Introductory Reference to the IBM AS/400

Introduction to the AS/400

The IBM Application System/400 popularly known as AS/400 is a family of mid-range business computing systems, that supersedes IBM's highly successful System/3X family. The AS/400 is available in three different types the 9402, 9404, and the 9406. Currently, here at Minnesota State University, Mankato, the Computer Services is supporting a dual processor IBM AS/400 9406 model D80, that contains 192 Megabytes of primary memory and 7.1 Gigabytes of mirrored secondary storage. The AS/400 systems exclusively use the IBM Operating System/400 (OS/400). It is a multi user operating system that works with the Licensed Internal Code (LIC) instructions to implement the functions that are basic to the AS/400 architecture. OS/400 can perform tasks under direct control of both the user and an application program. The AS/400 system differs from the traditional systems in several ways. They offer more compatibility across the product line since only one operating system and architecture is used consistently across the entire family. The system offers very high performance compared to the earlier System/3X computers. This is achieved by a combination of faster processors, extended storage and improved fixed disk systems. The software architecture is different from that of more traditional systems. Implementing functions such as security, database and communications in microcode, and providing a one-piece operating system resulted in improved efficiency, consistency and simplicity.

Now, to take a look into the highlights of the system
AS/400's standard functions plus the many communications options and supporting software provide users with flexibility for various communications environments. The AS/400 application programming interface provides some new capabilities not found in earlier operating systems. The basic architecture of AS/400 systems makes for a very productive program development environment. The built-in database and single-level storage provide high-level structures and consistency. This along with the programming tools available for AS/400 can increase programmer productivity. The programmer has the flexibility to choose one of the following programming languages for their application programs:


y y y y y y y y

C CL command language COBOL X3.23-1974 & X3.23-1985 FORTRAN Pascal PL/I REXX RPG II & III

The AS/400 marks a new beginning in the business computing world. This new generation of systems with advanced technology and advanced applications serve as a growth platform for the customer to expand in application, size and network complexity.

Signing On to the AS/400
PC Support/400
y y y y y y

Reboot the PC by pressing <Ctrl><Alt><Delete>at the same time. Press this key combination twice. Select the option that indicates PC Support and/or AS/400. Answer "Enter common user ID:" with your username Answer "Enter password for common user ID:" with your password. If there is a beep or a message press <Enter>to bypass the message. At this point you should have the following screen:
Sign On System . . . . . : MKTAS400 Subsystem . . . . : QINTER Display . . . . . : PCnnnnS1 User . . . . . . . Password . . . . . Program/procedure. Menu . . . . . . . Current library. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . __________ __________ __________ __________

y y y y

Type your username in the "User" blank. Press the <Tab>key. Type your password. The password will not be displayed. Press the <Enter>key.

If for some reason you can not longer type, press the <Reset>key. On the Microterms or PCVT this would be the <Esc>key then R. On PC Support/400 this would be the left <Ctrl>key. If this is the first time you signed on continue with the Changing your password section of this manual.

Changing Your Password
The first time you log on the AS/400 you will be forced to change your password before continuing.
y y

y y

y y

y y y

Press <Enter>to change your password. At the "Current Password" field, type `xx' followed by the last six digits of your social security number (ie. xx999999) NOTE: nothing you type on this screen will be displayed to ensure that no one views your password as you type it. Press <Tab>or <Field Exit>. For the "New Password" field, type the password you would like to use when you sign on to the computer. It must not exceed 10 characters, it must begin with a alphabetic character and the remaining characters may be any combination of alphabetic, numeric characters. Note: Try not to make it too difficult, you will need to know it to sign on the AS/400 again. Press <Tab>or <Field Exit> At the "New Password (to verify)" field, type in your new password for a second time to make sure you have entered it correctly. If you have entered it incorrectly you will get an error message and your initial password will still be `xx' followed by the last four digits of your social security number. Press <Enter> Upon completion, the following message will be displayed: Password changed successfully Read the following screens, pressing <Enter>to exit each one, until you reach the AS/400 Main Menu screen.

Later on when you want to change your password, type CHGPWD on the command line and go through the same steps.

Signing Off of the AS/400
y y

Press <F3>until you see a command prompt, ===>. At the command prompt type SIGNOFF.

Getting Online Help
AS/400 provides extensive On-line help, and a simple method of accessing the help information. On-line help information is provided for all system displays. The type of help provided depends on the location of the cursor. For all displays, the following information is provided:
y y y y y

What the display is used for How to use the display How to use the command line if there is one How to use the entry fields and parameter line if any What function keys are active and what they do.

If the <Help>key is pressed when the cursor is in an area where specific on-line help information is available, the help text for that area of the display is shown. If the <Help>key is pressed when the cursor is in an area for which no specific information is available, information for the entire display is shown. Then you can page forward or backward through the information for the entire display and for each area. If the <Help>key is pressed while a help display is shown, a description of the types of help that are available on the displays, and how to get each type of help is shown. The <Help>key on the PC Support stations is labeled <Scroll Lock>. On the VT -100 or PCVT stations the key sequence for < Help>is <ESC>h. If <F11>=Search index is shown at the bottom of the display, you can press <F11>to see the Search Help Index display. On that display, you can request information about any topic you specify.

The start search index command is used when you would like to get help on a specific or general topic. To use the index search facility type STRSCHIDX and hit <Return>. Type your subject topic, or topics on the bottom subject line. When you hit <Return>again your topic will be searched for and the topics found will be displayed on the screen above the topic line. To display the information you are looking for type 5 in the option field by the topic line press <Return>. To get out of the index search facility press <F3>until exited.

CD-ROM Manuals
If you are attached to the AS/400 using PC Support/400 you have the ability to look at a hypertext version of a subset of the complete AS/400 manual set. To start the hypertext book reader type the command MANUALS at any AS/400 prompt. This guide is laid out like a library. The library contains bookshelves. These bookshelves contain books. For example our library contains a bookshelf name Languages. We select the bookshelf by using the arrow keys to place the highlighted cursor over it and press <Enter>. On this bookshelf there are several books on languages. One of the books is titled "COBOL/400 Reference". Once again we use the arrows and cursor to select the item. Now that we have the book it opens up a "Table of Contents" for the book. By using this search and select procedure you can look through the book like a book you'd check out at the library.

More Help
There are three ways to get help on the READ/DOS book reader (AS/400 command MANUALS):
y y y

Start the book reader and select the bookshelf entitled BookManager READ/DOS. Press <F1>anywhere you're in question about your current options. Press <Alt>h (or <F10>h) and select the appropriate help selection for your current problem.

Using the Prompt Facility
AS/400 provides interactive command prompting for any command supplied with the system or created by the user. On the command entry screen notice the option F4 = Prompt at the bottom of the screen. You can type the command name only, and press <F4>to see the prompt display for the command. Usually, a command may require many parameters before it can be executed. The prompt displays provide a convenient method of supplying that parameter information. For example, type SNDMSG on any command line and press <F4>. The following prompt display is shown:
Send Message (SNDMSG) Type choices, press Enter. Message text . . . . . . . . . . ________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________ _______________________ ___________________________________________________ __________________________________ To user profile . . . . . . . . . __________ Name , *SYSOPR, *ALLACT...

F3=Exit F4=Prompt F5=Refresh F10=Additional parameters F12=cancel F13=How to use this display F24=More keys

To execute the command, supply the required information for Message text and user profile and press <Enter>. Most of the parameters used on commands have default values that are used if no other value is specified. You may change the default values if you desire to do so. If <F4>= Prompt is shown on the prompt display, you can press < F4>to request a list of predefined values (such as *SYSOPR and *ALLACT in the above display) that are permitted in the field where the cursor is currently positioned. In relation to the SNDMSG command, you can use DSPMSG at any time to display messages in your message queue.

Organization of OS/400 Objects
On the AS/400, everything that can be stored or retrieved is stored in an object. Examples of objects are libraries, files, executable programs, queues, and more. Objects share some common attributes such as name, type, size, description, date created, and owner. The concept of an object allows the system to perform certain standard operations, such as authorization management, on all objects types. The object types that we will be primarily concerned with in this manual are:

*LIB Libraries

that contains a group of objects. User-created libraries. This description is then compiled to produce a *FILE object with attribute PF-DTA. Files A file is an object. In conventional terms. The CRTSRCPF command creates a physical file with attributes appropriate for source physical files. For example. A library is an object. and VAX/VMS. There are two types of database files: 1. A source physical file has the attribute "PFSRC". data physical files 2. the system master library. A source physical file is actually a special type of data physical file. A data physical file (*FILE PF-DTA) contains data that cannot be compiled. we are primarily concerned with database files. In this manual. of type *FILE. 6 for the sequence number field. a library cannot "contain" other libraries (with the exception of QSYS. logical files. A source physical file (*FILE PF-SRC) contains source statements. Refer to the section on the SEU editor for the meanings of these fields. such as an input file to a program. It has a fixed-length record format. A physical file contains actual data stored on the system. source physical files. for example an employee master file. 2. which "contains" all libraries on the system). and 6 for the date field. for example the source statements of a Pascal or COBOL program. This record format is defined using Data Description Specifications (DDS is a language that is used to describe database files to the system). An interesting implication of the non-hierarchical nature of libraries is that two users cannot have libraries with the same name.) . we are primarily interested in two kinds of physical files: 1. In this manual. of type *LIB. unlike these systems. a data physical file is a data file.the library that contains all other libraries. device data. It is usually created using the "Create Source Physical File" (CRTSRCPF) command (more information about this command will be given later).y y y *FILE Files *PGM Compiled programs *OUTQ Output queues Libraries Every object is contained in a library. MS-DOS. A data physical file normally has a record format. It is similar to the "root" or top-level directory on Unix. physical files 2. QSYS . the default record length is 92 (80 for the source data field. However. that contains data in the form of a database. or a group of related records that are handled as a unit. There are basically three general categories of libraries: 1. System supplied libraries NOTE:all IBM-supplied library names begin with the letter "Q" or "#" 3.

in the above example. "RPGSRC" and DDS source in a PFSRC file called. . You may also use the standard IBM-supplied names such as "QRPGSRC". 2=Edit 7=Rename Opt __ __ __ __ __ Member NAMEEMP CLPRO G RPGPROG EMPMAST SCRNMBR 3=Copy 4=Delete 8=Display description Type LF CLP RPG PF DSPF Text Sample Sample Sample Sample Sample 5=Display 9=Save 6=Print 13=Change text .. . "DDSSRC". An example of a PF SRC file and its members is shown below (we will explain how to get to this screen in the section on PDM): Work with Members Using PDM File . A data physical file may contain one or more members. Once. Normally. . DDS Source for a Logical File Control Language Source Program RPG Source Program DDS Source for a Physical File DDS Source for a Display File Parameters or command ===> ___________________________________________________________ F3=Exit F9=Retrieve F4=Prompt F10=Command entry F5=Refresh F23=More options F6=Create F24=More keys The name of the source physical file is SRCFILE. However. SRCFILE___ YOURLIB___ Position to . This implies that all members of an object share the same basic characteristics with the other members in the object such as ownership and security. source members of different types are stored in the same source physical file. "QDDSSRC". determines how the various systems programs (such as the editor and compilers) on the AS/400 treat the member.) the AS/400 editor. for example. Although. . for example. In a PF-SRC file. and allows compilation to be totally automatic. For example. . . . This attribute is specified when creating the member. Members have an attribute associated with them. press Enter. . a member has been specified as having an attribute of CBL (for COBOL program. which in the case of PF-SRC members. SEU. will format the program as a COBOL program. . it "knows" that it should invoke the COBOL compiler.. as in the above example. These members are not objects themselves but subsets of an object. __________ Type options. . Library . the member(s) contains data for use by programs. the member's name is the . and when PDM (Program Development Manager) is given the instruction to compile the file. for example. and "QCLSRC" for the various PF-SRC files. a PF-DTA file will only have one member (by default. you will probably want to store source programs of the same type in a separate source physical file. . you may choose to include source members of different types belonging to the same application in the same PF-SRC file. you may want to keep all your RPG source programs in a PF-SRC file called. each member contains source statements for a program or DDS source. and it is contained in the library YOURLIB. In a data physical file (PF-DTA).The data records in a data physical file can be grouped into members.

The spooled file stays in the output queue until it is directed to a printer or removed. The relationships between the various objects that have been discussed in this section are as follows: QSYS (*LIB) [special library] | | contains | Library (*LIB) | . This compiled object is the actual file that is used to hold data records. When this source member is compiled (using CRTPF or option 14 in the "Work with Members using PDM" screen). the "PF" member. An important object type on the AS/400 is the output queue (*OUTQ). One way of defining and creating a display file is with the Screen Design Aid (SDA) utility. it is possible to include multiple members in a single PFDTA file. the difference between "source" and "data" in regards to data physical files. A spooled files. When the DDS source is compiled. A display file describes what information is to be displayed and where it is to be displayed on the screen of a display station. Refer to the section "Printing Procedure" in this manual for more information on printing spooled files. The name of the output queue is normally the same as that of your user profile. The attribute for a *PGM object indicates the language the program was written in. A data logical file (*FILE LF-DTA) is a data file that contains no actual data. A printer file describes the attributes that printed output will have. In this way. you may want to group the records in a sales transactions file so that each member contains data for each month. For example. An output queue has already been created for you with the creation of your user profile. the output goes to an output queue and it stays there as a spooled file. when a COBOL source program is compiled. A printer file can be created using the "Create Printer File" (CRTPRTF) command. A data logical file is described to the system using DDS. It is important to understand. a *FILE object with the attribute LF-DTA is produced. like a member. at this point. contains DDS source that defines a physical file. it produces an object with a type of *PGM with the attribute CBL. Another *FILE object type that you may encounter in your programming courses is the device file. Other Object Types A program object (*PGM) is a compiled program. it will produce a *FILE object with attribute PF-DTA.same as the file name). "EMPMAST". A device file contains a description how data is to be presented to a program from a device or vice versa. It is similar to the concept of a "view" in SQL. In the "Work with Members using PDM" screen above. is not an object itself but a subset of an object. such as the length and width of a printed page. For instance. On the AS/400. However. each month's data can be processed separately by processing one member at a time. whenever something is printed. but provides a different method of viewing the data of an accompyning data physical file(s) which it internally references. Two common types of device files are printer files (*FILE PRTF) and display files (*FILE DSPF).

