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(Key and Solutions for AIMCATl102) Key
1. 2. 3. 4.
5.
2
4 3 1 2 4
7.
3
6,
8. 4 9. 2 10.. 3 11. 2 1.2, 1
13. 14. 15. 16. 17. 1.8.
11 3 1 11 4 3
19. .2 20. 3 21.. 4 22 . .2 23. 3 24, 3
25, 2
26.
3
27 . .:I) 28. 4 29. 2 30, 4
31. 32 33. 34. 35. 36.
3 2
4
4 3 2
37. 3 38. 3 39. 3 40. 2 41. 2 42. 3
43. 414. 45. 46.
1 1 3 2
49. 3 50. 3
51.. 1. 52. 2 53. 4
55.4 56.3
57.2
58.4
59.2 60. 1
47. 4
4B, 1
54, 3
Solutions
SEcnONI
Solutlon 1. for question 1:: Sol.utions for quastlon s 6 to 10:
6.
Using' A alone.P can be either unmarried or married. If P is unmarried Q,R, and S are married persons. If P is married, one of Q arnd R is married. .'. A alone is not sutflelent. Using B alone. Q must be married R and S belong to Ihe same gmup i.. ., married. e :;. Pis unmarried. :. Statement B alone is sufficient Choice (2)
=
=
Soluilions 2.
for questions. 2 to 4:
From tne given table S.R. of O.N.G. INFS '" ~ 6 7 (1) B.T.V INFS " 1 t (ii) B.T.V I.T.C.C. 4 ~ (iH) ICICB  LT.C.C. "5 7 (ivl IGICB  SAl:: 2·t (v) a,H,E  SAL = 6 t (vi) B.H.E.  HL ::3 ~ (vii) Now (i)  (il) .,. (iii)  (iv) + (v)  (vi) + (vii) " O.N,G. ~ H,Ie :::} (~6)  (1) "'"(4)  (5) ... (2)  (6) ...(3) " ONG.  [H.L :;. O.N.G  H.L ..::5
=
Ihe value of Rs.100 at 5% rate off interest at the end 01 20 years would be Rs .. 65.3 the interest obtained is 2 Rs.165.3 5 lakh x 165.3= 100 8.2651akh ~ 8.3 lakh Choice (4)
Alternativ'e
solution:
3.
From the· tables, il can be seen tl1at at 5% inflation the value of anarticle costlnq RS.1 00 now would be 20T 9 alfter 15 years w.hile at 3% if would be 31.7.2. This signifies a growth of slightly above 50%, since 150% 01207, is slightly less than 317. .·.After 14 years these figmes would. be around 198
_ 207.9) [ I.e., 1.~ .,
an d aroun d 29" ..
[.. ._ Le., 317) , respective Iy, . 1.00
Let lJIS first reference all the cells in the given table by g!ive the letters A to 0 1.0 rows and the numbers 1 to 15 to the columns. Now, from 00111 M15, H.L. is ranked 3 more than S.H.E., which in turn is ranked 6 more than SAl (from M11). Similarly, from nt, 17. F7, F3 and A3, we gel·tlhe following arrangement SAL ICiICB WIPR. ONG RBX BHEITCC RI HL Relafive ranks in increasing order (numerically) Hence, O.N.G is ranked 5 less than H_L, nence its CS,R is 5. Choice (4) 7. The companies wutil Turnover more than that of LT.C,C. are ONG, RI, INFS, 1.0, WIPR and BTV From G4, F7 and E7, we can conclude that rank of I.T.C.C. is numerically 4 higher than 1.0,.4 less than B.T.V and 4 higher man WIPR. FJTom,F3 and F7, rank of I.T.C.C is 3 less than INFS_ From, F3 and A3, rank of O.N.G is 3 less than II.T.C.C From B6 and F7, rank ofR.1 is 6 more than LT.C.C .. .: Only, O.NI.G, WIPR and 1.0. are rankedtletter than i.r.c,c. Choice (3) As there is no information oompaning both S,B. and GAl. with amy other company or with each other, none' of the given valu.Jeswill definitely enable I.lS to find the C.S.R of all the 15 eorupanies, Choice (4) If rank of RJ_ is known, From [96, F7, 17, rank ollCICB can be determined. Rank of GAl cannot be determined as there is no value ill lts row or column. From rank of ICIGB and 111, rank of SAl can be determined. Fwm 02, rank 01 H,t can be determined, Choice (2) CSR of S.B. and GAl Can be +414 or it can be +11.1~11. As it is more than thai of HL w.r.t it must be 11_ Now rank of every company can oe determined. Choice (3)
which would not give a growth of 50%. {150% of 19B is greater than 294). Jt woutdl take a rnlnlrnurn of 15 years. Choice (3) 4.
