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Continuous slip-form for irrigation channels

Irrigation channel in Australia is lined with concrete by slip-form unit developed by Australian engineers. An average of 500 linear feet of channel can be placed in a day. Best 8-hour day performance has been 780 feet.

nited States contractors engaged in doing similar work will be interested in a continuous slip-forming rig which Australian engineers have developed for lining irrigation channels. Named from the front of the unit backwards, the slip-form is made up of a skid pan, a partitioned hopper, a vibrating pad and a float pad and pressure blade. Riding on the subgrade, the skid pan virtually steers the form. Its length is important as it affects the distribution of the weight of the form and the way the curves are negotiated. Partitioned into eight compartments, the hopper makes possible the even distribution of the concrete, a head of concrete above the feed being a necessary feature of the slip-form design. The vibrating section consists of a quadrant of 4 inches radius along which the vibrators (either 6 or 8) are spaced. To avoid the dissipation of vibration to the structure as a whole, and particularly to the float pan and pressure plate, the vibrating pad is insulated from adjoining sections by rubber packing. For the successful operation of the float pan and pressure plate it is essential for the form to travel exactly parallel to the bed. The pressure plate is adjustable by means of turnbuckles. Initial earthworks involved the construction of the compacted banks and the completion of all lead by excavating with a dozer and scoop to a depth determined by the scoop width. This was followed by the excavation of the remaining

section of channel and trimming of the channel section by a Briscoe ditcher towed by two tractors. Later the spoil was spread evenly over the banks on either side. Hand trimming is essential in the sections of channel to be concrete lined. It is important that this work be kept sufficiently ahead of the slipform to permit the latters uninterrupted operation, but not so far ahead as to make the excavation subject to storm damage. Because the slip-form rides on the excavation, line and level must be closely controlled during excavation. For best results with the continuous slip-form, concrete with a water/cement ratio of about 0.65 is used, with a sand content of approximately 45 percent and a slump of 1 12 inches to 2 inches. A cement content of five bags per cubic yard is considered adequate. The slip-form is advanced by means of a winch mounted on an anchoring device which automatically digs into the ground when the pull is applied. About 300 feet of travel is possible before the anchor must be shifted. Moving at an average speed of 20 inches per minute, the Australians best 8-hour day output with this slip-form has been 780 linear feet of channel having 1,360 square yards of surface. Average daily progress is just under 500 linear feet.

Copyright 1961, The Aberdeen Group All rights reserved

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