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Physics204/201,02 Assignment#3 October,2010 Remarks:Givedetailsforallyoursolutions,especiallyforthemultiplechoice problems.Theansweralonemightearnyou2/10. 1. Att=0,aparticleleavestheoriginwithavelocityof12m/sinthepositivex directionandmovesinthexyplanewithaconstantaccelerationof i . 2+ j . 0 0 m / s .Attheinstanttheycoordinateoftheparticleis18m, ( 4) 2 whatisthexcoordinateoftheparticle? a. b. c. d. e.

30m 21m 27m 24m 45m

acceleration a=a i + a j where a = component of 'a' in X direction and a = component of 'a' in Y direction similarly for Velocity u= u i + u j Now answer: a= - 2.0i + 4.0j u= 12.0i + 0.0 j (at t=0 initial velocity) a= -2 m/s a= 4 m/s u= 12 m/s u= 0 m/s y=18m x=? using s=ut+at (in Y direction) y=ut+at => 18= 0 + (4t) => 2t = 18 => t = 9 => t=3 sec now (in X direction) x=ut+at =12 3 + ( - 2 3 ) =36 + (-18) =36 - 9 =27 m Ans: C. 27m

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Theinitialspeedofacannonballis0.20km/s.Iftheballistostrikeatargetthat isatahorizontaldistanceof3.0kmfromthecannon,whatisthetimeofflightfor theball? a. b. c. d. e. 16s 21s 24s 14s 19s

The initial velocity is 200 m/s The range is 3,000 m Assuming the ball strikes a target at the exact height as the initial firing, you can determine theta (the angle of which is was fired at initially) since the only force acting upon it is 9.8 m/s^2 down (gravity) The formula to do so is Range = ((Initial Velocity)^2 sin(theta)) / g 3000 = (200)^2 sin(theta)/(9.8 ) Solve for theta is approx. 23.65 degrees Then use the time of flight equation: Time of flight = 2 (Initial velocity) sin(theta) /g T = 2 (200) sin(23.65) / 9.8 T = approx. 16.37 s

3.

#Acartravelscounterclockwisearoundaflatcircleofradius0.25kmata constantspeedof20m/s.WhenthecarisatpointAasshowninthefigure,what isthecarsacceleration?

a. b. c. d.

1.6m/s ,east Zero 1.6m/s ,south 1.6m/s ,north


2 2 2

e.1.6m/s ,west

4.

#Aracecarmovingwithaconstantspeedof60m/scompletesonelaparounda circulartrackin50s.Whatisthemagnitudeoftheaccelerationoftheracecar? a. b. c. d. e. 8.8m/s 7.5m/s 9.4m/s 6.3m/s 5.3m/s


2 2 2 2 2

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A0.14kmwideriverflowswithauniformspeedof4.0m/stowardtheeast.It takes20sforaboattocrosstherivertoapointdirectlynorthofitsdeparture pointonthesouthbank.Whatisthespeedoftheboatrelativetothewater? a. b. c. d. e. 5.7m/s 8.5m/s 8.1m/s 7.0m/s 6.4m/s

the eastwest component of the boats speed relative to the water should be 4.0 m/s pointing west. The north south component of boats speed should be 0.2 km / 20s = 0.01 km/s = 10m/s. Angle relative to the direction north should be then
atan(4/10) = 220 west of north.

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Ariverhasasteadyspeedof0.30m/s.Astudentswimsdownstreamadistance of1.2kmandreturnstothestartingpoint.Ifthestudentswimswithrespectto thewaterataconstantspeedandthedownstreamportionoftheswimrequires 20minutes,howmuchtimeisrequiredfortheentireswim? a. b. c. d. e. 50minutes 80minutes 90minutes 70minutes 60minutes

distance = speed * time downstream 1.2km = speed * 20 minute speed = 1.2/20 (downstream) = .06 km/min * 1000m/km * 1 min/60sec = 1 m/s downstream Relative to the stream, 1 m/s - .3 m/s = .7 m/s therefore upstream speed = .7 m/s - .3 m/s = .4 m/s time = distance/speed = 1.2 km / (.4 m/s * km/1000m * 60s/min) = 50 min total time = 50 + 20 = 70 minutes

7.

Newton approximated motion in a circle as a series of linear motions, as in the polygon below.

B A

If we assume the particle moves at constant speed vA from A to B, and at r constant speed vB from B to C, the direction of the change in velocity, , at v point B, is shown by the arrow in

a.

b.

c.--

d.

e.