. . Leave the library type as *PROD (a production library is one that is used for normal processing). i. . to store all your application objects. Library type .| contains | . type the CRTLIB ("Create Library") on a command line and press <F4>to prompt on it. . . To create a library. Note that you can use your default library. . . we will create another library and use this library as an example throughout the manual. *TEST Sample_Library__________________ F10=Additional parameters F24=More keys F12=Cancel . . . . Type in the name of the library and enter a brief description for the library. . . . . Member(s) | | [Reorginized data] Source Data Physical Physical File File (PF-SRC) (PF -DTA) | | contains | | contains | | Member(s) Member(s) [Program source] [Actual Data] Creating a Library A library has already been created for during user profile creation. .^--.---------------. . .--------. press Enter. Library . . Text 'descrip tion' . . .------^-----. The name of this library is normally the same as that of your user profile. .. the library that has the same name as that as your user profile.-----------------. | | Physical Data Logical file file (PF) (LF -DTA) | ^ contains . . Create Library (CRTLIB) Type choices. . | | | | Programs (*PGM) Outqueues (*OUTQ) Files (*FILE) Other [Executable] | | objects | contains | Spooled Files | [Output intended for Printer] | | .+----^----------------. . In this section. .e. F3=Exit F4=Prompt F5=Refresh F13=How to use this display YOURLIB__ Name *PROD____ *PROD. .

. File . Create Source Physical File (CRTSRCPF) Type choices. meaning the current library. . . ." at the bottom of your screen. The current library is tied closely to the concept of a library list. .. . . Your default library. . . already exists". if desired Text 'description' . . . Note: All libraries are on the same "level" with only QSYS above them. You can display your library list by typing DSPLIBL and press <Enter> on a command line. Press < Enter> and you should see the message "File . . . *FILE Sample_Source_File___________________ F10=Additional parameters F24=More keys F12=Cancel F3=Exit F4=Prompt F5=Refresh F13=How to use this display Library Lists You may have noticed in the previous screen that the "Library" field defaults to the value *CURLIB. . . . Creating a Source Physical File Now..Press <Enter>. You should see a message at the bottom of the screen saying "Library . . If you see the message "Library .. . SRCFILE___ Name YOURLIB___ Name.. . that is the library that has the same name as that as your user profile. A default library list is automatically created by OS/400 for each job started by a user. The following is the library list for the user "JOHNDOE". . . try another name for the library. . A library list is identified by the value *LIBL.. Record length . . we show the display for creating a source file called "SRCFILE" in the library "YOURLIB". *CURLIB 92_______ Number *NONE_____ Name.. . *NONE. . created". To create a source physical file. . Before we discuss what the current library is. Library . . . Display Library List System: MKTAS400 . we first explain what a library list is. A library list is similar in concept to the "PATH" in Unix and MS-DOS. . . type CRTSRCPF and press <F4> to prompt on it.. Below. is automatically included in your library list. . let's create a source physical file in the library that we have just created. . . . . Member. . . .. . . . created in library . Supply the names for the source file and the library that will hold it. press Enter. It specifies which libraries are to be searched and the order in which they are searched when the system looks for an object. If you get this message. Other commands that operate on libraries are: y y y DSPLIB (Display Library) DLTLIB (Delete Library) WRKLIB (Work with Library). . . . it means that some other user already has a library by the same name.

A message will appear stating that the program is not found in the library list. 5=Display objects in library Opt __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ Library QSYS QHLPSYS QUSRSYS JOHNDOE QTEMP QGDDM QGPL QMSU QPAS MBNLQ ONLINE Type SYS SYS SYS CUR USR USR USR USR USR USR USR Text System Library *IN USE JOHN DOE's default library GENERAL PURPOSE LIBRARY MSU generated commands and programs Common Library for MBNLQ . COLLECTION . To add a library to the library list. pre ss Enter. You can edit your library list using the EDTLIBL command and remove a library list entry using . is the library that has the same name as your user profile (in this case. the current library. As you can see.created by SQL F3=Exit F12=Cancel F17=Top F18=Bottom Note that you may not have all the libraries in the above list. and QGDDM come with the system while others are locally supplied. If. followed by the library name (or prompt on the command) ADDLIBLE YOURLIB . the libraries in the library list are searched for the object (starting with the system libraries. however. If a user does not specify a library name when requesting an operation on an object. This is because "YOURLIB" is currently not in the library list. User "JOHNDOE" wants to run the program (using the CALL command) and issues the command CALL TESTPROG . In addition.. For example. such as QTEMP. the user can create their own libraries and add them to their library list. type the "Add Library List Entry" (ADDLIBLE) command. If "JOHNDOE" now issues the the unqualified CALL command. the program can now be located and executed since the library that contains the program is now in the library list. The current library is the first user library that is searched before the rest of the user libraries in the list.Type options. Some user libraries. QGPL. a library list is divided into three parts: system portion which consists of the libraries that are required to run system functions current library which by default. "TESTPROG" is qualified by "YOURLIB" as CALL YOURLIB/TESTPROG then the program can be found and executed. assume that the user "JOHNDOE" has an executable program (*PGM object) called "TESTPROG" in the library "YOURLIB". and the user libraries). the library "JOHNDOE"). user portion which consists of libraries that holds user objects.

. . This allows the user to work with objects inside a library. . . . . . . Library . *AUTL. press Enter.) or using one of three commands which indicate the level at which the user would like to work: y y y WRKLIBPDM -. Work with Objects Using PDM (WRKOBJPDM) Type choices. *PRV. . . . Object attribute .Work with objects using PDM WRKMBRPDM -. such as the CRTSRCPF command. . The . F3=Exit F4=Prompt F24=More keys F5=Refresh F12=Cancel F13=How to use this display The *PRV value on the "Library" field indicates that the default is to work on the library the user last worked with. . . . . . when "JOHNDOE" signs on. . . we will create an "initial program" that will automatically run these commands when a user signs on the system. . compilation and program execution.. . no longer the current library. "YOURLIB" can be made the current library by typing CHGCURLIB YOURLIB . that both commands (ADDLIBLE and CHGCURLIB) are only effective for a particular session. "YOURLIB" will no longer be in their library list and hence. . . . . . editing. *PRV. These may be replaced with the name of a specific library.Work with file members using PDM Work with Objects One of the most commonly used commands to start PDM is WRKOBJPDM. It automates file and member creation. *ALRTBL. . Using the Program Development Manager (PDM) The Program Development Manager (PDM) is a set of utilities under OS/400 designed to simplify the creation and development of software. In the section "Steps in Developing a Program". or members. . . . *CURLIB name... . *PRV. . Starting PDM PDM may either be started using the command STRPDM (for Start PDM. . Object . attribute.) which will produce a menu of options for the level on which the user wishes to work (libraries. objects. Object type . Next time. however. *generic. .the RMVLIBLE command. Some commands automatically default to the current library (*CURLIB). *ALL. *PRV______ *ALL______ *ALL______ *ALL______ *PRV. . . *generic. .Work with libraries using PDM WRKOBJPDM -.. . Note. and allows the programmer to manage their environment from a set of standard menus. Type WRKOBJPDM and press <F4> to prompt on it. . . name.

Work with Objects Using PDM (WRKOBJPDM) Type choices. . . . .) Each option is an action which may be performed on an object by placing its number on the "Opt" line next to the object and pressing the < Enter> key. .. . YOURLIB___ *ALL______ *ALL______ *ALL______ *PRV. *generic. . . Type options. . .. . __________ Position to type . . .. __________ 4=Delete 9=Save Attribute PF -SRC 5=Display 10=Restore 7=Rename 11=Move . . . . and *ALL on the other options.. Object type . This method of specifying actions on a form listing the objects available is consistent throughout PDM. . . YOURLIB___ Position to . there should be just one object in the library.. . *ALL. . . . . . . . press Enter. Type WRKOBJPDM and prompt with <F4>. is shown below. . . attribute. Work with Objects Using PDM Library . . . PDM Options Options are displayed across the top of the screen (for a list of all the options available in PDM. *PRV."Object" and "Object type" options allow the user to limit which objects will be displayed. . with the library specified as YOURLIB. . . Object attribute . *PRV. Library . . . . . . .. *PRV. *ALRTBL. . the source physical file "SRCFILE" that you have just created. *CURLIB na me. .. name. see Table 1 at the end of this section. press Enter. 2=Change 3=Copy 8=Display description Opt __ Object SRCFILE Type *FILE Text Sample Source File Bottom Parameters or command ===> ________________________________________________________________ F3=Exit F9=Retrieve F4=Prompt F10=Command entry F5=Refresh F23=More options F6=Create F24=More keys Presently. . . . *generic*. . F3=Exit F4=Prompt F24=More ke ys F5=Refresh F12=Cancel F13=How to use this display The screen resulting from command WRKOBJPDM. . . . *AUTL. Object . . . . .

the "2=change" option is no longer valid. If the item is of type *PGM. SRCFILE___ Library . At the WRKOBJPDM screen. go to the WRKMBRPDM display for that file (there are different types of WRKMBRPDM displays for source and data files. Type "12" against "SRCFILE" to work with it. 2=Edit 7=Rename Opt Member 3=Copy 4=Delete 8=Display description Type Text 5=Display 6=Print 9=Save 13=C hange text . remember that the prompting facility may be invoked on any PDM option. More on PDM levels Moving down levels in PDM is accomplished using the "12" (Work With. pressing <Enter> or <F12> (cancel) with no options on the screen returns to the previous level.. Pressing <Enter> causes PDM to process each option in turn. ..) option.There are two important special features which this method of specifying actions offers: First. option 2 runs the STRSEU command to begin editing a member and 14 calls the compiler for a program of that type (if specific compiler options are needed. Multiple objects may be operated on sequentially by placing numbers on more than one Opt line. etc.. . the action of this option depends on the file type.. .) When this method of changing levels is used. . The following "Work with Members using PDM" screen appears: Work with Members Using PDM .) If the item is of type *OUTQ. When working with a source physical file at this level. Work with Members The WRKMBRPDM display is the bottom level of PDM. change its attributes. To use the prompting facility. . . the options support the prompting facility. assume we have two source files in "YOURLIB". . allowing the user to work with spooled files. . the "18" option may be invoked to modify the file using DFU (Data File Utility).) When working with a physical data file. and second. You can type "5" (Display) against one and type "7" (Rename) against the other. . File Position to . . multiple objects may be operated on in succession. . PDM will present the prompt screen for the command associated with that option number. present a display allowing the user to call the program. for instance the *DEBUG option to include debugging information in the program. press Enter. go to the "Work With Output Queue" display. However. YOURLIB___ __________ Type options. For example. simply press <F4> while an option number is on one of the "Opt" lines. (programs may also be called from the WRKOBJPDM screen by using the 16 option. . Placing a 12 on the line next to an item on this display will: y y y If the item is of type *FILE.

*generic. . . . . . If you have many members in your file. ... Type this command and press <F4> to prompt on it. press <F6> (Create). in the section on SEU we will use this source member. . . . . name *PRV. Start Source Entry Utility (STRSEU) Type choices. > YOURLIB___ Source member . This will automatically invoke the SEU editor. enter the names of the library and file as shown below. . . Name. . . . . press <F3> to quit and type "Y" in the "Change/Create member" field to save the source member. . .(No members in file) Parameters or command ===> ________________________________________________________________ F3=Exit F9=Retrieve F4=Prompt F10=Command entry F5=Refresh F23=More options F6=Create F24=More keys Presently. . *PRV *PRV. . . . . . . . . . SRCFILE___ YOURLIB___ *ALL______ *ALL______ *PRV. The "Work with Members using PDM" screen can be accessed directly using the WRKMBRPDM command. name. . you will notice that "SRCMBR" is now in "SRCFILE". .. Name. . . Later on. Let's create a member. > SRCFILE___ Library . . Enter the name of the new source member and for its source type. *generic. SRCMBR____ Source type . . . Sample_Source_Member____________________ Name. . *CURLIB *PRV. . *PRV. . . . .e. . . name. Member type . Member . . . Text 'description' . the source member will contain only plain text). . . . To work with the member that we have just created. . .. . . . . Source file . . enter "TXT" (i. . . *PRV *LIBL. . . . . . . . BASP. BAS. *LIBL. . . . Library . . . To do that. . On return to the WRKMBRPDM screen. File . *CURLIB. Bottom F3=Exit F4=Prompt F24=More keys F5=Refresh F12=Cancel F13=How to use this display You will now be inside the SEU editor. you can use the "Member" and/or "Member Type" fields to narrow down the number of members to work with. TXT_______ C. . . . . . press Enter. . Press <Enter> . . *SELECT *SAME. Work with Members Using PDM (WRKMBRPDM) Type choices. .. . For now. type.. press Enter. . . Name. there are no members in "SRCFILE". . . . . . .

