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DEGREE INSTRUMENTATION AND CONTROL ENGINEERING

**SYLLABUS FOR CREDIT BASED CURRICULUM
**

(For students admitted in 2008 & 2009)

DEPARTMENT OF INSTRUMENTATION AND CONTROL ENGINEERING NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY TIRUCHIRAPPALLI - 620 015 INDIA

SEMESTER - III

CODE

MA209

COURSE OF STUDY

Mathematics III Sensors and Transducers Circuit Theory Electron Devices Thermo Dynamics and Fluid Mechanics Material Science Thermo Dynamics and Fluid Mechanics Laboratory Circuits and Devices Laboratory

L

3 3 3 3 4 3 0 0

T

1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0

P

0 0 0 0 0 0 3 3

C

4 3 3 3 4 3 2 2

**IC 201 IC 203 IC 205
**

CE 283 MT 211 CE 285

IC 207

_____________________

Total

19 1 6 24 ___________________

SEMESTER - IV

CODE

MA202

COURSE OF STUDY

Numerical Methods Signals and Systems Industrial Instrumentation-I Analog Electronic Circuits Digital Techniques Electrical and Electronic Measurements Sensors and Transducers Laboratory Electronic Circuits Laboratory

L

3 3 3 3 3 3 0 0

T

0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0

P

0 0 0 0 0 0 3 3

C

3 3 3 3 3 3 2 2

IC 202 IC 204 IC 206 IC 208 IC 210 IC 212 IC 214

_____________________

Total

18 0 6 22 ___________________

Department of Instrumentation and Control Engineering

2

SEMESTER - V

CODE

IC 301 EC 317 IC 303 IC 305 IC 307 IC 309 IC 311 IC 313

COURSE OF STUDY

Industrial Instrumentation-II Principles of Communication Systems Microprocessors and Microcontrollers Analog Integrated Circuits Digital Signal Processing Control Systems Analog Integrated Circuits Laboratory Microprocessor and Microcontrollers Lab

L

3 3 3 3 3 3 0 0

T

0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0

P

0 0 0 0 0 0 3 3

C

3 3 3 3 3 3 2 2

_____________________

Total

18 0 6 22 ____________________

SEMESTER - VI

CODE

IC 302 IC 304 IC 306 IC 308 CS 320 IC 310 IC 312 IC 35X

COURSE OF STUDY

Modern Control Theory Process Control Product Design and Development (T) MEMS and Nanotechnology Computer Networks Interfacing Laboratory Control Engineering Laboratory Elective – 1

L

3 3 2 3 3 0 0 3

T

0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0

P

0 0 3 0 0 3 3 0

C

3 3 2 3 3 2 2 3

_____________________

Total

17 0 9 21 ____________________

Department of Instrumentation and Control Engineering

3

2 Elective . Department of Instrumentation and Control Engineering 4 .VII CODE IC 401 IC 403 HM 401 COURSE OF STUDY Logic and Distributed Control Systems Analytical Instrumentation Industrial Economics Biomedical Instrumentation Product Design and Development (P) Instrumentation Laboratory Process Control Laboratory Comprehensive Examination Elective .VIII CODE IC 402 MB 790 IC 45X IC 45X IC 498 COURSE OF STUDY Opto-Electronics and Laser based Instrumentation Management Concepts and Practices Elective – 4 Elective – 5 Project Work L 3 3 x x 0 T 0 0 x x 0 P 0 0 0 0 18 C 3 3 3 3 6 ____________________ Total (6+x) x 18 18 ___________________ The total minimum credits required for completing the B.Tech. programme in Instrumentation and Control Engineering is 134 + 45 = 179.3 L 3 3 3 3 0 0 0 0 x x T 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 x x P 0 0 0 0 3 3 3 0 0 0 C 3 3 3 3 2 2 2 3 3 3 IC 405 IC 407 IC 409 IC 411 IC 447 IC 45X IC 45X _____________________ Total (12+x) x 9 27 ___________________ SEMESTER .SEMESTER .

ELECTIVE LIST CODE Elective .1: COURSE OF STUDY L T P C IC 352 IC 354 IC 356 IC 358 Power Electronics Data Structures and Algorithms Neural Networks and Fuzzy Logic Control Embedded Systems 3 3 3 3 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 3 3 3 3 Electives .2 & 3: IC 451 IC 453 IC 455 IC 457 IC 459 IC 461 IC 463 IC 465 IC 467 IC 469 EC 451 EC 453 CS 451 Automotive Instrumentation and Control Virtual Instrumentation Optimization Techniques Digital Control Systems Robotics Sensor Networks Micro System Design Advanced Process Control Smart Materials and Systems Nonlinear Control Image Processing ARM System Architecture Principles of Cryptography 3 2 3 3 3 3 2 3 3 3 3 3 3 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2 0 0 0 0 2 0 0 0 0 0 0 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 Department of Instrumentation and Control Engineering 5 .

Electives .4 & 5: IC 452 IC 454 IC 456 IC 458 IC 460 Power Plant Instrumentation and Control System Identification Fault Detection and Diagnosis Piping and Instrumentation Diagrams Computational Techniques in Control Engineering 3 2 3 2 3 0 0 0 0 0 0 2 0 2 0 3 3 3 3 3 IC 462 IC 464 EC 308 EC 454 CS 357 Uncertainty Analysis in Engineering Probability and Computing VLSI Systems Display Systems Network Multimedia Systems 3 3 3 3 3 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 3 3 3 3 3 SUBJECTS OFFERED TO OTHER DEPARTMENTS IC 216 IC 218 IC 220 IC 315 IC 317 IC 423 IC 425 Instrumentation and Control Control Systems Instrumentation and Control Laboratory Mechatronics Mechatronics Laboratory Instrumentation Systems Instrumentation Laboratory Department of Instrumentation and Control Engineering 6 .

R. Ross. Hoffman. Kreyszig. John Wiley. Heaviside function. Kumaresan. 2003. Probability – Introduction.Reflections and Orthogonal maps of the plane Orthogonal complements and Projections. Quadratic. mathematical expectation.Systems of Linear Equations. Basis and Dimension . Hermitian. normal and log normal. E. variance. Prentice Hall of India. Subspaces.M. Baye’s theorem. elementary theorems. Rev. Weibull. convolution theorem. Standard probability models: Binomial. Linear Algebra – Vector spaces. Prentice Hall of India. Independent random variables and conditional density functions. central limit theorem. conditional probability. 2nd Edition. ISBN. S. inverse Laplace transformation. Inequalities of Chebyshev’s . Bilinear. K.. 2006.“Linear Algebra: A Geometric Approach”. probability density function. probability mass function. Poisson.. 2.“Linear Algebra”.Orthogonality . Dirac-delta function. Elsevier. “Introduction to Probability and Statistics for Engineers and Scientists”.8120316282. ISBN-1428814078. S. Inner Product spaces . solutions to ordinary differential equations. Text Books: 1.. axioms of probability. moment and moment generating function. Linear Transformations . “Advanced Engineering Mathematics”. Discrete and continuous random variables: Cumulative distribution function. Department of Instrumentation and Control Engineering 7 . and SkewHermitian forms. exponential.Kernel and Image .Geometric Ideas. 1992.MA 209 MATHEMATICS III Laplace Transformation: Definition. Reference Books: 1. mean.. properties. one-sided and two sided transformation. 2.Orthonormal basis . 2nd Edition. Initial value and final value theorems. 2005. and Kunze.

Artech House.Application and Design”. Department of Instrumentation and Control Engineering 8 . “Sensors and Transducers”. Singapore. Fibre optic sensor. New Delhi. photoelectric transducers. Murthy D. Neubert H. S.M. Statistical analysis of measurement data.An Introduction to their Performance and Design”. 4th Edition. Basics of Gyroscope. V.. Sze. “Principles of Measurement Systems”.K. 1994.O. 2nd Edition. 2003. 2003. Variable resistance transducers: Potentiometers. proximity detectors. Ltd. “Transducers and Instrumentation”. Digital displacement sensors. 1999. Waldemar Nawrocki. 1995 2. Prentice Hall India Pvt.Transformer type.P. Seismic instrument and accelerometers. Bentley. 3. Reference Books: 1. Semiconductor sensor and Smart sensors. “Semiconductor sensors”. 2. Pearson Education. transducer classification. “Measurement Systems . “Measurement Systems and Sensors”.IC 201 SENSORS AND TRANSDUCERS General concepts and terminology of measurement systems. New York. 3rd Edition. Oxford University Press. Inductive transducers. tacho generators and stroboscope. Standards and Calibration. “Instrument Transducers . synchros. strain gauge applications: Load and torque measurement. Prentice Hall. 2005. Text Books: 1. metal and semiconductor strain gauges and their signal conditioning circuits. S. 2000. static and dynamic characteristics of a measurement system. McGraw-Hill. general inputoutput configuration. 3. Doebelin E. Cambridge. Piezoelectric transducers and their signal conditioning. Magnetostrictive transducers. eddy current transducers. Hall effect sensors. John P.. Patranabis. capacitive transducers. John Wiley & Sons Inc. 4. 2nd Edition.

RL. Models of physical systems. Network functions . Reciprocal and symmetric networks. Circuit elements. A. scaling Network functions. Network Synthesis: Properties of RC. Principle of linearity. Element and Circuit rules. hybrid parameters. Analysis of ladder network. Causality. Sinusoidal steady state response of circuits. Circuit analysis using phasors. New Delhi. Three phase circuits. Solution of A.port networks. Oxford Univ. 1993. Conditions for existence of networks. Hurwitz polynomials. Joseph.C. 2005. image impedance. “Engineering Circuit Analysis”. 2nd Edition. 3. D. “Linear Circuit Analysis”. OUP Indian Edition 2003. Department of Instrumentation and Control Engineering 9 .A.. 4th edition.W. Transient Response: Application of Laplace transforms to circuit analysis.J. 2. State variables. DeCarlo. 3rd Edition. 1997. “Networks and Systems”. India. Power and energy calculations.Roy Chaudhry. positive real functions. Van Valkenburg. New Delhi. A. Mahmood Nahvi. impedance and admittance parameters. 1998. Mesh analysis. & Lin. Star-Delta Transformations. steady state network equations using complex frequency concept. 5th edition. RL. McGraw Hill International. Edminister. Synthesis of networks from given transfer functions. Resonance. R. Generalized Frequency Response: One. Circuits with inductors. Source transformations. “Theory and Problems of Electric Circuits – Schaum’s outline series”. Ramakalyan. Impedance and admittance. Network theorems and applications. and Kemmerly. and RLC circuits. Nodal analysis. Complex Frequency. McGraw Hill.IC 203 CIRCUIT THEORY Circuit Analysis Techniques: Lumped circuits.poles and zeros of network functions. and LC driving point functions. Magnitude and phase. Reference Books: 1. Stability. Hayt. 3. Source-free and Step response of RC. New York. “Network Analysis”..E. “Linear Circuits: Analysis & Synthesis”. Transfer functions. Network topology. Circuits with capacitors. Sinusoidal Response: Behavior of elements with sinusoidal signals. Circuits with controlled (dependent) sources.H. 2003..port and two. 2. Press. Realizability of one port networks. Prentice Hall. ABCD parameters. Time-constant. New Age International Publishers. Text Books: 1.

