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ELCOMPO ELECTRONIC INDUSTRIES PVT. LTD. engaged in the manufacture of Ferrite based wire wound components for Electronic industry is situated in type I2 Instronic campus, thiruvanmiyur, Chennai city, capital of Tamil Nadu, southern part of India. Established in 1972, ELCOMPO has more than 35 years of extensive manufacturing experience in the Electronic field and is a reliable manufacturer dedicated to producing high quality wire wound components to the specified requirements of customers. ELCOMPO components for the Consumer Electronic Industry World Wide. Scope and significance of study : Each and every research study has got a purpose without nobody makes anything in details as this organizational study findings, would obviously focus on the various function of different sectors operating in an organization .The scope of this study is to analysis in detail about the strength, weakness, opportunity, political, economic, social, technological, environmental and legal found in a company , which would certainty give as valuable information and data in order to improve the overall activities of the organization. Therefore the study which is aimed at the collection of data’s is very essential. objective of the study: * To become familiar with the functions of various department as well as to aware interactions found between them has also steadfastly maintained its commitment to manufacture high quality transformers and wire wound
* To develop on understanding to the management practices followed in various functional areas * To perform SWOT analysis *To perform PESTEL analysis
Methodology: Two types of data’s are collected from the Delphi-TVS diesel system ltd, i) ii) Primary data: Primary data’s are collected by visiting each and every department and by the lively interaction with the department heads and the employees. Interviews were also carried out to find out the detailed information about the organization. Secondary data Secondary data was collected through the company profiles , study materials, website etc Primary data Secondary data
INDUSTRY PROFILES ELCOMPO has manufacturing facility in a built up area of 18500 sq ft, and has further open area of 6500 sq. ft for future expansion. With sophisticated coil winding machines, necessary test and measuring equipments, trained personnel, qualified technical staff and workers backed up by administrative set up & computers. ELCOMPO has a full fledged self supporting unit capable of meeting every wire wound need of Electronics Component ELCOMPO has morethan 1000 workers.And it was a manufacturing company. Flyback transformer,Fbt smps Toroid,Electric yokes were the products and services of our company. ELCOMPO is located in 12 Instronic campus,Thiruvanmiyur,Chennai,Tamilnadu,India
Research and Development (R&D)
Capital expenditure on research and development is treated as addition to fixed assets and revenue expenditure on R&D is charged to profit and loss account under the appropriate heads in the year in which it is incurred.
Elcompo was constructed in 1972. (Flyback Transformer) SMPS. Small Transformers.R.south America.Eastern Europe and SouthEast Asia. experiance. Our range of product includes Fbt. We are located in Chennai a sea-port providing us a logistic advantage.and our main markets are in North America. was the owner of Elcompo. We have the expertise. We are at the heart of the city which is about half hour drive from the airport or the railways. Toroid Transformers. knowledge and skill to develop any kind of wire wound component for you. Rakesh.M. NATURE OF PRODUCTS • • Fly back transformers Deflection yokes (For lighting Communication equipment) • VISION Fbt Smps Toroid Be among the top Indian corporation acknowledge nationality and Internationally for • • Excellence in quality of its products Excellence in Customers focus and services 4 . Inductors.COMPANY PROFILE Elcompo Electronic Industries & its group companies have been in a business of wire wound manufacturing for the past thirty years.
produce. eliminate waste 5 . supply Customer Specific wire wound Inductive product based on Soft Ferrities and to be the Customers first Choice on a Possible basis • • • Provide Cost effective Solution by studying Customer requirement Provide adequate training at all levels in the organization Care for the environment think green.MISSION • Develop.
A Accounts 6 .E R&D Operatio n House Keeping Staff O.A Sales And Marketin O. R&D OA/OA(pr ) QA Inspector Section In charge Security Personal Store Asst A.ORGANISATION STRUCTURE MD Executive director MR Working manager Directo r D and Mgr=Q A AWM Mgr: HRD M.ST Mgr.E Sup.
PRODUCTION DEPARTMENT Production Manager Work Manager Assistant Work Manager Supervisors Supervisors Workers Workers Workers 7 .
To check the progress of work. Maintain the quality of product.FUNCTIONS OF PRODUCTION MANAGER Make an adequate planning for production process. Make sure the work allocation in effective manner. Ensuring the proper utilization of resources for achieving the target. 8 .