10 have a corpus of RS.l00 lakh at the end of 15 years at
10% growti'n, the amount to be invested now " 100 [Iakh '" 24 lakh ( 411~~7) _~ _ Ch otce (1) .•. ~
Solution 5.
for question
5;
B.
Given entry fee is Rs ..10 and additnO!1ajfee is Rs_2 for every throwing. Also given that Vishnu incurred i3J ~oss of RsAOby playing the game. From this we have two situations. First. Vishnu thrnwed [he 2 dice for 15 Urnes and both the dice did not show the same number on any occasion. r. He loses Rs.10 as entry fee and RS.30 (15 x 2) as fee for Ihe throws. Second situation is that after thr'Owing 15Iirme's, Vishnu may continue the game till it ends normally. [In this case as he gets Rs.50, his loss can again come down to RsAO even he throws additional number of times. This situation will arise after 40 throws. In any case, there wi:11 be at least 15 throws. As statement A gives 1M same info~mation it alone is not sufficiernt:. statement B alone is suffjcient as the garrne ended normally means there will be 40 throws. Choice (2)
9.
10.
to..
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Solutions
for questions
11 and 12:
From the sixtih condlfon. either Chirag or David is the CEO. r. Binay cannot be Ihe CEO. From the fiffin condition, Ankit must be the team leader . .:. Binay must be the prOject leader, From the Hnird condition Binay, the projeclleader, went to Delhi. 11. Only Ankit (the team leader) could have gone to 18angalora. Hence, the teamleader went 10 Bangalore. Choice (2)
:. A alone is sufflclent, II b c, then the roots mayor may not be reciprocal 10 each
olher.
:. 8 alone is not sufficient. solottcns for questions 1110 20: Since there are five players, if one gels the correct order in wllieh four ptayers won the tournament, men ,definitely the order lor all tile five players would be correct. Since, ltis given that all Ille tive contestants got a different value for the number of players in the correct order, it must be 5, 3, 2, 1 and O. Choice (1)
=
12. .". Choice (4) is false.
Also, either David or Chirag is the manage~, but who is the manager is not determined. .', Choice (2} and (3) are Ina! definitely true. .. Only Choice (1) ls definitely true, Choice (1) Solutions 13. for questlons 13 to 15:
Assume contestant A got al~ of them correct, then contestants B, C. D and E got respectively 1. 3, 0 and 2 players in the correct
order. SimilaMly, checking for other contestants we arrive a,t the 10Howing two possibilltles in the order in which the player'S won Ille tournament. Year 2003 Player Roger Andre Pete Goran Boris Player Boris Roger Pete Andre Goran Choice (4)
As the number of students who study Physics ls the least and it is given to be 97', Ihe minimum total number of students is 99::'5 shown below. PhySiCS Chemistry
2004 2005
2006
2007
17.
1 a, In eith er of the a rrang e me nts. contesta nt D got non e of the players im Ihe correct order. Choice (3)
Biology 14. 19, Choice (1) 20, As the rnaxirnurn number of students study b'iology, the maximum t.otal number ov students can be 4S + 44 + 43 '" 131 as shown below. Physics Chemistry In any case, l.e, if eitiher Roger lsthe the winner, it is two. winner or Andre is Choke (3) Choice (2)
Difficulty level wise summary· S'eerion I Level of Dtfficulty Questions Vtll}' Easy Easy 2,.13,16 1, 4, 5, 11 ,12 Medium 3.6,7,8,9,10,14, t5, 17,18, 1~20 Difficult Vel}' Difficult
SECTIONIl
solutions Biology 15. Tile minimum giv,en below. total number of sfucents Physics Chemistry for questions 21 to .2,3: notes for RC:
Numb@r of words Choice (3) is 97, which is as
and Explanatory
Number of words: 830 21. Refer to the last para where the phrase occursend para gives a probable reason. Choice 4 is apt Choi'ce rul'ed out because they (the mentally deranged) are belter a.t dea.ling wilh the problems 01 life even if they face reality, Cho ices 2 and 3 am easy eliminations. Choice (4) the
1 is
not can
22.
