Introductory Reference to the IBM AS/400

Introduction to the AS/400

The IBM Application System/400 popularly known as AS/400 is a family of mid-range business computing systems, that supersedes IBM's highly successful System/3X family. The AS/400 is available in three different types the 9402, 9404, and the 9406. Currently, here at Minnesota State University, Mankato, the Computer Services is supporting a dual processor IBM AS/400 9406 model D80, that contains 192 Megabytes of primary memory and 7.1 Gigabytes of mirrored secondary storage. The AS/400 systems exclusively use the IBM Operating System/400 (OS/400). It is a multi user operating system that works with the Licensed Internal Code (LIC) instructions to implement the functions that are basic to the AS/400 architecture. OS/400 can perform tasks under direct control of both the user and an application program. The AS/400 system differs from the traditional systems in several ways. They offer more compatibility across the product line since only one operating system and architecture is used consistently across the entire family. The system offers very high performance compared to the earlier System/3X computers. This is achieved by a combination of faster processors, extended storage and improved fixed disk systems. The software architecture is different from that of more traditional systems. Implementing functions such as security, database and communications in microcode, and providing a one-piece operating system resulted in improved efficiency, consistency and simplicity.

Now, to take a look into the highlights of the system
AS/400's standard functions plus the many communications options and supporting software provide users with flexibility for various communications environments. The AS/400 application programming interface provides some new capabilities not found in earlier operating systems. The basic architecture of AS/400 systems makes for a very productive program development environment. The built-in database and single-level storage provide high-level structures and consistency. This along with the programming tools available for AS/400 can increase programmer productivity. The programmer has the flexibility to choose one of the following programming languages for their application programs:
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BASIC

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C CL command language COBOL X3.23-1974 & X3.23-1985 FORTRAN Pascal PL/I REXX RPG II & III

The AS/400 marks a new beginning in the business computing world. This new generation of systems with advanced technology and advanced applications serve as a growth platform for the customer to expand in application, size and network complexity.

Signing On to the AS/400
PC Support/400
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Reboot the PC by pressing <Ctrl><Alt><Delete>at the same time. Press this key combination twice. Select the option that indicates PC Support and/or AS/400. Answer "Enter common user ID:" with your username Answer "Enter password for common user ID:" with your password. If there is a beep or a message press <Enter>to bypass the message. At this point you should have the following screen:
Sign On System . . . . . : MKTAS400 Subsystem . . . . : QINTER Display . . . . . : PCnnnnS1 User . . . . . . . Password . . . . . Program/procedure. Menu . . . . . . . Current library. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . __________ __________ __________ __________

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Type your username in the "User" blank. Press the <Tab>key. Type your password. The password will not be displayed. Press the <Enter>key.

If for some reason you can not longer type, press the <Reset>key. On the Microterms or PCVT this would be the <Esc>key then R. On PC Support/400 this would be the left <Ctrl>key. If this is the first time you signed on continue with the Changing your password section of this manual.

Changing Your Password
The first time you log on the AS/400 you will be forced to change your password before continuing.
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Press <Enter>to change your password. At the "Current Password" field, type `xx' followed by the last six digits of your social security number (ie. xx999999) NOTE: nothing you type on this screen will be displayed to ensure that no one views your password as you type it. Press <Tab>or <Field Exit>. For the "New Password" field, type the password you would like to use when you sign on to the computer. It must not exceed 10 characters, it must begin with a alphabetic character and the remaining characters may be any combination of alphabetic, numeric characters. Note: Try not to make it too difficult, you will need to know it to sign on the AS/400 again. Press <Tab>or <Field Exit> At the "New Password (to verify)" field, type in your new password for a second time to make sure you have entered it correctly. If you have entered it incorrectly you will get an error message and your initial password will still be `xx' followed by the last four digits of your social security number. Press <Enter> Upon completion, the following message will be displayed: Password changed successfully Read the following screens, pressing <Enter>to exit each one, until you reach the AS/400 Main Menu screen.

Later on when you want to change your password, type CHGPWD on the command line and go through the same steps.

Signing Off of the AS/400
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Press <F3>until you see a command prompt, ===>. At the command prompt type SIGNOFF.

Getting Online Help
AS/400 provides extensive On-line help, and a simple method of accessing the help information. On-line help information is provided for all system displays. The type of help provided depends on the location of the cursor. For all displays, the following information is provided:
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What the display is used for How to use the display How to use the command line if there is one How to use the entry fields and parameter line if any What function keys are active and what they do.

If the <Help>key is pressed when the cursor is in an area where specific on-line help information is available, the help text for that area of the display is shown. If the <Help>key is pressed when the cursor is in an area for which no specific information is available, information for the entire display is shown. Then you can page forward or backward through the information for the entire display and for each area. If the <Help>key is pressed while a help display is shown, a description of the types of help that are available on the displays, and how to get each type of help is shown. The <Help>key on the PC Support stations is labeled <Scroll Lock>. On the VT -100 or PCVT stations the key sequence for < Help>is <ESC>h. If <F11>=Search index is shown at the bottom of the display, you can press <F11>to see the Search Help Index display. On that display, you can request information about any topic you specify.

STRSCHIDX
The start search index command is used when you would like to get help on a specific or general topic. To use the index search facility type STRSCHIDX and hit <Return>. Type your subject topic, or topics on the bottom subject line. When you hit <Return>again your topic will be searched for and the topics found will be displayed on the screen above the topic line. To display the information you are looking for type 5 in the option field by the topic line press <Return>. To get out of the index search facility press <F3>until exited.

CD-ROM Manuals
If you are attached to the AS/400 using PC Support/400 you have the ability to look at a hypertext version of a subset of the complete AS/400 manual set. To start the hypertext book reader type the command MANUALS at any AS/400 prompt. This guide is laid out like a library. The library contains bookshelves. These bookshelves contain books. For example our library contains a bookshelf name Languages. We select the bookshelf by using the arrow keys to place the highlighted cursor over it and press <Enter>. On this bookshelf there are several books on languages. One of the books is titled "COBOL/400 Reference". Once again we use the arrows and cursor to select the item. Now that we have the book it opens up a "Table of Contents" for the book. By using this search and select procedure you can look through the book like a book you'd check out at the library.

More Help
There are three ways to get help on the READ/DOS book reader (AS/400 command MANUALS):
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Start the book reader and select the bookshelf entitled BookManager READ/DOS. Press <F1>anywhere you're in question about your current options. Press <Alt>h (or <F10>h) and select the appropriate help selection for your current problem.

Using the Prompt Facility
AS/400 provides interactive command prompting for any command supplied with the system or created by the user. On the command entry screen notice the option F4 = Prompt at the bottom of the screen. You can type the command name only, and press <F4>to see the prompt display for the command. Usually, a command may require many parameters before it can be executed. The prompt displays provide a convenient method of supplying that parameter information. For example, type SNDMSG on any command line and press <F4>. The following prompt display is shown:
Send Message (SNDMSG) Type choices, press Enter. Message text . . . . . . . . . . ________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________ _______________________ ___________________________________________________ __________________________________ To user profile . . . . . . . . . __________ Name , *SYSOPR, *ALLACT...

F3=Exit F4=Prompt F5=Refresh F10=Additional parameters F12=cancel F13=How to use this display F24=More keys

To execute the command, supply the required information for Message text and user profile and press <Enter>. Most of the parameters used on commands have default values that are used if no other value is specified. You may change the default values if you desire to do so. If <F4>= Prompt is shown on the prompt display, you can press < F4>to request a list of predefined values (such as *SYSOPR and *ALLACT in the above display) that are permitted in the field where the cursor is currently positioned. In relation to the SNDMSG command, you can use DSPMSG at any time to display messages in your message queue.

Organization of OS/400 Objects
Objects
On the AS/400, everything that can be stored or retrieved is stored in an object. Examples of objects are libraries, files, executable programs, queues, and more. Objects share some common attributes such as name, type, size, description, date created, and owner. The concept of an object allows the system to perform certain standard operations, such as authorization management, on all objects types. The object types that we will be primarily concerned with in this manual are:
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*LIB Libraries

System supplied libraries NOTE:all IBM-supplied library names begin with the letter "Q" or "#" 3. the system master library. Refer to the section on the SEU editor for the meanings of these fields. A physical file contains actual data stored on the system. It is similar to the "root" or top-level directory on Unix. In conventional terms. we are primarily interested in two kinds of physical files: 1. a data physical file is a data file. source physical files. of type *LIB. which "contains" all libraries on the system). data physical files 2. 6 for the sequence number field. User-created libraries. unlike these systems. In this manual. of type *FILE. Files A file is an object. a library cannot "contain" other libraries (with the exception of QSYS. A data physical file (*FILE PF-DTA) contains data that cannot be compiled. There are two types of database files: 1. or a group of related records that are handled as a unit. that contains a group of objects.the library that contains all other libraries. we are primarily concerned with database files. In this manual. A library is an object. that contains data in the form of a database. It is usually created using the "Create Source Physical File" (CRTSRCPF) command (more information about this command will be given later). logical files. A data physical file normally has a record format. and VAX/VMS. MS-DOS. physical files 2. for example an employee master file. There are basically three general categories of libraries: 1. A source physical file is actually a special type of data physical file. For example.) . It has a fixed-length record format. A source physical file (*FILE PF-SRC) contains source statements. 2. However. device data. This description is then compiled to produce a *FILE object with attribute PF-DTA. An interesting implication of the non-hierarchical nature of libraries is that two users cannot have libraries with the same name. the default record length is 92 (80 for the source data field.y y y *FILE Files *PGM Compiled programs *OUTQ Output queues Libraries Every object is contained in a library. A source physical file has the attribute "PFSRC". This record format is defined using Data Description Specifications (DDS is a language that is used to describe database files to the system). such as an input file to a program. The CRTSRCPF command creates a physical file with attributes appropriate for source physical files. QSYS . for example the source statements of a Pascal or COBOL program. and 6 for the date field.

each member contains source statements for a program or DDS source. Normally.. as in the above example. determines how the various systems programs (such as the editor and compilers) on the AS/400 treat the member. These members are not objects themselves but subsets of an object. "DDSSRC". for example.) the AS/400 editor. Although. a PF-DTA file will only have one member (by default. and allows compilation to be totally automatic. and it is contained in the library YOURLIB. which in the case of PF-SRC members. it "knows" that it should invoke the COBOL compiler. you will probably want to store source programs of the same type in a separate source physical file. An example of a PF SRC file and its members is shown below (we will explain how to get to this screen in the section on PDM): Work with Members Using PDM File . 2=Edit 7=Rename Opt __ __ __ __ __ Member NAMEEMP CLPRO G RPGPROG EMPMAST SCRNMBR 3=Copy 4=Delete 8=Display description Type LF CLP RPG PF DSPF Text Sample Sample Sample Sample Sample 5=Display 9=Save 6=Print 13=Change text . . For example. A data physical file may contain one or more members. the member(s) contains data for use by programs. You may also use the standard IBM-supplied names such as "QRPGSRC". .The data records in a data physical file can be grouped into members. This implies that all members of an object share the same basic characteristics with the other members in the object such as ownership and security. "RPGSRC" and DDS source in a PFSRC file called. and "QCLSRC" for the various PF-SRC files. . . will format the program as a COBOL program. and when PDM (Program Development Manager) is given the instruction to compile the file. Members have an attribute associated with them. . However. press Enter. . "QDDSSRC". In a PF-SRC file. . for example. you may choose to include source members of different types belonging to the same application in the same PF-SRC file. . source members of different types are stored in the same source physical file. In a data physical file (PF-DTA). . SEU. . Library . a member has been specified as having an attribute of CBL (for COBOL program. DDS Source for a Logical File Control Language Source Program RPG Source Program DDS Source for a Physical File DDS Source for a Display File Parameters or command ===> ___________________________________________________________ F3=Exit F9=Retrieve F4=Prompt F10=Command entry F5=Refresh F23=More options F6=Create F24=More keys The name of the source physical file is SRCFILE. SRCFILE___ YOURLIB___ Position to . the member's name is the . Once. This attribute is specified when creating the member. __________ Type options. .. in the above example. for example. you may want to keep all your RPG source programs in a PF-SRC file called.

same as the file name). Two common types of device files are printer files (*FILE PRTF) and display files (*FILE DSPF). The spooled file stays in the output queue until it is directed to a printer or removed. it is possible to include multiple members in a single PFDTA file. like a member. whenever something is printed. For example. An output queue has already been created for you with the creation of your user profile. When the DDS source is compiled. In the "Work with Members using PDM" screen above. The relationships between the various objects that have been discussed in this section are as follows: QSYS (*LIB) [special library] | | contains | Library (*LIB) | . when a COBOL source program is compiled. you may want to group the records in a sales transactions file so that each member contains data for each month. the "PF" member. Refer to the section "Printing Procedure" in this manual for more information on printing spooled files. each month's data can be processed separately by processing one member at a time. An important object type on the AS/400 is the output queue (*OUTQ). The name of the output queue is normally the same as that of your user profile. A display file describes what information is to be displayed and where it is to be displayed on the screen of a display station. It is important to understand. it produces an object with a type of *PGM with the attribute CBL. One way of defining and creating a display file is with the Screen Design Aid (SDA) utility. a *FILE object with the attribute LF-DTA is produced. A data logical file (*FILE LF-DTA) is a data file that contains no actual data. contains DDS source that defines a physical file. A data logical file is described to the system using DDS. When this source member is compiled (using CRTPF or option 14 in the "Work with Members using PDM" screen). It is similar to the concept of a "view" in SQL. This compiled object is the actual file that is used to hold data records. For instance. the difference between "source" and "data" in regards to data physical files. A printer file can be created using the "Create Printer File" (CRTPRTF) command. In this way. "EMPMAST". the output goes to an output queue and it stays there as a spooled file. Other Object Types A program object (*PGM) is a compiled program. it will produce a *FILE object with attribute PF-DTA. On the AS/400. A spooled files. but provides a different method of viewing the data of an accompyning data physical file(s) which it internally references. such as the length and width of a printed page. is not an object itself but a subset of an object. A printer file describes the attributes that printed output will have. However. Another *FILE object type that you may encounter in your programming courses is the device file. A device file contains a description how data is to be presented to a program from a device or vice versa. at this point. The attribute for a *PGM object indicates the language the program was written in.

