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OPERATING LIMITS

Static head up to: Temperature range: Operating pressure: Test pressure:


* according to models, see table.

VESSELS DIAPHRAGM OR BLADDER TANKS


For expansion and pressure boosting applications

40 m CE 10 to + 110C 4 and 10 bar 25 bar*

APPLICATIONS
water diaphragm

nitrogen

EXPANSION For maintaining the pressurization of systems subject to temperature variations by compensation of water expansions. For central heating, cooling and airconditioning systems. PRESSURE BOOSTING q Direct pressure boosting: A small vessel maintains the pressure in the

installation when no delivery is required and protects the pressure controller against pressure variations and water expansion. Conventional pressure boosting: A large vessel with a large useful water reserve covers the low deliveries required by the installation.
q

Principle of the diaphragm vessel.

nitrogen

bladder water

Principle of the bladder vessel.

STAINLESS STEEL secondary water version, used when water quality is imperative

D.S. No. 300-2/ENG. - Ed. 3/05-03-02

VESSELS

BENEFITS
Closed vessels removing any risk of evaporation and frost. q Diaphragm in natural rubber, food processing grade, easily interchangeable. q Eliminates the need for expensive air replacement systems. q Speedy, easy installation. q No maintenance. q Large useful water reserve avoiding starting the pump too often in pressure boosting configuration. q Vessels approved by the W.R.C. (Water Research Center) and conform to standard DIN 4807.
q

EXPANSION: OPERATING PRINCIPLE


1 2 3

water water diaphragm nitrogen

nitrogen

nitrogen

inflating valve

DESIGN
Horizontal or vertical closed vessel. EPDM or Butyl bladder. Butyl bladder, moulded in a single piece and secured inside the tank in one or two points according to capacities. The bladder or diaphragm ensures total separation between water and air. It is protected by a strainer at the water inlet. The vessel enveloppe is coated (inside and outside) with an anti-corrosion paint. Inflating valve, standard car type, protected by a cap. Vessels with 2 to 24 litres' capacity are mounted directly on the piping; other models are to be placed on the ground. Vessels are factory tested or submitted to Mines Administration testing.

Before the increase in temperature, the pressure inside the vessel balances the installation static pressure. The nitrogen fills the whole vessel volume. The diaphragm remains stuck against the wall.

During the increase in temperature, the water volume in the system increases under the effect of expansion and compresses the diaphragm. The nitrogen volume decreases and the pressure in the installation increases. After the increase in temperature, the final pressure nears the calibration pressure of the safety valve.

When the boiler is shut down, the water in the system cools down and the installation pressure decreases. The water contained in the vessel returns to the system to restore the pressure and the water volume.

In cooling and air-conditioning installations: q when the system cools down, the water volume decreases; the expansion vessel returns the water to the system to maintain the pressure. q upon shutdown, the water at ambient temperature expands, the increased volume of water enters the vessel and compresses the diaphragm.

BASIS FOR COMPUTATION


HOT WATER SYSTEM 1 - Expansion volume: V exp = Vt x (Cm Cr) where: Vt : total installation volume Cm : Expansion coefficient at average operating temperature, i.e.: T boiler outlet + T return 2 Cr : Expansion coefficient at filling temperature (10 to 12 C) 2 - Total vessel volume: where: P1 : effective inflating pression corresponding to the static head + 1 bar* P2 : valve cracking pressure + 1 bar*
* Corresponding to the atmospheric pressure.

WATER EXPANSION COEFFICIENTS


temperature C coefficient temperature C coefficient

THEORETICAL INSTALLATION VOLUME


Conversion of kW into litres:
heating body for 1 kW for installations

Convectors and steel radiators Cast iron radiators Hot plates Any heating body

7 litres 10 litres 8,5 litres 7 litres 581 th/hr > 581 th/hr

V = Vt x (Cm Cr) V= 1 P1 1 P2

10 20 30 40 50 55 60 65 70

0.0004 0.0018 0.0044 0.0079 0.0119 0.0143 0.0169 0.0196 0.0225

075 080 085 090 095 100 105 110

0.0256 0.0288 0.0322 0.0357 0.0394 0.0431 0.0472 0.0513

1 th/hr = 1000 kcal = 1.163 kW.

