APJ Abdul Kalam Life History | prabhuraja | Indiainteracts.

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Written by : prabhuraja

Abul Pakir Jainulabdeen Abdul Kalam (Tamil: ) born October 15, 1931, Tamil Nadu, India, usually referred as Dr. A. P. J. Abdul Kalam^, was the eleventh President of India, serving from 2002 to 2007.[2] Due to his unconventional working style, he is also popularly known as the People's President. Before his term as India's president, he distinguished himself as engineering visionary and was awarded India's highest civilian honour Bharat Ratna in 1997 for his work with DRDO and his role as scientific advisor to the Indian government. He loves children, and since leaving the presidency, he spends a lot of time with them. He is popularly known as the Missile Man of India for his work and is considered a progressive mentor, innovator and visionary in India. Contents

* 1 Honours * 2 Personal life * 3 Kalam as an engineer * 4 Books * 5 References * 6 External links Honours He has received honorary doctorates from as many as thirty universities .[3] The Government of India has honoured him with the nation's highest civilian honours: the Padma Bhushan in 1981; Padma Vibhushan in 1990; and the Bharat Ratna in 1997. Kalam is the Fourth President of India to have been honoured with a Bharat Ratna before being elected to the highest office, the other three being Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan ,V. V. Giri and Zakir Hussain. He is also the first scientist and first bachelor to occupy Rashtrapati Bhavan. Referred to as the "People's President", Kalam is often considered amongst India's greatest president going by a winnnig poll conducted by news channel CNN-IBN for India's Best President. Personal life APJ Abdul Kalam was born in 1931 in a middle-class family in Rameshwaram, Tamil Nadu, a town well-known for its Hindu shrines. His mother tongue is Tamil. His father, a devout Muslim, owned boats which he rented out to local fishermen and was a good friend of Hindu religious leaders and the school teachers at Rameshwaram. APJ Abdul Kalam mentions in his biography that to support his studies, he started his career as a newspaper vendor. This was also told in the book, A Boy and His Dream: Three Stories from the Childhood of Abdul Kalam by Vinita Krishna. The house Kalam was born in can still be found on the Mosque street at Rameswaram, abutting his brother's curio shop. This has become a point-of-call for tourists who seek out the place. Kalam grew up in an intimate relationship with nature, and he says in Wings

of Fire that he never could imagine that water could be so powerful a destroying force as that he witnessed when he was six. Dhanushkodi. he made significant contributions to the development of India's first indigenous Satellite Launch Vehicle (SLV-III). . he also played major part in developing many missiles of India including Agni and Prithvi. As Chief Executive of Integrated Guided Missile Development Programme (IGMDP). Pokhran-II nuclear tests were conducted during this period. Department of Defence Research " Development from July 1992 to December 1999. He was the Chief Scientific Adviser to Defence Minister and Secretary. led by him. That was in 1934 when a cyclonic storm swept away the Pamban bridge and a trainload of passengers with it and also Kalam's native village. Kalam as an engineer Abdul Kalam graduated from Madras Institute of Technology majoring in Aeronautical Engineering. As the Project Director.

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