# Question Part I Cakes come in a variety of forms and flavours and are among favourite desserts served during

special occasions such as birthday parties, Hari Raya, weddings and etc. Cakes are treasured not only because of their wonderful taste but also in the art of cake baking and cake decorating. Find out how mathematics is used in cake baking and cake decorating and write about your findings.

Answer: Geometry – To determine suitable dimensions for the cake, to assist in designing and decorating cakes that comes in many attractive shapes and designs, to estimate volume of cake to be produced

Calculus (differentiation) – To determine minimum or maximum amount of ingredients for cake-baking, to estimate min. or max. Amount of cream needed for decorating, to estimate min. or max. Size of cake produced.

Progressions – To determine total weight/volume of multi-storey cakes with proportional dimensions, to estimate total ingredients needed for cake-baking, to estimate total amount of cream for decoration

Further Exploration
Answer: Height, h of each cake=6cm radius of largest cake =31 cm radius of 2nd cake = 10% smaller than 1st cake radius of 3rd cake = 10% smaller than 2nd cake and so on...

31,27.9, 25.11, 22.599 a=31, r=9/10 V=(3.142)r2h

Radius of 1st cake=31, volume of 1st cake=(3.1420)(312)(6)=18116.772 Radius of 2nd cake= 27.9, volume of 2nd cake=14674.585 Radius of 3rd cake=25.11, volume of 3rd cake=11886.414 Radius of 4th cake=22.599, volume of 4th cake=9627.995

18116.772,14674.585,11886.414,9627.995, ...

a=18116.772, ratio,r=T2/T1=T3/T2=...=0.81

b) Use Sn= (a(1 - r n)) / (1 - r), Sn= 57000, a = 18116.772 and r = 0.81

To find n:

57000 = (18116.772(1 – (0.81)n)) / (1 - 0.81)1 – 0.81 n= 0.597790.40221 = 0.81nlog0.810.40221 = nn = log 0.40221 / log 0.81n = 4.322 Therefore, n≈4

Verifying the answer: When n = 5:S5= (18116.772(1 – (0.81)5)) / (1 – 0.81) = 62104.443 > 57000 (Sn> 57000, n = 5 is not suitable) When n = 4:S4= (18116.772(1 – (0.81)4)) / (1 – 0.81) = 54305.767 < 57000 (Sn< 57000, n = 4 is suitable)

Reflection
In the making of this project, I have spent countless hours doing this project. I have now realised the importance of this subject. When doing this project, I was very amazed to see how additional mathematics is applied in daily life using various ways. I also find additional mathematics a very useful tool for solving problems that occur in daily life. I also admire very much the challenges present in this subject and I relish the process of overcoming it. I have realised now that additional mathematics is in fact compulsory to me as without it I won't be able to realise my dreams and aspirations in life. Futhermore, solving additional mathematics problems is a good exercise for my brain and it can help my brain to be more active and intellegent.