Refer 10 the last 2se!n:tences of para t. The phrase 'this common sense notion' in the last sentence reters 10 the second part of me prevtous sentence '.. ... realistic perceptions ..... mentsl health'. Choice (2)
Choice (1) Solution for question 16::
23. The passaqe challenges the commonly accepted view that
the menmlly deranged arenot in touch with reality. lhns is exempllfied with study on oeccle wilih e'ating disorder and clinical depression patients to strength the author's view. Hence choice 3 is apt. Choice (3)
16. If roots are« and 11"" equation is: x>  (= + 1/",,)x + 1 = 0 or <><x'  (",' ¥ 1)x ., '" '" 0 '" aXZ + bx + c = a ;'. if 8 = c and b = (a" + 1), roots are reciprocals ot each
other. Triumphant Insfnuts of Management Education Pv1. Ltd. (T.UI.E.)
Soluti,ons for questions 24 1027:
24. The underlined part is incorrect due 10 punctuational errors. Choice ('1) is ruled out: due to the absence 01 comma after 'which. Which' in the sentence refers to the 'laws of
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AIMCATl102.SoI12
correlation of growth'. The part of the sentence following Iii (Ihe dependent clause) should be separated from 'which.' by a comma. Further, the comma after 'organism' makes JI lncorrsct and the absence of the auxfllary verb (are) after modifications leaves the dependent clause incomplete. In choices (2) & (4) apart from purtctuatlonal errors, the use of 'by' after mod;ifications makes them incorrect. lhe correcncn i:s'modif.ications lhrouqh', The meaning to be conveyed is "modifications by means of variations". Further, ln choice (2) the absence oif a comma after 'being' also makes it incorrect, Hence only choice (3) is free of errors. Choice (3)
29.
The paragraph! beqlns with the comparison that Greg Brown makes between Molorola and Dicken's novel 'lale of Two Ci.ties'. Hence option 2 which reiterates this idea can conclude the paragraph. Option 1 cannot conclude the para because we cannot talk of a company's dire straits and then go on to say a certain segment was keeping it afiioat. Option 3 is ~llogical. lt can ortlyfbHow sentence 1. Optiom 4 too can precede the concluslon. Choice {2} Title first sentence says thai the bi~1to hike US visa fees for sli(ilied workers is passed by Ihe US Heese of Represelltatives. But, ilis also mentioned Ihat it wi'll go bacik to the Senate for final Congressiona.l approval, This ~mp.lies that the information of the first approval by the Senatels missing ill the context, Hence, only opuon 4 can fit into the blank. Other options are irrelevant. Choice (4) for questions
30.
25.
The underlined part is incorrect due to a tense error, The use of the past perfect (Ihad) before evolived makes the sentence incorrect because moraliity is selfevolved and not generated by any other factor. Further, Ihe w~ole sentence is in simple past tense hence, 'had evolved' (past perfect); 'has evolved' {present perfect choice 3} and 'was evolved' (simple past; choice 4), are all incorrect. Further in (1) the use of "as many dlfferenl morshsts like", makes the sentence incorrect. 'As many ~~ like' is incorrect. The correction is "as many as·. lihis error is found even in (3). Hence choice (3) is also ruled out F!ltiher, in choice (4) 'claimed" is not followed by a thatclause, which makes lit incorrect. Further "and we migtrt also expect" re~d,el"$ choice (4) incorrect. The correct structure is "and that we might .~~'. Thus only 2 is free off errors. Choice (2)
Solutions
3110 33:
31, (Ai The word 'dissenters'
