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RED TACTON IN BIOMETRICS

1.ABSTRACT Red Tacton is a Human Area Networking technology that uses the surface of the human body as a safe, high speed network transmission path. The human body acts as a transmission medium supporting half-duplex communication at 10Mbit/s. It uses the small electric field on the surface of the human body and then uses this electric field for further transmissions. Red Tacton takes wireless communication a step further by replacing the radio waves used for transmission over Bluetooth, IR and similar technologies with the minute electrical field emitted by the human body. This technology paves the way for a new breed of access control systems that are not based on remote controls or access cards that rely on radio waves that could be interfered with. This paper deals with usage of Red Tacton in biometrics by placing a bio-chip inside the wrist. The person with the chip is only 2.INTRODUCTION NTT, the Japanese telecoms group, and the team of scientists invented the Red Tacton system. "Tacton" refers to the communication starts by touching (Touch), leading to various actions (Act on). We then added the color red to convey the meaning of warmth in communication. Combining these phrases led to the name, "Red Tacton". Human Area Networking (HAN), a network allowed to open the door or access the data. If this technology is implemented, it will be the safest technology to be used for biometrics. The weak electric field used does not affect the human body. The connection is not initiated until the person physically touches two different Red Tacton-enabled devices, when the person touches the device the circuit is fulfilled, and then authentication is verified. This technology can be used where there is need of high security. Red Tacton could be installed on doors, cabinets and other locations calling for secure access, such that each secure access could be initiated and authenticated with a simple touch. At the same time, all the transaction details and relevant user attributes (personal identity, security clearance, etc.) could be logged by the security system.

The connection is not initiated until the person physically touches two different Red Tacton-enabled devices. NTT’s Red Tacton is a breakthrough technology that. and other technologies have been proposed to solve the “last meter” connectivity problem . Red Tacton does not require the electrode be in direct contact with the skin. infrared communications (IrDA). for the first time. walking. a laptop and a printer. Human Area Networks performs communication within the much smaller sphere of ordinary daily activities– the last one meter. Bluetooth. enables reliable high-speed HAN which provides uninterrupted services based on .where communication takes place via Red Tacton transceivers embedded in devices like PCs and cameras and in tags carried in. say. sitting. holding. or stepping on a particular spot. High-speed communication is possible between two arbitrary points on the body. such as the precipitous fall-off in transmission speed in multi-user environments producing network congestion. In the past. Red Tacton enables new generation of user interface based on totally natural human actions such as touching. radio frequency ID systems (RFID). they each have various fundamental technical limitations that constrain their usage. However.

Using a new supersensitive photonic electric field sensor. 1.human-centered interactions and therefore more intimate and easier for people to use. The extent to which the optical properties are changed is detected by laser light which is then converted to an electrical signal by a detector circuit. 4. . The weak electric fields pass through the body to a Red Tacton receiver. 3. Red Tacton detects changes in the optical properties of an electro-optic crystal using a laser and converts the result to an electrical signal in a optical receiver circuit. Red Tacton relies upon the principle that the optical properties of an electro-optic crystal can vary according to the changes of a weak electric field. 2. 3.WORKING Red Tacton takes a different technical approach. The Red Tacton transmitter induces a weak electric field on the surface of the body. Red Tacton can achieve duplex communication over the human body at a maximum speed of 10 Mbps. Instead of relying on electromagnetic waves or light waves to carry data. Red Tacton uses weak electric fields on the surface of the body as a transmission medium. where the weak electric fields affect the optical properties of an electro-optic crystal. A Red Tacton transmitter couples with extremely weak electric fields on the surface of the body. The Red Tacton receiver senses changes in the weak electric field on the surface of the body caused by the transmitter.

Red Tacton is positioned as the last 1m solution to ultimate close-range communication.RED TACTON – FEATURES E-Extraordinary Evaluation criteria P-Pass Wireless Wireless LAN Close range wireless P Contact les IC cards P Passive wireless ID tag P Infrared data communication RED TACTON performance Communication Transfer speed Performance deterioration during periods of consegation Duplex data transfer E P E E E P E P E P P P E E E User convenience Data configuration at initiation of communications Tasks required at time of each communication E E P P E E E Synchronization user behavior with P E P P E E E P P E E .The chart below shows the positioning of Red Tacton with respect to existing communication technologies. The focus on ubiquitous service has brought about the shortening of distances in communication. 4.

5. gripping. Using Red Tacton. or obtaining data. walking. sitting. communication starts when terminals carried by the user or The biometrics can be done by placing a bio-chip inside the hand. IMPLEMENTING RED TACTON IN BIOMETRICS Touching. starting or stopping equipment. stepping and other human movements can be the triggers for unlocking or locking. If bio-chip is present then it checks whether the person is allowed then the door opens or else the door never opens at any means. which is embedded in devices are linked in various combinations according to through the physical human’s contact natural .a red tacton reciever. When the authenticatve person touches the door handle. from the transciever the signals flow through through the body and and checks the bio-chips for authentication.

verification Secure tools such lock administration is possible by combining as fingerprint ID or other biometric in the mobile terminal. ADVANTAGES . Red Tacton offers a host of communication options that might come in really handy. CONCLUSION Human society is entering an era of ubiquitous computing.movements. With this technology we can lock our house by just touching the door knob. And since data can pass from one human body to another. 6. ID is verified and the door unlocked when the user holds the doorknob normally. for example. it lets you transfer pictures from your camera just by touching the PC while the camera is around your neck. 7. a doorknob or floor. The transmission doesn’t enter the skin but is merely carried across the surface. not exposing the user to more electricity. enables reliable high-speed HAN. For example. If this technology compared to transmission technologies using radio waves . In addition. The technology uses a The benefit of Red Tacton - transmission path established between the body of a person carrying a Red Tacton card key and a Red Tacton transceiver installed in. Outside the office. Also carrying a mobile Red Tacton-capable device in one’s pocket. ID is verified and the door unlocked when the user holds the doorknob personal normally.is that transmission speed does not deteriorate in congested areas where many people are communicating at the same time. A Red Tacton receiver in a cabinet where important documents are stored enables lock administration and keeps a record of who accessed documents at what time. In addition to the human body. you may also swap electronic business cards by shaking hands. Red Tacton is a break-through technology that. for the first time. The advent of Red Tacton technology by NTT is in itself revolutionary. then this will be great milestone in the field of biometrics. which will implemented. the transceiver is covered with an insulation layer. Carrying a mobile Red Tacton-capable device in one's pocket. various conductors and dielectrics can be used as transmission media. and the transmission path is disconnected when the body and transceiver physically separate. when networks are seamlessly interconnected and information is always accessible at our fingertips. The person is automatically identified when they touch the doorknob or walk on the floor.

ht ml 2.pages 200-224. 8. security applications. REFERENCES 1.http://www.com/technolog y-areas/biometrics/news/co-3108ga.html 3.sourcesecurity. Julian Ashbourn . 2004 Edition.likely be targeted for use in applications such as wireless headphones.redtacton. wearable medical devices.“Practical Biometrics”. . This could get as simple as two people equipped with Red Tacton devices being able to exchange data just by shaking hands. Red Tacton will emerge as a technology that we use in our day to day life in the near future.http://www. point-of-sale interactions etc.com/en/info/index.4590.