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Global Scenario

We can END POVERTY 2015 Millennium development goals: Goal 7, Target 7c: Halve, by 2015, the proportion of the population without sustainable access to safe drinking water and basic sanitation National Academy of Engineering: One of the Fourteen Grand challenges provide access to clean water World Water day 22 March 2011, Providing Water for the cities Rural poor Vs.growing urban slums http://www.unwater.org/worldwaterday/index.html Each person needs 25-50 liters of fresh water and one in six people world wide do not have access to this.

Indian Scenario
Every one loves a good drought by P. Sainath, Penguin India, 1996: Some Farmers earn more money by selling water than Agriculture produce Saving potential of water is maximum in Agriculture

DST mission on water challenges based on supreme court directive in March 2009:
Low per capita availability Geological contamination through Arsenic Contamination through Flouride Biological contamination Alkaline earth metal salt salinity and hardness Storage capacity for seasonal/monsoon rain water Non-optimal use of water in Agriculture & Industry Drinking water quality issues Evaporation loss from water bodies River and flash flood management Depletion of ground water table and aquifers Water body disuse
http://dst.gov.in/scientific-programme/plan-document.pdf

Rajasthan
Several kinds of rainwater harvesting systems bawari and jhalara (depend on groundwater), talab, nadi, tanka, kund and khadin (based on harnessing surface runoff) and harvesting of roof water. Modern methods: Overhead tanks, Bhakra dam fed Indira Gandhi Canal, over-exploitation of Ground water reserve by tube wells http://www.iwmi.cgiar.org/publications/Working _Papers/working/WOR104.pdf

Pushkar- Rejuvenation

Pushkar Beginning of the Thar famed for its Camel fair in November

Jodhpur Kylana

Jodhpur Kylana

Jaisalmer Gadisagar
For a lyrical account see Silver drops of Rajasthan by Anupam Mishra (http://www.indiawaterportal.org/node/7354)

Jaisalmer Gadisagar

Jaisalmer Gadisagar

Jaisalmer Gadisagar

Making most of a water leak from Indira Gandhi canal near Jaisalmer

Pokhran Ramdevra Temple Tank

Pokhran- Ramdevra with an overhead Tank at distance

Potential for water related research


DST mandate: To find out inexpensive methods of converting saline water into fresh water To find out methods of harnessing and managing the monsoon rain water To manage the flood waters To do research in rain water harvesting and treatment of waste water and also recommend Demonstrate traditional rain water harvesting techniques once prevalent in Rajasthan (underground wells Baoris etc) Water conservation through recycling to be used for solar plants Water Kiosks and entrepreneurship ideas http://globalwater.jhu.edu/ based on cheaper ideas of solar thermal based water distillation and desalination units as an alternative to reverse osmosis units Develop Low cost drip irrigation kits to save water in Agriculture Contribute to the Vision of India-WRIS project (to provide a Single Window Solution for all water resources data and information in a standardized national GIS framework to water resources departments / organizations for assessment, monitoring, planning, development and Integrated Water Resources Management). http://www.indiawris.nrsc.gov.in/ and Aquastat of UN http://www.fao.org/nr/water/aquastat/main/index.stm