26_ In underlined part of the sentence and in choices (1 )., (2) and (4) the break up of the sentence is incorrect. Tl1e ldca will be correclly conveyed if it is written as follows "••••_ is a kind' of reminiscence, in which. the mind, stimulated by experience, draws ~~'. The words 'stlmulated by experience' should be separated using commas from the main idea expressed i.e., "the mind draws ~". Further, in all the three options me phrasal verbs 'draws out", 'draws up'and 'dlraws in' are incorrect, The correction is 'draws from', wh:ich means 'obtains from'. Besides, the verb 'liS' aftsr 'mind' in option (1) disturbs Ihe continuity of the sentence. Thus; only choice (31 is free of errors. Cholce (3) 27_ The underlined part of the sentence and choices (1), (2) and (3) ~ave purnctuational errors besides other errors. lhe sentence draws a comparison between studiyiITlg humanly attaiinable languages and artistic expression, or scientific krnowledge, hence, the prepositional phrase 'With some success' must be wilhin the parenthesis i.e., (with some success.): Further, the phrase 'for that matter', should also be separated using commas. The main idea is "forms of artistic expression or scientific iK,nowledge·. These errors are found in all lhs options except (4) ..i"urther, in choice (1) the positioning of 'perhaps' is incorrect. It should be poslticned before 'even'. Choices (2) and (3) have tense errors i.e., 'could conceive' is lnccrrect. The past 'lanse form is not in keeping with the tense in the rest of the sentence. Hence, the correction is 'can conceive'. On~y choice (4) is free of errors. Choice (4) Solutions 28. for questions 26 to 30:
is most appropriate in tile first blank. The !'irst sentence of the' para says that no one's writings are more unsettling (dlsturbinq) than those of Chomsky, Because Chomsky's writirlgs are unsettling which is due tolhe fact that they do not conform to tradition, Chomsky iis described as a dissenter {one who express disagreement with a widely held view} .. Hence option a is apt. The words 'herettcs' (person whose oplnion goes against tra.ditiona'i feligious doctrine), 'orators' ($ki~fi.il public speakers) and 'savants' (highly knowledgeable persons) can be ruled out Choice (a)
(8)
Chomsky was a dissenter who did not ccntorm witli tradition. Hence thinking within tradition was 'anathema' (something mat one hates) tunlrn. Tne word 'outrageous' ISC<lndalous) is too strong ~n tne given context. The words 'denunciation' (censure) and 'bane' do not suit the context. Choice (d) For the third blank in this passage, t,he clue! comes from the preceding sentence, which says he is a spokesman for no ideology. The correlative coojunction neithe~ nor dearly suggests that we are looking at two ideologies which show a contract or are different. So neitber iJberalism has to be followed by nor conservatism. While radicalism is an easy elimination, fanaticism and zealotry deal with expression of extreme zeal or enthusiasm ,0,1 causes of belie]. Hence, adb is the correct sequence and choice (3) is the answer Choioo (3) In the past nation states used to commend tile undilutec attention of its citizens. Only tlhe word 'loyalty' (obedience) suits the context The words 'serenity' (flattery). 'perfidy' (treachery) and 'obedience' are lnapprcprlstein comparison. Chctce (b) The word which fits into the Iblanlk is linked to tihie preceding word 'force' with the conlunction 'and', thus indicating that the two words are related words, only the word 'coercion' (intimidation) is related to force. ln the past, nation stales demanded the loyalty of citizens using force or coercion. The word 'blandishment' (cajolery) which does not gel with the word teres C8'n be eliminated. The word 'pugnacity' (quick to fight) and 'aggreSSion' (violent behaviour) do not suit nne context. Choice (b) 'Panache.' (elan; fla~r), 'cliia~m'and 'charisma' (attracflveness or charm) cannot be a.t~ributed to political arguments. The word 'persuasiveness' (cause someone to do or believe something through reasoning) is a quality which can be attributed to political argumenls.Hemce choice d is, apt Therefore bbd is the correct sequence of words as seen in choice 2. Choice (2) Secunderabad  SOO 00.3.