) 2: 3: 4: 5: 6: 7: 8: 9: 10: 11: 12: 13: 14: 15: 16: 17: 18: 25: Change Copy Delete Display Print Rename Display Descrip. Save Restore Move Work With Change Text Compile Copy File Run Change Using SDA Change Using DFU Find String Modify an obj ect or edit a source member Duplicate an object Remove an object from storage Display the contents of an object Copy a source member to an output queue Change an object's name Show summary information about an object Save an object to offline storage Retrieve an object from offline storage Move an object to another library Perform operations on the contents of an object Change the text description line for an object Compile a source physical file member Copy a *FILE object (has special options) Run an object of type *PGM Change a screen design (in a PF -SRC) using SDA Use DFU to change a PF -DTA member Find a s tring of characters in an object Table 2: Function Keys in PDM F1: F3: F4: F5: F6: F9: F10: F11: F12: F13: F14: F15: F16: F17: F18: F21: F23: F24: Help Exit Prompt Refresh Create Retrieve Command Entry Display Toggle Cancel Repeat Source Type Toggle Sort User Options Subset Change Defaults Print List More Options More Keys Obtain help on an area of PDM Exit PDM or current operation Display prompt screen for options on screen Redraw the screen with updated information Create a library. if available Control Language Command Syntax . You will probably use this command least among the three PDM commands. You can work with the contents of a library by typing 12 against it. or member Recall a previous command to the command line Display an OS/400 command entry screen Switch to/from brief display mode Cancel an operation Copy an option number to all lines Switch between date and type display in PF -SRC Cha nge member list sort criteria Specify user -defined commands to PDM Limit the list on the screen to certain types Change PDM user settings Print the object list on the screen Display more PDM option numbers. the WRKLIBPDM command lets you work with a library or libraries. This will bring up the "Work with Objects using PDM" screen for that library. Table 1: Options in PDM (Some options may not be valid at some levels.F3=Exit F4=Prompt F24=More keys F5=Refresh F12=Cancel F13=How to use this display Work with Libraries Briefly. if available Display more function keys. file.

Add Item o CHG .Stop a program which was started with a STR o GRT .Remove item o RST .Work with Objects Using PDM STRPDM .Create Source Physical File WRKOBJPDM . As you would probably know by now. or more parameters.Display item o END .Restore o RTV .Delete o DSP . The command GO CMDxxx can be used to get a menu of commands related to xxx (where xxx can be a verb or subject).The purpose of this section is to provide a more formal presentation of CL commands.Work with The subject component of the command specifies the item that the verb acts on. a VERB and 2. let's consider the command name. A CL command is made up of two parts: (1) a command name and (2) parameters.Copy o CRT . a SUBJECT. A system-defined default value . Some examples of verb/subject combinations are: y y y y CRTSRCPF .Grant o MOV . A command is made made up of two components: 1.Start (a program or utility) o WRK . Another way of finding commands is to press <F4> on any command line. Command Structure First.Send o STR . The first option SLTCMD ("Select Command by Name") can be used to obtain a list of commands using a wildcard character (e. This will bring up the "Command Grouping Menu" where each option represents a group of related commands. Parameters A CL command can have zero.Retrieve o RVK . one.Change o CPY . The verb consists of three characters and is the "action" component of the command.Add Library List Entry CL commands can be found in several ways.Move o RMV . Some common verbs and their meanings are shown below: o ADD .g.Start PDM ADDLIBLE .Revoke o SET . A command may have some parameters that are required and some that are optional.Create o DLT . a CL command is a way of of invoking functions and calling system services.Set o SND . SLTCMD CR* will list all commands starting with CR).

For example. Positional parameters are often limited to the first three or four parameters. keyword form. parameters can be specified in: 1. One such tool is the Programming Development Manager (PDM) that offers the following: . One restriction of this mixed form of specifying parameters is that positional parameters cannot follow keyword parameters. can be entered in the position of that parameter. Using this method. as in the following statement WRKMBRPDM SRCFILE the library qualifier will default to the library list (*LIBL). "/". Parameters in keyword form can be specified in any order. If the reference is to a file in a specific library. 2.(prefixed by "*") is usually assigned to an optional parameter if the user does not specify a value for it. positional form. parameters are specified without keywords. the file name and library name fields are actually one parameter (a file name plus a library qualifier). *N. which in this case is *ALL. the following command will display all objects of type *FILE in the library YOURLIB. A parameter that is specified in keyword form will have a keyword followed immediately by a value (or list of values). Another way of specifying parameters is the free format or command line method. You may want to use this method if you remember exactly what parameter information is needed for a command. develop and maintain applications. The above example can be specified in positional form as follows WRKOBJPDM YOURLIB SRCFILE . for example WRKMBRPDM YOURLIB/SRCFI LE MBRTYPE(TXT) . the following is invalid WRKOBJPDM LIB(YOURLIB) SRCFILE . Using the SEU Editor Introduction The IBM AS/400 provides an integrated set of Application Development Tools (ADT) to design. A CL command can use a combination of both positional and keyword parameters. or 3. If you do not want to specify a value for one of the parameters. a combination of both. Note that when using the WRKMBRPDM command. the file name must be qualified with a slash. which is in between the second and third parameters in the parameter set. the system-defined value. we have been using the <F4> prompt facility for specifying parameters. In the positional form. character in both keyword and positional forms WRKMBRPDM YOURLIB/SRCFILE SRCMBRWRKMBRPDM FILE(YOURLIB/SRCFILE) MBR(SRCMBR) If only the file name is specified. So far in this manual. WRKOBJPDM LIB(YOURLIB) OBJ(SRCFILE) There must not be any blanks between the keyword and the left parenthesis. WRKOBJPDM YOURLIB *N *FILE *N will map to the default value for that parameter. Note that the "Member" parameter. For example. is omitted. For example. The parameter values must be positionally matched with the keywords in the parameter set for that command.

supply the necessary source file (SRCFILE) and library (YOURLIB) information and press Enter. . 3 .. . Starting the Editor Type STRPDM (Start Program Development Manager) on any command line.: 1 80 SEU==>_______________________________________________________ FMT ** ''''''' ''''''' ''''''' ''''''' ''''''' ''''''' ''''''' ****************** End of data *********** ************************ F3=Exit F10=Top F4=Prompt F11=Bottom F5=Refresh F24=More keys Edit SRCMBR .. In this SEU tutorial...+. 6 ...+. .+..+.. Choose option 3 to Work with members. *************** Beginning of data ******************************** If you press <Enter> without typing anything.. 3 ...... 4 . we will use the source member we created in the previous section. You are now in the full-screen EDIT mode..+....+.+. PDM is one tool that may be used to access the SEU. and press <Enter> . .. 1 .+.. The PDM menu is displayed... Another tool is the Source Entry Utility (SEU) that offers a full screen editor providing syntax checking of source statements.....+. ...... 1 . Columns .+..: 1 80 SEU==> _______________________________________________________ FMT ** Edit SRCMBR ... 5.+...... 5..+. You can also reach this screen by typing WRKMBRPDM (Work with members using PDM) on any command line and pressing <F4> . In either case.. Press <Enter> ..... 2 ..... List-oriented selection of items for development or maintenance.+. . 4 . 2 . 6 ..+.. Extendable interface to tools through user-defined options. Type 2 on the "Opt" line to edit the source member "SRCMBR". The "Work with members" screen shows up.y y y Integrated application development environment.. the screen readjusts as shown: Columns . *************** Beginning of data ********************************* ****************** End of data ************************************ F3=Exit F10=Top F4=Prompt F11=Bottom F5=Refresh F24=More keys .

00 0007.. Change/create member ... . . 1 ...+. 0002. 2 . *************** Beginning of data ********************************* 0001.+. Below.. 3 ...00 Text for second block ...00 THIS IS A TEXT DOCUMENT... .. .. N=No .. 5........ . .: 1 80 Edit SRCMBR SEU==> _______________________________________________________ FMT ** ... The exit display shows up: Exit Type choices. ... For more information on line commands see 'Using SEU line commands'... 2 .00 ****************** End of data ************************************ Notice the sequence numbers of records at the extreme left. 0004.+. 4 . . 1 .' Exiting the Editor To exit SEU press <F3>.. you may start typing in the desired text.. 3 ...00 Begin First Block. 6 ...Type I (for insert) on the first line as shown and press <Enter> ..00 Begin Second Block.+.. .+.... I *************** Beginning of data ********************************* ****************** End of data ************************************ Now..+..00 0003.00 End First Block.+. 0008. . . ... 0010. we show a sample TEXT document that will be used in the next section for illustrating the use of various SEU line commands. press Enter.+. 0005....+..+.+.00 End Second Blo ck. 0009... To save the current member and exit SEU follow the following procedure 'Exiting the Editor. Columns .. 5.. Y Y=Yes.00 Text for the first block . 0006. 6 . Columns .. 4 . The sequence number field of a record is used to specify the line commands.: 1 80 Edit SRCMBR SEU==> ____________ _____________________________________________ FMT ** ..+..+...+.

. . y y Use the command WRKMBRPDM as explained in the previous section. However. . Text . . . . . Print member . . . Type N in this field only if you do not want to save changes made to your member. . . . . . SRCMBR____ Name SRCFILE___ Name YO URLIB___ Name Description_for_the_member. press <F12> to cancel the exit display. . you may simply press < Enter> . For example. . . . . . To edit a member that has already been created. . . . . and type option 2. . . F3=Exit . . The screen for editing that member will show up. type WRKMBRPDM YOURLIB/SRCFILE on any command line. . . . . The default value for 'Return to editing' option is N. Increment . reach the 'Work with members using PDM' display. The default value for 'Change/create member' is Y. a sample TEXT document is used to illustrate the use of the various commands. . . . .00____ 00. For example. The default values supplied for most of the options above are self-explanatory.9999. if the member is modified. . and press < Enter> . . Using Line Commands SEU supports various line commands that guide us in editing an existing member. .99 01. However. the system supplies Y in this field and returns back to the editing mode ( unless you explicitly type N and force it to exit ). N=No F5=Refresh F12=Cancel If you wish to save the changes you have made. File . ._____ Y Y=Yes. This returns you back to the editing mode. Library . and then you decide to cancel it. . . . . . N=No N Y=Yes. . if syntax errors do persist. . In the following discussion. . Note: If you type a line command. note the following: y y y If you have decided not to quit the editor. . . . . . use <F5> to refresh the screen. otherwise N.Member . command M for moving lines and so on. Return to editing . . . . Use the tab keys to position the cursor at the desired member. to edit the member SRCMBR created before. N=No 0001. . . . . . . . .99. Resequence member Start . .01 . Go to member list .00___ 0000. . type option 2 in front of member SRCMBR and press <Enter> . . . . . . . .01 . . . . . . . . . . The SEU line commands are entered over the digits that make up the sequence number of a record. . . . command C is used to copy lines. . . . if your member did not have any syntax errors. . From the "Work with members using PDM" display. . . The edit display for this member is shown: . . .99 N Y=Yes. . . . . . . . . . . . . N=No N Y=Yes.

0005..00 0009.00 0010. 0004. ****************** End of data *********************************** F4=Prompt F11=Bottom F5=Refresh F24=More keys The screen adjusts as shown below....: 1 71 Edit YOURLIB/SRCFILE SEU==> ________________________________________________________ SRCMBR FMT CB .00 0003. block .. Text for the first block ...00 0007. 0008. 0009.00 End First Block..Columns ..-A+++B+++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++ + *************** Beginning of data **** **************************** 0001. Columns ...: 1 71 Edit YOURLIB/SRCFILE SEU==> _________________________________________________________ SRCMBR FMT CB .00 0007.00 Begin First Block. .00 Begin Second Block.00 ****************** End of data ************************** ********* F3=Exit F10=Top F4=Prompt F11=Bottom F5=Refresh F24=More keys Inserting a line To insert a line after a particular record..00 Begin First Block.00 0002. ''''''' PROGRAM -ID.00 Text for second block .. .00 0003. . .00 0005.00 THIS IS A TEXT DOCUMENT. .-A+++B++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++ *************** Beginning of data ******************************** 0001. 0006.00 0006. Begin End Second Block. type I (insert) on the sequence number field of that record.. Begin First Block..00 0003.. Text for second Second Block.00 End Second Block. . and press <Enter> .00 0004. End First Block.00 F3=Exit F10=Top THIS IS A TEXT DOCUMENT. 0010. .00 THIS IS A TEXT DOCUMENT. Type in the line to be inserted and press <Enter> .00 Text for the first block . *************** Beginning of data ******************************** I001. SAMPLE. 0002.00 0008.. 0002..

