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M/S. PACIFIC CROP SCIENCE
Sorathiya Geeta N.
SEAT NO. Academic year
R. p. bhalodia college, Rajkot.
Mr. Kuldeep Jobanputra
Saurastra University, Rajkot
I undersigned SORATHIYA GEETA N. a student of F.Y.B.B.A. here by declare that project work presented in this report is my own and has been carried out under the supervision and guidance of Prof. KULDEEP JOBANPUTRA of R.P.BHALODIA. This work has not been previously submitted to any other university for any examination.
Place: - Rajkot
(SORATHIYA GEETA N.)
Practical training plays an important role in field of education. In each & every field of life, practical study is necessary. Theoretical knowledge is not enough. According to the need, education policy adopted practical training has been introduced for the student along with theoretical study. This helps the student to make their future better & also gives them a chance to show their skills & abilities. The course in which I have been studying in F.Y.B.B.A., I have been given an opportunity to take practical training of different industries. I have visited “M/S. SPACIFIC CROP SCIENCE” After visiting all department of this unit carefully, I have tried to collect the information in the best possible manner. All the experience of this type of practical training is very helpful for our future development and over about that we come across and learn a number of things.
I would like to thank Prof. KULDEEP JOBANPUTRA for giving us project report guidance and I am also thankful to our trusty Mr. Kalidasfor their best direction. At last I am ready gladful everyone who has given me creative guidance and connotative support to make this project report worth while for practice study.
Signature of Student
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8
General Information Production Department Marketing Department Personnel Department Finance Department Future Plan Suggestion Conclusion
5 15 24 34 43 49 51 53
Particulars Profile History of industry Size & firm of industry Form of industry Location of industry Time keeping system Objectives Organization structure
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8
Name of the Firm Registered Office Address :-M/S. Specific Crop Science. :- 15, Sardar Complax, 1st Floor, Gundala Road, Gondal –360 311 Year of Establishment Type of Business Org. Size of unit Main product Other products :-1/4/2006 :-Partnership :-Small Scale Industry :-Agro Chemical :-Grow-on (bio-stimpalet), Greenfield, (N.P.K.), Speed Total green, Greenphos, Sonata. Office hours Number of employees Accounting year Banker M. Director Marketing Manager S.R. Land Working Days :-10 hours : - 45 employees :-1, April. To 31, March. :-Raj Bank - Gondal :-Ashwinbhai M. Padhaliy :-Vinodbhai M. Hadiya :-Pareshkumar G. Bhalodiya :-3000 square meters :-Monday to Saturday
Turn Over Present Investment Market Shift
:-3 crores :-4 crores :-Gujarat (Saurastra) :-2 shift
HISTORY OF INDUSTRY
“M/S. SPECIFIC CROP SCIENCE.” is established in the year 2006 by Mansukhbhai B. Patel as privet limited. History means a lengthy period of past, which makes the particular thing remarkable it be taken into account. Three years is a too short period to create a history but within this short period the industry has achieved valuable as a small-scale unit , which with its day-by-day progress has reached to greater heights. Now the unit wants market all over India with the efforts of the partners, who believe in the phrase, “Work hard and success shall touch your feet”. The aim of starting this unit is that of working the dreams of a common man, of having a potential to run business successfully. Today in spite of touch competition in the field of wall chemical, M/S SPECIFIC CROP SCIENCE. with efforts of their partners and hard work of the administrative staff and worker has been able to manage and run the unit successfully and has made its even special place. Observing this speed of development in quite there is a bright scope of rising for this unit. a short span, it is expected that
SIZE &FIRM OF INDUSTRY
There are three size of business organization. 1) Small scale industry. 2) Medium scale industry. 3) Large scale industry
Small Scale Industry
If the investment of any industry in its fixed assets does not exceed Rs.3 crores is known as S.S.I.
Medium Scale Industry
Investment of any industry in its fixed assets is more than 3 crores but does not exceed Rs.5 crores is known as M.S.I.
Large Scale Industry
Investment of any industry in its fixed assets is more than Rs.5 crores is known as L.S.I. “M/S. SECIFIC CROP SCIENCE” Is considering as a Small Scale Industry.
FORM OF INDUSTRY
Any businesses are started with the profit motive by engaging capital, labors, machineries and other material. Any types of business concern can be started either by one person i.e. partners by the government or by other public sector also. From this point of view, there are four main forms of organization, they are given as follows. Sole Proprietorship. Partnership. Co-operative Society. Company 1. Privet Company. 2. Public Company.