PHI. Transistor current components. Photo diode. Current amplification .A. 3rd Edition. “Semiconductor and Electronic Devices”. BJTs: Basic BJT theory. SPICE BJT model.Lowe. Contact potential. 2.Macdonald and A. Zener diodes.Bar-Lev. MOSFET as an amplifier and as a switch. Different modes of operation and configurations. V-I characteristics. Text Books: 1. Kronig – penny model. Bipolar transistor switch. Department of Instrumentation and Control Engineering 10 . 1993. 3. 1997. Carrier concentration.Eshraghian. Current – voltage characteristics. Equivalent circuits. TRIAC. LED. Continuity equation. Triggering.Pucknell & K. MOSFET circuits at DC. Photo-cell transistors. Hetero junctions.C. A. Punch through and other breakdown mechanisms. SPICE MOSFET model. P-N junction diodes: P-N junction diodes. Irwin. Conductivity. 2003.G. 2002. Charge densities. CMOS structure. Current components. Depletion type MOSFET. Power devices: Thyristor family – UJT.M. 1995. 2nd Edition. “Solid state devices”. MOSFETs: Device structure and physical operation. D. Reference Books: 1. John Wiley and Sons. 1996. Metal semiconductor contacts. Intrinsic and extrinsic semiconductors. 3rd Edition. “Basic VLSI Design”.Neamen. Ebers – Moll model and Gummel – Poon model of BJTs. IGBTs and GTOs fabrication and V-I characteristics. Wiley. D. MOSFET internal capacitance and high frequency model. Breakdown diodes. B. Forward and reverse biased junctions.Streetman. “Semiconductor Devices. Fermi level in semiconductors. DIAC – operation and V-I characteristics. Carrier life time. Varactor diode. L. PHI. CCDs. BiCMOS operation. Diffusion. Schottky diode. Small signal model. E-K relation. Hot electron devices.Sze. Transition and diffusion capacitance. Impurity doping. S.A. 4th Edition. Power diodes. Hall effect and its applications. SPICE diode model. operation. Physics and Technology”. 2. “Display Systems: Design and Applications”. Transferred electron devices. SCR. Photo-voltaic effect. power transistors. Transistor . PHI. “Semiconductor physics and devices”. 3. 2nd Edition.IC 205 ELECTRON DEVICES Semiconductor: Different semiconductor materials.

reversibility. 4th Edition. New York. Heat engines: Otto. Laminar flow – Losses – Hagen-Poiseuille equation . 2. McGraw Hill. Zemansky. second law statements. Reference Books: 1. Streeter V.L. Bernoulli’s equation and its application.G. and Wylie E. Department of Instrumentation and Control Engineering 11 . 2nd Edition. Ideal fluid – velocity field – stream line. “Heat and Thermodynamics” 7th edition . Bogles. 2.Turbulent pipe flow – friction Darcy weisbach equation – moody’s diagram. 2nd Edition. John Wiley & Sons. “Fundamentals of classical Thermodynamics”. properties of pure substances. 3. 1995. “Thermodynamics”. “Fluid Mechanics”.B. Rankine cycle. Micheal Boles. manometers.H. ShamesI.Y.etal. Text Books: 1. Eulers equations of motion. 1992. diesel and dual cycles. 1997 ISBN 0070625379. Van Wylen. Stirling and Ericson cycles.. inter cooling and reheat..M. McGraw Hill. 9th edition . “Mechanics of Fluids”. Fluid statics. 1994.K. steady flow processes. properties of ideal gas. Third Edition. reheat and regenerative cycle. McGraw Hill Book Company. Cengal. McGraw Hill. Classification of fluids and their physical properties. New York.. 1997. streak line and path line. Dimensional analysis – Rayleigh’s method – Buckinghan Theorem and its applications.. continuity equation – Rotational and irrotational motion. zeroth law. quasi-static process. Tata McGraw Hill. minor losses – Boundary layer and its basic concepts. stream function and potential function.. 4. Available energy: Availability and irreversibility. 1994.. work and heat interactions.A. Clausius inequality.A. Carnot theorem. Classification of open channel flows – measurement of discharge using rectangular and V notches.CE 283 THERMO DYNAMICS AND FLUID MECHANICS Basic concepts: Thermodynamic equilibrium. Nag. phase equilibrium diagrams.A. pressure on submerged bodies.P. New York. Brayton cycle with regeneration. entropy principle. first law for a cycle and a process. Joule-Thompson effect. “Engineering Thermodynamics”.

polymorphism and allotropy. Van Vlack.MT 211 MATERIAL SCIENCE Introduction to crystal structure of materials. elastic and plastic behavior. Mechanism of photon absorption. opacity and translucency in materials Absorption. Addison – Wesley Singapore. Miller indices for crystallographic planes and directions. New Delhi. 6th Edition. conduction in terms of band and atomic bonding models. Callister W. paramagnetic. Prentice Hall. diamagnetic. the Gibbs phase rule. isotropy and anisotropy with respect to material properties. 2005. Electrical properties of polymers. Phase diagrams. “Materials Science and Engineering: An introduction”. heat capacity. refraction.D. Ferro electricity and Piezoelectricity. mono component and binary systems.Smith and J. strengthening mechanisms and fracture. Magnetic properties. 1998 3. fatigue and creep. ferromagnetic materials and their applications. Environmental effect on materials. sensors.. Dieelectric behavior. thermal expansion.R. 6th Edition. anelasticity. Timetemperature-transformation curves and their applications. Text Books: 1. Mechanical properties of materials. Selection of specific materials required for instrumentation devices. density computations. Askeland D. 2nd Edition. “ Elements of Materials Science and Engineering”. Mc Graw Hill. W.Hashemi. 1989 2. London. pumps. 1989 Reference Books: 1. opacity and translucency in materials. John Wiley & Sons Inc. United States. Defects in solids: point. Superconductivity in materials Optical properties of materials: Absorption. Raghavan V. pipelines and coatings. LH. “ The Science and Engineering of Materials”. Intrinsic and extrinsic semiconductors. anti-ferromagnetic. X-ray diffraction for determination of crystal structure. Zone refining for purification of materials. Thermal properties. Influence of temperature on magnetic characteristics of materials.F. Synthesis and growth of Group-III-V compounds and their applications. Electrical properties of materials: electron energy band structures for solid materials. New York 2002 2. “Foundations of Materials Science and Engineering”. valves. transmission. Chapman and Hall.. 4th Edition. stress-strain relationship. refraction. reflection. reflection. thermal conductivity and thermal stresses. ferro magnetic. the temperature variation of conductivity and carrier concentration. transmission. line and planar defects and their effect on properties of materials. Department of Instrumentation and Control Engineering 12 . Development of micro structure – equilibrium and non equilibrium cooling. Interpretation of phase diagrams. the iron-carbon system. “ Materials Science and Engineering – A first course” 5th Edition.

Determination of minor losses 5. Study of steam power plant Fluid Mechanics: 1. Test on Air conditioning system 6. Viscosity index of lubricant 7. Determination of pipe friction 2. Centrifugal pump 6. COP in compression refrigerator cycle 5. Determination of volumetric efficiency on Diesel engine and Two stage reciprocating Air compressor 4. Gear pump 9. Screw pump Department of Instrumentation and Control Engineering 13 . Determination of discharge coefficients for notches 4. Morse test on multi-cylinder petrol engine 3. Calibration of flow meters – Venturimeter and Orifice meter 3. Performance test on Petrol and Diesel Engines with Mechanical and Electrical Dynamometers 2.CE 285 THERMO DYNAMICS AND FLUID MECHANICS LABORATORY Thermodynamics: 1. Jet pump 8. Submersible pump 7.

Volt-ampere characteristics of semi conductor diode and zener diodes. Step response of RC and RL circuits. Y and h parameters of a two port network. Characteristics of FET. Currents and voltages in unbalanced and balanced star and delta circuits. 11. Verification of Circuit theorems. Department of Instrumentation and Control Engineering 14 . Transistor characteristics – CE.IC 207 CIRCUITS AND DEVICES LABORATORY 1. Frequency response of a second order circuit 4. Resonance. Characteristics of UJT. 6. Transfer function of simple R. L. 12. 9. 7. 5. 2. C circuits from frequency response characteristics. Determination of Z. Transistor characteristics – CB. 8. 10. 3.

Solution of nonlinear equation . Thilagavathy.solution of one dimensional heat flow equation . John Weily & Sons.Solution of one dimensional wave equation. Jain.y) = 0.K. Numerical Solution of Ordinary Differential Equations.Euler's modified method Taylor's method and Runge-Kutta method for simultaneous equations and 2nd order equations Multistep methods . P.Graeffe's method . Department of Instrumentation and Control Engineering 15 .MA202 NUMERICAL TECHNIQUES Solution of linear system . Wiley Eastern.Schmidt recurrence relation .R.Crank .F.. “Numerical Methods”... Text Books: 1. 2003.Crout's method . ISBN 0471575234 Reference Books: 1.sufficient conditions for convergence . S.Gaussian elimination and Gauss-Jordan methods . 3rd edition. S. 1st Edition. S. g(x.Bender . backward and divided difference interpolation – Lagrange’s interpolation – Numerical Differentiation and Integration – Trapezoidal rule – Simpson’s 1/3 and 3/8 rules .. Addison Wesley.NewtonRaphson method for f(x) = 0 and for f(x. 2.Method of least squares and group averages.LU . Computer based exercises are recommended in all units.Horner's method . “Numerical Methods for Scientific and Engineering Computation”.. and Wheatley. Introductory methods of Numerical Analysis. Newton’s forward. “Applied Numerical Analysis”.Milne's and Adams’ methods. and Jain. PHI.Bisection method . Chand and Company.Curve fitting . K.Power method to find the dominant eigen value and eigen vector. R.S.. Gerald.O. Applied Numerical Method for Engineers. Terrence J Akoy.Regula falsi method . M. P.K.Bairstow's method.. C.decomposition methods .y) = 0 . 3.Nicolson method . Iyengar.Jacobi and Gauss-Seidel iterative methods .Sastry.Euler's method . and Gunavathy. ISBN 812031266X 2.Order of convergence .Secant method . Kandasamy. Numerical solution of Laplace equation and Poisson equation by Liebmann's method .

Pearson Education Asia. properties of Discrete Fourier Transform. Chesmond. Tranter W. Representation of signals in terms of elementary signals. Viva Books. 1998. 2. condition for orthogonality. “Signals and Linear Systems”. convergence of Ztransform.E. classification of signals. mathematical model for systems. ISBN 100195156617. properties of cross correlation functions. Reference Books: 1.time signals. Cambridge. 1997. Sampling theorem. Introduction to systems. white noise. properties of systems. Impulse response of a physical system. Wilsky and Nawab. India.correlation between input and output.H. Wilson. 2004. 1999.. analysis in the frequency domain.R and McGillem C. 2nd Edition. “Signals and Systems”. evaluation of system frequency response. 3. John Wiley and Sons. classification of systems. Oppenheim. New Delhi. 3.. Prentice Hall. Department of Instrumentation and Control Engineering 16 . relation of spectral density to autocorrelation function. 3rd Edition. auto correlation function. 1998. Singapore. Calculation of simple transforms. properties of auto correlation function. and Fannin D.Chen.A. step and impulse functions. Auto correlation function of system output. power spectrum. 3rd Edition. numerical convolution. Text Books: 1. “Signals and Systems”. Oxford University Press. Spectral density. “Probabilistic Methods of Signals and System Analysis”. system function. cross correlation functions. 3rd Edition. & Lepla “Advanced Control System Technology”. system impulse response and convolution integral.IC 202 SIGNALS AND SYSTEMS Introduction to signals and systems: Introduction to signals.R.T. representation of signals by elementary sinusoids. mean and mean square value of system output. Z-transform. generation of pseudo-random binary noise. normal form of system equations. Ziemer R. Fourier series representation.D. measurement of auto correlation function. New York. application of autocorrelation functions. transformation of independent variable.A. 1987. Oxford University Press. “Systems and Signal Analysis”. energy spectrum. Fourier Transform. cross.. inversion of Z-transform . properties of Z-transform. 4th Edition. analysis of linear systems in time domain using white noise.time and discrete. Discrete Fourier Transform (DFT). Gabel R. initial conditions. India. introduction to convolution. ISBN-8176490326. Statistical Signal Analysis: Classification of random signals. sum of random processes. and Robert R. C. 2. basic continuous. applications of Z-transform. Cooper G.

Pneumatic and suction pyrometers. “Applied Instrumentation in Process Industries – A survey”. 4. pneumatic transmitter-force balance type. thermocouple burn out detection and high temperature measurement methods. Liptak B. I/P and P/I converters. construction. definition of terms. Doebelin E. laws of thermocouple. Tata McGraw Hill. 5th Edition.. 2001 Department of Instrumentation and Control Engineering 17 . Chilton Book Company. integrated circuit sensors. Text Books: 1. cold junction compensation techniques. radiation thermometer types. construction requirements for industry. Vol I & Vol II. Viscometer selection and application. remote reading thermometers.O. definitions. fluidic sensors. 2. spectroscopic temperature measurements. Butterworth Heinemann. Thermistors.I Introduction to industrial instrumentation: Temperature and heat. 1999. 2nd Edition. “Process Measurement and Analysis”. diode type sensors. units.bulb and glass stem thermometers. Temperature measurement: Resistance temperature detector (RTD). Andrew W. Radnor. mechanical type instruments. classification. Noltingk B. 1995.G. torque balance type. related accessories. McGraw Hill. 3. Radiation measurement: Radiation thermometers. New York. filled. measuring circuits. Reference Books: 1. thermograph. liquid density measurement. linearization methods and applications. Singapore. its application and selection. ultrasonic thermometers. measuring circuits. general form of radiation measurement system. Houston. signal conditioning for radiation thermometers. bimetallic thermometers. measuring circuits. Considine.IC 204 INDUSTRIAL INSTRUMENTATION .E. “Process / Industrial Instruments & Controls Handbook”. Thermocouples: Thermoelectric effects. “Measurement Systems: Application and Design”. temperature switches and thermostats. 2. pressure measuring standards. 4th Edition. Newtonian and Newtonian behavior. thermocouple types.G. Pennsylvania. 4th Edition. installation and protection. Measurement of density. Temperature sensor selection and applications. Gulf Publishing Company. 2003. two wire and four wire transmitters. temperature scales. Patranabis D. Pressure measurement basics. manufacturing techniques. sensor calibrators and simulators. principle and types. principle and sensor types. New Delhi. electromechanical type. Johnson noise thermometer. low pressure measurement. 2nd Edition. gas densitometers. McGraw Hill. units. “Principles of Industrial Instrumentation”. 2003. measurement of viscosity using laboratory viscometers. Transmitter definition. introduction. “Instrumentation Reference Book”. Douglas M. industrial viscometers. Measurement of viscosity: definitions. definitions. photo electric radiation thermometers. selection and application. 1997.

