +BBB or +b(3) Three-character. Use a double quotation mark to end one constant and start a new constant while taking up only one position. To work with a MSGCON field. To add system date or time fields.3)D Double-precision.

Single Field Mode Mode &&n &L &R &C Symbol Multiple Field Meaning Field Places field. == . &nL Places field. &nR Places field. pressing < Enter>. Left-aligns column heading f or an alphabetic field and right -aligns column heading for a numeric fields. &nC Places field. &P Adding or Removing Attributes and Colors To add or remove display attributes or colors on the Work Screen. Does not add column the position preceding the field (the attribute byte of the field) and type = where you want the field to appear. and working with the field keyword displays that appear. Adds a column heading to the right of the field. -. type one of following commands (in uppercase or lowercase) in the position preceding the field (the attribute byte of the field): Command Add Remove H R S B N U -H -R -S -B -N -U -A Attribute High intensity Reverse image Column separators Blink Nondisplay Underscore Remove all attributes Command Add Remov e CB CG CP CR CT CW -CB -CG -CP -CR -CT -CW -CA Color Blue Green Pink Red Turquoise White Remove all colors You can carry out the above operations by typing * in the position preceding the field (the attribute byte of the field). &nP Places the column heading only. and Shifting Fields Reposition fields on the Work Screen by typing one of the following and pressing <Enter>: -. Adds a column heading to the left of the field. Moving. Adds a column above the field. Copying. = Type .

type . You can rename the field by changing the name on the last row. <<<. == Type . D Type D in the position preceding the field (the attribute byte of the field). or type >>> after the field (over the first attribute byte). >>> Type <<< in the position preceding the field (the attribute byte of the field).in any position preceding the the position preceding the field (the attribute byte of the field) and type == where you want a copy of the field to appear. -. Removing Fields Remove fields from the Work Screen by typing one of the following and pressing <Enter>DO NOT use the <Delete>key to delete items on the work screen: Blanks Type a blank in the position preceding the field (the attribute byte of the field). to shift the field left or right as far as the signs extend. and library. Additional Features Extended field definition Type * in the position preceding the field (the attribute byte of the field) to add field-level attributes and keywords. and type == where you want a copy of the group of fields to appear. file. Display MSGCON field definition Type ? in the position preceding the field to show the Define Message Constant display. You can change the message number. and over the entire field. Display field length and description Type ? in the position preceding the field to display field length and text or column heading description on the last row of the Work Screen. Subfile Field Definition You can define fields for a subfile similar to nonsubfile fields with the following considerations: . -. Date and time keywords Type *DATE or *TIME to define special constants on the display where the system date and time will be automatically any position after the last field.Type .

. Library . Choosing the "6" option on the Design Option line saves the source file for the screen and compiles it into a screen file which may be used by a program. . . F3=Exit F12=Cancel . Replace existing member . . . . To modify the values of the SFLPAG (number of records on the display) and SFLLIN (number of spaces between fields). . . . . The screen test program will request the name of a screen and display file (created using the compilation procedure above. . . . . . . . Several screens from a single member can be created before compilation. . . . . SDA displays the screen with the values supplied. Replace existing file . . . . . . . . . Job description . . . . .. . . . . . . (CRTDSPF) Display file . Create file if DDS message severity (GENLVL) is less than . . . . . . . . . . . . Create display file . . . . . the file must be compiled before exiting SDA. THE MODIFICATIONS WILL NOT BE SAVED.. Save generated DDS source . . display listing .Create Display File Type choices. However. . . . . . . press Enter. .) followed by a prompt screen for values for the output fields. F4 for list Y=Yes Y=Yes F4 for prompt Name Name. Y=Yes Y=Yes 0. Source file . . . . . . . . If create fails. . . . press < F15>to display the subfile prompt line. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . That file may then be used by user programs.y y y You can modify fields on the first record of the subfile. . . . . . . . . . . 20. It may be advantageous to test screen designs before using them with programs. . . . This can be accomplished using the "Test Display Files" option from the initial SDA menu.. Using the "6" option for a screen produces the following display: Save DDS . PDM returns to the "Design Screens" menu shown above. Member .. Library . . . Note that it isn't necessary to save a file after every RECORD created. *LIBL . IF THIS OPTION IS NOT CHOSEN AFTER THE SCREEN DESIGN IS COMPLETE. . . . . *LIBL . . Any field that you define for the subfile will appear the number of times specified by the SFLPAG keyword. . . 10 . . . *LIBL . . Compiling And Testing Screens Once the screen design is complete and <F3>is pressed. . Submit create job in batch . . 30 Y=Yes Name Name. . . . . . . . . . Y SRCFILE___ YOURLIB___ SCRNMBR___ Y Y SCRNFIL___ YOURLIB_ __ Y 20 Y QBATCH____ QGPL______ Y=Yes Name Name. These options will compile all the screen records in member SCRNMBR of file SRCFILE in library YOURLIB to a *FILE object called SCRNFIL in YOURLIB. ... . Anything you type is assumed to be a definition of the first record. . . . . <F15>is allowed only for subfile records. . Library . .

