Literature (from Latin litterae (plural); [Letter (alphabet)|letter]]) is the art of written works, and is not bound to published sources (although, under unpublished sources can be exempt). Literally translated, the word literature means "acquaintance with letters" (as in the "arts and letters"). The two major classification of literature are poetry and prose. "Literature" s sometimes differentiated from popular and ephemeral classes of writing. Terms such as "literary fiction" and "literary merit" are used to distinguish individual works as artliterature rather than vernacular writing, and some critics exclude works from being "literary", for example, on grounds of weak or faulty style, use of slang, poor characterization and shallow or contrived construction. Others exclude all genres such as romance, crime and mystery, science fiction, horror and fantasy. Pop lyrics, which are not technically a written medium at all, have also been drawn into this controversy.

Poetry (from the [Greek] 'poiesis'/ποίησις [poieo/ποιέω], a making: a forming, creating, or the art of poetry, or a poem) is a form of literary art in which language is used for its aesthetic and evocative qualities in addition to, or in lieu of, its apparent meaning. Poetry may be written independently, as discrete poems, or may occur in conjunction with other arts, as in poetic drama, hymns, lyrics, or prose poetry.

Prose is the most typical form of written language, applying ordinary grammatical structure and natural flow of speech rather than rhythmic structure (as in traditional poetry). While there are critical debates on the construction of prose, its simplicity and loosely defined structure has led to its adoption for the majority of spoken dialogue, factual discourse as well as topical and fictional writing. It is commonly used, for example, in literature, newspapers, magazines, encyclopedias, broadcasting, film, history, philosophy, law and many other forms of communication.

An epic (from the Ancient Greek adjective ἐπικός (epikos'pi), from ἔπος (epos) "word, story, poem"[1]) is a lengthy narrative poem, ordinarily concerning a serious subject containing details of heroic deeds and events significant to a culture or

unlike other forms of literature. LYRIC Lyrics (in singular form lyric) are a set of words that make up a song. The lyricist of traditional musical forms such as Opera is known as a librettist.[2] While most cultures have developed forms that provoke this paradoxical response. The enactment of drama in theatre. tragedy refers to a specific tradition of drama that has played a unique and important role historically in the self-definition of Western civilisation. DRAMA Drama is the specific mode of fiction represented in performance. NOVEL A novel is a book of long narrative in literary prose. and symmetry of expression. Some lyrics are abstract. is any humorous discourse generally intended to amuse. presupposes collaborative modes of production and a collective form of reception. and stand-up comedy. almost unintelligible. The writer of lyrics is a lyricist or lyrist. TRAGIC Tragedy (Ancient Greek: τραγῳδία. film. is directly influenced by this collaborative production and collective reception. which is derived from "to do" (Classical Greek: δράω. especially in television. . tragōidia. COMEDY Comedy (from the Greek: κωμῳδία. their explication emphasizes form.[1] The term comes from a Greek word meaning "action" (Classical Greek: δρᾶμα.nation. kōmōidía). and Albert Lord and Milman Parry have argued that classical epics were fundamentally an oral poetic form. performed by actors on a stage before an audience. and. The genre has historical roots both in the fields of the medieval and early modern romance and in the tradition of the novella. drao). as a popular meaning. meter. articulation. The meaning of lyrics can either be explicit or implicit. The structure of dramatic texts. "he-goat-song"[1]) is a form of art based on human suffering that offers its audience pleasure. in such cases.[2] Oral poetry may qualify as an epic. drama).

Essays can consist of a number of elements. overlapping with those of an article and a short story. observations of daily life. political manifestos. Short story definitions based on length differ somewhat even among professional writers. learned arguments. Almost all modern essays are written in prose. This format tends to be more pointed than longer works of fiction. including: literary criticism. often in narrative format.SHORT STORY A short story is a work of fiction that is usually written in prose. but works in verse have been dubbed essay . such as novellas (in the 20th and 21st century sense) and novels. and reflections of the author. The definition of an essay is vague. recollections. somewhat in part because of the fragmentation of the medium into genres ESSAY An essay is a piece of writing which is often written from an author's personal point of view.

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