1992. CG and CB amplifiers with active loads. Non ideal characteristics of differential amplifier. Department of Instrumentation and Control Engineering 18 . IC biasing. 3. Four basic feedback topologies.Schilling and C. 3rd Edition. 2002. class AB output stages. High frequency model for MOSFET and BJT. Tata McGraw Hill. Biasing MOS and BJT amplifiers. D. Single stage MOS amplifiers and BJT amplifiers. Filter circuits. 3.Smith. Pearson. Single stage integrated circuit amplifiers: Comparison of MOSFET and BJT. India. Two stage amplifiers using MOS and two stage amplifiers using BJT. High frequency response of CS and CE amplifier. High frequency response. Sinusoidal oscillators: General feedback structure. Differential and multi stage amplifiers: MOS differential pair and its small operation. Loop gain. David A. 2. Output stages and power amplifiers: Class A. Belove. 2. “Electronic Circuits”. Oxford University Press.Spencer and Mohammed S.Bell. Pearson. Grabel. Basic principle of sinusoidal oscillators. Millman and A. Cascode amplifier. Boylestad. Properties of negative feedback. A. R.C. Text Books: 1. Special Diode types. 1987. “Microelectronics circuits”. BJT differential pair. 2003. “Electronic Devices and Circuit Theory”. Robert L. Small signal operation and models for MOSFET and BJT. 4th Edition. 2004. “Introduction to Electronic Circuit Design”. Limiting and clamping circuits. “Microelectronics”. Bi CMOS circuits. MOSFET and BJT circuits at DC. IC power amplifiers.S. Class AB operation. 5th Edition. Stability problem. 2nd Edition. “Solid State Pulse Circuits”. Source and emitter follower. Zener voltage regulator. Power BJTs. MOSFET and BJT as amplifier. PHI.Sedra and K. Tata McGraw Hill.Ghausi.L. Differential amplifier with active load. LC and crystal oscillator. Feedback amplifiers. RC oscillator. CS and CE amplifiers with source de-generation. class B. Reference Books: 1. J. Variations on the class AB configuration. MOS power transistor. Biasing class AB circuits. 8th Edition.IC 206 ANALOG ELECTRONIC CIRCUITS Diode and Amplifier circuits: Rectifier circuits. CS and CE amplifier with active loads. 1989.

Extracting canonical forms. Boolean algebra.IC 208 DIGITAL TECHNIQUES Review of number systems and logic gates: Number systems and data representation. de-multiplexers. Race in sequential circuits. New Delhi. Counters . J. 2nd Edition. and K. “Digital Fundamentals”. “Digital Integrated Circuits: A Design Perspective”. Reference Books: 1. 1992. 1999 2. The CMOS inverter. Uyemura. 3. NAND and NOR based logic. 2nd Edition. “Principles of CMOS VLSI Design: A Systems Perspective”. Rabaey. Logic families. Multiplexers. Design and analysis procedures. “A First Course in Digital Systems Design”. D. Brooks/Cole Publishing Co. N.E. 1988. minimization of multiple output functions.P. Karnaugh maps and Tabular methods. Codes.M. Jackson. integrated circuit flip-flops. IC adders. BCD adders. Logic delay times. 3rd Edition. Basic logic operations.. Binary. signed number addition and subtraction. flip-flop truth table and excitation table. Don’t care conditions.Synchronous. Signed numbers and floating point number representation. number complements subtraction using adders. Hodges and H. Algebraic reductions. CMOS memories. Text Books: 1. Digital integrated circuits.M. Octal. (Available from Vikas Publishing House in India). Sequential Logic: Flip-Flops. Logic arrays. Design of counters. 3. 2002. Digital logic gates. implementation of combinational functions using multiplexers. Analysis of clocked sequential circuits. Department of Instrumentation and Control Engineering 19 . carry look-ahead adder. Prentice Hall of India. Asynchronous. Logic formation using MOSFETs. Combinational Logic: Canonical logic forms. “Digital logic and Computer Design ”. Fan-Out and Fan-In. CMOS Electronics: CMOS electronics and Electronic logic gates.H. Registers. Digital Hardware: Logic levels. Interfacing between different families. Universal Book Stall. (Asia). code converters. Prentice Hall of India. Hexadecimal representations and their conversions. 4th Edition. “Analysis and Design of Digital Integrated Circuits”. J. Weste. Debouncing of a switch. Programmable logic devices. 2nd Edition.Basic latch circuit. 2002. Design with state equations. McGraw Hill. 2. Floyd. State reduction and assignment. Combinational logic with MSI and LSI. Mano. decoders. Pearson Education Inc. De-Morgan theorems. Eshraghian. Up-Down. M. Synthesis of combinational functions: Arithmetic circuits-Adder.

P. Text Books: 1. A. Electronic measurements: Analog and digital multimeters. “Electrical Measurements and Measuring Instruments” A. single and three phase power measurement. 2. Oscilloscopes: Analog and Digital. 5th Edition. E. compensated wattmeter. Wagner ground connections. “Electronic Instrumentation”. Reference Books: 1. Hall effect wattmeter. 3. Application of PMMC meter.A. “Fundamentals of electrical measurements” – Lyall Book Depot. David. calibration of wattmeter.T. “Electronic Instrumentation and Measurements”. Megger. Signal Generators. 1993.C. 1994.H.C bridges: Inductance and capacitance measurements. high and precise resistance measurement. W. F. and Widdis. moving iron. dynamometer type. “Electronic Instrumentation and Measurement Techniques” Prentice Hall of India. C. Detectors in bridge measurement.D. Kalsi. New Delhi.D. 1991. Frequency measurement. D.. Waveform analyzing instruments: Distortion meter. 2nd Edition.H.. 1973. 2. Energy measurement. Prentice Hall. Tata McGraw Hill. Spectrum analyzer. New Jersy.C bridges: Low. Cooper. 1995.. and Helfric. measurement of period. New Delhi. thermal type wattmeter.Bell.Wheeler and Co.IC 210 ELECTRICAL AND ELECTRONIC MEASUREMENTS Electro mechanical instruments: Moving coil. time and phase angle. maximum demand meter. transformer ratio bridges.. rectifier type. Power and Energy Measurements: Electrodynamic wattmeters. Series and shunt type ohmmeter.W. thermal instruments. Golding. digital wattmeter/energy meter.S. Baldwin. Current transformer and Potential transformer. A.F meter. Department of Instrumentation and Control Engineering 20 .

Characteristics of capacitive measurement systems 9. Characteristics of Hall effect sensor 5. Measurement of displacement using LVDT 4. Characteristics of Piezoelectric measurement system 3. Characteristics of Micro pressure and Micro accelerometer sensing device 12. Characteristics of (Resistive and Thermo emf) temperature sensor 2. Design of Opto-coupler using photoelectric transducers 11. Measurement of torque using Strain gauges 7.IC 212 SENSORS AND TRANSDUCERS LABORATORY 1. Loading effects of Potentiometer 10. Study of speed measuring devices 13. Measurement using proximity sensors 8. Measurement of strain using strain gauges 6. Study of Gyroscope Department of Instrumentation and Control Engineering 21 .

IC 214 ELECTRONIC CIRCUITS LABORATORY 1. Multistage Amplifiers 6. Clipping and clamping circuits. 4. Oscillator Circuits 9. Bridge Rectifiers. Frequency Response of Amplifiers 8. Single-stage Amplifiers 5. PSPICE Simulations Department of Instrumentation and Control Engineering 22 . Half wave and Full wave rectifiers. 2. Feedback Topologies 7. 3.

Singapore. schedules. diaphragm and deferential pressure detectors. capacitance and RF probes. flow switches. 1998. electrical hazards. “Process / Industrial Instruments & Controls Handbook”. vortex flow meters. Gulf Publishing Company.IC301 INDUSTRIAL INSTRUMENTATION . Radnor. twin turbine coriolis. enclosures-NEMA types. Level sensor selection and application. McGraw Hill. conductivity. Chilton Book Company. 4. 5th Edition. Considine. selection of measurement method and control panels. EMC: Introduction. positive displacement liquid meters and provers. basics of circuit layout and grounding. Target flow meters. rotating paddle switches.. displacer level detectors. ISA press.E. preparation of project documentation. flow tubes. Flow measurement. process flow sheet. 4th Edition. flow meter selection and application.G. Safety: Introduction. Protection methods: Purging. filtering and shielding. vendor drawing. New York. instrument specifications sheet. classification of flow meters. 2. 3. ultrasonic flow meters. thermal. panel drawing and specifications. radar and vibrating type level sensors. positive displacement gas flow meters. “Instrumentation Reference Book”. angular momentum. doppler flow meters. Liptak B. Douglas M. Department of Instrumentation and Control Engineering 23 . resistance. 1999. fuses and circuit breakers. Level measurement: introduction.. 1995. concepts of interfaces. cross correlation flow meters. McGraw Hill. laser doppler anemometer (LDA). Doebelin E. “Measurement Systems: Application and Design”. Reference Books: 1. float level devices. Measurement of mass flow rate: radiation. 2001 5. instrument specifications. Butterworth Heinemann. venture tubes. flow nozzles. turbine. Project procedure. hazardous areas and classification. Pennsylvania. Andrew W. Noltingk B. field effect. microwave. Specification of instruments. instrument index sheet. ultrasonic. impeller. W. electromagnetic flow meter. 4th Edition. “Process Measurement and Analysis”. definitions and units. Text Book: 1. interference coupling mechanism. pitot tubes. gyroscopic and heat transfer type mass flow meters. purge flow regulators.II Flow measurement: Introduction. Anemometers: Hot wire/hot film anemometer. turbine and other rotary element flow meters. nonhazardous areas. Houston. variable area flow meters. explosion proofing and intrinsic safety. tender documentation. V-cone flow meters. Spitzer D. orifice meters. 2nd Edition. “Applied Instrumentation in Process Industries – A survey”. flow meter calibration concepts. New York. Vol I & Vol II.O. 2003. 2003.G. radiation. constant torque hysteresis clutch.

EC 317 PRINCIPLES OF COMMUNICATION SYSTEMS Amplitude modulation: AM, generation of AM waves, demodulation, DSBSC, SSB, VSB, FDM, AM receivers. Angle modulation: Phase and Frequency modulation, Single-tone, narrow band, wide band and multi tone FM, generation and demodulation of FM, FM receivers. Pulse Analog modulations: Sampling theorem, Time Division Multiplexing, PAM, Pulse time modulation. Pulse Digital modulation: PCM, Measure of Information, Channel capacity, DPCM, DM, Digital multiplexers. Noise: SNR, Noise in AM and FM receivers, Noise in FM reception, FM Threshold effect, Preemphasis and de-emphasis, Noise in PCM system, Destination SNR in PCM system with quantization and channel noise, output SNR in DM system. Text Books: 1. S.Haykin, “Communication Systems”, 4th Edition, John Wiley & Sons, 2000. 2. H.Taub & D.Schilling, “Principles of Communication System”, 2nd Edition, Tata McGraw Hill, 1991. Reference Books: 1. B.Carlson, “Communication Systems”, 3rd Edition, McGraw Hill Book Co., 1986. 2. Sam Shanmugam, “Digital and analog Communication Systems”, John Wiley, 1985. 3. H.Stark & F.B.Tuteur, “Modern Electrical Communication”, 2nd Edition, PHI.

