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Moon calendar - new moon and full moon dates - lunar phases - The Moon

Moon Dates 2011

New Moon
Jan 4th Jan 19th

Full Moon

Feb 3rd

Feb 18th

March 4th

March 19th

April 3rd

April 18th

May 3rd

May 17th

June 1st

June 15th

July 1st

July 15th

July 30th

August 13th

Aug 29th

Sept 12th

Sept 27th

Oct 12th

Oct 26th Nov 25th

Nov 10th Dec 10th

Dec 24th

Moon Facts
Diameter: 2,160 miles / 3,476 kilometers Circumference: 6,790 miles / 10,930 kilometers The moon rises around sunset when it's a full Moon, and sunrise when it's a new moon.

Full Moon
The full moon occurs between 14 and 15 days after the new moon, and is shaped like a complete disc. The moon's illuminated side is facing the earth. The full moon reflects the maximum light from the sun. This moon phase is the time of abundance, ripening and completeness - fertile and shining with the full power of feminine secrets and mysteries - like the Mother form of the Goddess, and the season of Summer pregnant with life. A child born during a full moon should live a long and healthy life. This is the time when the moon's energy is strongest and full of magick power. Legendary werewolves supposedly only emerge at the full moon. more moon myths

New Moon
The new moon occurs when the sun and moon are in conjunction, occupying the same part of the sky from the viewpoint of earth. During this time the moon doesn't reflect the light of the sun, and so cannot be seen (except during a solar eclipse). The moon's un-illuminated side is facing the earth. The new moon phase is the time of new beginnings - like the Maiden form of the Goddess and the season of Spring. The appearance of the new crescent moon was celebrated as a return of the moon from the dead. This is a time of growing energy, newness, rejuvenation, growth, renewal and hope. It is a good point to make changes in your life, such as ending bad habits or relationships.

Moon Phases
Waxing- the moon is growing larger in

Lunar Eclipse
A lunar eclipse occurs when the Earth passes between the Moon and the Sun. Because full Moons occur when the Sun and Moon are on opposite sides of the Earth - Lunar eclipses can only happen when the Moon is full.

the sky, moving from a narrow crescent just after the new moon towards the full moon. The waxing moon grows from right to left and is called the 'right-hand moon' - the crescent Though not as thrilling as a solar eclipse, the Moon can be is like the curve between the right-hand's seen to magically change colour, becoming coppery or index finger and thumb. even red - this is due to light being reflected from the Earth onto the Moon's surface (known as 'earthshine'). During the eclipse you can see the Earths shadow slowly reach across the surface of the Moon.

If you want to find past moon phases try this site - Real magick

Waxing Crescent 4% of Full Mon 1 Aug, 2011 moon phases

Blue Moon
Due to the moon's cycle being 29 days, there are occasionally - as in July 2004 - two full moons in one month (only happens on average every 2.7 years). Then the second moon of the month is called a 'blue moon'. There will be two blue moons in 2018.

Harvest Moon
The full moon nearest to the Autumn Equinox is called the 'Harvest moon'. This is because for several nights it appears large and bright in the early evening, bringing farmers valuable extra time to gather in their harvest. The Celtic year was once divided into 13 months - one for each moon occuring during the year.

Dark Moon
When two new moons occur in a month, the second is called a 'dark moon'. The new moon is also sometimes called the dark moon - at this phase there is no illumination on the earth's side.

Honey Moon
The June full moon was called the Mead or Honey moon. The name derives from the hives being full of honey at this time of the year. The honey would have been fermented and made into mead. Traditionally, a honey drink was taken after wedding ceremonies held on the Summer Solstice. This is the derivation of 'honeymoon'.

Moon Days
Monday - the name derives from the Latin 'dies lunae' meaning - moon's day.

Moon Months
Our months are linked to the movements of the moon. The moon passes between the earth and the sun every 29 days - then there is a new moon. In Jewish and Muslim calendars a new month begins - all the months have 29 or 30 days.

more Moon dates, phases,festivals and myths


1.What is an Astronomical New Moon? 2.What is the Lunar Month?How Long is it? 3.Predicting Crescent Visibilty? 4.Naked-eye Records for Crescent Sighting 5.Optical-aids Records for Crescent Sighting

1-What is an Astronomical New Moon? The Astronomical New Moon occurs at the conjunction(Muhaq in Arabic), is the moment when the moon passes between between the earth and the sun. Notice that if the center of these three bodies fall almost in a line, a solar eclipse will occur;At the moment of the New moon, the moon's dark surface faces the earth making itself completely invisible, hidden by the sun's rays. After it moves out from under the sun's rays it starts to become visible. Return to Top of the Page. 2-What is the Lunar Month?How Long is it? A lunar month is the interval between two lunar phenomena; Astronomy defines more than one kind of lunar month: Anomalistic, sidereal, draconic,..The one that relates directly to the Moon's phases is the Synodic month with an average length of 29.53058 days from the New moon to the next New moon (this will be the same interval of time as between a Full Moon and the next Full Moon-but not between a first and a last quarter).