+----^----------------. . the library that has the same name as that as your user profile. . . *TEST Sample_Library__________________ F10=Additional parameters F24=More keys F12=Cancel . To create a library. . press Enter. to store all your application objects. Text 'descrip tion' .. . | | Physical Data Logical file file (PF) (LF -DTA) | ^ contains .---------------. .-----------------. . . In this section. . .------^-----. . The name of this library is normally the same as that of your user profile. . Library . . . . Type in the name of the library and enter a brief description for the library. . . F3=Exit F4=Prompt F5=Refresh F13=How to use this display YOURLIB__ Name *PROD____ *PROD. i. Create Library (CRTLIB) Type choices. . Note that you can use your default library. | | | | Programs (*PGM) Outqueues (*OUTQ) Files (*FILE) Other [Executable] | | objects | contains | Spooled Files | [Output intended for Printer] | | . . .e. . we will create another library and use this library as an example throughout the manual. Member(s) | | [Reorginized data] Source Data Physical Physical File File (PF-SRC) (PF -DTA) | | contains | | contains | | Member(s) Member(s) [Program source] [Actual Data] Creating a Library A library has already been created for during user profile creation. type the CRTLIB ("Create Library") on a command line and press <F4>to prompt on it. .| contains | . Leave the library type as *PROD (a production library is one that is used for normal processing). . .--------. . Library type . .^--.

. You should see a message at the bottom of the screen saying "Library . Below. . If you see the message "Library .. . . . . *NONE. . press Enter. that is the library that has the same name as that as your user profile. Other commands that operate on libraries are: y y y DSPLIB (Display Library) DLTLIB (Delete Library) WRKLIB (Work with Library). The following is the library list for the user "JOHNDOE". . It specifies which libraries are to be searched and the order in which they are searched when the system looks for an object. Create Source Physical File (CRTSRCPF) Type choices. . . .Press <Enter>. The current library is tied closely to the concept of a library list. . . Before we discuss what the current library is. try another name for the library. . .. . . .. Library . created". . If you get this message. . . To create a source physical file. . Your default library. . *FILE Sample_Source_File___________________ F10=Additional parameters F24=More keys F12=Cancel F3=Exit F4=Prompt F5=Refresh F13=How to use this display Library Lists You may have noticed in the previous screen that the "Library" field defaults to the value *CURLIB. Display Library List System: MKTAS400 . let's create a source physical file in the library that we have just created. . . . created in library . Supply the names for the source file and the library that will hold it. already exists". A default library list is automatically created by OS/400 for each job started by a user. type CRTSRCPF and press <F4> to prompt on it. A library list is similar in concept to the "PATH" in Unix and MS-DOS. . . File . is automatically included in your library list. . . .. . . it means that some other user already has a library by the same name. ." at the bottom of your screen. meaning the current library. . we show the display for creating a source file called "SRCFILE" in the library "YOURLIB". You can display your library list by typing DSPLIBL and press <Enter> on a command line. . if desired Text 'description' . . . . . A library list is identified by the value *LIBL. Note: All libraries are on the same "level" with only QSYS above them. . Creating a Source Physical File Now. Member. SRCFILE___ Name YOURLIB___ Name... *CURLIB 92_______ Number *NONE_____ Name. . we first explain what a library list is. Record length .. .. Press < Enter> and you should see the message "File . .

QGPL. followed by the library name (or prompt on the command) ADDLIBLE YOURLIB . A message will appear stating that the program is not found in the library list. "TESTPROG" is qualified by "YOURLIB" as CALL YOURLIB/TESTPROG then the program can be found and executed. a library list is divided into three parts: system portion which consists of the libraries that are required to run system functions current library which by default. To add a library to the library list. If. the library "JOHNDOE"). COLLECTION . and QGDDM come with the system while others are locally supplied.Type options. type the "Add Library List Entry" (ADDLIBLE) command. is the library that has the same name as your user profile (in this case. and the user libraries). If a user does not specify a library name when requesting an operation on an object. User "JOHNDOE" wants to run the program (using the CALL command) and issues the command CALL TESTPROG .. 5=Display objects in library Opt __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ Library QSYS QHLPSYS QUSRSYS JOHNDOE QTEMP QGDDM QGPL QMSU QPAS MBNLQ ONLINE Type SYS SYS SYS CUR USR USR USR USR USR USR USR Text System Library *IN USE JOHN DOE's default library GENERAL PURPOSE LIBRARY MSU generated commands and programs Common Library for MBNLQ . the current library. such as QTEMP. however. user portion which consists of libraries that holds user objects. In addition. pre ss Enter. Some user libraries. If "JOHNDOE" now issues the the unqualified CALL command. The current library is the first user library that is searched before the rest of the user libraries in the list. For example. This is because "YOURLIB" is currently not in the library list. As you can see. You can edit your library list using the EDTLIBL command and remove a library list entry using . the user can create their own libraries and add them to their library list. the program can now be located and executed since the library that contains the program is now in the library list. assume that the user "JOHNDOE" has an executable program (*PGM object) called "TESTPROG" in the library "YOURLIB". the libraries in the library list are searched for the object (starting with the system libraries.created by SQL F3=Exit F12=Cancel F17=Top F18=Bottom Note that you may not have all the libraries in the above list.

. Work with Objects Using PDM (WRKOBJPDM) Type choices. . *CURLIB name. . "YOURLIB" can be made the current library by typing CHGCURLIB YOURLIB . *ALRTBL.. In the section "Steps in Developing a Program". *generic. . Using the Program Development Manager (PDM) The Program Development Manager (PDM) is a set of utilities under OS/400 designed to simplify the creation and development of software. Object type . .. *PRV. F3=Exit F4=Prompt F24=More keys F5=Refresh F12=Cancel F13=How to use this display The *PRV value on the "Library" field indicates that the default is to work on the library the user last worked with.Work with objects using PDM WRKMBRPDM -.Work with libraries using PDM WRKOBJPDM -. These may be replaced with the name of a specific library. Type WRKOBJPDM and press <F4> to prompt on it. . no longer the current library. we will create an "initial program" that will automatically run these commands when a user signs on the system. . . *ALL. . however. *generic. name. . . Some commands automatically default to the current library (*CURLIB). *PRV______ *ALL______ *ALL______ *ALL______ *PRV. or members. The . . when "JOHNDOE" signs on. . . . . *AUTL. . This allows the user to work with objects inside a library. . .) or using one of three commands which indicate the level at which the user would like to work: y y y WRKLIBPDM -. . Object . . . and allows the programmer to manage their environment from a set of standard menus. Object attribute . . *PRV. editing. attribute. . It automates file and member creation. . Next time. . . Starting PDM PDM may either be started using the command STRPDM (for Start PDM. .Work with file members using PDM Work with Objects One of the most commonly used commands to start PDM is WRKOBJPDM.. . such as the CRTSRCPF command. . that both commands (ADDLIBLE and CHGCURLIB) are only effective for a particular session.. press Enter. . Library . "YOURLIB" will no longer be in their library list and hence. compilation and program execution. . . Note. . . *PRV. objects. . . . . .the RMVLIBLE command.) which will produce a menu of options for the level on which the user wishes to work (libraries.

name. . . . .. .. *PRV. . *CURLIB na me. *PRV. . Object . Type options. . . . . and *ALL on the other options. YOURLIB___ Position to . . .. F3=Exit F4=Prompt F24=More ke ys F5=Refresh F12=Cancel F13=How to use this display The screen resulting from command WRKOBJPDM. press Enter. .) Each option is an action which may be performed on an object by placing its number on the "Opt" line next to the object and pressing the < Enter> key. *ALL. . .. *ALRTBL. . Type WRKOBJPDM and prompt with <F4>. . . . . . . . . 2=Change 3=Copy 8=Display description Opt __ Object SRCFILE Type *FILE Text Sample Source File Bottom Parameters or command ===> ________________________________________________________________ F3=Exit F9=Retrieve F4=Prompt F10=Command entry F5=Refresh F23=More options F6=Create F24=More keys Presently. . YOURLIB___ *ALL______ *ALL______ *ALL______ *PRV. *generic. . is shown below. see Table 1 at the end of this section. Object type . . *AUTL.. . Work with Objects Using PDM (WRKOBJPDM) Type choices. . . . . __________ Position to type . the source physical file "SRCFILE" that you have just created. *PRV. . . *generic*. . attribute. Library . . . . press Enter. . . Work with Objects Using PDM Library . PDM Options Options are displayed across the top of the screen (for a list of all the options available in PDM. __________ 4=Delete 9=Save Attribute PF -SRC 5=Display 10=Restore 7=Rename 11=Move . Object attribute . This method of specifying actions on a form listing the objects available is consistent throughout PDM."Object" and "Object type" options allow the user to limit which objects will be displayed. with the library specified as YOURLIB. . .. . .. . there should be just one object in the library. . . . . . .

Type "12" against "SRCFILE" to work with it. When working with a source physical file at this level. . the "2=change" option is no longer valid. change its attributes... simply press <F4> while an option number is on one of the "Opt" lines. File Position to .) option. YOURLIB___ __________ Type options. If the item is of type *PGM. .) If the item is of type *OUTQ. 2=Edit 7=Rename Opt Member 3=Copy 4=Delete 8=Display description Type Text 5=Display 6=Print 9=Save 13=C hange text .. option 2 runs the STRSEU command to begin editing a member and 14 calls the compiler for a program of that type (if specific compiler options are needed. At the WRKOBJPDM screen. the "18" option may be invoked to modify the file using DFU (Data File Utility). . pressing <Enter> or <F12> (cancel) with no options on the screen returns to the previous level. go to the "Work With Output Queue" display.) When this method of changing levels is used. the action of this option depends on the file type. You can type "5" (Display) against one and type "7" (Rename) against the other. present a display allowing the user to call the program. . for instance the *DEBUG option to include debugging information in the program. To use the prompting facility. The following "Work with Members using PDM" screen appears: Work with Members Using PDM . (programs may also be called from the WRKOBJPDM screen by using the 16 option. For example. assume we have two source files in "YOURLIB". . More on PDM levels Moving down levels in PDM is accomplished using the "12" (Work With. . Multiple objects may be operated on sequentially by placing numbers on more than one Opt line. However. Work with Members The WRKMBRPDM display is the bottom level of PDM. Placing a 12 on the line next to an item on this display will: y y y If the item is of type *FILE. . PDM will present the prompt screen for the command associated with that option number.) When working with a physical data file. go to the WRKMBRPDM display for that file (there are different types of WRKMBRPDM displays for source and data files. .There are two important special features which this method of specifying actions offers: First. Pressing <Enter> causes PDM to process each option in turn. etc. .. multiple objects may be operated on in succession. remember that the prompting facility may be invoked on any PDM option. allowing the user to work with spooled files. . press Enter. SRCFILE___ Library . . and second. . the options support the prompting facility.

. Start Source Entry Utility (STRSEU) Type choices. . Name. . . the source member will contain only plain text). press Enter. BAS. . . *SELECT *SAME. . . . . . If you have many members in your file.e. TXT_______ C. ... . . . Source file . . . press <F3> to quit and type "Y" in the "Change/Create member" field to save the source member. Later on. SRCMBR____ Source type . . . you can use the "Member" and/or "Member Type" fields to narrow down the number of members to work with. type. there are no members in "SRCFILE". . . . . Type this command and press <F4> to prompt on it. Library .. . Bottom F3=Exit F4=Prompt F24=More keys F5=Refresh F12=Cancel F13=How to use this display You will now be inside the SEU editor. . *PRV *LIBL. . *PRV *PRV. . . . . File . . . . .. name *PRV. *PRV. . *generic. you will notice that "SRCMBR" is now in "SRCFILE". . . . . . . On return to the WRKMBRPDM screen. . . . . . . . . .. To do that. Member type . *CURLIB *PRV. . Press <Enter> . . . . Text 'description' . Work with Members Using PDM (WRKMBRPDM) Type choices. name. press Enter. . . . . *generic. This will automatically invoke the SEU editor. Enter the name of the new source member and for its source type. BASP. . > SRCFILE___ Library . . . . SRCFILE___ YOURLIB___ *ALL______ *ALL______ *PRV. .. . . To work with the member that we have just created. For now. . . . > YOURLIB___ Source member . Member . Name. . . . enter "TXT" (i. . Sample_Source_Member____________________ Name. press <F6> (Create). . . . . enter the names of the library and file as shown below. The "Work with Members using PDM" screen can be accessed directly using the WRKMBRPDM command. . . . . . . name. . in the section on SEU we will use this source member. Let's create a member. . *LIBL. . . *CURLIB. .(No members in file) Parameters or command ===> ________________________________________________________________ F3=Exit F9=Retrieve F4=Prompt F10=Command entry F5=Refresh F23=More options F6=Create F24=More keys Presently. Name.