00 Text for the first block . Begin End ****************** End of data *********************************** F4=Prompt F11=Bottom F5=Refresh F24=More keys Copying a line To copy the "Begin First Block" line to the end of the program.00 0007. Text for second Second Block.. This results in the pending line to be copied after the line you have indicated..-A+++B++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++ *************** Beginning of data ******************************** 0001.00 End First Block.00 THIS IS A TEXT DOCUMENT.. Columns . .00 F3=Exit F10=Top End Text for the first block ....: 1 71 Edit YOURLIB/SRCFILE SEU==> __________________________________________________________ SRCMBR FMT CB . 0005. First Block. 0006.00 End First Block.00 C Begin First Block.00 THIS IS A TEXT DOCUMENT. Columns ... block .: 1 71 Edit YOURLIB/SRCFILE SEU==> _________________________________________________________ SRCMBR FMT CB . Second Block.00 Begin Second Block.00 End Second Block.. . Note the message on the top that indicates a pending Copy line command.. 0009. 0002. . 0010.00 0009.01 It illustrates the use of SEU line commands. 0008.00 C Begin First Block. .00 0007.00 Text for second block .. 0001. .. 0008. and press Enter.. 0001. 0004.00 0005..00 0007. 0009.00 0006. ...00 Begin Second Block..00 ****************** End of data *********************************** Type A (after) on the last line as shown.. . 0005. type C (copy) in the sequence number field.01 It illustrates the use of SEU line commands.00 End Second Block.00 Text for the first block .00 Text for second block ..00 0010. 0002. 0006. and press Enter..0004..00 0008. 0004..-A+++B++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++ *************** Beginni ng of data******************************** 0001.

Text for the first block . The Block Move is illustrated below.00 0005.00 0008.. The line that was just copied may be deleted as shown below: *************** Beginning of data***************************** THIS IS A TEXT DOCUMENT. type MM at the beginning and the end of the block.01 . Now..00 Begin First Block. *************** Beginning of data ******************************** THIS IS A TEXT DOCUMENT.00 Begin First Block. *************** Beginning of data ******************************** THIS IS A TE XT DOCUMENT. use the command M (move) and follow the procedure as explained above for copy. It illustrates the use of SEU line commands. It illustrates the use of SEU line commands. Begin First Block. ****************** End of data *********************************** Deleting a line To delete a line. Text for the first block .00 0010.00 0001. End First Block. block .00 0006. Begin First Block..00 0004..00 0009. ****************** End of data *********************************** Block Move To move a block.00 0011.00 0010. 0001. the target for the move has to be specified.00 0006.01 0002.00 0007. 0001. To move a single line. End First Block. and press <Enter> . Begin End Second Block.A010.00 0007.00 0003. Text for second Second Block. 0001.00 0001. the first block of text being moved after the second one.00 0003. type D (delete) in front of it and press <Enter> . Begin End Second Block..00 0001. after the copy.01 0002. Text for second Second Block.00 D011. It illustrates the use of SEU line commands..00 0009..00 ****************** End of data ************************************ The program looks as shown below.00 0008. block ..00 0004.00 0005.

00 0008.00 MM 0007.01 0002.00 0011. Begin First Block. ****************** End of data *********************************** Block Copy Enclose the block to be copied within CC commands.00 0009.00 0010.00 ****************** End of data *********************************** Here is the member after the move: *************** Beginning of data ******************************** THIS IS A TEXT DOCUMENT. block . *************** Beginning of data ******************************** THIS IS A TEXT DOCUMENT. It illustrates the use of SEU line commands.00 0001.00 0010..00 MM 0007. Text for the first block . *************** Beginning of data ******************************** THIS IS A TEXT DOCUMENT. Text for the first block ..00 A010.. Text for the fi rst block .00 MM 0004. ****************** End of data *********************************** Type A on the last line to move the block to the end of the program. End First Block. that B is specified as the target.01 0002. Begin End Second Block..00 0009. The block copy resembles the block move explained above. to copy the block before the indicated line.00 0013. block . 0001. Text for second Second Block.00 0014. End First Block.00 0008. and specify the target.00 Begin First Block..00 .00 0005.. Begin End Second Block..0002... 0001.00 0001.00 0009.. It illustrates the use of SEU line commands. block .00 0007.00 MM 0004..00 0008. Begin End Second Blo ck.00 0012.00 Begin First Block. End First Block.. Text for second Second Block.00 0005. 0001. Note below. Text for second Second Block.

00 0013.00 0014..00 0012..00 CC 0008. The block that was just copied may be deleted as shown: *************** Beginning of data ******************************** THIS IS A TEXT DOCUMENT. enclose it within DD commands and press <Enter> . Begin End Second Block. Text for second Second Block.00 Begin First Block. after our experimentation with the above line commands: *************** Beginning of data ******************************** THIS IS A TEXT DOCUMENT.. 0001.. End First Block. Text for the first block .02 0013..00 B It illustrates the use of SEU line commands. It illustrates the use of SEU line commands. End First Block..00 0013.01 0002.03 DD 0014.00 0011. block . ****************** End of data *********************************** The source member looks as follows.00 0001. Begin End Second Block. Begin Second Block.00 0010.00 0007.. End Second Block.01 0002.. Text for second Second Block.. Text for second blo ck . block . ****************** End of data *********************************** Block Delete To delete a block..00 CC 0011. It illustrates the use of SEU line commands. End First Block.00 0008.. 0001. Begin End Second Block. Text for the first block .00 0011.00 DD 0013..00 Begin First Block. block . ****************** End of data *********************************** .00 0009.00 0012.00 0001.00 0009.00 0008.00 0007..00 0012.0001. Text for the first block . Begin First Block.01 0002. Text for second Second Block.00 0013.00 0009.00 0010..

NX] [column parameter] TOP Go to the first page of the work screen. The syntax of FIND is FIND string [N. P (Previous). SEU Commands SEU commands are entered in the "SEU==>" field at the top of the screen. or quotation marks. apostrophes. If the string contains embedded blanks.To get a complete list of commands for SEU place the cursor on the sequence number list and press the help key. it should be enclosed in quotation marks.P. The syntax is CHANGE fstring cstring [N. CHANGE Find all occurrences of a character string and replace it with another string.P. SAVE Save changes and continue editing.L] [X.A. BOTTOM Go to the last page of the work screen. The scope of the search can be specified using search parameters: X (excluded records) and NX (nonexcluded records). SAVE [ [ [ library/ ] file ] member ] FILE Save changes and exit from edit session. Several direction parameters are available: N (Next).NX] [column parameter] . FIND Search for an occurrence of a character string.F. F (First).F. SET .A. FILE [ [ [ library/ ] file ] member ] CANCEL Cancel session and exit session. and A (All). Examples: y y y y F XYZ F 'hello there' F *ERR A find all syntax errors F "'XYZ'" Use the F16 "Repeat Find" key to find the next occurrence of a string.L] [X. L (Last).

the Edit display supports a diverse set of function keys that allow you to perform specific tasks. ___________________________________________________________________________ ___ Key Name Function ___________________________________________________________________________ ___ F1 Help Press the help key for details about the display. B=Before Move or copy records before this record. F20 Right View the info.See the IBM SEU manual for more information. To use a line command. F24 More keys View the other function keys available for the current display. . F14 Find/Change Options Go the Find/Change Options display. F16 Repeat Find Perform find or repeat current find. returns to previous entry point. F15 Browse/Copy Options Go the Browse/Copy Options dis play. F5 Refresh Refresh the current display. Bn=Before with repeat n times Move or copy records before this record and repeat these records n times. F11 Previous Record Places the previous record in the prompt. to the right of the current display. Function Keys in SEU When a member is being edited. F19 Left View the info. F18 DBCS Conversion Perform DBCS conversion. F10 Cursor Moves the cursor from the data area to the SEU command line. F13 Change Session Go to the Change Session Defaults Defaults display. Rebuilds display and shows it again. F17 Repeat Change Perform change or repeat current change function. An=After with repeat n times Move or copy records after this record and repeat these records n times. and from the SEU command line to the data area. to the left of the current display. C=Copy Line Copy this line to a specified target. F23 Select Prompt Go to the Select Prompt display. F4 Prompt Provides assistance for the options selected in the list or a command on a command line. type the command over the digits that make up the sequence number. Summary of Line Commands The Sequence_number field displays the sequence number of the record and is used for entering SEU line commands. PDM will fill in the default values. SEU returns to the EDIT Session and displays the prompt after you make a selection. The following is a list of all the valid commands: y y y y y A=After Move or copy records after this record. F3 Exit End the current task.

copy. F=Display format line Display a format line. DD=Block Delete Delete all lines between the two DD boundaries. MM=Block Move Move all records between and including the boundaries defined by the MM line commands to a specified target. or copy repeated line command. without losing data. On=Overlay n lines Overlay this line and the following n-1 lines with the first n lines defined by the move. copy.y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y Cn=Copy n lines Copy this line plus the next n-1 lines to the specified target. Copy n records to the specified targets and keep this command on the display. OO=Block overlay Overlay all the records between and including the boundaries defined by two OO line commands with the lines defined by the move. or copy repeated line command. L=Shift data 1 char left Shift data in this record one character position to the left without losing data. copy. In=Insert n lines Insert n blank lines after this record. Ln=Shift data n chars left Shift data in this record n character positions to the left without losing data. M=Move a line Move a line to a specified target. P=Display prompt Type P to display this line in a prompt. LLn=Shift block n chars to the left Shift data defined by the boundary between and including the LLn and LL line commands n character positions to the left. LL=Shift block 1 char to the left Shift data defined by the boundary between and including the two LL line commands one character position to the left without losing data. . CCR=Copy block records and retain command Copy the block of records defined by a pair of CCR commands to the specified targets and keep this command on the display. IP=Insert line and prompt Insert a blank line and display the line in a prompt. RRn=Block shift n chars to the right Shift data defined by the boundary between and including the RRn and RR line commands n character positions to the right. CRn=Copy n records and retain command. Dn=Delete n lines Delete the current line and the next n-1 lines. D=Delete Delete the current line. I=Insert a line Insert a blank line after the current record. RR=Block shift 1 char to the right Shift data defined by the boundary between and including the two RR line commands one character position to the right without losing data. CC=Block Copy Copy all lines between the boundaries formed by the two CC commands CR=Copy records and retain command Copy this record to the specified targets and keep this command on the display. Mn=Move n lines Move the current line and the following n-1 lines to a specified target. Rn=Shift data n chars right Shift data in the current record n character positions to the right without losing data. O=Overlay Overlay the current line with the first line defined by the move. or copy repeated line command. R=Shift data 1 char right Shift data in the current record one character position to the right without losing data.

XX=Block Exclude Exclude all lines between the boundaries formed by the two XX line commands. . SL=Show last record Show the last record of the exclude group SLn=Show last n records Show the last n records of the exclude group. Steps in Developing a Program In this section. put the cursor on the "Source type" field and press <F4> ). The following creates a PF-SRC file in the library ALIBRARY. SFn=Show first n records Show the first n records of the exclude group. RPPn=Block repeat Repeat all lines defined by the boundary between the two RPP line commands n times. X=Exclude Exclude the current record from the display. ALIBRARY represents the library that has the same name as your user profile or your other library. The CL program is very simple. + (plus sign)=Roll member forward 1 line Roll the member forward one line. CLP for the source type (to see what source types are available. and running a program on the AS/400. YOURLIB) the current library while retaining the existing current library on the library list. compiling. The command line form of issuing CL commands will be used in this section (you may want to use the <F4>prompt facility to assist you if you are not familiar with the commands). Wn=Display member from column n Display the member beginning in column n. let's create a source physical (PF-SRC) file called QCLSRC (the IBM-supplied name for a CL source physical file). all it does is make the library that you have created (in my case. RPP=Block repeat Repeat all lines defined by the boundary between the two RPP line commands. that is the one you created in an earlier section. We will also demonstrate how to find compilation errors when they occur. CRTSRCPF FILE(ALIBRARY/QCLSRC) Once the PF-SRC file has been created. n=Absolute Positioning Position the line identified by the sequence number(n) as the first record on the display. +n=Roll member forward n lines Roll the member forward n lines. -n=Roll member backward n lines Roll the member backward n lines. Enter TEST for the name of the source member.y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y RP=Repeat line Repeat the current line once before the following line. The intention here is not to teach CL programming. First. Xn=Exclude plus Exclude the the current record and the next n-1 records. and a brief description of the source member. we are going to use a simple Control Language (CL) program to illustrate the steps in developing. and how to obtain information about certain compilation and runtime errors. This will start the SEU editor. RPn=Repeat line n times Repeat the current line n times before the following line. work with the file by typing: WRKMBRPDM FILE(ALIBRARY/QCLSRC) Then create a source member called TEST in QCLSRC by pressing <F6> . W=Display member from column 1 Display the member beginning in column 1. Once you have entered all the necessary . SF=Show first record Show the first record of the exclude group.(minus sign)=Roll member backward 1 line Roll the member backward one line.

that is we really want CHGCURLIB CURLIB(YOURLIB) instead of CHGCURLIB CURLIB(&YOURLIB) . to help you in selecting a CL command. SEU will highlight that statement.00 0006. "&". We have mistakenly prefixed YOURLIB with "&". is used to retrieve the name of the job's existing current library.00 0003.00 0005. .00 0004. and the modules "Creating a Control Language Program" and "How to Use Error Handling Facilities" in the "Facilities and Implementation" course. and press <Enter> . Notice that we have intentionally introduced an error in this statement.information. note that CL programs are "free format" in that components of CL statements do not have to be placed in particular columns on the screen (some source types. denotes that &MYVAR is a variable. Note that SEU provides syntax checking for CL programs. &MYVAR will be used to hold the parameter's value. The reason for this step will be explained shortly. The RTVJOBA command. on the fourth statement. The ampersand symbol. is used to make YOURLIB the new current library (where "YOURLIB" is any existing library that you have access to). Remove the parameters of DCL so that the statement contains only "DCL".) For more information. press <Enter> . the IP line command can help enormously in coding such programs). are "fixed-format". In this case. Put the parameters back on the DCL statement. the reader is referred to the IBM "CL Programmer's Guide" or the online education modules: "AS/400 Control Language Programming" in the "Tutorial Support System" course. SEU will not let you exit an editing session that has syntax errors unless you explicitly specify that you want to exit in the exit screen. This variable will be used to save the name of the existing current library. The variable will be used to hold a character string with a maximum length of 10. indicating that there is a syntax error. saving it in the variable &OLDCURLIB. IP (insert line and prompt). The CHGCURLIB command. A CL program begins with the PGM command. on the third statement. the PGM statement is coded as: PGM PARM(&MYVAR). the variable &MYVAR has to be declared using the DCL command.00 0007. Moreover. Type in the following program: 0002. You will enter a SEU editing session. such as RPG. (Aside: If a CL program has a parameter named &MYVAR.00 *************** Beginning of data ******************************** PGM DCL VAR(&OLDCURLIB) TYPE(*CHAR) LEN(10) RTVJOBA CURLIB(&OLDCURLIB) CHGCURLIB CURLIB(&YOURLIB) /* intentional error */ ADDLIBLE LIB(&OLDCURLIB) ENDPGM ****************** End of data ****************************** ***** You can use the SEU line command. which is optional if the CL program does not receive any parameters. Also. The second statement declares a CL variable called &OLDCURLIB.