MANUFACTURING PROCESS PRIMARY THREADING • Ensure atleast three turns are wound around the terminal pin incase a single wire or atleast two turns in case of two conductors PRIMARY SOLDERING AND TURNS VERIFICATION • • • • • • • • Dip the terminals in the solder flux Remove the solder dross from the both Place the coil in the solder both in such a way that the terminal are immersed in the molter solder for 3 seconds approximately Ensure the wires are properly soldered Proceed with the production Record the process parameters in the Inprocess Inspection Report Inspect the soldered LT coil for good Solderability. solder ball if goods should be removed Incase of manually wound coils verify the turns in the turns tester by comparing turns against the standard coil provided Soldering temperature Soldering time Part no/code no of flux Part no/ code no of solder 430+/-15 degree 2 sec (Approx) _______________ ________________ INSPECTION ON SOLDERED EHT COIL 9 .
(c). shall be give (b).the creepage distances between adjacent layers at the soldering joints should not reduced due to shifting of EHT coils former process that may arise due to the pressure exerted by process of soldering o Cut the excess length of the diodes both at anode as usell as at the cathode o Check the continuity of winding from beginning of first layer to the end of last layer of winding o Record the finding in the process Inspection Report o Any non conjormity shall be reported to the production engineer. shall be correct cathode side of the diodes are marked with a Band. TAPPING • • • Place the wound coil in the mandred provided for the purpose Start the tapping process Ensure the exact number of layers on specified in the table given below Type 38240B 38250B 38203B Part No 5108 5108 5108 Width 6mm 6mm 6mm Slot No ABC/DE ABC ABC/DE No Of Layer 2/3 2 2/3 PLOTTING SECTION 10 . quality of soldering.o Inspect the soldered coil for (a). polarity of diodes.
For setting up the potting machine refer to the Operating Instruction and check lost.Pre-heating Place the coils in the preheating oven at 100 degree Celsius The pre-heating duration shall be minimum one hour to maximum of 6 hours at 100 degree Record the preheating time and temperature in the Inprocess Inspection Report POTTING For setting up the oven refer to the operating Instruction of the same.RR068-635-390 Select the programme Transfer the preheated coils form the oven to the potting chamber immediately Start the process of filling up of the resin-hardner computed to the coil under prescribed conditions Topping up can be done under increased pressure Transfer the potted coil after leveling to the over immediately. MANAGEMENT OF INVENTORY 11 .
Checking of requisitions 12 .Raw materials are those inputs that are converted into finished products.Inventories are the stocks of the product of a company and components there of that make up the product . The different forms in which inventories exist are raw material work in process and finished goods . That requires more work before they are ready for sale. However generally all purchases may be attempted at the lowest cost To develop and maintain good buyer and seller relationship Functions: The main function of the purchase department are defined as follows Procurement of stores through indigenous and foreign sources as required in accordance with the rules in force. Finished goods inventories are those which are completely manufactured products and are ready for sale raw materials and semi finished goods inventories facilitate production while finished goods inventories are required for smooth marketing operations. Thus inventories serve as a line between the production and the consumption of goods Objectives: To maintain interrupted flow of materials to support the development schedules. To procure materials economically at a cost consistent with the quality and service required.
sub head wise. Selection of suppliers for issue of enquires Negotiating contracts Issue of purchase orders Follow – up of purchase orders for delivery in due time Maintenance of purchase records Maintenance of progressive expenditure statement. 13 .
personnel factors to contribute towards organization goals. 14 . Procurement of right kind and number of persons.HUMAN RESOURCES DEPARTMENT: HR is mainly concerned with procurement and development for the attainment of organization goals. Achieving the group goals. Proper utilization resources Organizing by setting up the structure of relationship among jobs. There are numerous personal function in a organisation Recruitment Promotion Selection and training Job description Job evaluation Handling labour problems FUNCTION OF HR MANAGER HR planning for future.