Department of Instrumentation and Control Engineering 24

IC 303 MICROPROCESSORS AND MICROCONTROLLERS Introduction to computer architecture and organization: Architecture of 8-bit and 16 bit microprocessors, bus configurations, CPU module, introduction to assembly language and machine language programming, instruction set of a typical 8-bit and 16 bit microprocessor, subroutines and stacks, programming exercises. Memory technology: Timing diagrams, Memory families, memory interfacing, programmable

peripheral interface chips, interfacing of input-output ports, programmable interval timer. Data transfer schemes: Serial and parallel data transfer schemes, interrupts and interrupt service procedure. Programmable interrupt controller. Programmed and interrupt driven data transfer.

Programmable DMA controller. Architectures of 8051 Microcontroller: Bus configuration, instruction sets, programming exercises. Embedded System software and hardware design, development and trouble shooting tools. Text Books: 1. Ramesh Goankar, “Microprocessor Architecture, Programming and applications, with the 8085/8080A”, 3rd Edition, Penram International Publishing house, 2002. 2. Kenneth J.Ayala, “The 8051 Micro controller”, Penram Interfacing Publishing, 1996. 3. Douglas V.Hall, “Microprocessors and Interfacing – Programming and Hardware”, 2nd Edition, Mc Graw Hill, 1992. 4. Dr. K.V.K.K.Prasad, “Embedded/Real-Time Systems: Concepts, Design & Programming” Dreamtech Press, 2005. Reference Books: 1. B.Ram, “Fundamentals of Microprocessors and Microcontrollers”, 4th Edition, Dhanpatrai and sons, 1994. 2. Myke Predko, “Programming and Customizing the 8051 micro controller”, Tata-McGraw Hill, 3rd reprint 2002. 3. Frank Vahid/Tony Givargis, “Embedded System Design – A Unified Hardware/Software Introduction”, John Wiley & Sons, Inc, 2005 ISBN 9971-51-405-2 4. www.intel.com

Department of Instrumentation and Control Engineering 25

IC 305 ANALOG INTEGRATED CIRCUITS Resistive Feedback: Introduction, The 741 Op-Amp as a circuit element, Basic Op-Amp configurations, Ideal Op-Amp circuit analysis, Negative feedback, Loop gain and sensitivity, I/V and V/I converters, Instrumentation Amplifier and applications, Transducer bridge amplifier. Dynamic Feedback: The integrator and the differentiator circuits, Transfer function H(j ), First-order circuits and some applications, Second-order circuits, constant Gain RC filters, Multiple feedback filters, State-variable and Biquad filters, Switched-capacitor filters. Op-Amp Limitations: The Op-Amp circuit diagram, Input bias and offset currents, Input offset voltage, Input offset error compensation, Maximum ratings, Open-loop and closed-loop response, Input and output impedances, Transient response, Effect of finite gain-bandwidth product, Current feedback amplifiers, Op-Amp noise, Low-noise Op-Amps. Comparators and Signal Generators: Voltage comparators, Schmitt triggers, Precision rectifiers, Peak detectors, Sample-and-hold amplifiers, Multivibrators and IC 555, Waveform generators, V/F and F/V converters, Voltage references, Linear regulators, D-to-A and A-to-D converters and ICs. Other Op-Amp Circuits: Log/Antilog amplifiers, Analog multipliers, Transconductance Amplifiers, Voltage Controlled Oscillators, Phase detectors, Phase-Locked Loops, PLL ICs and applications. Text Books: 1. S. Franco, “Design with Operational Amplifiers and Analog Integrated Circuits”, 3rd Edition, McGraw Hill Inc., 2002. (Available from Tata McGraw Hill in India). 2. Roy,D. Choudary and Shail Jain, “Linear Integrated Circuits”, New age International, 2001. Reference Books: 1. J. Dostal, “Operational Amplifiers”, 2nd Edition, Butterworth-Heinemann, Stoneham, MA 1993. 2. T.M. Frederiksen, “Intuitive Operational Amplifiers: From Basics to Useful Applications”, McGraw Hill Inc., 1988.

Department of Instrumentation and Control Engineering 26

Schafer. Ifeachor. J. McClellan. Frequency aliasing due to sampling. NY. FIR Filters: Ideal digital filters... & Applications”. S. IIR Filters: Design of analog prototype filters. “Digital Signal Processing: A Practical Approach”. Algorithms. 3/e Prentice Hall of India. B.T. M. Quantization effects of filter coefficients. Structures for IIR filters. & Manolakis. 1998 (A low-cost Indian reprint is available). 3. Oxford Univ. Proakis. DSP Processors: Computer architectures for signal processing – Harvard architecture and pipelining. “Digital Signal Processing: A Computer-Based Approach”. Mitra. & Yoder. window methods and frequency sampling. NJ. 2002. Comparisons with FIR filters. Analog frequency transformations.W. Fixed point and floating-point representation of numbers.G. E.. Bilinear transformation. Difference equations and the Z-transform. NJ. Evaluation boards for real-time DSP. “DSP First: A Multimedia Approach”. D.W. State-space analysis and filter structures.. Inverse FFT. “C++ Algorithms for Digital Signal Processing”. Prentice Hall Upper Saddle River.A. 1996. Pearson Education Asia. 2/e. Design using direct truncation. R. Analysis of discrete-time LTIL systems. Implementation of DSP algorithms on a general purpose DSP.IC 307 DIGITAL SIGNAL PROCESSING Signal Processing Fundamentals: Discrete-time and digital signals.. D. Algorithmic development and computational advantages of the FFT.K. & Danieli. Difficulties in direct IIR filter design. Chen. Embree. “Digital Signal Processing: Spectral Computation & Filter Design”. Errors resulting from rounding and truncating. Impulse invariance method and digital frequency transformations. Prentice Hall Upper Saddle River.H. Special purpose hardware – hardware digital filters and hardware FFT processors.M. Realizability and filter specifications. Stability and Jury’s test. Spectral computation. “Digital Signal Processing: Principles.C. Press. Filter Realization: Structures for FIR filters. & Jervis. 2/e. Text Books: 1. A/D.. Classification of linear phase FIR filters. Least-squares optimal FIR filters. P. Department of Instrumentation and Control Engineering 27 . comparison of design methods. Correlation of discrete-time signals. General purpose digital signal processors. Minimax optimal FIR filters.G. Discrete Time Fourier transform and frequency spectra. J.. C. Analog prototype to digital transformations.. Selection of DSPs. Need for anti-aliasing filters. Implementation of the FFT. 3. Discrete-time systems. 2. 1998 (A low-cost Indian reprint is available). Design of digital differentiators and Hilbert transformers.. McGraw Hill. Round-off effects of digital filters. Computational complexity of the DFT and the FFT.. D/A conversion and Nyquist rate. 1999. 2001 (Available as an Indian reprint) 2.. Reference Books: 1.

2002. Nyquist stability criterion. Japan. Time domain specifications. McGraw Hill. Richard Dorf & Robert Bishop. T. 2. desired closed loop pole location. Concepts of stability: Characteristic equation.gain margin and phase margin. Root Loci: Effect of pole zero addition. Open loop and Closed loop systems. location of roots in s-plane for stability. 2005. Prentice Hall. Time response: Types of test inputs. Determination of roots of the closed loop system. Shinners S. Response of first and second order system.IC 309 CONTROL SYSTEMS Systems and their representation: Terminology and basic structure of control system.C Kuo. “Linear Control System Analysis and Design”. 1993. electrical analogy of physical systems. New Delhi.. Pearson Education. Routh-Hurwitz stability criterion. Root locus plot. Frequency response: Frequency-domain techniques . Bode plots. Prentice Hall. 2002. New Delhi. Block diagram representation of physical systems. Department of Instrumentation and Control Engineering 28 . 1995. “Modern Control Engineering”.Bode and Nyquist plots. analogous systems. transient response and stability from root locus. Signal Flow graph and Mason’s formula. Chen C. Saunders College Publishing. “Modern Control Engineering”. 2. design of compensators. Text Books: 1. Frequency response for systems with transportation lag. Physical Systems and their models. “Modern control system”. 10th edition. 7th Edition. Prentice Hall. Stability range from the loci. Asymptotic stability and relative stability. Block diagram algebra. 4th Edition. design of compensators. generalized error series. Properties of Root loci and applications. 1995 1. “Analog and Digital Control System Design”. Singapore. “Automatic control systems”. B. 4th Edition. M. transfer function. Frequency-domain specifications. servomechanism. Error coefficients. Reference Books: 1. D’azzo and Houpis. 3. regulatory system. New Jersey. Ogata K.

A/D and D/A converters 11. Multivibrators 7. Schmitt trigger & Precision rectifiers 6. Op-Amp circuits with resistive feedback 2. Phase Locked Loops 8. Waveform generators 5. Combinatorial & Sequential circuits 9.IC 311 ANALOG INTEGRATED CIRCUITS LABORATORY 1. Multiplexers & Demultiplexers 10. Op-Amp filters 4. Instrumentation Amplifier 3. PSPICE simulations Department of Instrumentation and Control Engineering 29 . TTL and other logic gates 12.

3.IC 313 MICROPROCESSOR AND MICROCONTROLLERS LABORATORY 1. Counting Pulses using Interrupt & Serial Data Transmission 13. 8. 11. 4. ADC Interfacing using KEIL Department of Instrumentation and Control Engineering 30 . Programming an EPROM for a specific application. 2. Programming exercises using 8085 microprocessor. Familiarization 8051 Microcontroller kit and its assembler 10. Exercises with entry and manipulation of data (Different addressing modes). 7. 6. Programming exercises using 8051 Microcontroller. Programming exercises using 8086 microprocessor 5. Programming exercises to programmable peripheral interface. Programming exercises using interrupts. Basic I/O operations using KEIL software 12. Programming exercises to programmable timer 9. Familiarization with 8085 microprocessor kit and its keyboard.

IC 302 MODERN CONTROL THEORY Systems in state space: Concept of states and state model. New Delhi. analogies with continuous-time systems. Direct method of Lyapunov criterion for LTI systems. State feedback control for controllable canonical form. Prentice Hall Inc. Definition of controllability. Chen. “Modern Control Theory”. Introduction to Linear Quadratic problems. C..T. E. State equation from transfer function.Ramakalyan “Control Systems”. stability definitions. New Jersey. properties of state transition matrix. 2. Prentice Hall Inc. observability. 3rd Edition. State space modeling of discrete-time dynamical systems. Skelton R. second order and higher order systems. L.. DeCarlo.A. 1987. A state variable approach with numerical implementation”. 3. analysis of first. Building blocks of state space models. 1990. “Discrete-time Control Systems”. “Dynamic System Control and Linear Systems Analysis and Synthesis”. John Wiley 1993. mechanical and electromechanical systems. Oxford University Press. Solution to state-space equations. 2nd Edition. India. Prentice Hall Inc. New Jersey. Introduction to Discrete time systems. Modeling of dynamical systems. Canonical forms. Modeling energy of the system in terms of quadratic functions. Z-transformation of difference equations. State feedback control in general. Modeling through energy approach of electrical. 3rd Edition. Raymond A.. State space representation of multivariable systems. Full-order and reduced-order observers. Equilibrium points and stability concepts. “Linear Systems. New Jersey. Vikas Publishing House. state transition matrix. “Linear System Theory and Design”. 1992 Department of Instrumentation and Control Engineering 31 . Brogan W. Reference Books: 1. 1998. 2. Dr. computation of state transition matrix. 2003. 3. mathematical models for LTI discrete-time systems. Ogata K.. Output feedback controller. Text Books: 1. stabilizability and detectability.