(C)
3;1, (Aj
(8)
The paragraph deals with the risks involved in commodity markets and likens it 10 bettin'g in a casino. It goes on to exemplify this uncertainty by mentioning improvement or fall in proouctlon percentages of various crops. The paragraph ends with me statement fhat a week'srain could change these values. [Hence the link between the Iwo parts of Ihe paragraph shoutd point to the reason wily farm futures can be a halrralslnq experience. Option 1 does not give this link and is hence unsuitable to fill the blank. Option 2 ls irrelevant as i.t deals with another topic ~ tecnnotoqy. Optiion 3 would have been the answer iif the match rnenncneo had been between weatiher and market productivity. Option .4 correctly suggests what the uncertainty and unpredlctabllity is due to ~ weather. Choice (4) Institute of Mallagement Education
(C)
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AJ.MCATI102.SoU/3
33, (A)
The phrase "little woman" which was used by Abraham Lincoln to address Harriet Beecher Stowe can De described as a 'condescension' whlch means a 're~uctant acceptance" of the contribution (as seen in title lines "astonishing lrnpact of her book Uncle Tom Cabin . ","), made by Harriet seecher to the antislavery movement. The words 'disparagement' (insul:t), 'denunclatlon' (stronq 'criticism) and 'vilification" (calurnnletlon) are too strong words to be used in this context. The word 'testifles' fits into the blank most appropriately although the words 'reiterates', 'ccrrobcrates' and 'demonstrates' are synonymous with testifies, they can be slimimated because they do not collocate wilh the preposition 'to'. Hence only b is apt. 'Uncle Tom's Cabin' written by Harriet Beecher Stowe 'rEl_!~ied' the North to the antislavery clause hence it is said thai Uncle Tom's Cabin has had an astonishing impact. Hence choice a is apt in the context. The words 'invoked' (implore; appeal to), 'enticed" (attract; lure) and 'instiqated' can be ruled out. Choice (a}
to thris perspecfive. opnon (3) is more apt and hence the righl answer. Option (ll can be ruled out, as it is extremely broad. Choice ~3) 39. Option (3) is the rig:ht answer choice. as he stops shooting to avoid killing the monks which indicates the· emotiona'i mindset: 0'1 David. Since he is open to new ideas l.e., stop fighting tor a day we can see Ilis receptive nature. Option (1) can be ruled out as it is farfetched. Option (4) can be ruled out as it is not mentioned in ttne passage. Option (2.1 can be ruled out as emotional stability is not discussed. Choice ~3) The passage is not devoted to Buddhism hence option (1} can be rutec out, Option (3) can [be ruled out as mirroring of emotional nntelligenc:e does not lake place. Option (4) can be ruled out as the passage is not just about 'emotiona:1 contagion', Option (2) is most apt as an answer choice as it brings out the idea 01 expressiveness (discussed in the second half) a~ong with emotional contaqlon, Choice 12} Difficufty level wise summary  SecHon /I Level of Diifficultv Q~es\i'ons Vel1l ~asv Easy 30,33 21, 22,25, .26, 28, 29, 31, 32, 34,. 35.
(B)
40,
(C)
Hence choice 4, which has. the correct sequence off words, is the answer. Choice (4) Soi:utions for questions Numbel'of 34 to 36: notes for RC:
Medium Difficult
36,37,38,39,40
23,24,27
words and Exp:lanalory
Very Difficuli
Number of words: 663
SECTION  III
So.lutions for questions 41 to 53:
41.
34.
Re,fer to the last sentence of Ihe fourth para, which begins with the phrase "this idea". Reading the two sentences preceding lt, we' can arrive et option (4). as the answer. Option ("1) is incorrect because 'curbing the Irights' is to reduce sxisling righi's. The passaqe talks of .igflo~ingl the fact that future generations have a fighl to existing
a"
6 /2,. IJ '" 6,
1
C
== 6"2. d:::: 6 e)zo '"
2
,.
(a x b XC"
o»
resources,
35.
Choice (4)
(
62
~+~+~+2+~
13
2
a=
'6 /2
5
5 J20
2
" 'S1S0
Choice (3) is the, best answer. This title captures the essence of the passage. Myop~a is shortsiqhtedness. Contextually, it means not being able to perceive lon.g:term implications of being anthropocentric or supporting human suprsmlsm. Choice (1) ts generalised and incomplete Choice (2) is irrelevant IT~e ethics are not discussec), Choice (4)  pros and cons is also inapt Only the 'cons' are discussed, Choice (3)
log6150", 15010\"1&'" 150(log:2 4" log3) " 1.50(0.7781) '" 116.71:5 So the number of digits is 1.16 + 1 " 11;, Choice (2)
42. Every selection
36. Para (2) provides the answer, 'Glory of nature! rules out
option (1). Option (2) is correct. 'Primacy' brings out the continuum idea. Besides,i! also conveys tlhiatfailure 10 recognise Nature's supremacy is failure 10 recoqniss its role in maintaining the ecological balance and preserving the planet. Option (3)  is' not speoftc. Option (4) is not related to this question. Choice (2)
dornlnancesubordlnance
of tih:ree sold,ie"s SUbject to the specifi.ed condition can be viewed as follows. In every selection, we may imagine that we are selecting the sotdiers from left to right First we choose one soldier the next two are not e!igib~e. Then we can choose one ot the eligib!e soldiers on the right. After that the next: two are again ineligible .. We can then choose one of the eligible soldiers. Thus, in every SEllection, four soldiers are not aligible. Therefore the number of ways of selecting tlhrs€ soldiers ODJt of ten, such that there are al least Iwo soldiers [between any Iwo selected ones is HJ..<!C3 3, ,,6C Choice p}
43.