“M/S. SPECIFIC CROP SCIENCE” is registered as partnership industry.
LOCATION OF INDUSTRY
By the location of plant or industry beans a scientific choice of a region and/or a specific sight in a region where the business unit is to be situated. The main object of an industrial concern is to maximize profit through minimization of production and distribution cost. This objective can realized only if the firm is located at a place which offers all economics of production and distribution. “The ideal location is that which permits the lowest cost in production and distribution of a product or services.” -JOAN A. SHUBBIN. “The location of a plant should be fixed in such a manner that people interested in its success and can sale goods most profitably and manufacture them with least expenses.” -M.C.SHUKLA “M/S. SPECIFIC CROP SCIENCE” has ideal location. It is located in own area. This is near to the highway and company get raw-materials, transport facility, power & fuel, labors, finance facility and many more. So that company can also get government help.
TIME KEEPING SYSTEM
Time is the most important factor for everyone. Time is our valuable assets. The system of time keeping means how many shift are there and how many hours are they work in each shift of a day. “M/S. SPECIFIC CROP SCIENCE.” is very regular industry. In M/S. SPECIFIC CROP SCIENCE the processed is continuous for 10 hours. It has divided in two shifts. First Shift Break Time : 8 to 1
: 2 hours to 8
Second Shift : 3
Every company has its own aim for business. Every organization needs to have specific and well – defined objective. Every department must have targets or objectives. The individual goals must be in line with the departmental goals and the departmental goals must be in line with the overall organizational goals. “M/S. SPECIFIC CROP SCIENCE” also its aim or objectives. The following are the objectives of “M/S. SPECIFIC CROP SCIENCE.” a. Satisfied customers b. Productive working habits c. Continuous improvement in quality & productivity d. Increase the production capacity.
Organization structure of “M/S. SPECIFIC CROP SCIENCE.”
CHAMICAL HEAD ENGINEER
No. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 Introduction
Organization Structure Products Raw materials and source of raw material Production Process Quality Control Plant Layout
Production means creation utilities & covers all the activities of procurement, allocation, materials, equipment, machinery etc. Utilities are goods & revive which have wanted. Production activities must be operated in an economical & efficient manner because cost of production is a vital factor in facing market. Competition & ensuring normal profile or return on the investment. According to E.S. Buff, “Production is a process by which the goods and services are created.” To deal with the production process, the meaning of production management should also be clarified. “Production management is the process of planning, Organizing, Directing and controlling the activities of production function. Production function is the conversion of raw materials into finished goods.”
The organization structure of production department is given below:
1. GROWON 2. MONO GREEN 3. GREEN SALF 4. GREEN FIELD 5. TOTAL GREEN
RAW MATERIAL & SOURCE OF RAW MATERIAL
Raw material is very important for the any production. In “M/S. SPECIFIC CROP SCIENCE.” the production is done according to the order of the customers. Therefore, they buy the raw materials as per the customer’s use.
SOURCE OF RAW MATERIAL
A) GROWON -BIO-STRIMPLET -MUMBAI
B) MONO GREEN -NIM OIL C) GREEN SALF - LIQUID SULFER -VAPI D) GREEN FIELD -N.P.K. 19:19:19 -ANKLESWAR E) TOTAL GRE
The plant matches all the parameters of any best European plant in the industry. It has many firsts to its credit viz. It gets the certificate of the CIB. At every stage from procurement of raw material to finished product, there is quality parameters set to keep a stringent check on quality in stages. The parameters are predefined and conveyed to the Quality Inspectors who in turn are duty bound to follow the same. The reporting about quality issue has to be immediate to the production head, who in turn is obliged to undertake corrective measures.
G A R D E N
ROAD R O A D
MACHINERY O &
F F I C E
RAW MATERIAL ROOM
INDEX No. 1 Introduction 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 Particulars Page No.
Organization Structure Distribution Channel Advertisement Pricing Decision Marketing Research Production Planning Product & product related strategy
The human activity directed at satisfying need and wants through exchange process. - Philip kilter Marketing is a comprehensive term. It include primary resources such as, human resources , finance and management as well as a set of activities in order to direct the flow of goods and services from producer to consumer in the process of exchange and distribution. Marketing may be defined as the process of exchange between seller and buyer. It involves number of inter – related activities designed to plan , promote, distribute and price a product or services in order to meet the wants and needs of both the parties in exchanges transaction, viz., consumers and producers.