Directing and controlling the employees. Mobilization of talented personnel Determination of adequate and equitable compensation of employees. Ensure smooth running of business without any grievance Provide good working condition and welfare services to the employees. TRAINING AND DEVELOPMENT The aim of training and development is to enhance and update knowledge and skill of employees which result in production increase and quality. The Training provided to the employees is o CNC operation o Fire prevention o Yoga Classes o Basic Computer programming 15 . Ensure the growth and development of the company.
maternity . Employee’s State Insurance Scheme This integrated health insurance scheme provides comprehensive medical cover and cash benefits in the areas of sickness . contractors and executives Referral services to Hospitals Conduct health check up once in Year The staffs employees in medical department are recruited from Ex Servicemen Board The role of Department heads is to certify the injury and send them to hospital Security Office Preparation of Identity card Safe Guarding companies property Maintaining discipline among employees Regulating the materials outvading and invading They give training to employees regarding fire prevention The staffs employees in Security office are recruited from Ex Servicemen Board 16 .o Safety and First Aid o Also engaged in training the students. Medical Department Providing first aid to the employees . disablement and death due to employment injury to the insured persons and their dependants.
Retirement benefit Gratuity and leave encashment are accounted for on accrual basis in compliance with accounting standard. Consumption Loose tools issued to shop floor are treated as consumed and written off as such consumption of materials for production is completed on a derived basis. Contingent liabilities Contingent Liabilities are not provided. As non-cumulative portion of leave encashment is not applicable to the company the same is not considered. for but disclosed in notes on accounts. As non-cumulative portion of leave encashment is not applicable to the company the same is not considered. Accounting Convention The financial statements are prepared under historical cost conventions on accrual basic in compliances with the companies Act 1956.ACCOUNTING POLICIES The following significant Accounting policies have been consistently followed by the company expect sated otherwise. The amount was determined on the basis of actuarial valuation conducted at the end of the year. 18 . Liability on materials in transit The liability on accounted for on accrual in compliance with accounting standard. The amount was determined on the basis of actuarial valuation conducted at the end of the year.
Then the company issues an order acceptance letter to the customer. After this period. ELCOMPO displays advertisements in certain electrical journals only. Then the production floor or to store. the company will provide services on chargeable basis. The company guarantees the product for a period of 12months from the date of commissioning or 18 months from the dispatch whichever is earlier. At the end of the completion of the production of transformer. Then the production function is started. ELCOMPO prepares tender document. the product segment directly connected with the customers. 19 . The Material department purchase and or issue materials to production floor or to store.per head for a day.500/.Marketing Department The ELCOMPO has not adapted general features of marketing. The company also employers certain outside agencies which canvass orders for it. They have recognized regional centers in various major cities. After. The company charges Rs. After collecting tenders. this the unit submit competitive quotation with company’s favour. Inspection and Dispatch function are carried down. If the submitted quotation is the best. Because. After this the marketing department prepares a sale order and issues and issues to all other department prepare structural design and process design to transformer. the gets the tender. This document will be forwarded to the Design department. The company will have promotional strategy or any other kind of promotions to their product. MARKETING PROCESS The ELCOMPO collects the tenders from newspapers with specifications. It also captures orders through canvassing customers.
This committee consists of representatives of workers and executives were they discuss about the prevention and control.They conduct Safety competitions. SAFETY CELL This cell aims at maintain safety and provide safety measures through the safety committee. Canteen Department 20 .Functions of Marketing Manager Evolve accurate marketing policy Ensure the availability of required orders Make competitive prices Make sure the payment before dispatching the product Provide after sales service to the clients Ensure the optimum utilization of resources available to the company. education and training to employees. and contract laborersAwareness programmes and educational to school student.
Transport Department Travel from Home to Office is made easier through this department. Small Group Activities and Cross Functional Team. Shift. Its main objective is to gain profit and minimize loss. timely service. 21 .They also provide ambulance services to assist the medical department Research and Development (R&D) Capital expenditure on research and development is treated as addition to fixed assets and revenue expenditure on R&D is charged to profit and loss account under the appropriate heads in the year in which it is incurred. Attendance. Overtime.The purpose of canteens is to meet the needs of the employees everywhere to anticipate the aspiration of the colleagues and customers and to respond creatively and competitively with their services. cleanliness. TOTAL QUALITY MANAGEMENT Total Quality Management is Total Employee involvement in improving the quality of the products to the employees at all levels and at all stages. Under this department the focus on reaching their goal through Quality Circles.Maintain registers like ON-Duty. Aged people and Destitute ChildrenDrivers are trained to repair if there is any damage found. Bus etc.providing free transport for Non-Governmental Organizations who arrange excursions for Mentally challenged .They emphasize on quality of food. Adherence by ISO Quality standards. counter services and in plant Services.