p
Sol:utions for questions Numbelr of words Number of words: 37,
37 to 40: notes for RC:
and Exp!lallato'ry
64'6
Options (1) can be ruled out as the monks were conscious off their action. Option (2) can be ruJed out as monks being iln trance while walking sounds absurd. Option (3) is right. It was clearly a demonstration of their conviction, Option (4) is farfetched. cncrce (3)
Q
As MN = 14 anc ElM " 7, BN" In IIPBN, BN " 7 NP" t4 '. PB " J142 7~
7
31):. Merely S<lying "emotions <Ire contaqious" makes it open to
two different outcomes. Either the soldiers stop fighting or the monks start fig~hJting. pnion (4) can be ruled out as tha O monks are dnsplaying courage, but the emotion is not of courage. [It is one of calmness. So, option (3)~s right. Option (.2) can"!be ruled out as what happened was contrary Triumphant Institute of Marnagement Education
::: 7./3 and the area of IlNPQ ~s(BN)
Choice ~I}
(6P) ", 7(7)
../3 :::: 9'..f3 4
(Choice (4) can be el'iminatedl as the area of 6PNQ wHI definitely be less than the area of a sernlcrcle of the bigger circle, i.e., 9811: sq.crn.)
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44.
M:= in 12 .;. 8n~ .;..9n6  n4  2n·  3n2 + 169 [where n := 6p + k] "'6(nn ... rf.;. n~'" (nll_.n4) .... 2(119'n1'';'' 3{rlrI).;.. 169 Consider tihieremainder when M is divi:ded by 6. As 6(n12 .;.. n9.;.. n6) is a multiple of 6, it ~eaves a remainder of O. Furt.her, as x and 0, where x is a n~atural number, leave tile same remainder when dlvlded by 6, (n12  n~), (nQ nl) anc (n6 _ (2) ~eavea remainder of zero i'n each case, when divided by 6. :. The remainder when M .is divided by 6 is same as the remainder wher1 169' is divided by 6, l.e., 1. Choice (1)
We can proceed from the options: (1) (m, n) '" (2, 5) As one pile call be oividedinto 2, the number of piles cam increase by steps of 1. It'll be possible to get 1, 2, 3,4, 5., " .. piles. (2) (m. n) = (3, 6) In any turn, Il1e·Ilumbe·[ of pHes can increase by 2 or 5. .Jt can increase by four 2's and one 5, I.e .. by 13. Hence, from 1 to 14. Hence il is possible unthis case also. (m, n) := (3. 9) In any turn, the number of piles can increase only by 2 or 8. Hence, startling from 1 pile, we, can only get all odd number (any odd number) of piles, but not 14 piles. at any stage. Hence,. it is riot possible in this case. (m, n) '" (5, 6) In any turn, the, number of piles can increase by 4 or 5. :.11 canincrease by two 4's and one 5, i.e, by 13 (say from 1 to 14) Hence, il is possible in this case, Choice (3)
49.
Let Ihe number of 60· angles be x. Hence the total number of anqles in the po:lygon is (20 ;; xl. Since the sum of interior angles for any polygon is gi:ven by (2n  4) rightangles,. the sum of the angt:es ill this case is given by (20 ... x  .2) (180°) Also (20 + x ~ 2) 1180') :;;;x (60°) + 20 (300') (18 + x) (180°) ;;: 60x + 60110 120x'" 6000  3241) := 2760 ::;.x =23. Choice 13} Latn be tne height lin rn) at which the pipe P2 is fi.tted to the tan[l(. S~nee the height of the cylindrical lank is 6 m and each pipe takes T minutes to empty the full tank, each pipe, by ~tself, take T!6 minutes 10 bring down the water leve'l by 1 m. 8m
5B.