. .A name with "&" as its prefix denotes that it is a CL variable. 29 0 -29 Text 'description' . Press <Enter>to continue. *CURLIB Source member . . . *PGM Generation severity level . . . . . . You can change these default values.e. *SRCMBRTXT Additional Parameters Replace program . and to add it back on the library list using ADDLIBLE. . > *YES *NO. adds the name of the former current library (which we saved in the variable &OLDCURLIB in the RTVJOBA statement) to the library list. Hence. the need to use RTVJOBA to save the name of that library. . *YES Bottom F3=Exit F4=Prompt F5=Refresh F13=How to use this display F10=Additional parameters F24=More keys F12=Cancel The "Program" field specifies the name of the *PGM object that will be created if the compilation is successful. . . exit and save the program as it is (i. . This error will be detected during compilation. . . . This is an error because if we intended &YOURLIB to be a variable. . . will invoke the CRTCLPGM (Create CL Program) command. enter option 14 to compile the member that contain the CL source program. press Enter. which is the job queue for batch jobs. you will receive a message saying that the job completed normally. . . . . *CURLIB Source file . accept the defaults. . Now. . Option 14. you will see the following screen: Create CL Program (CRTCLPGM) Type choices. in this case. . . The "Library" field specifies the library that will contain the *PGM object. . . . If you prompt on the option (ie. This step is needed if we want this library to stay on the library list. the "old" current library will not be retained on the library list. . > TEST Name. press <F4> when you use option 14). Compiling a Program In the "Work with Members using PDM" screen. . > ALIBRARY Name. . a message will return saying that the job has ended abnormally. .g. . . . . *PGMID Library . > ALIBRARY Name. . This is because when the CHGCURLIB command is executed. it must be declared in a DCL statement. indicates the end of the CL program. . meaning there are compilation errors. . . . Program . if the source type is CBL. *LIBL. . . Unless you want to rename the *PGM object or put it in another library. The ADDLIBLE command. . . ENDPGM. Option 14 will invoke a different "create program" command for a different source type (e. . . Note that SEU cannot detect this kind of error. . Since there is an error in the above program. If there are no compilation errors. . . . . . On pressing <Enter> . . This name defaults to name of the source member. . on the fifth statement. > TEST Name. with the error). . it will invoke the CRTCBLPGM command). . you will see a message at the bottom of the screen saying that the compilation job has been submitted to QBATCH. . The default is the library that contains the source member. . . . > QCLSRC Name Library . The last statement. .

The meaning of first error is evident. it is the cause of the failure. * * * * * E N D O F C R O S S R E F E R E N C E Program TEST not created in library YOURLIB. A segment of that listing is presented here: 200300400500* CPD0727 40 600700* * 5738SS1 V2R1M1 YOURLIB/TEST 920306 Control Language Cross Reference Declared Variables Name De fined &OLDCURLIB 300 * CPD0791 00 * 5738SS1 V2R1M1 920306 Control Language Message Summary Total 90-99 2 Severity 0 -9 10-19 1 0 20-29 0 30-39 0 40-49 1 50-59 0 60-69 70-79 0 0 80-89 0 0 YOURLIB/TEST Type *CHAR Length 10 References 400 600 PGM DCL RTVJOBA CHGCURLIB Variable '&YOURLIB ADDLIBLE ENDPGM * * VAR(&OLDCURLIB) TYPE(*CHAR) LEN(10) CURLIB(&OLDCURLIB) CURLIB(&YOURLIB) ' is referred to but not declared. The second error is only an information message. There should be a spooled file with the same name as your source member (the compiler listing) and a job log (QPJOBLOG). Maximum error severity 40. Type 5 to display the contents of the compiler listing of the program. Using SEU to Find Compilation Errors . For example. Press <Enter> to exit this display. You can use the DSPMSGD (Display Message Description) command to get more information about a compilation error. Type 5 against QPJOBLOG to display it. There are two errors in the listing (errors are marked with "*" in column 1): the first with a severity of 40 and the second with severity of 0. The message will refer you to the compiler listing of the program. it is not the cause of the compilation failure. to get more details about the error CPD0727 DSPMSGD RANGE(CPD0727) MSGF(QCPFMSG) where QCPFMSG is the system message file and CPD0727 is the message ID. type WRKSPLF to see what's in your output queue. Let's go back to the source member and fix the problem. LIB(&OLDCURLIB) * * * E N D O F S O U R C E * * * No labels used in program.Finding Compilation Errors To find out the cause of the compilation error. There should be a message stating that the program was not created because of compilation error.

you can pass the parameter value(s) by prompting on either the option 16 or the CALL command. Using SEU. For example. Place the cursor on the "Browse/copy spool file" field and press <F4>. you can still run the program by qualifying it with the library name CALL ALIBRARY/TEST The example program used here does not take any input parameters. CALL MYPROG PARM(parameter1 parameter2 . option 16 invokes the CALL command). from YOURLIB. (C D I R) Type reply. To find compilation errors. when you run the program. Select the appropriate spool file. Running a Program Use the WRKOBJPDM command to work with the library that contain the *PGM object that was created. In our example. If your program takes more than one input parameter. ________________________________________________________ . To view a spooled file while you are in SEU. you will get a runtime or object error message similar to the one below: Display Program Messages Job 287471/T03/DSP02 started on 07/20/92 at 13:48:44 in subsystem QINTER CPF2110 received by TEST at 600. in the bottom screen type FIND *ERR on the SEU command line (or simply. that is ADDLIBLE DOGNAP . "&". edit the source member to remove the ampersand. Reply . and make the corrections to the source member on the spot. This will bring another screen that allows you to enter multiple parameters. The rest of the source remain the same as before (except for removing the ampersand character). In the ADDLIBLE statement. Compile the source member (you will probably be asked if you want to delete the existing *PGM object. press <F15> (Browse/Copy). An advantage of using SEU for this purpose is that you can see both the source member and the compiler listing on the same screen. SEU provides special support for locating compilation errors. Alternatively. Type 16 against the *PGM object to run/execute it. specify some library name that you do not own or one that you are not authorized to use. .. The program should compile normally after this change. let's introduce another type of error. you can run the program by using the CALL command (in fact. we specify a nonexistent library called DOGNAP. On return to the editing session. Respond with a "Y"). If the library that contains the *PGM object is in your library list. If the library is not in your library list. type CALL TEST on a command line.You may want to use SEU to view your compiler listing instead of the way discussed above. The *PGM object will be created in the library that contains your source file unless you specified otherwise.) Diagnosing Runtime Errors In any case. Enter 2 in the selection field. To make the situation more interesting. you should see a split screen with the member you are editing on top and the spooled file on the bottom.. F *ERR). especially if the compiler listing is too lengthy to scan by eye. . You can also us pass parameters using the command line method. But if you created a program that requires an input parameter(s). type '+' on the "Parameters" field and press <Enter> . press Enter. The program should compile normally.

For example. . The message text. . . . . . I -. : This inquiry message can be avoided bychanging the program. the library DOGNAP was not found. . . Creating an Initial Program An initial program is similar to the AUTOEXEC. From program . . . Monitor for the error (MONMSG command) and perform error recovery within the program. It is executed when the user logs on. and recompile. Possible choices for replying to message .Cancel the CL program. . . it should run without any problems. i. : Control language (CL) program TEST inlibrary YOURLIB detected an error at statement number 600. . : C -. . .Dump the CL p rogram variables and cancel the CL program. . the DSPMSGD ("Display Message Description") command can be used to obtain more information about the error. Additional Message Information Message ID . . . . . . .e.: 99 Time sent . . . . Message type Date sent . . . The initial program has to reside in your default library (i. . .e. . . (C D I R) Cause . . Recovery . : *EXT Instruction . . . choose a reply value. . . . place the cursor on the message id (in this case CPF2110) and press <F1>. : : : : CPA0701 INQUIRY 07/20/92 QCLXERR Severity .BAT file in MS-DOS. the library with the same name as your user profile) and it has to be named INITIALPGM. . . .: 0000 To program . .: 14: 00:05 Instruction . indicated clearly what the problem is. . . . . . . To continue. Sometimes you can obtain additional messages by pressing <F10> to display messages in the job log. . : CPF2110 received by TEST at 600.. . F3=Exit F10=Display messages in job log F12=Cancel Again. . . fix the error. you . . . DSPMSGD RANGE(CPF2110) MSGF(QCPFMSG) where QCPFMSG is the system message file and CPF2110 is the message ID. Press Enter to continue.. D -. . . Go back to the source member.F3=Exit F12=Cancel To find out the cause of the error. . . More. For instance. . Press <Enter> to cancel the program. . in this case. Type DSPLIBL to check whether the library has been added and whether it has been made the current library.Ignore the failing command. . Message text for CPF2110 is: Library DOGNAP not found.: 0000 Message . . . The next time you run the program. You see a screen similar to the one below. .

Authorities and their meanings Object Authorities Object authority is used to control access to an object including the ability to see an object description. when you recompile it using the option 14. Specify your default library as the library where the *PGM object is to be stored. control read and write access to an object. *OBJEXIST provides the authority to control the object existence and ownership. or control an object's existence. These authorities must be set to secure object to the level of security required. Rename the source member to INITIALPGM and recompile it. Understanding Object Authorities Introduction To maintain security of data and/or program objects the AS/400 offers a variety of options available to limit access to object. or delete records. *READ provides the authority to get the contents or an entry in an object or to run a program. update. Data Authorities Data authority is the authority to access data contained in an object. This includes the ability to view. Combinations of Object and Data Authorities . press < F4>to prompt on it. This section is designed to help users maintain correct authorities and to understand the authorities on the objects that they own. and transfer ownership of the object. add. for example records in a database file. *DLT provides the authority to remove entries from an object. *UPD provides the authority to change the entries in an object. and add members to database file. move or rename the object. the object authorities must be relaxed correctly to maintain object integrity. save. *ADD provides the authority to add entries to an object. if objects are to be shared or used between users. *OBJOPR provides the authority to look at the description of an object and use the object as determined by the data authority that the user has to the object. *OBJMGT provides the authority to specify the security (grant/revoke object authority). The user with this authority can delete.can make the above CL program your initial program. If you created the source member in a another library. Likewise.

. Object secured by authorization list Object User JOHNDOE Authority *ALL ----Object----Opr X Mgt X Exist X . Changing authorities with EDTOBJAUT We use an example here to illustrate the use of some of the types of authorities discussed above. and object type (*LIB) and press <Enter> . .. . . Object . Fill in the blanks for object. In this example. . . . . *USE provides *OBJOPR authority and data read authority. Type EDTOBJAUT on a command line and press <F4>. Note that the owner of "YOURLIB" has *ALL authority on the object. . *CURLIB *ALRTBL. . *LIBL. . . > *LIB Name Name. : *LIB JOHNDOE . . . First of all. . . . . : Library . we use the "Edit Object Authority". : Type changes to curr ent authorities. press <F11>. i. Edit Object Authority (EDTOBJAUT) Type choices. we want to allow a certain user to copy a member from the file "SRCFILE" which is stored in the library "YOURLIB". . . *LIBL Object type . . : YOURLIB QSYS Object type Owner .Data----------Read X Add X Update Delete X X . In addition to these. . press Enter. . . . They reduce the time required to assign specific authorities to users. . . . . .: *NONE ---------. To see the detail screen as shown below. . . . (Note that your default library. . . . each representing predefined combination of object and data authorities. . *AUTL. . we need to allow the user to have access to the library "YOURLIB". is normally owned by your security officer so you cannot change its authorities). .. . the library that has the same name as your user profile. . . . .These are keywords. . > YOURLIB Library . *EXCLUDE authority prevents the user from accessing the object even if *PUBLIC is authorized. . . *ALL allows the user to perform all authorized operations (object and data) on the object.e. To do that. . . *CFGL. . . users can create customized combinations of object and data authorities. . . . command to edit the authority on "YOURLIB". EDTOBJAUT. *CHANGE provides *OBJOPR authority and all data authority. . library. . . . . press Enter. . . Edit Object Authority Object .

