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Every written sample displays the same wonderful variety as the Faces, fingerprints, voices and bodies of us all. We recognize our friends voices on the phone, and by the tone alone know their state of happiness or sadness, anger or warmth. Handwriting is a reflection of mood changes, characterizing the writers state of mind at that moment. Emotional factors dictate the form of the writing stroke. It is possible to determine personal behavior by studying the mannerisms of formation and spacing within a writing. Handwriting matures, grows or disintegrates along with the personality, or with physical changes due to age, health, or tension. Personality development can be studied by examining samples penned at various times through the years. These examples provide a visual history of the development of a life emotionally, physically and mentally. The word graphology is a combination of the Greek word grapheirt, which means to write, and the suffix ology, a branch of scientific study. Graphology, then, is the study of writing based on a growing body of knowledge which is constantly being tested in practical use. Since it is a continuing and growing body of knowledge, and not a codified system like basic arithmetic, the student should not be alarmed to find varying, sometimes conflicting interpretations assigned to a stroke or shape. It is possible to understand writing character using different approaches to the specific origins, just as the medical and psychological fields get results even when starting from different positions. And like medicine, graphology is also an art of combining and synthesizing information that requires training and judgment in its application. This book gives the most widely accepted and most practical basic elements of graphology and their meanings. At the end of the book, you will find tips and guidelines for doing your own analyses. People study handwriting for various reasons. For example, the science of criminology offers courses of study which entitle one to be licensed as a handwriting expert. Testimony of the handwriting expert is admissable in a court of law for purposes of establishing identification or validity of a particular docurlien t,. The professional title for one qualified in this field is examiner of questioned documents. These experts work in cooperation with law enforcement agencies, attorneys or anyone interested in determining officially who wrote what, where and under what conditions. Famous trial cases have involved the services of a handwriting expert to help determine guilt or innocence of the defendant, just as such trials have involved psychologists and psyc hi3 t ris t s. There is another, larger group of people who study handwriting a s a means to discover themselves and others. These people are called graphologists. They know that exaggerations in writing formations suggest similar exaggerations in the personality of the writer. Character traits that deviate from the norm will show up in the handwriting. The graphologist learns to analyze the difference between normal and abnormal traits in the writing. Both fundamental knowledge and interpretive skill have their importance in an accurate analysis of a handwriting sample, and all