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System Scheduler Cron ========================== Features: --------1. Permits scheduling of scripts(shell/perl/python/ruby/PHP/etc.

)/tasks on a per -user basis via individual cron tables. 2. Permits recurring execution of tasks 3. Permits one-time execution of tasks via 'at' 4. Logs results(exit status but can be full output) of executed tasks 5. Facilitates restrictions/permissions via - cron.deny,cron.allow,at.* Directory Layout for Cron daemon: --------------------------------/var/spool/cron - and sub-directories to store cron & at entries /var/spool/cron/atjobs - houses one-off, atjobs - 787546321.a - corresponds to a user's atjob /var/spool/cron/crontabs - houses recurring jobs for users - username - these files house recurring tasks for each user Cron command: -----------crontab - facilitates the management of cron table files -crontab -l - lists the cron table for current user - reads /var/spool/cron/crontabs/root ###Cron table format### -----------------------m(0-59) h(0-23) dom(1-31) m(1-12) dow(0-6) command 10 3 * * * /usr/sbin/logadm - 3:10AM - every day 15 3 * * 0 /usr/lib/fs/nfs/nfsfind - 3:15 - every Sunday 30 3 * * * [ -x /usr/lib/gss/gsscred_clean ] && /usr/lib/gss/gsscred_clean 1 2 * * * [ -x /usr/sbin/rtc ] && /usr/sbin/rtc -c > /dev/null 2>&1 m(0-59) h(0-23) dom(1-31) m(1-12) dow(0-6) command Note: (date/time/command) MUST be on 1 line m = minute(0-59) h = hour(0-23) dom = day of the month(1-31) m = month(1-12) dow = day of the week(0-6) - 0=Sunday Note: each line contains 6 fields/columns - 5 pertain to date & time of executio n, and the 6th pertains to command to execute #m h dom m dow 10 3 * * * /usr/sbin/logadm - 3:10AM - every day * * * * * /usr/sbin/logadm - every minute,hour,dom,m,dow */5 * * * * /usr/sbin/logadm - every 5 minutes(0,5,10,15...) 1 0-4 * * * /usr/sbin/logadm - 1 minute after the hours 0-4 0 0,2,4,6,9 * * * /usr/sbin/logadm - top of the hours 0,2,4,6,9 1-9 0,2,4,6,9 * * * /usr/sbin/logadm - 1-9 minutes of hours 0,2,4,6,9 Note: Separate columns/fields using whitespace or tabs ###Create crontabs for root & unixcbt### ---------------------------------------Note: ALWAYS test commands prior to crontab/at submission 11 * * * * repquota -va >> /reports/`date +%F`.quota.report Note: set EDITOR variable to desired editor

export EDITOR=vim ###unixcbt - execute quota -v### --------------------------------#!/usr/bin/bash HOME=/export/home/unixcbt quota -v >> $HOME/`date +%F`.unixcbt.quota.report #END Note: aim to reference scripts(shell/perl/python/ruby/PHP,etc.) instead of the v arious characters Note: Default Solaris install creates 'at.deny' & 'cron.deny' You MUST not be included in either file to be able to submit at & cron entries Conversely, if cron.allow and at.allow files exist, you MUST belong to either fi le to submit at or cron entries