. . (Note: If you want to edit a specific authority. Note that the object authority changes from *USE to USER DEF (meaning a customized authority). . . . Notice that *USE gives the user *OBJOPR and *READ authorities on "YOURLIB". . we need to allow the user access to the file "SRCFILE".) Next. Press <F6> to add the user to the authorization list with *USE authority. . . . > SNDLIB____ User ID: _ User ID . . In the example shown below. . File . . . Fill in the library name. This will allow them to do perform various operations on "SRCFILE" including copying members from the file. . . . "SRCFILE"). "MKTAS400" is the address of the AS/400 at Minnesota State University. object type along with the user you are granting authorities and the respective authority being granted. a message is sent to both the sender and receiver. *DA TA . . . . *FROMFILE_ *FROMFILE. . . Mankato. *LIBL. . . . . . . . . To allow them to copy the entire file (i. . *FIRST Additional Parameters To file type . . . type "X" in the position relating to that authority to grant authority or a space to delete that authority. . . . . .e. *CURLIB Character value Character value Name. Changing Authorities with GRTOBJAUT and RVKOBJAUT To use GRTOBJAUT and RVKOBJAUT type the command and prompt <F4>. *OBJMGT must be granted. Press <Enter> to return to the previous screen. . . To do that. . > SNDFILE___ Library . . Sending and Receiving Network Files Users can send and receive network files to and from each other. . . . type "X" under "Mgt" in the detail screen for that user. the member "SNDMBR" of the physical database file "SNDFILE" (which is contained in the library "SNDLIB") is to be sent to the user "RCV". Use EDTOBJAUT to edit the authority on the file "SRCFILE". . . Type EDTOBJAUT OBJ(YOURLIB/SRCFILE) OBJTYPE(*FILE) or use the prompt to fill in the parameters. . . > SNDMBR____ Name Name. Type in the name of the user and *USE for the object authority. . . At any time press <F1> for more help. . . Send Network File (SNDNETF) Type choices.*PUBLIC *EXCLUDE _ _ _ _ _ _ _ F3=Exit F5=Refresh F11=Nondisplay detail F6=Add new users F12=Cancel F10=Grant with reference object F17=To p F18=Bottom Press <F6> to add a user to the list of users authorized to this object. . . . . . . When the network file arrives at its destination. object name. . > MKTAS400__ + for more values _ Member . The "Send Network File" (SNDNETF) command can be used to send a member of a physical database file (PF-DTA or PF-SRC) to another user. . . press Enter. . > RCV_______ Address . . .

. E. . Member to be received . . To member . B. Receive Network File (RCVNETF) Type choices. . . *FROMMBR. . . library and member names and press <Enter>. . F. > 'SNDFILE'__ Character value . . . . I *NORMAL. C. : User ID/Address . . . . . . Printing Procedure When programs on the AS/400 produce output intended to be printed the material does not go directly to the printer. . . . Instead the output is bundled together with other output in an object . . . . .VM/MVS class . To data base file . . . . . . *ONLY . D. Work with Network Files (WRKNETF) User . G. 1=Receive network file 3=Submit job 4=Delete network file 5=Display physical file member File -------From----------Arrival---Opt File Member Number User ID Addre ss Date __ SNDFILE SNDMBR 1 SENDER MKTAS400 08/26/92 RCV_______ RCV_______ MKTAS400 Time 16:37 F3=Exit F4=Prompt F12=Cancel F5=Refresh F9=Retrieve F11=Display type/records Type 1 in the "Opt" blank in front of the network file to receive and press <F4>to prompt. From file . press Enter. H. . . F3=Exit F4=Prompt F24=More keys F5=Refresh A *NORMAL__ A. . . : Type options. "Library". > 'SNDMBR'__ Character value. . *FROMFILE__ Name. . . . . . . . The following screen will show up. . . Library . . Note that the receiving file must already exist before trying to receive members. *FIRST F10=Additional parameters F24=More keys F12=Cancel F3=Exit F4=Prompt F5=Refresh F13=How to use this display Fill in the "To data base file". *FROMFILE . . . . . . . . *LIBL. . . press Enter. . . *HIGH F12=Cancel F13=How to use this display The receiver will have to run the "Work with Network Files" (WRKNETF) command to inspect their network files. . . *FROMMB R____ Name. . . . . . . Send priority . . . . . and "To member" blanks with the appropriate receiving file. *CURLIB . . *LIBL____ Name. . .

specifying the correct print device name. Pressing the Print Screen key (<Shift><Print Screen>on the PS/2 running PC-Support or <Ctrl>p on the ASCII connections) will generate a spooled file of the current display. the spooled file must be placed on a started writer and second. you should change the "assistance level" for this screen. information on processed records for a database file and abnormal job end conditions. To work with your spooled files on your output queue type WRKSPLF and press <Enter>. Typing 3 in the option field of spooled file in the WRKSPLF screen will keep the spooled file from printing if placed on a printer writer and change the status to *HLD. First. Typing 2 in the option field of spooled file in the WRKSPLF screen will change the spooled file's attributes. The attributes that you will be interested in are the "Print device" and "Save file".called an "output queue" (*OUTQ). There are several ways by which spooled files are generated. Note that if you do a print screen. This screen allows you to do many things with your spooled files. first you must work with your output queue. option 6 in front of the desired member will generate a spooled file that is your program member. This will gives you more features on the screen. you will have to press the <Reset>key to clear the message at the bottom of the screen in order to continue your session. The printer writer names at MSU are: Printer Name PRT01 VAXPRTS2 PS/2 printers Width/Paper 132 Col." To send these spooled files to a printer. two facts must be true. Spooled files should be deleted as soon as they are not needed to reduce clutter in your output queue. . 11" 132 Col. Note: If this is the first time that you are using the WRKSPLF command. By changing the attribute "Print device" from "*OUTQ" to a valid printer (use the WRKWTR command to find out which printers are available).5" Printer Type Line Printer Line Printer Dot Matrix Location Morris Hall MSU ACC MSU ACC Lab Rooms If "Save file" is changed from "*NO" to "*YES" the spooled file will not be deleted after the file has been printed. To do this press <F21>and change the assistance level from "basic" to intermediate". Typing 4 in the option field of spooled file in the WRKSPLF screen will delete the spooled file from your output queue. Moving a Spooled File to a Writer To get a physical copy of a spooled file on your output queue. you will move your spooled file from your output queue to a printer writer. The system automatically generates spooled files in some cases like presenting job log. Try pressing the <F10>or <F11>keys to obtain different views of your spooled files. These sub objects are called "spooled files. change the attributes of the desired spooled file. Here are some: y y y From the WRKMBRPDM display. 11" 132/80 8. then. the spooled file must have a status of released.

More Printing Help For more help on printing type STRSCHIDX <Enter>then type SPOOLED QUEUES <Enter>. Common Problems . This will move us to the correct spool file option field. PC0614S2). Printing to a PS/2 Printer To see which PS/2 printers are available for printing from the AS/400. Also. make sure that the printer is ready for printing. Press <Alt><Esc>on the computer that is attached to the printer to display the status of the printer.e. Type in the name of the printer <Enter>. This will display the spool file. make sure it says "Ready". For the printer to be started. Press 2 <Enter>. The name of the printer is: "PC0" (i. Press the <F5>key. select the "stop" option and then select "start". If the STS (status) is RDY or WTR the printer will print your spooled file. Press <Enter> . Also make sure the printer's status is "ONLINE". If you printed to VAXPRTS2. Typing 6 in the option field of spooled file in the WRKSPLF screen will will release a file that is held to become available to print and will change its status to *RDY. VAXPRTS2 is a printer that is connected to VAX1. This will mark the spool file for displaying. If the status is HLD then release it by typing a 6 in the option field of the spooled file and press <Enter>. This will refresh the screen to show you the current status of your spooled files. Normally you will not be authorized to print to writer PRT01. your printouts can be picked up in the ACC printer area at any time. If not. Make sure that the printer you want to print to has been started. The printer will never say it is started although it actually is.g. This will permit you to change the spool file attributes. Type 5 in the option field. "P" + "C" + zero) + the number of the PS/2 to which the printer is connected + "S2" (e. This will move the file to the printer writer. Press <Enter>.Typing 5 in the option field of spooled file in the WRKSPLF screen will allow you to view your spooled file. Use the <Field EXIT>key or <Tab>to move to the desired spool file. This will allow you to work with your spooled files. type WRKWTR ("Work with Writers"). Step by Step Printing Example Type WRKSPLF { or OQ } Press <Enter>. the PS/2 workstation that is connected to the printer must be signed on to the AS/400. This printer is the system printer. This will bring you back to the work with spool file screen.

DDS and Data Files on the AS/400 Creating a data file The following discussion assumes that you already have a source physical file in your current library. Note: You can also press <Alt><Print Screen>and press <Enter>to display a menu of system requests. The first step is to to reach the 'Work with members using PDM' display. The reader must substitute the appropriate names for source physical file and library. We will continue to use SRCFILE in library YOURLIB for explanation.e. where applicable. loop. The command will clear your objects out regaurdless of the error.Note that the command keys used in this section are those of the PS/2 running PC Support. Press <Enter>. to end the job immediately. type the "Work with Active Jobs" command: WRKACTJOB and press <Enter> . To do this type WRKOBJPDM QRPLOBJ . You can see this information by typing: DSPUSRPRF username. AJ. Stopping Infinite Loops/Ending a Previous Request If you have issued a command and it is taking too long finish it may be an infinite. . endless. In the "How to end" field.) Press <Enter> . can also be used. The locally-defined alias for WRKACTJOB. To end the disconnected job: y y y On a command line. your storage can be used up very quickly. Ending Disconnected Jobs with Infinite Loops If for some reason you have been disconnect from the system while executing an infinite loop request the job may continue to execute. you must clear the *PGM objects from library QRPLOBJ. On the "Work with Active Jobs" display. Out of Storage Quota Errors Depending on the specific class that requires use of the AS/400 there is a maximum storage quota allocated to your user profile. (This is the option on System Request to end a previous request. you may get an error message "Error found on SEU command". To deal with this problem. and then select the appropriate command. You may get an authority problem do to the fact that you do not own all of the object in that library. This can be done by typing WRKMBRPDM YOURLIB/SRCFILE on any command line. This will cause the system to run very slowly. SEU. Because OS/400 retains every version of a *PGM object that results from a compilation. type in *IMMED i. for example. To stop your infinite loop: y y y y Press <Left Ctrl> (this will reset any keyboard errors) Press <Alt><Print Screen>(this sequence is call "System Request") Type 2. type option 4 (End) against the job that is causing the loop and press <F4>to prompt on the option. When you have exceeded (or nearly exceeded) your storage quota and you try to start.

BASP. . BAS. . . . . 6 The Edit display shows up. . . Option .. . you have to start the Source Entry Utility. PF________ C.. . . *LIBL. . . . Name. . . *CURLIB.. C. . The following screen shows up: Start Source Entry Utility (STRSEU) Type choices. *SELECT Name. . . . . . . TESTDATA__ Source type . *BLANK____ *BLANK. ' '. .. . *BLANK. . *PRV Source member . *PRV. . .To create a data file member. Text 'description' . .. .. . *LIBL.. 5.. . . . . . . . .. .. . . . . Name. . . . to create a data file called TESTDATA in the source file SRCFILE in library YOURLIB.Name++++++RLen++TDpB. Press <F4> to invoke the prompter and <F12>to cancel it. . . .. . . . . . *PRV Name. . . . p ress Enter.. *CURLIB. .. . . . For example. BAS. . . . . .. *BLANK____ Text 'description' . Source type . . . . press Enter. 5. *PRV. _________ ____________________________________________ TESTDATA FMT PF .T. . *SELECT Name. . Press <F6> from the 'Work with members using PDM' display or type STRSEU on any command line and press <F4>. . . .00 ****************** End of data **************************************** . fill in the fields as shown: Start Source Entry Utility (STRSEU) Type choices. this type denotes aPhysical File.. . . ... . When the prompter is invoked. . .. Source file . . .. . . . . . BASP. YOURLIB___ *PRV Source member .______ Name. It is convenient to use the prompt facility for defining the DDS source. . *SAME. . 6 *BLANK_________________________________ The Source type for a data file must be specified as PF. SRCFILE___ Library ... *PRV______ __________ *PRV______ *SAME_____ Name. . . .A. . *PRV Name. . . ' '. Your_description_for_the_member_.Functions++++++++++++++++++ *************** Beginning of data ************************************* 0001. . Source file . . . . . . Option . *SAME. . . The prompter helps you to supply the source information in the correct format. 2. . .. the screen looks as shown: Find . Library . . . . ... 2. .

a floating point. . beginning in column 19. Name Type a record format.00 Decimal Positions ___ Use _ Functions ___________________________ F3=Exit F11=Bottom F4=Prompt F12=Cancel F5=Refresh F24=More keys F10=Top An explanation of the different fields shown above follows: The fields marked with * are not commonly used. . or a binary field. Length ______ Data Type _ 0001.Prompt type . Length Type a value to indicate the number of characters in a character field or the number of digits in a numeric field. Name_Type Choose one of the following: Blank Leave the field blank to indicate a field name. F for floating point data. so for normal applications you may conveniently ignore them. Reference (*) Type R in this field to use the reference function to copy attributes of a previously defined named field to the field you are now defining. field. . K Type K in column 17 to indicate a key field name. for Character type the range is 1-32766. Decimal_Positions Type a value from 0 through 31 to indicate the number of decimal positions to the right of the decimal point within a packed decimal. For example. or key field name in this position. . S for zoned decimal data. Data_Type Choose one of the following: A for character data. R Type R in column 17 to indicate a record format name. B for zoned binary data. a zoned decimal. The maximum length allowed is 10 characters. P for packed decimal data. . H for hexadecimal data. Name Type _ Name ____ _ PF Ref _ Sequence number . for Packed decimal the range is 1-31 digits and so on.