5 copies are sent to Quality Assurance for carrying out inspection and endorsement of resulThe Non-conforming materials are controlled as per quality specification. Storage. items are received and entered in Goods Receipt Register. All received items are accounted as per Goods Receipts Register. Security permits the carries into the company premises on verification of document and entering the verified details in the Register. Where stock is held in stores below the minimum/reorder level.Chapter-2 MATERIAL CONTROL Material Receiving. In respect of other materials. Test certificates and Bill of Entry in the case of imports are verified by store keeper and it found in order. Items held in storage for more than the specified period are subjected to reinsertion and testing as per work instruction for re-testing of stored achieved by specifying appropriate controls and application of preservation as documented by Quality Assurance issues of stored items to the user department/subcontracted production units is made against stores Requisition/Loan note Items taken out for processes are returned and controlled returnable gate pass/gate pass for lob work. storekeeper prepares GRN prior to inspection. Only materials passed in receiving inspection and into ELCOMPO. Transport copy of invoice where applicable. 22 . A monthly inventory statement is prepared and sent to Planning / Production / Finance and Account. purchase activities are initiated by stores in charge. On receiving materials against purchase orders. the accompanying documents such as Receipt. identification. Received Note (GRN) and Passes to Quality Assurance. GRN prepared in 6 copies. The activities of handling. storage. Preservation and Issue Procedure:Stores in charge receive copies of purchase orders from materials. Invoice.
where request the authorization is obtained from corporate office through purchase Approval forum. A purchase order check list is prepared in evidence of verifying the purchasing data. Quality. The purchasing activities such as release of purchase order. Purchases activity is initiated against purchase requisition/purchase notice from used departments. Where purchases are required to be made from sub-contractors not within the approve lists. Depending on the assigned authority in relation to value. such purchases are approved by General Manager through waiver notes. materials Finance and Accounts and the user department’s representative. PURCHASING PROCEDURE Maintenance and structural division maintains and updated master list of purchased products/services within the scope of this procedure. Purchases requisition is raised in respect of requirements specific to the production and purchase notice is raised in respect of standards products for which re-order level are identified. Two copies are for retention with the maintenance and Structural Division. Assurance and Finance and Accounts.Purchase is authorized by a committee of General Manager. The purchase order is made in 6 copies. On finalizing on the basis of the guidelines/authorization purchase order is Raised and purchasing data verified of correctness by the designated personnel in the department. The copies are made available to Materials. The particular of purchase committee approvals are maintained in the he committee approval register. Materials documents and maintains purchasing requirement as guidelines duly approved by General Manager. progress in 23 . The mode of purchasing such as inviting quotations did evaluations or direct purchases is based on the documented purchasing requirements guidelines.control of nonconforming products and issue of materials under positive recall procedure are carried out as per work instruction. Purchases are made from sub-contractors approved as per quality specification. such list are approved by materials department.
Verification of sub-contracted job items are carried out at subcontractors premises if so required. progress in supply of products and results of receiving verifications are recorded are recorded are recorded and the mentioned with the aid of purchasing Monitoring Register for all Purchases of lamination. The purchasing activities such as release of purchase order. The verification of purchased products is carried out as per quality specification and work instructions. The verification of purchased products is carried out as per quality specification and work instructions. Where required contractually. radiator and current transformers for the transformer division.on approval of requisition of cash purchase by materials. Purchases by sub-contracting process are made on the basis of quality specification. in receiving inspection and testing. either a purchase order amendment or a superseding purchase order is issue with the same number of copies and distribution as in above description. Cash purchases are made without raising purchase order limiting value to Rs. customer is provided facility to verify purchased products at sub-contractor’s premises/company premises. The purchased order released to subcontractors clarify verification requirement either of Quality Assurance or customer/customer’s agent.supply of products and result of receiving verifications are recorded and the monitored with the maintenance and Structural Division. 24 . The purchase order is raised in respect of purchases against already made authorization. customer is provided facility to verify purchased products at sub-premises if so required. It is also clarified to sub-contractors that verifications by quality Assurance/customer does not absolve the sub-contractor of his responsibility to provide acceptable product as well as company’s right and further verify products even after acceptance.1000/. Where purchase order is required to be amended. Where required contractually. conductor.