Marketing department has to perform various functions rightly from production to sales to ultimate customers. We can say that marketing department has various functions like product planning, marketing research, servicing to customer etc. Marketing department organization setup in M/S. SPECIFIC CROP SCIENCE is given below.
In the field of marketing channel of distribution indicate routes or pathways through which goods & services flow, or move from products of consumers. Distribution is a function to distribute or sub – divide the producer’s gods on a geographical basis to various specific markets. There are mainly two types of channel of distribution: Direct :In the direct or short channel, the company sells the products to consumers directly. There are no intermediaries. Indirect:Indirect channel or long channel, the company uses intermidiateries to canalize its product to the consumers, but here there is no indirect channel.
M/S. SPECIFIC CROP SCIENCE use direct channel for sells their product
Advertisement has a very great impact over the sales of the company and compant has chosen different kinds of the media to advertise the services, products and other matters, which are very significant or considerable while going to purchase a bike from the any dealer of the bikes and because of it the company has got the very great benefit. So, the purpose of the company is satisfied and the goal is archived. The following are the media used by the company for the advertisement: News paper Magazines Catalogues Posters
“Price is the only element in the market mix that creates sales revenue.” Pricing means fixation of value of product in monitory terms. It is a very critical decision in management. The main objective of the firm is to earn profits, which is very much depends on the right pricing decision. The management in consultation with the production and finance department takes pricing decision. The company should also keep competitors costs, price and offers and then fix then price of their product. In M/S. SPECIFIC CROP SCIENCE price of a product is decided considering various factors like, 1 Raw materials purchase 2 Transportation 3 Processing Expenses 4 Taxes 5 Marketing Expenses 6 Packing & Labeling 7 Other Expenses
Marketing research may be defined as the significant and controlled process of gatherings of non-routine marketing information helping management to solve marketing problem. Marketing development, pricing policies, effectiveness of personnel selling, advertisement and sales promotion and distribution structure, marketing strategies, market compaction, buyer behavior and attitudes in the market place. Marketing research has recorded fat growth and development with the emergence of the marketing concept, i.e., customer –oriented marketing approach, marketing management builds up its marketing plans and programs, around customers needs and desires. Marketing information print research have become our key resources to accomplish the twin objectives of customer satisfaction and profitability. Thus, marketing research has become a vital management tool for business decision – marking. In M/S. SPECIFIC CROP SCIENCE Feedback is taken from the marketing manager and salesman appointed by company. They also take product performance record from the filed officer and then build new plans for the products.
“Product planning determines characteristics of the product best meeting the consumers numerous desires, characteristics into the finished product.” Johnson
Product planning means planning for the product, that is decide what type of product is to be produced or need of requirements the product is to satisfy and for whom the product is meant. If the existing product lacks in the product tacks to draw the attention of the consumer or becomes unprofitable despite best efforts. It should be eliminated or if there is any there is any chance, it should be improved in terms of the changing seeds and preferences of the consumers. In M/S. SPECIFIC CROP SCIENCE for product planning and development they arrange meeting with each departmental head they think about die, chemical and drawing for product.
PRODUCT & PRODUCT RELATED STRATAGY
M/S. SPECIFIC CROP SCIENCE is continuously doing market research and knows the share of their product in the market. They always see that their product share is always up in the market.
For this they continuously up grade their product in the form of quality. They always see that they provide product as per customer requirement.
No. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7
Particulars Introduction Organization Structure Requirement Selection Training & Development Wages & Salary Employee Benefit & Services
Page No. .
Employees hold a key place in business. No business enterprise can exist and function without employees. The success of business enterprise depends to a large extend on the quality of its personnel. The plan of business may be locality sound and structure of organization may be perfect, but if the requirement and training and training of personnel are unscientific, business cannot grow. The grow of business depends mainly on the willingness and ability of its employees. Lawrence A. Applley, therefore, wrote ‘management is the development of people and not the direction of things.’ “Personnel management is concerned with the obtaining and maintaining of satisfactory and satisfied work force.” - Dr. George R. Terry “Personnel management is that part of the process of management which is specifically concerned with the people employed in an organization.” C.H. Northcott
Personnel management is also known as STAFF MANAGEMENT. This department offers various services and performs different function like manpower planning requirement makes planning of employee’s requirement for all departments. In the case of this co., they have appointed personnel manager. He takes decisions regarding personnel in the whole organization.