Note: volumes of still cold water submitted to expansion require a food-processing grade expansion system.

VESSELS

APPLICATION: EXPANSION
1.000.000 800.000 600.000 400.000

200.000 100.000 80.000 60.000 40.000 TOTAL VOLUME OF THE INSTALLATION IN LITRES

AV
20.000 10.000 8.000 6.000 4.000 2.000 1.000 800 600 400 200 100 80 60 40

ER

T GE

EM

PE

U AT

RE

IN

20 30

40

50 60

70

80 90

100

110

1000

3 bar 5m 6 8 3 3 4 4.5 5 5.5 10 8

12 12 18

18 18 24

24 24 35

35 35 50

50 50 80

80 80

150 150 200


250

200 200 300

300 500

500

750 750
1000

1500 1500

2000 2000

100

250

3000 4000 3000 4000 4/7 bar


Operating pressure

300 500 500

1000

100

250

15 12 20 25 30 35 12

150

750

1500
1000

2000

100

3000 4000

18 24 24

24

35 50 50 50

50

80 100 100 100

150 150

200 200

300

750

1500

2000

100

250

3000 4000

300 300

500 500 500

750 1000 1500 2000 3000 4000 750 1000 1500 2000 3000 4000

150 150 150

200 200

10/15 bar 24 300 300 750 1000 1500 2000 3000 4000 750 1000 1500 2000 3000 4000

6 bar 40m 24
Static heads in m

50

100

200

500

Valve cracking pressures in bar (or valve calibration).

NOTE: Above 500 litres, use multiples or add vessels. For expansion of secondary water systems, hot or cold, use of food-processing grade vessels is mandatory. These vessels also ensure the safety of systems filled with water and 30% glycol.

VESSELS

APPLICATION: CONVENTIONAL PRESSURE BOOSTING


PRESSURES IN BAR

BASIS FOR COMPUTATION


Determine the vessel volume according to the cut-in pressure (Pe), triggering pressure (Pd) and useful water reserve. Compute the useful water reserve using the following general formula: RU = 16.5 x Q n

VESSEL VOLUME IN LITRES


2.2 2.9 1.9

1.5 1.5 2 2 2.5 2.5 3 3 3 3.5 3.5 3.5 4 4 4 4.5 5 5 6 7 8 10 12

2.5 3 3 3.5 3.5 4 4 4.5 5 4.5 5 5.5 5 5.5 6 5.5 7 8 9 10 11 14 16

4.9 6.4 4.3 5.7 3.8 5.1 3.4 4.7 5.7 3.1 4.3 5.3 2.9 3.9 4.9 2.6 4.3 5.7 5.1 4.7 4.3 4.6 4.0

6.5 8.6 5.7 7.6 5.1 6.8 4.6 6.2 7.6 4.1 5.7 7.0 3.8 5.3 6.5 3.5 5.7 7.6 6.8 6.2 5.7 6.1 5.4

13.6 17.8 11.9 15.8 10.6 14.3 19.5 13.0 15.8 18.6 11.9 14.6 17.9 11.0 13.6 17.3 11.9 15.8 14.3 13.0 11.9 12.7 11.2

16.3 21.4

27.1 35.6

54 71 48 63 42 57 38 52 63 35 48 58 32 44 54 29 48 63 57 52 48 51 45

81 1071 71 95 63 86 57 78 95 52 71 88 48 66 81 44 71 95 86 78 71 76 67

136 178 119 158 106 143 195 130 158 186 119 146 179 110 136 173 119 158 143 130 119 127 112

204 267 178 238 158 214 143 194 238 130 178 219 119 164 204 110 178 238 214 194 178 190 168