Inventories Finished goods are valued at cost or market price. materials in process. Raw materials. Cost means weighted average. Goods in transit are valued at cost 25 . spares and loose toots are valued at cost. For arriving at the cost Excise duty is also taken into consideration Work-in-progress is valued at cost after considering overheads financial charges. Scraps valued at net realizable value. whichever is less.
The company prepares the profit and loss accounts. Payroll or salary administration is an inevitable factor of the finance department. he needs the permission from the corporate office of the company. Fringe Benefits (attendance allowance / milk allowance). Sources and Uses of Fund The finance manager of the company collects the fund through the sale of products from head office and other sources.A). 1) For employee and clerical staff under the Industrial Dispute Act.R. Employee cost analysis etc. washing allowance. financial positions. The units manager has a limit to dealing the fund up to Rs. 26 . and 2) For Managerial staff under Kerala Government Department Rule. House Rent Allowance (H. future prospectus and other many objects. For Employees and clerical staff under ID ACT The salary for employees it includes the basic pay. Over the limit. Statement of operating result derives the performance of transaction. Budgets. Financial performance Statement. This reveals the profitability for the concern during the period. Dearness allowance.FINANCE CONTROL The finance Department regulates the financial of the company. overtime allowance. balance Sheet.2 lakh. The net results of these are known “gross salary”. risk allowance. for the finding of the operating results. Night shift allowance. The salary administration is conducted in two ways.
This change depends upon the point by the statistical department of the state.e. A. who undertake the overtime work.A) to provident fund. The overtime charges if calculated. A. A. The period of agreement is four years. 27 . It is available to employees to employees based on the agreement between Management and Trade Union.Fringe benefits are the allowance which includes allowance / milk allowance.per month. is changing every month.per day for an employee.T) is provided to the employees. with the employer paying 4. D. Basic pay +D. The ESI facility avail the employees who has a salary up to Rs. For the fringe benefits the attendance is taken from 16thof the month to 15th of the next month. Basic pay is based on the salary scale of the company. the PF contribution is deductible from gross salary.. A.75 % of his wages tot he fund. it means.A. The employees contribution is 1. or variable D. This PF contribution is forwarded to PF Department.6500/. (i. For the calculation of overtime the attendance is taken as the 16th of the month to 15th of the next month. Employees state Insurance (ESI) The ESI is a contribution scheme. is an industrial D.A 30 days x 8 hrs x 2 x30 Deductions from the Gross salary Provident Fund (PF) According to the PF Act. Working time per day is 8 hours.75% of wages and the employee contribution 1. last day of the month). This point differs every month. Overtime Allowance (O.50/. the attendance is taken as the 1st of the month to 31st of month. Charge of attendance allowance is 2.75% of gross salary-washing allowance. In the calculation of Basic pay and D. Both the employee and employee paying 12% of his wages ( ie. D. basic pay and D. 1952.
A. Gross salary for managerial staff in the manner to the employees and clerical staff’s calculations. Depreciation 28 .e. i.A. Net Salary = Total Deduction. For Managerial staff The salary scale and D. is fixed for managerial staff based don Kerala Government Department Rule. When the Government declared certain rate of D. then that D. The Net salary is calculated as: Gross salary . to managerial staff. Assets and liabilities are constantly being recorded at historical cost.. this will be distributed after the recognition of the board of direction.A. Fixed Assets Fixed assets are stated at cost less depreciation.A.The Net salary for employees and clerical staff by way of deducting the total deduction from the gross salary. Accounting Convention The financial statements are prepared under historical cost conventions on accrual basic in compliances with the companies Act 1956. If the board does not permit to the distribution of D. will not be distributed to the managerial staff.Total Deduction. Accounting Policies Of The Company The following significant Accounting policies have been consistently followed by the company expect sated otherwise.