) 2: 3: 4: 5: 6: 7: 8: 9: 10: 11: 12: 13: 14: 15: 16: 17: 18: 25: Change Copy Delete Display Print Rename Display Descrip. if available Control Language Command Syntax . You will probably use this command least among the three PDM commands. or member Recall a previous command to the command line Display an OS/400 command entry screen Switch to/from brief display mode Cancel an operation Copy an option number to all lines Switch between date and type display in PF -SRC Cha nge member list sort criteria Specify user -defined commands to PDM Limit the list on the screen to certain types Change PDM user settings Print the object list on the screen Display more PDM option numbers. Save Restore Move Work With Change Text Compile Copy File Run Change Using SDA Change Using DFU Find String Modify an obj ect or edit a source member Duplicate an object Remove an object from storage Display the contents of an object Copy a source member to an output queue Change an object's name Show summary information about an object Save an object to offline storage Retrieve an object from offline storage Move an object to another library Perform operations on the contents of an object Change the text description line for an object Compile a source physical file member Copy a *FILE object (has special options) Run an object of type *PGM Change a screen design (in a PF -SRC) using SDA Use DFU to change a PF -DTA member Find a s tring of characters in an object Table 2: Function Keys in PDM F1: F3: F4: F5: F6: F9: F10: F11: F12: F13: F14: F15: F16: F17: F18: F21: F23: F24: Help Exit Prompt Refresh Create Retrieve Command Entry Display Toggle Cancel Repeat Source Type Toggle Sort User Options Subset Change Defaults Print List More Options More Keys Obtain help on an area of PDM Exit PDM or current operation Display prompt screen for options on screen Redraw the screen with updated information Create a library.F3=Exit F4=Prompt F24=More keys F5=Refresh F12=Cancel F13=How to use this display Work with Libraries Briefly. This will bring up the "Work with Objects using PDM" screen for that library. Table 1: Options in PDM (Some options may not be valid at some levels. file. if available Display more function keys. the WRKLIBPDM command lets you work with a library or libraries. You can work with the contents of a library by typing 12 against it.

Stop a program which was started with a STR o GRT . A command is made made up of two components: 1.Send o STR . SLTCMD CR* will list all commands starting with CR). The verb consists of three characters and is the "action" component of the command.Add Item o CHG . Another way of finding commands is to press <F4> on any command line.Add Library List Entry CL commands can be found in several ways.Start (a program or utility) o WRK .Create o DLT .Retrieve o RVK .Copy o CRT . This will bring up the "Command Grouping Menu" where each option represents a group of related commands. A CL command is made up of two parts: (1) a command name and (2) parameters.Grant o MOV .Restore o RTV .Set o SND . a VERB and 2.Remove item o RST . A system-defined default value . Command Structure First. A command may have some parameters that are required and some that are optional.Work with Objects Using PDM STRPDM .Revoke o SET . one.Create Source Physical File WRKOBJPDM . The first option SLTCMD ("Select Command by Name") can be used to obtain a list of commands using a wildcard character (e.Display item o END . a SUBJECT.Delete o DSP . The command GO CMDxxx can be used to get a menu of commands related to xxx (where xxx can be a verb or subject).Start PDM ADDLIBLE .Work with The subject component of the command specifies the item that the verb acts on. a CL command is a way of of invoking functions and calling system services. let's consider the command name. Some examples of verb/subject combinations are: y y y y CRTSRCPF . Parameters A CL command can have zero. As you would probably know by now. Some common verbs and their meanings are shown below: o ADD . or more parameters.The purpose of this section is to provide a more formal presentation of CL commands.Move o RMV .g.Change o CPY .

If the reference is to a file in a specific library. character in both keyword and positional forms WRKMBRPDM YOURLIB/SRCFILE SRCMBRWRKMBRPDM FILE(YOURLIB/SRCFILE) MBR(SRCMBR) If only the file name is specified. we have been using the <F4> prompt facility for specifying parameters. can be entered in the position of that parameter. WRKOBJPDM YOURLIB *N *FILE *N will map to the default value for that parameter. positional form. "/". *N. So far in this manual. the system-defined value. develop and maintain applications. Parameters in keyword form can be specified in any order. or 3. For example. Using the SEU Editor Introduction The IBM AS/400 provides an integrated set of Application Development Tools (ADT) to design. A CL command can use a combination of both positional and keyword parameters. which is in between the second and third parameters in the parameter set. For example.(prefixed by "*") is usually assigned to an optional parameter if the user does not specify a value for it. In the positional form. the file name and library name fields are actually one parameter (a file name plus a library qualifier). a combination of both. parameters are specified without keywords. If you do not want to specify a value for one of the parameters. Using this method. for example WRKMBRPDM YOURLIB/SRCFI LE MBRTYPE(TXT) . the file name must be qualified with a slash. is omitted. One such tool is the Programming Development Manager (PDM) that offers the following: . For example. the following is invalid WRKOBJPDM LIB(YOURLIB) SRCFILE . Note that the "Member" parameter. parameters can be specified in: 1. Another way of specifying parameters is the free format or command line method. You may want to use this method if you remember exactly what parameter information is needed for a command. WRKOBJPDM LIB(YOURLIB) OBJ(SRCFILE) There must not be any blanks between the keyword and the left parenthesis. 2. keyword form. A parameter that is specified in keyword form will have a keyword followed immediately by a value (or list of values). which in this case is *ALL. Positional parameters are often limited to the first three or four parameters. the following command will display all objects of type *FILE in the library YOURLIB. as in the following statement WRKMBRPDM SRCFILE the library qualifier will default to the library list (*LIBL). One restriction of this mixed form of specifying parameters is that positional parameters cannot follow keyword parameters. The above example can be specified in positional form as follows WRKOBJPDM YOURLIB SRCFILE . The parameter values must be positionally matched with the keywords in the parameter set for that command. Note that when using the WRKMBRPDM command.

we will use the source member we created in the previous section. .. *************** Beginning of data ********************************* ****************** End of data ************************************ F3=Exit F10=Top F4=Prompt F11=Bottom F5=Refresh F24=More keys ... Choose option 3 to Work with members..+...+...+.: 1 80 SEU==> _______________________________________________________ FMT ** Edit SRCMBR ..+. 4 . 4 .. The "Work with members" screen shows up.+.. The PDM menu is displayed..+.....y y y Integrated application development environment. You are now in the full-screen EDIT mode... Extendable interface to tools through user-defined options... You can also reach this screen by typing WRKMBRPDM (Work with members using PDM) on any command line and pressing <F4> . .+. List-oriented selection of items for development or maintenance. . . 5.. supply the necessary source file (SRCFILE) and library (YOURLIB) information and press Enter. the screen readjusts as shown: Columns .....+. and press <Enter> ... Starting the Editor Type STRPDM (Start Program Development Manager) on any command line.+. 1 . 6 . PDM is one tool that may be used to access the SEU. 2 . 1 .+. Type 2 on the "Opt" line to edit the source member "SRCMBR". Another tool is the Source Entry Utility (SEU) that offers a full screen editor providing syntax checking of source statements.... *************** Beginning of data ******************************** If you press <Enter> without typing anything.. ... 3 .: 1 80 SEU==>_______________________________________________________ FMT ** ''''''' ''''''' ''''''' ''''''' ''''''' ''''''' ''''''' ****************** End of data *********** ************************ F3=Exit F10=Top F4=Prompt F11=Bottom F5=Refresh F24=More keys Edit SRCMBR . Press <Enter> . 3 ..+.+. 2 . In either case.. 5.... Columns ...+...... 6 ........ In this SEU tutorial. .+.

.00 0003..+.. 2 .... . 6 ..+...Type I (for insert) on the first line as shown and press <Enter> . 1 .. .00 0007.. 0009.00 ****************** End of data ************************************ Notice the sequence numbers of records at the extreme left. The sequence number field of a record is used to specify the line commands. you may start typing in the desired text. 4 . 0005.. press Enter. we show a sample TEXT document that will be used in the next section for illustrating the use of various SEU line commands. .+.. Columns ..00 Begin Second Block....00 End Second Blo ck. 0010.00 Text for second block .. 0004.... 4 .: 1 80 Edit SRCMBR SEU==> _______________________________________________________ FMT ** .+. Y Y=Yes.. .. *************** Beginning of data ********************************* 0001.' Exiting the Editor To exit SEU press <F3>.+. 5... For more information on line commands see 'Using SEU line commands'.00 End First Block... 3 .... 1 . Columns . .. 2 . .. .+... I *************** Beginning of data ********************************* ****************** End of data ************************************ Now.+..00 THIS IS A TEXT DOCUMENT. 5.00 Text for the first block . .. The exit display shows up: Exit Type choices.+.. Below..+..+. 0002.+..: 1 80 Edit SRCMBR SEU==> ____________ _____________________________________________ FMT ** ... To save the current member and exit SEU follow the following procedure 'Exiting the Editor. 0008.+.... N=No . 6 . 0006.. Change/create member ...00 Begin First Block. . ...... .+.. 3 ..+.. .

. to edit the member SRCMBR created before. Type N in this field only if you do not want to save changes made to your member. . . . . . . Note: If you type a line command. . . . . if the member is modified. . . . . For example. The screen for editing that member will show up. Using Line Commands SEU supports various line commands that guide us in editing an existing member. . . . N=No 0001. . . . Text . N=No N Y=Yes.00____ 00. . Return to editing . . . . . otherwise N. . . . .99 N Y=Yes. . The default value for 'Return to editing' option is N. . . press <F12> to cancel the exit display. . . . . . command C is used to copy lines. Print member . SRCMBR____ Name SRCFILE___ Name YO URLIB___ Name Description_for_the_member. . . . type WRKMBRPDM YOURLIB/SRCFILE on any command line. The default values supplied for most of the options above are self-explanatory. . reach the 'Work with members using PDM' display. F3=Exit . y y Use the command WRKMBRPDM as explained in the previous section. Go to member list .01 . . . if syntax errors do persist. . note the following: y y y If you have decided not to quit the editor.9999. . . . . . type option 2 in front of member SRCMBR and press <Enter> . . . . command M for moving lines and so on. The default value for 'Change/create member' is Y. . . and type option 2. . . . . This returns you back to the editing mode. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . From the "Work with members using PDM" display. The SEU line commands are entered over the digits that make up the sequence number of a record.99. use <F5> to refresh the screen. . . and press < Enter> . . . and then you decide to cancel it. However. . File .00___ 0000. . For example. . . . . . . you may simply press < Enter> .99 01.01 . . . . To edit a member that has already been created. Library . . . . . . . However. the system supplies Y in this field and returns back to the editing mode ( unless you explicitly type N and force it to exit ). N=No N Y=Yes. . . . if your member did not have any syntax errors. . In the following discussion. . The edit display for this member is shown: . Resequence member Start .Member . . Increment . N=No F5=Refresh F12=Cancel If you wish to save the changes you have made. Use the tab keys to position the cursor at the desired member. a sample TEXT document is used to illustrate the use of the various commands. . . . ._____ Y Y=Yes.

00 0002. Type in the line to be inserted and press <Enter> .00 0008.. 0006.00 THIS IS A TEXT DOCUMENT.. 0008. *************** Beginning of data ******************************** I001. . .00 0003. Columns ..00 0009. Text for the first block . 0002.00 0010.00 0006. .00 ****************** End of data ************************** ********* F3=Exit F10=Top F4=Prompt F11=Bottom F5=Refresh F24=More keys Inserting a line To insert a line after a particular record...: 1 71 Edit YOURLIB/SRCFILE SEU==> ________________________________________________________ SRCMBR FMT CB . and press <Enter> .: 1 71 Edit YOURLIB/SRCFILE SEU==> _________________________________________________________ SRCMBR FMT CB ... 0002.. 0005. .00 THIS IS A TEXT DOCUMENT.-A+++B++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++ *************** Beginning of data ******************************** 0001. Text for second Second Block. .00 0004.00 Begin Second Block.00 Begin First Block. .. 0009.. ''''''' PROGRAM -ID... ****************** End of data *********************************** F4=Prompt F11=Bottom F5=Refresh F24=More keys The screen adjusts as shown below. type I (insert) on the sequence number field of that record.00 0005.00 0003.00 0003.-A+++B+++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++ + *************** Beginning of data **** **************************** 0001. SAMPLE..00 Text for second block .00 F3=Exit F10=Top THIS IS A TEXT DOCUMENT. End First Block.. block .00 Text for the first block .00 End Second Block. .. 0010.. Begin End Second Block.00 End First Block.Columns .00 0007.00 0007. 0004... Begin First Block.00 Begin First Block.

