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Brief Introduction for Automated Relay Testing (Relay type DUOBIAS-M)


Kamin Dave Manager Sales & Applications South Asia & Middle East

DOBLE ENGINEERING COMPANY

Protection Relay Testing:

Testing of Differential Protection Relay type DUOBIAS-M

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Apparatus Maintenance and Power Management for Energy Delivery

Relay Details: DUOBIAS-M


Two/Three Winding Differential Protection relays Inbuilt IDMTL & Inst. O/C function for backup Protection Low Impedance Restricted Earth Fault Protection Automatic calculation for TAP values based on CTR Settings for Transformer & CT vector group compensations 2nd Harmonic content setting during inrush period due to point on wave switching
DFT (Independent or Cross Blocking)
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Relay Details: DUOBIAS-M


MAKE MODEL : REYROLLE : DUOBIAS-M

Relay Settings:
Differential Element: MVA = 20 VWDG1 = 110KV VWDG2 = 11KV TRCON = DYn11. CTCON = YY ID> = 0.2 Bias Slope Limit = 4.0PU ID>> = 8.0PU m1 = 20% (0.2pu) (2f0) / I(f0) = 20.0%
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Apparatus Maintenance and Power Management for Energy Delivery

Relay Details: DUOBIAS-M


MAKE : REYROLLE MODEL : DUOBIAS-M Location : 220KV Kavoor SS, KPTCL

Relay Settings:
Differential Element: CTR1 = 200 CTR2 = 1200 W1 = 1.9057 W2 = 1.14345 In = 1A Star winding is earthed
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Apparatus Maintenance and Power Management for Energy Delivery

Relay Details: DUOBIAS-M


FLC on TR Primary side: IFLC = (20*1000) / (1.7325*110) = 104.94 Ampere FLC on TR Secondary side: IFLC = (20*1000) / (1.7325*11) = 1049.45 Ampere CF1 = (1*104.94) / (200*1) = 0.699 W1 = (1 / CF1) = (1/0.699) = 1.9057 CF2 = (1*1049.45) / (1200*1) = 0.874 W2 = (1/CF2) = (1/0.874) = 1.14345

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Apparatus Maintenance and Power Management for Energy Delivery

Relay Setting: REYDISP

Diff Settings

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Apparatus Maintenance and Power Management for Energy Delivery

Relay Setting: REYDISP

CT Ratio for WDG1 & WDG2

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Relay Characteristic: Dual Slope

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Relay Characteristic on Settings:

m1=20%

m2

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Apparatus Maintenance and Power Management for Energy Delivery

Test Equipment Make : DOBLE

Model : F6150

Software F6TesT Version 2.19-1064

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Apparatus Maintenance and Power Management for Energy Delivery

Test Circuit:
Source Configurations: Six current sources Winding 1 currents Winding 2 currents

IA
DUOBIAS

I1

IB

I2

IC

I3

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Apparatus Maintenance and Power Management for Energy Delivery

Tests conducted:
Pickup test for Winding1 Pickup test for winding2 Slope Characteristic test 2nd Harmonic test

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Apparatus Maintenance and Power Management for Energy Delivery

Winding1 Pickup Test Use RAMP Module

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Apparatus Maintenance and Power Management for Energy Delivery

Winding Pickup Test:


Pickup Test for Winding1 (WDG1):Ipickup = (ID)*CF1 = (0.2)*0.524

= 0.11A
Pickup Test for Winding2 (WDG2):Ipickup = (ID)*CF2 = (0.2)*0.944

= 0.17A

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Apparatus Maintenance and Power Management for Energy Delivery

How to Create Test Plan in Software???

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Apparatus Maintenance and Power Management for Energy Delivery

Right click on Mouse & Click on Append to Create new location in location level

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Apparatus Maintenance and Power Management for Energy Delivery

Right click on Mouse & Click on Append to Create new relay in Relay level

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Apparatus Maintenance and Power Management for Energy Delivery

Right click on Mouse & Click on Append to add New Testplan in Testplan level

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Apparatus Maintenance and Power Management for Energy Delivery

Right click on Mouse & Click on Append to add New Testplan in Testplan level

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Apparatus Maintenance and Power Management for Energy Delivery

Click on Test Type & select Ramp module

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Apparatus Maintenance and Power Management for Energy Delivery

Double click on Test name & create New test definition


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Apparatus Maintenance and Power Management for Energy Delivery

Click on Pulldown arrow & Select 6 Currents (Right bank)

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Apparatus Maintenance and Power Management for Energy Delivery

Click on Yes

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Apparatus Maintenance and Power Management for Energy Delivery

Now, it is showing 6 Current sources for test

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Apparatus Maintenance and Power Management for Energy Delivery

Pickup Test: WDG1


Select Trigger Open to Close

Pickup value

WDG1 current sources

Expected value = 0.1A

Actual Test value = 0.11A


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Apparatus Maintenance and Power Management for Energy Delivery

Pickup Test: WDG1

Save & Close module

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Apparatus Maintenance and Power Management for Energy Delivery

Winding2 Pickup Test Use RAMP Module

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Apparatus Maintenance and Power Management for Energy Delivery

Right click on Mouse & Click on Append to add New Testplan in Testplan level

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Apparatus Maintenance and Power Management for Energy Delivery

Click on Test Type & select Ramp module

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Apparatus Maintenance and Power Management for Energy Delivery

Double click on Test name & create New test definition


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Apparatus Maintenance and Power Management for Energy Delivery

Click on Pulldown arrow & Select 6 Currents (Right bank)

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Apparatus Maintenance and Power Management for Energy Delivery

Click on Pulldown arrow & Select 6 Currents (Right bank)