John Wiley and Sons. types. McGraw Hill. 2.. 1996. New Delhi. temperature and flow. Auto/Manual transfer. Case Studies: Distillation column. Response of controllers for different test inputs. 3. construction details. 1998. Singapore.IC 304 PROCESS CONTROL Process Control System: Terms and objectives. McGraw Hill. 2003. Reference Books: 1. split range and selective control. two position. integral. Department of Instrumentation and Control Engineering 32 . 4th Edition. floating control modes. load disturbance and their effect on processes. Singapore. Controller tuning Methods: Evaluation criteria . piping and Instrumentation diagram.Murril. multiposition. interaction of control loops. 2nd Edition. Valve sizing. ISE. interacting and noninteracting processes. classification of variables. Over-ride. Cavitation and flashing in control valves. Paul W. ISA press. 2nd edition. measuring element dynamics. damped oscillation method. Final control elements: Pneumatic control valves. degrees of freedom. feed forward control. “Principles and Practice of Automatic Process Control”. Shinskey. 2000. Self-regulating processes. PD. ITAE. Process lag. “Process Control Systems”. Selection of control modes for processes like level. liquid systems.A.B. “Process Control”. Auto tuning. 2nd Edition. Bumpless transfer. Closed loop response of I & II order systems. with and without valve. Controller modes: Basic control action. Text Books: 1. Multivariable process control. Instrument air supply specifications.L and Corripio. continuous oscillation method. Stephanopoulos. New Delhi. Composite controller modes: P-I. Peter Harriott. Regulator and servo control. Coughanowr. pressure. 1985. instrument terms and symbols. derivative. modeling of simple systems – thermal. Process characteristics: Process equation. gas. P-I-D. Advanced control system: Cascade control. Process reaction curve method. Selection of control valves. New York. 1991. Integral wind-up and prevention. Continuous controller modes: proportional. Valve actuators and positioners. various plug characteristics. “Chemical Process Control.IAE. New York. boiler drum level control and chemical reactor control. 3. “Fundamentals of Process Control Theory”. 2. 3rd Edition. ratio control. Tata McGraw Hill. “Process Systems Analysis and Control”. Smith C. Inherent and installed valve characteristics. Prentice Hall.

Project Proposal. Kevin Otto and Kristin Wood. Concept Selection. Product Architecture. ISBN : 8129702711. Industrial Design.Hill. Drawings. Concepts sketch and target specification. 3rd Edition. “Product Design and Development”. Product Development Schedule: Customer base for customer needs survey. plans and revised schedule. Product Planning. Design for Environment. Preliminary concept selection. Robust Design. Beta prototype and customer evaluation. Supply Chain Design. Mission statement and customer needs. Eppinger. ISBN 0-07-058513-X 2. Project Selection. Concept Testing. 2003. demonstration of working model Text Books: 1. Karl T. Department of Instrumentation and Control Engineering 33 . Pearson Education. “Product Design”. Product Development Economics. Ulrich and Steven D. Tata McGraw. Product Specification. Design for Manufacturing. Concept Generation. Identifying Customer Needs. 2003. financial model and patent review Submission and Evaluation of Alpha prototype and test report. Intellectual Property.IC 306 PRODUCT DESIGN AND DEVELOPMENT Product Design: Introduction.

Tata McGraw Hill. “MEMS & Microsystem Design and Manufacture”. CRC Press. 2001. emergence. Tai Ran Hsu. 2. Gardner and Vijay K. Nano sensors. Michelk Simon. MEMS. 4.IC 308 MEMS AND NANOTECHNOLOGY Introduction. Julian W. “Handbook of Nanotechnology”. scaling issues. 5. Bulk micro machining. lithography and etching. Kamali Kannangara.Geoff Smith. Molecular Nanotechnology. Thin film deposition. 2004. Electronic interfaces. materials for MEMS. simulation and layout of MEMS devices using CAD tools. 1999. New Delhi 2002. “Microsensors. Reference Books: 1. MEMS devices. Department of Instrumentation and Control Engineering 34 . 3. Marc Madou. Introduction to Nanotechnology. Varadan. Synthesis and applications. CNT types. Micro accelerometer. Engineering Mechanics for Micro System Design. Michael Wilson. 1st Edition. “Nanotechnology: Basic Science and Emerging technologies”. design. surface micro machining and LIGA process. “Fundamentals of Micro fabrication”. Micro Pressure Sensor. and Smart Devices”. Bharat Bhushan. devices and application. Springer. John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

Detection and correction – Parity –LRC-CRC – Hamming code – Low Control and Error control – Stop and wait – ARQ – Sliding window – HDLC – LAN – IEEE 802 Standards – Wireless LAN – Bridges. Sixth Edition. Andrew S. Forouzan. Text books: 1.CS 320 COMPUTER NETWORKS Introduction to computer networks: Networks – Components and Categories – Types of Connections – Topologies – Tranmission Media – Coaxial Cable – Fiber Optics – ISO/OSI Model. William Stallings. Behrouz A. Reference Books: 1. “ Computer Networks”. Transport layer: Duties of transport layer – Multiplexing – Demultiplexing – Sockets – User Datagram Protocol (UDP) – Transmission Control Protocol (TCP) – Congestion Control – Quality of Services (QOS) Application layer: Domain Name Space (DNS) – SMTP –FTP – HTTP _ WWW – Network Security. 2004 2. Network layer: Internetworks – Packet Switching and Datagram approach – IP addressing methods – Subnetting – Routing – Distance Vector Routing – Link State Routing – Routers. Pearson Education. 2003. Data link layer: Error. “ Data and Computer Communication”. Tanenbaum. Fourth Edition. 2000 Department of Instrumentation and Control Engineering 35 . PHI. “ Data communication and Networking”. Tata Mc Graw Hill.

3. Data acquisition using PC-add on cards under different operating systems. Department of Instrumentation and Control Engineering 36 . 6. Measurement of vibration of a given structure and analyzing the data. Installation of device drivers under various operating systems. 4. Control of a given process using Real Time Embedded controller 12. Data transfer via Modem under various operating systems. mouse. 7. Development of simple database applications. 10. e. Development of a virtual instrument using GUI and Sub VIs.IC 310 INTERFACING LABORATORY 1. Control of temperature using Multifunction RT Data Acquisition card 11. scanner. Measurement and logging of a process data and generating a report. Control of temperature using Distributed input/output modules. CD-ROM. 2. Setting up a PC based LAN network. process controller. 9. Measurement of strain of a given structure and publishing it in the web.g. 8. System integration with various operating systems. 5.

Speed Control system (Open loop & closed loop).IC 312 CONTROL ENGINEERING LABORATORY 1. 2. 10. Real time control of Inverted Pendulum. Time response characteristics of a second order system. 13. Observer design. Design of compensation networks 6. Compensating Networks – Characteristics 5. Real time control of Gyroscope. Control of Piezo Actuated System using dSPACE 1104 Department of Instrumentation and Control Engineering 37 . 4. 8. Design of state feedback. 3. PID controller (Electronic Version and Process Simulator) 9. Study of PD. 12. Frequency response characteristics of a second order system. Microprocessor based servo system. 11. Constant gain compensation in time and frequency domain. 7. PI.

Lukcas M. “Distributed Control Systems”. Skip and MCR functions. 1998. Deshpande P. 3. 1995. 2nd Edition. Curtis D. comparison functions. communication facilities. power supplies and isolators. Distributed Control Systems (DCS): Definition. New Jersey. analog PLC operation. New York.Process interfacing issues. “Computer-based Industrial Control”.. Prentice Hall. PLC-PID functions. McGraw Hill. LCU languages. Functional block diagram of computer control systems. Van Nostrand Reinhold Co. Data Acquisition Systems (DAS). data move systems. timer functions. New Delhi. 1986. Introduction – Evolution of signal standards – HART communication protocol – communication modes – HART networks. PLC Basic Functions. 3. 1997. register basics. Johnson. troubleshooting and maintenance. LCU . Text Books: 1. Prentice Hall Inc. overview of PLC systems. Department of Instrumentation and Control Engineering 38 . programming on-off inputs/ outputs. Krishna Kant.B and Ash R. Frank D. redundancy concept. “Programmable Logic Controllers”. 2. 4th Edition. “Process Control Instrumentation Technology”. John. Webb Ronald A Reis. New York.W. 2. Local Control Unit (LCU) architecture. General PLC programming procedures.P. sequencer functions. PLC Advanced functions: Alternate programming languages. counter functions. Auxiliary commands and functions. 2002. Introduction – General field bus architecture – basic requirements of field bus standard. New York. input/output modules. 1997. sampling considerations. PLC intermediate functions: Arithmetic functions. Supervisory Control and Data Acquisition Systems (SCADA).IC 401 LOGIC AND DISTRIBUTED CONTROL SYSTEMS Review of computers in process control: Data loggers. networking of PLC.H. Prentice Hall. Design of interlocks and alarms using PLC. ISA Press.Principles and Applications”. 7th Edition. PLC Advanced intermediate functions: Utilizing digital bits. “Elements of Process Control Applications”. Reference Books: 1.. Case studies of PLC and DCS with industrial applications. PLC installation. matrix functions. New Delhi. Petruzella. Direct Digital Control (DDC). “Programmable Logic Controllers . Programmable logic controller (PLC) basics: Definition.

M. detectors. (Eds). flitters. precolumn. “Process Measurement and Analysis”. Nai Sarak. Hyderabad. Pennsylvania. X-ray fluorescence methods. cells and detectors. 2.E. ISBN: 81-88449-15-6. liquids and gases. Singapore. Pharma Book Syndicate. Singapore. Flue gas analysis: Measurement techniques for CO.W. Considine D. Dust and smoke measurement. Oxygen measurement: Paramagnetic oxygen analysers. pulsed Fourier transform NMR spectrometer and its applications. “Analytical Instrumentation”. Radioactive measurement: Measurement of radioactivity. diffraction grating.J. Robert D. 1985. monochromators. McGraw Hill. Flame emission spectrometry. moisture measurement in solids. prisms. 3. choice of solvent. Delhi. ultraviolet spectrometer. ceramic electrode for high temperature oxygen measurement and dissolved oxygen measurement. K. application of radio nuclides in analysis. “Introduction to Instrumental of Analysis”. Jain R. New York. analysis using Attenuated Total Reflectance (ATR). continuous wave NMR spectrometer. absorption spectroscopy. Text Books: 1. Effect of temperature. flame photometric detector. 1993. X-ray diffraction. and Rhodes L. “Instrumental Methods of Analysis”. Applications of spectroscopy techniques. radiation sources. electron capture detector. Xray spectroscopy: X-ray absorption methods. water and steam purity measurement.. Braun. carbon dioxide. single beam and double beam instruments. Electrical conductivity measurement: Measuring circuit. 4th Edition. 3rd Edition. Detectors: Thermal conductivity detector. flame ionization detector. ion selective electrodes. Sampling: Sample collection for gas. cells.Sherman R. 1992. Reference Books: 1. column details. detectors. Chilton Book Company. McGraw Hill. measuring circuit. liquid and solid analysis. ISA Press. 1996. Infrared spectrophotometer: Sources. High pressure liquid chromatography: Basic principles. sources. pH measurement: Basic principles. Department of Instrumentation and Control Engineering 39 . Khanna Publishers. glass and reference electrodes. Atomic fluorescence spectrometry. Atomic absorption spectrometry: Wavelength choice.G. “Process / Industrial Instruments and Controls Handbook”. Liptak B. 1995. 2. Beer’s law. “Mechanical and Industrial Measurements”. NOX and SOX. 3. 5th Edition. Chromatography: Basic principles of gas and liquid chromatography. detectors. sample preparation. separation column.IC 403 ANALYTICAL INSTRUMENTATION Electromagnetic radiation and its interaction with matter: Spectral methods of analysis. Ewing G. Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (NMR) spectroscopy: Basic principles.

Manb Adhikari.V. and Puri. HP. “Business Economics”.. “Economics Environment of Business”.S.K.HM 401 INDUSTRIAL ECONOMICS Demand and Supply – Forecasting techniques – Cost and Revenues – competitive nature of the firms – Keynesian economics – National income – Trade cycle – Inflation – Index numbers – Capital budgeting – Cash flow analysis – Balance sheet – Risk and Decision Making – Technical Change in Global Economy – Locating the Firm in a global Economy – Taxes and Decision Making – Exchange Rate determination – Product life cycle.K. 2004. Department of Instrumentation and Control Engineering 40 . Excel Books. 2.2003. Reference Books: 1. Misra.

2. resting potential.. Systems approach to biological systems. 3rd Edition. Leslie Cromwell. Geddes L. vector cardiograph. bipolar and uni-polar electrodes. blood flow cardiac output. EEG. “Handbook of Biomedical Instrumentation”. “Principles of Applied Biomedical Instrumentation”.Evoked potential response. 2nd Edition. BP. colour doppler systems. ultrasound scanner. Richard Aston. Fred J. physiological transducers. bioelectric potentials. New York. CT Scan MRI/NMR. Text Book: 1. echo cardiography. respiratory rate measurement. Pfeiffer. Sources of electrical hazards and safety techniques. bedside and central monitoring systems. functional neuromuscular simulation. oximeter. X-rays. 1998. nerve stimulator. 1989. Respirator and pulmonary measurements and rehabilitation: Physiology of respiratory system. New Delhi. 1987. A. cardiovascular dynamics. cardiac arrhythmia’s. telemetering multiple information. patient monitoring through bio-telemetry. Bioelectric potential and cardiovascular measurements: EMG . Weibell and Erich A. implanted transmitters. 1990. endoscopy. hearing aids. and Baker L. cine angiogram. Holter monitoring. New Delhi. ECG phonocardiography. diathermy. Prentice Hall. “Biomedical Instrumentation and Measurements”. pace makers.IC 405 BIOMEDICAL INSTRUMENTATION Electro physiology: Review of physiology and anatomy. Reference Books: 1. plethysmography. “Principles of Bio-medical Instrumentation and Measurement”. laser applications. artificial kidney machine. action potential. foetal monitor. physiotheraphy. 3. Patient monitoring systems: Intensive cardiac care. Kandpur R. E. defibrillators. New York. S. artificial respirator. impedance cardiology. electrode theory. Tata McGraw Hill. John Wiley. Merril Publishing Company. surface electrodes. Department of Instrumentation and Control Engineering 41 . Recent trends: Medical imaging.