.. 0002. 0001.. .. Text for second Second Block.00 C Begin First Block.: 1 71 Edit YOURLIB/SRCFILE SEU==> _________________________________________________________ SRCMBR FMT CB .00 Text for the first block .00 0006....00 0009.. 0004. Second Block.00 Begin Second Block. 0006....00 THIS IS A TEXT DOCUMENT.00 End Second Block..00 0010.-A+++B++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++ *************** Beginning of data ******************************** 0001.. and press Enter.00 0007. 0005.0004. 0010.00 Begin Second Block.. .00 Text for the first block . . 0008. block . Columns . 0005. 0002.: 1 71 Edit YOURLIB/SRCFILE SEU==> __________________________________________________________ SRCMBR FMT CB . 0001.. First Block..00 0005. type C (copy) in the sequence number field.00 ****************** End of data *********************************** Type A (after) on the last line as shown. . This results in the pending line to be copied after the line you have indicated.00 End Second Block.00 Text for second block . 0004. 0008.00 0007...00 Text for second block .00 F3=Exit F10=Top End Text for the first block .00 End First Block. Note the message on the top that indicates a pending Copy line command.01 It illustrates the use of SEU line commands. .. 0006.00 0007. Begin End ****************** End of data *********************************** F4=Prompt F11=Bottom F5=Refresh F24=More keys Copying a line To copy the "Begin First Block" line to the end of the program.00 0008. ..00 End First Block.. 0009.. 0009. Columns . . and press Enter.00 C Begin First Block.-A+++B++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++ *************** Beginni ng of data******************************** 0001.00 THIS IS A TEXT DOCUMENT.01 It illustrates the use of SEU line commands.

It illustrates the use of SEU line commands.. block . End First Block.00 0008. To move a single line. type MM at the beginning and the end of the block. the target for the move has to be specified. The Block Move is illustrated below. the first block of text being moved after the second one.. ****************** End of data *********************************** Deleting a line To delete a line.00 0001.. Begin First Block.01 .00 0006. after the copy.00 Begin First Block..A010.00 0011.00 0004. Text for the first block . Text for second Second Block. type D (delete) in front of it and press <Enter> . 0001.00 0001. *************** Beginning of data ******************************** THIS IS A TE XT DOCUMENT. 0001. It illustrates the use of SEU line commands. block .00 0009. End First Block.00 0004.00 0001.00 0010.00 0005.00 0003. 0001. ****************** End of data *********************************** Block Move To move a block.00 0009..00 0006.00 D011... Begin End Second Block.00 0005.00 ****************** End of data ************************************ The program looks as shown below. *************** Beginning of data ******************************** THIS IS A TEXT DOCUMENT. Now.01 0002.00 0007. and press <Enter> . Text for second Second Block.00 0008. Text for the first block . Begin First Block.00 0003. The line that was just copied may be deleted as shown below: *************** Beginning of data***************************** THIS IS A TEXT DOCUMENT.00 Begin First Block.01 0002. It illustrates the use of SEU line commands. use the command M (move) and follow the procedure as explained above for copy..00 0007. Begin End Second Block.00 0010.

01 0002.. 0001.00 0005.00 0011.01 0002..00 Begin First Block. Text for second Second Block.00 MM 0007. Text for the first block . End First Block.00 A010. Note below...00 0014. Text for the fi rst block . ****************** End of data *********************************** Block Copy Enclose the block to be copied within CC commands. Begin End Second Blo ck.. End First Block.00 0008. Begin First Block. block .00 0013..00 0010. It illustrates the use of SEU line commands.00 Begin First Block. 0001. *************** Beginning of data ******************************** THIS IS A TEXT DOCUMENT.00 0001.00 0008..00 0009. ****************** End of data *********************************** Type A on the last line to move the block to the end of the program.00 0010.00 MM 0004. Begin End Second Block. *************** Beginning of data ******************************** THIS IS A TEXT DOCUMENT. Text for the first block .00 0008..00 0012.00 ****************** End of data *********************************** Here is the member after the move: *************** Beginning of data ******************************** THIS IS A TEXT DOCUMENT.. Text for second Second Block.00 MM 0004. block . The block copy resembles the block move explained above. to copy the block before the indicated line. End First Block. and specify the target.00 0009. It illustrates the use of SEU line commands. Begin End Second Block.00 0005.00 0007. that B is specified as the target.0002.00 0001.00 MM 0007.. block .00 . Text for second Second Block. 0001...00 0009.

End First Block.00 Begin First Block.00 0008. Text for the first block .00 B It illustrates the use of SEU line commands. Begin End Second Block. Text for the first block . 0001.01 0002. Text for second Second Block. Begin First Block. block . Text for the first block .. enclose it within DD commands and press <Enter> .00 0010.00 0007..00 0013.00 0001. Begin Second Block.00 Begin First Block.03 DD 0014. It illustrates the use of SEU line commands.01 0002.00 0012.02 0013.00 0008.00 0009.00 0014. ****************** End of data *********************************** . after our experimentation with the above line commands: *************** Beginning of data ******************************** THIS IS A TEXT DOCUMENT. It illustrates the use of SEU line commands. 0001. Begin End Second Block.00 0013..... block . ****************** End of data *********************************** The source member looks as follows.00 0011.00 0011...00 DD 0013..0001. End First Block. Text for second Second Block..00 0009..00 0001.00 CC 0008. Text for second Second Block.00 0009.00 0012..00 0013.00 0012. End Second Block.00 CC 0011. Begin End Second Block.00 0010.. block . End First Block.00 0007.. ****************** End of data *********************************** Block Delete To delete a block.01 0002. Text for second blo ck . The block that was just copied may be deleted as shown: *************** Beginning of data ******************************** THIS IS A TEXT DOCUMENT.

CHANGE Find all occurrences of a character string and replace it with another string.A. apostrophes.L] [X. The scope of the search can be specified using search parameters: X (excluded records) and NX (nonexcluded records). it should be enclosed in quotation marks.P. SET . The syntax is CHANGE fstring cstring [N. Examples: y y y y F XYZ F 'hello there' F *ERR A find all syntax errors F "'XYZ'" Use the F16 "Repeat Find" key to find the next occurrence of a string. F (First). SEU Commands SEU commands are entered in the "SEU==>" field at the top of the screen. P (Previous). If the string contains embedded blanks. Several direction parameters are available: N (Next). SAVE Save changes and continue editing.F.P. SAVE [ [ [ library/ ] file ] member ] FILE Save changes and exit from edit session. The syntax of FIND is FIND string [N. FILE [ [ [ library/ ] file ] member ] CANCEL Cancel session and exit session. L (Last).F. or quotation marks. FIND Search for an occurrence of a character string.A. and A (All).NX] [column parameter] TOP Go to the first page of the work screen.NX] [column parameter] . BOTTOM Go to the last page of the work screen.To get a complete list of commands for SEU place the cursor on the sequence number list and press the help key.L] [X.

B=Before Move or copy records before this record. F23 Select Prompt Go to the Select Prompt display. F17 Repeat Change Perform change or repeat current change function. Rebuilds display and shows it again. type the command over the digits that make up the sequence number. F20 Right View the info. F19 Left View the info. F3 Exit End the current task. to the right of the current display. The following is a list of all the valid commands: y y y y y A=After Move or copy records after this record. returns to previous entry point. C=Copy Line Copy this line to a specified target. An=After with repeat n times Move or copy records after this record and repeat these records n times. F15 Browse/Copy Options Go the Browse/Copy Options dis play.See the IBM SEU manual for more information. to the left of the current display. F14 Find/Change Options Go the Find/Change Options display. Function Keys in SEU When a member is being edited. F13 Change Session Go to the Change Session Defaults Defaults display. PDM will fill in the default values. F5 Refresh Refresh the current display. Bn=Before with repeat n times Move or copy records before this record and repeat these records n times. the Edit display supports a diverse set of function keys that allow you to perform specific tasks. F18 DBCS Conversion Perform DBCS conversion. SEU returns to the EDIT Session and displays the prompt after you make a selection. and from the SEU command line to the data area. Summary of Line Commands The Sequence_number field displays the sequence number of the record and is used for entering SEU line commands. ___________________________________________________________________________ ___ Key Name Function ___________________________________________________________________________ ___ F1 Help Press the help key for details about the display. F16 Repeat Find Perform find or repeat current find. F10 Cursor Moves the cursor from the data area to the SEU command line. F4 Prompt Provides assistance for the options selected in the list or a command on a command line. To use a line command. F24 More keys View the other function keys available for the current display. F11 Previous Record Places the previous record in the prompt. .

RRn=Block shift n chars to the right Shift data defined by the boundary between and including the RRn and RR line commands n character positions to the right. Copy n records to the specified targets and keep this command on the display. LLn=Shift block n chars to the left Shift data defined by the boundary between and including the LLn and LL line commands n character positions to the left. O=Overlay Overlay the current line with the first line defined by the move. . DD=Block Delete Delete all lines between the two DD boundaries. D=Delete Delete the current line. In=Insert n lines Insert n blank lines after this record. copy. Ln=Shift data n chars left Shift data in this record n character positions to the left without losing data. IP=Insert line and prompt Insert a blank line and display the line in a prompt. or copy repeated line command. OO=Block overlay Overlay all the records between and including the boundaries defined by two OO line commands with the lines defined by the move. F=Display format line Display a format line. Mn=Move n lines Move the current line and the following n-1 lines to a specified target. LL=Shift block 1 char to the left Shift data defined by the boundary between and including the two LL line commands one character position to the left without losing data. without losing data. P=Display prompt Type P to display this line in a prompt. I=Insert a line Insert a blank line after the current record. On=Overlay n lines Overlay this line and the following n-1 lines with the first n lines defined by the move.y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y Cn=Copy n lines Copy this line plus the next n-1 lines to the specified target. copy. CC=Block Copy Copy all lines between the boundaries formed by the two CC commands CR=Copy records and retain command Copy this record to the specified targets and keep this command on the display. L=Shift data 1 char left Shift data in this record one character position to the left without losing data. CRn=Copy n records and retain command. copy. M=Move a line Move a line to a specified target. RR=Block shift 1 char to the right Shift data defined by the boundary between and including the two RR line commands one character position to the right without losing data. Rn=Shift data n chars right Shift data in the current record n character positions to the right without losing data. CCR=Copy block records and retain command Copy the block of records defined by a pair of CCR commands to the specified targets and keep this command on the display. MM=Block Move Move all records between and including the boundaries defined by the MM line commands to a specified target. Dn=Delete n lines Delete the current line and the next n-1 lines. or copy repeated line command. R=Shift data 1 char right Shift data in the current record one character position to the right without losing data. or copy repeated line command.

Wn=Display member from column n Display the member beginning in column n. all it does is make the library that you have created (in my case. Once you have entered all the necessary . The CL program is very simple. We will also demonstrate how to find compilation errors when they occur. ALIBRARY represents the library that has the same name as your user profile or your other library. n=Absolute Positioning Position the line identified by the sequence number(n) as the first record on the display. Xn=Exclude plus Exclude the the current record and the next n-1 records. The command line form of issuing CL commands will be used in this section (you may want to use the <F4>prompt facility to assist you if you are not familiar with the commands). SL=Show last record Show the last record of the exclude group SLn=Show last n records Show the last n records of the exclude group. + (plus sign)=Roll member forward 1 line Roll the member forward one line. W=Display member from column 1 Display the member beginning in column 1. Steps in Developing a Program In this section. X=Exclude Exclude the current record from the display. and running a program on the AS/400. SF=Show first record Show the first record of the exclude group. The following creates a PF-SRC file in the library ALIBRARY.(minus sign)=Roll member backward 1 line Roll the member backward one line. compiling. and a brief description of the source member. that is the one you created in an earlier section. . RPPn=Block repeat Repeat all lines defined by the boundary between the two RPP line commands n times. and how to obtain information about certain compilation and runtime errors.y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y RP=Repeat line Repeat the current line once before the following line. Enter TEST for the name of the source member. XX=Block Exclude Exclude all lines between the boundaries formed by the two XX line commands. +n=Roll member forward n lines Roll the member forward n lines. RPn=Repeat line n times Repeat the current line n times before the following line. YOURLIB) the current library while retaining the existing current library on the library list. work with the file by typing: WRKMBRPDM FILE(ALIBRARY/QCLSRC) Then create a source member called TEST in QCLSRC by pressing <F6> . RPP=Block repeat Repeat all lines defined by the boundary between the two RPP line commands. we are going to use a simple Control Language (CL) program to illustrate the steps in developing. First. -n=Roll member backward n lines Roll the member backward n lines. CRTSRCPF FILE(ALIBRARY/QCLSRC) Once the PF-SRC file has been created. CLP for the source type (to see what source types are available. put the cursor on the "Source type" field and press <F4> ). SFn=Show first n records Show the first n records of the exclude group. let's create a source physical (PF-SRC) file called QCLSRC (the IBM-supplied name for a CL source physical file). The intention here is not to teach CL programming. This will start the SEU editor.