256 -32767 F13=How to use this The above example is from a Pascal source member. . Text 'description' . it is necessary to prompt for more options by pressing <F10>. Source member . as the compiler adds its own line numbers to the source which will be necessary in referencing specific lines while using the debugger. . . . *SYSTEM String temporary threshold . *EXTENDED. the AS/400 provides a facility to aid in the debugging of programs as they are running. . . and compiling programs. *LIBL. *CURLIB . However. . . . *CURLIB . which reveals the following screen: Create Pascal Program (CRTPASPGM) Type choices. Source file . . . *PGM . . .. . . . . *NOLIST. . . . . This source output should be printed before starting the debugger. . . . The source output is also useful as a hardcopy reference while the program is executing. *SRCMBRTXT_____________________________ Additional Parameters Compiler options . press Enter. the source program must be compiled with the *DEBUG and *SOURCE options. . . . These will. . this tool allows the user to view and change the values of variables and step through the program by using breakpoints which interrupt program execution and return control to the debugger. . . . . > TEST______ Name. . . Starting the debugger Before using the debugger. Library . . > SRCFILE___ Name . include debugging information in the executable program (so the debugger has access to variable and routine names) and produce a source output listing from the compiler. . . . This will show the initial options screen for the compiler. . > YOURLIB___ Name. . respectively. . other languages will have similar prompt displays. . . *ANSI83. . . . . . To enter the compiler options. . . since the debugger does not list source lines as the program executes. .. . Program . Library . To specify these options at compilation time. *CHECK. F3=Exit F4=Prompt display F24=More keys F5=Refresh *DEBUG____ *SOURCE___ *EXTENDED__ 2046____ F12=Cancel *LIST. + for more values Language level . . . editing. . . . . . . Called the EPM (Extended Program Model) debugger. . . > TEST______ Name . . first prompt on the compile option on the Work with Members Using PDM display (or on the CRT___PGM command for the language of the source file) by pressing < F4>(PROMPT) with the "14" (COMPILE) option on the options line of the file you wish to compile. . . > YOURLIB___ Name. .Debugging Programs on the AS/400 In addition to the utilities provided for creating. .

From the 'Display Break Point' screen. Start the Debugger Add breakpoints Call the program to be debugged and End the Debugger These phases are discussed in detail below: Phase 1 (Start the Debugger) The command to start the debugger is: ===> strdbg YOURLIB/TEST where TEST is the program in library YOURLIB. This will take you to the command entry screen. The command ADDBKP is used to set breakpoints. ===> addbkp stmt(n1 n2 . ' addbkp stmt(10 20 30) ' will set the breakpoints at statements 10. 20 and 30. After the member has been compiled (assuming there are no errors in compilation. the next step is to run the program using the CALL command. The simplest form of ADDBKP takes the following form: where n1.Placing the *DEBUG and *SOURCE options on the "Compiler options" lines will cause the compiler to produce a source listing and place it in the output queue and will include debugging information in the output program. Using the debugger The process of Debugging essentially consists of four phases: 1. Display the program variables with DSPPGMVAR command: .. For example.) the source listing should be printed and used with the next steps. Phase 2 (Add Breakpoints) A Breakpoint is a place in a program where the system stops the processing of that program and gives control to the display station user or to a specified program. 2. n10) Phase 3 (Calling the Program) Once the breakpoints are set. n10 are the statement numbers where the breakpoint is to occur. The program breaks before processing a statement specified as a breakpoint. n2 . Pressing <Enter>once all options are entered will submit the compilation. 3. that you intend to debug... You may specify 1 to 10 statement numbers where the breakpoint should occur. you can check the values of the program variables as explained below: y y Press <F10>(command entry) on the 'Display Breakpoint' screen. ===> call YOURLIB/TEST You will notice that the program stops execution when the breakpoint is reached. 4..