Pe

Pd

18

24

50

60

100

200 300 500 750 1000 1500 2000 271 356 238 317 211 285 190 259 317 173 238 292 158 219 271 146 238 317 285 259 238 253 224 407 534 356 475 317 428 285 389 475 259 356 438 238 329 407 219 356 475 428 389 356 380 335 543 713 475 633 422 570 380 518 633 345 475 585 317 428 543 292 475 633 570 518 475 507 447

14.3 23.8 19.0 12.7 17.1 11.4 31.7 21.1 28.5 19.0

2.5 1.7 2.3 1.5 2.1 2.5 1.4 1.9 2.3 1.3 1.8 2.2 1.2 1.9 2.5 2.3 2.1 1.9 2.0 1.8

where: Q : average delivery of a pump l/min. n : max. number of start-ups per hour (11 to 15). Example: Q = 9 m3/hr, i.e. 150 l/min. n = 11 start-ups/hour max. Pe = 2 bar. Pd = 3.5 bar. Useful water reserve (RU): RU = 16.5 x 150 = 225 litres 11 In the table opposite, look for the vessel volume corresponding to a useful water reserve of 225 litres (or the nearest value), according to pressures Pe and Pd.
q

15.5 25.9 19.0 10.4 31.7 17.3

14.3 23.8 17.5 19.5 13.2 16.3 18.8 29.2 15.8 21.9 27.1 14.6

Vessel volume: 750 litres

14.3 23.8 19.0 17.1 31.7 28.5

Actual useful water reserve: 238 litres

15.5 25.9 14.3 23.8 15.2 25.3 13.4 22.4

Remark: Choose the biggest difference between Pe and Pd, which allows to reduce the vessel volume for a same useful water reserve.

Triggering pressure (Pd) Cut-in pressure (Pe)

NOTE Vessel capacity is determined according to the pump delivery, cut-in and triggering pressures, and the number of start-ups per hour.

VESSELS

PRESSURE BOOSTING

DIMENSIONS
FIG. 1 for connection onto piping FIG. 2 FIG. 3
24 l : 485 mm 50 : 620 60 : 710 100 : 795 H A h A h A H

All 12/18-bar and 10/15-bar vessels are tested and stamped by the Mines Administration.

CAPACITY litres

ORDER FIG. WITH REFERENCE BLADDER

mm

H mm

h mm

MASS kg

PRESSURE (in bar) operating test

2012 S.S. 2020 S.S.

066300 066301

1 1 1 1 1 2 2 2 2 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 1 1 1

q q q q q q q q q q q q q q q q q q q q q q q

220 270 220 260 260 260 380 380 460 380 460 630 630 630 400 630 630 630 630 850 850 10000 10000 085 200 250

390 420 310 370 485 285 410 410 490 715 880 10200 13750 20250 400 760 10950 14350 20650 19000 23100 24700 31300 110 308 560

134 189 189 229 170 200 200 200 200 170 200 200 200 200 200 200 200 200

G 1 G 1 G 3/4 G
3/4

3.2 3.5 2.5 3.5 5.5 5.5 11.5 14 19.5 10.5 20 37 46 63 22 40 60 85 130 210 245 350 460 0.3 2.5 7

04 04 04 04 04 04 04 04 04 04 04 04 04 04 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 15 08 12

12 12 12 12 12 12 12 12 12 12 12 07 07 07 15 15 15 15 15 15 15 15 15 25 12 18

2028 INOX 066304 2018 INOX 066305 2024 INOX 066306 2024 INOX 066309 2050 INOX 066310 2060 INOX 4019423 2100 INOX 066311 0250 INOX 066307 0100 INOX 066308 0200 INOX 020845 0300 INOX 020846 0500 INOX 020847 0050 INOX 019103 0100 INOX 020848 0200 INOX 020849 0300 INOX 018736 0500 INOX 018737 0750 INOX 020850 1000 INOX 020851 1500 INOX 020852 2000 INOX 020853 ANTI-HAMMER VESSELS*

G 3/4 G 1 G 1 G 1 G 1 G 1 G 1 G 11/2 G 11/2 G 11/2 G 1 G 11/2 G 11/2 G 11/2 G 11/2 G 11/2 G 11/2 G 11/2 G 11/2 G 1/4 G 3/4 G 1

0.16 l

GALVANIZED VESSELS The use of these vessels is subject to very strict hygiene rules, CONSULT US BEFORE USE. q 100 to 2000 l - 4/7 bar. q Dimensions available upon request.

