Sentence Structure

A: B: Emma Name

General Questions

Verb Conjugations Adjective Conjugations Counters and Time

Sentence Structures Identifying someone or something using Affirmative Topic Noun Mr. Tanaka is a junior Comment Particle (Topic) Noun Copula Verb Negative Topic Noun Particle(Topic) Noun Comment Coupula Verb Mr/Ms. Suzuki is not an international student Direct Object Particle Topic Noun I will eat lunch Direct Object Particle Verb Destination or Goal Particles and Destination/Goal Place noun Particle / I am going home NOTE: Just use as there are times cannot be used Verb Place of Action and Event Place of Action Noun Particle Verb phrase I am going to see a movie at the library .

Telling the Time Using Point in Time Time I will wake up at 6:30 Particle Using Adverbs to Express Frequency of Actions Adverb / / / I always/most of the time/sometimes/rarely go to the library Action Referring to things using There is a book Question Location Is that a bag? Asking for and Giving Locations Using And Asking Topic Noun Particle Location Location Copula Verb Particle Where is there a dictionary? Giving Topic Noun The dictionary is   tatement Location / / Particle Noun Particle Noun Particle Location Location / Copula Verb Particle .

Describing People and Things Using Adjectives + Noun Adjectives Topic The house is pretty Note: Drop the if adjective follows Particle Adjective Topic Particle Adjective Noun The house is a pretty building Polite form Dictionary Form Affirmative Form Negative Form Adjective+Noun (famous) Past Affirmative Past Negative Past Plain Form Dictionary Form Affirmative Form Negative Form Adjective+Noun (famous) Past Affirmative Past Negative Past Adjectives Topic The house is big Particle Adjective Topic The house is a big building Particle Adjective Noun Polite Form Dictionary Form Polite Affirmative Form Polite Negative Form Adjective+Noun Plain Form Dictionary Form Polite Affirmative Form Polite Negative Form Adjective+Noun .

Describing People. it can sound authoritative. Things and Their Location Using / Location Noun Place Particle Noun / There is a cat over there/There is a cat in the bank Particle = Living = non-Living Using and Particle Translated as ~isn t it?/right?/correct? Phrase There is a kanji test today right? Particle Particle Translated as I tell you or you know. Places and Things using Question Topic Adjective Noun Which building is Suzuki s house? tatement Noun Adjective That is the house. Used when the speaker wishes to emphasize to the listener that they are imparting new information. Question: Phrase Particle Refering to People. ¡ .

Noun Subject Whose is this nice bag? Pronoun Particle Adjective Adjective That big one? Particle Expressing Distance and Duration using the Particles and and the suffix / (From) Location From (Until) Location To I went from the house to school. or ones. meaning one.Using Location Nouns inside near above Object Place outside behind to the right of Place Particle next to front to the left of Location Location Particle adjacent/next to below Object Place Place Particle Location Location Particle Referring to things mentioned immediately before. using noun/adjective + (pronoun) Particle is used to describe ownership. From Time I will study from 6-7 Particle Time To Particle .

g. with. I studied in the library I studied in the lab. too There is a cat under the chair There is one on the chair too. ) Double Particles Both and Subject Direct Object Place of Action Place of Existence Starting Point may replace and the Similarity Marker (Double (direct object) or (subject) but they must follow other particles I am a student Mr. by) Particle How did you come? Object I arrive by bus Particle Verb Object I saw it on tv Particle Verb (about. too. when noun indicates day of the week. I will go to the hospital tomorrow I will go to the bank too . Time Goal / I have a class on Tuesday I have one on Thursday. too. I got a phone call from teacher I got one from my friend too Occasionally some particles such as (point in time) and / (goal) can be erased when easily recoverable from the context. approximately) Time I slept for about 8 hours Particle / More about Topic Marker Particles and vs.(by means of. Ueda is a student too I drink coffee in the morning I drink juice in the morning. e.

It generally occurs when the speaker introduces a subject just noticed Once a subject has been mentioned. with Two Nouns First I studied with my friend Second Particle Verb And First Noun Particle Noun Verb I read the newspaper and magazines And + more First Noun Particle Noun Verb I like reading newspaper. subsequent sentences is often used when referring to the same subject in Using Particles and Together with. . Also use when information about a subject is important or situationally new to the listener and/or speaker. or contains a question word. which is information already known to the speaker. magazines and etc. Always use when the subject is. Particle marks the grammatical subject of a sentence.vs Particle cannot be used with a question word because it species the topic of a sentence. Only use when there is a question word in the comment (the part following the topic).

To (recipient. goal. destination) Noun I shall write a letter to my friend Particle e. It is used with the verbs . Purpose can also indicate the purpose for going somewhere. big and quiet Making Requests To a social inferior: To a social superior . watched tv and ate lunch. target. Verb Stem I m going to eat Particle Verb of movement Note: A sentence can use more than one (going to the library to study) Using form Te-form Te-form Connecting verbs From 1 2 I studied.g. Note: can replace to mean sometimes/occasionally Connecting Adjectives Topic Adjective ( ) Adjective ( ) Adjective(normal form) The building is pretty.

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