2. differential pressure transmitter. Design of alarms and annunciators. Design of Linearization circuit for thermistor. 14. Blood pressure calibrator. 10. 15. Performance evaluation of pressure gauges using Dead weight tester. 3. 11. PC based respiratory analyser. Design of cold junction compensation circuit. Characteristics of I/P and P/I. Measurement of flow using orifice. electro magnetic and positive displacement flowmeters. Measurement of level using capacitance probe. PC based ECG.IC 409 INSTRUMENTATION LABORATORY 1. pulse analyser. Department of Instrumentation and Control Engineering 42 . 12. 5. Design of temperature transmitter using RTD. Design of pressure transmitter. Measurement of pH. Design of IC temperature transmitter. 13. 9. 6. 7. conductivity and turbidity. 8. Audio tone analyser. 4.

8. 6. Modeling of flow process. Control of rotary dryer Department of Instrumentation and Control Engineering 43 . 5. Experimental study of ON-OFF and Proportional controller responses on temperature loop. timer. counter. Problem solving in PLC. Experimental study of PID controller response on a level loop. 4. 3. Control valve characteristics with and without positioner. 10. Heat exchanger control 16. 11. Feedforward. 2. and Cascade). Study of analog operations in PLC. Binary distillation column control 13. Tuning of controllers on a pressure loop. Level control in coupled tanks 14. 7. arithmetic operations in PLC.IC 411 PROCESS CONTROL LABORATORY 1. Study of Distillation column. The following experiments will be conducted on virtual DCS. Pressure control in different sized vessels 15. Study of complex control systems (Ratio. Study of basic logic operations. Three – element boiler control 12. 9.

. current and voltage. Fukuda. Q switching and mode locking.Scheiner. schottky. two. “Opto Electronics . Department of Instrumentation and Control Engineering 44 . and Dakin J. Artech House. Chennai. sonic boom. heterojunction diode. photo-thyristor. cavity dumping. R. internal and external photo effects. types of optical fibres. Resonator configuration. Text Books: 1. July 2004. “Fiber-Optic Communications Technology”. fibre coupling. Kasap. Prentice Hall. “Optoelectronics and Photonics: Principles and practices”. 2.Mynbaev.Khare. Characteristics of LASERS: Laser rate equation. II and III”. 2nd Indian Reprint. PIN diode. photo. “Semiconductor Optoelectronics”.thermistor. Optical Sources: Photo diode. pollutants. Lowell. three and four level system.L. acceleration.An Introduction”. 2nd Edition. atmospheric effects. Allied Publishers Limited. Djafar. 1998. velocity. Allied Publishers Limited. 4. New Delhi. 2001. 3. APD. 3. 1999. Reference Books: 1. 2001. Ltd. New Delhi. Material processing: Laser heating. Chennai. modes.K. Industrial applications of LASERS: Lasers for measurement of distance and length. modes. Culshaw B. heterojunction diode. “Fibre Optics and Optoelectronics”. barrier diode. calculation of power requirements. flow and level measurement.(Eds. “Optical Semiconductor Devices”. 1989. removal and vapourization. properties. Charge coupled devices: Opto-couplers and their application in analogue and digital devices. scribing. Optrodes. Prentice Hall. splicing. Types of Lasers. Fibre optic sensors for temperature . Oxford Press. Light emitting diode. luminescence. melting. 3rd Edition. phototransistor.P. 2.). Optical fibre fundamentals. Bhattacharya P. welding and trimming of materials.IC 402 OPTO-ELECTRONICS AND LASER BASED INSTRUMENTATION Introduction: Characteristics of optical radiation. Pearson Education Pte. Wilson and Hawkes. pressure. simple frequency operation. “Optical Fibre Sensors Vol I. 1998.

Evolution of Scientific and Modern Management Principles – Functions of Management – Types of Business Organization – Managerial Roles – Levels of Management. Nature and purpose of Organizing. Globalization and Liberalization – International Management and Global theory of Management. “Principles of Management”. Job Enrichment. Span of control – Delegation of Authority. Harlod Kooritz and Heinz Weihrich “Essentials of Management”. Communication – Process of Communication – Barriers and Breakdown – Effective Communication.M. Types of Leadership – Leadership theories. Tata Mc Graw-Hill. Reference Books: 1. 3. System and Process of Controlling – Requirements for effective control – The Budget as Control Technique. Prasad. Pearson Education. Nature. L. Herzberg’s Two-Factor theory). Introduction of Human Resource Management. Corporate Social Responsibility. Purpose & Steps involved in Planning. Sherlekar and Sherlekar. “Organisational Behaviour”. 1998 2. Formal and informal organization. Department of Instrumentation and Control Engineering 45 . Objectives – Strategies & Planning Premises. Himalaya Publishing House. Motivation theories (Hierarchy of Needs by Maslow. Sultan Chand & Sons. New Delhi. Creativity and Innovation. Decision Making. New Delhi. Stephen Robbins.MB 790 MANAGEMENT CONCEPTS AND PRACTICES Introduction to Management. New Delhi 4. “Principles of Management”.Motivational Techniques – Monetary & Non-monetary.

thyristor choppers. New York. John Wiley and Sons. single phase cyclo-converters . New Age International Publishers.Circuits. New Age International Publishers. MOSFET/IGBT choppers. inverters using devices other than thyristors.M. McMurray-Mc Murray Bedford inverter. K. 2nd Edition.ELECTIVES IC 352 POWER ELECTRONICS Power semiconductor switches: SCRs . Text Books: 1. load commutation. 1995. New Delhi. Current. 1996. voltage control. Vedam Subramanyam K. DC to DC converters: Voltage. Doradla S.effect of harmonics and Electro Magnetic Interference (EMI). AC to DC converters: Natural commutation. SMPS and Drives. dual converters. McGraw Hill. “Power Electronics . 2.series and parallel connections. H. Dubey G. “Power Electronics”. AC to AC converters: Single phase and three phase AC voltage controllers. inverter operation. “Power Electronics”. Department of Instrumentation and Control Engineering 46 . turn-on characteristics. 1995. Mohan. turn off characteristics. New York. AC choppers. “Power Electronics”. New Delhi. Prentice Hall. 1995. current source inverter. integral cycle control. New Delhi. driver circuits. 2nd Edition. Reference Books: 1. 3. Joseph Vithyathil. 1997. single phase and three phase bridge rectifiers. Joshi and Sinha R. Applications in power electronics: UPS.R. “Thyristorised Power Controllers”. 2. Undeland and Robbins. vector control of induction motors. design of commutation elements. Rashid M. Devices and Applications”. DC to AC converters: Thyristor inverters. semi controlled and fully controlled rectifiers.

2nd Edition. Sahni. Implementation under C/C++. and Rajasekaran. Galgotia Publications.IC 354 DATA STRUCTURES AND ALGORITHMS Development of algorithm. Graphs. Mark Nelson. 2. “Fundamental algorithms”. Introduction to the complexity classes P and NP. linked lists and their implementation under C/C++ Binary tree. B-trees. “Introduction to Algorithms”. “Fundamentals of Algorithms”. New Delhi. 1990. Tree traversal operations. New Delhi. Implementation under C/C++. Rivest. Sorting and searching algorithms and their implementation under C/C++. 3rd edition. Prentice Hall. New Jersey. Department of Instrumentation and Control Engineering 47 . 3. Knuth D. New York. 1997. Horowitz. 2. 1999. New Delhi. Reference Books: 1. 1995. Cormen. notation analysis. Text Books: 1. 1990. Leiserson. “An Introduction to Data Structures with Applications”. “Algorithms. 1997. minimum cost spanning tree construction. Stacks. Formal definition of an algorithm in terms of Turing machines. Ronald L. queues. E. 3. Data structures and Programs”. 2nd Edition. Tata McGraw Hill. Golgotia Publications. New Delhi. Tremblay and Sorenson. Addition Wesely. and Rivest. “STL”. New Delhi. Mc Graw Hill.

. case studies. Introduction to fuzzy logic: Fuzzy sets. S. Department of Instrumentation and Control Engineering 48 . Hopfield’s networks. Klir G.J and Folger T. “An Introduction to Fuzzy Control”. “Neural Networks: A comprehensive Foundation”. “Neural Networks and Fuzzy Systems: A Dynamical Approach to Machine Intelligence”. 1996. Neural networks for control systems: Schemes of neuro-control. fuzzy learning algorithms. optimising the membership functions and the rule base of fuzzy logic controllers using neural networks. Reference Books: 1. knowledge/rule base. Fuzzy logic for control systems: Fuzzy logic controllers. Prentice Hall.IC 356 NEURAL NETWORKS AND FUZZY LOGIC CONTROL Introduction to neural networks. and Reinfrank M. “Fuzzy sets. Kohnen’s self organising maps. Kosko. design of fuzzy logic controllers. 1985. identification and control of dynamical systems. adaptive resonance theory. Text Books: 1. New Jersey. “Artificial Neural Networks”. New Delhi.. Haykin. B. fuzzy rules. New Delhi. decision making logic. 1999. different architectures of neural networks. New Delhi. Prentice Hall. Negoita. back propagation algorithm. fuzzification interface. Neuro-fuzzy and fuzzy-neural control systems: Adaptive fuzzy systems. USA. multi layer perceptrons. “Expert Systems and Fuzzy Systems”. Narosa Publishing House. 1994. Uncertainty and Information”. New Delhi. Driankov D. 3. case studies. 1996 2. Bose and Liang. fuzzy relations. fuzzy transfer functions in neural networks. 2nd Edition. 1991. fuzzy conditional statements. Tata Mcgraw Hill. Prentice Hall Inc. case studies. elements of evolutionary computation. Hellendoorn H. 2. Rosenblott’s perceptrons. 3.A. defuzzification interface. Benjamin Cummings.

Real Time Embedded System design and development. subroutines. PHI. Embedded system design using Microcontrollers: Intel’s series of micro-controllers. 2001. Product testing techniques. 1995. and interrupt service routines. embedded processor selection and tradeoffs. Muhammad Ali Mazidi. “Digital Signal Processing: Principles Algorithms and Applications”. Co-design concept. Vx WORKS and LynxOS. stacks. DSP based Embedded system design: Understanding fixed and floating –point number formats and precision: dynamic range of signals. Main features of QNX. task scheduling: Time slicing: priority: pre-emption scheduling interrupts and background tasks. “Embedded system design: An introduction to processors. Internal architecture of 8051. description. CMP Books. Embedded design life cycle. Hardware/Software partitioning. The state of the art of FPGA architecture and it’s development. Product specifications. Hardware software integration. Arnold S Berger. 4th edition. interrupt vector. timing and hardware capabilities. 1st Edition. definition. Concurrent programming concepts – Tasks and Events: Synchronization and communication. Janice Mazidi and Janice Gillispie Mazidi . John G. Iterations and Implementations. sharing. PIC controllers. A/D converters & other peripherals devices. Techniques”. Real Time Operating System: Fundamentals. 3rd Edition. Text Books: 1. instruction set instruction organization. message queues. intermediate products and number formats: qnotation for fixed point representation: native and fixed point arithmetic operations: fixed point analysis of recursive and non-recursive DSP algorithms and implementation in embedded systems. Case studies and Applications: Design of embedded systems using 8051 core family controllers. “8051 Microcontroller and Embedded Systems”. 2. Tools.IC 358 EMBEDDED SYSTEMS Introduction to embedded systems: Embedded systems. resources between tasks: posix timers. design consideration & requirements. Department of Instrumentation and Control Engineering 49 . interrupts. Proakis and Dimitris K Manolakis. assembly language programs. 3. Applications. Multitasking application – Threads: execution suspension. 1999. PHI. Design case study using 8051.

velocity estimation.Kiencke. “Automotive Control Systems”. Dynamics”. Door Lock Indicators. 1989 3. 5th Edition. John Wiley and sons. Modeling of neutral gear. control cycles of ABS. Department of Instrumentation and Control Engineering 50 . Singapore. Text Books: 1. New York. complete driver model.Kailath. Engine Oil Temperature Sensor. “Engineering Mechanics. Basic driveline equations. Odometer and Taximeter Design Brake Actuation Warning System. Permanent Magnet Horn. Traficators.. road model. New Jersy. Air Horn. Vehicle Speed Sensor Design. Air Pressure Warning System.Meriam and L. hybrid driver model. Engine Cooling. Speed Sensor. “Multivariable Feedback Design”. Speed Warning System. Horn Design. Flash System. T. J. J.Maciejowski. Driveline control for gear shifting. Air Pressure Sensors. PID driver model. 2000 Reference Books: 1. State-space formulation.M. U. Springer Verlag Berlin. Vehicle modeling. and L. model of human information acquisition. Gear Neutral Indicator. Oil Pressure Warning System.G. tyre characteristics. Music Horns. 2002. Addison Wesley.Kraige. Engine Overheat Warning System.IC 451 AUTOMOTIVE INSTRUMENTATION AND CONTROL Sensor for Fuel Level in Tank. “Linear Systems”. Nielson. complete vehicle model. validation of the model. Driveline speed control. 1996 2.Water Temperature Sensors Design.L. Antilock Braking Systems (ABS). wheel model. Prentice Hall Inc. Vehicle control system. Engine Oil Pressure Sensor Design.