0000,16 0008 0024

066302 020938 064615

VESSELS SPECIFIC TO PRESSURE BOOSTERS


q q

Operating temperature 10 C to +110C max. (60C for anti-hammer vessels). * Also exist in 5-litre capacity. 5

VESSELS

DIMENSIONS
EXPANSION FIG. 1 for connection onto piping FIG. 2
A A

FEATURES
FIG. 3

a) Installation In expansion configuration, on boiler return line, before the circulating pump(s) if installed on the return line. In pressure boosting configuration, on piping connected to the discharge collector. Charge pressure. (Check once a year.) Charge pressure shall be slightly below: the system pressure (after venting), in expansion configuration; the cut-in pressure less approx. 0.2 bar, in pressure boosting configuration.

h A

Max. charge limit. 3 bar for 4/7- and 4/12-bar vessel, 5 bar for 10/15-bar vessel. Make sure the total pressure at vessel inlet is lower than the max. service pressure. IMPORTANT Safety valve compulsory on vessels tested by the Mines Administration. b) Packaging Vessels are pre-charged with nitrogen (1 or 1.5 bar) and delivered in a cardboard packing or a plastic bag, depending on models. A plate stamped by the Mines Administration is affixed on 'Mines-tested' vessel front panel. c) Maintenance Standard bladder replacement.

Operating temperature 10 C to +110 C max.


CAPACITY litres ORDER REFERENCE FIG. WITH DIA- WITH PHRAGMBLADDER mm H mm h mm A MASS PRESSURE (in bar) kg operating test

0006 0008 0012 0018 0024 0035 0050 0080 0100 0150 0250 0200 0300 0500 0050 0100 0200 0300 0500 0750 1000 1500 2000

066284 066285 066286 066287 066288 066289 066290 066291 066292 40001550 40001560 020845 020846 020847 019103 020848 020849 018736 018737 020850 020851 020852 020853

1 1 1 1 1 1 2 2 2 2 2 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3

q q q q q q q q q q q q q q q q q q q q q q q

245 245 285 285 325 380 380 460 460 510 590 630 630 630 400 630 630 630 630 850 850 10000 10000

248 275 320 390 420 465 650 700 810 970 12300 10200 13750 20250 400 760 10950 14350 20650 19000 23100 24700 31300

200 200 200 170 200 200 200 200 200 200 200 200

G 3/4 G 3/4 G 3/4 G 3/4 G 3/4 G 1 G 1 G 1 G 1 G 1 G 1 G 11/2 G 11/2 G 11/2 G 1 G 11/2 G 11/2 G 11/2

2 2.5 3 4 5 7 10 12 16.5 24 40 37 46 63 22 40 60 85

04 04 04 04 04 04 04 04 04 04 04 04 04 04 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 10

07 07 07 07 07 07 07 07 07 07 07 07 07 07 15 15 15 15 15 15 15 15 15

RECOMMENDED ACCESSORIES
Safety valves with or without pressure gauge. q Pressure gauge. q Automatic air vent
q

G 11/2 130 G 11/2 210 G 11/2 245 G 11/2 350 G 11/2 460

NOTE For higher installation characteristics, see data sheets specific to expansion modules: EXPANSON.

The 35-litre vessel is supplied with a bracket for wall mounting (with 2 holes 11 - distance b/c 250 mm).

53, bd de la Rpublique - Espace Lumire - Bt. 6 - 78403 Chatou Cedex Tl.: 0820 873 624 - Fax: 33 (0) 1 30 09 82 48 - http//www.salmson.fr