The maximum length of the lunar month can reach near 29.8 days and a minimum of 29.3 days. New moons examinations by F.Richard Stephenson(University of Durham) and Bao-Lin Liu(Purple Mountain Observatory, China) of a time span from 1000B.C to 4000A.D. found the longest month to had occurred in 400 B.C(29d 20h 6m) and the shortest in 302 B.C.(29d 6h 26m). Return to Top of the Page. 3-Predicting Crescent Visibilty
The sighting of the crescent was essential to know the begining of the Lunar calendar months, the problem of predicting crescent visibilty has been around since at least Babylonian times, throughthebrew and christian old times, and was widely studied by Muslim scholars between 700 and 1100 A.D., and by different scholars up to this century. Criterion/factors proposed for visibilty: 1- Age of the New Moon at Sunset to be more than a certain number of hours: 10, 16, 20 etc... i.e Age = Sunset - New Moon time 2- Time lag: How many minutes the Moon will stay after Sunset i.e. Moonset - Sunset. Some people take 15 mins. The Muslim astronomer Omar Khayyam proposed a 48 minutes after Sunset while Al-ttusi proposed 40 minutes. 3- The Angular distance between the Moon and the Sun, from Earth's center i.e. Angular distance of Moon(Assimat-in Arabic), angles right or left from Sun's disc at sunset The French astronomer Andre' Danjon, in the early 1930's, deduced that no illuminated portion of the crescent whatsoever can be seen when the moon is 7 degrees or less from the Sun. The Muslim Astronomers' Conference held in Istanboul recommended 8 degrees for certainity . Explanation: the Moon's path is elliptic, but assume it about circular with an average month length of 29.53 days; so the moon travels 360 deg. in 29.53 x 24 hours ;dividing these numbers we get about 1.96 hours/degree, multiply by 8 deg. you get a Moon's Age of 15.75 hours which is very close to the 15.4 hours , the second naked-eye record. 4- Moon's altitude above horizon at Sunset; it has to be 5 degrees or more. In rare case the crescent was seen between 2 and 5 degrees.

5- Another totaly different approach was developed by F.Bruin in 1979 based on 76 observations from Athens in which he depended on the brightness of the moon and sky and the phsiology of the eye. 6- Datelines (like Northwest to Southeast curves) proposed by Mohammad Ilyas from Malaysia and different lines by Bradely Schaefer from Nasa and Bernard Yallop. [Sky & Telescope Magazine, April 1989, p.373] Other approaches include a combination of more than one method of the above, like: - KhaledShawkatapproach, a having a minimum at 20 hrs sighting limit. - Jordanian Astronomical Society Age is 10 hours or more, Altitude and Azimuth. - South African Astronomical Observatory Altitude and Azimuth of Moon at Sunset. - World federation for moonsighting Age more than 20 hrs and timelag of 15 minutes after Sunset. horizontal parabola

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4-Naked-eye Records for Crescent Sighting Mentioned in [Sky & Telescope Magazine]: * There is a doubted observation of an 14.5-hr old moon by two maids in England in 1916.
Name of observer 1- Steven N. Shore & 4 students [N. Mexico Institute of Mining & Technology] 2- Julius Schmidt Date of Observation Location Age S&T issue Sep 89, p.23 Jul 88, p.34 Dec 96

May 1989

11,000 ft Mount Baldy, New Mexico

14 hr 51m

Sep 14, 1871 Athens,Greece

15.4 hr 15.53hr (15 hr 32m), 9.1

3- Stephan O'Meara [S&T May 24,1990 Mount Wilson Editor] Observatory in

California, US 4- Drummond Laing & 2 wittnesses [S.African Dec 12,1985 Sutherland Astronomical Observatory]

degrees from Sun 17hr 19m Jun 91

Return to Top of the Page. 5-Optical-aids Records for Crescent Sighting

Mentioned in [Sky & Telescope Magazine]: Name of observer Date of Observation Location Age S&T issue -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------1- Mohsen Ghazi Mirsaeed, Iran September 7, 2002 Age: 11 hours and 40 minutes by a giant 40x150 binoculars at a carefully chosen Mountain site and Moon was 7.5 degrees from Sun. [ref.: Sky & Telescope Feb.2005] 2- JamesStamm Jan 20, 1996 Arizona 12 hr 7m Dec 96 by an 8 inch telescope This was a RamadhanHilal and 2 other people also spotted it west of his location in Arizona at ages 12hr 33min and 12hr 50min. 3-Before that the record belonged to Robert Victor using tripod-mounted 11x80 binoculars in Michigan,US on May 5,1989 at age 13hr 28 m.

4-Also a record of 13hr 47 minutes by binoculars..could not be seen by eye. [S&T Sep 89,p.323] another 15 hr binocular record..could not be seen by eye [S&T Jan 91,p.6] Important observations by the Iraqi astronomers at Al-Mousel are listed at the Jordanian Astronomical society page.

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New Moon# Date GMT Hijri Year/Month -------------------------------------------17174 2011/01/04 9:03 1432 2 | | 17175 2011/02/03 2:31 1432 3 | Top of Form | To convert a date select from to which 17176 2011/03/04 20:47 1432 4 | |calendar, enter time/date/year and click 17177 2011/04/03 14:33 1432 5 | Convert: | 17178 2011/05/03 6:51 1432 6 | | Hijri to Gregorian 17179 2011/06/01 21:03 1432 7 | Gregorian to Hijri | 17180 2011/07/01 8:54 1432 8 | | 17181 2011/07/30 18:40 1432 9 | Date | 17182 2011/08/29 3:05 1432 10 | 1 1 2011 | Day Month Year 17183 2011/09/27 11:09 1432 11 | | 17184 2011/10/26 19:56 1432 12 | Convert Clear | 17185 2011/11/25 6:10 1433 1 | | Bottom of Form 17186 2011/12/24 18:07 1433 2 | ____________________________________________

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