for but disclosed in notes on accounts. Contingent liabilities Contingent Liabilities are not provided. 29 . Retirement benefit Gratuity and leave encashment are accounted for on accrual basis in compliance with accounting standard. Extra shift depreciation for double shift working has been provided in the accounts. As non-cumulative portion of leave encashment is not applicable to the company the same is not considered.The liability on account of bank charges and other expenses on materials in transit on the date of closing is accounted on accrual basis. Liability on materials in transit The liability on accounted for on accrual in compliance with accounting standard. The amount was determined on the basis of actuarial valuation conducted at the end of the year. The amount was determined on the basis of actuarial valuation conducted at the end of the year. Depreciation on fixed assets has been provided as per the rate indicated in schedule XIV of the Companies Act 1956 under written down value method. Depreciation on fixed assets in respects to project work-in-progress has not been charged in the accounts since the project has been kept in abeyance as per Government direction. As non-cumulative portion of leave encashment is not applicable to the company the same is not considered.
ltd -> China 30 .SALES AND DISTRIBUTION CONTROL Sales Sales comprise sale of goods and services and includes Excise Duty Price variation claims on sales affected are accounted for an accruel basis The reprocess transformer oil accounted at current purchase price by crediting the difference to miscellaneous income. Consumption Loose tools issued to shop floor are treated as consumed and written off as such consumption of materials for production is completed on a derived basis.BHD – Malaysia SUPPLIERS TDG Holding CO. EXPORT CUSTOMERS LUMOTECH HOLL AND BV – Netherlands BH ELECTRONIST SDN.
ltd -> China TIANJIN ZHONJHUAN SEMI CONDUCTOR JOIN STOCK CO.ltd -> China HITACHI CABLE ASIA PACIFIC (HCAP) limited -> Singapore SHENZHEN RUI QIDA NENG electronics CO.ltd ->China FOXON electronics CO.ltd -> Hong Kong 31 . SUZHOU CITY MATSAYMA ELECTRONIC INDUSTRIAL CO.
32 . It ensures the quality of the products. The company manufactures good product without any delay The company has adopted new modern technology Weakness Medical facility was not sufficient.Chapter-3 SWOT ANALYSIS The performance appraisal has been done through a SWOT analysis Strength It consists of highly qualified personnel It provides an inevitable and valuable service to society. It maintains good Industrial Relations. There was no job rotation.
There is no inter departmental coordination Opportunity It has an opportunity to expand their business. Changes in standard of living of people. Technological change. 33 .V Threat Competition from private enterprise. Opportunity to introduce transformers for LCD T. The above depicted SWOT analysis reveals the cause of unsatisfactory Performance and possibility of future progress.
contractors and neighbors. Reuse & Recycle the same through a time bound action plan. 34 . We will strive towards maintaining harmony between society and environment towards achieving our environmental goal. Continuously strive to minimize waste generation by all possible ways and to Reduce. at ELCOMPO.CORPORATE SOCIAL RESPONSIBILITY We. Set and review objectives and targets for continually improving the Environment. Provide a clean working environment to our employees. are committed to preserving the preserving the environment and will Adopt pollution preventive techniques in design & manufacture of our products.
political -economic -social -technological -environment -legal Social : More peoples are realizing the benefit of the product Ethical issues Advertising and publicity 35 .PESTEL ANALYSIS Business planners have also to understand what goes on outside the business . businesses are able to identify external changes that may affect it by carrying out a PESTEL analysis P E S T E L Political: Economic: Demand from customers Driving performance Keep low price of the product Reduce emission and engine noise Trading policies Government policies .
Technological : Innovation potential Technology development The company produce more units Environmental : Identify the risk of the climatic change Legal : Law changes affecting the company 36 .
It was given as below Award Read Form State Bank of India Award for Banks First Company to get ISO-9002 in Tamil Nadu ONIDA JVC Best Suppliers FUTURE PLAN Wire wound components for LCD T.V.Chapter-4 OUTSTANDING PERFORMANCE Our company got a amazing award for a outstanding performance. Wire wound components for mobile phones Power supply units 37 .
The world in which organizational operates today is intensely competitive. 38 . It’s inferred that majority of the respondents are working in a peaceful environment. Therefore. this study will help the organizations to make the employees to work as a team more effectively and effectively. we must be prepared both physically and mentally considering welfare as a priority. from the study. As we move towards a more competitive position. I hereby extend all my sincere gratitude to the employees of ELCOMPO ELECTRONICS PRIVATE LIMITEDand their Management for their wonderful cooperation. If some changes are undertaken then all the employees will be contented such as facilities like medicine etc.CONCLUSION Organizational study in “ELCOMPO ELECTONICS PRIVATE LIMITED” was analyzed based on the detailed study conducted and the inferences were revealed.
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