&MYVAR will be used to hold the parameter's value. The ampersand symbol. You will enter a SEU editing session.00 0003.) For more information. The second statement declares a CL variable called &OLDCURLIB. indicating that there is a syntax error. the IP line command can help enormously in coding such programs). is used to retrieve the name of the job's existing current library. The variable will be used to hold a character string with a maximum length of 10. The reason for this step will be explained shortly. SEU will not let you exit an editing session that has syntax errors unless you explicitly specify that you want to exit in the exit screen.00 0006. press <Enter> . "&". denotes that &MYVAR is a variable. We have mistakenly prefixed YOURLIB with "&".00 0007. Moreover. Put the parameters back on the DCL statement. are "fixed-format". The RTVJOBA command. A CL program begins with the PGM command. and press <Enter> . such as RPG. that is we really want CHGCURLIB CURLIB(YOURLIB) instead of CHGCURLIB CURLIB(&YOURLIB) . to help you in selecting a CL command. which is optional if the CL program does not receive any parameters. (Aside: If a CL program has a parameter named &MYVAR. note that CL programs are "free format" in that components of CL statements do not have to be placed in particular columns on the screen (some source types. IP (insert line and prompt). In this case. is used to make YOURLIB the new current library (where "YOURLIB" is any existing library that you have access to). Note that SEU provides syntax checking for CL programs. This variable will be used to save the name of the existing current library. Notice that we have intentionally introduced an error in this statement. and the modules "Creating a Control Language Program" and "How to Use Error Handling Facilities" in the "Facilities and Implementation" course. Type in the following program: 0002. Remove the parameters of DCL so that the statement contains only "DCL".00 *************** Beginning of data ******************************** PGM DCL VAR(&OLDCURLIB) TYPE(*CHAR) LEN(10) RTVJOBA CURLIB(&OLDCURLIB) CHGCURLIB CURLIB(&YOURLIB) /* intentional error */ ADDLIBLE LIB(&OLDCURLIB) ENDPGM ****************** End of data ****************************** ***** You can use the SEU line command. the reader is referred to the IBM "CL Programmer's Guide" or the online education modules: "AS/400 Control Language Programming" in the "Tutorial Support System" course. SEU will highlight that statement. on the third statement. the PGM statement is coded as: PGM PARM(&MYVAR).00 0005.00 0004. on the fourth statement.information. the variable &MYVAR has to be declared using the DCL command. The CHGCURLIB command. Also. . saving it in the variable &OLDCURLIB.

The "Library" field specifies the library that will contain the *PGM object. . This is because when the CHGCURLIB command is executed. . . . . . will invoke the CRTCLPGM (Create CL Program) command. You can change these default values. . *YES Bottom F3=Exit F4=Prompt F5=Refresh F13=How to use this display F10=Additional parameters F24=More keys F12=Cancel The "Program" field specifies the name of the *PGM object that will be created if the compilation is successful.e. The default is the library that contains the source member. . Unless you want to rename the *PGM object or put it in another library. . > TEST Name. > ALIBRARY Name. . . . . Note that SEU cannot detect this kind of error. adds the name of the former current library (which we saved in the variable &OLDCURLIB in the RTVJOBA statement) to the library list. . in this case. On pressing <Enter> . . . . . This error will be detected during compilation. . it will invoke the CRTCBLPGM command). The ADDLIBLE command. .g. . . . which is the job queue for batch jobs. . . . you will receive a message saying that the job completed normally. . *SRCMBRTXT Additional Parameters Replace program . . . and to add it back on the library list using ADDLIBLE. . with the error). . if the source type is CBL. Option 14 will invoke a different "create program" command for a different source type (e. . you will see a message at the bottom of the screen saying that the compilation job has been submitted to QBATCH. . . . > *YES *NO. Press <Enter>to continue. . . 29 0 -29 Text 'description' . . it must be declared in a DCL statement. Option 14. . . . enter option 14 to compile the member that contain the CL source program. Now. > ALIBRARY Name.A name with "&" as its prefix denotes that it is a CL variable. . . . *CURLIB Source file . ENDPGM. Program . Compiling a Program In the "Work with Members using PDM" screen. This is an error because if we intended &YOURLIB to be a variable. > TEST Name. . This name defaults to name of the source member. . on the fifth statement. . press Enter. Hence. . . > QCLSRC Name Library . . accept the defaults. . Since there is an error in the above program. . indicates the end of the CL program. *LIBL. . . . The last statement. a message will return saying that the job has ended abnormally. If there are no compilation errors. *PGMID Library . . the need to use RTVJOBA to save the name of that library. . . the "old" current library will not be retained on the library list. exit and save the program as it is (i. press <F4> when you use option 14). . . If you prompt on the option (ie. This step is needed if we want this library to stay on the library list. you will see the following screen: Create CL Program (CRTCLPGM) Type choices. *PGM Generation severity level . meaning there are compilation errors. . *CURLIB Source member . . . .

A segment of that listing is presented here: 200300400500* CPD0727 40 600700* * 5738SS1 V2R1M1 YOURLIB/TEST 920306 Control Language Cross Reference Declared Variables Name De fined &OLDCURLIB 300 * CPD0791 00 * 5738SS1 V2R1M1 920306 Control Language Message Summary Total 90-99 2 Severity 0 -9 10-19 1 0 20-29 0 30-39 0 40-49 1 50-59 0 60-69 70-79 0 0 80-89 0 0 YOURLIB/TEST Type *CHAR Length 10 References 400 600 PGM DCL RTVJOBA CHGCURLIB Variable '&YOURLIB ADDLIBLE ENDPGM * * VAR(&OLDCURLIB) TYPE(*CHAR) LEN(10) CURLIB(&OLDCURLIB) CURLIB(&YOURLIB) ' is referred to but not declared.Finding Compilation Errors To find out the cause of the compilation error. LIB(&OLDCURLIB) * * * E N D O F S O U R C E * * * No labels used in program. it is the cause of the failure. Type 5 to display the contents of the compiler listing of the program. Using SEU to Find Compilation Errors . Let's go back to the source member and fix the problem. There should be a spooled file with the same name as your source member (the compiler listing) and a job log (QPJOBLOG). The second error is only an information message. The message will refer you to the compiler listing of the program. There are two errors in the listing (errors are marked with "*" in column 1): the first with a severity of 40 and the second with severity of 0. it is not the cause of the compilation failure. type WRKSPLF to see what's in your output queue. There should be a message stating that the program was not created because of compilation error. to get more details about the error CPD0727 DSPMSGD RANGE(CPD0727) MSGF(QCPFMSG) where QCPFMSG is the system message file and CPD0727 is the message ID. Press <Enter> to exit this display. Type 5 against QPJOBLOG to display it. * * * * * E N D O F C R O S S R E F E R E N C E Program TEST not created in library YOURLIB. For example. The meaning of first error is evident. Maximum error severity 40. You can use the DSPMSGD (Display Message Description) command to get more information about a compilation error.

If the library is not in your library list.. In the ADDLIBLE statement. Place the cursor on the "Browse/copy spool file" field and press <F4>. you can still run the program by qualifying it with the library name CALL ALIBRARY/TEST The example program used here does not take any input parameters. In our example. Using SEU. To find compilation errors. . we specify a nonexistent library called DOGNAP. press <F15> (Browse/Copy). Type 16 against the *PGM object to run/execute it. Alternatively. you can run the program by using the CALL command (in fact. type CALL TEST on a command line. CALL MYPROG PARM(parameter1 parameter2 . If your program takes more than one input parameter. To view a spooled file while you are in SEU. press Enter. option 16 invokes the CALL command).) Diagnosing Runtime Errors In any case. "&". You can also us pass parameters using the command line method. The program should compile normally after this change. But if you created a program that requires an input parameter(s). and make the corrections to the source member on the spot. specify some library name that you do not own or one that you are not authorized to use. The program should compile normally. ________________________________________________________ . you will get a runtime or object error message similar to the one below: Display Program Messages Job 287471/T03/DSP02 started on 07/20/92 at 13:48:44 in subsystem QINTER CPF2110 received by TEST at 600. If the library that contains the *PGM object is in your library list. Compile the source member (you will probably be asked if you want to delete the existing *PGM object. that is ADDLIBLE DOGNAP . edit the source member to remove the ampersand. An advantage of using SEU for this purpose is that you can see both the source member and the compiler listing on the same screen. especially if the compiler listing is too lengthy to scan by eye. . To make the situation more interesting. Select the appropriate spool file. type '+' on the "Parameters" field and press <Enter> . from YOURLIB.You may want to use SEU to view your compiler listing instead of the way discussed above. For example. when you run the program. Respond with a "Y"). you should see a split screen with the member you are editing on top and the spooled file on the bottom. let's introduce another type of error. The rest of the source remain the same as before (except for removing the ampersand character). Running a Program Use the WRKOBJPDM command to work with the library that contain the *PGM object that was created. (C D I R) Type reply. Enter 2 in the selection field.. This will bring another screen that allows you to enter multiple parameters. F *ERR). On return to the editing session. in the bottom screen type FIND *ERR on the SEU command line (or simply. SEU provides special support for locating compilation errors. The *PGM object will be created in the library that contains your source file unless you specified otherwise. you can pass the parameter value(s) by prompting on either the option 16 or the CALL command. Reply .

Go back to the source member. .Cancel the CL program.e. . . . The next time you run the program. . : CPF2110 received by TEST at 600.BAT file in MS-DOS.Ignore the failing command. . . . Recovery . . Press <Enter> to cancel the program. . . . . . From program . choose a reply value. . The initial program has to reside in your default library (i. indicated clearly what the problem is. . . . : C -. . . . . . .Dump the CL p rogram variables and cancel the CL program. . . . Possible choices for replying to message . . More. . . . . . . . in this case. the library with the same name as your user profile) and it has to be named INITIALPGM. (C D I R) Cause . F3=Exit F10=Display messages in job log F12=Cancel Again. . place the cursor on the message id (in this case CPF2110) and press <F1>.. . and recompile. : *EXT Instruction . .: 14: 00:05 Instruction . Message type Date sent . . . . . the DSPMSGD ("Display Message Description") command can be used to obtain more information about the error. I -. . . The message text. the library DOGNAP was not found. . : Control language (CL) program TEST inlibrary YOURLIB detected an error at statement number 600. . . you . Creating an Initial Program An initial program is similar to the AUTOEXEC. . For example. . it should run without any problems. Message text for CPF2110 is: Library DOGNAP not found. . . D -. Press Enter to continue. . . i. For instance. It is executed when the user logs on.e. Type DSPLIBL to check whether the library has been added and whether it has been made the current library. DSPMSGD RANGE(CPF2110) MSGF(QCPFMSG) where QCPFMSG is the system message file and CPF2110 is the message ID.. .: 0000 To program . . : : : : CPA0701 INQUIRY 07/20/92 QCLXERR Severity . .: 99 Time sent . You see a screen similar to the one below. .: 0000 Message . Monitor for the error (MONMSG command) and perform error recovery within the program. . To continue.F3=Exit F12=Cancel To find out the cause of the error. . fix the error. . . : This inquiry message can be avoided bychanging the program. Sometimes you can obtain additional messages by pressing <F10> to display messages in the job log. . Additional Message Information Message ID . .

and transfer ownership of the object. the object authorities must be relaxed correctly to maintain object integrity. or delete records. press < F4>to prompt on it. save. Authorities and their meanings Object Authorities Object authority is used to control access to an object including the ability to see an object description. This section is designed to help users maintain correct authorities and to understand the authorities on the objects that they own. control read and write access to an object. The user with this authority can delete. and add members to database file. These authorities must be set to secure object to the level of security required. add. If you created the source member in a another library. Likewise.can make the above CL program your initial program. update. *OBJEXIST provides the authority to control the object existence and ownership. Rename the source member to INITIALPGM and recompile it. for example records in a database file. *UPD provides the authority to change the entries in an object. Data Authorities Data authority is the authority to access data contained in an object. *ADD provides the authority to add entries to an object. or control an object's existence. *READ provides the authority to get the contents or an entry in an object or to run a program. This includes the ability to view. Understanding Object Authorities Introduction To maintain security of data and/or program objects the AS/400 offers a variety of options available to limit access to object. *OBJMGT provides the authority to specify the security (grant/revoke object authority). move or rename the object. Specify your default library as the library where the *PGM object is to be stored. *OBJOPR provides the authority to look at the description of an object and use the object as determined by the data authority that the user has to the object. when you recompile it using the option 14. if objects are to be shared or used between users. *DLT provides the authority to remove entries from an object. Combinations of Object and Data Authorities .

. In this example..These are keywords. . . *LIBL. *EXCLUDE authority prevents the user from accessing the object even if *PUBLIC is authorized. > *LIB Name Name. . .Data----------Read X Add X Update Delete X X . . . we use the "Edit Object Authority". . . . . . First of all. . Changing authorities with EDTOBJAUT We use an example here to illustrate the use of some of the types of authorities discussed above. . *AUTL. . *CHANGE provides *OBJOPR authority and all data authority. press Enter. In addition to these. *LIBL Object type . Object . . the library that has the same name as your user profile. To see the detail screen as shown below. Type EDTOBJAUT on a command line and press <F4>. . . . Object secured by authorization list Object User JOHNDOE Authority *ALL ----Object----Opr X Mgt X Exist X . . . . *USE provides *OBJOPR authority and data read authority. . : YOURLIB QSYS Object type Owner . . . . . . . (Note that your default library. . > YOURLIB Library . Edit Object Authority Object . . . To do that. . Fill in the blanks for object. . users can create customized combinations of object and data authorities. .: *NONE ---------.. . : Type changes to curr ent authorities. . library. and object type (*LIB) and press <Enter> . *ALL allows the user to perform all authorized operations (object and data) on the object. . . *CFGL. . . . is normally owned by your security officer so you cannot change its authorities). They reduce the time required to assign specific authorities to users. . we want to allow a certain user to copy a member from the file "SRCFILE" which is stored in the library "YOURLIB". . i. . .e. we need to allow the user to have access to the library "YOURLIB". . press <F11>. : *LIB JOHNDOE . . . press Enter. . : Library . . EDTOBJAUT. . . . . . Note that the owner of "YOURLIB" has *ALL authority on the object. . . . command to edit the authority on "YOURLIB". . *CURLIB *ALRTBL. . each representing predefined combination of object and data authorities. Edit Object Authority (EDTOBJAUT) Type choices.

