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,UNIT4,UNIT5 IMPORTANT 2 MARKS AND 16 MARKS QUESTIONS
PART A 1. What is the objective of power system control? 2. What is the objective of power system operation and control? 3. What is load curve? 4. What is daily, Weekly, Annual load curve? 5. What is load duration curve? 6. Define load factor. 7. Define diversity factor. 8. Define spinning reserve. 9. Define Cold reserve. 10. Define hot reserve. 11. Define Maximum Demand. 12. Define demand factor. 13. What is plant use factor? PART B 1. A generating station has the following daily load cycle: Time 0-6 6-10 10-12 12-16 (hours) Load(MW) 20 25 30 25 Draw the Load curve (1)and load duration curve(1) and find i. Maximum demand(2) ii. iii. iv. Units generated per day(2) Average Load(2) Load Factor.(2) 16-20 35 20-24 20
2. Consider an inductive Load of type Z=R+jX i. ii. By how many percent will the real load drop if the voltage is reduced by 5 How would a 2 percent drop in frequency affects the real load, if the load is percent?(8) assumed to have a power factor of 0.8.(8) 3. A Power station has to meet the following demand. Group A: 200kW between 8 A.M and 6 P.M
Explain the principle. Briefly discuss the LFC control of single area systems. What is the necessity for frequency constancy in a power system? (M/J 2006) 2.(6) 11.M Plot the daily load cure and load duration curve and determine (i) Diversity factor (ii) Units generated per day (iii) Load factor. Specify the disadvantage of ALFC loop. What is the basic role of ALFC?(N/D 2004)(N/D 2006) 10. Explain the dynamic response of two area system. State the difference between P-f and Q-lVl. Explain the tie line bias control of two area system.M and 10 A. What is meant by AFRC? (M/J 2006) 6. Explain the technique involved in load frequency control (LFC)of a single area system.M and 10 A. Using a simplified functional diagram explain the operating features of a speed governing system.(8) (M/J 2006) 3. Develop a linear mathematical model of two area system. Explain the static and dynamic response of ALFC control loop. (M/J 2006) 6. Develop a linear mathematical model of a speed governing system.(6) . List the advantage of multi area operation.Group B: 100kW between 6 A. Develop a linear mathematical model of two area system.(8)(N/D 2004) 4.FREQUENCY CONTROL PART A 1.(8) (M/J 2006) 2.(A/M 2005) 12. involved in tie line frequency control in case of two area system. What happens to frequency if the load on the generator increases? (M/J 2006) 5.(N/D 2006) 7. What is the need for voltage regulation in power system? (M/J 2006) 4. What is meant by control area? (N/D 2004)(N/D 2005) 11.M Group D: 100kW between 10 A. (M/J 2007) PART B 1.M and 6 A.M and 6 P.(8)(N/D 2004) 7. What is the need for frequency regulation? (M/J 2006) 3.(8) (N/D 2005) 10.M and 6 P. Define area control error.(16)(N/D 2005) 9.(8)(N/D 2004) 8. UNIT II-REAL POWER . Write the tie line power deviation equation in terms of frequency?(N/D 2005) 13.(M/J 2006) 8.(8) (M/J 2006) 5. Explain the tie line bias control of two area system . Give the two control loops of large generators. (A/M 2005) 9.M Group C: 50kW between 6 A.
14. Station B has a capacity of 4MW and a uniform speed regulation of 4%. Station A has a full load capacity of 15 MW and uniform speed regulation of 3%. Describe the expression for Critical gain (4) 13. Pd=1000MW Inertia constant. Determine the primary ALFC loop parameter for a control area having the following data : Total rated area capacity.MW Find KI and find the nature of roots for KI=1. The load on the bus bar of station A is 10MW and B is 4MW. A single area controlled system has the following data(8) Area capacity =2000MW Operating Load=1000MW R=2. A single area controlled system has the following data(8) Area capacity =3000MW Operating Load=1500MW R=3% H=5 sec and frequency=50 Hz Compute steady state drop in frequency in Hz for a step load changing of 25MW 16. Two 50 Hz power station are connected by means of an interconnected cable of negligible impedance so that the station are in parallel.html#ixzz1TxMveIc5 . H= 5 sec R=2. The power transmitted by the interconnected and the operating frequency .com/2011/06/ee2401power-system-operationand.4Hz/p. 15.u.12.rejinpaul.u.4Hz/p.Assume frequency governor action and the speed changer of generator were set to have a frequency of 50 Hz Read more: http://www. Pr =2000MW Normal Operating Load. Calculate the generated output of each station. MW (all area generators) We shall assume that the load frequency dependency as linear meaning that the old load would increase 1% for 1% frequency increases.