. .Use (*) Type B or leave the field blank to indicate a field used for both input and output.. The following screen shows up: Update Data with Temp Program (UPDDTA) Type choices. . and choose option 14 (compile).. Type UPDDTA on any command line and press <F4>. press Enter.. . From the 'Work with members using PDM' display.. . . .. . For more details about exiting SEU refer to the section 'How to exit SEU'. Data base file . This can be done by compiling the member we have just created. position the cursor at member TESTDATA. use the command UPDDTA (Update Data Area).. The DDS source for TESTDATA is shown below. Library . . Otherwise. The member TESTDATA that was just created contains only the definition of the data file and hence our the next step is to actually create the file.00 FIELD2 5P 2 0004. The last line of the member declares FIELD1 to be the key field. Functions (*) Type in keyword entries valid for defining physical files in positions 45 through 80 of this field.00 R RECFMT1 0002. If the compilation is successful. . . and FIELD2 is a packed decimal of length 5 with 2 decimal positions. RECFMT1 is the record format name..... .. FIELD1 and FIELD2. look into your spooled file (WRKSPLF) and identify the problem. .. *CURLIB . There are two fields in the data file..00 K FIELD1 0005. . . ... Loading a data file To load a data file.T. *LIBL.. __________________________________________________________ FMT PF . . .A.01 0001. .00 ****************** End of data **************************************** F3=Exit F10=Top F4=Prompt F11=Bottom F5=Refresh F24=More keys Press <F3>and hit <Enter>to save the member TESTDATA. the file TESTDATA will be created in YOURLIB.Functions++++++++++++++++++ *************** Beginning of data ************************* ************ 0000. Find TST1 ...Name++++++RLen++TDpB. FIELD1 is of character data type with length 10. __________ *LIBL_____ Name Name.00 FIELD1 10A 0003. .

A source physical file must be created (or one already in existence may be used) and a member must be created in the PF-SRC to hold the screens. . . . . . . Starting SDA The first steps in creating a set of screens for a program are the same as those for creating a program source member. To stop the process of loading the data file. . TESTDATA__ YOURLIB__ *FIRST____ Name Name. to populate our file TESTDATA we would fill in the values as shown: Update Data with Temp Program (UPDDTA) Type choices. . . press <F3>and press < Enter>. . This system allows a programmer to "paint" screens and menus used by a program from within a simple editor. Data base file . . *FIRST______ Name. For information on this area. . Choosing the first option brings the following screen: . . . . . and press <Enter>. press Enter. *LIBL. allowing the program to have all the features of the AS/400 user interface without direct programming of the appearance of the interface. . . . .Member . . . or test a design. . . . Screen Design Using SDA To aid in the creation of user interfaces on the AS/400. . . *FIRST Bottom F3=Exit F4=Prompt display F24=More keys F5=Refresh F12=Cancel F13=How to use this Supply the values for the data base file to be loaded and the library it is contained in. issue the command STRSDA (for STaRt SDA) from a command line. . . For example. . . . . . . To create the screen design member. . see the manual for the language of the application source. Library . *CURLIB Name. *FIRST Bottom F3=Exit display F4=Prompt F5=Refresh F12=Cancel F13=How to use this Enter the values for different fields and press Enter>. defining input and output fields and special text attributes. Member . . This section will only cover those aspects of screen design not related to interfacing with applications. . A menu of options will appear which allow you to create a screen. . create a menu. . . These screens may then be called from an application program. . the operating system includes a utility called SDA (Screen Design Aid).

. . ____ ______ F12=Cancel Name. . . . a source file must be provided. . . . . a record name must be given. . Since each member can have several records. Source type . . Finally. . . . Additional records (to be displayed on Work Screen) Source file . .Design Screens Type choices. F4 for Member list DSPF. . . . . . . . Source type . it is necessary to first create one using the "5" option on the "Design option line". . . create object Record . . Member . Blank for default Since no screen design exists yet. Design option . . . . . . F4 for Record list Name Name Name. __________ Work Screen) . F4 for Record list Name Name Name. *LIBL. . . __________ . *CURLIB Name. . it will be created. . . Also. . . . . the screen should look like this: Design Screens Type choices. . . . . _ 1=Select 2=Select 3=Select 4=Select file keywords record keywords subfile keywords subfile control keywords 5=Define screen image (fields) 6=Save DDS source. press Enter. F3=Exit F4=Prompt . . It will default to the proper type for SDA. *LIBL_____ . If the member does not yet exist. Library . . . *CURLIB Name. . . . . and a member specified. (to be displayed on Source file . create object Record . SCREEN1___ __________ SRCFILE___ YOURLIB___ SCRNMBR___ __________ Name. . . . . . . . . press Enter. . . . . . F3=Exit F4=Prompt . Member . . Additional records . Once the information is entered. QDDSSRC___ . Blank for default keywords F12=Cancel The "SOURCE TYPE" field may be left blank. . . with each one given a distinct record name. . . . . . __________ . . *LIBL. . . F4 for Member list DSPF. 5 1=Select file keywords 2=Select record keywords 3=Select subfile keywords 4=Select subfile control 5=Define screen image (fields) 6=Save DDS source. Library . a single screen design member could contain any number of screens. Design option . . . . . .

Pressing <Enter> will bring up the main SDA display. F15=Subfile Prompt Press <F15>to Display a prompt on the bottom row of the Work Screen that allows you to change the subfile line (SFLLIN) and subfile page (SFLPAG) sizes that were in effect for the current record being defined. and remove fields. F12=Cancel Press <F12>to save your work and continue to the Design Screens display. or followed by 3 (input).These options will start SDA on a screen named SCREEN1 in the member SCRNMBR of file SRCFILE in library YOURLIB. shift. type + followed by I (input). <F1> is active on all displays but does not appear in the function key area. or by the length specified in brackets after the first character. This is simply a blank "pasteboard" on which you may place text and fields. copy. The ruler does not interfere with your data. move. such as requesting extended field definition. . F17=Print Press <F17> to Print the current contents of the Work Screen. Press <F14>to remove the ruler. On the Work Screen you can add fields and constants. add a numeric field followed by E (single-precision) or D (double-precision) and press Enter. You can use uppercase or lowercase letters. and add or remove attributes and colors. F10=Database Press <F10> to have the Select Data Base Files display appear. F3=Exit Press <F3> to have the Design Screens display appear. Press <F11>to switch back and forth between the list of selected data base fields and the list of not selected database fields. F14=Ruler Press <F14>to place a vertical and horizontal ruler on the Work Screen where you position the cursor. F11=Switch Press <F11>to display a list of selected database fields on the bottom row of the Work Screen. You indicate the length of a field by the number of characters following +. or B (both) for alphabetic fields. or 9 (both) for numeric fields and press Enter. To add a floating point field. Adding Fields To add a user-defined field. O (output). 6 (output). F4=Prompt Press <F4> to have the Work with Fields display appear. You can also perform additional operations. F6=Condition Press <F6> to have the Condition Work Screen display appear. Using The Work Screen Use the Work Screen to design the display you are creating. place fields you have selected from a database. You can use the following function keys on the Work Screen: F1=Help Press <F1> to show the same information as the help key. Defining fields on the ruler may cause unpredictable results.

You can then type DBCS data between the delimiters. type *DATE or *TIME. Adding Fields from a Data Base File The fields you select from a database file.66 or +6(4. both (input and output). +99. input field with two decimal positions (set by an edit word). alphabetic. and the column heading position and pressing Enter. type ? in front of the field. Press < F12>to return to the Work Screen. the Define Message Constant display appears. appear on the bottom row of the Work Screen. Surround a character string with single quotation marks to define a single constant. The following examples illustrate moving fields to your display: .3)D Double-precision. numeric. Surround several constants with single quotation marks to redefine them as one constant. To work with a MSGCON field. To add a MSGCON (MeSsaGe CONstant) field.2) Four-character. Type constants with single quotation marks to define separate constants for each character string (word) that is followed by a blank. Use a double quotation mark to end one constant and start a new constant while taking up only one position. You move fields from the bottom line to your display by typing & followed by the field number. floating-point field with five significant digits and three decimal positions. if you are in multiple mode. +3. type + followed by M. input. To add system date or time fields. +MMM or +(M3) The Define Message Constant display appears. The fields begin in the position where you type &. Adding Constants To add a new constant or change an existing constant: y y y y y y y y Type a constant.999d or +9(5.The following examples illustrate user-defined fields: +BBB or +b(3) Three-character. +66. both (input and output) field. floating-point field with three significant digits and two decimal positions. 'xxx YYY zzz' Combines three constant fields into one field.33E or +3(3. The following examples illustrate constant fields: 'xxx"YYY' Defines two constant fields. Use the at sign (@) in pairs to delimit a DBCS (Double Byte Character Set) constant. A blank character ends the constant. SDA will replace each pair with a shift in and a shift out pair when you press <Enter>. You cannot use a DBCS insert key on the Work Screen. When you press Enter.2)e Single-precision.

= Type . Adds a column heading to the right of the field. -. Copying.Single Field Mode Mode &&n &L &R &C Symbol Multiple Field Meaning Field Places field. and working with the field keyword displays that appear. and Shifting Fields Reposition fields on the Work Screen by typing one of the following and pressing <Enter>: -. == . Adds a column above the field. &nL Places field. Adds a column heading to the left of the field. &nP Places the column heading the position preceding the field (the attribute byte of the field) and type = where you want the field to appear. &P Adding or Removing Attributes and Colors To add or remove display attributes or colors on the Work Screen. &nR Places field. Left-aligns column heading f or an alphabetic field and right -aligns column heading for a numeric fields. Moving. pressing < Enter>. &nC Places field. Does not add column heading. type one of following commands (in uppercase or lowercase) in the position preceding the field (the attribute byte of the field): Command Add Remove H R S B N U -H -R -S -B -N -U -A Attribute High intensity Reverse image Column separators Blink Nondisplay Underscore Remove all attributes Command Add Remov e CB CG CP CR CT CW -CB -CG -CP -CR -CT -CW -CA Color Blue Green Pink Red Turquoise White Remove all colors You can carry out the above operations by typing * in the position preceding the field (the attribute byte of the field).

You can rename the field by changing the name on the last row. >>> Type <<< in the position preceding the field (the attribute byte of the field). You can change the message number. file. Display field length and description Type ? in the position preceding the field to display field length and text or column heading description on the last row of the Work Screen. type . and over the entire the position preceding the field (the attribute byte of the field) and type == where you want a copy of the field to appear. Date and time keywords Type *DATE or *TIME to define special constants on the display where the system date and time will be automatically substituted. Additional Features Extended field definition Type * in the position preceding the field (the attribute byte of the field) to add field-level attributes and any position preceding the field. == Type . <<<. and library. -.Type . or type >>> after the field (over the first attribute byte). -. Removing Fields Remove fields from the Work Screen by typing one of the following and pressing <Enter>DO NOT use the <Delete>key to delete items on the work screen: Blanks Type a blank in the position preceding the field (the attribute byte of the field).in any position after the last field. Display MSGCON field definition Type ? in the position preceding the field to show the Define Message Constant display. Subfile Field Definition You can define fields for a subfile similar to nonsubfile fields with the following considerations: . and type == where you want a copy of the group of fields to appear. to shift the field left or right as far as the signs extend. D Type D in the position preceding the field (the attribute byte of the field).

. . . . . F3=Exit F12=Cancel . . That file may then be used by user programs. . . . . . . Compiling And Testing Screens Once the screen design is complete and <F3>is pressed. . . . . . . . . . . Library . the file must be compiled before exiting SDA. . .. . . . . . 10 . . Y SRCFILE___ YOURLIB___ SCRNMBR___ Y Y SCRNFIL___ YOURLIB_ __ Y 20 Y QBATCH____ QGPL______ Y=Yes Name Name. press Enter. . . . . . .y y y You can modify fields on the first record of the subfile. Create file if DDS message severity (GENLVL) is less than . . Create display file . . 30 Y=Yes Name Name. . . . . . IF THIS OPTION IS NOT CHOSEN AFTER THE SCREEN DESIGN IS COMPLETE. Library .. .Create Display File Type choices. . . . Using the "6" option for a screen produces the following display: Save DDS . 20. . F4 for list Y=Yes Y=Yes F4 for prompt Name Name. Any field that you define for the subfile will appear the number of times specified by the SFLPAG keyword. . . . . . Choosing the "6" option on the Design Option line saves the source file for the screen and compiles it into a screen file which may be used by a program. . Several screens from a single member can be created before compilation. . This can be accomplished using the "Test Display Files" option from the initial SDA menu. . . . Note that it isn't necessary to save a file after every RECORD created. . It may be advantageous to test screen designs before using them with programs. . . These options will compile all the screen records in member SCRNMBR of file SRCFILE in library YOURLIB to a *FILE object called SCRNFIL in YOURLIB. The screen test program will request the name of a screen and display file (created using the compilation procedure above. . . . . However. .. . . . . . *LIBL . PDM returns to the "Design Screens" menu shown above. . . . . .) followed by a prompt screen for values for the output fields. Replace existing member . *LIBL . Replace existing file . *LIBL . . . Anything you type is assumed to be a definition of the first record. . . (CRTDSPF) Display file .. <F15>is allowed only for subfile records. .. SDA displays the screen with the values supplied. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . To modify the values of the SFLPAG (number of records on the display) and SFLLIN (number of spaces between fields). . . . . . Submit create job in batch . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . Job description . Library . . . . . . . . . . . If create fails. . Source file . . . . . display listing . press < F15>to display the subfile prompt line. Member . Y=Yes Y=Yes 0. THE MODIFICATIONS WILL NOT BE SAVED. Save generated DDS source . .