When the network file arrives at its destination. *DA TA . Use EDTOBJAUT to edit the authority on the file "SRCFILE". To allow them to copy the entire file (i. . . . *LIBL. . . *FIRST Additional Parameters To file type . . . Mankato.e. . . *OBJMGT must be granted. . > SNDMBR____ Name Name. > MKTAS400__ + for more values _ Member . . type "X" in the position relating to that authority to grant authority or a space to delete that authority. . . we need to allow the user access to the file "SRCFILE". . File . type "X" under "Mgt" in the detail screen for that user. . > RCV_______ Address . . . Note that the object authority changes from *USE to USER DEF (meaning a customized authority). To do that. . . "SRCFILE"). This will allow them to do perform various operations on "SRCFILE" including copying members from the file. > SNDFILE___ Library .*PUBLIC *EXCLUDE _ _ _ _ _ _ _ F3=Exit F5=Refresh F11=Nondisplay detail F6=Add new users F12=Cancel F10=Grant with reference object F17=To p F18=Bottom Press <F6> to add a user to the list of users authorized to this object. Type in the name of the user and *USE for the object authority. . . In the example shown below. (Note: If you want to edit a specific authority. Send Network File (SNDNETF) Type choices. . Fill in the library name. The "Send Network File" (SNDNETF) command can be used to send a member of a physical database file (PF-DTA or PF-SRC) to another user. . . . . *FROMFILE_ *FROMFILE. . .) Next. . Type EDTOBJAUT OBJ(YOURLIB/SRCFILE) OBJTYPE(*FILE) or use the prompt to fill in the parameters. . . . . . Sending and Receiving Network Files Users can send and receive network files to and from each other. . . . . *CURLIB Character value Character value Name. . Notice that *USE gives the user *OBJOPR and *READ authorities on "YOURLIB". . . a message is sent to both the sender and receiver. . . > SNDLIB____ User ID: _ User ID . . Press <F6> to add the user to the authorization list with *USE authority. . Changing Authorities with GRTOBJAUT and RVKOBJAUT To use GRTOBJAUT and RVKOBJAUT type the command and prompt <F4>. . . . . . . At any time press <F1> for more help. . . object name. . . . . object type along with the user you are granting authorities and the respective authority being granted. . . . . . the member "SNDMBR" of the physical database file "SNDFILE" (which is contained in the library "SNDLIB") is to be sent to the user "RCV". Press <Enter> to return to the previous screen. . "MKTAS400" is the address of the AS/400 at Minnesota State University. . press Enter.

. . . *FIRST F10=Additional parameters F24=More keys F12=Cancel F3=Exit F4=Prompt F5=Refresh F13=How to use this display Fill in the "To data base file". . . . *LIBL____ Name. Note that the receiving file must already exist before trying to receive members. . *FROMFILE__ Name. : User ID/Address . . . . library and member names and press <Enter>. F3=Exit F4=Prompt F24=More keys F5=Refresh A *NORMAL__ A. . and "To member" blanks with the appropriate receiving file. *FROMMB R____ Name. . . . > 'SNDFILE'__ Character value . . . . "Library". . . . The following screen will show up. . . From file . B. *FROMFILE . . *CURLIB . *ONLY .VM/MVS class . . . . Member to be received . G. . . . press Enter. . Send priority . > 'SNDMBR'__ Character value. . F. . . . . . . . . To member . . . . . . *HIGH F12=Cancel F13=How to use this display The receiver will have to run the "Work with Network Files" (WRKNETF) command to inspect their network files. . . Printing Procedure When programs on the AS/400 produce output intended to be printed the material does not go directly to the printer. . C. : Type options. D. Library . . Receive Network File (RCVNETF) Type choices. . Work with Network Files (WRKNETF) User . . . . . . . *LIBL. . 1=Receive network file 3=Submit job 4=Delete network file 5=Display physical file member File -------From----------Arrival---Opt File Member Number User ID Addre ss Date __ SNDFILE SNDMBR 1 SENDER MKTAS400 08/26/92 RCV_______ RCV_______ MKTAS400 Time 16:37 F3=Exit F4=Prompt F12=Cancel F5=Refresh F9=Retrieve F11=Display type/records Type 1 in the "Opt" blank in front of the network file to receive and press <F4>to prompt. . E. . Instead the output is bundled together with other output in an object . H. . . To data base file . . . . press Enter. . . . I *NORMAL. . . *FROMMBR. .

This screen allows you to do many things with your spooled files." To send these spooled files to a printer. By changing the attribute "Print device" from "*OUTQ" to a valid printer (use the WRKWTR command to find out which printers are available). specifying the correct print device name. Note that if you do a print screen. you should change the "assistance level" for this screen. First. the spooled file must be placed on a started writer and second. Note: If this is the first time that you are using the WRKSPLF command. then. first you must work with your output queue.called an "output queue" (*OUTQ). To work with your spooled files on your output queue type WRKSPLF and press <Enter>. Spooled files should be deleted as soon as they are not needed to reduce clutter in your output queue. Typing 3 in the option field of spooled file in the WRKSPLF screen will keep the spooled file from printing if placed on a printer writer and change the status to *HLD. Try pressing the <F10>or <F11>keys to obtain different views of your spooled files. There are several ways by which spooled files are generated. The attributes that you will be interested in are the "Print device" and "Save file". change the attributes of the desired spooled file. This will gives you more features on the screen. Moving a Spooled File to a Writer To get a physical copy of a spooled file on your output queue. 11" 132/80 8. you will have to press the <Reset>key to clear the message at the bottom of the screen in order to continue your session. information on processed records for a database file and abnormal job end conditions. 11" 132 Col. . Typing 4 in the option field of spooled file in the WRKSPLF screen will delete the spooled file from your output queue. These sub objects are called "spooled files. Here are some: y y y From the WRKMBRPDM display. To do this press <F21>and change the assistance level from "basic" to intermediate". Typing 2 in the option field of spooled file in the WRKSPLF screen will change the spooled file's attributes. The printer writer names at MSU are: Printer Name PRT01 VAXPRTS2 PS/2 printers Width/Paper 132 Col. The system automatically generates spooled files in some cases like presenting job log. two facts must be true. Pressing the Print Screen key (<Shift><Print Screen>on the PS/2 running PC-Support or <Ctrl>p on the ASCII connections) will generate a spooled file of the current display. you will move your spooled file from your output queue to a printer writer.5" Printer Type Line Printer Line Printer Dot Matrix Location Morris Hall MSU ACC MSU ACC Lab Rooms If "Save file" is changed from "*NO" to "*YES" the spooled file will not be deleted after the file has been printed. option 6 in front of the desired member will generate a spooled file that is your program member. the spooled file must have a status of released.

Press the <F5>key. type WRKWTR ("Work with Writers"). This will allow you to work with your spooled files. PC0614S2). your printouts can be picked up in the ACC printer area at any time. The printer will never say it is started although it actually is. This will display the spool file. Press <Enter>. This will permit you to change the spool file attributes. Printing to a PS/2 Printer To see which PS/2 printers are available for printing from the AS/400. For the printer to be started. Common Problems . Press 2 <Enter>. More Printing Help For more help on printing type STRSCHIDX <Enter>then type SPOOLED QUEUES <Enter>. select the "stop" option and then select "start". Also make sure the printer's status is "ONLINE". Use the <Field EXIT>key or <Tab>to move to the desired spool file.Typing 5 in the option field of spooled file in the WRKSPLF screen will allow you to view your spooled file. If not. This will move the file to the printer writer. make sure it says "Ready".e. Typing 6 in the option field of spooled file in the WRKSPLF screen will will release a file that is held to become available to print and will change its status to *RDY. This will bring you back to the work with spool file screen. The name of the printer is: "PC0" (i. Step by Step Printing Example Type WRKSPLF { or OQ } Press <Enter>. This will mark the spool file for displaying. Also. If the STS (status) is RDY or WTR the printer will print your spooled file.g. Press <Alt><Esc>on the computer that is attached to the printer to display the status of the printer. This will refresh the screen to show you the current status of your spooled files. "P" + "C" + zero) + the number of the PS/2 to which the printer is connected + "S2" (e. the PS/2 workstation that is connected to the printer must be signed on to the AS/400. This will move us to the correct spool file option field. This printer is the system printer. If the status is HLD then release it by typing a 6 in the option field of the spooled file and press <Enter>. VAXPRTS2 is a printer that is connected to VAX1. Type 5 in the option field. Press <Enter> . Normally you will not be authorized to print to writer PRT01. If you printed to VAXPRTS2. make sure that the printer is ready for printing. Type in the name of the printer <Enter>. Make sure that the printer you want to print to has been started.

for example. This can be done by typing WRKMBRPDM YOURLIB/SRCFILE on any command line. endless. You can see this information by typing: DSPUSRPRF username. This will cause the system to run very slowly. When you have exceeded (or nearly exceeded) your storage quota and you try to start. loop. you must clear the *PGM objects from library QRPLOBJ. DDS and Data Files on the AS/400 Creating a data file The following discussion assumes that you already have a source physical file in your current library. To end the disconnected job: y y y On a command line. The locally-defined alias for WRKACTJOB. your storage can be used up very quickly. Stopping Infinite Loops/Ending a Previous Request If you have issued a command and it is taking too long finish it may be an infinite. The reader must substitute the appropriate names for source physical file and library. To do this type WRKOBJPDM QRPLOBJ . Ending Disconnected Jobs with Infinite Loops If for some reason you have been disconnect from the system while executing an infinite loop request the job may continue to execute. We will continue to use SRCFILE in library YOURLIB for explanation. can also be used. The first step is to to reach the 'Work with members using PDM' display. where applicable. The command will clear your objects out regaurdless of the error. To deal with this problem. and then select the appropriate command.) Press <Enter> . (This is the option on System Request to end a previous request. you may get an error message "Error found on SEU command". type option 4 (End) against the job that is causing the loop and press <F4>to prompt on the option. type in *IMMED i.Note that the command keys used in this section are those of the PS/2 running PC Support. You may get an authority problem do to the fact that you do not own all of the object in that library. AJ. to end the job immediately. SEU. . On the "Work with Active Jobs" display. Press <Enter>. Out of Storage Quota Errors Depending on the specific class that requires use of the AS/400 there is a maximum storage quota allocated to your user profile. To stop your infinite loop: y y y y Press <Left Ctrl> (this will reset any keyboard errors) Press <Alt><Print Screen>(this sequence is call "System Request") Type 2.e. In the "How to end" field. Because OS/400 retains every version of a *PGM object that results from a compilation. type the "Work with Active Jobs" command: WRKACTJOB and press <Enter> . Note: You can also press <Alt><Print Screen>and press <Enter>to display a menu of system requests.

. YOURLIB___ *PRV Source member . . Source file . . Name.Name++++++RLen++TDpB. 2. . . . . .. BASP.. 5. .. The following screen shows up: Start Source Entry Utility (STRSEU) Type choices. . .. SRCFILE___ Library . . . *CURLIB. . . . . . *SAME. . . . BASP. Option . . . . . .. PF________ C. . *BLANK. When the prompter is invoked. . . _________ ____________________________________________ TESTDATA FMT PF . ' '. . BAS. *CURLIB. .. . ' '. Press <F6> from the 'Work with members using PDM' display or type STRSEU on any command line and press <F4>. . . . . . ... . Source type .. . . . Name. Your_description_for_the_member_..A. . . 6 *BLANK_________________________________ The Source type for a data file must be specified as PF.. *PRV Name. . . . . . . . . *PRV______ __________ *PRV______ *SAME_____ Name. . . to create a data file called TESTDATA in the source file SRCFILE in library YOURLIB. *BLANK____ *BLANK. Source file . . 5. this type denotes aPhysical File. . . *BLANK____ Text 'description' .. . . . . Press <F4> to invoke the prompter and <F12>to cancel it.______ Name. . 6 The Edit display shows up. The prompter helps you to supply the source information in the correct format.00 ****************** End of data **************************************** . . . .. Library . . . *LIBL. . .. C. . . For example. BAS. you have to start the Source Entry Utility. . . *LIBL. . . . . ... p ress Enter. .To create a data file member.. . .. . . It is convenient to use the prompt facility for defining the DDS source. . . . . . *SAME. . . *PRV. . . Option . .. TESTDATA__ Source type . . *PRV Name. . .. fill in the fields as shown: Start Source Entry Utility (STRSEU) Type choices. . .. . *PRV. . . *SELECT Name.. .T.. . *PRV Source member . .. 2. . . *SELECT Name. . . press Enter. the screen looks as shown: Find . . Text 'description' .Functions++++++++++++++++++ *************** Beginning of data ************************************* 0001. .