Confirm that your copy of PC-VT is V9. 8. Press <Enter>to resume execution of the program. This may be done by placing the cursor above each feature switch you wish to change and pressing the 6 key to toggle the switch to the correct value. To exit the command entry press <F3>. You may use the <ESC>key to exit the setup mode and return to the emulator mode from which you may access the port selector. You should now change the feature switches. 4. Select option 5. The command to do it is: ===> enddbg APPENDIX A .Terminal Setup PC-VT 9.===> dsppgmvar VARNAME where VARNAME is the variable name you intend to display. Next set the data bits to 8 and the stop bits to 2. it is very important that you end the Debugger. you can check for as many variables as you want to from the command entry screen. 3. Select Modem Speed. Versions prior to V9. Start PC-VT and immediately go into the setup by pressing CTRL-F1. Control is transferred back to the breakpoint. You should next set the modem speed to 9600. Select Data/Parity Bits. This may be done with menu option 7. save the changes you have made to the SETUP so that you will not have to repeat this setup the next time you use PC-VT.0. so that they match those given below. 9. Ending the Debugger Once you are done with debugging. The program will stop at the next breakpoint if any. 'Go to SETUP B'.0 for use with the IBM AS/400 via a port selector connection. the blocks of 4 characters at the bottom of the screen.0 will not support the cursor keys during an AS/400 session. before you issue any other command. 1. 5. This may be done with menu option P. This may be done by pressing the S key. 2.VT-100 to PS/2 (PC Support) Keyboard Mapping . 7. APPENDIX B . Finally.0 Terminal Setup Instruction The following should assist you in setting up PC-VT V9. y y Using the above command. Feature switch settings: 1 2101 2 0X11 3 0000 4 1110 5 0001 6 0110 7 1X10 8 000X 9 XXXX 0 XXXX 6. or will terminate. This may be confirmed by starting PC-VT and noting the version number on the initial screen or by entering the setup A screen.

Getting Started . <Alt><Pt Scn><ESC>s System Request APPENDIX C . err. which gives feedback on how much information the user retained from that module. This facility is self-paced so the user can work the modules when it is convenient.PS/2 Key Nam Micro -Term Key Sequence Typical use <F1><ESC>1 Help <F2><ESC>2 Switch View <F3><ESC>3 Exit <F4><ESC>4 Prompt <F5><ESC>5 Refresh Screen <F6><ESC>6 <F7><ESC>7 Roll Down <F8><ESC>8 Roll Up <F9><ESC>9 Get Previous Cmd <F10><ESC>0 Move to top <F11><ESC> List Toggle <F12><ESC>+ Cancel <F13><ESC>! or <ESC><SHIFT>1 User support <F14><ESC>@ or <ESC><SHIFT>2 <F15><ESC># or <ESC><SHIFT>3 <F16><ESC>$ or <ESC><SHIFT>4 Main menu <F17><ESC>% or <ESC><SHIFT>5 <F18><ESC>+ or <ESC><SHIFT>6 <F19><ESC>& or < ESC><SHIFT>7 Scroll left <F20><ESC>* or <ESC><SHIFT>8 Scroll right <F21><ESC>( or <ESC><SHIFT>9 <F22><ESC>) or <ESC><SHIFT>0 <F23><ESC>_ or <ESC><SHIFT> Scrl Option <F24><ESC>= or <ESC><SHIFT>= Scrl Menu <DEL><DEL> Delete chara cter <Shift><Insert><CTRL>d Duplicate <Enter><RETURN> Send screen <Backspace><ESC>i <Right Ctrl><LINEFEED> or <CTRL>j Field exit <Home><ESC>H <Insert><ESC><DEL> Insert mode <Page up><ESC>u <Page down><E SC>d <Shift><Pt Scn><CTRL>p Print Screen <Tab><TAB> Next field <Shift><Tab><ESC><TAB> Previous field <ESC><ESC>a or <CTRL>a Attention <Alt><F7><ESC>(grave accent) Ins. the system will automatically return the user to the place where they left off.Using On-line Education (EDU) Introduction Online education is a facility provided by IBM to assist the user in learning about the AS/400. This facility is set up for the user to work through any topic he/she is interested in. Special Char <ESC><CTRL>w Indicator Toggle <ESC><CTRL>a Refresh screen <Left Ctrl><ESC>r or <CTRL>r Reset term. There is a quiz at the end of most modules. using the bookmark utility to keep track of where the user has left off. so the next time he/she is using education.