VXI. Jean J. Real-time systems. McGraw Hill. Development of Control system. “LabVIEW for everyone”. ADC. Jane W. Pearson Education India. Kevin James. Development of Virtual Instrument using GUI. Data acquisition basics: Introduction to data acquisition on PC. DAC. PXI system controllers. CMP Books. Publishing measurement data in the web. OPC. Newnes. Industrial Communication. Input/Output techniques and buses. Calibration. Text Books: 1. CMP Books. 1999 Reference Books: 1. 2. case and sequence structures. PCMCIA. Resolution.ni. “Embedded Systems Building Blocks: Complete and Ready-to-use Modules in C”. Software and hardware installation. www. “PC Interfacing and Data Acquisition: Techniques for Measurement. Lisa K. local and global variables. New Jersey. wells & Jeffrey Travis. 1997. Ethernet control of PXI. 2nd Edition. Labrosse. Data acquisition interface requirements. “LabVIEW Graphical Programming”. Firewire. “MicroC/OS-II. 2002. 1997. data-flow techniques. Development of process database management system. Digital I/O. Jean J. Networking basics for office & Industrial applications. 2001. Motion control. formula nodes. Gary Johnson. HMI / SCADA software. string and file I/O. 3. VISA and IVI. www. The Real-time Kernal”. RS 232C/ RS485. 4. Prentice Hall. Application of Virtual Instrumentation: Instrument Control. PXI. counters and timers. Instrumentation and Control”. Instrument Drivers. Web Resources: 1. graphical programming in data flow. “Real-time Systems”. 2. Distributed I/O modules.ltrpub.com Department of Instrumentation and Control Engineering 51 . SCSI. arrays. Active X programming. VI Chassis requirements. Embedded Controller. Bus Interfaces: USB. New York. advantages. Labrosse. Liu. 2nd Edition. block diagram and architecture of a virtual instrument.com 2. GPIB.IC 453 VIRTUAL INSTRUMENTATION Virtual Instrumentation: Historical perspective. Sampling fundamentals. VI programming techniques: VIs and sub-VIs. PCI. Image acquisition and processing. loops and charts. 2000. DMA. Simulation of systems using VI. comparison with conventional programming. clusters and graphs. VI toolsets. S. Common Instrument Interfaces: Current loop.

principle of optimality. Simplex method.penalty function method. unconstrained optimization tech-gradient approach. “Optimization: Theory and Applications”. Sultan Chand.P. 11th Edition. Addison Wesley Publishing Company. 2003. Sensitivity analysis. Further topics in optimization. Case Studies.one dimensional search. Introduction to genetic algorithm. Dynamic programming. Game theory optimal control theory. Duality in linear programming (LP). Optimization & Machine Learning “. Non-linear programming. calculus of variation. 3. steepest descent method. multi-objective optimization. 1989 Department of Instrumentation and Control Engineering 52 . Reference Books: 1.Queuing theory. computational procedure in Dynamic programming. engineering applications-classical optimization techniques-single and multivariable objective function with and without constraints. Linear Programming: Graphical method. Gupta.S. Wiley Eastern. “Genetic Algorithms in Search. Revised simplex method. Rao.IC 455 OPTIMIZATION TECHNIQUES Introduction to Optimization –statement of optimization problems.1978.. Goldberg. “Operation Research”. transportation.S. constrained problem. Kanti Swarup. Inc. other algorithms for solving LP problems. David E. 2..multistage decision process. Lagrangian method.K and Man Mohan. assignment and other applications.

Ogata K.. statement of the optimal control problem. equivalent controllability/observability conditions. 3rd Edition. discrete-time linear quadratic problem. New Delhi. Equilibrium points and stability definitions. “Computer Controlled Systems Theory and Design”. definitions of controllability and observability. and Nagle H. QR decomposition. “Digital Control System Analysis and Design”. application to DTS. and higher order systems. 1992. stability of discrete-time systems. Reference Books: 1. Kuo B. 2nd Edition. “Digital Control Systems”. digital simulation of state-space models. Prentice Hall. mathematical models for LTI discrete-time systems. singular value decomposition. Department of Instrumentation and Control Engineering 53 . 1997. New Jersey. the Jury’s criterion. Astrom K. J and Wittenmark. 1990. analysis of discrete-time state equations. 2. Z-transformation of difference equations. general introduction to the principle of optimality. C. 1995. direct method of Lyapunov. analysis of first. Phillips C. second. digital control using digital signal processors. Prentice Hall Inc. Introduction to Optimal Control. State space modeling of discrete-time dynamical systems. 3. Riccati equation and its solution. Design of observers.. “Discrete-time Control Systems”.IC 457 DIGITAL CONTROL SYSTEMS Introduction to Discrete time systems. 1992.. PrenticeHall. solution to state space equations. Text Books: 1. “Digital Control and State Variable Methods”. Saunders College Publishing. Numerical Computations. properties of the state transition matrix. New Delhi. Design of state feedback and output feedback control. 2nd Edition. New Jersey. Tata McGraw Hill. convolution representation and difference equations in advanced and delayed form. T. 2nd Edition. analogies with continuous-time systems. 2. canonical forms. Gopal M. Japan. L. dynamic programming. optimal state feedback solution.

selection of a robot. John Wiley & Sons. pneumatic and electric drives.R. “Robotics Technology and Flexible Automation”. 3.G. Mikell P.M. robot specifications. Department of Instrumentation and Control Engineering 54 . Weiss G. sensors.N and Odrey N. inverse transformation. Text Books: 1. implications for robot design. Transmission elements: Hydraulic. applications. New Delhi. Kinematics. 1994. Spong and Vidyasagar. manipulator dynamics. New Jersey. Gears. materials. Robot programming: Robot programming languages and systems.P. 1986. robot cell design. Deb S. robot classification. 1992. Reference Books: 1. different types of robots. wrists and end-effectors.IC 459 ROBOTICS Introduction: Basic concepts. robots in manufacturing and non-manufacturing applications. Klafter R. machine vision. machine interface. Bahtam Books. Automation and robots: Case studies. 3. definition and origin of robotics. New York. “Robot Dynamics and Control”. present industrial robot control schemes. John Wiley & Sons. 2. 2. Jacobian work envelope. controllers. “Industrial Robotics”. three dimensional transformation matrices. Chmiclewski T. Isaac Asimov I. basic building block of automation. 1990. dynamic stabilization.A. manipulator arms. “Robot”. multiple robots. New York. user interface. problems peculiar to robot programming. Introduction to automation: Components and subsystems. McGraw Hill. “Robotics Engineering: Integrated approach”. dynamics and control: Object location. Negin M. New York. 1994. levels of programming robots. kinematics and path planning. Nagel R. Asfahl C. position control and force control. Prentice Hall. 1994.R. Tata McGraw Hill. “Robots and Manufacturing Automation”. control of industrial robots using PLCs.

RF-MEMS.CRC Press ISBN:0849319684 3. Reference Books: 1. Hardware and software for wireless sensor platform: Smart dust. local positioning. Performance analysis of Network.MEMS. Energy efficient MACChannelization based. Nirupama Bulusu. Network topologies.IC 461 SENSOR NETWORKS Introduction to Sensor networks: Introduction to wired and wireless networks.Micro sensor. ISBN:1580538673 4. 2. “Protocols and Architecture for Wireless Sensor Networks” 2005. Different localization techniques. Andreas Willig. Sanjay Jha. Energy Efficient Medium access: Energy consumption and life time. Advances in WSN. Software. “Handbook of Sensor Networks: Compact Wireless and Wired Sensing Systems”. Krishna M. Taieb F. different simulating Tools. ISBN:0470095105 Department of Instrumentation and Control Engineering 55 . 2005. Laurie Kelly.S.Tiny OS. Challenges of sensor networks. Global positioning with no distances estimates. and signal conditioning circuits. Data security. Embedded sensor board microcontroller.Znati. Imad Mahgoub. Holger Karl. GPS.Sivalingam. John Wiley and Sons. Positioning and localization: Self organization network. “Wireless Sensor Networks”.Micro radios. ISBN:1402078838. contention based and hybrid protocols. Springer. RF antennas. Mohammad Ilyas. “Wireless sensor Networks”.Ragavendra. Published 2004. Applications of sensor networks. C. cellular network concepts. NesC programming.

"MEMS and Microsystems: Design and Manufacture. 2001 3." McGraw-Hill. Berlin.IC 463 MICRO SYSTEM DESIGN Introduction. Senturia. “Microsystem Design”. Springer. Mechanics of membranes and beams Electrostatic Actuation and Sensing. “Analysis and Deisgn Principles of MEMS Devices”. Tai-Ran Hsu. 2005 2. Elsevier. Effects of electrical excitation Design of Micro pressure sensor and Micro accelerometer Electronic Integration and Packaging Text Book: 1. Kluwer Academic Publishers. M. R. An approach to MEMS design. 2002 (ISBN 0-07-239391-2) Department of Instrumentation and Control Engineering 56 . Process Integration Energy conserving transducer. 2001 Reference Books: 1. Elwenspoek. Basic introduction to fabrication. Minhang Bao. Boston. Peter D. “Mechanical Microsensors”. Wiegerink. Boston.

2006. Model Predictive Control: Motivation.basic description-optimization problem formulation (objective function. 3. “Applied Process Control”. B.frequency response identification. Design and Simulation”.selection of prediction horizon and control horizon.J. Wayne Bequette.algorithm investigation.basic description. Allied Publishers. Reference Books: 1. Prentice Hall of India.2001 2.1998. Karl. Department of Instrumentation and Control Engineering 57 .validation of model identification and adaptive control techniques in simple laboratory setups. Auto Tuning: Motivation. “Process Control – Modeling. Model Identification and Adaptive Control for typical case studies: Simulation studies using Matlab package.describing function (relay. Adaptive Control : Gain scheduling – Model reference adaptive control-Self tuning regulator. relay with saturation).Chidambaram.Astrom . relay with hysteresis.model identification-tuning procedure . model). “Adaptive Control”. Pearson Education Asia.impulse response model –least square algorithm –recursive least square algorithm for both off line & on line .IC 465 ADVANCED PROCESS CONTROL Model Identification Techniques for SISO: Step response model. M.

2001.com Department of Instrumentation and Control Engineering 58 . Michael McFarland. Mel Schwartz. 2. shape control. www. Kluwer Academic Publishers. John Wiley and Sons. Electrostrictive materials. shape memory materials. D. 4. “Smart Structure analysis and design”. Mukesh V Gandhi. Shape-memory materials: Properties. www. Cambridge University Press.V. Brian S Thompson. applications of ER fluids. applications – vibration control.IC 467 SMART MATERIALS AND SYSTEMS Piezoelectric materials: Properties . health monitoring. “Smart Materials and Structures”. ER phenomenon. applications of MR fluids. Srinivasan.sagepub. Ionic Polymer Metal Composites. A. charge migration mechanism. applications – vibration control. Electro-Rheological (ER) fluids: Suspensions and ER fluids. Composites. Reference Books: 1. energy harvesting. characteristics. ER fluid actuators. 2001 5. Magnetic Shape Memory Alloy.org/sms 6.iop. characteristics. 1992. health monitoring. Other smart materials: Magnetostrictive materials. Magneto-Rheological (MR) fluids: Composition of MR fluid.jim.Piezoelectricity. “Encyclopedia of smart materials”.