00 Decimal Positions ___ Use _ Functions ___________________________ F3=Exit F11=Bottom F4=Prompt F12=Cancel F5=Refresh F24=More keys F10=Top An explanation of the different fields shown above follows: The fields marked with * are not commonly used. Decimal_Positions Type a value from 0 through 31 to indicate the number of decimal positions to the right of the decimal point within a packed decimal. B for zoned binary data. Name Type _ Name ____ _ PF Ref _ Sequence number . so for normal applications you may conveniently ignore them. field. a zoned decimal. for Character type the range is 1-32766. . S for zoned decimal data. a floating point.Prompt type . Length Type a value to indicate the number of characters in a character field or the number of digits in a numeric field. for Packed decimal the range is 1-31 digits and so on. . . . K Type K in column 17 to indicate a key field name. Name_Type Choose one of the following: Blank Leave the field blank to indicate a field name. . or a binary field. Data_Type Choose one of the following: A for character data. Reference (*) Type R in this field to use the reference function to copy attributes of a previously defined named field to the field you are now defining. P for packed decimal data. or key field name in this position. The maximum length allowed is 10 characters. beginning in column 19. H for hexadecimal data. Name Type a record format. F for floating point data. R Type R in column 17 to indicate a record format name. Length ______ Data Type _ 0001. For example.

look into your spooled file (WRKSPLF) and identify the problem. .00 FIELD2 5P 2 0004. . FIELD1 is of character data type with length 10. . FIELD1 and FIELD2.A. press Enter.Use (*) Type B or leave the field blank to indicate a field used for both input and output. . ... Data base file . Functions (*) Type in keyword entries valid for defining physical files in positions 45 through 80 of this field. the file TESTDATA will be created in YOURLIB.... and FIELD2 is a packed decimal of length 5 with 2 decimal positions. If the compilation is successful. .. Otherwise. The last line of the member declares FIELD1 to be the key field. use the command UPDDTA (Update Data Area). . For more details about exiting SEU refer to the section 'How to exit SEU'.. Find TST1 .00 ****************** End of data **************************************** F3=Exit F10=Top F4=Prompt F11=Bottom F5=Refresh F24=More keys Press <F3>and hit <Enter>to save the member TESTDATA. .. .. The following screen shows up: Update Data with Temp Program (UPDDTA) Type choices. ... The member TESTDATA that was just created contains only the definition of the data file and hence our the next step is to actually create the file.. .. From the 'Work with members using PDM' display.... position the cursor at member TESTDATA. . and choose option 14 (compile).T. This can be done by compiling the member we have just created. RECFMT1 is the record format name.Name++++++RLen++TDpB.01 0001.00 R RECFMT1 0002. Loading a data file To load a data file. There are two fields in the data file. The DDS source for TESTDATA is shown below. . . . .. . *CURLIB . .. . __________________________________________________________ FMT PF . Library . .00 FIELD1 10A 0003. Type UPDDTA on any command line and press <F4>.00 K FIELD1 0005. *LIBL. __________ *LIBL_____ Name Name.Functions++++++++++++++++++ *************** Beginning of data ************************* ************ 0000.

For example. . This section will only cover those aspects of screen design not related to interfacing with applications. *FIRST Bottom F3=Exit display F4=Prompt F5=Refresh F12=Cancel F13=How to use this Enter the values for different fields and press Enter>. . . . . . allowing the program to have all the features of the AS/400 user interface without direct programming of the appearance of the interface. . For information on this area. . Starting SDA The first steps in creating a set of screens for a program are the same as those for creating a program source member. . see the manual for the language of the application source. . *LIBL. defining input and output fields and special text attributes. A source physical file must be created (or one already in existence may be used) and a member must be created in the PF-SRC to hold the screens. . Data base file . issue the command STRSDA (for STaRt SDA) from a command line. . . press Enter. *FIRST______ Name. . . . create a menu. . . . . . .Member . . press <F3>and press < Enter>. . *FIRST Bottom F3=Exit F4=Prompt display F24=More keys F5=Refresh F12=Cancel F13=How to use this Supply the values for the data base file to be loaded and the library it is contained in. These screens may then be called from an application program. to populate our file TESTDATA we would fill in the values as shown: Update Data with Temp Program (UPDDTA) Type choices. This system allows a programmer to "paint" screens and menus used by a program from within a simple editor. . . . . . To stop the process of loading the data file. A menu of options will appear which allow you to create a screen. TESTDATA__ YOURLIB__ *FIRST____ Name Name. . . . . . To create the screen design member. or test a design. . . and press <Enter>. . . Screen Design Using SDA To aid in the creation of user interfaces on the AS/400. . the operating system includes a utility called SDA (Screen Design Aid). . Choosing the first option brings the following screen: . *CURLIB Name. Member . . . Library .

. . a record name must be given. . press Enter. it will be created. . . Additional records . . ____ ______ F12=Cancel Name. . . . . create object Record . with each one given a distinct record name. . . . . . . . Source type . . . . . _ 1=Select 2=Select 3=Select 4=Select file keywords record keywords subfile keywords subfile control keywords 5=Define screen image (fields) 6=Save DDS source. . . . . . . . Additional records (to be displayed on Work Screen) Source file . . . If the member does not yet exist. . Source type . *CURLIB Name. . . . F4 for Member list DSPF. Blank for default Since no screen design exists yet. . create object Record . (to be displayed on Source file . . *CURLIB Name. . . . 5 1=Select file keywords 2=Select record keywords 3=Select subfile keywords 4=Select subfile control 5=Define screen image (fields) 6=Save DDS source. . . Since each member can have several records. . *LIBL. and a member specified. . . F3=Exit F4=Prompt . *LIBL_____ . a source file must be provided. . . . QDDSSRC___ . SCREEN1___ __________ SRCFILE___ YOURLIB___ SCRNMBR___ __________ Name. . . . . it is necessary to first create one using the "5" option on the "Design option line". Once the information is entered. . F4 for Member list DSPF. . __________ . . Design option . . . Library . . F4 for Record list Name Name Name. . . . Blank for default keywords F12=Cancel The "SOURCE TYPE" field may be left blank. __________ . press Enter. . __________ Work Screen) .Design Screens Type choices. . Library . . . . . . Finally. a single screen design member could contain any number of screens. . Member . . . . . . . *LIBL. . . It will default to the proper type for SDA. Design option . F4 for Record list Name Name Name. the screen should look like this: Design Screens Type choices. F3=Exit F4=Prompt . . Also. . . Member .

On the Work Screen you can add fields and constants. or followed by 3 (input). shift. copy. Defining fields on the ruler may cause unpredictable results. . The ruler does not interfere with your data. F10=Database Press <F10> to have the Select Data Base Files display appear. You indicate the length of a field by the number of characters following +. F17=Print Press <F17> to Print the current contents of the Work Screen. You can also perform additional operations. F4=Prompt Press <F4> to have the Work with Fields display appear. Press <F14>to remove the ruler. You can use the following function keys on the Work Screen: F1=Help Press <F1> to show the same information as the help key. F11=Switch Press <F11>to display a list of selected database fields on the bottom row of the Work Screen. and remove fields. To add a floating point field. F12=Cancel Press <F12>to save your work and continue to the Design Screens display. F15=Subfile Prompt Press <F15>to Display a prompt on the bottom row of the Work Screen that allows you to change the subfile line (SFLLIN) and subfile page (SFLPAG) sizes that were in effect for the current record being defined. Pressing <Enter> will bring up the main SDA display. This is simply a blank "pasteboard" on which you may place text and fields.These options will start SDA on a screen named SCREEN1 in the member SCRNMBR of file SRCFILE in library YOURLIB. such as requesting extended field definition. or by the length specified in brackets after the first character. O (output). type + followed by I (input). <F1> is active on all displays but does not appear in the function key area. F3=Exit Press <F3> to have the Design Screens display appear. 6 (output). Adding Fields To add a user-defined field. add a numeric field followed by E (single-precision) or D (double-precision) and press Enter. move. place fields you have selected from a database. You can use uppercase or lowercase letters. F14=Ruler Press <F14>to place a vertical and horizontal ruler on the Work Screen where you position the cursor. Using The Work Screen Use the Work Screen to design the display you are creating. F6=Condition Press <F6> to have the Condition Work Screen display appear. Press <F11>to switch back and forth between the list of selected data base fields and the list of not selected database fields. and add or remove attributes and colors. or B (both) for alphabetic fields. or 9 (both) for numeric fields and press Enter.

Press < F12>to return to the Work Screen.2)e Single-precision. +MMM or +(M3) The Define Message Constant display appears. floating-point field with five significant digits and three decimal positions. the Define Message Constant display appears. floating-point field with three significant digits and two decimal positions.The following examples illustrate user-defined fields: +BBB or +b(3) Three-character. SDA will replace each pair with a shift in and a shift out pair when you press <Enter>. +99. Type constants with single quotation marks to define separate constants for each character string (word) that is followed by a blank. and the column heading position and pressing Enter. type + followed by M. input field with two decimal positions (set by an edit word). input. numeric. The following examples illustrate constant fields: 'xxx"YYY' Defines two constant fields. Surround several constants with single quotation marks to redefine them as one constant. You can then type DBCS data between the delimiters. You move fields from the bottom line to your display by typing & followed by the field number. Use a double quotation mark to end one constant and start a new constant while taking up only one position. alphabetic. Surround a character string with single quotation marks to define a single constant. To add system date or time fields. 'xxx YYY zzz' Combines three constant fields into one field. To add a MSGCON (MeSsaGe CONstant) field. both (input and output).999d or +9(5. A blank character ends the constant. if you are in multiple mode. Adding Fields from a Data Base File The fields you select from a database file. type *DATE or *TIME. type ? in front of the field.33E or +3(3. When you press Enter. both (input and output) field.66 or +6(4. You cannot use a DBCS insert key on the Work Screen. To work with a MSGCON field. The fields begin in the position where you type &. +3.3)D Double-precision. Adding Constants To add a new constant or change an existing constant: y y y y y y y y Type a constant.2) Four-character. appear on the bottom row of the Work Screen. +66. The following examples illustrate moving fields to your display: . Use the at sign (@) in pairs to delimit a DBCS (Double Byte Character Set) constant.

= Type . Does not add column heading. type one of following commands (in uppercase or lowercase) in the position preceding the field (the attribute byte of the field): Command Add Remove H R S B N U -H -R -S -B -N -U -A Attribute High intensity Reverse image Column separators Blink Nondisplay Underscore Remove all attributes Command Add Remov e CB CG CP CR CT CW -CB -CG -CP -CR -CT -CW -CA Color Blue Green Pink Red Turquoise White Remove all colors You can carry out the above operations by typing * in the position preceding the field (the attribute byte of the field). and Shifting Fields Reposition fields on the Work Screen by typing one of the following and pressing <Enter>: -. &nP Places the column heading only.Single Field Mode Mode &&n &L &R &C Symbol Multiple Field Meaning Field Places field. &nR Places field. &P Adding or Removing Attributes and Colors To add or remove display attributes or colors on the Work Screen. Moving. Adds a column heading to the left of the field.in the position preceding the field (the attribute byte of the field) and type = where you want the field to appear. Adds a column above the field. -. Copying. pressing < Enter>. Left-aligns column heading f or an alphabetic field and right -aligns column heading for a numeric fields. Adds a column heading to the right of the field. and working with the field keyword displays that appear. &nC Places field. &nL Places field. == .

Removing Fields Remove fields from the Work Screen by typing one of the following and pressing <Enter>DO NOT use the <Delete>key to delete items on the work screen: Blanks Type a blank in the position preceding the field (the attribute byte of the field). Display MSGCON field definition Type ? in the position preceding the field to show the Define Message Constant display.in the position preceding the field (the attribute byte of the field) and type == where you want a copy of the field to appear. == Type . file. D Type D in the position preceding the field (the attribute byte of the field). Display field length and description Type ? in the position preceding the field to display field length and text or column heading description on the last row of the Work Screen. You can change the message number. Subfile Field Definition You can define fields for a subfile similar to nonsubfile fields with the following considerations: .in any position preceding the field. to shift the field left or right as far as the signs extend. and type == where you want a copy of the group of fields to appear. You can rename the field by changing the name on the last row.in any position after the last field. or type >>> after the field (over the first attribute byte). type . Additional Features Extended field definition Type * in the position preceding the field (the attribute byte of the field) to add field-level attributes and keywords. -. and library. Date and time keywords Type *DATE or *TIME to define special constants on the display where the system date and time will be automatically substituted. and over the entire field. <<<. >>> Type <<< in the position preceding the field (the attribute byte of the field). -.Type .

. Create file if DDS message severity (GENLVL) is less than . . . . . . . Create display file . . .. Member . . . To modify the values of the SFLPAG (number of records on the display) and SFLLIN (number of spaces between fields). . .. It may be advantageous to test screen designs before using them with programs. . . . . . *LIBL . . . . . . . . . . . SDA displays the screen with the values supplied. . The screen test program will request the name of a screen and display file (created using the compilation procedure above. Compiling And Testing Screens Once the screen design is complete and <F3>is pressed. . the file must be compiled before exiting SDA. . Note that it isn't necessary to save a file after every RECORD created. . Job description . . .. Y=Yes Y=Yes 0. . . . .Create Display File Type choices. F4 for list Y=Yes Y=Yes F4 for prompt Name Name. . . . That file may then be used by user programs. . Source file . These options will compile all the screen records in member SCRNMBR of file SRCFILE in library YOURLIB to a *FILE object called SCRNFIL in YOURLIB. . . . . . . press < F15>to display the subfile prompt line. Y SRCFILE___ YOURLIB___ SCRNMBR___ Y Y SCRNFIL___ YOURLIB_ __ Y 20 Y QBATCH____ QGPL______ Y=Yes Name Name. This can be accomplished using the "Test Display Files" option from the initial SDA menu. . . . . . . <F15>is allowed only for subfile records. press Enter. . . 10 . . . IF THIS OPTION IS NOT CHOSEN AFTER THE SCREEN DESIGN IS COMPLETE. . . . . Library . Submit create job in batch . . . . (CRTDSPF) Display file . . . . . . Library . . Replace existing file . . . Anything you type is assumed to be a definition of the first record. . ..y y y You can modify fields on the first record of the subfile. .. . . . . PDM returns to the "Design Screens" menu shown above. .) followed by a prompt screen for values for the output fields. . . . . . .. . . . . Save generated DDS source . Using the "6" option for a screen produces the following display: Save DDS . . . . . . . . THE MODIFICATIONS WILL NOT BE SAVED. display listing . If create fails. . Replace existing member . . . . *LIBL . . . . . . . . 20. . However. . . F3=Exit F12=Cancel . . Choosing the "6" option on the Design Option line saves the source file for the screen and compiles it into a screen file which may be used by a program. . Several screens from a single member can be created before compilation. . . . Any field that you define for the subfile will appear the number of times specified by the SFLPAG keyword. . *LIBL . . . . . 30 Y=Yes Name Name. . Library . . . . . . . .

