Lt. Col. (R) Dr Mohd Hatta Usul Group Health Adviser, PETRONAS

Occupational Diseases Process safety

Personal Injuries

DMHU July 2011


Workers off work at least 1 month due to accidents at work and workrelated health problems in the past 12 months 3.5 3
% of Workers

2.5 2 1.5 1 0.5 0 15-24 25-34 Accident 35-44 45-54 55-64
Age Group

Health Problems

DMHU July 2011

http://epp.eurostat.ec.europa.eu/cache/ITY_OFFPUB/KS-SF-09-063/EN/KS-SF-093 063-EN.PDF

Main Findings • 3.2% of workers in the EU-27 had an accident at work during a one year period, which corresponds to almost 7 million workers. • Approximately 10% of these accidents were a road traffic accident in the course of work. • 8.6% of workers in the EU-27 experienced a work-related health problems in the past 12 months, which corresponds to 20 million persons. • Bone joint or muscle problems and stress, anxiety or depression were most prevalent. • 40% of workers in the EU-27, i.e. 80 million workers, are exposed to factors that can adversely affect physical health. • 27% of workers, i.e. 56 million workers, are exposed to factors that can adversely affect mental well-being.
DMHU July 2011


• 1.3 million people who worked during the last year were suffering from an illness with 555,000 of these were new conditions which started during the year. • 2,249 people died from mesothelioma in 2008 and thousands more from other occupational cancers and diseases. • 152 workers were killed at work. • 233 000 reportable injuries occurred, according to the Labour Force Survey. • 28.5 million days were lost overall (1.2 days per worker), with 23.4 million due to work-related ill health and 5.1 million due to workplace injury.

DMHU July 2011


(HSE UK Statistics)

DMHU July 2011


DMHU July 2011

Source: SOCSO Report 1995-2005 7

Occupational Diseases Reported to SOCSO 1999-2003

Probable Cases of Occupational Diseases Among MOH Hospital Admission 1999=2003

DMHU July 2011


* Difficulty in recognizing occupational diseases * Long latent period between exposure and disease * Low awareness among employees and employers * Intentional under reporting * Exclusion of certain group of workers * Competency of HSE and medical practitioners * Reporting process

DMHU July 2011


Health hazards and risks not adequately managed

Emergence of new issues and challenges

DMHU July 2011


DMHU July 2011



DMHU July 2011


*Low level of awareness *Lack of legal push *Low on enforcement *Lack of economic push *Perceived low ROI *Lack of resources *Lack of infrastructure *Low in competency

DMHU July 2011


Health hazards and risks not adequately managed

Emergence of new issues and challenges

DMHU July 2011


• 99.2% or 518,996 of total establishments in the three main economic sectors of manufacturing, services and agriculture. • 65% of total workforce or 3 million for the 3 sectors
(DOS Malaysia, 2005 Census)

• Low budget/expenditure operations • No proper OSH management system • No resources

DMHU July 2011


*Drive for more productivity, increasing pace of
work, shorter deadlines.

*People are working harder and for longer hours, with
implications for both physical and mental health.

*While traditional physical hazards still dominate in high
risk sectors such as construction, psychosocial risks have assumed greater importance in the public and white collar sectors.

DMHU July 2011


DMHU July 2011


*Reproductive health issues *Domestic issues *Sexual harassment *Work-life balance issues

DMHU July 2011


• Unskilled and poor OHS awareness • Social problems • Communicable diseases • Mental health • Use of public resources

DMHU July 2011


• Lifestyle diseases • Occupational diseases • Mental health • Burden on medical care and OH services

DMHU July 2011


*Better delivery of OH services *Better reporting and data *Increased awareness among
employees, employers and public

*Better infrastructure to provide support to

*Laws and regulations *Better competency among OH professionals *More impactful OH programs

DMHU July 2011


*OH programs targeted to change mindset and
work culture

*Enforcement with support *Priority of focus areas

DMHU July 2011


*National level *Industry/ enterprise level

DMHU July 2011


* Caucus of OH practitioners, enforcement
agencies and employers

* Develop medium and long term plan to develop
and enhance OH management practices

* Determine target and performance indicators * Development of required infrastructure * Provide support to industries especially the SME

DMHU July 2011



DMHU July 2011


*Improve processes in reporting and data gathering
* Collaboration of public and private agencies * Self reporting on occupational diseases * Incentive for reporting by OHD

*Set realistic target and KPI *Company to report performance

DMHU July 2011


www.hse.gov.uk/statistics/ DMHU July 2011


Social Discipline Window

*Laws and regulation
with clear instruction on compliance


*Punitive enforcement
with restorative action


DMHU July 2011


* OH professionals and OSH officers should be provided
with basic knowledge on business management

* OHD provided with in-depth knowledge on core OH
management knowledge

* Improve quality and delivery of OH training

DMHU July 2011


*National level *Industry/ enterprise level

DMHU July 2011


* To promote and create awareness in employers and employees of
the benefits of work and of a positive working;

* To reduce the prevalence and incidence of work-related illness and
disease and improve the health and well-being;

* To put in place programs designed to enhance the health and wellbeing of workers through promotion, prevention and rehabilitation;

* To define the information and data required for monitoring
workplace health and well-being, including key indicators and collection methodologies

DMHU July 2011


Occupational Health Programs Workplace OH Management

Voluntary Health Practices

Organizational Culture

DMHU July 2011


* Programs targeted at changing mindset and
work/ organization culture

* Improve delivery of OH services
* Competency * Resources * Planning * Data and information gathering * Monitoring and review

DMHU July 2011


* Focus on human behavior
* Behavior based health program * UA-UC program

* Increase awareness among employees & management
* Tool-box meeting, HAZOP, HEMP

* Enhance competency
* OSH officers trained on OH management * Access to OH expertise

* Supportive organizational culture
* Management participation * Proactive programs * Guidelines and procedures * Performance indicators

DMHU July 2011




DMHU July 2011


* Occupational diseases will be a major concerns to
government and industries in the near future

* We need workable strategies and enhance OH services
delivery to reduce foreseeable impacts

* Achievement depends on collaborative efforts from all
stakeholders the government, the industry, the OH professionals and the employees

DMHU July 2011


Question? Change now or later

DMHU July 2011


Sign up to vote on this title
UsefulNot useful