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Apparatus Maintenance and Power Management for Energy Delivery

Click on Yes

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Apparatus Maintenance and Power Management for Energy Delivery

Now, it is showing 6 Current sources for test

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Apparatus Maintenance and Power Management for Energy Delivery

Pickup Test: WDG2


Select Trigger Open to Close

Pickup value

WDG2 current sources

Expected value = 0.17A

Actual Test value = 0.18A


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Apparatus Maintenance and Power Management for Energy Delivery

Slope Characteristic Test Use DiffChar Module

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Apparatus Maintenance and Power Management for Energy Delivery

Slope Characteristic Test:

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Apparatus Maintenance and Power Management for Energy Delivery

Slope Characteristic Test:


Vector Compensation

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Apparatus Maintenance and Power Management for Energy Delivery

Slope Characteristic Test:

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Apparatus Maintenance and Power Management for Energy Delivery

Slope Characteristic Test:


Vector Compensation

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Apparatus Maintenance and Power Management for Energy Delivery

Slope Characteristic Test:


YD11
Vector Compensation

0o YDY0 0o Relay

+30o YD1 0o

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Apparatus Maintenance and Power Management for Energy Delivery

How to create testplan???

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Apparatus Maintenance and Power Management for Energy Delivery

Click on Add button

Select Differential Function, enter Function name And Click on Next button
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Apparatus Maintenance and Power Management for Energy Delivery

Bias current Formula:

Ibias = (IP+IS) / 2

Select Bias Formula from list


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Apparatus Maintenance and Power Management for Energy Delivery

Amplitude Compensation

DYn11

YDY0

YD1

Enter YDY0 & YD1

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Apparatus Maintenance and Power Management for Energy Delivery

Click on Modify button


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Apparatus Maintenance and Power Management for Energy Delivery

Enter Pickup value

How to Adjust Slope?


SLP2

SLP1=20%

Enter Slope SLP1 = 20% & SLP2 based on relay setting


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Apparatus Maintenance and Power Management for Energy Delivery

Click on Close button After setting Slope curve

Bias current Formula:

Ibias = (IP+IS) / 2

Select Bias current (Ibias) formula from list Knowledge Is Power

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Apparatus Maintenance and Power Management for Energy Delivery

Click on Append button to Create new test module

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Apparatus Maintenance and Power Management for Energy Delivery

Select DiffChar module

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Apparatus Maintenance and Power Management for Energy Delivery

Select relay settings from list

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Apparatus Maintenance and Power Management for Energy Delivery

Select Test elements

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Apparatus Maintenance and Power Management for Energy Delivery

Enter Max test current 15A

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Apparatus Maintenance and Power Management for Energy Delivery

Select Trigger Open to Close

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Select test points for test & click on Add Point to List Knowledge Is Power
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Apparatus Maintenance and Power Management for Energy Delivery

Blue line shows Expected curve

White line shows Actual results on Selected points

Test results

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Apparatus Maintenance and Power Management for Energy Delivery

Export report in PDF, MS Word, Text format


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Apparatus Maintenance and Power Management for Energy Delivery

Second Harmonics Test Use DATC 6.38 Module

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Apparatus Maintenance and Power Management for Energy Delivery

%2nd Harmonics are more during TR Energization

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Apparatus Maintenance and Power Management for Energy Delivery

2nd Harmonic Test : Test Method


50Hz +100Hz Combine signal

IA
DUOBIAS

I1

IB

I2

IC

I3

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Apparatus Maintenance and Power Management for Energy Delivery

How to Set Harmonics in DATC 6.38 Module??

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Apparatus Maintenance and Power Management for Energy Delivery

Select 2nd Harmonic Enter 2nd Harmonic Content 18% in All three phases

Click on Harmonic
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Apparatus Maintenance and Power Management for Energy Delivery

Click on Time Configuration

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Apparatus Maintenance and Power Management for Energy Delivery

Select contact status O C

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Apparatus Maintenance and Power Management for Energy Delivery

Enter trip time value

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Apparatus Maintenance and Power Management for Energy Delivery

Click on Oscillogram

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Apparatus Maintenance and Power Management for Energy Delivery

Click on Start Transient button

18% 2nd Harmonics in all three phases

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Apparatus Maintenance and Power Management for Energy Delivery

Harmonic Analysis bar Shows Fundamental Current is 100%

Harmonic Analysis bar Shows % of 2nd Harmonic is 18%

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Apparatus Maintenance and Power Management for Energy Delivery

2nd Harmonic Test : Trip/Block


Relay issued Trip command Because injected value Of 2nd harmonic Content is less than Set value

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Apparatus Maintenance and Power Management for Energy Delivery

Select 2nd Harmonic Enter 2nd Harmonic Content 22% in All three phases

Click on Harmonic
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Apparatus Maintenance and Power Management for Energy Delivery

Click on Oscillogram

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Apparatus Maintenance and Power Management for Energy Delivery

2nd Harmonic Test : Trip/Block


Start Transient 22% 2nd Harmonics in all three phases

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Apparatus Maintenance and Power Management for Energy Delivery

2nd Harmonic Test : Trip/Block

Relay Issued Trip command when 2nd Harmonic components (18%) Less than set value (20%) Relay blocked trip command when 2nd Harmonic components (22%) more than set value (20%)

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Apparatus Maintenance and Power Management for Energy Delivery

DOBLE ENGINEERING COMPANY 305-SAKAR, O.P. ROAD NR. ABS TOWER VADODARA-390 015 INDIA. Tel:- +91 265 655 77 15 EMAIL ID:- kdave@doble.com Website:- www.doble.com

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Apparatus Maintenance and Power Management for Energy Delivery