. These will. editing.Debugging Programs on the AS/400 In addition to the utilities provided for creating. Text 'description' . . . . Called the EPM (Extended Program Model) debugger. . . *CURLIB . *ANSI83. . Program . . . *SYSTEM String temporary threshold . *PGM . . F3=Exit F4=Prompt display F24=More keys F5=Refresh *DEBUG____ *SOURCE___ *EXTENDED__ 2046____ F12=Cancel *LIST. . . . . . first prompt on the compile option on the Work with Members Using PDM display (or on the CRT___PGM command for the language of the source file) by pressing < F4>(PROMPT) with the "14" (COMPILE) option on the options line of the file you wish to compile. as the compiler adds its own line numbers to the source which will be necessary in referencing specific lines while using the debugger. . Source file . To enter the compiler options. . other languages will have similar prompt displays. This source output should be printed before starting the debugger. . . . *EXTENDED. . this tool allows the user to view and change the values of variables and step through the program by using breakpoints which interrupt program execution and return control to the debugger. . > SRCFILE___ Name . . . . Library . . This will show the initial options screen for the compiler. + for more values Language level . . . The source output is also useful as a hardcopy reference while the program is executing. since the debugger does not list source lines as the program executes. . However. . . *CURLIB . . . . . . . . respectively. . . > YOURLIB___ Name. To specify these options at compilation time. . *SRCMBRTXT_____________________________ Additional Parameters Compiler options . which reveals the following screen: Create Pascal Program (CRTPASPGM) Type choices. the AS/400 provides a facility to aid in the debugging of programs as they are running. include debugging information in the executable program (so the debugger has access to variable and routine names) and produce a source output listing from the compiler. . . . *LIBL.. Starting the debugger Before using the debugger. . . . . . . *NOLIST. . . > TEST______ Name . . . the source program must be compiled with the *DEBUG and *SOURCE options. . *CHECK. . it is necessary to prompt for more options by pressing <F10>. > TEST______ Name. . Library . . 256 -32767 F13=How to use this The above example is from a Pascal source member. . . . . . > YOURLIB___ Name. Source member . . . press Enter.. and compiling programs. . .

Start the Debugger Add breakpoints Call the program to be debugged and End the Debugger These phases are discussed in detail below: Phase 1 (Start the Debugger) The command to start the debugger is: ===> strdbg YOURLIB/TEST where TEST is the program in library YOURLIB. that you intend to debug. The simplest form of ADDBKP takes the following form: where n1. 2. ===> addbkp stmt(n1 n2 . For example. ' addbkp stmt(10 20 30) ' will set the breakpoints at statements 10. The command ADDBKP is used to set breakpoints. the next step is to run the program using the CALL command..Placing the *DEBUG and *SOURCE options on the "Compiler options" lines will cause the compiler to produce a source listing and place it in the output queue and will include debugging information in the output program. Using the debugger The process of Debugging essentially consists of four phases: 1. 20 and 30.) the source listing should be printed and used with the next steps.. ===> call YOURLIB/TEST You will notice that the program stops execution when the breakpoint is reached. n10) Phase 3 (Calling the Program) Once the breakpoints are set.. After the member has been compiled (assuming there are no errors in compilation.. From the 'Display Break Point' screen. Display the program variables with DSPPGMVAR command: . You may specify 1 to 10 statement numbers where the breakpoint should occur. you can check the values of the program variables as explained below: y y Press <F10>(command entry) on the 'Display Breakpoint' screen. Pressing <Enter>once all options are entered will submit the compilation. 3. n10 are the statement numbers where the breakpoint is to occur. This will take you to the command entry screen. The program breaks before processing a statement specified as a breakpoint. 4. Phase 2 (Add Breakpoints) A Breakpoint is a place in a program where the system stops the processing of that program and gives control to the display station user or to a specified program. n2 .

Select Modem Speed. or will terminate.Terminal Setup PC-VT 9.===> dsppgmvar VARNAME where VARNAME is the variable name you intend to display. it is very important that you end the Debugger.0 Terminal Setup Instruction The following should assist you in setting up PC-VT V9. 2. y y Using the above command. Start PC-VT and immediately go into the setup by pressing CTRL-F1. Press <Enter>to resume execution of the program. Versions prior to V9. You may use the <ESC>key to exit the setup mode and return to the emulator mode from which you may access the port selector. 'Go to SETUP B'. save the changes you have made to the SETUP so that you will not have to repeat this setup the next time you use PC-VT. Ending the Debugger Once you are done with debugging. The program will stop at the next breakpoint if any. To exit the command entry press <F3>. the blocks of 4 characters at the bottom of the screen.0 for use with the IBM AS/400 via a port selector connection. 4. 7. 3. 8.VT-100 to PS/2 (PC Support) Keyboard Mapping . Confirm that your copy of PC-VT is V9.0 will not support the cursor keys during an AS/400 session. 1. 9. Feature switch settings: 1 2101 2 0X11 3 0000 4 1110 5 0001 6 0110 7 1X10 8 000X 9 XXXX 0 XXXX 6. This may be done by pressing the S key. Finally. This may be confirmed by starting PC-VT and noting the version number on the initial screen or by entering the setup A screen. This may be done with menu option 7. This may be done by placing the cursor above each feature switch you wish to change and pressing the 6 key to toggle the switch to the correct value.0. you can check for as many variables as you want to from the command entry screen. Control is transferred back to the breakpoint. Select Data/Parity Bits. before you issue any other command. 5. The command to do it is: ===> enddbg APPENDIX A . Select option 5. This may be done with menu option P. APPENDIX B . so that they match those given below. Next set the data bits to 8 and the stop bits to 2. You should next set the modem speed to 9600. You should now change the feature switches.

using the bookmark utility to keep track of where the user has left off. Special Char <ESC><CTRL>w Indicator Toggle <ESC><CTRL>a Refresh screen <Left Ctrl><ESC>r or <CTRL>r Reset term. err. Getting Started . <Alt><Pt Scn><ESC>s System Request APPENDIX C . which gives feedback on how much information the user retained from that module. There is a quiz at the end of most modules.PS/2 Key Nam Micro -Term Key Sequence Typical use <F1><ESC>1 Help <F2><ESC>2 Switch View <F3><ESC>3 Exit <F4><ESC>4 Prompt <F5><ESC>5 Refresh Screen <F6><ESC>6 <F7><ESC>7 Roll Down <F8><ESC>8 Roll Up <F9><ESC>9 Get Previous Cmd <F10><ESC>0 Move to top <F11><ESC> List Toggle <F12><ESC>+ Cancel <F13><ESC>! or <ESC><SHIFT>1 User support <F14><ESC>@ or <ESC><SHIFT>2 <F15><ESC># or <ESC><SHIFT>3 <F16><ESC>$ or <ESC><SHIFT>4 Main menu <F17><ESC>% or <ESC><SHIFT>5 <F18><ESC>+ or <ESC><SHIFT>6 <F19><ESC>& or < ESC><SHIFT>7 Scroll left <F20><ESC>* or <ESC><SHIFT>8 Scroll right <F21><ESC>( or <ESC><SHIFT>9 <F22><ESC>) or <ESC><SHIFT>0 <F23><ESC>_ or <ESC><SHIFT> Scrl Option <F24><ESC>= or <ESC><SHIFT>= Scrl Menu <DEL><DEL> Delete chara cter <Shift><Insert><CTRL>d Duplicate <Enter><RETURN> Send screen <Backspace><ESC>i <Right Ctrl><LINEFEED> or <CTRL>j Field exit <Home><ESC>H <Insert><ESC><DEL> Insert mode <Page up><ESC>u <Page down><E SC>d <Shift><Pt Scn><CTRL>p Print Screen <Tab><TAB> Next field <Shift><Tab><ESC><TAB> Previous field <ESC><ESC>a or <CTRL>a Attention <Alt><F7><ESC>(grave accent) Ins. This facility is set up for the user to work through any topic he/she is interested in. This facility is self-paced so the user can work the modules when it is convenient.Using On-line Education (EDU) Introduction Online education is a facility provided by IBM to assist the user in learning about the AS/400. so the next time he/she is using education. the system will automatically return the user to the place where they left off.

which tells you that it has been sent to the default printer device. and press <Enter>. At the Printer to use prompt. change.1. To Obtain a Screen Print Press the <SHIFT>and PRINT SCREEN key (towards the upper right hand corner of your keyboard) at the same time. For the CS175 class. or a combination of both. To check your screen print type WRKSPLF (work with your spool files). Your most recent screen print will be located at the bottom of the list and it will be titled QSYSPRT. 2. to assigned to a printer. This can consist of questions from the module or examples that you walk through. 4. when you are finished with the quiz. There are several courses in online education but the most useful ones in terms of using the AS/400 are: o Tutorial Support System o Facilities and Implementation o Application Design and Development Tools Type 1 to select the desired course <Enter>. To see a list of all started printers. To assign it to a printer. press <F4>on this line. 6. 5. When the screen has been captured you will see a message at the bottom of your screen. From any command line type ==>STREDU <Enter> STREDU is an abbreviation for Start Education. The COMS 175---Command Language audience path is customized for the CS175 class. To exit in the middle of a module press <F3> where this option is available. This will change the status from not assigned to a printer. type a 2. Type 1 to select one of them <Enter>. exiting and setting a bookmark. To display a description about a course select 8 in front of that particular course. Press the <Reset>(at the bottom left hand corner of the keyboard). You can select all modules or one of the listed categories. type the name of the printer you would like to send your printout to and press <Enter>. This will give you a list of all started printers and from here you can select one by typing a 1 on . This will give you a choice of exiting the module. Select course <Enter> 3. there is a quiz. you need to go through the quiz again to get to that screen. Select 4 to select an audience path for the course <Enter>. exiting and marking it complete or go to a topic/subtropic menu for the module. Follow the directions and read each screen carefully. If you forget to get a screen print. to clear this message and continue your session. Select 5. Exit online education by pressing a series of <F3>keys until you have reached a command line. 7. obtain a screen print of the screen that tells you how many you answered correctly on the first try. you can either select 1 to start the first module in the selected audience path of the course or 3 to select any module < Enter>within the selected course. Next. At the end of most modules.

DISPLAY. Execute the program. Work in program development manager  STRPDM  WRKLIBPDM  WRKOBJPDM  WRKMBRPDM 3. Compile the source member to attain object and compiled. If program gives a run-time error. spool file. 4. Check for dependencies. some more appropriate than others depending on the situation. o Does program need other programs . o CRT___PGM . Log in. Since there may be multiple ways to complete a task. PAS.CRTLIB 2. 4. .. Look for error and statement number. APPENDIX D . If there are errors or fatal errors go to to step III and correct.if so create or attain them. Choose option 5 . Setup area for source 1.How to program on an AS/400 The following outline details the basic steps of program development on the AS/400.DSPMSG Check spool file to see if any Fatal errors or warnings. see the section "Printing Procedure" in this manual. BAS. 5.where ___ can be CBL. 1. Wait for compilation to complete. 1. 0. For more information on printing. o CALL library/programname o Option 16 from a WRKOBJPDM screen. Type source into physical file member. 2. WRKSPLF 1. Create a library (optional) . 2.if so create or attain. 3.create a member. Page to bottom of file. 4. etc. o Does program need data files . 2..hit <F1> (help) 1. C.CRTSRCPF 3. Cross reference statement number with source line number with spool file WRKSPLF 3. Press <Enter> to select this printer. PAS. various ways of doing essentially the same thing are shown under each outline heading. Note if there are any warnings or errors or fatal errors. Move cursor to error description . Go to step III. Start source entry utility .the line before the desired printer. Create a source physical file (optional) . If there are any warnings determine if they are important and if deemed so go to step III and correct. 0. Display message to see if completed successfully .STRSEU 2. Press <Enter>again to accept this printer. In PDM: <F6> .. You will return to the screen where you pressed <F4>. Correct error. o Option 14 from the PDM lines.

or if you want to express your opinion about it (such as organization.06 Copyright Minnesota State University. Reader's Comments Use this form to tell us what you think about this manual. Mankato © 1992. appearance) or make suggestions for improvement. Be sure to print your name and address below if you would like a reply. this is the form to use. If you have found errors in it. After you have completed this form send it in the campus mail to: AS/400 Staff Computer Services Box 45 Today's Date: Your Name: Your Phone No.: Your Address: Your Comments: Version 2. subject matter.1995 Last modified: Thu Sep 18 00:28:14 CDT 2003 Jeffrey Hundstad .Log off.

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