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Harold Saunders I, II, III

Track

႔ ႔ ႔

Saunders Issues Scenario

Unilateral

Action

Mutually Hurting Stalemate

Track II ႕ Track III

Political Deadlock

Open Moves

႔ ႔ ႔ ႔

Symbolism of Talking with an Enemy

Track II- III
႔ (၁၉၉၀)

Tajikistan

Track

II-

III

“Memorandum on a Negotiating Process for Tajikistan,” Official Platform

႕ ႀ ႔ ႔

႔ ပ

႕ ႔ ႔

Track I Issues
႕ Relationships

Symbolic Significance
႕ Track II-III

Spector (Prenegotiation Environment)

႕ Zartman ႔

Prenegotiation

Track I Track I Substantive and Procedural Considerations

-

Issues
႕ Positions

Stakeholders

-

Re-Framing Track I Pre-conditions Pre-conditions

Pre-conditions
႔ မ

Political Deadlock Diplomatic Cover
႕က

Pre-conditions

Diplomatic Cover Political Deadlock Phase III

Threat

Pre-conditions

Phase III

Track II - III
-

Common Ground Consensus

Track I Track II- III

Track I

Track II – III

Track I Trial Balloons Policy Framework Working Group

Float

Track I

Judicial and Physical Arrangements and Human Relationships

Track II – III

Perceptions Post-agreement Negotiation

Pre-conditions

Diplomatic

Cover

Mutually Hurting Stalemate
႔ Track II – III

Phase I Track II- III
႕ Protocol

Track I

Track II, III Track II Track I

Track II, III

(၁၁၊ ၁၊ ၁၁)

1. Freeman, Charles. Arts of Power: Statecraft and Diplomacy (Washington, DC: United States Institute of
Peace Press, 1997)

2. Saunders, Harold. “Prenegotiation and Circum-negotiation: Arenas of the Multilevel Peace Process,” in
Turbulent Peace: The Challenges of Managing International Conflict, ed. Chester Crocker, Fen Osler Hampson, and Pamela Aall (Washington, DC: United States Institute of Peace Press, 2001)

3. Lederach, John Paul. Building Peace: Sustainable Reconciliation in Divided Societies (Washington, DC:
United States Institute of Peace Press, 1997)

4. Solomon, Richard H., and Nigel Quinney. American Negotiating Behavior: Wheeler-dealers, Legal
Eagles, Bullies, and Preachers (Washington, D.C.: United States Institute of Peace Press, 2010)

5. Druckman, Daniel. “Negotiating in the International Context,” in Peacemaking in International Conflict:
Methods and Techniques, ed. I. William Zartman (Washington, DC: United States Institute of Peace Press, 2007)

6. Fisher, Roger and William Ury, Getting to Yes: Negotiating Agreement Without Giving In (Boston:
Houghton Mifflin, 1922),

7. Laue, James E. “Contributions of the Emerging Field of Conflict Resolution,” in Approaches to Peace: An
Intellectual Map, ed. Scott W. Thompson, Kenneth M. Jenson, Richard N. Smith, and Kimber M. Schraub (Washington, DC: United States Institute of Peace Press, 1991)

8. Hopmann, P. Terrence. “Bargaining and Problem Solving: Two Perspectives on International
Negotiation,” in Turbulent Peace: The Challenges of Managing International Conflict, ed. Chester Crocker, Fen Osler Hampson, and Pamela Aall (Washington, DC: United States Institute of Peace Press, 2001)

9. Mnookin, Robert H., Scott R. Peppet, and Andrew S. Tulumello, Beyond Winning: Negotiating to Create
Value in Deals and Disputes (Cambridge, Mass.: Belknap Press of Harvard University Press, 2000)

10. Pruitt, Dean G. Negotiation Behavior (New York: Academic Press, 1981) 11. Marks, Susan Collin. Watching the Wind: Conflict Resolution during South Africa’s Transition to
Democracy (Washington, DC: United States Institute of Peace, 2000)

12. Bazerman, Max H. and Margaret A. Neale, Negotiating Rationally (New York: Free Press, 1992)

13. Thomas, Kenneth W. and Ralph H. Kilmann. Thomas-Kilmann Conflict Mode Instrument (Palo Alto,
Calif.: CPP, Inc., 2002)

14. Shapiro, Daniel L. “Supplemental Joint Brainstorming: Navigating Past the Perils of Traditional
Bargaining,” Negotiation Journal 16, no. 4 (2000)

15. Shell, G. Richard. Bargaining for Advantage: Negotiation Strategies for Reasonable People (New York:
Penguin Books, 2000)

16. Hayner, Priscilla. Negotiating justice: Guidance for Mediators. (International Center for Transitional
Justice, 2009)

17. Deegan, Heather. South Africa Reborn: Building a New Democracy (University College London Press,
1999)

18. Touval, Saadia. “Multilateral Negotiation: An Analytic Approach,” Negotiation Journal 5, no. 2 (April
1989): 163.

19. Weaver, Gary. Culture Communication, and Conflict: Readings in Intercultural Relations (Needham
Heights, Mass.: Ginn Press, 1994)

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