DIRECTOR PERSONAL MANAGER
Recruitment:Recruitment is the first in the process, which continues with selection and cases with the appointment of the candidates. It is the next step after manpower planning in procurement function. Recruitment helps to acquire the number and types of people necessary to ensure continued operation of the organization of the organization there are two source of recruitment. Internal sources: Internal sources refer to the employees within org. the present employee may be promoted when vacancies arise, or they may be tranfered. In certain cases they may be demoted or dismissed.
External sources: It is not possible to recruit the workers from within, especially vacancies at lowest level or recruitment at the time of expansion of the firm or where job satisfactions can not be met by the present employees, the employer to go to external manpower supply. M/S. SPECIFIC CROP SCIENCE use mostly external sources but sometime they use internal sources.
“It is the process of differentiating between applicants in order to identify those with a greater likely hood of success in a job.” While recruitment and selection of the applicant the M/S. SPECIFIC CROP SCIENCE use following process. 1. BIO-DATA. 2. Face to Face. 3. Salary Negotiation. 4. Training. 5. Confirmation.
TRAINING & DEVELOPMENT
Training is a process by which the aptitude, skills and abilities of employees to perform specific job are increase. Training programmed is a systematic programmed, which designed tones, insight theories, experience of opportunities. This company uses method of training like the following. On the Job: In the training method they give job instruction, job rotation coaching, appreciation, versatile and organization training etc. We can say it is the best way to give the training to the personnel by the company. Off the job: Off the job training considers lectures, conference, case studies, rule playing, audio – visual and discussion etc. Some times the company use to give off the job training and by which the personnel get far better knowledge. To serve the purpose of the training the company maintaining a time calendar for training.
WAGES & SALARY
Wages and salary administration refers to the establishment and implementation of sound policies and practices of employee compensation. The basis purpose of wages and salary administration is to establish and maintain a company should get something as compensation in the firm of wages. It is rewarded for their establishment and implementation of sound policies and practices of employee’s compensation. The wages and salary administration is connected with the financial aspect of needs, motivation and rewards. As far as wage & salary M/S. SPECIFIC CROP SCIENCE is concerned the skilled workers are given the salary on monthly bases while unskilled workers are given remuneration on daily basis.
M/S. SPECIFIC CROP SCIENCE Provides welfare facility to their employees or
workers is as follows: A. B. C. D. E. F. G. Medical Charges Provident fund House loan Scooter loan Marriage loan Festival gifts Bonus
No. 1 2 3 4 Introduction
Organization Structure Finance Planning Capital Structure
Finance department provides the “Base” for the company no company can run without sufficient finance. Finance is the essence of any business. It’s known as “A life blood of a business.”
It is said that money attract money, so if the organization has money and it managed property, the organization get more & more money. So finance management is necessary for any organization and that’s why financial department comes into existence.
A finance department’s organizational setup in this company is given below:
Planning is very necessary for the smooth running of the business. A business can’t be carried without planning. Planning means deciding in advance what is to be done. It is primary function and achieves primary position over other functions. It is a continuous and never ending process.
There is no systematic planning in M/S. SPECIFIC CROP SCIENCE. The financial manager discuss the financial parameters etc. the over all objective of this department is to increase the profit.
Capital structure of company is made up of composition of capitalization that is different types of capital acquired from different sources. It can be said that capital structure consists of mixture of borrowed capital and ownership capital. Capital structure of M/S. SPECIFIC CROP SCIENCE is as under
Capital structure Capital Bank loan ::4 crores 1 crores
Future plan mean what activity company want to do in future. M/S. SPECIFIC CROP SCIENCE has planned to launch a new technology of designing tiles & also want to increase its sales and make more contacts with different agents of different states.
The main target of M/S. SPECIFIC CROP SCIENCE is to be recognized as no.1 in the market of agro chemical.
I would not a position to give my suggestion to the company like “M/S. SPECIFIC CROP SCIENCE.” This is having very good brand image in market of spices. But I would like to give certain recommendation, which I feel, during my project training.
During visit, I have noticed that company has very good name in domestic market. “M/S. SPECIFIC CROP SCIENCE” As the company manufactures the best quality products; they required to increase their domestic and international market by sales promotion efforts.
It was good experience for me to visit the industry. I am thankful whole unit of M/S. SPECIFIC CROP SCIENCE for giving me require information. All the workers are good hard worker sincere and kind.
The industrial relation in the unit is very good. It provides good facilities to their workers, proper work environment and proper machinery are also given to them. The workers had never gone on strike.
Consequently M/S. SPECIFIC CROP SCIENCE is a very good example for generating employment for the unemployed persons with good knowledge and technical skills.
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