45.
P3(5 m)
(3)
All the three pipes are involved in emptyitlg the top "11 m of the lank, Only Pi and P2 are inl action in emptying the next (5  ill m and Ihe bottom h m is emptied by Pi alone.
(4)
=
= T{2.;.. 153h';'
~(~}'}+~(~}5h)+~(~)ch)=23T
6il)
=> 3h :=24  11 '" i
= h '" il.e.,
= 24T
2i
m
Choice 13}
46.
Suppose the book had 200 pages. Number of digLts to tile + 2(90) .;..3 ::= 192 while that in the second half is S 3(100) :: 300. The difference is more than 90:. .: Let us suppose Ihe book had 2n pages where 1I) < n < 100. f'" 9 + 2(/1  9} s '"2(99 n) + 3(2n  99) Given that 90 + 9 + 2{n  9) .. 2(99  11) + 3(2n  99) :::> 180 " 2n Choice (2,)
51. Let the' age of the son be s.
Hence age of man= 42 .;..s, Given 42: + .5 := 35 => S '" 21 and 42 .;.S '" 63 Let x years ago the main be seven tlmes as old as tl is son. => (63  x) = 7(21  x) 6x '" 84, i.e, x'" 14 Hence the son was 21  14 '" 7 years old.
first half (f) := 9
=
=
Altornative
solution:
41.
p,. Q ,. R ,. O.
eMits (1) p;>R~p3;>R~ :. ~p)(p)2;> (R)(R2) . ~>~. .. R2
Let age of son » x and age of fatiner '" 7x Since difference in aqes is always constant, it remains 42, .·,7xx:=42 =:,x"'7 Choice rt)
52.
A
P
~ p2
R
.". Choice (1) is true. Choice (2) p>R':::}p2>R~ P>Q :. p3:> QiR2
.. IP)(P2) > (QIR)(R)
..
.P
OR::>
p2
Choice (4)
R
Join BE Clearly LAEB " 90· [Angle in a semidrcle] Also IJB = DE  (1) [Tangents from an external point are equal] Let LOBE := LOEB'" e Clearly LDEC '" 90  '9 [.LBEC Also in ~I3EC, L!BCiE ,:= 90 
.. Choice (2) is true. 48. Given b8 "'100
:=>b1'o"'bll .. bs64'" 136 Now b~= b. + b.  16 ':::}b~=58 Similarly b2 := 31 and b1 " 16 :. h16 "'b1 + b1s 15 ':::} 136 =16 + b1siS => b15 '" 135
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'" gO'1
.·,DE'" DC(2)
Fmm (1) and (2) BO" Given that BC '" 18 em Choice (1) DC
:.BO '" 9 em
Choice (2}
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AnMCATI102.SoUl5
53.
The maxlrnom nemoer of terrnsln N will be possibte, uf we consider the terms as ( 99) f" (98) + + (99) + (100,). :.It has 200 terms, The minimum number of terms in N will be possible, if we consider the terms as 18, 19,20,21,22. ".11 has:5 terms. :.Required diiference is 1,95. Alternative solution;
::::}x= ~ = 0.10 lltres/krn i.e., the m~leage (In kmflitre) on lHO
level surface =
.!. = 10 km/litre x
(mileage) for downhilll journey
INow, fuel consumption
»; 0.05
2
Htreslkm . 1 '" 20 kmlli!res 0.0:5
~ Mileage for downhill journey"
Alternative solution:
Since the terms are all consecutive inteqers, they form an A.P. (Arithmetic PlfOgressTon), Now, in an AP. with odd number of terms, the sum of th,e A.P. " Middle term x Number of terms. If there, are even number of terms, the sum of the AP. ;;; {Average au the two middle terms} x Number of terms. Sine the terms are all consecutive inteqsrs, ln case of even number O'fterms, the Sum of two mlddta terms must be ceo. To obtain rninirnurn number of terms, we factorlse as under. (1) 100:= 50 x 2
=
1100x 2
(2)
This ~is not possible since some of two consecutive terms cannot be 100. 100 = 20 .)1 5. Tnis ts possible when number of terms is 5 and the middle term lis 2.0. : ..Minimum number Of terms =: 5. For obtaininq maximum number of terms, we factonse as under. 100:= 1 x 100
2
lLet x be the fuel consumption (irnlitres/km) for the round trip journey. 5x x ~ 2(240 x x) + 360 x .. 360 x  " 111 4 2 ~x=O.1 [Henwemileage for downhill journey =
krn,
As the jourlley is a round trlp, the total distance travelled uphill Is equal to that covered downhill = 600  240 = 360
_1_. 