1991 Reference Book: 1.phase portraits.variable gradient method.describing functions analysis of non linear systems-stability analysis. Prentice Hall Englewood Cliffs. New Jercy. Text Book: 1. New Jercy.IC 469 NON-LINEAR CONTROL Non-linear system analysis: Concepts of phase plane analysis:. Non-linear control system design: feedback linearization. Slotine. Jean-Jacques E.singular points. Lyapunov analysis of Non –Autonomous system. Lyapunov theory: Lyapunov’s Direct method. Describing function analysis: describing function fundamentals-computing describing functionscommon nonlinearities in control systems.phase plane analysis of linear system and non-linear system.existence of limit cycles.construction of phase portrait. “Applied Non-Linear Control”. Department of Instrumentation and Control Engineering 59 . Vidyasagar. “Nonlinear System Analysis”. Prentice Hall Englewood Cliffs.M. 1978.stability analysis based on Lyapunov’s Direct methodKrasovskii’s method.describing functions of common nonlinearities.

Butterworth. power generation and distribution. Nuclear power plant instrumentation: Piping and instrumentation diagram of different types of nuclear power plant. “Boiler Control Systems”. control and safety instrumentation. P. rotor and casing movement and expansion measurement. “Instrumentation. control of large systems. boiler following mode operation. McGraw Hill. combustion efficiency. “Modern Power Station Practice”. turbine bypass valves. alternator. P & I diagram of boiler – combined cycle power plant. Gill A.Dukelow. soot-blowing operation. reliability aspects. Controls and Testing”. induced draught. Importance of instrumentation in power generation – details of boiler processes. Text Books: 1. Controls in boiler: Boiler drum level measurement methods. excess reactivity. Pergamon Press. Pergamon Press. Jervis M. “The Control of Boilers”. eccentricity measurement. London.B. New York. 1991. feed water systems. Department of Instrumentation and Control Engineering 60 . fuel systems. 1992. 1971. ISA Press. 1991 2.C Martin. pedestal vibration. pulse channel and logarithmic instrumentation. oxygen. 3. piping system for pressure measuring devices. David Lindsley. Combustion control: Fuel/Air ratio.ideal steam cycles – Boiler – types. Sam. products of combustion process. sliding pressure mode operation. condensate systems.IC 452 POWER PLANT INSTRUMENTATION AND CONTROL Brief survey of methods of power generation-hydro. steam turbine. 1984. Boiler . Butterworth Heinemann. flame monitoring. Modern Power Station Practice. Fan drives and control. thermal. Nuclear reactor control loops. excess air. Coordinated control.J. forced draught. Vol. Turbine control: Shell temperature control-steam pressure control – lubricant oil temperature control – cooling system. New York. steam circuits. Introduction to turbine supervising system. shaft vibration. London. feedwater control. 2nd Edition. British Electricity International Vol. nuclear. reactor dynamics. Installation of noncontracting transducers for speed measurement. combustion process. natural draught. CO and CO2 trimming. “Power Station Instrumentation”. I. control of air flow. solar and wind power – Introduction to thermal power plant processes – building blocks . treatment of flue gases. Reference Books: 1. selection between boiler and turbine following modes. 1993.6. smoke and dust monitor. Measurement in boiler and turbine: Metal temperature measurement in boilers. 1 & VI. G. feed water conditioning. 2.turbine units and its range systems. Distributed control system in power plants-interlocks in boiler operation. turbine following mode operation. “Power Plant Performance”. Oxford. 3.W Hannah. Oxford. power requirements for draught systems. parallel and cross limited combustion control. Controls in boiler: Problems associated with control of multiple pulverizers. Draught plant: Introduction. steam temperature control.

Parametric identification: Steps in identification process. MAP. Case studies: Electro mechanical systems. spectral analysis.L. correlation method. 1994.IC454 SYSTEM IDENTIFICATION Nonparametric Identification: Transient and frequency analysis methods. relation between minimizing the prediction error and the MLE. Linear and nonlinear model structures. Ljung . 1989. Prentice Hall International (UK) Ltd. New Jercy. asymptotic distribution of parameter estimates. model validation. 3. least square estimation. Forgetting Factor method. Prentice Hall. System Identification. Minimizing prediction error. spectral properties. Input signals: commonly used signals. determining model structure and dimension. persistent excitation. Juang. Parametric estimation: Linear regression. Applied System Identification. Englewood Cliffs. impulse and step response methods. Jer-Nan. Text Books: 1. closed loop data. bias.identifiability. Englewood Cliffs. Torsten Soderstrom. System Identification: Theory for the user. Kalman Filter interpretation Identification in practice: Aliasing due to sampling. Convergence and consistency. Least squares. Instrumental Variable Method. model order estimation. 1987. Department of Instrumentation and Control Engineering 61 . Recursive estimation. robustness considerations. statistical analysis of LS methods. Petre Stoica. 2. Prentice Hall PTR.

IIT Bombay.Mathematical representation of Fault and Disturbances: Additive and Multiplicative types – Residual Generation: Detection. Macel Dekker.Residual structure of Multiple fault Isolation: Diagonal and Full Row canonical concepts – Introduction to parity equation implementation and alternative representation.Typical applications. Janos J.Types of faults and different tasks of Fault Diagnosis and Implementation .Different issues involved in FDD. Text Books: 1. “Robust Estimation and Failure detection”.Residual structure of single fault Isolation: Structural and Canonical structures.Different approaches to FDD: Model free and Model based approaches. Classification of Fault and Disturbances. 2. Reference Books: 1. Isolation. Springer-Verlag-London 1998. Computational and stability properties – Design of Residual generator – Residual specification and Implementation.IC 456 FAULT DETECTION AND DIAGNOSIS Introduction to Fault Detection and Diagnosis: Scope of FDD:. Sachin. February 2005. Rami S. Analytical Redundancy Concepts: Introduction. Advanced level issues and design involved in FDD: Introduction of Residual generation of parametric fault – Robustness Issues –Statistical Testing of Residual generators – Application of Neural and Fuzzy logic schemes in FDD – Case study. Design of Directional structured Residuals: Introduction – Directional Specifications: Directional specification with and without disturbances – Parity Equation Implementation – Linearly dependent column. Department of Instrumentation and Control Engineering 62 . C. Design of Structured Residuals: Introduction. 1998. Gertler “Fault Detection and Diagnosis in Engineering systems” – 2nd Edition. Mangoubi. “Fault Detection and Diagnosis in Industrial Process” – Lecture Notes. Patwardhan.

Section VIII . Electronic diagrams.TEMA Standards Government Regulations Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) .2 . Laboratory: Students are required to produce P&I diagrams using software packages during the laboratory period of the course. Logic and Computer Systems .ASME Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code. DCS diagrams. Format.Application of Safety Instrumented Systems for the Process Industries Tubular Exchanger Manufacturers Association (TEMA) . Government regulations.Instrumentation Symbols and Identification . Construction diagrams. Process Safety Management of Highly Hazardous Chemicals.119 . References: Industry Codes and Standards American National Standards Institute (ANSI) .OSHA 29 CFR 1910.1 .ISA 84. Engineering fluid diagrams.ISA 5.Graphic Symbols for Distributed Control/ Shared Display Instrumentation.3 .Binary Logic Diagrams for Process Operations .01 . Department of Instrumentation and Control Engineering 63 . Applications of P&I diagrams in HAZOPS and Risk analysis.ISA 5. Equipment.ANSI/FCI 70-2-2003 . Electrical Diagrams. Industry Codes and Standards.Occupational Safety and Health Standards.Control Valve Seat Leakage American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME) . Instrumentation and Controls. Logic diagrams.ISA 5. Systems and Automation Society (ISA) .Pressure Vessels The Instrumentation.IC 458 PIPING AND INSTRUMENTATION DIAGRAMS P&I Diagram objectives.

Optimal Control. and Accuracy. Academic Press/Elsevier. “Matrix Computations”. Control Systems Analysis – Linear State-space models and solutions of the state equations. B.N. Observability. Canonical forms obtained via orthogonal transformations.F. Inertia. Algebraic Riccati equations. G. Matrices. QR factorization. Quarteroni. and Robust Stability. Least Squares problem. 2003.org Department of Instrumentation and Control Engineering 64 . John Hopkins University Press. 2005 (Low cost Indian edition available including CD ROM). Datta. 4/e. Control Systems Design – Feedback stabilization.scilab. Conditioning. Efficiency. Golub & C.IC 460 COMPUTATIONAL TECHNIQUES IN CONTROL ENGINEERING Review of Linear Algebra – Vector spaces. Saleri. Numerical methods and conditioning. Singular Value Decomposition. Quadratic optimization problems. Controllability. State estimation and Kalman filter. Orthogonal projections. Some Selected Software – MATLAB. 3. SCILAB. Numerical solution of the Linear system Ax = b. Numerical solutions and conditioning of Lyapunov and Sylvester equations.H. A. Stability. 2. Van Loan. “Scientific Computing with MATLAB”. “Numerical Methods for Linear Control Systems”. MATHEMATICA. Text Books/References/Resources: 1. LU Factorization. Stability. 2007 (Low cost Indian edition available from Hindustan Book Agency). F. Eigenvalue assignment. Vector and Matrix Norms. 4. Kronecker Product Numerical Linear Algebra – Floating point numbers and errors in computations. Large scale Matrix computations. www. Springer Verlag. Orthogonality.

2006.J.Kirkup. Experimentation. model and measures. Statistical consideration in measurement uncertainty. regression and reporting of results. Design an experimentation: Detailed uncertainty analysis Additional considerations in experimental design. Academic Press Newyork. Applications. W. data analysis.Glenn Steele “Experimentation and Uncertainty analysis for engineers” 2nd Edition.Experimental approach.IC 462 UNCERTAINTY ANALYSIS IN ENGINEERING Importance of uncertainty in science and technology. definitions. Hugh W Coleman. Basic concepts and Recent developments in uncertainty analysis. Measurement matters. Reference Books: 1. Uncertainty in engineering problems. Planning an experiment: General uncertainty analysis. L. terms used in measurement. Department of Instrumentation and Control Engineering 65 . 2. Cambridge University Press. Herzberger. 1983. Interval analysis-Basic concepts. debugging and execution of experiments. “Introduction to Interval computations”. arithmetic operation of intervals. RB. Introduction to uncertainty in measurement.Interval based approach.Frickel “An Introduction to Uncertainty in measurement: Using GUM”. 3. Alefeld G. 1999. Wiely-Interscience. Uncertaintytypes. Errors and uncertainty. Measurement fundamentals.

Deriving and Applying Chernoff Bounds. Bins and Random Graphs: Poisson Distribution. A measure of Randomness. Press. Entropy. Random walks on undirected Graphs. 2005 (Cheaper Indian Edition is available) Department of Instrumentation and Control Engineering 66 . Mitzenmacher M. Conditional Expectation. The Expected Run-time of Quick-Sort. A Randomized Algorithm for Computing the Median Chernoff Bounds: Moment Generating Functions. Chebyshev’s Inequality.IC 464 PROBABILITY AND COMPUTING Events and Probability: Verifying Polynomial Identites. Text Book: 1. Sample and Modify. A Randomized mini-cut Algorithm Discrete Random Variables and Expectations: The Bernoulli and Binomial Random Variables. MArkovian Quevues. Compression The Monte Carlo Method. Lovasz Local Lemma Markov Chains and Random walks: Definition and Representations. The Markov Chain Monte Carlo Method. Poisson Approximation. The Geometric Distribution. Variance and Moments of a Random Variable. The DNF Counting Problem. Better Bounds for Special cases Balls. Entropy Function. Second Moment Method. & Upfal E. Expectation Argument. Hashing. Probability and Computing. Random Graphs The Probabilistic Method: Basic Counting Argument. Moments and Deviations: Markov’s Inequality. The Conditional Expectation Inequality. Randomness and Information: The Entropy Function. Poisson Process. Continuous Time Markov Processes. Verifying Matrix Multiplication. Exponential Distribution. Continuous Distributions and the Poisson Process: Continuous Random Variables Uniform Distribution.. De randomization using Conditional Expectations. Stationary Distributions. Cambridge Univ. Classification of States. Entropy and Binomial Coefficients. From Approximate Sampling to Approximate Counting.

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