+ for more values Language level . . . .Debugging Programs on the AS/400 In addition to the utilities provided for creating. . . Called the EPM (Extended Program Model) debugger. .. . . . press Enter. the source program must be compiled with the *DEBUG and *SOURCE options. . . . > TEST______ Name. *PGM . . The source output is also useful as a hardcopy reference while the program is executing. editing. *CURLIB . since the debugger does not list source lines as the program executes. However. To enter the compiler options. . . and compiling programs. . . These will. *NOLIST. . . . . first prompt on the compile option on the Work with Members Using PDM display (or on the CRT___PGM command for the language of the source file) by pressing < F4>(PROMPT) with the "14" (COMPILE) option on the options line of the file you wish to compile. . . . *EXTENDED. . *CHECK. . . this tool allows the user to view and change the values of variables and step through the program by using breakpoints which interrupt program execution and return control to the debugger. . as the compiler adds its own line numbers to the source which will be necessary in referencing specific lines while using the debugger. . Text 'description' . . . . . To specify these options at compilation time. *CURLIB . it is necessary to prompt for more options by pressing <F10>. . . . . . include debugging information in the executable program (so the debugger has access to variable and routine names) and produce a source output listing from the compiler. . . > TEST______ Name . > YOURLIB___ Name. *ANSI83. > YOURLIB___ Name. This source output should be printed before starting the debugger. . F3=Exit F4=Prompt display F24=More keys F5=Refresh *DEBUG____ *SOURCE___ *EXTENDED__ 2046____ F12=Cancel *LIST. Library . . . . the AS/400 provides a facility to aid in the debugging of programs as they are running. *SRCMBRTXT_____________________________ Additional Parameters Compiler options . Starting the debugger Before using the debugger. This will show the initial options screen for the compiler. Program . 256 -32767 F13=How to use this The above example is from a Pascal source member. . Library . *SYSTEM String temporary threshold . . > SRCFILE___ Name . other languages will have similar prompt displays. *LIBL. Source member . . . . . . . . . . . . Source file . . . . . . which reveals the following screen: Create Pascal Program (CRTPASPGM) Type choices. . . . respectively. .. .

Phase 2 (Add Breakpoints) A Breakpoint is a place in a program where the system stops the processing of that program and gives control to the display station user or to a specified program. From the 'Display Break Point' screen. ' addbkp stmt(10 20 30) ' will set the breakpoints at statements 10. This will take you to the command entry screen. you can check the values of the program variables as explained below: y y Press <F10>(command entry) on the 'Display Breakpoint' screen. 3.. The command ADDBKP is used to set breakpoints.) the source listing should be printed and used with the next steps. The program breaks before processing a statement specified as a breakpoint. ===> addbkp stmt(n1 n2 . ===> call YOURLIB/TEST You will notice that the program stops execution when the breakpoint is reached. You may specify 1 to 10 statement numbers where the breakpoint should occur.. After the member has been compiled (assuming there are no errors in compilation. Start the Debugger Add breakpoints Call the program to be debugged and End the Debugger These phases are discussed in detail below: Phase 1 (Start the Debugger) The command to start the debugger is: ===> strdbg YOURLIB/TEST where TEST is the program in library YOURLIB.. the next step is to run the program using the CALL command. 20 and 30. The simplest form of ADDBKP takes the following form: where n1. Using the debugger The process of Debugging essentially consists of four phases: 1. n2 . that you intend to debug.. Pressing <Enter>once all options are entered will submit the compilation. 4. Display the program variables with DSPPGMVAR command: . 2. n10 are the statement numbers where the breakpoint is to occur. n10) Phase 3 (Calling the Program) Once the breakpoints are set. For example.Placing the *DEBUG and *SOURCE options on the "Compiler options" lines will cause the compiler to produce a source listing and place it in the output queue and will include debugging information in the output program.

before you issue any other command. 1.VT-100 to PS/2 (PC Support) Keyboard Mapping . you can check for as many variables as you want to from the command entry screen. save the changes you have made to the SETUP so that you will not have to repeat this setup the next time you use PC-VT. 'Go to SETUP B'. 7. y y Using the above command. This may be done by placing the cursor above each feature switch you wish to change and pressing the 6 key to toggle the switch to the correct value. The command to do it is: ===> enddbg APPENDIX A . This may be confirmed by starting PC-VT and noting the version number on the initial screen or by entering the setup A screen. the blocks of 4 characters at the bottom of the screen. To exit the command entry press <F3>. so that they match those given below. 8. it is very important that you end the Debugger.0 for use with the IBM AS/400 via a port selector connection. You should next set the modem speed to 9600. Ending the Debugger Once you are done with debugging. You should now change the feature switches. 3. This may be done by pressing the S key. 2.0 will not support the cursor keys during an AS/400 session. Start PC-VT and immediately go into the setup by pressing CTRL-F1.===> dsppgmvar VARNAME where VARNAME is the variable name you intend to display. Versions prior to V9. Finally. Feature switch settings: 1 2101 2 0X11 3 0000 4 1110 5 0001 6 0110 7 1X10 8 000X 9 XXXX 0 XXXX 6. 5. This may be done with menu option P. 4. Control is transferred back to the breakpoint. Confirm that your copy of PC-VT is V9.0 Terminal Setup Instruction The following should assist you in setting up PC-VT V9. This may be done with menu option 7.Terminal Setup PC-VT 9. APPENDIX B .0. Next set the data bits to 8 and the stop bits to 2. Press <Enter>to resume execution of the program. or will terminate. You may use the <ESC>key to exit the setup mode and return to the emulator mode from which you may access the port selector. Select option 5. The program will stop at the next breakpoint if any. Select Modem Speed. 9. Select Data/Parity Bits.

so the next time he/she is using education. This facility is set up for the user to work through any topic he/she is interested in. Getting Started . using the bookmark utility to keep track of where the user has left off.Using On-line Education (EDU) Introduction Online education is a facility provided by IBM to assist the user in learning about the AS/400. err.PS/2 Key Nam Micro -Term Key Sequence Typical use <F1><ESC>1 Help <F2><ESC>2 Switch View <F3><ESC>3 Exit <F4><ESC>4 Prompt <F5><ESC>5 Refresh Screen <F6><ESC>6 <F7><ESC>7 Roll Down <F8><ESC>8 Roll Up <F9><ESC>9 Get Previous Cmd <F10><ESC>0 Move to top <F11><ESC> List Toggle <F12><ESC>+ Cancel <F13><ESC>! or <ESC><SHIFT>1 User support <F14><ESC>@ or <ESC><SHIFT>2 <F15><ESC># or <ESC><SHIFT>3 <F16><ESC>$ or <ESC><SHIFT>4 Main menu <F17><ESC>% or <ESC><SHIFT>5 <F18><ESC>+ or <ESC><SHIFT>6 <F19><ESC>& or < ESC><SHIFT>7 Scroll left <F20><ESC>* or <ESC><SHIFT>8 Scroll right <F21><ESC>( or <ESC><SHIFT>9 <F22><ESC>) or <ESC><SHIFT>0 <F23><ESC>_ or <ESC><SHIFT> Scrl Option <F24><ESC>= or <ESC><SHIFT>= Scrl Menu <DEL><DEL> Delete chara cter <Shift><Insert><CTRL>d Duplicate <Enter><RETURN> Send screen <Backspace><ESC>i <Right Ctrl><LINEFEED> or <CTRL>j Field exit <Home><ESC>H <Insert><ESC><DEL> Insert mode <Page up><ESC>u <Page down><E SC>d <Shift><Pt Scn><CTRL>p Print Screen <Tab><TAB> Next field <Shift><Tab><ESC><TAB> Previous field <ESC><ESC>a or <CTRL>a Attention <Alt><F7><ESC>(grave accent) Ins. This facility is self-paced so the user can work the modules when it is convenient. Special Char <ESC><CTRL>w Indicator Toggle <ESC><CTRL>a Refresh screen <Left Ctrl><ESC>r or <CTRL>r Reset term. which gives feedback on how much information the user retained from that module. There is a quiz at the end of most modules. the system will automatically return the user to the place where they left off. <Alt><Pt Scn><ESC>s System Request APPENDIX C .

For the CS175 class. If you forget to get a screen print. Select 5. To exit in the middle of a module press <F3> where this option is available. or a combination of both. At the end of most modules. From any command line type ==>STREDU <Enter> STREDU is an abbreviation for Start Education. Next. This will give you a choice of exiting the module. when you are finished with the quiz. obtain a screen print of the screen that tells you how many you answered correctly on the first try. To check your screen print type WRKSPLF (work with your spool files). 6. type a 2. To display a description about a course select 8 in front of that particular course. 7. Exit online education by pressing a series of <F3>keys until you have reached a command line. Follow the directions and read each screen carefully. to clear this message and continue your session. To see a list of all started printers. there is a quiz. To assign it to a printer. The COMS 175---Command Language audience path is customized for the CS175 class. Type 1 to select one of them <Enter>.1. you can either select 1 to start the first module in the selected audience path of the course or 3 to select any module < Enter>within the selected course. Select 4 to select an audience path for the course <Enter>. which tells you that it has been sent to the default printer device. There are several courses in online education but the most useful ones in terms of using the AS/400 are: o Tutorial Support System o Facilities and Implementation o Application Design and Development Tools Type 1 to select the desired course <Enter>. At the Printer to use prompt. 4. type the name of the printer you would like to send your printout to and press <Enter>. 2. Select course <Enter> 3. This will change the status from not assigned to a printer. you need to go through the quiz again to get to that screen. To Obtain a Screen Print Press the <SHIFT>and PRINT SCREEN key (towards the upper right hand corner of your keyboard) at the same time. Your most recent screen print will be located at the bottom of the list and it will be titled QSYSPRT. When the screen has been captured you will see a message at the bottom of your screen. Press the <Reset>(at the bottom left hand corner of the keyboard). press <F4>on this line. and press <Enter>. change. exiting and setting a bookmark. You can select all modules or one of the listed categories. to assigned to a printer. exiting and marking it complete or go to a topic/subtropic menu for the module. This can consist of questions from the module or examples that you walk through. This will give you a list of all started printers and from here you can select one by typing a 1 on . 5.

DSPMSG Check spool file to see if any Fatal errors or warnings. 0. see the section "Printing Procedure" in this manual. Look for error and statement number. C.CRTSRCPF 3. some more appropriate than others depending on the situation. 2. o Does program need other programs . If there are any warnings determine if they are important and if deemed so go to step III and correct. Compile the source member to attain object and compiled. Choose option 5 . Press <Enter> to select this printer. 4. 2. For more information on printing. o Option 14 from the PDM lines.if so create or attain them. BAS. 2. Work in program development manager  STRPDM  WRKLIBPDM  WRKOBJPDM  WRKMBRPDM 3. o CRT___PGM . o Does program need data files . Press <Enter>again to accept this printer. Log in.. Correct error. 0.create a member. Go to step III. various ways of doing essentially the same thing are shown under each outline heading.CRTLIB 2. Note if there are any warnings or errors or fatal errors. Wait for compilation to complete.the line before the desired printer.How to program on an AS/400 The following outline details the basic steps of program development on the AS/400. Start source entry utility .. PAS. etc. 1. Execute the program. Type source into physical file member. APPENDIX D . Create a library (optional) . Since there may be multiple ways to complete a task. WRKSPLF 1.STRSEU 2. In PDM: <F6> .where ___ can be CBL. You will return to the screen where you pressed <F4>. 1. PAS. o CALL library/programname o Option 16 from a WRKOBJPDM screen. Move cursor to error description . If there are errors or fatal errors go to to step III and correct. 4.if so create or attain. Create a source physical file (optional) . Page to bottom of file. spool file. 5. Setup area for source 1. 4. Cross reference statement number with source line number with spool file WRKSPLF 3. If program gives a run-time error. Display message to see if completed successfully .. . 3.DISPLAY.hit <F1> (help) 1. Check for dependencies.

Log off. After you have completed this form send it in the campus mail to: AS/400 Staff Computer Services Box 45 Today's Date: Your Name: Your Phone No. Mankato © 1992. Be sure to print your name and address below if you would like a reply. appearance) or make suggestions for improvement. or if you want to express your opinion about it (such as organization.1995 Last modified: Thu Sep 18 00:28:14 CDT 2003 Jeffrey Hundstad .: Your Address: Your Comments: Version 2.06 Copyright Minnesota State University. this is the form to use. subject matter. If you have found errors in it. Reader's Comments Use this form to tell us what you think about this manual.

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