At the end of most modules. or a combination of both. Type 1 to select one of them <Enter>. exiting and setting a bookmark. To display a description about a course select 8 in front of that particular course. 6. you need to go through the quiz again to get to that screen. 7. Exit online education by pressing a series of <F3>keys until you have reached a command line. Select course <Enter> 3. To exit in the middle of a module press <F3> where this option is available. To check your screen print type WRKSPLF (work with your spool files). to assigned to a printer. To Obtain a Screen Print Press the <SHIFT>and PRINT SCREEN key (towards the upper right hand corner of your keyboard) at the same time. If you forget to get a screen print. This will change the status from not assigned to a printer. This will give you a list of all started printers and from here you can select one by typing a 1 on . Your most recent screen print will be located at the bottom of the list and it will be titled QSYSPRT. to clear this message and continue your session. When the screen has been captured you will see a message at the bottom of your screen. you can either select 1 to start the first module in the selected audience path of the course or 3 to select any module < Enter>within the selected course. which tells you that it has been sent to the default printer device. Follow the directions and read each screen carefully. To assign it to a printer. obtain a screen print of the screen that tells you how many you answered correctly on the first try. type a 2. To see a list of all started printers. 4. For the CS175 class. type the name of the printer you would like to send your printout to and press <Enter>. exiting and marking it complete or go to a topic/subtropic menu for the module. Select 4 to select an audience path for the course <Enter>. At the Printer to use prompt. Select 5. From any command line type ==>STREDU <Enter> STREDU is an abbreviation for Start Education. This can consist of questions from the module or examples that you walk through. Next. change. The COMS 175---Command Language audience path is customized for the CS175 class. You can select all modules or one of the listed categories. press <F4>on this line. 2. there is a quiz. There are several courses in online education but the most useful ones in terms of using the AS/400 are: o Tutorial Support System o Facilities and Implementation o Application Design and Development Tools Type 1 to select the desired course <Enter>.1. This will give you a choice of exiting the module. and press <Enter>. when you are finished with the quiz. 5. Press the <Reset>(at the bottom left hand corner of the keyboard).

Check for dependencies. 2.if so create or attain them.DSPMSG Check spool file to see if any Fatal errors or warnings. . Wait for compilation to complete. 1. o Does program need data files . Create a library (optional) . Since there may be multiple ways to complete a task. Start source entry utility .the line before the desired printer. If program gives a run-time error. 4. 2. Create a source physical file (optional) . Display message to see if completed successfully . Cross reference statement number with source line number with spool file WRKSPLF 3. 0. 2. Note if there are any warnings or errors or fatal errors. o Option 14 from the PDM lines. Choose option 5 .CRTSRCPF 3. Move cursor to error description . APPENDIX D . some more appropriate than others depending on the situation. PAS. 4. see the section "Printing Procedure" in this manual.create a member. Log in. PAS. o CRT___PGM .. In PDM: <F6> .STRSEU 2. Work in program development manager  STRPDM  WRKLIBPDM  WRKOBJPDM  WRKMBRPDM 3. C. Press <Enter> to select this printer.How to program on an AS/400 The following outline details the basic steps of program development on the AS/400. Setup area for source 1. BAS. Compile the source member to attain object and compiled.hit <F1> (help) 1. etc.. 0. Page to bottom of file.if so create or attain. 1. 5.. If there are errors or fatal errors go to to step III and correct. Type source into physical file member. o CALL library/programname o Option 16 from a WRKOBJPDM screen.DISPLAY. spool file. Execute the program. o Does program need other programs . If there are any warnings determine if they are important and if deemed so go to step III and correct. various ways of doing essentially the same thing are shown under each outline heading. 3. Press <Enter>again to accept this printer. For more information on printing. Correct error.where ___ can be CBL. WRKSPLF 1. Go to step III.CRTLIB 2. 4. You will return to the screen where you pressed <F4>. Look for error and statement number.

Log off. Reader's Comments Use this form to tell us what you think about this manual. or if you want to express your opinion about it (such as organization. this is the form to use.06 Copyright Minnesota State University. Be sure to print your name and address below if you would like a reply. Mankato © 1992. appearance) or make suggestions for improvement.1995 Last modified: Thu Sep 18 00:28:14 CDT 2003 Jeffrey Hundstad .: Your Address: Your Comments: Version 2. subject matter. If you have found errors in it. After you have completed this form send it in the campus mail to: AS/400 Staff Computer Services Box 45 Today's Date: Your Name: Your Phone No.

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