(x /2}
= 20 km/lrtrre Choice (3)
57.. As per the earlier solution, the fuel consumed for the return [oumey= 622.5x = 62.25 litres. Choice (2)
Solutions for questions 58. 58 to 60:
= .!. x 200
2
= (0+ 1) 2
)I
200
Here, the 2 middle terms are 0 and 1 and the number of terms is 200. ...Maximum number of terms "200 :. Oiffere nee= 200  5 =195 Cnolce (4) Solutions 54. When for questions 54 and! 55:
+ 401 + Ix,," 501 + Ix" 601 The minimum value of this sum will be when x::: 30 ., 1(30) = 30 + 20 i 10 + 0 + 10 + 20 + 31) = 120 f(x)= CMice (3)
Whel'l n is odd, there will be an even number of tsrms. In tihlscase, the value of I(x) will be minimum for all x=
::::;>
Ixl + [x + 101 .. Ix,," 2011 Ix + 301 +Ix +
n
Given Os 4 D~ + O~ .. D... 1D1 is odd. .:.. 1 or 3 or 5 of the numbers are odd. Also given D3 D2 D11 is odd . : .. each of 03, D2 and D1 is odd ... Also given 05104 + D4 03 + 03 D2 is not even i,e, odd INow either both 05 and 04 are odd or both are even . .', D. is odd, onlyit Ds ,Is odd. Choice (4) Usil1g remainder theorem, f(~ 1) '" f(~2) " 0 arnd 111}" 12 .', a~ b + c = 0, 4a  2.b + C '" 0 and a + b" c '" 12 Solving these equations, c '" 4. Alternative solution:
= 6, the sum wlllJbe
59,
55.
lOT
.(nl)
to lOT
,,(11+1) "
As the quadraflc
expression f(x) is multiple of (x + 1) and {x .. 2)., leu t(x) " k(x+ 1) (x + 2),
= kl>f
:5 10 5n + 5 l.s., a total of 11 values, For exampte, if n = 3, «xl is minimum 'for x = any integer from 110 to 20. Choice (4)
x
= 5n 
+ 3x "" 2), Given that f(1) 12 ~ k(l + 3 + 2) '" 12 ~ k= 2. So, f(x) 2K ""6x "" 4 ;;;;} C '" 4 (the constant term)
=
=
Choice (2)
Solutions 56.
for que,stions
56 and 57:
60. Given x= 1000!
and y" 1001= 1002'" 1003'" 1004" 1005= 1006 .:..lCM 1001 x 1002 x 1003 xl 004 x 1005 x 1006 7 x 143 2 x 501 17 x59 2 x 502 5 x 201 2 x 503 of x and y ls 1.00CD! Choice (1)
The distance from A to B for wrucn the road runs either uphill or downhill = 600  240 = 360km ~ The distance uphill "(360)_1_;;; (1+3) 90 km and the
distance downhill :=(360)_3_
(1+3)
= 270 krn
=
Let the fuel consumption (In Illreslkm) on level road be x.. Fuelconsurnptlon from A to B
= 240
(x) + 90(5;)
+ 270(~)"
487.5 x
Difficu/.fV revel wise summary·· Section III level of Difficulty Questions
Now, wilile 'coming back from S. to A. the uphill Journey becomes downhill journey and vice versa. :.Fuel consumption from B to A
Ve.ryEasy Easv
Medium

:::240x+ 270 (5
X) 4
+
so
(%) '" 622.5x
=
Difficulf
Verv Difficult
51 43,46,47,49.53,54,55,:56,:57,:58,59,60 41,44,45,48,5CD,52 42
Hence, total consumption 487.5 x + 622.5 x = 11110x Bii.it,it is giveiiJ that thls is equal to 1111Was.
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